DCL MS. B.III.10Gregory the Great, Moralia in Job
Held by: Durham Cathedral Library: Durham Cathedral Manuscripts

Gregory the Great, Moralia in Job, written in Normandy and given to Durham Priory by William of St Calais, bishop of Durham (died 1096)

Digitised: https://n2t.durham.ac.uk/ark:/32150/t1mmw22v546q.html

Physical description of manuscript


Extent: iv+244+i f
Size: 342 mm x 225 mm


Late medieval ink foliation of main book (Arabic numerals) runs 1-209, 220-246, the ‘jump’ being a numbering error. The modern pencil foliation (used here) runs continuously from 1-244.

Secundo folio: retur. Quamuis terciam

3 singletons, I-XXIX8, XXX6 (outer two bifolia here, f 233 & 238 and 234 & 237, were initially arranged so that what are now their second halves, 237 & 238, came first (and in that order), but were then rearranged so as to start with the conjoint other halves, the current 233 & 234).

Signatures: Contemporary signatures: Roman numeral on final verso, lower margin, centre.

39 lines


Written in Protogothic by a single scribe also found in DCL MS B.III.1 and manuscripts owned by Exeter, Jumièges, and St Albans.


Decorated initials, 25 lines high, head the Preface and Book I of (c). Arabesque initials, 10 lines high, in red, green, yellow and blue (the main letter-shape in one colour, with detailing and or shading in the others) head each subsequent Book of (c).


Standard Tuckett binding, mid 19th century full brown calf over thick wooden boards (Charles Tuckett, binder to the British Museum, rebound many Durham manuscripts in the 19th century)

Manuscript history

Written in Normandy, before 1096.


Given to Durham Priory by William of St Calais.

Inscriptions: pressmark “.C.”, later 14th century; title “C Prima pars moralium gregorii pape De communi libraria monachorum dunelm”, early 15th century, f.1r, upper margin.

Manuscript contents
(a)     f.i* & 243
Modern title: Breviary (fragment)
Date: start of 12th century
Language: Latin

Fragment of breviary, possibly written in Durham in a Protogothic, spiky hand: Sanctorale for end of June to start of July. Reused at later date as flyleaf.

(b)     f.ii
Modern title: Homiliae in Evangelia (fragment)
Author: Gregory I, Pope, approximately 540-604
Date: start of 12th century
Language: Latin

Single leaf, possibly a rejected sheet written in Durham in a Protogothic hand. End of Homily I.4. Reused at later date as flyleaf.

(c)     f.1-236r
Original title: Moralia in Job
Author: Gregory I, Pope, approximately 540-604
Incipit: Reuerentissimo atque sanctissimo fratri Leandro coepiscopo, gregorius seruus seruorum dei
Explicit: opitulante deo latius disserantur
Rubric: Incipit Proemium Beati Gregorii Papae in expositionem Iob
Language: Latin

Books 1-16.

(d)     f.237-238
Modern title: Reject leaves from Moralia in Job (c)
Language: Latin

A rejected start to quire XXX.

(e)     f.239 & 242
Original title: Sermones de verbis Domini (fragment)
Author: Augustine, of Hippo, Saint, 354-430
Language: Latin

Fragment of Sermon 70. Probably a bifolium, currently reversed and with another bifolium (f.240-1, blank bar s. 12th-13th century jottings) interposed between them. Part of the same book as DCL MS B.III.16, f.159-160.

Microfilmed in 1985/86 by the Hill Monastic Manuscript Library, St John's Abbey and University, Collegeville, Minnesota. Copies held by them and Durham University Library.

Digitised material for Durham Cathedral Library MS. B.III.10 - Moralia in Job
Digitised June 2015 as part of the Durham Priory Library Recreated project


Catalogi veteres librorum Ecclesiae cathedralis dunelm. Catalogues of the library of Durham cathedral, at various periods, from the conquest to the dissolution, including catalogues of the library of the abbey of Hulne, and of the mss.   OCLC citation, Surtees Society 7, (London: J.B. Nichols and Son, [1838]).

Gullick, Michael, "The scribe of the Carilef Bible: a new look at some late-eleventh-century Durham Cathedral manuscripts" in Brownrigg, L. L., ed., Medieval book production: assessing the evidence. Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988 (Los Altos Hills, Calif.: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), 61-83

Mynors, R.A.B., Durham Cathedral manuscripts to the end of the twelfth century. Ten plates in colour and forty-seven in monochrome. With an introduction [including a list of all known Durham manuscripts before 1200]   OCLC citation, (Durham: 1939)

Index terms