DCL MS. A.IV.12Mark, glossed
Held by: Durham Cathedral Library: Durham Cathedral Manuscripts

Mark, glossed, written in France or England in the last quarter of the 12th century.

Digitised: https://n2t.durham.ac.uk/ark:/32150/t1msx61dm43g.html

Physical description of manuscript

Parchment: even toned with only occasional minor flaws, but now cockled and degraded. Arranged HF, FH.

Extent: iv + 84 + iii f
Size: 245 mm x 165 mm


Modern pencil foliation

Secundo folio: natiuitatem quam in prioribus
Collationflyleaf (f.i), singleton, I-X8, XI4, endleaf (f.85) singleton. The final quire (XI), codicologically and scribally distinct, is probably a late 12th century replacement.

Signatures: Contemporary signatures (Roman numerals .i.-.x., flanked by single dots) on quires I-X, final verso, lower margin centre.

Condition of manuscriptThe volume has suffered fire, liquid and mould damage; the lower corners of f.i-57 have been trimmed off, presumably to remove the worst affected areas; f.33-40 are particularly cockled, possible soot residue on some leaves.

Written area. quires I- X: up to 170 x 140 mm (text and gloss); up to 155 x 65 (biblical text); three-column glossed book design, the width of the central column unvarying. Quire XI: 190 x 152 mm (text and gloss); three-column, alternate-line glossed book design, the width of the central column varying from 20-55 mm. Lines. quires I-X: up to 14 of biblical text (space, 11 mm; height of minims, 3 mm); up to 43 of gloss (space, 4 mm; height of minims, 2 mm); both written above top line. Quire XI: 47 horizontal rulings; up to 24 of biblical text, written on every other line (space, 8 mm; height of minims, 2+ mm); biblical text written below top line, gloss above top line.
Pricking: awl. quires I-X: prickings survive intermittently in all three outer margins; a pricking at top and bottom for each of the verticals; prickings in the outer margin for the widely-spaced biblical text horizontals, but not for the gloss horizontals. Quire XI: pricked in all four margins; prickings in both side margins for every horizontal.
Ruling. quires I-X: lead. Single verticals flank the text-block as a whole; double verticals flank the central biblical text column; widely-spaced horizontals (guided by prickings) for the biblical text, none extended. Horizontal rulings for the gloss (interlinear and marginal alike) were added on an ad hoc basis, unsupported by prickings. Quire XI: verticals as in quires I-X, a full grid of 47 horizontals, the top two and bottom two extended.


Quires I-X written in Protogothic with semi-quadrata tendencies; quire XI written in Textualis quadrata.


The spaces reserved for initials for the prologue (f.1r, 2 lines high) and the gospel incipit (f.3r, 4+ lines high) remain unfilled.


Bound in Durham by Waghorn in the 18th century; panelled calf over pasteboard.

Manuscript history

Written in England or Northern France, last quarter 12th century.


Inscription: “Liber iste inscribitur Rad: de Norham ...”, 17th century note, f.ir, top (presumably copied from a flyleaf lost in the subsequent rebinding).
“liber Sancti Cuthberti” mid 14th century, f.1r, top, to which “In le Spendement” was added, start of 15th century.
Pressmark: “.C.”, later 14th century, f.1r, top right.
Listed in Spendement catalogues of 1392 and 1416.

Manuscript contents
Modern title: Mark, glossed
Incipit: Marcus dei ewangelista electus
Explicit: domino cooperante, et sermonem confirmante sequentibus signis.
Language: Latin

With preface. Space reserved for the first words of the gospel remained blank. No chapter numbering; chapter numbers added by an early modern hand. Light supplementary glossing in lead and ink (in some cases initial notes in lead were then formalised in ink), later 12th century

Cited: Stegmüller, 607
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.1
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.2
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.3
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.4
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.5
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.6
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.9
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.10
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.11
Cited: Stegmüller, 11828.14

Microfilmed in 1985/86 by the Hill Monastic Manuscript Library, St John's Abbey and University, Collegeville, Minnesota. Copies held by them and Durham Cathedral Library.

Digitised material for Durham Cathedral Library MS A.IV.12 - Mark, glossed
Digitised May 2019 as part of the Durham Priory Library Recreated project


Catalogi veteres librorum Ecclesiae cathedralis dunelm. Catalogues of the library of Durham cathedral, at various periods, from the conquest to the dissolution, including catalogues of the library of the abbey of Hulne, and of the mss.   OCLC citation, Surtees Society 7, (London: J.B. Nichols and Son, [1838]).

Mynors, R.A.B., Durham Cathedral manuscripts to the end of the twelfth century. Ten plates in colour and forty-seven in monochrome. With an introduction [including a list of all known Durham manuscripts before 1200]   OCLC citation, (Durham: 1939)

Stegmüller, F., Repertorium biblicum medii aevi   OCLC citation, (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1950-1961)

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