H. E. Hebbert
Introduction
H. E. Hebbert
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Travel Journal
2. Photographic Material
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: H. E. Hebbert
Dates of creation: 1928-1943
Extent: 2 files
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: H. E. Hebbert
Language: English

H. E. Hebbert

(1893-1980)

1924-1939 Public Works Department
1924-1925/7 District Engineer, Khartoum
1925/7-1930 Dictrict Engineer, Port Sudan
1931-1935 Divisional Engineer, Port Sudan
1935-1939 Divisional Engineer, Khartoum
1939-1944 Posts and Telegraphs
1939-1944 Director of Posts and Telegraphs


Arrangement

1. Travel Journal
2. Photographic Material

Accession details

Presented by Hebbert, 1964-1965

Catalogue
1. Travel Journal
SAD.104/12/1-160
1943
“A glimpse of liberated Ethiopia, being an account of a trip made by car and mule by Major and Mrs. Hebbert in 1943”, a carbon copy typescript written by H.E.H., illustrated with black and white photographs of the trip. Spellings of place names in the journal are inconsistent and have been standardised where possible. However, some places have been impossible to locate in gazetteers. The account, which may have been intended for publication, is arranged in chapters as follows:
SAD.104/12/4
Preface
SAD.104/12/5-8
Chapter 1: Preliminaries and preparation
Background and events leading to the trip; influence of Captains Winny and Smart of the Ethiopian army; details of transport, accommodation and preparations; permission granted and permit received
SAD.104/12/8-16
Chapter 2: Khartoum to Asmara
Journey from the Butana to Kassala; initial problems and anxieties; stayed with province Governor, John Humphreys at Kassala; Halliday, a cypher official from the Legation in Addis Ababa, joined trip from Kassala to Asmara; description of landmarks of Abyssinian campaign; met Osborne Smith and d'Avery at Keren; met General Hutchinson, Qaid al-Amm of the troops in the Sudan, on road and toured Asmara with Flying Officer Newland; hired an interpreter, Fitarari Yasin Idris (nicknamed “bear leader” and refered to as “BL” throughout journal) at Asmara; visited monastery at Mount Bizen
SAD.104/12/17-24
Chapter 3: Asmara to Gondar
Preparation for journey, including hiring a cook; description of journey via Adi Quala and Adowa to Enda Selassie, where camped for the night; warned about ambushes by roadside gangs (‘shiftas'); travelled through Tecasse [Takazze] Valley and spent night at Debivar [New Debarech]; descriptions of villages passed through before staying at Azozo at Captain Denholm's house
SAD.104/12/25-32
Chapter 4: Gondar
Official visit to Crown Prince (who was also Governor General of Wollo and Begonder [Begemdir]); tour of city with guide, Ato Kassa; detailed history and religious background of Gondar, including a list of emperors; descriptions of castles and other historic buildings in Gondar
SAD.104/12/33-39
Chapter 5: Gondar and Lake Tana
Audience with Crown Prince and description of castle; visited Azozo Teckahaimonot church and spent 2 nights at Gorgora; description and detailed history of Gorgora; returned to Gondar for dinner with Crown Prince, Dejazmach Kassa, the Afa Negus and Colonel Aserata Kassa; discussion of shiftas and the territorial army [Dejazmach, lit. “Commander of the Gate”, a nobleman. Afa Negus, lit. “Mouth of the King”, carrier of declarations, edicts, etc]
SAD.104/12/40-52
Chapter 6: The Simian [Simien] Mountains
Preparations and journey into mountains by mule, accompanied by the Ganyasmatch [Kenyazmach, lit. “Commander of the Right, a nobleman” ] and 30 soldiers arranged by the Crown Prince, and local Fitarari guide; description of scenery and locals; met Dejazmach Arietie of Simien and camped in his village, Derasghie; visited the church and the village elders; returned to Debarech and collected car; advised to sleep in Debivar
SAD.104/12/53-64
Chapter 7: Debarech to Addis Ababa
Journey from Debivar to Axum, spending night at Enda Selassie; witnessed arrest of shifta; accompanied by the Dejazmach from Adi Arkai to Amba Georgis; description and history of the religious centre of Axum; arrived at Adowa and travelled the next day to Makale; visited the hospital and provincial headquarters; met Fitarari Kifle and Captain Foot-Gateskill, the British adviser; travelled to Addis Ababa, camping at Dessie; description of villages, scenery and battle sites passed
SAD.104/12/65-75
Chapter 8: Addis Ababa and a trip to the Gojjam
12 days spent in Addis Ababa, meeting with numerous British officials; description of scenery on journey to the Gojjam; description of Debra Markos; return to Addis Ababa and luncheon with Mr Litter, the official in charge of the Ethiopian branch of the British Council; lunch with Mr Bethel, an economic adviser; brief description of the Ethiopian economy
SAD.104/12/76-83
Chapter 9: Addis Ababa to Lalibela
In Debra Birhan; met Colonel Maclane, medical advisor and director general of Ethiopian Medical Service; brief discussion of problems with medical service; travelled to Waldia; trekked with mules to Lalibela with the 5th Ethiopian Mounted Infantry Company; mention of the wedding of Fitarari Berhan Mascal, chief of Lalibela
SAD.104/12/84-91
Chapter 10: Lalibela
Detailed history and individual descriptions of the monolithic churches; on return journey to Waldia met Fitarari Berhan Mascal and his new bride; description of church at Yalla; the Dejazmach's recipe for tej
SAD.104/12/92-98
Chapter 11: The return to the Sudan
Travelled to Alomata and on to Amba Alagi; met Captain Foot-Gateskill; visited Fort Toselli on way to Adi Kaie, where they stayed with the District Commisioner's wife; parted from interpreter and the cook at Asmara; travelled to Kassala and then on to Khartoum. Epilogue of their impressions of the country in 3 short paragraphs
2. Photographic Material
SAD.104/12/99-160
1943
Black and white photographs taken by H.E.H. during his travels in Ethiopia, mounted on spare pages at the end of the journal, with captions:
SAD.194/12/99
H.E.H. with his wife posing in front of their car and baggage
SAD.104/12/100
Adowa village
SAD.104/12/101
The restored road block on the Wolchefit pass
SAD.104/12/102
Looking west towards the Sudan from hills north of Gondar
SAD.104/12/103-104
The castle of Emperor Fasilides at Gondar, c.1635AD
SAD.104/12/105-106
The castle of Empress Mentual at Gondar
SAD.104/12/107-108
The castle of Ras Micael Sehul at Gondar
SAD.104/12/109
General view of Gondar from top of Fasilides' castle, with library of Emperor John in foreground
SAD.104/12/110
Lake Tana and Gorgora village
SAD.104/12/111
View of the Simien mountains from Adi Arkai
SAD.104/12/112
In the Simien mountains
SAD.104/12/113
An Ethiopian ploughman in the Lasta district
SAD.104/12/114
The first camp in the Simien Mountains, Mrs. Hebbert standing in front of her tent
SAD.104/12/115
The church and treasures of Derasghie in the Simien Mountains
SAD.104/12/116
Ethiopian dancers and musicians at Derasghie
SAD.104/12/117
The assembled villagers at the Derasghie ceremony
SAD.104/12/118
Priests at the Derasghie ceremony
SAD.104/12/119
Giant lobelia above 13,000 feet in the Simien Mountains
SAD.104/12/120
Ras Dasciano, the highest point on the Simien (15,200 feet)
SAD.104/12/121
The interpreter (“BL”) and Tasfai, the cook, in the Simien Mountains
SAD.104/12/122
Mrs. Hebbert on horseback, with one of the soldiers
SAD.104/12/123
Mrs Hebbert with Ethiopian guides on the Ariadni saddle
SAD.104/12/124
Obelisks at Axum
SAD.104/12/125
The church at Axum (rebuilt c.1630AD)
SAD.104/12/126
In the sacred enclosure at Axum
SAD.104/12/127
An Amhara girl, carrying parasol
SAD.104/12/128
Lake Ashangi
SAD.104/12/129
Shy girls on the road, one with parasol
SAD.104/12/130
Lake Huic near Dessie
SAD.104/12/131
View over Addis Ababa from Entotto
SAD.104/12/132
The Safartak crossing of the Abbai (Blue Nile)
SAD.104/12/133
The old Gibbi (palace) at Addis Ababa
SAD.104/12/134
The new Gibbi at Addis Ababa
SAD.104/12/135
View from the top of the Temembera pass looking over Debra Sina
SAD.104/12/136
Approaching Dessie from the south
SAD.104/12/137
Fitarari Bahar Sagad, Misteni of Sankar Birr and his gun bearers
SAD.104/12/138
Receiving gifts in Sankar Birr in front of H.E.H.'s tent
SAD.104/12/139-42
On trek in the Lasta district
SAD.104/12/143
The village of Lalibela and the Jordan stream
SAD.104/12/144
General view of Biet Mariam, Lalibela [Biet, lit. “Place of” ]
SAD.104/12/145
Biet Mariam, Lalibela
SAD.104/12/146
Biet Mascal
SAD.104/12/147
Biet Medanie Alem, showing repairs by Ras Tafari
SAD.104/12/148
Biet Medanie Alem
SAD.104/12/149
Biet Ammanuel, Lalibela
SAD.104/12/150
Biet Ammanuel, Lalibela showing bad weathering near ground level
SAD.104/12/151
The courtyard of Biet Mariam
SAD.104/12/152
Biet Abba Libanos
SAD.104/12/153-154
Biet Ghiorgis, Lalibela
SAD.104/12/155
The door of Biet Gabrial, Lalibela
SAD.104/12/156
Ethiopian army escort
SAD.104/12/157-158
The church of Geneta Mariam, near Lalibela
SAD.104/12/159
A church in the province of Tigre
SAD.104/12/160
In the market at Waldia
SAD.474/22/1-5
1928 - 1932
Five negatives of `Aqiq on the Red Sea coast of Sudan:
SAD.474/22/1-2
Loading a dhow on the Red Sea from a jetty
SAD.474/22/3
Loading a dhow on the Red Sea from the beach
SAD.474/22/4
Group of four dhows on the Red Sea
SAD.474/22/5
Group of children and two cars in courtyard with police barracks and rest house in background