Howell, Paul Philip
Introduction
Paul Philip HOWELL
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Papers relating to tribes of the Sudan
(a) Nuer
(i) The defence of Duk Faiwil
(ii) General tribal matters
(iii) Veterinary work among the Nuer
(b) Dinka
Sub-file A
Sub File B Northern Dinka
Sub File C Dunjol Dinka
Sub File D Rueng and Gnok Dinka
Sub File E Bor Dinka
Sub File F Yirol Dinka
Sub File G Malwal Dinka
(c) Baqqarah
(d) Shilluk
(e) General tribal material
2. Papers relating to Howell's career in the Sudan Political Service and the Sudan Defence Force
3. Papers relating to the Jonglei Investigation Team and Southern Development Investigation Team
4. Papers relating to the Jonglei Canal and Nile Waters
5. Papers relating to human rights and charity organisations working in the Sudan
6. General papers relating to Sudan and wider Africa
7. Academic and Research Papers
Papers relating to Howell's own studies at undergraduate and doctoral level
8. Papers concerning Publications
(a) Papers relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity, edited by P.P. Howell, M. Lock and S. Cobb, and the preceeding Royal Geographical Society Symposium, The Impact of the Jonglei Canal in the Sudan (5 October 1982) from which the book originated.
(b) Papers relating to a conference on Nile Waters convened by Howell, the Royal Geographical Society and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, (2-3 May 1990). These papers also relate to the subsequent publication The Nile: sharing a scarce resource, edited by P. P. Howell and J. A. Allan, which came about as a direct result of the conference.
(c) Papers relating to a proposed history of the Sudan Political Service, drawing upon the memoirs of former members of the SPS (later published as Set Under Authority, by K.D.D. Henderson):
9. General correspondence
10. Memoirs
11. Miscellanea
12. Photographic Material
Negatives
13. Maps and Plans
14. Newspaper Cuttings
15. Printed Material
(b) In Library
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: Howell, Paul Philip
Dates of creation: 1925-1987
Extent: 16 boxes
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: material relating to service in the Sudan
Language: English

Paul Philip HOWELL

(1917-1994 )

1938-1939A.D.C. Khartoum North
1939-1940Asst. D.A.C.S. (Pers.), Civil Secretary's Office
1940-1941Aide de Camp and Assistant Private Secretary to the Governor-General
1940-1941 Governor-General's temporary commission as Bimbashi, S.D.F.
1941Seconded to O.E.T.A. (Eritrea)
1941-1946A.D.C./D.C. Zeraf and Central Nuer Districts, Upper Nile Province
1946-1948D.C. En Nahud, Kordofan
1948-1953Chairman Jonglei Investigation Team
1953-1955Chairman Southern Development Investigation Team (rank and status of Deputy Governor)
1955 Retired from Sudan Political Service


Arrangement

1. Tribes of the Sudan
(a) Nuer
(i) The defence of Duk Faiwil
(ii) General tribal matters
(iii) Veterinary work among the Nuer
(b) Dinka
(c) Baqqarah
(d) Shilluk
(e) General tribal material
2. Sudan Political Service and Sudan Defence Force
3. Jonglei Investigation Team and Southern Development Investigation Team
4. Jonglei Canal and Nile Waters
5. Human rights and charity organisations working in the Sudan
6. General Sudan and wider Africa
7. Academic and Research Papers
8. Papers concerning publications
9. General correspondence
10. Memoirs
11. Miscellanea
12. Photographic Material
13. Maps and plans
14. Newspaper cuttings
15. Printed Material
(a) In Archive
(b) In Library
Howell had organised his papers into 'tribal' files rather than into a chronological arrangement and it seemed best to retain this where possible.The tribal papers are divided into four tribal groupings, Nuer (from Howell's service in Upper Nile Province); Dinka (much of it related to the Ngok Dinka of Kordofan Province but including also papers from Upper Nile Province and Equatoria); the Baqqarah (again, from Kordofan); and the Shilluk. Other official papers follow the order of his career in the Sudan.
Catalogue
1. Papers relating to tribes of the Sudan
(a) Nuer
(i) The defence of Duk Faiwil
SAD.764/10/1-28
Note by Howell on “The defence of Duk Faweil”, probably part of an unpublished article (ts. with ms. footnotes and draft) and including a contemporary account of the defence of the government post at Duk Faiwil in 1928 by Sgt. Maj. Kalam Sakit, as recorded by H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell
SAD.764/10/29-30
1925 Dec 25
Account of the settlement of the Ol Dinka-Gaweir Nuer boundary dispute at a meeting attended by District Commissioners Dinka-Nuer district, Mongalla Province and Southern district, Upper Nile Province and chiefs Dwal Diu of the Gaweir Nuer and Mankweir Mahbub of the Ol Dinka
SAD.764/10/31-32
1928 Feb 21
Account by [H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell] of a meeting with Kurbiel Wal at Fasheir where he had assembled some 200 followers with the intent of attacking the Dinka of Duk Faiwil
SAD.764/10/33
1928 Aug 22
Extract from private letter from P. Coriat to A.H. Alban re involvement in the Nuer raids and the need for government action
SAD.764/10/34-35
[1928] Aug 26
Telegram from Stevens to H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell re the identity of the ex-police askari who shot the policeman at Duk Faiwil
SAD.764/10/36-39
1928 Sep 6 - Oct 27
Letters from H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell to the Governor U.N.P. re casualties among the Nuer during the raid on Duk Faiwil
SAD.764/10/40-43
1928 Sep 16
Note by H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell on the Duk Faiwil affair, Aug 1928
SAD.764/10/44
1928 Sep 17
Letter from the Acting Civil Secretary to the Governor, U.N.P. on the defence of Duk Faiwil
SAD.764/10/45-52
1928 Oct 11
Report by H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell on the attack by Nuer on Duk Faiwil, Aug 1928 (Ms.. with rough sketch)
SAD.764/11/1-7
1928 Oct 11 - 21
Copy telegrams from H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell to the Governor U.N.P. concerning events at Duk Faiwil, difficulties of travel and communications, recommendations for decorations for service during the defence of Duk Faiwil and progress on his information-gathering tour north towards Awoi
SAD.764/11/8-20
1928 Oct 27 - Nov 1
Letters from H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell, A.D.C. Fangak and J.W.G. Wyld, A.D.C. Bor and Duk, to the Governor U.N.P. [C.A. Willis] concerning an information gathering tour after the attack on Duk Faiwil, travelling as far as Tithbel on the Zeraf river (SAD.764/11/8-11), the consequences for the Dinka of the Nuer raids (SAD.764/11/12-15), steps to be taken by the government to punish the Gaweir Nuer (SAD.764/11/16) and identification of those sections of the Gaweir Nuer which took part in the attack (SAD.764/11/17-20)
SAD.764/11/21
1929 Dec 9
Memorandum by C.A. Willis on Chief Koryom Wang's claim for compensation as a result of the Gaweir Nuer raids
SAD.764/11/22-25
Statements by Nia Nial, Bang Wel and Niach Kang concerning the killing of Chan Deng in the Camp of Dwal Diu
SAD.764/11/26
1930 Feb 3
Statement of Dwal Diu concerning the events of 1927-1928 (first page only)
SAD.764/11/27-30
1930 Feb 10 - Mar 25
Correspondence from P. Coriat, A.D.C. Western Nuer and J.W.G. Wyld, A.D.C. Bor and Duk to C.A. Willis, Governor U.N.P., with reply to Wyld, concerning Dwal Diu's statement
SAD.764/11/31-33
1930 Apr 18
Statement of Jok Achinpiu, a Dinka who accompanied the raiders to Duk Faiwil, with covering letter from J.W.G. Wyld to the Governor
SAD.764/11/34-37
1932 Jan 6 - Feb 12
Letters between H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell and E.G. Coryton, Deputy Governor U.N.P. on the exile of Dwal Diu
(ii) General tribal matters
SAD.764/12/1-32
1899-1910
Extracts from Sudan Intelligence Reports concerning the Nuer of Upper Nile Province:
SAD.764/12/1
1899
Extract from Appendix E. Diary of Kaim. Sparkes Bey of patrol from Fashoda up the Bahr al-Zeraf in the Hafir, 10 Mar - 12 Apr 1899
SAD.764/12/2-3
1902 Oct
Sudan Intelligence Report [S.I.R.] no 99, with appendix B concerning contact with Nuer Shaikh Diu on the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.764/12/4-10
1903 May
S.I.R. no 106 concerning information received from Nuer Shaikh Tei Wad Tif [ sic ] of the Bahr al-Zeraf Nuer District, with appendix B - Notes on Nuer Districts of Bahr al-Zeraf and their shaykhs
SAD.764/12/11
1903 Dec
S.I.R. no 113 concerning a visit by Toi Wad Thiep [ sic ], shaykh of the Thiang section of the Nuer, to Khartoum
SAD.764/12/12
1904 Apr
S.I.R. no 117 concerning a visit by Shaikh Nyal of the Gaweir Nuer to Khartoum
SAD.764/12/13-14
1904 Jun
S.I.R. no 119, appendix C - “Note on the Nuer question” by Miralai Mathews Bey, mudir Upper Nile Province, 23 Jun 1904
SAD.764/12/15
1905 Dec
S.I.R. no 137 concerning a visit by Nuer Chief, Toi Wad Thiep to Governor U.N.P. at Kodok
SAD.764/12/16
1906 May
S.I.R. no 142 concerning a Nuer raid on Kabbash
SAD.764/12/17-19
1907 Mar
S.I.R. no 152 - report by G.E. Mathews of a journey with K.C.P. Struvé, Inspector Zeraf Valley, to visit the Nuer chief Diu
SAD.764/12/20-23
1907 Apr
S.I.R. no 153 - Report on the Rueng Dinka
SAD.764/12/24
1907 May
S.I.R. no 154 concerning a tour by Inspector Zeraf Valley [K.C.P. Struvé through the country of the Gaweir and Thiang Nuer
SAD.764/12/25-27
1909 Mar 2
Appendix 'C' - Report on administrative boundaries between the Twi Dinka and Nuer (Mongalla and U.N.P.) by K.C.P. Struvé Inspector Zeraf Valley
SAD.764/12/28
1909 Jun
S.I.R. no 179 re the decision to reverse the decision to remove Chief Machar Diu of the Gaweir Nuer
SAD.764/12/29-30
1910 Feb
S.I.R. no 187 re the despatch of an administrative patrol to the Nuer District of Thiang, with account of recent action taken with regard to the five principal sections of the Nuer tribe
SAD.764/12/31-32
1910 Mar - May
S.I.R. nos 188 and 190. Report by K.C.P. Struvé on the recent administrative patrol in the Lak District, Zeraf Valley
SAD.764/13/1-14
1926 Jul 9
Note by P. Coriat, A.D.C. Lau, on the transfer of Barr Gaweir to Zeraf Valley District, including a description of Gaweir administration between 1923 and 1926 (ts copy)
SAD.764/13/15-17
1932-1945
Miscellaneous invoices
SAD.767/1/1-77
1942 Dec 21 - 1945 Feb 2
Official correspondence from Howell's service in U.N.P., including B.A. Lewis, D.C. Akobo with advice on Nuer administration and the need to develop agriculture and education, enclosing note on Nuer tribal functionaries with comments on the value of E. Evans-Pritchard's anthropological work among the Nuer (SAD.767/1/1-4); Howell to Lewis concerning difficulties experienced in hearing murder cases and arrangements for the D.C.s' meeting (SAD.767/1/5); Howell to the Governor, C.G. Davies on progress with murder courts and the construction of a landing-ground and well at Wau (SAD.767/1/6); Lewis in reply to SAD.767/1/5 above on a replacement for Chief Puot Thiep, description of the rite of rodh and Howell's appointment as secretary of the Nuer D.C.s' meeting (SAD.767/1/7-9); D. Newbold, Civil Secretary concerning the need to exploit U.N.P. for timber (SAD.767/1/10); Lewis regarding work on their joint note on Nuer functionaries and his research into the Ruic the political leader of the Nuer (SAD.767/1/11-12); Howell to J. Wilson concerning Western Nuer views on sentencing (SAD.767/1/13); C.G. Davies, Governor re progress with the landing ground (SAD.767/1/14,39-40); W. McBain, Conservator of Forests, regarding work on clearing timber (SAD.767/1/19); C.F. Bertram, C.M.S. Juaibor on his determination to prevent the introduction of gambling (SAD.767/1/21); Lewis regarding the slow development of administration among the Murle, the history of the Nuer Ruic (SAD.767/1/22-24); Newbold regarding his views on building up the Nuer tribe as a buffer between the Muslim north and Equatoria, the disappointing standard of education provided by the American Mission and the need to tackle the issue of southern education (SAD.767/1/25); Howell to [Davies?] on the development of an agricultural demonstration plot at Fangak, the shortage of grain and an increase in the number of murders at Fangak (SAD.767/1/27-28); Howell to Lewis regarding the construction of police posts at each court centre and information from the Thiang on ‘mut bar’ (SAD.767/1/31-32); Howell at Fayat re road traces (SAD.767/1/33); notes by Howell on the subject of ruic, for discussion with Lewis (SAD.761/1/34-35,41); Lewis to Howell on investigations into killings in Zeraf district, famine among the Lau, staff shortage in Akobo district and the progress of court work in Zeraf district (SAD.767/1/37-38); Lewis to Howell concerning famine relief measures (SAD.767/1/45); D. MacGillivray on his leave in Kenya (SAD.767/1/55-58); P. Young concerning the financial difficulties which would face an independent southern Sudan (SAD.767/1/61); M.E.C. Pumphrey regarding Howell's views on hanging as an appropriate punishment for murder among the Nuer and the consequences of introducing education to the Nuer (SAD.767/1/62-65); Dr. Mary Bertram on charges made to patients for medical treatment and cooperation in treating venereal diseases (SAD.767/1/66); Howell and A.J. Arkell re the former's article on “Elephant hunting among the Nuer” for Sudan notes & records (#SAD.767/1/72-77)
SAD.767/2/1-3
1942
Notes on Gaweir cases concerning grazing rights and divorce
SAD.68/4/1-36
[1943]
Rough manuscript notes made by Howell on the Nuer during his time as A.D.C. Zeraf District, Upper Nile Province. Includes: note on the functions of the Nuer kwar (SAD.68/4/1); list of chiefs and police of the Bar Gaweir (SAD.68/4/2); chart showing the lineages and sections of the Gawaar Nuer (SAD.68/4/3); chart showing the lineages of the Radh Gawaar Nuer (SAD.68/4/4); notes on a conversation with Mayom Lwac on the origins of the Lou and Thiang Nuer and the story of Deng Likea (SAD.68/4/5-10); note on the benefit of appointing a head chief to each Nuer sub-group (SAD.68/4/11); report on the performance of the various court clerks appointed [in Central Nuer District] (SAD.68/4/12-13); note on the Gaweir Nuer and the story of Waar (SAD.68/4/14); list of court chiefs [in Central Nuer District] (SAD.68/4/15-16); list of chiefs and police of the Thiang Bang Nuer (SAD.68/4/18); phonetic romanisation of a Thiang Bang Nuer song (SAD.68/4/19); note on the subject of the Nuer ruic with a historical list of the Nuer ruic (SAD.68/4/20-23); notes on Nuer magic and Dinka mythology (SAD.68/4/24); notes on Nuer rodh (SAD.68/4/25); notes on Evans-Pritchard on the Nuer chief Kwar Muon and his functions concerning homicide (SAD.68/4/26-28); note on a conversation with Deng Kong on the subject of the kwar kwac (SAD.68/4/29-30); notes on thung (homicide) referring to the Diet family case (SAD 68/4/31); notes on Nuer magical beliefs (SAD.68/4/32); notes on two marital court cases (SAD.68/4/35)
SAD.68/5/1-23
[1940s-50s]
Manuscript and typescript notes, mostly by Howell, on various topics relating to the Nuer. Includes: notes on the story of Deng Laka , prophet of the divinity Diu (SAD.68/5/1-5); ms. and ts. notes on early Nuer history including the crossing of the Zeraf river by the Gaweir and the life of Deng Laka (SAD.68/5/6-12; ms. note (with ts. transcript) on Cany Reth, or [Farajalla Bulakamin], of the Radh section of Gaweir (SAD.68/5/13-14); table showing the different Nuer sections and tribes (SAD.68/5/15); note on marriage among the Nuer written in response to a review of E.E. Evans-Pritchard's Kinship and marriage among the Nuer by L. Mair (SAD.68/5/16-21); ts. note on “The tentative age-set system among the Jikany Nuer”, by Gabriel Jal (SAD.68/5/22-23)
SAD.767/2/4-17
1943
Case notes by Howell for the trial of Gac Mier for murder, including list of court officials and witnesses, note of points put to the court and statements of the accused and witnesses
SAD.767/2/18-30
1943 Feb
Draft minutes by Howell of Nuer District Commissioners' meeting, 1-5 Feb 1943
SAD.767/2/31
[1943]
Notes by Howell on Nuer District Commissioners' meeting
SAD.767/2/32-40
1945 Jan 1
Note by D.C. Western Nuer District [H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell] on the history of administration of the Dok and Aak Nuer and their relations with neighbouring Dinka tribes
SAD.767/2/41-54
1945
Minutes of Nuer District Commissioners' and Chiefs' meeting, 1-5 Jul 1945 by F.D. Kingdon, Chairman, with memorandum on Nuer laws and customary payments, discussed by the chiefs (pp 3-4 missing)
SAD.767/2/55-57
1945 Jul 16
Note by D.C. Western Nuer District [H.G. Wedderburn-Maxwell] on the administration of the Jagei Nuer since the 1920s
SAD.767/2/58-59
1945
Note on Luic magic including details of Luic sentences imposed 6 Sep 1945
SAD.767/2/60-64
[1945]
Notes by Howell on adultery and divorce among the Nuer
SAD.767/2/65-67
1946 Aug 19
Notes on a divorce case (Jagei)
SAD.767/2/68-71
Note on the leadership and sections of the Jagei Nuer, with list of taxpayers
SAD.767/3/1-61
1946
Handing-over notes on Central Nuer District by Howell incorporating his views on the recommendations of the Sudan Administration Conference (SAD.767/3/2-3) and including both ms. and ts. notes on tribal histories - Gaweir Nuer (SAD.767/3/27-31), Lak Nuer (SAD.767/3/33-35), Thiang Nuer (SAD.767/3/36-37), Dinka (SAD.767/3/38-40) and Lau Nuer (SAD.767/3/41); Fangak station town planning, buildings, etc. (SAD.767/3/42-47), communications including sketch map showing road system in relation to permanent settlements of Nuer and Dinka in Central Nuer District (SAD.767/3/48-54); bull transport (SAD.767/3/55); the amalgamation of Zeraf and Lau (SAD.767/3/56-58); education (SAD.767/3/59-60); building - court centres and resthouses (SAD.767/3/61)
SAD.767/4/1-31
1946-1949
Western Nuer case notes (Aak, Adok, Nyuong, Ador) covering adultery, divorce, bridewealth, homicide, theft, seduction, ghost marriage, inheritance and witchcraft
SAD.767/4/32-46
Jikany, Leik and Bul case notes by Howell covering female marriage, divorce, adultery, homicide, seduction, friendship, accidental killing, exchange of cattle between friends and theft
SAD.767/5/1-66
Nuer tribal notes by Howell including notes regarding rights of custody to children, bride-wealth law and the law of inheritance, public and private delicts, sanctions and rules of conduct, werewolves, ceremonies and payments connected with twins, seduction, illegal marriage, marriage and the supernatural and genealogies
SAD.767/6/1-8
1947 Jul 12
Minutes of the Nuer District Commissioners' and Chiefs' meeting held at Ulang, 1-4 Jul 1947, by F.D. Kingdon, Chairman and Governor U.N.P.
SAD.767/6/9
Note on oaths and false accusation
SAD.767/6/10-12
1948 Jul 17
Letter from J.S.R. Duncan, D.C. Fangak to Howell concerning Nuer customs
SAD.767/6/13-18
1949 Mar 14 - Jun 8
Official correspondence including Howell to E.E. Evans-Pritchard re changes in legislation regarding Nuer adultery, observations on kinship and marriage and lack of support for anthropological work (SAD.767/6/14-15); to the Governor U.N.P. regarding study leave to complete his doctoral thesis (SAD.767/6/16,18); to (?) on the survey of the Malakal-Melut reach (SAD.767/6/17)
SAD.767/6/19-20
1949 Apr 28
Memorandum by Howell for the Secretary, Nuer District Commissioners' meeting on his objections to legislation passed on the subject of ruok cattle for adultery
SAD.767/6/21-24
1949 Apr 27
Minutes of the Nuer District Commissioners' and Chiefs' meeting held at Bentiu 20-23 Apr 1949, by F.D. Corfield, Chairman
SAD.767/6/25-28
1949 May 4-11
Correspondence between Howell and J.S.R. Duncan, Secretary Nuer District Commissioners' meeting concerning the issue of adultery among the Nuer as a criminal offence
SAD.767/6/29-38
[c. 1949]
Introduction to a manual covering the legal situations dealt with by Nuer courts, based on Howell's experiences in Central Nuer District
SAD.767/6/39-41
Note on the origins of the Nyuong and the establishment of government administration from the early 1920's
SAD.767/6/42-45
Note on the distribution of bride cattle among bride's family, Lak Nuer tribe
SAD.767/6/46
Note of Western Nuer marriage payments
SAD.767/6/47
Copy of note by H.A. Romilly in the Jikany file on compensation to be paid when ungarred boys are killed
SAD.767/6/48
Note by Howell on causes of fighting among Nuer
(iii) Veterinary work among the Nuer
SAD.767/7/1-8
[ca.1945 - 1950]
Note by Howell on veterinary assistance for the Nuer, written in continuation and explanation of resolutions and recommendations in the minutes of the Nuer District Commissioners' meeting of 1 July 1945, with comments on these observations written five years later, ca.1950
SAD.767/7/9-10
1945 Apr 2
Note by Capt. A. Forbes, D.C. Jur River District on the necessity of adopting a proper veterinary policy for Equatoria, submitted to the Dinka D.C.s' meeting
SAD.767/7/11-14
1948 Jun 14 - Oct 18
Note by J.K. Thomson, Veterinary Inspector, U.N.P. for the Director, Veterinary Service on “recent addition to our knowledge of Upper Nile cattle”, with letter of appreciation (unsigned)
SAD.767/7/15-18
Draft commentary on cattle increase and the policy to substitute cash for cattle in marriage transactions, submitted by Howell to the Governor, U.N.P.
SAD.767/7/9
Note by Howell on the slaughter of oxen and distribution of meat among the Nuer
SAD.767/7/20-23
Notes on Nilotic cattle culture, including extracts from letters
(b) Dinka
SAD.767/8/1-67; 767/9/1-100
1931-1949
Dinka, general information file, vol 1, compiled by Howell during service among the Ngok Dinka, Kordofan and comprising copies and extracts from district files, Bahr al-Ghazal/Equatoria and Upper Nile Provinces:
SAD.767/8/1-4
List of contents file
SAD.767/8/5-45
Notes on Dinka social structure and laws from Tonj file 66A and including extracts from handing-over notes, reports, handbooks and memoranda on changes to more settled conditions, evidence and the use of ordeals, arueth, divorce, adultery, seduction, exchange of cattle, initiation ceremonies, blood money, bull stabbing, magic roots, arwet, ownership of cattle within the Gol and court warrants
SAD.767/8/46-49
Extracts from chiefs' meeting at Goerial, 1944 covering divorce, adultery, illegitimate children, aruok, time limit for claims for puk and use of money for payment of compensation
SAD.767/8/50-67
Extracts from Lakes District handbook by A.E.D. Penn and E.H. Nightingale, covering geography, tribal notes with list of sections, manner of life, grazing, the clan system, rain makers and other functionaries, chiefs, sub-chiefs and Gol leaders, courts, land tenure and death of a wife in early marriage
SAD.767/9/1-3
Ngork statistics and cases
SAD.767/9/5-11, 14
1938 Sep 7 - Oct 3
Note by A.E.D. Penn, D.C. Lakes on thiep, the customary mode of swearing among the Agar with covering letter to Governor Equatoria and resumé by W.F. Cottrell, A.D.C. Lakes District of a case in which the chiefs' court asked that their customary method thiep be resorted to
SAD.767/9/12-13
1938 Oct 12
Letters from D.W. Cowie, A/Government Analyst to Governor Equatoria and Botanist, Botany and Plant Pathology section to Cowie re the identification of seeds referred to in 767/9/9-11 above
SAD.767/9/15-17
1941 Dec 2
Note by J.E.C. Mackrell, Rumbek District, on the Dinka oath on ashes
SAD.767/9/18-32
1907 Mar 13
Note by Major H. O'Sullivan, Senior Inspector, Upper Nile Province on Dinka customs and law
SAD.767/9/33-54
1935-39
Extracts from Yirol appeal case books
SAD.767/9/56-87
1931-47
Extracts from reports of cases heard at Chiefs' meetings at Rumbek, Tonj, Gogrial, Aweil, Lolnhom, Wan Alel and Getti
SAD.767/9/88-96
1948 Nov 6 - 1949 May 12
Correspondence between F.D. Corfield, Governor U.N.P., T.P. Creed Legal Secretary, D. Colder A.D.C Renk and J.W. Robertson, Civil Secretary on the ritual smothering of Chief Run Deng, Beng de Nhial of the Paloic Dinka
SAD.767/9/97
1943 Jul
Note by J.H.T. Wilson on Arab trading in Western Nuer
SAD.767/9/98-100
1949 Jun 10 - Aug 5
Letter from Howell to Godfrey Lienhardt, with reply, concerning his research into systems of law among pastoral peoples of the southern Sudan
SAD.767/10/1-156
[ca. 1904 - 1933]
Dinka, general information file, vol 2 comprising notes and references of historical and tribal interest:
SAD.767/10/1-3
Contents (incomplete)
SAD.767/10/4
Foreword
SAD.767/10/5-6
Bibliography
SAD.767/10/8-29
Chronological note of events in Upper Nile Province, extracted from Sudan Intelligence Reports 1898 - 1932
SAD.767/10/30-32
Index to notes and reports in Sudan Intelligence Reports of historical and tribal interest
SAD.767/10/33-39
Summary of chs 4 and 5 of C.G. Seligman's Pagan tribes of the Nilotic Sudan (London, 1932)
SAD.767/10/40-42
“A Dinka witch doctor” by Rev. W. Mills [see Sudan notes and records 2, 1919]
SAD.767/10/44-54
1923 Mar 2
Memorandum on the tribe of Northern Dinka, by R.C. Mayall A.D.C.
SAD.767/10/55
1926
Memorandum by C.B. Tracey A.D.C. Renk, on Northern Dinka tribal customs and characteristics
SAD.767/10/56-57
1931 Jan 12
Note by John Beavan, A.D.C. Renk on the Northern Dinka of Renk District
SAD.767/10/58-60
1899 Jan 22
Table by Kaim. W.H. Jackson showing the division of the Dinka tribe for the purpose of administration, with appended note on history, habits, country, etc.
SAD.767/10/62-65
1931 Oct 31
Note by T.A. Maclagan A.D.C. Kodok, on Dunjol Dinka
SAD.767/10/67-69
1904
Note by H.H. Wilson, Inspector Sobat, on Gnok and Rueng Dinka
SAD.767/10/70-92
Handing-over note on the Rueng Dinka (author unknown)
SAD.767/10/94-102
1930
Notes by J.W.G. Wyld, A.D.C. Bor on the Bor Dinka, tribes and their boundaries, events leading up to Nuer settlement, tribal way of life and beliefs and Dinka months
SAD.767/10/103-104
Note by J.W.G. Wyld on the nature of cases heard by chiefs' courts, penalties inflicted, etc.
SAD.767/10/105-106
1931 Dec 24
Letter from R. Johnston, D.C. Bor and Duk, to Governor Upper Nile Province on proceedings of chiefs' courts
SAD.767/10/107-110
1933
Notes by R. Johnston on Dinka religious and spiritual beliefs
SAD.767/10/111-117
Report on Dinka character and customs
SAD.767/10/119-128
1925-27
Notes by Capt. H.F. Kidd on the Atwot and Shish Dinka of Yirol District
SAD.767/10/129-131
1930 Aug 24
Note by G.K.P. Hebbert, A.D.C. Yirol, on the Dinka of Yirol District. Another version of Yirol District history
SAD.767/10/132-134
Note by G.K.P. Hebbert on the distribution of people and general tribal organisation of the Dinka of Yirol District
SAD.767/10/135-136
1932 Dec 23
Note by G.M. Hancock, D.C. Yirol District, on tribal structure in Yirol
SAD.767/10/137-138
Note by G.K.P. Hebbert on the Dinka marriage bull or bull of singing
SAD.767/10/139-140
List of Dinka tribes and sub-tribes of Yirol District
SAD.767/10/142-149
Notes [by Capt. J.N. Stubbs] on some religious beliefs and customs amongst the Malwal Dinka [see Sudan notes and records 17, part 2, 1934]
SAD.767/10/150-156
Replies by H.A. Nicholson, D.C. Northern District, to a questionnaire from Professor C.G. Seligman on Dinka customs regarding kings and rain-makers
SAD.767/11/1-32
1935 Feb 13 - 1939 Feb 2
Official correspondence, Upper Nile Province and Equatoria concerning Dinka customs and practices including G.M. Hancock, D.C. Yirol and M.W. Parr, Governor, Upper Nile Province on the payment of aruok (SAD.767/11/2-4); Hancock regarding divorce among the Dinka (SAD.767/11/5); Hancock to Governor U.N.P. concerning an ordeal used in an adultery case (SAD.767/11/6), with reply from E.G. Coryton, Deputy Governor (SAD.767/11/7); extract from a minute by E.G. Coryton on indigenous foundations (SAD.767/11/9); C.W. Beer, A.D.C. Rumbek to Governor Equatoria regrading the Dinka custom of bull spearing (SAD.767/11/10,26-27); M.G. Richards, D.C. Tonj District to M.W. Parr, Governor Equatoria on the decision of chiefs in Gogrial sub-district to abolish arwet (marriage payment) (SAD.767/11/11), with reply (SAD.767/11/13); A.E.D. Penn, D.C. Yirol to Governor Equatoria concerning the cattle standard amongst the Dinka (SAD.767/11/12,19), with M.W. Parr's reply (SAD.767/11/17-18); D. Hawkesworth, D.C. Tonj District to Governor Equatoria on Dinka tribal organisation (SAD.767/11/14-16), with M.W. Parr's reply (SAD.767/11/21-22); D. Hawkesworth to Governor Equatoria and J.M. Stubbs, D.C. Aweil to D.C. Tonj concerning the proposed abolition of arwok in Gogrial area (SAD.767/11/20,23-24); B.V. Marwood, D.C. Bor to Governor Equatoria on the replacement of cattle currency by money standard (SAD.767/11/25); C.W. Beer, A.D.C. Rumbek, to D.C. Amadi re Dinka/Jur relations (SAD.767/11/28); A.E.D. Penn to Governor Equatoria concerning the custom of arwok (SAD.767/11/30-32)
SAD.767/11/33-34
1935 Jun 27
List of old Dinka proverbs and sayings compiled by G.M. Hancock, D.C. Yirol
SAD.767/11/35-42
1937 Nov 22
Note by A.E.D. Penn, D.C. Yirol on Dinka tribal organisation
SAD.767/11/43-54
1938 Aug 18 - Nov 17
Article by Ibrahim Efendi Bedri entitled “Aiwel Dit - Notes on Dinka religious beliefs in their hereditary chiefs and rain makers” [see Sudan notes and records 22 pt 1, 1939], with covering letters from A.E.D. Penn, D.C. Lakes and M.W. Parr, Governor Equatoria and note of acceptance from T.R.H. Owen
SAD.768/1/1-2
Notes on the custom of arwok [Dinka with English translation]
SAD.768/1/3-9
1945 Mar 13
Report by J.W. Seamer, A.D.C. Western Kordofan for the Governor on an attempted coup d'état against Deng Majok, Paramount chief of the Ngork Dinka, by the Abyor section of the tribe
SAD.768/1/10-13
1947 Jan 25
First impression of Abyei Post by Howell, D.C. Baqqarah
SAD.768/1/14-15
1947 Feb 20
Note by Howell on fights among the Ngork Dinka in December 1946
SAD.768/1/16-18
1947 Mar 25 - Jul 8
Letters to Howell from J.F. Cumming, D.C. Bor, F.D. McJannet, D.C. Western Nuer and J.S.R. Duncan, A.D.C. Central Nuer on Dinka customs
SAD.768/1/19-23
1947 Dec
Note by Howell on a visit to Abyei, 6-12 Dec 1947, reporting on the school, local affairs including an invasion of Twij and Agar Dinka and a row between Gefur Alur and Deng Majok, legal affairs and general plans and policy
SAD.768/1/24-25
1948 Sep
Report by Howell for the Governor on discussions with Dinka chiefs and sub-chiefs on arrangements for Legislative Assembly elections
SAD.768/1/26-29
[ca. 1948]
Introduction to handing-over notes by Howell on the Ngork Dinka
SAD.768/1/30-38
[ca. 1948]
Draft notes by Howell on “The Ngork: a short account of a Dinka tribe”
SAD.768/1/39-53
[ca. 1948]
Miscellaneous notes on Dinka courts and customary law and on the distribution of bridewealth
SAD.768/2/1-2
1948
List of Ngork Dinka sections, giving numbers of men, women, boys and girls in each section
SAD.768/2/3
[1940s]
List of sections and chiefs of the Ngork Dinka
SAD.768/2/4-14
[1940s]
List of Ngork Dinka sections, sub-sections and lineages
SAD.768/2/15-46
[1940s]
Notes by Howell on the Ngork Dinka, their origins and lineage, and customs
SAD.768/2/47
[1940s]
Ngork Dinka genealogy
SAD.768/2/48
[1940s]
Note of the number of taxpayers in each section of the Ngork Dinka
SAD.768/2/49
[1940s]
Note of Ngork Dinka fighting alliances
SAD.768/2/50
[1940s]
“Differences in cultural features” - notes by Howell comparing the Ngork with Lienhardt's description of the Dinka
SAD.768/2/51
[1940s]
Diagram of Ngork bridewealth by Howell
SAD.768/2/52-62
[1940s]
Notes on the Rut Dinka of the Zeraf Valley by Howell
SAD.68/8/1-3
[1940s]
Note by Howell on the story of the Dinka hero Ayeuil
SAD.68/8/4
[1940s]
Brief note by Howell on the Dinka and Shilluk beliefs concerning the origin of jebels
SAD.68/8/5
[1940s]
List showing the numbers of men, women, girls and boys in sub-sections of the Ngork Dinka
SAD.68/8/6
[1940s]
Second page of a note on fighting between Dinka age-sets (first page of note is missing)
(c) Baqqarah
SAD.768/3/1-80; 768/4/1-112
1947 Apr
Western Kordofan District information book by A.C. Beaton, D.C., comprising:
SAD.768/3/2-9
Introduction and contents
SAD.768/3/10-16
Chapter I. Physical
Area, contours, rivers, vulcanism, climate, soil and vegetation, scenery
SAD.768/3/17-26
Chapter II. Historical
General, remains, historical times (Dar Hamar, Dar Messiriyyah, Dinka, Nuba and Daju)
SAD.768/3/27-30
Chapter III. External
Borders - with N. Kordofan, central Kordofan, western Kordofan, Upper Nile, Equatoria, Darfur
SAD.768/3/31-67
Chapter IV. Tribal, administrative, judicial
SAD.768/3/68-80
Chapter V. Public security
Prevention, crime, punishment
SAD.768/4/1-17
Chapter VI. Health
Hospitals and dispensaries, epidemics, endemics, water supplies
SAD.768/4/18-24
Chapter VII. Education
Boys, girls
SAD.768/4/25-31
Chapter VIII. Communications
Air, ferries, roads, district transport, private transport, rest-houses, wireless telegraphy, telegraph lines, telephones, mails, trekking
SAD.768/4/32-43
Chapter IX. Agriculture
Food crops, money crops, pests, projects
SAD.768/4/44-63
Chapter X. Forests
General, tebeldis, other flora, grasses, tree produce, projects
SAD.768/4/64-79
Chapter XI. Animals
Grazing, camels, horses, donkeys, mules, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, animal produce, crime involving animals, game veterinary work
SAD.768/4/80-91
Chapter XII. Trade and development
General, markets (Nahud, Abu Zabad, El Odaya, Lagowa, Muglad, others), native industries, development
SAD.768/4/92-98
Chapter XIII. Taxation
Budgets, Hamar tribute, Messiriyyah combined tax, Dinka poll tax, Nuba poll tax. Daju poll tax, rates in towns
SAD.768/4/99-100
Chapter XIV. Religion
Sects, tariqas, mosques, ma`ahad, sharia court
SAD.768/4/101-102
Chapter XV. Conclusion
SAD.768/4/103-111
Maps
SAD.768/5/1-84
“Some observations on the Baggara Messiria of Western Kordofan”, by Howell
SAD.768/5/4-8
Introduction
SAD.768/5/9-14
Physical environment and topography: Dar Homr and Dar Messiriyyah
SAD.768/5/15-28
Seasonal movements and economic activities
SAD.768/5/29-70
Social and political organisation
SAD.768/5/70-77
Political leadership in the past
SAD.768/5/77-80
The development of native administration
SAD.768/5/80-84
Some observations on local government
SAD.768/6/1-73; 768/7/1-84
1948 Oct 30
Notes on the Baqqarah for Western Kordofan district handbook, by Howell:
Vol 2: Messiriyyah
SAD.768/6/4
Map of Dar Messiriyyah showing seasonal movements and zones
SAD.768/6/5-13
Introduction
SAD.768/6/14-19
Political development
SAD.768/6/20-22
Offices and buildings
SAD.768/6/23-24
Finance
SAD.768/6/25-27
Courts
SAD.768/6/28-57
Economic development: agriculture, veterinary, pasture research, water supplies, forests, communications
SAD.768/6/55
Map of Western Kordofan showing trade routes and seasonal movements
SAD.768/6/59-73
Migration and seasonal activities
SAD.768/7/1-32
Social groups and political division
SAD.768/7/33-62
Homicide and the payment of blood money
SAD.768/7/63-66
Political authority
SAD.768/7/67-84
Family and kinship structure
SAD.768/7/85-89
1948 Dec 10
Summary of notes by Howell on grazing areas, Western District, with covering letter from M.N. Harrison, Pasture Research officer
SAD.68/9/1-147
[1950s]
Manuscript notes and drafts by Howell on various aspects of Baqqarah Misiriyah society and culture. Includes: draft article on agriculture (SAD.68/9/1-10); draft article on marriage and divorce (SAD.68/9/11-15); notes on the various sections within the Misiriyah and the genealogical history of these sections (SAD.68/9/16-44); draft article on development of the Misiriyah Baqqarah (SAD.68/9/46-60); ts. draft of an article, “Note on history of Western Kordofan Baggara” (SAD.68/9/61-88); ms. note on migration and seasonal activities (SAD.68/9/89-105); ms. draft of an article on the payment, collection and distribution of blood money among the Misiriyah Baqqarah (SAD.68/9/106-133); ms. note on political authority (SAD.68/9/134-137); ms. note on forestation around Dar Messiria (with list of trees seen on trek) (SAD.68/9/138-139); ts. notes on the Baqqarah in Western Kordofan given in reference to an unknown article on the Baqqarah in Darfur (SAD.68/9/140-147)
SAD.768/7/90
1953 Mar 14
Letter from I. Cunnison to Howell concerning the progress of his research among the Baqqarah, the importance of the surra and the different meanings of feriq, with further comments on Howell's handbook of Western District, Kordofan (see SAD.768/6-768/7)
(d) Shilluk
SAD.68/10/1-230
[1930s-1940s]
Papers, notes and correspondence on the Shilluk collected by Howell for research purposes (many originate from the Sudan Political Service and some from the Jonglei Investigation Team). Most of the papers seem to relate to Shilluk law and custom though other subjects are also dealt with. Includes: letter from Howell to J.L. Baker, Assistant District Commissioner Upper Nile Province, outlining the arrangement of the Shilluk Fadit settlement and the relationship of the various lineages (SAD.68/10/2-5); ms. note on the Shilluk Fadit division (SAD.68/10/6-11); sketch map of Shilluk settlements in the Wau region (SAD.68/10/13); sketch map of Shilluk settlements on the east bank of the river at Wau (SAD.68/10/16-17); list of taxpayers around Wau (SAD.68/10/18); ms. notes on homicide amongst the Shilluk (SAD.68/10/21-25); diagram showing the various familial relationship terms used by the Shilluk (SAD.68/10/29); note by M.E.C. Pumphrey, Assistant District Commissioner, Yirol, Upper Nile Province, on Shilluk courts (SAD.68/10/30); note by [Howell] to F.D. Kingdon, Governor, Upper Nile Province, on the Shilluk female Nyireths, 1946 (SAD.68/10/31); notes by Howell on the power of the reth, marriage dowry and public order (SAD.68/10/32-34); extracts from the proceedings of the Shilluk Council, mostly concerning Shilluk law and custom, 1926-1933 (SAD.68/10/35-43); notes on the election of Reth Fafiti, by [H.C.J.] (SAD.68/10/44-45); tree showing Shilluk royal succession, copied by G.W. Titherington. 1931 (SAD.68/10/46); minutes of a meeting held at Kodok of a committee appointed to record the traditional tribal method of settling the succession of the Reth, by J.G.S. Macphail, 1933 (SAD.68/10/47-48); notes on Shilluk customary law, 1933 (SAD.68/10/49-51,57-58); note on Shilluk courts, 1933 (SAD.68/10/53-55); list of Shilluk Nyereths, 1933 (SAD.68/10/56-58); note on marriage amongst the Shilluk, by J.B. Stewart, Assistant District Commissioner, 1934 (SAD.68/10/59-61); notes on murder cases, 1930-1937 (SAD.68/10/62-66); report on the 15th Shilluk Council held at Kodok, 2-5 Feb 1942, by L.W.A. Raven, Assistant District Commissioner, Kodok, Upper Nile Province, with covering note to C.G. Davies, Governor, Upper Nile Province (SAD.68/10/67-74); proceedings of the 11th Shilluk Council, February 1942 (SAD.68/10/75-84); proceedings of the 1939 Shilluk Council (SAD.68/10/85-97); notes on the history of each district of the Upper Nile Province (SAD.68/10/98-103); collection of notes by Howell and M.E.C. Pumphrey on Shilluk customary law, in particular marriage and marital relationships, with cover note from Howell to E.E. Evans-Pritchard, Institute of Social Anthropology, Oxford, explaining his research (SAD.68/10/104-156); report from T.A. Maclagan, Assistant District Commissioner, Yirol, Upper Nile Province, to C.A. Willis, Governor, Upper Nile Province, concerning crimes of violence among the Shilluk, 1931 (SAD.68/10/161-164); note on Shilluk place names, compiled from notes by L.W.A. Raven (SAD.68/10/165); note on the cult of Deng (SAD.68/10/166-168); report from W.P.G. Thomson, A.D.C., Kodok, to F.D. Kingdon, Governor, Upper Nile Province, on the economics of the Shilluk royal village, Fashoda, 1947 (SAD.68/10/169-171); report from W.P.G. Thomson, A.D.C., Kodok, to F.D. Kingdon, Governor, Upper Nile Province, on the Shilluk beny or warlord, 1947 (SAD.68/10/172-173); notes on the Shilluk reth written by Howell for E.E. Evans-Pritchard (SAD.68/10/174-175); letter to Evans-Pritchard from J.C.N. Donald on the divisions of the Shilluk kingdom, 1948 (SAD.68/10/176); copy letter from Yuzbashi Talib Ismain to E.E. Evans-Pritchard, on the issue of migrations of the Shilluk, 1930 (SAD.68/10/177-179); letter from Howell to H. Frankfort on Howell's plan for his work on the death and installation of the reth (SAD.68/10/181); note by M.E.C. Pumphrey, A.D.C. Malakal, on divorce and return of cattle payment (SAD.68/10/183); letter from [J.G.S. Macphail] to the Governor Upper Nile Province, on a reduction of bride price among the Shilluk, 1938 (SAD.68/10/184-185); note on the selection of the reth (SAD.68/10/188); note on a meeting with the reth at Kodok on 4 Oct 1932, by E.G. Coryton, D.C., Malakal (SAD.68/10/196-197); letter from A.G. Pawson, Governor Upper Nile Province, to the Civil Secretary concerning the unpopularity of the present reth, 1932 (SAD.68/10/198-199); note on the situation of the Shilluk reth as of 19 November 1932 (SAD.68/10/200-201); letter from J.B. Stewart to E.G. Coryton concerning fighting amongst the Shilluk, 1932 (SAD.68/10/203); summary of various official records relating to the Shilluk, including intelligence reports, dated 1898-1903 (SAD.68/10/204-208); note of a meeting of Shilluk chiefs at Fashoda to investigate the discharge of the Court Chief, Ajang Amuc, 1937 (SAD.68/10/209-210); note on the working of the Shilluk court by A.E.C. Pumphrey, 1936 (SAD.68/10/211-213); account of “the death of a Shilluk king in 1839” extracted from writings by Thibaut, a 19th century trader and explorer in the Sudan, with letters from J. Alfred Heasty [a missionary in Sudan] and the ethnologist, C.G. Seligman, to George Whitehead concerning the Thibaut account (SAD.68/10/215-226); extract from the proceedings of a Shilluk Council meeting on the reduction of bride price (SAD.68/10/227-230) Though the papers are not in chronological order many are numbered in sequence and have therefore been kept in numerical order
SAD.68/11/1-56
[1949]
“Notes on kinship and social structure amongst the Shilluk” draft article written by Howell focusing on the Fadit-Wau division of the Shilluk. Includes notes on the Fadit-Wau division of settlements, the Fadit settlement in particular, and marriage and marital relationships among the Shilluk. Also includes a separate note on kinship groups and territorial divisions among the Shilluk. Within the main article the following map is included:
SAD.68/11/5
[1949]
Sketch map of the Shilluk Wau settlement
21 x 33cm
SAD.69/1/1-92
[1950s]
“Observations on the Shilluk of the Upper Nile: social structure and the settlement”, draft of an article by Howell discussing “territorial segmentation”, “structure of the settlement”, and the “Wau-Fadit division”. Includes diagrams and maps in the appendix (some are missing and have been replaced by photocopies - though these replacements are unordered). Also includes a cover note from Howell to E.E. Evans-Pritchard. Maps in the appendix include:
SAD.69/1/71
[1950s]
Sketch map of the Fadit settlement, Upper Nile Province
14 x 22 cm
SAD.69/1/77
[1950s]
Map showing the divisions of Shilluk settlements along a section of the White Nile, Upper Nile Province
16 x 27 cm
SAD.69/1/80
[1950s]
Sketch map of Shilluk country, showing boundaries of divisions
Scale:   1:1,000,000
19 x 13 cm
SAD.69/1/81
[1950s]
Sketch map of Wau Settlement, Upper Nile Province
22 x 14 cm
SAD.69/1/82
[1950s]
Sketch map of the Wau-Fadit division, showing approximate boundaries of settlements and flood-plain of the White Nile
Scale:   1:100,000
14 x 19 cm
SAD.69/1/83
[1950s]
Diagram showing position of clans and off-shoots in Wau settlement
14 x 21 cm
SAD.69/1/91
[1950s]
Sketch map showing relative positions of hamlets of Kwa Nai
17 x 14 cm
SAD.69/2/1-79
[1952]
Notes on Shilluk clans and reths collected by Awok Tut in response to requests by Howell. Includes: a list of the ‘important’ Shilluk clans with notes on each (SAD.69/2/1-11); list of the sections in which Shilluk clans are grouped (SAD.69/2/12-15); note from Howell to Awok Tut requesting particular information on Shilluk reths (SAD.69/2/17-19); note on the Shilluk reth Nyidhok (noted as the 20th reth) (SAD.69/2/21); note on the method of land distribution used by the Shilluk (SAD.69/2/22); list of the more southerly Shilluk clans (SAD.69/2/23-25); notes on the lives of supposedly all the Shilluk reths up until 1952 with a list showing the order and dates during which they reigned (SAD.69/2/26-79)
SAD.69/2/80-85
[1950s]
“The death of Reth Dak Wad Fadiet and the installation of his successor: a preliminary note”, brief typescript article by Howell
SAD.69/3/1-99
[1950s]
Part of a dissertation/draft publication on Shilluk culture, customs and society (pp 74-171 of original typescript). Includes information on: religion and superstition (SAD.69/3/3-13); the country and geography of the Shilluk region (SAD/69/3/14-16); social structure and hierarchy (SAD.69/3/16-19); the physical appearance of the Shilluk (SAD.69/3/19); “the life of a Shilluk from birth to death” (SAD.69/3/21-28 ; work; marriage (SAD.69/3/28-33); houses and furniture (SAD.69/3/33-34; hunting and fishing (SAD.69/3/36-37); crafts (SAD.69/3/37); food (SAD.69/3/38-40); sickness and medicine (SAD.69/3/41-42); war (SAD.69/3/42-44); social interaction (SAD.69/3/50-51); myths and stories (SAD.69/3/52-58); puzzles (SAD.69/3/58-68); and songs, music and dance (SAD.69/3/69)
SAD.69/4/1-45
1975
Papers and correspondence relating to “The Shilluk: continuities and change”, a film by Chris Curling produced for Granada Television, as well as a special presentation of the film held at Cambridge University, Department of Social Anthropology at which Howell presented a lecture. Papers include: correspondence between Howell, Curling and others involved in the film and presentation (SAD.69/4/1-15); brief ts. notes on Shilluk lineages and territorial settlements (SAD.69/4/17); draft ts. copy of the speech made by Howell at the presentation of the film (SAD.69/4/18-34); and a partial copy of the script of the film (SAD.69/4/35-45)
(e) General tribal material
SAD.69/5/1-7
1990 Feb 13
“ Ethnic and tribal groupings in the Southern Sudan”, a personal note by Howell
SAD.69/5/8-37
1992 Mar - May 22
Draft codes of customary law for Nuer, Dongjol Dinka, and in Wun written by E. McCune, British foreign aid worker and wife of Riek Machar II, with covering letter to Howell from J. Ryle explaining McCune's intentions to develop a common customary law for the inhabitants of Upper Nile
2. Papers relating to Howell's career in the Sudan Political Service and the Sudan Defence Force
SAD.71/1/1-100
1927 Jan 25 – 1942 Feb 19
Papers and correspondence largely relating to Howell's initial recruitment to the Sudan Political Service, his position as Assistant District Commissioner and his recruitment into the Sudan Defence Force. Includes:
SAD.71/1/1-5
1927 Jan
Minute on the subject of devolution in native administration by Sir J.L. Maffey, Governor-General, with a covering note by H.A. MacMichael, Civil Secretary
SAD.71/1/6-8
1934 Sep 9
Note for Assistant District Commissioners on customs dues, transport privileges, etc. on first appointment and on marriage (no. 50/A/2-6-2). Issued by the Civil Secretary's Office, Khartoum
SAD.71/1/9
[1930s]
Notes on “the machinery of government”
SAD.71/1/10-12
1937 Jun
Letter to A.B.B. Howell, Sudan Government Office, London, from J.A. Gillan, Sudan Civil Secretary's Department, concerning a study trip by P.P. Howell to the Upper Nile Province to work among the Shilluk, with covering note from A.B.B. Howell to P.P. Howell
SAD.71/1/16
1938 Jul 8
Letter to P.P. Howell from A.B.B. Howell, concerning the former's selection board as part of his application process to join the Sudan Political Service
SAD.71/1/17
[1930s]
“Some notes on the Sudan” , brief note giving advice on supplies required and conditions in the Sudan for the information of new recruits to the SPS
SAD.71/1/19
1938 Aug 5
Letter to Howell from H.M. Foot, Colonial Office, advising him that he has been selected for appointment to the Colonial Administrative Service for service in Nigeria
SAD.71/1/20
1938 Aug 5
Letter to Howell from Guy Venning concerning Howell's successful application to the Colonial Service
SAD.71/1/22-23
1938 Aug 11
Letter to Howell from A.B.B. Howell, Sudan Government London Office, concerning the requirement to study Arabic following his appointment to the SPS
SAD.71/1/26-27
1938 Sep 20
Letter to P.P. Howell from his uncle, G.C.L. Howell, congratulating him on his appointment to the SPS and giving him advice on his role of Assistant District Commissioner
SAD.71/1/31-32
1938 Apr 7
Sudan Government: List of kit recommended for Sudan Government Officials, (Khartoum: Civil Secretary's Office, 1938)
SAD.71/1/33
1938
“Notes for probationers”, giving basic guidelines for the first few days after arrival in the Sudan
SAD.71/1/34-47
[1938]
“A note for probationers”, giving an introduction to the work of the District Commissioner and outlining how best to succeed in the role. Also includes an attached recommended reading list.
SAD.71/1/48-52
1938 Nov 24
Letter to Howell from C.E. Allan, Sudan Government London Office, concerning Howell's travel arrangements to the Sudan
SAD.71/1/53-55
1938 Dec 6
Invoice from Lawn and Alder Ltd. for Howell's luggage and equipment to be shipped to the Sudan
SAD.71/1/56
1939 Jan 19
Tenancy agreement between Howell and the Sudan Government for his house in Khartoum
SAD.71/1/57-62
1939 Sep
“Conditions for enrolment and terms of service in the British Army Officers Emergency Reserve for the Sudan”, with covering letter to Howell from [J.B. Ready], for Major-General Commanding Troops in the Sudan, and blank application form
SAD.71/1/63
1939 Sep 26
Letter to Howell from [J.B. Ready], for Major-General Commanding Troops in the Sudan, acknowledging receipt of his application form for the British Army Officers Emergency Reserve for the Sudan
SAD.71/1/67-69
1940 Mar 1
Letter to Howell from ‘Noel B.’ with his views on the war
SAD.71/1/70-71
[1940]
Sudan Defence Force (Temporary Commissions) terms of service regulations, with covering note to Howell from J.B. Ready
SAD.71/1/72
1940 May 1
Sudan Defence Force Gazette, No. 5 (Khartoum: SDF Headquarters, 1940), announcing a temporary commission for Howell
SAD.71/1/73-75
1940 May 14
Temporary identification certificate issued to Howell
SAD.71/1/77
1941 Jan 1
Short letter to Howell from Sir Stewart Symes, former Governor-General, concerning Howell's work as Aide-de-Camp
SAD.71/1/81-82
1941 Jul 20
Letter to Howell from A.S. Brock concerning Decamere, in Eritrea
SAD.71/1/83-84
1941 Aug 15
Letter to Howell from J.T. Crawford, Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (Eritrea), concerning progress following the occupation of [an unidentified town] in Eritrea
SAD.71/1/85-86
1941 Aug 25
“ Political aspects of the war”, circular, outlining the political and military situation in Syria, issued by order of the Commander-in-Chief
SAD.71/1/87
1941 Oct
Temporary certificate of identification issued to Howell. Includes small portrait photograph of Howell.
SAD.71/1/90
1941 Nov 1
Letter to Howell from J.P.S. Daniell mostly discussing his activities on leave in Uganda, Tanganyika and Kenya
SAD.71/1/99
1943 Aug 28
Letter to Howell from R. de Bere concerning a request to secure a drum for the reth of the Shilluk
SAD.71/1/100
1945 Feb 19
Letter to Howell from D.M.H. Evans concerning an article by Howell for Sudan Notes and Records
SAD.71/2/1-60
1940 Jun
Loose sheet diary documenting military activity around the Sudan during 1940-1942. The diary, kept by Howell (most likely in connection with his role as aide-de-camp and private secretary to the Governor-General), contains entries written in a formal style detailing daily events. The main focus of the diary is on enemy attacks and other military activity within the Sudan, along with the activities of British troops in Italian occupied North East Africa. In particular the diary contains detailed accounts of bombing raids and other engagements with enemy forces in the Sudan, particularly in areas on the border with Ethiopia (including Kassala, Kurmuk, Gedaref, Malakal, and Gallabat). It also contains more specific details such as allied and enemy troop numbers within certain areas. Information seems to be mainly drawn from official reports and telegrams along with the eyewitness accounts of colleagues and associates of Howell's. The diary also contains entries dealing with military activity further afield in North Africa and Europe. Interleafed throughout the diary are copies of telegrams between the Qaid and various military and government officials concerning military activities, along with daily situation reports written by Howell. Other items of note include:
SAD.71/2/9
1940 Jul 7
Ts. translation of the Arabic text of a leaflet dropped by the Italians over areas near Kassala
SAD.71/2/23
1940
Sketch map of the border between the Sudan and Italian occupied North East Africa (from Port Sudan, Red Sea Province, to south of Gallabat, Kassala Province) showing two points of enemy engagement
Scale:   Approx. 1:4,000,000
26 x 15 cm
SAD.71/2/24
1940 Sep 20
Sketch map showing dispositions near Kassala
Scale:   Approx. 1:4,000,000
29 x 15 cm
SAD.71/2/25
1940 Sep 5
Sketch map of north east Sudan showing “Italian order of battle on immediate frontier”
Scale:   Approx. 1:4,000,000
29 x 15 cm
SAD.71/2/26
1940 Sep 17
Sketch map of north east Sudan showing “proposed distribution of Niblick”
Scale:   Approx. 1:4,000,000
29 x 18 cm
SAD.71/2/29
1940
Rough sketch map of north east Sudan showing troop positions
Scale:   Approx. 1:4,000,000
20 x 25 cm
SAD.71/2/52
1941 Mar 24
Rough sketch map showing the “situation in Italian E.A. on 24 iii 1941”, with the movement of British and Berbera troops
Scale:   Approx 1:15,000,000
19 x 23 cm
SAD.71/2/54
1941 Mar 21
Sketch showing the hills and peaks west of Keren, Eritrea
SAD.71/2/61-65
1943 Aug 13-Sep 21
Diary of a trip on leave during which Howell visited various places in Uganda and Nairobi
SAD.71/2/66
[1940s] Jun 5
First page of a diary of a trek around un unidentified area of Upper Nile Province
SAD.71/2/67-70
1945
Notes on Nilotic cattle culture, epidemics among cattle, and the theory of overgrazing. Includes extracts from letters.
SAD.71/2/71-72
1948 Sep 27
Letter from Howell to J.F. Tiernay, Governor, Kordofan Province, concerning an increase in the animal rate on cattle
SAD.71/3/1-16
1952-1955
Correspondence regarding Howell's retirement and the Sudanisation of his position in the lead up to independence. The correspondence mostly concerns the terms of Howell's retirement and the finalisation of the Jonglei Investigation Team and Southern Development Investigation Team reports.
3. Papers relating to the Jonglei Investigation Team and Southern Development Investigation Team
SAD.69/6/1-34
1948-1949
Correspondence mostly surrounding Howell's appointment as chairman of the Jonglei Investigation Team. Includes: letters from Howell to H.A.W. Morrice, Sudan Irrigation Department, concerning Howell's appointment to the Jonglei Investigation Team and the terms of his secondment from his post as District Commissioner, Western Kordofan (SAD.69/6/1-8); Howell to D. Howell, his sister, enquiring as to the possibility of recruiting a suitable Agriculturalist / Pastoral Research Officer from the students at Reading University (SAD.69/6/9); Howell from F.D. McJannet, District Commissioner, Western Nuer District, concerning the origins of the Dinka of Paneru (SAD.69/6/10); Howell to John Winder concerning the budget and plans for the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.69/6/11-12); Howell from H.A.W. Morrice, Sudan Irrigation Department, concerning the Third Interim Report of the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.69/6/13); Howell from Morrice concerning various aspects of the Jonglei Investigation Team and Egyptian involvement in the Jonglei project (SAD.69/6/16-17); Howell to E.E. Evans-Pritchard concerning Howell's progress on his thesis (SAD.69/6/18,27); Howell from Morrice concerning the terms of reference for the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.69/6/23); Howell from M.M. Medani, Game Preservation Department, confirming Howell's appointment as Honorary Game Warden. Includes attached list of duties of the Honorary Game Warden (SAD.69/6/28-29); Howell from F. Debenham mostly concerning his own work in the Bangweulu swamps in Northern Rhodesia (SAD.69/6/31); Howell to R.C. Wakefield concerning the surveyors recruited to the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.69/6/32)
SAD.69/7/1-135
1946 Jan 2 – 1952 Jan 21
General papers, reports and correspondence of the Jonglei Investigation Team. Includes: copy of the original terms of reference of the Jonglei Investigation Team issued by the Sudan Government Finance Department in 1946 (SAD.69/7/1-4); letter to Howell from G. Winterbottom concerning a book containing information on the Budduma tribe of Lake Chad (SAD.69/7/5-7); summary of the 1948-1949 JIT budget (SAD.69/6/8-11); letter to Howell from W. King concerning the distribution of questionnaires in Nigeria (SAD.69/7/15-17); letter to Howell from ‘Le Commandant de Cercle de N'Guigmi’, French Equatorial Africa, giving answers - mostly concerning the Budduma tribe - to a questionnaire sent by Howell (SAD.69/7/18-20); extract from the introduction to the progress report of the Jonglei Investigation Team, 1948-1949 (SAD.69/7/27-32); report by D.G. Clow, Veterinary Inspector, Sudan Veterinary Service, on a trek around Kosti District, White Nile Province, including trek notes (SAD.69/7/33-40); report from Howell to J.F. Glennie, Divisional Engineer, concerning river levels in Jerkwot and Aliab, Bahr al-Ghazal (SAD.69/7/41-43); memorandum by Howell concerning pump schemes (SAD.69/7/47-48); memoranda on the Machar marshes (SAD.69/7/49-51,55-59,67-68,72-87); trek report by K.E. Snelson, Assistant Divisional Engineer, concerning a trek around the central Upper Nile Province mostly investigating hydrology and pasture (SAD.69/7/61-65); leisure guide to the game and scenery of the Boma region of the Upper Nile Province, by R.E. Lyth (SAD.69/7/69-71); trek notes on the northern approach to the Machar swamps (SAD.69/7/88-89); records of meetings of the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.69/7/90-93,108-109,113-120); rainfall statistics for Malakal, Kosti, Renk, Kurmuk and Talodi (SAD.69/7/94-98); “Ecological aspects of the Jonglei area”, a memorandum [by Howell] (SAD.69/7/99-100); extensive letter from Howell to F.D. Corfield, Governor, Upper Nile Province, covering various elements of the development plan for the future of the Jonglei area (SAD.69/7/101-107); letter to Howell from John [Glennie?] concerning a survey trek around north Uganda investigating Lake Albert (SAD.69/7/121-125); letter to Howell from D.C. Driver, District Commissioner, Malakal, concerning the establishment of a new team to carry on the work of the JIT (SAD.69/7/127-128); index to files created by the Jonglei Investigation Team and subsequently deposited in the Financial Secretary's Office, Khartoum (SAD.69/7/129-135)
SAD.69/8/1-65
1950 Jan 6 – 1952 Apr 6
Very rough trek notes of a series of five different treks around southern Sudan undertaken by Howell as part of his research for the Jonglei Investigation Team. The first trek, in Upper Nile Province, starts in Bor and ends in Fangak. The second trek, travelling from Upper Nile Province into White Nile Province, starts in Malakal and ends in Abu Rukba. The third trek, in Upper Nile Province, mainly centres around Malakal and the Machar marshes. The fourth trek is focused around the south of Upper Nile Province into Mongalla. The last trek is between Upper Nile Province and Mongalla. Howell's notes vary between diary-style entries on day-to-day activities and rough observations and statistics on issues such as rivers, transport and agriculture. Sketch maps include:
SAD.69/8/22
1950
Sketch map of an area east of the Machar marshes showing tribal village areas and grazing areas
30 x 18 cm
SAD.69/8/24
1950
Sketch map of an area south east of Malakal showing high ground cultivations and villages of the Shilluk tribes, grazing movements, and roads
20 x 32 cm
SAD.69/8/26
1950
Rough sketch map of the banks of the River Yabus near Boing, Upper Nile Province
20 x 16 cm
SAD.69/9/1-144
[1949-1950]
File of papers and correspondence relating to the work of the Jonglei Investigation Team, mostly concerning the issue of compensation to tribes who were to lose grazing and agricultural land to the Jonglei scheme. The papers have been organised by Howell under the following headings: “approach”, “terms of reference”, “hydrology”, “pasture and vets”, “surveys” and “agriculture”. Includes:
SAD.69/9/3-5
1950 Jun 2
Memorandum by J.F. Glennie to the other members of the Jonglei Investigation Team concerning the issue of compensation within the team's remit, with reply from Howell
SAD.69/9/6-14
1950 Jun 5-12
Copy of a questionnaire proposed by Howell as a means of investigating the amount of compensation required by individual tribal areas, with cover note by Howell and response from D.G. Clow
SAD.69/9/15-20
1950 Jun
“Application of the questionnaire technique to the estimate of compensation”, a case study focusing on the Dar Muharib of the east bank of the White Nile
SAD.69/9/22-25
1950 Jun
“Application of the questionnaire technique to the Paloich Dinka”
SAD.69/9/27-28
[1949]
Terms of reference of the Jonglei Committee and the Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.69/9/29-31
[1950]
“Note on the history and organisation of the Jonglei Investigation ”
SAD.69/9/35-40
1950 Jan 10
“Estimate of compensation, hydrological appreciation”, memorandum issued by J.F. Glennie of the Jonglei Investigation Team, Irrigation Section on the issue of compensation to areas affected by reduced water supply or excess flooding
SAD.69/9/41-43
1950 Jul 3
“Note on the results of hydrological investigations”, mainly focusing on the area of the White Nile around Malakal, by J.F. Glennie
SAD.69/9/44-49
1950 Oct 28
“Estimate of compensation, central zone”, review of the investigations carried out by the Jonglei Investigation Team, Irrigation Section in the ‘central zone’ (the stretch of the White Nile from Jonglei to Fangak, Upper Nile Province)
SAD.69/9/53-58
1950 Mar 2
Note submitted to the Director Sudan Veterinary Service concerning the improvement of toc pasture in Bahr al-Ghazal Province, by M.N. Harrison, Pasture Research Officer. Includes an extract from the minutes of the 8th meeting of the Livestock and Veterinary Standing Committee of the Board of Economics and Trade
SAD.69/9/62-65
[1950]
Summary of the grassland investigations carried out in the northern zone of the White Nile (the section furthest north within the Upper Nile Province)
SAD.69/9/67-70
1951 Jan 16
Note by J.H. Davies, Pasture Research Officer, Jonglei Investigation Team, on pump schemes
SAD.69/9/72-78
1950 Nov 30
Notes on the Jonglei Investigation Team, Survey Section 1950-51 work programme, by D.F. Ferguson, Inspector of Surveys, Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.69/9/79-83
1950 Nov 2
Notes on the drawing of maps, plans, and diagrams for reproduction by the Survey Department, by R.C. Wakefield, Director of Surveys and D.F. Ferguson, Inspector of Surveys, Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.69/9/89-98
[1950]
“Agricultural aspects of the 1951-1956 development plan for Upper Nile Province”, report by J.J. Basinski, Inspector of Agriculture, Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.69/9/99-108
[1950]
“Programme of work for the agricultural member for the 1950-1951 season” report by [J.J. Basinski, Inspector of Agriculture, Jonglei Investigation Team]
SAD.69/9/109-116
1950 Dec 2
“Agricultural survey questionnaire”, with covering note by J.J. Basinski, Inspector of Agriculture, Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.69/9/126
[1950s]
Manuscript account of a double murder by a policeman near Matiang [on the bank of the White Nile, Upper Nile Province]
SAD.69/9/127-144
[1950s]
“The Equatorial Nile Project”, article by E.J. Howell on the project and the work of the Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.768/8/1-101; 768/9/1-114
1952 Nov 6 - 1953 Nov 26
Official and semi-official papers from Howell's service as chairman of the Jonglei Investigation Team (1948-1953) and Southern Development Investigation Team (1953-1955). The papers consist chiefly of circulars from the Civil Secretary about political issues, notes etc. on the southern situation, with related correspondence with colleagues, and correspondence about the fate of the Jonglei Investigation Team (J.I.T.) and the struggle to get it renewed as a Development Team for the south (S.D.I.T.) Unless otherwise stated, letters are to Howell. Correspondence includes J.W. Robertson, Civil Secretary, to all Governors re the text of the Egyptian note to the British Government (SAD.768/8/4-5); G.W. Bell regarding confusion over the future of the south (SAD.768/8/6); Carden, Driver and Howell to J. Longe, Governor U.N.P. re the future careers of Political Service officials in the light of the Sudanisation proposals (SAD.768/8/7-9), with replies from Longe and A.L. Chick (SAD.768/8/10-12); B.A. Lewis concerning his proposed scheme for running the three southern provinces as a trust territory under a Pro-Consul (SAD.768/8/13-14); Howell to J. Pike, Fisheries officer regarding priorities for the local fishing industry in Shilluk waters (SAD.768/8/15); B.A. Lewis (first page only) re his hopes for a Ministry for the Co-ordination of Southern Development in the new Parliament (SAD.768/8/16); C.C. Beaty-Pownall, Commissioner of Police concerning the communist activities of junior officials, workers and students (SAD.768/8/19); Lewis re the need for a treaty with Egypt acknowledging the sovereignty of the Sudan and for a Ministry for the Co-ordination of Southern Development and regarding the journalists' tour of the south (SAD.768/8/20-21); Lewis to E.H. Nightingale, Governor Juba concerning his views on the future of the Sudan and in particular on southern development (SAD.768/8/22-25); R.C. Wakefield re the proposal to continue the development work of the Jonglei Investigation Team under departmental guidance (SAD.768/8/26-27), with Howell's reply (SAD.768/8/38); appeal from a southern Sudanese for a delay in the process towards independence (SAD.768/8/37); Howell to J.S.R. Duncan, Private Secretary concerning opinion in the south with regard to self-determination, the contribution of Buth Diu to the debate and the views of Shingiti on the southern question (SAD.768/8/39-40); circular letter from J.W. Robertson to prominent Sudanese and Heads of Departments on the delay in publishing the Self-Government Statute and the Egyptian note to the British Government (SAD.768/8/41-45); Robertson to all Governors concerning the creation of three new Deputy Governor posts for Sudanese (SAD.768/8/46-47); Howell to D.C. Driver, D.C. Malakal on the proposal of the Fisheries officer to operate in Ngok Dinka country (SAD.768/8/49); Howell to Wakefield re development potential in the south (SAD.768/8/51-52); commentary by Wakefield on the Development Committee's decision to abolish the team organisation (SAD.768/8/53-60); R.J. Smith concerning the disposal of the assets of the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.768/8/64-65); Howell to J.C.N. Donald, Governor U.N.P. regarding progress in writing up the Jonglei reports (SAD.768/8/66-67); Lewis re his hopes for a Southern Development Board and thoughts on the future of the southern provinces (SAD.768/8/68-69); Robertson to all Governors on the future for British officials in the Sudan in the light of moves towards Sudanisation (SAD.768/8/71-73); Robertson to all Governors re the culmination of negotiations between the British and Egyptian Governments (SAD.768/8/80-81); G.H. Bacon, Director of Agriculture to the Commissioner for Development on his views on the establishment of an investigation team for the southern provinces (SAD.768/8/83-84); Wakefield and Howell concerning future prospects for individual members of the Jonglei Investigation Team and the disposal of assets (SAD.768/8/88-95); Lewis regarding reaction in the south to the agreement between the British and Egyptian Governments (SAD.768/8/97-98); Howell to John Bowes, Assistant Director-General, UNESCO concerning developments in the Sudan, particularly the south (SAD.768/8/99-101); Howell to Donald re the co-ordination of southern development (SAD.768/9/2-4); Lewis on opposition to the idea of a Ministry for Southern Development (SAD.768/9/7-9); Wakefield regarding criticism from A.L. Chick of Howell's extravagance as chairman of the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.768/9/11), with Howell's reply (SAD.768/9/36-37); W.N. Allan on his inspection trip to Bedden, Nimule and Mutir to assess potential sites for a dam and re the proposed greater Aswan project (SAD.768/9/14-16); Howell to A.C. Beaton, putting forward his arguments for a separate body to co-ordinate southern development (SAD.768/9/50-51); Lewis regarding the terms of reference for the new S.D.I.T. (SAD.768/9/56-57), with Howell's reply (SAD.768/9/58-59) and letter to Beaton on the same subject (SAD.768/9/60-62); Beaton re the proposed membership of the S.D.I.T. (SAD.768/9/65-67,74-77,79-80); Howell to Beaton concerning progress with the Jonglei reports (SAD.768/9/82-83); G.W. Ogden re the proposed terms of reference and composition of the S.D.I.T. (SAD.768/9/101-102), with comments by Howell (SAD.768/9/96-100); Howell to Winder concerning the need for an Animal Husbandry/Pasture Section for the S.D.I.T. (SAD.768/9/103-105); Beaton regarding Howell's appointment as chairman of the S.D.I.T. (SAD.768/9/113-114). Also includes:
SAD.768/8/17
1952 Dec 20
Minutes of Equatoria Province Council meeting held 16-18 Dec 1952 to discuss the amendment to the draft constitution
SAD.768/8/18
Juba Political Committee memorandum on the future of the south
SAD.768/8/28-29
1952 Dec 28
Note by Howell on an interview with Muhammad Salih Shingiti, primarily on economic development
SAD.768/8/30-31
1952 Dec 28
Note on General Neguib's family and their connections with the Sudan
SAD.768/8/32-36
1952 Dec 29
Copy of the agreement signed between Sharif `Abd al-Rahman Yusuf al-Hindi and the Egyptian Government
SAD.768/8/61-62
1953 Jan 12
Observations by Howell on the political situation
SAD.768/8/74-76
1953 Feb 4
Article from the Daily Telegraph by Eric Downton on “Britons plan economy for South Sudan. Five years' study”
SAD.768/8/85-87
1953 Feb 18
Note by R.C. Wakefield, Director of Surveys on “An appreciation of the present position with regard to an investigation team for the southern provinces”
SAD.768/9/1
Note by Howell on land reform in Egypt
SAD.768/9/17-19
1953 Mar
Aide memoire by Howell for discussion with visitors on southern views on the move towards self-determination
SAD.768/9/20-30
“A few facts about the southern Sudan, the Upper Nile Province in particular”, prepared by Howell for visiting journalists and M.P.s
SAD.768/9/31-34
Comments by D.C. Driver on Howell's ‘south in a nutshell’
SAD.768/9/39-49
1953 Mar 20
Note by D.C. Driver and Howell of points for discussion with the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Selwyn Lloyd, with annotations written after the meeting by Howell
SAD.768/9/71
1953 May 17
Communiqué from the Executive Council on the future of expatriate officials
SAD.768/9/94-95
Draft programme of work for the S.D.I.T. with note of information about agriculture and agricultural potential of the area
SAD.769/9/106-111
List of contents of the final report of the Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.768/10/1-39
1954
Answers to Southern Development Investigation Team questionnaire from Equatoria Province:
SAD.768/10/1-5
1954 Mar 30
Eastern District, by P. de Robeck, D.C.
SAD.768/10/6-14
1954 May 12
Torit District, by P.R.A. Mansfield, A/D.C.
SAD.768/10/15-20
1954 May 12
Yei River District, by W.B.H. Duke, D.C.
SAD.768/10/21-25
1954 May 14
Moru District, by F.J. Sidwell, A/D.C.
SAD.768/10/26-30
1954 May 20
Juba District, by P. Evans-Jones, D.C.
SAD.768/10/31-39
1954 May 19
Zande District, by F.A. Shafie, for D.C.
SAD.769/1/1-36
1954
Answers to Southern Development Investigation Team questionnaire from Bahr al-Ghazal Province:
SAD.769/1/1-6
1954 Mar 31
Lakes District, by B.A. Carlisle, D.C.
SAD.769/1/7-19
1954 Apr 24
Western District, by R.C.S. MacGill, with covering letter of 12 May (2 copies)
SAD.769/1/20-31
1954 Apr 27 - May 24
Aweil District, by D. Fyfe, D.C.
SAD.769/1/32-36
1954 May 8
Jur River District, by E.A. Pearson, D.C. with separate letter concerning animal statistics
SAD.769/2/1-54
1954
Answers to Southern Development Investigation Team questionnaire from Upper Nile Province:
SAD.769/2/1-4
1954 Apr 2
Malakal and Shilluk District, by J.O. Udal, A.D.C.
SAD.769/2/5-21
1954 Apr 20
Bor District, by G.R.I. Dees, D.C.
SAD.769/2/22-25
1954 Apr 22
Eastern Nuer District, by B.H. Dening, D.C.
SAD.769/2/26-27
1954 Apr 26
Malakal, by G.P.A. Hickson, D.C.
SAD.769/2/28-30
1954 May 12
Pibor District, by R.E. Lyth, D.C.
SAD.769/2/31-35
1954 May 21
Western Nuer District, by P.S. Garland, D.C.
SAD.769/2/36-45
1954 Jun 28
Renk District, by B.J. Chatterton, D.C.
SAD.769/2/46-49
1954 May 11
Lau Nuer District, by P.L. Roussel, D.C.
SAD.769/2/50-54
1954 Jul 7
Central Nuer District, by P.P. Bowcock, A.D.C.
SAD.69/10/1-45
[1950s]
Book of notes made by Howell during fieldwork with the Southern Development Investigation Team. Includes very brief and rough notes on such things as agriculture, livestock, cultivation, and water supplies in various Nilotic tribal regions, with the following enclosures:
SAD.69/10/2-3
[1950s]
Outline of the work of the “Agricultural Company for the Middle East” in the Sudan
SAD.69/10/4
1954 Mar 13
Letter to Howell from “Michael” concerning the types of pumps to be employed in the Darfur region
SAD.69/11/1-12
1954
Report on a survey of the Dongotona mountain range, Equatoria, made in June 1954 by a team from University College of Khartoum Faculty of Agriculture at the request of the Southern Development Investigation Team. Includes information on villages, agriculture, cultivation, and livestock
SAD.69/11/13-23
[1950s]
“A few facts about the Southern Sudan, the Upper Nile Province in particular”, note [by Howell]
SAD.769/3/1-28
1955
Southern Development Investigation Team report on the mechanised rice growing project at Malakal
SAD.69/11/24
[1980s]
First page of an article by Howell giving the historical background to the origins of the Southern Development report
4. Papers relating to the Jonglei Canal and Nile Waters
SAD.70/1/1-171
1952 - [1990s]
Papers, articles and speeches concerning the Jonglei Canal and Nile Waters. Includes:
SAD.70/1/1-6
1952
“The Equatorial Nile Project”, ts. copy of an article by R.J. Smith, Director of Irrigation written for Sudan Monthly Review (Mar 1952)
SAD.70/1/7-18
[1977]
“Economic and social aspects of the various alignment proposals for the Jonglei Canal”, article by M.J.A. Payne, Senior Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme
SAD.70/1/19-29
1978
Photocopy of “Environmental and socio-economic impact of Jonglei Canal project”, paper by A.M. Ibrahim for the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, with separate comments by John Sutcliffe, former member of the Jonglei Investigation Team
SAD.70/1/30-45
[1970s]
“The environmental impact of the Jonglei Canal Project in the Sudan”, paper by A.M. Ibrahim, Head, Projects Implementation Division AAAID, Sudan
SAD.70/1/46-78
1981 Nov
“Development of the Nile river system”, paper by A.M. Ibrahim, delivered to the Nile Valley Conference, Khartoum
SAD.70/1/79-86
1982 Oct
Review by H.W. Underhill, Hydrologist, of a report by J.V. Sutcliffe and Y.P. Parks entitled “A hydrological estimate of the effect of the Jonglei Canal on areas of flooding”
SAD.70/1/87-94
[1983]
“The design and construction of the Jonglei Project”, report by K.A. Mohamed for the Permanent Joint Technical Commission for Nile Waters
SAD.70/1/96-114
1989
“The Equatorial Nile Project”, by E.J. Howell
SAD.70/1/115-118
1990 Aug
“White Nile control: environmental constraints to remedial development: summary background”, memorandum by Howell
SAD.70/1/119-146
1991 Jan
“An examination of a possible role for the World Bank in facilitating negotiations on Nile Water development and allocation” report by Dale Whittington, University of North Carolina with covering letters to J.A. Allan, School of Oriental and African Studies
SAD.70/1/147-151
1993 May
“Climate change and water resources in the Nile Basin”, paper by D. Conway, University of East Anglia, for a workshop on Middle East and African water Issues held at the School of Oriental and African Studies
SAD.70/1/152-171
[1990s]
“Reflections on the White Nile”, draft of talk [by Howell]
SAD.70/2/1-64
1959 - [1990s]
General papers relating to the Jonglei Canal and Nile Waters, including:
SAD.70/2/1-2
1959 May 1
Summary of points emerging from discussions at the Colonial Office and Foreign Office on the issue of Nile Waters
SAD.70/2/3-6
[1960s]
Memorandum outlining the activities in the Southern Region of the Permanent Joint Technical Commission on Nile Waters, forwarded to Howell by M.J. Durham, Ministry of Overseas Development
SAD.70/2/7-15
1977
“Development projects in the Jonglei area of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan: facts and figures”, memorandum issued by the Sudan Government
SAD.70/2/16-17
1982
Extract from a conference paper by an unknown author on the Bor Production Farm
SAD.70/2/18-19
1989
Copies of sections of a printed map of Upper Nile Province showing areas reported flooded in 1988
SAD.70/20-21
1989
Notes and very rough sketch maps showing areas of flooding in 1988-1989 around Kongor, Bahr al-Ghazal, and Paliau, Bahr al-Ghazal
SAD.70/2/22
[1980s]
Photocopy of a rough sketch map showing the tribal administrative divisions of a region of southern Sudan [possibly part of Upper Nile Province]
SAD.70/2/23
[1980s]
Photocopy of a rough sketch map showing the tribal areas of a region of southern Sudan [possibly part of Upper Nile Province]
SAD.70/2/24
[1980s]
Photocopy of a rough sketch map showing the areas used for settlement in wet season in a region of southern Sudan [possibly part of Upper Nile Province]
SAD.70/2/25-50
[1980s]
Draft (part ts. and part ms) of a lecture, entitled 'Waters of the Nile', given by [Howell] at the African Studies Centre [possibly at Cambridge?]
SAD.70/2/62-64
[1980s]
“Objective of the Jonglei Canal Project”, memorandum by M.A. Mohamadan
SAD.70/2/51-58
1990
Executive summary of a Global Water Policy and Technology Summit convened by the United States Global Strategy Council
SAD.70/2/59-61
[1990s]
“Nile hydropolitics: consequences of some recent climatic events”, memorandum by J.A. Allan, School of Oriental and African Studies
SAD.70/3/1-114
[1970s]
Papers concerning the Jonglei Canal (mostly relating to the beginning of the project), including:
SAD.70/3/1-36
1975 Apr 21
Report on a visit to Khartoum (2-12 March 1975), by G.E. Gischler, Specialist in Environmental Sciences, UNESCO. Annexe includes a report on the Environmental Consequences of the Jonglei Canal
SAD.70/3/37-40
1976 May 4
Minutes of a meeting held at the Ministry of Irrigation, under the Chairmanship of Jonglei Canal Commissioner, Abdullahi M. Ibrahim. The meeting was called to discuss a report by United Nations Development Programme consultant, R. Berthelet and the preparation of the projects to be included in the mid-term Jonglei Development Programme
SAD.70/3/41-45
1976 May 9
Minutes of a meeting held at the Ministry of Irrigation, under the auspices of the Jonglei Executive Organ, to discuss the projects and proposals included in the UNDP Fact-finding Mission's report of February 1976
SAD.70/3/46-50
1976 Oct 13
Minutes of a meeting of the Technical Co-ordinating Committee held at the Ministry of Irrigation under the auspices of the Jonglei Executive Organ, Jonglei Canal Development Projects
SAD.70/3/51-59
1976 Nov 15
“A review of the status of natural resource, economic resource and socio-economic surveys and proposed major projects requiring formulation and external financing”, report carried out as part of the mid-term research and development programme for the Jonglei Canal area
SAD.70/3/60-84
[1976]
Project proposals for projects to be carried out as part of the Jonglei Canal Programme
SAD.70/3/87-100
1977 Mar 16
Report by B.M.U. Bennell, Principal Engineering Adviser, Ministry of Overseas Development, on a visit to the Sudan (11-24 Feb 1977) during which he was consulted on a number of projects including the Wad Medani to Kosti road, the Northern Pumps Schemes, the Jonglei Project, and the South Darfur Project, with covering note from Bennell to Howell
SAD.70/3/101-104
1977 Nov 28
Note on the possible effects of the Jonglei Canal (such as flooding and river flows) by J.V. Sutcliffe, with covering note from Sutcliffe to Howell
SAD.70/3/106-112
[1970s]
Outline of a proposal for a hydrological model of the sudd region
SAD.70/4/1-69
1975 May 21 – 1978 Jun 22
General correspondence relating to the Jonglei Canal Project, including letters from E.B. Worthington, President of the International Council of Scientific Unions Scientific Committee on Water Research, to G.E. Gischler, Specialist in Environmental Sciences, UNESCO, and Gischler to Howell concerning a review of the findings of the former Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.70/4/1-4); Howell to H.L. Teller, UNESCO, giving an overview of the Jonglei Project and the work of the Jonglei Investigation Team (SAD.70/4/7-10); Howell to Gischler concerning Gischler's report on the Jonglei Project (SAD.70/4/12); two letters from D.G. Lambert, British Embassy, Khartoum, to J.V. Kerby, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning the involvement of the British Government in the Jonglei Canal Project (SAD.70/4/23-30); outline project proposal for the establishment of a buffalo breeding farm in the Upper Nile, by ‘Percy’ , with covering note to Howell (SAD.70/4/35-37); Howell to A.M. Turner, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning a meeting on the Jonglei Project at the ODM (SAD.70/4/38-43) and concerning Dutch involvement in the Jonglei Project (SAD.70/4/48); Howell to R.M.U. Bennell, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning a hydrological model of the sudd (SAD.70/4/61); D. Johnson to Howell enclosing a copy of an article from the Nile Mirror, “Jonglei Canal revisited”, 10 Feb 1979 (SAD.70/4/64-65)
SAD.70/5/1-37
[1980s]
Copies of three talks given by Howell outlining the history, progress and purpose of the Jonglei Canal scheme. Includes two photocopied maps:
SAD.70/5/36
[1980s]
“The Tropical Nile southern section”, showing dams and tributaries
Scope:   1:4,000,000
30 x 40 cm
SAD.70/5/37
[1980s]
“The Tropical Nile northern section”, showing dams and tributaries
Scope:   1:4,000,000
30 x 40 cm
SAD.70/6/1-209
[1980-1982]
Papers relating to the Jonglei Executive Organ (JEO):
SAD.70/6/1-24
1980 Oct
Notes, prepared for a meeting of the JEO, concerning technical assistance contracts awarded to Mefit-Babtie Srl. for range ecology survey, livestock investigations, water supply and swamp ecology
SAD.70/6/26-29
1981
“Dutch projects in the Bor area”, paper by Hans Bonarius, Project Manager of Bor Area Development Activities, for the JEO Meeting for co-ordination of 1982 work plans, Khartoum, 8-9 December 1981
SAD.70/6/30-31
[1982]
“Jonglei Canal Excavation”, progress report of the Permanent Joint Technical Commission (PJTC) to December 1981
SAD.70/6/32-35
[1980]
“Activities of the PJTC in Jonglei Canal Project”by K.A. Mohamed, Permanent Joint Technical Commission
SAD.70/6/36-40
1981 Dec
“Report of the Consultant on Regional Planning and Development Management in the Jonglei Canal area”, presented to the JEO second annual conference, Khartoum, 7-9 December 1981
SAD.70/6/41-110
1982 Jan
“Report on meeting for co-ordination of Jonglei Executive Organ work plans, 1982”, Khartoum
SAD.70/6/111-118
1982 Oct
Report by Mefit-Babtie on range ecology, livestock investigations and water supply studies, presented to the Jonglei Executive Organ third annual co-ordination meeting, Khartoum, 26-28 October 1982
SAD.70/6/119-120
1982 Oct
“Progress report on Jonglei Canal excavation”
SAD.70/6/121-140
1982 Oct
Ms. notes and minutes of the JEO third annual co-ordination meeting, Khartoum, 26-28 October 1982
SAD.70/6/141-142
1982 Oct
Agenda of the JEO meeting for co-ordination of the 1983 work plans, 26-28 October 1982
SAD.70/6/143-146
1982 Oct 26
Introductory address by James Ajith Awuol, Commissioner of the JEO, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/147-149
1982 Oct 26
Opening address by Joseph Lagu, Vice-President of the Republic of Sudan and Chairman of the National Council for the Development Projects in Jonglei Canal area, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/150-162
1982 Oct 26
“Forward planning for development in Jonglei Canal area”, presentation by Daniel Deng Yong, JEO Assistant Commissioner for Planning and Economic Affairs, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/161-162
1982 Oct 26
“Outline of JEO work programme”, presentation by Majok A. Kur, JEO Assistant Commissioner, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/163-164
1982 Oct 26
“Malakal Office 1983 Workplan”, presentation by Simon Awok Awok, JEO Field Director, Malakal, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/165-172
1982 Oct 27
“Bor Area development activities (BADA): policy and workplans”, presentation by Hans Bonarius, BADA Project Manager, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/173-178
1982 Oct 27
Sudd Fisheries Development Programme 1982 report and 1983 workplan, presented by Kristian Fremstad, SFDP Project Manger, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/179-182
1982 Oct 27
“Jonglei swamp ecology studies”, report by Mefit-Babtie for the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/183-184
1982 Oct 28
“Primary health care”, report by the Regional Ministry of Health / Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) Medical Team for the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/185-197
1982 Oct 28
United Nations Development Programme – Physical Infrastructure Support Unit workplan for 1982/83 construction programme, presented by J.E.C. Campbell, PISU Project Manager, to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/198-201
1982 Oct 28
“Progress report on the activities of the Mobile Building Unit, Jonglei Province”, presentation to the JEO meeting for the co-ordination of the 1983 work plans
SAD.70/6/202-209
[1982]
Project proposal for United Nations Capital Development Fund concerning a project entitled “small-scale water off-take from Jonglei Canal, phase 1” by the Jonglei Executive Organ
SAD.70/7/1-52
1981
Papers from the Jonglei Province Conference for Planning and Co-ordinating Socio-Economic Development Activities, Bor, 20-23 October 1981
SAD.70/7/2-4
1981 Oct
Programme for the conference and key for the various papers
SAD.70/7/5-9
1981 Oct
“Jonglei Province: socio economic state of affairs, a framework for planning”, reference paper written by the Steering Committee
SAD.70/7/10-18
1981 Oct
“The role of the Executive Organ in the development of Jonglei Province”, paper by James Ajith Awuol, Commissioner of the JEO
SAD.70/7/19-20
1981 Oct
Outline of the Bor Area Development Activities (BADA) project
SAD.70/7/21-22
1981 Oct
Outline of the Bor Production Farm (BDF) project
SAD.70/7/23
1981 Oct
Outline of the Rural Development Activities (RDA) project
SAD.70/7/24
1981 Oct
Outline of the Road Maintenance Unit (RMU) project
SAD.70/7/25-26
1981 Oct
Outline of the Primary Health Care Project (PHCP)
SAD.70/7/27-30
1981 Oct
Paper presented on “Agricultural extension in Bor Gok”
SAD.70/7/31-33
1981 Oct
Paper presented on “Development of new pastures in Jonglei Province”, by Otto v.d. Gronden
SAD.70/7/34-35
1981 Oct
Paper presented on the cattle breeding programme in Bor, by Otto v.d. Gronden
SAD.70/7/36
1981 Oct
Outline of support to veterinary activities project
SAD.70/7/37-38
1981 Oct
Outline of the Bor slaughterhouse project
SAD.70/7/39-40
1981 Oct
Paper presented on the livestock disease survey programme, by Anthony D.O. Badha
SAD.70/7/41-43
1981 Oct
Outline of the Bor afforestation project
SAD.70/7/44-46
1981 Oct
Outline of the Sudd Fisheries Development Programme
SAD.70/7/47
1981 Oct
Outline of the Rural Water Supply Project
SAD.70/7/48-50
1981 Oct
Discussion paper on the need for settlement planning in Jonglei Province
SAD.70/7/51
1981 Oct
Outline of a project to improve 50km of feeder roads in Bor District
SAD.70/7/52
1981 Oct
Outline of the Malek Appropriate Technology Centre project
SAD.70/8/1-107
1983
Papers from the Meeting for the Co-ordination of Jonglei Executive Organ work plans, Bor, 8-10 November 1983
SAD.70/8/1-2
1983 Nov 8
Introduction and opening speech by [James Ajith Awuol, Commissioner of the JEO]
SAD.70/8/3-6
1983 Nov 8
Introductory message by Joseph Lagu, Vice-President of the Republic of Sudan and Chairman of the National Council for the Development Projects in Jonglei Canal Area
SAD.70/8/7-9
1983 Nov 8
Welcoming speech of Nikanora M. Aguer, Sudan Socialist Union Secretary and Commissioner of Jonglei Province
SAD.70/8/10-23
1983 Nov 8
Report by Philip Deng Leek, JEO Assistant Commissioner for Administration and Finance, outlining the background and progress of the Jonglei Canal scheme
SAD.70/8/24-27
1983 Nov 8
Report on the progress and future plans of the Sudd Fisheries Development Programme by K. Fremstad, Project Co-ordinator
SAD.70/8/28-43
1983 Nov 8
Work plan for integrated rural development in Kongor Rural Council 1983-1984
SAD.70/8/44-52
1983 Nov 8
Report on the activities and future plans of the Association Européenne pour l'Etude de l'Alimentation et du Développement de l'Enfant (ADE) by Z.L. Ostrowski
SAD.70/8/53-58
1983 Nov 8
Brief outline of the Southern Area Council policy on socio-economic development based on the council proceedings, by Majok A. Kur, chairman Southern Area Council
SAD.70/8/59-92
1983 Nov 8
In depth summary of the Bor Area development activities outlining past work, plans for future work, contribution to follow-up investment projects in the area, and the development programme for the area
SAD.70/8/93-98
1983 Nov 8
Report of the activities of Jonglei Executive Organ Field and Forwarding Office at Malakal by Francis Barson Yousa, Field Director
SAD.70/8/99-103
1983 Nov 8
Outline of development strategy for the Jonglei Canal area, by Daniel Deng Yong, JEO Assistant Commissioner for Planning and Economics Affairs
SAD.70/8/104
1983 Oct 31
Note on a cattle rearing test farm developed by CCI
SAD.70/8/105-107
[1983 Nov]
Ms. notes on a discussion on local flooding and agriculture
5. Papers relating to human rights and charity organisations working in the Sudan
SAD.71/4/1-26
1985 - 1994
General correspondence concerning issues of human rights and aid:
SAD.71/4/1-2
1985 Nov
Letter to John Howell from “TK” concerning a proposal to investigate the effectiveness of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in distributing aid
SAD.71/4/3
1988 Jun 16
Letter from [Howell] to [?] concerning an article on the southern Sudan by Douglas Johnson with brief reference to the political position of Sadiq al-Mahdi
SAD.71/4/4-6
1989 Jan 4
Letter to Howell from Sir Gawain Bell concerning War Wounds by A.R.A.Z. Ahmed et al, with review of the book
SAD.71/4/8-10
1990 Jan 30
Copy of a circular letter from John Ryle, Save the Children Fund (UK), to the editors of the New York Review of Books and various writers and academics highlighting the worsening human rights situation in Sudan
SAD.71/4/11
1991 Jul 24
Letter to Howell from John Kenrick concerning the increasing political dominance of the Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan
SAD.71/4/12-13
1992 Jan 30
Letter to Howell from John Kenrick mostly concerning the reported plan for China to provide Sudan Government with military hardware paid for by Iran and Kenrick's attempts to bring this to the attention of the British Government
SAD.71/4/14
1992 Dec 11
Letter to Howell from John Kenrick concerning proposals drawn up by Philip Winter to enforce aid corridors in southern Sudan
SAD.71/4/16-21
1993 Jun 12
Letter to Howell from John Kenrick enclosing a copy of the constitution of the Sudan Human Rights Organisation
SAD.71/4/22-24
1993 Aug 6-Sep 27
Letters from Baroness Chalker to Alan Haselhurst, MP, concerning the UN Operation Lifeline Sudan
SAD.71/4/25-26
1994 Jan 6
Letter from John Howell, Director of the Overseas Development Institute, to Dr Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury, concerning Carey's visit to southern Sudan
SAD.71/5/1-31
1988 - 1990
Papers and correspondence relating to an investigative mission by the Anti-Slavery Society to Sudan. Includes:
SAD.71/5/1-3
1988
Report by the Anti-Slavery Society on slavery in the Sudan, submitted to the United Nations Working Group on Slavery
SAD.71/5/5-6
1989 Feb 2
Letter from Howell to Margaret Beard, Noel-Buxton Trust, explaining the re-emergence of slavery in Sudan and the reasons behind the Anti-Slavery Society mission
SAD.71/5/7-8
1989 Feb 5
Short ms. letter from Sir Bernard de Bunsen concerning the differences between the Noel-Buxton Trust and the Anti-Slavery Society
SAD.71/5/14
[1989]
Letter from Isam Abugideri, Under Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Khartoum, to Peter Lowes, Director of the Anti-Slavery Society, giving permission, with conditions, from the Sudan government to the ASS to carry out a mission to Sudan
SAD.71/5/15-20,27-30
1989 Feb 11
“Slavery in the Sudan”, a project proposal for the Anti-Slavery Society mission to Sudan. Includes draft budget and covering letter from Howell to Peter Lowes
SAD.71/6/1-74
1989 Feb 19 – 1992 Sep 27
Papers relating to the Save the Children Fund (UK). Includes:
SAD.71/6/18
1989 Feb 19
Letter from Howell to John Ryle, SCF (UK), concerning a report by Ryle on displaced southern Sudanese
SAD.71/6/44-65
1989 Dec – 1990 Sep 12
“SRRA Northern Sobat Basin Agriculture and Fisheries Rehabilitation Project: a report to Save the Children Fund (UK)”, by John Ryle, with related letters between Howell and Ryle
SAD.71/6/19-43
1990 Mar
“SRRA Sobat Basin Agriculture and Fisheries Project: a report to Save the Children Fund (UK) with recommendations for SCF's future role in SPLA-held areas of Southern Sudan”, by John Ryle
SAD.71/6/66-71
1992 Feb
“Notes on war, drought and flood in some areas of SPLM/A-administered Bahr-el-Ghazal”, by John Ryle, SCF (UK)
SAD.71/6/1-17
1992 Jul
“Displaced Southern Sudanese in parts of Bahr-el-Ghazal and Equatoria: a report to Save the Children Fund (UK)”, by John Ryle
SAD.71/6/72-74
1992 Sep 27
Photocopy of a letter from Philip Winter, SCF (UK), to Andrew Timpson, SCF (UK), outlining issues the United Nations Security Council should consider with regard to the situation in southern Sudan
SAD.71/7/1-97
1989-1990
Articles, reports and other papers concerning politics and human rights in Sudan:
SAD.71/7/1-40
1989 Oct 20
Final report and recommendations of the Steering Committee for National Dialogue on Peace Issues, which met at Khartoum 9 Sep – 21 Oct 1989. Includes ms. annotations questioning many of the recommendations.
SAD.71/7/41-53
[1990] Jan 13
Draft of a chapter on slavery in the Sudan by Alex de Waal for an Africa Watch report on human rights in the Sudan
SAD.71/7/54-58
1990 Jan
“Peace in Sudan”, a research proposal by the Peace in Sudan Group
SAD.71/7/59-70
[1990s]
“A new political structure for the Sudan”, by Ahmed Ibrahim Diraige
SAD.71/7/71-97
[1991]
“Peace in Sudan”, a paper by [Dereig/Diraige?] outlining the history and political and military situations in the Sudan, along with “an agenda for a peaceful Sudan”
SAD.71/8/1-79
[1980s - 1990s]
Papers relating to aid, politics and human rights in the Sudan:
SAD.71/8/1
[1990s]
Photocopy of sketch map of Dar Messeria, showing seasonal movements and zones
Scale:   Approx. 1:2,000,000
21 x 17 cm
SAD.71/8/2
[1990s]
Photocopy of a printed map showing the “main concentrations of displaced people in the Khartoum area” (adapted from a United Nations map as of October 1988)
Scale:   Approx. 1:130,000
21 x17 cm
SAD.71/8/3-6
1991 Jan 26
Article from the Independent Magazine entitled “Famine without relief”, by John Ryle, on the issue of famine in Sudan
SAD.71/8/7-27
1986 Jul 9
Letter to Howell from Ambrose R. Thiik, Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association, enclosing various papers relating to the SRRA:
SAD.71/8/7-8
1985 Dec 18
“Brief summary of the aims and programme of Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association (SRRA)”
SAD.71/8/9-15
1986 Jun 25
“Appeal for funds and material for SRRA Office and Community Centre”
SAD.71/8/21-27
[1980s]
Constitution of the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association, registered under the British Charities Act
SAD.71/8/28-46
1986 Oct 31
Note on “food security in the Sudan”, by Simon Maxwell, outlining a project looking at food aid and security in Sudan
SAD.71/8/47-59
[1986]
“Food security issues in the Sudan”, a memorandum by [Simon Maxwell]
SAD.71/8/60
[1980s]
“British aid in the Middle East”, first page of a talk given by [Howell]
SAD.71/8/61-76
1989 Mar 13
“A reporter at large: famine”, photocopy of article from The New Yorker, by Raymond Bonner, on famine in the Sudan
SAD.71/8/77
[1980s]
Map of Sudan annotated with the general locations of the main tribes
Scale:   Approx. 1 : 10,000,000
27 x 21 cm
SAD.71/8/78
[1989]
“Leadership of Sudan fights for its survival”, article from the Independent, by Richard Dowden
SAD.71/8/79
1985
“Five ways to Islamize and Arabise Southern Sudan”, ts. copy of an extract from a lecture by Sadiq al-Mahdi
6. General papers relating to Sudan and wider Africa
SAD.71/9/1-30
[1960-1961]
“The Nilotic South”, chapter from T.R.H. Owen's memoirs, “Sudan ways”, giving a picture of the day-to-day life of a Sudan Political Service official in southern Sudan
SAD.71/9/31-56
1974 Aug – Oct
Report on a visit to the Sudan (29 July – 4 August 1974) by W.A. Dodd, Education Adviser to the Overseas Development Administration, giving an overview of the education system in the Sudan, with covering letters to Howell from R. Cruise O'Brien, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
SAD.71/9/57-65
1984 Oct
“The Sudan: which way now?”, draft article by A. Mawson concerning the political and economic crisis in the Sudan following the signing of the Addis Ababa agreement in 1972, with covering note from Mawson to Howell
SAD.71/9/66-122
1985 May
“The dynamics of open-range management and property rights in pastoral Africa”, draft report by R.H. Behnke, prepared for the Overseas Development Institute
SAD.71/9/123-140
1988 Feb
“Science and technology in Africa, the institutional framework: a British perspective”, paper by W.A.C. Mathieson, former Deputy Secretary, British Ministry of Overseas Development, submitted to the US Academy of Sciences, with covering letter from Mathieson to Howell
SAD.71/9/141-149
1990 Feb
“A new political structure for the Sudan II”, paper by A.I. Diraige written as a sequel to an earlier article
7. Academic and Research Papers
Papers relating to Howell's own studies at undergraduate and doctoral level
SAD.71/10/1-24
1937 Jul 4 – Aug 2
Personal diary of a research trip by Howell to Kodok, Upper Nile Province, to work among the Shilluk. Includes a transcript of a conversation between the reth and the District Commissioner with a description of the proper way to address the reth; notes on the rituals involved in the ceremony of the installation of the reth; meetings with the reth and tours around various places of significance to the Shilluk; a description of a burial ceremony; common difficulties surrounding the payment of bride-wealth; and criticisms of the government's attitude towards the Shilluk
SAD.71/11/1-148
1933 - [1973]
Lecture notes, articles and correspondence relating to Howell's academic studies, Iicludes:
SAD.71/11/1-21
1933
“The intellectualist (English) interpretation of magic”, an essay by E.E. Evans-Pritchard, extracted from The Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts, University of Egypt, vol. 1 part 2
SAD.71/11/22-36
1934
“Levy-Bruhl's theory of primitive mentality”, an essay by E.E. Evans-Pritchard, extracted from The Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts, University of Egypt, vol. 2 part 1
SAD.71/11/37-97
1936 Sep 14
Account of a trip to study the Anuak in Upper Nile Province in 1935, by E.E. Evans-Pritchard, with covering note by Evans-Pritchard to various recipients
SAD.71/11/98
1936 Sep 14
Letter from E.E. Evans-Pritchard to Howell concerning Howell's and his own work on the Nuer
SAD.71/11/99-108
1947
Ms. notes on lectures given by the anthropologist Meyer Fortes, including notes taken from lectures on changing structure in West Africa, problems of social change, and mobility
SAD.71/11/109-127
[1940s]
Ms. notes on lectures given by the anthropologist E.E. Evans-Pritchard, including notes taken from lectures on kinship systems, Nuer marriage systems, marriage articulation, marriage ceremonies, and bridewealth
SAD.71/11/128-132
1949 Nov 6
Draft letter from Howell to E.E. Evans-Pritchard concerning the Shilluk chapter of Howell's D.Phil thesis
SAD.71/11/133-136
[1950s]
Notes by [Howell] on the history of anthropology in the Sudan prepared for a talk or article
SAD.71/11/139-148
[1973]
Copy of an address by Howell to the Royal Anthropological Society on the subject of the life and work of the anthropologist, C.G. Seligman
SAD.72/1/1-144
[1940s]
Lecture notes and research notes from Howell's DPhil studies. Includes:
SAD.72/1/1-11
[1947]
Transcript of lecture by [?] on the development of law and political consolidation Titled “Lecture XVI”
SAD.72/1/12-21
[1947]
Transcript of lecture by [?] on political systems and homicide Titled “Lecture XVII”
SAD.72/1/22-49
[1940s]
Extensive ms. notes on a lecture on primitive law by [the anthropologist, A.R. Radcliffe-Brown]. Includes notes on retributive justice, restitutive justice, rights and duties, and status amongst tribal societies
SAD.72/1/50-60
[1948]
Ms. notes on a lecture by the anthropologist, Max Gluckman on law amongst tribal societies
SAD.72/1/61-78
[1948]
Ms. notes by Howell on lectures by J.G. Peristiany mostly on custom, law, justice and sanctions amongst tribal societies
SAD.72/1/79-85
[1948]
Ms. notes by Howell on homicide in A.S. Diamond's Primitive Law (London: 1935)
SAD.72/1/86-144
[1947-1949]
Ms. notes by Howell, mostly on law and justice taken from various lectures and publications including lectures by A.R. Radcliffe Brown and E.E. Evans-Pritchard
SAD.72/2/1-83
1948-1949
“P.P. Howell. Notes taken in 1948-9”. Extensive ms. and ts. notes on Shilluk society and law made by Howell in preparation for his DPhil thesis “A comparative study of customary law among the cattle owning tribes in the southern Sudan ” (1950). Includes notes on homicide, the marital system, divorce, adultery, bridewealth, social organisation, kinship groups and territorial division among the Shilluk and Shilluk clans, the age-grade system and its relation to the podh (settlement), agriculture and cattle-breeding, social structure of the podh, war and weapons, and housing
SAD.72/3-72/6
1950
Howell's DPhil thesis, “A comparative study of customary law among the cattle-owning tribes in the southern Sudan”
SAD.72/3/1-164
Part I, “Nuer law”: Chapter 1, “Introduction” and Chapter 2, “Homicide and bodily Injury”
SAD.72/4/1-211
Part I, “Nuer law”. Chapter 3: “Marriage and marriage laws” and Chapter 4: “The violation of rights in women”
SAD.72/5/1-124
Part I, “Nuer law”. Chapter 5: “Property rights”; Chapter 6: “Religious concepts in relation to law” and Chapter 7: “The nature of Nuer law”
SAD.72/6/1-281
Part 2, “Dinka and Shilluk law”. Chapter 1: “Introductory”; Chapter 2:“Homicide”; Chapter 3: “Marriage and marriage laws”; Chapter 4: “The violation of rights in women”; and Chapter 5: “Witchcraft”. Appendices include: bibliography; table showing human and cattle population statistics of Nuer tribes, some Dinka tribes and the Shilluk; transcript of the “Chief's Court Ordinance, 1931”; scales of compensation for bodily injuries: 1945, showing how many cattle should be awarded for various injuries [according to Nuer law]; evidence from Dinka tribes on customary law, mainly extracted from administrative correspondence and reports; and a brief note on witchcraft and Dinka law. The appendices also include two maps:
SAD.72/6/254
1941
Map showing the tribal areas in Upper Nile Province
Scale:   1:3,000,000
32 x 32 cm
SAD.72/6/255
1941
Map showing tribal areas in Equatoria
Scale:   1:3,000,000
30 x 50 cm
SAD.72/7/1-19
1950
Abstract of Howell's DPhil thesis, “A comparative study of customary law among the cattle-owning tribes in the Southern Sudan”
SAD.73/1/1-174
1966 Oct 15 – 1982 Oct 28
Papers and correspondence relating to Howell's directorship of the Overseas Development course at Cambridge University. Includes material relating to the administration of the course along with papers on the issue of co-operation with the University of Khartoum.
SAD.73/2/1-50
[1970s]
Copies of papers presented at a series of seminars entitled “Colonial rule and local response in the 19th and 20th centuries” held at the University of London, Institute of Commonwealth Studies. Includes:
SAD.73/2/6-17
[1970s]
“Sources of economic change in a Cinderella dependency: the Southern Sudan, 1898-1955”, by J. Tosh
SAD.73/2/18-20
[1970s]
“Colonial rule and Nuer response”, by P.P. Howell
SAD.73/2/21-25
[1970s]
“Some problems in the consolidation of national independence in Africa: the case of the French expatriates in Senegal”, by R. Cruise O'Brien
SAD.73/2/25-40
1976 Mar 11
“Some problems of colonial rule and local response in the Southern Sudan, c.1900 – c.1920”, by G.N. Sanderson
SAD.73/2/41-45
[1970s]
“Prophets, magic and the government among the Nuer”, by D.H. Johnson
SAD.73/2/46-50
[1970s]
“British coffee planters in 19th century Ceylon”, by T.J. Barron
SAD.73/3-73/4
1975 Feb 8 – 1991 Jun 21
Papers and correspondence relating to Howell's relationship with Douglas Johnson and his involvement in Johnson's work and career:
SAD.73/3/1-115
1975 Feb 8 – 1991 Jun 12
Correspondence mainly between Howell and Douglas Johnson, though also including letters to and from others, mostly concerning Johnson's own academic work and career. Includes: letters from Johnson to Howell outlining the results of his field work conducted around Mogok-Ayod and Waat, in support of his doctoral research on Nilotic prophets (SAD.73/3/3-4)); Johnson to Howell discussing the completion of his field work and archival research in Khartoum along with some of his findings (SAD.73/3/6-7); Howell to Johnson on the role of the prophet as an indigenous authority (SAD.73/3/8); Johnson to Howell discussing his involvement in the establishment of a regional archive in Juba and aims to collect archives from various sources, his efforts to locate former District Commissioners of the Sudan Political Service, and his interest in slavers on the Bahr al-Zeraf (SAD.73/3/13-14); Johnson to Howell regarding his appointment as Assistant Director for Archives, Juba and his efforts to contact former members of the SPS and others who served in the Sudan (SAD.73/3/23); J.O. Udal, Assistant District Commissioner, Malakal and Shilluk District, to D.C. Driver, District Commissioner, Malakal and Shilluk District, (1952) concerning the role of the beny (war lord) among the Shilluk (SAD.73/3/30); Johnson to Howell concerning reports of prophecies made by the Nuer prophet Gwek Ngundeng (SAD.73/3/31-32); Johnson to Howell, in response to a critique of a paper by Howell, mostly concerning the relationship between prophets and the government administrative structure and the Southern policy of the British administration in the Sudan (SAD.73/3/45-46); John Winder to Johnson, discussing the administration of the Nuer during Winder's time as District Commissioner, Fangak, Upper Nile Province (SAD.73/3/50-51); Johnson to Howell concerning cultivation in Kongor (SAD.73/3/53-54); Howell to Johnson giving extensive comments on Johnson's book on Percy Coriat (SAD.73/3/78-80); Howell to Johnson giving comments on Johnson's book on Percy Coriat, with responses from Johnson (SAD.73/3/97-102); Johnson to Howell concerning Johnson's work with the World Food Programme assessment team for Operation Lifeline Sudan (SAD.73/3/108); Johnson to Howell and J.M. Locke to Johnson concerning the Dinka names for various grasses and weeds (SAD.73/3/109,112); Johnson to Howell concerning Nile flooding in 1987/89 (SAD.73/3/113); Johnson to Howell mostly concerning the collapse of government authority in South West Ethiopia (SAD.73/3/114). Howell filed much of his correspondence with Douglas Johnson separately from his general correspondence. However, letters between him and Johnson appear elsewhere including amongst the general correspondence and the correspondence relating to the Jonglei Canal book and conference Enclosures:
SAD.73/3/11-12
1977 January
Preliminary outline of Johnson's thesis on Nuer prophets of the late 19th century
SAD.73/3/34-39
1984 June
An evaluation of Johnson's thesis, “History and Prophecy among the Nuer of the Southern Sudan”, written by Howell for the American Studies Centre at Cambridge
SAD.73/4/1-175
1977 Nov 21 - 1991 Mar 6
Papers by, and relating to, Douglas Johnson, including articles and presentations. Includes:
SAD.73/4/1-28
1977 Nov 21
“Nuer Prophets: the problem of politics and religion”, lecture given by Johnson at the Department of Anthropology, University of Manchester
SAD.73/4/139-171
[1980]
Copy of an appendix, entitled “Floods, events and population movements on the Bahr al-Jabal and Bahr al-Zaraf, c. 1820-1901”, and bibliography, both extracts from Johnson's PhD thesis
SAD.73/4/29-56
1985 Aug
“Fighting the Flood: Jonglei pastoralists and natural disasters in the 20th century”, presentation given by Johnson at a Paris workshop on African Pastoralism (26-27 Aug 1985)
SAD.73/4/57-118
1988 Jan 2
Draft preface and introduction to a book by Johnson on the writings of Percy Coriat on the Nuer, with covering note from Johnson to Howell
SAD.73/4/119-129
1988 Jul 9
“Salim Wilson: a Dinka Yorkshireman”, lecture presented by Johnson in honour of Godfrey Lienhardt, Wolfson College, Oxford
SAD.73/4/130-138
1991 Mar 6
“Tribe or nationality? The Sudanese diaspora in East Africa”, paper given by Johnson at an African history seminar at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
SAD.73/4/172-173
1985 Jul
Letter of reference for Johnson written by Howell concerning a directorship at the Centre for Development and International Studies, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford
SAD.73/4/174-175
[1986]
Research proposal by Johnson for a Smuts Research Fellowship in Commonwealth Studies, at the Centre of African Studies, Cambridge, on the history of military slavery in the Sudan
SAD.73/5/1-54
1979 Mar 12 – Dec 12
Research application for ESCOR funding and related correspondence for “A study of the spontaneous settlement of nomads in Western Sudan”, by Julius Holt. Includes budgetary details and details of the research project itself.
SAD.68/6/1-64
[1980s]
Draft of a chapter from a publication by S.E. Hutchinson [possibly Nuer dilemmas: coping with money, war, and the state] on the Nuer relationship with money
SAD.68/7/1-58
1986
“Changing concepts of homicide among the Nuer”, draft of an article by A. Mawson
8. Papers concerning Publications
(a) Papers relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity, edited by P.P. Howell, M. Lock and S. Cobb, and the preceeding Royal Geographical Society Symposium, “The Impact of the Jonglei Canal in the Sudan” (5 October 1982) from which the book originated.
1981 Apr 23 – 1991 Feb 25
SAD.73/6/1-149
1981 Apr 23 – 1983 Dec 29
Correspondence relating to the Jonglei Canal Conference and the subsequent related publication. The correspondence covers some of the initial arrangements for the conference, though it mainly consists of letters between Howell and contributors to the subsequent publication ( The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity) on issues such as draft contributions and publishing. Also included amongst the correspondence are editions 3-5 (March 1981 – July 1982) of the “Jonglei factsheet” issued by the Executive Organ National Council for the Development of the Jonglei Canal Area. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.73/7/1-127
1984 Jan 5 – Dec 28
Correspondence relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. The correspondence mainly consists of letters between Howell, the various contributors and others involved in the book on issues such as draft chapters, the arrangement of the book, design, publishing arrangements and funding. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.74/1/1-188
1985 Jan 1 – Dec 29
Correspondence relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. The correspondence mainly consists of letters between Howell, the various contributors and others involved in the book on issues such as draft chapters, the arrangement of the book, design, publishing arrangements and funding. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.74/2/1-184
1986 Jan 12 – Dec 18
Correspondence relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. The correspondence mainly consists of letters between Howell, the various contributors and others involved in the book on issues such as drafts and finished chapters, amendments, the arrangement of the book, design, publishing arrangements and funding, along with discussions of technical issues relating to the Jonglei Canal, such as “sheet flooding”. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.74/3/1-77
1987 Jan 1 – Dec 11
Correspondence relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. The correspondence mainly consists of letters between Howell and others involved in the book on issues such as amendments, publishing, design, arrangement of the book, and illustrations. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.74/4/1-141
1988 Feb 11 – 1991 Feb 25
Correspondence relating to the publication The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. The correspondence mainly consists of letters between Howell and others involved in the book on issues such as final amendments, publishing, design, arrangement of the book, illustrations, financial matters regarding production, promotion and distribution. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters. Also mentioned frequently towards the end of the file is the organisation of the upcoming Nile Waters conference convened by Howell, the Royal Geographical Society and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
SAD.74/5/1-133
1982
Copies of papers presented at the Royal Geographical Society Symposium, “The Impact of the Jonglei Canal in the Sudan” and related material. Includes:
SAD.74/5/1
1982 Oct 5
List of speakers attending the conference
SAD.74/5/2
1982 Oct 5
Conference programme
SAD.74/5/3-21
1982
“The conservation projects of the Nile and irrigation development in the Sudan”, paper presented by Yahia Abdel Magid, former Minister of Irrigation in the Sudan
SAD.74/5/22-37
1982
A retrospective account of the opening paper “Conservation projects of the Nile and irrigation development in the Sudan”, presented by Sayed Yahia Abdel Magid, former Minister of Irrigation in the Sudan
SAD.74/5/38-47
1982
“The Equatorial Nile Project and the Jonglei Canal”, paper presented by Howell, giving a historical account of the Jonglei Project
SAD.74/5/48-61
1982
“A preliminary assessment of areas seasonally flooded in the Bahr el Jebel swamps”, paper presented by J.V. Sutcliffe and Y.P. Parks, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford
SAD.74/5/62-92
1982 Oct 5
“The Jonglei Canal and endogenous change: a new framework for policy analysis”, paper presented by Steven W. Lawry, former UNDP Consultant on Regional Planning and Development Management in the Jonglei Canal Area
SAD.74/5/93-108
1982
Untitled paper presented by James Ajith Awuol mainly on the National Council for the Development Projects in Jonglei Canal Area
SAD.74/5/109-120
1982
“Planning for the development of landuse in the Jonglei Canal Area”, paper presented by Jonathan Jenness, Project Manager/Landuse Planner, United Nations Development Programme
SAD.74/5/121-127
1982
Retrospective summary of the papers presented by Stephen Cobb, Jonathan Kingdon and David Jones which focused on aspects of the terrestrial ecosystem
SAD.74/5/128-130
1982
Retrospective summary of “The effect of the Jonglei Canal on areas of flooding”, by J.W. Sutcliffe and Y.P. Parks, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford
SAD.74/5/131-133
1982
“ Recent developments in Nile Control: proceedings of a Conference held by the Royal Geographical Society of London on the Jonglei Canal Project”, with an overview of the planned publication
SAD.74/6/1-39
1989 – 1990
Reviews of The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity from various sources including Sudan Studies, Africa, Water Resources Development, American Anthropologist, African Economic History, African Affairs, and Hydrological Sciences Journal
SAD.74/7/1-55
[1940-1984]
Copies of papers originally belonging to John Winder used by Howell in his research for his own contribution to The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. Includes:
SAD.74/7/1-2
1983 May 15-30
Letter from J. Winder to Howell accompanying the papers and mentioning Winder's contribution to K.D.D. Henderson's book on the history of the Sudan Political Service, with brief reply from Howell
SAD.74/7/3-15
1940 May
Photocopy of “Notes on the proposed Jonglei Scheme”, a report by Winder, written when he was District Commissioner, Zeraf District. The report deals with hydrological, zoological, and agricultural aspects of the proposed Jonglei scheme and outlines the estimated effects of the first and second stages of the scheme.
SAD.74/7/16
1940
Photocopy of a sketch map (titled “Sketch Map No 1”) drawn by John Winder, “illustrating water system, living areas and cattle migrations in Zeraf District, 1940”
[1:1,000,000]
33 x 21 cm
SAD.74/7/17
[1940]
Photocopy of a sketch map (titled “Sketch Map No 2”) drawn by John Winder, “illustrating where water levels in a canal are designed to be above or below land levels”
1:1,000,000
33 x 21 cm
SAD.74/7/18-19
1946 Dec 23
“Nilotic economics”, a note by Winder based on his experience in the Upper Nile Province
SAD.74/7/20-33
1951 Nov 7
“A discourse on the White Nile”, presentation by Winder to the Sudan Cultural Centre
SAD.74/7/34-41
1982 Nov 15
Note by by Robert O. Collins on “Compagnie de Constructiones International”, the company reponsible for the construction of the Jonglei Canal
SAD.74/7/42-55
1984 Dec
Photocopy of “An outline of the part I was to play in the Jonglei Scheme Investigation”, a personal account by Winder, with brief covering note by Howell
SAD.74/8/1-105
Other material relating to The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity. Includes:
SAD.74/8/1-3
[1988]
“Notes on the Jonglei Canal book”, by Howell
SAD.74/8/4-8
[1988]
“The Jonglei Canal project”, brief notes on the history of the Jonglei canal and the book
SAD.74/8/9-35
[1980s]
Photocopy of a chapter entitled “The system of land tenure”, from an [unpublished?] book by H.A. Kadouf, with covering letter from A. Mawson to Howell. Chapter mostly concerns the DInka and the toich, which they use for grazing cattle
SAD.74/8/36-46
[1980s]
“Some remarks concerning the effects of the Jonglei Canal on people and the local economy”, ms. notes written by [Sjoerd Zanen]
SAD.74/8/47-49
[1983]
Ts. note concerning the article “The Equatorial Nile Project and its effects in the Sudan” by the Jonglei Investigation Team (The Geographical Journal, March 1953) and the aim of the new book
SAD.74/8/51-55
[1980s]
Ts. note on the subject of “creeping flow”, by Howell, with covering letter to M. Locke
SAD.74/8/56-58
[1980s]
Extract from [Pengko Plain Development Study by International Land Development Consultants] discussing surface hydrology on the eastern plain
SAD.74/8/59-63
1981
Extract from the Pengko Plain Development Study (volume 1), by the International Land Development Consultants Ltd., on “creeping flow”
SAD.74/8/64
1984
Photocopy of a rough “sketch map showing mean annual discharges and existing control works as well as those originally proposed under the ‘Unified Nile Valley Scheme’”
SAD.74/8/65
[1980s]
Ts. notes by Howell on “Milk yields and consumption” (drawing upon the report on development studies in the Jonglei Canal Area, by Mefit-Babtie Srl.)
SAD.74/8/66
[1980s]
Ts. note on climate in the Jonglei area, by Howell
SAD.74/8/67-72
[1980s]
Note on “sheet flooding” by R.L. Raikes
SAD.74/8/73
1982
Photocopy of an article by D.P. Shaw and D. Leather, “Half-built canal still cause for dispute”, from Geographical Magazine
SAD.74/8/74-79
[1980s]
Ts. notes on “areas, and changes in area, of swamp and toic” , by Roland Bailey
SAD.74/8/80-105
1986 Nov 20
“The Jonglei Canal: the past and present of a future”, Trevelyan lecture given by R. O. Collins at Trevelyan College, Durham University
(b) Papers relating to a conference on Nile Waters convened by Howell, the Royal Geographical Society and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, (2-3 May 1990). These papers also relate to the subsequent publication The Nile: sharing a scarce resource, edited by P. P. Howell and J. A. Allan, which came about as a direct result of the conference.
1987 Oct 6 – 1993 Nov 11
SAD.75/1/1-126
1987 Oct 6 – 1989 Dec 23
Correspondence relating to the Nile Waters Conference. Contains correspondence between Howell and contributors and organisers, including representatives of the RGS and SOAS and various academics, concerning planning and preliminary arrangements for the conference. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.75/2/1-119
1990 Jan 1 – 1990 Mar 30
Correspondence relating to the Nile Waters Conference. Contains correspondence between Howell and contributors and organisers, including representatives of the RGS and SOAS and various academics, concerning planning, preliminary arrangements for the conference, and applications for funding from the World Bank. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.75/3/1-120
1990 Apr 3 – 1990 Dec 26
Correspondence relating to the Nile Waters Conference. Contains correspondence between Howell and contributors and organisers, concerning final arrangements, reactions to the conference and the various papers presented. Also includes correspondence relating to initial work on a proposed publication based around the conference. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.75/4/1-65
1991 Feb 18 – 1993 Nov 11
Correspondence relating to The Nile: sharing a scarce resource, edited by Howell and J. A. Allan. Includes correspondence concerning the drafts and contributions of the various authors, publishing, and the design of the book. Some of the correspondence also addresses various unrelated and personal matters.
SAD.75/5/1-64
1990
Papers given at the RGS and SOAS Nile Waters Conference, 1990. Includes:
SAD.75/5/1-36
1990
“White Nile control: environmental constraints to remedial development”, paper given by [Howell]. Includes tables, charts, maps and other illustrations relating to Nile waters.
SAD.75/5/37-46
1990
“White Nile control: environmental constraints to remedial development: summary background”, handout to accompany presentation by [Howell]
SAD.75/5/47-64
1990
“Privatization, nationalization, inter-continentalization, or collectivisation of the Nile: a short note presented to the London Nile Conference”, by E Shetu Chabo, Africa Dept., SOAS. Includes photocopies of some source material, including:
SAD.75/5/54-55
1990 Feb 5
“The politics of water”, article by J. C. Rubin from Time magazine
SAD.75/5/56-57
1816
Map of Abyssinia copied from A Voyage to Abyssinia and travels into the interior of that country by Henry Salt
SAD.75/5/59-64
[1990]
Sections of an aviation map of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, and Zaire
SAD.75/6/1-88
1990
Material relating to the RGS and SOAS Nile Waters Conference, 1990. Includes:
SAD.75/6/1-5
1990
Note on “Nile flows in relation to Owen Falls” with photocopied extract from an unknown article on hydroelectric schemes
SAD.75/6/7-8
1990
“Notes for opening of conference”, by Howell
SAD.75/6/9
1990 May
“Notes for Sir Michael Weir for the opening address of the Nile Conference – 2 – 3 May”, by J.A. Allan
SAD.75/6/10-11
1990 May
“Conference on the Nile Water: East African interests”, summary guide on the subject of “water requirements” and “conflicting interests” within East African countries
SAD.75/6/12-18
1990 May
Notes on a discussion on the paper presented by Michael Hulme, to the Nile Waters Conference, on climate change and the Nile Basin, with attached graphs showing the “equilibrium lake levels and outflows” and the “estimated areas of flooding, Bor to Malakal”
SAD.75/6/19-20
1990 May
“Report on the International Conference on the Nile”, by J.A. Allan, providing a brief analysis of the event
SAD.75/6/21-27
1990 May
“The Nile Conference”, English original of a fairly extensive article that later appeared in Al Hayat, by Susannah Tarbush, giving a summary analysis of the proceedings, success of the conference and surrounding issues
SAD.75/6/28-35
1990 May
Brief abstracts of papers presented by Adel S. El Beltagy, B. Kandana and P. Kahangire, R. Stoner, and T. Evans
SAD.75/6/36-81
1990
“The Nile: resource evaluation, resource management, hydropolitics and legal issues”, extensive draft article by Howell and J.A. Allan summarising many of the papers given at the Nile Waters Conference
SAD.75/6/82-88
1990 Feb 9 – Oct 8
Notes on two meetings between Zewdie Abate and J.A. Allan in London on 9 February and 6 October 1990 to discuss Abate's opinions on the Ethiopian position with regard to Nile Waters, with covering note from Allan to Howell
(c) Papers relating to a proposed history of the Sudan Political Service, drawing upon the memoirs of former members of the SPS (later published as Set Under Authority, by K.D.D. Henderson):
1971 Mar 28 – 1988 May 17
SAD.76/1/1-115
1971 Mar 28 – 1981 Dec 24
Correspondence relating to the publication of a history of the SPS (to become K.D.D. Henderson's Set Under Authority). Mainly consists of letters of response from former SPS members asked to contribute. Also includes correspondence concerning a history of the Indian Civil Service (which the SPS history was largely inspired by), the work of J.A. Mangan (who was initially approached to edit the book), as well as letters relating to contributions, editing, publishing and funding.
SAD.76/2/1-191
1982 Jan 5 – 1983 Dec 30
Correspondence relating to the publication of a history of the SPS (to become K.D.D. Henderson's Set Under Authority). Includes letters concerning contributions to the book, the Durham Sudan Historical Records Conference (14-16 April 1982), the Sudan Archive at Durham University, other research material for the book, and editing.
SAD.769/4/11-12
1983 Oct 29 - 31
Correspondence between Howell and K.D.D. Henderson concerning contributions to the latter's book, Set under authority: being a portrait of the life of the British District Officer … (1987)
SAD.76/3/1-124
1984 Jan 6 – 1985 Dec 29
Correspondence relating to the publication of a history of the SPS (to become K.D.D. Henderson's Set Under Authority). Includes letters concerning issues relating to the Sudan Political Service, personal experiences of the various ex-SPS members involved, contributions to the book, draft chapters, arrangement, layout, and publishing.
SAD.76/4/1-128
1986 Jan 6 – 1988 May 17
Correspondence relating to the publication of Set Under Authority by K.D.D. Henderson. Correspondence mainly concerns publishing, redrafts of the book, funding, marketing, sales and reviews.
SAD.76/5/1-65
[1986]
Draft and alternative versions of chapters of Set Under Authority, by K.D.D. Henderson. Includes:
SAD.76/5/1-12
[1986]
Draft of a chapter written by K.D.D. Henderson, though not included in the final book, entitled “Chapter 3: Selectors' Choice”, concerning recruitment to the SPS, with letters between Howell and Henderson discussing the draft
SAD.76/5/13-23
[1986]
Draft of a chapter not included in the final book entitled “Chapter 3: Recruitment, the two types”, discussing the differences between the pensionable members of the SPS and those brought in on contract, usually from a military background
SAD.76/5/23-37
[1986]
Draft of a chapter not included in the final book entitled “Chapter IV: Faults and Foibles”, discussing the positive and the negative work of the Sudan Political Service. Includes anecdotes on marriage between British officials and Sudanese girls.
SAD.76/5/38-61
[1986]
“Appendix to Chapter 15: the Jonglei Canal project”, written by Henderson and Howell. Not included in the final book
SAD.76/5/58-61
[1986]
Comparison between the Sudan Political Service and the Colonial Service in Uganda, written by Howell, but not included in the final book
SAD.76/5/62-65
[1986]
Section giving a brief overall history of anthropology in the Sudan, written by Howell, intended as a contribution to the book but later cut by Henderson
SAD.76/6/1-91
[1980s]
Photocopies of a number of chapters taken from K.D.D. Henderson's personal memoirs. Includes chapters on his service as: Assistant District Commissioner, En Nahud, Western Kordofan (1930-1936); Deputy Assistant Civil Secretary, Khartoum (1938-1944); and Assistant Civil Secretary, Khartoum (1946-1948). Also includes chapters on: certain tribes around the Nuba Mountains; “Crime and the law” , discussing criminal and civil law in the Sudan; “The Official” , discussing the British administration in the Sudan and the roles of the various officials; and “Colleagues and Central Government”, discussing bureaucracy in the Sudan
SAD.76/7/1-29
1931 - 1988 Jan 14
Other material relating to Set Under Authority by K.D.D. Henderson, including:
SAD.76/7/1-3
1931 January
Poem by K.D.D. Henderson, entitled “Rubaiyat of Lagowa”, about Jebel Kamdung and the Daju, with covering note by Howell (dated 6 March 1989)
SAD.76/7/4
[1940]
List of “British officers and officials serving at Talodi H.Q.”
SAD.76/7/5-10
[1975]
Draft article written by K.D.D. Henderson's wife on the decline of the British Empire
SAD.76/7/11-15
[1970s]
Circular letter, by [S.E.A.], outlining the proposed project by A.H.M. Kirk-Greene to write a history of the Indian Civil Service. Includes blank questionnaire requesting information from ex-officials.
SAD.76/7/6-7
[1970s]
Ts. circular letter detailing the history of the “Fallen Angels”, a club for former SPS officials, by Denis Vidler. Includes a list of the annual dinners held by the “Fallen Angels”
SAD.76/7/18-21
1981 Feb 6
List of Sudan Political Service “survivors” as of 6 Feb 1981. Gives name, address and service duration for each.
SAD.76/7/22
1981
Obituary of Sir Angus Gillan (former Civil Secretary in the Sudan) from the Sudan Church Association, with transcripts of an address by Martin Parr on the occasion of Gillan's birthday and an address by Lord Grey of Naunton at a memorial service for Gillan
SAD.76/7/23-24
1982
Copy of The Sudan Church Association Notes and Comments featuring several obituaries including ones for George Schuster, John F.E. Bloss, Sir Christopher Cox and Travers Blackley
SAD.76/7/25-28
[1985]
Article giving an overview of “A Unique Instrument” (later Set Under Authority) and the project to write a history of the Sudan Political Service, by K.D.D. Henderson
SAD.76/7/29
1988 Jan 14
Newspaper article from The Journal (Salisbury, Wiltshire) entitled “Out of Africa: graphic account of life as a district officer” concerning K.D.D. Henderson and the new book on the SPS
9. General correspondence
SAD.77/1/1-146
1954 Oct 19 – 1969 Oct 14
General correspondence mostly relating to Howell's employment and career, in particular his role as Head of the Middle East Development Division, Beirut, and his desire to move back to England to take a job in a university. Includes letters from I. Cunnison, University of Manchester, concerning an article by Howell (SAD.77/1/3-5); A. Blackman concerning the “Masks of the Shilluk” (includes attached sketch of Shilluk mask) (SAD.77/1/14); Iain McLeod, Secretary of State for the Colonies, to the Officer Administering the Government of Uganda, concerning Howell's secondment from the Uganda Colonial Service to serve as Head of the Development Division, Foreign Office, in Beirut (SAD.77/1/6-10); Howell to Sir Andrew Cohen, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning Howell's secondments to Uganda and Beirut (SAD.77/1/20-22); D.L. Pearson, Department of Technical Co-Operation, to Howell offering him a temporary appointment as Head of the Middle East Development Division in Beirut (SAD.77/1/25-27); notes by J.E. Rednall, Ministry of Overseas Development, on Development Divisions and how they should be operated, with covering letter to Howell (SAD.77/1/49-56); Howell to Sir Andrew Cohen, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning his position as Head of the Middle East Development Division and the situation in Jordan (SAD.77/1/56-58), with Cohen's reply re the question of upgrading that post and note by Howell on the strains placed on the Middle East Development Division (SAD.77/1/63-71); Howell to Cohen concerning his desire to move back to England from Beirut, his intention to take up employment in a university and the situation at the Middle East Development Division (SAD.77/1/103-105); Howell to John Morrison, University College, Cambridge, concerning a possible job there (SAD.77/1/28-130); A.S. Mackintosh, University of East Anglia, to Howell concerning funding for the University's Overseas Development Group (SAD.77/1/134); Howell to Cohen concerning his position in the Middle East Development Division and the political situation in the Middle East (SAD.77/1/138-140); Reginald Prentice, Minister of Overseas Development, to Howell concerning his departure from the Ministry of Overseas Development (SAD.77/1/143). Enclosure:
SAD.77/1/6-10
1961
“Terms of service of Mr. P. P. Howell whilst serving as Head of the Development Division on secondment from the Uganda Government Services to the Foreign Office”
SAD.77/2/1-195
1970 Oct 5 – 1978 Nov 20
General correspondence, including letters from Z.B. Deng to Howell concerning the murder of several members of his family in Abyei by government soldiers (SAD.77/2/2-3); T.F. Betts to Howell concerning a meeting of voluntary agencies in Geneva and discussions concerning Southern Sudan (SAD.77/2/10-11) and concerning his work with various charities and other agencies on the situation in Southern Sudan (SAD.77/2/23-24); Howell to T.F. Betts concerning a report by Betts on the situation in Southern Sudan (SAD.77/2/30-31); T.F. Betts to Howell regarding his appointment to the Southern Sudan as Advisor to a research team from Harvard University (SAD.77/2/37-38); Howell to F.L. Pryor, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, giving information on the Nuer in response to a previous request (SAD.77/2/44); Howell to D. Kitching, Ministry of Overseas Development, re Nile Waters papers left in Beirut (SAD.77/2/46); [Buti] to Howell, discussing the situation in Sudan (SAD.77/2/54); G.W. Glentworth, Institute of Local Government Studies, concerning a report on a survey mission to Southern Sudan (SAD.77/2/60); correspondence concerning a proposed expedition to Sudan by a group from University College of Swansea, headed by D.W. Evans, to investigate tourism, social changes and the physical landscape (SAD.77/2/65-71,77); Howell to A. Southall concerning the origins of the names “Nuer” and “Dinka” (SAD.77/2/75-76); Howell to R. Chambers concerning Nuer and Anuak in the Gambeila province of Ethiopia and the question of whether they are political refugees (SAD.77/2/86); I.G. Dunn, Director of Aquatic Biological Consultancy Services Ltd., to Howell concerning the development of fisheries in the sudd (SAD.77/2/95); Howell to A.M. Turner, Ministry of Overseas Development, concerning Dutch involvement in the Jonglei Canal Scheme (SAD.77/2/109); Terese Svoboda to Howell concerning her application for a grant to translate Nuer songs (SAD.77/2/118); Howell to D. Cuming concerning a proposed Royal Geographical Society discussion on the Jonglei Scheme (SAD.77/2/148); Howell to John Wright concerning an article by Wright on Nile Waters (SAD.77/2/154-158); P.W. Campbell to Howell, requesting that he act as co-examiner of a PhD thesis on “Political leadership and organization in the Southern Sudan” by John Howell (SAD.77/2/160-167); Howell to J.A. Tosh on a report on the Southern Sudan (SAD.77/2/190-191); Howell to Dr Rivière concerning a paper by T.M.S. Evens (SAD.77/2/195). Enclosures:
SAD.77/2/4
1970 Oct 19
“How six Sudanese died”, article by Michael Wolfers from The Times
SAD.77/2/5-6
1970 Oct
Description, by Z.B. Deng, of a massacre in Abyei, based on an eyewitness account
SAD.77/2/81
1975 Oct 11
Article from New World News giving a summary of a talk on the Addis Ababa agreement by Margaret Collard at the World Assembly in Caux, Switzerland
SAD.77/2/95-106
1977 Jan 5
“Proposal for fisheries development projects in the Sudd region in the Sudan”, Aquatic Biological Consultancy Services Ltd.
SAD.77/2/120-142
1977
Research proposal by T. Svoboda which includes some examples of translated Nuer songs
SAD.77/2/161-167
1977
Abstract of J. Howell's thesis on “Political leadership and organization in the Southern Sudan”
SAD.77/2/174-176
1978 Jan 26
Photocopy of the “Nile Canal after 80 years of planning”, an article by Mike Muller from New Civil Engineer
SAD.77/3/1-125
1979 Jan 3 – 1985 Dec 30
General correspondence including letters from R.C. Kelly to Howell concerning Kelly's book on the Nuer territorial expansion against the Dinka (SAD.77/3/1-2); Lester Crook to Howell concerning a planned book looking at the various men who ruled colonial Africa (SAD.77/3/24); Charles B. Deng Majok to Howell concerning Deng Majok Koul (SAD.77/3/33); Jereboam Macuordit, Jonglei Pharmacy, Bor, to Howell, questioning the reasons behind the lack of development of the Nuer under British rule, and discussing Howell's book on the Jonglei Canal and mutual acquaintances in the Southern Sudan (SAD.77/3/39-40) and discussing the attitudes and actions taken by the various District Commissioners in the Southern Sudan and the opinions of the Sudanese in the Southern Sudan on British District Commissioners (SAD.77/3/42-43); J. Khatib-Chahidi, SA3 – Social Analysis and Anthropology Associates, to Howell concerning the Southern Region Agricultural Project (SAD.77/3/44-47); Jeroboam Macuordit to Howell concerning the potential division of Southern Sudan (SAD.77/3/49); R. Trench, Granada Television, to Howell concerning Howell's contribution to research on a television programme (SAD.77/3/56); Jereboam Macuordit to Howell concerning personal issues and Howell's conference on the Jonglei Canal (SAD.77/3/63-64); N. Hall, Open University, to Howell concerning a PhD thesis on the use of thatch for rural housing in developing countries, with an attached note on why research work in the Sudan would be important (SAD.77/3/65-68); Howell to J.P. Rozier, Oxford University, giving his personal opinion on the effect of the Second World War on British rule in the Sudan as evidence for Rozier's thesis (SAD.77/3/75-76); Howell to Sir John Butterfield, Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge, concerning a proposed conference on Ethiopia and drought (SAD.77/3/88-89); Gabriel G. Jal to Howell concerning the effect of flooding of the Jonglei area upon the Nuer (SAD.77/3/96-97); J. Winder to Howell concerning a map and Winder's memoirs (SAD.77/3/99-100); Pal Poulk Macher to Howell giving fairly extensive details on the Jonglei Canal Scheme and the development of the Jonglei area (SAD.77/3/106-111); Gabriel G. Jal to Howell concerning the operation of contemporary Nuer and Dinka tribal courts (SAD.77/3/112-116). Enclosures:
SAD.77/3/3-13
1979
“The Nuer conquest: a case study in the structure of non-equilibrium systems”, outline of Kelly's proposed research into Nuer expansion
SAD.77/3/25-28
1980 Jul
“The men who ruled Africa”, outline of a proposed book to be published by L. Crook
SAD.77/3/34-37
1981
Sheet of questions on the life and personality of Deng Majok Koul with separate answers by Howell
SAD.77/3/45-47
1982
Extract from staff appraisal report on the Southern Region Agricultural Project
SAD.77/3/51-55
1982 Apr 29
Photocopy of “Water need drives Jonglei slowly onward”, an article by Anne Charnock from New Civil Engineer
SAD.77/3/57
1982 May 18
Photocopy of “Boys in turbans and sashes still serve tea beside the pool”, an article by Steve Colbourn from The Guardian
SAD.77/4/1-228
1986-1989
General correspondence largely concerning Howell's own academic projects and those of others. Includes letters from Howell to J. Sutcliffe making observations on the role of money among the Nuer (SAD.77/4/7-8); Stephen With, Commissioner of the Jonglei Executive Organ, to Howell requesting guidance and knowledge on the Jonglei Scheme (SAD.77/4/12); J. Sutcliffe to Howell concerning money among the Nuer, mainly relating to a thesis by Sharon Hutchinson (SAD.77/413-14); Sharon Hutchinson to Howell concerning various points including the rise in cases of theft among the Nuer and the lack of legislation to prevent Southerners moving north during the era of “Closed Districts” (SAD.77/4/20-21); Howell to Stephen With giving advice on the Jonglei Scheme and the Jonglei Executive Organ (SAD.77/4/28-29); Sharon Hutchinson to Howell mostly concerning the book The Nuer Conquest by Raymond Kelly and the various points raised in it, including bridewealth and population density (SAD.77/4/30-31); Howell to S. Hutchinson giving advice on Hutchinson's work on homicide amongst the Nuer (SAD.77/4/57-61); Howell to [J. Sutcliffe] concerning, amongst other things, the shooting down of a civilian aircraft by the SPLA (SAD.77/4/70); Howell to G. Yeoman Yeoman to T.E. Evans and Yeoman to Howell concerning a letter by Yeoman printed in The Times on climatic change in the Nile Basin (SAD.77/4/131,133-134,140-141); G. Glenworth to Howell requesting advice on the possibility of finding funding to enable a Sudanese student to study in the UK and the possibility of finding aid for a refugee in Khartoum (SAD.77/4/144); Howell to A.W. van den Hoek concerning van den Hoek's article “Cultural dimension of development”; correspondence between Howell, Marion Clay and Brian Barrett, both of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, concerning a missing memorandum written by Howell in 1958 on “The Equatorial Nile Project and the Nile Waters Agreement of 1959: Uganda's Case” (SAD.77/4/172-193 ); Howell to S. Hutchinson and to [R. Kershaw] discussing, amongst other things, the visit to England by John Garang, leader of the SPLM/A (SAD.77/4/211,224). Enclosures:
SAD.77/4/25-27
1986 Mar 2
Review by Howell of Agricultural development in the Middle East, ed. by Peter Beaumont and Keith McLachlan
SAD.77/4/97
[1987]
Ts. notes on a “discussion with John Ruach Jal Wang – a Lak Nuer, born near Juaibor on the Zeraf Island in 1952”, mainly concerning politics in Southern Sudan and various aspects of Nuer society
SAD.77/4/136
1987 Nov 10
“Feeble Nile a symbol of wider ills”, letter by G. Yeoman printed in The Times
SAD.77/4/135
1987 Nov 14
“Low Nile floods in global context”, letter by T.E. Evans printed in The Times
SAD.77/4/137-139
1986
“Aid to Africa: the great illusion?”, article by G. Yeoman in The Traveller
SAD.77/4/179-187
1988
“Southern policy during the period of the Anglo-Egyptian Government of the Sudan”, a paper by [J.W.Kenrick]
SAD.77/4/197-204
1988 Oct
Papers relating to a press conference following the publication of the report War wounds: Sudanese people report on their war, by the Panos Institute
SAD.77/5/1-107
1990-1992
General correspondence including letters from Howell to M. Patterson concerning literature on the different ethnic and tribal groups in the Southern Sudan and the various populations (SAD.77/5/4-8); correspondence concerning attempts to secure funding to allow a Sudanese student to study in the UK (SAD.77/5/9-20); Tony Allan, Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, to Heba Saleh, BBC Africa Service, concerning an African Perspective radio programme on the Nile (SAD.77/5/99). Enclosures:
SAD.77/5/6-8
1990
“Ethnic and tribal groupings in the Southern Sudan”, a personal note by Howell giving an indication of the various works of literature on the issue
SAD.77/5/100-104
1992
“Population and the African crisis: outline of an interview programme presented on the BBC Overseas Service (Africa Network)”
SAD.77/6/1-111
1982 Jan 7 - 1990 Sep 18
Correspondence between Howell and R.O. Collins, University of California, including Howell and Collins concerning Collins' book Shadows in the Grass (SAD.77/6/1-6); Collins concerning the work of the historian J.A. Mangan, in particular his article, “The education of an elite imperial administration” (SAD.77/6/7-9); Howell concerning the creation of the Southern Development Investigation Team (SAD.77/6/25-26); Howell, giving comments on Collins' Shadows in the Grass (SAD.77/6/33); Collins discussing the attack on the Chevron Oil Corporation Ruba Kona headquarters by the SPLA and the company's subsequent meetings with President Numeiri (SAD.77/6/38-40,42-44); Collins concerning initial reactions amongst the British to the idea of the Jonglei Canal (SAD.77/6/45-46); Collins concerning the opinions of Douglas Newbold, John Garang and A.L. Chick on the Jonglei Canal project (SAD.77/6/51); Collins describing the military situation in Southern Sudan (SAD.77/6/72-74); Howell and Collins concerning Howell's involvement with the work of the Anti-Slavery Society in Sudan (SAD.77/6/79-88); Collins discussing the success of the SPLA (SAD.77/6/97-100). Enclosures:
SAD.77/6/16-21
1982 Jun
“Preliminary thoughts on Jonglei”, by R.O. Collins
SAD.77/6/62-63
1988 Feb 26
Review of K.D.D. Henderson's Set Under Authority by R.O. Collins
SAD.77/7/1-40
1978 Apr 10 - 1982 Apr 23
Series of correspondence between J.G.S. Macphail, W. Arens, D. Johnson, J.B. Stewart, and P.P. Howell, mostly concerning W. Arens' work on the Shilluk (in particular his essay “Divine kingship among the Shilluk”) but also concerning D. Johnson's work on the administration of Upper Nile Province
10. Memoirs
SAD.769/5/1-79; 769/6/1-64
1983
“Recollections of service in the Sudan” by Howell, covering the years 1938-1955:
SAD.769/5/2-18
Chapter I. Background and beginnings
Family background (SAD.769/5/3-11); Jack Driberg (formerly S.P.S.), supervisor at Cambridge (SAD.769/5/7-8); first visit to the Sudan as an undergraduate in 1937 to study the Shilluk (SAD.769/5/8-9); application to S.P.S. and Colonial and Indian Civil Services (SAD.769/5/10-11); arrival in Khartoum (SAD.769/5/12); meeting with C.L. Armstrong, governor of Khartoum Province (SAD.769/5/12); A.D.C. Khartoum North, working under the D.C., S.R. Simpson, including visits to the rural areas of the district (SAD.769/5/13-17); Chief A.R.P. Officer for the Three Towns and preparations for war (SAD.769/5/17)
SAD.769/5/19-38
Chapter 2. War and the Palace
Seconded to York and Lancashire Regiment (SAD.769/5/19); Aide de Camp to the Governor-General (SAD.769/5/19-35); declaration of war by Italy (SAD.769/5/21-22); impressions of Symes and his handling of the war (SAD.769/5/23-27); arrival of Emperor Haile Selassie in Khartoum (SAD.769/5/25-27); on tour with the Govenor-General to Sinkat, Darfur, Kassala and Keren (SAD.769/5/28-29); impressions of Wavell, Auchinleck, Catroux (Governor General of Indo-China), De Gaulle and Smuts (SAD.769/5/30-33); secondment to O.E.T.A., posted to Decamere in Eritrea as Political Officer (SAD.769/5/36-38)
SAD.769/5/39-79
Chapter 3. Nuerland
Transfer to south, posted to Fangak on the River Zeraf (SAD.769/5/39); description of the life of the Nuer (SAD.769/5/40-50); work of the D.C. (SAD.769/5/50); difficulties of life in the south (SAD.769/5/51); description of house at Fangak, other buildings and inhabitants - police and interpreter (SAD.769/5/51-53); treks by lorry (SAD.769/5/53-54) and on foot (SAD.769/5/56-57); bullnames (SAD.769/5/55); lack of Sudanese administrative officials (SAD.769/5/57-58); relationship with Nuer elders and chiefs (SAD.769/5/58-59); life in Fangak (SAD.769/5/59-60); crime and punishment (SAD.769/5/60-65); 1944, promoted to D.C. (SAD.769/5/66); social contacts (SAD.769/5/67-69); accounting (SAD.769/5/70-71); dangers facing D.C.s (SAD.769/5/71-72); purchase of beef to feed British forces in the western desert, 1943 (SAD.769/5/72-74); leave spent in Greece (SAD.769/5/75-79)
SAD.769/6/1-27
Chapter 4. Western Kordofan
Transfer to Nahud (SAD.769/6/1); tensions due to Sidki Protocol, meeting with local dignitaries (SAD.769/6/1-2); description of district (SAD.769/6/3-5); duties in Nahud (SAD.769/6/5-7); lifestyle of the Baqqarah (SAD.769/6/8-11); friendship with Baqqarah leaders, particularly Babu Nimr, nazir of the Misiriyah and `Ali Nimr, nazir of the Ajaira section of the Homr (SAD.769/6/11-14); selection of `umdahs (SAD.769/6/14-15); description of Ngok Dinka (SAD.769/6/16-17); Deng Majok, paramount chief of the Ngok (SAD.769/6/18-19); first elections in Dar MIsiriyah (SAD.769/6/20-21); assessment of government priorities (SAD.769/6/22); prevention of misuse of land resources (SAD.769/6/22-24); appointment as head of the Jonglei Investigation Team, 1948 (SAD.769/6/26); organised tribal gathering of the Misiriyah (SAD.769/6/26)
SAD.769/6/28-48
Chapter 5. Jonglei Investigation
History of early studies of and negotiations on Nile waters (SAD.769/6/29-31); likely effect of the Jonglei canal on the hydrology of the Sudan (SAD.769/6/31-32, 35-36); problems facing the investigation team (SAD.769/6/33); terms of reference (SAD.769/6/37-40); members of the team (SAD.769/6/40); area covered, communications (SAD.769/6/41); organisation of the team and Howell's duties (SAD.769/6/43-44); conclusions and recommendations (SAD.769/6/44-47); report (SAD.769/6/47); effects of current canal project (SAD.769/6/48)
SAD.769/6/49
Map of the upper reaches of the Nile showing northern, central and southern zones and the position of the Jonglei canal
scale:   1.5 cms to 100 miles
Size: 6 x 11.5 cm
SAD.769/6/50
Map of the River Nile from Lake Victoria to Khartoum showing the sudd area
scale:   1 in to 200 miles
Size: 11 x 19 cm.
SAD.769/6/51
Cross-section of the Bahr al-Jabal in the sudd area
SAD.769/6/52
Cross-section at Jonglei when the canal has been dug to 15 m/d capacity
SAD.769/6/53-64
Appendix to Chapter 3
SAD.769/6/53-54
“Anthropology in action” - a note on the role of anthropology in the Sudan Political Service
SAD.769/6/55-64
Extracts from an address to the Royal Anthropological Institute by Howell on the occasion of the centenary of C.G. Seligman's birth, outlining the practical impact of the ethnological studies in the Sudan started by Seligman
11. Miscellanea
SAD.80/1/1-8
1914 Mar 22
Photocopies of letters sent by Major P. Howell, P.P. Howell's father, at Curragh in Ireland, to C. Wigram and J. Ramsay Macdonald, leader of the Labour Party, concerning the issue of Irish Home Rule and Howell's opinions on the state of the British Army
SAD.769/7/1-2
1940
Christmas greetings to the Governor-General Sir Hubert Huddleston from Haile Selassie, with best wishes for 1941, the year he regained the throne of Ethiopia
SAD.80/1/9
[1940s]
Set of typed rules for a game called “choro”
SAD.80/1/10
[1940s]
Printed diagram of a double voltage generator manufactured for the Sudan Government
SAD.80/1/11
1950
Programme of Christmas events organised in Malakal
SAD.80/1/12-18
[1950s]
Paper on Mau Mau oath ceremonies of the Kikuyu tribe of Kenya
SAD.80/1/19-21
[1950s]
CV of P.P. Howell
SAD.769/4/1-4
[ca. 1950s]
Letters from Godfrey [Lienhardt] to Paul and Bridget Howell, thanking them for their hospitality
SAD.769/4/5-10
[ca.1951]
Comments by Godfrey [Lienhardt] on a draft article by Howell on the Ngork Dinka, later published as “Notes on the Ngork Dinka of Western Kordofan”, Sudan Notes and Records 32 pt 2, (Dec 1951)
SAD.80/1/22-27
1955 Jun-Jul
Typescript copies of published reviews of Howell's Manual of Nuer Law (1955). Includes reviews from Man, African Affairs, and International Review of Missions
SAD.80/1/28-33
1992 April
Sudan Government British Pensioners' Association annual report, 1991/92
SAD.80/1/34-57
1989-1990
Correspondence, letters and press cuttings concerning a visit to the UK by John Garang, leader of the SPLM/A, including two letters from Howell to Col Ding concerning Garang's visit and his preliminary timetable of appearances and meetings (SAD.80/1/34-36); A.P. Hewitt, All Party Parliamentary Group on Overseas Development, to S. Baak, SPLM, concerning John Garang's meetings in the House of Commons, with covering letter from Howell to Col Ding (SAD.80/1/37-39); S. Baak to A.P. Hewitt concerning Garang's visit and timetable (SAD.80/1/40-42); memorandum from A.P. Hewitt to Howell inviting him to attend John Garang's meeting with MPs in Parliament (SAD.80/1/43); cuttings from The Times, The Independent, and the Observer concerning John Garang's visit to the UK (SAD.80/1/45-47) ; draft of a speech [by Howell] entitled “Towards a new Sudan” discussing relations between Sudan and Britain (SAD.80/1/50-51); ms. notes made in preparation for Garang's visit to the UK including notes on the history of the Sudan and a draft itinerary of meetings (SAD.80/1/52-57); cutting from The Independent on the Sudanese civil war and John Garang (SAD.80/1/48)
SAD.80/1/58-71
1994
Howell's obituary from Cambridge Anthropology, 17: 1 (1994) along with a copy of the order of service for his memorial service, a speech made at his funeral by a university friend, and a letter of condolence to Bridget Howell (Howell's wife) from J.A. Allan
12. Photographic Material
SAD.78/9/5-7
1930-1939
Aerial views:
SAD.78/9/5
1939 Mar
Aerial view of Khartoum with Governor General's Palace in centre
SAD.78/9/6
1939 Mar 13
Aerial view of Khartoum with Khartoum R.C. Cathedral in the centre
SAD.78/9/7
1930 Dec 7
Aerial view of Fangak
SAD.59/3/2-3
[1940s - 1950s]
Aerial views of a section of the Nile
SAD.78/9/8-13
[1940s - 1950s]
Photographs of the interior of a cotton mill in the Gezira
SAD.78/9/14
[1940s - 1950s]
Photograph of a horse and rider approaching the end of a race, observed by a small group of British and Sudanese
SAD.78/9/15
1949 Jan
Photograph of a three dimensional model / map of the Sudan made by George Philips & Son, Ltd., London
SAD.765/22/1-11
[ca.1937]
Photographs of Shilluk taken by Howell while carrying out research on a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge:
SAD.765/22/1,3
Shilluk blacksmith at work
SAD.765/22/2
Two Shilluk men
SAD.765/22/4
Old man smoking pipe
SAD.765/22/5-6
Fisherman casting his net
SAD.765/22/7
Shilluk warriors charge forward to salute the chiefs
SAD.765/22/8
Shilluk man with elaborate hairstyle
SAD.765/22/9
Shilluk warrior wearing brightly coloured beads, his hair twisted into lozenges of red ash mixed with oil
SAD.765/22/10
Shilluk village, boy tending cattle in foreground
SAD.765/22/11
Nile banks near Fashoda
SAD.59/4/1-97
1937
Photograph album entitled “Shilluk, 1937” containing photographs taken by Howell while carrying out research on a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge:
SAD.59/4/1-2,4,6
1937
Shilluk men seated in front of tukls
SAD.59/4/3
1937
Shilluk boy at Tung with spear and stick shield, wearing brightly coloured beads, his hair twisted into lozenges of red ash mixed with oil (dupl of SAD 769/22/9)
SAD.59/4/5
1937
Moru man in front of Doleib palm tree
SAD.59/4/7
1937
The Shilluk village of Fanyikang Podh, showing the centre of the village, with a small shrine on the left
SAD.59/4/8
1937
View of the White Nile at Debalo Yom
SAD.59/4/9
1937
View of tukls at Achop, the central village of Yom Dok Alal, [Kwar Nyimol]
SAD.59/4/10-11
1937
Doleib palm trees at Niayok on the river Sobat - the most easterly borders of Shilluk country
SAD.59/4/12
1937
Shilluk girls returning home from the cultivation plots
SAD.59/4/13
1937
Tukl at [Wadhjang]
SAD.59/4/14,18
1937
Shilluk men with spears standing in front of tukls at Achop
SAD.59/4/15
1937
Shilluk men at Niayok
SAD.59/4/16
1937
Shilluk men with spears at Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/17
1937
Shilluk man carrying spears at Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/19
1937
Luak and pegs for tethering cattle in Shilluk village
SAD.59/4/20
1937
Cattle at Niayok
SAD.59/4/21
1937
Shilluk cattle being driven into a village in the evening
SAD.59/4/22
1937
Shilluk men by the river at Niayok
SAD.59/4/23
1937
Shilluk man repairing the roof of a tukl near Faalo
SAD.59/4/24
1937
Shilluk man sitting on the ground near a tukl
SAD.59/4/25
1937
Dug-out canoe on the khor at Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/26
1937
Dug-out canoe near Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/27
1937
Nilotic men near the mouth of the Zeraf river
SAD.59/4/28
1937
Man in a dug-out canoe near Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/29
1937
Shilluk man
SAD.59/4/30
1937
River or flooded khor in Fanyikang district
SAD.59/4/31
1937
View of a river and trees
SAD.59/4/32
1937
Ngok Dinka man crouched in long grass on the Sobat
SAD.59/4/33
1937
Ngok Dinka chief and two other Dinka men on the borders of Dinka country on the Sobat
SAD.59/4/34-42
1937
Ngok Dinka men with spears in long grass near the river Sobat
SAD.59/4/43
1937
Ngok Dinka man with spear standing on a plain
SAD.59/4/44
1937
View of tukls at Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/45
1937
Shilluk man fishing with a net near Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/46
1937
Tukls at [Wadhjang]
SAD.59/4/47
1937
Tukls at [Akalan]
SAD.59/4/48
1937
Shilluk man at Niayok
SAD.59/4/49
1937
Shilluk women carrying pots at [Akalan]
SAD.59/4/50
1937
Logging station on the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/4/51
1937
Shilluk man taking part in a spear throwing contest at Achop
SAD.59/4/52
1937
Cattle and goats in Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/53
1937
The shrine of Nyikang in Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/54
1937
Grass plain with trees in background
SAD.59/4/55
1937
Shilluk men at a logging station on the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/4/56
1937
A Shilluk spear rest
SAD.59/4/57
1937
Shilluk man with tribal scarring on his forehead holding a musical instrument
SAD.59/4/58
1937
Young Shilluk warrior
SAD.59/4/59
1937
Shilluk men at a logging station on the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/4/60
1937
The bank of a river
SAD.59/4/61
1937
Close up view of the paddles of a steamboat
SAD.59/4/62
1937
Shilluk men at Achop
SAD.59/4/63
1937
Shilluk men at Niayok on the river Sobat, with Doleib palm trees in the background
SAD.59/4/64
1937
[Amorielic Yor]
SAD.59/4/65,67-68
1937
Flooded khor
SAD.59/4/66
1937
Shilluk men at Niayok on the river Sobat, with Doleib palm trees in the background
SAD.59/4/69
1937
View of the khor between Fanyikang and [Abiyop]
SAD.59/4/70,72
1937
Views of Fanyikang
SAD.59/4/71
1937
Logging station on the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/4/73
1937
Bank of a river
SAD.59/4/74
1937
Nilotic tribesmen amongst crops at Faalo
SAD.59/4/75
1937
Ngok Dinka in long grass
SAD.59/4/76
1937
View of a river bank
SAD.59/4/77
1937
Tukl or cattle byre at Wadhjang
SAD.59/4/78
1937
Tribal meeting in Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/79
1937
View from the Sobat river, east of Niayok
SAD.59/4/80,83
1937
Shilluk court in session at Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/81
1937
Three Shilluk warriors sitting on the ground holding spears, at Malakal
SAD.59/4/82,85
1937
Shilluk prisoner at Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/84
1937
Shilluk man in a dug-out canoe on the White Nile at Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/86
1937
Three Shilluk men by the banks of the White Nile at Kodok
SAD.59/4/87
1937
View of a [Shilluk] village
SAD.59/4/88
1937
Shilluk men in a dug-out canoe on the White Nile at Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/89
1937
Three Shilluk men with spears at Kodok, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/90
1937
Reth Fafiti Wad Yor of the Shilluk smoking a pipe
SAD.59/4/91
1937
Shilluk women and man by the banks of the White Nile at Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/92
1937
Steamboat on the White Nile at Malakal, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/93
1937
Sunrise over the White Nile
SAD.59/4/94
1937
The White Nile at Wau, White Nile Province
SAD.59/4/95
1937
Shilluk cattle camp
SAD.59/4/96
1937
View of the White Nile
SAD.59/4/97
1937
The White Nile at Wau
SAD.59/5/1-96
1937
Photograph album containing photographs taken by Howell among the Shilluk while carrying out research on a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge:
SAD.59/5/1
1937
View of the White Nile looking north from Kodok, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/5/2
1937
View of landscape and trees west of Kodok, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/5/3
1937
View of the Nile as seen from Jebelein, White Nile Province
SAD.59/5/4
1937
View of rockface and boulders, Jebelein, White Nile Province
SAD.59/5/5
1937
View of the Nile
SAD.59/5/6
1937
Flooded khor near Abu Jop
SAD.59/5/7
1937
Dense undergrowth near Faalo (Doleib Hill mission)
SAD.59/5/8
1937
View of the mouth of the Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/5/9-10
1937
The Bahr al-Zeraf
SAD.59/5/11
1937
Cattle and tukls in a Shilluk village outside Kodok
SAD.59/5/12
1937
Bull with deformation of the horns. Tukls of a Shilluk village in the background.
SAD.59/5/13-16
1937
Landscape views around Kodok
SAD.59/5/17-18,22
1937
Shilluk cattle being herded into a village for the night. The cattle are gathering around the fire to rid themselves of flies [possibly in Kodok].
SAD.59/5/19-20
1937
Shilluk boy milking cow [possibly in Kodok]
SAD.59/5/21
1937
Cattle being herded over a plain by a small Shilluk boy [near Kodok]
SAD.59/5/23
1937
Shilluk boy preparing to milk cows in a Shilluk settlement [possibly Kodok]
SAD.59/5/24
1937
Cattle tethered to ground pegs in Kodok village
SAD.59/5/25
1937
Shilluk man, Younis, with a pipe
SAD.59/5/26
1937
Shilluk man in a barren plain at Kodok
SAD.59/5/27
1937
Shilluk man brought before the reth accused of stealing a mission canoe
SAD.59/5/28
1937
Shilluk men gathering before a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/29
1937
Shilluk men sitting on the ground in a village, with tukls in the background, Fanyikang District
SAD.59/5/30
1937
Shilluk man casting a fishing net
SAD.59/5/31
1937
Shilluk man standing next to a dugout canoe and ambach canoe at Malakal
SAD.59/5/32-33
1937
Shilluk cattle tethered in a village
SAD.59/5/34
1937
Shilluk woman sitting on the ground in a village
SAD.59/5/35
1937
Group of Shilluk men sitting under trees
SAD.59/5/36-41
1937
Shilluk men taking part in a spear throwing competition organised by P.P. Howell and M.E.C. Pumphrey at Achop, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/5/42,44
1937
Shilluk men with spears at [Tung]
SAD.59/5/43,45
1937
Shilluk men fishing with nets
SAD.59/5/46-48
1937
Shilluk men tending to durah
SAD.59/5/49
1937
Shilluk man leaning on a short stick
SAD.59/5/50
1937
The daughter of the Shilluk reth, Fafiti Wad Yor, at Kodok
SAD.59/5/51
1937
Shilluk luak or cattle byre
SAD.59/5/52
1937
Panorama showing the shrine of Nyikang at Fanyikang
SAD.59/5/53
1937
Shrine of Nyikang at Fanyikang
SAD.59/5/54,57
1937
The Shilluk royal mound at Fashoda
SAD.59/5/55
1937
The shrine of Nyikang
SAD.59/5/56
1937
Close up shot of the Shilluk royal mound at Fashoda showing the hut containing the shrine of Nyikangl. The Shilluk reth, Fafiti Wad Yor, can be seen on the far right
SAD.59/5/58-61
1937
Shrine of Nyikang, at Fashoda, showing details of mural paintings
SAD.59/5/62-63
1937
Shilluk carved wooden heads
SAD.59/5/64
1937
Shilluk men and women unloading wood from a dugout canoe at Malakal
SAD.59/5/65
1937
Shilluk man sitting by a dugout canoe
SAD.59/5/66
1937
Shilluk men paddling a dugout canoe on the White Nile near Malakal, Upper Nile Province. An ambach canoe can be seen in the foreground.
SAD.59/5/67
1937
Shilluk warriors waiting outside a village
SAD.59/5/68
1937
Shilluk warrior initiates preparing to cong for the first time. The cong is a social dance held as a form of celebration.
SAD.59/5/69
1937
Tukls at Fashoda
SAD.59/5/70
1937
Shilluk man miming the actions of a hyena
SAD.59/5/71
1937
Shilluk warriors at a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/72
1937 Sep 1
Shilluk warriors and girls preparing to dance in a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/73-74
1937
Shilluk warriors dancing around the drum at a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/75
1937
Shilluk warriors entering the village with wild rushes at a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/76
1937
The Shilluk [Ajwogo royal] caught by two men who pretend he has injured their cattle, at Kodok
SAD.59/5/77-80,82
1937
Shilluk girls choosing their partners as Shilluk warriors march around the bul at a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/81
1937
Shilluk warriors enter the village for a cong (celebratory dance), held at Kodok
SAD.59/5/83
1937
Shilluk men gathering before a kwojo (funeral ceremony) held following the deaths of two children
SAD.59/5/84,86
1937
Shilluk trumpeters playing kudu horns at a kwojo (funeral ceremony), whilst warriors dance in the background
SAD.59/5/85
1937
Shilluk men gathering before a kwojo (funeral ceremony) held following the deaths of two children. Warriors can be seen dancing in the background.
SAD.59/5/87
1937
Participants in a Shilluk kwojo (funeral ceremony) gather around the grave
SAD.59/5/88
1937
The mother of two deceased Shilluk children collapses with grief at the kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/89-90
1937
Relatives of two deceased Shilluk children pat water and merissa on the grave during a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/91-92
1937
Relatives of two deceased children being cermonially purified by the bareth at a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/93
1937
Shilluk warriors preparing for a dance at a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/94
1937
Shilluk warriors taking part in preliminary dancing and sparring at a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/95
1937
A Shilluk woman dances across the village at a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.59/5/96
1937
Shilluk warriors in full dress gather together in a village during a kwojo (funeral ceremony)
SAD.765/23/1-8; 48/16/1-20
1943 Nov 7 - 9
Photographs of the funeral dances in honour of the late reth Fafiti Yor at Pareth Fafiti. The dances were held over a period of three days. Captions provided by Howell. For further details, see “The death of a reth of the Shilluk and the installation of his successor” by P.P. Howell and W.P.G. Thomson. Sudan notes and records 27, 1946:
SAD.765/23/1
1943 Nov 7
First day: the dance of swords, attended only by chiefs and the widows of the late reth. Only the latter may carry spears; others may bring swords or millet stalks
SAD.765/23//2-3
1943 Nov 8-9
Second and third days: the public dances. Crowds kneel down in prayer to the soul of the reth
SAD.765/23/4
1943 Nov
Women raise their arms in homage to the dead reth 's spirit
SAD.765/23/5
1943 Nov
The drums of the late reth are set up. There were six of these set vertically in the ground
SAD.48/16/5-6
1943 Nov 8
Setting up of the six drums during the second day of the funeral
SAD.765/23/6
1943 Nov 8
The royal trumpeters with kudu horns
SAD.48/16/1-4
1943 Nov 8
Trumpeters with kudu horns during the second day of the funeral
SAD.765/23/7
1943 Nov 8
Second day: a Shilluk regiment enters the village of the late reth
SAD.765/23/8
1943 Nov 8
Warriors entering the arena
SAD.48/16/7-17
1943 Nov 8
Shilluk warriors with spears and shields entering the village of the late reth, during the second day of funeral dances, held at the village of Pareth Fafiti, also known as Abwogatha, or "fear of death"
SAD.48/16/18

Shilluk warriors with spears and shields sitting on the ground in the village of the late reth, during the second day of funeral dances, held at the village of Pareth Fafiti, also known as Abwogatha, or "fear of death"
SAD.48/16/19-20

Mourners observe Shilluk warriors during the second day of funeral dances, held at the village of Pareth Fafiti, also known as Abwogatha, or "fear of death"
SAD.48/17/1-12
[1940s]
Shilluk warrior dance [possibly a death dance done in honour of the late Shilluk reth, Fafiti Yor]
SAD.48/17/1
[1940s]
Three Shilluk warriors performing a tribal dance
SAD.48/17/2
[1940s]
Shilluk warriors with spears and shields performing a dance
SAD.48/17/3
[1940s]
Shilluk warriors with spears and shields preparing for a tribal dance
SAD.48/17/4
[1940s]
Shilluk warriors charging forwards with spears and shields during a dance [in honour of their chief]
SAD.48/17/5-8
[1940s]
4 pictures of Shilluk warriors, some wearing animal skins, gathering in preparation for a tribal dance
SAD.48/17/9-10
[1940s]
Shilluk warriors, some wearing animal skins, during a tribal dance, with two Shilluk warriors in the foreground preparing their outfits for the dance
SAD.48/17/11
[1940s]
Shilluk warriors, some wearing animal skins, during a tribal dance
SAD.48/17/12
[1940s]
Large group Shilluk warriors, some wearing animal skins, during a tribal dance
SAD.765/24/1-26; 48/18/1-30
1944 Feb - Mar
Photographs of the installation of the Shilluk reth Anei Kur, from the march of Nyikang to Nyigir which began on the 26 February, until the final ceremony on 15 March. Captions by Howell. For further details, see SNR 27, 1946 (see above):
SAD.765/24/1-3
1944 Feb - Mar
The march of Nyikang and Dak from Akurwa to Nyigir. The short effigy is that of Nyikang, the tall one is Dak. The forked branch carried behind is the bed of Nyikang while the basket contains food for the journey.
SAD.48/18/3-4
1944 Feb
Shilluk bearers carrying effigies of Nyikang and Dak and a basket of food outside the hut at Jago Tabo's village before continuing their journey from Akurwa to Nyigir
SAD.48/18/5
1944 Feb
Shilluk bearers carrying effigies of Nyikang and Dak, a basket of food and a forked branch known as “Nyikang's bed” circle the tomb of the late reth Fafiti before continuing their journey from Akurwa to Nyigir
SAD.48/18/6-7
1944 Feb
Shilluk bearers leaving the village of the late reth Fafiti Yor carrying effigies of Nyikang and Dak and a basket of food at the start of a march from Akurwa to Nyigir
SAD.765/24/4
1944 Feb
Debalo, just before the march to Fashoda. The reth dressed in white with a dark sash is standing outside his quarters awaiting the gathering of his warriors.
SAD.765/24/6
1944 Feb
‘Nya kwer’ , the ‘daughter of the ceremonies’ is brought by members of her clan. She must accompany the reth on his march to Fashoda.
SAD.765/24/7
1944 Feb 11
First day of the installation: the reth 's procession sets off from Debalo
SAD.48/18/1-2
1944 Feb 11
Crowd of people gathered at Debalo, on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/8
1944 Feb
The host of Nyikang gather on the high ground beyond the watercourse
SAD.48/18/19-20
1944 Feb
Hosts of the effigy of Nyikang gathering on high ground beyond Khor Arepejur, which the reth must cross on his march to Kodok, during the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/9
1944 Feb
At the watercourse called Arepejur, a black bullock is cast, over which the reth must step before he crosses
SAD.48/18/18
1944 Feb
Group of Shilluk men with a black bull. The black bull will later be cast for the reth to step over before crossing Khor Arepejur on his march to Kodok, during the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/10
1944 Feb - Mar
The reth 's army advances through the grass towards the host of Nyikang
SAD.48/18/9-10
1944 Feb 11
Reth's followers advancing through tall grass towards the host of Nyikang at Khor Arepejur, during the march to Kodok on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/11
1944 Feb
The advance guard of the reth breaks away to the attack
SAD.765/24/12-13
1944 Feb
The first mock battle. Only millet stalks may be carried.
SAD.48/18/8
1944 Feb 11
Shilluk warriors armed with spears and millet stalks, during a mock battle near Kodok on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.48/18/11
1944 Feb 11
Shilluk warriors fighting a mock battle armed with millet stalks, near Kodok, on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.48/18/12
1944 Feb 11
Shilluk warriors armed with millet stalks celebrate after fighting a mock battle near Kodok, on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.48/18/13
1944 Feb 11
Shilluk warrior standing alone holding millet stalks as Shilluk bearers carry effigies of Nyikang and Dak far in the distance, on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.48/18/14
1944 Feb 11
Seated crowd waiting for the reth to appear from his quarters before gathering his warriors for the march to Kodok, on the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/14-15
1944 Feb
The reth is captured by Nyikang and carried off to Fashoda
SAD.765/24/16
1944 Feb
Nyikang, angered by the reth 's demand for ‘Nya kwer’ , orders his drums to be beaten. His followers begin to assemble and dance round them.
SAD.48/18/15-17
1944 Feb
Group of people surrounding a young girl, ‘Nya kwer’, who must accompany the reth on his march to Kodok, during the first day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/17
1944 Feb
Fourth day: the army of Nyikang led by the Kwa Nyikwom charge through Fashoda towards the reth. Nyikang is eventually ousted and Nya kwer seized from him by the reth.
SAD.765/24/18-23
1944 Feb - Mar
Speech day: all religious ceremonies are now over. The chiefs assemble to pay homage to their established reth and to exhort him to rule his people well.
SAD.765/24/18
1944 Feb - Mar
The mound called 'Aturwic'. No man may enter save the reth himself and the priestesses who tend it.
SAD.48/18/21
1944 Feb-Mar
Small crowd gathered below the sacred mound known as “Aturwic” , where the reth resides on the fourth day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/19
1944 Feb - Mar
Nyikang and Dak go up into the mound Aturwic to make peace with the reth
SAD.765/24/20-21
1944 Feb - Mar
The reth descends from Aturwic to greet his chiefs and to hear their speeches
SAD.48/18/22
1944 Feb-Mar
Reth descending from the sacred mound known as “Aturwic” to greet his chiefs and to hear their speeches, on the fifth day of ceremonies
SAD.765/24/22-23
1944 Feb - Mar
Fifth day: each chief steps forward to make his speech in traditional order. As he finishes he strikes a spear into the ground before the reth as a sign of homage.
SAD.48/18/23
1944 Feb-Mar
Reth hearing the speeches of the chiefs, on the fifth day of ceremonies
SAD.48/18/24-25
1944 Feb-Mar
Reth hearing the speeches of the chiefs on the fifth day of ceremonies, with onlookers in the background. In the centre of the photo can be seen a circle of spears – each chief strikes a spear into the ground after making his speech as a sign of homage to the new reth
SAD.765/24/24
1944 Feb - Mar
Anei, son of Kur, installed 1944, died 1945
SAD.48/18/27-28
1944 Mar
Portrait photographs of Anei Kur, who was installed as reth of the Shilluk in March 1944 and died a year later
SAD.765/24/26
1944 Feb - Mar
Warriors enter the dancing arena and salute the drum
SAD.765/24/25
1944 Feb - Mar
Man dressed as a hyena howls at the dancers
SAD.48/18/26
1944 Feb-Mar
Man imitating a hyena howling at the dancers
SAD.48/18/29-30
1944 Feb-Mar
Group of Shilluk villagers standing away from the ceremonies during the installation
SAD.58/1-58/3; 58/5/1-16; 59/3/1
[1940s-1950s]
General photos of Shilluk:
SAD.58/1/1-5
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man fishing with bow and arrow
SAD.58/1/6-8
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man swimming whilst dragging a fishing net
SAD.58/1/9-13
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man fishing with fishing rod
SAD.58/1/14-17
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man fishing with spear
SAD.59/3/1
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk fisherman casting a net into a river
SAD.58/1/18
[1940s-1950s]
Two Shilluk men standing in a river casting a fishing net
SAD.58/1/19
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man fishing with blowpipe
SAD.58/1/20
[1940s-1950s]
Two Shilluk men diving into a river
SAD.58/1/21
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Shilluk men on the bank of a river
SAD.58/1/22
[1940s-1950s]
Three Shilluk men (one holding a spear) standing on the edge of a river
SAD.58/2/1
[1940s-1950s]
[Shilluk] cattle grazing in the dry season
SAD.58/2/2
[1940s-1950s]
[Shilluk] cattle at a cattle camp with luaks in the background
SAD.58/2/3-5
1949 Nov
Cattle [possibly Shilluk] watering at `Idd al-Wusa'a
SAD.58/2/6
[1940s-1950s]
Cattle [possibly Shilluk] resting under a tree
SAD.58/3/1-2
1937
Cattle grazing in a Shilluk village with tukls in background
SAD.58/3/3
[1940s-1950s]
Cattle resting in a Shilluk village
SAD.58/3/4
[1940s-1950s]
Young Shilluk boy near cattle at rest
SAD.58/3/5-9
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Shilluk children standing by cattle resting in a village
SAD.58/3/10
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man with group of children with tukls in background
SAD.58/3/11
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk woman carrying a pot on her head in village with cattle resting in the foreground
SAD.58/3/12
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk village inside zariba with Sudanese policemen in foreground
SAD.58/3/13
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk village with men and a woman carrying a large pot on her head in the foreground
SAD.58/3/14-16
[1940s-1950s]
Views from the top of a hill looking down upon a Shilluk village surrounded by trees with a herd of cattle resting in the background
SAD.58/3/17-18
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk women in a village with grass fence and tukls in the background
SAD.58/3/19
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk men stood in a village with grass fence and tukls in the background
SAD.58/5/1-2
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Shilluk men watching a dance involving men wearing leopard skins
SAD.58/5/3
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man with pipe and woman with tribal scarring on her forehead, sitting on the ground
SAD.58/5/4
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man with tribal scarring on his forehead
SAD.58/5/5
[1940s-1950s]
Elderly Shilluk man sitting on the ground
SAD.58/5/6-7
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk blacksmith hammering a spearhead
SAD.58/5/8
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk villagers attending to a woman collapsed in mourning at a funeral ceremony
SAD.58/5/9
[1940s-1950s]
Three Shilluk men with spears and elaborate hairstyles
SAD.58/5/10
[1940s-1950s]
Two Shilluk men with spears next to a tethered calf, with luak in the background
SAD.58/5/11
[1940s-1950s]
Contact sheet showing the stages of construction of a Shilluk luak or cattle shed
SAD.58/5/12
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man with tribal scarring and elaborate hairstyle
SAD.58/5/13
[1940s-1950s]
Shilluk man throwing spear, with tukls in background
SAD.58/5/14
[1940s-1950s]
Two Shilluk men with tribal scarring on foreheads
SAD.58/5/15
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Shilluk men with sticks and shields
SAD.58/5/16
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Shilluk men armed with spears dancing around a [dead cow] as part of a celebration
SAD.58/6/1-75
[1940s-1950s]
Photographs of Nuer:
SAD.58/6/1
[1940s-1950s]
Fish laid out on the floor of a fishing boat
SAD.58/6/2
[1940s-1950s]
Nuer man standing in front of a row of fish hung up to dry in the sun
SAD.58/6/3-4
[1940s-1950s]
Nuer fishing party
SAD.58/6/5-11
[1940s-1950s]
7 photos of Nuer men hauling a fishing net into land
SAD.58/6/12
[1940s-1950s]
Nuer men pushing a fishing boat laden with nets and oars back onto land
SAD.58/6/13
[1940s-1950s]
Nuer cattle tethered at a [dry season] cattle camp by the junction of the River Pibor and River Sobat. A steamer can be seen on the horizon.
SAD.58/6/14
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Lau Nuer bridegroom at a marriage ceremony with tribal scarring on his arm and upper body. Photographer: J.F.E. Bloss. Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/15-19
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of the Nuer bride at a marriage ceremony with tribal scarring on her upper left arm Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/20-28
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait photographs of a Nuer [chief]
SAD.58/6/29-30
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait photographs of Gatluak Ngingi, chief of the Per Section in the Island Section of Radh Gaawar. He is wearing earrings and has a feather attached to his head. Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/31-32
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait photos of Riag Loinyjok (also known by his bull name, “tut me bor” ), a gwan kwoth, or “Man of God”, who lives among the Lak Nuer. He is wearing a leopard skin and earrings. Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/33
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of a Nuer “leopard man” , or “chief of the leopard skin”, who acts as intermediary in the event of blood feuds. His village is a safe refuge for a homicide until the case is settled. Photographer: J.F.E. Bloss. Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/34
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of a Nuer man covered in ash and smoking a pipe. He is a litigant in a legal case. Photographer: J.F.E. Bloss.
SAD.58/6/35-36
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of Buth Diu, a Nuer man, with ash covering his hair Photo was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/37-38
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait photographs of Cchief Kic Wur Winyang of the Lak Nuer. Photographer: J.F.E. Bloss. Photo ref. # was used by Howell in his book A Manual of Nuer Law
SAD.58/6/39-40
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of a smiling Nuer man
SAD.58/6/41-42
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of a Nuer man wearing white toga
SAD.58/6/43-44
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of a young Nuer girl wearing beads and bracelets
SAD.58/6/45
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of a Nuer man wearing white robes
SAD.58/6/46-47
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits photographs of an elderly Nuer wearing necklaces and earrings
SAD.58/6/48
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait photgraph of an elderly Nuer man wearing beads and earrings
SAD.58/6/49-53
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of young Nuer men
SAD.58/6/54-55
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of young Nuer women
SAD.58/6/56-57
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of a Nuer man smoking a pipe
SAD.58/6/58-66
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of Nuer men wearing a shirt and beads
SAD.58/6/67-75
[1940s-1950s]
Photos of Nuer people at a ceremony or gathering, some with tribal scars or wearing ash
SAD.58/7/1-24
[1940s-1950s]
Photographs of DInka and their cattle:
SAD.58/7/1,12
[1940s-1950s]
Young Dinka man with his “song bull”
SAD.58/7/2,5
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka men covered in ash, in front of a herd of cattle
SAD.58/7/3
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka women walking by a herd of cattle in a zariba
SAD.58/7/4
[1940s-1950s]
Herd of Dinka cattle walking by a river bank
SAD.58/7/6
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka woman with herd of cattle
SAD.58/7/7
[1940s-1950s]
Tethered cattle at a Dinka cattle camp
SAD.58/7/8
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka men at a cattle camp with tukls visible in the background
SAD.58/7/9
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka cattle camp
SAD.58/7/10
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka cattle camp on the bank of a river
SAD.58/7/11
[1940s-1950s]
Men, women and children at a Dinka cattle camp
SAD.58/7/13
[1940s-1950s]
Calves feeding at a Dinka cattle camp
SAD.58/7/14
[1940s-1950s]
Young Dinka man milking a tethered cow at a cattle camp
SAD.58/7/15
[1940s-1950s]
Tethered goats at a Dinka cattle camp with cows and tukls in background
SAD.58/7/16-17
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka cattle on a road
SAD.58/7/18-21
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka cattle grazing
SAD.58/7/22
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka man with bull [possibly “song bull” ] and calf by a river bank
SAD.58/7/23
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka “song bull” tethered
SAD.58/7/24
[1940s-1950s]
Dinka cattle in long grass
SAD.58/8/1-42
[1940s-1950s]
Photographs of Baqqarah:
SAD.58/8/1-6
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah horsemen wearing chainmail armour and holding spears [possibly at a tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/7
[1940s-1950s]
Three Baqqarah horsemen wearing chainmail armour (one also wearing a helmet) and holding spears [possibly at a tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/8
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah horseman wearing helmet and chainmail armour with four other horsemen in background one of whom is carrying a flag
SAD.58/8/9
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah horseman holding a spear with other men stood in the background
SAD.58/8/10
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah horseman passing a line of women dancing [possibly at a tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/11
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah horsemen holding spears [possibly at a tribal gathering], sorrounded by men wearing white robes
SAD.58/8/12
[1940s-1950s]
Line of Baqqarah horsemen wearing white robes and holding spears [possibly at a tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/13
[1940s-1950s]
Two camels with decorated hawdajs [possibly at a Baqqarah tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/14
[1940s-1950s]
Bulls carrying decorated hawdajs being led by a group of women [possibly at a Baqqarah tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/15-16
[1940s-1950s]
Bulls wearing decorated hawdajs [possibly at a Baqqarah tribal gathering]
SAD.58/8/17-18
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah women dancing, wearing dresses and skirts
SAD.58/8/19-20
[1940s-1950s]
Baqqarah women dancing wearing dresses and skirts, observed by groups of Baqqarah men
SAD.58/8/21
[1940s-1950s]
Line of Baqqarah boys wearing jallabiyyahs
SAD.58/8/22-23
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of Nazir 'umum `Uthman ( “Babu” ) Nimr of the Misiriyah
SAD.58/8/24
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Nur al-Din al-Sereir
SAD.58/8/25
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Sereyr al-Haj of the Jubarat
SAD.58/8/26
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Zubayr al-Haj, 'umdah of the Jubarat and brother of the Fallata nazir Sereyr
SAD.58/8/27-28
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of 'Ali Nimr, nazir of the Humr Agaira and half-brother of nazir `umum Uthman ("Babu") Nimr of the Misiriyah
SAD.58/8/29
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Bushara Safi
SAD.58/8/30
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Izz al-Din Humelda
SAD.58/8/31
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Hamad Muhammad Daf'Allah
SAD.58/8/32
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Khorgas Meridi
SAD.58/8/33
[1940s-1950s]
Portrait of Fadl [Rubeita]
SAD.58/8/34-40
[1940s-1950s]
Portraits of unnamed men [possibly Baqqarah]
SAD.58/8/41-42
[1940s-1950s]
Contact sheets showing images of various Baqqarah tribal leaders and scenes of a Baqqarah tribal gathering
SAD.58/9/1-55
[1940s-1950s]
General photographs of Sudanese people and communities:
SAD.58/9/1
[1939-1945]
Sudanese military band playing to a large crowd of British and Sudanese in Khartoum sometime during the Second World War
SAD.58/9/2-9
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese sais posing with a horse
SAD.58/9/10
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese girl dancing in front of crowd of onlookers
SAD.58/9/11-12
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese policemen with their camels
SAD.58/9/13
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese policemen with rifles aboard two motor trucks
SAD.58/9/14
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese policemen with rifles and spades
SAD.58/9/15
[1940s-1950s]
Howell's two Sudanese servants on the steps of his house
SAD.58/9/16
[1940s-1950s]
N. Sudanese man in front of brick-built house with corrugated roof, possibly Howell's dwelling
SAD.58/9/17
[1940s-1950s]
Men with camels at the edge of a river
SAD.58/9/18
[1940s-1950s]
Three Northern Sudanese men standing by a truck
SAD.58/9/19
[1940s-1950s]
Two Bija men standing by a camel
SAD.58/9/20
[1940s-1950s]
Bija boys sitting by [a well]
SAD.58/9/21
[1940s-1950s]
Bija men stood with camels
SAD.58/9/22
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Bija men with British official in foreground
SAD.58/9/23
[1940s-1950s]
Hadanduwah man with mule carrying sacks
SAD.58/9/24
[1940s-1950s]
Bija men wearing white robes at a meeting
SAD.58/9/25
[1940s-1950s]
[Hadanduwah] man bowling in a cricket match
SAD.58/9/26
[1940s-1950s]
Group of [Hadanduwah] men
SAD.58/9/27
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese official standing next to truck with two Sudanese policemen in the background
SAD.58/9/28
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese boys using a bucket to raise water from a well
SAD.58/9/29
[1940s-1950s]
Sudanese official standing in front of bushes
SAD.58/9/30
[1940s-1950s]
Four Southern Sudanese women carrying gourds and a bundle of sticks
SAD.58/9/31
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese people carrying possessions towards a village
SAD.58/9/32-33
[1940s-1950s]
Two Southern Sudanese men constructing a frame for a tukl
SAD.58/9/34-35
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese men digging foundations for a tukl
SAD.58/9/36
[1940s-1950s]
Young Southern Sudanese woman posing in front of a log fence
SAD.58/9/37
[1940s-1950s]
Three young Southern Sudanese girls by a river bank
SAD.58/9/38
[1940s-1950s]
Group of young Southern Sudanese children with tukl in background
SAD.58/9/39
[1940s-1950s]
Large group of Southern Sudanese children with mountain in background
SAD.58/9/40
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese man tending crops
SAD.58/9/41
1950 May
Crops growing in front of village in the Bor area
SAD.58/9/42
[1940s-1950s]
Nyambara men with spears and bows in a canoe on the White Nile near Terakeka, Equatoria
SAD.58/9/43-44
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese men with dugout canoe
SAD.58/9/45
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese man with ambach canoe
SAD.58/9/46
[1940s-1950s]
Group of Southern Sudanese men and women by a river bank
SAD.58/9/47
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese man sitting by a river bank
SAD.58/9/48
[1940s-1950s]
Three Southern Sudanese men standing in a river
SAD.58/9/49-50
[1940s-1950s]
Two Southern Sudanese men carrying children
SAD.58/9/51-52
[1940s-1950s]
Southern Sudanese men chopping trees with axes
SAD.58/9/53
[1940s-1950s]
Group of [Dinka] men performing a tribal dance with spears
SAD.58/9/54
[1940s-1950s]
Groups of Southern Sudanese men carrying the roof of a tukl on their heads
SAD.58/9/55
[1940s-1950s]
Contact sheet showing village scenes in Southern Sudan
SAD.59/1/1-77
[1948 - 1954]
Photographs relating to the work of the Jonglei Investigation Team [JIT]:
SAD.59/1/
[1948 - 1954]
Surveying and measuring
SAD.59/1/1
[1948 - 1954]
Meausuring rod, secured to a rock in a river, used to measure water level
SAD.59/1/2
[1948 - 1954]
Measuring rod secured against a rock in a dry riverbed
SAD.59/1/3
[1948 - 1954]
Measuring pole dug into the ground
SAD.59/1/4
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker holding a measuring rod from a bridge into a dry riverbed
SAD.59/1/5
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker preparing a measuring rod to be used in the sudd
SAD.59/1/6
[1948 - 1954]
Measurements drawn up the bank of a river to measure water level
SAD.59/1/7
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker holding a measuring rod on the bank of a river
SAD.59/1/8
[1948 - 1954]
Blocks up a river bank to measure water level
SAD.59/1/9
[1948 - 1954]
Policeman and local people standing next to a block designed to measure water level
SAD.59/1/10
[1948 - 1954]
John Sutcliffe, JIT surveyor, using a theodolite in the sudd
SAD.59/1/11
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker surveying in the sudd using a telescopic instrument or theodolite, accompanied by two southern Sudanese men (possibly Shiulluk)and two Sudanese policemen
SAD.59/1/12
[1948 - 1954]
Member of the JIT team gauging the flow of a river using equipment [possibly used to measure radioisotopes]. The equipment is attached to a line strung across the river, held by a Sudanese man on the opposite bank
SAD.59/1/13
[1948 - 1954]
Two JIT workers holding a line across a river attached to which is a piece of equipment used to gauge the flow of the river [possibly by measuring radioisotopes]. A British member of the JIT sits on the farthest bank measuring the readings.
SAD.59/1/14
[1948 - 1954]
Two Sudanese men holding a line across a river attached to which is a piece of equipment used to gauge the flow of the river [possibly by measuring radioisotopes]. A British member of the JIT sits on the nearest bank measuring the readings whilst a group of Sudanese men look on from the opposite bank.
SAD.59/1/15
[1948 - 1954]
Two JIT workers stringing a line across a river [possibly to be used to set up equipment used for gauging the flow of the river]
SAD.59/1/16
[1948 - 1954]
Two JIT workers on a boat measure the depth of the White Nile near the mouth of the Sobat using a long surveying pole
SAD.59/1/17
[1948 - 1954]
British member of the JIT [possibly John Sutcliffe] in a rowing boat with a group of Sudanese men, measuring the depth of a lake or river using a long surveying pole
SAD.59/1/18
[1948 - 1954]
British member of the JIT standing in a shallow river or flooded swamp measuring the depth using a surveying pole
SAD.59/1/19
[1948 - 1954]
Hat floating near an upright surveying pole
SAD.59/1/20-22
[1948 - 1954]
John Sutcliffe, JIT surveyor, and a group of Sudanese men setting up gauging equipment in the sudd
SAD.59/1/23
[1948 - 1954]
Two JIT workers digging in the sudd [for mud samples]
SAD.59/1/24-25
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese man lifting water out of a deep hole using a tin can
SAD.59/1/26
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese man digging a hole observed by two British members of the JIT and a group of Sudanese men
SAD.59/1/27
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker digging a hole while two other men [take earth samples]
SAD.59/1/28
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men, one with a rifle, arranging planks across a causeway
SAD.59/1/29
[1948 - 1954]
Three JIT workers sitting in a grassy open area
SAD.59/1/30
[1948 - 1954]
Southern Sudanese man retrieving equipment from a river
SAD.59/1/31
[1951 - 1952]
Close up shot of dry cracked mud in the Machar marshes, Southern Sudan
SAD.59/1/32
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Sudanese workers gathered around a crane
SAD.59/1/33
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Sudanese men gathered around a crane with barrels in the foreground and a truck with “Sudan Government, Jonglei Investigation Team” written on the door
SAD.59/1/34-36
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Southern Sudanese men, led by a Sudanese policeman, carrying and dragging a boat through the sudd
SAD.59/1/37-38
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Sudanese men travelling through the sudd on a boat using long poles including a surveying pole
SAD.59/1/39
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Sudanese workers on board two boats stationary in the sudd
SAD.59/1/40
[1948 - 1954]
K.E. Sneldon and colleague, members of the JIT, travelling aboard a motor dinghy, and towing a rowing boat containing Sudanese workers behind
SAD.59/1/41
[1948 - 1954]
K.E. Sneldon and another British member of the JIT with three Sudanese workers on board a dinghy
SAD.59/1/42
[1948 - 1954]
K.E. Sneldon standing in a river by a motor dinghy, in the Aliab Valley, with a group of Sudanese JIT workers. Another boat containing Sudanese men is passing in the background.
SAD.59/1/43
[1948 - 1954]
K.E. Sneldon eating a meal aboard a boat on a river
SAD.59/1/44
[1948 - 1954]
John Sutcliffe wading, chest deep, through the sudd watched by a group of JIT workers
SAD.59/1/45
[1948 - 1954]
John Sutcliffe wading, chest deep, through the sudd
SAD.59/1/46
[1948 - 1954]
Southern Sudanese man wading through the sudd watched by three other men
SAD.59/1/47
[1948 - 1954]
Group of Southern Sudanese people swimming and wading through the sudd
SAD.59/1/48
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese man neck deep in the sudd
SAD.59/1/49
[1948 - 1954]
JIT workers walking through long grass
SAD.59/1/50
[1948 - 1954]
JIT worker and policeman wading through the sudd
SAD.59/1/51
[1948 - 1954]
JIT workers, some holding rifles, wading through the sudd
SAD.59/1/52
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men, one carrying a rifle, and a British member of the JIT struggling through the sudd
SAD.59/1/53
[1948 - 1954]
John Sutcliffe wading chest deep through the sudd followed by a group of Sudanese men carrying rifles and equipment
SAD.59/1/54
[1948 - 1954]
K.E. Sneldon waist deep in the Aliab swamps accompanied by a Sudanese man with shotgun and cartridge belt
SAD.59/1/55
[1948 - 1954]
British member of the JIT knee deep in the Aliab swamps
SAD.59/1/56-57
1951
JIT workers, one carrying a rifle, walking through the sudd in the Aliab Valley
SAD.59/1/58
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men waist deep in a river
SAD.59/1/59
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men carrying equipment and a rifle wading, waist deep, through a river
SAD.59/1/60
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men and British members of the JIT wading chest deep through a river carrying rifles and equipment
SAD.59/1/61
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men and a British JIT member wading knee deep through a river
SAD.59/1/62
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese men on the back of a JIT truck with two British JIT staff standing on the roof of the truck
SAD.59/1/63
[1948 - 1954]
Large group of Sudanese men pushing a JIT truck up a slope
SAD.59/1/64
[1948 - 1954]
JIT jeep and truck parked side by side with Sudanese men unloading equipment
SAD.59/1/65
[1948 - 1954]
British JIT member in front of JIT truck surrounded by a group of Southern Sudanese men and policemen
SAD.59/1/66
[1948 - 1954]
Large number of British and Sudanese involved in the JIT aboard four JIT trucks parked on a road
SAD.59/1/67
[1948 - 1954]
Two JIT trucks parked on a ferry
SAD.59/1/68
[1948 - 1954]
Members of the JIT accompanied by a large group of Sudanese men in front of the river steamer the S.R.S. Dal
SAD.59/1/69-72
[1948 - 1954]
The river steamer the S.R.S. Dal
SAD.59/1/73-75
[1948 - 1954]
Views of the bridge of the river steamer the S.R.S. Dal
SAD.59/1/76
[1948 - 1954]
Four Sudanese men playing cards on the deck of the river steamer the S.R.S. Dal
SAD.59/1/77
[1948 - 1954]
Shipbuilders plate [of the river steamer the S.R.S. Dal] inscribed “John Elder & Co., Engineers and Shipbuilders, Glasgow”
SAD.59/2/90-111
[1948 - 1954]
Photographs relating to the Jonglei Investigation Team:
SAD.59/2/90-96
[1948 - 1954]
7 photos of two British members of the JIT [possibly B.H. Dening, Assistant District Commissioner Upper Nile Province, and J. Winder, Deputy Governor Upper Nile Province] bathing and swimming near a small waterfall
SAD.59/2/97-98
[1948 - 1954]
Views of a camp set up by the JIT
SAD.59/2/99
[1948 - 1954]
View of palm trees by a river
SAD.59/2/100
[1948 - 1954]
Stacks of construction blocks by a river bank
SAD.59/2/101
[1948 - 1954]
Four Sudanese men playing cards
SAD.59/2/102
[1948 - 1954]
JIT survey team staff posing in front of a dead buffalo. Left to right: Makongo subchief, Koce Jumbri, chainman, game scout (holding a rifle) and two servants
SAD.59/2/103
[1948 - 1954]
Large group of Sudanese men, possibly members of the JIT survey team, posing on and around a dead elephant
SAD.59/2/104
[1948 - 1954]
Three Sudanese policemen holding rifles, mounted on horses, with pack mules
SAD.59/2/105
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese JIT staff by side of river
SAD.59/2/106
[1948 - 1954]
Southern Sudanese men digging in open grassland to help students studying agriculture in [Rumbek]
SAD.59/2/107
[1948 - 1954]
B.H. Dening, Assistant District Commissioner Upper Nile Province, J. Basinski, JIT Pasture Research and Inspector of Agriculture Upper Nile Province and J. Sutcliffe, Surveyor, saitting around a meal table
SAD.59/2/108
[1948 - 1954]
Three British members of the JIT standing in front of a de Havilland Dove aeroplane while two Sudanese men remove luggage and equipment
SAD.59/2/109
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese member of the JIT talking to a Sudanese official wearing a sash
SAD.59/2/110
[1948 - 1954]
Group of JIT staff and local men wearing head-dresses made from grass
SAD.59/2/111
[1948 - 1954]
Map showing a series of rivers and tributaries somewhere in Southern Sudan
SAD.59/2/1-89
[1948 - 1954]
Landscape views including rivers and mountains
SAD.59/2/1-8
[1948 - 1954]
8 views of a river [possibly the River Yabus – a tributary of the White Nile, which flows from East Sudan into Abyssinia and back – above the defile]
SAD.59/2/9
[1948 - 1954]
Sudanese people sitting at a hafir
SAD.59/2/10
[1948 - 1954]
Unidentified hafir
SAD.59/2/11-12
1949 Nov 17
Hafir at Girbanat, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/2/13
1949 Nov 17
Funnelling bank at the hafir at Girbanat, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/2/14
1949 Nov 17
Inlet to the hafir at Girbanat, Upper Nile Province
SAD.59/2/15
1949 Jul
View, from boat, of the upper Bahr al-Ghazal, 10 miles due south of Lake Ambadi
SAD.59/2/16
[1948 - 1954]
Small dam
SAD.59/2/17
1949 Nov 25
Hafir at Mabuba
SAD.59/2/18-20
1949 Oct
Views of an open area of grassland at Dekwok
SAD.59/2/21-24
[1948 - 1954]
British member of the JIT beside a river bank
SAD.59/2/25
[1948 - 1954]
View of the [River Kineti, Mongalla Province] 1 km below the road bridge
SAD.59/2/26
[1948 - 1954]
View of the [River Loliri, Uganda] at the Torit to Nimule road crossing
SAD.59/2/27
[1948 - 1954]
River Lokalyan near [Kalimulinga], Mongalla Province, at high spate
SAD.59/2/28
[1948 - 1954]
River Thingaita at Kapoeta showing standing waves formed as crest of spate passes
SAD.59/2/29
[1948 - 1954]
View of River Ashua from a bridge looking downstream
SAD.59/2/30
[1948 - 1954]
View of an Irish bridge (low water crossing) over a torrent east of the Boya Hills, Mongalla Province
SAD.59/2/31
[1948 - 1954]
Water ponded upstream of an Irish bridge (low water crossing) over a torrent east of the Boya Hills, Mongalla Province
SAD.59/2/32-33
[1948 - 1954]
River Kidepo looking downstream from a bridge
SAD.59/2/34
[1948 - 1954]
River Kit at Magwi, Mongalla Province, with the Torit to Nimule road crossing in background
SAD.59/2/35
[1948 - 1954]
Bahr al-Jabal downstream of the Makedo Falls,with Kiri Fort in the right background
SAD.59/2/36
[1948 - 1954]
View of a river [possibly the Bahr al-Jabal]
SAD.59/2/37-38
[1948 - 1954]
Views of grassland area [possibly near the Bahr al-Jabal]
SAD.59/2/39
[1948 - 1954]
View of river with mountains in background
SAD.59/2/40
[1948 - 1954]
View of tree lined valley with mountain range in background
SAD.59/2/41-42
[1948 - 1954]
Views of mountain with ruined wall in foreground
SAD.59/2/43-45
[1948 - 1954]
Views of town with mountains in background
SAD.59/2/46-72
[1948 - 1954]
Unidentified river views
SAD.59/2/73
1950 Feb
Small tributary of the River Kinyeti near Gilo
SAD.59/2/74-87
[1948 - 1954]
Views of hills and mountains
SAD.59/2/88
[1948-1954]
View of a dry river bed
SAD.59/2/89
[1948 - 1954]
View of dense forest
SAD.390/1/1-6
1922 - 1931
Selection of photographs taken by Percy Coriat with captions by D. Johnson:
SAD.390/1/1
1928 - 1931
View from the top of the pyramid of Dengkur, also known as Ngungdeng's mound, after its destruction
SAD.390/1/2
1928
Sudan soldiers with camels at rest during Patrol S.8
SAD.390/1/3
1928
Large group of Nuer Chiefs posing in front of a biplane outside a hangar at the RAF base in Khartoum
SAD.390/1/4
1922
The post office at Ayod, Upper Nile Province, sited under a large tree
SAD.390/1/5
1922-1926
Two Nuer men wearing beads and feathers
SAD.390/1/6
1926
Gawaar prophet Dwal Diu smoking a pipe
SAD.390/2/1-24
[1980s]
Photographs used in P.P. Howell, M. Lock and S. Cobb (eds), The Jonglei Canal: impact and opportunity, (1988)
SAD.390/2/1
1985 Jun
The southern end of the Jonglei Canal viewed from the space shuttle. The bend lies north of Kongor. Photo by Nasa Photo used as plate 3
SAD.390/2/2
1982
The southern end of the Jonglei Canal running through open woodland of Balanites Aegyptiaca. The digging machine can be seen at the top right of the picture. Photo by Alison Cobb Photo used as plate 4
SAD.390/2/3
1982
Jonglei Canal digging machine. The excavating unit and bucket wheel are on the left. Photo by Alison Cobb Photo used as plate 5
SAD.390/2/4
1982
Jonglei Canal digging machine. The excavating unit and bucket wheel are on the right. Photo by J. Goldsworthy Photo used as plate 6
SAD.390/2/5
[1980s]
The Owen Falls Dam at Jinja, Uganda, where the Nile leaves Lake Victoria. Photo by L. McGowan Photo used as plate 7
SAD.390/2/6
[1980s]
Murchison (Kabalega) Falls, Uganda, where the Nile drops into the Lake Albert basin. Photo by L. McGowan Photo used as plate 8
SAD.390/2/7
1986 Jan
The northern end of the Jonglei Canal, where the canal joins the White Nile at its junction with the Sobat, viewed from space. Photo by Nasa Photo used as plate 9
SAD.390/2/8
[1980s]
The channel of the Bahr al-Jabal showing spillage into a lagoon (right). Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 10
SAD.390/2/9
[1980s]
Swamp vegetation in the centre of the sudd. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 13
SAD.390/2/10
[1980s]
Woodland to the east of Ayod. Photo by M. Lock Photo used as plate 14
SAD.390/2/11
[1980s]
Vegetation colonisation of a lake. Photo by M. Lock Photo used as plate 16
SAD.390/2/12
[1980s]
A sudd blockage of the main channel of the Bahr al-Jabal. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 17
SAD.390/2/13
[1980s]
A young Dinka in traditional dress (beaded corset and colobus-skin kilt) with his “song bull”. Photo by J. Goldsworthy Photo used as plate 18
SAD.390/2/14
[1980s]
Vertical aerial view of a Dinka cattle camp in the early morning in which can be identified the individual hearths. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 20
SAD.390/2/15
[1980s]
Dinka cattle tethered to pegs in the early morning in a large dry-season cattle camp. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 21
SAD.390/2/16
[1980s]
Dinka cattle drinking from a rain pool in the early wet season. Photo by M. Lock Photo used as plate 22
SAD.390/2/17
[1980s]
Tethered goats lying on a large ash mound (hearth) in a Dinka cattle camp. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 23
SAD.390/2/18
[1980s]
Temporary huts in a Nuer dry season cattle camp. Young calves lie in the foreground. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 24
SAD.390/2/19
[1980s]
Aerial view of a Dinka homestead with, from left, the luak, cooking house, and tukl. Cattle are tethered in front of the luak. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 25
SAD.390/2/20
[1980s]
A Nuer communal fishing party. Photo by P.P. Howell Photo used as plate 26
SAD.390/2/21
[1980s]
Bundles of dried fish awaiting export from the sudd. Photo by M. Lock Photo used as plate 27
SAD.390/2/22
[1980s]
A herd of elephants in a swamp north of Bor during the dry season. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 30
SAD.390/2/23
[1980s]
Group of Nuer youths about to cut up a tiang that they, with the help of their dogs, have run down and speared. Photo by A. Cobb Photo used as plate 31
SAD.390/2/24
[1980s]
Southern Sudanese on the Bor-Kongor road, after improvement, during the wet season. Photo by M. Lock Photo used as plate 32
SAD.390/3/1-10
[1940s - 1960s]
Photographs of, or featuring, Howell:
SAD.390/3/1
[1940s]
Portrait of Howell
SAD.390/3/2
[1940s]
Howell in Sudan Political Service uniform
SAD.390/3/3
[1940s]
Howell (seated second from right) and a number of British officials at a dinner with a large group of Egyptian officials
SAD.390/3/4
[1940]
Sir Stewart Symes, Governor-General, (seated centre) with his personal staff in the Governor-General's palace. Standing (l to r): `Abd al-Gadir al-Sobahi; `Abd al-Ghani; al-Amin al-Shaykh; Muhammad Babikr; Da'ud Khalili; Hasan `Ali; Muhammad Guma'a. Seated (l to r): S.F.G Smith; G.D.N. Clark, District Commissioner, Gezira Province; Sir Stewart Symes, Governor-General; P.P. Howell, Aide-de-Camp and Assistant Private Secretary to the Governor-General; Husayn Bey Tahir
SAD.390/3/5-6
[1940s]
Howell seated on the front steps of his house
SAD.390/3/7
[1940s]
Howell (left) with S.F.G. Smith and family
SAD.390/3/8
[1940s]
P.P. Howell (far right) with other British officials walking on a hill with mountain range in background
SAD.390/3/9
[1940s]
Howell (left) with Sir Stewart Symes (centre) and other officials on the steps of the Governor General's Palace
SAD.390/3/10
[1966]
Howell as head of the British delegation to the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO) Economic Committee
SAD.390/4/1-36
[1940s - 1950s]
Photographs of Howell's colleagues, friends and family:
SAD.390/4/1-2
[1940s - 1950s]
J.G. Mavrogordato, Deputy Legal Secretary and Advocate General writing at a desk
SAD.390/4/3-4
[1940s - 1950s]
Officials in the Legislative Assembly
SAD.390/4/5-8
[1940s - 1950s]
British men and women playing polo on donkeys using hockey sticks
SAD.390/4/9
[1940s - 1950s]
Three British officials standing in the middle of a road by a truck
SAD.390/4/10-11
[1940s]
British officials examining a machine gun
SAD.390/4/12
[1940s - 1950s]
British official with child
SAD.390/4/13
[1940s - 1950s]
British official with camera
SAD.390/4/14
[1940s - 1950s]
British couple playing table tennis on the veranda of a house
SAD.390/4/15
[1940s - 1950s]
British official on camel with Sudanese man in foreground
SAD.390/4/16
[1940s - 1950s]
British official on camel
SAD.390/4/17
[1940s - 1950s]
Interior of large tent with British official seated in the corner
SAD.390/4/18
[1940s - 1950s]
British officials including Sir Hubert Huddleston (2nd from left) seated around a table under a large tree
SAD.390/4/19
[1940s - 1950s]
Two British officials with cameras with Bija man and camel in background
SAD.390/4/20-21
[1940s - 1950s]
Group of British officials seated around a table waited on by a Sudanese servant
SAD.390/4/22-36
[1940s - 1950s]
Unidentified British officials
SAD.58/10/1-4; 390/5/1-17
[1940s - 1950s]
Photographs of wildlife:
SAD.58/10/1-4
[1940s-1950s]
Dead elephant, one with the hunter sitting on top
SAD.390/5/1-2
[1940s-1950s]
Rhinoceros in Nimule Game Reserve
SAD.390/5/3-7
[1940s - 1950s]
Kudu on a cliff side, possibly in western Kordofan
SAD.390/5/8-12
[1940s - 1950s]
Birds in the grounds of the Governor-General's Palace, Khartoum
SAD.390/5/13-16
[1940s - 1950s]
Flocks of birds in an open grassland
SAD.390/5/17
[1940s - 1950s]
Close up shot of a chameleon on a rock
SAD.78/1/1-7
[1940s - 1950s]
Photographs of public and domestic buildings:
SAD.78/1/1-2
[1940s - 1950s]
Trees in blossom on the road in front of the Governor-General's Palace, Khartoum, with the Nile in the background
SAD.78/1/3-5
[1940s - 1950s]
Unidentified government building, probably Khartoum
SAD.78/1/6
[1940s - 1950s]
Kitchener Gate, Suakin
SAD.78/1/7
[1940s - 1950s]
Interior of a house, probably Howell's home
SAD.78/2/1-18
[1940s-1990]
Photographs of landscapes:
SAD.78/2/1-4
[1940s - 1950s]
Unidentified mountain range
SAD.78/2/5-6
[1940s - 1950s]
Euphorbia, probably in the Red Sea Hills
SAD.78/2/7
[1940s - 1950s]
View of plain from the top of a high hill
SAD.78/2/8-9
[1940s - 1950s]
Petrol cans in a rocky landscape
SAD.78/2/10-11
[1940s - 1950s]
View of a river with grass fire on the opposite bank
SAD.78/2/12-14
[1940s - 1950s]
Tents in campsite
SAD.78/2/15
[1940s - 1950s]
View of mountain range with river in background
SAD.78/2/16
[1940s - 1950s]
Aerial view of rivers and flooded area
SAD.78/2/17
[1940s - 1950s]
View from aeroplane of grassland and hills
SAD.78/2/18
1990 May
View of a channel cut into the Jonglei canal near [Pok Tap], Bahr al-Ghazal (colour). Caption by Douglas Johnson.
SAD.78/3/1-52
[1939-1942]
52 photographs of military activity in Eritrea, seemingly under Italian occupation, during the Second World War. Includes photographs of a bombing raid, and its aftermath, at Gura; bombing and destruction at a Caproni aircraft production facility [possibly that near Gura which was later occupied by Allied forces]; and bombing and destruction at Corbaria. Also includes photographs of the movement of [Allied] forces through an unidentified town [most likely in Eritrea]
SAD.78/4/1-11
[1939-1945]
Photographs, taken during the Second World War, of the Ethiopian crown jewels (SAD.78/4/1-4) and the interior and exterior of the Church of Saint Mary of Zion at Axum, Ethiopia (SAD.78/4/5-10. Also includes one landscape photograph of an unknown village [possibly near Axum] (SAD.78/4/11).
SAD.78/5/1-14
[1939-1945]
Photographs taken around an unidentified Ethiopian town [possibly Axum] during the Second World War. Includes one photograph of three Italian M11/39 tanks (SAD.78/5/14).
SAD.78/6/1-37
[1939-1945]
Photographs of various points of interest around Ethiopia and Eritrea taken around the time of the Second World War. Includes a separate list giving specific details for each photo (SAD.78/6/36-37). Note: photo number 30 in the original sequence is missing:
SAD.78/6/1-2
[1939-1945]
Mussolini tunnel, on Mount Termaber
SAD.78/6/3
[1939-1945]
Monument to those killed during the construction of the great Imperial Way and the Mussolini tunnel
SAD.78/6/4-7
[1939-1945]
Views of the great Imperial Way on Mount Termaber
SAD.78/6/8
[1939-1945]
Panorama of Debra Sina
SAD.78/6/9
[1939-1945]
The great Imperial Way through the forest of Ciaracia
SAD.78/6/10
[1939-1945]
Centre of Dessie, Ethiopia
SAD.78/6/11
[1939-1945]
The Imperial Way through Dessie
SAD.78/6/12
[1939-1945]
Eucalyptus wood near Dessie
SAD.78/6/13-14
[1939-1945]
Lake Haic, Ethiopia, with St Stephen's island in the background
SAD.78/6/15
[1939-1945]
The great Imperial Way near Alamata with the Cobbo plain in the background
SAD.78/6/16
[1939-1945]
Panorama of Quoram
SAD.78/6/17-18
[1939-1945]
Views of Lake Ascianghi, Ethiopia
SAD.78/6/19
[1939-1945]
Panorama of Mai Ceu (Maychew), Ethiopia
SAD.78/8/20
[1939-1945]
Village at Mai Ceu (Maychew) with Amba Aradam in the background
SAD.78/6/21
[1939-1945]
Amba Alagi
SAD.78/6/22
[1939-1945]
The Imperial Way near Aiba Pass, seen from the Toselli Pass
SAD.78/6/23
[1939-1945]
Toselli Pass at Amba Alagi
SAD.78/6/24
[1939-1945]
Enda Medani Alem - the Coptic Church where Pietro Toselli, who died at the Battle of Amba Alagi, was buried
SAD.78/6/25
[1939-1945]
Fort Galliano at Macalle
SAD.78/6/26
[1939-1945]
The great Imperial Way near Senafe
SAD.78/6/27
[1939-1945]
The great Imperial Way near Maaraba and Saganeita
SAD.78/6/28
[1939-1945]
Panorama of Decamere
SAD.78/6/29
[1939-1945]
Rock formaiton on the outskirts of Decamere
SAD.78/6/30
[1939-1945]
Street in Asmara
SAD.78/6/31
[1939-1945]
Cathedral in Asmara
SAD.78/6/32-33
[1939-1945]
The Coptic Church in Asmara
SAD.78/6/34
[1939-1945]
The mosque in Asmara
SAD.78/6/35
[1939-1945]
Large square in Asmara with the mosque in the background
SAD.78/7/1-3
[1940s]
Photographs of Allied military bands parading in front of an airport building in [Eritrea]
SAD.78/8/1-18
[1940s]
Unidentified photographs, possibly taken in Ethiopia and/or Eritrea around the time of the Second World Wa including an [RAF fighter] aeroplane (SAD.78/8/1); a road leading through mountains [possibly part of the “great Imperial Way”] (SAD.78/8/2); the verandah of a modern house (SAD.78/8/3); buildings [at the Caproni aircraft facility near Gura] (SAD.78/8/4-5); an unidentified town [possibly Gura or Corbaria] (SAD.78/8/6); and mountainous landscapes (SAD.78/8/7-15)
SAD.78/9/1-2
[1930s - 1940s]
Photographs of a street map of an unidentified town, probably in Abyssinia or Eritrea
SAD.78/9/3-4
[1930s - 1940s]
Views of unidentified town, possibly in Eritrea, with large hill or mountain in background
Negatives
SAD.78/10
[1930s - 1950s]
Negatives of images of landscapes, wildlife, people and tribes of the Sudan and Ethiopia, mostly of printed photographs in the collection
SAD.79/1
[1930s - 1950s]
Negatives of images of landscapes, wildlife, people and tribes of the Sudan, mostly of printed photographs in the collection
SAD.79/2
[1930s - 1950s]
Negatives of images of landscapes, wildlife, people and tribes of the Sudan, mostly of printed photographs in the collection
13. Maps and Plans
SAD.769/7/3
[ca. 1930s]
Map of western Kordofan showing the area occupied by the Ngok Dinka
scale:   1 to 2,000,000
Size: 20 x 33 cm
SAD.769/7/7
[ca. 1930s]
Sketch plan of tomb and 4 huts of Fapiti (on the back of an old invoice)
SAD/PF 28/2/1
1935 Feb
Map of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan reproduced by the Sudan Survey Department
scale:   1:8,000,000
Size: 41 x 29 cm
SAD/PF 28/2/2
[1940s]
Map of a section of the White Nile running through White Nile Province and part of Upper Nile Province, drawn by the Sudan Survey Department (Topo. No.S.834-50)
Size: 38 x 29 cm
SAD/PF 28/1/4
1952
Map of the Bangwuelu Swamps, Zambia (plotted by F. Debenham, compiled and drawn by Directorate of Colonial Surveys)
scale:   1:35,000
Size: 66 x 75cm
SAD/PF 28/2/3
1954
Map of East Africa (Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika) showing population density, tsetse fly infestation and reliability of annual rainfall (drawn by Directorate of Colonial Surveys from information supplied by the Royal Commission to East Africa)
scale:   1:3,000,000
Size: 49 x 63 cm
SAD/PF 28/2/4
1961
Transport map of Sudan
scale:   1:8,000,000
Size: 30 x 26 cm
SAD/PF 28/2/5
[1970s]
Map showing the suggested alignment of the Jonglei Canal to the east of the settled areas between Bor and Duk Faiwil, Upper Nile Province
scale:   1:250,000
Size: 38 x 74 cm The map seems to have been removed from a larger document and is titled “appendix 2”
SAD/PF 28/2/6
1984
Map showing the alignment of the Jonglei Canal in Bor District
scale:   1:50,000
Size: 29 x 51 cm
SAD.769/7/4-6[MP]
1987
Maps drawn by Rosalind Caldecott for K.D.D. Henderson's Set under authority (1987) Copyright, Rosalind Caldecott
SAD.769/7/4[MP]
1987
Map of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
scale:   1 in to 100 miles
Size: 28.5 x 37 cm
SAD.769/7/5[MP]
1987
Map of the Nuba Mountains
Size: 20.5 x 19 cms
SAD.769/7/6[MP]
1987
Map of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan showing boundaries and rivers. No place names marked. Base map for SAD.769/7/4[MP] above
SAD/PF 28/2/7
[1980s]
Photocopy of a map showing the routes of cattle movement of the Twic Dinka near Bor, Upper Nile Province
14. Newspaper Cuttings
SAD.80/2/1
1946 Feb 16
Article by unknown author from the New Statesman and Nation concerning the life of anthropologist Jack Driberg
SAD.80/2/2
1975 Sep 27
Obituary of Sudanese politician, Sayyidd Buth Diu, from The Times
SAD.80/2/3
1978 Feb 4
“Saving the Sudd”, article from The Economist
SAD.80/2/4
[1980s] Oct 1
Reprint of a letter to the editor of The Times entitled “By him who sleeps in Philae”, by G. Birdwood (originally printed 1 Oct 1912)
SAD.80/2/5
[1980s]
“Changes on the Nile”, letter from G. Dickinson and J. Briggs printed in [The Scotsman]
SAD.80/2/6-7
1982 Feb 20
“Sudan goes bust”, article from The Economist
SAD.80/2/8-9
1982 Dec
Photocopy of the first page of “Half built canal still cause for dispute”, an article by D.P. Shaw and D. Leather in Geographical Magazine, with typescript covering note criticising the article
SAD.80/2/10-11
1984 Nov 6 – 1987 Nov 10
Photocopies of four cuttings of letters sent by G. Yeoman, geographer and explorer, to The Times and The Independent, entitled “Famine in Ethiopia”, “Aid to African women”, “Population fears for Third World”, and “Feeble Nile a symbol of wider ills”
SAD.80/2/12-16
1989
“People of the Nile”, an article by G. Moorhouse, historian, from Telegraph Weekend Magazine concerning the photographs of K. Nomachi
SAD.80/2/17-18
1990 May 25
“Tension flows from ebbing Nile”, an article by A. Hindley from MEED
SAD.80/2/19-20
1990 Mar 8
“Middle East's cup runneth dry”, an article by G.D. Moffet from The Christian Science Monitor
SAD/80/2/21
1990 Mar 27
“Seeds of conflict are water-borne in parched Middle East”, an article by C. Walker from The Times
15. Printed Material
SAD.769/7/8-9
Extract from Aucuparius: recollections of a recruiting officer by R.D. Furse (1962), pp 288-291, containing references to the Sudanese system of administration
SAD.769/7/10
Gillan, J.A.: Some aspects of Nuba administration Sudan Government memoranda no 1 (with note by Howell) (Khartoum, 1931) (Dupl. at SudA. PK1453.3)
(b) In Library
Durham University Library Printed material deposited with collection; now integrated into library and catalogued on OPAC. Evans-Pritchard, E.E., The political system of the Anuak of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Monographs on social anthropology no 4 (London School of Economics, 1940)
Grandin-Blanc, Nicole, “Le Soudan Nilotique et son administration coloniale Britannique (1898-1956). Éléments d'interprétation socio-historique d'une expérience coloniale” Doctoral thesis prepared under the direction of M. Paul Mercier, Director of Studies, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris (Paris, 1975)
Howell, P.P., “On the value of iron among the Nuer” repr. from Man, 1947, 144
Howell, P.P. (ed), “The Equatorial Nile Project and its effects in the Sudan”, a paper by members of the Jonglei Investigation Team ed. by P.P. Howell. Repr. from The Geographical Journal v119 pt 1 (1953)