Luce, Sir William Henry Tucker
Introduction
Sir William Henry Tucker Luce
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
(i) Private Secretary and Comptroller to the Governor-General
(ii) Civil Secretary's Office
(iii) Blue Nile Province
(iv) Adviser to the Governor-General on Constitutional and External Affairs
(v) Post Sudan service
2. Personal Papers
3. Diaries
4. Articles, Lectures, Books (drafts)
(i) By W. Luce
(ii) By others
5. Photographic Material
6. Maps
7. Newspaper Cuttings
8. Miscellanea
9. Printed Material
(b) In Library
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: Luce, Sir William Henry Tucker
Dates of creation: 1930-1976, 2003
Extent: 3.5 boxes
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: Luce, Sir William Henry Tucker
Language: English

Sir William Henry Tucker Luce

(1907 - 1977)

1930-1932 A.D.C. Central District, Berber
1932-1933 A.D.C. Northern District, Berber
1933-1934 A.D.C. Southern District, Berber
1934-1936 A.D.C. Southern District, Darfur
1936-1941 A.D.C./D.C. Northern Gezira District, Blue Nile Province (from 1939 Gezira Province)
1941-1947 Private Secretary and Comptroller to the Governor-General
1947-1948 Imperial Defence College
1948-1950 D.A.C.S. (Political), Khartoum
1950-1951 Deputy Governor Equatoria
1951-1953 Governor Blue Nile Province
1953-1955 Adviser to the Governor-General on Constitutional and External Affairs

Abbreviations

C.M.S.Church Missionary Society E.C.S.A.Expatriate Civil Servants' Association F.O.Foreign Office H.M.G.Her Majesty's Government M.H.R.Member of the House of Representatives N.U.P.National Unionist Party P.M.Prime Minister P.R.O.Public Relations Office RAFRoyal Air Force SDFSudan Defence Force S.P.S.Sudan Political Service S.R.P.Sudan Republican Party WACWestern Arab Corps


Arrangement

1. Official Papers
(i) Private Secretary and Comptroller to the Governor-General
(ii) Civil Secretary's Office
(iii) Blue Nile Province
(iv) Adviser to the Governor-General
(v) Post Sudan service
2. Personal Papers
3. Diaries
4. Articles, Lectures, Books (Drafts)
(i) By W. Luce
(ii) By others
5. Photographic Material
6. Maps
7. Newspaper Cuttings
8. Miscellanea
9. Printed Material
(i) In Archive
(ii) In Library

Related Material

The papers of Sir William Luce are held at Exeter University.


Accession details

Presented by Sir Richard Luce, 1996, and Diana Hart Dyke, 2020 and 2021

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
(i) Private Secretary and Comptroller to the Governor-General
SAD.828/1/1-4
1942 Feb 18
Confidential note by R.J. Hillard, D.C. Omdurman on “Congress since 1939”
(ii) Civil Secretary's Office
SAD.828/1/5-34
1949 Feb
Note by W.N. Allan, Irrigation Consultant, on “the interests of the Sudan in Nile waters”
SAD.828/1/35-49
1949 Mar 17-Apr 13
Papers relating to Nile waters including minutes of the meetings of the Nile Waters Sub-committee of the Executive Council, note by `Abd al-Rahman Abdun, Central Secretariat Office, on the interests of the Sudan in Nile waters and comments on this note by W.N. Allan, with covering letter from A.L. Chick, Financial Secretary, to the Secretary of the Executive Council
SAD.828/1/50-56
1949 Mar 31-Apr 20
Note by G.D. Lampen for J.W. Robertson on the need to forge firm links between the Sudan and Britain, with comments by W. Luce
SAD.828/1/57-61
1950 Feb
Note by W. Luce arguing against the introduction of a new constitution
SAD.828/1/62
1950
Extracts from notes on Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum
(iii) Blue Nile Province
SAD.1053/6/80-87
1940 Aug 23, Sep 6, 13
Correspondence between W. Luce and J.W. Robertson concerning Luce's strong wish to resign from the S.P.S. and fight in Europe
SAD.828/2/1
1948
Blue Nile Province police establishment statistics, by district
SAD.828/2/2
1948 Oct 19
Estimates of total adult male and female populations in Blue Nile Province constituencies
SAD.828/2/3
1948 Oct 23
Note of entertainment allowances for province staff
SAD.828/2/4-7
1948 Dec 15
Letter from G.E.R. Sandars, Governor Blue Nile Province to J.A.A. Blaikie, D.C. Fung, setting out his decisions with regard to points raised during his recent tour of the district
SAD.828/2/8-94
1948-1951
District reports for Blue Nile Province detailing inspections of buildings including dispensaries and schools, pump schemes, markets and prisons, with comments on district staff and `umdahs and the progress of education and local administration. Unsigned, but all written in the same hand, they cover Kosti District including Abu Rukba, Tendelti, Dar El Ahamda, Jebelein, Aba Island and Shawal (828/2/8-24); Dueim District including Dueim, White Nile schemes, Abd el Magid scheme, Abu Guta, Umm Gir, Dueim east and west banks, Gulli, Riad, Hasan Allob, Abul Hindi, Kawa and Geteina (828/2/25-45); Northern Gezira District including Kamlin, Halawin and Mesellimiya (828/2/46-50); Rufa`a Sub-District including Shukri, Eilafun and Wad Rawa (828/2/51-57); Sennar District (828/2/58-61); Jabal Moya (828/2/62); Funj District including Singa, Karkoj, Roseires, Wisko, Fazughli, Geissan (?), Kurmuk, Oru, Wadega, Keili, Gula, Mazmum, J. Dali and Khor Atshan (828/2/63-92); Southern Gezira District (828/2/93-94)
SAD.828/3/1-11
[c. 1948]
Memoranda on the size, population, membership, budgets, etc., of Blue Nile Province urban, rural and district councils, including Northern White Nile, Ed Dueim, Kosti, Wad Medani, Kamlin Qism, Halawin Qism, Mesellemiya Qism, Shukria and Rufa`a
SAD.828/3/12
[c. 1948]
Table showing annual water consumption of pumps, Blue Nile Province
SAD.828/3/13
[c. 1948]
Table showing total areas of schemes of 8" and over cotton growing in Dueim, Kosti and Fung Districts
SAD.828/3/14
[1948]
Monthly statistics of prisoners in Medani prison 1946-1948
SAD.828/3/15-24
1949 May 28
White Nile pump schemes handing-over notes, by J.R. Thomson, Senior Inspector of Agriculture and Manager, White Nile Schemes Board
SAD.828/3/25
1949 Nov 28
Note by M.A. Gaddal of approximate tenants' budget, Wad Nimr 1948-1949
SAD.828/3/26
1949
Estimates of harig areas in Blue Nile Province
(iv) Adviser to the Governor-General on Constitutional and External Affairs
SAD.828/3/27-31
1953 Feb 4-17
Letter from W. Luce to J.W. Robertson concerning the staffing of the civil secretariat after his retirement, when its functions were divided between the offices of the Governor-General's Adviser on Constitutional and External Affairs (W. Luce) and the Acting Civil Secretary (A.C. Beaton), with note by J.S.R. Duncan of a meeting to consider the functions and responsibilities of the Sudan Agencies under the self-governing constitution
SAD.828/4/1-98
1953 Mar 23-Sep 17
Official correspondence between the Sudan Agency, London and the Governor-General's Adviser on Constitutional and External Affairs, with enclosures. The letters are chiefly between C.G. Davies, Sudan Agent, London and W. Luce and record in some detail political and constitutional developments in the Sudan and the progress of negotiations between the Sudan, Egypt and Britain. Unless otherwise stated, letters from W. Luce are to Davies, and vice versa. Subjects include W. Luce re the departure of J.W. Robertson, the reorganisation of the Civil Secretary's Office including W. Luce's appointment as Adviser to the Governor-General, Umma fears about Egyptian propaganda and the appointment of an acting Governor-General in the absence of Sir Robert Howe (828/4/9-11); W. Luce re Churchill's reaction to Howe's proposed leave, the despatch of an Umma delegation to Cairo to discuss Egyptian propaganda, lack of leadership from Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani, the attitude of the S.R.P. and the Umma to the south, the decline in the S.R.P. and the work of the Electoral Commission (828/4/13-15); W. Luce re communications between Khartoum and the F.O. (828/4/16); Davies re the attitude of the F.O. and individuals within it to Egypt and the Sudan and the issue of the Governor-General's leave (828/4/17-20), with W. Luce's reply (828/4/21-23); W. Luce re the outcome of the Umma delegation to Cairo, prospects for the future of the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement and Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi request that H.M.G. buy the whole of his cotton crop (828/4/21-23); Davies re criticism of the anti-British sentiments of the American representation in Khartoum and arrangements for Sudanese visitors to the coronation (828/4/24-25); W. Luce re arrangements for Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi's visit to London (828/4/27-28); extract from letter from J.W. Robertson to W. Luce concerning prospects for the long-term future of the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement (828/4/31); W. Luce re alarm at Churchill's readiness to send extra troops to the Sudan, the decision to fix on 1st July 1955 as the release date for expatriate officials, Umma and S.R.P. delegations to the south and the repercussions of Hayes' letter to the Daily Telegraph (828/4/35-37); W. Luce re the reaction of Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi and the Umma to Najib's letter (828/4/38); W. Luce re the Electoral Commission's views on the question of debarring nazirs from politics (828/4/40-41); Davies re the Sudanese delegation to the coronation (828/4/42-44); Davies re the failure to keep a record of conversations between Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi and the P.M. (828/4/45-47); W. Luce re the danger of entering into discussions on cooperation with Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi (828/4/50-51); Davies re the Electoral Commission's views on nazirs and tribal leaders (828/4/53-54); W. Luce re Egyptian invitations to Sudanese for the 23rd July celebrations (828/4/60-62); J.W. Kenrick to Davies re Egyptian invitations to southerners to attend the Cairo celebrations, the latest N.U.P./ Khatmiyah crisis and accusations of partiality against the Electoral Commission (828/4/67-69); G.D. Lampen to J.W. Kenrick re post-independence relations between Britain and the Sudan (828/4/74-76); Kenrick to Davies re the Umma break with Egypt (828/4/77-78); Kenrick to Davies re challenges facing British officials in the years leading up to the hand-over of power (828/4/79-80); Davies to Kenrick re poor morale in the Political Service, the question of compensation and re-employment of officials, and the need for a southern party (828/4/81-83); Kenrick to Davies re prospects for Khatmi support of the political parties (828/4/85) and the crisis over the question of legal advice to the Electoral Commission (828/4/89-91). Enclosures:
SAD.828/4/1-6
1953 Mar 23
Brief record of a meeting at which the Minister of State, Rt. Hon. Selwyn Lloyd met representatives of the Expatriate Civil Servants' Association to discuss guarantees for pensions and steps to be taken to restore morale
SAD.828/4/7-8
1953 Mar 25
Note for a meeting to be held at the Palace on 26 Mar to discuss the fixing of a statutory date at which all expatriate contracts should cease
SAD.828/4/29-30; 828/4/32-34
1953 May 13-16
Translation of articles from al-Sudan al-Jadid attacking Judge Hayes' letter to the Daily Telegraph, with copy editorial from al-Nil
SAD.828/4/48-49
1953 Jun 13
Account of the programme of the Sudan Special Mission to the coronation by C.F.R. Barclay
SAD.828/4/65-66
1953 Jul 24
Record of a conversation between W. Luce and Major Salih Salim in Cairo on 20 Jul 1953
SAD.828/4/70-71
1953 Jul 20-29
Notes by J.G. Mavrogordato, Legal Adviser and W.O.B. Lindsay on the appointment of an acting Governor-General
SAD.828/4/92-98
1953 Sep 17
Memorandum by W. Luce on “Short term and long term policies for the Sudan”
SAD.828/5/1-68
1953 Oct 3-Dec 28
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Davies to Kenrick re discussions on the issue of compensation for British staff, reaction to the appointment of Awad Satti as Director of Education and the receipt of large numbers of Egyptian despatches in Khartoum (828/5/2-5); Kenrick to Davies re the projected outcome of the elections (828/5/11-12); W. Luce re the enquiry into accusations of pre-election pressure exerted by de Roebeck in Equatoria and the need for remonstrations by the British Government against Egyptian interference in the Sudan (828/5/17-18); W. Luce re the appointment of Makkawi Sulayman to investigate the circumstances of Chief Daryo's withdrawal from the elections and the crisis over the Governor-General's refusal to approve the promotion of Awad Satti to Director of Education (828/5/22-24); Lampen to W. Luce re John Owen's interview with Eden (828/5/25-26); W. Luce re the Governor-General's approval of the new Director of Education, the outcome of Makkawi Sulayman's report, opposition to the Subversive Activities Order and factors affecting the Governor-General's nominations to the Senate (828/5/28-30); A.D. Dodds-Parker to J.W. Robertson in answer to the latter's criticism of H.M.G.'s handling of Sudanisation and future policy towards an independent Sudan (828/5/31-32); Davies re the Governor-General's reaction to John Owen's interview with Eden (828/5/33-36); W. Luce re the handling of the elections and the promotion of Sudanese officials to Deputy Governor rank in every province (828/5/38-40); Davies re the outcome of the elections (828/5/44-47), with W. Luce's reply (828/5/49-52); Davies re the election results in Kordofan, his views on Azhari and Mirghani Hamza and calls for the abandonment of Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi in favour of Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani (828/5/53-55); W. Luce re the composition of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the criteria for choosing the Governor-General's nominees for the Senate (828/5/56-58); Davies re F.O. moves to promote Riches' office in Khartoum as a rival to the Governor-General's Office and the view that decisions taken by the transitional government in the Sudan would not be binding on any successive government (828/5/59-61); W. Luce re N.U.P. attempts to select a cabinet, uncertainty over support from western and southern M.H.R.s for the N.U.P. and the submission of proposals for Senate nominations (828/5/62-64); Davies re views on al-Azhari as P.M. (828/5/65-68). Enclosures:
SAD.828/5/7-10
1953 Oct 8
Note on “The Umma attitude prior to the elections” by J.W. Kenrick, with covering letter to C.G. Davies
SAD.828/5/14
1953 Oct 8
Note by P.B. Broadbent on two prospective parliamentary candidates, Shaykh `Ali `Abd al-Rahman and Shaykh Muhammad Ahmad al-Mardi
SAD.828/5/37
1953 Nov 19
Cutting from The Times on “Sudan elections. District Commissioner's "improper" act”
SAD.828/6/1-107
1954 Jan 2-Apr 27
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including W. Luce re the danger of Derek Riches' office in Khartoum superseding the Governor-General's Office, the composition of the Sudanisation Committee, the timing of Sudanisation, the inauguration of parliament and election of speakers (828/6/1-5); Davies re the composition of the Executive Committee of the N.U.P. and the Council of Ministers (828/6/9-10); Davies re rumours of Egyptian support for a military coup in the Sudan and re Eden's letter of assurances to British officials (828/6/11-13); W. Luce re the selection of ministers in the new government, the proposed compensation scheme for British officials, Salih Salim's visit to the south and steps taken towards the setting up of the Public Service Commission (828/6/17-21); Davies re the question of visits from foreign ministers, Edward Atiyah's views on al-Azhari, compensation terms for British officials, the composition of the Re-employment Committee and the future of the P.R.O. (828/6/22-25); W. Luce re problems associated with the establishment of cabinet government, lack of British influence over the new N.U.P. government and the choice of Sudanese members of the Sudanisation Committee (828/6/27-30); Davies re the membership of the Public Service Commission and negotiations on compensation for British officials (828/6/31-34); W. Luce re membership of the Public Service Commission and the Sudanisation Committee and disagreement over invitations to foreign representatives for the re-opening of parliament (828/6/41-44); Kenrick to Davies re the anti-Najib demonstrations of 1st March (828/6/54); Davies re reaction to the bloodshed of 1st March (828/6/55-59); W. Luce re the aftermath of the events of 1st March, the question of Ibrahim Ahmad's removal from the Governor-General's Commission and military preparations for a possible constitutional emergency (828/6/70-73); W. Luce re improving relations between ministers and their British civil servants, negotiations on compensation and the work of the Compensation Committee (828/6/79-83); W. Luce re the decision to appoint a low-level Board of Enquiry into the events of 1st March and future arrangements for parliament (828/6/87-89); W. Luce re negotiations on compensation, agreements on Sudanisation of Political Service posts, the police and the SDF, and disagreement between the Egyptian and Sudanese governments over the composition of the Governor-General's Commission (828/6/92-95); Davies re events in Egypt (828/6/96-98); W. Luce re parliamentary debates on the composition of the Governor-General's Commission, discussions at the Sudanisation Committee on the Sudanisation of the judiciary and decisions on the release date for British officials, and pension rights (828/6/100-103). Enclosures:
SAD.828/6/14
1954 Jan 20
Copy article from the Bristol Evening Post entitled “Britain to lose Sudan?”
SAD.828/6/15-16
1954 Jan 22
Copy article from the Western Daily Press entitled “Britain's only interest. Link with Sudan is unlikely”
SAD.828/6/45-48
1954 Feb 16
Note of 'Salient points from conversation between P.M. Azhari and Mr. Luce and Mr. Kenrick, after dinner in Mr. Luce's house, 16th February 1954'
SAD.828/6/60
1954 Mar 6
Cutting from The Times entitled “A lesson from Khartoum”
SAD.828/7/1-78
1954 May 7-Jul 31
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Kenrick to Davies re possible implications of the arrest of Sayyid Siddiq (828/7/2-3); Kenrick to Lampen re developments in the investigation against Sayyid Siddiq and prospects for the return of British wives and children to the Sudan (828/7/10-12); Lampen to Kenrick re the possibility of Sudanisation of the Sudan Agency in London (828/7/13-15) and Lampen re plans to divide it into a 'Governor-General's Office' and a 'Sudan Government Agency' (828/7/18-20); Lampen to Kenrick re Freeman's report for the Council of Ministers on compensation terms (828/7/21-23); W. Luce re the Sudanisation of the SDF (828/7/24-26); Davies re discussions with Sayyid Siddiq in London (828/7/27-30); W. Luce re the opening of discussions on the terms of compensation (828/7/31-33); W. Luce re agreement by the Council of Ministers to compensation terms and the future of the governor-generalship (828/7/53-56); W. Luce to Howe re Sudanese reaction to the Canal Agreement (828/7/75-76); W. Luce re payments to British officers in the SDF and expatriate staff of the Gezira Board whose posts have been sudanised (828/7/77-78). Enclosures:
SAD.828/7/5-7
1954 May 15
Note of resolutions taken by the Council of Ministers
SAD.828/7/8-9
1954 May 11
“Political corner-commentary on the news by Tewfic Ahmed el Bakri”, attacking the anti-government propaganda of administrators and missionaries in the south and British interference in Sudanese affairs
SAD.828/7/43-45
1954 Jun 18
Memorandum by G.D. Lampen on “H.M.G.'s policy towards Sudan”
SAD.828/7/49-54
1954 Jun 21-28
Series of letters to The Times on the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 1953
SAD.828/7/57-62
1954 Jul 13
Memorandum by [W. Luce] on the political situation in the Sudan and British policy towards an independent Sudan
SAD.828/7/68-69
1954 Jul 5-16
Continuation of correspondence to The Times (see above)
SAD.828/8/1-101
1954 Aug 3-Oct 30
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London. Unless otherwise stated, letters from W. Luce are to Lampen, and vice versa. Subjects include Lampen re representations from John Owen on behalf of the Expatriate Civil Servants' Association [E.C.S.A.] on the issue of compensation, and the Governor-General's wish to retire in mid-1955 (828/8/3-6); Kenrick to Lampen re the progress of Sudanisation (828/8/16-17); W. Luce to Kenrick re the Governor-General's determination to leave the Sudan on 1 Mar 1955 (828/8/22-26); Kenrick to Lampen re Cabinet plans to bring out a Provisional Order against communism (828/8/27-28); Davies to Kenrick re the decision to Sudanise Equatoria and Bahr al-Ghazal immediately and Mubarak Zarroug's visit to Britain (828/8/29-31); Kenrick to Howe re the dissatisfaction of southern members of the Opposition with the N.U.P. (828/8/32-33); Lampen to Kenrick re F.O. plans to appoint a British Governor-General to succeed Howe (828/8/38-41); W. Luce to Kenrick re the appointment of an Indian liaison officer and the Sudanisation of the Ministry of Finance (828/8/44-46); W. Luce to J.S. Owen re the Governor-General's negotiations on scales of compensation, with related correspondence between Howe and W. Luce (828/8/47-54); W. Luce to Kenrick re Howe's decision to cut short his service in the Sudan (828/8/55-56); Lampen to Kenrick re the progress of Sudanisation and arrangements for Azhari's visit to London (828/8/59-64), with Kenrick's reply (828/8/72-75); W. Luce to Howe urging him to return to Khartoum before Nov (828/8/66-67) and to reconsider his decision to retire on final leave on 1 Mar 1955 (828/8/69); Kenrick to Howe re the southern situation (828/8/76-77) and with an assessment of Salah Salim's visit to the Sudan (828/8/78-79); Kenrick to Lampen summarising the political situation in the Sudan (intended as a handing-over note for W. Luce) (828/8/80-83); Lampen re Howe's decision to suspend his resignation (828/8/88); W. Luce re his return to the U.K. to prepare for Azhari's visit and his reaction to Howe's decision, and enclosing letters to T.E. Bromley of the F.O. African Department summarising the political situation in the Sudan (828/8/89); W. Luce to Bromley re Umma Party views on the current political situation (828/8/95-98). Enclosures:
SAD.828/8/21
1954 Jul 25
Note by J.G. Mavrogordato on the redistribution of the Governor-General's powers
SAD.828/8/92-94
1954 Oct 26
Record of a conversation between Sayyid Muhammad Ahmad al-Mardi, Minister for Local Government and W. Luce on 23 Oct
SAD.828/8/100-101
1954 Oct 28
Record of a conversation between `Abd Allah Khalil and W. Luce on 27 Oct concerning support for the Independents
SAD.828/9/1-76
1954 Nov 1-Dec 29
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Lampen re the Governor-General's proposal to resign, the programme for Azhari's visit and policy to be discussed, and discussions on the security of pensions (828/9/4-7); W. Luce to Howe re the timing of independence and the need for the continued presence of the Governor-General until the hand-over of power (828/9/9-11); W. Luce to Howe re his unwillingness to serve as acting Governor-General during Howe's absences (828/9/12); W. Luce re the failure of the British Embassy in Cairo to appreciate the situation in the Sudan, reaction in the Sudan to Najib's deposition and the southern situation (828/9/16-19); Lampen re the timing of the announcement of Howe's resignation, discussions in the Cabinet on compensation and security of pensions and the state of Anglo-Egyptian relations (828/9/20-23); Lampen re lack of accurate news from the Sudan (828/9/26-28); W. Luce re Egyptian reaction to the prospect of a new Governor-General, the increasing movement of the N.U.P. towards an independent Sudan Republic and reaction in the Sudan to the death sentences imposed on members of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood Society (828/9/30-34); Lampen re the progress of Sudanisation and discussions on Nile waters developments (828/9/44-47); W. Luce re the progress of Sudanisation, the Juba conference, dissatisfaction with the workings of the Council of Ministers and discussions with Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi (828/9/48-53); Lampen re the Cabinet decision on security of pensions, progress of Sudanisation and lack of accurate news from the Sudan (828/9/55-59); copy telegram from the S/S for Foreign Affairs to the Governor-General re compensation and security of pensions for S.P.S. officials, with related letter from J.S.R. Duncan to the chairman of the E.C.S.A. (828/9/61-63); W. Luce re the Cabinet decision on topping up and pension assurances, the appointment of Sir Knox Helm as Governor-General and the ministerial crisis in the Sudan (828/9/66-70); W. Luce (828/9/71-73), and Lampen (828/9/74-76) re the ministerial crisis. Enclosures:
SAD.828/9/2-3
1954 Oct 31
Note by J. Carmichael of points which may be raised by the Sudan delegation to the U.K. on financial and economic matters
SAD.828/9/8
1954 Nov 3
Note by G.D. Lampen on H.M.G.'s policy towards the Sudan
SAD.828/9/35-36
1954 Dec 6
Minute by W. Luce for the Governor-General on security in the south
SAD.828/9/37-38
1954 Dec 11
Note by W. Luce of discussions with McDowell, Daniell and Owen on various matters concerning British officials and their families in the southern provinces
SAD.828/9/39-42
1954 Dec 6
Minute and brief put to the Governor-General for discussions with the P.M. on Sudanisation, with the Governor-General's record of the results of his talk
SAD.828/10/1-91
1955 Jan 2-Feb 27
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including W. Luce re the progress of Sudanisation and reports of attempts by Mirghani Hamza to form a new independence party (828/10/1-4); Lampen re preparations for legislation for additional compensation payments, repercussions of the Cabinet crisis and impressions of Knox Helm (828/10/5-10); W. Luce re publication of the Sudanisation analysis, attitudes to the new independence party and discussions with Edward Atiyah (828/10/11-15); Lampen re discussions with Knox Helm on his role, recruitment of expatriate staff, the publication of inaccurate statistics on Sudanisation and a summary of the political situation in the Sudan (828/10/16-21); W. Luce re the selection of new ministers, progress in the formation of the Republican Independence Party and Azhari's proposed timetable for steps towards self-government (828/10/22-26); Lampen re H.M.G.'s policy towards the Sudan, the political situation in the Sudan and Sir Knox Helm's role as Governor-General (828/10/27-32); Lampen re points of common interest between the British and Sudanese governments (828/10/37-42); W. Luce re a meeting of the negotiating committee on compensation, the progress of Sudanisation and the future of British policy towards the Sudan (828/10/43-47); Lampen re progress of the Independence Republican Party and negotiations on the Higher Aswan Dam (828/10/48-52); W. Luce re the duration of the 'transitional period' and problems facing elections for the Constituent Assembly (828/10/57-60); Lampen re Azhari's plans for self-determination (828/10/62-65); W. Luce re celebrations to mark the second anniversary of Agreement Day and prospects for the forthcoming governors' meeting (828/10/67-70); Lampen re the timing of the Constituent Assembly elections, H.M.G.'s policy towards financial aid to the Sudan after independence and discussions on the Higher Aswan Dam (828/10/71-75); W. Luce re the appointment of a Sudanese Auditor-General, prospects for bringing forward the date of self-determination, support of southern M.H.R.s for the concept of federation and Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani's support for the idea of a pro-independence coalition government (828/10/76-80); Lampen re F.O. objections to the formula for compensation and negotiations on the Higher Aswan Dam (828/10/83-87); W. Luce re the Opposition's plan to put up the self-determination resolution to parliament immediately, the resignation of three Under-Secretaries and southern views on federation (828/10/88-91). Enclosures:
SAD.828/10/53-56
1955 Feb 1
Note by G.D. Lampen on 'Policy of H.M.G. towards the Sudan'
SAD.828/10/81-82
1955 Feb 19
Note by W. Luce on relations between the N.U.P. government and the missions
SAD.829/1/1-53
1955 Mar 2-29
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Lampen re Nile waters and the Aswan High Dam and the prospects for a financial crisis (829/1/1-4), with W. Luce's reply (829/1/6-9); Lampen re Nile waters, H.M.G.'s policy towards the Sudan and the progress of Sudanisation (829/1/10-14); W. Luce re negotiations with Egypt over the terms of reference of the International Commission, the make-up of the Opposition in the House of Representatives and the Senate and the departure of the Governor-General (829/1/17-21); Lampen re arrangements for Sir Knox Helm's arrival in the Sudan and H.M.G.'s policy on future aid for the Sudan (829/1/22-26); W. Luce re the self-determination resolution, report of a speech by Azhari in which he called for independence for the first time and the disposal of British military property in the Sudan (829/1/29-32); Lampen re the terms of reference and membership of the International Commission (829/1/33-38); W. Luce re the Opposition's plans for submitting another self-determination motion, the terms of reference and membership of the International Commission and attempts to obtain Egyptian agreement to independence for the Sudan (829/1/42-45); Lampen re the division of Nile waters (829/1/46-50); Vincent Harlow to Lampen re precedents for the removal of Senators who change their party allegiance (829/1/52-53). Enclosures:
SAD.829/1/15
1955 Feb 26
Copy extract from Time and Tide entitled “Egypt: policy or illusion”
SAD.829/1/40-41
1955 Jan-Mar
Programme of Sir Knox Helm's activities in London
SAD.829/2/1-60
1955 Apr 3-May 29
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including W. Luce re Knox Helm's reception in Khartoum, plans to close the U.K. Trade Commission, Opposition demands for the process of self-determination to be put in motion from 1 Jul and N.U.P. policy on the future status of the Sudan (829/2/1-6); W. Luce re the publication of the second instalment of N.U.P. policy decisions and Azhari's appointment of a new Sudan Agent in London (829/2/12-14); Lampen re H.M.G.'s support for Sudanese independence and the possibility of proceeding straight to independence (829/2/15-18); W. Luce re progress in Nile waters negotiations, Egyptian relations with the Sudan, British views on cutting out the self-determination process and the expulsion of Buroru people to French Equatorial Africa (829/2/19-23); Lampen re Egyptian relations with the Sudan, Nile waters negotiations, the future of the Sudanese currency and compensation of British Gezira Board staff (829/2/25-29); W.N. Allan to The Economist re the southern Sudan and Egypt's water (829/2/30); W. Luce re the use of Egyptian money to buy politicians' support for a link with Egypt, Nile waters discussions and arrangements for staging facilities for the RAF (829/2/32-35); Lampen re Nile waters (829/2/36-39); W. Luce re N.U.P. finances (829/2/42-43); W. Luce re the appointment of Dr. `Ali Oru as Sudan Agent in London (829/2/47-48); J.S.R. Duncan to Lampen re problems facing Azhari on his return to the Sudan (829/2/53); Lampen to Duncan re the International Supervisory Commission and agreement over a basis for resuming Nile waters negotiations with Egypt (829/2/54-57)
SAD.829/3/1-91
1955 Jun 2-Jul 30
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Lampen to Duncan re Azhari's proposal to dispense with an election for a constituent assembly (829/3/1-4); Duncan to Lampen re a request for a Department of Religious Affairs and an extension to the service of a number of sharia qadis (829/3/5-7); Lampen to Duncan re the Governor-General's impressions of the potential for unrest in the south and Azhari's decision to carry out the full process of self-determination under the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement (829/3/9-12); Duncan to Lampen re the dismissal of Nur al-Din (829/3/13-14); Lampen to Duncan re the agreement on a preliminary draft reply to Cairo concerning the International Commission and the F.O.'s failure to protest against Egyptian bribery in the Sudan (829/3/15-18); Duncan to Lampen re Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani's support for Nur al-Din and the dismissal of Bullen Alier as Minister of Animal Resources (829/3/19); W. Luce re improved relations with Sudanese politicians, increased confidence in the government's commitment to independence, the dismissal of Nur al-Din, Egyptian interference in Sudanese affairs, negotiations on the International Commission and the time-table for the self-determination resolution (829/3/22-29); Lampen re negotiations on the International Commission and the likelihood of the Sudanese government requesting British support against Egypt (829/3/33-36); W. Luce re discussions with Azhari at Erkowit (829/3/37-40); Lampen re the need to exclude British, Egyptian and Sudanese members from the International Commission, the Sudanese currency and changes in the Sudan Agency in London (829/3/41-44); W. Luce re the future of the Sudanese currency, Egyptian plans to delay the process of self-determination and reports of Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani's views on a plebiscite to decide the future of the country (829/3/45-49); Lampen re Sudanese opposition to any steps to delay the self-determination process, his reservations about a plebiscite and the arrival of the new Sudan Agent (829/3/50-53); W. Luce reporting on discussions with Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani on self-determination, the Juba conference and discussions with Beach, the United States Liaison Officer on Egyptian involvement in Sudanese affairs (829/3/54-58); Knox Helm to W. Luce re F.O. views on the International Commission and a plebiscite (829/3/60-66); Lampen re Knox Helm's discussions with the F.O., the Egyptian attitude towards the International Commission and the Constituent Assembly and completion of the work of the Sudanisation Committee (829/3/67-71); W. Luce re postponement of the N.U.P. General Assembly meeting, Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani's growing discontent with Azhari, the appointment of a nine-man delegation by the Juba Conference to discuss economic plans for the south, Egyptian criticism of breeches by the Sudan Government of the free and neutral atmosphere, and reports of Egyptian approaches to the Umma (829/3/72-78); Lampen re completion of the Sudanisation final report (829/3/79-84); Knox Helm to W. Luce re his discussions with the Secretary of State on the International Commission and British troops in the Sudan (829/3/85-86); W. Luce re the outcome of discussions in Cairo with the Sudanese delegation headed by Azhari, and public unrest in Nzara and increasing discontent in Torit District (829/3/87-91). Enclosures:
SAD.829/3/30-32
1955 Jun 14
Copy of the Council of Ministers' resolutions taken at the 106th meeting
SAD.829/4/1-71
1955 Aug 2-Sep 28
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Lampen re discussions with Humphrey Trevelyan, the new Ambassador in Cairo and with the Treasury on a Sudan currency, and the date for the withdrawal of British troops (829/4/1-6); W. Luce re discussions between Azhari and Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani on a plebiscite, causes of unrest among the Azande, political developments and the composition of the International Commission (829/4/7-11); Lampen re the composition of the International Commission (829/4/12-16); Lampen re the southern mutiny (829/4/20-21); Duncan to Lampen re agreement on a plebiscite and repercussions of the surrender at Torit (829/4/23-24); Lampen to Duncan re the International Commission, problems facing the administration of the south and the safety of British nationals in Equatoria (829/4/25-29); W. Luce re his experiences in Equatoria, lack of understanding by northern M.H.R.s of the complexity of the southern problem and the replacement of Salah Salim in Egypt (829/4/34-37); Lampen re alarmist statements by a C.M.S. missionary, predicting resistance to northern troops in Equatoria, growing realisation in the north that mutineers and the civilian population in the south had hoped that the British would return to rescue them, the fate of mutineers in Uganda and C.M.S. calls for a 'neutral' administration in the south (829/4/38-42); Duncan to Lampen re the fate of mutineers in Uganda and delays in re-establishing administration in the south (829/4/49-50); Lampen re the likely northern backlash against missionaries and British staff in the south (829/4/51-53); Duncan to Lampen re developments in the south and opposition to the appointment of a new principal for Khartoum University College (829/4/54-56); Duncan to Lampen re the decline in the Governor-General's powers, opposition to a draft provisional order to amend judges' salaries and the shooting of seven police at Yei by the SDF (829/4/61-65); Lampen to Duncan re the inter-party conference on southern policy and the Governor-General's role (829/4/66-70). Enclosures:
SAD.829/4/30-32
1955 Aug 29
Memorandum by G.D. Lampen on “The position in the southern Sudan”
SAD.829/4/43-48
[c. 1955 Sep 1]
Memorandum by Gordon Watt-Wyness, C.M.S. missionary on “Southern Sudan. Summary of information brought out of southern provinces by C.M.S. missionary following expiry of surrender offer Saturday noon August 27, 1955”
SAD.829/4/71
1955 Sep
C.M.S. newsletter from Max Warren, General Secretary, “Sudan in our prayers”, concerning events in the south
SAD.829/5/1-40
1955 Oct 2-29
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including Duncan to Lampen re a call from southern M.H.R.s for self-determination for the south and re the evacuation of British troops (829/5/1-3); Duncan to Lampen re H.M.G.'s objection to the purchase of Russian arms by Egypt, and the situation in the south (829/5/7-10); Lampen re the repercussions for H.M.G.'s policy towards Egypt and the Sudan of the Czech-Russian arms deal with Egypt, fears of ex-officials for the future of the south and the passing of sentences on the mutineers (829/5/11-15); W. Luce re changes in H.M.G.'s policy towards Egypt and the Sudan and the Egyptian attitude to Sudanese independence, discussions on the possibility of a national or coalition government, the death sentences passed by the court at Meridi and growing divisions between the north and south (829/5/16-21); Lampen re disquiet over pro-southern views expressed by C.M.S. missionaries and articles in The Telegraph (829/5/22-25); W. Luce re Egypt's sudden agreement to the terms of the International Commission, the emergence of the Sudanese desire for a short-cut to independence and developments in the south (829/5/26-30); Lampen re C.M.S. and press reports on the situation in the south and F.O. fears of communist penetration into Egypt and the Sudan (829/5/31-34); W. Luce re lack of progress in the short-cut to independence, relaxation of the ban on foreign journalists in the south and progress with courtmartials for the mutineers (829/5/35-40)
SAD.829/6/1-93
1955 Nov 1-Dec 30
Continuation of official correspondence between the Governor-General's Office in Khartoum and the Sudan Agency in London, including W. Luce to K.P. Maddocks, Northern Nigeria, with an historical account of the divisions between the north and south (829/6/1-6); Lampen re H.M.G.'s changed attitude towards Egypt, views in Britain about treatment of the south and the House of Lords' debate on the Sudan (829/6/7-11); W. Luce re the decision to recommend to H.M.G. a return to the plebiscite, Constituent Assembly and International Commission, Opposition distrust of the Governor-General and Colin Legum's report on the south [see below 829/9/12-25] (829/6/13-17); Lampen re discussions at the F.O. on the termination of the Condominium and the closure of the London office of the National Bank of Egypt (829/6/19-23); W. Luce re Azhari's agreement to a party of British journalists touring the south and the government defeat on the budget (829/6/24-25);W. Luce re the government defeat and Azhari's resignation and prospects for self-determination under the new National Government (829/6/26-33); Lampen re Azhari's reappointment as P.M. and developments in the south (829/6/34-37); W. Luce, summarising the political crisis in the Sudan and its effect on the position of Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani, arrangements for the International Commission and developments in the south (829/6/38-44); Lampen re the timetable for the International Commission and the unsatisfactory situation in the Sudan Agency in London (829/6/45-49); W. Luce re the Governor-General's idea of 'neutralisation' of his post and increasing Egyptian interference in Sudanese affairs (829/6/50-54); Lampen re F.O. reaction to the proposal of a neutral Governor-General (829/6/55-58); W. Luce re the future of the governor-generalship and meetings between Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani and Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi (829/6/59-64); Lampen re the possible choice of a neutral Governor-General and press atacks on the Governor-General's failure to protect the south (829/6/65-68); W. Luce re H.M.G.'s decision on the future of the governor-generalship, negotiations on the formation of a National Government and the situation in the south (829/6/74-77); W. Luce re agreement between the political parties on the appointment of a Sudanese Commission to take over the Governor-General's powers and agreement over an independence resolution (829/6/78-81); Lampen re H.M.G.'s recognition of the Sudan as a sovereign independent state and the closure of the Sudan Government accounts at the National Bank of Egypt in London (829/6/82-85); W. Luce re his anger at H.M.G.'s handling of the independence resolutions - 'final letter' in the series (829/6/86-88); Lampen re arrangements for winding up the Sudan Agency in London (829/6/89-91)
SAD.829/7/1
1953 Apr 14
Note by J.W. Kenrick on certain independent Khatmiyah personalities
SAD.829/7/2-62
1953 May 5-Dec 14
Series of top secret and personal monthly letters from the Governor-General's Office (most signed by W. Luce), to province governors and other senior officials, replacing the earlier series of Civil Secretary's monthly letters, and interfiled with distribution lists and some related correspondence. The letters are chiefly concerned with political developments, the progress of the Electoral Commission and Anglo-Egyptian relations, events in Cairo and the outcome of elections
SAD.829/8/1
[1953] Apr 12
Memorandum from J.W. Robertson, Civil Secretary, announcing the setting up of the United Kingdom Trade Commission in Khartoum
SAD.829/8/2
[c.1953]
Note by W. Luce on the political leanings of Hasan Diab
SAD.829/8/3-7
[post 1953]
Account by [W. Luce] of steps leading to the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 12 Feb 1953
SAD.829/8/8-45
1954 Feb 11-Aug 22
“Summary of events” nos. 1-5 and “Sudan Political Intelligence Summary” no. 7, sent to heads of Sudan offices abroad, with correspondence concerning the future of the series
SAD.829/9/1-7
1955 Mar 8
Note drafted by W. Luce for Sir Robert Howe, summarising the principal developments in the Sudan over the previous two years, with covering letter (also drafted by W. Luce) from Howe to Sir Winston Churchill, written at the time of his departure from the Sudan
SAD.829/9/8
1955 Aug 28
Copy of the terms of surrender of the Torit troops, signed at Juba by Ahmad Muhammad Pasha, Kaid and Rinaldo Loleyo, leader of the mutineers
SAD.829/9/9-11
1955 Aug 31
Report by W. Luce on the mutiny at Torit, 29-30 Aug, written immediately after his return from Torit in the presence of SDF troops
SAD.829/9/12-25
[1955 Nov]
Report by Colin Legum on southern Sudan, particularly Equatoria where he spent 5 days, 1-5 Nov 1955, in the aftermath of the mutiny. Topics covered include law and order, justice, prisons, the administration, schools, the army, the missions, the attitude of southerners, causes of suspicion, events leading up to the mutiny and the future
SAD.829/9/26-27
[n.d.]
Note by W. Luce of reactions of different political factions to the declaration of Sudan independence
(v) Post Sudan service
SAD.829/10/1-36
1968
Text of the constitution of the Republic of the Sudan, 1968
SAD.829/11/1-10
1969
Programmes for W. Luce's visit to the Sudan, Feb-Mar 1969, including Northern Province and Blue Nile Province
SAD.829/11/11-12
1972
Copy telegrams from R.G.A. Etherington-Smith, British Ambassador to Sudan, concerning the agreement on southern Sudan
SAD.829/11/13-22
[1972]
Report on “The situation in regard to aid to the southern Sudan” [author unknown]
SAD.829/11/23-57
1975-1976
Papers relating to a visit by W. Luce to Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya in early 1976, including correspondence from J.W. Ritchie concerning arrangements for travel, draft itineraries, details of senior staff in Nairobi and Mombasa and report by J.W. Ritchie of a visit to Nairobi, Aug and Sep 1975, and in particular economic conditions there
SAD.829/11/58-61
1976 Jan 12
Paper by the Aid Unit, British Embassy, Khartoum, on “British aid to the Sudan”
2. Personal Papers
SAD.829/12/1-3
1940 Jun 15
Brevet awarded to W. Luce for a temporary commission in the Sudan Auxiliary Defence Force, with covering letter from J.W. Robertson, Acting Governor, Gezira Province
SAD.1053/6/1-17
1947 Feb 6-7, Mar 16
2 letters from Sir Hubert J. Huddleston, Khartoum, to W. Luce concerning disturbances; visit of James Bowker and advocating U.N. Commission visit; children's party; visitors, including Cubitt, incoming Personal Staff Officer to the Chief of Military Mission, Cairo, and Lord Trefgarne; Nokrashi and Creed and appointment of Grand Qadi; divergent advice of Sir Patrick Scrivener and Sir Ronald Campbell and vascillating British policy toward Egypt (SAD.1053/6/1-5); lack of consultation in appointment of Sir Robert Howe, anticipating benefit of F.O. insider in the post and expecting acculturated to Sudanese context (SAD.1053/6/6-17)
SAD.1053/6/18-21
[1947] Feb 20
Letter from J.W. Robertson, Khartoum, to W. Luce reporting discussion with James Bowker of [Huddleston's] future in relation to U.N. Commission, and proposing tour of Sudan; pressure for Egyptian administrators in Sudan again;
SAD.829/12/4-7
1947 Apr 1
Personal letter from T. Creed, Legal Secretary, to W. Luce concerning the circumstances surrounding Huddleston's resignation and the appointment of Howe, and reporting on the substance of a conversation with Creech-Jones concerning assurances given by Attlee to the Governor-General and Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi
SAD.829/12/8-12
1954 Oct 23-Nov 28
Correspondence between W. Luce and Selwyn Lloyd concerning W. Luce's future employment
SAD.1053/6/22
1956 Jan 3
Letter of congratulation to W. Luce from Harold MacMillan on the award of a knighthood.
SAD.1053/6/23-25
1967 Mar 8
Letter from Gill Andreyev (daughter of Sir H.J. Huddleston), Cambridge, to W. Luce concerning enclosing 2 letters from Huddleston [?SAD.1053/6/1-17], reviewing papers of her father in her possession; with 2 enclosures:
SAD.1053/6/24
[1940x 1947]
Christmas card (blank) from Sir Hubert and Lady Huddleston, with photograph of the palace
SAD.1053/6/25
[February] 1948
3 reprinted letters to the editor of The Times from Sir R.G. Howe, Alan C. Don, and Sir H.J. Huddleston concerning an appeal for a war memorial hall and social centre at Gordon Memorial Cathedral, Khartoum
SAD.1053/6/26
1971 Jun 17
Letter from Laurence Grafftey-Smith, Coddenham, to W. Luce requesting background information on the history of the Sudanisation process leading up to independence
SAD.1053/6/27-30
1974 Mar 28 and Mar 10
Letter from SIr George Schuster, Middle Barton, to W. Luce concerning events leading up to the resignation of Sir Geoffrey Archer, written requesting advice and in response to an enclosed letter to Schuster from G. Ayoub Balamoan, in preparation of a work on the population and finance of Sudan 1995-1970 and attributing Archer's fall to his alleged opposition to West Asian and West African immigration, the separation of Southern Sudan, and his support for Egyptian personnel in Sudan
SAD.1053/6/31-33
1975 Aug 5
Letter from [Carlton Griffith Davies], Wisborough Green, to W. Luce concerning the founding meeting of the Sudan Government British Pensioners' Association in the top floor room of the Sudan Agency in Wellington House, London
SAD.1053/6/34-37
1975 Oct 12
Letter from Gill Andreyev (daughter of Sir H.J. Huddleston), Cambridge, to W. Luce concerning replacement of her father by Howe, Huddleston's relations with Bevin and Attlee and disaccord with British government policy, tension over appointment of Grand Qadi, proposing corrective footnote in Robertson's Transition in Africa (1974)
SAD.1053/6/38-47
1976 Mar 2-30
Correspondence from Dr C.H. Roads, Imperial War Museum, and J.W. Robertson to W. Luce, with copy letter from John Phillips, British Ambassador to Sudan, to J.A.L. Morgan, concerning proposed series of exhibitions and films illustrating Anglo-Sudanese relations since 1877
3. Diaries
SAD.829/12/13-38
[1934 Nov 26-Dec 8]
Diary of W. Luce's first trek in Darfur, a round trip from Nyala, stopping at Id el Ghanem, Kileititi (?), Defadi village, Burma, Mandang, Um Balut and El Azraq. He describes the shaykhs, `umdahs and nazirs met en route, discussions with discontented Gimr shaykhs at Kileititi (829/12/16-20), rendez-vous with No.6 Co. WAC (829/12/16, 19, 23) and women dancing at Mandang (829/12/31-32)
SAD.829/12/39-56
1935 Feb 17-28
Diary of a trek by lorry from Nyala to Kubbum where W. Luce spent two nights in a tree in a fruitless search for lion (829/12/39-42), an inspection of cattle quarantine at Wilgidai (829/12/41) and of a trek by horse by way of Mandang, Sambalang, Jangi, Gideiki and Abu Deimbo to the foothills of Jabal Marra. The purpose of the trek was to investigate accusations against Shartai Musa Sulayman, but in the absence of a key witness, W. Luce took the opportunity to climb Jabal Marra as far as Lake Deriba (829/12/48-56), describing the climb in some detail and the existence of cultivation on stone faced terraces in the foothills (829/12/47-48)
SAD.829/13/1-36
1939 Sep 1-Nov 6
Diary kept by W. Luce during the first months of the war to 'keep a record of how it affects me and Margaret and other people near to me, and of the impressions made upon me by contemporary events'. The diary begins on leave in Britain at the outbreak of war and covers the sea journey back to Sudan and the frustrations of life in Gezira Province
SAD.829/13/37-44
1941 Nov 8-18
Diary covering the first days of W. Luce's appointment as Private Secretary and Comptroller to the Governor-General, including details of office routine and social activities, a visit to the Kfouri dairy at Khartoum North (829/13/37) and W. Luce's first meeting with Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi (829/13/41)
4. Articles, Lectures, Books (drafts)
(i) By W. Luce
SAD.830/1/1-7
1948
Text of broadcast by W. Luce on 22 Jun 1948 concerning the promulgation of the Executive Council and Legislative Assembly Ordinance
SAD.830/1/8-9
[1950]
Appreciation of Sir Hubert Huddleston, former Governor-General (died 2 Oct 1950)
SAD.830/1/10-104
[post 1955]
Draft chapters for a book on the transitional period of Sudan rule from 1953 to 1 Jan 1956 :
SAD.830/1/10-18
Introduction. Summary of rule of Sudan by Co-Domini and events in the 1940s and 1950s, leading towards independence
SAD.830/1/19
Labour movement and politics. Role of the Sudan Workers' Trade Union Federation
SAD.830/1/20-32
Chapter 1. Self-government statute, enacted 21 Mar 1953; appointment of British officials to assist the Governor-General during the transitional period up to self-determination; make-up of the Governor-General's Commission; appointment of Electoral Commission; Umma Party delegation to Cairo, 22 Apr 1953; delay of elections until the autumn; Churchill's criticism of Howe's proposal to take 5 months' leave; Churchill's intention of denouncing the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement and sending more troops to the Sudan
SAD.830/1/33-42
Incomplete chapter. Reactions of British Government, Sudan Government, British members of S.P.S. and the Governor-General to the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of Feb 1953; composition of Governor-General's Commission; Selwyn Lloyd's visit to Khartoum, Mar 1953; campaign of vilification by the Egyptians
SAD.830/1/43-64
Formal opening of the second session of parliament. Resignation and reinstatement of Najib; riots outside the Palace after the arrival of Najib and the resulting crisis
SAD.830/1/65-69
Sudan internal politics. Disillusionment of the Umma and the S.R.P.; Umma delegation to Cairo; summary of Najib's letter to the Umma Party; discussions between Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi and Selwyn Lloyd on an open break with the Egyptians by the Umma; Sudanese delegation invited to Cairo to celebrate the anniversary of the revolution, 23 Jul 1953; Umma Party break with the Egyptians and declaration for a republic, 8 Aug
SAD.830/1/70-84
Sudanisation and compensation. Establishment of Sudanisation Committee following the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of Feb 1953; compensation scheme; attempts to secure lump-sum compensation and guarantees for pensions from H.M.G.; composition of the Sudanisation Committee; appointment of a British team to negotiate on behalf of the Governor-General with the Council of Ministers; arrival of experts from India, Pakistan, Egypt and the U.K. to advise on compensation; discussions with the Committee of Ministers; 3 months notice given to British officers in the SDF; immediate Sudanisation of police and S.P.S.; H.M.G.'s agreement to provide supplementary compensation and to guarantee pensions; completion of Sudanisation Committee's work, Aug 1955
SAD.830/1/85-101
Southern mutiny, Aug 1955. Mutiny of Equatorial Corps at Torit; interference from Egypt - proposed military intervention; signing of surrender to Kaid and W. Luce by Mulazim Tani Rinaldo Loleyo. leader of the mutineers, at Juba; report by W. Luce of mutiny; assessment of situation in southern provinces in the aftermath of the mutiny
SAD.830/1/102-103
Final stages of the Condominium
SAD.830/1/104
Arab chronology
SAD.830/2/1-2
[post 1955]
Appreciation by [W. Luce] of Sir Knox Helm's tenure of the governor-generalship
SAD.830/2/3-8
1956 Jun 28
Text of speech by W. Luce at the SDF dinner, on the transfer of power in the Sudan
SAD.830/2/9-27
1956 Apr 6
Text of lecture to the Greenwich war course on “The Sudan”, a summary of Condominium rule
SAD.830/2/28-48
1956 Jul 28
Text of lecture to the R.E.S. summer school, Oxford, on the transfer of power in the Sudan
SAD.830/2/49-69
[post 1956]
Text of speech by W. Luce on “The Sudan”, covering its strategic importance, progress under British rule and the move towards independence
SAD.830/3/1-6
[post 1956]
Part copy of lecture on the political events of 1951-1953
SAD.830/3/7-31
1961
Text of speech by W. Luce to the Wiltshire Territorial Association on “Britain and the Arab world”
SAD.830/3/32-45
[n.d.]
Draft speech by W. Luce on British involvement in the Sudan and stages in the transfer of power
SAD.830/3/46-50
[n.d.]
Draft text of speech by W. Luce on the geography of the Sudan
SAD.1053/9/1-5
[1969 x 1976]
Transcript of interview with W. Luce by Al Adwaa, concerning: British policy toward Sudanese independence, Sudanese political parties and the role of Egypt; the absence of the Governor-General at independence; British destruction of politically sensitive government records
(ii) By others
SAD.830/4/1-4
1949 Jul
Copy article by G.C. Scott on “Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum”, from African Affairs
SAD.1053/6/48-62
[1953]
Notes for a lecture on Sudan by Margaret Luce, wife of W. Luce
SAD.830/4/5-7
1953 Nov 30
Text of speech by Sir Robert Howe, Governor-General, at the Caledonian dinner
SAD.830/4/8-15
1956
Articles by G.M. Moore entitled “Saudi Arabia: an experiment in Arab freedom”, “Morocco and Arabia” and “Arabia et Impera”, with covering letter from Moore to W. Luce expressing his views on British Arab policy
SAD.830/4/16-25
1969
Paper by Storrs McCall of Makerere University College, Kampala on “The rise of a provisional government in southern Sudan” presented to the University Social Sciences Council Conference, with covering letter from R.G.A. Etherington-Smith to W. Luce
SAD.1053/6/63-76
[1970s]
Account by Margaret Luce, wife of W. Luce, of her first visit to Sudan in 1934
SAD.1053/6/77-79
1975 Oct 14
Letter from C.W.M. Cox, Oxford, to W. Luce, enclosing speech by Martin Parr at the Sudan Reunion Lunch for Sir Angus Gillan's 90th birthday on 10 October
SAD.830/4/26-102
1976
Two draft chapters of a projected book by Storrs McCall, McGill University, entitled “From Juba conference to the mutiny” and “Mutiny and independence”, with detailed comments by W. Luce and related correspondence between McCall and W. Luce and from A.C. Beaton
SAD.1053/9/6
2003 Dec 9
“History NOT in the History Books”: reminiscence by A.D. Dodds-Parker of the 1954 negotiations between Egyptian Prime Minister Neguib, British Foreign Secretary Selwyn-Lloyd and Governor-General Howe in Khartoum and W. Luce's actions to calm the ensuing riot; and Dodds-Parker's eye-witness account of the Sudanese Assembly's reaction to Nasser's letter of congratulation.
5. Photographic Material
SAD.1075/1/1-2
[mid-20th century]
Photographs of Governor-General Sir Hubert Huddleston and his wife Lady Constance
2 prints
SAD.1075/1/1
[1940]
Governor-General Sir Hubert Huddleston, in uniform
Size: 200 x 275 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/1/2
[mid-20th century]
Lady Constance Huddleston, standing in a columned doorway
Size: 85 x 137 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/1-14
[1951 x 1953], 1955
Photographs from W. Luce's time as Governor of Blue Nile Province
1 postcard, 13 prints
SAD.1075/2/1
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce seated at an informal dinner
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/2
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, presenting Long Service and Good Conduct medals to Sol Talim Mohamed Tahir Idris of the Corps
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/3
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, taking the salute as columns are marched off parade
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/4
1953 Mar
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, with members of Wad Medani Police. Formal group of 28 men in 3 rows
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/5
1953 Mar
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, taking the salute from the [Wad Medani] Police
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/6
[1953 Mar]
Wad Medani Mudiria
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/7
1953 Mar
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, parading with Police Guard of Honour band
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/8
1953 Mar
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, inspecting Police Guard of Honour
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/9
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, taking salute from a Sudanese military parade in front of building
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/10
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, inspecting Sudanese military troops in front of building
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/11
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, standing on a dias saluting at a large open-air event
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/12
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, presenting a medal to a Sudanese uniformed officer at a large open-air event
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/13
[1951 x 1953]
W. Luce, Governor of Blue Nile Province, presenting a medal to a Sudanese soldier at a large open-air event
Size: 220 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/2/14
1955 Nov 24
A mounted troup of the Sudan Defence Force Camel Corps. Karakashian Brothers Photo Stores, Khartoum. Christmas card sent from Sayed
Size: 138 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/3/1-4
1953 June
Photographs depicting the visit of the Queen Mother and Princess Margaret to Sudan
4 prints
SAD.1075/3/1
1953 June
Princess Margaret, The Queen Mother, Financial Secretary John Carmichael and Governor-General Sir Robert Howe in a marquee at Khartoum Airport
Size: 206 x 160 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/3/2
1953 June
Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, Chief Justice Lindsay, Princess Margaret, The Queen Mother, Abdullah Bey Khalil in a marquee at Khartoum Airport
Size: 206 x 160 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/3/3
1953 June
Princess Margaret, The Queen Mother, Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani, M.G.W. Bell, and Governor-General Sir Robert Howe in a marquee at Khartoum Airport
Size: 206 x 160 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/3/4
1953 June
Princess Margaret, The Queen Mother, F.M.M. Forster Private Secretary to the Governor-General and Governor-General Sir Robert Howe in a marquee at Khartoum Airport
Size: 206 x 160 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/1-12
1954 Jan-Mar
Photographs depicting the events surrounding the inauguration and opening of the Sudanese Parliament
10 prints, 2 cuttings
SAD.1075/4/1
1954 Jan 1
Arrival of Governor-General Sir Robert Howe at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/2
1954 Jan 1
Arrival of Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/3
1954 Jan 1
Parade with Governor-General Sir Robert Howe taking the salute at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/4
1954 Jan 1
Parade with Governor-General Sir Robert Howe at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/5
[1954 Jan 1]
The Chief Justice, the Grand Kadi, and Judges of the High Court walking in procession from the Senate to the House of Representatives at Khartoum, [at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament]
Size: 194 x 136 mm
1 cutting
SAD.1075/4/6
[1954 Jan 1]
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe addressing the House of Representatives at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/7
[1954 Jan 1]
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe addressing the House of Representatives at the inauguration of the Sudanese Parliament
Size: 215 x 155 mm
1 cutting
SAD.1075/4/8
1954 Jan 6
Sayed Babikr 'Awadallah, newly elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, arriving at Khartoum Station from El-Obeid, whence he had been summoned to take up his duties
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/9
1954 Feb 28
Entertainment of the 19 foreign representatives in the Palace grounds, for the opening of the Sudanese Parliament on 1 March. View of guests in garden
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/10
1954 Feb 28
Entertainment of the 19 foreign representatives in the Palace grounds, for the opening of the Sudanese Parliament on 1 March. View of guests in garden with Palace in background
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/11
[1954 Mar 1]
Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, seated
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/4/12
1954 Mar 1
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe shaking hands with Prime Minister Mohamed Neguib on his arrival at Khartoum for the opening of the Sudanese Parliament on 1 March
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/5/1-4
1955 Mar
Photographs depicting events upon the departure of Governor-General Sir Robert Howe from the Sudan
4 prints
SAD.1075/5/1
1955 Mar 10
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe conversing with Prime Minister Sayyid Ismail al-Azhari at Howe's ceremonial departure from Sudan on his retirement
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/5/2
1955 Mar 10
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe taking the salute of the honour guard at his ceremonial departure from Sudan on his retirement. Drawn up in Khartoum Station-Yard as guard of honour are 5th Battalion Camel Corps, S.D.F., 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), 2nd Infantry Battalion Egyptian Army, Sudan Camel Mounted Police. Howe and his wife left by Sudan Railways train for Port Sudan to the strain of ‘Auld Lang Syne’ played by the S.D.F. band
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/5/3
[1955 Mar]
Governor-General Sir Robert Howe with Prime Minister Sayyid Ismail al-Azhari and Lady Howe and standing attendant at a dinner [marking Howe's retirement as Governor-General of Sudan]
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/5/4
[1955]
[Governor-General Sir Robert Howe] and a crowd of guests at a garden function at the Palace, Khartoum, [marking Howe's retirement as Governor-General of Sudan]
Size: 218 x 165 mm
1 print
SAD.A91/1-38
1969 Feb
Album of photographs recording W. Luce's visit to Northern Province in the company of Husayn Sharfi, Governor. Places visited included Damer, Atbara and Shendi
SAD.1075/6/1-6
[1914 x 1929]
Photographs of General Sir Gilbert Clayton (1875-1929)
6 prints
SAD.1075/6/1
[1914 x 1929]
Studio portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in military uniform, head and shoulders, left profile
Size: 105 x 149 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/6/2
[1914 x 1929]
Studio portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in civilian dress, with cap and stick, three-quarter length
Size: 105 x 150 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/6/3
[1914 x 1929]
Studio portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in military uniform and wearing cap, half length, left profile
Size: 90 x 139 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/6/4
[1914 x 1929]
Oval portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in military uniform, head and shoulders
Size: 101 x 136 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/6/5
[1914 x 1929]
Studio portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in military dress uniform, three-quarter length. Print perforated “Proof Vandyk, London”
Size: 126 x 170 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/6/6
[1914 x 1929]
Studio portrait photograph of Sir Gilbert Clayton in military dress uniform, three-quarter length, looking right. Print perforated “Proof Vandyk, London”
Size: 143 x 199 mm
1 print
SAD.1075/7/1-6
[1940s]
Postcards of Khartoum and Omdurman, produced by G.N. Morhig and Sudan Times
6 postcards
SAD.1075/7/1
[1940s]
Khartoum Tram. G.N. Morhig postcard series no. 214
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/7/2
[1940s]
Native market, showing women shopping at a small building with awnings. G.N. Morhig postcard series no. 293
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/7/3
[1940s]
Native market, showing a crowd of market traders and donkeys. G.N. Morhig postcard series no. 290
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/7/4
[1940s]
The Gordon College, Khartoum. South east view from the river. G.N. Morhig postcard series no. 261
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/7/5
[1940s]
On Gordon College grounds southern view. Sudan Times postcard series no. B25
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
SAD.1075/7/6
[1940s]
War Office, Khartoum. South and east view. Sudan Times postcard series no. A6
Size: 140 x 88 mm
1 postcard
6. Maps
SAD.830/5/1
1943
Map of Blue Nile Province showing local administrations
scale:   1 to 3,000,000
7. Newspaper Cuttings
SAD.830/5/2
1942 Sep 11
“Of Secretaries”, from The Manchester Guardian, sent by D. Newbold to W. Luce
SAD.1053/6/88-89
1954 Mar 9 and 13
Morning News, year 1, nos 25 and 29, pp1-2 of each issue only: Selwyn Lloyd comments on transition; Council of Ministers reshuffle
SAD.830/5/3-4
1967 and n.d.
Articles from the Financial Times by Richard Johns on the aftermath of the six-day war and Sudanese nationalism
8. Miscellanea
SAD.830/5/5
1930
Copy extract from the Simon Report on Indian nationalism
SAD.830/5/6-8
1956 Jan 1
Invitation to W. Luce and programme for the ceremony of hoisting the flag at the Parliament and Palace
SAD.830/5/9-10
[n.d.]
Brief summary of his career by H.J. Huddleston
SAD.830/5/11-45
[n.d.]
Sudan Government British Pensioners' Association list of members, with amendments
9. Printed Material
SAD.830/5/46-52
1952 Jul 26-Sep 13
Articles on Egypt from The Economist - “The events in Egypt” (26 Jul), “Hesitation in Egypt” (30 Aug) and “The soldiers' rule in Egypt” (13 Sep)
SAD.830/5/53-84
GWYNN, Sir Charles W.: Imperial policing, chapter 7, 150-180. London, 1939
(b) In Library
Durham University Library Printed material deposited with collection; now integrated into library and catalogued on OPAC. The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (British Information Services, New York, 1947)
Anglo-Egyptian conversations on the defence of the Suez canal and on the Sudan, December 1950-November 1951 (H.M.S.O. Cmd. 8419 Egypt No. 2 (1951)
Bank of Sudan, Research Department: Foreign trade statistical digest, 1968)
The Sudan Plantations Syndicate Ltd. and the Kassala Cotton Co. Ltd. and their work in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, repr. from the forty-fifth annual report of the British Cotton Growing Association, Apr 1950)
Diplomatic Bulletin. Special edition in honour of the proclamation of the Sudan as an independent state, entitled “The Republic of the Sudan. A diplomatic press survey” (Apr/May 1956)
The Gezira scheme from within: a collection of articles by heads of departments (1954)
The national memorial to General Gordon: the Gordon Boys' School, annual report, 1955, 1960 (2v)
Great Britain and the East no.1703, v.61, (15 Jan 1944)
News Bulletin no.4, yr.1 (Khartoum, 25 Jul 1956)
News and views - “The Sudanese uprisings” (Office of the United Kingdom Trade Commissioner, Khartoum, Press Section)
The Nile Pumps control (Blue Nile Province Tenancies) Regulations 1947)
The Sudan 1899-1953 (Central Office of Information, London)
The Sudan: a record of progress, 1898-1947)
The Sudan: the road ahead (Fabian Publications, Khartoum, 1945)
The Sudan Diocesan Review v.23 no.66 (Spring 1972)
Special legislative supplement dated 21st June 1953 to Sudan Government Gazette no.856 containing “The Senate electoral rules, 1953”
Special legislative supplement dated 21st March 1953 to Sudan Government Gazette no.854 containing the self-government statute and the agreement between the Egyptian Government and the Government of the United Kingdom … concerning self-government and self-determination for the Sudan
Special legislative supplement dated 21st June 1953 to Sudan Government Gazette no.856 containing “The House of Representatives electoral rules, 1953”
Special supplement to the Republic of Sudan gazette containing the national charter and the Sudan transitional constitution (amended 1964)
Special legislative supplement to the Republic of Sudan gazette containing the Sudan transitional constitution, amendment no.2...no.5 (4v) (1965-1967)
Sudan notes and records v.36, pt.1, Jun 1955)
Report on the administration of the Sudan in 1945
1001 facts about the Sudan as on 1.1.52
Report of the Commission of Enquiry into disturbances in the southern Sudan during August 1955
Draft of the Chamber of Deputies electoral rules, 1952)
Sudan, Education Department: The Gordon Memorial College at Khartoum: report and accounts 1946 … 1949 (4v)
Sudan, Executive Council and Legislative Assembly: List of members (First session of the first Assembly, 1949)
Sudan, Ministry of Irrigation and Hydro-electric Power: The Nile waters question. The case for the Sudan. The case for Egypt and Sudan's reply (Dec 1955)
Sudan, Public Relations Office: Handout no.180 (1953)
Draft of the Self Government Statute as approved by Her Majesty's Government on 21.10.52)
Sudan, Acts: The southern provinces regional self government act 1972 and orders of implementation)
Sudan Government British Pensioners' Association: List of members (30 Jun 1970)
Tinker, Jon: “Sudan challenges the sand-dragon”, from New Scientist (24 Feb 1977 (photocopy)
UNICEF: The Nile, lifeline of Sudan (1984)
United Nations, Security Council: Verbatim records of the discussions of … meetings of the Security Council concerning the Anglo-Egyptian dispute ([Khartoum], 1947)