MAXWELL, Sir John Grenfell
Introduction
Sir John Grenfell MAXWELL
Arrangement

Catalogue
Scrapbook
Loose pages
Telegrams [copies]
Diary
Photographs
Construction of Halfa-Berber railway
Khartoum
Omdurman: Visit of HRH Duke of Connaught, 1899
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: MAXWELL, Sir John Grenfell
Dates of creation: 1898-1899
Extent: 1 file
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: material relating to service in the Sudan
Language: English

Sir John Grenfell MAXWELL

(1859-1929)

1879 Service with 42nd Highlanders
1882Served in Egyptian war with 1st Battalion Black Watch, including at Tel el Kebir
1884-1885 Nile expedition as Staff Captain
1885-1886 Served with Egyptian Field Force as A.D.C. to Major General Grenfell
1896 Commander 3rd Egytian brigade in Nile campaign
1897-1898 Commander 2nd Egyptian brigade in Nile campaign
1898-1899 First governor of Khartoum under the Condominium
1900-1901 Commanded 14th brigade, South Africa
1900-1901 Military Governor, Pretoria
1902-1904 Chief Staff Officer, 3rd Army Corps
1908-1912 Commanding the force in Egypt
1914-1915 Commanding the force in Egypt
1916 Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1916 Commander-in-Chief, Northern Command


Arrangement

1. Scrapbook

Catalogue
Scrapbook
SAD.401/1/1-110
1898-1899
Scrapbook of John Grenfell Maxwell, Commander of the 2nd Egyptian Brigade in the Nile campaign of 1898, including copies of telegrams, diary, notes relating to British/French tensions arising from a French expedition to explore and claim for France the southern White Nile and its tributaries. (The 'Fashoda Incident' was settled peacefully and the French, under Major Jean-Baptiste Marchand, ordered to leave the Sudan in November/December 1898). The scrapbook also includes photographs of the building of the Halfa-Berber railway, 1898 and the visit of HRH Duke of Connaught to Omdurman, 1899. Inscription on first page [401/1/1]: 'JG Maxwell, made in Omdurman 3 Dec 1898.'
SAD.401/1/2-16
1898 Dec 22-25
SAD.401/1/2
1898 Dec 22
Telegram [copy] Wingate to Macdonald with instructions for Maxwell and gunboat to Fashoda
SAD.401/1/3-4
1898 Dec 22
Instructions from Maxwell to O.C. Nasser [Nasir] re steps to be taken should the Marchand expedition appear at Nasir
SAD.401/1/5-8
1898 Dec 23
Copies of telegrams no. 2138 from Wingate to Macdonald and no. 2156 from Cromer to Maxwell with instructions for further exploration of the White Nile
SAD.401/1/9
1898 Dec 24
List of supplies and equipment to be sent to post at Nasir
SAD.401/1/10
1898 Dec 25
Statement of officers, men and arms at Nasir post, by F. Maxse, Commandant Sobat Sub-District
SAD.401/1/11-15
Memorandum by Maxwell on men, equipment and supplies, for a flying column to capture or kill the Khalifa
SAD.401/1/16
1898 Dec 9
Ink sketch of Shilluk warrior inscribed 'á Jackson Bey, Gouverneur de Fashoda, souvenir d'amitié de la part de ?'
SAD.401/1/17-48
1898 Oct 28 - Dec 3
SAD.401/1/17-18
1898 Oct 29-31
Cromer to Maxwell ordering reconnaissance with gunboat up the Bahr el Ghazal
SAD.401/1/19
1898 Nov 13
Cromer to Maxwell re aims to consolidate the British position at Fashoda and district and French plans regarding Darfur
SAD.401/1/20
1898 Nov 14
Maxwell to Cromer re the need to organise a flying column to deal with the Khalifa
SAD.401/1/21
1898 Nov 17
Wingate to Maxwell ordering gunboats up the Juba River, as far as it is navigable
SAD.401/1/22
1898 Nov 17
Wingate to Maxwell re continuing gunboat reconnaissances and the possible reinforcement of the garrison at Fashoda by XIII Battalion
SAD.401/1/23
1898 Nov 18
Wingate to Maxwell re assistance to be given to Marchand to remove to Cairo
SAD.401/1/24
1898 Nov 20
Wingate to Maxwell warning that Marchand may still plan to rendezvous at the Bahr al Gebel with a French force from the Bahr el Ghazal, thus effectively blocking the Nile
SAD.401/1/25-26
1898 Nov 21
Wingate to Maxwell ordering Marchand's gunboat to be stopped until further instructions received
SAD.401/1/28-30
1898 Nov 25
Translation of letter from Marchand to Maxwell concerning the evacuation of his men and equipment from Fashoda, through Abyssinia
SAD.401/1/31-33
1898 Nov 26-27
Wingate to Maxwell enclosing instructions to Macdonald and Martyr should the French expedition under Marchand diverge toward Bohr and a possible meeting with French troops in the Bahr el Ghazal. No boats to be allowed to come to Fashoda from French provinces
SAD.401/1/34-37
1898 Nov 28
Maxwell to Cromer with instructions to facilitate Marchand's departure from Fashoda and journey through Abyssinia to the coast
SAD.401/1/38-39
1898 Dec 1
Maxwell to Cromer, describing the situation of the French at Fashoda. Germain, French second-in-command continuing exploration and planting of French flags in Dinka country. Relations with Jackson strained
SAD.401/1/40-43
1898 Dec 3
Cromer to Maxwell, ordering him to Fashoda to take command. Marchand and Germain to be told to carry out their instructions as quickly as possible; French flags to be removed. Camel Corps to be despatched to Fashoda
SAD.401/1/44-48
1898 Nov 13
Confidential instructions from Cromer to GOC Sudan concerning the French expedition under Marchand, its activities in southern Sudan and its proposed return to France via Abyssinia and the port of Jibuti. Two gun-boats are to proceed up the Sobat River to the junction of the Juba and Baro and establish a post there. Information on the conditions of the tribes is to be gathered and British Authority asserted in the region. Local tribes and the Abyssinians are to be reassured that France has no designs on either the Sudan or Abyssinia
SAD.401/1/49-68
1898 Dec 5 - 1899 Jan 18
SAD.401/1/49
1898 Dec 5-9
Diary of journey to Fashoda to carry out instructions re departure of French expedition under Marchand from the Sudan. Description of French camp; courteous reception; explanation of situation to Shilluk chief
SAD.401/1/50-53
1898 Dec 10-15
Account of departure of French boats and men from Fashoda, under the tricolour, with British band playing Marseillaise. Useful supplies left behind by French. British and French boats travelling south together. Ink sketch of back view of Shilluk on dorse of 401/1/50
SAD.401/1/54-59
1898 Dec 16-26
Travelling up the river through the sudd, into Dinka country. French need to locate their exploring party. Nuer territory more densely populated; jungle and grasses were impenetrable. Left 200 men of XIII battalion at Nasir with guns and supplies. Nuer chief Yoyé, friendly and cooperative
SAD.401/1/60-63
1898 Dec 27-31
Intercepted letter from Arabi Dafalla dated weeks earlier, to the Amir of Serieh, sent by Khalifa. Proceeding up the White Nile; travel very difficult in swamp. Description of the sudd at Bahr el Jabal and Bahr el Ghazal and work that would need to be done to clear a channel. Returned to Fashoda where news of the capture of the Khalifa was reported
SAD.401/1/64-66
1899 Jan 1-7
Began return journey to Omdurman. News of Khalifa's capture not correct. Stop at Dueim. Arrived at Omdurman. Reported to Cromer and Kitchener. Went to Khartoum where Cromer laid foundation stone of Gordon College
SAD.401/1/67-68
1899 Jan 8-18
Movement of troops under Frederick Kitchener. Search for Khalifa. [Diary breaks off]
SAD.401/1/69
1898 Nov 20
Map of the White Nile and southern tributaries, showing Fashoda and areas south and east toward Abyssinia, including Sobat River and District
Egyptian Army Intelligence Department
scale:   2cm to 100 km
Size: 21 x 18.5 cm
SAD.401/1/70-109
1899
Construction of Halfa-Berber railway
SAD.401/1/70
Standing group: Bimb. Stevenson, Macaulay, Hall, Newcombe, and Pritchard, Miralai J.G. Maxwell, Bimb. Girouard and `Abd al-Azim Bey of Ababdeh
SAD.401/1/71
Group of Egyptian Railway Corps with Hall, Pritchard and Girouard [engineers]
SAD.401/1/72-73
Working parties at work in the desert
SAD.401/1/74
Construction train loaded with workers and equipment, row of officers in the foreground
SAD.401/1/75
Material train in desert
SAD.401/1/76
Water tanks and work parties
SAD.401/1/77
Work parties on train proceeding to work
SAD.401/1/78
Loco and material train
SAD.401/1/79
Rail carrying and laying
SAD.401/1/80
Rail laying: record 5,500 yards in one day
Khartoum
SAD.401/1/81
River front of Government House looking east
SAD.401/1/82
South view of old Government House. Gordon was killed on staircase on left of picture
SAD.401/1/83
View of interior of ruined Government House
SAD.401/1/84
Ruins of the Austrian Mission cloisters
SAD.401/1/85
View of ruined town; dervish fort in foreground
SAD.401/1/86-87
View of ruined town
SAD.401/1/88
View of old native cemetery
SAD.401/1/89
White Nile: view looking to the south from Khartoum
SAD.401/1/90
View of foreshore, Blue Nile looking west
Omdurman: Visit of HRH Duke of Connaught, 1899
SAD.401/1/91-92
Grandstand erected by the Greeks in honour of HRH
SAD.401/1/93
Royal review
SAD.401/1/94-95
HRH saluting base and first royal standard flown in Sudan
SAD.401/1/96
Infantry Egyptian Brigade under Col. Long passing HRH
SAD.401/1/97
Infantry passing in column; royal standard in foreground
SAD.401/1/98
Cavalry passing
SAD.401/1/99
Cavalry under Colonel Broadwood passing; the Duchess on horseback at the saluting base
SAD.401/1/100
Artillery passing; Maxim Nordenfelt batteries
SAD.401/1/101
Camel corps passing
SAD.401/1/102
The Mahdi's tomb after destruction of the dome
SAD.401/1/103
South view of the Khalifa's house
SAD.401/1/104
The Duke and Duchess of Connaught riding through the town with H.E. Sirdar and staff
SAD.401/1/105-106
General view of battlefield, Kereri Hill
SAD.401/1/107
Tents at headquarter camp at Khor Shambat
SAD.401/1/108
Duke of Connaught's departure from Omdurman; guard of honour lined up before steamer
SAD.401/1/109
Execution of two murderers sentenced to death by general court-martial
401/1/110
“A further blue-book about Fashoda”, account of the French expedition under Major Marchand into territory already under British control, with letters relating to the “Fashoda Incident”, from The Times