Arabic manuscripts and lithographs in the Sudan Archive
Introduction
The secretarial practice of the Mahdist government
Contents
Arrangement

Catalogue

Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: Arabic manuscripts and lithographs in the Sudan Archive
Dates of creation: 1897-1989
Extent: ca. 400 items
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Language: Arabic

The secretarial practice of the Mahdist government

The lithographic press together with all imported stationery in the administrative offices of the Egyptian government in Khartoum were captured by the Mahdists on the fall of the capital on 26 January 1885. Enough stationery was seized to serve the needs of the Mahdist government until its fall in 1898 though it is possible that small supplies were imported through merchants at Aswan and Suakin. During the siege of Khartoum General Gordon had a series of currency notes (items Nos. 100-101) lithographed on the press of which the succeeding Mahdist government performed the whole of its lithographic work. The Mahdists first operated the press in its original room in the hukumdariya in Khartoum but transferred it during the months of Sha`ban and Ramadan 1304 (April-June 1887) to the new Mahdist capital of Omdurman.
The organization of the Mahdist press (al-matba `at al-mahdiya)
See Sudan Intelligence Report No.60, 25 May - 31 December 1898, p.56.
For a list of books lithographed on the press, see ibid., p.63.
Towards the close of the regime the organisation was as follows:-ControllerMukhtar Mahmud Badai, a DunqulawiChief printerMuhammad Zuhni, a muwalledCopyistHasan Salab Salih b. al-HusanyniCorrector`Umar al-Azhari, a muwalledChief bookbinderal-Jak al-Suyuff, said to have been an Egyptian Of the calligraphers of the regime three were held in high repute: `Abd al-Ghani al Salawi, a Turk; Muhammad al-Amin, who came from the west and wrote in sakrawi hand, a variant of the maghrabi; Ibrahim Muhammad b. `Abd Allah al-Dalil, of lesser repute, and Hasan Salab Salih b. al-Husayni, universally considered the finest of them all, who reduced the lost 2nd impression of the Mahdi's ratib (see footnote at no. 274a below) to lithography.
The clerks of the Khalifa `Abd Allahi's central government maintained a centralized letter book. As it was kept up to date it contained documents in their final form. From this letter book all the documents in the various collections of letters were copied. By contrast, collections of letters copied from the provincial letter books to a large extent represent the original form of the documents.

Contents

This small group of Arabic manuscripts and lithographs belongs almost entirely to the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Some of the items concern trivial matters, others are incidental to a parallel, and much larger correspondence in English. The remainder includes the most important group of Sudanese Mahdist documents outside the archives of the Ministry of the Interior in Khartoum and in private hands in the Sudan.
The papers of Sa`id Pasha Shoucair (Shuqayr) contain documents concerning the finances of the Sudan (1909-34) and of Palestine and Syria (1918-20). All items not described as lithographs are manuscripts.

Accession details

Most of the Arabic manuscripts and lithographs were collected by Sir Rudolf Baron Slatin and General Sir Reginald Wingate. The Slatin papers were deposited with the School of Oriental Studies in January 1961 by the Pasha's daughter, Mrs. Arthur Ponsonby; the Wingate papers were presented in April 1958 by the General's son, Sir Ronald Wingate. The latter gift excluded some Mahdist letter books and other documents originally part of the Wingate papers but which had been sold shortly after General Wingate's death in 1953. These were purchased in February 1960 mainly through the generosity of former officials of the Sudan Government, and returned to the body of the Wingate papers. A further, smaller, collection of Mahdist documents from the Wingate papers was purchased by the University of Durham from a private owner in November 1961.

Arrangement

Material is within the Sudan Archive.

Items accompanied by English translations bearing the same call numbers as the originals are starred, those accompanied by German translations are starred **. Translations whose length necessitates separate call numbers are indicated.

Catalogue

Anonymous
SAD.99/8/1-64   undated
Arabic language chap-book in cursive Hebrew script, unpaginated.
64f.
Size: 11 x 8.5 cm.
Binding: sewn, in cloth pouch
Provenance unknown.
SAD.152/1/1-158; 152/2/1-89; 152/3/1-2 (glass negs)   1895
Conspiracy: dossier of documents in Arabic and English concerning a supposed conspiracy, 1895.
The Arabic portion consists of 141f., two cracked photographic glass negatives, 15 photographic prints, one copy of the imprint of a seal, and an anonymous printed pamphlet entitled al-`Ajwibat al-Qur`an `ala al-aslat al-Masihiya ([Cairo?] 1895).
3 files
SAD.404/10/1-5   ca. 1933
Description of al-Ubayyad (el-Obeid) in the last years before its capture by the Mahdists in 1883. Dictated by a humble survivor of the Egyptian regime to J.G.S. MacPhail, District Commissioner, in the mudiriyah building.
9f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.170/3/1-2   November 1918
Egyptian Nationalist manifesto, signed by various inhabitants of the Fayyum.
2f.
SAD.101/17/3-4   undated
Memorandum on the Turks in Arab lands.
2f.
SAD.101/17/5-10   undated
Memorandum on the Turks in Arab lands. Copy of SAD 101/17/3-4 in a different hand.
3f.
SAD.99/10/1-25   undated
Portion of a wird of an unidentified brotherhood (tariqa), in Sudani hand. Badly wormed.
25f.
Size: 12.7 x 9 cm.
SAD.493/6/44-46   20 March 1920
Ra`is al-wuzzara`. Three unsigned letters from a correspondent in Cairo to ra`is al-wuzzara`, [?Damascus]. One of these is to Faysal, and one to Rida Pasha al-Rikabi (the ra`is al-wuzara).
3f.
SAD.425/7/1-38   undated
Riwayat masra` Tajuj wa Mahallaq. MS. notebook, text pp. 1-74, in hand of S. Hillelson.
124p.
Size: 23 x 17.5 cm
See: Ihsan Abbas “Tajuj fi l-adab al-sudani”, al-Kalam al-Jadid, I, No. 4, 1952, pp. 27-38.
SAD.494/13/4   undated
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Unsigned verse in honour of Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.258/1/434-448   January 1895
Taqrir yahtawi anwa` al-khalal al-hasil al-an fi l-masalih wa ma yajib itiba`hu li`l-islah [Report on present administration confusion and its remedy] Duplicated MS., [Cairo, January 1895].
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Named pieces
SAD.430/7/1   20 Ramadan 1312 [17 March 1895]
`Abbas Hilmi Pasha, Kedive of Egypt. Brevet recording the promotion of al-Qa`im maqam Rudolf Slatin Bey to the rank of mir alayi.
1f.
Seal: Inscription on seal: `Abbas Hilmi
SAD.101/28/14-18   [November/December 1914]
`Abbas Hilmi Pasha, Kedive of Egypt. Photograph of a pro-Ottoman lithographed propaganda sheet purporting, though doubtfully, to have emanated from the deposed Khedive, `Abbas Hilmi Pasha, then at Istanbul . .
5f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/14-18
SAD.101/18/1-10   2 Ramadan 1336 [12 June 1918]
`Abd Allah b. `Abd al-Wahid, al-shaykh. Proposal to attack the Turks in Ibb. Copy of agreement between him and certain shaykhs of Ibb, Ta`izz and `Udayn districts. 2 copies.
10f.
SAD.101/16/2,11   25 Jumada I, 1334 [30 March 1916]
`Abd Allah b. Husayn, qa`id `amm al-jaysh al-sharifiya, afterwards King of Jordan. Copy of a letter to Muhammad Sharif al-Faruqi.
2f.
SAD.101/19/7-10   4 Shawwal 1334 [4 August 1916]
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to mir alayi H.D. Pearson Bey, representative of the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/2,4   5 August 1916
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
2f.
SAD.101/19   16 Shawwal 1334 [16 August 1916]
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
Noted missing: 25/3/1981.
SAD.101/19/11-15   17 Shawwal 1334 [17 August 1916]
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Copy of telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
4p.
SAD.101/19/20   27 September 1916
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/19/21   8 October 1916
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha. .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/22-24   12 Dhu`l-hijja 1334 [11 October 1916]
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to F.R. Wingate Pasha. .
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/25-28    undated
`Abd Allah b. Husayn. Telegram to al-liwa` [C.E.] Wilson Pasha, with comment by al-Sharif Husayn b. Ali.
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.430/1/3   Shawwal 1303 [July 1886]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Proclamation to the Dhuwi Husayn, the Arabian tribe of Sa`d d. Salim, summoning them to the jihad against the Turks and appointing Hudhayfa b. Sa`d al-Ahamidi their leader.
1f.
Size: 59.7 x 43.1 cm
Seal: Seal of Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi, dated 1292 [1875/1876]
Lithograph
Na`um Shuqayr, Ta`rikh, III, 433-4.
SAD.250/1/538-539   undated
English translation of proclamation, SAD 430/1/3.
2f.
SAD.438/652/13-14   9 Shawwal 1305 [19 June 1888]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Mumdah Abu Uthman.
2f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/652/15-18   4 Muharram 1306 [10 September 1888]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Henry, Adolf and family of `Abd al-Qadir Salatin [Slatin], (précis).
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.430/1/1   Rabi II, 1306 [December 1888/January 1889]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Proclamation.
1f.
Size: 54.5 x 39.5 cm.
Lithograph
SAD.430/1/2   Rabi II, 1306 [December 1888/January 1889]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Copy of proclamation, SAD 430/1/1.
1f.
SAD.430/2/1-7   23 Jumada I 1306 [25 January 1889]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Proclamation, in seven copies and copies of the proclamation addressed in manuscript to the following Arabian tribes:.
7f.
Size: 54 x 30.5 cm.
Seal: seal inscribed “Hasbuna Allah wa ni`am al-wakil”
Lithograph
SAD.430/2/1   [25 January 1889]
Hamidiya tribe: Yusuf `Abd al-Karim and Abd Allah abu Awad.
1f.
SAD.430/2/2   [25 January 1889]
Hijjaza tribe: Ahmad Khalil and Musa `Ali.
1f.
SAD.430/2/3   [25 January 1889]
Qawqat tribe: al-Hajj Muhammad.
1f.
SAD.430/2/4   [25 January 1889]
Barahima tribe: Ahmad al-`Imari and Yunis Ahmad.
1f.
SAD.430/2/5   [25 January 1889]
Sulaymiya tribe: Ahmad `Ali, Al `Isa, Khalil Ahmad, Husayn `Abd al-Mun`im.
1f.
SAD.430/2/6   [25 January 1889]
Bayyadiya tribe: `Abd al-Zumar, Umran Muhammad.
1f.
SAD.430/2/7   [25 January 1889]
Tribes of al-Dayr, Halal and Baghdadi: Mahmud Taha `Abd al-Jalil, Ahmad `Ali abu Qurun, Mahmud abu Shihata.
1f.
SAD.430/2/8   undated
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Undated proclamation to the people of Hudhayfa b. Sa`d.
1f.
Size: 54 x 58 cm
Seal: date on the seal, which bears the Koranic passage, “Hashuna Allah wa ni`am al-wakil” (sur. 3: 174) is indistinct
Lithograph
SAD.100/9/1-5   II Rabi I, 1311 [22 September 1893]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur.
5f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/12/1   5 Jumada I, 1313 [25 October 1895]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Muhammad al-Mahdi b. al-Wali al-Sanusi.
1f.
SAD.438/652/3-6   20 Safar 1314 [31 July 1896]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to `Abd al-Qadir Salatin [Slatin], with fair copy in Arabic (précis).
4f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/652/9-12   20 Safar 1314 [13 July 1896]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Muhammad Bushara, with fair copy in Arabic.
4f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/652/7-8   21 Safar 1314 [1 August 1896]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Muhammad Bushara.
2f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/12/6    3 Dhu`l-qa`da 1315 [26 March 1898]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Communication to all Muslims in the world.
1f.
SAD.430/30/1-3   13 Dhu` I-Qa`da 1315 [5 April 1898]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to the amirs Mahmud Ahmad, `Ali al-Sanusi and his father Salah, al-Bishari (?)…(?), Muhammad Fadl Allah, `Isa Zakariya, `Abd al-Qadir Dalil, Muhammad Walad `Ali, al-`Ata Usul, al-Fadli Adam Fadl al-Hasani, `Abd Allah Hamid Muhammad al-Zaki `Uthman, `Ali Farfar, al-Bakhit al-Namuri, Muhammad Ibrahim abu Fatima, Ahmad abi Shafi`, Hammad Idris, al-Kabur (?) …(?), Amr Karaja (?), `Abd al-Samad abu Saghir, al-Nur Za`id, and Idris Harun.
3f.
SAD.101/12/4   [1316/1317 = 1898/1899]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Letter to Muhammad Ajbar, Yahya Muhammad, Ibrahim al-Nayir, and others.
1f.
SAD.101/12/1-3,5,7-18   [1898-1899]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Seventeen documents consisting of letters received from commanders and shaykhs, and copies of letters despatched, together with lists and returns. The dated documents were all written in 1316 and 1317 [1898 and 1899], between the Khalifa's defeat at Omdurman on 2 September 1898 and his death at Umm Dibaykarat in 24 November 1899.
Contents:
Khalifa to Katir Himaydan, Khayr al-Sid, `Ali Farfar, and others, 13 Rabi`I, 1317 [22 July 1899]; to al-Shami Habbani, Jumada II, 1316 [September/October 1898]; to al-Shami Habbani, 9 Ramadan 1316 [21 January 1899].
a-Shami Habani to the Sirdar [H.H. Kitchener Pasha] with a list of names, 26 Jumada II, 1316 [11 November 1898]
Letters from Bush Daw al-Bayt, undated; Habib Allah Muhammad [1316/1317 = 1898/1899]; Ibrahim Mukhayyir, 10 Shawwal 1316 [21 February 1899]; Jayli Adam al-Makk 25 Rabi `I, 1317 [3 September 1899]; Rabagh Walad Juma`, 22 Shawwal 1316 [5 March 1899]; al-Shami Habbani, 29 Jumada I, 1316 [15 October, 1899]; `Umar al-Nalwa [?] and Muhammad al-Dardir Walad Ahmad [1316/1317 = 1898/1899]; Yahya Muhammad [1316/1317 = 1898/1899]
List of articles taken over from al-Majdhub al-Tahir; list of fighting men and families; list of weapons in the ruba's of Muhammad Musa Diqna, of Majdhub al-Tahir and of Ibrahim Sa`id [1316/1317 = 1898/1899]
.
16f.
SAD.101/15/1-25   [1899]
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Paper pouch, covered with red cloth, containing eighteen fragments of paper on which is Arabic handwriting, found on the body of the Khalifa `Abd Allah on the battlefield of Umm Dibaykarat, 24 November 1899.
1 file
SAD.471/11/43   6 [Dhu] I-Qa `da 1345 [8 May 1927]
`Abd al-`Aziz b. `Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal [Al Su`ud], al-Amir (afterwards al-Malik]. Letter to [Brigadier] General [Sir G.F.] Clayton.
1f.
Size: 33.7 x 23.7 cm
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.472/10/18-19   6 Jumada I 1347 [21 October 1928]
`Abd al-`Aziz b. `Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal [Al Su`ud], al-Amir. Letter to [Brigadier] General Gilbert Clayton.
30.8 x 21 cm
SAD.101/21/13-14   21 Ramadan, 1314 [23 February 1897]
`Abd al-Rahman Khujali, al-`amil. Two letters to al-Hajj Khawwas Khan.
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/35/1-2   20 November 1925
`Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi, al-Sayyid Sir. Letter to Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate.
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/654/3   20 Jumada II 1315 [16 November 1897]
`Abd al-Rahman Muhamma Khalifa, and Dulub Bakhuri. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
SAD.438/670/1-6   24 February 1914
Abu `Isa. Letter to Governor-General and Sirdar. With note in Arabic, 16 April 1914.
6f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/9/20-21   8 June 1919
Abu`l-Nasir al-Yafi. Letter to [? the Amir Faysal b. Husayn].
2f.
SAD.194/4/30-31   25 April 1915
Abu`I-Qasim Ahmad Hashim, shaykh ulama` al-Sudan. Letter to the Governor-General [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
2f.
SAD.101/21/5-7   25 Sha`ban 1314 [29 January 1897]
Abu Sinn walad Habub, shaykh `urban qism al-Khartum. Letter to the muhafiz of Dongola.
3f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/668/1-2   Jumada II 1327 [July/August 1909]
Adam Hashi of the Iyyal Tulbahanta [British Somaliland]. Petition to Slatin Pasha. Envelope dated in German 29 June 1909 (précis).
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/43   29 February 1920
`Adil Arslan. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.493/6/23-29   5 November 1919
Ahmad ... ra`is al-muhasaba al-`umumiya [? Syria]. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, mudir al-mali al-`amm.
6f.
SAD.493/6/33   7 December 1919
Ahmad ... ra`is al-muhasaba al-`umumiya [? Syria]. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, mudir al-mali al-`amm.
1f.
SAD.493/6/58   13 Tammuz [July] 1920
Ahmad ... ra`is al-muhasaba al-`umumiya [? Syria]. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, mudir al-mali al-`amm.
1f.
SAD.98/4   1305 [1887/1888]
Ahmad al-`Awwam. ... al-Risalat al-musamma bi nasihat al-`Awwam li `l-khass wa`l-amm min ikhwanihi ahl al-iman wa`l-Islam fi wijub [etc]. [Umm Durman].
98p.
Size: 23.5 x 15.2. cm
Lithograph
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.98/5/1-36   undated
Language:  English translation.
Ahmad al-`Awwam. ... al-Risalat al-musamma bi nasihat al-`Awwam li `l-khass wa`l-amm min ikhwanihi ahl al-iman wa`l-Islam fi wijub [etc].
35p.
Size: 34 x 21 cm
SAD.101/19/58   14 Dhu`l-hijja [1334], 12 October 1916
Ahmad Fatin Pasha, amir al-hajj. Telegram to the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
1f.
SAD.101/19/59-60   14 October 1916
Ahmad Fatin Pasha, amir al-hajj. Letter to the Sirdar.
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/61-62   18 Dhu`l-hijja [16 October 1916]
Ahmad Fatin Pasha, amir al-hajj. Telegram to the Sirdar.
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.153/9/1-3   1886
Ahmad [? Ibrahim Ahmad] Pasha, Prince. Statements by al-qa`im maqam `Abd al-Rahman Majdi Bey and al-bimbashi Ibrahim Raji Efendi on a fracas between Prince Ahmad and an Egyptian Army driver, 23 June 1886, Cairo. .
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/658/1-2   20 March 1896
Ahmad Sulayman al-Farisi, al-Hajj. Letter to Slatin Pasha. .
2f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.99/9   1882
Ahmadiya (Idrisiya). A wird (collection of prayers) of the Ahmadiya order founded by Ahmad Idris al-Fasi, written by Ahmad Yusuf.
Ms. Arabic, naskh hand, unpaginated. Date of finishing the writing of the ms. Friday, 29 Shawwal 1299 [13 September 1882] .
108f.
Size: 16.5 x 11 cm
SAD.494/1/1-7   19 Tammuz, [July] 1919
Ala` al-Din b. `Abd al-Hamid, wali Suriya. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, with 6 enclosures.
1+6f.
SAD.438/667/1-2   27 July 1912
`Ali b. Ahmad b. Muhsin, sultan of Lahij. Letter to Slatin Pasha. .
2f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/27/6   dated imperfectly 17 Dhu l-qa`da [? ca. 1889]
`Ali `Adlan Bakhit. Letter to Almaz Pasha Agha.
1f.
SAD.101/27/4   [ca. 1889?]
`Ali `Adlan Bakhit to [?] Daryul Agha.
1f.
SAD.101/27/3   [ca. 1889?]
`Ali `Adlan Bakhit to Kazim Agha.
1f.
SAD.101/27/5   [ca. 1889?]
`Ali `Adlan Bakhit to the Khedive Abbas Hilmi Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/28/19   10 Jumada I, 1320 [14 August 1902]
Language:  English translation.
`Ali Dinar b. Zakariya, sultan of Darfur. Letter to the Governor-General of the Sudan, announcing the surrender of the amir `Arabi Dafa `Allah.
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/19
SAD.101/28/1   26 Rajab 1334 [29 May 1916]
`Ali Dinar b. Zakariya, sultan of Darfur. Copy of a letter to the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/1
SAD.101/28/2-4   2 Sha ban 1334 [4 June 1916]
`Ali Dinar b. Zakariya, sultan of Darfur. Letter to qumandan quwwat al-hudud al-gharbiya [Col. P.J.V. Kelly].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/2-4
SAD.101/16   [March 1916]
`Ali b. Husayn, al-amir. Copy of a note, transmitted by his father, al-Sharif Husayn, to the High Commissioner for Egypt (Sir A.H. McMahon).
1f.
Missing: 5/3/2006.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.478/10/2   1946
`Ali Mintai. `Ali Mintai amnesty, treaty between the Bani `Amir and Hadenduwa tribes, Jan-Feb 1946, the original document agreed at the meeting.
1f.
SAD.194/4/32-33   25 April 1915
`Ali al-Mirghani, al-Sayyid. Letter to the Governor-General [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
2f.
SAD.438/673/1-2   4 November 1926
`Ali al Mirghani, al-Sayyid Sir. Letter to Slatin Pasha. .
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.169/1/89-92   14 June 1918
`Ali al-Rimawi, al-Shaykh. Address of welcome to Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate on the latter's visit to Jerusalem. .
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/51   1 June 1920
Amin Ma`luf. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.438/669/1-2   14 June 1900
Arakil Sarkis. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
2f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/55   9 July 1920
`Aziz Jurj. Letter to the Amir Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.493/6/59   13 July 1920
`Aziz Jurj. Letter to the Amir Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.101/16/3,6   27 Rabi II 1334 [4 March 1916]
Banu Salman Rifada Tribe. Copy of a letter from the Shaykh al-mashayikh of the tribe, to the amir `Abd Allah b. Husayn, unsigned. .
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/28/8-13   8 September 1916
Bashir Bey Kanbal, Letter to the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha]. .
6f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/8-13
SAD.494/13/1   1909
Bashir Ramadan. Verse in honour of Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/13/1   10 Shawwal 1316 [21 February 1899]
Dar Hamid tribe. Petition to the Khalifa `Abd Allahi by the Hamid qabila of Dar Hamid in Kordofan, complaining that the ansar had raided them.
1f.
SAD.425/5/1-19   ca. 1932
Farah walad Taktuk, al-Shaykh. Sayings, collected in the neighbourhood of Sennar by A.J. Arkell.
14f., assorted sizes
SAD.425/6/1-46   n.d.
Farah walad Taktuk, al-Shaykh. Collected poems and sayings, in the handwriting of S. Hillelson.
21f., assorted sizes
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/52   18 June 1920
Faris Bey al-Khuri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/16/2-3,12-15   March 1916
Faysal b. Husayn, al-amir, qa`id al-jiyush al-shimaliya, afterwards King of Iraq. Copy of a note, transmitted by his father al-sharif Husayn b. `Ali to the High Commissioner for Egypt [Sir A.H. McMahon].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/55   9 Muharram 1336 [25 October 1917]
Faysal b. Husayn, al-amir. Letter to the High Commissioner, Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate.
1f.
SAD.101/19/50-51   2 Muharram 1337 [8 October 1918]
Faysal b. Husayn, al-amir. Letter in reply to the High Commissioner's telegram of congratulation on the fall of Damascus.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6   16 October 1919
Faysal b. Husayn, al-amir. Copy of a letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
2f.
Missing 7/3/2006.
SAD.493/4/34-43   [1921?]
Faysal b. Husayn, al-amir. Speech to the executive committee of the supreme council, Damascus, unpaginated.
10f.
SAD.493/6/64   10 May 1921
Faysal b. Husayn,al-amir. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.493/6/66   1 Haziran [June] 1921
Faysal b. Husayn,al-amir. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.494/3/13   10 November 1921
Faysal b. Husayn,al-amir. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha marked “private”.
1f.
SAD.430/7/9   14 Jumada I, 1336 [25 February 1918]
Fuad (Ahmad Fu`ad), Sultan (1917-1922) and King (1922-1937) of Egypt. Brevet of the Order of the Nile, 2nd class conferred upon Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha,.
1f.
SAD.430/7/6   6 Shawwal 1344 [19 April 1926]
Fuad (Ahmad Fu`ad), Sultan (1917-1922) and King (1922-1937) of Egypt. Brevet of the Grand Cross or the Order of Isma`il (conferred upon Sir Geoffrey Archer.
1f.
SAD.430/7/11   25 Shawwal 1348. [26 March 1930]
Fuad (Ahmad Fu`ad), Sultan (1917-1922) and King (1922-1937) of Egypt. Brevet of the Order of the Nile, 4th class, conferred upon H.C. Jackson.
1f.
SAD.472/10/20-21   10 Jumada I 1347 [25 October 1928]
Fu`ad Pasha Hamza. Letter to Sir Gilbert Clayton.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/17/1-2   19 May 1916
Fu`ad Pasha al-Khatib, Under-Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hijaz. Letter to the Governor-General of the Sudan [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/34   24 December 1919
Fu`ad Pasha al-Khatib, Under-Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hijaz. Letter to Sa`id Pasha Shuqayr.
1f.
SAD.11/9/1-10; 11/10/1-9   1884-1885
Gordon Pasha, Major General Charles George. Currency notes issued by Gordon Pasha during the siege of Khartoum, 1884-85. Each note bears its consecutive number, the date of issue (25 April 1884), the Government stamp in French and Arabic, Gordon's seal in Arabic and his signature in Roman characters. Each note differs in stylistic detail from the other.
PT.5, PT.10, PT.20, PT.100, PT.500, PT.1000, PT.2000, PT.2500, and PT.5000.
Size: 9.5 x 6 cm
Lithograph
See M.W. Parr, ` “A rough outline of the history of Gordon's notes”, typescript, 11f., SAD 424/12/1-11; correspondence concerning them, SAD 427/1/1-154; proceedings of the suit C. Lytsikas contre le Gouvernement Egyptien, 1888, SAD 427/9/1-71).
SAD.12/2   1884-1885
Gordon Pasha, Major General Charles George. Currency note issued by Gordon Pasha during the siege of Khartoum, 1884-85., PT. 500.
Lithograph
SAD.250/1/39   1 Muharram 1302 [21 October 1884]
Gordon Pasha, Major General Charles George. Letter from Muhammad Khashm al-Mus Bey, qumudan `umum al-Shayqiya, signed in Roman characters “C.G. Gordon”. .
1f.
Seal: sealed in Arabic “Ghurdun"
SAD.100/4/1-2   [end 1884?]
Gordon Pasha, Major General Charles George. Envelope of a letter to al-Sayyid Muhammad `Uthman al-Mirghani, said by the donor, Sir Ronald Wingate, Bt., to have been among the last letters sent by Gordon from Khartoum .
1 piece
SAD.493/6/63   21 April 1921
Haddad Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.438/654/1-2   24 May 1895
Hamad abu Sinn. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.453/659/3-5   29 December [18]96
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.453/659/8-9   12 February [18]97
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.453/659/10-13   28 February [18]97
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.453/659/14-15   28 February [18]97
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.440/4/6   8 March 1897
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
SAD.440/4/1-2   8 March 1897
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.440/4/3-5   15 March 1897
Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.226/7/20   14 December 1899
Hamid al-Badawi. Congratulatory letter to Col. Sir F.R. Wingate .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.453/659/6-7   29 December [18]96
Hamid al-Badawi and Muhammad Busati. Letter to Slatin Pasha, .
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.171/1/33-34   3 December 1918
Hasan Muhammad. Letter to the High Commissioner for Egypt (Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate) opposing the journey of Sa`d Zaghlul Pasha and other nationalists to Europe.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.98/3   5 Dhu `l-qa da 1305 [14 July 1888]
al-Hasan b. Sa`d al-`Abbadi. … Kitab al-risalat al-musamma al-anwar al-saniya al-mahiya li zulam al-munkirin `ala l-hadrat al-Mahdiya, a defence of the Mahdi and his teaching. al-Buq `a [i.e. Umm Durman].
268+5p.
Size: 22.6 x 15.2 cm
Lithograph
See: Brockelmann, Suppl. II, 896.
SAD.430/15/9   1886
Hasan Shaykhu. Sanat [18]86 [History of his family in the Sudan]. Dated 75 [sic.].
1f.
SAD.430/15/10   
Hasan Shaykhu. Précis in English. Typescript.
1f.
SAD.100/14/1-3   13 Rabi I, 1309 [17 October 1891]
Hashim b. `Umar al-Kanimi, sultan of Burnu. Letter of recommendation on behalf of al-Hajj `Isa.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.97/5/7-9   n.d. [1880s?]
Hayatu b. Sa`id b. Muhammad Billu b. al-Shaykh Uthman b. Fudi [i.e. Uthman dan Fodio]. Copy of a letter to Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi.
3f.
Size: 16.5 x 23.5 cm
Digitised material for Letter to Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi - SAD.97/5/7-9
SAD.135/3/26-35   29 Shawwal 1333 [9 September 1915]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to Sir A.H. McMahon.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/16/1,7-9   25 Jumada I, 1334 [30 March 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to Sir A.H. McMahon, with unsigned, undated note enclosed.
1f. each
SAD.101/16/4,10   25 Jumada I, 1334 [30 March 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to al-sharif Muhammad b.`Ali [al-Idrisi] with unsigned, undated note enclosed.
1f. each
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/16/4-5,17-18   25 Jumada I, 1334 [1 April 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to al-Imam Yahya b. Muhammad Hamid al-Din, with unsigned, undated note .
1f. each
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/16/1-2,19   27 Jumada I, 1334 [1 April 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to Captain Ronald Storrs, unsigned.
1f.
SAD.101/31/1-8   15 Jumada II, 1334 [18 sic (=19) April 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to the High Commissioner through Governor, Port Sudan .
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/31/9-11   16 Jumada II 1334 [19] sic (=20) April 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to the High Commissioner through Governor, Port Sudan .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/31/12-17   18 Jumada 1334 [21, sic (=22) April 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Copy of a letter to the High Commissioner through Governor, Port Sudan .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/17/15-16   25 Sha `ban 1334 [27 June 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Proclamation of independence, original draft.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/17/11-14   [1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. IIa sukkan bilad al-`arab, proclamation to the inhabitants of the Arab lands.
3 copies
Size: 35 x 22.5. cm
Lithograph
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/1   30 Ramadan 1334 [31 July 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Telegram to the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
1f.
SAD.101/19/56-57   , 10 Shawwal 1334 [10 August 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the British agent, Jedda [C.E. Wilson Pasha].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/5   8 October 1916
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Telegram to the Sirdar.
1f.
SAD.101/31/18-19   2 Safar 1336 [28 November 1916]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Telegram to the Sirdar.
1f.
SAD.101/19/4   [1916]
al-Sayyid `Ali Bey (afterwards Pasha). Copy of a telegram to [C.E.] Wilson Pasha, with English translation only of another Arabic telegram, both undated,.
1f.
SAD.101/34/1-3   14 Rabi I 1335 [8 January 1917]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the British agent (al-mu `tammad al-biritani) [C.E. Wilson Pasha].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/52-54   1 Sha `ban 1335 [23 May 1917]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the High Commissioner for Egypt [Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate].
1f.
SAD.146/4/9-15   1917
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Autograph letter to C.E. Wilson Pasha, ff. 2, unsigned, undated, with explanatory letter, bearing the date 12 Dhu-l qa`da [13]25 [30 August 1917]. Both letters received on 31 August 1917.
2f. & 3f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/2/6-7   6 Shawwal 1336 [15 July 1918]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the High Commissioner for Egypt [Gen. Sir F. R. Wingate] concerning al-fariq Ja far Pasha al-Askari.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/2/6-7 - Arabic material
SAD.101/2/3-4   13 Shawwal 1336 [22 July 1918]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Ibid. Two letters to the High Commissioner for Egypt [Gen. Sir F. R. Wingate] concerning al-fariq Ja far Pasha al-Askari.
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/2/3-4 - Arabic material
SAD.101/2/1-2   24 Muharram 1337 [30 October 1918]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the High Commissioner for Egypt [Gen. Sir F. R. Wingate] concerning al-fariq Ja far Pasha al-Askari.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/2/1-2 - Arabic material
SAD.101/2/5   24 Muharram [30 October 1918]
Language:  English translation
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to the amir Faysal concerning Fu`ad Pasha al-Khatib.
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/2/5 - Arabic material
SAD.493/6/30-31   7 Tashrin II [November] 1919
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to [? Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha] signed by a member of Husayn's staff al-murafiq jalalat al-malik wa mushawwar al-fanni .
1f.
SAD.430/7/12   I Rabi `l 1338 [24 November 1919]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Brevet conferring the decoration of al-Nahda in the First Class on Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate.
1f.
Seal: inscription on seal: al-diwan al-hashimi
SAD.115/5   4 Jumada II 1338 [24 February 1920]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to Gen. Sir F. R. Wingate. (See SAD 115/5/5-9 below).
1f.
SAD.115/5/5-9   4 Jumada II 1338 [24 February 1920]
Husayn b. Ali, Sharif of Mecca, afterwards King of the Hijaz. Letter to Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate expressing pleasure at the latter's acceptance of the Nahda decoration.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.98/5/37-50   undated
Husayn Ibrahim wad al-Zahra`. English translation of his commentary on Ahmad al-`Awwam's Nasihat al-`Awwam (SAD 98/4). The author commends Ahmad al-`Awwam, criticizes the `ulama of the former Egyptian regime and their president, al-Amin Muhammad al-Darir, and ends with a brief biography of the Mahdi.
14p.
A copy of the original Arabic version is in the India Office (Arab. D. 18).
SAD.430/7/10   17 Rabi` II 1334 [21 February 1915]
Husayn Kamil Pasha, sultan of Egypt. Brevet of the Order of the Nile, 2nd Class, to Sir H. Wasey Sterry.
1f.
SAD.430/7/13-14   9 Sha`ban 1333 [22 June 1915]
Husayn Kamil Pasha, sultan of Egypt. Brevet of the Order of the Nile, Grand Cordon, to Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.430/7/15   11 Safar 1335 [7 December 1916]
Husayn Kamil Pasha, sultan of Egypt. Brevet of the Order of Muhammad `Ali Grand Cordon, to Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate.
1f.
SAD.115/3/1-2   7 December 1916
Husayn Kamil Pasha, sultan of Egypt. Letter to Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate announcing the conferment of the Grand Cordon of the Order of Muhammad Ali for his work in restoring to Egypt her former frontiers by the reoccupation of Dar Fur. French translation also signed by the Sultan.
1f.
SAD.100/16/1-3   [end of 1899]
Ibrahim Ahmad Muhammad al-Tahiri. Tahni`a, congratulatory letter to Col. F.R. Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/1-2   Rabi II 1315 [August/September 1897]
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/3-4   9 Rabi `I 1315 [8 August 1897]
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/5-7   10 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh.Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/8-10   12 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/17-19   18 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/27-29   24 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/33-34   
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Ibid., 8 September 1897 .

With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/35-36   12 Rabi `II 1315 [10 September 1897]
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/41-42   1897xxxx
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha, 1315 [1897], with entry in a different hand stating that this letter was received on 15 November 1897.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/39-40   7 Jumada I 1315 [4 October 1897]
brahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to the Sirdar [H.H. Kitchener Pasha], with entry in a different hand stating that this letter was received on 7 October 1897.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/11-13   14 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh and `Umar Idris a;-Fazzari, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/14-16   17 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/22-24   20 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/25-26   21 August 1897
Ibrahim Muhammad Farah, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha. .
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/21/10-12   22 Sha `ban 1314 [26 January 1897]
Ibrahim Muhammad al-Nitayfa, shaykh `urban qism `Ibud. Letter to the Sirdar [H.H. Kitchener Pasha].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.250/1/102   17 Rabi` I 1302 [4 January 1885]
Idris Muhammad Sa `d. Petition to Lord Wolsely Pasha [sic.] complaining that the English have impounded his men and camels.
1f.
Size: 39 x 26.4 cm
SAD.101/20/4-5   5 Jumada II, 1314 [9 November 1896]
`Irfan b. `Abd Allah, al-Hajj. Letter to Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur.
1f.
SAD.100/18/1-3   22 Rajah 1314 [27 December 1896]
`Irfan b. `Abd Allah, al-Hajj. Letter to [Milham] Shaqur Bey.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.238/6/99-100   7 January 1920
`Isa `Abduh Khalil, `umda of Debeira. Letter to Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/13/2-4   29 Rajab 1309 [28 February 1892]
Ishaq Sultan Muhammad, sultan of Dar Sula. Letter of recommendation on behalf of al-Hajj `Isa Hasan, about to make the pilgrimage.
1f.
SAD.99/6/1-405   A.H. 1306 [1888/1889]
Isma`il `Abd al-Qadir. … Kitab sa`adat al-mustahdi bi sirat al-imam al-Mahdi [etc.]. A biography of the Mahdi from A.H. 1298 to 1302, mentioned by E.L. Dietrich, “Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah”, Encyclopaedia Islam. According to Na`um Bey Shuqayr (Ta`rikh al-Sudan, 3, 559) the Khalifa `Abd Allahi is said to have ordered all copies of this work to be destroyed. This copy, the only known survivor, was procured from the Sudan by Na`um Bey.
405p.
Size: 25.1 x 16.5 cm
SAD.247/4/1-357   n.d.
Isma`il `Abd al-Qadir. Kitab sa`adat al-mustahdi bi sirat al-imam al-Mahdi, with 32f. index by translator.
322f + 32f
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.99/7   1890
Isma`il `Abd al-Qadir. … al-Risalat al-musamma h bi l-tiraz al-manqush bi bushra qatil Yuhanna malik al-Hubush [etc.]. According to a note on p. 183 this copy was made by Muhammad Ahmad Hashim on yawm ashura [10 Muharram] 1308 [ 26 August 1890], and (on p. 182) the collection of the materials was completed on 6 Shawwal 1306 [5 June 1889]. No other copy is known to exist.
183p.
Size: 20.2 x 13.3 cm
SAD.247/3/1-88   
Isma`il `Abd al-Qadir. Ibid., by Na `um Shuqayr .
88f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/17/6-8   20 Ramadan 1305 [31 May 1888]
Isma `il al-Faqi `Ali. Letter to `Abd al-Rahman al-Nujumi, `Amil `umala` al-Mahdi.
1f.
SAD.494/11/18   13 January 1935
Isma `il al-Azhari, mufti al-Sudan al-sabiq. Letter to Sir Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.152/5/1-51   1 July 1901
Isma `il Pasha Sarhang. Report to the Adjutant-General on the state of Egypt.
52p.
SAD.115/4/15-16   December 1915
Isma`il Sirri Pasha. Letter to the Sirdar of the Egyptian Army [Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate] accompanying the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile, dated at the head of the letter 23 December 1915; dated at end of the text 16 Safar 1334 [24 December 1915].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/6/62   14 January 1921
Ja`far al-`Askari Pasha. Letter to Sir Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/28/5   29 May 1916
Kelly, Col. Phillip James Vandeleur. Copy of a letter to `Ali Dinar b. Zakariya.
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/5
SAD.101/28/6-7   9 June 1916
Kelly, Col. Phillip James Vandeleur. Copy of a letter to `Ali Dinar b. Zakariya.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Arabic manuscripts and lithographs SAD.101/28/6-7
SAD.493/6/56   10 Tammuz [July] 1920
Khalid `Akil, Fu`ad `Abd al… (?) Halabi, Ilyas Khuri, Sa`d Muhammad and three other, unreadable signatures, six of the seven signatures accompanied by seals, on a memorandum on the independence of Lebanon.
1f.
SAD.494/9/70   November 1911
Khalil Hajj. Two letters to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, 14 November 1911 and 18 November 1911.
1f.
SAD.493/3/1-2   1 April 1920
Khattar Kan `ana. Copy of a declaration.
1f.
SAD.101/21/1-4   [28 June 1897]
Kitchener Pasha, Horatio Herbert, Sirdar of the Egyptian Army. Copy of a circular letter to al-Shaykh Ahmad wad `Ajul, al-Malik Bashir walad Batran, al-Malik Hamid wad al-Likaylik, al-Malik Mika` il al-Malik Awad Allah, al-Malik Muhammad Daqrashawi, and al-Malik Sulayman wad Abu Hijil.
3f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/21/8-9   April 1897
Kitchener Pasha, Horatio Herbert, Sirdar of the Egyptian Army. Copy of a letter to Abu Sinn walad Habub and Ibrahim Muhammad al-Nitayfa, 2 April 1897 with covering letter from Slatin to Wingate, 8 April 1897.
2f.
SAD.101/1/1-22   variously dated in 1316 and 1317 [1898/1899]
Kitchener Pasha, Horatio Herbert, Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and Maxwell Bey, John Grenfell. Twenty letters to shaykhs and maks in Dar Nuba, inciting them to unite and kill the Khalifa `Abd Allahi.
20f.
Koran, Hadith
SAD.97/6   
Koran, in Sudani hand, , in leather-bound case, boxed, uneven pages in bad state, provenance in Sudan unknown.
1f.
Size: 22 x 15.5 cm
SAD.97/5/48-51   Undated
A fragment consisting mostly of passages from the Koran .
4f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.6 cm
SAD.100/17/10   n.d.
Page from the Koran (sur, LVII, 1-20), pointed, in Maghribi hand. Found on the battlefield of Toski [Tushki], 1889.
1f.
Size: 22.2 x 15.3 cm
SAD.97/5/40-43   Undated
Collection of hadith.
4f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.5 cm
Digitised material for Collection of hadith - SAD.97/5/40-43
SAD.97/5/52-57   Undated
Collection of hadith, a fragment.
6f.
Size: 23 x 16.5 cm
SAD.100/8/5-7   26 December 1908
Kyrullus, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/27/1   20 [mistake for 19] Rajab 1334 [22 May 1916]
McMahon, Sir Henry, High Commissioner for Egypt. Letter to the sharif Husayn b. `Ali, amir Makka.
1f.
SAD.493/7/29   Kanun II [January] 1919
Mahmud `Abd Allah Akil, Director of the Agriculture Bank of Damascus. Statement of funds advanced to cultivators in Palestine.
1f.
SAD.494/13/2   7 October 1917
Mahmud Arif. Verse in honour of Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.100/15/1-3   1 April 1910
Mahmud Muhammad al-Hajjan, Mulazim Awwal. Letter to Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/5/1-3   15 Barmuda 1891 [10 April 1899]
Matta`us (Ghubriyal Buqtur), mutran al-mamlakat al-habashiya. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/8/12   16 April 1909
Matta`us (Ghubriyal Buqtur), mutran al-mamlakat al-habashiya. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
SAD.100/8/13   7 July 1909
Matta`us (Ghubriyal Buqtur), mutran al-mamlakat al-habashiya. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
SAD.100/5/4-5   3 February 1912
Matta`us (Ghubriyal Buqtur), mutran al-mamlakat al-habashiya. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/5/6-8   10 April 1917
Matta`us (Ghubriyal Buqtur), mutran al-mamlakat al-habashiya. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/22/1-2   Undated. [? 1896-1897]
Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia. Abstract of a despatch to the Khalifa `Abd Allahi, warning him that the English and al-Ifrinj (Belgians or French) were approaching the While Nile from east and west.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/1/18-19   8 Rajab 1301 [4 May 1884]
al-Muddaththir Ibrahim. Letter to `Abd Allah al-Nur about a slave girl called Zamzam.
1f.
SAD.101/4/1-2   
al-Muddaththir Ibrahim. Passage in verse and prose found in a bag in the possession of Shaykh al-Mudaththir Ibrahim.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/661/1-3   1 March 1897
Mudawwi `Abd al-Rahman al-Sinnari. Letter to Slatin Pasha .
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/661/4-5   8 March 1897
Mudawwi `Abd al-Rahman al-Sinnari,qadi mudiriyat Dunqula. Letter to Director of Military Intelligence (mudir mukhabarat al-Jaysh al-Misri ), .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/8/14-16   [1909]
Muhammad b. `Abd Allah b. Hassan al-Mahdi, al Hashimi (the so-called “Mad Mullah” of Somaliland). Letter to Captain H.E.S. Cordeaux.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/23/1-3   [1909]
Muhammad b. `Abd Allah b. Hassan al-Mahdi, al Hashimi. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha and R.C. von Slatin Pasha.
1f.
SAD.98/2/8   undated
Muhammad al-Aghbash najl Ahmad al-Basir. Letter to Muhammad Ahmad b. Abd Allah al-Mahdi.

Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi
Undated Pieces
SAD.97/5/46-47   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Bisni`llahi l-rahmani l-rahimi [etc.]. An invocation.
2f.
Size: 23.6 x 16.5 cm
SAD.98/2/5   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Copy of letter to Muhammad al-Aghbash b. Ahmad al-Basir.
1f.
Size: 26.3 x 9.6 cm
SAD.97/5/10-17   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Exhortation to jihad, followed by answers to six legal questions, a fragment.
8f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.9 cm
Digitised material for Exhortation to jihad - SAD.97/5/10-17
SAD.97/5/132-136   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Hadha manshur al-baya min al-imam al-Mahdi [etc.], proclamation concerning the oath of fealty.
5f.
Size: 23.5 x 17.0 cm
SAD.97/5/18-39   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Kitab ahkam al-salah, rules for prayer, a fragment.
22f.
Size: 23.5 x 17.0 cm
Digitised material for Kitab ahkam al-salah - SAD.97/5/18-39
SAD.97/5/58-75   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Kitab al-manhiyyat, concerning prohibited things.
18f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.9 cm
SAD.97/5/44-45   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Mulhaq bi-hadrat al-jarda al-atiya, revelation concerning the coming expeditionary force.
2f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.8 cm
Digitised material for Mulhaq bi-hadrat al-jarda al-atiya - SAD.97/5/44-45
SAD.97/5/84-85   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation.
2f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.7 cm
SAD.430/3/1   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation.
1f.
Size: 77.6 x 54 cm
Lithograph
SAD.430/4/1   undated
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation.
1f.
Size: 78 x 54.3 cm
Seal: Seal inscribed La ilah illa Allah/Muhammad rasul Allah/Muhammad al-Mahdi ibn `Abd Allah, 1293 [1876/1877]
Lithograph
SAD.430/4/2   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. A copy of SAD 430/4/1.
1f.
SAD.430/5/1   undated
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation.
1f.
Size: 54.7 x 39 cm
Lithograph
SAD.97/5/96-97   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation concerning marriage.
1f.
SAD.97/5/130-131   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Proclamation concerning women.
352f.
 
Number not used.
SAD.97/5/92-95   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Religious practices of the Mahdi.
4f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.9 cm
 
Number not used.
SAD.438/677/17-25   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Treatise on the observance of Ramadan.
16p.
Size: 14.4 x 10.4 cm
Lithograph
SAD.98/2/3   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Two proclamations, undated, one to the governor (wali) of Egypt, the other to the `ulama` of Egypt.

Size: 46 x 34 cm
SAD.97/5/144-145   [1870s or 1880s?]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah al-Mahdi. Wa hadhihi da `wat iftitah al-Qu`ran al- `azim, invocation before reading the Koran.
2f.
Size: 23.5 x 17.0 cm
Dated Smaller Pieces
SAD.100/10/1   3 Shawwal 1294 [11 October 1877]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Bill of sale of a slave girl, written, signed as a witness and sealed by Muhammad Ahmad b. al-Sayyid `Abd Allah. This and items 235 and 247 are the only autographs of the Mahdi in this collection.
1f.
SAD.98/2/1   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of a letter to Shaykh Ahmad b. al-Faqi Muhammad Hajj Sharif, undated but stated on the ms that the original dated from before the Mahdiya.
1f.
SAD.97/5/103-106   I Sha`ban 1298 [29 June 1881]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Letter to Shaykh Muhammad b. al-Shaykh al-Tayyib [al-Basir] from Aba Island.
1f.
SAD.98/2/7   [October 1881]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Letter to Shaykh Sulayman of al-Masallamiya, undated; written by the Mahdi during his flight from Aba to Jabal Qadir.
1f.
SAD.100/11/1-6   1299 [1881/1882]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation. Text undated .
1f.
Seal: inscribed Muhammad Ahmad b. al- Sayyid `Abd Allah"
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.97/5/129   22 Muharram 1300 (3 December 1882]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Question from `Abd Allah b. al-Nur and the Mahdi's answer.
1f.
SAD.97/5/130-131   1300 [1882/1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation.
1f.
SAD.97/5/123   1300 [1882/1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation concerning handwriting.
1f.
SAD.97/5/108   1300 ? [1882/1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation to those wrongfully treated by the Mahdi or his officers.
1f.
SAD.97/5/109   1300 ? [1882/1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Covering letter to proceeding item addressed to the Commission of the Treasury.
1f.
SAD.97/5/124-129   1300 [1882/1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation concerning the booty of al-Ubayyad.
1f.
SAD.98/2/2   1882-1885
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copies of six letters: to Shaykh Muhammad al-Milaykan and al-Hajj Marzug b. Muhammad, (undated); to al-Hajj Marzuq b. Muhammad, 14 Rajab 1302 [29 April 1885]; to Sa`id Ahmad Badr and Ahmad Musa al-Tahir [etc.] (undated); to Shaykh al-Basir (undated); to al-Hajj Marzuq, 17 Dhu` l-hijja 1299 [30 October 1882] with postscript of 18 Shawwal 1300 [22 August 1883]; to al-Hajj Marzuq b. Muhammad, 18 Rabi `I, 1300 [17 January 1883].
1f.
SAD.97/5/111-113   26 Rabi II 1300 [6 March 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation suspending cases at law under the previous regime.
1f.
SAD.97/5/113-115   13 Jumada II 1300 [21 April 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation to `Umar Ilyas and Muhammadayn al-`Arif.
1f.
SAD.97/5/117-122   22 Rajab 1300 [29 May 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Answer of the Mahdi to a letter from the people of al-Manna Isma`il.
1f.
SAD.100/1/20-21   8 Sha`ban 1299 [25 June 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Letter to Shaykh `Asakir walad Abi Kalam.
1f.
SAD.97/5/98-100   24 Sha`ban 1300 [29 June 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation on selling and buying.
1f.
SAD.97/5/106-108   29 Shawwal 1300 [2 September 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Answer of the Mahdi to Hayatu b. Sa`id; see item 120 above.
1f.
SAD.97/5/123-124   3 Dhu` l-qa`da 1300 [5 September 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation to the inhabitants of Bara and al-Ubayyad.
1f.
SAD.97/5/110-111   15 Dhu`l -qa`da 1300 [17 October 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation concerning oaths.
1f.
SAD.97/5/86-91   [ca. 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Collection of four documents, all undated: (1) Hadha manshur al-hudud min sayyidina al-imam al-Mahdi; (2) proclamation; (3) proclamation; (4) proclamation to the expedition commanded by W. Hicks Pasha, [19 Dhu` I-hijja 1300 = 21 October 1883].
6f.
Size: 23.5 x 16.8 cm
SAD.97/5/115-116   22 Dhu`l-hijja 1300 [24 October 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation.
1f.
SAD.97/5/101-103   (13 Muharram 1301) [14 November 1883]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation concerning names .
1f.
SAD.97/5/100   2 Rabi `II 1301 [1 January 1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Proclamation of the vision.
1f.
SAD.97/5/97-98   15 Rab`I 1301 [14 January 1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Letter to Shaykh Hasib b. al-Siddiq al-Majdhub.
1f.
SAD.98/2/4   4 Sha`ban 1301 [30 May 1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of letter to al-Hajj al-Shaykh Muhmud, his sons and relations.
1f.
Size: 19.7 x 13.6 cm
SAD.438/677/26-37   [1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. An expanded treatise on the observance of Ramadan.
pp. 10-24 are identical with SAD 438/677/17-25 [no. 229]. Recorded on p.9 that pp. 1-9 were completed in Ramadan 1301 [June/July 1884] .
24p.
Size: 14.8 x 10.2 cm
Lithograph
SAD.438/677/14-16   4 Shawal 1301 [28 July 1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of a letter to Fakhr al-Din Hasan, being pp. 9-12 from an unidentified letter book.
4p.
Size: 27 x 19 cm
Lithograph
SAD.100/1/17   1 Muharram 1302 [21 October 1884]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of letter to C.G. Gordon Pasha.
1f.
Size: 45.7 x 34.1 cm
Offical collections of admonitions (indharat) and proclamations (manshurat)
SAD.99/5   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Kitab al-indharat al-sadrat min al-imam al-mahdi al-muntazar Muhammad b. `Abd Allah [etc.] 1st ed. pp. 1-48, 57-96, [al-Khartum, undated].
1f.
Size: 23 x 16 cm
Lithograph
p. 49-56, containing a letter from the Mahdi to C.G. Gordon Pasha, of 7 Jumada I, 1301 [6 March 1884] appears in vol. II of the second edition of the Manshurat, at pp. 109-18 [no. 265]. These pages are missing from all other known copies except one of SAD 99/4 in the Sudan Archive. This 1st edition of the Indharat, bound in blue-tinted paper, comprised copies of 31 letters from the Mahdi dated between 1298 [1880-81] and 1301 [1883-1884] was ready for issue in Sha`ban 1304 [April/May 1887]. The letters were not placed in chronological or any other known order and the last proclamation is incomplete. Only two letters were dated and three were written in the margins as though inserted after the text was written. The text contains copyist's mistakes. In brief, the first was an inferior edition and it was almost certainly never issued.
SAD.438/677/1-13   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of a letter to C.G. Gordon Pasha, being pp. 49-56 from another copy SAD 99/4 [no. 265].
13f.
Size: 22.7 x 16 cm
Lithograph
SAD.101/19/2   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Copy of SAD 438/677/1-13 [no. 262].
1f.
Missing 7/3/2006.
SAD.99/3   1304 [1886/1887]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. al-Juzz` al-awwal min manashir [in vol. II manshurat] sayyidina al-imam al-Mahdi al-muntazar Muhammad b. `Abd Allah etc. Vol. I. [al-Khartum].
290p.
Size: 25.5 x 17.1 cm
Lithograph
The Khalifa `Abd Allahi's council in Sha`ban 1304 [April/May 1887] discussed a project for issuing a second lithographed edition of the Indharat as the council probably felt that the first edition should be replaced by a more worthy successor. The second edition is written in a different hand from the first edition and the contents are arranged in time order. It early became the definitive edition and most of the later letter books of the Mahdi were copied from it. Only one imprint of vol. I was made. There is another copy (ff.152, 36.5 x 26.5 cm) in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (MS. No. 6129). A xerographed impression, with explanatory notes by the staff of the Central Archives, Minister of the Interior, Khartoum, pp. 290 viii, pinned, paper-bound, was issued (al-Khartum 1963).
SAD.99/4   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. al-Juzz`al thani min manshurat al-imam muntazar al-Khass wa`l-`amm Muhammad al-Mahdi b. `Abd Allah [etc.]. Vol. II, 2nd ed. (pp. 157-8 duplicated), [al-Khartum].
316p.
Size: 24.1 x 17.1 cm
Lithograph
Vol. II constituted the second and improved edition of item no. 261. The second edition contains matter not included in vol. I but overlaps the latter. This volume also known to contemporaries as kitab al-indharat was in two editions. The above copy is of the 2nd edition as also is xerographed copy, with explanatory note by the Central Archives, pp. iii + 316 +xii (table of contents) paper bound, pinned, Khartoum, 1963. There is another copy in the India Office Library.
Audiences (Majalis) of the Mahdi As the Caliph Abu Bakr called the young Muslim community to write down the spoken words of the Prophet so the Khalifa `Abd Allahi called the Mahdist community to read the still unwritten public utterances of the Mahdi. Item no. 266 is the earliest known example of the response. The complier was for some time qadi of al-Qadarif.

SAD.97/5/46-207   [1889]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Sayings of the Mahdi. Written by al-Tahir Muhammad Tatay and completed on 4 Jumada I, 1306 [6 January 1889].
62f.
Size: 23.8 x 17.1 cm
Digitised material for Sayings of the Mahdi - SAD.97/5/46-207
SAD.97/5/1-6   undated
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Sayings and invocations of the Mahdi. Same as no. 228.
ff.6, with lacuna between ff.4b and 5a
Size: 23 x 17 cm
Digitised material for Sayings and invocations of the Mahdi - SAD.97/5/1-6
SAD.97/3   undated
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. [ Manshurat sayyidina al-imam al-Mahdi], a collection of letters, proclamations and sayings of the Mahdi. This is an altogether inferior majlis to no. 266. It contains many mistakes of transcription especially in dates. Most of the contents were copied, if inaccurately, from the lithographed volumes of the Manshurat [nos. 264, 265]. Three other books of majalis are known to exist in the Sudan.
11p+ 723p (page 1 missing)
Size: 24.1 x 17.1 cm
Letter Books Other letter books containing copies of letters from the Mahdi and the Khalifa `Abd Allahi are:-
Daftar `Abd al-Rahman Wad al-Nujumi, compiled by `Abd al-Hakam al-Tahir al-Faqi al-Makki. Undated, original in Sudan Government Archives, Khartoum, (microfilm: SOAS, Ac. No. 101492; Sudan Archive, SAD 14/9/4/M, another copy SAD 14/14M)
Daftar `Uthman Diqna (i.e. `Uthman b. Abi Bakr Diqna), letters from 1 Rajab 1300 [8 May 1883] to 25 Dhu` l-qa`da 1307 [13 July 1890]. Compiled by al-Tahir al Mahjub. Original in Sudan Government Archives, Khartoum (microfilm: Sudan Archive, SAD 14/14/2/M)
Kitab majmu` manashir sayyidina al-imam al-Mahdi, proclamations dated between 1298 [1881] and 1304 [1886-1887], ff. 376, 21.8 x 15 cm. Original in Cambridge University Library, Mss. B. 12 (9) (microfilm: Sudan Archive, SAD 14/7/M)
Letter book transcribed by Yusuf Mikha`il, letters between Dhu` l-qa`da 1297 [October/ November 1880] and 3 Ramadan 1302 [16 June 1885]., ff. 125, 24.1 x 31.7 cm. Original in the Khalifa `Abd Allahi's house museum, Umm Durman, (microfilm: Sudan Archive, SAD 14/9/2M)
.

SAD.98/1    A.H. 1309 [1891/1892]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. … Kitab al-fuyudat al-wahbiya li sahib al-khilafat al-mustafawiya Muhammad al-Mahdi al-muntazar [etc.]. Letters and proclamations by the Mahdi, compiled by `Awad al-Karim `Ali al-Masallami.
3 vols in one: v.i, 18+227p; v.ii. 8+224p; v.iii 8+209+2p; appendices, 1+58+23p.
Size: 32.9 x 24.9 cm
SAD.97/5/1-207   various dates, 1881-1884
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Collection of 19 Mahdist mss. formerly in the possession of al-Nur Bey Muhammad `Anqara, contained in a roughly-made leather-bound board jacket, each separately catalogued, consisting chiefly of the proclamations and sayings of the Mahdi.
207f.
Size: 23.7 x 16.6 cm
SAD.97/5/208-211   n.d.
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Note by Gen. Sir F.R. Wingate on the provenance of no. 270 with 2 letters (Lt. Col. W.G. Gray to al-Liwa` E.B. Wilkinson Pasha, 31 January 1926; Wilkinson to Wingate, 30 August 1942, concerning the ms.).
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.97/5/208-11
SAD.99/1   1880s
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Letter book, compiled by Majdhub. b. Abi Bakr, who wrote the preface, and found at `Uthman Diqna's head-quarters at Afafit, February 1891. In three hands: pp. 1-114 by Majdhub b. Abi Bakr from the papers of the amir `Uthman b. Abi Bakr Digna; pp. 115-135 by another, unknown hand; pp. 136 to end by a different, also unknown hand. `Uthman Diqna's commission from the Mahdi is at p. 91. Date at end 22 Rajab 1300 [29 May 1883]. Copies of 75 letters from the Mahdi to persons and groups, on various administrative and social topics.
142+10p
Size: 22.9 x 16.8 cm
Digitised material for Letter book of the Mahdi - SAD.99/1
SAD.99/2/1-10   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Abstract of contents of no. 272 in English, with corrections of the abstract by F.R. Wingate Bey.
10f.
SAD.101/1/1-16   [1880s]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Fragments of a letter book, together with one piece, of doubtful provenance, containing the Mahdi's proclamation to the people of Egypt, 1302 [1884/1885].
15+1f
Size: 28.7 x 20.7 cm
The Book of Devotion (al-Ratib) of the Mahdi Shaykh `Abdullahi Ahmad Abu Jalaha ( Sudan Notes and Records, Khartoum, xxi, 1938, p. 90) recounted a saying attributed to the Mahdi that the Prophet revealed the Ratib to him immediately after the battle of Shaykan (3-5 November 1883). Others attribute its origin to 1881-1882. In 1302 A.H. [1884/1885] the Mahdi made, or caused to be made, and corrected, a master copy in manuscript which he deposited with his head scribe al-Muddaththir Ibrahim al-Hajjaz. There were three impressions lithographed in Khartoum and Omdurman: the first impression, transcribed by `Abd al-Karim al-Kinani and corrected in lithograph by Mahdi himself, is no. 274a. All copies of the second impression, which was done in Shawwal 1304 H. [July 1886] are believed to have been lost. The third impression is no. 274b. Items nos. 274a and 274b are said to be the only surviving copies.

SAD.97/1   27 Ramadan 1302 [11 July 1885]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. … Ratib sayyidina al-imam Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Mahdi al-muntazar [etc.]. 1st impression. al-Khartum. A note on p. 48 states that the contents were copied and corrected from a copy in the possession of al-Mudaththir Ibrahim [al-Hajjaz] (Brockelmann, Supp. II, 896).
48p.
Size: 27.3 x 19 cm
Lithograph
Digitised material for Ratib sayyidina al-imam Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Mahdi al-muntazar (Khartoum, 1885)
SAD.97/2   8 Jumada I 1305 [22 January 1888]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Ratib sayyidina al-imam Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Mahdi al-muntazar, 3rd impression, in two parts: part 1, Ratib, pp. 152; part 2, commentary by the Mahdi on some of the terms used in the Ratib. al-Buqa` [i.e. Umm Durman] .
56p.
Size: 14.6 x 10 cm
Lithograph
SAD.406/4/1-54   yawm al-ahad al-muwaffiq, khalat min shahr Muharram 1314 [3 Muharram 1314; 14 June 1896]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Ratib sayyidina al-imam Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Mahdi al-muntazar, another version, ms.
103p.
Size: 12.7 x 9.1 cm
SAD.247/1/1-45   28 Sha`ban 1307 [2 April 1890]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. The Ratib of the Mahdi, written by Muhammad Mahmud al-Sawakini and Muhammad Majdhub b. al-Shaykh al-Tahir al-Majdhub. English translation only.
45f.
SAD.247/2/1-29   
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. The Ratib of the Mahdi, English translation only, rough drafts of no. 276, with literal translation of a lament on the Mahdi's death, the original presumably written by Muhammad Mahmud al-Sawakini and Muhammad b. al-Tahir al-Majdhub.
25f.
SAD.444/3   1911
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. The Ratib of the Mahdi, copied by [al-Amir] Ibrahim Muhammad `Abd Allah `Abd al-Dalil for Salatin [Slatin] Pasha, illuminated ms.. Dated on last folio 5 Dhu` l-hijja 1329 [27 November 1911].
26f.
Size: 22.7 x 17 cm
SAD.97/4/1-143   6 Ramadan 1332 [29 July 1914]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. The Ratib of the Mahdi, another version.
286p.
Size: 10 x 7.6 cm
SAD.97/5/137-143   Undated
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. Passage from the Ratib.
7f.
Size: 23.5 x 17.0 cm
SAD.406/9   1342 [1923/1924]
Muhammad Ahmad b. `Abd Allah, al Mahdi. al-Ratib al-sharif, 2nd impression. Cairo (Sulayman Da`ud Mandil).
2p+117p+7p.
Size: 14 x 10 cm
Lithograph
Missing 7/3/2006.
The Ratib with other Mahdist documents, was a prohibited book from 1899 to 1925, thought latterly the prohibition was not enforced and was unenforceable . The Director of Intelligence, Khartoum, wrote to the Governor, Kassala on 23 February 1925: “Secret …. In view of the innocuous, not to say improving nature of the doctrines inculcated in the Ratib, it does not seem reasonable or possible to prohibit its sale.” (Sudan Government Archives, Khartoum, Intelligence File, class 7/1/3). 4000 Copies of this impression were lithographed in Cairo and sold in the Sudan at 200 milliemes a copy. A second large impression followed (Muhammad `Umar Bashir, “Abdel Rahman ibn Hussein el Jabri and his MS. Book” [etc.] Sudan Notes and Records, xliv, 1963, p. 137).
SAD.453/659/1-2   December [18]96
Muhammad Ahmad Sulayman and Hamid al-Badawi. Letter to Slatin Pasha .
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/24/1   
Muhammad Ahmad al-`Umari ma`dhun al-Masid. Address to the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha]. Undated.
1f.
SAD.438/636/1   
Muhammad `Ali al-Sudani. Letter to Slatin Pasha, with French translation, undated.
1f.
SAD.438/650/1-3   15 Rabi` II 1301 [13 February 1884]
Muhammad Fawzi Mahmud. Letter to Muhammad [Bey] Khalid [Zuqal].
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.470/5/1-3   , 25 Dhu`l-qa`da 1334 [23 September 1916]
Muhammad Idris [b. Muhammad al-Mahdi] al-Sanusi. Letter to [Brigadier] General Clayton Basha.
1f.
SAD.473/3/19-21   2 Muharram 1335 [29 October 1916]
Muhammad Idris [b. Muhammad al-Mahdi] al-Sanusi. Letter to [G.F.] Clayton Pasha, mudir al-mukkabarat.
1f.
Size: 23.5 x 21.4 cm
Seal: inscribed Muhammad Idris al-Sayyid al-Mahdi
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/19/1-5   25 Jumada II, 1335 [17 April 1917]
Muhammad Idris [b. Muhammad al-Mahdi] al-Sanusi. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
Seal: Muhammad Idris al-Sayyid al-Mahdi, 1333
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.199/1/85-88   [November/December 1915]
Muhammad al-Jabir, nazir `umum al-Misiriya. Two letters to shaykh al-Safi `Adlan.
1f.
Seal: dated 1318 [1900/1901]
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/10/1-2   4 Rabi `II, 1309 [7 November 1891]
Muhammad al-Mahdi b. al-Sanusi. Letter to Shaykh Muhammad Makki of Siwa.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.131/1/1-93   
Muhammad al-Makki, Qadi of Sinnar and afterwards of Siwa. Description of the Oasis of Siwa, 1892, and of his visit to Jaghbub written, apparently, in his own hand. Text 83f; sketches, 3f.
86f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/679/1-3   n.d. [1926?]
Muhammad al-Makki Isma `il al-Sharif. Letter to Slatin Pasha, with enclosed poem in honour of al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mirghani.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/664/1-2   5 January 1897
Muhammad al-Malik Hamad. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/21/15-17   1 November 1897
Muhammad al-Mudawwi. Contract between mir alayi F.R. Wingate Bey and Muhammad al-Mudawwi of Berber for the escape of the latter .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/33/1-3   28 April 1915
Muhammad Mustafa al-Maraghi. Letter to Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/30/1-5   7 September 1916
Muhammad Mustafa al-Maraghi, qadi qudat al-Sudan. Letter to Shahin Bey Jurji.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/680/1-2   , 25 Ramadan [no year]
Muhammad Sa`d Allah, and others. Petition [? to Slatin Pasha].
1f.
Seal: dated 1315 [1897/1898]
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/660/1-2   29 December 1896
Muhammad Sami Madani. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.98/2/6   27 Safar 1302 [16 December 1884]
Muhammad al-Sharif b. Hamid, Khalifat al-Karrar. Copy of a letter to `Abd Allah Jubara and the Awlad Muhammad al-Shaykh al-`Ibayd.
1f.
SAD.438/657/1-2   March 1896
Muhammad al-Tahir. Letter to Director of Military Intelligence (mudir qalam mukhabarat).
1f.
Seal: inscribed Hasan Muhammad al-Tahir
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.430/7/5   8 Dhu` l-Hijja 1301 [29 September 1884]
Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt. Firman appointing Lt. H.M.L. Rundle to command the `Ababda and Bishariyin irregulars.
1f.
SAD.430/7/4   13 Jumada II 1306 [14 Febraury 1889]
Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt. Brevet recording the promotion of al-Binbashi F.R. Wingate to the rank of qa`im maqam.
1f.
Transliteration in ruqa` and English translation, SAD 232/2.
SAD.100/17/1-2   26 December 1889
Muhammad `Uthman al-Mirghani, al-Sayyid. Letter to F.R. Wingate Bey, ra`is qalam mukhabarat. Sealed, dated Sawakin.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/2/8   21 Ramadan 1336 [30 June 1918]
Musa al-Hamuri. Letter to King Husayn of the Hijaz asking to be recommended for appointment as qadi of Khalil al-Rahman (Hebron).
1f.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/2/8 - Arabic material
SAD.493/6/50   18 May 1920
Mustashar al-maliya wa ra`is al-muhasaba, Damascus. [name wanting]. Letter to Sa`id Pasha Shuqayr.
1f.
SAD.438/655/1-4   2 November 1896
Na`um Bey Shuqayr. Poem to the Emperor Franz Joseph in gratitude for the conferment of a decoration for Na`um Bey's part in the escape of Slatin Pasha from the Mahdist power. In divani hand.
1f.
SAD.438/675/1-2   17 Jumada I 1316 [3 October 1898]
al-Nur Bey Muhammad `Anqara. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/675/3-4   7 Jumada II 1316 [23 October 1898]
al-Nur Bey Muhammad `Anqara. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
 
Number not used.
 
Number not used.
SAD.438/656/1-2   16 February 1896
Qawiya Hasan, min qabilat `urban al-`Amayim bi Asyut. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.494/13/3   3 Shubat [Febraury] 1920
Qustaki al-Himsi. Verse.
1f.
SAD.101/8/1-4   19 Rabi `Il 1309 [22 November 1891]
Rabih Fadl Allah. Letter to Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/663/1-3   19 January [18]97
Rashid Muhammad `Ali. Letter to Slatin Pasha, writer Sa`id Fahmi.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.493/11/36   10 June 1919
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, hakim Suriya al-`askari al-`amm. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, with other letters and drafts.
1f.
SAD.493/6/32   25 Tashrin II [November] 1919
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, hakim Suriya al-`askari al-`amm. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.493/6/17   23 Ramadan [22 June] 1919
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, hakim Suriya al-`askari al-`amm. Letter to Director of Public Finance, Syrian Government.
1f.
SAD.471/3/24-25   8 Shubat [8 February] 1923
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, hakim Suriya al-`askari al-`amm. Letter to Sir Gilbert Clayton.
1f.
SAD.494/6/14   12 May 1924
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, hakim Suriya al-`askari al-`amm. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.178/7/1-42   [1894]
Rossignoli, Paolo. Notes of Fr. P. Rossignoli's experience in the Sudan and of his escape from Umm Durman in 1894, in handwriting of Na`um Bey Shuqayr.
40f.
 
Number not used.
SAD.101/26/1   14 January 1892
Sa`d Rifa`t Bey, qumundan al-qila`al-hijaziya. Letter to Assistant Adjutant-General.
1f.
SAD.494/9/3   1 October [18]90
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Medical certificate, signed by Sagh Khalil Hajj and Mulazim I `Abd al-Halim `Asim.
1f.
SAD.494/1/8   24 August 1919
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Letter to [? ] ra` is al-shura al-harbi.
1f.
SAD.493/6,7,9-11; 494/3,6,13   1918-1920
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Syria, affairs of, 1918-1920.
1f.
SAD.494/3/11   [1920?]
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Fragment of a copy of a letter to the Amir Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.494/3/7-8   undated [?1920]
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Note attached to a letter in English from the Amir Faysal b. Husayn to D. Lloyd George.
1f.
SAD.493/6/54   4 Tammuz [July] 1920
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to Faris Bey [? al-Khuri].
1f.
SAD.494/3/12   10 October 1921
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.494/3/14   23 November 1921
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
2f.
SAD.494/3/15   19 April 1922
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.494/6/1-3   undated [1924?]
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.493/6/53   4 Jammuz [July] 1920
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to Hilmi Bey.
1f.
SAD.494/6/12   10 December 1924
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to King Faysal b. Husayn.
1f.
SAD.494/6/13   10 December 1924
Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha. Copy of a letter to Zaki Bey Qadri.
1f.
SAD.100/18/4-5   10 Rabi` II 1313 [30 September 1895]
Salih Amin al-Hulwani. Letter to Director of Intelligence, Egyptian Army concerning the murder of his father after a journey to the Sanusiya.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/25/4-5   4 Safar 1309 [9 September 1891]
Salim Bey Matar. Letter to Qapudan, Luja, and Officer Commanding Troops, al-Kuwayn.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/25/6   4 Safar 1309 [9 September 1891]
Salim Bey Matar to Qumandan `asakir, al-Kuwayn.
1f.
SAD.494/11/1   23 June [1910?]
Samwil Bey `Atiya. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.493/3/4-19   1913-1914
Samwil Bey `Atiya. Twelve letters to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha concerning the case of Khattar Kan`ana.
1f.
SAD.101/32/1   9 July 1916
al-Sayyid `Ali Bey (afterwards Pasha). Letter to the Sirdar (Wingate Pasha), through H.D. Pearson Bey .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/32/2-3   11 July 1916
al-Sayyid `Ali Bey (afterwards Pasha). Letter to the Sirdar (Wingate Pasha), through H.D. Pearson Bey.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/29-39   4, 7 August; 29 September; 3, 11 October 1916
al-Sayyid `Ali Bey (afterwards Pasha). 5 telegrams to the Sirdar, [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/40-48   undated. [1916]
al-Sayyid `Ali Bey (afterwards Pasha). Three telegrams to al-liwa` C.E. Wilson Pasha, with English translation only of another Arabic telegram.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/651/1-3   20 Ramadan 1305 [31 May 1888]
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Letter to Muhammad Amin [Emin] Pasha, governor of the Equatorial Province, inviting his submission to Mahdism.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/20/1-2   7 April 1895
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Copy of a letter to the Khalifa `Abd Allah b. Muhammad.
1f.
SAD.101/7/1   12 Rabi`II 1307 [6 December 1889]
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Receipt from `Abd al-Qadir Salatin (Slatin's name in captivity at Umm Durman) for a spear.
1f.
SAD.101/6/1-2   7 September 1894
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Contract between Freiherr von Rhemen, for Austro-Hungarian consul-general in Egypt, and Ahmad Muhammad al-`Ujayl al-Mirafabi for arranging Slatin's escape and conducting him to Egypt.
2f.
SAD.101/6/3   6 May 1895
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Receipt from Jurjis Brahamsha in connection with SAD 101/6/1-2 [no. 348].
1f.
SAD.101/20/1   24 Jumada II, 1314 [30 November 1896]
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Copy of a letter to Shaykh Ahmad walad Waqi` Allah.
1f.
SAD.101/20/1   24 Jumada II 1314 [30 November 1896]
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Copy of a letter to `Awad al-Sid walad Quraysh mir `umum `urban al-Kababish.
1f.
SAD.101/20/1   24 Jumada II, 1314 [30 November 1896]
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Copy of a letter to Shaykh Muhammad Abu `Arud.
1f.
SAD.438/651/4   3 May 1898
Slatin Pasha, Sir Rudolf Carl Freiherr von. Recommendation address to shaykhs and `umdas in favour of an unknown agent.
1f.
SAD.101/3/1-2   9 July 1891
Sogaro, Mgr. Francesco. Contract between Mgr. Francesco Sogaro and Ahmad Hasan al-`Abbadi for the escape for Umm Durman of Fr. Joseph Ohrwalder and two nuns.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/25/1-3   19 February 1809 [i.e. 1889]
Stanley, Sir Henry Morton. Copy of a letter to Salim Bey Matar .
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.493/4/17-33   1331 or 1332 [1912/1914]
Sudan. Budget notes.
17f.
SAD.493/6/35-39   15 Kanun II [January] 1920
Syria, Budget, 1920, signed Wakil mudir al-maliya al-`amm.
5f.
SAD.493/14-16; 494/2   1919-1920
Syria, Budget. Other budgetary papers. See also no. 325.
1f.
SAD.494/1/9   
Syria, Budget, road map, showing distances between Aleppo and al-`Aqaba.
1f.
SAD.494/13/5-7   
Taftazani…. Verse in honour of Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
3f.
SAD.97/5/76-83   undated
[?] al-Tahir b. `Abd Allah. Kitab ma`arif furu` usul al-`Arab wa` l-hasab wa`l-nasab, a genealogy (c.f. H.A. MacMichael, A history of the Arabs in the Sudan, II, p. 16ff.).
8f.
SAD.100/17/4-5   1307 [2 January 1890]
Tanbal Hamad Tanbal, al-Malik Letter to F.R. Wingate Bey.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/17/3   6 January 1890
Tanbal Hamad Tanbal, al-Malik. Letter to F.R. Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/20-21   18 August 1897
`Umar Idris al-Fazzari, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/30-32   24 August 1897
`Umar Idris al-Fazzari, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.438/662/37-38   17 September 1897
`Umar Idris al-Fazzari, al-Shaykh. Letter to Slatin Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.101/27/2   undated
`Umara Muhammad Hamid Abu Sinn. Letter to Milham Shaqur containing a report on `Ali `Adlan Bakhit, with a reference in the text dated A.H. 1309.
1f.
Seal: dated A.H. 1308 [1890/1891]
SAD.430/6/4-5   2 October 1898
Umm Durman, petition from 69 notables of Omdurman to the Sirdar, H.H. Kitchener Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/13/1   6 Rabi` II, 1313 [26 September 1895]
`Uthman b. Abi Bakr Diqna. Letter to Shaykh Abu Fatima Batas.
1f.
SAD.100/13/3   6 Rabi` II 1313 [26 September 1895]
`Uthman b. Abi Bakr Diqna to `Umar `Ali Tita.
1f.
SAD.100/13/2   5 Rabi` II 1313 [25 September 1895]
`Uthman b. Abi Bakr Diqna to Mahmud Ibrahim Hamid, Muhammad `Ali Adam, Hamid b. Ahmad and Adam Ahmad.
1f.
SAD.100/6/1-36   1900-1906
Addresses of welcome in prose and verse, in honour of the Sirdar [F.R. Wingate Pasha].
37f.
SAD.100/8/8-11   12 May 1909
Wingate Pasha, Gen. Sir Francis Reginald. Copy of a letter to Matta`us, metropolitian of Abyssinia.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/5/1-2   28 May 1909
Wingate Pasha, Gen. Sir Francis Reginald. Copy of a letter to al-Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.100/8/3-4   [11 May 1910]
Wingate Pasha, Gen. Sir Francis Reginald. Part of a letter to al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur, English translation only.
1f.
SAD.135/2/99-100   Friday [? August 1915]
Wingate Pasha, Gen. Sir Francis Reginald. Message to al-Sharif Husayn b. `Ali, transliterated into Roman characters.
1f.
SAD.101/19/49   5 October 1916
Wingate Pasha, Gen. Sir Francis Reginald. Copy of a telegram to Sharif Husayn b. `Ali.
1f.
SAD.250/1/104   14 Rabi` II, 1302 [30 January 1885]
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount, al-Mushir qa`id `umum al-jaysh al-inklizi. Letter to al-Shaykh al-Fazzari and shaykhs and Arabs of the Hassaniya [sic.].
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.250/1/105   14 Rabi` II, 1302 [30 January 1885]
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount. Letter to al-Shaykh al-Fazzari and shaykhs and Arabs of the Hassaniya [sic.].
1f.
SAD.250/1/106   14 Rabi` II, 1302 [30 January 1885]
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount. Letter to al-Shaykh al-Fazzari and shaykhs and Arabs of the Hassaniya [sic.].
1f.
SAD.250/1/162   22 February 1885
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount, al-mushir qa`id `umum al-juyush l-inkliziya. Letter to [al-] Nur [Muhammad] `Anqara and the Egyptian troops with him.
1f.
SAD.250/1/198   28 February 1885
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount. Proclamation to [al-] Nur [Muhammad] `Anqara and the Egyptian and Sudanese troops now serving the outlaw Muhammad Ahmad, inciting them to kill the latter.
1f.
SAD.250/1/201   28 February 1885
Wolseley, Gen. (afterwards. Field Marshall) Garnet Joseph, 1st Viscount. Proclamation to [al-] Nur [Muhammad] `Anqara and the Egyptian and Sudanese troops now serving the outlaw Muhammad Ahmad, inciting them to kill the latter.
1f.
SAD.100/3/1   n.d. [1884]
Wood, Sir Henry Evelyn, sirdar al-`asakir al-misriya. Communication to the `Ababda and Bishariyin tribes regarding the mission of Lt. H.M.L. Rundle, with photograph of dhahabiyah moored next to a military camp on a bank of the Nile, possibly part of the Gordon relief expedition.
1f.
SAD.494/13/16-27   2 February 1935
Yusuf al… Tribute to the memory of Sir Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha, offered forty days after his death (haflat al-arba`in).
12f.
SAD.406/2/1-20   1915
Yusuf Muhammad al-Amin al-Hindi, al-Sharif. His pedigree, written by himself in a ruled note-book.
64p. (text, 3+28p.)
Size: 28 x 18 cm
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.406/2/21-23   1915
Yusuf Muhammad al-Amin al-Hindi, al-Sharif. Continuation of his pedigree, written by himself.
2f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.406/2/25   22 Sha `ban 1333 [5 July 1915]
Yusuf Muhammad al-Amin al-Hindi, al-Sharif. Letter to J.B. Christopherson.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/9/1-2   23 Dhu`l-qa`da 1308 [30 June 1891]
Yusuf b. Muhammad Sharif, sultan of Wada`i. Letter of recommendation on behalf of Mustafa Tawfiq al-Fizani.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/20/6   25 Shawwal 1313 [9 April 1896]
Yusuf b. Muhammad Sharif, sultan of Wada`i. Letter to Shaykh `Abd Allah al-Kahhal.
1f.
SAD.101/20/7   undated
Yusuf b. Muhammad Sharif, sultan of Wada`i. Copy of another letter to Shaykh `Abd Allah al-Kahhal.
1f.
SAD.170/3/92-105   13 November 1918
Zaghlul (Sa`d Zaghlul) Pasha. Minutes of a meeting between Sa`d Zaghlul Pasha and his friends, and Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate.
4f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.494/6/11   27 Tashrin II [January] 1924
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.494/6/9   19 Haziran [June] 1924
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.494/6/15-16   4 Aylul [September] 1924
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.494/6/10   25 Kanun I [December] 1924, ff.2
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
2f.
SAD.494/6/7-8   7 January 1925
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Zaki Bey Qadri.
1f.
SAD.494/6/6   8 Kanun II [January] 1925
Zaki Bey Qadri. Letter to Sa`id Shuqayr Pasha.
1f.
SAD.101/11/1-3   20 February 1915
al-Zaydab. Loyal address by the inhabitants of al-Zaydab, early 1915, with covering letter from the Governor, Berber Province, to the Governor-General .
3f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/681/1-2   undated
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Visiting card bearing a message for Slatin Pasha,.
1f.
SAD.110/3/1-18   
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Autobiography to October 1876, dictated by him and set down in October 1876.
18f.
Size: 34 x 21 cm
Na`um Shuqayr, Ta`rikh, III, 60 ff.
M. Thilo, Pz Ziber Paschas Autobiographie (Bonn, 1921).
SAD.110/3/19-98   undated
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. English translation of his autobiography.
81f.
SAD.110/3/99-101   25 Dhu`l-hijja 1295 [20 December 1878]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Copy of a letter to his son, Sulayman Bey al-Zubayr.
1f.
SAD.110/3/102-116   
402a al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. English translation of letter in Wingate's hand, with other papers.
17f.
SAD.110/3/137-139   1 Rabi` II 1301 [29 (sic.) January 1884]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Account of a conversation with General C.G. Gordon Pasha in the presence of Sir Evelyn Baring and Nubar Pasha, concerning the death of Zubayr Pasha's son, Sulayman Bey, held in Cairo.
2f.
Size: 43 x 34 cm
SAD.110/3/140-142   
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Copy of no. 405 in the same hand.
3f.
SAD.110/3/121-122   1 Rabi` II, 1301 [29 (sic.) January 1884]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. History of Sulayman Bey al-Zubayr after his father's departure for Egypt.
1f.
SAD.110/3/123-124   
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Copy of no. 405 by the same hand.

SAD.110/3/125-126   28 Rabi` II, 1309 [1 December 1891]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Ta`rikh hayat Idris walad Abtar, statement concerning Idris walad Abtar, Rabih Fadl Allah, Romolo Gessi Pasha and others. (No mention of Rabih Fadl Allah or Gessi in this Arabic version).
1f.
SAD.110/3/127-128   
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Copy of no. 407 by the same hand.

SAD.110/3/129-134   25 November 1891
408a al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. English translation of no. 408, by Na`um Shuqayr.
4f.
SAD.255/1/194   9 Ramadan 1310 [27 March 1893]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Letter to the Secretary, Intelligence Department.
1f.
SAD.101/20/2-3   14 November 1896
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Letter to the Director, Intelligence Department, Egyptian Army.
1f.
SAD.261/1/261   19 March 1896
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Letter to the Director of Intelligence, Egyptian Army (F.R. Wingate Bey).
1f.
SAD.100/2/1   [1899?]
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Part of a letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha specifying the various benefits al-Zubayr had received from the Sudan Government,.
1f.
SAD.100/8/1-2   8 May 1910
al-Zubayr Pasha Rahma Mansur. Letter to F.R. Wingate Pasha.
1f.
Addenda
SAD.101/36/1-5   30 dhu`l-qa`da 1334 (28 September 1916)
`Abd Allah b. Husayn, al-qa`id al-`amm li`l-juyush al-sharifiya. Letter to al-fariq Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.101/19/16-19   26 (?September) 1916
`Abd Allah b. Husayn, al-qa`id al-`amm li`l-juyush al-sharifiya. Telegram to Wingate Pasha.
4p.
SAD.430/1/4-5   1889
`Abd Allahi b. Muhammad, al-Khalifa. Proclamation to his friends the people of the northern provinces (i.e. Nubia and Egypt).
1f.
Size: 77 x 54.5 cm
Lithograph
SAD.438/674/1-2   27 Ramadan 1316 (8 February 1889)
Abu`l-Qasim Ahmad Hashim, Shaykh ulama` al-Sudan. Note signed by Abu`l-Qasim Ahmad Hashim, to certify that the letter written by Slatin Pasha to the Khalifa Abdullahi when Slatin left Omdurman was kept with the Khalifa's papers up to the capture of Omdurman, witnessed by Ibrahim Dimitri and Mudbir Ibrahim.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.262/1/145   6 August 1896
`Ali al-Mirghani, al-Sayyid. Letter from Suakin, to the Director of Military Intelligence (Mudir mukhabarat al-jaysh al-misri).
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.438/678/1-3   
Aphorisms. Two anonymous aphorisms written in Arabic on scraps of paper .
1 piece each.
With a translation into German (with the same call number).
SAD.471/11/33   4 May 1927
Clayton, Brigadier General Sir G.F. Copy of a letter to `Abd al-`Aziz b. `Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal Al Su`ud, Jedda.
1f.
SAD.493/6/21-22   16 October 1919
Faysal b. Husayn, al-Amir. Copy of a letter to his father the King of the Hijaz, from London.
1f.
SAD.101/19/3-4   5 August 1916
Husayn b. `Ali, Sharif of Mecca. Copy of a telegram to the Sirdar Wingate Pasha.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.115/4/17-18   22 December 1915
Mahmud Shukri Pasha. Letter to the Governor-General of the Sudan and Sirdar of the Egyptian Army, accompanying the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).
SAD.232/1/41   4 June 1883
Nazir maktab simat al-Suways to Hukumdar (?)kurnish al-Suways .
1f.
SAD.100/1/22-27   undated
Qur`an. Detached portion, including suras Ibrahim, Qaf and al-Ahqaf (incomplete).
6f.
Size: 23 x 17 cm
SAD.101/7/3-7   undated
Qur`an. Five pages torn from a Qur`an.
5p.
Lithograph
SAD.101/7/2   
Qur`an. Fragment of Arabic repetition of passage from the Qur`an.
1f.
SAD.466/1/6   5 November 1934
`Umar Tusun, Prince. Letter to Sa`id Pasha Shuqayr, regarding a Sudanese officer, `Ali Efendi al-Banna`.
1f.
SAD.101/37/1-2   26 August 1927
Yu`annis, Metropolian of al-Buhayra and al-Manufiyya, Acting Patriarch. Letter to Gen. Sir Reginald Wingate.
1f.
With a translation into English (with the same call number).