DCL MS. A.IV.13Luke, glossed
Held by: Durham Cathedral Library: Durham Cathedral Manuscripts

Gosepl of Luke, glossed, written in the 12th century and retaining original binding.

Digitised: https://n2t.durham.ac.uk/ark:/32150/t2m5t34sj678.html

Physical description of manuscript


Extent: ii+72+i f
Size: 243 mm x 165 mm


Modern pencil foliation; early modern ink pagination 1-142, starting on f.1

Secundo folio: allegorice (gloss); diebus suis (biblical text)

Flyleaves: a singleton (f.i) followed by the conjoint other half of the pastedown (f.ii), I-IX8, Endleaf (unnumbered), a singleton. Cuts on neighbouring leaves indicate that fol. i, the unnumbered endleaf, and the rear pastedown originally all had conjoint other halves, perhaps blank, that were excised at an uncertain date.

Condition of manuscriptRelatively thick parchment; clear contrast between H/F sides, the former yellow and follicle marked; some suede-like sheets; various imperfections. Scrape marks visible on some H sides (e.g. 20v+21r). Arranged: HF, FH. A parchment tab bearing the number “5” is attached to f.35.

Written area: up to 185 x 140 mm (text and gloss); up to 160 x 60 mm (biblical text). Three column glossed book design, with modest variations in the width of the central column. Quires I-VI prepared with a planned biblical area and ad hoc ruling for the gloss; quires VII-IX prepared according to the alternate line system. Lines: up to 20 of biblical text (space, 8 mm; height of minims, 2 mm); up to 41+ of gloss (space, 4 mm; height of minims, 1+ mm). Pricking: awl to f.64, knife thereafter. Prickings survive in all three outer margins. A single pricking in both top and bottom margins for each vertical. In quires I-VI there are prickings in the outer margin for the lines of biblical text only. In Qq. VII-IX prickings were supplied for a full grid of 40 or 41 horizontals. Ruling: lead. Single verticals flank the text-block as a whole; double verticals flank the central biblical text column. In quires I-VI widely-spaced horizontals (guided by prickings) were supplied for the biblical text, while horizontal rulings for the gloss (interlinear and in all four margins) were added on an ad hoc basis (unsupported by prickings). In quires VII-IX a full grid of 40 or 41 horizontals was supplied (all guided by prickings).


Written in four hands
f.1r-40v, biblical text (quires I-V); plus the planned gloss to f.25v, line 8 (quires I-V, plus the first page and few lines of the second in quire VI), in Transitional Romanesque Caroline Minuscule – Protogothic, rectilinear.
f.41r-72v (quires VI-IX); plus the planned gloss from f.25v-72v (quire V-IX and most of IV) inProtogothic
Extensive supplementary glossing throughout and f.iiv, added later 12th century inProtogothic , compact.
Occasional supplementary glossing (f.2r, inner margin, top; f.6v, inner margin; f.8v, lower margin; f.9r, upper margin, top, and inner margin) and item (b) added later 12th century.


Arabesque initial Q (red with details in blue and ochre, 7 lines high), plus “voniam” in red display capitals, for the biblical incipit on f.1r. Brown ochre F, 6 lines high, articulated in red, for F[uit] (1.5), also f.1r.


Medieval binding, probably contemporary with the writing. Wooden boards (7 mm), slightly beveled, the text-block flush with the edge of the boards. A pair of V-shaped channels (their individual arms approximately 30 mm long) in the inner sides of the boards; small wedges (nature unclear) at the apex of the Vs. Sewn with white twine onto two sewing supports; no (?surviving) head and tail bands; a white twine bookmark, now detached, lies between f.46 and 47. White ?pigskin cover with small, irregular turnovers; flat spine (bearing vestiges of later shelfmarks and title (inked on directly, and applied via labels); integral projecting tabs at head and tail, both cut back and squared off (presumably at a later date to remove frayed ends). Original paste-downs in situ. Small hole towards the centre of the front board possibly from strap and pin fastening. 1 modern metal clasp; modern gold armorial of Durham Cathedral embossed at the centre of both covers.

Manuscript history

Written in England or Northern France, late 12th century.


Durham association,later 12th century, via item (b), the note on processions and galilees, which seemingly refers to the priory’s dependency, Coldingham.
Inscription: “liber Sancti cudberti de dunelmo.”, end 12th century, f.73v (upside down in relation to the body of the book). “Lucas glosatus”, early 13th century, f.ir, top; to which “dunel′ in le Spendment” was added, start of 15th century.
Pressmark: “D”, late 14th century, f.ir, top right. “D.”, 14th/15th century, f.1r, top right. “.Lucas .glo. .D.”, early 15th century, f.iiv. In Spendement catalogue.

Manuscript contents
(a i)     f.iiv
Modern title: Guide to reading
Date: added in the later 12th century
Language: Latin

Ordo glossarum intel′. 1. Lucas de omnibus etc. 2. glo. Multi non tam ... ut basilides 3. Conatur ... 13 glossa. Theofilus amans deum uel amatus a deo.
A guide to the order in which to read the glosses supplied on this page and some of those densely applied to the facing page, many of which are duly numbered.

(a ii)     f.1r-72v
Original title: Luke, glossed
Incipit: Quoniam quidem multi conati sunt
Explicit: laudantes et benedicentes deum
Language: Latin

Lines and sigla were used throughout to key the gloss to the relevant portions of text. Corrections, augmentations and authorities (Beda) added throughout by the s. xii2 hand (scribe 3) responsible for extensive supplementary glossing. The only original subdivisions are: Fuit in diebus (1.5; marked by a 5-line-high coloured capital) and Approprinquabat autem dies festus (22.1; marked by a 3-line-high black ink initial). Standard chapter numbering was inserted by an early modern hand, which also supplied the running heading, “Evangelium Secundum Lucam”.] Extensive all-round and interlinear glossing, an initial planned stratum, plus early supplements.

Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.2
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.3
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.4
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.5
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.6
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.8
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.15
Citation: Stegmüller RBMA 11829.16
(b)     f.72v
Modern title: Note on the symbolism of ecclesiastical processions
Date: added in the later 12th century
Incipit: Dicitur quod in primitiua ecclesia, omni v feria faciebant processionem in memoriam educationis discipulorum in bethaniam
Explicit: galilea, in ecclesia
Language: Latin

Added in the lower margin; supplemented by the same hand with the further note, ‘†Apud Cold[ingham], in claustro’, keyed to ‘stationem’.]

Microfilmed in 1985/86 by the Hill Monastic Manuscript Library, St John's Abbey and University, Collegeville, Minnesota. Copies held by them and Durham Cathedral Library.

Digitised material for Durham Cathedral Library MS A.IV.13 - Luke, glossed
Digitised October 2018 as part of the Durham Priory Library Recreated project


Catalogi veteres librorum Ecclesiae cathedralis dunelm. Catalogues of the library of Durham cathedral, at various periods, from the conquest to the dissolution, including catalogues of the library of the abbey of Hulne, and of the mss.   OCLC citation, Surtees Society 7, (London: J.B. Nichols and Son, [1838]).

Stegmüller, Friedrich, Repertorium biblicum medii aevi   OCLC citation, (Madrid: 1950-1980)

Mynors, R.A.B., Durham Cathedral manuscripts to the end of the twelfth century. Ten plates in colour and forty-seven in monochrome. With an introduction [including a list of all known Durham manuscripts before 1200]   OCLC citation, (Durham: 1939)

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