ACLAND, Peter Bevil Edward
Introduction
ACLAND, Peter Bevil Edward
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
2. Memoirs
3. Photographic Material
(a)Photographs
(b)Cinefilms
(c)Video
4. Historical Material
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: ACLAND, Peter Bevil Edward
Dates of creation: 1864-1982
Extent: 0.5 box
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections: Sudan Archive
Created by: material relating to service in the Sudan
Language: English

ACLAND, Peter Bevil Edward

(1902-1993)

1925-1931 A.D.C. Central District/Butana, Kassala Province
1931-1934 A.D.C. Port Sudan - Suakin administration
1934-1936 Resident, Dar Masalit District, Darfur
1936-1942 D.C./Economic Officer (from 1938) and Gezira Commissioner, Wad Medani, Blue Nile/Gezira Province
1940-1942 Seconded to S.D.F. from Territorial Reserve of Officers
1943-1945 D.C.C.A.O. Chief Administrator, Dodecanese
1945-1946 Chief Administrator, Cyrenaica
1946 Retired from Sudan Service


Arrangement

1. Official Papers
2. Memoirs
3. Photographic Material
(a) Photographs
(b) Cinefilms
(c) Video
4. Historical Material

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
SAD.777/14/1-32
1931 Nov
Copy of handing over notes on Butana District by Acland for H.M. Watt, comprising the following sections:
SAD.777/14/2
1930 Nov
Map of Gedaref and Butana Districts, Kassala Province showing roads, district boundaries and tribal areas
Sudan Survey Department, Khartoum
scale:   1 to 3,000,000
Size: 8.5 x 12 ins
SAD.777/14/3-5
Early history of the Butana
SAD.777/14/5-7
Reorganisation and expansion
SAD.777/14/7-10
The growth of native administration
SAD.777/14/10-12
Taxation and remuneration of shaikhs
SAD.777/14/12-16
Material development
SAD.777/14/16-17
Communications
SAD.777/14/17-18
Medicine and education
SAD.777/14/18-19
Population and sport and amusement
SAD.777/14/19-23
The future
SAD.777/14/24-27
Appendix - Shukriyyah subsections with names of shaikhs and note of houses and inhabitants
SAD.777/14/28-31
List of foreigners in the Shukriyyah nazirate.
SAD.777/14/33-53
1931 Nov 7
A note on the history of the Shukriyyah, in particular of those dwelling in the Butana, as recounted to Acland in 1930 by Shaikh Awad al-Karim Abu Sinn, nazir of the Shukriyyah, with note on the origin of the name Belaalab, family tree as given by Shaikh Ahmad al-Hardello and Butana shaikhs and notes on the Ahamda, the Awaida and the Khawalda
2. Memoirs
SAD.707/15/1-22
[1982]
Acland's personal memoir and resumf#169; of career in the Sudan. Includes references to the following:
SAD.707/15/2-10
1925-1931
Life in Kassala Province as A.D.C. Butana: description of district and tribes; administration and police; beginnings of devolution; herd tax; education and trade
SAD.707/15/10-13
1931-1934
Life in Port Sudan as D.C.: description of town and its administration; social life; foreign visitors; customs; restrictions on Sudanese women; improvement of trade
SAD.707/15/13-18
1934-1936
Life in Darfur as Resident, Dar Masalit District: description of Sultan Bahr al-Din (Endoka); trade in Dar Masalit and Dar Gimr; military accommodation and discipline; contacts with the French frontier post at Adre; local medicine; beginning of Imperial Airways trans-African flights; death of Sultan Idris of Dar Gimr; horse breeding and race meetings
SAD.707/15/19-20
1936-1939
Life in Blue Nile Province as D.C. Gezira
SAD.707/15/20
Personal opinion of Sudan Government's administrative success
SAD.707/15/21
Effect of war on Sudan: personal rôle in armed forces
SAD.707/15/22
Retirement and details of other jobs
SAD.777/15/1-13
Memoir by Mrs. Bridget Acland (wife of Acland) of her life in the Sudan, covering the years in the Butana (777/15/1-5), Port Sudan (777/15/6-8), Geneina, Darfur (777/15/9-11) and Wad Medani (777/15/12-13)
3. Photographic Material
(a)Photographs
SAD.778/4/1-19
[c. 1925-1931]
Kassala Province, including Butana District:
SAD.778/4/1-2
D.C.'s house at Khashm el Girba, 1923-28. Bathroom and storeroom on the left
SAD.778/4/3
1928
R.E.H. Baily, Governor Kassala, presenting the prize to the winner of the camel race at a Shukriyyah tribal gathering, 1928. Acland and the nazir of the Shukriyyah Shaikh Awad al-Karim Abu Sinn in the background
SAD.778/4/4
1928
Shukriyyah parading in front of the Governor-General Sir John Maffey, Khashm el Girba, 1928.
SAD.778/4/5
1928
Camels waiting for the parade before the Governor-General at Khashm el Girba, 1928. The shaikh in the foreground is wearing a robe of honour. On the right of his camel is a muhafiz, a native administration policeman
SAD.778/4/6
1928
Acland and his wife Bridget, 1928.
SAD.778/4/7
Mrs Acland at a hafir in the Butana
SAD.778/4/8
Drawing water from a well in the Butana; Acland with his back to the camera
SAD.778/4/9
Camels and riders waiting for the start of a race
SAD.778/4/10
1928
Government resthouse at Khashm el Girba, 1928.
SAD.778/4/11
1927
Partly listening to a case at Asubri, 1 December 1927.
SAD.778/4/12
Acland and a litigant in a land case
SAD.778/4/13
Shaikh attending a land case; policeman holding a rope to measure the boundary
SAD.778/4/14
Acland taking evidence on trek in a land case
SAD.778/4/15
Khor Gerada
SAD.778/4/16
Crossing the River Atbara in flood
SAD.778/4/17
The gorge at Hagar Zarruq on the R. Setit
SAD.778/4/18
Lahawin camels watering at Hagar Zarruq on the R. Setit
SAD.778/4/19
River Setit
SAD.778/4/20-21
1932
Port Sudan:
SAD.778/4/20
Police guard awaiting the arrival of the Governor-General by train at Port Sudan station
SAD.778/4/21
Sports at Port Sudan: high jump
SAD.778/4/22-23
Suakin:
SAD.778/4/22
The main gate to Suakin
SAD.778/4/23
A particularly good example of a Suakin house
photographer D.P. Chryssides, Port Sudan)
Size: 9 x 7 ins
SAD.778/5/1-17
1932-1933
Erkowit:
SAD.778/5/1-2
1933
Acland standing on the rest house verandah at Erkowit, 1933.
SAD.778/5/3
Train at Erkowit
SAD.778/5/4-17
Views of Erkowit
SAD.778/5/18-20
Camels carrying `utfas ; slave girls in foreground
SAD.778/5/21
Unidentified shaikhs, probably at race meeting
SAD.778/5/22-23
Arrested camel thieves
SAD.778/5/24-32
Camels:
SAD.778/5/24-25
Riding camels
SAD.778/5/26
Baggage camel
SAD.778/5/27
1927
Female camel with foal waiting to be judged at the 1927 tribal gathering at Khashm el Girba
SAD.778/5/28
Judges and spectators at a camel race meeting
SAD.778/5/29
Camels at a tribal gathering
SAD.778/5/30
Camel trained for racing
SAD.778/5/31
Camel feeding
SAD.778/5/32
Camels waiting to water
SAD.778/5/33
Drawing water from a well, possibly Darfur; water skins in foreground
SAD.778/5/34
Ram drinking
SAD.778/5/35
Gazelle shot for meat and a crocodile shot for its skin
SAD.778/5/36
Secretary bird
(b)Cinefilms
SAD.701/29
1927
Butana District, Kassala Province:
Dogs feeding; tending to sick camel; meeting under tree; camp; Camel Corps. Includes the nazir of the Shukriyyah, Shaikh Awad al-Karim Abu Sinn and the ferik of Shaikh al-Khut Adam al-Zein of the Lahawin
16 mm, b & w, 2 minutes
SAD.701/30
1927
Kassala Province:
Polo game, Jabal Kassala in background; horse jumping; horse races including obstacle race; part of Christmas celebrations
16 mm, b & w, 3½ minutes
SAD.708/1
1928-1929
Butana, Kassala Province:
Other well centres, cleaning out a well; Bir Geheit well; stockaded water pans; watering animals; inside of well; herd of camels; owl chicks; new animal market owned by the governor; slaughtering bull for good luck; governor making speech to villagers; hobbled camels, cattle and goats
16 mm, b & w, 4½ minutes
SAD.708/2
1927-1928
Butana, Kassala Province:
River Atbara; prisoners working round Acland's house, Khashm el Girba; trekking by camel; packing up camels; dismantling tent, herd of camels passing; well centre at Geili where animals watered; drawing water from well; dog; crossing Setit River and passing through a gum forest; visit of Governor-General to Khashm el Girba for the tribal gathering there, 1928 ; police escort for the Governor-General; Governor-General on parade and taking the salute of the Arabs
16 mm, b & w, 6½ minutes
SAD.708/3
1927-1928
Continuation of 708/2 above, at Khashm el Girba: Arabs forming a square and chief shaikh making a speech; Governor-General meeting tribal leaders; sports on the second day;camel race; donkey race; war dance with swords and shields; tug-of-war competition; decorated bridal camels (`utfas); old women chasing chickens
16 mm, b & w, 3 minutes
SAD.708/4
1929-1930
Mainly Kassala Province, including Gash delta: Acland's house (?); motor car; trekking by camel; landscape; crossing river; Acland's pet dog; making camp; camel herd passing; Nile scenes; lion cub; Nile steamer; Abu Simbel
16 mm, b & w and colour, 7 minutes
SAD.708/5
1930
Abu Deleiq:
Sentries on duty, changing of guard; men on camels passing, tribal gathering; camel with young
16 mm, b & w, 3½ minutes
SAD.708/6
1930-1931
Flag mounted in bush camp; Hadendowa with goats; British man and woman on trek (Acland?) by riverside; crossing river; lion cubs; British woman fishing and shooting; river views; fishing and swimming in river
16 mm, b & w and colour, 4½ minutes
SAD.708/7
1930-1931
Abu Zulleiq; village scenes; gathering of men; British officials; inspection of guard; donkeys and goat herd at watering hole; trek to Shael Walia; watering animals at wells; Abu Deleiq race meeting; drawing water from well; saqiyah drawn by oxen
16 mm, b & w, 9½ minutes
SAD.708/8
1927
On trek; camel races; village scenes; train entering station; camels pulling ploughs(?); ferry on river; tame gazelle; on camel trek, standard bearers at the front
16 mm, b & w, 7 minutes
SAD.709/1
1930-1931
Kassala Province:
Animals watering at riverside; fishing; British man bathing and fishing with rod; young boys; police parade and Eastern Arab Corps; mounted police; lorry crossing plain; return of the baggage camels from trek; crossing the Atbara river by camel and by lorry; hartebeest shot on the Atbara; skinning the animal; camel race meeting; presenting prizes; Acland fishing
16 mm, b & w, 10½ minutes
SAD.709/2
[n.d.]
Butana District, Kassala Province:
Two lion cubs found after mother shot - taken to Kassala; skinning lion carcass; cubs 2 months later and 5 months later
16 mm, b & w, 3½ minutes
SAD.709/3
1932
Kassala Province:
Agricultural show at Tokar; cotton baling competition; camels, horses, cattle, donkeys, poultry; Port Sudan salt works; loading of salt on to train; Suakin including buildings, gateway, pilgrim ship leaving quay for Mecca
16 mm, b & w, 7½ minutes
SAD.709/4
1932
Port Sudan:
Polo game, players and spectators arriving; Khor Arba`at; picnic lunch; bathing in pool
16 mm, b & w, 6 minutes
SAD.709/5
1932-1933
Gold mining in the Red Sea Hills; workers' tents; swimming pool, Port Sudan; Governor-General arriving at Port Sudan station; inspecting guard of honour; wild cat; flowers
16 mm, b & w, 5 minutes
SAD.709/6
1934-1935
Geneina, Darfur:
Horses and foal; Capt. Clegg driving horse and cart; bathing in swimming pool; donkey carrying water containers; pigeons; stables; race meeting; polo game; Geneina market
16 mm, b & w, 9½ minutes
SAD.709/7
1934-1935
Dar Masalit and Dar Gimr, Darfur:
Market day in Darfur; Arab stallions; first trans-African airmail arriving; refuelling plane; province governor visiting Geneina; Geneina garrison; mounted troops filing past; women carrying loads on their heads; practice alarm at the fort
16 mm, b & w, 9 minutes
(c)Video
SAD.Video 1
Time-coded VHS video copy of films 701/29 - 701/30, 708/1 - 708/8 and 709/1 - 709/7 above
4. Historical Material
Accession details: The following two items were formerly the property of Gen. C.G. Gordon and were given by him to his sister, Miss M.A. Gordon. On her death they passed to another sister, Helen Clarke Moffitt who in turn gave them to Sir Henry Acland, grandfather of Acland. Sir Henry Acland was Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford and for a time was personal physician to Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales. He was a personal friend of Sir Reginald Wingate and treasurer of the Khartoum Cathedral fund raising committee
SAD.777/16/1-3
The characteristic differences of the Four Gospels ... by Andrew Jukes (third edition) London, 1864
Personal copy of Gen. C.G. Gordon. Gordon's address is inscribed in his hand and the text contains his annotations in pencil. On the title page is inscribed ???M.A. Gordon from Charles G. Gordon???, presumably in Miss Gordon's hand. Enclosed are a covering letter from Helen Clarke Moffitt to Sir Henry Acland and a note in his hand of the provenance of the book.
SAD.779/1/1
Muslim rosary of plain wooden beads, reported to have belonged to Gen. C.G. Gordon