Wingate, General Sir Reginald
Introduction
Contents
Arrangement
Bibliography

Catalogue
Sudan material
Egyptian Army
Wingate's Sudan career, 1899-1916
Irrigation
The Darfur Campaign, 1916
Boundary Commissions
Foreign material
High Commissioner for Egypt, 1916-1919
Papers relating to the Egyptian Capitulations Commission
Arab Affairs (Arab Revolt), 1906-1920
Abyssinia, 1897-1899
Aden, 1906-1934
Somaliland, 1902-1918
Sanūsīyah, 1889-1919
Papers relating to Egyptian Rulers, 1886-1918
Personal Material
Personal Papers
General correspondence
Telegrams
Slatin-Wingate correspondence
Decorations
Publications
Sir Reginald Wingate, Mahdiism and the Egyptian Sudan: being an account of the rise and progress of Mahdiism, and of subsequent events in the Sudan to the present time., (London : Macmillan and Co., 1891)
Joseph Ohrwalder, Ten years' captivity in the Mahdi's camp / from the original manuscripts of J. Ohrwalder , [ed.] by F.R. Wingate. (London : Sampson Low, Marston, 1892)
Rudolf Carl von Slatin, Fire and sword in the Sudan: a personal narrative of fighting and serving the Dervishes, 1879-1895, tr. by F.R. Wingate. (London : Arnold, 1896)
H.C. Jackson, Osman Digna, with an introduction by Sir Reginald Wingate, Bt. (London : Methuen, 1926)
Assorted publications
Papers of H.M.L. Rundle (1856-1934)
Papers of Baron de Malortie (1838-1899)
Diaries
Articles, Lectures and Speeches
Articles by F.R. Wingate
Articles by others
Speeches by F.R.W.
Speeches by others
Manuscripts of published works
The Book of Devotion (al-Ratib) of the Mahdi
Photographic Material
Photograph Albums
Loose Photographs
Maps and Plans, 1879-1947
1. Topographical Maps
2. Political Maps
3. Military Maps
Newspaper Cuttings
Printed Material
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: Wingate, General Sir Reginald
Dates of creation: 1877-1953
Extent: 200 boxes
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: material relating to service in the Sudan and elsewhere in the Middle East
Language: English
Transliteration: Place names have generally been left in the form which was accepted during the Condominium era, but the spelling of all personal names and nouns has been standardised according to the Library of Congress transliteration scheme.

General Sir Reginald Wingate

An historical introduction, by M.W. Daly
Francis Reginald Wingate was born on 25 June 1861, the last of eleven children of Bessie Turner and Andrew Wingate, a textile merchant of Glasgow. Upon his father's death in 1862 Bessie Wingate, in straitened circumstances, settled with her children in Jersey, where she died in 1877. At least three sons predeceased her. In January 1879 Reginald (he seems never to have been known as Francis) entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and in July 1880 was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. In March 1881 he left England for his first posting, in India (see Wingate 1955; Daly 1997).

Wingate's Indian experience was brief, and there is little evidence that it made a lasting impression. He was stationed at Kolaba, visited Kumta, Kanara, Deolali, and Chittore, and studied Hindustani (Urdu) and Arabic. Sent to Aden in March 1882, he angled for a transfer. After initial disappointment and a brief return to India, Wingate was offered in April 1883 an appointment in the Egyptian Army, which he delightedly accepted.

Whereas a junior officer of Wingate's background could be lost in the crowd in imperial India, Egypt was brimming with possibility. Britain had occupied the country only in 1881, and was still in the early stages of reorganization. The old army of the khedive had been disbanded and Sir Evelyn Wood was building a new one, under a few British officers. From the moment of his arrival in June 1883 therefore, Wingate held responsible positions and mixed regularly with both senior officers and the local elite. Britain's temporary occupation of Ottoman Egypt became permanent, and secondments of British officers became careers.

Except for holidays, special missions, and one brief attempt to make a career at home, Wingate spent the next thirty-seven years in Egypt and the Sudan. His advancement appears to have been typical, but in fact was fraught with uncertainty. He was ambitious and full of energy, but hard work alone did not bring rapid promotion. Wingate would later believe that he had earned more than he had ever received, and that he had to fight for everything he got.

One reason for Britain's continuing occupation of Egypt was the threat posed by the revolutionary Mahdist regime in the Sudan; Mahdist ideology was universalist, and Egypt was its next target (see Holt 1970). In 1889 the Mahdists invaded and were crushed at the battle of Tushki. But while Wingate and the other soldiers wished to turn the tables and reoccupy the Egyptian Sudan, their civilian chiefs in Cairo and London demurred. Years of raiding followed, mostly in the eastern Sudan, where Egypt held the port of Suakin. Wingate's successive roles as deputy adjutant general for recruitment, and as officer in charge of military intelligence involved him in many areas of policy, in Egypt, in the Sudan, and indeed in Africa and the Near East generally. But it was the Sudan that would make his name.

The period of standoff between the British in Egypt and the Mahdist State was one of intense activity for Wingate. After the battle of Tushki he and a colleague, E. A. Floyer of the Telegraphs Department, collaborated on a book about the Sudan campaigns. Political objections arose, the authors fell out, and the book was finally published by Macmillan in 1891, under Wingate's name alone, as Mahdiism and the Egyptian Sudan. Sales were disappointing, but the book brought Wingate attention in England. The book was long, expensive, and turgid, and taught Wingate a lesson: there followed two more-saleable ' personal narratives' of Europeans who had escaped from the Sudan. In 1892 Father Josef Ohrwalder's notes, translated by a clerk and edited by Wingate, were published as Ten years captivity in the Mahdi's camp, under Wingate's name. Sales were brisk. And in 1895 Rudolf Slatin's Fire and sword in the Sudan appeared, with Wingate, who had again edited an English translation, credited as 'translator'. This became a best-seller.

These books served several purposes. They kept the issue of the Sudan alive in Britain, preparing - and indeed fomenting - public opinion for an eventual reconquest. They established Wingate's credentials in military and political circles. And they supplemented his income: in 1888 he had married Catherine Rundle, and in September 1889 their first child, Ronald, was born. A second child died two weeks after his birth in August 1892, and a third, Malcolm, was born in August 1893. Wingate was never frugal, and royalties helped to keep the family afloat.

In 1895 the British Government finally decided to act in the Sudan. Italy, faced with defeat of its own imperialist ventures in Abyssinia, called for British help. In March 1896, therefore, the British occupied Dongola, diverting the Mahdists' attention from the eastern Sudan. The stage was set for two confrontations, with the Mahdists at Omdurman and with the French for control of the Upper Nile. The British thus pushed south to Berber in 1897, and on 2 September 1898 Kitchener's forces destroyed the Mahdist army at Karari and occupied Omdurman. Two weeks later the famous Fashoda incident occurred, in the aftermath of which British control of the Nile was assured. Wingate had accompanied the victorious Anglo-Egyptian force in Dongola, at the battle of the Atbara in March 1898, and at Omdurman, and he played a leading role in the personal diplomacy at Fashoda. His role was recognized with a knighthood.

Wingate's career now reached a critical moment. For the Egyptian Army the future seemed to hold only the inglorious work of pacification and administration of the Sudan. But by the end of 1898 Wingate had, through seniority, neared the top. When an Anglo-Egyptian convention established a new regime for the Sudan, Kitchener accepted the position of Governor-General and Wingate stayed on as his long-suffering right-hand. He commanded the force that defeated and killed the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi at Umm Diwaykarat in November 1899, and when Kitchener, bored and frustrated, was called to South Africa a few weeks later, Wingate succeeded him as commander-in-chief (Sirdār) of the Egyptian Army and Governor-General of the Sudan.

It is for this dual role that Wingate is largely remembered. His long tenure (1899-1916) witnessed the consolidation of British rule, the establishment of a civil administration, and the building of a modern infrastructure (see Warburg 1971 and Daly 1986). The legacies of the period may still be seen in all aspects of the Sudan's political, economic, and social life, for better or worse. While Wingate did not personally devise a comprehensive blueprint for the Sudan administration, and although in many areas he was directed by the British representative in Cairo, his personality dominated the regime.

That Wingate seems not to have made any attempt to advance his career beyond the Sudan indicates how well the situation there suited him. He established an annual routine by which he spent several weeks in Egypt on business every year, long holidays in Scotland (where he built a house at Dunbar), and 'cures' on the continent. In the Sudan he entertained European notables in the Palace built for Kitchener in Khartoum, repaired in hot weather to Erkowit in the Red Sea Hills, and travelled extensively throughout the country in viceregal style.

While Wingate enjoyed a popular reputation as virtual creator of the Sudan, historians have taken a more critical view. He was, of course, fortunate in both his predecessors and his control of contemporaries; the Mahdīyah, which he himself had portrayed and continued to depict as the nadir of barbarism and squalor, made a useful foil, and less attractive aspects of the early Condominium - its repressiveness, its discouragemant of manumission, its heavy-handed opposition to economic innovation, its violent 'pacification' of the south and allotment of it into 'spheres' for competing Christian missionaries - were hushed up or overlooked by distant authorities and an uncritical home press.

The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 confronted Wingate with new challenges and shaped the remainder of his career. Egypt remained in law a province of the Ottoman Empire. If the Turks entered the war against Britain, the Sudan's co-domini would be technically opposed. Worse, Wingate shared the fear that a call to jihād by the Ottoman sultan would fall on receptive ears in the Sudan, not least in the Egyptian Army. Through deft measures and a degree of luck the Sudan remained calm, even after Britain declared a protectorate in Egypt and the Ottomans allied with the Central Powers. Indeed, Wingate took the opportunity presented by the war of launching, in 1916, a successful campaign against the autonomous sultanate of Darfur, whose ruler, `Alī Dīnār, had shown signs of disaffection.

But it was on another front, to the east, that Wingate concentrated his attention after the Turks entered the war. The Sudan's proximity to the Hijāz made it a natural link in the chain of communication between the Sharīf of Mecca and the British. Wingate played an early, lasting, and important part in the Arab Revolt that finally broke out in 1916; fear lest Muslims resent an overt British role kept Wingate's command secret until after the war, and it has largely been forgotten.

At the end of 1916 Wingate was appointed High Commissioner in Egypt, completing a long progression that had begun in 1883. But Egypt had changed since the days of Sir Evelyn Wood and Lord Cromer, indeed since 1914. It fell to Wingate to exercise political control in the midst of a military situation that demanded strong and unpopular measures. The successes of his tenure in Cairo, and the obstacles under which he laboured, have therefore been obscured by the circumstances surrounding his departure and resignation (see Terry 1968). Nor was he spared personal misfortune, for in March 1918 his son, Malcolm, was killed on the Western Front.

With the armistice in November 1918 Egyptians immediately acted to secure the greater independence Britain had promised at the outbreak of war. Wingate urged London to receive and conciliate the nationalist leaders of the Wafd, advice the Foreign Office rigidly rejected. Tensions rose, as the legitimacy of Egyptian ministers, who had collaborated with the British throughout the war, drained away. Recalled, Wingate was blamed for the violence that broke out in Egypt after his departure. After almost a year at home as nominal High Commissioner he was finally superseded by Lord Allenby, who had been sent to Egypt to deal with the emergency.

A period of bitter disappointment ensued. Anxious to avoid responsibility for its own mistakes, the Foreign Office took advantage of Wingate's wish for another position. He declined the offer of a minor colonial governorship, and was denied the peerage he expected. Accepting a baronetcy in 1920, Wingate had also to face the fact that the British government, and those he considered his friends within it, had turned their backs on him. Without independent means, he therefore resorted to business, and accepted several company directorships. These, an active social life in London, continental 'cures', and regular holidays in Scotland fully occupied him and his wife until the end of the second world war, when they retired to Dunbar. Lady Wingate died there in 1946, and he in 1953, having spent his last few years as an invalid.

Of the Wingate's four children, Graham died in infancy, Malcolm was killed in 1918, and Ronald died in 1978, having succeeded to the baronetcy. Their daughter, Victoria, born in 1899, had married Captain Henry Dane in 1922. She had three children and died in 1989.

By its very length and the series of positions he held, Wingate's career was one of the most important in the history of the British Empire in the Near East. And it is not only for the manner of his departure in 1919 that that career has been eclipsed in historical writing about the period. For most of his career Wingate was overshadowed by powerful superiors and colourful subordinates. As an aide to successive Sirdārs - Wood, Grenfell, Kitchener - he was the essential man-behind-the-scenes; Kitchener especially was jealous of any independent credit his officers won, and deliberately kept Wingate out of the limelight. But even as Sirdār himself and Governor-General of the Sudan Wingate played an echoing second fiddle to the British maestro in Cairo; Lord Cromer treated Wingate, both publicly and privately, as a deputy. By the time of Cromer's retirement in 1907 Wingate had moreover realized that his independence of action up the Nile was directly proportional to his obscurity in Britain; from time to time he had to call on Cairo or London for help, but in general he made a personal virtue of the Sudan's obscurity. During the first world war Wingate's work was best done quietly: lest Cairo or London intervene, he planned the invasion of Darfur in secret; lest the Sharīf of Mecca acquire the taint of Christian allies, he concealed his role in the Arab Revolt. Finally, as High Commissioner in Egypt Wingate held an administrative post at a time when the world was concerned with military affairs; when Europe's attention turned to the East it was Lawrence of Arabia, not Wingate at the Residency, that captured attention.

This is not to say that Wingate had been forgotten in the Sudan. Indeed in the British press he gained an inflated reputation as an administrative genius who, by virtue of long experience and keen intuition, had developed a sixth sense in dealing with Orientals and Africans. Once this reputation was won it was easy to maintain; the slightest success in the backward Sudan was described as administrative tour de force; the grossest failure was blamed on the fanaticism of the barbaric Sudanese. Having for long years directed the intelligence department of the Egyptian Army, and indeed having himself acted as a press correspondent during the Nile campaigns, Wingate knew well how to manipulate opinion. But what had by 1914 seemed a miraculous achievement had, a year later, seemed ordinary and unremarkable: the first world war and the upheavals that attended and followed it made peacetime administration seem dull. Moreover, Wingate's success in the Sudan in some measure caused its own eclipse: the very lack of violent reactions and bloody revolts kept the Sudan out of the news.

Historians' treatment of Wingate has been largely favourable, but unbalanced. His tenure as Sirdār and Governor-General has been surveyed (see Warburg 1971, Daly 1986, Collins 1971, Hamilton 1935, Hill 1965, Holt and Daly 1988, Sanderson and Sanderson 1981, MacMichael 1934, Sandes 1937). Much less attention has been paid to his work in the Egyptain Army during the 1890s. His shadowy role as war-propagandist has been demonstrated by P.M. Holt, (Holt 1958) yet popular and other works continue to ignore it. Moreover the circumstances of his supersession as High Commissioner in 1919 have eclipsed his work in Egypt in 1917-18. His role in the planning and execution of the Arab Revolt has been amply demonstrated in the sophisticated diplomatic histories of Kedourie (Kedourie 1956, 1976 and 1984), but the very complexity of that role (and of Kedourie's analyses) perhaps accounts for the lack of attention still paid to Wingate by historians of the first world war in the Near East. Finally, the unsettled politics of the Sudan since independence in 1956, and Western historians' disdain for the Afro-Arab borderlands, has diverted attention to other fields, while popular writers (and general readers) continue to favour dark horses like Gordon and Lawrence.

Historical fashion will someday favour a return to political, administrative, even military and diplomatic history. When it does Wingate will have provided - in the papers now at Durham - all the means necessary for reassessing his career. That he saved so much indeed tells us something about the man; when in 1919-20 he tried to justify his actions during the Egyptain crisis he had a huge private archive with which to document his case: one never knew when one would need to prove a point of policy or point out a broken promise.

So the Wingate collection at Durham is much more than what is usually considered private papers. In the formative years of the Sudan Government, to be sure, the line between private and public was indistinct: the regime was staffed at the top by a few British officers, and their correspondence frequently mixed personal and political matters. Increasingly Wingate relied on stenographers who typed his letters and made multiple carbons, and some of these, as his personal copies of reports from throughout the government and army, he kept. What with diaries, financial accounts, medical and business records, and a huge private correspondence, the Durham collection thus provides the biographer with an embarrassment of riches.

As this catalogue illustrates, the collection has large amounts of material that is far from personal and indeed far from Egyptian and Sudanese. The files on Arab Affairs, especially from the period 1914-17, are a major source for the study of the Arab Revolt and subsequent diplomacy of the Arab lands. The files of material on Somaliland detail Wingate's mission in 1909. The files on Abyssinia have useful material on the Rodd Mission, which Wingate accompanied. The files on Egypt during Wingate's high commissionership are an essential source for a close study of Egyptian administration and politics during that period, as well as for the 1918-19 crisis.

Nor are Wingate's Sudan papers limited to administrative matters - or indeed limited in any way. Entire sections of this catalogue are appropriately devoted to irrigation, boundary commissions, and the Darfur campaign. Wingate routinely corresponded with even quite junior officials, and not only political and military officers but also forestry officials, agricultural inspectors, game wardens, antiquities experts, government engineers, and others, and he kept their reports. The result is that the Wingate Papers overlap but do not duplicate the collections of the National Records Office in Khartoum and the Public Record Office in London as the main sources for the study of the Sudan in 1899-1916. As the core of the Sudan Archive's still-growing collection, they today comprise a source that will ensure Wingate's stamp on history in ways he would never have imagined.

Outline of Wingate's career and chronology

1861 Jun 25 Francis Reginald Wingate born Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire
1878 Entered the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich
1880 Appointed lieutenant in the Royal Artillery
1881-1882 Service in India
1882-1883 Service in Aden
1883 Service in India
1883 Appointed to Egyptian Army
1883 Dec Staff officer to Sir Evelyn Wood
1886 Apr ADC to Sir Evelyn Wood, G.O.C. Eastern District, Colchester
1886 May Assistant Military Secretary to Sir Francis Grenfell, Sirdār Egyptian Army
1886 Aug Assistant Adjutant General for Recruiting
1887 A.A.G. for Intelligence
1888 Married Catherine Leslie Rundle
1889 Director of Military Intelligence
1891 Publication of Mahdiism and the Egyptian Sudan
1894 Temporary appointment as Governor of the Red Sea Littoral and Commandant of Suakin
1896 Occupation of Dongola
1897 Second-in-command to Rennell Rodd, mission to Abyssinia
1898 Apr 8 Battle of the Atbara
1898 Sep 2 Battle of Omdurman
1898 Sep Accompanied Kitchener to Fashoda
1898 Oct Adjutant General, Egyptian Army; K.C.M.G.
1899 Jan 19 First Anglo-Egyptian Convention
1899 Nov 24 Death of the Khalīfah at Umm Diwaykarat
1899 Dec Appointed Sirdār of the Egyptian Army and Governor-General of the Sudan
1907 Resignation of Cromer, British Agent in Egypt; appointment of Gorst
1909 Apr 1 Opening of Port Sudan
1909 Mission to Somaliland
1911 Jul Kitchener replaced Gorst as High Commissioner for Egypt
1914 Aug Outbreak of war with Germany
1914 Nov Outbreak of war with Turkey
1914 Dec Deposition of `Abbās Ḥilmī II and his succession by Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil; British Protectorate of Egypt
1916 Darfur campaign
1917 Jan 1 Wingate appointed High Commissioner for Egypt
1917 Oct 9 Death of Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil and accession of Sultan Aḥmad Fu`ād
1918 Feb Death of Wingate's son Malcolm
1919 Oct Wingate removed from office
1920 Jul 6 Wingate awarded baronetcy
1932 Oct 4 Death of Slatin
1946 Jun 10 Death of Lady Wingate
1953 Jan 29 Death of Wingate


Contents

Now arranged in some 200 archive boxes, the collection covers in depth Wingate's service in the Egyptian Army during the Nile campaigns from 1883-1899 and the periods in which he was Governor-General of the Sudan, 1899-1916 and High Commissioner of Egypt, 1917-1919. His diaries pre-date his service in Egypt, covering the years 1881-1883 with the Royal Artillery in India and Aden, and his personal papers stretch well beyond his enforced retirement from public service in 1919, but the bulk of the collection is concerned with the period 1883-1919. Of prime relevance to Sudanese history, it also contains a wealth of material on neighbouring countries: Egypt, naturally, because of its close association with the Sudan and because of Wingate's service there, but also the Arabian Peninsula, Palestine, Aden, Somaliland, Abyssinia and Uganda. The contents are further described below in the section on arrangement


Arrangement

For the early years of Wingate's career, up to about 1899, his papers were arranged, during his own lifetime, in 'official' and 'personal' categories and pasted into letter-books. These have now been dismounted for repair, and the papers preserved loose in files which contain incoming letters and copies of outgoing letters produced on a letter press, interfiled with relevant reports, memoranda, maps, newspaper cuttings, etc. For the central period of Wingate's life, there are three main series of official papers: 1883-1898 when he served with the Egyptian Army during the Nile campaigns; 1899-1916 when he was Governor-General of the Sudan; and 1916-1919 when he served as High Commissioner for Egypt. The documents in each of these series divide between general files which reflect a wide variety of events and official involvement in affairs of the Sudan and Egypt, and a number of subject files, created during Wingate's working life, which relate to specific topics. Some reorganisation may also have taken place during the writing of Wingate's biography by his son, Sir Ronald Wingate. A further sequence of files contains personal papers from 1883-1951 and the collection also includes diaries, drafts of articles, speeches and books and a large miscellaneous quantity of maps, photographs and printed material. Within the three main series of official papers, 'general' files and 'subject' files are not mutually exclusive in the subject matter of their contents. Hence, while papers relating to the Darfur Campaign of 1916 are grouped in subject files covering that event, there are also numerous letters and reports recording affairs in Darfur in the general files for 1916. This pattern applies to all the subject files. Similarly, the division between 'official' and 'personal' is somewhat arbitrary. Indeed Wingate's 'personal' letters are rarely personal in the sense of being concerned with family and personal matters. Addressed to a wide range of friends, former colleagues and associates, they are 'personal' only in the sense that they were not written in the course of official business, but nonetheless most refer to official matters. Even his letters to his wife, while very personal, record in some detail for example, the events leading up to the Battle of Omdurman and the Fashoda Incident. By and large, no attempt has been made to rationalise the original division of material into 'official' and 'personal' or 'general' and 'specific'. Before the current programme of cataloguing commenced, the collection had been available to readers for many years and cited widely in publications. Some refiling has occurred where items were filed incorrectly by month or year, but on the whole, it was thought advisable to meddle as little as possible with the established arrangement and renumbering of files has been avoided. The work of initial sorting and listing of the collection was carried out by Richard Hill, lecturer in modern Near Eastern history in the University's School of Oriental Studies and one of the joint founders of the Sudan Archive. Loose papers were inserted into files and boxes in chronological groupings but boxes were not arranged on the shelves and numbered in chronological order. For example, material from 1915 is found in box 194 and from 1897 in box 263. Hill provided two means of access to the collection: an alphabetical card index of persons, places and principal subjects and a card inventory in box order. Each card provided a reference, in some cases simply the box number, in others the box and file numbers, and a very brief description of the contents, e.g. '186/1 Sudan correspondence, April 1913', but gave no indication of the subject matter. Obviously the priority at this time was to make the collection accessible to readers as soon as possible, leaving more detailed listing to follow later. After Richard Hill's retirement in 1966, the collection was administered by the Oriental Section of the University Library, but no further progress in organisation or listing was made until 1977 when a grant from the British Library enabled the appointment of an archivist, Miss Elizabeth Cory, for a period of four years, to work on sorting and listing material in the Sudan Archive in general. As part of her work, a draft catalogue was produced for the Arab Affairs section of the Wingate Papers and a further grant from the British Library for conservation enabled seven letter-books to be dismounted and repaired. From 1983, thanks to the generosity of former British officials from the Sudan, a part-time archivist was employed. Two years later, one full-time and three part-time members of staff, funded by the Manpower Services Commission, were appointed for the specific purpose of producing a catalogue of the Wingate Papers. Working under Lesley Forbes, then Keeper of Oriental Books and Jane Hogan, the part-time archivist, the MSC staff sorted, foliated and stamped papers and completed a draft catalogue of the entire collection on computer. This has provided the main means of access to the Wingate Papers in recent years. In addition, an index to all correspondents, also on computer, was created. Work on editing this catalogue for publication began in 1985. Progress speeded up after 1990 when the university established a full-time archivist's post with special responsibility for the Sudan Archive. Owing to the large amount of material in the collection and the nature of its contents, the catalogue is in the form of a summary list. Some entries are for individual documents, but most describe entire files in which letters and telegrams, both incoming and outgoing are interfiled with related reports, memoranda, maps, newspaper cuttings, etc. Each catalogue entry consists of a description of the most significant letters and telegrams in the file, giving the name of the correspondent (unless otherwise stated the recipient is Wingate), subjects covered and individual document references. At the end of each entry, after the words Also includes:, are listed all items, other than letters and telegrams, which appear in the file. Obviously many letters are not individually described and while every attempt has been made to pick out the most significant items, inevitably, given the subjectivity of such judgments, some may have gone unrecorded. It is hoped that the catalogue will be seen as a working tool and that readers will supply corrections and make suggestions for improvements. The catalogue does not include an index, but an index to all correspondents on computer is available in Durham. This is arranged alphabetically and then chronologically under 'Letters from' and 'Letters to' and printouts can be provided for individual names. Similarly, subject-searching of the computer file is possible under key-words and names of persons and places mentioned in the catalogue.
Abbreviations
A.A.G. Assistant Adjutant General
A.D.C. Aide-de-Camp
A.D.I. Assistant Director of Intelligence
A.G. Adjutant General
Bimb. Bimbashi
D.G.M. Deputy Grand Master
D.M.I. Director of Military Intelligence
E.A. Egyptian Army
F.O. Foreign Office
F.R.W. Francis Reginald Wingate
G.O.C. General Officer Commanding
H.C. High Commissioner
H.M.T. His Majesty's Troopship
Kaim. Kaimakam
K.A.R. King's African Rifles
K.C.B. Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
K.C.M.G. Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George
M.I. Mounted Infantry
N.C.O. Non Commissioned Officer
O.C. Officer Commanding
O.S. Ordnance and Supplies
P.M. Prime Minister
P.W.D. Public Works Department
R.A. Royal Artillery
R.A.M.C. Royal Army Medical Corps
R.E. Royal Engineers
R.F.C. Royal Flying Corps
R.W. Royal West
S.G. Sudan Government
S.I.S. Sudan Irrigation Service
ts. typescript
W.O. War Office
Glossary
Afandi an educated man; in general, Mister
amān clemency
amīr commander
anṣār followers of the Mahdī
arḍīyah storage/warehouse charges
dār land, homeland
dhow native sailing craft
dhurah millet
faddān unit of land measurement; 1 faddān = 1.038 acres
faqīh holy man or religious teacher
ghafīr guard, watchman
Imām leader; title denoting the leader of prayers in a mosque
jihād holy war
khalīfah successor, lieutenant
khedive title conferred on Isma`īl Pasha and his heirs by firman of 7 July 1867
khawr water-course, usually dry except in rains
Liwā` officer commanding a brigade
maḥmal richly decorated litter sent by Islamic rulers to Mecca as an emblem of their independence at the time of the ḥajj
ma`mūr district official
markaz office, government office
mak king
mīrālāy officer commanding a regiment
mudīr governor of a province
mudīrīyah province headquarters
muftī expert in Islamic law
muḥāfiẓ commissioner, officer commanding troops in a province or a fortress town
nāẓir leader of a tribe or section of a tribe
qāḍī judge of a religious court
qism administrative subdivision of a province, branch of a department
sāqiyah water wheel
shaikh tribal or religious chief or high notable
Sirdār title of the commander-in-chief of the Egyptian Army
sudd barrier; term denoting the region of swamps between Bor and Lake No on the Upper Nile
sūq market
ṭarīqah a sufi order or brotherhood
ṭulbah type of tax
`ulamā` learned ones, especially of Islam
`umdah headman of a town or group of villages
`ushr a tithe levied on agricultural production
wādī dry watercourse
Yūzbāshī officer commanding a company of regular troops

Accession details

The papers of Sir Reginald Wingate (1861-1953) were donated to the Sudan Archive, University of Durham in 1958 by Sir Reginald's son, Sir Ronald Wingate. The collection is the largest single donation ever received by the archive and historically the most significant. Coming just a year after the initial appeal to launch the archive, it did much to advance Sudanese studies at Durham. Further small gifts from Sir Ronald were added during the 1960's and a group of Mahdist documents which had formerly belonged to Sir Reginald, but which had been sold after his death, was purchased at auction by the University in 1960, mainly through the generosity of former officials of the Sudan Government, and restored to the collection.

Bibliography

Collins, R.O., Land beyond the rivers (New Haven and London, 1971)
Daly, M.W., Empire on the Nile (Cambridge, 1986)
Daly, M.W., The Sirdar: Sir Reginald Wingate and the British Empire in the Middle East (Philadelphia, 1997)
Hamilton, J.A. de C. (ed.), The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan from within, (London, 1935)
Hill, R., Slatin Pasha, (London, 1965)
Holt, P.M., “The source-materials of the Sudanese Mahdia”, St. Antony's Papers, Number 4: Middle Eastern Affairs, Number 1, (London, 1958)
Holt, P.M., The Mahdist State in the Sudan 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1970)
Holt, P.M. and Daly, M.W., A history of the Sudan, 4th ed., (London 1988)
Kedourie, E., England and the Middle East, (London, 1956)
Kedourie, E., In the Anglo-Arab labyrinth, (Cambridge, 1976)
Kedourie, E., The Chatham House version and other Middle-Eastern studies, (London, 1984)
MacMichael, H.A. The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, (London, 1934)
Sanderson, L.M. and Sanderson, G.N., Education, religion and politics in Southern Sudan 1899-1964, (London and Khartoum 1981)
Sandes, E.W.C., The Royal Engineers in Egypt and the Sudan, (Chatham 1937)
Terry, Janice “Sir Reginald Wingate as high commissioner in Egypt, 1917-1919” (University of London Ph.D., 1968)
Warburg, G., The Sudan under Wingate (London, 1971)
Wingate, R., Wingate of the Sudan (London, 1955)

Catalogue
Sudan material
Egyptian Army
SAD.266/2/1-10
1874 Feb 16
Copy letter of instructions from the Khedive Isma'il Pasha to C.G. Gordon on his appointment as Governor of Equatoria
French
Digitised material for Copy letter of instructions from the Khedive Isma'il Pasha to C.G. Gordon on his appointment as Governor of Equatoria - SAD.266/2/1-10
100/10/1
[1877 Oct 11]
Bill of sale of a slave girl, written, signed as a witness and sealed by Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid `Abd Allāh. Dated 3 Shawwāl 1294. One of only 3 autographs of the Mahdī in the Sudan Archive
Arabic
Digitised material for Bill of sale of a slave girl, written, witnessed and sealed by Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid `Abd Allāh - 100/10/1
SAD.104/3/1-4
1877 Aug 24-1879 Sep 15
Letters from Emin Pasha to Alfred Chélu, a French engineer employed in Khartoum by the Egyptian Government as Chief Engineer of the Sudan:
French
SAD 104/3/1
1877 Aug 24
At Mrouli, thanking Chélu for his letter, received on the eve of a long journey. Mentions peace negotiations between himself and a former enemy of the Government.
SAD.104/3/2-3
1879 Sep 15
At Lado, concerning delays in the post from Khartoum due to the sudd preventing river travel, Chélu's departure from Khartoum for Egypt, and his preparations for a journey south over Lake Albert
SAD.104/3/4
1879 Sep 15
Envelope addressed to Chélu by Emin
SAD.10/3/1-10
[ca. 1879]
Photographic copy of an original report and accompanying sketch map by Gordon for the Egyptian Ministry of Public Works on the 1875 proposed Sudan railway scheme from Wadi Halfa to Hanneh. The report mainly concerns the contract, signed in Cairo, between the Egyptian Government and Messrs Appleby for the construction of the line. The sketch map shows the Nile from Wadi Halfa to Khartoum with the proposed location of the rail route.
French This facsimile was made from an original which at one time was in the possession of General Sir Reginald Wingate, but which is no longer part of his collection. It is reproduced in full, with acknowledgement to Sir Reginald, in Leo Weinthal (ed), The story of the Cape to Cairo Railway and river route, from 1887 to 1922, London [1923], 1, 560
100/11/1-7
[1881/1882]
Proclamation by Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid `Abd Allāh, al-Mahdī to the people of Suakin, exhorting them to join with him in a jihād. Text undated; seal inscribed 'Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid `Abd Allāh' and dated 1299
Arabic with English translation and tracing of seal
Digitised material for Proclamation by Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid `Abd Allāh, al-Mahdī - 100/11/1-7
155/1/1-67
1883 Feb 9 - 1887 Aug 24
Miscellaneous papers relating to the Egyptian Army in the Sudan including:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/1
155/1/1-25
1883 Feb 9
Extracts from a report on the Sudan by Lieut. Col. Stewart
155/1/26-40
1883
Report on the Soudan by Lieutenant Colonel Stewart. Egypt no 11 (1883) pp 11 - 39 only
155/1/41
1883 Aug 8
Extract from a report on cholera in the Egyptian Army praising F.R.W.'s work as Commandant of the cholera hospital
155/1/43-45
1884 Apr 12 - 26
Copies of the last three letters sent by Lupton Bey to Emin Pasha before his capture by the Mahdists
155/1/46-47
1885 Mar 2
Letter from Gen. Wolseley to H.M.L. Rundle re his decision to abandon plans to occupy Abu Ahmed and the announcement of a new policy towards the Sudan
155/1/48-57
1886 Oct 4
Report by Ismā`īl Sarhan on the labours performed by the Recruiting Commission in the 14 mudīrīyahs
155/1/58-67
1887 Aug 24
Report by Ibrāhīm Bey on the siege and capture of Khartoum in 1885 and its aftermath
SAD.104/3/5-6
1883 Mar 28
Letter from Emin Pasha at Lado, to Albert Marquet, thanking him for the safe arrival of certain supplies, waiting anxiously for the arrival of instruments and photgraphic equipment needed for a forthcoming journey to the East, deploring the lack of interest shown by the Egyptian Government in this territory, and concern over Lupton Bey
French
100/1/20-21
[1883 Jun 25]
Letter from Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Mahdī to Shaikh `Asākir walad Abī Kalām, dated 8 Sha`bān 1299, rebuking the shaikh for changing his mind after embracing the cause and requesting free passage for his men to the Mahdī's camp
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter from Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Mahdī to Shaikh `Asākir walad Abī Kalām - 100/1/20-21
133/5/5-36
1883 Dec 11 - 19
Notebook containing details of a survey of the River Nile to Wadi Halfa. Author unknown, but Col. Fraser and Maj. Wood among the survey party
(For sketch map of this survey, see 250/1/22[MP] below)
250/1/1-58
1884 Feb 21 - Oct 29
Papers relating to the Nile campaign including correspondence from F. Duncan re abuse of the Egyptian Army in the British press and re conditions at Aswan (250/1/4); E.J.M. Stuart Wortley re lack of supplies and ammunition for his men on the frontier (250/1/6-7), with F.R.W.'s reply (250/1/10-11); G.H. Portal re the failure to arm Stuart Wortley's force (250/1/8-9); Rundle with news from Korosko and praise for Kitchener's handling of the situation (250/1/12-13); Stuart Wortley re preparations for his march to Selima (250/1/15-17) and re lack of forage around Beris (250/1/23-24); A. Wynne re difficulties facing desert marches (250/1/25-26); A.F. Churchill (army surgeon) re arrangements for the transportation of sick and injured to Halfa (250/1/29-30); and Gordon to Muḥammad Khashm al-Mūs, commander of Shayqī force, congratulating him on his successful strike against the enemy (250/1/39). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/1-58 - Nile Campaign 1884
250/1/1
Statement by Sir Francis Grenfell of his views on the need for an Egyptian withdrawal from the Sudan
250/1/2
Copy extracts from proclamations by Gen. Gordon concerning the continuation of slave holding in the Sudan, with explanation by Sir H. Gordon
250/1/14[MP]
1884 May
Map of the desert route from Abu Halfa to Shendi with information on terrain, fuel, wells, etc., by N.S. Whitworth
scale:   3.156 miles to 1 in
Size: 17.5 x 40.5 ins
250/1/22[MP]
1884 Feb 9
Sketch map of the environs of Aswan, surveyed by Col. T. Fraser and Maj. E. Wood, Dec 1883
scale:   3 ins to 1 mile
Size: 17 x 43.5 ins
250/1/27[MP]
1884 Sep
Sketch map of the country between Ambigol and Shendi, with descriptive notes on the route, by N.S. Whitworth
Size: 11.5 x 41 ins
250/1/33-34
1884 Oct 5
Sketch map and sections of the cataract at Ambigol on the Nile, by D.C. Courtney
scale:   6 ins to 1 mile
Size: 8 x 13.5 ins
250/1/35-36[MP]; 250/1/37
1884 Oct 12
Sketch map and sections of the cataracts at Tangur on the Nile, by D.C. Courtney
scale:   1 to 10,560
Size: 2 copies 10 x 14 ins and 1 copy 8 x 13 ins
250/1/38[MP]
1884 Oct 18
Sketch map of the cataract at Dal on the Nile
scale:   No scale
Size: 13.5 x 16 ins
250/1/40[MP]
1884 Oct 25
Sketch map of the cataract at Amara on the Nile, by D.C. Courtney
scale:   6 ins to 1 mile
Size: 13.5 x 12 ins
250/1/41-54
1884 Oct 27
Notes for the use of the Camel Regiments concerning battle tactics, by R. Buller, General Commanding in Chief, Egypt
250/1/55[MP]
1884 Oct 29
Sketch map of the cataract at Kaibar on the Nile, by D.C. Courtney
scale:   6 ins to 1 mile
Size: 13.5 x 12 ins
250/1/56-58
Statement of al-Ra`īs `Abd al-Malik on the state of the Nile between Sarras and Berber
SAD.104/3/7-14
1884 Mar 21
Letter from Albert Marquet at Cairo to Emin Pasha concerning the fate of the Hicks' expedition to Kordofan, Marquet's meeting with Gordon at Luxor after the latter's appointment as Governor-General of the Sudan; outline of Gordon's plans for the future division of the Sudan into separately governed regions, the rescue of all Europeans from the Bahr al-Ghazal and the appointment of Emin as Governor, offering to act as Emin's agent at Zanzibar, and noting the despatch of photographic equipment and other supplies from Khartoum. (Letter annotated 'Returned to sender by the French consulate of Zanzibar. A.C.)
French
100/1/18-19
[1884 May 4]
Letter from al-Mudaththir Ibrāhīm, private secretary to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi, to `Abd Allāh al-Nūr, dated 8 Rajab 1301 and concerning a slave girl called Zamzam
Arabic with English summary
Digitised material for Letter from al-Mudaththir Ibrāhīm to `Abd Allāh al-Nūr - 100/1/18-19
249/1/110-282
1884 Aug 10 - 1885 Aug 18
Bills for stores and supplies for headquarters staff, chiefly from E.J. Fleurent and Thomas Cook and Sons, both of Cairo, with related correspondence
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/110-282
249/1/20-109
1884 Aug 21 - 1885 May 5
Copy telegrams, mainly from F.R.W. to Cairo, ordering and acknowledging catering supplies for headquarters staff
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/20-109
249/1/1-19
1884 Sep
Expeditionary force, headquarters mess catering statements
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/1-19
249/1/315-456
1884 Sep 5 - 1885 May 5
Miscellaneous papers relating to mess catering and supplies including timetable for steamers on the Nile between Assiut and Aswan from 23 Jul 1884 (249/1/317); invoices and receipts; account book for Sir E. Wood's stores (249/1/370-376); statements by F.R.W. of distribution of 4th Battalion, Egyptian Army (249/1/398-404); statement of Egyptian Government horses and camels at Debbeh on 2 Apr 1885 (249/1/405); store lists and related correspondence
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/315-456
249/1/457-508
1884 Oct 4 - 1885 Mar 31
Papers relating to the movement of headquarters, lines of communications, to Dongola including memoranda on pay and rations for the 4th Battalion (249/1/458-459); timetable for the movement (249/1/461-462,465); transport schedules (249/1/464, 468-469,473,498-499,501); memorandum to the Director of Railways at Halfa (249/1/472); proposal for march up the river (249/1/474-475); instructions for Lieut. Yūsuf Afandi Sirrī in charge of headquarters detachment, lines of communications (249/1/476); instructions for Capt. Fahmī in charge of Sir E. Wood's camel convoy (249/1/500); statement of Sir E. Wood's staff, arrived from Korti 31 Mar 1885 (249/1/501); with related telegrams and letters
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/457-508
249/1/283-314
1884 Oct 10 - 12
Ration returns (full and blank), with draft copy of mess rules and price lists for alcoholic drinks and provisions supplied by E.J. Fleurent of Cairo
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.249/1/283-314
100/1/17
[1884 Oct 21]
Copy letter from Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Mahdī to C.G. Gordon Pasha, dated 1 Muḥarram 1302, informing Gordon of the capture of the steamer Abbas, along with its crew, passengers and contents and of the death of Stewart Pasha, his representative and the Consuls of France and England. Gordon's letters to Dongola, Egypt and England have been read and some returned in order to convince him of what has happened. The letter contains a description of the contents of the correspondence and warns Gordon of the imminent arrival of the Mahdī at Omdurman
Arabic
Digitised material for Letter from Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Mahdī to C.G. Gordon Pasha - 100/1/17
250/1/59-96
1884 Nov 3 - Dec 1
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including correspondence from Rundle re his opinion of Gen. Buller and re his desire to get to Abu Hamed (250/1/67), re payment of Arab shaikhs and the undermining of his authority over them (250/1/68-70) and re plans to send an English company composed of 'riff raff' to Korosko (250/1/71). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/59-96 - Nile Campaign 1884
250/1/59
1884 Nov 3
Copy report by H.H. Kitchener on the road between Debbeh and Ambigol
250/1/60-63
Sketch map in 4 sections to accompany above report
scale:   1 in to 1 mile
250/1/64
1884 Nov 7
Orders for Commandants of Stations on the line of communications, by T. Fraser, Asst. A.G., Line of Communications
250/1/65[MP]
1884 Nov 11
Sketch map of the cataract at Hannik on the Nile, by D.C. Courtney
scale:   4 ins to 1 mile
Size: 22 x 12 ins
250/1/72-79
1884 Nov 25 - Dec 8
Memoranda by H. Brackenbury concerning the numbers and position of troops in the Nile Valley and the availability of boats, supplies and transport
250/1/80
Copy of comments by F.W. Grenfell on the proposed army budget
250/1/81[MP]
Table of cypher codes for senior army personnel
250/1/82-83
List of officers of the Camel Corps
250/1/84-88
Report on breeds of camels by E.J.M. Stuart Wortley with list of points to be guarded against in selecting camels
250/1/89
1884 Nov 11
Table showing postal communications with Upper Egypt and Dongola
250/1/90-91
Extracts from a report by A.C.G. Baker on the state of supplies at Abu Fatmeh
250/1/92
Road itinerary from Aswan to Halfa by the west bank
250/1/93[MP]
Sketch map of the Nile between Wadi Halfa and Dongola showing the position of English and Egyptian hospitals with numbers of beds available
250/1/94
List of boat equipment and supplies to be sent to each boat proceeding up the Nile
250/1/96
1884 Dec 1
General orders concerning haste required in the mission to rescue Gordon
100/3/1
[c. 1884]
Communication from Sir H.E. Wood to the `Abābdah and Bishārīyīn tribes regarding the mission of Lt. H.M.L. Rundle
Attached to the communication is a photograph of a military camp on the banks of the Nile
Arabic, undated
100/1/1-16
[1884/1885]
Fragments of a letter book, undated, together with one folio of doubtful provenance containing the Mahdī's proclamation to the people of Egypt, 1302
Arabic
Digitised material for Fragments of a Mahdist letter book - 100/1/1-16
SAD.100/4/2
[1884/1885]
Photographic print of an envelope from General Gordon to al-Sayyid Muhammad `Uthman al-Mirghani, said by the donor to have been among the last letters sent by Gordon from Khartoum
430/4/1-2
[n.d.]
Proclamation of the Mahdī, informing the recipients that he is sending a representative whom they should follow and obey. Contains verses from the Qur`ān and sayings of the Prophet Muḥammad. Text undated, seal inscribed 'Lā ilāh illā Allāh/Muḥammad rasūl Allāh/Muḥammad al-Mahdī ibn `Abd Allāh,' 1293
Arabic, lith., 2 copies
430/5/1
[n.d.]
Proclamation of the Mahdī, urging the addressees to believe and follow him and to join in the armed struggle against the Turks. Text undated, seal inscribed 'Lā ilāh illā Allāh Muḥammad rasūl Allāh/Muḥammad al-Mahdī Khalīfah rasūl Allāh,' 1293
Arabic, lith.
430/3/1
[n.d.]
Proclamation of the Mahdī, addressees unknown, warning that he has come to revive Mahdism and that those who reject the call will face their fate. Informs them that he has sent a representative with whom they should cooperate. Contains references to verses from the Qur`ān and sayings of the Prophet Muḥammad
Arabic, lith.
250/1/97-133
1885 Jan 2 - Feb 19
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including numerous orders and memoranda for the movements of men and supplies and correspondence from R.A. Marriott re the progress of the naval brigade up the Nile (250/1/99); Wolseley to the shaikhs and Arabs of the Ḥassānīyah urging them to submit to the Egyptian Army (250/1/104-106); telegram from Brackenbury to Commandant Korti re the progress of his force towards Abu Hamed (250/1/126); and Marriott in praise of his Egyptian soldiers in recent skirmishes with the enemy (250/1/128). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/97-133 - Nile Campaign 1885
250/1/98[MP]
Sketch map of the Shakiyeh cataracts, compiled from hearsay and reports by Lt. Col. Colvile, Maj. Kitchener and Lt. Poore
scale:   4 ins to 1 mile
Size: 15 x 20 ins
250/1/100
List of spears etc., presented as souvenirs
250/1/101
1885 Jan 10
Sketch of ranges at Fort Stewart and Gakdul by H.M. Lawson
250/1/102
1885 Jan 4
Petition to Lord Wolseley from Idrīs Muḥammad Sa`d complaining that the English have impounded his men and camels
Arabic
250/1/103
Orders from Gen. Buller concerning the use of hired convoys and the need to clear out and improve Abu Halfa wells
250/1/110
1885 Feb
Note of proposed distribution of troops
250/1/123
Memorandum from Wolseley to Wood re the proposed evacuation of Gakdul
250/1/125
1885 Feb 15
Statement of supplies despatched from Korti for Gakdul
250/1/132
Order from Wood to Col. Leach to proceed to Abu Klea
250/1/134-172
1885 Feb 19 - 23
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including correspondence from Wood to Wolseley re the need for camels, water and boots for the troops at Gakdul (250/1/135-136,142-145) and re the need to evacuate Abu Klea and Gakdul and thefts of camels and cattle by the Ḥassānīyah (250/1/146-148); T.R. Rees re the despatch of cattle to Gakdul (250/1/155-156); Wolseley to al-Nūr Muḥammad `Anqarah and his Egyptian troops urging them to surrender (250/1/162). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/134-172 - Nile Campaign 1885
250/1/138
1885 Feb 20
Order from Wolseley to Wood concerning the movement of troops and the evacuation of Gakdul
250/1/140
Order from R. Nugent at Gakdul concerning the conversion of biscuit boxes into water tanks
250/1/151
Order to Col. Talbot from Wood to secure the water supply at Magaga
250/1/153
1885 Feb 22
Memorandum from Wolseley to Wood announcing the abandonment of all offensive operations and ordering the evacuation of all desert posts
250/1/159
1885 Feb 22
Statement of supplies on hand at El Howeiyat
250/1/163
1885 Feb 22
Statement of the strength of the garrison at Gakdul Wells
250/1/166
1885 Feb 23
Statement of supplies in store at Gakdul Wells
250/1/167
1885 Feb 23
Return of regular and hired transport camels and donkeys despatched from Korti to Howeiyat and Gakdul, 16-23 Feb 1885
250/1/168
1885 Feb 23
Estimate of camel loads required to remove troops and stores of desert column from Gakdul to Korti
250/1/173-226
1885 Feb 23 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including correspondence from Wood to Wolseley re the movement of wounded men from Gakdul, thefts by the Ḥassānīyah and prospects for the evacuation of Gakdul (250/1/176-177); copy telegram from Wolseley to the Secretary of State for War re the need for additional manpower and materials for work on the extension of the railway from Akasha to Firket (250/1/184-186); T.B. Rees re the supply of oxen to the expeditionary force (250/1/190); and telegrams re the conveyence of sick soldiers from Korti (250/1/201-214). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/173-226 - Nile Campaign 1885
250/1/173-174
Statements of ammunition in the possession of the R.W. Kent and 1st Battalion Royal Sussex Regiments
250/1/175
Report on water available at Gakdul
250/1/178
1885 Feb 24
Statement of supplies sent out by convoy to Gakdul between 13 and 21 Feb
250/1/179
1885 Feb 24
Statement of supplies in store at Gakdul Wells
250/1/181
Report by Lt. Col. B. Barrow of a reconnaissance trip to Magaga Wells in search of thieves
250/1/182
1885 Feb 26
Statement of the strength of the garrisons at Gakdul Wells
250/1/187
1885 Feb 25
Statement of transport animals despatched to Korti
250/1/189
1885 Feb 25
Report by J. Pierson on the issue of drinking water at Gakdul Wells
250/1/193
1885 Feb 27
List of supplies probably remaining at Gakdul
250/1/194
1885 Feb 27
Statement of supplies in store at Gakdul Wells
250/1/198; 250/1/201-202
1885 Feb 28
Proclamation to al-Nūr Muḥammad `Anqarah and the Egyptian and Sudanese troops serving the outlaw Muḥammad Aḥmad, inciting them to kill the latter
Arabic with English translation
250/1/203
Intelligence report by A.E. Turner concerning the movements of Arabs around the desert posts
250/1/204
1885 Jan 21
Sketch map of country around the wells of Kuwa
scale:   1 in to 1 mile
Size: 8 x 13 ins
250/1/215
1885 Feb 28
Memorandum on stores sent to Magaga
250/1/227-299
1885 Mar 1 - 6
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including correspondence from H. Wardrop re arrangements for the capture of Ḥassānīyah robbers around Magaga (250/1/228); telegrams re the movements of camel convoys between the desert posts (250/1/231-241,245-253); Wood to Buller re the movement of troops from Gakdul to Zobrik el Kelb (250/1/264) and re the suspension of Maj. Gough for incompetence (250/1/266-267); telegrams re the despatch of convoys between desert posts, difficulties in communications, water supplies, etc. (250/1/268-293); and Wardrop re supplies at El Howeiyat and the position of the signalling hill (250/1/295-298). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/227-299 - Nile Campaign March 1885
250/1/227
Report by G.H. Gough on the inadequacy of latrine and refuse arrangements at Gakdul
250/1/229
Copy proclamation to the Ḥassānīyah ordering them to desist from plundering convoys
250/1/243
Intelligence report by A.E. Turner on a reconnaissance trip to Kuwa and Sani
250/1/254
Return of sick men unable to march and of natives from Gakdul to Magaga
250/1/255
1885 Mar 6
Statement of strength of the 19th Hussars
250/1/256
Statement of troops proceeding to Korti
250/1/257
Statement of supplies for force between Korti and Gakdul
250/1/259-265
Copy order for the establishment of a regular system of communication between no. 2 water post, 30 miles east of Korti and El Howeiyat, with related memorandum
250/1/294
1885 Mar 6
Statement of stores to be carried to Korti from Magaga
250/1/299
1885 Mar 6
Statement of the strength and distribution of the El Howeiyat garrison
250/1/300-357
1885 Mar 7 - 11
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including correspondence from Wardrop to Wood re conditions at Thirty Mile Hill (250/1/301-302); Wood to Buller re the need for camels to transport water tanks (250/1/305); L.A. Santoni, Director of Posts, to Commandant Metemmah with details of the new postal service to Metemmah (250/1/306); Wood to Buller re instructions to abandon stores in the desert (250/1/326). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/300- - Nile Campaign March 1885
250/1/303
1885 Mar 8
Return of camels sent to meet the troops returning from Gakdul since 1 Mar
250/1/308
Memorandum by W. Graydon Carter re existing water supplies at El Howeiyat
250/1/311
1885 Mar 9
Statement of strength and transport required for Zobrik el Kelb
250/1/312-318
1885 Mar 9
Statements of strength of No. 3 section Camel Bearer Co., Field Hospital, O.S. Dept., Magaga Wells, detachment of 19th Hussars at Magaga, Royal Engineers and detachment of Royal Sussex Regiment at Magaga
250/1/319-320
Requisitions for transport for the Royal Sussex Regiment and detachment of the 1st Battalion the Royal Irish at Magaga
250/1/321
1885 Mar 9
Statement of the strength of Mounted Infantry at Magaga and transport required
250/1/325
Requisition for transport of R.W. Kent Regiment from Magaga Wells to Korti
250/1/327-336,341-357
Telegrams re movements of troops and supplies between desert posts
250/1/358-422
1885 Mar 12 - Apr 8
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including telegrams from Wood re the availability of camels and water supplies for the desert posts and the movement of troops (250/1/358-391,395); telegrams from Wardrop to Wood re the movement of camels and stores (250/1/401-406); correspondence from Buller to Wood re policy decision to attack and annihilate any enemy in the vicinity of the Nile (250/1/407); W. Hunter re articles of clothing required by the Southern R.A. (250/1/414-415); and Barrow re the clothing, personal equipment, saddlery and camels required by the M.I. Camel Corps at Kurot (250/1/418-421). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/358-422 - Nile Campaign March-April 1885
250/1/397
Statement of convoys employed in conveying stores, etc. between Korti and Gakdul
250/1/399-400
1885 Mar 12
Statement of rations on hand at El Howeiyat and strength of the garrison
250/1/409-411
1885 Mar 16
Return of convoys between desert posts during Feb and Mar
250/1/422
List of articles of equipment required by the Southern R.A.
250/1/423-527
1885 Apr 7 - May 16
Papers concerning the Nile campaign, consisting mainly of telegrams re the condition and purchase of transport and riding camels for the desert posts; draft telegram from Wood to Buller re the impossibility of strikes against the enemy both by camel borne troops and those depending entirely on whalers for transport (250/1/434-435); J. Dormer from Tani re construction of huts, condition of camels and difficulties in ensuring the regular despatch of mail (250/1/454-455). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/423-527 - Nile Campaign April-May 1885
250/1/430
1885 Apr 7
Statement of equipment of 9th Co. C. and T. Corps at Kurot
250/1/448
1885 Apr 9
Return of camels of the Camel Bearer Co. showing fitness or otherwise for work
250/1/469
Memorandum by Maj. Barrow on the proposal to allow camel grazing at night
250/1/524-526
1885 May 16
Draft of Wood's resignation as Sirdār
250/1/528-606
1886 May 24 - 1887 May 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaign including copies of letters (Apr-Jun 1885) from Maj. A.E. Turner to Najīb Abcarious, interpreter attached to the Expeditionary Force concerning intelligence matters, letters which he intended to sell to a French lawyer (250/1/529-537); E. Palmer and Grenfell re a note written in code by Gordon (250/1/549-550); Grenfell to Baring re the fortunes of Emin Bey in Equatoria Province since 1883 as background to his latest report and prospects for his relief (250/1/551-556); Grenfell to F.R.W. re the proposal to appoint the former as Minister of War and the impossibility of Britain's dual role in Egypt (250/1/568); copy letter from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi to Queen Victoria urging her to embrace the Muslim faith and predicting the defeat of her forces (250/1/587-589); copy letter from the Mahdī to Gordon urging him to convert to Islam, refusing Gordon's gift and re the 're-education' of Slatin (250/1/591-596); copy letter from the Mahdī to the troops of the Hicks expedition calling upon them to lay down their arms (250/1/597-598); and copy telegrams re the successful engagement at Sarras (250/1/600-605). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/528-606 - Nile Campaign March-April 1886-1887
250/1/538-539
1886 Jul
Copy proclamation from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi to the Dhūwī Ḥusayn exhorting them to join the jihād against the Turks and appointing Hudhayfah ibn Sa`d al-Aḥmadī their leader
For original see 430/1/3 below
250/1/540
1886 Sep 20
Circular memorandum re the use of Egyptian titles for English officers in the Egyptian Army
250/1/542-548
1886 Nov 3
Orders concerning arrangements for a Field Day
250/1/569-572
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the question 'Shall G.O.C. Egypt be relieved of all responsibility for safety of Frontier'
250/1/573-575
Memorandum by F. Grenfell to the Financial Adviser on the recruiting budget and the need to keep it separate from the war budget
250/1/576-582
1887 Apr 18
Report by F.R.W. on the arrival of four messengers from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi in Khartoum bearing letters for the Queen, Sultan and Khedive
250/1/583-584
1887 Apr 30
Special army order announcing a successful encounter with the Dervishes at Sarras
430/1/3
1886 Jul
Proclamation of `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad, al-Khalīfah to the Dhūwī Ḥusayn summoning them to the jihād against the Turks and appointing Hudhayfah ibn Sa`d al-Aḥmadī their leader. Dated Shawwāl 1303.
Arabic, lith.
For translation see 250/1/538-539 above
SAD.104/3/15-16
1886 Jul 31
Copy letter from Emin Pasha to Albert Marquet concerning the latter's survival from a recent shipwreck, the uncertainty of the fate of Emin's many friends in Khartoum including his agent Brutiras Sarkis; his means of communication with the outside world with the assistance of ‘King’ Kabarega of Bunyoro and the French and English missionaries in Buganda; Emin's grief at the death of Gordon and the hopelessness of his own position
152/6/1-71
1887 Feb 19 - Mar 22
Egyptian Army Orders in English, Arabic and Turkish, issued by W.O. Cairo concerning pay, promotions, discharges, transfers, sentences by court martial, etc.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/6
250/1/607-659
1887 Jul 22 - Nov 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Grenfell, H.H. Parr, I. Owen Quirk and Acting Sirdār re the proposed appointment of Maxwell as Military Secretary (250/1/607-617); C. Scott-Moncrieff, F.R.W. and Baker re the proposal to abolish corvée labour and use conscript battalions for corvée work (250/1/619-620,623-625); and Grenfell re the adoption of F.R.W.'s proposal for conscript military labour (250/1/658). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/607-659 - Nile Campaign 1887
250/1/626-657
1887 Oct 30
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the employment of military labour in place of corvée labour, with introduction by F. Grenfell
250/1/659
Table showing the rate of pay of soldiers in the Egyptian Army
155/2/1-118
1888 Jan 26 - Oct 31
Miscellaneous papers relating to the Egyptian Army including :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/2
155/2/1-5
1888 Jan 26
Short account of the attack on `Uthmān Diqnah's position at Handub by the 'friendly tribes' on 17 Jan
155/2/6-42
1888 Aug 29
Proceedings of a commission at the W.O., Cairo for the purpose of enquiring into certain matters laid down in the memo of the Sirdār dated 15 Jul 1888 on the recruitment of men to the police and Egyptian Army
155/2/44-75
1888 Oct 20
Report by F.R.W. on the substitution of conscript labour for corvée labour
155/2/76-100
French translation of above report
155/2/101-118
1888 Oct 31
Addenda to above report
100/17/6-8
[1888 May 31]
Letter from Ismā`īl al-Faqī `Alī to `Abd al-Raḥmān al-Najūmī, dated 20 Ramaḍān 1305, informing al-Najūmī of his arrival in Egypt and expressing his loyalty, greetings and willingness and desire to exchange correspondence
Arabic
Digitised material for Letter from Ismā`īl al-Faqī `Alī to `Abd al-Raḥmān al-Najūmī - 100/17/6-8
250/1/660[MP]
1888 Oct 31
Table showing the work carried out by the Recruiting Commission from the commencement of the work until 31 Oct 1888
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.250/1/660 Nile Campaign 1888
155/3/1-167
1888 Dec 2 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from A. Philip to Grenfell re the amount of information received by the Egyptian Gazette correspondent from the W.O. in Cairo (155/3/1-2); J.C. Dalton to Wodehouse and F.R.W. re work on maps of the Nile from Wadi Halfa to Aswan and of the area around Suakin (155/3/4-5,23,42-43); F.R.W. and Scott-Moncrieff re the former's report on the substitution of military labour for corvée labour (155/3/6-12,30,38,41); Zakī Bey re communications with Emin Pasha (155/3/24); F.R.W. to Dalton re information from `Uthmān Diqnah on the arrival of Stanley in Equatoria Province and the possible defeat of Emin by the Dervishes (155/3/26); A. Wynne re the decision to delay military action against the Dervishes at Suakin (155/3/27-28); M. Shakūr re the action at Suakin (155/3/29); F.R.W. to Vaux re conflicting reports of defeats of the Dervishes in the Bahr el Ghazal and the possible death of Stanley (155/3/32-37); Baring re efforts to obtain the exchange of Emin Pasha for certain Mahdist prisoners (155/3/138). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/3
155/3/14-19
1888 Dec 7
Notes on the Hamra road from Kuft to Kosseir taken during the march of the IX Sudanese (see above)
155/3/22
Rough sketch of the Darbel Hamra by B.R. Mitford
scale:   1 in to 8 miles
Size: 19.5 x 13.5 ins
155/3/44-135
1888 Dec 23 - 1889 Jan 6
Notebook containing carbon copies of letters from F.R.W., mainly to Egyptian Army colleagues, concerning the progress of the campaign in the Sudan, notably Grenfell's success at Suakin, the possible capture of Emin, Stanley and Lupton and F.R.W.'s proposals for the substitution of corvée labour
155/3/141-149
1888 Dec 31
Special army order from H. Kitchener praising the actions of the disbanded Suakin Field Force
155/3/150-167
General report by F.R.W. on recruiting operations
430/1/1-2
[1888 Dec/1889 Jan]
Proclamation dated Rabī`II 1306, urging the Anṣār to follow the path of Islam, justice, equity and brotherhood and warning them that they will be accountable for any injustice or mal-administration. Includes verses from the qu`rān and the sayings of the Prophet Muḥammad
Arabic, lith., 2 copies
155/4/1-128
1889 Jan 1 - Feb 20
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including translation of a letter from Slatin while prisoner of the Khalīfah re hostilities between the Mahdists and the Abyssinians, the escape of Emin and Stanley to Uganda and the rebellion against the Mahdists in Darfur (155/4/1-4); correspondence from Baring re reports of Lupton's death (155/4/11); Mason to Baring re a report of Emin's death in a battle against the Mahdists (155/4/13); F.R.W. to Prinsep (155/4/119-120), Dalton (155/4/121-122) and Dunning (155/4/123-124) re his establishment of an Intelligence Office in Cairo with branch offices at Suakin and Halfa; Callwell re the duties of the intelligence service (155/4/125-127); and Holled Smith re the despatch of refugees from Suakin to Cairo (155/4/128). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/4
155/4/15-58
1889 Jan 6 - Feb 24
Notebook containing carbon copies of official and semi-official letters from F.R.W. to various individuals including to Wood re dissatisfaction at his career prospects in the Egyptian Army
155/4/59-74
1889 Jan 3 - 17
Report of the Intelligence Department
155/4/80
List of shaikhs of the Shukrīyah tribe
155/4/81-84
1889 Jan 18
Note by F.R.W. of an interview with Shaikh Muḥammad Najīb al-Shinqīṭī who pledged to raise the Shukrīyah tribe in revolt against the Mahdists in return for government support
155/4/87-102
1889 Jan 28
Assessment by F.R.W. of the veracity of Shaikh Muḥammad Najīb al-Shinqīṭī's statement
179/1/1-59
1889 Jan 18 - Nov 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from J.C. Dalton re the provision of maps for use at the frontier (179/1/22,45,54-55); [H.C.?] re the likelihood of encounters with the Dervishes around Halfa (179/1/41-42); C. Callwell re the activities of `Uthmān Diqnah around Dongola (179/1/44); congratulations to F.R.W. on his D.S.O. from Callwell (179/1/44) and Dalton (179/1/45); F.R.W. to Gen. Brackenbury re Italian advances in Abyssinia and wavering support for the Dervishes in the Sudan (179/1/46-47). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/1
179/1/1-18
1889 Jan 18 - 28
Copy statement of Shaikh Muḥammad Najīb al-Shinqīṭī of the Shukrīyah concerning their readiness to revolt against the Dervishes, with assessment by F.R.W.
179/1/19[MP]
Sketch map of the Eastern Sudan showing the position of tribes
scale:   None
Size: 12 x 15 ins
179/1/28-32; 179/1/35-40
1889 Oct 31 - Nov 4
Army orders and memoranda concerning arrangements for the visit of the Prince of Wales to Cairo
179/1/33-34
1889 Nov 1
Egyptian Army Monthly state
179/1/48-53
1889 Nov 24
Précis of information obtained by Mr. Abadi from the Abyssinian frontier concerning Italian advances
179/1/56-58
1889 Nov 29
The Times no. 674 pp 1-6 including letters from H.M. Stanley on the progress of the Emin Pasha relief expedition
179/1/59
1889 Nov
Memorandum on the service of English officers in the Egyptian Army
430/2/1-7
[1889 Jan 25]
Proclamation dated 23 Jumādā I 1306 warning the recipients of the consequences of failing to support the Mahdist cause. Seal inscribed Ḥasbunā Allāh wa-ni`am al-wakīl. Copies addressed in manuscript to the following Arab tribes:
430/2/1
Ḥāmidīyah tribe: Yūsuf `Abd al-Karīm and `Abd Allāh abū `Awaḍ
430/2/2
Ḥijāzah tribe: Aḥmad Khalīl and Mūsā `Alī
430/2/3
Qawqaṭ tribe: al-Ḥājj Muḥammad
430/2/4
Barāhīmah tribe: Aḥmad al-`Imārī and Yūnis Aḥmad
430/2/5
Sulaymīyah tribe: Aḥmad `Alī, Āl `Isā, Khalīl Aḥmad, Ḥusayn `Abd al-Mun`im
430/2/6
Bayyāḍīyah tribe: `Abd al-Ẓumār, `Umrān Muḥammad
430/2/7
Tribes of al-Dayr, Ḥalāl and Baghdādī: Maḥmūd Ṭāhā `Abd al-Jalīl, Aḥmad `Alī abū Qurūn, Maḥmūd abū Shiḥātah
Arabic
101/25/1-3
[1889 Feb 19]
Copy letter from Sir Henry Morton Stanley to Salīm Bey Maṭar, wrongly dated 1809, concerning the evacuation of men on the Emin Pasha relief expedition to Cairo
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/25/1-3
155/5/1-118
1889 Mar 3 - Apr 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Callwell and Dalton re the organisation of the new Intelligence Dept. (155/5/1-4); H.G. Dunning re a proposed mission to the Sanūsī (155/5/7); Callwell re the output of regular reports etc. from the Intelligence Dept. (155/5/9-10), with F.R.W.'s reply (155/5/17-18); Prinsep re the Suakin intelligence budget (155/5/11,20); F.R.W. to Grenfell and Callwell (155/5/14-15,17-18) and Settle (155/5/19) re F.R.W.'s proposal to send Shaikh Khabīl to investigate the Sanūsīyah and in particular the extent of Turkish influence; Callwell re unrest among the Sanūsīyah and in Wadai (155/5/21); Dunning re the problems of setting up a branch intelligence office at Wadi Halfa (155/5/22-23); Prinsep (155/5/26-27,36-37) and F.R.W. to Callwell and Prinsep (155/5/31-32,39-42) re rumours of an advance on Khartoum by the Sanūsī; F.R.W. to Baring re the strength of the Sanūsīyah and the possibility of Turkish support (155/5/46-47); F.R.W. to the War Minister, Muṣṭafā Fahmī (155/5/77-78) and to Callwell, Baring, Dormer, Dunning and Prinsep re intelligence news from Suakin on the movements of the Sanūsī and the policy adopted towards him by the Egyptian Government (155/5/79-82,84-88); Callwell, advising against Egyptian Government support for the Sanūsī (155/5/110); and translation of a letter from Slatin in Omdurman to his sister re hostilities between the Mahdists and Abyssinians, rumours of the escape of Emin and Stanley to Uganda and the rebellion against the Mahdists in Darfur (155/5/113-118). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/5
155/5/48-56
1889 Apr 6
Memorandum on the Sanūsīyah movement by F.R.W.
155/5/57[MP]
Map to accompany above report showing the geographical position of the Sanūsīyah confraternity
155/5/99-108
1889 Apr 26
Memorandum by F.R.W. on correspondence received from Slatin (see 155/5/113-118 above)
155/6/1-91
1889 May 1 - Jun 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. and Prinsep re a successful attack on the Dervishes near Halfa (155/6/1-4); copy telegrams re the receipt of letters from the Khalīfah alleging defeat of the Abyssinians by the Mahdists (155/6/6-10); F.R.W. to Callwell and Prinsep re the Mahdist defeat of the Abyssinians and fears of increased frontier raids (155/6/17-20); A. Peake re F.R.W.'s report on the abolition of corvée labour (155/6/21-24); F.R.W. to Callwell re the significance of the Dervish defeat of the Abyssinians (155/6/29-30); F.R.W. to the A.G. re preparations for encounters with the enemy on the frontier (155/6/32-35); Prinsep re the movement of tribes around Suakin, contraband trade, the eastward movement of the Sanūsīyah towards Khartoum and the reported defeat of the Abyssinians by the Mahdists (155/6/37-44); F.R.W. to Wodehouse (155/6/55-56) and to Callwell (155/6/65,66) re Turkish influence over the Sanūsī and the spread of the Sanūsīyah eastwards; Dunning re Dervish raids on the frontier (155/6/57-60); F.R.W. to Prinsep and Dunning re the decision to attack Sarras (155/6/77-80); F.R.W. to Prinsep and Callwell re preparations for an attack by `Abd al-Raḥmān wad al-Najūmī on the frontier (155/6/86-91). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/6
155/6/11-15
1889 May 11
Staff diary and intelligence report, Frontier Field Force
155/6/16
Envelope in which was sent a letter from the Khalīfah to Queen Victoria
155/6/45-51
1889 May 28 - 29
Special headquarters order and memoranda for the celebration of the feast of Bayram in Cairo
155/6/71
1889 Jun 3
Egyptian Army, War Office gazette no. 22, including notification of decorations for officers who served in the Sudan expedition
155/7/1-107
1889 Jul 5 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns consisting mainly of telegrams from F.R.W. and Reuters re the progress of the campaign against al-Najūmī; correspondence from Callwell re the transport of troops up the Nile (155/7/1); F.R.W. to Callwell re conditions in camp at Aswan and the movements of al-Najūmī's force (155/7/6-7,57-58); D. Rees re Gen. Dormer's decision to prevent F.R.W. acting as Reuters's correspondent (155/7/37); F.R.W. to Rees re the treatment by al-Najūmī of his camp followers (155/7/78-81); Dormer, criticising the content of telegrams sent by F.R.W. and Reuters (155/7/98). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/7
155/7/2-3
Instructions to F.R.W. to act as Reuters's correspondent on the frontier
155/7/107
Sketch map of Wadi Halfa District
scale:   1 in to 4 miles
Size: 8 x 13 ins
155/8/1-80
1889 Aug 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns consisting mainly of telegrams from F.R.W. to Reuters re the progress of the campaign against al-Najūmī, the successful action near Tushki on 4 Aug and its aftermath and correspondence from F.R.W. to Dalton re the progress of the campaign and criticism at home of Egyptian Army tactics (155/8/1-2); translations of letters from `Abd al-Raḥmān wad al-Najūmī to `Abd al-Ḥalīm Mus`ad wad al-Hāshimī and from the Khalīfah to al-Najūmī re the movement of reinforcements and supplies along the frontier (155/8/49-53); F.R.W. to Wood (?) and Callwell describing the Battle of Tushki (155/8/71-74). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/8
155/8/13
Printed copy of despatch by Grenfell on the 'Action near Toski' on 4 Aug 1889
155/8/54-56
Statement by Abū Khālid concerning the aftermath of the Battle of Toski, in particular the numbers of Dervishes who refused to surrender
155/8/77-80
Newspaper cuttings re the campaign against al-Najūmī, based on F.R.W.'s despatches to Reuters
155/9/1-60
1889 Sep 4 - 1891 May 19
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F. Griffith re the payment of an honorarium to F.R.W. for work as Reuters's correspondent at the frontier (155/9/1,4,5); Prinsep re the decision to halt active military operations in the Sudan (155/9/7-10); telegrams re the transport of a Sudanese battalion to Cairo (155/9/15-17); Maxwell re problems of dealing with Dervish prisoners of war and refugees (155/9/18-21); Shakūr re arrangements for the Dervish prisoners and settlement of the intelligence budget (155/9/44-47). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.155/9
155/9/24-43
Memorandum on the life and death of `Abd al-Raḥmān wad al-Najūmī
155/9/51-52
1890 Jan 1
Egyptian Army monthly state
155/9/53-60
1891 May 19
Report by C. Lyon on the march of No. 2 Battery from Halfa to Aswan
SAD.121/1/6-7
1889 Nov 4
Handbill and printed programme for a gymkhana meeting held at Ghezireh by the Khedivial Sporting Club to mark a visit by the Prince of Wales
179/2/1-53
1889 Dec 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Dalton re survey work on the frontier, the proposed railway from Keneh to Kosseir as an alternative route to India, the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah and Italian aims in Kassala and the resulting threat to Sudan trade (179/2/12-19); F.R.W. to J. Leverson re the rumoured death of the Khalīfah, prospects for a Dervish advance on Egypt, delimitation of the Italian/Abyssinian frontier and opposition of the Eastern Sudan tribes to the Dervishes (179/2/20-27); Grenfell and Leverson re the delimitation of the Italian/Abyssinian frontier and the unsuitability of the proposed Keneh/Kosseir railway (179/2/29,35); J. Prinsep re the importance of Suakin to Sudan trade (179/2/36-39); English translation of a letter from Grenfell to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi requesting the return of the effects of Gordon and Stewart (179/2/46-53). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/2
179/2/4
Newspaper cutting on 'Emin Pasha and the Mahdi' from The Times
179/2/7-8,30,41,44
Newspaper cuttings from The Times concerning the progress of the Emin Pasha relief expedition, including letters from H.M. Stanley
101/7/1
[1889 Dec 6]
Receipt from `Abd al-Qādir Salāṭīn (Slatin's name in captivity at Omdurman) for a spear, dated 12 Rabī`II 1307
Arabic
100/17/1-2
1889 Dec 26
Letter to Wingate from Muḥammad `Uthmān al-Mīrghanī, al-Sayyid concerning a pardon for Khalīfah Adam who was falsely accused and punished (and envelope with stamp removed)
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter to Wingate from Muḥammad `Uthmān al-Mīrghanī, al-Sayyid - 100/17/1-2
430/1/4-5
1889
Proclamation from `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad, al-Khalīfah, to his friends, the people of the northern provinces (i.e. Nubia and Egypt)
Arabic, lith.
SAD.100/17/9
1889
Poem in celebration of the victory at Toski [Tushki]
Arabic
Digitised material for Poem in celebration of the victory at Toski - SAD.100/17/9
SAD.100/17/10
1889
Page from the Qur'an (Sur LVII, 1-20), pointed, in Maghribi hand, found on the battlefield of Toski [Tushki]
Arabic
Digitised material for Qur'an fragment - SAD.100/17/10
101/27/3-8
[c. 1889]
Letters from `Alī `Adlān Bakhīt to Kāẓim Aghā, Daryūl Aghā, the Khedive `Abbās Ḥilmī and Almāẓ Pasha Aghā complaining of the harsh treatment he and his followers have received from the governor of Suakin and requesting mediation on their behalf
Arabic with seals and 2 torn envelopes
Digitised material for Letters from `Alī `Adlān Bakhīt - 101/27/3-8
252/2/1-101
1890 Jan 1 - 1891 Dec 24
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. and Callwell re the Italian/Abyssinian question and `Uthmān Diqnah's movements (252/2/1-2,23,27-28); F.R.W. to Leverson re the Italian/Abyssinian question, value of the Sudan as a source of troops and intelligence news from the Sudan (252/2/3-10); J.C. Dalton re lack of topographical information from the Intelligence Dept., with reply (252/2/14-18,24-26); F.R.W. to Callwell re famine north of Khartoum (252/2/27-28); F.R.W. to Grenfell re his semi-private system of communicating with London Intelligence (252/2/30-33) and re grain supplies to the Dervishes (252/2/37-38); H. Smith re Italian interference around Karkabat (252/2/41,45); J.F.M. Prinsep re Italian action in Abyssinia, Berber food supplies and general intelligence news from Suakin (252/2/42-43,52-53); Najīb Shakrah re the decline of the Khalīfah's authority, famine in the Sudan and cholera in Egypt (252/2/46-49); Smith, Grenfell and F.R.W. re F.R.W.'s methods of gathering intelligence information at Suakin (252/2/54-60); Callwell and F.R.W. to Grenfell re the possibility of F.R.W. replacing Chermside as British Military Attaché at Constantinople (252/2/92-94,97,100-101); F.R.W.'s letter of farewell to Lord and Lady Grenfell (252/2/98-101). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.252/2/1-101
252/2/19
1890 Jan 31
'Mr. Stanley in Egypt' - newspaper article
252/2/39-40
Note of Rachat Militaire in 1890
252/2/85
1891 Nov 19
Army orders, issued by the War Office, Egypt
101/27/2
[1890/1891]
Letter from `Umārah Muḥammad Ḥāmid Abū Sinn to Milḥam Shakūr containing a report on `Alī `Adlān Bakhīt. Text undated, seal dated A.H. 1308 and a reference in the text dated A.H. 1309
Arabic with seal
Digitised material for Letter from `Umārah Muḥammad Ḥāmid Abū Sinn to Milḥam Shakūr - 101/27/2
100/17/3-5
1890 Jan 2 - 6
Letters to Wingate from Ṭanbal Ḥamad Ṭanbal, al-Malik concerning conditions in the Sudan and prospects for an attack northwards against the frontier
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letters to Wingate from Ṭanbal Ḥamad Ṭanbal, al-Malik - 100/17/3
179/3/1-48
1890 Jan 2 - Dec 24
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Johnstone re opposition from Leverson and Brackenbury to the proposed Kenneh/Kosseir Railway (179/3/1-4), with reply (179/3/6); Callwell re the need to secure the Berber/Suakin road in order to prevent a takeover of Sudan trade by the Italians (179/3/7); copy letter from Kitchener to the Khedive re the latest intelligence news from the Sudan (179/3/21-22); Prinsep re reports of the Khalīfah's intentions and the force required to take Tokar. Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/3
179/3/8
1890 Jan 7
Newspaper cutting on the Egyptian Ministry of War budget
French
179/3/9
1890 Jan 4
'Turkey and the slave trade', cutting from The Times
179/3/10-11
1890 Jan 10
'Letter from Mr. Stanley', cutting from The Times
179/3/13
Newspaper cutting on 'Italy, England, Abyssinia and the Soudan'
179/3/14
1890 Jan 17
'Mr. Stanley at Suez', cutting from the St. James's Gazette
179/3/18-19
1890 Jan 27
'Mr. Henry M. Stanley at Cairo', cutting from the Egyptian Gazette
179/3/24-41
Memorandum by F.R.W. on Sudan trade, including a statement by Ibrāhīm Bey Burdamī
179/3/42
Sketch map of the N.E. Sudan showing tribal boundaries
Size: 8 x 13 ins
253/1/4-42
1891 May
Report on the Dervish rule in the Eastern Sudan, by F.R.W.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/1/4-42
253/2/1-97
1891 Jun 5 - Dec 24
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence mainly between F.R.W. and Dalton concerning the printing and publishing of a catalogue of books and maps for the Egyptian Government. Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/2/1-97
253/2/1-13
1891 Jun 5
Intelligence report on West Sudan by F.R.W.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/2/1-13
253/2/14[MP]
Map of Africa showing boundaries settled by international treaties, in particular Rabeh Province
scale:   1 in to 250 miles
Size: 17.5 x 18.5 ins
Digitised material for Map of Africa showing boundaries settled by international treaties - SAD.253/2/14
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/1/14
253/2/27-28
253/2/43-97
1891 Jul - Dec 18
Newspaper cuttings from The National Observer, Punch and The Times on the failure of the Nile campaign, British trade in the Sudan, British policy in Egypt, the escape of Father Ohrwalder, administration of the W.O. and the Russians in Abyssinia
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/2/43-97
101/9/1-2
[1891 Jun 30]
Letter of recommendation from Yūsuf ibn Muḥammad Sharīf, sultan of Wadai, on behalf of Muṣṭafā Tawfīq al-Fīzānī, dated 23 Ddū al-Qa`dah 1308
Arabic with seal, English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/9
101/3/1-2
1891 Jul 9
Contract between Mgr. Francesco Sogaro and Aḥmad Ḥasan al-`Addādī for the escape from Omdurman of Fr. Joseph Ohrwalder and two nuns
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/3
101/25/4-6
[1891 Sep 9]
Letters from Salīm Bey Maṭar to Captain Loga [Lūjā] and O.C. Troops al-Kuwayn, dated 4 Ṣafar 1309, concerning plans to rendezvous
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/25/4-6
100/14/1-3
[1891 Oct 17]
Letter of recommendation from Hāshim ibn `Umar al-Kānimī, sultan of Bornu on behalf of al-Ḥājj `Isā, dated 13 Rabī`I 1309
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter of recommendation from Hāshim ibn `Umar al-Kānimī, sultan of Bornu - 100/14/1-3
101/10/1-2
[1891 Nov 7]
Letter from Muḥammad al-Mahdī ibn al-Sanūsī to Shaikh Muḥammad Makkī of Siwa, dated 4 Rabī`II 1309, conveying greetings and blessings
Arabic with seal, English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/10
101/8/1-3
[1891 Nov 22]
Letter from Rābiḥ Faḍl Allāh to Zubayr Pasha Raḥma Manṣūr, dated 19 Rabī`II 1309, conveying greetings and blessings
Arabic with 2 seals, English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/8
253/3/1-88
1891 Dec 27 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns consisting mainly of a report by F.R.W. on the Egyptian Sudan, 1891 from statements by Father Ohrwalder, together with F.R.W.'s official account of Father Ohrwalder's escape. Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/3/1-84
253/3/73-84
1891 Dec
Newspaper cuttings from The Times and other sources on the escape of Father Ohrwalder, the orthography of geographical names, and the British Artillery
253/3/85-88
1892
The Sudan Almanac, 1892
253/1/1-2
1891
Route report by Lt. H.G. Lyons on a journey from Beni Suef to the convents of St. Antony and St. Paul, near the Gulf of Suez, south to Wadi Hanshieh and back to the Nile at Beni Hassan, together with map
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/1/1-2
254/1/62-82
1891 - 1892
Copies of despatches from F.R.W. to the Chief Umpire, with notes, on the position of troops, manoeuvres, etc.
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.254/1/62-82
253/4/1-97
1892 Jan 1 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Palmer re intelligence work at Suakin (253/4/1); W.H. Williams with news of Uganda, including arrangements for the re-employment of Emin Pasha's men and account of the causes of their mutiny (253/4/9-11); and F.R.W. to Callwell re publication of Ohrwalder's account of his life in the Sudan, information from the frontier and progress of the new Khedive (253/4/18-22). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/4/1-97
253/4/3,7-8
1892 Jan 8
Orders concerning the funeral arrangements for the late Khedive
253/4/14[MP]
Map of Cairo showing the route taken by the Khedive's funeral cortege
253/4/23
Draft preface for a catalogue of maps and plans in the Intelligence Dept., Egyptian W.O.
253/4/28-45
Britain's work in Egypt, by “an Englishman in the Egyptian Service” (Edinburgh, 1892)
253/4/46-58
1892 Feb
“Troubled Egypt and the late Khedive” by Francis Scudamore, from Blackwood's Magazine
253/4/59-97
Newspaper cuttings from The Times, The Daily Graphic and other sources on Father Ohrwalder's escape, the death of the Khedive, British policy in Egypt, slavery in Tripoli and conditions in the Sudan
101/26/1
1892 Jan 14
Letter from Sa`d Rif`at Bey, O.C. Hijāz forts, to the Asst. Adjutant General on his return from leave
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/26/1
253/5/1-86
1892 Feb 2 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Dalton and F.R.W. re production of a map catalogue for the Intelligence Dept. (253/5/7-11,37); F.R.W. to Callwell re conflicting news of Dervish activity, failure of the Sudan Trading Company, potential conflict between Turkish and Egyptian troops in the Hijāz at Dubbeh and progress of the new Khedive (253/5/12-21), with Callwell's reply (253/5/24); H.C. Frith re lack of finance for intelligence work on the frontier (253/5/27-28); C.H. Villiers re his mission to Somaliland (253/5/29-34); F.R.W. re the inaccuracy of intelligence reports from the frontier (253/5/35-36). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/5/1-86
253/5/38
1892 Feb 27
Memorandum on conditions of service of British officers in the Egyptian Army
253/5/39-47
1892 Feb 27
Report on the route traversed by Holled Smith, Governor General, Red Sea Littoral, on a tour of inspection of the Beni Amer country
253/5/48[MP]
Map to accompany report above
scale:   1 in to 2 miles
Size: 29 x 23 ins
253/5/50-75
1892 Feb - Mar
Programme for frontier manoeuvres and inspection
253/5/76-80
'Recollections of Tewfik Pacha' by E. Dicey, from The Nineteenth Century
253/5/81-86
Report on the Tokar region in 1875, translated from Von Heuglin by E.A. Floyer
101/13/2-4
[1892 Feb 28]
Letter of recommendation by Isḥāq Sulṭān Muḥammad, sultan of Dar Sula, on behalf of al-Ḥājj `Isā Ḥasan, about to make the pilgrimage. Dated 29 Rajab 1309
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.101/13/2-4
253/6/1-96
1892 Mar 1 - Apr 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Dalton re progress on the map catalogue (253/6/21-22); Palmer and Callwell re Grenfell's replacement by Kitchener as Sirdār (253/6/26-28); F.R.W. to Wolseley re the publication of Ohrwalder's memoirs (253/6/29-30); F.R.W. to Callwell re the delivery of the Turkish firman to the Khedive and the proposed Austrian mission to Omdurman (253/6/33-34); and F.R.W. to Kitchener re his career prospects in the Egyptian Army (253/6/79). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/6/1-96
253/6/1-2
1892 Mar 1
Egyptian Army monthly state
253/6/6-16
1892 Mar 17
Report on the Beni Amer country by C. Holled Smith (ts. and printed copies)
253/6/17-19[MP]
1892 Feb
Maps of Serra to Khor Musa to accompany above report
scale:   2 ins to 1 mile
Size: 18 x 22 ins
Digitised material for Maps of Serra to Khor Musa to accompany Report on the Beni Amer country by C. Holled Smith - SAD.253/6/17-9
253/6/20[MP]
Maps of Serra to Khor Musa to accompany above report
scale:   1 in to 1 mile
Size: 20 x 27 ins
253/6/37,41
1892 Apr 11,18
Special Army order and War Office gazette announcing the retirement of Grenfell and the appointment of Kitchener
253/6/43
1892 Apr 18
Army orders announcing F.R.W.'s appointment as Director of Military Intelligence
253/6/44-62
1892 Apr 20
Copy report by Sir Samuel Baker on military routes towards Berber
253/6/64-70
Memoranda by F.R.W. concerning re-organisation of the Intelligence Dept.
253/6/72
1892 Mar
Report on the Erkowit, Hedarbab and Warriba Districts of the Eastern Sudan (with map) by Capt. R.S. Curtis
253/6/84-94
1892 Apr 4
Newspaper cuttings on 'Sir E. Baring and the Soudan' and 'The Soudan campaign on the Nile' from The Army and Navy journal
253/6/95
Supplement of the Egyptian gazette no. 3186, 'Report on the administration, finances and condition of Egypt .....'
253/6/96
1892 Apr 9
Table plan for the Sirdār's dinner
253/7/1-49
1892 May 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Callwell re the Caliphate succession and the new system for compiling intelligence diaries (253/7/9-10) and re the Dervish raid on Serra and the failure of intelligence (253/7/29-33); F.R.W. to Dalton re his promotion to mīrālāy (253/7/15-16); Slatin to Ohrwalder re prospects for his escape from Omdurman (253/7/35-36); T. Hickman re the failure of his intelligence system to anticipate the raid on Serra, with F.R.W.'s reply (253/7/38-42,47); F.R.W. to Kempston re his proposals for improved intelligence (253/7/43-45). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/7/1-47
253/7/6-7
1892 May 1
Egyptian Army monthly state
253/7/8
1892 May 1
Instructions concerning Arabic examinations
253/7/13
1892 May 4
Egyptian Army General orders concerning forage rations
253/7/20-28
1892 May 14
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the reorganisation of frontier intelligence
253/8/1-88
1892 Jun 1 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Callwell re the layout of the new intelligence diaries and the Serra raid (253/8/1-4) and re the activities of Salīm Bey and Emin Pasha in Equatoria, the fate of Emin's mutinous officers at Wadelai and the rescue of Salīm's force by Lugard of the East Africa Company (253/8/48-61); W.H. Williams re conflict betweeen Catholics and Protestants in Uganda and the fate of Emin (253/8/63); Callwell re reaction in Britain to Lugard's activities in Uganda (253/8/64); Kempston re intelligence work at Halfa (253/8/68). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/8/1-88
253/8/6-46
1892 Jun 6
Report by F.R.W. on the arrival in Cairo of Egyptian Army officers and their families from Equatoria with account of their services in Equatoria and Uganda under Stanley and Salīm Bey (Ts. and mss. copies)
253/8/47[MP]
Map to accompany above report showing the route taken by the refugees
scale:   1 in to 180 miles
Size: 11 x 15 ins
Digitised material for Map accompanying report on escape of Egyptian Army officers and their families from Equatoria - SAD.253/8/47
253/8/69-87
1892 Jun 28
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the arrival of refugees from Equatoria and settlement of their claims
253/9/1-23
1892 Jul 5 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. re the publication of a book on Ohrwalder's experiences and rumour of an independent force at Fashoda opposed to the Khalīfah (253/9/1-4); and F.R.W. to Hunter re the fate of the remaining Equatorial refugees in Uganda (253/9/5-8). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/9/1-23
253/9/15-21
1892 Jul
Intelligence report, Egypt no.4
253/9/23
1892 Jul 15
Newspaper cutting from The Times on 'The recent struggle in Uganda. Letter from Captain Lugard'
253/10/1-33
1892 Aug 11 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from P. Machell re the establishment of a colony of ex-soldiers at Tokar (253/10/2); Sir Samuel Baker re the activities of the East Africa Company in Uganda and the possibility of a complete withdrawal from Uganda, with F.R.W.'s reply (253/10/7,19); A.W.B. Watson re rates of pay for English teachers in Egyptian Government schools (253/10/9). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/10/1-33
253/10/10-16
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the effect on Egypt of a withdrawal from Uganda
253/10/25-32
Article on 'The strategic value of Egypt' by Otto Wachs, from Contemporary Review
253/10/33
Newspaper cutting on a speech on foreign policy by H.M. Stanley
253/11/1-14
1892 Sep 1 - 30
Papers relating to the British presence in Uganda including:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/11/1-14
253/11/3-9
1892 Sep 16
Memorandum on Uganda by H. Kitchener, supporting F.R.W.'s call for a continued British presence there
253/11/11-14
Notes on the geography, government and inhabitants of Uganda with a sketch of its history to 1892, by Capt H. Foster
253/12/1-32
1892 Oct 4 - 26
Papers concerning the Sudan and Uganda including invitations to F.R.W. to meet while on leave in London and correspondence from G.A. Mackenzie re the settlement of the claims of the Equatorial refugees (253/12/8); and `Uthmān Diqnah to Muḥammad Ḥāmid Abū Sinn exhorting him to join the Dervish cause (Arabic, with translation, 253/12/9-10). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/12/1-32
253/12/11-32
1892 Oct 26
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the settlement of the claims of the Sudanese officers and soldiers serving under the East Africa Company in Uganda and Equatoria
253/13/1-12
1892 Nov 1 - 26
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.R.W. to the Advertiser, London re the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah around Suakin (253/13/4-8); Everett re the fighting qualities of the Dervishes and the activities of `Uthmān Diqnah (253/13/10-11); and Machell re the success of `Abd al-Qādir's force against the Dervishes (253/13/12)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/13/1-12
253/14/1-54
1892 Dec 5 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Everett and Hunter re the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah and the Belgian expedition in Equatoria (253/14/1-5); Everett re the proposed Suakin/Berber railway (253/14/6); Wodehouse and Pyne re intelligence work in Halfa (253/14/8,32); F.R.W. to Everett re prospects for an early Sudan expedition and the Suakin/Berber railway (253/14/23-25); Hunter re the reluctance of merchants to bring their grain supplies to Suakin (253/14/26); F.R.W. to Archbishop Vaughan re the political repercussions of the proposed appointment of a French man to head the Austrian R.C. Mission in Cairo (253/14/33-34); W.H. Williams urging preferential treatment for Salīm Bey in recognition of his services to Egypt (253/14/35); F.R.W. to Pyne re cuts in the frontier budget for intelligence work (253/14/36). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/14/1-54
253/14/9-22
Notes on the present situation in the Sudan by F.R.W.
253/14/44-54
The rise and wane of the Mahdi religion in the Sudan, by F.R.W.
255/1/1-53
1893 Jan 4 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W., Holled Smith, Grenfell and Wodehouse concerning a defeat inflicted on the Camel Corps at Ambigol Wells by a Dervish force under `Uthmān Azraq and the death of Pyne (255/1/3-10,19,23,31); J.S. Keltie re the rumoured arrival of a Belgian force at Lado (255/1/11); Slatin to Ohrwalder re prospects for his escape (copy and translation, 255/1/20-22); Everett re lack of protection for tribes around Suakin and Tokar and restrictions on the activities of army patrols (255/1/24-28), with F.R.W.'s reply (255/1/35); Hackett Pain re the death of Pyne and urging the occupation of Erkowit and Sinkat (255/1/30); Everett re the arrival of a Belgian force under Van Kerckhoren at Lado and anti-British feelings in Egypt (255/1/32-34). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/2-53
255/1/1
1893
Sudan Almanac, 1893
255/1/12-18
1893 Jan 6
Report by Sir H. Kitchener, of attacks by Dervish raiding parties on the frontier culminating in the defeat of a Camel Corps detachment at Ambigol Wells and the death of Capt. Pyne
255/1/47-53
1893 Jan 30
Report on the expansion of the French Congo
255/1/54-111
1893 Feb 4 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from A.B. Wylde and Hackett Pain re a raid by `Uthmān Diqnah on a settlement near Suakin (255/1/63,69); Everett re frontier policy and the Egyptian crisis (255/1/64-65); A. Hunter re coercion of the tribes around Suakin by `Uthmān Diqnah (255/1/71-73); F.R.W. re the causes of the Egyptian crisis including the role of Turkey, the appointment of Riyāḍ as P.M. and his prospects for remaining in power and the activities of the Khedive (255/1/75-86); F.R.W. to Grenfell re communication received from Rābiḥ Zubayr, Turkish interference in Egyptian affairs and the possible collapse of the Riyāḍ ministry (255/1/89-100); Hickman re lack of support for the Arab tribes around Suakin and cuts in the Suakin budget (255/1/109-111). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/54-111
255/1/56-62
1893 Feb 6
Report by F.R.W. on the circumstances connected with the death of Capt. J.C. Pyne at Ambigol Wells with accompanying sketch map by C. Martyr
255/1/74
1893 Feb 17
Newspaper cutting on 'Notes on Egypt' by J. Scott-Montagu
255/1/102-108
Anonymous account in German of the events leading up to the storming of Khartoum by the Mahdī and the campaign of Wad Najūmī, 1884-85
255/1/112-220
1893 Mar 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Wylde re agricultural work undertaken by him at Durūr near Suakin and failure of the government to support the Arab tribes against `Uthmān Diqnah (255/1/131); James C. Stevenson and C.H. Allen re an interview with Zubayr Pasha (see below) to ascertain his potential use in the retaking of the Sudan (255/1/132,162-163); F.R.W. to Lugard re the latter's work in Uganda (255/1/166-169); F.R.W. to Wodehouse re arrangements for Slatin's rescue and lack of funds for frontier intelligence (255/1/171-178); Everett re the progress of the Belgian expedition under Van Kerckhoren (255/1/183-184); Gorst and F.R.W. re the Sudanese refugees in Uganda (255/1/213,215-218). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/112-220
255/1/112-114
Further correspondence respecting the affairs of Egypt (Egypt no. 2 cd. 6956)
255/1/115-130
Report on the finances, administration and condition of Egypt and the progress of reforms (1893 cd. 6957)
255/1/135-152
1893 Mar 5
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the Western Sudan including translations of Arabic proclamations by the Sultans of Dar Sula and Bornu and letter from Rābiḥ Zubayr to Zubayr Pasha
255/1/160[MP]
Rough sketch of the Halfa neighbourhood by Bimb. Pyne
scale:   2 ins to 1 mile
Size: 16.5 x 19.5 ins
Digitised material for Rough sketch of the Halfa neighbourhood by Bimb. Pyne - 1893 -SAD.255/1/160
255/1/187-191
1893 Mar 25 - Apr 13
Memorandum on the march of the 9th Sudanese and 12th Sudanese from Koft to Kosseir and back
255/1/192-200
Account of an interview of T. Cave, J. Stephenson and Lord Meath with Zubayr Pasha, including an outline of his career and assessment of his potential use in the campaign to retake the Sudan
255/1/221-293
1893 Apr 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. and Cave re Lord Meath's interview with Zubayr Pasha (255/1/222-227,230); I. Victor Buxton and Mrs. E. Neufeld re support for the latter and prospects for her husband's rescue (255/1/232,240); Hickman re Arab resistance to `Uthmān Diqnah around Suakin (255/1/233); F.R.W. to Everett re Boghos Nubar, Egyptian Administrator of Railways, crumbling Arab resistance to `Uthmān Diqnah and the effect of Lord Rosebery's despatch on the Khedive and the Riyāḍ government (255/1/234-239); Hackett Pain and Hunter re the success of `Uthmān Diqnah's raids around Tokar and Suakin and the need for a British protectorate in Egypt (255/1/251-253); F.R.W. to Grenfell and Everett re the need for communication between Zubayr Pasha and Rābiḥ Zubayr to counteract French influence, activities of `Uthmān Diqnah in the Tokar Delta, political developments in Cairo and the reported death of Van Kerckhoren in Equatoria (255/1/281-293). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/221-293
255/1/229
1893 Apr 5
Circular memorandum on the suitability of married officers for Egyptian Army service
255/1/241-242
Order of march and position of H/Q staff for the Bayram Review
255/1/256-275
1893 Apr 27
Report by W. Willcocks on 'The Nile'
255/1/276-279
1893 Apr 30
Report by T. Hickman on the route taken by a Camel Corps patrol from Suakin to Tambuk and back
255/1/280[MP]
1893 Apr 29
Sketch map to accompany above report
scale:   1 in to 2 miles
Size: 16 x 16 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map of route taken by a Camel Corps patrol from Suakin to Tambuk and back - SAD.255/1/180
255/1/294-371
1893 May 2 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Keltie re the signing of a commercial treaty between Rābiḥ Zubayr and the French as a possible step towards joining their French Congo possessions to their Lake Chad sphere (255/1/298-305); Everett re the need to communicate with Rābiḥ Zubayr and his encounter with the Maistre Mission (255/1/307-308,327,349); W.H. Williams re the Sudanese refugees in Uganda (255/1/323); translation of a cypher telegram from the Governor of Tripoli to Lord Vizier concerning the rumoured movements of the Sanūsī (255/1/328-329); F.R.W. to Everett re the poor quality of topographical work undertaken by Egyptian Army officers at the frontier and activities of the Sanūsī (255/1/334-346); F.R.W. to Everett re French designs on the Nile via Lake Chad, the position of the Belgians in the Lado Enclave, attempts to communicate with Rābiḥ Zubayr and Willcocks's report on the Nile Waters as an argument for keeping Uganda under British control (255/1/351-362); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the revolt in Kordofan, the need to communicate with Rābiḥ Zubayr and the need to support Zubayr Pasha financially (255/1/363-370). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/294-371
255/1/294
1893 May 2
Route report by T. Hickman on a patrol of the Camel Corps to Hashin and Handub around the Waratab mountains
255/1/295
1893 May 2
Sketch map to accompany above report
scale:   1 in to 2 miles
Size: 9 x 8.5 ins
255/1/306
Newspaper cutting on 'The massacre of the Hodister expedition'
255/1/309-312
1893 May 12
Report on the route from Halaib to Darāw by Capt. B. Cotton
255/1/313[MP]
1893 May 12
Sketch map to accompany above report
scale:   1 in to 12 miles
Size: 19 x 17 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map of patrol of the Camel Corps to Hashin and Handub around the Waratab mountains - 1893 - SAD.255/1/313
255/1/316
Précis of an extract from a French account of Maistre's mission from the Congo to the Niger
255/1/372-454
1893 Jun 2 - Jul 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from [Hickman] re topographical work around Tokar (255/1/375); F.R.W. to Everett re contacts between the French and Rābiḥ Zubayr and increasing French influence in the western regions (255/1/376-383,388-389), with reply (255/1/399); Fairholme re Wylde's criticism of government inactivity around Suakin (255/1/402A); Grenfell amd Everett re collaboration between the Khedive and Turkey (255/1/403,407-408); Fairholme re Kitchener's suggestion of claiming British influence over Wadai and Bagirmi (255/1/405,453), with F.R.W.'s reply (255/1/432-435); F.R.W. to Milner, Everett and Grenfell re the antipathy of the Khedive towards the British, his visit to Constantinople and the possibility of inviting Turkish troops to occupy Egypt (255/1/409-431,436-448). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/372-454
255/1/372-373
1893 Jun 2
Statement of Mubārak wad al-Tilb, a Kordofan merchant concerning the Dervish defeat at Wad Habashi in 1885
255/1/390-397
1893 Jun 15
Remark on 'extract from a French account of Maistre's mission from the Congo to the Niger' communicated by section A, Intelligence Division, London on 30 May 1893
255/1/402[MP]
1893 Jul
Sketch map of the country near Suakin traversed by Holled Smith, Governor General Red Sea Littoral in Mar 1882
scale:   1 in to 4 miles
Size: 23.5 x 28 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map of the country near Suakin traversed by Holled Smith, Governor General Red Sea Littoral in March 1882 - SAD.255/1/402
255/1/455-522
1893 Aug 2 - 13
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Fairholme re difficulties in obtaining intelligence from the desert areas (255/1/455-458); Fairholme re the Dervish raid on Beris (255/1/459); F.R.W. to Parsons and Fairholme re Parsons's reconaissance trip to the oasis as a result of the raid on Beris (255/1/460-466,483-489); F.R.W. to [Kitchener?] re the Dervish raid on Beris, the difficulties in obtaining accurate intelligence from the frontier and Parsons's mission to restore order (255/1/490-502). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/455-522
255/1/467-474
1893 Aug 4
Notes on the desert route from Girga to Kharga, traversed by Bimb. Mansfield in Jan 1886
255/1/475[MP]
1885 Sep 9
Sketch map showing desert roads and wells from Girga in Egypt to Berber
scale:   1 in to 60 miles
Size: 9.5 x 15 ins
255/1/476[MP]
1893 Jul 30
Sketch map by T.G. Hickman of the road to Erkowit via Khor Wanteri and Jabal Massallia and from Erkowit to Sinkat
scale:   1 in to 2 miles
Size: 25 x 22 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map by T.G. Hickman of the road to Erkowit via Khor Wanteri and Jabal Massallia and from Erkowit to Sinka - SAD.255/1/476
255/1/477-482
1893 Jul 30
Report by T.G. Hickman on the route to Erkowit via Khor Wanteri and Jabal Massillia Akaba and from Erkowit to Sinkat
255/1/503-515
Report by Bimb. R.H.G. Heygate on the route from Sohag to El Kharga oasis
255/1/516[MP]
1893 Aug 31
Sketch map by R.H.G. Heygate of the route from Sohag to Beris in Egypt
scale:   1 in to 5 miles
Size: 21.5 x 22 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map by R.H.G. Heygate of the route from Sohag to Beris in Egypt - 1893 - SAD.255/1/516
255/1/519-522
Memorandum by the Sirdār on the Dervish raid on Beris
255/1/523-599
1893 Aug 11 - 16
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Fairholme re the progress of Van Kerckhoren's expedition through Uganda towards Wadelai (255/1/524-525); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the defence of the Western Desert and rumours of ministerial changes in Cairo (255/1/548-555); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the latest news from Bengazi (255/1/556-559); F.R.W. to Macdonald re finance for intelligence work at Halfa (255/1/560-563). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/523-599
255/1/523
1893 Aug 8
Newspaper cutting on 'Mr. Justice Scott on Egypt'
255/1/526-538
Notes by F.R.W. on the defence of the Western desert roads and wells
English and Arabic
255/1/539[MP]
1885 Sep 9
Sketch map showing desert roads and wells between Sohag in Egypt and Berber
scale:   1 in to 60 miles
Size: 9.5 x 15 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map showing desert roads and wells between Sohag in Egypt and Berber - 1893 - SAD.255/1/539
255/1/540[MP]
Sketch map of the Kharga Valley (from Schweinfurth's map, 1875)
scale:   1 in to 4.776 miles
Size: 7.5 x 21 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map of the Kharga Valley - SAD.255/1/540
255/1/541
Note of magnetic declination at Abbassiya, 11 and 12 Aug 1893
255/1/564-598
Report of Captain Lugard no. 4 for the Imperial British East Africa Co.
255/1/600-669
1893 Aug 21 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Grenfell re the defence of the Western Desert (255/1/601-602); F.R.W. to Sir C. Macdonald, Cartwright and Fairholme re the decision to send a mission from Egypt to open communications between Zubayr Pasha and Rābiḥ Zubayr at Bagirmi, formerly part of the Wadai Sultanate (225/1/604-626); Hideman re a raid by Abū Girga in the Fazughli area (255/1/642); F.R.W. to Everett re postal arrangements for the intelligence diaries and re Kitchener's desire to stop the mission to Rābiḥ Zubayr (225/1/643-649); Fairholme re the defence of the Western Desert, French reaction to the activities of Rābiḥ Zubayr, the death of Van Kerckhoren in Equatoria, the despatch of a new French expedition to the Upper Nile and the reported arrival there of a Belgian expeditionary force (255/1/650-653); F.R.W. to Grenfell, Kitchener and Hardinge re the possibility of garrisoning the oases and the decision to stop the mission to Rābiḥ Zubayr (255/1/654-669). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/600-669
255/1/600
Newspaper cutting concerning the position of Rābiḥ Zubayr at Bornu and his relationship with Zubayr Pasha
255/1/627[MP]
Sketch map of the Kharga Valley, Egypt (from Schweinfurth's map, 1875)
scale:   1 in to 4.776 miles
Size: 7.5 x 21 ins
225/1/628-640
Précis of reports received from C.S. Parsons, commanding Kharga Field Columns
255/1/670-721
1893 Sep 6 - Oct 1
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to Fairholme re Turkish reports of Rābiḥ Zubayr's conquest of Bagirmi (255/1/679-682); Shakūr re Kitchener's plans for the Intelligence Dept. budget and ministerial changes in Cairo (255/1/687-688); Shakūr re the mission to Rābiḥ Zubayr and anti-British feeling in Cairo (255/1/694); Grenfell and F.R.W. re the proposed garrisoning of Selima (255/1/700-702); Shakūr re a message received from Slatin in Omdurman concerning the failure of his attempted escape (255/1/704-707); [?] re the financing of the mission to Rābiḥ Zubayr (255/1/709); Shakūr re attempts by the Khedive to obtain intelligence secrets from the Egyptian staff at the Intelligence Dept. (255/1/712-713,719); W.F. Walter re intelligence work at Halfa (255/1/716-718). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/670-721
255/1/683-686
1893 Sep 15
Memorandum by Kitchener on the need for demarcation of the western frontier of the Nile Valley
100/9/1-5
[1893 Sep 22]
Letter from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad to Zubayr Pasha Raḥma Manṣūr, dated 11 Rabī`I 1311, spurning the latter's offer to mediate between the Khalīfah and the Egyptian Government
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad to Zubayr Pasha Raḥma Manṣūr - 100/9/1-5
255/1/722-804
1893 Nov 1 - Dec 11
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Grenfell, and F.R.W. to Grenfell and Everett re the Khedive's attempts to place administrative control of the Egyptian Army in the hands of Māhir Pasha (255/1/727-728,740-745); Fairholme re French reaction to the Anglo-German Treaty (255/1/730-731); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the political crisis in Egypt and the Italian victory over the Dervishes (255/1/735-739); Richard Wingate (brother) re his work for the Bombay Government (255/1/748-749); F.R.W. to Grenfell and Everett re the political crisis in Cairo and anti-British feeling in Egypt (225/1/751-771); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the Belgian position in Equatoria (255/1/775-778); Everett re Talbot's survey work in the vicinity of Suakin, the position of Egypt in the face of the Franco-Russian alliance and the need for an understanding between Britain and Turkey (255/1/780-783); F.R.W. to Milner re the political crisis in Cairo, the attitude of the Khedive and Cromer's handling of the situation (255/1/785-792); F.R.W. to Fairholme re Belgian advances down the Nile and attempts by the French to enlist the support of Rābiḥ Zubayr (255/1/793-803). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/722-804
255/1/732
Extract from Sir Francis Plunkett's confidential memorandum on the Van Kerckhoren expedition
255/1/805-867
1893 Dec 13 - 23
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including corespondence from F.R.W., Kitchener and Everett re the scope of Talbot's surveying trip to Suakin (255/1/815-825,836-842); Hickman re the lack of information available to the army on terrain, water supplies, etc. (255/1/827-829); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the need for fortified posts in the desert areas (255/1/832); Everett re the attitude of Ghāzī Aḥmad Mukhtār Pasha towards the role of Turkey in Egypt and the likelihood of Turkish neutrality in the event of a crisis in Egypt (255/1/852-853); H.W. Jackson re `Uthmān Diqnah's movements (255/1/854); F.R.W. to Cromer re the situation in Egypt in the event of war (255/1/855). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/805-867
255/1/805
Newspaper cutting concerning the activities of Rābiḥ Zubayr in Bagirmi
French
255/1/806-813
Memorandum on the organisation of the Ministry of War, Cairo
255/1/826
Newspaper cutting re Count Carlo de Rossetti's views on England in Egypt
255/1/856-867
Extracts from a memorandum by F.R.W. dated 5 Oct 1892 on the situation in Egypt in the event of war and implications for imperial defence
255/1/868-897
1893 Dec 24 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Cromer re F.R.W.'s memorandum on the situation in Egypt in the event of war (see below) (255/1/868); Milner re the political crisis in Cairo (255/1/881); F.R.W. to Everett re the need for an 'understanding between England and Turkey', reaction in England to such a move, the need for continual naval presence in the Mediterranean and the attitude of Ghāzī Pasha towards Egypt (255/1/883-894); Talbot re his survey work around Suakin (255/1/896). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.255/1/806-897
255/1/869-880
Extracts from a memorandum by F.R.W. dated 5 Oct 1892 on the situation in Egypt in the event of war and the implications for imperial defence
179/3/49-54
1893
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the organisation of military intelligence in the Egyptian Army
246/9/1-33
1894
Report by Admiral Villiers on his work in putting down the slave trade on Lake Nyasa, 1893 and 1894
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.246/9/1-33
179/4/106-189
1894 Jan
Diary of H.H. the Khedive's visit to the frontier, with copies of related telegrams
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/4/106-189
257/1/1-56
1894 Jan 1 - 25
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Fairholme re French reaction to the Anglo-German Treaty on the Lake Chad regions, criticism of British rule in Egypt, the Italian/Dervish battle at Agordat and the Russian Mission to the Upper Nile (257/1/1-4); F.R.W. re the Italian position in Eritrea and the Russian expedition to Abyssinia (257/1/21-22); dal Verme and Fairholme re the battle at Agordat (257/1/34,56). Also includes :
257/1/5
1894 Jan 1
Memorandum by E.F. Chapman on numbers of French troops sent to the East via the Suez Canal
257/1/8-15
1894 Jan 2
Report by M.G. Talbot on the selection of a site for a post in the Sheb District, with sketch map of the pass at Kassaba
257/1/26-31
Itinerary for a visit by the Khedive to the Sudan frontier
257/1/36-55
Draft report by Kitchener on the Khedive's visit to the frontier
257/1/57-100
1894 Jan 26 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from dal Verme re the organisation of the Dervish forces (257/1/90-92); and Grenfell re the Khedive's conduct at the frontier (257/1/99). Also includes :
257/1/57-82
Draft memorandum by F.R.W. on the advantages from an imperial defence point of view, of the occupation of Egypt by England
257/1/89
1894 Jan 28
Special Army order expressing the Khedive's faith in the Egyptian Army
257/1/94-97
1893 Dec 29
Copy report by W.F. Walter on the route taken by a patrol under Bimbashi Sidney from Wadi Halfa to Kassaba and back, with rough plan of Sheb by M.G. Talbot
scale:   12 ins to 1 mile
Size: 12 x 8 ins
257/1/101-183
1894 Feb 1 - 20
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Fairholme re the Khedive's visit to the frontier, the dismissal of Māhir Pasha and the intentions of the Dervishes, with reply (257/1/105-110,131-132); F.R.W. re the repercussions of the frontier incident on relations between the Sirdār and the Khedive and between Britain and Turkey (257/1/119-127); F.R.W. to Grenfell and Lloyd re Dervish reinforcements in Kassala and renewed activity on the Nile frontier, the appointment of Zuhrāb to replace Māhir and relations between Britain and Turkey (257/1/134-139,141-142); N. Shuqayr re arrangements for the rescue of prisoners from Omdurman (257/1/148). Also includes:
257/1/116-117; 257/1/150-151
1894 Feb 9,17
Reports by J. Alvarez on the arrival at Bengazi of a caravan from Wadai and the activities of Rābiḥ Zubayr in Wadai
257/1/152-160
Draft statement by F.R.W. on the Khedive's visit to the frontier
257/1/164-175,178-179
Copy statement, purportedly by the Khedive, on the frontier incident, with note by F.R.W. on its authenticity
257/1/177
1894 Feb 19
'The frontier incident' from The Egyptian Gazette
257/1/184-228
1894 Feb 20 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to dal Verme re the current organisation, leadership and distribution of the Dervish forces (257/1/184-191); F.R.W. and Dr. N. Russell re the frontier incident and reaction in Turkey (257/1/195-197,204-205,227-228). Also includes :
257/1/210-222
1894 Feb 24
Statement by F.R.W. on an interview with Count Saminiatelli to discuss the exchange of intelligence between the Italian authorities at Massawa and the British authorities in Egypt and the possibility of a joint military advance on Kassala
257/1/223-226
1894 Feb 25
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the study of Arabic by British officers
257/1/229-294
1894 Mar 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Russell re the formation of a new government in Britain under Lord Rosebery (257/1/236); Mahon with intelligence from Tokar (257/1/241); Walter re the selection of a site for a small post in the desert east of Wadi Halfa (257/1/242-243); Slatin from Omdurman re his prospects for escape (257/1/244-245); F.R.W. to Milner re repercussions of the frontier incident in Egypt (257/1/253-256); Lloyd, with intelligence from Wadi Halfa (257/1/258-259); Fairholme re the exchange of intelligence with the Italians and delimitation of spheres of influence of France and Germany in the French Congo and Cameroon hinterlands, with reply (257/1/260-263,279-284,292); Chermside re Anglo-Turkish relations (257/1/264-265); F.R.W. to Fairholme re arrangements for the rescue of prisoners at Omdurman and communications with Rābiḥ Zubayr (257/1/267-270); and F.R.W. to Russell re the career of Māhir Pasha and British achievements in Egypt (257/1/271-274). Also includes:
257/1/229-235
1894 Mar 1
Memorandum by F.R.W. on recent active operations in the Sudan
257/1/238-240
1894 Mar 4
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the disposition of troops at the frontier in case of raids
257/1/247-251
1894 Mar 10
Memorandum by F.D. Lugard on Comdt. Monteill's expedition to W. Central Sudan
254/1/37-42
1894 Mar 7
Report to the Umpire in Chief by F.R.W. on manoeuvres around Moses Wells
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.254/1/37-42
257/1/295-354
1894 Apr 1 - 18
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Milner re the frontier incident (257/1/295); J. Alvarez re a proposed expedition to occupy the oasis of Kufra (257/1/296); F.R.W. to Chermside re his intention to apply for the Military Attachéship in Constantinople (257/1/301); Fairholme and F.R.W. re the reported death of Rābiḥ Zubayr (257/1/302-303,316-319); F.R.W. to Fairholme re French designs on the Nile and Franco/Turkish conflict in Wadai (257/1/304); F.R.W. to Everett re Anglo/Turkish relations and the political situation in Cairo, with reply (257/1/306-308,326-327); F.R.W. re relations between the Khedive and the Sirdār and political developments in Cairo (257/1/322-325); F.R.W. to Talbot and Grenfell re events in the W. Sudan and ministerial changes in Cairo (257/1/343-346,348-349,351-354). Also includes :
257/1/328-329
1894 Apr 15
'The French and the Nile Valley' from The Observer
257/1/331-342
1894 Apr 15
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the situation in the W. Sudan
257/1/347
1894 Apr 17
'The division of Africa. Growth of French colonial enterprise' from the Pall Mall Gazette
257/1/355-432
1894 Apr 20 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from N. Beresford re ministerial changes in Cairo (257/1/355-356); F.R.W. to Lloyd re activities in the Western Desert and attempts to discover the Terfawi Wells (257/1/359-363,387-390); W.A. Macbean re Monteill's expedition to the Upper Nile (257/1/364-365); A. Chanler re the Rendile tribe of Uganda and their potential use as a source of camels for an expedition to the Nile Valley (257/1/366-369); F.R.W. to Milner and Cromer re attempts to establish contact with Rābiḥ Zubayr near Lake Chad and engage his support in a march towards the Nile and re ministerial changes in Cairo (257/1/370-373,395-396); Talbot re F.R.W.'s proposal for collaboration with Rābiḥ Zubayr, and progress of Colville's expedition (257/1/379-380); translation of a letter from a merchant in Tripoli re a battle between Sultan Shaikh Ḥasan and Rābiḥ Zubayr at Bornu (257/1/397-400); F.R.W. to Macbean re French designs on the Nile Valley (257/1/401-404); Chanler re French involvement in Abyssinia (257/1/407-409). Also includes :
257/1/358
1894 Apr 20
Memorandum by W. Everett on the distribution of the troops of the Congo Free State
257/1/411-431
1894
Report on the finances, administration and condition of Egypt and the progress of reforms (Egypt no. 1)
257/1/433-488
1894 May 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Macbean re the Brussels Delimitation Conference (257/1/438-439); F.R.W. to Lloyd re oases in the Western Desert and prospects for travel (257/1/441-444); F.R.W. to Everett re developments in the Western Desert, the proposed despatch of Zubayr Pasha with Turkish consent to make contact with Rābiḥ Zubayr and repercussions of the capture of Wadelai by Owen (257/1/445-450); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the capture of Wadelai and Turkish activity in Tripoli (257/1/463-464); Shakūr and Everett re the Anglo/Belgian agreement (257/1/469-470,475-476); Maxwell re the battle at Bornu and the Anglo/Belgian Agreement (257/1/487-488). Also includes:
257/1/435-436
1894 May 9
Newspaper cuttings re prospects of conflict between Britain and Belgium in the Nile Valley and re 'France and the Sahara'
257/1/451
Statistical comparison of the lands and tax of Egypt in A.D. 1376 and 1894
257/1/465-468
Abstracts of the proceedings of the Geological Society of London no. 626
257/1/478-485
Report on the wells of Abu Hussein and Terfawi by Bimb. Ross, with covering letter from G.E. Lloyd and map of route from Shebb to Terfawi
Digitised material for Map of route from Shebb to Terfawi - 1894 - SAD.257/1/485
257/1/489-570
1894 Jun 2 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Shakūr and N.B. Shuqayr with news of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (257/1/508-510,532-533,540-541); F.R.W. and Kitchener re the destruction by fire of the 13th Sudanese Battalion camp at Mukdum (257/1/516-519,526-528); F.R.W. to Baratieri re the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah and prospects for the Baraka flood (257/1/520-523); Maxwell re the financing of intelligence work (257/1/534-535); translation of letters from an agent entrusted with delivering communications from the Khedive to the Mahdists (257/1/536-539); Everett re the movements of Rābiḥ Zubayr, the Anglo/Belgian Agreement and Belgian posts in the Congo (257/1/542-543); Garstin and Watkins re the Baraka flood (257/1/545,566-567); Maxwell re government support for the Ja`alīyīn against the Mahdist movement and re the Baraka flood (257/1/546-548); F.R.W. to Maxwell re Suakin trade and the Baraka flood (257/1/555-559); F.R.W. to Rundle re an outbreak of influenza in Suakin and financial restrictions on his work (257/1/560-565); Maxwell re frontier trade, amendments to the Anglo/Belgian Agreement and the visit of the Khedive to Constantinople (257/1/568-570). Also includes:
257/1/489-506
1894 Jun
Copies of despatches and diary of Col. H. Colville reporting on the progress of the Unyoro expedition and the signing of a treaty with the shaykh of Wadelai, printed for use of the Cabinet, with two maps of Unyoro showing route taken
257/1/571-657
1894 Jul 1 - 17
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.R.W. to Kitchener re trade between Aswan and Berber, the Baraka flood, Jackson's work as Commander of the 13th Sudanese and the salt field at Rowaya (257/1/571-576); F.R.W. to Talbot re the Anglo/Belgian Agreement and prospects for an expedition into the Sudan (257/1/577-580); translation of a letter from Sister Grigolini at Omdurman to Fr. Ohrwalder re hopes for her escape, with related notes by F.R.W. (257/1/581-584); N.B. Shuqayr with news of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (257/1/593-595); F.R.W. to Raitt re the need for a deeper main channel in the Baraka River and re the use of local shaikhs as intelligence agents (257/1/597-606); Maxwell re the Suakin civil budget and prospects for the reoccupation of the Sudan (257/1/607-608); Shakūr re the Khedive's visit to Constantinople and Sudanese intelligence agents (257/1/609-612); Maxwell re the Khedive's visit to Constantinople (257/1/624-625); F.R.W. re support for the Ja`alīyīn (257/1/633-635), the Suakin civil budget (257/1/636-639) and the Baraka flood (257/1/640-643); F.R.W. to Everett and Fairholme re the outcome of the Anglo/Congo Treaty and the Italian attack on Kassala (257/1/644-652)
257/1/658-729
1894 Jul 18 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Maxwell re the Italian attack on Kassala and the Baraka flood (257/1/663-666); Baratieri, describing the battle at Kassala, with reply (257/1/667-672,726-727); N.B. Shuqayr re the capture of Kassala (257/1/696); Slatin with intelligence from Omdurman (257/1/697-698); Fairholme re arms for the British force in Uganda, Belgian concessions to France in the Congo and the Italian advance on Kassala (257/1/706-707); F.R.W. to Raitt re instructions for patrols from Tokar and preparations for Dervish raids (257/1/712-722). Also includes :
257/1/680-695
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the current situation in the Sudan and prospects for its reoccupation
257/1/730-784
1894 Jul 30 - Aug 4
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.R.W. to Maxwell re support for local opposition to the Dervishes and re the Suakin civil budget (257/1/732-739); F.R.W. to Rundle re the use of the Beheira by the Suakin administration, government support for local tribes around Suakin and the unsatisfactory work of the Suakin Intelligence Office (257/1/740-747); translation of a letter from Baratieri describing the Italian capture of Kassala (257/1/750-752); F.R.W., urging an offensive against the Dervishes in view of the Italian success in Kassala (257/1/755-756); F.R.W. to Everett re the Italian capture of Kassala and possible repercussions (257/1/767-770); N.B. Shuqayr re Dervish movements, particularly around Kassala (257/1/775-776); Blundell re his proposed expedition in Cyrenaica (257/1/780-781); Sister Grigolini re arrangements for her escape from Omdurman (257/1/783a)
257/1/785-862
1894 Aug 5 - 10
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.R.W. to Milner, Grenfell, Maskens and Cromer re the repercussions of the Italian capture of Kassala (257/1/789-796,800-819); Raitt re offers from local Arabs to advance against the Dervishes and disputes over the appointment of head shaikhs (257/1/820,838-843); and F.R.W. to Wood summarising the situation in the Sudan and urging a speedy advance (257/1/845-862)
258/1/1-62
1894 Aug 5 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns consisting mainly of letters to and from F.R.W. at Suakin, including F.R.W. to Baratieri with intelligence news of `Uthmān Diqnah and Dervish movements around Suakin and re prospects for a good harvest (258/1/3-6); F.R.W. to Raitt re transfers of staff, prospects for a good harvest and his proposed visit to Tokar with Fr. Ohrwalder (258/1/7-15,21-24); F.R.W. to Buxton re arrangements for the rescue of Neufeld and Slatin (258/1/27-30); F.R.W. to Talbot re Dervish attacks on Italian posts in Kassala, inspection of the Baraka flood and import of arms by the French from Obok (258/1/36-39); Shakūr re the Nile flood and with news of Intelligence Office staff (258/1/40-42); translations of letters from Baratieri to F.R.W. re the Italian position in Kassala (258/1/45-46,49-52); Rundle re the decision to halt the campaign and F.R.W.'s continued service in Suakin, with reply (258/1/53-54,59-62); F.R.W. re the Italian position in Kassala and unrest in the 9th Battalion. Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Aug. 1894) - 258/1/1-62
258/1/1-2[MP]
1894 Aug 5
Copy of L'Africa Italiana
257/1/863-937
1894 Aug 11 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Wolseley urging an early advance on Dongola (257/1/867-870); F.R.W. to Baratieri re the Khalīfah's reaction to the capture of Kassala (257/1/879-882); Maxwell re the Suakin civil budget and prospects for an advance into the Sudan, with reply (257/1/885-886,891-894); F.R.W. to Rundle and Fairholme re Dervish reaction to the capture of Kassala and developments in Uganda and Wadelai (257/1/887-890,907-910); N.B. Shuqayr and F.R.W. re the al-Ahrām articles (see below) (257/1/904-906,928-935). Also includes :
257/1/884
1894 Aug 14
Newspaper article on 'France and the Congo. Convention signed'
257/1/898-902
1894 Aug 13 - 24
Copy extracts from al-Ahrām concerning the supposed smuggling of arms and ammunition from Suakin to either the rebels or Italians, on the order of F.R.W.
254/1/45-46
1894 Aug 25
Copy letter from Gen. W. Lennox to G.O.C., Egypt re arrangements for testing fitness of Majors for command
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.254/1/45-46
179/4/1-105
1894 Sep
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the Egyptian Army
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/4/1-105
258/1/63-89
1894 Sep 4 - 19
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from F.R.W. to [Kitchener] re his impressions of British officers in Suakin (258/1/64-66); F.R.W. to Raitt re the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah and the possibility of a Dervish attack on the Italians (258/1/68-71); letter received from Slatin while in captivity at Omdurman (badly faded, 258/1/71 b-c); F.R.W. to Fairholme and Cromer re the Dervish force in Equatoria and Colville's request for more men and arms, humiliation of the Congo Treaty with Belgium, the French presence on the Nile, communications between the Sultan of Turkey and the Khalīfah and attacks on F.R.W. in the Cairo press (258/1/72-78); Gleichen re Kitchener's proposals for the advance into the Sudan and reactions from British statesmen (258/1/82); F.R.W.'s letter of farewell to Baratieri on leaving for Cairo (258/1/85). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Sept. 1894) - 258/1/63-89
258/1/67
Note of Italian men and equipment used in the capture of Kassala
101/6/1-4
1894 Sep 7
Contract between Freiherr von Rhemen, for the Austro-Hungarian consul-general in Egypt and Aḥmad Muḥammad al-`Ujayl al-Mīrafābī, for arranging Slatin's escape and conducting him to Egypt, with receipt from Jirjīs Barāhām`shāh for same
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/6
258/1/90-158
1894 Sep 19
“Notes on the Egyptian fellah as a soldier and the Egyptian armies past and present” by F.R.W.
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Notes on the Egyptian Army, Sept. 1894) - 258/1/90-158
258/1/159-198
1894 Sep 20 - Oct 4
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Baratieri enclosing an extract from the Italian intelligence diary for Kassala, Jul to 15 Sep 1894 (258/1/159-164); F.R.W. and Wood re campaign strategy (258/1/165-170,177-180); Dimitri, Pedley and S. Shuqayir with intelligence news from Suakin (258/1/172-174,183-184); S. Shuqayr re reorganisation of the Suakin Intelligence Office (258/1/175-176); and H. Foster re the possibility of a commercially funded railway from Berber to Suakin (258/1/181-182). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Sept. 1894) - 258/1/159-198
258/1/186-198
1894 Oct
An account of 'an expedition from Alexandria to Siwah and back', author unknown
258/1/199-243
1894 Oct 9 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from S. Shuqayr re the organisation of the Suakin Intelligence Office (258/199-200,207,219-220); intelligence news from Suakin from Dimitri (258/1/202-203,226-227), Pedley (258/1/204) and Lloyd (258/1/221); F.R.W. re Foster's proposal for a railway from Suakin to Berber (258/1/208-210,235-238,240); Fairholme and Everett re Suakin trade and the capture of Kassala by the Italians (258/1/212-216); F.R.W. re the duties of the sub-governor at Suakin (258/1/222-225). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Oct. 1894) - 258/1/199-243
258/1/206a,215b
1894 Oct 17,19
'Preparations in Uganda' and 'England and the Soudan' - newspaper cuttings
253/15/1-17
1894 Oct 10
Memorandum by F.R.W. on 'The situation in Egypt in the event of war '
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.253/15/1-17
179/5/1-31
1894 Oct 11 - 1895 Nov 1
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from H. Walker to Kitchener re representation for the Egyptian Army on the soldiers' home committee (179/5/1); Chermside re the extension to his post at Constantinople (179/5/2,15-16); A. Paget re trade in arms and slaves from the Tripoli coast (179/5/5); Ohrwalder re the condition of the captives at Omdurman (179/5/6-7); F.R.W. to Grenfell re Slatin's escape and his future in the Egyptian Army, prospects for F.R.W.'s own career and French designs on the Upper Nile (179/5/10-11); congratulations to F.R.W. on the award of a C.B. in recognition of his part in the rescue of Slatin, from H. Settle (179/5/17), Cromer (179/5/18), C. Beresford (179/5/19), Wood (179/5/20) and Kitchener (179/5/21); Grenfell re the direction of F.R.W.'s future career (179/5/22-23). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/5
179/5/9
Memorandum by G. Hunter on F.R.W.'s attendance at the Khedive's funeral
179/5/26
1895 Jun 11
Extract from The London Gazette containing notice of a C.B. for F.R.W.
258/1/244-305
1894 Nov 1 - 22
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Lloyd re running of the Intelligence Office, Suakin (258/1/246-247,256); F.R.W. to Fairholme re prospects for the rescue of Slatin and intelligence information received from him (258/1/248-251); Baratieri re preparations for a Dervish attack on Kassala, with F.R.W.'s reply (258/1/254,266-269); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Suakin (258/1/257); Fairholme and Foster re the Suakin-Berber Railway (258/1/259-260,272); F.R.W. to Ohrwalder re plans for the rescue of Slatin (258/1/262-265); S. Robinson re financial help for Neufeld's wife (258/1/297a); and F.R.W. re the outcome of the Franco/Congo arrangement with regard to the Bahr el Ghazal (258/1/298-305). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Nov. 1894) - 258/1/244-305
258/1/275-297
1894 Nov 10 - 22
Extracts from Intelligence Diary, consisting of copy letters from Slatin re his abortive attempt to escape and intelligence news from the Khalīfah's camp, with comments by F.R.W.; memorandum by F.R.W. on affairs in the Bahr el Ghazal, W. Darfur and the Central African provinces; and memorandum on the escape of Fr. Rossignoli
258/1/306-360
1894 Nov 13 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters re the work of the Intelligence Office in Suakin and in particular re the visit of the Sirdār, from S. Shuqayr (258/1/318), Dimitri (258/1/319-320,330) and N.B. Shuqayr (258/1/322-325,327-329). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Nov. 1894) - 258/1/306-360
258/1/306-307
1894 Nov 13 - 15
Newspaper cuttings on 'The Italians in Africa' and 'La campagne du Soudan'
258/1/316
1894 Nov 19
Cutting from The Westminster Gazette on 'The Italians and the Mahdi'
258/1/331-348; 258/1/355-360
1894 Nov 25 - 28
Memoranda by F.R.W. on the escape of Fr. Paolo Rossignoli
258/1/361-408
1894 Dec 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters with news of the Intelligence Office in Suakin and in particular prospects for the Dervish capture of Kassala, from Lloyd (258/1/365-366,406), Dimitri (258/1/375,407-408) and S. Shuqayr (258/1/403-405); Blundell with news from Tripoli and Bengazi (258/1/370-371); and T. Buxton and Ohrwalder re the rescue of Rossignoli (258/1/380,391). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Dec. 1894) - 258/1/361-408
258/1/362-364
1894 Dec 1
Newspaper cutting on the retirement of Col. H.H. Settle as Inspector-General of Police, Cairo from The Army and Navy Gazette
258/1/379
Copy article from Journal des débats - 'Dans le Soudan Egyptien'
178/9/1-33
1894 Dec 10
Egyptian Army intelligence report for Nov 1894 by F.R.W., on the present state of affairs in the Sudan, including observations by Fr. Paolo Rossignoli
Digitised material for Egyptian Army intelligence report for November 1894 by Wingate - 178/9/1-33
258/1/409-453
1895 Jan 1 - 20
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Fairholme re a possible Dervish attack on Eritrea and the despatch of a Russian mission to Abyssinia (258/1/411); intelligence news from Suakin especially re movements of `Uthmān Diqnah and Italian fortunes in Kassala, from S. Shuqayr (258/1/412-413), Dimitri (258/1/414) and Lloyd (258/1/453); Pedley with intelligence news from Wadi Halfa (258/1/420,422-423); Blundell re his travels through Cyrenaica (258/1/425-426); dal Verme re Italian success in Abyssinia (258/1/429-430); and B.E. Jackson re the appointment of a special Court of Appeal in Cairo. Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Jan. 1895) - 258/1/409-453
258/1/434-448
Report on the inefficiency of Egyptian administrative departments (local government level) and conflict between police and secular power
Arabic with English translation
258/1/454-487
1895 Jan 21 - 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Fairholme re Italian difficulties in Abyssinia and progress of the Russian Mission under Leontieff (258/1/454-456); news from the Intelligence Office in Suakin from S. Shuqayr (258/1/459-461) and Dimitri (258/1/462,466); Pedley with intelligence news from Wadi Halfa (258/1/467-469); F.R.W. to Baratieri congratulating him on Italian victories in Abyssinia (258/1/473-476); and F.R.W. to Lloyd re the death of Palmer, Dervish inactivity in Kassala and economies in the Intelligence Department (258/1/477-487). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Jan. 1895) - 258/1/454-487
258/1/463-465
Memorandum on 'The Army and the Sudan'
258/1/488-555
1895 Jan 27 - 28
Report on a route survey from Korosko to Murrat Wells, Bir Ongwar and Siala on the Nile, comprising the following reports and maps by H.G. Lyons:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Survey from Korosko to Murrat Wells, Bir Ongwar and Siala on the Nile) - 258/1/488-555
258/1/490-514
General report
258/1/515-524
Report on water supply
258/1/525-527
Report on the feasibility of erecting a telegraph line from Korosko to Murrat
258/1/528-530
Report on a light railway from the Nile to Murrat Wells
258/1/531-536
Topographical report
258/1/536-552
Appendices
258/1/553[MP]
Map of Murrat
scale:   2 ins to 1 mile
Size: 14 x 17 ins
Digitised material for Map of Murrat - 1895 - SAD.258/1/553
258/1/554[MP]
Map of Murrat showing dead ground
scale:   6 ins to 1 mile
Size: 10 x 14 ins
Digitised material for Map of Murrat showing dead ground - 1895 - SAD.258/1/554
258/1/555[MP]
Plans of Murrat blockhouses
scale:   1 in to 30 ft
Size: 14 x 10 ins
258/1/556-596
1895 Jan 29 - Feb 22
Correspondence to and from F.R.W. at Cairo, including Pedley with intelligence news from Wadi Halfa (258/1/556-557,560,587); news of the Intelligence Office in Suakin, particularly re Italian fortunes in Abyssinia and prospects of a Dervish attack on Kassala, from Dimitri (258/1/558-559,593-594), Lloyd (258/1/588-589) and S. Shuqayr (258/1/590-592); Mason re the career of Zubayr Pasha (258/1/564-565); F.R.W. to Lloyd and Fairholme re Italian involvement in Abyssinia, Dervish inactivity and French and Belgian interference in Abyssinia and the Bahr el Ghazal (258/1/567-584)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Jan-Feb 1895) - 258/1/556-596
254/1/48,50
1895 Feb 14
Memorandum to appoint F.R.W. as assistant Umpire to a force under the command of Murdoch Bey, with official notification
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.254/1/48,50
254/1/51-53
1895 Feb 21
Memoranda from Chiefs of Staff, Northern Force and Southern Force re supplies to detached post at the tomb of Caliphs
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.254/1/51-53
258/1/597-728
1895 Feb 24 - 27
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the reoccupation of Berber as a step towards the eventual reoccupation of the Sudan, including notes and draft copies
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Memo re reoccupation of Berber Feb. 1895) - 258/1/597-728
258/1/729-790
1895 Feb 27 - Mar 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to and from F.R.W. at Cairo: intelligence news from Suakin, particularly re the Italian position in Kassala, from Dimitri (258/1/731-732,770) and S. Shuqayr (258/1/745-746,775-776); Pedley with intelligence news from Wadi Halfa (258/1/733,763,787); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the Sultan's hostility to Britain, French and Belgian involvement in the Upper Nile and Italian problems with the Habābīn tribe, with reply (258/1/737-744,766-767); F.R.W. re a proposed increase in the rates of rachat militaire (258/1/749-750); Fairholme re conflict between the Italians and the Habābīn within the British sphere (258/1/751); translations of letters from Slatin re his impending escape (258/1/753-754); translation of a letter from Sister Teresa Grigolini re the deterioration in their conditions in captivity after the escape of Rossignoli (258/1/756); F.R.W. to Fairholme and Lloyd re Slatin's escape and settlement of the Habābīn question (258/1/773-774,780-781); F.R.W. to Fairholme re Franco/Belgian co-operation in the Bahr el Ghazal and intelligence information received from Slatin (258/1/783-786). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Feb-Mar 1895) - 258/1/729-790
258/1/734-736
1895 Mar 2
Report by B. Sclater on a conversation with M. Liebrechts, Sec-Gen of the Interior, Congo, re posts formerly occupied by the Belgians north of the Mbomu
258/1/764
Circular memorandum from H.M.L. Rundle on dress regulations
261/1/1-53
1895 Mar 7 - Jul 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from H.L. Squires re the possibility of recovering Gordon's remains (261/1/25); Cromer and F.R.W. re prospects of a French occupation of the Bahr el Ghazal (261/1/26-30,32-33); Fairholme re rumours of a Dervish defeat by the Sultan of Wadai (261/1/35); N.B. Shuqayr with intelligence news from the Western Sudan (261/1/37-41,50-53); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Suakin (261/1/46); and Rodd re problems caused among the Sanūsīyah at Siwa by the Egyptian ma`mūr (261/1/49). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/1-53
261/1/1-10
1895
General report on the Egyptian Soudan, March 1895, compiled from statements made by Slatin Pasha (Intelligence Dept., Cairo)
261/1/14-24
1895 Apr 7
Memorandum on the Bahr el Ghazal by F.R.W.
152/4/1-32
1895 Mar 7 - Sep 4
Correspondence and notes between F.R.W., Lord Cromer, J. Gorst, A.M. James, R. Rodd, H. Boyd and M. Shakūr, concerning a supposed political conspiracy by a secret society at the Military School, Cairo, and possible links with Suakin
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/4
258/1/791-848
1895 Mar 27 - Apr 23
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Dimitri re the consequences of Slatin's escape on the other prisoners at Omdurman (258/1/795); intelligence news from Suakin from S. Shuqayr (258/1/796) and Dimitri (258/1/842-843); B. Mahon re the Dervish attack on the Italians in Kassala (258/1/807); Lloyd re Italian incursions on British territory (258/1/809-810); F.R.W. to Ohrwalder re the fate of the remaining captives at Omdurman (258/1/813-816); and Baratieri with news of the Italian forces in Kassala (258/1/847-848). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Mar-Apr 1895) - 258/1/791-848
258/1/798-806
1895 Apr 1
Resumé of a conversation between Lord Cromer and Zubayr Pasha at the British Agency concerning the position of Rābiḥ Zubayr in W. Africa
258/1/822-838
1895 Apr
Report on the finances, administration and condition of Egypt and the progress of reforms Egypt no. 1 (1895)
100/20/1-2
1895 Apr 7
Copy letter from Slatin Pasha to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad apologising and asking for forgiveness for leaving for Egypt without permission and informing him of his intention, after treatment, recovery and visiting his family, to return to serve the Khalīfah
Arabic
Digitised material for Copy letter from Slatin Pasha to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad - 100/20/1-2
258/1/849-901
1895 Apr 23 - May 26
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Fairholme re Belgian posts in the Nile Valley, with F.R.W.'s reply (258/1/856-858,865-868); intelligence news from Suakin from Dimitri (258/1/862,872) and Lloyd (258/1/898-899); F.R.W. to Fairholme re renewed contact with Rābiḥ Zubayr (258/1/873-874); F.R.W. to Lloyd and Baratieri re settlement of the dispute between the Italians and the Habābīn (258/1/887-890); Dimitri re reported movements of the Sanūsī (258/1/900). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign Apr-May 1895) - 258/1/849-901
258/1/851-855
1892 Apr 26
Copy report by S. Baker on 'Military routes towards Berber'
258/1/859-860
1895 Apr 15
Copy extract from a despatch from Consul-General Jago, Tripoli re the reported death of Rābiḥ Zubayr
262/1/1-32
1895 Apr 25 - Dec 21
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.O. re F.R.W.'s involvement in the escape of Slatin, Ohrwalder and Rossignoli (262/1/1); F.R.W. and A. Bigge re invitations to the former and Slatin to visit Balmoral (262/1/3-6,17); F.R.W. and Bigge re a possible decoration for Slatin's services to Britain (262/1/10,14-15,20-21); F.R.W. to Bigge re the Khedive's attitude to the Sultan, the Sultan's hostility towards Britain, intelligence news from Neufeld in Omdurman and re cholera in Egypt (262/1/23-24); F.R.W. to Milner re relations between Egypt and Turkey, the Italian defeat in Abyssinia and repercussions in Kassala, the situation in the Upper Nile and a request for assurances of increased pay and rank in return for continued service in the Egyptian Army (262/1/25-32)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 262/1/1-32
258/1/902-924
1895 May 28 - Jun 16
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to and from F.R.W. at Cairo: Blundell with intelligence news from Bengazi, particularly re the Sanūsī and Rābiḥ Zubayr (258/1/902-903); F.R.W. to Lloyd re the arrival of the fleet at Alexandria, negotiations with the Italians and impending conflict between the Italians and Abyssinians (258/1/911-918,923-924); F.R.W. to Fairholme re movements of the Sanūsī and Rābiḥ Zubayr (258/1/919-922). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign May-Jun 1895) - 258/1/902-924
258/1/904-906
Report on 'Rabih and affairs in Wadai. Account by an eye witness'
258/1/907-909
Report on the route taken by a caravan from Bengazi to Wadai, given by the headman Slama Ghigidan
261/1/54-102
1895 Aug 4 - Sep 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Dimitri re the capture of Rejaf by a European force (261/1/54); Maxwell re French and Belgian involvement in the Bahr el Ghazal and problems at Siwa (261/1/55); N.B. Shuqayr re the ma`mūr at Siwa and intelligence news from the Bahr el Ghazal (261/1/56-59,64-68,91-93); H. Wilson re French and Belgian designs on the Bahr el Ghazal, with F.R.W.'s reply (261/1/77,79); Yūsuf Samīh re the views of Ghāzī Mukhtār Pasha, Turkish H.C. in Cairo on Anglo/Turkish relations (261/1/94); H.F. Strachey re the qualities of the Egyptian soldier (261/1/96-98); Shāhīn Jūrj with news from Siwa, Darfur and Dongola including details of four mines in Darfur (261/1/101-102). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/54-102
261/1/70-74
1895 Aug 14
Memorandum by Capt H.H. Wilson on 'The Belgians in Congoland'
100/13/2
[1895 Sep 25]
Letter from the Amīr `Uthmān Diqnah to Maḥmūd Ibrāhīm Ḥāmid, Muḥammad `Alī Adam, Ḥāmid ibn Aḥmad and Adam Aḥmad, dated 5 Rabī`II 1313, warning them of the consequences of their apostasy from Islam and Mahdism and ordering them to cooperate with Muḥammad Mūsā Diqnah who was appointed governor of the eastern state, and to pay cattle tax
Arabic
Digitised material for Letter from the Amīr `Uthmān Diqnah to Maḥmūd Ibrāhīm Ḥāmid, Muḥammad `Alī Adam, Ḥāmid ibn Aḥmad and Adam Aḥmad - 100/13/2
100/13/1,3
[1895 Sep 26]
Letters from the Amīr `Uthmān Diqnah to Shaikh Abū Fāṭimah Bātās, dated 6 Rabī`II 1313, urging them to return to Islam and support the Muslim cause as they did in the earliest days of Mahdism
Arabic
Digitised material for Letters from the Amīr `Uthmān Diqnah to Shaikh Abū Fāṭimah Bātās - 100/13/1,3
100/18/4-5
[1895 Sep 30]
Letter from Ṣāliḥ Amīn al-Ḥulwānī to the Director of Intelligence, Egyptian Army, dated 10 Rabī`II 1313, concerning the murder of his father after a journey to the Sanūsīyah
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter from Ṣāliḥ Amīn al-Ḥulwānī to the Director of Intelligence, Egyptian Army - 100/18/4-5
261/1/103-144
1895 Oct 4 - Nov 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Neufeld re repercussions on prisoners at Omdurman of Slatin's escape, and intelligence news of movements of Dervish leaders (261/1/103); Dimitri re the capture of Rejaf by a European power (261/1/108-109); Blundell re his proposed expedition to the Nile valley (261/1/126,144); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Suakin (261/1/127); Chapman re F.R.W.'s fears of Franco/Russian designs on the Upper Nile Valley (261/1/128); F.R.W. re Italian views on Franco/Russian activities in the Obok hinterland, the possibility of an Abyssinian offensive against the Italians, ministerial changes in Cairo and affairs in Turkey (261/1/130-133); and T.D. Murray re Gordon's treatment of the children of Zubayr Pasha (261/1/142-143). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/103-144
261/1/115-119
Draft note by F.R.W. on the future of the Sudan and in particular the possibility of foreign intervention from the south and east
261/1/120-123
Draft note by F.R.W. urging the despatch of a British expedition from Uganda towards Lake Rudolph
261/1/124
Cutting from a [Cairo?] newspaper on English plans to incite revolt in the Sudan
100/12/1
[1895 Oct 25]
Letter from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad to Muḥammad al-Mahdī ibn al-Walī al-Sanūsī, dated 5 Jumādā I 1313, requesting an exchange of correspondence and urging him to stand with the Islamic brotherhood in a jihād against the enemy
Arabic
Digitised material for Letter from the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad to Muḥammad al-Mahdī ibn al-Walī al-Sanūsī - 100/12/1
261/1/145-193
1895 Dec 2 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. re Belgian progress in the Upper Nile valley, the attempted rescue of Neufeld, relations between Egypt and Turkey and the possibility of a Dervish attack on Kassala (261/1/145-151); F.R.W. and Fairholme re Italian reverses in Abyssinia, the feasibility of a takeover of Kassala by the Egyptian Army and Belgian designs on the Upper Nile valley (261/1/158-162,174,178-183); translation of a letter from the Khalīfah to the Sanūsī urging his support, with covering letter from F.R.W. (261/1/165-170). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/145-193
261/1/171-172
Memorandum on Italian fortunes in Abyssinia
261/1/184-186
Memorandum on Italian defences in Abyssinia
261/1/190-193
Note of a conversation between an agent of F.R.W. and Kamāl al-Dīn, agent of Abū al-Hudā of Constantinople concerning the latter's efforts to unite all Muslims under the Sultan
152/1/1-158
[c. 1895]
Papers concerning a supposed conspiracy at the Military School, Cairo, involving the setting up of a Secret Society and consisting mainly of statements and reports. (For translations see 152/2/1-89 below). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/1
152/1/142-158
Copy of imprint of seal and 15 photographs of documents and pupils connected with the Military School
152/2/1-89
[c. 1895]
Papers concerning a supposed conspiracy at the Military School, Cairo, involving the setting up of a secret society and consisting mainly of translations of the original Arabic statements and reports in 152/1/1-158 above. Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/2
152/2/1-6
1895 Apr 1
Note by F.R.W. concerning the shaikhs involved in the supposed conspiracy against the Sultan, together with a list of the secret societies in Cairo and an index of the documents concerned
261/1/194-283
1896 Jan 7 - Mar 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from D.G. Hogarth re travelling by bicycle in the desert (261/1/197); F.R.W. to Gleichen re disagreements between the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi Muḥammad Tūrshayn and the Khalīfah `Alī wad Ḥilū (261/1/199-207) and re movements of Dervish forces and rumours of rising opposition to Mahdist rule (261/1/216-219); Dimitri re the defeat of Ibrāhīm al-Khalīl and internal difficulties within the Dervish army (261/1/220-222) and with intelligence news of Dervish movements in the E. Sudan (261/1/229-231,238-239); F.R.W. re the rival claims of Menilik and Mangasha in Abyssinia and developments in Kassala and on the White Nile (261/1/233-236); Blundell re preparations for his expedition (261/1/240); F.R.W. re the Italian defeat at Adowa in Abyssinia and the threat to Kassala (261/1/241-244); Gleichen re the cabinet decision to take Dongola (261/1/252,267-268); and a detailed letter from [Captain Cromer] Ashburnham, dated 30 Aug 1895, describing his life and work in Uganda (261/1/255-257). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/194-283
261/1/213-214
1883 Jan 30
Copy report by the Austrian Consul at Khartoum on the state of the Mahdist rebellion in the Sudan
261/1/226
Newspaper cutting on 'The dwarf domestic animals of Pygmies', a paper read before the Canadian Institute by R.G. Haliburton
261/1/245
1896 Mar 7
Newspaper cuttings on the Italian defeat at Adowa
262/1/33-89
1896 Feb 16 - Apr 26
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including F.R.W. to Milner re his future in the Egyptian Army, events in Turkey, difficulties of the Italians in Abyssinia and activities of the Khalīfah (262/1/34-36) and re the Italian collapse in Abyssinia and advance of `Uthmān Diqnah on Kassala (262/1/39-42); F.R.W. to Cromer re intelligence news from Dongola including rivalry between the two khalīfahs, Muḥammad wad Bishārah's movements, a skirmish between a force under Burn Murdoch and the Dervishes near Akasha (262/1/50-53) and re the Italian evacuation of Kassala and repercussions for the Egyptian Army (262/1/54-59); F.R.W. to Chermside re the possibility of applying for the Military Attachéship at Constantinople and plans for the Dongola campaign (262/1/60-63); E. Wood re the possibility of sending British troops to Dongola (262/1/64); C. Moberley Bell re F.R.W. acting as correspondent for Reuters, with reply (262/1/67-70,81-88); F.R.W., with intelligence news from Halfa, particularly re the movements of Bishārah and `Uthmān Diqnah and preparations for the advance on Dongola (262/1/71-74); F.R.W. to Cromer re press censorship (262/1/76-77)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 262/1/33-89
261/1/284-345
1896 Apr 2 - 25
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Rodd re posts occupied by the Congo State in territory leased under the Anglo-Congolese Agreement of 1894 (261/1/284); Bell re F.R.W. acting as war correspondent for Reuters, with related memorandum and reply by F.R.W. (261/1/296-297,305-308,325); Shakūr re the anti-British tone of Cairo newspapers (261/1/303-304); F.R.W. to Rodd re the positions of the Dervishes and Belgians in the vicinity of Rejaf (261/1/309-312). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/284-345
261/1/287-295
Note by F.R.W. on the effect of the evacuation of Kassala by the Italians
261/1/300-302
Memorandum on Italian defences in Abyssinia
261/1/318
1896 Apr 16
Table showing distances by convoy road from Sarras southwards with description of roads
261/1/334
Draft memorandum by F.R.W. on the plan of operations for the advance from Firket
261/1/343-345
1896 Apr 25
Table showing the state of troops at Halfa and north and at Sarras and south
101/20/6-8
[1896 Apr 9 and n.d.]
Letters from Yūsuf ibn Muḥammad Sharīf, sultan of Wadai to Shaikh `Abd Allāh al-Kaḥḥāl, one dated 25 Shawwāl 1313, the other undated, exchanging greetings, requesting a medicine which is unavailable in the Sudan and commending to him one of the sultan's young men. Attached is a note of provenance by Na`ūm Shuqayr
Arabic with seal
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/20/6-8
261/1/346-403
1896 May 6 - 15
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. re a skirmish with the Dervishes at Akasha (261/1/355-362); Dimitri and Lloyd with intelligence news from Suakin (261/1/367-370); Shakūr and C.S. Parsons re cholera in Cairo and the despatch of Indian troops to Suakin (261/1/372,374-375). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/346-403
261/1/346-352,354
1896 May 7
Notes by H.M.L. Rundle and F.R.W. of supplies required at Akasha
261/1/376-403
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the advance from Firket to Dongola
262/1/90-144
1896 May 12 - Jul 29
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including Bell re F.R.W. acting as correspondent for Reuters (262/1/90-91); F.R.W. to Milner re developments in the Sudan, particularly `Uthmān Diqnah's withdrawal from the vicinity of Suakin, the advance to Firket and prospects for taking Dongola (262/1/94-97); Fairholme re the supply of maps and reports to the front and affairs in Kassala and Abyssinia (262/1/98-101); F.R.W. to Cromer and Wolseley re the success at Firket (262/1/103,105-112); F.R.W. to Cromer and Fairholme re the possibility of applying for the Military Attachéship at Constantinople (262/1/114-123); congratulations on the success at Firket from A. Milner (262/1/124-126) and Bigge (262/1/129-132); F.R.W. to Cromer urging an advance beyond Merowe (262/1/133-134)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 262/1/90-144
261/1/404-494
1896 May 18 - Jun 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Cromer re the position of correspondents at Wadi Halfa (261/1/405); Shakūr re cholera in Cairo and the possibility of an Abyssinian offensive against the Dervishes (261/1/406-409); Mason re Italian involvement in Kassala (261/1/412-413); Dimitri re the movements of `Uthmān Diqnah (261/1/419-420); Parsons, H.A. Gwynne and F.R.W. re press censorship (261/1/446,455-463,465-471); G.E. Lloyd re Indian troops in Suakin and the evacuation of Kassala by the Italians (261/1/448-449); Shakūr re the success at Firket and reaction in the Egyptian press (261/1/452,464); C.V.F. Townshend re a skirmish at Khaibar (261/1/473); Lloyd re the refusal of the Ja`alīyīn to fight against the government, with F.R.W.'s reply (261/1/474,484-486); L. Maskens requesting intelligence information on Equatoria Province (261/1/475); Gleichen giving a detailed account of his visit to Suakin and Tokar, in particular re the Indian troops at Suakin, preparations for a Suakin-Berber advance and description of the Italian troops (261/1/476-479); F.R.W. to Fairholme re preparations for the advance from Firket to Dongola. Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/404-494
261/1/423-429
Notes by F.R.W. on the advance from Firket to Dongola
261/1/440
1896 May 29
Sudan military railway timetable by A.G. Stevenson, Traffic Manager
263/4/1-63
1896 Jun 13 - 16, Sep 21 - 25
Pocket notebook containing carbon copies of telegrams from F.R.W. and the Sirdār ordering movements of troops, Dervish refugees and prisoners and re the occupation of Dongola
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Jun-Sep 1896) - 263/4/1-63
261/1/495-530
1896 Jul 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Fairholme re the success at Firket, the Italians in Eritrea and French and Belgian activity in the Upper Nile region (261/1/495-497,530); Townshend re the treatment of women prisoners at Suarda (261/1/499,505); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Dongola (261/1/502,520); F.R.W. re the Indian troops at Suakin and plans for an advance on Dongola and Merowe (261/1/507-510); A. Watson, chaplain at Gemai, re the effects of cholera and restrictions on his activities (261/1/512-513,523); Shakūr re the spread of cholera (261/1/514). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/495-530
261/1/525-528
1896 Jul 29
Memorandum by N.B. Shuqayr on refugees from Khartoum and Berber
261/1/531-564
1896 Aug 2 - 31
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including Townshend with his impressions of Suarda (261/1/534,547,558-559); Maskens re the activities of the Belgian correspondent Ximenes (261/1/535); J. Rogers re difficulties in tackling the cholera epidemic (261/1/536-537); Shakūr re the leak of information from the telegraph office (261/1/538-539); C. Dawkins re public reaction in England to the capture of Firket (261/1/544-545); Fairholme re activity on the Upper Nile (261/1/548); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Dongola (261/1/557); Rodd re a massacre in Constantinople (261/1/564)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 261/1/531-564
262/1/145-174
1896 Aug 6 - Dec 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from `Alī al-Mīrghanī congratulating F.R.W. on the success at Firket (262/1/145); Milner re cholera at the front, the possibility of advancing towards Omdurman and financial restrictions of the British Government (262/1/148-150); Rodd and Cromer re the occupation of Dongola (262/1/154-155); copy letter from Queen Victoria to Slatin awarding him the Victorian Order (4th class) (262/1/163); F.R.W. to Milner re his dissatisfaction with awards presented after the Dongola Campaign (262/1/164-166,168-171). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaigns) - 262/1/145-174
262/1/153[MP]
1896 Aug 20
Table compiled by F.R.W. showing the organisation of Dervish and native forces in Dongola under their commander Muḥammad wad Bishārah, with names of amīrs
262/1/158-161
Speech of thanks by F.R.W. for the reception awarded to the Dongola Expeditionary Force in Cairo
262/1/167
1896 Dec
Memorandum on service of British officers in the Egyptian Army
263/1/1-44
1896 Aug 21 - Sep 30
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including Rodd re problems in Zanzibar (263/1/7); Shakūr, with news of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (263/1/8-9,11,25,30-31); T. Souter re the landing of arms for the Dervishes on the Red Sea coast (263/1/12-15); Sclater to Talbot re prospects for an advance down the Nile from Kenya and Uganda (263/1/16-19); C.E. Dawkins re proprietary rights and taxation in Dongola (263/1/21-22,28); Gleichen re progress of the expedition and affairs on the Upper Nile (263/1/32-34); Fairholme re Dervish and native forces in Dongola and foreign advances to the Upper Nile (263/1/36-37); congratulations on the occupation of Dongola from Fairholme (263/1/40) and Shakūr (263/1/41); Maskens re relations between Britain and the Belgian Congo and the French advance in the Bahr el Ghazal (263/1/42); Shakūr re the Khalīfah's treasures at Khartoum (263/1/43)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Aug-Sep 1896) - 263/1/1-44
263/2/1-22
1896 Sep 18 - 20
F.R.W.'s field report book containing carbon copies of despatches on Dervish movements around Kerma
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Sep 1896) - 263/2/1-22
263/3/1-29
1896 Sep 22 - 23
F.R.W.'s field report book containing carbon copies of despatches on the occupation of Dongola
Digitised material for Catalogue of the papers of General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Sep 1896) - 263/3/1-29
263/5/1-14
1896 Sep 24 - Oct 5
F.R.W.'s field report book containing carbon copies of despatches on the withdrawal of Dervishes to Omdurman, the capture of Dervish prisoners; also note of booty taken at Dongola
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Sep-Oct 1896) - 263/5/1-14
263/1/45-101
1896 Oct 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Dimitri and S. Shuqayr re trade at Suakin (263/1/45,91); Shakūr re events in Cairo (263/1/46,50); news of the march to Debbeh and conditions at the camp from Townshend (263/1/47-48,79,82) and H.W. Jackson (263/1/49,62-63); F.R.W. re the decision to remain at Dongola, Slatin's opinion of the possible success of a French expedition to Fashoda and French collaboration with Menilik (263/1/51-58); W. Everett re French designs on the Bahr el Ghazal and affairs in Turkey (263/1/59-61); Sir W. Maxwell re Baron Dhanis's expeditionary force (263/1/76); Dimitri, with intelligence news from Suakin (263/1/92); telegram of instructions from Kitchener to Hunter for the progress of the campaign during his absence (263/1/93-99); H.A. Attin, with intelligence news from Dongola (263/1/100-101). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Oct 1896) - 263/1/45-101
263/1/64-73
1895 Oct 20
Notes by F.R.W. on the possibility of Franco/Russian designs on the Upper Nile Valley with comments by E.F. Chapman and W. Everett
263/1/102-163
1896 Nov 2 - 13
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from G.E. Benson re the purchase of trophies (263/1/102); Fairholme and Parsons re the arrest of Karl Inger (263/1/103-106); Parsons re conditions at Suakin (263/1/105-106) and re the gum trade at Suakin and Inger's statement (263/1/156-159); Gleichen re Dhanis's expedition (263/1/162-163). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Nov 1896) - 263/1/102-163
263/1/107-119
Report on the activities of Karl Inger in the Sudan
263/1/120-124
Statement by Inger on his dealings with Ximenes (translation)
263/1/125-127
Statement by Inger on his arrest and imprisonment at Suakin (translation)
263/1/128-135
Statement by C.S. Parsons on his interrogation of Inger, with inventory of his property
263/1/136-140
Proceedings of a Court of Inquiry held at Suakin into the activities of Inger
263/1/141-150
Statement by Inger of circumstances leading to his arrival at Suakin
263/1/155
Note on the progress of Baron Dhanis's expedition through the Congo towards Lado
263/1/164-213
1896 Nov 8 - 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Parsons re arrangements for deporting Inger, lack of intelligence translators in Dongola and the supply of arms to the Dervishes (263/1/164-171); F.R.W. to Ryder Haggard re the Wadai Gebeit concession (263/1/172-173); Fairholme re the occupation of Shakka in Darfur by Zemio and progress of the Dhanis expedition (263/1/174-175); Townshend, advising changes in the military organisation of the campaign (263/1/179-181); F.R.W. to Fairholme re Karl Inger, the formation of new desert posts, expeditions in the Bahr el Ghazal and military strength in Dongola (263/1/182-188); F.R.W. re possible collaboration between the Khalīfah and Menilik (263/1/190-191); Parsons re Inger, the sale of liquor and trade restrictions in Suakin (263/1/207-209); André Bottet re the Barelaer expedition (263/1/213). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Nov 1896) - 263/1/164-213
263/1/189
Note on the Turkish writer `Alī Shafkatī Bey
263/1/194-199
1896 Nov 26
Intelligence report on 'The outlook on the Upper Nile at the end of 1896' by Capt. Gleichen
263/1/200-203
1896 Nov 25
Summary of intelligence contained in Suakin District Diary from 12 - 24 Nov 1896, with extracts from confidential staff diary, by T. Souter
101/20/4-5
[1896 Nov 9]
Letter from `Irfān ibn `Abd Allāh to Zubayr Pasha Raḥma Manṣūr, dated 5 Jumādā II re confirmation of the capture of Rābiḥ Faḍl Allāh
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/20/4-5
101/20/2-3
1896 Nov 14
Letter from Zubayr Pasha Raḥma Manṣūr to the Director of Military Intelligence [F.R.W.] re the despatch of a French envoy to meet with Rābiḥ Faḍl Allāh
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/20/2-3
101/20/1
[1896 Nov 30]
Copy letters from Slatin to `Āwaḍ al-Sīd walad Quraysh, Shaikh Aḥmad walad Waqī `Allāh and Shaikh Muḥammad Abū `Arūḍ, urging them to cooperate with the Egyptian force which is bringing justice and peace to the Sudan
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/20/1
263/1/214-304
1896 Dec 2 - 24
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Fairholme re the Dhanis expedition (263/1/217-218); Parsons, with news of Suakin including the sale of liquor, Dervish raids, etc., (263/1/223-226,236-237,281-282,302-304); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the disposition of troops, Karl Inger and intelligence news of Dongola including re Abyssinian envoys in Omdurman (263/1/227-230); copy letter from Lord Salisbury to Sir F. Plunkett setting out the terms of the agreement with Belgium for the lease of the Lado Enclave as background to the progress of the Dhanis expedition towards Lado (263/1/241-246); Townshend with news of Debbeh (263/1/261-265); H. Bower re the use of Indian troops in the Sudan (263/1/270-272); A. Silva White re the French advance into the Bahr el Ghazal and Britain's role in Egypt (263/1/276-278); Everett re French expansion in the Bahr el Ghazal (263/1/283-284); and F.R.W. re British Government policy towards retaking the Sudan (263/1/298-301). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Dec 1896) - 263/1/214-304
263/1/222
'Slatin Pacha and the Soudan' - newspaper cutting
263/1/222
1896 Dec 5
'Who blocked the Nile expedition', cutting from the United Service Gazette
263/1/248-250
Intelligence report on the activities of Rābiḥ Faḍl Allāh (also known as Rābiḥ Zubayr) in Bengazi
263/1/251-260
Reports on the proposed demarcation of the boundary between Uganda and the Congo State
263/1/288
'Lecture on the Soudanese Wars' - newspaper cutting
263/1/290-297
Note by F.R.W. on intelligence received concerning King Menilik and his possible collaboration with the Khalīfah
179/6/1-7
1896 Dec 3 - 1897 Mar 15
Miscellaneous correspondence including Wood re the latest army awards and F.R.W.'s dissatisfaction at his own award (179/6/1-3); A. Paterson requesting F.R.W.'s assistance in the relocation in Abyssinia of freed Galla slave children, originally rescued off Mocha in 1888 and currently domiciled in S. Africa at a Free Church of Scotland mission (179/6/4-7)
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/6/1-7
263/1/305-392
1896 Dec 16 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including a report by J. Ardagh on 'The Somali Protectorate in view of the withdrawal of Italian claims to suzerainty over Abyssinia' (263/1/305-314); anonymous letter re Belgian involvement in the Nile Valley (French, 263/1/316-319); E. Thompson re permission for archaeologists to visit Dongola Province (263/1/324); statement of Ṣāliḥ Amīn al- Madanī re the murder of his father near Jaghbūb (263/1/325-327); copy of papers read at a meeting of the Anjuman-I-Islam of London (263/1/329-330); report by F.R.W. on the decision to take Dongola Province, possibly for the annual report (263/1/332-341,347-356); report on the condition of the Army in the Sudan (263/1/343-346); Gleichen re Abyssinian affairs (263/1/362-363); notes on Shaikh Sanūsī, Rābiḥ Zubayr and the Central African States, later published as appendix 'O' to Sudan Intelligence Report no. 50 (263/1/364-370); note of intelligence received by F.R.W. from Sultan Zemio of the Bahr el Ghazal per Zubayr Pasha (263/1/371-377); translations of proclamations by the 'Society for saving Turkey' and the 'Society for the union and promotion of Ottomans' (263/1/378-392)
Arabic with English translation, envelope with stamp removed
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Dec 1896) - 263/1/305-392
100/18/1-3
[1896 Dec 27]
Letter from `Irfān ibn `Abd Allāh, al-Ḥājj to Milḥam Shakūr Bey, dated 5 Jumādā II 1314, concerning the fortunes of Rābiḥ Faḍl Allāh
Digitised material for Letter from `Irfān ibn `Abd Allāh, al-Ḥājj to Milḥam Shakūr Bey - 100/18/1-3
106/1/1-26
[1896?]
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the reoccupation of the Sudan
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.106/1/1-26
101/22/1-2
[c. 1896 - 1897]
Abstract of a despatch from Menilik II, Emperor of Ethiopia to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi warning him that the English and al-Ifranj (Belgians or French) were approaching the White Nile from east and west
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/22/1-2
263/1/393-448
1897 Jan 2 - 25
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Bower re the use of Indian troops in the Sudan (263/1/395-398); F.R.W. re Abyssinian affairs and general information on the state of affairs in the Sudan (263/1/401-404); Fairholme re Abyssinian affairs and the possibility of sending a British expedition up the Nile from Uganda (263/1/409-411,422-423); Gleichen re reports on the country between Dongola and Omdurman for use during the campaign (263/1/417-421,429-430); Fairholme re Dervish concentrations in Kassala (263/1/428); King Menilik to the British Consul agreeing to receive a British envoy, with envelope addressed in Amharic and seal (263/1/440). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Jan 1897) - 263/1/393-448
263/1/405-406
Statement on the murder of Ṣāliḥ Amīn al-Madanī near Jalo
263/1/415
Newspaper cutting on the budget for the French Congo
263/1/441-448
Notes on Abyssinia and in particular its relations with foreign powers
262/2/1-75
1897 Jan 13 - Dec 13
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Milner re attitudes at home to the Sudan campaign (262/2/1-3); F.R.W. to Bigge re Franco/Russian activities in Abyssinia and plans for the next stage of the campaign (262/2/4-7); F.R.W. re the mission to Menilik (262/2/9-10); Fairholme re plans for Kassala and progress of the Dhanis expedition through the Congo (262/2/11-12); F.R.W. to Rodd re Maj. Macdonald's proposed expedition in the Nile Valley (262/2/18-27); F.R.W. re problems arising from the premature occupation of Berber and the unlikelihood of reaching Khartoum this season (262/2/29-36); F.R.W., putting forward his arguments for a speedy end to the campaign (262/2/37-39,53-54); Slatin, expressing dissatisfaction with his role in the campaign (262/2/45-48,51-52); F.R.W. to Bigge with news of Berber and plans for the conclusion of the campaign (262/2/59-61); A. Donaldson Smith re his plans for an expedition to the White Nile (262/2/64-68). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (Nile campaign 1897) - 262/2/1-75
262/2/63
Newspaper article on 'The Nile halt' from the Daily Chronicle
262/2/71-74
Memorandum on the carrying capacity of transport from Cairo to Berber
263/1/449-492
1897 Jan 25 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F.R.W. to Parsons re the necessity of stopping all gum trade (263/1/475-478); telegram from Sir C. Ford re the withdrawal of the Dervishes from the vicinity of Agordat (263/1/480); F.R.W. to Fairholme re the receipt of intelligence news from the Gedaref region, possible collaboration between the Abyssinians and the Khalīfah, movements of `Uthmān Diqnah around Suakin and progress of the railway to Abu Hamed (263/1/484-489); F.R.W. to Gleichen re the possibility of an Italian evacuation of posts on the Abyssinian frontier (263/1/490-491). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Jan 1897) - 263/1/449-492
263/1/449-474
Note by F.R.W. on the strategical importance of Abyssinia and her relations with foreign powers
101/21/10-12
[1897 Jan 26]
Letter from Shaikh Ibrāhīm Muḥammad al-Nitayfah to Kitchener, dated 22 Sha`bān 1314, suing for peace
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/10-12
101/21/5-7
[1897 Jan 29]
Letter from Shaikh Abū Sinn walad Ḥabūb to the muḥāfiẓ of Dongola, dated 25 Sha`bān 1314, suing for peace
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/5-7
263/1/493-533
1897 Feb 1 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from F. du Pré Thornton re the attitude of Indian Muslims to the Turkish Sultan (printed, 263/1/493-494); F.R.W. to Fairholme re collaboration between the Abyssinians and the Khalīfah against the Italians (263/1/495-498); Tugini, with intelligence news of Dervish movements around Gedaref (263/1/506); Fairholme re the possibility of a British expedition up the Nile from Uganda (263/1/507-509); F.R.W. to Gleichen and Fairholme re the necessity of securing Abu Hamed in view of a possible descent on Dongola and the Bayuda Desert wells by the Khalīfah's forces and re his preparations for the mission to Abyssinia (263/1/511-512,525-528). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Feb 1897) - 263/1/493-533
263/1/500-503
Intelligence note by W.E. Fairholme on the Dhanis expedition to Lado
263/1/519-524
Proofs of part of The Dongola expedition of 1896 by A.H. Atteridge
263/1/532
Report on the finances, administration and condition of Egypt and the progress of reforms Egypt no. 2 (1897)
101/21/13-14
[1897 Feb 23]
Two letters from `Abd al-Raḥmān Khūjalī to al-Ḥājj Khawwās Khān, dated 21 Ramaḍān 1314, concerning an exchange of gifts and the return of goods and money entrusted to a messenger
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/13-14
263/1/534-592
1897 Feb 26 - Jun 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters re arrangements for the mission to Abyssinia (263/1/534-541,545-546,548-549); Fairholme re the proposed advance to Abu Hamed and the continued Italian occupation of Kassala (263/1/572-574); copy letter to the D.M.I. and memorandum on the proposed hand-over of Kassala by the Italians to the Egyptian Army (263/1/581-582); Talbot re developments during F.R.W.'s absence in Abyssinia (263/1/583). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Feb-Jun 1897) - 263/1/534-592
263/1/548
1897 Mar 9
Egyptian Army General orders, announcing the mission to Abyssinia
263/1/557-559
1897
Memorandum from the Sirdār to Lord Cromer on the future form of government to be introduced into the Sudan
263/1/560-562
Memorandum by E. Palmer on proposed arrangements for the financial organisation of the Sudan, with covering letter
263/1/563-566
1897 Apr 10
Memorandum from the Sirdār to Lord Cromer on the future administration of the Sudan in the light of the Financial Adviser's proposals
263/1/567-568
Minute from E. Palmer to the Sirdār on financial control for the Sudan
263/1/590
Note of French progress from Abyssinia towards the Upper Nile
101/21/8-9
1897 Apr 2 - 8
Copy letter from Kitchener to Abū Sinn walad Ḥabūb and Ibrāhīm Muḥammad al-Nitayfah, warning them of the progress of the Egyptian Army and urging their surrender and loyalty, with covering letter from Slatin to F.R.W.
Arabic (copy letter)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/8-9
101/21/1-4
[1897 Jun 28]
Copies of circular letter from Kitchener to Shaikh Aḥmad wad `Ajūl, al-Malik Bashīr walad Baṭrān, al-Malik Ḥāmid wad al-Likaylīk, al-Malik Mikhā`īl, al-Malik `Awaḍ Allāh, al-Malik Muḥammad Daqrashāwī and al-Malik Sulayman wad Abū Ḥijil promising the amān in return for their submission and loyalty
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/1-4
263/1/593-645
1897 Jul 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from A.H. Atteridge and F.J. Sass re the case of Atteridge v Knight (263/1/595-603); Bower re the possibility of using Indian troops in the Sudan (263/1/604-605); Fairholme re the occupation of El Obeid by the Sultan of Bornu (263/1/606); news of the defeat of the Ja`alīyīn at Metemma by Maḥmūd's army, from Talbot (263/1/607,635), Fairholme (263/1/608) and Gleichen (263/1/609); and Talbot re Intelligence Office personnel (263/1/607). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Jul 1897) - 263/1/593-645
263/1/615-634
1897 Jul 21
Copy statements by Shaikh Aḥmad Widā`, Shaikh Muḥammad Ḥamad and Ḥasan Afandi Rihān on Dervish proceedings at Metemma and Khartoum during the last 10 days before the fall of Khartoum, with copy letter from the Mahdī to `Uthmān Diqnah, 13 Jan 1885 informing him of the imminent fall of Khartoum
Arabic and English
263/1/646-712
1897 Aug 1 - Sep 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters from Harrington re Karl Inger (263/1/648); F.R.W. re the attitude of various British statesmen to the use of British troops in the final stages of the campaign (263/1/649-652); Rodd re finances of the Abyssinian Mission (263/1/661-662,686,691); A.C. Middlemass re prospects for private enterprise after the capture of Khartoum, with F.R.W.'s reply (263/1/663,692); R. Heygate with intelligence news from Korti (263/1/670,674); C. à Court re the progress of a French expedition towards the White Nile from Abyssinia under the Marquis de Bonchamp (263/1/672); E.S. Wortley re the progress of the gunboats towards Metemma (263/1/687); Maskens re the capture of Rejaf by Chaltin (263/1/688); F.R.W., with intelligence news from Merowe and re the progress of the railway, etc (263/1/689); Dawkins re alternative policies for the conclusion of the Nile campaign (263/1/698); Fairholme re the refusal to send British troops to the Sudan and the progress of the French expeditions (263/1/699-701). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Aug-Sep 1897) - 263/1/646-712
263/1/675-684
1897 Sep 10 - 11
Newspaper cuttings on the progress of the advance on Khartoum from The Star, Morning Post, The St. James's Gazette, the Speaker and Liverpool Mercury
267/1/1-33
1897 Oct 2 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to and from F.R.W. at Berber: C. Beresford re the reluctance of the British Government to commit money and men to the Sudan (267/1/2-3); Townshend re Egyptian Army manoeuvres at Merowe (267/1/5-7); 'an old sapper' suggesting the draining of the Nile as part of campaign strategy (267/1/8-11); Maxwell re the need for British troops and the progress of the railway to Abu Hamed (267/1/12); E.A. Wallis Budge re archaeological excavations at Merowe (267/1/13); telegrams from F.R.W. to Rundle re the financial pressures of the campaign (267/1/16,21-23); Slatin and F.R.W. re the former's request for a transfer (267/1/17-19,26-27); à Court re intelligence information from Berber, the settlement of African boundaries and financing and administration of the Egyptian Army (267/1/29-32); Maxwell re arrangements for sending F.R.W.'s mail from Halfa (267/1/33). Also includes :
267/1/1
1896 Oct 3
Pencil sketch of F.R.W. as head of the Intelligence Dept. on the front cover of Black and White
101/21/15-17
1897 Nov 1
Contract between F.R.W. and Muḥammad al-Muḍawwī of Berber for the escape of the latter, with explanatory note from F.R.W. (with envelope)
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/21/15-17
267/1/34-84
1897 Nov 1 - 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters and telegrams to and from F.R.W. at Berber and Cairo: F.R.W. re financial restrictions on the campaign (267/1/40); [?] re changes in relations between the G.O.C. and Sirdār and organisation and financing of the Sudan campaign (267/1/42-45); F.R.W. re arrangements for the escape of Neufeld and the Austrian Mission (267/1/46-47); Beresford re Lord Salisbury's refusal to send British troops to the Sudan (267/1/50-51); [Rundle], requesting the continued services of Slatin at Merowe (267/1/52-54); Maxwell re arrangements for the transport of British troops from Shellal to Halfa (267/1/55-58); Slatin re the confiscation of property at Korti and news from Merowe (267/1/62-63,80-82); G. Wingate re proposed army reforms and family news (267/1/76-79); A. Hunter re F.R.W.'s employment of Madanī `Uthmān as an intelligence agent (267/1/83). Also includes the following newspaper cuttings:
267/1/49
1897 Nov 13
'The Press in Egyptian darkness' from the Army and Navy Gazette
267/1/60
1897 Nov 17
'The Coptic Church's reunion with Rome' from The Pall Mall Gazette
267/1/61
1897 Nov 19
'The Nile expedition. From Abu Hamed to Berber' from The Morning Post
267/1/85-217
1897 Dec 1 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to and from F.R.W. at Cairo: Benson re his appointment to join the Nile campaign (267/1/85,92); Slatin, with intelligence news from Merowe (267/1/90,103-104,148-149); Cromer and Blundell re Budge's archaeological work at Merowe (267/1/91,96); F. Lugard re Anglo/French conflict on the Niger (267/1/101-102); Donaldson Smith, offering his services to lead a force from Berber to the White Nile, with reply (267/1/128-129,197); à Court re Abyssinian affairs (267/1/132-133); Fairholme re the progress of the Nile campaign and the proposed Abyssinian expedition to the Nile to support the French (267/1/134-135); F.R.W. to Hunter defending his employment of certain native intelligence agents, with reply (267/1/139-142,180); Rundle and Wood re the difficulty of holding Berber (267/1/147,201-202); F.R.W. re Dervish movements around Metemma (267/1/152); Gleichen re Abyssinian affairs and the passing of intelligence information from the Sudan (267/1/153-155); Bigge re the British Government's failure to order an advance on Omdurman, French ambitions in the Bahr el Ghazal and army reorganisation (267/1/158-160); F.R.W. to Rundle re the current state of affairs, particularly around Berber (267/1/161-168); Rogers and F.R.W. re rumours of a Dervish attack on Berber and the possibility of a final campaign (267/1/184-187,213-214); Shakūr re news from Omdurman (267/1/206-207). Also includes:
267/1/105-126,136-137
Reports drafted by F.R.W on operations against the Dervishes from 15 Jul - 31 Oct 1897, culminating in the opening of the railway to Abu Hamed and the seizure of Berber
266/1/1-49
1898 Jan 2 - 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence to and from F.R.W. at Halfa: Wolseley, F.R.W., à Court and Rundle re the decision to send British troops to the Sudan (266/1/1,7-8,14-15,29); Talbot re surveying and drawing of maps at the front (266/1/2-5,10-11); F.R.W. and à Court re the general military situation in the Sudan and social news from Cairo (266/1/8-9,12-15,31); F.R.W., Rodd and Fairholme re Abyssinian affairs and French involvement in the Nile Valley (266/1/20-23,25-27,30,32-33); F.R.W., authorising Neufeld's rescue (266/1/28). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign January 1898) - 266/1/1-49
266/1/35-49
Notes for the annual report on 'The Army and the Sudan', 'The Sudan Railway' and 'Civil administration in the Sudan'
267/1/218-255
1898 Jan 3 - 31
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns consisting of letters to and from F.R.W. at Wadi Halfa including F.R.W. to Cromer re arrangements for Neufeld's escape (267/1/218-219); F.R.W. re preparations for the final campaign and the use of British troops (267/1/220-221,236-237,254-255); Shakūr re staffing problems in the Intelligence Dept., Cairo and reaction to the order to British troops to proceed south (267/1/222-223,226-227,240-241,244-245,248-249); Cromer and F.R.W. re war correspondents to accompany the troops (267/1/224-225,233,242); Rundle re preparations for the final campaign (267/1/228-231); Wood re supplies at Berber (267/1/234-235); F.R.W. re reports of Europeans on the Nile near Fashoda (267/1/242-243)
266/2/11-31
1898 Feb 1 - 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Shakūr re arrangements for Neufeld's escape and running of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (266/2/11-12); Talbot re the collection of taxes and dhurah and the civil budget for Dongola District (266/2/13-15); Rodd re the Abyssinian mission (1897) and the Marchand mission to the Nile Valley (266/2/16-17,22); F.R.W. re Dervish action in the Bayuda Desert (266/2/18); Talbot re drawing of accurate maps (266/2/20-21); Lugard re Cavendish's expedition to secure Fashoda (266/2/25); G. Harman re financing operations in the Sudan (266/2/29). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign February 1898) - 266/2/11-32
266/2/30
Note of rifles, footmen, horsemen and guns in the Sudan
266/2/31
Note of the moon's phases Feb 1898
267/1/256-287
1898 Feb 1 - 28
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns consisting of letters to and from F.R.W. at Wadi Halfa and Berber, including F.R.W. re the arrival of the British Brigade, delays in the final campaign and the impact of Abyssinian affairs (267/1/257-259); F. Rhodes re war correspondents (267/1/262-263,270); Shakūr re taxation in Dongola Province (267/1/264-265), affairs in Sinai (267/1/272-273) and the final advance on Omdurman (267/1/285-287); Slatin re Dervish movements around Berber (267/1/277-278); E. Blunt with news of the Atbara Camp (267/1/279); W.W. Gray re plans to construct the reservoir at Aswan and docks at Alexandria (267/1/283-284)
267/1/288-323
1898 Mar 6 - 27
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to F.R.W. at Berber, from Slatin re the effect of weather conditions on preparations for the final advance (267/1/290-292), re his frustrations at Wadi Halfa (267/1/292-293) and rumours of his death (267/1/294-295); congratulations to F.R.W. on his appointment as A.D.C. to the Queen from W.H. Drage (267/1/296), Shakūr (267/1/300), H.L. Smith Dorrien (267/1/303-304), Slatin (267/1/305-306), W. Garstin (267/1/307), Wood (267/1/308), W.A. Boulnois (267/1/318) and Bigge (267/1/322); Smith Dorrien with news of action at the Kyber Pass (267/1/303-304). Also includes :
267/1/312-313
1898 Mar 19
Extract from Al-Rākib no. 10 by Najīb Afandi concerning F.R.W.
267/1/315
1898 Mar 23
Egyptian Army General orders, including notification of F.R.W.'s appointment as A.D.C. to the Queen
266/3/1-12
1898 Mar 9 - 29
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including W.G. Bramly to Shakūr with intelligence news from Nehel (266/3/2-3); F.R.W. to Slatin explaining the Sirdār's reasons for keeping Slatin at Halfa (266/3/4-6); congratulations to F.R.W. on his promotion, from N. Cronin (266/3/7) and Talbot (266/3/9); Talbot, with intelligence news from Korti (266/3/9-10); and Shakūr re Abyssinian affairs (266/3/11-12)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign March 1898) - 266/3/1-12
267/1/324-360
1898 Apr 5 - May 30
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns consisting of letters to F.R.W. from Slatin re desert patrols (267/1/324-325); congratulations to F.R.W. on his appointment as A.D.C. and the success of the Battle of the Atbara from H. Little (267/1/328), Wood (267/1/329), Bigge (267/1/330,344), Shakūr (267/1/332-333), Smith Dorrien (267/1/334,347), Budge (267/1/339), Beresford (267/1/345-346) and Milner (267/1/348-351); Beresford re affairs in Britain (267/1/345-346); Milner re developments in S. Africa (267/1/348-351); and M. Hallwey to Mrs. Wingate re the health of her son Ronald (267/1/355-356)
267/2/1-7
1898 Apr 8
Pocket book used by F.R.W. at the Battle of the Atbara, containing notes of casualties, memoranda and sketch map
266/4/1-17
1898 Apr 12 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including the following correspondence: congratulations to F.R.W. on success at the Battle of the Atbara from M. Oppenheim (266/4/2), Talbot (266/4/3-4), A. Hilliard Atteridge (266/4/5), Gleichen (266/4/9) and White (266/4/13); Talbot, with intelligence news from Korti (266/4/3-4,6-8); Gleichen re the preparation of his Handbook of the Nile and the Sudan south of Omdurman, with list of contents (266/4/9-11); N. Walford re the supply of guns (266/4/12); and à Court re problems with Cromer over supplies to the Sudan, the Khedive's reaction to the Battle of the Atbara and guns suitable for the attack on Omdurman (266/4/14-16). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign April 1898) - 266/4/1-17
266/4/1[MP]
Sketch map of the Mahdist camp before the battle of the Atbara, by Bimbashi M. Smyth
Size: 7 x 25 ins
Digitised material for Sketch map of the Mahdist camp before the battle of the Atbara - 1898 - SAD.266/4/1
266/5/1-22
1898 May 5 - 27
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including Talbot re surveying and drawing maps for use in the campaign and general news from Korti (266/5/1-2,11,14,19-20); à Court re gun supplies (266/5/3-4); Harrington, with news from Abyssinia, especially re progress of Abyssinian expeditions towards the Lado Enclave and Fashoda (266/5/5); Dawkins re gum arbitration (266/5/6-7); Heygate with news from Korti and re the movement of men and supplies by boat (266/5/9-10,16-17); and Gleichen re the progress of various expeditions towards Sobat and Fashoda (266/5/21-22)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign May 1898) - 266/5/1-22
267/1/361-385
1898 Jun 1 - Jul 29
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to F.R.W. at Berber and Cairo: Bigge re the Sirdār's explanation for not taking Slatin to the Atbara and re French interference on the Nile (267/1/373-374); Smith Dorrien re his appointment to the Sirdār's staff (267/1/370,375); G.W. Rusden re the final assault and re his History of Australia ; also various purely personal letters from Grenfell, Slatin, Lady Cromer, T. Reuter etc., and the following:
267/1/367-368
Translation of an article from Al-Rākib, 'Who will be Governor General of the Sudan?'
266/6/1-41
1898 Jun 3 - 30
Correspondence concerning the Nile campaigns including Benson re his experiences at the Atbara (266/6/2-5); Rogers re Slatin's failure to obtain promotion (266/6/10); Talbot, with news from Korti (266/6/11-12); telegrams re an offer from Abyssinian envoys bearing French flags to accept surrender from the Khalīfah in return for protection against Egypt (266/6/15-16,20); Rodd re an outbreak of cattle plague (266/6/18); D. Rees re the publication of news from the Sudan (266/6/19); Gleichen re progress of his report (266/6/22-23); Shakūr, with news of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (266/6/31-34); and several requests for positions in the forthcoming campaign and appointments to meet while on leave
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign June 1898) - 266/6/1-41
266/7/1-39
1898 Jul 1 - 23
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including the following correspondence: invitations to meet while on leave in England and requests for support in obtaining positions in the forthcoming campaign; telegrams from Talbot and Heygate with intelligence news from Korti (266/7/4,10); telegrams re an Abyssinian force moving on Gallabat (266/7/7,20); Shakūr, with news of the Intelligence Office in Cairo (266/7/13); Gleichen re Bonchamp's expedition up the Nile and the supply of maps and handbooks to the front (266/7/25,33); E. Feilding re correspondents accompanying the expedition (266/7/26); and Slatin re his orders to proceed to Berber (266/7/34). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign July 1898) - 266/7/1-39
266/7/39
Newspaper cutting - 'The coming Soudan campaign. Departures from London this morning'
267/1/386-423
1898 Aug 2 - Oct 31
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including letters to F.R.W. at Atbara and Cairo, from Shakūr re the appearance of a new newspaper Egyptian Soudan, backing the Khalīfah's cause and re the supply of maps to assist in the final assault (267/1/390); Alfred Wingate (cousin), with news of his career prospects in China (267/1/394-396); congratulations to F.R.W. on the success at Omdurman from A. Wingate (267/1/397), Slatin (267/1/398-399), Blundell (267/1/400), the Queen and the Khedive (267/1/401), Bigge (267/1/415-417) and Budge (267/1/418-419); Neufeld, expressing thanks for his escape and re difficulties in adjusting to European life (267/1/409-410); M. Marchand, thanking F.R.W. for his treatment at Fashoda (267/1/411); Crossland re the publication of Neufeld's memoirs (267/1/413-414); Bigge re the success at Fashoda (267/1/415-417); Mason with news of conditions in Roseires (267/1/420-421); and Wood re tactics employed at Omdurman (267/1/422-423). Also includes army orders listing officers taking part in the final campaign and congratulating troops on their success (267/1/389,393,401-404,406)
266/8/1-11
1898 Aug 4 - 28
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including a letter from Gleichen with intelligence news from Bor and Rejaf (266/8/1); and articles on the progress of the campaign (266/8/7-11)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign August 1898) - 266/8/1-11
267/3/1-16
1898 Sep
Notebook used by F.R.W. at the Battle of Omdurman and at Fashoda, containing a copy of one despatch, sketches and envelopes
266/9/1-31
1898 Sep 1 - 30
Papers concerning the Nile campaigns including correspondence from Marchand at Fashoda to the leader of the French Mission urging his swift arrival (12 Jul) and describing an attack by Mahdist forces on 25 Aug (1 Sep) (copies, 266/9/1-3); congratulations on the successes at Omdurman and Fashoda from Rodd (266/9/5), Shakūr (266/9/7-10), G.F. Walker (266/9/20-21) and Gleichen (266/9/22); Rodd re French involvement at Fashoda (266/9/6); Shakūr re Egyptian reaction to the victory (266/9/7-10) and re the success at Fashoda and arrival of Neufeld in Cairo (266/9/17-19); Gleichen re Abyssinian affairs and in particular Harrington's mission (266/9/22-24); F.R.W. re Wellby's proposed expedition to Addis Ababa (266/9/25). Also includes the following printed items:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign September 1898) - 266/9/1-31
266/9/15-16
1898
Extract from British documents on the origins of the War VI by Gooch and Temperly on the Fashoda incident, including a copy of Kitchener's despatch of 21 Sep
266/9/27
1898 Sep 1
'How Father Rossignoli escaped from the Mahdi' from St. James's Gazette
266/9/28-30
1898 Aug 30 - Sep 3
Newspaper cuttings on the progress towards Omdurman and the occupation of Khartoum
430/6/4-5
1898 Oct 2
Petition from 69 notables of Omdurman to the Sirdār, H.H. Kitchener, appealing for fairer treatment of local people by soldiers searching for Mahdist supporters
Arabic with English translation
266/10/1-18
1898 Oct 3 - 30
Correspondence to and from F.R.W. including requests from correspondents for information (266/10/3,5); Harrington, with news of Abyssinia (266/10/6); G. Smith, with news from Fashoda (266/10/8); Gleichen re the possibility of war, progress of Leontieff and Abyssinian affairs (266/10/12,16); Shakūr re his alleged mistreatment by F.R.W. (266/10/13-14); Blundell re his proposed expedition to Abyssinia (266/10/15)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign October 1898) - 266/10/1-18
266/11/1-50
1898 Nov 2 - 29
Papers concerning events after the Battle of Omdurman including correspondence from Talbot re building work at Khartoum and conditions prevailing at Omdurman (266/11/4); Maxwell re lack of machinery for governing the Sudan and the unsuitability of soldiers for civil administration (266/11/7-8); Cromer and F.R.W. re Marchand's mission to Abyssinia (266/11/9,12,14); H. Rawley and C.M. Sheldon re Kitchener's reception in London (266/11/15-16,20-23); Talbot re governing of the Sudan provinces and lack of finance for surveying (266/11/17-18); P. Machell re the relief of Cairo police from military duties (266/11/19); Parsons, with news of Gedaref (266/11/25); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the French Mission at Fort Desaix, Bahr el Ghazal, affairs at Gedaref and Gallabat and problems of dealing with western tribes (266/11/27-32); Reuters's telegrams including references to K.C.M.G.'s for F.R.W. and Slatin (266/11/33-34); Gleichen re Marchand's mission in Abyssinia (266/11/44); Harrington with news of Abyssinia (266/11/46). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign November 1898) - 266/11/1-50
266/11/47-50
1898
Article by A. Hilliard Atteridge on 'The Battle of Ferkeh, June 7 1896'
267/1/424-473
1898 Nov 5 - Dec 31
Papers concerning events after the reconquest including letters to F.R.W. at Cairo and in England, from Bigge re the mutual dislike of Kitchener and Slatin (267/1/426); Marchand re his return to Fashoda, with reply (267/1/428-431); F.R.W. to Bigge re his K.C.M.G., the success at Fashoda and difficulties in securing the southern Sudan frontier (267/1/432-436); Reuters's telegram announcing K.C.M.G.'s for F.R.W. and Slatin (267/1/441); J. Douglas Murray re Sir Samuel Baker (267/1/446); White re conflict with the French in the Nile basin, his report on Siwa and the Egyptian question (267/1/447-450); J. Collinson with news from Gedaref including re problems at the frontier post at Gallabat, description of local tribes, etc., (267/1/451-453,460-461); Rundle, with news of garrisons at Sennar and Karkoj (267/1/455-456); J.R. O'Connell with news of Gallabat (267/1/472). Also includes:
SAD.267/1/424
1895 Jul 30
Table plan for an annual dinner of the Royal Geographical Society, held at the Hotel Metropole, with President of the Society, Clements R. Markham in the chair
267/1/447-448
1898 Nov 22
Outline of argument on the Egyptian question by A. Silva White
266/12/1-45
1898 Dec 1 - 31
Papers concerning events after the reconquest including letters of congratulations to F.R.W. on his K.C.M.G. from Talbot (266/12/1), H.W. Jackson (266/12/4), D.F. Lewis (266/12/13), F.J. Nason (266/12/17), Callwell (266/12/26) and A. Godden (266/12/27); Jackson re a recent patrol in the Bahr el Ghazal, conditions at Fashoda and difficulties in carrying out orders, establishment of a post at Juba and contents of letters from Amīr `Arabī Daf `Allāh (266/12/4-6,22-23); Gleichen re affairs in Abyssinia and the Nile Valley (266/12/9,20-21,29); Talbot re difficulties in establishing order and government in the Sudan (266/12/11-12); Lewis and Nason re the search for Aḥmad Faḍl (266/12/13-14,17); F.R.W. re the foundation of a Hamill Stewart scholarship at Gordon Memorial College (266/12/19); Blundell re Abyssinian affairs (266/12/34); Jackson re negotiations with the Shilluk (266/12/35-36). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate papers (Nile Campaign December 1898) - 266/12/1-45
266/12/7
Sketch map of rivers in the Bahr el Ghazal as described by Gen. Marchand
266/12/45
1898 Dec 31
Newspaper article on '1898' from The Times
179/6/8-20
1899 Dec 8 - 12
Egyptian Army memoranda concerning a staff ride and field operations
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/6/8-20
113/4/1-61
[c.1899]
Alphabetical index of old intelligence archives, registers and Dervish correspondence, held by the Sudan Government Intelligence Office, Cairo
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.113/4
Wingate's Sudan career, 1899-1916
Papers covering the short period of Kitchener's Governor-Generalship and the death of the Khalīfah, 1899; and Wingate's service as Governor-General of the Sudan and Sirdār of the Egyptian Army from 1899 to 1916. The papers reflect all aspects of the government and development of the Sudan, both civil and military. Each file consists chiefly of correspondence to and from Wingate, but filed with the letters are reports, memoranda, maps, newspaper cuttings, etc., most of which are itemised in the catalogue. Among the subjects covered are the following: the capture of `Uthmān Diqnah (1900); the rebuilding of Khartoum; the development of a civil administration, both in Khartoum and the provinces; the control of missionary work; the establishment of Gordon College; tribal disturbances and punitive patrols; securing of frontiers, particularly between the Sudan and Abyssinia; encouragement and control of commercial investment in the Sudan; the promotion of tourism; investment in railways, roads and bridges; control of archaeological expeditions; delimitation of national boundaries; development of trade and agriculture; negotiations with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and the development of the Gezira; public health; the opening of the Nile - Red Sea railway, 1906; relations between Cairo and Khartoum and the takeover of the Lado Enclave; repercussions of the First World War; and the 1916 campaign against `Alī Dīnār. There are numerous references to affairs in Sinai, Somaliland, Abyssinia, Uganda and Yemen.
101/12/1-18
1898 Sep 2 - 1899 Nov 24
Documents belonging to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi ibn Muḥammad consisting of letters received from commanders and shaikhs and copies of letters despatched, together with lists and returns. The dated documents were all written in 1316 and 1317 [1898 and 1899] between the Khalīfah's defeat at Omdurman on 2 Sep 1898 and his death at Umm Diwaykarāt on 24 Nov 1899. For further details of content, see R.L. Hill's Handlist of Arabic manuscripts at Durham
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.101/12
SAD.101/4/1-2
[ca. 1898]
Passage in prose and verse, found in a bag in the possession of Shaikh al-Mudaththir Ibrahim, secretary to the Khalifah, with translation and explanatory note in F.R.W.'s hand
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/4
SAD.101/7/2
[ca. 1890s]
Fragment of Arabic repetition of passage from the qur'an
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/7
SAD.101/7/3-7
[ca. 1890s]
Five pages torn from the qur'an
Arabic
SAD.100/1/22-27
[ca. 1890s]
Detached portion of the qur'an, including suras Ibrahim, Qaf and al-Ahqaf (incomplete)
Arabic
Digitised material for Qur'an fragment - SAD.100/1/22-27
101/1/1-22
[1898/1899]
Twenty letters from Kitchener and Maxwell to various shaikhs and maks in Dār Nūba, inciting them to unite and kill the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi, variously dated 1316 and 1317. The letters were apparently brought by the addressees to the Khalīfah and found on his dead body on the battlefield of Umm Diwaykarāt, 24 Nov 1899
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/1
269/1/1-40
1899 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F. Rhodes concerning criticism in the press of the destruction of the Mahdī's tomb and the indiscriminate slaughter of Dervish wounded after the Battle of Omdurman (269/1/6); Gleichen concerning probable reduction in allowance for payment of messengers and secret agents (269/1/11); H.W. Jackson concerning the expense of intelligence gathering at Fashoda, an assembly of tribal headmen and shaikhs in Fashoda for the purpose of registration, the selection of maks for the Shilluk and Dinka tribes, the division of Dinka country for administrative purposes and re F.R.W.'s promotion to A.G. (269/1/12,16); J.K. Watson concerning the distribution of troops on the Blue Nile and the strength of Kitchener's company at the outset of the attempt to capture the Khalīfah (269/1/17); J.G. Maxwell concerning an engagement of forces commanded by D.F. Lewis with those of Aḥmad Faḍl, the despatch of a force under Col. Sir Frederick Kitchener in pursuit of the Khalīfah and comments on the danger of too much centralisation in Omdurman (269/1/19-21); H. Hamilton concerning the need for rationalisation of army administration and offering congratulations on F.R.W.'s K.C.M.G. (269/1/24-25); Lewis concerning his defeat of the Amīr Aḥmad Faḍl at Roseires, the Sirdār's order to occupy Fazughli, the difficulties of maintaining a garrison south of Wad Medani due to the effects of fever, the lack of available labour to build barracks, his appointment and orders as Governor of Sennar and congratulations on F.R.W.'s appointment as A.G. (269/1/32-34). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/1/1-40 - correspondence January1899
269/1/7
Newspaper cutting concerning allegations that the Dervish wounded were indescriminately slaughtered after the Battle of Omdurman
269/1/39-40
Copy list of Kitchener papers in the Public Record Office
269/2/1-94
1899 Feb 1 - 8
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kitchener criticising Gorst's handling of finance for the Sudan (269/2/1-2); F.R.W. to Hamilton re the organisation of correspondence between Omdurman and Cairo, staff shortages and the maintenance of two War Offices, one in Cairo and one in Khartoum (269/2/5-12); Kitchener re the refugee question, the size and resources of the Khalīfah's force and its support from al-Khātim wad Mūsā and re the quality of his own force (269/2/18-19,85-86); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the pressures of administrative work and the need to separate civil and military affairs, the resettlement of refugees and troops after the Battle of Omdurman, financial restrictions imposed by Gorst and Cromer, the acquisition of furnishings for the palace at Khartoum, the powers of the Governor-General and the pending visit of Cecil Rhodes to Khartoum (269/2/20-29); M.G. Talbot re the problems of administration, lack of communication between the Sirdār and Lord Cromer, resettlement of refugees, staffing problems in the new administration, plans for the defeat of the Khalīfah and inaccurate intelligence concerning the size of his force (269/2/33,35-36); Kitchener re lack of communication with Cromer (269/2/34); Gleichen re difficulties in obtaining information from south of Omdurman (269/2/37); A. Ruthven and McKerrell re the price of grain at Kassala and Gedaref (269/2/39,41); Cromer, F.R.W., and W.S. Gordon re the construction of the Atbara-Khartoum railway and the Atbara bridge (269/2/40,45-46,60-64); F.R.W. to Gleichen re the division of work in the Sudan Office in Cairo into civil and financial and intelligence and political, appeals for more staff and the compilation of the intelligence diary up to the end of 1898 (269/2/71-76); C.S. Parsons re Kitchener's criticism of his engagement at Gedaref with the Mahdist forces of Aḥmad Faḍl and Parsons's criticism of Col. Kitchener's retreat from the pursuit of the Khalīfah (269/2/83-84); Kitchener re the financial resources of the Khalīfah (269/2/85-86); F.R.W. to W. O'Leary re the Sirdār's salary (269/2/87); Rundle re rumours of the Khalīfah's advance and controversy over the desecration of the Mahdī's tomb (269/2/90). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/2/1-94 - correspondence February 1899
269/2/47-48
Note on the price of grain in Omdurman, Gedaref and Kassala
269/2/49-50
Note on the construction of the Atbara-Khartoum railway
269/2/51
Note on the sudd
269/2/52-57
Note on reconnaissance trips up the Bahr el Ghazal, Bahr el Jebel, Bahr el Zeraf and Sobat rivers
269/2/58-59
Note on the Sudan telegraph extension south of Khartoum
269/2/61-64
Note by W.S. Gordon on the design and construction of the Atbara bridge
269/2/69
1899 Feb 18
Cutting from the Hobart Mercury on a lecture by Rev. George Clarke on the Sudan campaign
269/2/92-94
Despatches from Her Majesty's Agent and Consul-General in Egypt respecting the conduct of the British and Egyptian troops after the Battle of Omdurman Egypt no. 1 (1899) cd. 9133
101/13/1
[1899 Feb 21]
Petition to the Khalīfah `Abd Allāhi by the Ḥāmid tribe of Dar Ḥāmid in Kordofan, complaining that the anṣār had carried out a raid against them. Dated 10 Shawwāl 1316
Arabic
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.101/13/1
269/3/1-63
1899 Mar 4 - 13
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Parsons re questions in the House of Commons on the occupation of Kassala, G.W. Benson's patrol and subsequent operations around Gedaref, the failure of reports on these actions to reach the War Office and his continuing acrimony with Kitchener over the engagement at Gedaref with Aḥmad Faḍl (269/3/3-4,57-58); Kitchener re the lack of finance in the Sudan and staffing problems (269/3/7-8); Cromer to Kitchener re an urgent request for administrative staff to assist F.R.W. and the possibility of separating the administrative work of the Sudan from that of the A.G. (269/3/9); Kitchener re Sudan finance and a possible respite in the Khalīfah's activities (269/3/10); D.F. Lewis re his recent engagement with the forces of Aḥmad Faḍl at Roseires, description of the country around Sennar and its people, re the sale of arms by the Kenana to the Khalīfah and the inadequacy of his present force to prevent a possible advance on Renk or Ed Dueim by the Khalīfah (269/3/11-13); F.R.W. to Rodd proposing the creation of a separate Sudan Office to handle the administrative work of the Sudan (269/3/16-21); F.R.W. and Kitchener re the Sudan budgets for 1898 and 1899 (269/3/22-31); Slatin re the dispute between France and England over the western Sudan frontier (269/3/32-33,38-39); Malortie re treatment of Kitchener in the London press (269/3/35); E.S. Wortley re resentment in Britain at the disposal of the Mahdī's body and public criticism of the proposed Khartoum College (269/3/41-42); Gleichen re questions in the House of Commons concerning Parsons's actions at Kassala, Kitchener's failure to send home any of Parsons's reports and comment on Kitchener's treatment of Parsons (269/3/45); H. Hamilton re recruiting requirements for the Egyptian Army (269/3/52); W.S. Churchill and F.R.W. re the former's account of the causes of the Sudan revolt and its implied criticism of Kitchener (269/3/59-61). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/3/1-63 - correspondence March 1899
269/3/18-21
Notes by F.R.W. on the creation of a Sudan Office in Cairo
269/4/1-41
1899 Apr 1 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Churchill re his request for F.R.W.'s criticism on certain chapters of his forthcoming book, The river war (269/4/1); Wood re F.R.W. having to do A.G.'s work and intelligence work without adequate assistance, comment on Kitchener's treatment of Parsons, the need for more British soldiers in Egypt and the possible reasons for Slatin's resignation from the Egyptian Army (269/4/2-3); Talbot re difficulties in surveying the Sudan, famine on the White Nile and the high price of grain in Omdurman (269/4/5); F.J. Pink re the need for higher education and training of native army officers (269/4/6); F. Rhodes re problems presented by the sudd (269/4/8); Talbot and F.R.W. to `Alī Dīnār re the organisation of government in Darfur and security of its frontiers against the Sultans of the west (269/4/13,19); Hamilton re leave for British soldiers, the strength of units in Omdurman, recruiting, and confusion concerning the collating and forwarding of returns (269/4/14-15); Gleichen re the proposal to raise the level of the Albert Nyanza (269/4/16); Somers Clarke to Cromer re the preservation of antiquities in the Sudan (269/4/17); Maxwell re the overdue payment of compensation to Muḥammad Sharīf, a former tutor to the Mahdī (269/4/20-21); Kitchener re his denial of the accusations concerning the reports of Parsons and Benson on operations around Kassala and Gedaref, the abolition of special allowances for active operations and the idea becoming current among native officers that the Sirdār is the Staff Officer of the British Consul General instead of the Khedive (269/4/22-23); G.F. Gorringe re building work at Khartoum (269/4/24-25); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the decision not to publish the reports of Parsons and Benson (269/4/26); Gleichen re the Sudan intelligence report for 1898 and the need for a history of the Sudan campaign 1896-99 (269/4/32)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/4/1-41 - correspondence April 1899
269/5/1-11
1899 May 2 - 24
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin re the strength of the Khalīfah's force and the possibility of sending an expedition against him in July or October (269/5/1); Lewis re his dislike of civil duties and the reduction of the Famaka garrison (269/5/2-3); G.F. Walker re information for the Sudan Hand Book and the decision not to publish the reports of Parsons, Benson and Lewis on operations around Kassala and Gedaref (269/5/5)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/5/1-11 - correspondence May 1899
269/6/1-26
1899 Jun 8 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Churchill re his request for F.R.W.'s criticism of his forthcoming book The river war (269/6/15); A. Bigge re treatment of Parsons by Kitchener and the British Government (269/6/21-22); Gleichen re preparation work for a history of the Sudan and Churchill's request for criticism on his forthcoming book (269/6/23); Benson re the Kassala despatches, his missing report and Kitchener's treatment of Parsons (269/6/26). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/6/1-26 - correspondence June 1899
269/6/1-13
Notes on the re-armament of the Egyptian Army artillery since the year 1883, by Y.A. Faḍlī
269/7/1-45
1899 Jul 2 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Parsons re his continuing acrimony with Kitchener (269/7/8,26-27); H. Grenfell re the death of Lady Grenfell (269/7/10); T. Capper re movements and strength of the Khalīfah's force (269/7/12-13); Gleichen re the 1898 intelligence diary and preparatory work for a history of the Sudan (269/7/21); W.E. Bailey with news of Egyptian Army personnel in Cairo (269/7/22-24); Cromer re Kitchener's views on the treatment of Parsons (269/7/25); Parsons re news of his K.C.M.G. from the Queen (269/7/34-35); C. Fergusson re floods in Omdurman (269/7/41); E.G. Harman re organising a system of government for the Sudan and government responsibility for refugees (269/7/45)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/7/1-45 - correspondence July 1899
269/8/1-75
1899 Aug 6 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kitchener re the need for a survey of the Abyssinian frontier (269/8/2); Bailey with news of Egyptian Army personnel and re progress on the Atbara-Khartoum railway and the Atbara bridge (269/8/3,9); N.B. Shuqair re administration and staffing in the Cairo Intelligence Office and the possibility of moving the office to Khartoum (269/8/4-7); Lewis re the lack of native officers in the Egyptian Army, the possibility of an expedition after the Khalīfah and the distribution of officers and men in the district of Sennar (269/8/10-12); Talbot re surveying expeditions along the Abyssinian frontier (269/8/13); A.S. White re his proposed expedition to Siwa (269/8/68). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/8/1-75 - correspondence August 1899
269/8/22-67
Notes on the Egyptian Army and the Sudan for the Encyclopaedia Britannica including up to date information on the size and whereabouts of the Khalīfah's force
269/8/72-73
List of papers taken by D.M.I. to Omdurman on 29 Aug 1899
269/9/1-45
1899 Sep 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from A.F. Gadden re the payment of salvage for the S.S. Alfrida (269/9/3); Bailey re possible sabotage to the Atbara-Khartoum railway (269/9/12-13); Bigge re the transfer of troops from India to South Africa (269/9/21-22); Talbot re movements of the Khalīfah and `Arabī Daf `Allāh and steps taken to mount an expedition against them, progress in construction of the Atbara-Khartoum railway, the telegraph line from Khartoum and public buildings in Khartoum, unrest among the Kabābīsh in Kordofan, the settlement of refugees and the resulting strain on the budget, the state of the harvest and consequent price of grain (269/9/26,31-32). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/9/1-45 - correspondence September 1899
269/9/38-39
Newspaper cuttings from The Daily Telegraph on the despatch of an expedition against the Khalīfah
269/9/45
List of duplicates of Dervish books and proclamations
269/10/1-13
1899 Oct 1 - 29
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin re his request for Kitchener's permission to enter the Sudan (269/10/5-6); Rodd re controversy over recent reports in The Daily Telegraph on the decision to send an expedition against the Khalīfah (269/10/8-9); Bigge re the decision to abandon the expedition against the Khalīfah for the present, progress of the war in South Africa and the great loss of life there (269/10/12-13)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/10/1-13 - correspondence October 1899
269/11/1-28
1899 Nov 7 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Rodd re the delimitation of the Abyssinian frontier and the progress of the war in South Africa (269/11/1); F.R.W. to Kitchener re proposals to raise a Sudanese force against the Khalīfah, confusion and speculation as to the Khalīfah's whereabouts and intentions, the forthcoming deportation law and the progress of building in Khartoum (269/11/2-4); Parsons re criticism of Kitchener in Churchill's book The river war (269/11/5); C. Radcliffe re conditions in the Nile Military District of Uganda (269/11/6-7); H.W. Jackson re the shortage of staff in Berber Province, the state of the harvest and resulting price of grain, difficulties in collecting taxes on grain, transport problems and the new penal code for the Sudan (269/11/8,13-14); Slatin, congratulating F.R.W. on his success against Aḥmad Faḍl (269/11/15); F.R.W. to Cromer (269/11/20) and Kitchener (269/11/23) re the defeat of the Khalīfah. Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/11/1-28 - correspondence November 1899
269/11/16
Reuters's telegram reporting the success of a force under F.R.W. against Aḥmad Faḍl
269/11/23-26
Newspaper cuttings from The Morning Post on the defeat of the Khalīfah
269/12/1-83
1899 Dec 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including various offers of congratulations on F.R.W.'s appointment as Sirdār and Governor-General of the Sudan and correspondence from B.R. Mitford re the defeat of the Khalīfah (269/12/3); F. Maxey re lack of official recognition at home for the defeat of the Khalīfah due to the worsening situation in South Africa (269/12/9); M. Peake re sudd cutting operations (269/12/10); Cromer and F.R.W. re the former's wish for an official complimentary order from the Khedive to Kitchener on his departure from the Sudan (269/12/23,27); F.R.W. and Maxwell re the proposed appointment of the latter as commandant of troops, Omdurman (269/12/29-31,42-50,63-67,72-73); Hickman re the need for an English commanded battalion at Dongola (269/12/53-54); Maxwell re his reservations about serving under F.R.W., recommendations concerning reorganisation of the army and civil staff after Kitchener's departure and the need for a larger police force and the introduction of an elementary system of education (269/12/55-60); E. Palmer and D.M. Sinadino re the price of land in the Greek quarter of Alexandria (269/12/68,70,78); B. Mahon re developments at El Obeid (269/12/75-76); Lewis re progress on building in Sennar District and the need to keep camels for transportation (269/12/79-83). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.269/12/1-83 - correspondence December 1899
269/12/4
Newspaper cutting re military action in the Boer War
269/12/11-13
1899 Dec 9
Newspaper cuttings from The Morning Post on the Khalīfah's last stand and his death
269/12/15-17
1899 Dec 16
Newspaper cuttings from The Tablet on lack of comment in the British press about the final collapse of Mahdism, the state of the Sudan and the tasks now facing the British administration, and agreement regarding the Eritrea/Sudan boundary
269/12/24-25
Draft complimentary order from the Khedive to Kitchener recognising his valuable services to Egypt
269/12/34
1899 Dec 23
Special Order of The Day by the Khedive expressing appreciation for Kitchener's valuable services on his departure from the Sudan
269/12/39
1899 Dec 24
Special War Office Gazette announcing promotions and decorations for services rendered during operations at Gedid
269/12/61
Copy extract from al-Ahrām on Wingate's appointment as Sirdār and Governor-General
101/24/1
[c. 1899]
Address to F.R.W. from Muḥammad Aḥmad al-`Umarī expressing thanksgiving, loyalty and greetings and wishing Wingate a long and happy life
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/23/1
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/24/1
SAD.100/2/1
[c. 1899]
Part of a letter from al-Zubair Pasha Rahma Mansur to Wingate specifying the various benefits he had received from the Sudan Government
Arabic
Digitised material for Part of a letter from al-Zubair Pasha Rahma Mansur to Wingate - SAD.100/2/1
SAD.101/15/1-25
[1899]
Paper pouch covered with red cloth, containing fragments of paper covered in Arabic writing and numerals, found on the body of the Khalifa `Abd Allahi on the battlefield of Umm Diwaykarat, 24 November 1899
270/1/1-61
1900 Jan 1 - 15
Papers from Wingate's Sudan career including correspondence from Maxwell re the administration of civil and financial affairs in Omdurman, the drawing up of army regulations, progress of building in Khartoum, the expected cost of the upkeep of the palace and staffing problems caused by officers leaving for South Africa (270/1/18-22); R.B. Lane re the possibility of ceding the Gulf of Salūm to Germany (270/1/23); H.W. Jackson re progress in Berber District and his reluctance to serve under Maxwell (270/1/27-29); H.W. Blundell re setbacks in the South African war (270/1/32); Wingate to Wood re the Army Board's decision not to transfer any more Egyptian Army officers to South Africa (270/1/36-39); Maxwell re falling standards at the Military School (270/1/42-43); Rodd re criteria for deportations from the Sudan (270/1/47-48); Lewis re the collection of taxes in Sennar Province and an outbreak of rinderpest in the south (270/1/49); F.R.W. to Queen Victoria re Slatin's return to the Sudan and the possible capture of `Uthmān Diqnah (270/1/51-58); F.R.W. to Cromer re the transfer of Egyptian Army officers to South Africa (270/1/59); Maxwell re progress of rebuilding work at Khartoum Palace and revenue and expenditure in the Sudan (270/1/60-61). Also includes:
270/1/1-9
Note by Wingate on the mutiny in Omdurman, Dec 1899 - Jan 1900 (intended for inclusion in his memoirs)
270/1/24-26
1900 Jan 6
Newspaper cuttings from The Times on the death of the Khalīfah and the capture of `Uthmān Diqnah
270/1/62-104
1900 Jan 16 - 31
Papers from Wingate's Sudan career including correspondence from Maxwell re sudd cutting operations, the activities of missionaries in Khartoum, discontent among the native Egyptian Army officers, the appointment of a head shaikh of the Kabābīsh, Kitchener's views on the employment of native army officers, unfair treatment of British officers serving in the Sudan, problems of sanitation, progress of rebuilding Khartoum, the sale of land, the strength of the Sudanese battalions, the fixing of boundaries between districts and the need to establish a position of power with `Alī Dīnār (270/1/69-78); H.W. Jackson re the arrival of `Uthmān Diqnah in eastern Sudan and the opening of Berber town mosque (270/1/79-80); Cromer and Queen Victoria offering congratulations on the capture of `Uthmān Diqnah (270/1/83,85-86); Wingate to Cromer (270/1/89-90) and Maxwell (270/1/91-93) re the mutiny of Sudanese troops in Omdurman and the drain of officers to South Africa. Also includes:
270/1/63-64
Notes on the treatment of fever patients
270/1/99-100
General notes by Slatin on the state of affairs in the Sudan, in particular the plight of freed slaves
270/1/103
1900 Jan 30
Newspaper cutting from The Globe on the defeat and death of the Khalīfah
270/1/104
Illustration from Punch showing F.R.W. with the captured `Uthmān Diqnah
270/2/1-49
1900 Feb 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Sparkes re the loss of senior officers from the Sudan to South Africa (270/2/1-2); Gorringe re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/2/3-4); W.S. Sparkes re an interview with the Khedive on the Omdurman mutiny and the imprisonment of `Uthmān Diqnah (270/2/17-18,24-25); Sparkes re leave and dress regulations for British officers (270/2/42-43); H.A. Macdonald re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/2/46). Also includes :
270/2/11,13-16
Newspaper cuttings re the troubled situation in Egypt and the Sudan and the attitudes of Germany, France and Italy
270/2/27-28
1900 Feb 15 - Mar 21
Household accounts
270/2/32-34
Statement by Zubayr Pasha on his mistreatment by the Khedive
270/2/40-41
Notes on the rates of pay of Indian Cavalry, and Hong Kong and Chinese regiments, by A. Wingate
270/2/48-49
Draft order for the division of the Sudan Office into two sections, one financial and one civil
270/3/1-44
1900 Mar 4 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including letters of congratulations on F.R.W.'s promotion to Major General and correspondence from Wood re the mutiny in Omdurman (270/3/4); Cromer re the need to exclude missionaries from the Sudan (270/3/5-8); Lewis re an outbeak of rinderpest in Sennar Province and the attractions of Wad Medani as a province headquarters (270/3/13-14,17-18); F.J. Nason re the condition of the Berber canal (270/3/26-27); Cromer re an increase in the slave trade in the Sudan (270/3/29); Maxse and Gorringe re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/3/30-32,40-44). Also includes :
270/3/15
Extract from Notes and queries 9th S.V. 10 Mar 1900, on mail shirts in the Sudan
270/4/1-35
1900 Apr 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters of congratulations on F.R.W.'s K.C.B. and correspondence from Lewis re problems in construction of battalion headquarters at Wad Medani and the need to buy land there for government use (270/4/1-2,6); Maxwell and J.M. Graham Maxwell re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/4/4-5,8); F.R.W., Cromer and C.E. Dawkins re commissioning a report on the Sudan forests (270/4/9-18); S. Henry and Watson re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/4/26-28); Bigge re the proposed visit to Great Britain by the Khedive and the progress of the war in South Africa (270/4/33-34). Also includes :
270/4/35
1900 Apr 4
Newspaper cuttings on the lack of rewards for the final expedition against the Khalīfah
270/5/1-60
1900 May 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters of congratulations on F.R.W.'s K.C.B. and invitations to meet while on leave in London, and correspondence from B. Mahon re the progress of the war in South Africa and his command of a column to relieve Mafeking (270/5/1); G.E. Matthews re the construction of a dam on the river Gash at Kassala, its importance to the economy of the area and requesting that some of his battalion be allowed to work on the dam with the prospect of colonising the area in the future (270/5/10-11); A. Milner re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/5/12-13); Nason re completion of the Bauga canal bringing water to Berber (270/5/17); F. Rhodes re the increasing popularity of Winston Churchill and his recent speech on the army estimates (270/5/18-19); Sparkes re his dislike of civil work and the success of the new Egyptian Officers' Club in Berber (270/5/21-22); H.W. Jackson re the despatch of gifts to `Alī Dīnār (270/5/25); Fergusson re the progress of building in Khartoum (270/5/27); Bigge and Lewis re the visit of the Khedive to London (270/5/30,41-43); J. Ward re cutting a passage through the sudd and opening the Sudan to visitors and trade (270/5/36); M. Fowler re a site for the Anglican church in Khartoum and the possibility of building a Coptic church there (270/5/45); O.H. Pedley re a minor dispute with the Italians over frontier lines in Kassala, reduction of the Sudanese regiments, the colonisation scheme and the continuing fight against rinderpest (270/5/55-57); Sparkes re the progress of sudd cutting, the scheme to reduce the Sudanese regiments and compilation of Egyptian Army regulations (270/5/58-59)
270/6/1-115
1900 Jun 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters concerning arrangements for the Khedive's visit to London and correspondence from C.E.G. Blunt re the death of Rogers (270/6/3); T.G. Hickman re the need for a permanent civil administration, the collection of herd tax in Dongola and the discovery of salt near Selima Wells (270/6/7-9); H.W. Jackson re the unsettled question of the Abyssinian frontier and further outbreaks of rinderpest in Berber District (270/6/22); W.H. Drage re the increase in the number of native boats on the Nile, the cost of transporting Gezira grain to Dueim and the death of Rogers (270/6/25-27); F. Gore Anley re progress of the war in South Africa (270/6/30-32); C. Hatman re the decision of the Town Council of Dunbar to confer on F.R.W. the freedom of the burgh (270/6/49); Sanderson re the conditions the Egyptian Government may impose on King Leopold for sending stores to his Congo possessions via the Sudan (270/6/107); Sanīn Ḥusayn, swearing his allegiance to the Egyptian Government and opposition to `Alī Dīnār (270/6/108-110); A. Watson (chaplain) re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/6/114-115). Also includes:
270/6/5-6
Notes on the inscriptions on the Khalīfah's sword
270/6/76-88
Notes on the organisation of the British War Office
270/6/89
List of A.D.C.'s to the Queen
270/7/1-26
1900 Jul 2 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Bigge re the Khedive's visit to London (270/7/1); F.R.W. to Cromer re a request for a prospecting commission from a new Sudan company called the Sennar Syndicate, concessions to British officers in the Egyptian Army and the necessity for a British grant to assist in Sudan administration (270/7/13-14)
270/8/1-44
1900 Aug 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence to F.R.W. and Lady Wingate while on leave in Britain: F.R.W. to Cromer, and R. Talbot re an assault on British officers by Egyptian officers and resulting friction in the Egyptian Army (270/8/4-5,15-16); Hickman and A. Hunter re progress of the war in South Africa (270/8/11-13,28); Bailey, proposing F.R.W. as District Grand Master of the Sudan masons (270/8/20); Cromer re Slatin's anomalous position in the Egyptian Army (270/8/22-23,27); J.L. Harrington re preparations for a mission to Abyssinia (270/8/35,40). Also includes :
270/8/14
1900 Aug 6
Eye-sketch of ground near Pretoria, by N. Cuthbertson showing camps of T.G. Hickman's force on 25 Jul and 3 Aug 1900 and the affair of 2 Aug
scale:   half in. to 1 mile
Size: 13 x 8 ins
270/8/42
List of distinguished burgesses of Dunbar
270/9/1-25
1900 Sep 2 - 25
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Gorringe re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/9/3-4); M.G. Talbot re the problem of peasant indebtedness in India and the Sudan (270/9/6); Watson and P.W. Lyallais re the progress of the war in South Africa and the pursuit of de Witt (270/9/13,15); Talbot re the proposal for a permanent field service survey section in the Sudan (270/9/18); W.E. Garstin re sudd clearance operations (270/9/19,20); Nason re the successful harvest around Berber (270/9/23); Carrington re the success of the recent visit to London by the Khedive (270/9/25)
270/10/1-23
1900 Oct 2 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin re the decision to appoint 8 civilians for work in the Sudan and the need to strenghthen the garrison at El Obeid (270/10/5-6); F. Gore Anley and Gorringe re the progress of the war in South Africa and the type of weaponry used (270/10/7-9,14-15); Drage re the need for contracts to dispose of surplus food and the progress of building in Khartoum (270/10/11-13); Cromer and A. Hunter re F.R.W.'s request to recall Egyptian Army officers from South Africa (270/10/17,22)
270/11/1-19
1900 Nov 2 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Watson re his return to the Egyptian Army from South Africa (270/11/2-3); D. Rees and R. Talbot re the death of Le Gallais (270/11/7-8); and Rundle re the progress of the war in South Africa (270/11/15-17). Also includes:
270/11/12-13
1900 Nov 17
Memorandum on service of British officers in the Egyptian Army
270/12/1-21
1900 Dec 1 - 24
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Walter Kitchener and E. Williams re the intelligence provided by the Kordofan expedition the previous year (270/12/3-4); M.B.D. Jackson re the progress of the war in South Africa and Kitchener's position there (270/12/5-8); Bigge re Slatin's wish to be granted a rank in the British Army and British Army reform (270/12/9-11); Gleichen re his return to the Sudan from South Africa (270/12/13). Also includes:
270/12/14-19
1900 Dec 24
Copy of the official greeting to Viscount Cromer on his visit to the Sudan (with draft)
270/12/21
1900 Dec 26
State of troops for the review by Lord Cromer
SAD.106/2/1-12
n.d. [ca.1900-1916]
Nominal roll of members of leading Sudanese families, arranged according to the groups in which they were living at the time, including the families of the Mahdi, the Khalifa `Abd Allahi, Khalifa `Ali wad Hilu, Khalifa Sharif and former Dervish amirs
271/1/1-36
1901 Jan 3 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from A.H. [?] requesting assistance in transporting building materials to the Nile stations of Uganda via Gondokoro (271/1/25); F.R.W. to Cromer re the state of Gordon's department and the need to put pressure on him to resign, and F.R.W.'s comments on his annual report on the Sudan for 1900 (271/1/27,35-36). Also includes :
271/1/1-19
Contents lists of files on the Gordon College and Sudan educational system, railways, telegraphs, works and barracks, concessions, Sudan General Reports, legal, Sudan Gazettes 1-16 and all Sudan ordinances to date
271/1/20
Note of award to F.R.W. of the Insignia of the First Class of the Imperial Order of the Majīdiyah
271/1/24
Invitation to Glasgow University's 450th Anniversary celebrations
271/1/32
1910 Jan 27
Order of service for memorial service for her late Majesty the Queen
271/2/1-13
1901 Feb 6 - 25
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including W.R. Buchanan re conditions in Zanzibar and the death of the Queen (271/2/1-2); Cromer re amendments to F.R.W.'s annual report for 1900 (271/2/3); F.R.W. to Cromer re the former's visit to Kordofan and Darfur, a disturbance between two native battalions and the possible consequences of allowing the Sanūsī to travel to Mecca via the Sudan (271/2/4-5,11-12); Bigge re the death of the Queen (271/2/13)
271/3/1-11
1901 Mar 9 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Fergusson re Pedley's scheme for recruiting Sudanese, the unsuitability of Cecil as Military Secretary and the loss of good army officers to the civil administration (271/3/2-5); Gleichen re unrest in Wadai and proposals of the Belgian King for the future control of the Lado Enclave, the west bank of the Semliki and Albert Nyanza and free navigation on the Nile (271/3/8-9). Also includes:
271/3/10-11
1901 Mar 27
Memorandum by Gleichen on the recent movements of the Sanūsī
271/4/1
1901 Apr 18
Letter from W. Wingate requesting an appointment in the Egyptian Army for Capt. Protheroe Smith
271/5/1-22
1901 May 4 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Fergusson re leave entitlements for officers in the Khartoum command, the appointment of Friend as head of the Citadel and the former's working relationship with F.R.W. (271/5/1-3,10-15,17,20-22); Maxwell re the progress of the war in South Africa (271/5/7-8). Also includes:
271/5/5-6
1901 Apr 22
Newspaper cutting from The Glasgow Herald re Lord Cromer's report on Egypt
271/6/1-26
1901 Jun 2 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Cromer re disputes between `Alī Dīnār and the frontier shaikhs, the movements of the Sanūsīyah, arrangements for payment of tribute by the Shilluk and Dinka tribes, leave entitlement for British officers, storm damage at Khartoum, the reduction of the wood tariff on the railway in order to assist merchants and others building in the Sudan, the appointment of an experimental council of local dignitaries in Khartoum, the reduction of the Sudanese battalions, the creation of the Sudan Club and the settlement of religious questions by a newly appointed council of `ulamā` (271/6/1,5-6,12-13); Atteridge re the progress of the war in South Africa (271/6/7-8); W.A. Boulnois re building work at Wau post and an attack on Rumbek post by the Agar tribe (271/6/9). Also includes :
271/6/21-24
1901 Jun 24 - 29
Newspaper cuttings re the progress of Gordon Memorial College
152/5/1-51
1901 Jul 1
Report by Ismā`īl Pasha Sarḥān to the Adjutant General on the state of Egypt
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/5
271/7/1-51
1901 Jul 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Currie re the creation of the African Society, the Coptic School report and gifts of books to the Palace library (271/7/1-7,8-11,15); J.K. Watson re news from Sparkes in Equatoria, the transport of recruits to El Obeid, the receipt of gifts from `Alī Dīnār, the conversion of a barge for the use of F.R.W. and the handing over of land for a Greek church (271/7/16-19); H.W. Jackson re the transfer of ammunition from Omdurman to Khartoum and Halfaya, conscripts for the Dept. of Works, communications from `Alī Dīnār concerning boundary disputes and his inspection of the Halfa barracks (271/7/23-25); Gleichen re a religious rising in the Gezira (271/7/28); Cromer re plans for the official opening of Gordon Memorial College (271/7/30); Talbot re the need for additional staff for demarcation of the Sudan/Abyssinia border and the possibility of a boundary being agreed with `Alī Dīnār (271/7/33-34); H.A. Markham re a trek up the River Sobat and the progress of his negotiations with local shaikhs (271/7/38-41). Also includes :
271/7/14
1901 Jul 7
Newspaper cutting from The Standard on the Khedive's visit to Constantinople
271/7/21-22
1901 Jul 22
Translation of an article from al-Liwā` no. 541 on the mistreatment of Egyptian Army soldiers serving in the Sudan
271/7/36-37
1901 Jul 29
Translation of an article from al-Miṣr no. 1651 on the discharge of Egyptian officers from the army
271/7/47
1901 Jul 30
Specification for the building of a carriage for use by F.R.W. in Khartoum
271/11/1-13
1901 Jul 2 - Dec 11
Translations of letters from `Alī Dīnār to F.R.W. concerning his marriage plans (271/11/2-3) and grievances against Mūsā Mādibbū and the Rizayqāt Arabs (271/11/4-12)
271/8/1-65
1901 Aug 1 - 29
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Talbot re a proposed prospecting expedition to N. Sudan (271/8/1); Gleichen re pressure of work in the Cairo Intelligence Office (271/8/3-6); A. Hewitt re the establishment of district headquarters at Sobat River (271/8/7-10); L.B. Friend re his plans for the reorganisation of the Works Dept., the condition of the Dervish prisoners at Rosetta and the transport of liquid fuel to the Sudan (271/8/15-16); Slatin re communications with `Alī Dīnār (271/8/19); Watson re staffing problems at the Palace (271/8/20-21); Phipps to the Marquess of Lansdowne re the refusal of the British Government to concede the Lado Enclave to the Belgian King (271/8/24); E.H. Cecil, proposing Stack as confidential secretary to F.R.W. (271/8/32-35); Cromer and Sanderson re the demarcation of the Abyssinian frontier (271/8/39-42,50); F.R.W. to Jackson re the Gezira rising, the unsettled question of the Abyssinian frontier, the dispute with King Leopold over the Bahr el Ghazal, the success of the Sudan Club and the death of Collinson (271/8/43-44,64-65); Fergusson re the dispute over land at Abbasiya for a new barracks (271/8/57-58); Slatin re `Alī Dīnār's request for a wife, and the Khartoum Province boundary (271/8/63)
271/9/1-33
1901 Sep 1 - 23
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Bailey re masonic affairs and the ordering of waterbottles (271/9/2-5); Slatin and G.E. Matthews re the death of Collinson (271/9/7,9-11); H.W. Hope re the report on forests of the Sudan (271/9/13); E. Bonham Carter re permission for mining syndicates to prospect in the Sudan (271/9/18-19); F.R.W. to H.W. Jackson re Collinson's death (271/9/20-21); Slatin, recommending that `Alī Dīnār be ordered to release all individuals and property belonging to Kordofan (271/9/32-33)
271/10/1-3
1901 Oct 1 - 26
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including J. Hartley Knight of African Commerce requesting permission to publish an article under F.R.W.'s name on trade openings in the Sudan (271/10/1); F.R.W. re the organisation of a farewell dinner on Rodd's departure from Egypt (271/10/3)
271/12/1-5
1901 Dec 11 - 22
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re prospects for the use of 'solar motor power' in the Sudan (271/12/2); F.R.W. to Bigge re his status at the King's coronation (271/12/3)
272/1/1-49
1902 Jan 13 - Mar 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bigge, F.R.W., Cromer and I.K. Kenny re F.R.W.'s status at the coronation of Edward VII (272/1/2,24-28,29-35); Mudīr, Wad Medani re reports of an imminent attack on Surkum by Wad Maḥmūd (272/1/6); Cromer and F.R.W. re the 1901 annual report, the import of large quantities of spirits into the Sudan and Sudan customs revenue (272/1/7-10,12); A.F. Broun re his geographical and economic survey of the Bahr el Ghazal area (272/1/13-16); F.R.W. to Matthews re the former's tour of Mongalla Province and the Lado Enclave (272/1/22); A. Murray re the ineffectiveness of British administration abroad, dangers facing the British in the Sudan due to the small number of British troops and the need for expansion of the railway system (272/1/36-38). Also includes :
272/1/17
List of names of the Belgian commandant and officers at Lado
272/1/18-19
Notes on initial taxes to be imposed on the Shilluk and Dinka tribes
272/1/39-49
1902 Feb 22 - Mar 13
F.R.W.'s diary of an inspection tour of Mongalla Province and the Lado Enclave
272/2/1-10
1902 Apr 8 - 28
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including G. Peel re a meeting of the committee and trustees of the Gordon Memorial College (272/2/1-2); F.R.W. to Cromer re government policy towards intertribal quarrels (272/2/3); N.M. Smyth re the progress of the war in South Africa, including details of military tactics used and possible terms to be discussed at a peace conference (272/2/6-10)
272/3/1-30
1902 May 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from the Bishop of Jerusalem, G.P. Blyth re cordial relations with the Alma and the architecture of the proposed Khartoum church (272/3/9); Gorringe re the need for an additional officer for the southern districts, and forestry, timber cutting and game preservation in the Gezira district (272/3/15-16); Matthews, requesting that Fashoda be made a district instead of a sub-district (272/3/17); E.A. Stanton re the purchase of land for a recreation ground in Khartoum (272/3/20); F.R.W. to Cromer re the appointment of Fergusson as Acting Governor-General (272/3/21); Fergusson re attempts by native troops to obtain discharges and the treatment of horses by the cavalry (272/3/23-26). Also includes :
272/3/2
1902 May 3
Newspaper cutting from The Navy and Army illustrated on the Soldiers' Club at Cairo
272/3/5
1902 May 7
Cutting from The Chronicle on Maj. E. Wilkinson's exploration of Kordofan
272/3/6
1902 May 8
Cutting from The Cape Times on the British administration of Egypt, a summary of Lord Cromer's 1901 report on Egyptian affairs and the progress of the Sudan
272/4/1-89
1902 Jun 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from W. Mather re the possibility of the Duke of Connaught inaugurating the Nile Barrage works and the Gordon Memorial College (272/4/1-2); Lansdowne and Kitchener re the surrender of the Boers in South Africa (272/4/3,4); Fergusson (as Acting Governor-General) re objections by two sections of the Ja`alīyīn to the appointment of `Abbās Raḥmat Allāh as their representative and re sanitation in Khartoum (272/4/6-9); Friend re the estimated cost of rebuilding the barracks and the Military School at Abbasiya and an ammunition magazine and store at Halfaya (272/4/10-11); F.R.W. to G.C. Henry and Gorringe re the signing of the Abyssinia-Sudan-Italy treaty with Menilik and the delimitation of the frontier (272/4/24,25); F.R.W. to Fergusson re celebrations for Coronation Day in the Sudan and arrangements for the general administration of the Sudan in his absence (272/4/32-33); C. Hawker re conditions for soldiers of the 10th Sudanese on the White Nile and the lack of money to pay them (272/4/34-35); Fergusson re disputes between the Shukrīyah and Hadandūwah tribes over grazing, the need for better intelligence at Dul, financial assistance for the Ḍabaynah tribe due to crop failure, the punishment of Shaikh Muṣṭafā Abū Bakr for concealing arms and organising hunting trips, the organisation of districts and increased raiding in southern Kordofan (272/4/37-42); F.R.W. to Fergusson re Gorringe's scheme for the occupation and pacification of the Famaka area (272/4/46-47); Fergusson re Coronation Day celebrations in Khartoum, the appointment of a new shaikh of the Ḥamrān, possible future difficulties caused by the migration of slaves from Sennar to Kassala and budget estimates for the cost of army transport (272/4/49-60); Blewitt re the transfer of the Gezira headquarters to Rufa`a (272/4/61); Fergusson re a proposal by the Sudan Development Company to build an irrigation pump in Berber, discontent among the women accompanying the 10th Sudanese (272/4/76-79), the misrepresentation of British views and aims to the Sudanese by Egyptian Army officers and officials, especially in Omdurman and arms found in the possession of Shaikh Bakr (272/4/81-84). Also includes :
272/4/26-29
1902 Jun 7
Cuttings from The Daily Mail, The Times and The Manchester Guardian on the despatch of two British forces, one under Blewitt against the Agar tribe after the murder of Major Scott Barbour and a second under Stack to subdue the Nuer
272/4/30
1902 Jun 9
Cutting from The Sun on the career of Kitchener
272/4/31
1902 Jun 14
Cutting from The Spectator on the British military uniform
272/4/36
1902 Jun 8
Extract from the journal al-Liwā` no. 812 on the separation of the Sudan from Egypt
272/4/36
1902 Jun 13
Extract from the journal al-Waṭan no. 2200 on the preparation of a scheme for the reduction of the Egyptian Army
272/5/1-62
1902 Jul 1 - 14
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Fergusson re the Greek community having formed itself into a corporate body, the opening of a Coptic school in Khartoum, the imprisonment and questioning of Shaikh Bakr, grievances of British and Egyptian Army officers and general administration of the Sudan in F.R.W.'s absence (272/5/2-11); J. Ward re the promotion of tourism and the need to encourage archaeological work in the Sudan (272/5/18); G.F. Walker re the dangers attached to storing large quantities of arms in the arsenal (272/5/43); E.E. Bernard re the exodus of officers from the Sudan at the outset of the war in South Africa and the subsequent rewards mentioned in an article in The Globe (272/5/44-45); Friend re the choice of steamers for use on the Nile (272/5/51-52). Also includes :
272/5/30,31
1902 Jul 7
Newspaper cuttings from The Standard and The Pall Mall Gazette re Slatin's views on the agricultural and commercial development of the Sudan
272/5/32
1902 Jul 7
Newspaper cutting from The Scotsman on relations between the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the Sultan of Darfur and the French
272/5/39-41
Notes on the Egyptian Army pension laws of 1876, 1888 and 1899
272/5/60-62
An account of a trip up the Khor Felus and country on the left bank of the Sobat by H.H. Wilson
272/5/63-144
1902 Jul 15 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Fergusson re the continuing raids by the Agar tribe on Rumbek, evidence of Shaikh Bakr's possession of arms, possible future insurrection of the tribes around Gedaref, and rumours of Gorringe obtaining cheap government labour in Sennar Province by imposing excessive prison sentences (272/5/65-68); Cromer re questions raised by the Grand Vizier on the flying of the British flag in the Sudan (272/5/69-71); Bernard re policy regarding private enterprise in the Sudan (272/5/76); Gleichen re the introduction of civil administration in the French Congo (272/5/80); J. Ward re antiquities in the Sudan and the need for state protection of monuments and their treasures (272/5/88-89); Friend, Bond and Macauley re the cost and ordering of transportation equipment and commercial exploration of concessions in the Sudan (272/5/93-95,104,124,134-136,137,139-141); Fergusson and F.R.W. re an outbreak of cholera in Egypt, the French defeat of the Sanūsī at Wadai, evidence of support for Shaikh Bakr from the ma`mūrs at Kassala and Gedaref and declining trade in Wad Medani due to Gorringe's administration and methods of obtaining cheap government labour (272/5/110-113,117,132-133); Stack re the budget for 1903 and the outbreak of cholera in Egypt (272/5/115-116); J.L. Harrington re Italian anxiety over the Setit frontier (272/5/121,123). Also includes :
272/5/114
Testimonial for Major Vesey Bunbury
272/5/127
1902 Jul 25
Cutting from the Daily Express on the possibility of a muslim army led by Shaikh Sīdī Sanūsī threatening Khartoum
272/5/128-129
1902 Aug 6
Cuttings from The Birmingham Gazette and The Daily Record and Mail on French inspired rumours in Cairo of F.R.W.'s resignation
272/5/130
1902 Sep 3
Cutting from The Army and Navy Gazette on the reason for the Sirdār's return to Cairo
272/6/1-47
1902 Aug 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from E.H. Armstrong re the death of W.H. Hunter at Wau (272/6/3); Nason re steps taken to prevent the spread of cholera, the imposition of rents for government houses, the need to attract expert builders to the Sudan and the discovery of more rifles hidden by Shaikh Bakr (272/6/5-10), Coronation Day celebrations in Khartoum (272/6/21-23), and the purchase of ivory (272/6/35-36,41-42); Gleichen re arrangements for the delimitation of the Abyssinian frontier (272/6/11); Gwynne re his work among the Copts in Khartoum (272/6/26); Currie re quarantine restrictions during the outbreak of cholera and the need to enlarge the Training College at Omdurman (272/6/30-31); Fergusson re the need for a permanent A.A.G. Recruiting to check corruption in the department (272/6/37-38). Also includes :
272/6/12-13,20
1902 Aug 1 - 13
Extracts from the journals al-Misṛ nos. 1161 and 1965 and al-`Ajā`ib no. 23 on speculation as to F.R.W.'s early return to the Sudan from leave and strengthening relations with Abyssinia
272/6/17
1902 Aug 12
Cutting from The Echo on the army, law and education in Egypt
272/6/18-19
1902 Aug 12
Extract from the journal al-Ahrām no. 7416 on British government in Egypt
272/6/27,28
1902 Aug 15
Cutting from The Daily Express on the possibility of a military campaign against the Sanūsī
272/6/29
1902 Aug 16
Cutting from The Morning Post on the death of the Sanūsī
272/6/32
Cutting from The Glasgow Evening Times on the outbreak of cholera in Egypt
272/6/34
Special Sudan Government order announcing the death of Hunter Bey
272/6/39
1902 Aug 21
Cutting from The St. James's Gazette on rumours of a military expedition in the Sudan
101/28/19
1902 Aug 14
Translation of letter from `Alī Dīnār re the surrender of `Arabī Daf `Allāh al-Ta`āishī
272/7/1-26
1902 Sep 1 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Gorringe re capital investment in the Sudan and the recovery of the South African share market (272/7/7-8); M. de C. Findlay re the flying of the British flag at Suakin (272/7/11); Bigge re King Edward's acclamation in the Sudan and the post war situation in South Africa (272/7/23-25). Also includes :
272/7/6
1902 Sep 4
Cutting from The Daily Mail on the outbreak of cholera in Egypt
272/7/14
1902 Sep 6
Cutting from The Birmingham Post re an anthropological report on native troops of the Egyptian Army
272/8/1-56
1902 Oct 5 - Dec 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from E.A. Wallis Budge re the dedication of his book The histories of Rabban Hôrmîzad the Persian and Rabban Bar-`idtâ to F.R.W. (272/8/2,50); Slatin re Talbot's reluctance to accept the post of A.G. (272/8/7) and re his inspection of Kordofan and Darfur, doubt about the death of the Sanūsī and the position of `Alī Dīnār (272/8/46-47). Also includes:
272/8/3
Preface of The histories of Rabban Hôrmîzad the Persian and Rabban Bar-`idtâ by E.A. Wallis Budge (London 1902)
272/8/17-39
Draft speeches made at Khartoum and Cairo during a visit from Kitchener before his departure to take up the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Army in India
272/8/40-42
Speech made to Lord Kitchener at the opening of the Gordon Memorial College
273/1/1-52
1903 Jan 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from M.G. Talbot re the fixing of the boundary between Kassala and Gezira (273/1/2); Sparkes re the possible inclusion of Shambe in Bahr el Ghazal Province, the withdrawal of the Belgians from the frontier area, the need for more British officers and savings on the 1902 Bahr el Ghazal budget (273/1/8-13); F.R.W. to Talbot re his trip to Gondokoro and the fixing of frontier posts between the Sudan and the Belgian Congo (273/1/23-24); Slatin re the settlement of questions of land ownership and compensation at Rufa`a and discrepancies in tax assessment (273/1/25-26). Also includes :
273/1/14
Itinerary of the Sirdār's tour of inspection in the Sennar mudīrīyah
273/1/31
1903 Jan 1
Extract from the journal al-Miṣr no. 2102 on the revolt of Dejazmatch Gusa in Abyssinia against King Menilik
273/1/32-45
1903 Jan 9 - 27
Diary of tour of inspection of the White and Upper Nile areas by F.R.W. and Lord Cromer
273/1/46-52
1903 Jan 27
Draft speech made by Lord Cromer in Khartoum on civil and military efforts to introduce order and civilisation to the Sudan
273/2/1-37
1903 Feb 2 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Cromer re his decision to reduce the army in the Sudan in order to divert funds to the civil administration (273/2/3); Slatin re the lack of government buildings at Gedaref (273/2/5-6), difficulties in trading between Gedaref and Abyssinia due to different currencies (273/2/9-10) and re conditions at Gedaref, its trade, administration and population (273/2/14-19); Talbot re the delimitation of the Abyssinian frontier (273/2/7-8); Bernard re the poor harvest on the White Nile, the reluctance of merchants to use river transport for goods and the lack of medicines at outposts (273/2/25-27); F.R.W. to Cromer re the sale of old arms from the Citadel (273/2/28); E.A. Wallis Budge re the progress of archaeological work on the Bakrawiyyah pyramids (273/2/29-34). Also includes :
273/2/21-23
1903 Feb 19
Newspaper cuttings from The Times, The Star and the St James's Gazette on an appeal for funds to build an English church in Khartoum
273/3/1-29
1903 Mar 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Cecil re differences between Cromer and Gorst, terms of service for Egyptian Army officers serving in the Sudan and re tobacco growing in the Sudan (273/3/1-7); Gorringe, reporting on his reconnaissance trip to country around Keili and Tabi near the Abyssinian border, the existence of rich mineral deposits there, including gold, the organisation of gum collection and encouragement of trade with Abyssinia (273/3/12-14); Henry re conditions at Gedaref and Gallabat and the failure of the dhurah crop (273/3/15-16); Matthews re the urgent need for extra finance and labour to establish the H.Q. of the Fashoda military district at Tawfikia and barracks and civil accommodation at Shambe, Nasser and Fashoda (273/3/22-26). Also includes :
273/3/29
1903 Mar 30
Extract from the journal al-Jarā`id al-Miṣriyah no. 45 on recognition of the service of General Macdonald to Egypt and the Sudan
273/4/1-37
1903 Apr 1 - 24
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Henry re Arab taxation in Suakin and Kassala districts (273/4/11); F.R.W. to Cromer re Sudan mining laws (273/4/22), the former's recent inspection tour of Dongola Province and the reorganisation of district administration (273/4/23) and the Belgian request for the Semliki river as a frontier (273/4/36-37); W. Mather re the importance of education in the Sudan (273/4/24); F.R.W. to Sir William Russell re Macnaghton's death and funeral in Khartoum (273/4/29); Mahon re trouble between tribes in the hills south-west of Dilling (273/4/32-33). Also includes :
273/4/1-10
1903 Mar 29 - Apr 14
Diary of the Governor-General's tour of inspection of Dongola Province
273/4/12
1903 Apr 1 - 2
Extracts from the journals al-Ahrām no. 7608 and al-Mu`ayyad no. 2921 on Sudan honours conferred by F.R.W.
273/4/13-14
1903 Apr 3
Extract from the journal al-Kāmil no. 227 on the role of the Governor-General in the Sudan
273/5/1-34
1903 May 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Matthews and F.R.W. re changes in personnel in the Fashoda mudīrīyah (273/5/13,23); A. Haggard re his application for a mining concession in the Sudan (273/5/24); Talbot re proposed military action in the Nuba Mountains and Gorringe's scheme for gum collection (273/5/25) and re the theory that mosquitoes can transmit malaria (273/5/27-29); F.R.W. to Gorringe re the need for uniformity of administration in the districts (273/5/30). Also includes :
273/5/1-10
1903 Apr 27 - May 7
Diary of the Governor-General's tour of inspection of the Gezira and Sennar mudīrīyahs
273/6/1-71
1903 Jun 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters of congratulations on F.R.W.'s promotion to General, invitations to meet while on leave in London and correspondence from Talbot re prevention of malaria (273/6/3-4,6), re the introduction of rents for houses occupied by ma`mūrs and police officers, difficulties in obtaining labour for sudd cutting and raids into Eritrea (273/6/15), irrigation schemes around Berber and skirmishes involving `Alī Dīnār (273/6/59-60); F.R.W., E.S. Wortley and C. Charlton re the Khedive's visit to London (273/6/13,22,55); Lewis re the concessions of the Sennar Syndicate in the Sudan and government claim on coal found within those concessions (273/6/18,61-62); Asser re Gorst's plans for the 1904 budget for the Sudan (273/6/25-26); R.H. Pruton re the immunisation of cattle against rinderpest and steps taken to control mosquitoes (273/6/66); Bonham Carter re mining concessions in the Sudan (273/6/71). Also includes :
273/6/8-9
1903 Jun 8
Memorandum on the service of British officers in the Egyptian Army
273/6/12
Timetable for a journey from Cairo to London
273/6/32-33
1903 Jun 20
Appeal by Sheriff Guthrie for a memorial to the late General Sir Hector MacDonald
273/7/1-79
1903 Jul 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters of congratulations on F.R.W.'s promotion to General and correspondence from F.R.W. to Gleichen re the latter's departure from the Egyptian Army (273/7/4-5); F.R.W. to Cromer re the appointment of Cecil as Sudan Agent in Cairo, the concentration of Egyptian Army headquarters at Khartoum, the Khedive's recent visit to London and the situation in Somaliland (273/7/6-7); Talbot re the lack of progress in building the Soldiers' Institute, the connection between mosquitoes and malaria, the situation in the Lado Enclave, the possibility of forcibly enlisting Nuba people, the illegal import of bibles and problems on the Abyssinian frontier (273/7/10-13,16-18); Ward re Sudan antiquities (273/7/22); Talbot to Cromer re problems of land measurements in the Sudan, the continuing study of malaria, the sale of bibles by missionaries and problems on the Abyssinian border (273/7/23-24); Stack re the spread of rinderpest in Egypt (273/7/25); Nason and Cromer re problems regarding the Khartoum command and the need for a stable civil administration (273/7/27-30,31-32); Bonham Carter and F.R.W. re capital requirements for concessions in the Sudan (273/7/38,42); Talbot re Angelo Capato's proposal to grow cotton at Tokar (273/7/43); A.F. Broun and F.R.W. re the removal of archaeological treasures from the Sudan (273/7/46,59,76-77); Nason re Egyptian propaganda directed at the Sudanese against the British (273/7/49-51); F.R.W. to Nason and Cromer re the necessity for frequent transfers of mudīrs (273/7/58,61-62,63); Stack re the disastrous effect of the serum for rinderpest (273/7/67); Nason re the progress of boat building on the Bahr el Ghazal and the arrival of fire engines in Khartoum (273/7/73-74); S.H.F. Capenny re the proposed railway route from Suakin to the Nile (273/7/75)
273/8/1-75
1903 Aug 2 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Nason re an outbreak of smallpox in Omdurman and the appearance of a new mahdī (273/8/8-10,26); Watson re the transfer of the A.G.'s office to Khartoum (273/8/21); Bonham Carter and W.F. Garland re Sudan mining concessions (273/8/27-33,37-38,56-57,74-75); Currie re a report in The Times on the visit of the Grand Muftī of the university of al-Azhar, Cairo to Cambridge university (273/8/34); `Alī Dīnār, requesting supplies to assist him in subduing the western districts (273/8/36); Nason re communications with `Alī Dīnār over the Darfur boundary and hardship among discharged native soldiers (273//8/39-40); J.R. Sladen, E.D. Hay and F.R.W. to Nason re responsibility for the Khartoum command (273/8/44,45,69-71); Broun, comparing conditions of pay and service in the Sudan to that in India (273/8/60)
273/9/1-46
1903 Sep 1 - 29
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Bernard re Sudan land concessions, in particular his hopes for the success of Leigh Hunt's venture and the 1903 and 1904 Sudan budgets (273/9/1-3,27-28); Watson re his inspection of the barracks at Shendi, preparations for army manoeuvres and the transfer of the A.G.'s office to Khartoum (273/9/4-7); Nason and F.R.W. re operations against the new Taqali mahdī (273/9/16,29); A. Balfour re the proposed Gondokoro expedition and his study of sleeping sickness, the tsetse fly and mosquitoes (273/9/25); Bernard re the 1904 budget (273/9/27-28); Nason re reports of the strengthening of Belgian posts in the Lado Enclave (273/9/32); Broun re the removal of antiquities from the Sudan (273/9/34); W.H. Bonham Carter re prospecting concessions in the Sudan (273/9/36,37,40,42); N.T. Borton re the progress of administration in the Suakin mudīrīyah and the need for the establishment of a Legal Department and the appointment of a Land Commission (273/9/43-45)
273/10/1-27
1903 Oct 2 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Boulnois re the use of Dinka bulls for transport in the Bahr el Ghazal, prospects for a successful harvest and the teaching of ship-building skills to natives (273/10/1-2); Henry re his appointment as A.G. (273/10/9); Watson re the transfer of the A.G.'s office to Khartoum (273/10/18-19); F.R.W. to R. Lane re the revised conditions of service of British officers in the Egyptian Army (273/10/20); Gorringe re the collection of taxes in Wad Medani and preparations for F.R.W.'s tour of inspection (273/10/21-23)
273/11/1-19
1903 Nov 1 - 25
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin re a disappointing Gezira harvest (273/11/1); L. Maskens complaining about virulent attacks in the Egyptian Gazette on the activities of Belgian soldiers in the Congo, accusing them of atrocities (273/11/6-7); Lane re conditions of service of British officers in the Egyptian Army (273/11/8-10); F.R.W. to Cromer re the price of grain in Khartoum and the proposed change of name for Fashoda district (273/11/13). Also includes :
273/11/12
Timetable for a journey from Cairo to Khartoum, stopping at the Tomb of Kings en route
273/11/17-19
Annual accounts and minutes of a committee meeting of the Sudan Sporting Club
108/16/1-7
1903 Nov 27 - Dec 9
Diary by Kaim. C.E.G. Charlton of a tour of inspection by the Governor-General to Blue Nile district, travelling by steamer and stopping at Kamlin, Abu Haraz (to inspect mules), Wad Medani, Hilmi, Singa, Roseires, Kerbash and Sennar. From Singa a small party toured the Dinder area to inspect cotton growing schemes
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.108/16
273/12/1-7
1903 Dec 4 - 27
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. and Wilkinson re the introduction of cotton cultivation in Kassala (273/12/1,6); Wilkinson re expenditure and revenue in Kassala district and difficulties collecting tribute from the nomad peoples (273/12/6-7)
275/1/1-48
1904 Jan 3 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Boulnois re Bayldon's work on charting rivers in the Bahr el Ghazal and unrest among the Azande under their Sultan Yambio (275/1/1); Cecil re the decision not to grade gum before export, the unsuitability of Broun as head of the Land Department and new regulations for dealing with petitions (275/1/2-6); Matthews re difficulties with the present and former reths of the Shilluk tribe and the lack of suitable materials for building new houses for British officers at Tawfikia and Mongalla (275/1/9-10); Cromer and F.R.W. re the need to ensure adequate water supplies for the Sudan and Egypt (275/1/14-15,30). Also includes :
275/1/8
Note of commands for the Jan 6 Parade
275/1/18-24
Extract from al-Waṭan on Lord Balfour's visit to Omdurman
275/1/32-48
1904 Apr
Cuttings from various European (and one Indian) newspapers re Lord Cromer's annual report on Egypt and the Sudan (275/1/32-37); Egyptian prosperity and proposed new irrigation schemes (275/1/38-46); and new evidence on the Fashoda Incident of 1898 (275/1/36,47-48)
275/2/1-49
1904 Feb 1 - 24
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Cromer re his dissatisfaction at Currie's report on the state of education in the Sudan (275/2/2,5-6); Matthews re the severity of sickness at Kodok, the establishment of an Austrian mission at Tonga, the importation of elephants to enable him to acquire ivory and the problem of tourism in the area (275/2/3-4); J.H. Butler re the collection of ṭulbah in the Nuba Mountains (275/2/8); F.R.W. to Cromer and R. Owen to Charlton re the visit of Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Princess Henry of Battenberg to Khartoum and the laying of the foundation stone at All Saints Church, Khartoum (275/2/14-15); F.R.W. to Cromer re the shipment of goods to the Congo and the delay in the enactment of the Pension Law (275/2/26), concerning his proposals for modifying the education system and introducing British teachers (275/2/27), re native land rights (275/2/33) and re Hunter's report on famine in the Bishārīyīn country (275/2/35); J.R. O'Connell re the possibility of unrest at Talodi (275/2/34); Asser re the proposed removal of the Recruiting Department to Abbasiya, a request by British schoolmasters at the Military School in Cairo for lodging allowance, the mounting of guns on steamers and the non-payment of bills for rifle barrels (275/2/37-38). Also includes :
275/2/10-13
1904 Feb 5
Seating plan for dinner for Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Princess Henry of Battenberg
275/2/16-25
R.C.R. Owen's account of the laying of the foundation stone of All Saints Church, Khartoum, F.R.W.'s speech to the Royal visitors and the sermon preached by Bishop Gwynne
275/2/40-49
Rules of the Sudan Club
275/3/1-35
1904 Mar 15 - Apr 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bonham Carter re the trial of Wad Maḥmūd, the appointment of an additional judge for Suakin, the question of Karru land and native rights and the possibility of Clinton Baker setting up as a private solicitor in Khartoum (275/3/2-4); F.R.W. to Cromer re patrols in the Rumbek and Mvolo districts, the proposed Khartoum defence scheme and the laying of the foundation stone of the Coptic Church in Khartoum (275/3/5); Wilkinson re the establishment of the first farm and sāqiyah in Rahad district, the encouragement of cotton cultivation, the development of Kassala and progress in building at Gedaref (275/3/7-8); Matthews re Wilson's population census of the Rueng and Ngok Dinka districts south of the Sobat and praising Wilson's abilities and understanding of the 'pacification' policy (275/3/14); F.R.W. to Cromer re his role in the Anglo-Egyptian agreement (275/3/15); F.R.W. to Wilkinson re plans for improving communications and wells throughout the Sudan (275/3/17); Mahon re the state of troops in Somaliland (275/3/18-19); Asser and F.R.W. re the payment for hire of sailing boats by the army (275/3/24); Wilkinson re the need for posts on the Kassala-Suakin road to safeguard trade, the proposed extension of the railway to Sabderat by the Italians to further Abyssinian trade, the need for a permanent British Inspector at Gallabat, the future of cotton cultivation in Kassala Province and progress of the first farm in Rahad district (275/3/34-35). Also includes:
275/3/26-29
Diary of a tour of inspection by the Governor-General to Berber, 14 - 23 Apr
275/4/1-60
1904 May 1 - Jun 23
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Matthews re Borton's report on Mongalla (275/4/1); F.R.W. to Cromer re Bishop Gayer's proposal for the establishment of a mission at Latuka and F.R.W.'s opposition to the idea and the possibility of extending missionary work to Abyssinia (275/4/13); Cromer and F.R.W. re the demand of the Defence Committee in London that Egypt should bear the entire cost of defence in Egypt and the Sudan (275/4/20,49); F.R.W. to Wilkinson proposing the amalgamation of the Kordofan Camel Corps and the Arab Battalion and re trade between Kassala and Abyssinia, the Suakin Railway line and the importance of Sīdī Aḥmad Mīrghanī's cotton growing scheme (275/4/22); Nason re the grain surplus at Khartoum (275/4/41-42); L. Gwynne to Phipps re the site for the American mission school in Khartoum (275/4/58); Slatin re the Pension Law (275/4/60). Also includes :
275/4/6-9
1904 May
Press cuttings from the Army and Navy Gazette listing officers and promotions
275/4/23-32
Diary of a tour of inspection of the White Nile stations
275/4/50-54
Itinerary for the Itang tour
133/6/1-25
1904 Jun 19
General note book containing lists of topics possibly for discussion between F.R.W., Lord Cromer, Lord Cecil, Adjutant-General, etc., at Cairo
Digitised material for Note book of topics possibly for discussion between F.R. Wingate, Lord Cromer, Lord Cecil, Adjutant-General, etc., at Cairo - 133/6/1-25
275/5/1-38
1904 Jul 2 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Lewis re control of the Halfa-Karma Railway and mineral interests in the Sudan (275/5/1); Henry re the possibility of re-arming the 15th Sudanese Battalion, the opening of an American mission school at Khartoum North, Midwinter's proposal for a tourist poster for the Sudan Railways and the appropriate precautions needed against plague (275/5/10-11); Borton re the compilation of customs regulations for the Sudan and the creation of a dock company to handle trade (275/5/14); Henry re the lack of trade at Itang, the Atbara's unsuitability for investigating the Pibor River and re Christopherson's complaints about the civil hospital (275/5/19-20); Slatin re the need to encourage frontier trade in Upper Nile Province (275/5/22-23); Henry re Matthews' building scheme for Upper Nile Province and affairs in the Bahr el Ghazal (275/5/29), and re Matthews' request to close several districts in U.N.P. to ivory trade and the Austrian Mission's proposed settlement at Tonga (275/5/32-33); F.R.W. to Bond re the freight service with Suez and the purchase of the Aida steamship for transport of troops (275/5/31); F.R.W. to Henry re the American Mission school at Khartoum and the opening of trade in the south (275/5/34-36); Matthews re the establishment of a working relationship with Fadiet Walad Kwadker, reth of the Shilluk and the need to control ivory trade in U.N.P. (275/5/37-38)
275/6/1-52
1904 Aug 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kennedy re the new R.E. officers for public works in the Sudan (275/6/2-3); Stanton re the sale of land for mission schools in Khartoum (275/6/6-7); F.R.W. to Phipps re the audit report (275/6/16); Bonham Carter re Kershaw's completion of the Land Commission work, the appointment of qāḍīs and applications for concessions along the boundary with Abyssinia (275/6/18-19); Henry re his inspection tour of Sennar District and punishment of followers of the Singa mahdī (275/6/20-21); F.R.W. to Henry re Matthews' building projects at the Upper Nile stations and actions taken against the Singa mahdī (275/6/24-25); Henry re the price of dhurah, the need to control the ivory trade in U.N.P. and the possible increase in the size of the garrison at Halfa (275/6/28-29); Bonham Carter re his journey with Stanton down river to inspect pumps and the flotation of the Sudan Gold Field Company (275/6/31); Phipps re plans for the division of the Lado Enclave with Uganda in the event of King Leopold's death (275/6/34); Henry re preparations for Percival's patrol to the Bahr el Ghazal (275/6/38,51-52). Also includes :
275/6/32
Note confirming leave for M. Peake
275/6/39-50
1904 Aug 26
Extract from Le Figaro on an interview with Marchand concerning the events at Fashoda in 1898
275/7/1-53
1904 Sep 1 - Oct 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Henry re his efforts to obtain a brevet for Gorringe and a D.S.O. for Smith and re Matthews' views on closing certain areas of U.N.P. to trade (275/7/3-5); Slatin re the reluctance of nomad Arabs to work on the Suakin Railway (275/7/7-8); Asser re the budget for 1905 (275/7/10-11); Talbot re work on the Dongola Railway and the difficulty in obtaining suitable labour for railway construction (275/7/43) and re diptheria cases in Khartoum and Omdurman (275/7/45); F.R.W. to Talbot re the 1905 budget and the surveys of the Omdurman - El Obeid Railway and the junction of Kassala with the Red Sea - Nile Railway (275/7/46); F.R.W. to Henry re Watson's future in the Egyptian Army, the command of the Khartoum station, the appointment of McBarnet as second-in-command of the Egyptian Cavalry and the success of the military action in Kordofan (275/7/50-51). Also includes :
275/7/28-29
Department of Stores orders including an announcement of the death of al-Ḥājj Sayyid Aḥmad Salīm at the age of 120
275/8/1-59
1904 Nov 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Henry re the decision to construct a new town and port at Shaikh Barghut (275/8/14); F.R.W. to Cecil re the choice of name for the new port (275/8/17); Talbot re the survey along the right bank of the Nile from Jabal Melekit (?) to Khartoum North (275/8/23); F.R.W. to Cecil re his inspection tour of the Bahr el Ghazal (275/8/28,37-39); Boulnois re the progress of road building in Bahr el Ghazal Province and the effect on local tribes of F.R.W.'s visit to the province (275/8/35-36); Asser re the 1905 budget, in particular allowances for building and transport (275/8/49-50); Cecil re the use of rails from the Halfa - Karma Railway in constructing the new Abu Hamed line, arrangements for holding of inquests in the Sudan, the preparation of separate quarantine regulations and the prevention of illegal arms importation into Egypt (275/8/51-59). Also includes :
275/8/2-3
Timetable and note of mail arrangements for the Governor-General's tour of inspection of the White Nile stations
275/8/4-13
Diary of tour of inspection of the White Nile stations from Jur River to Wau, 6 - 26 Nov 1904
275/9/1-64
1904 Dec 3 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Boulnois re technical education for boys in the Bahr el Ghazal (275/9/10-11); Maxwell re preparations for the royal visit to Egypt and the Sudan and the reduction of the army in Egypt (275/9/18,26); Asser re the inadequacy of the army water transportation methods and the need for more launches (275/9/23-25); Cecil re arrangements for the royal visit and the ease of illegal arms transportation into the Sudan (275/9/29-35); Boulnois re the Belgian raid against Mangi in retaliation for the Mvolo incident the year before, Percival's expedition to the rivers Kyr, Lol and Jur and Broun's inspection of the rubber plantation districts near Wau (275/9/39-40); Cecil re the illegal import of arms, the proposed remission of military service for Egyptian soldiers prepared to settle in the Sudan or teach crafts and technical subjects there, the appointment of a new Director of Lands, the need for a customs gunboat at Suakin and the discovery of true Orient pearls near Suez (275/9/43-47); F.R.W. to Cecil re preparations for the royal visit to Khartoum (275/9/48-49); F.R.W. to Dickinson re the Gezira boundary change (275/9/51); Cecil re the inconvenience of royal visits, the need for dhurah contractors, the land policy and its effect on the construction of canals, the new missionary regulations and the mineral survey (275/9/54-59); F.R.W. to Cromer re relations with the Belgians on the Congo border and the visit of Prince Leopold (275/9/61); Wolseley re the fate of Gordon's diary (275/9/62); Matthews re the Itang expedition and unrest among the Dinka tribe, Macnaghten's problems with `Abd Allāh Rushdī and with ivory traders, the alleged ill-treatment of natives in the Enclave by Belgian troops and the problems facing Jesson's proposed expedition up the Zeraf river (275/9/63-64). Also includes :
275/9/15
Note to F.R.W. from M.R. Kennedy of machinery and general stores equipment ordered
275/9/16
Memorandum to the Director of Works on the provision of funds for the erection of a flour mill and mobilisation stores at Khartoum North
276/1/1-82
1905 Jan 1 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Cromer and Maxwell to Cromer re the expenses of the Duke of Connaught's visit (276/1/2,13,42-44); Cecil re potential trouble in Sinai (276/1/6); F.R.W. to Cromer re preliminary work on the Khartoum bridges (276/1/16); Dickinson re the proposed rearrangement of the three southern provinces (276/1/22); F.R.W. to Cecil re the decision on the American missionary school and the beneficial effect of royal visits (276/1/24-25); Cecil re the negotiations with France and Abyssinia on control of the Abyssinian railway, including lines to Somaliland (276/1/27-29); C. Cumberland re the failure of the Upper Nile expedition due to the problems of sudd and swamps (276/1/31-32); F.R.W. to Cecil (276/1/35) and Cecil (276/1/37-39) re recruiting possibilities in the Bahr el Ghazal; Cecil re Cromer's attitude to the Duke of Connaught's visit (276/1/48-52); Wilkinson re the collection of taxes from Eritrean Arabs along the bank of the Setit River, the progress of road cutting in Gedaref and Gallabat districts, the disappointing cotton crop there and the effects of the cattle plague in Eritrea (276/1/53-54); F.R.W. to Cecil urging caution in relations with Belgium (276/1/58-59); Cromer re the proposed name for the new Red Sea port (276/1/81-82). Also includes :
276/1/1
Memorandum on the work of the Recruiting Commission in the Bahr el Ghazal
276/2/1-40
1905 Feb 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Matthews to Stack re problems caused by the influx of tourists to Upper Nile Province (276/2/11) and re the shortage of grain (276/2/26); F.R.W. to Cromer re the royal visit and the Duke of Connaught's proposed involvement in the Khartoum command question (276/2/12-14), with Cromer's reply (276/2/24-25); Cromer re the latest government patrol in Kordofan under O'Connell and the attitude of the home authorities to military action of this kind (276/2/31-34). Also includes :
276/2/15,18-19
Financial statements for the Sudan Club
276/2/20-21
List of proposed improvements to the Sudan Club building and furnishings
276/3/1-31
1905 Mar 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Asser re irregularities in the imposition of `ushr and customs dues, the new proposals concerning the Promotion Boards, the problem of the asal fly and how to deal with it, the misbehaviour of tourists' servants, the fall in the price of dhurah, sickness among prisoners, government loans for well sinking and the spread of cattle plague in Kassala Province (276/3/2-5); F.R.W. to Corbett re incentives for labourers working on the Suakin railway line (276/3/17); Boulnois re the situation in Yambio District (276/3/26). Also includes :
276/3/10-11
Programme for an Egyptian Army military tournament at Abbassiya
276/4/1-99
1905 Apr 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Matthews re the scarcity of dhurah in Upper Nile Province (276/4/4), with F.R.W.'s reply (276/4/52); Owen re the demarcation of the Congo boundary and France's hope for Anglo-French administration of Abyssinia with Italy taking a subordinate role (276/4/5-6); H.D. Palmer and F.R.W. to Cromer re the awarding of special grants for various military and public building projects and the new pay guidelines for British officers (276/4/18-19,29-30); F.R.W. to Cromer re the land policy in the Sudan and native land rights (276/4/22,55), the training of agriculturalists for work in the Sudan (276/4/23) and the need for a new head at the Lands Department (276/4/40-41); Owen re the draft amendment of 'Transit of goods through the Sudan', the proposed construction of a telegraph line from Suez to Nekhl in the Sinai Peninsula and the maintenance of the line from Tor to Suez, and the punitive expedition to Soda (276/4/24-25); Bullock and F.R.W. re sewage disposal in the British lines (276/4/26-27,56); Peake and F.R.W. re the control of arms and ammunition imports into Egypt (276/4/35-37); F.R.W. to Cromer re finance for the telegraph extension in the Bahr el Ghazal (276/4/44); Cromer re the need for economies in Sudan expenditure (276/4/48-49), with F.R.W.'s reply (276/4/93-94); Owen re the despatch of a commission to Sinai to try murder cases and the use of the Khedivial Line's Dakhabieh steamer on the Red Sea service (276/4/50-51,61-62,70-71,85); F.R.W. to Owen re the need for stability in the Sinai Peninsula and the extension of the railway from Akaba to Suez (276/4/66,90-91); Boulnois re his inspection of Yambio, Mangi and Meridi stations, the necessity for a British military presence in Mangi District to counteract Belgian influence and to give protection to groups of escaped slaves (276/4/73-74); H. Lewin re the expenses for Jennings Bramly's expedition to Sinai (276/4/86). Also includes:
276/4/21
Memorandum on qualifications suitable for agriculturalists proposing to work in the Sudan
276/4/32
Note of expenditure for the Duke of Connaught's visit
276/5/1-84
1905 May 1 - 29
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Cromer re the need for economies in Sudan finance (276/5/1-2); F.R.W. to Owen re Jennings Bramly's mission to Sinai (276/5/4); Peake re his wish to purchase Gash lands in Kassala Province as a commercial investment (276/5/5-6) and Broun suggesting Peake's proposals are unacceptable (276/5/23); Milner re Sir Donald Stewart's request to recruit Sudanese for military service in the East African Protectorate (276/5/7-8); F.R.W. to Cromer re Percival's expedition from Wau to Tawfikia (276/5/13); Owen re complaints against the Khedivial Steamship Company (276/5/16); F.R.W. to Cromer re the site of the new town at Port Sudan (276/5/19); Peake, urging the suppression of Brackenridge's article on the use of the mark V bullet (276/5/22); F.R.W. to Corbett re the costs involved during the Duke of Connaught's visit (276/5/25-26); Corbett re Bernard's request to be made a 'Pasha' and re rents for government houses in Khartoum (276/5/31-34); Cromer re Cecil's appointment as Financial Secretary in Cairo (276/5/42-43), with F.R.W.'s reply (276/5/48-49); Owen re the new scheme for Sudan customs and progress of the Legal Commission in Sinai (276/5/55-62); F.R.W. to Cromer re the latter's views on religious education in the Sudan (276/5/66-67)
276/6/1-79
1905 Jun 1 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous references to the death of Boulnois, and Bonham Carter re the Port Ordinance for Port Sudan (276/6/2-3); Bernard re the price of cotton (276/6/13); Phipps re Garstin's views on Anglo-Belgian relations in the Bahr el Ghazal and Lado Enclave, the unsuitability of the southern part of the Bahr el Ghazal for rubber production and as a source of water, the need to halt sales of land in the Gezira and proposals for two irrigation farms at Dongola Reach and the Blue Nile (276/6/22-23); Phipps re decisions on the cost and duration of pump licences (276/6/24); Sutherland re progress in Bahr el Ghazal Province, the necessity for a strong military presence in Nyam Nyam district, the impending settlement of the boundary issue with the Belgian Congo (276/6/48-50) and concerning Fell's death (276/6/56-57); Owen re the success of Jennings Bramly's mission to Sinai, a request by Bosnian and Turkish refugees to settle in the Sudan, the completion of the Egyptian Army handbook and a request by members of the Holiness Movement from Canada to undertake missionary work in the Bahr el Ghazal (276/6/58-65)
277/1/1-86
1905 Jul 1 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous references to Fell's death, and W. Scott Hill re the progress of sudd cutting (277/1/3); Henry re a fire at Gordon College and the progress of building at Khartoum North (277/1/19-21); Phipps re Morant's dictum on slavery, progress of well boring at Buri, the work of the Sleeping Sickness Commission and the reluctance of tenant farmers to apply for land in the Tokar delta (277/1/22-25,58-60); Cecil re the state of the rubber trade, the decision to permit the settlement of Bosnians in the Sudan (277/1/26-31) and re the possibility of closing all trade with the Congo through the Sudan and Uganda to counteract Belgian claims on the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/33-35); Phipps re the failure to find sufficient water in the artesian well at Buri, the shortage of steamers on the Blue and White Niles and the success of the market at Gambeila (277/1/40-42); F.R.W. to Cromer re the appointment of a new Director of Agriculture and Lands and the need to retain the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/47-48); F.R.W. to Henry and Phipps re the political situation in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/50-51); Cecil re preparations to resist a Belgian advance into the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/53-56) and re his scheme to encourage the settlement of ex-soldiers in the Sudan (277/1/61-62); Crowfoot, urging refusal of the German request to remove the stone of Usertsen III, discovered by Steindorff and Somers-Clark (277/1/65-66); Bernard re the future of rubber cultivation in the Sudan and the need for a comprehensive mineral survey (277/1/67-69); A. Findlay re the decision to withdraw the British troops at Khartoum from the command of the General Officer Commanding British troops in Egypt and to place them under the Governor-General of the Sudan (277/1/74); F.R.W. to Henry re lack of finance for the coming year and contingency plans for military action against the Belgians in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/79); F.R.W. to Cecil re Lord Cromer's reluctance to defend the Bahr el Ghazal (277/1/81)
277/2/1-82
1905 Aug 1 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Corbett and Bernard re Sudan railway tariffs (277/2/1-4); F.R.W. to Ewart re Sutherland's successful expedition to the Nyam Nyam country (277/2/5-6); F.R.W. to Henry re arrangements for missionary education in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/2/7-8); F.R.W. to Cecil re the strategic importance of the Bahr el Ghazal and the need for a strong military presence there (277/2/9-12,54-55); Phipps re the Italian presence in the Congo Free State and Belgian forces in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/2/14-15,20-21); Cecil re the Bedai raid on the Kabābīsh and the determination of the British Government to resist Belgian claims on the Bahr el Ghazal (277/2/16-18); Phipps re Bishop Gayer's request to extend the sphere of the Austrian mission into Uganda and ultimately into the Lado Enclave (277/2/22-23); F.R.W. and Henry re Cromer's views on the Bahr el Ghazal and contingency plans for the military occupation of the disputed districts, currently controlled by Belgian forces (277/2/24-25,81-82); Cecil re Cromer's determination to cede the Bahr el Ghazal to Belgium, the arrival of the Bosnian settlers in the Sudan and claims from two German companies to produce fuel from the sudd and to extract fibre from the Dead Sea fruit (277/2/32-36); Edgeworth re the cost of constructing new barracks at Abbasiya (277/2/45); F.R.W. to Cromer re the criteria for awarding decorations (277/2/50-51); Cecil re the advantages of moving the Citadel to Tourah (277/2/57-60); A. Wingate re Lord Curzon's resignation (277/2/62); Phipps re the prospect of famine at Bor (277/2/67-69)
277/3/1-48
1905 Sep 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Broun re the possibility of rubber production in the southern Sudan (277/3/4); Phipps re the difficulty of financing projects for 1906 (277/3/6-8); Cecil re the failure of the Legal Department to introduce ordinances for the Sudan and re the lack of progress at Port Sudan (277/3/19-22); F.R.W. to Henry re arrangements for military reinforcements for the Bahr el Ghazal and re the opening of the Nile - Red Sea Railway (277/3/23-26,41); Phipps re the water supply at Buri (277/3/31); Slatin re the need for reinforcements in Kordofan (277/3/34-35); Corbett to Cromer re his reluctance to request decorations for British officers who worked on railway construction (277/3/38); Crowfoot to Stack re the building of a museum at Wadi Halfa (277/3/44). Also includes :
277/3/48
P.R. Phipps' personal record of correspondence received 29 May to 11 Sep 1905
277/4/1-28
1905 Oct 3 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including letters from F. Findlay re the opening of the Nile - Red Sea Railway (277/4/6); Machell and F.R.W. to Cromer re the use of Egyptian Army units to escort the maḥmal (277/4/19-20); Phipps to G.C. Kerr re the administration of Port Sudan (277/4/24-26). Also includes :
277/4/28
List and resumé of contents of letters from and to Corbett, 21 Mar to 15 Oct 1905
277/5/1-100
1905 Nov 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from A. Hunter re his inspection tour of Aden and prospects for greater contact between the Sudan and Aden after the opening of the Nile - Red Sea Railway (277/5/4-7); G.K. Matchett to Stack re arrangements for military manoeuvres in February and March and the military tournament in April (277/5/17,37-38), with reply (277/5/84); Owen re decorations for work on the Nile - Red Sea Railway, the development of a preventative serum against cattle plague and the problem of penniless refugees arriving at Port Sudan (277/5/18-24,28-32); G.D. Hunter and Christopherson to Stack, and F.R.W. to Coke re the Military Hospital medical supplies (277/5/25,27,39); Owen (277/5/44), G.M. Franks (277/5/50) and F.R.W. to Owen (277/5/79) re the activities of the Armenian, Moses in the Bahr el Ghazal; Owen re a grant of £10,000 to promote Abyssinia/Sudan markets (277/5/48); F.R.W. to Cromer re his inspection of military posts along the Blue Nile and relations with Belgium over the Bahr el Ghazal (277/5/53-55); Owen re the reduction of customs dues and Lawford's scheme for rubber production in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/5/64-69); F.R.W. to Cromer re steps taken to combat locusts (277/5/99). Also includes:
277/5/60
Note on F.R.W.'s residence in Cairo, known as the 'Bungalow'
277/6/1-174
1905 Dec 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Matthews re Lord Cromer's instructions concerning the Bahr el Ghazal and the pressure of work at Tawfikia due to insufficient staff (277/6/1-8); A. Balfour re the new products available for protection against mosquitoes (277/6/13); F.R.W. to Cromer re prospects for a decoration for Macauley in recognition of his work on the Nile - Red Sea Railway (277/6/14-15); Owen re the opening ceremony for the Nile - Red Sea Railway at Port Sudan (277/6/21-23,47-53,156-163), the surveys of Abyssinia by officers of the Berkshire Regiment, the Belgian dispute and the possible positioning of a gunboat at Bor and Cromer's opposition to an export duty on grain from the Sudan to Eritrea (277/6/21-30); Matchett re the death of Muḥammad Pasha Tawfīq, former A.D.C. to the Khedive and the need for increased security at the Citadel (277/6/40-43); Bullock re unrest in Cairo (277/6/44-45); Owen re censorship of the native press and the failure to obtain funds for the Sleeping Sickness Commission (277/6/47-53); F.R.W. to Cromer re the extension of the telegraph network in the Bahr el Ghazal (277/6/55); Owen to Stack re the trade embargo on goods for the Congo Free State (277/6/64-65); F.R.W. to A. Hunter re his hopes for increased trade with Aden on completion of the Nile - Red Sea Railway (277/6/72-75); F.R.W. to Palmer re the need for a special grant to cover the expense of military operations in the Bahr el Ghazal and money for mobilisation stores (277/6/76-78); F.R.W. to Owen re the need for Ugandan cooperation in the trade embargo against the Congo Free State (277/6/90-93), with Owen's replies (277/6/111-120,128-134); W. Hayes Sadler to Stack re his plan for Sudan customs (277/6/99-100). Also includes:
277/6/16-19
Report on the suitability of Erkowit for the establishment of a hill station
277/6/57-58
Note on the correct mode of address in Arabic for V.I.P.'s
277/6/168
List and resumé of contents of correspondence from W.A. Boulnois, 7 Dec 1904 to 22 Mar 1905
277/6/169
As above, to E. Cecil and R.C.R. Owen, 21 Nov 1904 to 19 Dec 1905
277/6/170-171
As above, from E. Cecil and R.C.R. Owen, 2 Nov 1904 to 31 Dec 1905
277/6/172
As above, to Lord Cromer, 30 Dec 1904 to 29 Dec 1905
277/6/173
As above, to and from G.E. Matthews, 27 Dec 1904 to 4 May 1905
277/6/174
As above, to and from H.D. Palmer, 13 Apr to 25 Nov 1905
279/7/1-180
1905 Dec 25 - 1906 Jan 31
Papers relating to the opening of the Nile - Red Sea Railway at Port Sudan on 27 Jan 1906, including letters from D. Rees and H. Boyle re Lord Cromer's speech at the opening ceremony (279/7/1-3); English and Arabic copies of F.R.W.'s address to Lord Cromer (279/7/4-11); note by G.B. Macauley for Cromer on the cost and technical details of the railway (279/7/12-15); copy of Cromer's speech (279/7/16-21); press cuttings concerning the opening ceremony from a selection of British and European newspapers (279/7/22-125); and translations of articles from Arabic publications (279/7/126-180)
133/19/1-14
1905
Notebook containing lists of subjects for discussion between F.R.W. and various individuals including Stack, Bernard, Director of Military Operations, etc.
Digitised material for Notebook of subjects for discussion between F.R. Wingate and various individuals including Bernard Stack, Director of Military Operations, etc. - 133/19/1-14
278/1/1-125
1906 Jan 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence containing numerous references to the opening of the Nile - Red Sea Railway at Port Sudan and Cromer re McMurdo's account of Abyssinian slave raiding on the Anuak tribe (278/1/2), with F.R.W.'s reply (278/1/37); Owen re the arrangements for the Port Sudan ceremony, the smuggling of arms and ammunition into Sinai by a German steamer, the erection of a Turkish guard house on Sinai territory and the need for a telegraph line from Suez to Nekhl (278/1/9-16,26-33); F.R.W. to Owen re the contents of his address at the Port Sudan ceremony (278/1/55-62); Owen re the Sinai boundary dispute with Turkey and the future of jute production in the Sudan (278/1/66-72,90-94); F.R.W. to Bonham Carter re proposed alterations to the course of study for Sudan recruits (278/1/95). Also includes :
278/1/108-109
F.R.W.'s address to Lord Cromer at the opening ceremony for the Nile - Red Sea railway at Port Sudan on 27 Jan 1906
278/1/110-115
Copy of Lord Cromer's speech
278/1/116-118
Arabic copies of above speeches
278/1/119-124
Draft speech to Lord Cromer at Khartoum
278/2/1-126
1906 Feb 2 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from G. Bewley and F.R.W. re the opening of the new C.M.S. girls' school at Khartoum (278/2/1,4); Cromer re Leigh Hunt's success in growing tomatoes and barley and re false native land claims (278/2/2-3); Matchett (278/2/9-10), F.R.W. to Owen (278/2/34,40) and Cromer (278/2/90) re the Khedive's disapproval of the despatch of fifty soldiers to the Sinai Peninsula; F.R.W. to the Khedive re the opening of the railway extension to Karima (278/2/18-19); Owen re reports from Jennings Bramly of Turkish incursions into Sinai (278/2/27-30,34-38,51-58,79-83); F.R.W. to Cromer and Matthews re the mutinous behaviour of some soldiers of the 10th Sudanese Battalion at Mongalla, reflecting, he suggests, the overall discontent at prolonged service at that garrison (278/2/42-44,61-70); F.R.W. to Broun and Mrs. Broun re his decision to exclude Mrs. Broun from meetings of the Central Economic Board in her capacity as Manager of the Antiquities Museum (278/2/59-60,74-75), with Broun's reply (278/2/72); F.R.W. to Owen re the Turkish climb down over the Sinai dispute and the impending delimitation of the boundary (278/2/96-99); F.R.W. to Cromer re the need for extra British officers for the Bahr el Ghazal stations (278/2/103) and the end of the Sinai dispute (278/2/104); Owen re the end of the Sinai dispute with Turkey, the withdrawal of Turkish troops and preparations for the delimitation of the Sinai boundary (278/2/107-110); Palmer re the formulation of a Pension Law for the Sudan (278/2/114); Owen re the Sinai affair (278/2/117-125). Also includes :
278/2/126
Note on the suitability of certain vegetables for cultivation in the Sudan
278/3/1-72
1906 Mar 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Henry re conflict between the civil and military administrations (278/3/7); A. Cameron re recent unrest among the 10th Sudanese at Mongalla and supplies of food to the battalion (278/3/9-10); Cromer re the suppression of cattle trade between Eritrea and the Sudan to prevent the spread of cattle plague (278/3/11); Owen re the delimitation of the Sinai boundary, the proposed construction of a telegraph line and road from Bor to Meridi and the Anglo-Belgian dispute over the Bahr el Ghazal (278/3/12-13,21-23); Slatin re the need for improved communications in the Bahr el Ghazal and hostilities between `Alī Dīnār and the Sultan of Wadai (278/3/29-32); Henry re Currie's request for accommodation for Education Department staff (278/3/33-34); Slatin and Phipps re the proposal to separate military and civil construction work and to give responsibility for Port Sudan to Kennedy (278/3/38-40,43-45); Sutherland re the reduction in the number of troops in the Bahr el Ghazal (278/3/50-51); F.R.W. to Henry re the housing situation in Khartoum and various outstations, the separation of civil and military works and the proposed withdrawal of troops from the Bahr el Ghazal (278/3/60-61,63). Also includes :
278/3/72-73
Extracts from intelligence reports on military encounters in the Sudan, 1897 - 1898
278/4/1-80
1906 Apr 1 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Phipps re the opening up of the Bahr el Ghazal river to Tonj (278/4/6-7); F.R.W. to Bigge re the disagreement between Kitchener and Curzon which led to the latter's resignation (278/4/8); F.R.W. to Cromer re Turkey's claim to one third of the Sinai Peninsula, a claim, he suggests, inspired by Germany (278/4/10); Owen re the seriousness of the Sinai issue and the despatch of Turkish troops to Kufra (278/4/12); Cromer re the raising of duties on the Abyssinian frontier and the need to censor Turkish telegrams at Suakin (278/4/17-20); Corbett re Cromer's anxiety over the reserve fund (278/4/23) and Cromer re the seriousness of the financial situation (278/4/35-39); F.R.W. to Cromer re the need for an increase in the strength of the Arab Battalion due to raids across the frontier from Abyssinia (278/4/24,55,79); Owen re raids by Abyssinians led by Hailo Mariam on frontier villages and the arming of villages at risk, the Khedivial Line monopoly and the increase in the size of the British garrison in Sinai (278/4/30-34); Garstin re the financial crisis (278/4/41); F.R.W. to Bernard re the Sudan Government accounts (278/4/43-44); A. Balfour re progress in eliminating breeding grounds for mosquitoes (278/4/45); Owen re German influence over the Sultan of Turkey, the possibility of cutting navigable passages through the Kir and Lol rivers, the possibility of war with Turkey and the presence of the noted anarchist, Canteri Auguste, in Port Sudan (278/4/47-52); F.R.W. to Cromer re the Akaba situation and the possible reaction of native troops in the Sudan in the event of war with Turkey (278/4/53-54,78); Bullock re military preparations for war with Turkey over Sinai (278/4/61-62); Owen re the worsening situation in Sinai, the settlement of the Bahr el Ghazal boundary with the Congo Free State, raids by Hailo Mariam across the Abyssinian frontier and Crossland's report on the collection of fauna off the Red Sea coast (278/4/68-77); F.R.W. to Cromer thanking him for the increase in the size of the Arab Battalion on the Abyssinian frontier
278/5/1-169
1906 May 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career relating mainly to the Abyssinian frontier disturbances, the Sinai dispute with Turkey and the political negotiations with Belgium over the Bahr el Ghazal frontier, and including correspondence from F.R.W. to Corbett (278/5/5), Garstin (278/5/6), Cromer (278/5/9-11) and Owen (278/5/22) re the Blue Nile bridge project; Cromer re increased army expenditure (278/5/7-8); F.R.W. to Cromer re lack of finance for Sudan projects, the proposed White Nile bridge and army demands for increased pensions and rations (278/5/9-11); F.R.W. to Owen re the British Government response to the Sinai situation, comments on the Sinai issue in general and the possibility of the presence of German war vessels in the Red Sea (278/5/15-22); Owen re Cromer's proposals for the frontier of the Congo Free State, the Sinai situation and the Khedivial Line monopoly (278/5/23-27,33-42); Palmer re increased pay and pensions for native soldiers (278/5/31-32); F.R.W. to Bullock re the need for a larger force to counteract the Turkish threat to Sinai (278/5/44-45); Owen re the Sinai issue and the interception of Turkish telegrams (278/5/46-51); F.R.W. to Cromer re increased army expenditure and the demands of native officers for higher pensions (278/5/52-54); Cromer re the need for the Gezira railway to take precedence over the Kassala line and the cost of the Halfaya bridge (278/5/56-58); F.R.W. to Owen re the Khedivial Line and the negotiations with the Belgians over the Bahr el Ghazal (278/5/61-64); Blunt re the supply of grain to the army (278/5/65-66); F.R.W. to Cromer re the annual report and conditions of service in the Sudan (278/5/70-71); Cromer re the signing of an agreement with Belgium over the Bahr el Ghazal boundary (278/5/72-73); Owen re the possibility of a Turkish climb-down over the Sinai dispute and the appointment of a new Commandant for Sinai (278/5/78-84); F.R.W. to Cromer re the latter's memorandum on the financial situation, the conclusion of an agreement with Belgium and the Italian presence in the Nogara district (278/5/89-90); F.R.W. to Owen re the settlement of the Sinai dispute and the defence of Port Sudan (278/5/95-98); Owen re the conclusion of the Sinai dispute and the delimitation of the boundary (278/5/99-104); F.R.W. to Cromer re the construction of the Blue Nile bridge (278/5/112); Owen re the Khedive's departure for Europe and the appointment of a Boundary Commission for Sinai (278/5/121-131,137); F.R.W. to Cromer re the appointment of Macauley to handle negotiations on the extension of the railway in the Bahr el Ghazal to Lado and the creation of an Anglo-Belgian company to handle transport of goods (278/5/132-133,138,143), with Cromer's reply (278/5/146-147); F.R.W. to Cromer re the impossibility of withdrawing Belgian and British troops from the southern Bahr el Ghazal during the rainy season (278/5/142); A.C. Parker re the possibility of taking over El Arish (278/5/149-154); F.R.W. to Cromer re relations with Abyssinia (278/5/157); Slatin re Cromer's demand for a reduced budget for the Blue Nile bridge (278/5/161-163). Also includes :
278/5/30,74
Newspaper cuttings on the Sinai dispute from the Yorkshire Daily Observer, The Sun and The Daily Express and on the Bahr el Ghazal situation from the Morning Post, The Times, the Financial News and Broad Arrow
278/5/116-117
Note on reduced travelling facilities for relatives of Sudan Government employees, extracted from proceedings of a meeting of No. 2 Consultative Committee
278/5/165-169
Anonymous notes describing a meeting and conversation between two shaikhs, both teachers from Gordon College, and some officers, all expressing strong opinions on the Sinai issue, critical of the British Government
278/6/1-37
1906 Jun 2 - 28
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Cromer re the presence of anarchists at Port Sudan (278/6/1); Parker re the need for reinforcements at Talodi in Kordofan, the need for a separate penal code for the Sudan and the movement of the Sanūsī to Jaghbub in order to secure Egyptian protection from the Turks (278/6/6-8); F.R.W. to Cromer re the disturbances at Talodi (278/6/10-11); Slatin re the unrest in southern Kordofan (278/6/12-14); Owen re the work of the Boundary Commission in Sinai and the need for the appointment of a suitable governor (278/6/15-18); Matthews re the Kordofan unrest, suggesting as one possible cause, the dealings of some government officials with native women (278/6/19); Gorst re the failure of the Belgian authorities to comply with the terms of the recent agreement (278/6/20); F.R.W. to Owen re the Sinai boundary commission and the appointment of Parker as administrator of the whole peninsula (278/6/31-32)
152/7/1-14
1906 Jun - 1913 Jun
Miscellaneous papers concerning the appointment, pay, contracts and conditions of service of officers and civil servants employed by Egypt and the Sudan. Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.152/7
152/7/5-8
1913 Feb 1
W.O. list detailing the names and duties of officers in the Directorate of Military operations, Department of Chief of the Imperial General Staff
279/1/1-43
1906 Jul 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bernard and Cromer re the Dinshawi incident (279/1/1-2,7,19); J.B. Christopherson re public health at Port Sudan (279/1/5-6); Stack re the attitude of the Labour Party at home to the Dinshawi incident and F.R.W.'s appointment as D.G.M. of the masons in N. Africa (279/1/13-14); Henry re the strengthening of the garrison at Talodi (279/1/17-18) and re Matthews' criticism of the actions of British officers there (279/1/29,31-33); Henry re the strength of the military garrisons in the Bahr el Ghazal and plans for transport in the province (279/1/36-37); Slatin re his proposed inspection tour of southern Kordofan (279/1/38-39). Also includes :
279/1/16
Newspaper cutting from the Glasgow Herald on the success of the Kordofan expedition under J.R. O'Connell
279/2/1-79
1906 Aug 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Henry re the disposition of troops in the Sudan (279/2/1-2); Henry (279/2/8) and F.R.W. to Henry (279/2/37-41), re the Talodi incident and criticism in The Sudan Times of the actions of British officers there; Matthews re the provision of building materials at Malakal (279/2/19); Macauley to Henry re washouts on the railway lines due to excessive rains (279/2/20-21); F.R.W. to Sutherland (279/2/31) and Henry (279/2/37-41) re the Belgian withdrawal from the Bahr el Ghazal and the maintenance of order there; F.R.W. to Palmer re modifications to the Pension Law (279/2/33-34); Bernard re the Gordon College investments and proposed amendments to the Halfaya land concession suggested by the Sudan Development Co. (279/2/46-47,49), with F.R.W.'s reply (279/2/60); F.R.W. and Owen re the work of the Sinai Boundary Commission (279/2/48,61-64); Sutherland re arrangements for the military occupation of the Bahr el Ghazal (279/2/57,70); Bonham Carter re the Talodi incident (279/2/67-69). Also includes :
279/2/51
1906 Aug 21
Newspaper cutting from the Standard re the relief of Talodi
279/3/1-69
1906 Sep 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bernard re floods in Kassala (279/3/2-3) and re Gordon College investments (279/3/4); Cromer re Egyptian nationalism (279/3/16); Henry re the shortage of personnel in Khartoum during the leave season and Hutchinson's report on the execution of two shaikhs at Talodi (279/3/19-21); F.R.W. to Cromer re the unsympathetic press reports about the Red Sea Railway (279/3/25); Cromer re the execution of the two shaikhs at Talodi (279/3/30); F.R.W. to Henry re repercussions of the Talodi executions (279/3/31-32); Henry re funds for the renovation of the hospital at Atbara (279/3/47); Cecil to Stack re financial arrangements for the Sinai Peninsula (279/3/49); F.R.W. to Henry re the problem of transport in the Bahr el Ghazal and the maintenance of the status quo there (279/3/57); B.C. Carter re problems of drunkenness among officers at Wau and recruitment of soldiers in the Bahr el Ghazal (279/3/66). Also includes:
279/3/34
Cuttings from various newspapers on F.R.W.'s new motorcar, Kitchener's resignation from the command at Lahore and the grant of the honorary rank of Maj. Gen. in the British Army to Slatin
279/4/1-32
1906 Oct 2 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Owen (279/4/3-5,12-14) and F.R.W. (279/4/9) re the agreement reached with Turkey over Sinai; Bonham Carter re the Talodi court martial (279/4/6-7); E.V. Turner to Stack re Dale's expedition to Bor, Rumbek and Shambe and possible tribal problems in those areas (279/4/21); G. Maspero and Cromer re permission for the export of antiquities from the Sudan (279/4/26,29,31)
279/5/1-61
1906 Nov 3 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Maspero re the export of antiquities from the Sudan (279/5/5); Wilkinson re the Italian occupation of Nogara and flood damage at Kassala (279/5/6); Matthews re his despatch to Khartoum of native reports on the causes of the outbreak at Talodi (279/5/7-8); Owen (279/5/11-14) and Palmer (279/5/44,46) re the Sinai budget; Lewis and Peat re the value of ivory sales from the Sudan (279/5/17-18); Matchett re the resignation of the Dean of All Saints Church (279/5/23); F.R.W. to Cromer (279//5/29) and Owen (279/5/35) re the experiment with leasehold land at Port Sudan; F.R.W. to Palmer re the budget for 1907 (279/5/30); Cromer re the decision not to publish the Talodi despatches (279/5/42). Also includes :
279/5/51-61
Diary of F.R.W.'s inspection tour of the White Nile and Kordofan provinces, Nov - Dec 1906
279/6/1-161
1906 Dec 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Owen re the Nile - Congo railway and the transit of arms through the Sudan to neighbouring countries (279/6/8-15,21-23); McMurdo re the disposal of funds for freed slaves in the Sudan, the registration of slaves in Sennar Province and Milton's application to set up a date farm in Dongola district (279/6/16-17), with F.R.W.'s reply (279/6/80-82); F.R.W. to Cromer reporting in detail his trip to Kordofan district (ts. and mss. copies -- 279/6/28-65); F.R.W. to Cromer re compensation to frontier villages for Abyssinian raids (279/6/76); Palmer re the payment of customs dues by the army to the government on articles imported direct from abroad (279/6/77-78); Bonus re the proposed date farm in Dongola district (279/6/79); C.J. Slade re the formation of a Sports Club at Port Sudan (279/6/88-89); Herbert re the Badawīūn census (279/6/92-95,123-124), with F.R.W.'s reply (279/6/136-137); F.R.W. to Cromer re the extension of the telegraph system in the Bahr el Ghazal (279/6/106); F.R.W. to Owen re recruitment for the Sudan, the Port Sudan land issue, the Sinai concessions, the need for an Arms Ordinance to prevent contraband trade, the delay in building the Congo - Red Sea Railway and the establishment of a German bank in Port Sudan (279/6/108-119); Owen re problems with Turkey over Sinai (279/6/146-149). Also includes :
279/6/5-6
Copy article from al-Sūdān on F.R.W.'s inspection tours of the Sudan
279/6/150
Newspaper cutting from the Egyptian Gazette on the Sinai Peninsula
279/6/157
List and resumé of contents of letters from F.R.W. to Lord Cromer, 4 Jan - 19 Dec 1906
279/6/158
As above, from Lord Cromer, 1 Jan - 18 Dec 1906
279/6/159
As above, to R.C.R. Owen, 2 Jan - 19 Dec 1906
279/6/160-161
As above, from R.C.R. Owen, 3 Jan - 30 Dec 1906
280/1/1-120
1907 Jan 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Owen re objections by the Badawīūn in N. Sinai to the census (280/1/1-4); Crowfoot to Stack re the success of his trip to Northern Province to search for antiquities (280/1/5); Matthews re the decision to curtail public construction work in Upper Nile Province (280/1/6); F.R.W. to Owen re relations with Turkey in Sinai (280/1/16-17); Cromer re the need to reduce customs dues and the advantages of appointing a civilian as Financial Secretary (280/1/19-23); Parker to Owen reporting on the situation in Sinai, in particular lack of progress with the census, the need for medical arrangements and the introduction of legal procedures (280/1/24-31); Owen re demands for compensation from Menilik for the Hailo Mariam raid, ivory and other trade at Gambeila, the handing over of Jabal Jerok to Abyssinia and the exchange of criminals between the Sudan and Abyssinia (280/1/33-41); F.R.W. to Owen re improvements in communications with Kordofan, the difficulty of Parker's task in Sinai and the Badawīūn census (280/1/42-44); Owen re financial compensation for the raids by Hailo Mariam, the ivory trade at Gambeila, settlement of the southern Abyssinian frontier, the payment of local tolls on goods passing through Abyssinia, trade with Kafta, Harrington's plans for furthering trade at Gambeila, the export of mules from Abyssinia, Sudan imports and exports of coffee, rumours of the release of Dervish prisoners and the Badawīūn census in Sinai (280/1/52-67); F.R.W. to Owen re the proposed submission of the compensation issue (resulting from Hailo Mariam's raid) to the Hague Tribunal for arbitration and the possibility of handing over Jabal Jerok to Abyssinia (280/1/76-79); Owen re a request for a freehold site at Khartoum on which to build a Ritz hotel and Cromer's decision to state in his annual report that the British occupation of Egypt should be considered permanent (280/1/80-82); Owen to Parker re the Badawīūn census and legal procedures for Sinai (280/1/88-93); F.R.W. to Cromer re the proposal to give up Jabal Jerok to Abyssinia (280/1/95-96); Cromer (280/1/98-99) and F.R.W. to Cromer (280/1/116), re the domestic slavery issue; F.R.W. to Cromer re the annual reports of the provinces and departments (280/1/107-108) and the establishment of an agricultural bank in the Sudan (280/1/114); Cromer re reports of the appointment of C.C. Rossetti as Italian consul at Khartoum (280/1/119). Also includes:
280/1/100
Cutting from The Newcastle Chronicle on the appointment of C.C. Rossetti as Italian consul at Khartoum
280/2/1-97
1907 Feb 2 - 28
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Owen re the Khedivial Mail Line and the contraband trade in arms via Tripoli (280/2/19-27), consultations with Abyssinia re the administration of the Anuak country and Baron Pfyffer's plans for a new hotel at Khartoum (280/2/38-43) and re the Nile - Congo railway (280/2/54-56); Parker to Owen re a petition from the inhabitants of El Arish (see below) and discussions with local shaikhs on legal procedures for Sinai (280/2/32-33); Palmer re expenses for the Atwot patrol (280/2/49); Cromer re the annual reports (280/2/57); H.D. Beamish re the plight of Turkish deserters in Sinai (280/2/71-72); Owen re Italian influence in Abyssinia, the import of arms and liquor for the Congo Free State through Port Sudan and the Nile - Congo railway (280/2/73-77); Cromer re the need for reform of Islamic law (280/2/82-83); F.R.W. to Owen re the contraband trade in arms via Tripoli, the Anglo - Belgian Railway Company and the proposed agricultural bank (280/2/94-97). Also includes:
280/2/31
Translation of a petition to Lord Cromer from the inhabitants of El Arish appealing against the imposition of taxes, etc.
280/3/1-130
1907 Mar 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Currie re the Grand Qāḍī's criticism of the curriculum at the Qāḍī's law school (280/3/1); Asser re transport problems in the Bahr el Ghazal (280/3/10,33-35); Christopherson re difficulties in recruiting suitable doctors for the Sudan (280/3/13); Asser re the need for British officers to organise clubs of volunteers (280/3/40-41); McMurdo to Stack (280/3/54), with reply (280/3/76), re the establishment of a post at Jabal Werna in S.E. Kordofan; Slatin re the possibility of Egyptian officers purchasing land in Dongola Province at retirement, the imposition of herd tax on goats and sheep, the need for water pumps as opposed to sāqiyahs and Arab raids into Darfur (280/3/59-64); Phipps re deserters from the 16th Battalion (280/3/70-71); Bonham Carter to W. Frazer re his request for a mining licence (280/3/82-83); Phipps re the visit of the Greek Consul General to Khartoum and progress of the Congo railway survey (280/3/85-86); F.R.W. to J. St. Loe Strachey re the political crisis in Egypt (280/3/96); F.R.W. to Bishop Taylor Smith re the impossibility of enforcing Sunday observance (280/3/99-101); Phipps re the Bor mission (280/3/121); F.R.W. to Cromer re the former's inspection of Dongola Province (280/3/123-124); Herbert and G.D. Hornblower re a meeting of Badawīūn `umdahs (280/3/125-128). Also includes :
280/3/66
1907 Mar 20
Newspaper cutting from the Journal du Caire on an interview with F.R.W.
280/4/1-133
1907 Apr 1 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous telegrams concerning Cromer's resignation and correspondence from Currie re prospects for agriculture in Kassala Province (280/4/2-3); Owen re arrangements for hearing legal cases in Sinai and the deserters from the 16th Battalion (280/4/7-10); F.R.W. to Cameron re a request by the C.M.S. to send missionaries into the Aliab country (280/4/11-12); Owen re a German reconnaissance trip through Sinai (280/4/17-18); F.R.W. to Cromer (280/4/22-23,52-69), Owen (280/4/74-78), Garstin (280/4/79) and F.R.W. to Owen (280/4/90-92) re Cromer's resignation and his replacement by Gorst; F.R.W. to Cromer recommending an award for Slatin on Cromer's departure (280/4/87); F.R.W. to Bullock re the proposed formation of native and British Camel Corps (280/4/93); F.R.W. to Hogarth re the latter's plans for anthropological and archaeological research in the Sudan (280/4/95-96); F.R.W. to Gorst congratulating him on his appointment (280/4/102,119); Owen re the removal of the eastern telegraph cable from Suakin to Port Sudan (280/4/120); F.R.W. to Asser re Hutchinson's policy toward the Zande tribe (280/4/132). Also includes :
280/4/39
1907 Apr 12
Newspaper cutting from the Western Morning News re Cromer's resignation
280/4/70
1907 Apr 13
As above, from the Financial Times
280/4/105-108
Notes by F.R.W. on policy for discussion with Cromer and Gorst
280/4/133
Newspaper cutting outlining Cromer's career
280/5/1-76
1907 May 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bonham Carter re the progress of land settlement and registration in the Gezira (280/5/1-2); Cameron re Archdeacon Gwynne's visit to the missionaries in Mongalla Province (280/5/3); T.B. Hohler, from the British Legation in Addis Ababa, re Menilik's refusal to sign the Tsana agreement and the influx of concession hunters and companies into Abyssinia (280/5/8-11,16); G.D. Hornblower to Herbert re the Badawīūn census (280/5/22); Hohler re the activities of Ydlibi in Abyssinia (280/5/23); Asser re the purchase of carts for use in Kordofan and the White Nile, the use of Army transport for civil goods in the Bahr el Ghazal and the reorganisation of staff required in the event of Stack being appointed Sudan Agent in Cairo (280/5/24-26); Asser re the formation of a Camel Corps for Egypt and the allocation of loot acquired during punitive expeditions (280/5/27-29); Asser re the 1908 budget, the need for roads around Kadugli and the deaths of a detachment of 26 men at Bir Natrun (280/5/38-42); F.R.W. to Garstin re Huntley Walsh's explorations of the Chel and Lor rivers (280/5/65); F.R.W. to Hohler re the payment of the Tsana subsidy to Menilik in return for compensation for the Abu Gulud raid and the failure to establish a market for trade with the Abyssinians at Dunkur (280/5/68-71). Also includes :
280/5/19
1907 May 6
Newspaper cutting from the Egyptian Standard re Cromer's resignation
280/6/1-45
1907 Jun 3 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re the reasons for the deaths by starvation of the 26 men at Bir Natrun and the need for another Arab battalion (280/6/7-8); Bernard to Corbett re the Turkish refusal to recognise customs documents issued by the Sudan Customs Department (280/6/18-19); Asser re transport arrangements for the Bahr el Ghazal, lack of building progress in the provinces and his dissatisfaction with the new Camel Company for Egypt (280/6/23-26); E.W. Ward re F.R.W.'s request for an increase in the number of Royal Engineers attached to the Egyptian Army (280/6/27-28); Kennedy re the completion of Khartoum mosque (280/6/29-30); Matthews re Shilluk unrest (280/6/34); Morant re the release of Mahdist prisoners at Halfa (280/6/37-41); Hohler re the payment of the Tsana subsidy to Menilik (280/6/42-43)
281/1/1-120
1907 Jul 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Herbert re the new budget under Gorst (281/1/15-17); Owen re tribal disturbances in Sinai (281/1/23-24); Matchett re the findings of the Board of Enquiry into the Bir Natrun incident (281/1/29-30); Bonham Carter re wafd land in Khartoum (281/1/33-34); F.R.W. to Asser re his appearance before the Imperial Defence Committee and the latter's proposal to raise a new Arab battalion (281/1/44-45), with Asser's reply (281/1/56); F.R.W. to Owen (281/1/47) and Hohler (281/1/51), re Abyssinian coal; G.W. Anderson re changes introduced by Gorst including a general stocktaking for all departments (281/1/48); F.R.W. to Asser re his reluctance to introduce higher customs dues on trade with Abyssinia and maltreatment of tribes in the Barun country by Abyssinian slave traders (281/1/51-53); Phipps re Gwynne's conclusions regarding the failure of the Bor missionaries (281/1/55); F.R.W. to Asser re the enquiry into the Bir Natrun affair (281/1/66-70); Gwynne re his visit to the Umm Nabardi gold mines (281/1/74); Slatin re the release of political prisoners (281/1/75-76); Owen re the strategy for maintaining British control over Sinai and the inadequacy of the British military presence in Egypt and the Sudan (281/1/81-94). Also includes :
281/1/46
Newspaper cutting on sweeping changes instigated by Gorst
281/2/1-197
1907 Aug 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Asser re the publication of the findings of the Court of Enquiry into the Bir Natrun incident and the fortification of Nekhl in Sinai (281/2/6-7); F.R.W. to Amery, refusing permission to attract shipping companies to Port Sudan by advertising (281/2/9-10); F.R.W. to Bonus re the building of Ritz hotels in Port Sudan and Khartoum (281/2/11-12); Stanton re excessive railway rates paid by merchants in Port Sudan and the effect of these rates on trade, dissatisfaction with the height of the bridge at Port Sudan, Suakin's potential as a tourist attraction, lack of water at Erkowit and its inaccessibility (281/2/18-21), with F.R.W.'s reply (281/2/153); Broun re the rubber survey of the Bahr el Ghazal and Mongalla provinces (281/2/22), with F.R.W.'s reply (281/2/28); Slatin re the building of a permanent headquarters for the Nuba Mountains district (281/2/40-41); Bonus (281/2/42) and F.R.W. to Bonus (281/2/47) re the Ritz hoteliers; Asser re the proposed new Arab battalion, the Bir Natrun affair and repercussions of the stocktaking order (281/2/49-51); Herbert (281/2/52-53,145) and F.R.W. to Herbert (281/2/169), re the Badawīūn census; F.R.W. to Matchett re the possibility of survivors from the Bir Natrun post (281/2/72-74); Matchett re his inspection tour to Kamlin, Wad Medani, Singa and Roseires (281/2/89-90); F.R.W. to Owen re the financial slump in Britain and Egypt, the possibility of a holy war in Morocco and the pending visit of Winston Churchill (281/2/113-114); F.R.W. to Asser re the shortage of camels for the Egyptian and Sudanese Camels Corps and the British Government's refusal to spend any more money on military requirements in Egypt and the Sudan (281/2/115-117), with Asser's reply (281/2/124-125); Phipps re the curtailment of the Lado railway survey (281/2/118); Hohler re Abyssinian coal and Abyssinian slave raiding (281/2/131-132); F.R.W. to Kennedy re the need for extra R.E. officers in the Sudan (281/2/134-135); F.R.W. to Currie re the postponement of Dr. Seligman's anthropological expedition (281/2/154-155); Matchett re the rise in the cost of living as a result of the heavy rains and washouts on the railways (281/2/177-180); Midwinter re the need for an increase in the annual expenditure on railways and re flood damage in Atbara town and on the railways in general (281/2/181-183,194). Also includes:
281/2/171
Note by F.R.W. on the creation of the Egyptian Army hospital by Dr. Acland in 1883
281/2/193
Newspaper cutting on the floods at Atbara
281/2/195-197
List of special credits granted to the War Department
281/3/1-124
1907 Sep 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Asser re his scheme for an increase in the size of the Arab Battalion (281/3/32-33), with comments by Stack (281/3/34); Midwinter and Gorst re the detailed survey of the Lado railway by Belgian engineers (281/3/40-41,45,64); Clayton re the need for an increase in pay for the officers of the Camel Corps (281/3/46-48); F.R.W. to Stack refuting rumours that he is about to retire (281/3/52); Currie re the problems of attracting good Egyptian teachers to the Sudan (281/3/53-54); E.V. Turner re the cancellation of the contract to build the Tawfikia - Kadugli telegraph line (281/3/55-56); Asser re unrest in the 15th Sudanese battalion at Kadugli (281/3/65-66); F.R.W. to Gorst re his desire to describe natives of the Sudan as British protected subjects in passport regulations and not Ottoman subjects (281/3/70-71); Matchett re his inspection trip up the White Nile (281/3/86-87). Also includes :
281/3/1-30
Notes on the history of Kordofan before the Egyptian conquest by H.A. MacMichael, Deputy Inspector, Kordofan
281/3/51
Press cutting from The Western Mail on rumoured changes in the administration of the Sudan and F.R.W's retirement
281/4/1-91
1907 Oct 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Midwinter to Stack re the impracticality of the proposed railway in the Lado Enclave (281/4/44); Palmer (281/4/45) and F.R.W. to Henry (281/4/64-65) re budget reductions for 1908; Rees (281/4/66) and F.R.W. to Rees (281/4/67) re Winston Churchill's proposed visit to the Sudan; Wilkinson re the effects of locust swarms in Kassala and the high rate of sickness among soldiers and local inhabitants (281/4/73); F.R.W. to Gorst and H.P. Harvey re the army budget for 1908 (281/4/78-84). Also includes :
281/4/1
Statement of numbers of warrant officers, N.C.O.'s and men serving in the Egyptian Army in the Sudan
281/4/5-6
Report by E.B. Wilkinson on an outbreak of malarial fever in the 11th Battalion at Kassala
281/4/32-34
Table showing the annual cost of various items in the 1908 army budget and budget matters discussed with the Financial Adviser
281/4/85-86
List of heads of departments and province governors showing dates of appointment and current salaries
281/4/87-91
Note of Slatin's salary and expenses during service in the Sudan
281/5/1-120
1907 Nov 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from H.R. Spense re conditions in Abyssinia (281/5/4); F.R.W. to Hohler re the proposed creation of an Arab infantry battalion for Kassala, the possibility of a British governor being appointed by Menilik for Beni Shangul and the appointment of Jennings Bramly as Abyssinian governor of the Anuak country (281/5/12-14); Herbert, detailing Gorst's plans for the future government of Egypt (281/5/16-20); Palmer (281/5/24-25) and Harvey (281/5/26-27,33-35) re the 1908 army budget; F.R.W. to Gorst re preparations for Churchill's visit (281/5/49); F. Rowland re the policy of the Bank of Egypt in the Sudan (281/5/50-51); C.J. Hawker re the financial insecurity of merchants at Port Sudan (281/5/55); Owen re the refusal of the Vali of the Hijāz to pay for Ottoman pilgrims landed at Suakin from Jiddah (281/5/62-66), with F.R.W.'s reply (281/5/103); Slatin re developments in Kassala (281/5/70-72); F.R.W. to Gorst (281/5/73) and Herbert (281/5/99-100) re his inspection trip up the Blue Nile; F.R.W. to Owen re his appointment as Governor Mongalla (281/5/75-83); F.R.W. to Harvey re the insufficient strength of the army in the Sudan and the need for an increased budget (281/5/90-93); Owen re the need for a post at Bir Natrun (281/5/101-102); Gaiffin and Gorst re the refusal to allow the passage of Belgian mail through the Sudan to the Lado Enclave (281/5/113). Also includes:
281/5/41-43
Extract from E.E. Bond's annual report on steamers and boats concerning transport and communications with the Bahr el Ghazal
281/5/44
Itinerary for F.R.W.'s Khartoum - Roseires trip
281/5/57-61
Draft of F.R.W.'s address upon Gorst's arrival at Khartoum
281/5/68
Copy of the defence scheme for Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North
281/5/114
Statement of expenditure on civilian rifle clubs
281/5/115,117
List of special credits for the 1908 army budget
281/5/116
Table showing the annual cost of various items in the 1908 army budget proposals
281/6/1-147
1907 Dec 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Turner re the use of Abyssinian stamps (281/6/2); Owen re the Sinai decree for the trial of murderers (281/6/9); Palmer re the retention of troops in Sinai (281/6/10); Hohler, predicting chaos in Abyssinia on the death of Menilik and re the need for a treaty to delimit the Sudan/Abyssinia border (281/6/14-15); Herbert (261/6/22-23,35-38), Gorst (281/6/25-26), F.R.W. to Gorst (281/6/29-30) and Owen (281/6/41-42) re the Duchess d'Aosta's visit; Scott Moncrieff re proposed changes in the policy of the Bank of Egypt (281/6/32); F.R.W. to Gorst re the passage of mail through the Sudan to the Lado Enclave (281/6/34); F.R.W. to Hohler re the results of the analysis of Abyssinian coal, his trip up the Blue Nile, the importance of extending the system of administration of Abyssinian frontier districts by British officers and difficulties in trade between Abyssinia and the Sudan (281/6/61-63); Owen re the visit by Prince and Princess Louis Windischgraetz and Gorst's views on censorship of Egyptian newspapers imported into the Sudan (281/6/76-77); F.R.W. to Herbert re demands from native officers for increased pay (281/6/81-82); Owen, recommending that Bramly, as Abyssinian Governor of the Anuak country, should be completely independent of H.M. Agent in Addis Ababa and the Sudan Government and re the treatment of Abyssinian refugees in the Sudan (281/6/108-111); Hohler re discussions with Dejaz Marid on steps to encourage trade between the Sudan and Abyssinia (281/6/123-124); F.R.W. to Harvey re the need for a larger education budget for the Sudan to attract and keep Egyptian schoolmasters (281/6/128-130); Owen re the encouragement of trade at Gambeila and the spread of cholera in the Hijāz (281/6/133-138); Herbert re the decree for the Badawīūn census and the suitability of volunteer reservists as policemen (281/6/139-141); Currie re the programme for Gorst's visit to the Gordon College (281/6/143). Also includes :
281/6/116
1907 Dec 26
Orders for the inspection of troops by the Sirdār during the visit of Sir E. Gorst to Khartoum
281/6/146-147
List of officers and officials required to accompany the Governor-General during Gorst's stay in Khartoum
280/7/1-21
1907
Index of correspondence both to and from F.R.W. for 1907
282/1/1-76
1908 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Hohler re his attempts to persuade Menilik to nominate a successor and the need for increased contacts between the Sudan and Abyssinia (282/1/1-2); Owen re Parker's request for more men and money for Sinai (282/1/7-8); F.R.W. to Herbert (282/1/12) and Herbert (282/1/23-26) re proposed increases in pay and pensions for native army officers; Owen re steps taken to combat cholera in Sinai (282/1/18-20); Herbert re steps taken to prevent the spread of cholera to Egypt and demands by schoolmasters for increased pay (282/1/23-26,52-53); Shaikh `Abd al-Qādir al-Makkawī re the need for a modification of the terms of land occupancy at Port Sudan (282/1/33-34); E.S. Hartland to R. Rea re the customs of the Dinka tribe (282/1/64-66); E.B. Hazan re the election of a committee to represent Jewish interests in the Sudan (282/1/73). Also includes :
282/1/37-38
Notes on the Sudan Government twin screw gunboats
282/1/62
Article from Chambers journal on Port Sudan
282/1/75-76
Satirical verse: 'Ed-Ab-Win-Go Rex Sudanorum,' author unknown
282/2/1-78
1908 Feb 1 - 29
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Herbert re the inadequacy of the army rations (282/2/1-2), with F.R.W.'s reply (282/2/45-46); F.R.W. to Herbert (282/2/8-9) and to the Khedive (282/2/11-12), re the Duke of Connaught's visit; F.R.W. to Napier re the success of his new motor car (282/2/21); Corbett re the social and political situation in Venezuela (282/2/22-23); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the growth in Sudan revenue (282/2/43-44); Currie and F.R.W. to Harvey re demands from schoolmasters for increased pay (282/2/52-53); Turner re the progress of telegraph construction from Awoi to Bor (282/2/55); Matthews re lack of progress in civil and military building in Upper Nile Province (282/2/56-57); Herbert re negotiations with the Financial Adviser on increased pay for native officers (282/2/58-60); F.R.W. to Gorst re the Sudan Quarantine Ordinance (282/2/62); Cromer re his new book (282/2/65) and the Congo debate in the House of Commons (282/2/74); Palmer re the police education scheme, technical schools and pensions for Sudanese officers (282/2/67-68); Harvey re the necessity for departments to remain within allotted budgets (282/2/71-72); Murphy re the Badawīūn census decree (282/2/78)
284/8/1-125
1908 Feb 6 - May 25
Correspondence from Stack in Cairo to F.R.W. re the opening of the Ghizeh Bridge, negotiations with the Belgians over the Lado railway and arrangements for control of cholera in Sinai (284/8/1-5); the Nile - Congo railway negotiations (284/8/8,12,20,33,39,41); opposition in Egypt to the administration of justice in Sinai (284/8/14,24); the Duke of Connaught's visit (284/8/16-19); Egyptian nationalism (284/8/18-19,38-39,78-79,105); the recommendations of the Badalīyah Commission (284/8/21-23,43-45); the Dervish prisoners (284/8/26-27,35-36,38,41,48-49,56,66-68,71-72,74-78,80-81,93-95,102); the visit of Prince von Schönburg Waldenburg and the import of arms and ammunition into the Sudan (284/8/29-34,97-98); the maintenance of troops in Sinai (284/8/45-46,111); Jennings Bramly's appointment as Governor of the Anuak country and the need for him to be seen as Menilik's agent and not an official of the British or Sudanese governments (284/8/49-51); the land required by the C.M.S. for a school at El Arish (284/8/57-58); construction of the Goz Abu Guma bridge across the White Nile (284/8/84-85,87-88,118-119,123); the Gezira rising under `Abd al-Qādir and press reaction to it in Egypt (284/8/99-101,104,109-110,113-117); McMurdo's complaints about lack of support for officers of the Slavery Department in Kordofan (284/8/121-122)
284/7/1-89
1908 Feb 27 - Dec 24
Correspondence from F.R.W. to Stack re the Duke of Connaught's visit (284/7/1-4); the Nile - Congo Railway negotiations (284/7/2,10,13-16); the Dervish prisoners (284/7/10-11,16-17,24,26,33,40,82-83); arrangements for communications with Jennings Bramly in his capacity as Abyssinian governor of the Anuak country (284/7/15); the Port Sudan land tenure scheme (284/7/19-20); the Sudanese pension scheme (284/7/26); the need for the Goz Abu Guma bridge over the White Nile to improve communications with Kordofan (284/7/27,34,37,44); unrest among the Misīrīyah Arabs in Kordofan (284/7/29,33); the need for press censorship (284/7/32,64,67,77-78); Egyptian nationalism (284/7/35,71); publication of the Badalīyah decree (284/7/37); the trial of `Abd al-Qādir and the causes of the rising in the Gezira (284/7/41-42,47-48,51,53); interference by the Slavery Department in domestic slavery (284/7/43,50-52); Abyssinian trade (284/7/58,65-66); and the 1909 budget (284/7/70-71)
282/3/1-98
1908 Mar 1 - 18
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Gorst re the Duke of Connaught's visit (282/3/1); Herbert and F.R.W. to Herbert re the Badalīyah Commission and proposals for an increase in pay of native officers (282/3/8-11); F.R.W. to Palmer re the proposed changes in the training of policemen and the introduction of the Sudanese pension scheme (282/3/15-17); Harvey to Bernard (282/3/29-30), Currie (282/3/31-32) and F.R.W. to Harvey (282/3/37-38) re the method of promotion within the Education Department; Palmer re the police training scheme (282/3/42-43); Herbert re the native officers' pay scheme and the composition of the Badalīyah Commission (282/3/44-54); F.R.W. to Gorst re the slave trade in Central Africa and the recommendations of the Italian Anti-Slavery Congress (282/3/58); Slatin, advising against the appointment of civilians as province governors and re his role on the selection board (282/3/68-72); Phipps re the effects of a proposed dam at Singa and the unsuitability of Christopherson for running Khartoum General Hospital (282/3/80-82); Stanton re the need for a Sudan agency in London (282/3/90-91); G. Popham Blyth, Bishop in Jerusalem, to the Archbishop of Canterbury requesting the creation of a Sudan bishopric with Gwynne as Bishop (282/3/97-98)
282/3/99-183
1908 Mar 19 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps re the outstanding debts of British officers and officials to local merchants (282/3/100-101); F.R.W. to Phipps re arrangements for the movement of Dervish prisoners (282/3/106-108); F.R.W. to Herbert re discussions on increases in native officers' pay and the Sudanese pension scheme (282/3/118-120); Slatin re his views on domestic slavery (282/3/126-128); Herbert re the proposed increases in native officers' pay, the discussions of the Badalīyah Commission and progress of the Badawīūn census decree (282/3/131-138); G. Popham Blyth re his request to the Archbishop for the creation of a new Bishopric of the Sudan (282/3/141); Phipps re the work of the Sleeping Sickness Commission, the possibility of a light railway from Summit to Erkowit, the Khartoum Development Company report and Christopherson's inability to handle administration (282/3/145-146); F.R.W. to Phipps re land tenure at Port Sudan and the impossibility of building a light railway to Erkowit (282/3/151-154); F.R.W. to Gorst re the Apprenticeship Ordinance, 1908 (282/3/155-156); Harvey re the new pension law for Egyptian civilian officials (282/3/157-158); Slatin re his inspection tour of Dongola Province (282/3/159-164). Also includes:
282/3/182-183
Contract for officers retained in the Egyptian Army after ten years' service
282/4/1-92
1908 Apr 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin re the movement of Dervish prisoners to Halfa and instructions to the Slavery Department not to interfer in domestic slavery (282/4/6-9); McMurdo re the over-zealousness of inspectors in the Slavery Department (282/4/10); Palmer (282/4/17-18) and F.R.W. to Herbert (282/4/19-20), re the findings of the Badalīyah Commission and the native officers' pay scheme; Kitchener re attacks on him in the British press, inspired he suggests, by Curzon (282/4/27); Herbert re the rise of nationalism in Egypt (282/4/34-38); Currie re pension regulations for teachers (282/4/52); F.R.W. to Scott Moncrieff re reductions in rents and changes in land tenure at Port Sudan (282/4/55); Herbert re complaints from the Sinai Badawīūn concerning Jennings Bramly (282/4/69-70); Gwynne re the failure of the C.M.S. mission on the Upper Nile (282/4/71); Harvey re the draft Pension Law (282/4/84-85); Gorst re the removal of the Dervish prisoners to Wadi Halfa (282/4/86-87); A. de Bosdari to Sir Edward Grey re the decision of the Italian Government to take steps against the Mullah (282/4/88). Also includes:
282/4/72-81
Diary of a tour of inspection of the White and Upper Nile stations
282/5/1-108
1908 May 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Asser re the murder of Scott Moncrieff and his ma`mūr at Kugur near Kamlin by `Abd al-Qādir and his followers, the despatch of a force under Dickinson to Tugur and re his inspection tour to Mongalla and the Lado Enclave (282/5/3-4); F.R.W. to Gorst (282/5/5-10,44), the Khedive (282/5/39-40) and Asser (282/5/46) re his tour of inspection of Mongalla and the Lado Enclave, the likelihood of the Sudan having eventually to take over the administration of Gondokoro and Lado districts, the despatch of a patrol under Capt. Wood Martin against the Beir in retaliation for their attacks on Dinka villages, the success of the missions in Mongalla, the death of Scott Moncrieff, `Abd al-Qādir's success against government troops at Katfia and his eventual capture and trial; Asser re the disturbances in Blue Nile Province (282/5/11-12); Watson re the proposed visit to England by the Khedive (282/5/13); Harvey (282/5/17) and F.R.W. to Harvey (282/5/57) re the need to cut back on Port Sudan expenditure; Palmer re the Sudanese pension scheme and the Financial Adviser's demand for reductions in army expenditure (282/5/18-20); Clayton to Phipps re a fire at Gordon College (282/5/32); F.R.W. to Gorst re the successful strike against Dickinson's force (282/5/44); Owen re the success of F.R.W.'s tour of inspection, arrangements for establishing a new post in Twi district and rumours of Gorst leaving Egypt, suggesting he is a failure as a replacement for Cromer (282/5/48-55); F.R.W. to Gorst (282/5/56) and to G.D. Hunter (282/5/71) and Maxwell (282/5/94-95) re latent Mahdism; Muṣṭafā Fahmī re the decision to utilise subscriptions donated to the Lord Cromer memorial for increasing the number of dispensaries for sick children (282/5/66-67); F.R.W. to Herbert (282/5/73-74) and Herbert (282/5/86-90) re the native officers' pay scheme and the Badawīūn census; F.R.W. to Gorst re the trial of the Gezira insurgents (282/5/91); F.R.W. to Harvey re the 1909 budget special credits (282/5/92-93); H.W. Jackson re locust damage in Berber Province (282/5/103). Also includes :
282/5/78
List of possessions of the late C.C. Scott Moncrieff to be sent home
282/5/98
Forecast of revenue to be obtained in 1908 based on actual receipts up to the end of March
282/5/105-107
Note by J. Currie on a proposed salary scheme for Sudan officials
110/8/1-3
1908 May 12
Copy of report by F.R.W. to J.G. Maxwell for the Duke of Connaught on the rising in the Gezira by `Abd al-Qādir ibn Muḥammad Imām wad Ḥabūbah (d. 1908)
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.110/8/1-3
282/6/1-79
1908 Jun 1 - 27
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Phipps re the need for a government committee to consider changes in personnel (282/6/12), with Phipps' reply (282/6/73); F.R.W. to Asser re the sentences handed out to the rebels at Kamlin and the progress of the Beir patrol (282/6/21-22); F.R.W. to Phipps re rewards and decorations for services in the recent Gezira action (282/6/23-26); Currie re his disappointment at the leniency of the Kamlin sentences (282/6/33-37); Phipps re the settlement of a dispute between Christopherson and Michon of the Medical Department (282/6/41-42,50); Phipps re investigations into the illicit selling of drugs by the Sudan Medical Department and reports of Kitchener's disappointment at not succeeding Lord Cromer in Egypt (282/6/57-59); Pearson re the delimitation of the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier (282/6/60); Cromer (282/6/75) and Herbert (282/6/78-79) re F.R.W.'s promotion to Lieutenant General; Herbert re the officers' pay scheme (282/6/78-79)
283/1/1-110
1908 Jul 1 - 23
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Maxwell (283/1/1), Phipps (283/1/4), Midwinter (283/1/10) and Asser (283/1/16), re F.R.W.'s promotion to the rank of Lieutenant General; Herbert re the settlement of officers' pay and Sudanese pensions (283/1/6-8,86-89,108); Midwinter re finance for the White Nile bridge (283/1/10-11); Shahīn George re the need for curbs on Egyptian newspapers (283/1/18-20); J.E. Gough, seeking permission to enlist a further 100 Sudanese recruits for K.A.R. battalions in East Africa and Uganda (283/1/50), with F.R.W.'s reply (283/1/51); Lewin, recommending the employment of a cavalry battalion for a patrol in southern Kordofan (283/1/53-55); Asser re his decision not to establish a post in the Twi country at Kongor (283/1/60-61,74); Phipps (283/1/67) and F.R.W. to Midwinter (283/1/101-102) re Gorst's attempt to raise a loan from the British Government for the Sudan; Pearson re the establishment of a survey village for the Gezira at Hassa Heissa (283/1/69); Asser re quarantine arrangements at Halfa (283/1/74-78); F.R.W. to Borton re the benefits derived from the introduction of penny postage into the Sudan (283/1/92-93). Also includes :
283/1/28-49
Report by the Committee on Oriental Studies in London enquiring, with F.R.W.'s assistance, into the advantages of Sudan officials receiving a grounding in Arabic, anthropology, religious law, ethnology, etc.
283/1/73
Cutting from The Times on the need for reciprocity of postal rates between Egypt and England
283/1/109-110
Copy letter published in al-Jarīdah from Egyptian officers at Khartoum making unfavourable comparisons between their pay and terms of service and those offered to civilian employees
283/2/1-60
1908 Jul 24 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Gorst (283/2/1), F.R.W. to Bernard (283/2/16), Clayton (283/2/31) and Bernard (283/2/32-33), re the proposed loan from the British Government for the Sudan; Asser re agricultural developments in Zeidab, in particular the success of cotton cultivated by tenant farmers and unrest in the Habbānīyah country (283/2/20-24); F.R.W. to Bernard re new steamers for the Shellal-Halfa reach (283/2/41); Currie re Lord Cromer's attitude to the proposed government loan (283/2/52); F.R.W. to Channer and Phipps re the need to censor official orders for the Beir patrol which included instructions to burn villages, in view of the political climate in Britain (283/2/54-56); F.R.W. to Herbert re possible repercussions in Egypt of the rise of nationalism in Turkey (283/2/58-60)
284/9/1-68
1908 Jul 30 - Dec 31
Correspondence from Stack to F.R.W. re Lord Cromer's leaving present (284/9/3-5); the murder of native officers at Kadugli (284/9/5); Egyptian nationalism (284/9/6,8-9,17,24-25,27,34-37); the members of the new Egyptian cabinet (284/9/10-11,44); an article in al-Liwā` critical of F.R.W. (284/9/18,24); the registration of slaves (284/9/19-21,29-30); trade with Abyssinia (284/9/23-24,26); the delay in the laying of the railway line to the Gezira (284/9/33); prospects for the Sudan loan from the British Government (284/9/45); the removal of `Uthmān Diqnah to Halfa (284/9/46,53,60); the employment of retired or serving Egyptian Army officers by the Interior for civilian work in Egypt (284/9/48-51,66-67); compensating the Belgian Government for territory handed over to Uganda (284/9/59-60,62-64). Also includes :
284/9/13-14
Copy article from al-Liwā`, critical of F.R.W.
284/9/54
Note about the Dervish prisoners
283/3/1-95
1908 Aug 1 - 8
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Bonus re the 1909 budget (283/3/3); F.R.W. to Asser re medals for the Beir patrol and the hostility of the Beir tribe, the proposed establishment of posts at Awoi and Falwal, the passage of a large group of pilgrims through Kordofan en route to Mecca, the publication of the official notice on the increase in officers' pay and pensions, the situation in Turkey and the application for a Sudan loan from the British Government (283/3/12-23); Asser re the cost of military operations in the Gezira and against the Beir (283/3/24-28); F.R.W. to Phipps re trading by missionaries, Nuer and Dinka policy, the establishment of posts at Awoi and Falwal and difficulties in maintaining a trading post at Gambeila (283/3/30-32); Dimitri re the situation in Turkey and repercussions in Egypt (283/3/37-42); Gwynne re his appointment as Bishop of Khartoum (283/3/43); Slatin re the actions of the Young Turks (283/3/50-51); Bernard re the need to attract shipping to Port Sudan and Suakin and the drawbacks of awarding all government contracts to one shipping line (283/3/54-58); Asser re the command of a patrol to Kordofan (283/3/59); Herbert re the reactions of Egyptian officers to the new pay scheme (283/3/63-66); Midwinter re delays in the construction of the Atbara bridge (283/3/71-72); Herbert, suggesting events in Turkey will give an impetus to Egyptian nationalism (283/3/89-91). Also includes :
283/3/93
Newspaper cutting announcing the appointment of Sir J.G. Maxwell to the command of troops in Egypt
283/4/1-85
1908 Aug 9 - 16
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin and Asser re rumours of an invasion of Kordofan, the emergence of a prophet at Sherkeila, the Sudanese pension scheme, the position of the southern Kordofan garrison and the Sudan Government's financial contribution to the Abyssinian boundary delimitation (283/4/2-6); F.R.W. to Slatin re the effect of the new movement in Turkey on Egyptian nationalism, the proposed route for the railway to El Obeid and the terms of the Natives Detention Ordinance (283/4/11-13); Channer re the emergence of a Young Egypt party and the publication of customs statistics of wines and liquor imports into the Sudan (283/4/14-20); F.R.W. to Phipps re the proposed industrial school at Mongalla (283/4/22-24); Dimitri (283/4/27-28), F.R.W. to Dimitri (283/4/34) and Slatin (283/4/61-63), re the situation in Turkey and repercussions in Egypt; F.R.W. to Asser re the success of the cotton growing scheme at Zeidab (283/4/48-54); Slatin re the route of the proposed railway for the Gezira (283/4/61-63); Amery re the formation of a nationalist society in Khartoum (283/4/68); Gorst re the proposed increase in the British garrison in the Sudan (283/4/69); Owen re the government's refusal to allow the establishment of a post for the Twi district at Kongor (283/4/77-82)
283/5/1-78
1908 Aug 17 - 24
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin re the agricultural experiment at Zeidab and rumours of a new prophet at Sherkeila in Kordofan (283/5/5-7); F.R.W. to Gorst re the proposed increase in the British garrison in the Sudan (283/5/9); Channer re the new constitution in Turkey and the repatriation of Turkish refugees in Egypt (283/5/10-12); F.R.W. to Gorst (283/5/14-15), Gorst (283/5/66) and Maxwell (283/5/71) re the command of British troops in the Sudan during the Sirdār's absence; F.R.W. to Asser re the railway route to El Obeid, the command of the Kordofan patrol and the command of British troops in F.R.W.'s absence (283/5/19-24); Slatin re the Sudan loan (283/5/26); F.R.W. to Channer re Egyptian nationalism (283/5/29-30); F.R.W. to Owen re the proposed posts at Kongor and Awoi (283/5/32-33); F.R.W. to Lewin re the Sudan medal for the Blue Nile operations (283/5/49); F.R.W. to Asser re the command of the patrol in Kordofan, the medal for the Blue Nile expedition, Sudanese pensions and the position of the garrison in southern Kordofan (283/5/50-55); Channer re Egyptian nationalism (283/5/56-59); Asser re the command of the Kordofan patrol, barrack accommodation at Port Sudan and Suakin, the need for a new Camel Co. for the Gezira and Sudanese pensions (283/5/62-65); Mahon re rumours of F.R.W.'s resignation (283/5/69)
283/6/1-72
1908 Aug 25 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin (283/6/3-4), F.R.W. to Gorst (283/6/6-7) and F.R.W. to Slatin (283/6/38-39) re the command of British troops in the Sudan in F.R.W.'s absence; Phipps re criticism from Thomas Cook and Son of unfair competition from government steamers on the Nile (283/6/23); Asser re the military budget for 1909 and the agricultural scheme at Zeidab (283/6/24-27); F.R.W. to Gorst and Maxwell re the command of British troops in the Sudan (283/6/28-30,32); F.R.W. to Phipps re fund raising for a church at Khartoum (283/6/34-35); Slatin re the need to divide Kordofan into two districts for administrative purposes and the desire of certain Sudanese to form a Sudan club in Khartoum (283/6/40-41); F.R.W. to Asser re the officers' pay scheme and the Army command question (283/6/51-55); Gorst re the command of British troops (283/6/56); Channer re support for the nationalist cause from Egyptian Army officers in Cairo (283/6/58-61); F.R.W. to Amery re the emergence of a nationalist movement in the Sudan (283/6/66-67)
283/7/1-61
1908 Sep 1 - 8
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Channer (283/7/6-7) and Lewin (283/7/12-13) re Egyptian nationalism; Palmer re the military budget for 1909 (283/7/16-18); F.R.W. to Jennings Bramly re Menilik's cancellation of Jennings Bramly's appointment as governor of the Anuak country and the proposed Falwal and Awoi posts (283/7/19-20); F.R.W. to Asser re the murder of three soldiers at Kadugli, the command of the Kordofan patrol, the separation of Kordofan into two administrative districts, the garrison at Port Sudan and Suakin, the 1909 budget and the Aswan - Halfa steamers (283/7/27-33); Asser re the danger of flooding at Khartoum, the general progress of Blue Nile Province including the slavery issue, Sudanese recruitment, the success of the colonies, criticism of the 13th Sudanese battalion and the state of public buildings (283/7/51-55); Bernard re the Sudan loan (283/7/58-59)
283/8/1-79
1908 Sep 9 - 20
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re finance for the new battalion schools, the nationalist feelings of Egyptian Army officers and the command of the Kordofan patrol (283/8/1-2); Phipps re the command of British troops in the Sudan in F.R.W.'s absence (283/8/6-8); Stanton re problems caused by the Slavery Ordinance (283/8/10); Gen. Wynne (283/8/17) and F.R.W. to Gorst (283/8/52-53) re the decision not to publish the Blue Nile despatches; F.R.W. to Phipps re the political situation in Turkey (283/8/22-23); F.R.W. to Midwinter re the construction of the White Nile bridge (283/8/32,75); Owen re the Kongor and Awoi posts (283/8/34); Asser re the command of British troops and of the Kordofan patrol and the expenses of the Sleeping Sickness Commission (283/8/35-38); Lewin re the murder of three Sudanese officers at Talodi (283/8/40-41); F.R.W. to Asser re the 1909 military budget, the murders at Kadugli and the agricultural scheme at Zeidab (283/8/43-48); Amery re the situation in Turkey and its effect on Egyptian nationalism (283/8/49-51); F.R.W. to Armbruster re trade prospects with Abyssinia (283/8/56-57); Phipps re the appeal for funds for a church at Khartoum (283/8/69) and re the political views of young Egyptian Army officers (283/8/70); F.R.W. to Palmer re the 1909 budget and Sudanese pensions (283/8/77); Phipps re the extermination of the elephant in the Congo (283/8/79)
283/9/1-68
1908 Sep 21 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Amery re Egyptian nationalists (283/9/1-2); Armbruster re the political situation in and trade prospects with Abyssinia (283/9/3-6); W. Lloyd re the command of the Kordofan patrol and the outbreak of cattle plague (283/9/14-15); Phipps re relations with Turkey (283/9/18); Kennedy re the progress of construction work at Port Sudan and the findings of the waterwork experts on the water supply to Khartoum (283/9/20-30). Also includes:
283/9/40-68
Report on Kordofan Province, edited by Watkiss Lloyd, Governor Kordofan, 1908
284/1/1-81
1908 Oct 6 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Lloyd re the attack on rebels at Jabal Fassu in Kordofan (284/1/10-11); Phipps to Clayton re arrangements for President Roosevelt's shooting trip to the southern Sudan (284/1/16); G. Popham Blyth re the consecration of L. Gwynne as Bishop of Khartoum (284/1/25); Harvey to F.R.W. re the expenses of the Suakin quarantine camp (284/1/28); H. Craik re the need to stir up interest in England in the work of the Gordon College (284/1/33); F.R.W. to Gorst re slavery in Blue Nile Province (284/1/36); Rees (284/1/43,59-60) and F.R.W. to Rees (284/1/49,61), re punitive expeditions against tribes in southern Kordofan; Turner to Clayton re the proposed post at Awoi (284/1/45); F.R.W. to Lloyd re the command of the Kordofan patrol (284/1/46-47); F.R.W. to Maxwell (284/1/57) and Maxwell (284/1/64-65) re boundaries at Abbasiya. Also includes :
284/1/67-72
Note of the expenses approved by the Council of Ministers chargeable against the Badalīyah fund, details of the proposed 1909 budget, etc
284/1/79-81
Itinerary for F.R.W.'s journey from Alexandria to London
284/2/1-59
1908 Nov 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Wynne re the lack of brevet promotions and rewards for British officers serving in the Egyptian Army (284/2/7-10); F.R.W. to Roosevelt re arrangements for his hunting trip to the Sudan (284/2/18-23); Harvey re the financial crisis in the Sudan (284/2/27-28); F.R.W. to Johnson re progress in the construction of Khartoum cathedral (284/2/30-31); F.R.W. to Rowlatt and Grenfell re the commercial depression in Egypt affecting the business community in the Sudan (284/2/35-38); Gorst re Armbruster's report on the encouragement of Sudan/Abyssinia trade (284/2/46); Currie re the Sudan loan (284/2/50-51); Watson re the appointment of a new Ministry in Cairo (284/2/53-56); A. Luzzatto to Slatin re lack of support for the Bank of Egypt from the Sudan Government (284/2/59). Also includes :
284/2/25-26
Copy extracts from al-Dustūr and al-Liwā` criticising Egyptian Army officers for kissing the hand of the Sirdār
284/2/43-45
Memorandum by E.C. Midwinter on the relaying of the railway between Atbara and Khartoum and the extension to El Obeid
284/3/1-83
1908 Nov 16 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Gorst re structural problems in the railway line between Atbara and Shendi and lack of finance for the railway extension south of Khartoum (284/3/1-2); Rowlatt re steps taken by the National Bank of Egypt to encourage trade in the Sudan (284/3/5-6), with F.R.W.'s reply (284/3/54); F.R.W. to Churchill re the necessity for extra patrols in the Kordofan mountains and the financial slump in Egypt and the Sudan (284/3/18); F.R.W. to Gorst re the Kordofan disturbances, steps taken against slavery and financial difficulties (284/3/21-23); Percival re improvements at Raga (284/3/24-25); Wynne re F.R.W.'s complaint of lack of rewards and decorations for British officers in the Egyptian Army (284/3/38-43); Hamilton re the Kordofan disturbances (284/3/58-59); Grenfell re National Bank of Egypt policy in the Sudan (284/3/64-65); F.R.W. to T.D. Acland re the reorganisation of the Sudan Medical Department (284/3/68-70); Currie re the need for the appointment of a Conservator of Antiquities (284/3/75-80)
284/4/1-72
1908 Dec 1 - 12
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Gorst re the 1909 budget (284/4/11-12); F.R.W. to Palmer re the use of steam traction in the Bahr el Ghazal (284/4/14); F.R.W. to Gorst re the continued closure of the Archaeological Section due to financial shortages (284/4/15-16); F.R.W. to Palmer re civil control of the military budget (284/4/22-23), with Palmer's reply (284/4/38); Herbert re the nationalist views of Egyptian Army officers and the maḥmal escort (284/4/24-32); Pearson re the Khartoum defence scheme (284/4/40); Gorst re H.M.G.'s refusal to guarantee a Sudan loan (284/4/45-46); F.R.W. to Palmer re the Military Pension Law (284/4/47-50); Gorst re the Marine Fisheries Ordinance (284/4/56-57); Gorst re the cost of Khartoum mosque (284/4/62-64). Also includes:
284/4/71-72
Note of decision by the Council of Ministers in Cairo on aids for Sudanese soldiers
284/5/1-89
1908 Dec 13 - 24
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Herbert re the need for press censorship in Egypt (284/5/7); F.R.W. to Hamilton re the despatch of the Kordofan patrol (284/5/8-9); Palmer re aids for Sudanese soldiers (284/5/12); Herbert re the Khedive's views on the new Turkish Government (284/5/25-27); Slatin re unrest among the Misīrīyah tribe and conditions generally in Kordofan (284/5/34-36); F.R.W. to A.D. Acland re fund raising for Khartoum cathedral (284/5/41-42); A. Bolland re church affairs in Egypt (284/5/57); F.R.W. to Gorst re the refusal of the British Government to guarantee the Sudan loan (284/5/60) and re the cost of building the Khartoum mosque (284/5/61-70); F.R.W. to Craik re financial shortages in the Sudan (284/5/77-79)
284/6/1-84
1908 Dec 25 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Cromer re Egyptian nationalism (284/6/4-5); F.R.W. to A.P. Bolland and Bishop Blyth re progress in building Khartoum cathedral (284/6/28-30); F.R.W. to Currie re the education policy in the Sudan (284/6/36-39); F.R.W. to Owen re Roosevelt's shooting trip in the Bahr el Ghazal (284/6/40-42); F.R.W. to Gorst re the wholesale destruction of the elephant in the Lado Enclave (284/6/50). Also includes :
284/6/20
Note by G.C. Kerr, A/Governor Red Sea, on the visit of H.E. the Governor and Commander General of the Yemen to Port Sudan and Suakin
284/6/51-58
Memorandum and various reports on the extermination of elephants in the Lado Enclave
284/6/61-81
Index to correspondence, to and from F.R.W. during 1908
285/1/1-87
1909 Jan 1 - 10
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Gorst re finance for the Khartoum mosque (285/1/2); F.R.W. to Craik re the issue of christianising Muslims raised at the Khartoum Cathedral fund-raising committee (285/1/7-8); F.R.W. to Crawford and Stack re decorations for men who served in the Kordofan operations and the conviction of the murderers of Scott-Moncrieff (285/1/9,13-15); Herbert re the planned demonstration against the Khedive during the 8 January parade in Cairo (285/1/20-25); Lord Blyth re parliamentary business, the Franco-British Exhibition and the Khartoum Cathedral appeal (285/1/30-38); Stack re Hardinge's suggestion of ceding part of the Lado Enclave to the Belgians and re sentences imposed for the murder of Scott-Moncrieff (285/1/41-43); F.R.W. to Gorst re the continued presence of Cavalieri Rossetti, the Italian Government agent in the Sudan (285/1/44); F.R.W. to Currie re his negative attitude towards constitutional government for Egypt (285/1/45-47); Currie re financial restrictions on the Education Department (285/1/69); Herbert re security precautions taken at the 8 January parade (285/1/70-74); F.R.W. to Maxwell re arrangements for the royal visit in Feb/Mar and criticism in the Egyptian Gazette of the conduct of British officers in Cairo (285/1/85-86); A. Balfour re the laying of a new water supply in Khartoum (285/1/87). Also includes:
285/1/56-60
1908 Dec 24
Memorandum on Port Sudan by W.B. Drury, the Controller of Harbour and Lights
285/1/66-67
1909 Jan 9
Memorandum by the Director of Military Operations, W.O. concerning the proposed building of a railway extension to the outlying provinces to increase the strength and mobility of the existing garrison
285/2/1-62
1909 Jan 11 - 21
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Stack re F.R.W.'s opposition to the transit of ivory from the Lado Enclave (285/2/1-4); F.R.W. to Balfour re the unsatisfactory state of the Khartoum water supply, with Balfour's reply advocating further analyses and tests (285/2/5,7); F.R.W. to Blyth and Blundell (285/2/16,62) and Harvey to Bernard (285/2/20-21) re the difficulty in obtaining financial assistance from Egypt for Sudanese projects; F.R.W. to Blyth re fund-raising efforts for and work on Khartoum Cathedral (285/2/16); F.R.W. to Gorst re the subsidy granted to the Emperor of Abyssinia by Egypt and the Sudan under the Treaty of 1902 and the threat to withdraw the subsidy (285/2/24-25); A.H. Sayce and Currie re the discovery of the ancient city of Meroë and the Temple of Amun (285/2/29-30); Broun re difficulties faced by foreign companies in Abyssinia (285/2/31); Currie re his discovery of an ancient burial site in Blue Nile Province (285/2/39-44); R. Bennet re speculation on F.R.W.'s departure from the Sudan and his replacement by Maxwell (285/2/50). Also includes :
285/2/15
Record of service of Lieut.Col. H.G.R. Matchett, Egyptian Army
285/2/51-52
Extracts from al-Akhbār and al-Ahrām speculating on F.R.W.'s departure from the Sudan
285/3/1-78
1909 Jan 23 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Kitchener and Blyth re Egypt's financial depression resulting in setbacks to Sudanese projects such as education, archaeological surveys and the southern extension of the railway (285/3/8-10,37-40); F.R.W. to Sayce re recent archaeological discoveries (285/3/3-4); F.R.W. to S. Johnson and Blyth re the progress of the Khartoum Cathedral fund (285/3/16,40); F.R.W. to Midwinter re the mission school at Atbara (285/3/19-20); Gorst re his reluctance to offer cash incentives to Menilik to honour the terms of the 1902 Treaty (285/3/24); F.R.W. to Gorst re speculation in the press about his resignation from the post of Governor-General (285/3/26-27); Owen re preparations for the visit of President Roosevelt, the favourable financial position of and progress of Mongalla Province and the size of the garrison needed in the Lado Enclave (285/3/50-57); Dalton re his inspection of troops in Khartoum (285/3/62-65); Gorst re the opening of Port Sudan and the unsatisfactory state of the British garrison in the Sudan (285/3/69-70). Also includes :
285/3/44
1909 Jan 28
Extract from al-Jarīdah referring to reports in the Evening Standard on F.R.W.'s resignation as Governor-General and speculation on the succession of Hunter or Maxwell
285/3/75-77
List of Sudan budget special credits
285/3/78
Budget for the Sudan reserve fund, 1909
285/4/1-82
1909 Feb 1 - 16
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Sayce re the future of archaeology in the Sudan (285/4/7); F.R.W. to Gorst re the need for a loan from England to improve internal security, either by a railway extension to the south or an increase in the military garrison (285/4/20-24); F.R.W. to Gorst re references in the Egyptian Gazette to his impending resignation and his personal desire to remain (285/4/27-30); Asser re the insecurity of the Kassala frontier and the need for reinforcements (285/4/31-35); F.R.W. to Hamilton and Watson (285/4/37-42) and Watson (285/4/51-52) re the visit of the Duke of Connaught to the southern Sudan; F.R.W. to Hohler re fears of unrest in Abyssinia on Emperor Menilik's death (285/4/57); Stack re demands that El Arish be placed under the Egyptian Ministry of the Interior (285/4/72-77). Also includes :
285/4/8-12
Copy extracts from al-Minbar and al-Waṭan on the nature of the post of Governor-General and speculation on F.R.W.'s impending resignation
285/4/19
Letter from F.R.W. to the Tribuna praising the pamphlet on Lord Cromer by dal Verme
285/4/63
L'Italia nel libro di Lord Cromer by Luchino dal Verme (Rome 1908)
286/1/1-79
1909 Feb 17 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Watson re preparations for the Duke of Connaught's visit (286/1/17-19); Gorst re the need to present the opening of Port Sudan as an Egyptian event to encourage future Egyptian investment in the Sudan (286/1/35-38); Midleton re Churchill's hopes of becoming Governor of South Africa (286/1/40-41); Hatzfeldt re a German scheme to transform the sudd into fuel (286/1/43); F.R.W. to Stack re the jurisdiction decree for Sinai and the proposal to make El Arish an administrative enclave under the Interior (286/1/46-48); Stack re the El Arish deputation (286/1/60-63); F.R.W. to Kelly re the success of his journey to Abyssinia (286/1/71). Also includes:
286/1/2-3
Egyptian Army orders for troop manoeuvres
286/1/4-16
Itinerary for the Duke of Connaught's visit to Egypt and the Sudan with instructions for troop inspections
286/1/30-34
Memorandum of an interview with Dervish Hirsi Koshin discussing the Mullah's wish for peace negotiations
286/1/72-73
Copy extracts from al-Fatāh, al-Akhbār and al-Maḥrūsah on rumours of the resignation of F.R.W. and speculation on the succession of Hunter or Maxwell
286/2/1-87
1909 Mar 1 - 10
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from R. Piacentini to Cordeaux re news of the activities of the Mullah in Somaliland (286/2/3); F.H. Geyer re the destruction of the Austrian mission at Wau by fire (286/2/4); Stack re the petition from the El Arish deputation and the growing unpopularity of the Khedive with the Nationalist Party (286/2/9); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the Duke of Connaught's visit to Khartoum (286/2/21-22); Herbert re the Badawīūn census (286/2/28-34); F.R.W. to Bridgman re the progress of building work on Khartoum Cathedral (286/2/39); Crawford re rewards for the operations in southern Kordofan (286/2/40-41); Mather re his proposal to invite British financial support for Sudan education and Gorst's efforts to raise the profile of the Sudan in Egypt in order to secure capital for transport, irrigation, etc (286/2/55-59); F.R.W. to Midleton re the need for military re-inforcements in the Sudan, the power of mahdism as a rallying point for unrest and the shortage of funds for improvements to communications (286/2/60-63); F.R.W. to Stack re the El Arish petition and the involvement of the Egyptian Daily Post in the political affairs of Egypt (286/2/64-67); Stack re the proposed Sinai decree (286/2/74-77). Also includes :
286/2/11
Copy extract from al-Waṭan in praise of F.R.W.'s administration
286/2/12
Copy extracts from al-Fatat on F.R.W.'s article in Il Tribuna concerning dal Verme's pamphlet on Lord Cromer and from al-Bashīr on a report in the Evening Standard confirming F.R.W.'s resignation from October
286/2/26-27
Extracts from the Indian Daily News, the New York Herald and the Egyptian Gazette on the mission to Somaliland under F.R.W.
286/2/42-43
Extracts from The Times on the armament of cavalry and on army estimates
286/2/87
Quarterly statement showing the state of special credits granted to the War Department by the Ministry of Finance during the fourth quarter of 1908
286/3/1-113
1909 Mar 11 - 22
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Bigge re the lack of Egyptian and British finance for Sudanese projects such as the railway extension (286/3/4); F.R.W. to Herbert re the plan to abandon the Badawīūn census due to cost (286/3/12-14); Stack and Watson re the selection of guests for the opening of Port Sudan (286/3/48-49,53-54,58); Stack re the advantages to Egypt of a Sudanese railway extension in terms of cheap imports of food and the settlement of the El Arish problem (286/3/53-57); W. Manning re the evacuation of the interior of Somaliland by British troops (286/3/61); May re the cost of the Sudan to Egypt (286/3/62); Blyth re the political future of South Africa (286/3/69-73); Maxwell and Herbert re anxiety about the growth of hashish smuggling following the discovery of a large consignment aboard British vessels (286/3/78-80,82-85); F.R.W. to Mather and Craik re plans for the development of education in the Sudan (286/3/94-96,100-102). Also includes:
286/3/32-37
Lists of people accompanying the Khedive to the opening of Port Sudan: members of the Legislative Council, General Assembly, press and official guests
286/3/38-42
Memorandum on the military situation in Somaliland by Col. J.E. Gough, Commanding Troops Somaliland
286/3/60
Newspaper cutting on the slaughter of 800 people from friendly tribes by the Mullah in Somaliland
286/3/63-64
Note by the Ministry of Finance, Egypt to the Council of Ministers on expenditure in the Sudan
286/3/113
Extracts from various British newspapers on F.R.W.'s 'special mission' to Somaliland to investigate unrest under the Mullah
286/4/1-112
1909 Mar 23 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Stack re the Sinai legislation and the proposal to make El Arish an Egyptian enclave (286/4/8-10); H.D. Palmer re the proposed raising of an Arab battalion for Kassala (286/4/19); F.R.W. to Sir G. Clark re proposals for basic transport to Erkowit hill station (286/4/28-29); Herbert re the Khedive's fears of pending unrest (286/4/36-39); Palmer re the cost of tractor transport in the Bahr el Ghazal (286/4/40-41); F.R.W. to Blyth re the desire for a united South Africa under British rule, the proposed Cape to Cairo railway and progress on Khartoum Cathedral (286/4/42-45); Palmer and F.R.W. re the proposals to increase the pay of the Imāms in the army (286/4/105-107). Also includes :
286/4/14-17
Memorandum of points raised by Gorst on province and departmental reports for 1908
286/4/46-59
1909 Mar 28
Note on the Sudan: capital expenditure on its restoration and development and its actual cost to Egypt, by E.E. Bernard
286/4/60-77
Appendix A to financial report above consisting of extracts from annual reports by Lord Cromer, 1900-08 and from notes on the Egyptian budgets for 1906 and 1909, by Sir Vincent Corbett and H.P. Harvey
286/4/78-91
Appendix B to above report on amounts taken by the Egyptian Railway Administration in respect of freight on imported goods during 1908
286/4/92-104
Appendix C, being a detailed statement of the net cost of the Sudan to Egypt 1897-1908
287/1/1-227
1909 Apr 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence and telegrams from F.R.W. to Gorst, Herbert and Maxwell re the opening ceremony for Port Sudan town and harbour (287/1/15-16,27-30,31-32); F.R.W. to Palmer re tractor transport in the Bahr el Ghazal and the Badawīūn census (287/1/17-18); Herbert re civil disturbances in Cairo (287/1/20-23,82-86); F.R.W. to Hebert and Maxwell, and Owen re illicit trade in ivory and hashish and the need for tighter security (287/1/27-30,31-32,60); F.R.W. to Asser and Stack re fears of serious unrest in Egypt (287/1/42-47,50-51); Owen re the slaughter of elephants in the Lado Enclave (287/1/58-61); Stack re demonstrations in Cairo against the press law and German collaboration with nationalist leaders (287/1/71-77); Francis S. Hopwood re guidelines for F.R.W.'s mission to Somaliland (287/1/78); Gorst re the disposal of town lands at Port Sudan (287/1/79-81); Phipps, Stack and F.R.W. to Stack re the proposed visit of F.R.W. and Slatin to Somaliland (287/1/90-92,114-117,127-129); F.R.W. to Phipps re the arrival of Abyssinian refugees on the Upper Nile (287/1/108-110); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the appointment of Matchett, followed by Asser to act as Governor-General in his absence (287/1/126); F.R.W. to Lord Crewe and Hopwood re the situation in Somaliland and the lack of communication and co-operation between Britain and Italy there (287/1/139-140,180-197,218-220); Stack re events in Turkey, Sir Hanbury Brown's report on M.R. Kennedy's directorship of the P.W.D. and Dr. Hoering's scheme for the conversion of sudd into fuel (287/1/199-204); Phipps re the situation in Turkey following the coup d'état and the establishment of two hill stations at Erkowit (287/1/213-215); F.O. to Count de Bosdari re the exchange of information on the Mullah between the British and Italian authorities in Somaliland and Aden (287/1/223). Also includes :
287/1/1-2
1909 Apr 1
Advance programme for the opening ceremony of the port and harbour of Port Sudan
287/1/6-11
Speeches of welcome to the Khedive and programme for the opening ceremony of Port Sudan (printed)
287/1/54
List of proposed increases for the 1910 budget
287/1/68-69
1909 Mar 8
Scheme by J. Asser for the replacement of sick men of the Kassala Battalion by Arabs
287/1/153-163
Report on water supplies in Somaliland by D. Skelton (R.A.M.C.)
287/1/174
1909 Apr 22
Extract from al-Fatat criticising F.R.W.'s visit to Somaliland as politically beneficial to Britain but not to Egypt and as a preparation for an invasion possibly using Egyptian troops
287/1/221
Note of temperatures and rainfall at Station Shaikh in Somaliland
287/1/225
Estimate of the number of Somalis, Indians and Sudanese in the Somali civil police force
287/1/226
List of passengers and crew on board S.G.S. Mukhbir
287/2/1-248
1909 May 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence and telegrams from Phipps re the organisation of the Sudan Government Railways and a possible successor for Kennedy as Director of Works (287/2/19-22); A. de Bosdari to Sir E. Grey re plans for a united Anglo - Italian blockade against the territory of the Nogal to prevent the flow of arms and ammunition to the Mullah (287/2/40-42); J.N. Segrove re a mutiny of the Turkish garrison at Hodeida (287/2/44); F.R.W. to Hopwood and Herbert re the uncertain situation in Somaliland due to political and tribal complications (287/2/45-50,65-66); Stack and Gorst re Hanbury Brown's report on the P.W.D. (287/2/53-55,82-85); Phipps re progress of the railhead south of Khartoum and the movement of ivory within the Lado Enclave and import duty imposed on it by Uganda (287/2/91-93,149-152); F.R.W. and Cordeaux re rumours of the Mullah's desire for peace (287/2/100-102); Stack re the reorganisation of the P.W.D. as proposed in Hanbury Brown's report (287/2/112-115); F.R.W. to Lord Crewe re the need for a policy of non co-operation with the Italians in Somaliland (287/2/116-120,153-173); F.R.W. to Harvey re steps to be taken to reduce the financial contribution paid by Egypt to the Sudan (287/2/128-131); F.R.W. to Cordeaux and `Abd al-Qādir al-Makkawī re the value of the Roman Catholic mission at Berbera (287/2/133,138); F.R.W. to Phipps re his reluctance to allow Egyptian Government financial experts to examine the accounts of Sudan Railways and Steamers (287/2/146-147); Phipps re the growth of mahdism and the imminent bankruptcy of Angelo Capato (287/2/149-152); Hohler re the situation in Turkey (287/2/194-195); Stack re the new Frontier Decree for Sinai (287/2/216); Bonham Carter re Capato's bankruptcy petition (287/2/218-221); Hopwood re H.M.G.'s policy towards Somaliland (287/2/237). Also includes :
287/2/4-11
1909 May 8
Staff diary for Somaliland from J.E. Gough, Commanding Troops Somaliland
287/2/18
Special army order appointing H.G.K. Matchett as acting Sirdār and Governor-General in F.R.W.'s absence
287/2/106-108
1909 May 14
Report on the military situation in Somaliland by Col. J.E. Gough
287/2/109
Extract from the Spectator on Herr von Holstein, exponent of German foreign policy, 1895-1906
287/2/134-135
Extracts from The Standard, Daily Chronicle, and Morning Post concerning F.R.W.'s mission to Somaliland and possible development of trade to Aden following the opening of Port Sudan
287/2/174-179
1909 May 20
Memorandum on the cost of the Sudan to Egypt by E.E. Bernard, Financial Secretary
287/2/180-192
Report by the Director General of the Egyptian Government Accounts on the cost of the Sudan to Egypt
287/2/193
Newspaper article on the proclamation of Lij Yasu as successor to Menilik and the involvement of Italy in Abyssinia
287/2/234
Extracts from the New York Herald and the Egyptian Daily Post on the ending of the Somaliland coast blockade and the outcome of F.R.W.'s mission
287/2/239-247
Notes concerning the Sudan budget 1910: lists of credits granted to the Sudan Government out of the Egyptian reserve fund; list of services maintained against the Sudan reserve fund; note of liabilities against the budget for 1910; note of services involving expenditure of a recurring nature; list of new services for 1910
101/5/1-2
1909 May 28
Copy of a letter from F.R.W. to al-Sayyid `Alī al-Mīrghanī urging him to use his influence to ensure the loyalty of his family and followers to the Sudan Government
Arabic
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.101/5
287/3/1-212
1909 Jun 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams and correspondence from Harvey to Bernard re financial relations between the Sudan and Egypt (287/3/8-11); W. Thomson, F.R.W. and Cordeaux re reports of the Mullah's proposed move south (287/3/20-22,24); Matchett re his inspection tour of Dongola Province and progress being made on the southern railway extension (287/3/30-33); Phipps re progress at the railhead, the use of the new quays at Port Sudan and Uganda's claim to the Lado Enclave (287/3/35-36); Bonham Carter re Capato's bankruptcy petition (287/3/82-83); Kitchener re his desire to be appointed Consul General for Egypt (287/3/90); Phipps re the need to separate Agriculture and Lands into two departments (287/3/92-93). Also includes :
287/3/6
1909 May 1 - 5
Various newspaper cuttings including a review of The life of Major-General Sir Charles William Wilson by C.M. Watson and an article on the installation of the Duke of Connaught as Grand Master of English Masonry
287/3/7
Circular letter advertising a 25th anniversary Nile expedition
287/3/78
1909 May 18 - 22
Extracts from the Liverpool Daily Courier concerning speculation on German negotiations for Italian Somaliland and from various newspapers on F.R.W.'s departure from Aden
287/3/109-196
Diary of F.R.W.'s mission to Somaliland
288/1/1-105
1909 Jul 1 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from H.H. King to A. Balfour re the discovery of a fish which lives on mosquito larvae (288/1/6); Armbruster re the unlimited import of French arms into Abyssinia and from there to Somaliland (288/1/7); Asser to Gorst in reply to reports of alleged cruelty of Sudanese troops in the Meridi district (288/1/12-13); Cordeaux re tribal movements in Somaliland since F.R.W.'s departure (288/1/30); `Alī Dīnār re reports of the deposition of the Sultan of Borgu and occupation of his land by the French (288/1/31); F.R.W. to Amery re a request by the Presbyterian Church to use Khartoum Cathedral for worship (288/1/45); Phipps re the implementation of the Sleeping Sickness Commission's recommendations and ivory poaching in Upper Nile Province (288/1/48-50): F.R.W. to Kitchener re the offer to him of the Malta command (288/1/52); Asser re the generally quiet situation in the Sudan during F.R.W.'s absence, progress on roadways in southern Kordofan and the movement of battalions between Khartoum and the outstations (288/1/56-66); Stack re the drop in Sudan revenue for 1909 and the large sums being spent trying to eradicate the cotton worm (288/1/79-82); F.R.W. to Phipps re the Khartoum Cathedral fund (288/1/89-92); Craik, F.R.W. and Cromer re the reduction in Egyptian funds for the Gordon Memorial College and proposals to raise more capital from Britain (288/1/93-98). Also includes :
288/1/1-4
Italian report on the reactions in the Mullah's camp to the arrival of a letter from Shaikh Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ
288/1/10
Testimonial for Otto B. Hatchard, town architect at Port Sudan and Khartoum, 1905-1909
288/2/1-111
1909 Jul 21 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Midwinter and J.W. Sagar re the progress of work on the Blue Nile bridge at Khartoum and on the railway extension south (288/2/3-4,76); F.R.W. to Phipps, Craik and Bridgman re the Khartoum Cathedral appeal fund, the composition of the home and Khartoum committees and the progress of building work (288/2/43-45,64,98); F.R.W. to Phipps re the recommendations of the Sleeping Sickness Commission and efforts towards developing the Gambeila trade route as a means of controlling the ivory trade (288/2/43-45); Craik re the Khartoum Cathedral Committee (288/2/68); Sagar re the quiet situation in the Sudan during F.R.W.'s absence (288/2/80); Balfour re medical research in the Sudan (288/2/81-82); Muḥammad Sa`īd Bey al-Dabbūsī to Gorst, setting out possible terms for a treaty between Britain and Shaikh Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ al-Rashīd for the government of Somaliland (288/2/86-92); Slatin re the plight of slaves in the Sudan (288/2/94-95); F.R.W. to Gorst re the slave trade between Darfur and Tripoli (288/2/103-104); Sayyid Muḥammad `Abd Allāh al-Hāshimī to the British Government criticising British action and rule in Somaliland (288/2/109). Also includes :
288/2/84
1909 Jul 30
Extract from The Times on a meeting of the Defence Committee
288/2/85
1909 Jun 30 - Jul 6
Extracts from various newspapers concerning speculation on the outcome of F.R.W.'s visit to Somaliland and the report on his mission
288/3/1-167
1909 Aug 1 - 19
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Asser re progress on constructing the new Talodi road and the proposed increase in the Khartoum Military School (288/3/9-11); proofs of telegrams re F.R.W.'s mission to Somaliland (288/3/14-21); A. Stanley re the prospects for private enterprise in the Sudan (288/3/22,85); Craik re Lord Cromer's attitude towards a public appeal for funds for Gordon College (288/3/26); F. Carr re the possibility of exporting wool and hides from the Sudan (288/3/29-30); Hardinge re the health of Menilik (288/3/42-44); Symes re the French occupation of Abeshr (288/3/67); F.R.W. to Phipps re the choice of a secretary for the Khartoum Cathedral committee (288/3/71-72); F.R.W. to Bernard and Hewins re the need to attract foreign steamship companies to Port Sudan (288/3/78,81-82); Phipps to Bonham Carter re opposition to the selection procedure for civilians (288/3/83), with reply (288/3/117); Charlton re ammunition reserves in the Sudan and dissatisfaction over the British Government's ban on the use of hollow nosed bullets (288/3/94-99); Kitchener re his appointment to the Mediterranean command (288/3/102); Makkawī re affairs in Somaliland (288/3/103-104); Mather re a proposed meeting to discuss means of encouraging the Sudan Government in the development of cotton growing (288/3/118); Harvey to Graham re a proposal by the Mullah of Somaliland to be placed under Abyssinian protection (288/3/121); Kelly re trade at Gambeila and the River Sobat concession (288/3/126-127); Channer re abusive articles in the Egyptian press against British rule (288/3/145); F.R.W. to Bonham Carter re his decision to keep the Bahr el Ghazal closed to private enterprise (288/3/161)
288/4/1-126
1909 Aug 20 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps re government policy towards confiscation of contraband ivory (288/4/3-4); F.R.W. to Brabazon re his decision not to start aviation experiments in the Sudan (288/4/13); F.R.W. to Hopwood re the Mullah's negotiations for refuge in Abyssinia (288/4/36); Channer and F.R.W. to Kelly re confirmation of the French occupation of Abeshr (288/4/37-39,86-87); Asser re his tour of Upper Nile Province and Gambeila, reporting on the villages, missions, ivory trade, people, administration, crops, game and particularly the rubber plantations (288/4/57-78); F.R.W. to Kelly re support for trade with Abyssinia through Gambeila (288/4/86-87); Bond re the transport of goods and men to the Bahr el Ghazal and progress of work on the Blue Nile bridge (288/4/94-101); Channer re contingency plans in Cairo for the prompt despatch of troops to the Sudan in the event of local unrest (288/4/111-115); Mather re the advantages of opening up the Sudan to British enterprise and in particular of encouraging the cotton trade (288/4/116-117); `Alī Dīnār re the deposition of the Sultan of Borgu and the French occupation of the capital (288/4/124). Also includes :
288/4/16-21
Report by J.E. Gough on the situation in Somaliland
288/4/41-55
Report by Muḥammad Sa`īd al-Dabbūsī on a proposal for an arrangement between the British Government and Shaikh Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ regarding the administration of Somaliland
288/5/1-93
1909 Sep 1 - 15
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re the increase in the number of cases of Kala Azar (288/5/1-10); Bonus re the problems facing cotton growing in the Sudan (288/5/21-24); Gough re the need to withdraw Ugandan troops from Somaliland (288/5/26-27); Slatin re the need for a military solution to the problems of Somaliland (288/5/39-40); Hervey to Grey re the Mullah's request for Abyssinian protection (288/5/51); F.R.W. to Bond re his report on the progress of work on the Blue Nile bridge and transport and irrigation in the Sudan (288/5/54-55); Channer re biographical information on the new mahdī of the Yemen, al-Sa`īd Muḥammad ibn `Alī ibn Idrīs and the impact of his movement on educated Egyptians (288/5/66-69); Hohler re affairs in Turkey (288/5/77-78); Asser re the transportation of rubber through Gambeila and the decision to award the British canteen to local tender (288/5/79-90); Makkawī re affairs in Somaliland and the need for competitive rates at Port Sudan (288/5/91-93)
288/6/1-26
1909 Sep 16 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps and Bernard re difficulties in transporting rubber through Gambeila (288/6/7-8,17-18); F.R.W. to Gorst re an application by the Sudan Plantations Syndicate Ltd. for an extension scheme and re moves in Britain to stimulate Sudanese cotton growing (288/6/16); Channer re an anti-British demonstration on the 27th anniversary of the occupation of Egypt and further exploration in quest of the 'Copper City' (288/6/20-25); Gough re the breakdown of peace negotiations with the Mullah and Italian anxiety over Britain's policy in Somaliland (288/6/52); Asser re his impressions of Erkowit and Sinkat (288/6/82-85); Bernard re the services of the Khedivial Mail Company and the need to discourage Maltese immigrants (288/6/104-107); F.R.W. and Slatin to Sayyid `Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad Ḥasan re the purpose of their mission to Somaliland (288/6/119-121). Also includes:
288/6/4-6
Extract from Sabah (Turkish newspaper) upholding the government of the Sudan as an example to the government of remote provinces in Turkey
288/6/31-47
1909 Jul
Intelligence diary for Somaliland by C.E. Dansey
288/6/49-50
Newspaper cuttings on the Conference of the International Associations of the Press
289/1/1-70
1909 Oct 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps and Clayton re the illegal arms traffic (289/1/1-3); Asser, reporting on his inspection of Wad Medani (289/1/17-18) and re the despatch of a punitive patrol to Siwa by the Khedive (289/1/30); A. Balfour to Sir John McFadyean re the despatch to Britain of trypanosome infected animals from the Sudan for research (289/1/36); Maxwell re the need for a central purchasing committee for animals for British and Egyptian troops in Egypt and the Sudan, the despatch of punitive expeditions under the orders of the Ministry of the Interior and the need for all senior Egyptian Army officers in Egypt to be under the G.O.C. Egypt in times of grave danger (289/1/38-40); `Abd al-Qādir al-Makkawī re the quiet situation in Somaliland, the health of Menilik and speculation on his successor and the spread of Italian influence in Abyssinia (289/1/41-42); Talbot re the proposed Jiddah to Mecca railway (289/1/56); A. Balfour re lack of funds for scientific research (289/1/57-59). Also includes :
289/1/45
1909
Notes on the army budget proposals for 1909
289/2/1-15
1909 Nov 3 - 25
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including `Abd al-Qādir al-Makkawī re the ill-health of Menilik and fears of an Italian advance on his death and re the British casualties on the Wadad frontier (289/2/1-2)
289/3/1-62
1909 Dec 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Gough and Hopwood re British plans for the future government of Somaliland (289/3/7-8,40); Leveson re a visit to Syria to buy horses for the army (289/3/9); C.M. Dobell to Stack re the despatch of an Indian battalion to Somaliland to replace the K.A.R. (289/3/15-16); Stack re the interest taken by the Egyptian Legislative Council in the rail extension south of Khartoum (289/3/27,32-35); Maxwell re the repercussions for the Sudan of King Leopold's death (289/3/30-31); F.R.W. to Stack re the future of the Lado Enclave (289/3/38-39); F.R.W. to Wellcome re progress at the laboratories (289/3/50); F.R.W. to Owen re a visit by Bishop Geyer to the missions in Mongalla, Gondokoro and Uganda (289/3/55-56); Stack re opposition in Cairo to the Governor-General's Council Ordinance (289/3/57). Also includes:
289/3/17-18
1909 Dec 11
Extracts from The Times on Asquith's speech at the Albert Hall and A.J. Balfour's election address
290/1/1-163
1910 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to G.M. Bullock and McCracken re the progress of the southern railway extension and the Blue and White Nile bridges (290/1/3-4,78); F.R.W. to Settle and Acland re fears on the impending British election (290/1/7,8-9); F.R.W. to Mather re cuts in the Sudan education programme (290/1/10-11); F.R.W. to Gorst re his proposals to transfer all legal work from the Department of Agriculture and Lands to the Legal Department and create a single Department of Agriculture under Wilkinson (290/1/12-15); W.G. Thesiger to Sir Edward Grey re the Franco-Abyssinian struggle for control of the railway from Addis Ababa to the frontier (290/1/27-30); Gough, and F.R.W. to Hopwood and Gough re the operation of British policy in Somaliland (290/1/45,54-56,114-115); Sayce re his archaeological discoveries at Kerma (290/1/51); F.R.W. to Owen refusing his request for a punitive patrol against the Beir (290/1/69-71); F.R.W. and N.W. Gardner re the despatch of the Atwot patrol (290/1/75-76); Rawlinson re Kitchener's reluctance to take up the Mediterranean command (290/1/84); Makkawī re the general situation in Somaliland and the withdrawal and movement of troops and also French progress on the railway to Addis Ababa (290/1/88-90); Asser and F.R.W. to Sterry re the creation of a Governor-General's Council (290/1/97,99-100); F.R.W. to Gorst re the export of livestock to Egypt (290/1/150-151); F.R.W. to Roosevelt re his hunting trip to the Sudan (290/1/155-156). Also includes:
290/1/109-111
Confidential reports on Mikhail Morcos for 1908-1909
290/1/125
1910 Jan 24
Sudan Gazette no. 167 incorporating the Governor-General's Council Ordinance 1910
290/1/143
'General' and 'Special Ideas' for troop manoeuvres
290/2/1-84
1910 Feb 2 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Hohler re affairs in Constantinople (290/2/3-4); F.R.W. to Slatin re the introduction of a combined freehold and leasehold system for Omdurman market (290/2/21-22); F.R.W. to Stanton and Bishop Gwynne re the launch of the Khartoum Cathedral appeal (290/2/32-33,69-71); Asser re the satisfactory wheat crop in the Kerma basin but difficulties in transportation in the absence of a railway (290/2/39-40); Slatin re the French occupation of Dar Masalit and the reaction of `Alī Dīnār (290/2/51-53); Phipps re the progress of the Blue Nile bridge (290/2/56); Slatin re `Alī Dīnār's retaliation against the French (290/2/75-76); Clayton re the reorganisation of the Department of Agriculture (290/2/78-81); F.R.W. to Stanton re the Khartoum Cathedral fund (290/2/83-84). Also includes:
290/2/2
Note by F.R.W. on France's demands for sole control of the railway to Addis Ababa
290/2/6-7,24
Draft bulletins on the Sirdār's health
290/2/15-18
1910 Feb 9
Copy article from al-Liwā` by Ismā`īl Shīmī on the future of Egypt and the Suez Canal, severely criticising Anglo - Egyptian expenditure on the Sudan
290/2/44-50
Memorandum by F.R.W. on exploration and survey work undertaken by Maj. Gwynn during the demarcation of the Abyssinian frontier
290/2/60-62
Copy extract from al-Ahrām on an interview with the Minister of War concerning the imminent death of Menilik and the need for an increased garrison along the Abyssinian frontier
290/2/85-177
1910 Feb 21 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Stack and Lewin re the assassination of the Egyptian Prime Minister Boutros and the arrest of a Copt in connection with the crime (290/2/87,90-92); F.R.W. to Asser and Phipps re confirmation of the death of Boutros, the reaction in Cairo and rumours of Sa`d Zaghlūl becoming prime-minister (290/2/97-98,99); Midwinter, Asser, Clayton, F.R.W., Phipps, Lewin and Slatin re the death of Boutros, speculation on the assassin's motive and the effect on British policy in Egypt (290/2/101,102,103-105,108,110-111,114,117,118,120-121,124); F.R.W. to Hohler re the situation in Abyssinia and the possibility of unrest after Menilik's death (290/2/113-114); Phipps re progress on the White Nile bridge and a new site for railway works at Kosti (290/2/117); Stanton re the Khartoum Cathedral appeal fund (290/2/130); F.R.W. to Clayton re the impact in Cairo of Boutros' death, Roosevelt's visit to the Sudan, the Mullah's successes in Somaliland and the Khartoum Cathedral fund (290/2/134-140); Slatin re French incursions into Darfur territory (290/2/144-145); F.R.W. to Owen re the composition of the Lado Enclave Commission (290/2/162-164). Also includes :
290/2/100
1910 Feb 22
Extract from The Standard on the opening of parliament
290/2/157-161
Report by E.N. Corbyn, Settlement Officer, Kamlin on the registration of land, both private and government owned, in the Gezira
290/2/169-176
Memorandum by F.R.W. on the Sudan service of Maj. Gwynn including work on the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier delimitation
290/3/1-148
1910 Mar 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Gorst re the need for government action over continuing Egyptian press criticism of army administration leading to discord in Anglo/Sudanese relations (290/3/1-4); Clayton and Asser re reactions in the Sudan to Boutros' death (290/3/8,17-18); Asser re the need for Egyptian Army representation on the Lado Enclave Commission (290/3/18); F.R.W. to Stanton re the Khartoum Cathedral appeal fund (290/3/39-40); Phipps re the work on the White Nile Bridge and railway work at Kosti (290/3/41-42); Clayton re the Lado Enclave Commission and the possibility of Egyptian nationalism spreading to the Sudan (290/3/43-51); F.R.W. to Clayton re attempts to attract capital investment in the Sudan (290/3/55-62); F.R.W. to Phipps re the Khartoum Cathedral fund (290/3/67-69); Makkawī re raids by the Mullah in Somaliland following British troop withdrawals and the import of Sudanese dhurah (290/3/71-73); F.R.W. to Balfour re the reported discovery of a cure for sleeping sickness (290/3/76); Sayce re archaeological discoveries at Kerma and Meroë (290/3/80-81); Slatin re French incursions into Dar Masalit and Dar Tama (290/3/83-86); F.R.W. to Asser re the Lado Enclave Commission (290/3/91-93); F.R.W. to Phipps re the raising of finance for the proposed White Nile bridge between Khartoum and Omdurman (290/3/94-97) and re the need for the reorganisation of the Steamers Department (290/3/98-101); F.R.W. to Gorst re the despatch of a patrol to the Nuba Mountains (290/3/109); Slatin re F.R.W.'s dislike of Bernard (290/3/113-115); F.R.W. to Clayton re the financial difficulties involved in the proposed British takeover of the Lado Enclave and the development of the cotton industry in the Gezira (290/3/116-121); F.R.W. to Gorst re his fears of unrest and administrative changes which might ensue following the publication of Ismā`īl Sirrī's report on the military and civil administration of the Sudan (290/3/126-133); F.R.W. to Gorst and Stack re the urgent need for action by the Egyptian Government to prevent the spread of seditious and inflammatory writings against the army administration of the Sudan (290/3/142,148); Clayton re Roosevelt's visit to Khartoum (290/3/143-146). Also includes:
290/3/134-138
Itinerary for Roosevelt's visit
290/3/149-285
1910 Mar 16 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Gorst re concern over continuing nationalist attacks on the Sudanese administration (290/3/152-155); Gorst to F.R.W. re Sirrī's report and threatened government action against the Egyptian press should the criticism of army administration continue (290/3/156); Phipps re discussions on the construction of a bridge between Khartoum and Omdurman (290/3/159); Phipps, Slatin and Clayton re Roosevelt's visit (290/3/159-160,166,178-186); F.R.W. to Clayton re the spread of seditious pamphlets and newspaper articles attacking the military administration and the counter action to be taken (290/3/163-164); F.R.W. to Phipps and Gwynne re the need for Bishop Gwynne's personal involvement in the campaign to raise money for Khartoum Cathedral (290/3/169-171,198-200); Clayton re claims of attempts to spread nationalist propaganda among the pupils at Gordon College (290/3/178-186); F.R.W. to Clayton re the movement of the Mullah against Italian forces in Somaliland (290/3/201-205); Phipps, advising that Bishop Gwynne should put the spiritual needs of the British community before missionary enterprises and re criticism in Britain of high church ceremonies in Khartoum (290/3/223-224); Phipps re the removal of U.N.P. headquarters from Kodok to Malakal and an application from the Sudan Plantations Syndicate for a rubber concession (290/3/237); F.R.W. to Clayton re the possibility of rubber cultivation in the Bahr el Ghazal and Lado Enclave and the discovery of the author of the seditious Red Pamphlet (290/3/249-253); Edouard Rinquet thanking F.R.W. for cooperation in the administration of the Lado Enclave (290/3/261); Mathias re the northwards spread of sleeping sickness (290/3/262-263); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the need for a Muslim bias in the Anglo - Egyptian government of the Sudan (290/3/270-273); Gorst to Grey re changes in Italian policy in Somaliland (290/3/275); Craik re British policy in Somaliland (290/3/280). Also includes :
290/3/173
Cutting from the Egyptian Gazette on Italian advocation of a land and sea blockade in Northern Somaliland to prevent arms from reaching the Mullah
290/3/194
Reuters's telegram re the British withdrawal from Somaliland
290/3/220
Newspaper extracts on government policy on Somaliland
290/3/283-284
1910 Mar 3
Extracts from the Sudan Times on a speech by E.A. Stanton, reviewing the history of the Sudan
290/3/285
Newspaper cuttings concerning the reversal of British policy in Somaliland
100/15/1-3
1910 Apr 1
Letter to Wingate from Maḥmūd Muḥammad al-Ḥajjān, M.A. Railway Battalion, requesting promotion
Arabic with English translation
Digitised material for Letter to Wingate from Maḥmūd Muḥammad al-Ḥajjān - 100/15/1-3
296/1/1-65
1910 Apr 1 - 9
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps re arrangements for the transfer of British officers to the civil administration (296/1/3-4); F.R.W. to Slatin re the extent to which they have been blamed by the British press for changes in government policy in Somaliland (296/1/11-13); Slatin re dissatisfaction with the work of the Slavery Department in Kordofan and the failure of the British Government to accept the recommendations of the Somaliland Mission (296/1/17-18); Phipps re speculation on the despatch of a British force to Darfur and McMurdo's plans to send a Slavery Department delegation into the Lado Enclave (296/1/31-32); F.R.W. to Clayton re punishment of the Egyptian officer responsible for the Red Pamphlet (296/1/46-50). Also includes :
296/1/15
1910 Apr 4
Extract from the Egyptian Daily Post re a report on whether the Sudan is part of Egypt
296/1/66-196
1910 Apr 10 - 19
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Gorst re his decision to refuse recognition of concessions granted in the Bahr el Ghazal and Lado Enclave by King Leopold (296/1/68-69,115); Slatin re rumours of a British takeover of Darfur (296/1/70-71); Slatin re `Alī Dīnār's failure to submit his tribute (296/1/87-89); F.R.W. to Phipps, Stack and Broun re the success and future plans of the sudd fuel experiment (296/1/101,106,123-124,130-132); F.R.W. to Gorst re plans for the suppression of the Slavery Department (296/1/116); F.R.W. to Midleton re the progress of the Khartoum Cathedral fund (296/1/117-119); F.R.W. to Phipps re the possibility of securing a market for Sudanese dhurah in Jiddah and a proposed scheme for a Khartoum - Omdurman bridge (296/1/120-122); Phipps re arrangements for the takeover of the Lado Enclave (296/1/127-128); Gorst re his decision to delay the construction of a bridge between Khartoum and Omdurman (296/1/154-155); Phipps re the opening of the Blue Nile bridge (296/1/162-163); Gorst re plans for the development of the Gezira cotton scheme (296/1/194-195). Also includes:
296/1/74-82
Judgement of a Mixed Tribunal in the case of Bencini and Quistas v the Egyptian and Sudanese Governments for the recovery of payments due for construction work at Port Sudan
296/1/85
1910 Apr 12
Newspaper cuttings commenting on the above judgement
French
296/1/157
1910 Apr 15
Extract from The Daily Post on the British evacuation of Somaliland
296/1/164-175
Extract from the report of the commission appointed by the Legislative Council to examine the Egyptian budget for 1910 with report by the Financial Secretary (S.G.) on matters affecting the budget
296/1/197-274
1910 Apr 20 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from H.P. Harvey re the lack of Egyptian funds for Sudanese projects (296/1/197-198); F.R.W. to Slatin speculating on the future of Somaliland after the British evacuation (296/1/209-211); F.R.W. to Gorst, and Bond re the experiment to process sudd into fuel (296/1/212,234-237); Slatin re continuing tension between `Alī Dīnār and the French along the Darfur frontier (296/1/242). Also includes :
296/1/247-274
A report on the history, religion and customs of the Nuba peoples by J.W. Sagar
296/2/1-73
1910 May 1 - 26
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous letters of congratulations on the success of F.R.W.'s operation and correspondence from Lewin, Phipps and Clayton re the death of Edward VII (296/2/19-20,36,47); Shakūr re the attitude of the Egyptian nationalists towards Britain, the spread of secret societies especially in Upper Egypt and the Egyptian reaction to Edward VII's death (296/2/39-40); Slatin re the continuing dispute with the French over the ownership of Dar Tama and Dar Masalit (296/2/41-44); Clayton and Phipps re the appearance of Halley's comet and its effect on the Sudanese people (296/2/51,57); Stack re discussions in London on the development of the Gezira (296/2/52). Also includes:
296/2/5-19
Notes on Upper Nile dredging projects, the Gezira Canal project and Blue Nile railway extension, by P.M. Tottenham, Inspector General, Sudan Irrigation Service
296/2/21-34
Minutes of the 4th meeting of the Public Works allotment committee for 1911
296/2/66-73
1910 May
Extract from The Law Magazine on the courts of Egypt and the Sudan
296/3/1-104
1910 Jun 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps re lack of progress in the experiment to produce fuel from sudd (296/3/1-2); Stack re a proposal for joint Anglo-Turkish government of Egypt (296/3/6); Herbert and Stack re speculation on Gorst's retirement from Egypt and general criticism of his administration (296/3/7-9,55-56,84-85); Makkawī re the success of Sudan dhurah in the markets of Arabia and the current situation in Somaliland (296/3/17-18); Mayne and Phipps re a Nuer attack on the police post at Duk Fadiat and the prospect of further unrest near Singa (296/3/25-28,42-43); Phipps re the appearance of Halley's comet, the settling of regional unrest in the Sudan and the imminent handover of the Lado Enclave to Britain (296/3/42-43,63,90-91); Stack re the dispute with the French over the western Sudan frontier (296/3/84-85). Also includes :
296/3/86
Report from The Times on the deliberations of the committee of supply on the army estimates
297/1/1-263
1910 Jul 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Gwynne, Herbert, Stack and Wood re false rumours concerning his resignation (297/1/7-9,22-23,25,56-57); Phipps re press encouragement of sedition in the army and the need for a government railway from Tokar to Trinkitat for the transport of cotton (297/1/38-39); Herbert re the continuing campaign against Gorst (297/1/40-41); F.R.W. to Wynne re the need for senior British officers for the Egyptian Army (297/1/58-59); Bernard re the purchase of new rolling stock for the railway (297/1/61-62); Asser re preparations for a punitive patrol to Kordofan (297/1/78-80); Clayton re the prospect of trouble between `Alī Dīnār and the French on the Wadai-Darfur frontier (297/1/102,183-184); Phipps re the appearance and effect upon the Sudanese of Halley's comet (297/1/124-126); Midwinter re the progress of the railway to El Obeid (297/1/127); Kerr re the success of Tokar cotton (297/1/169); Broun re the discovery of a large amount of rubber in the Bahr el Ghazal (297/1/170); Asser re the distribution of seditious pamphlets among native army officers (297/1/172-173); Phipps re preparations for the takeover of the Lado Enclave and continued development around Port Sudan (297/1/174-175); Clayton re the dispute with France over the Wadai-Darfur boundary (297/1/183-184); Budge re his disappointment at the shipment of Meroitic antiquities to Belgium and Norway (297/1/190); Slatin re the proposed light railway from Tokar to Trinkitat and the reorganisation of the Agriculture and Lands, and Woods and Forests Departments (297/1/231-233). Also includes:
297/1/16
1910 Jul 2
Open letter to `Abd al-Majīd Afandi Farīd from 'a group of officers' criticising his relationship with the British authorities (copy from al-Miṣr al-Fatāh )
297/1/156
Newspaper article on relations between Gorst and the Foreign Office
297/1/245-259
1910 Jul 24
Report on the motor section, Public Works Department, by H.H. Kelly
297/2/1-214
1910 Aug 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the proposed light railway from Tokar to Trinkitat (297/2/3-7); F.R.W. to Mitchell Innes re the judicial system developed in the Sudan (297/2/37-39); H. Gordon re prospects for rubber cultivation in the Bahr el Ghazal (297/2/41); Innes re the differences between the Mohammedan and European legal systems (297/2/47-51); Phipps re the need for improved terms of service for inspectors and rumours of the closure of the Slavery Department (297/2/53-54); Makkawī re the quiet situation in Somaliland, the severe ill-health of Menilik, the advocation of trade development between the Sudan and Abyssinia and affairs in Aden (297/2/57-60); F.R.W. to Clayton re the need for an executive officer in the Steamers Department (297/2/61-65); F.R.W. to Currie re Gorst's plans for a united Egyptian and Sudanese civil service (297/2/72-73); Mathias re measures to be taken against sleeping sickness in the Lado Enclave (297/2/74-76); Pearson re possible Sudan Government intervention in Darfur (297/2/130); Pearson re the proposed survey of the western Bahr el Ghazal (297/2/134); Asser re the success of the Zeidab cotton experiment, objections to vivisection being carried out at the Gordon College and the need for a punitive patrol in southern Kordofan (297/2/148-151); Charlton, urging the use of hollow-nosed bullets in the Sudan (297/2/167-168); F.R.W. to Bridgman re the progress of the Khartoum Cathedral fund (297/2/183-184); Innes re the inadvisability of imposing a European system of government on an oriental country (297/2/203); Sterry re criticism of Belgian administration in the Lado Enclave and the wholesale slaughter of elephants there (297/2/204); Midwinter re the introduction of a hospital railway car for the transport of patients to Egypt and preparations for work on the railway extension to El Obeid (297/2/211). Also includes :
297/2/106-108
Report on the mutiny at Hadra prison on 15 Aug 1910 by [H. Hopkinson]
297/2/110
Extract from the proceedings of the 18th meeting of the Executive Committee of Aden, 16 Aug 1910, concerning the employment and payment of `Abd al-Qādir al-Makkawī
297/3/1-214
1910 Sep 1 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re preparations for the Tagoi patrol and concern in England at the slaughter of elephants in the Lado Enclave (297/3/3-8); H. Hopkinson re the mutiny at Hadra prison (297/3/14); F.R.W. to Phipps and Kennedy re plans to interest British businessmen in cotton growing in the Sudan (297/3/29-31,110-111); F.R.W. to Asser re British attempts at appeasement over the Darfur-Wadai frontier issue, the amalgamation of the Departments of Agriculture and Forests, the need for a revision of the Military Law and the Tagoi patrol (297/3/34-39); Asser, reporting on his visit to Blue Nile Province, in particular conditions in the colonies of ex-soldiers, complaints against the education rate and house rents, the condition of buildings and the richness of the cotton crop at Singa (297/3/45-52); F.R.W. to Currie and Phipps re the success of his talks with the P.M. Asquith (297/3/67-68,71); Midwinter re heavy flooding throughout the country with resulting damage to railway lines and bridges (297/3/73-75); Asser re the need for reinforcements for the Tagoi patrol and his inspection of Wad Medani (297/3/83-89); F.R.W. to Clayton re the development of business links between England and the Sudan (297/3/92-93); F.R.W. to Slatin re negotiations with the British Government for a Sudan loan (297/3/96-97); F.R.W. to Gorst and Phipps re unrest in southern Kordofan (297/3/127-128,151); F.R.W. to Asser re preparations for a punitive expedition to southern Kordofan and the need for a revision of the Military Law to help cope with nationalism (297/3/159-162); Pearson re plans for the Gezira scheme (297/3/184); Asser re the urgent need for an increased army budget to help cope with the takeover of the Lado Enclave (297/3/188-194)
298/1/1-77
1910 Oct 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Asser re the need for more sympathetic administration of the Nuba people, arrangements for the Tagoi patrol, unrest at Soda, the amendment of the Military Law and the use of Slavery Department personnel to police the Abyssinian frontier (298/1/35-39); Asser re arrangements for the 1911 budget (298/1/40-42); Makkawī re internal fighting in Somaliland (298/1/48-49); F.R.W. to Asser re the Tagoi patrol and re budget discussions (298/1/63-64); Asser re preparations for the Tagoi patrol and developments at Soda (298/1/76-77). Also includes:
298/1/9-13
Note on army budget proposals for 1911
298/1/30-32
Note of pay increases for officers since 1899
298/1/60-61
Notes by H.D. Palmer on estimated increases in army expenditure as a result of the occupation of Lado
298/2/1-124
1910 Nov 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin, urging that the organisation of shooting parties to the Sudan be placed in commercial hands (298/2/4-5); Mather and Gorst re the development of the Gezira cotton scheme (298/2/6-10,110-111); F.R.W. to Bullock re the unrest in Kordofan and on the Blue Nile and the need to take steps against Egyptian nationalism (298/2/28-30); Gleichen re French incursions into Wadai and Darfur (298/2/36-37); F.R.W. to Gorst re the success of the Tagoi patrol and steps taken to combat unrest near Singa (298/2/55-58); F.R.W. to Gorst and Stack re the disposal of the Mahagi strip and the need for the delimitation of the southern boundary of the Lado Enclave (298/2/66-68,71-72); Stack re the transfer of the Slavery Department to the Sudan Government (298/2/86-87); F.R.W. to Harcourt re the future of the cotton industry in the Sudan (298/2/93-94); Thesiger to Gorst re the Abyssinian boundary dispute (298/2/95-98); Stack re the revision of the Military Law (298/2/107-109); Gwynne re the future of the girls' school at Atbara and of girls' education in general (298/2/114-115). Also includes:
298/2/38-46
Governor-General's notes on matters for discussion in Cairo
298/2/83
Statement of special credits from the reserve fund granted to the War Department and the expenditure incurred, Jan - Sep 1910
298/2/119-123
Note of the barrack grant for the Sudan, 1911
298/2/124-125
War department budget for 1911
298/3/1-175
1910 Dec 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Gorst re irrigation work in the Gash delta and the possibilities of growing cotton in the area (298/3/6-9); F.R.W. to Gleichen and Nicholson re Slatin's visit to the Darfur frontier in an attempt to ease the French situation (298/3/11-12,140-141); Milner re the forth-coming British election and political crisis (298/3/18-19); Thesiger to Sir E. Grey re the grave situation in Abyssinia under the corrupt government of the regent, Ras Bituadad Tasama (298/3/20-22,28-29); Thesiger to Ras Tasama re the unsettled frontier dispute with Abyssinia (298/3/23); Thesiger re the encouragement of trade at Gambeila and the progress of the railway in Abyssinia (298/3/28-29); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the need for greater missionary activity in the southern provinces (298/3/32-34); F.R.W. to Gorst re arrangements for the transfer of the Slavery Department to the Sudan administration (298/3/47-49); Gorst re negotiations on the Gezira cotton project (298/3/63-66); Stack re steps taken to control the import of foreign newspapers (298/3/75); F.R.W. to Gorst re negotiations for the Gezira scheme, the completion of the White Nile bridge at Rabak, the success of operations at Katla and continued unrest on the Blue Nile (298/3/84-86); F.R.W. and Gorst re discussions in Council on pay increases for senior officials (298/3/87-90,168-169); F.R.W. to Artin Pasha re the use of sudd for paper making (298/3/97-98); Hewins to Messrs. Donald Currie and Co., managers of the Union Castle Mail S.S. Co. Ltd., re the proposed monthly steamer calls to Port Sudan and promotion of the service in the hope of opening up trade abroad and within the Sudan (298/3/102-107); Sayce re archaeological discoveries at Kabushiya (298/3/111); Stack re the progress of the Military Law revision and developments on the Wadai/Darfur boundary (298/3/123-125); Erroll re the development of rubber concessions in the southern Sudan by the Kordofan Trading Co. (298/3/126-127); Wilkinson to J.W. Johnston re the terms of the agreement with the Kordofan Trading Co. for the exploitation of wild rubber in the southern Sudan (298/3/144-145); F.R.W. to Ward re the forth-coming British coronation (298/3/155-156); F.R.W. to Gorst re his opposition to the creation of a joint see for Egypt and the Sudan (298/3/170-171). Also includes :
298/3/124-125
Report on rubber concessions in the Sudan
297/5/1-39
1910
Miscellaneous undated papers from 1910 including:
297/5/1
Newspaper cutting on the court martial of Muḥammad Zakī for the publication of a seditious pamphlet
297/5/7-11
Article entitled “The new Sudan and its capital”, recommending the Sudan to would-be travellers
297/5/12-20
Inaugural speech at the first meeting of the Governor-General's council
297/5/21-39
Report on the antiquities of the Sudan by A.H. Sayce
297/4/1-65
1910
Papers relating to Egyptian Army defence in Egypt and the Sudan:
297/4/3-4
Defence scheme for Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North
297/4/5-19
Khartoum defence scheme (British troops)
297/4/20-26
Notes on railway arrangements for reinforcing Khartoum
297/4/27-30
Papers re armoured cars, including letter from Bernard to F.R.W.
297/4/31-32
Army order re district defence committees
297/4/33-50
Letters, telegrams and memoranda concerning finance for the railway extension to El Obeid
297/4/51-56
Cairo defence scheme
297/4/57-61
Alexandria defence scheme
297/4/62-65
Return showing accommodation available for British troops in Egyptian Army barracks
300/1/1-133
1911 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Garstin and Gorst re the opening of the White Nile bridge at Kosti (300/1/1-2,8-9); F.R.W. to Gorst, and E.H. Cecil, G. Dixon and Corbett re applications for leasing the pearl fisheries in the Red Sea (300/1/16-22); F.R.W. to Sarhank Pasha re the appointment of a commission to amend the Recruiting Law (300/1/28-29); F.R.W. to Garstang re the archaeological discoveries at Meroë (300/1/33); Herbert re a threatened mutiny at Tourah prison (300/1/44-47); F.R.W. to Palmer re funds required to complete the detention hospital at Omdurman and build new barracks for the Sudanese Battalion (300/1/54-56); F.R.W. to Gorst re the denial by an Egyptian skaykh of the existence of a slave trade in Darfur (300/1/63); Cheetham re the situation in Abyssinia, the probable break up of the empire on Menilik's death and the effect on Sudanese and Egyptian interests (300/1/67); F.R.W. to Gorst re measures taken to suppress slave trading along the French Congo-Sudan frontier (300/1/77); F.R.W. to Forneau re the success of issuing passports to caravans crossing frontiers in order to prevent slave trading (300/1/80-81); Makkawī re the increase in Sudanese dhurah in Somali and Abyssinian markets and affairs in Somaliland (300/1/85-87); Gorst and Mather re negotiations for the Gezira cotton plantation experiment (300/1/95-96,117-119,126-128); F.R.W. to Cheetham re proposed concessions to the French on the possible break-up of Abyssinia (300/1/102-103); Blyth re the consecration of Khartoum Cathedral and the need for the creation of independent Egyptian and Sudanese bishoprics (300/1/108-114); F.R.W. to Artin re applications for concessions to make paper from papyrus along the banks of the Bahr el Jebel (300/1/120-121). Also includes :
300/1/11-12
Account by A.H. Sayce of F.R.W.'s visit to the archaeological excavations at Meroë
300/1/13
Programme for Kitchener's visit to Kabushiya
300/1/36-38
Itinerary and programme for Kitchener's visit to the Sudan
300/1/58-59
Suggested itinerary for Lord Kitchener's shooting trip
300/1/65
1911 Jan 19
Report reprinted from The Observer on a cotton picking machine
300/1/70-72
Note of suggestions for carrying out the Gezira irrigation scheme on co-partnership lines
300/1/78-79
Report on the restrictions on movements of caravans from the French Congo in an attempt to prevent slave trading, by G.B. Stoney, Inspector Western District, Bahr el Ghazal
300/1/98-101
1911 Jan 26
Note by F.R.W. on the policy to be adopted in the event of a break-up of Abyssinia on Menilik's death
299/2/1-35
1911 Jan 3 - Nov 8
Papers concerning the proposed visit of the King and Queen to Port Sudan and Sinkat, including correspondence from C. Wigram and F.R.W. re the selection of Sudanese notables to meet and receive gifts from the King (299/2/11-23,26); J.G. Maxwell re appropriate dress for British officials (299/2/24-25); Admiral Keppel and W.B. Drury re details of anchorage at Port Sudan (299/2/30,34-35). Also includes:
299/2/1-7
Draft itinerary for the Royal visit
299/2/10
List of passengers on H.M.S. Medina
299/2/27-28,31
Draft programme for the King's arrival at Port Said
299/2/36-62
1911 Nov 14 - Dec 4
General papers re arrangements for the visit including correspondence from Clayton re the guard of honour at Port Sudan (299/2/38); F.R.W. to his daughter Victoria with an account of the arrival of the King and Queen at Port Said en route for India (299/2/45-49). Also includes :
299/2/39-42
1911 Nov 15
Revised programme for the visit to Port Said
299/2/43
1911 Nov 18
Cairo District order re arrangements for guards of honour, dress, etc.
299/2/52-56
1911 Dec 2
Instructions for concentration of troops at Sinkat
299/2/57,60
Draft speech of welcome by F.R.W.
299/2/58[MP]
1908
Map of Sudan showing railways (Khartoum 1908)
scale:   1 to 2,500,000
Size: 14 x 18 ins
Digitised material for Map of Sudan showing railways - 1908 - SAD.299/2/58
299/2/61-62
Copy of the King's speech to the people of the Sudan
299/2/63-100
1911 Dec 6 - 1912 Jan 1
Papers re the royal visit including correspondence from F.R.W. re details of the visit to Sinkat (299/2/73-75) and re secrecy surrounding the King's visit (299/2/83-85); J.W. Conry re rehearsals at Sinkat (299/2/88-89); and Admiral Keppel re the royal tour in India (299/2/96-97). Also includes :
299/2/64-67,69-70
1911 Dec 6 - 9
Instructions for concentration of troops at Sinkat
299/2/71
Draft of speech to be made by the King on his arrival
299/2/79-80
1911 Dec 12
Itinerary of British Camel Company for the march to Sinkat
299/2/90
1911 Dec 28
Copy article from al-Muqaṭṭam no. 6916 re preparations for the visit
299/2/95
Itinerary for Port Sudan and Sinkat
299/2/101-130
1912 Jan 2 - 17
Papers re the royal visit including correspondence from E.O.A. Newcombe re accommodation on the Governor-General's train to Port Sudan (299/2/106-108) and F.R.W. to H.H. the Khedive re arrangements for the visit (299/2/109-111). Also includes :
299/2/101-103
Address to the King and Queen by the Governor-General on handing over a letter from the Khedive, with reply
299/2/114-116
List of dinner guests and names of those presented to the King
299/2/117-119
Checklist for the Governor-General
299/2/120-125
Parade programme for Sinkat
299/2/126-130
Plans of parade ground and camp at Sinkat showing positions of troops
299/2/131-153
1911 Dec 22 - 1912 Jan 16
Papers re the royal visit, including:
299/2/131[MP]
1911 Dec 20
Plan of the trains to be used in transporting the Royal party to Sinkat
scale:   None
Size: 18 x 12 ins
299/2/132-134
Draft speech of welcome to the royal couple
299/2/135-146
Biographical notes on Sudanese dignitaries to be presented to the King, arranged by province
299/2/147
List of points to be asked on board
299/2/148
Revised homeward programme of H.M.S. Medina
299/2/149-153
Telegrams between Kitchener and Stamfordham re dress
299/2/154-183
1912 Jan 13 - 17
Papers re the royal visit including lists of recipients of gifts from the King, names of Egyptian and Sudanese commanders, etc. (299/2/154-159,166-169); draft letter from F.R.W. to the Khedive re his appointment to greet the King and Queen (299/2/160-162); and various printed programmes and confidential memoranda (299/2/170-183)
299/2/184-202
1912 Jan 17 - 18
Papers re the royal visit, including copies of the King's speech on arrival (299/2/184-202) and the Governor-General's address (299/2/188-190); letter from F.R.W. to Kitchener re the success of the visit (299/2/193-194)
299/2/203-246
1912 Jan 18 - Feb 4
Correspondence relating to the royal visit including F.R.W. to Stamfordham re the possibility of awarding coronation medals to those responsible for the arrangements (299/2/213-227); letters of congratulations on the award of a G.C.V.O. to F.R.W. and on the success of the visit to Port Sudan
300/2/1-96
1911 Feb 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Hewins to Messrs. Donald Currie and Co. re monthly steamer calls at Port Sudan by the Union Castle S.S. Co. Ltd. (300/2/3-4); Sayce re the origins of the Sanūsī's claim to the oasis of Jaghbub (300/2/6); F.R.W. to Gorst re finances for the Gezira cotton growing experiment (300/2/13-14); F.R.W. to Gorst re affairs on the Wadai/Darfur border and his reluctance to agree to French demands for a new delimitation of the frontier (300/2/15-16,19); F.R.W. to Clayton re his inspection tour of White Nile Province and in particular the need to improve housing (300/2/47-50); F.R.W. to Feilden re instruction in Arabic in Bahr el Ghazal Province (300/2/51); F.R.W. to G.F.P. Blyth re the need for an independent Sudan bishopric (300/2/52-55); F.R.W. to Phipps re the formation of a municipal council for Khartoum (300/2/58-59); Stack re Sinai affairs (300/2/65-68); F.R.W. to Bridgman re progress at the American mission station on the Sobat (300/2/71-72); F.R.W. to Dalton re progress of the southern railway extension and future prospects for the Sudan particularly in cotton growing and cereals (300/2/73-75); F.R.W. to Stack re shortage of government funds for housing, particularly in the south (300/2/76-78); Stack re the revision of the Military Law and the future administration of El Arish (300/2/85-87,89-92). Also includes :
300/2/26
Itinerary for the King of Saxony's visit
300/2/28
Note on measures against arms-smuggling following a rebellion in the Yemen
300/2/30
Newspaper extract re the appointment and duties of Sir Ian Hamilton as Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean
300/2/34-46
Diary of an inspection tour of the White Nile, Upper Nile and Mongalla stations, by F.R.W.
300/2/60-62
Copy of the commission given to Sir Samuel White Baker by Khedive Ismā`īl, 16 May 1869
300/2/81-84
1911 Feb 5 - Mar 18
Extracts from The Outlook on the present problems in Egypt
300/2/93-96
“La vie et la mort de Boutros - Pacha Ghali” by F. Hauser, repr. from Progrès pp 221-227
300/3/1-176
1911 Mar 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams and correspondence from F.R.W. to Gorst re impressions of his visit to Mongalla Province - poor housing standards, dissatisfaction of British and native officials, unrest among the natives, the progress of sudd cutting, difficulties in recruiting for Sudanese battalions and the success of the missions (300/3/2-12); F.R.W. to Bridgman re negotiations on the Gezira cotton project (300/3/24-25); F.R.W. to Gorst re instructions to prevent the importation of arms into the Yemen by sea from British territory (300/3/28); F.R.W. to C.E. Wilson re the success of the dhurah trade in Arabia and Somaliland (300/3/49-50); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the success of the dhurah trade in Aden and internal fighting in Somaliland (300/3/57-58); Clayton to Symes and F.R.W. to Mather re F.R.W.'s inspection tour to Tokar and the success of the adoption of modern methods of cotton cultivation there (300/3/68-71,140-141); Stack re objections in Egypt to the Sinai Decree (Judicial) on the grounds that it confirms the position of Sinai entirely under British rule (300/3/80-83,117-123); F.R.W. to Brunyate and Stack re the future administration of Sinai (300/3/95-96,103-106); Clayton to Stack re negotiations on the renewal of the Sudan/Eritrea Conventions (300/3/107-108); Maxwell re Sudan Government railway rates for army officers (300/3/126-127); Bishop Blyth re the need for an independent bishopric in Egypt and his objections to a combined bishopric for Egypt and the Sudan (300/3/134-136); F.R.W. to Gorst and Herbert re the revision of the Military Law (300/3/137-138,147-148); Stack re the urgent need for a judicial decree for Sinai (300/3/150-154); Bridgman re his attempts to interest Americans in Sudanese cotton farming (300/3/155-156); F.R.W. to Symes re the need to clear up discrepancies in existing maps of the area between Lake Rudolf and the Nile before sending an expedition against the Beir people (300/3/157-158); Landon re his inspection of small basin cultivation in Dongola Province (300/3/159-160); F.R.W. to Phipps re building progress on Khartoum Cathedral (300/3/164-165); F.R.W. to Stack re revisions to the Sinai Judicial Decree and the revision of the Military Law (300/3/167-169). Also includes :
300/3/21
1911 Mar 4
Extract from The Outlook on the development of a cotton picking machine
300/3/124-125
Programme for a visit to Khartoum by the King of the Belgians
300/3/172-173
1911 Mar 31
Memorandum by G.F. Clayton on Lord Kitchener's enquiry as to the possibility of hiring a tract of country on the Upper Dinder as a private shooting reserve
300/3/175-176
Prospectus for a coronation exhibition in London entitled 'Grand diorama in 21 special scenes of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route'
300/4/1-92
1911 Apr 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Maxwell re his decision to refuse admission of Indian soldiers to the Egyptian Army hospital in order to avoid criticism from the nationalist press (300/4/1-3); Tottenham re his inspection of Dongola Province basin cultivation (300/4/6-8); Stack re amendments to the Sinai Decree (300/4/9-13); Wilkinson re plans for afforestation (300/4/14); Wilkinson and F.R.W. to Asser, Stack, Phipps, Hamilton and Tottenham re the success of cotton plantations in the Tokar Delta (300/4/42-43,48-49,55-57,58-61,81-82,91-92); G.P. Blyth to Gorst and F.R.W. re the need for an English bishopric in Egypt (300/4/44-46,76-78); Phipps re arrangements for the completion and consecration of Khartoum Cathedral (300/4/47), with F.R.W.'s reply (300/4/83-84); F.R.W. to Maxwell re rates for soldiers travelling on Sudan Government Railways (300/4/52-53); Stack re amendments to the Postal, Telegraph and Customs Conventions with Eritrea and internal tribal disputes over El Arish boundaries (300/4/66-71); F.R.W. to Feilden re the success of the mission school at Wau, the gradual introduction of English as the official language instead of Arabic, the recognition of Sunday as the day of rest and the proposed substitution of a territorial force for the regular Sudanese battalion in the Bahr el Ghazal (300/4/79-80); F.R.W. to Phipps re official dress for civilians (300/4/85-86); F.R.W. to Broun re poor reports on wood and rubber stations on the Upper Nile (300/4/89-90). Also includes :
300/4/18-23
1911 Apr 4,5,7
Extracts from The Times re the parliamentary debate on army organisation
300/4/93-189
1911 Apr 16 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin re the forthcoming British coronation (300/4/96-97); Stack re objections in the Legislative Council to the Sinai Decree (300/4/107-110); F.R.W. to Mathias re steps taken to eradicate sleeping sickness in the Lado Enclave and to prevent its spread northwards (300/4/118-120); F.R.W. to N. Waterfield and Henry S. Wellcome re Wellcome's archaeological excavations in the Gezira (300/4/130,132-133); Stack re internal boundary disputes in Sinai and plans to veto attempts by the Jewish Colonising Association to purchase land in El Arish (300/4/137-142); Phipps re official dress for civilians (300/4/143-145); F.R.W. to Cheetham re the need for increased cotton production in the Tokar Delta and the change in French policy towards Wadai (300/4/146-147); Stack to Graham re plans to raise a discussion at the Egyptian Congress on the Egyptian Army and its administration (300/4/148); F.R.W. to Cheetham re legislation on ivory imports (300/4/168-169); Bernard re the provision of houses for prostitutes (300/4/171-172); F.R.W. to Cheetham re his objections to the treatment of Indians of the Mountain Battery in Egyptian Army hospitals (300/4/176-177). Also includes :
300/4/100
1911 Mar 18
Extract from L'Illustration : a comparison by M. Louis Barthou of Kitchener and F.R.W. and their methods of government
300/4/151-154
Extract from al-`Ālam on the need for a club for native Egyptian Army officers
300/5/1-76
1911 May 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Stack re the manufacture of fuel from sudd (300/5/2-5); Palmer and F.R.W. to Palmer re modifications to the Military Pension Law to accommodate Sudanese officers (300/5/26-27); Stack re the guiding principles behind the Sinai Decree (300/5/30-32); As`ad `Arafāt to Na`ūm Shuqayr re the discontent of the El Arish people (300/5/36); F.R.W. to Cheetham re the change of policy on Darfur inaugurated by the new French Government (300/5/57-58); Phipps re trade from Abyssinia through Gambeila and the need for another trading post further north (300/5/68-70); Stack re affairs in the Yemen (300/5/74-75). Also includes :
300/5/6
Sudan Government confidential circular memorandum no. 31 on the duties of the government representative at Bairam or other important festivals
300/5/54-56
Memorandum by F.R.W. on relations between troops and Sudanese Government officials
300/5/77-212
1911 May 16 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Phipps re accusations of malpractice against Christopherson (300/5/77-79); F.R.W. to Phipps re proposals for additional trading posts and further railway extensions in Abyssinia and speculation on the imminent break-up of Abyssinia (300/5/81-84); F.R.W. to Gwynne re Sunday observance, removal of restrictions on missions and the need for greater missionary activity in the south (300/5/92-95); Cheetham and Herbert re the treatment of Indian soldiers in Egyptian Army hospitals (300/5/96-97,101); Sir E. Grey re the proposed delimitation of the Wadai/Darfur frontier (300/5/110-111); Asser re the Khartoum defence scheme (300/5/112-115); F.R.W. to Phipps re the Court of Enquiry into accusations against Christopherson (300/5/123-124); Stack re opposition in the Egyptian press to the Sinai Decree (300/5/129-131); Asser re preparations for the Beir patrol (300/5/132-133); Makkawī re the price of Sudanese dhurah and plans to grow and export wheat (300/5/136-139); F.R.W. to Sir Edward Grey re Slatin's unofficial mission to Paris to discuss French policy towards Wadai (300/5/144-145); F.R.W. to Mather re the experimental cotton farm at Tayiba (300/5/165-166); Balfour re the protests of anti-vivisectionists in Egypt against his research work involving birds (300/5/167); F.R.W. to Cheetham and Thesiger re the proposed demarcation of the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier between Melille and Lake Rudolph and the urgent need to take steps against arms and ivory smuggling in the area (300/5/175-176); F.R.W. to Thesiger re restrictions imposed on the ivory trade from Abyssinia, proposals to prevent gun running and smuggling and the opening up of roads and construction of bridges between the Sudan and Abyssinia (300/5/186-192); Griffith re the success of the excavations at Faras (300/5/196). Also includes :
300/5/203-206
Lists of N.C.O.'s and men of the British Army buried in Suakin cemetery prior to 1 Jan 1900, with note of causes of death
300/5/207-208
Note of the duties of the government representative at Bairam or other important festivals
300/5/210-212
Cutting from the Karlsbader Tagblatt on a visit to Karlsbad by F.R.W., with French translation
300/6/1-26
1911 Jun 2 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Dawson and Stack re the British coronation (300/6/15,19-22); Midwinter re the progress of the rail extensions and plans for further developments (300/6/17-18); Stack and F.R.W. to Blyth re the worsening condition of Gorst (300/6/19-22,24-25). Also includes:
300/6/23
1911 Jun 26
Extract from al-Muqaṭṭam re rumours of F.R.W. succeeding Gorst
301/1/1-51
1911 Jul 2 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Herbert re news of Gorst's illness and his possible successor (301/1/1-2); Stack re a report in al-Muqaṭṭam of F.R.W. succeeding Gorst (301/1/4); Stack re French attempts to enlist the support of the Sanūsī in negotiations with the Sultan of Wadai (301/1/10-11); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need to settle Zubayr Pasha's debts (301/1/13); Phipps re the findings of the court of inquiry held to investigate complaints against Christopherson (301/1/16); F.R.W. to Slatin, Kettner and Clayton re Gorst's death and the appointment of Kitchener (301/1/18,20,28-29); Clayton re confirmation of Kitchener's appointment to Egypt, the need for a continued policy of railway extension in the Sudan and the result of the Christopherson enquiry (301/1/23-25,43-44); Asser re the command of the Beir patrol (301/1/26-27); Phipps re arrangements for the consecration of Khartoum Cathedral (301/1/30-31); Asser re the proposed force of irregulars for the Lado Enclave and Bahr el Ghazal and the urgent need for civilian staff in the southern Bahr el Ghazal (301/1/34-35); F.R.W. to Clayton re the reaction of the Egyptian Pashas to Kitchener's appointment and the impossibility of pursuing Newcombe's proposed railway to Abyssinia (301/1/37-38); Sager re the popularity in the Sudan of Kitchener's appointment (301/1/45-46)
301/2/1-145
1911 Aug 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Russell re French negotiations with the Sultan of Dar Masalit and the Sanūsī, affairs in Wadai, reaction in Egypt to Kitchener's appointment and the development of the Sudanese cattle trade (301/2/2-9), with F.R.W.'s reply (301/2/55-57); Midwinter re the decision to open the road to Moghren quays (301/2/14-15); Asser re arrangements for the new Equatorial corps (301/2/19-20); Herbert re the effects of the railway strikes in Egypt (301/2/27-29); F.R.W. to Hoskins re the necessity for secrecy over the Anglo-French negotiations on Wadai (301/2/38-39); Asser and F.R.W. to Russell re damage caused by the cotton worm in Egypt (301/2/44-48,55-57); Rees re the task facing Kitchener in Egypt (301/2/58), with F.R.W.'s reply (301/2/90-91); Asser re his scheme for a force of irregular troops for the Bahr el Ghazal and Mongalla (301/2/69-75); F.R.W. to Grey re the need for the Beir patrol (301/2/82); Sagar re the progress of the experimental farm at Tayiba (301/2/88-89); Russell re affairs in Sinai, the Yemen and Asir (301/2/96-98); F.R.W. to Slatin re French requests for permission to export goods from the French Congo via the Jur river and the Nile (301/2/103-104), with Slatin's reply (301/2/135-136); Rowlatt re the development of trade in Abyssinia and in particular, the need for a supply of Austrian dollars (301/2/118,139-140), with F.R.W.'s reply (301/2/141); Bishop Gwynne, reporting on his visit to the southern Sudan to find suitable locations for missionary stations, stopping at Mvolo, Meridi, Yei, Loka and Rejaf and with particular reference to the sleeping sickness camp at Yei and the division of the area into spheres of influence (301/2/123-134); Stack re the Turkish claim to the oasis of Jaghbub (301/2/142). Also includes :
301/2/76-81
1911 Aug 16
Scheme by J.J. Asser for the raising of an irregular force for the Bahr el Ghazal and Mongalla
301/3/1-111
1911 Sep 3 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including corespondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the unpopularity of Egyptian rule in the Sinai Peninsula (301/3/3-4); F.R.W. to Phipps and Clayton re Asser's military scheme for the southern provinces (301/3/14-17,43-44,45); Phipps and Asser re proposals for military and administrative reorganisation in the provinces (301/3/49-57); F.R.W. to Slatin re the Wadai/Darfur boundary dispute (301/3/65-67). Also includes:
301/3/29-41
1911 Sep 8
Report by J.J. Asser of his inspection of southern stations, particularly Wau, Tonga, Taufikia and Malakal, describing difficulties of navigation, state of buildings, both military and civil, morale of soldiers, missions, etc.
301/3/102-107
1911 Sep 25
Memorandum on the Gezira canal project by P.M. Tottenham
301/4/1-77
1911 Oct 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Gleichen, F.R.W. to Gwynne and Makkawī re the outbreak of hostilities between Italy and Turkey over Tripoli (301/4/1,22-27,50-51); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the annual report of the Gordon College and in particular progress in archaeological work in the Sudan (301/4/2-4); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the consecration of Khartoum cathedral, the progress of work on the building and the need for a more conciliatory approach by leading churchmen towards mission work in the southern Sudan (301/4/22-27); F.R.W. to Gwynne and Gleichen re the unsuitability of the Bishop of London for the consecration ceremony at the cathedral following his speech denouncing Islam (301/4/37-38,42-43); F.R.W. to J. Waters re the progress of the experimental farm at Tayiba (301/4/45); Makkawī re affairs in Somaliland and Abyssinia (301/4/51-52); F.R.W. to Gwynne re Kitchener's refusal to consider Sunday observance in the Sudan (301/4/53); F.R.W. to Kitchener re proposals for a readjustment of the frontier between the Sudan and Uganda (301/4/54-55); F.R.W. to Ballance re the contribution of T.D. Acland to medical services in Egypt and the Sudan (301/4/56-58); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need to provide teaching in Muslim theology for young Sudanese `ulamā` and proposals for a form of reward for officials of the Sudan Government service (301/4/66-69); Stack re the sovereignty of Jaghbub (301/4/72); F.R.W. to Kitchener re a poaching expedition in southern Lado under the leadership of an American called Rogers (301/4/73-76). Also includes:
301/4/5-8
Statements of special credits granted to the War Department and credits granted for the occupation of Lado
301/4/9-20
“État des recettes et des épenses”, Supplement au journal no 112 du mercredi 4 Octobre 1911 (Cairo 1911)
301/5/1-116
1911 Nov 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Asser and Palmer re the army budget for 1912 (301/5/2-3,12-13); F.R.W. to Kitchener re his reluctance to prevent the entry of Egyptian newspapers to the Sudan during the Tripoli crisis and re the riot in Alexandria (301/5/25-26); F.R.W. to Wyndham Dunstan re the cotton experiment in the Gezira (301/5/44); F.R.W. to Makkawī re affairs in the Yemen (301/5/45-46); Kitchener re payment to the Belgian Government for buildings taken over in the Lado Enclave (301/5/47-48); Gwynne re Kitchener's refusal to allow Sunday observance (301/5/54-56); F.R.W. to his daughter Victoria re his meeting with the King and Queen at Port Said (301/5/72-73); F.R.W. to Bridgman re the Khartoum Cathedral fund (301/5/76-78); Stack re the situation in Turkey (301/5/85); Wilkinson re the progress of cotton production in the Sudan (301/5/88-89); Makkawī re affairs in the Yemen, Eritrea and Somaliland (301/5/93-98); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Sunday observance (301/5/99-100). Also includes :
301/5/4-17
Notes on the 1912 army budget including the financial repercussions of taking over the Lado Enclave
301/5/30-35
Extract from al-Hilāl on 'The Senusians: their Sheikh and his Tariga, their forces and Zawias'
301/5/36-38
1911 Nov 11
Translation of article from al-Jarīdah on 'The Sensusians', by Najīb Nāṣir
301/5/59-64,102-106
Sudan Government budget estimates for 1912 for provinces and departments
301/5/65-71
1911 Nov 21
Minutes of the first meeting of the Public Works Allotment Committee for 1912
301/6/1-89
1911 Dec 1 - 14
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to A. Acland re the latest appeal for funds for Khartoum Cathedral (301/6/3-5); F.R.W. to Owen re the reduction of the Mongalla budget (301/6/7-10); F.R.W. and E.V. Turner re the suggested link-up of the Sudan and Abyssinian telegraph systems (301/6/16-21); Stack re Kitchener's views on the settlement of the western Egyptian frontier (301/6/23-26); F.R.W. to R. McKenna re the growing strategical importance of Port Sudan (301/6/27); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the impending royal visit to Port Sudan and the consecration of Khartoum Cathedral (301/6/30-31,68-69); F.R.W. to Stack and Kitchener re Anuak raids across the Abyssinian frontier and the need for immediate action (301/6/33-36,46,48-51); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the despatch of a punitive patrol to Anuak territory and of a further patrol against the Beir (301/6/52-55); Slatin re his inspection tour of Kordofan (301/6/59-61); Graham re the appointment of a new head for the Police School in Cairo (301/6/73-76); F.R.W. to Herbert re arrangements for the royal visit to Sinkat (301/6/83-85); Kitchener, giving his approval of the action taken on the Abyssinian frontier (301/6/87-88)
301/6/90-165
1911 Dec 16 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Makkawī re affairs in Aden and Somaliland (301/6/98-100); Photios, Patriarch of Alexandria, re the appointment of a Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Nubia (301/6/101); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the capture of elephant poachers in Mongalla Province (301/6/111); Pearson re the possibility of building a light railway between Rejaf and Dufile (301/6/113); Herbert, Clayton and Watson re the smuggling of arms and officers through Egypt to the Turks in Tripoli and attempts to control it (301/6/117-120,125-126,130-132); Ya`qūb Artīn re salt deposits at Berber (301/6/139-140); Wellcome re preparations for his excavations at Jabal Moya in Sennar Province (301/6/155-156); F.R.W. to Kerr re secret police arrangements for the royal visit to Port Sudan (301/6/158)
180/1/1-149
1912 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence and telegrams from Clayton and F.R.W. to Herbert re the movement of Turkish arms and men through Sinai and Egypt to Tripoli (180/1/7-11,15-17); F.R.W. to Ya`qūb Artīn re hopes for the development of a salt industry in the Sudan (180/1/23-24); Owen, criticising the work of the Forestry Department in Mongalla Province (180/1/33-35); Herbert re reinforcements for Sinai to help prevent Turkish movements across the frontier (180/1/40-43); F.R.W. to Mather re the consecration of Khartoum Cathedral and re the need to confine cotton-growing to south of Khartoum and sugar production to the northern districts (180/1/45-47); Elgood re the success of Kitchener's administration in Cairo (180/1/51-52); Midwinter re proposals to build a railway line from Rejaf to Dufile (180/1/63-64); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the repair and upkeep of soldiers' graves (180/1/78-80); telegrams re the death of the Duke of Fife during a visit to Egypt (180/1/115-117); Herbert re the Khedive's visit to Salūm (180/1/118-122); F.R.W. to the Archbishop of Canterbury re the consecration of the cathedral (180/1/135-137); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need to safeguard the rights of Egypt and the Sudan over the headwaters of the Nile and re the demarcation of the boundary of the Mahagi strip (180/1/138-140); F.R.W. to Stack re doubts over the suitability of the Bishop of London as church envoy to eastern countries (180/1/143-147). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.180/1/1-149
180/1/1
1912 Jan 1
Note of the curriculum at the Military School Khartoum, by A.G.B. Ḥāmid, O.C.
180/2/1-108
1912 Feb 1 - 14
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Blyth re the organisation of the Anglican church in the Sudan and the possibility of an independent Sudan bishopric (180/2/4-7); F.R.W. to numerous correspondents concerning the death of the Duke of Fife, the consecration of Khartoum Cathedral and the royal visit to Port Sudan and Sinkat; Stack and Stamfordham re the visit to the Sudan by the British Cotton Growing Association (180/2/39-44,92-93); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the unsuitability of the Bishop of London as church envoy to the east and the question of an independent Sudan bishopric (180/2/80-82); F.R.W. to Hohler re affairs in Abyssinia and the necessity for arms-control on the frontier (180/2/86-87); T.F. Victor Buxton re the C.M.S.'s plans for a medical mission in Omdurman and for expansion of their work on the Upper Nile and re the question of Sunday observance (180/2/99-100); Makkawī re affairs in Somaliland and Italian movements in the war against Turkey (180/2/101-103); Geyer re the right of the Austrian Mission to extend its sphere into the Lado Enclave (180/2/105-107)
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.180/2/1-108
179/7/1-36
1912 Feb 8 - Sep 24
Papers relating to Anglo-Turkish relations including correspondence from Stack re a Sudan Government loan for Zubayr Pasha to enable him to pay his debts and resettle in the Sudan and the possibility of an entente between England and Turkey (179/7/2-3); F.R.W. to Kitchener and Russell re the despatch of Sa`īd Pasha Ḥalīm to London as emissary of the Turkish Government to negotiate a political understanding with Britain (179/7/5-7); F.R.W. to Stack re the collapse of Sa`īd Pasha Ḥalīm's mission (179/7/10-11); F.R.W. to Russell re the new Ghāzī cabinet in Constantinople and prospects for an alliance between Britain and Turkey, the trafficking of arms across the Sudan/Abyssinia border and arrangements for the conference on Darfur to be held in Paris (179/7/12-14); Russell re the desire of the new Turkish Government for peace with Italy and the fortunes of the Idrīsī in Asir (179/7/15-16); Russell re secrecy surrounding the nationalist inspired assassination plot in Cairo (179/7/18-19); F.R.W. to Kitchener and Russell re the need for British support of the Turkish Government (179/7/22-23); Kitchener and L. Mallet re direct negotiations for peace between Turkey and Italy (179/7/25-29); F.R.W. to Russell re the need for suppression of Egyptian nationalists in Constantinople and re the delimitation of the Sudan/Uganda border
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/7
180/2/109-219
1912 Feb 15 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Balfour re the success of the Beir patrol and the despatch of a patrol against the Anuak in order to prevent gun-running (180/2/147-148); F.R.W. to H.J. Read re the division of the Lado Enclave between the Austrian and British missions (180/2/153-156); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the increase in the price of dhurah (180/2/202-203); F.R.W. to Stack re the success of Kitchener's visit to the Sudan (180/2/208-209). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.180/2/109-219
180/2/140-146
1912 Feb 6
Report on an inspection of El Obeid Military Hospital and barracks by H.B. Mathias
180/2/172-173
Photograph (with neg.) of a military escort capturing a 'mad ghaffir' who attacked and struck F.R.W. on the way to meet Kitchener on 23 Feb 1912
180/2/181
Copy extract from al-Waṭan re a rumour reported in Le Nouvelle of Alexandria on the attempted assassination of F.R.W.
180/3/1-179
1912 Mar 4 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence and telegrams from F.R.W. to Asser, Palmer and Kitchener re the destruction by fire of the barracks at Talodi and the need for permanent buildings in the remote outstations (180/3/12,55-64,69-72); Makkawī re affairs in Somaliland and the Yemen (180/3/32-37,138-141); F.R.W. to Palmer, Kitchener, Hamilton, Cromer, Stack, Herbert and others re his inspection tour of southern Kordofan and the Upper Nile and the possibilities of development there (180/3/55-60,69-72,73-74,77,79-81,87,88-89,116-117,145-146); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need for a mission station in the Nuba Mountains (180/3/69-72); F.R.W. to Cromer re steps taken to control gun-running on the Abyssinian frontier (180/3/79-81); F.R.W. to Owen re the success of the Beir patrol (180/3/85-86); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the inadequacy of the Khartoum defence scheme (180/3/94-96) and re the proposed establishment of commercial and financial agencies in London to represent Sudan Government interests (180/3/135-137); Stack re press rumours that the Sanūsī is to lead his followers into a holy war against Italy (180/3/130-133); Phipps re decisions on missionary work, trade and recruiting in the sleeping sickness area (180/3/144); Palmer re lack of funds for barracks in the outstations and Kitchener's refusal to allocate additional finance for the Beir and Anuak patrols (180/3/164-165). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.180/3/1-179
180/3/1
Proposed itinerary for a journey by camel from El Obeid to Tonga
180/3/5
1912 Mar 4
Copy extract from al-Liwā` denouncing the concept of Lord Kitchener as representative of the Khedive
180/3/14-28
Notes by F.R.W., Palmer and Brunyate on the Pension Law, Pay Decree and Army Discipline Law
180/3/46-54
Notes and suggestions by Parkinson on the renewal of the Khedivial Mail SS Company's contract
180/3/126-127
Cuttings from The Daily Standard on the fourth report of the Wellcome tropical research laboratories
181/1/1-68
1912 Apr 1 - 9
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Herbert, Stack and F.R.W. to Blyth and Makkawī re the loss of life on the Anuak patrol (181/1/5,36-37,40-41,42-44); Harvey re the terms of the Military Pension Law (181/1/10); Stack re the emergence of cattle plague in Egypt (181/1/36-37); F.R.W. to Owen re the refusal of the Sleeping Sickness commissioners to allow a C.M.S. station at Loka and the need to recognise the rights of the Austrian Mission in the Lado Enclave (181/1/45-46); F.R.W. to Rees-Mogg re the success of operations against the faqī in southern Kordofan (181/1/47-48); Stack re the Khartoum defence scheme (181/1/52-57); F.R.W. to Kitchener re steps taken to reduce the financial contribution by Egypt to the Sudan and the need for extra funds to mount punitive patrols (181/1/61-64). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/1/1-68
181/1/11-33
Copy of the Military Pension Law of 1911 (printed)
French
181/1/69-185
1912 Apr 10 - 19
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Hamilton, Maxwell and Charlton re the loss of life on the Anuak patrol and the need for measures to prevent gun-running and lawlessness on the Abyssinian frontier (181/1/78-81,85-86,172-173,182-183); F.R.W. to Palmer re lack of funds from Egypt for building projects and military patrols in the Sudan (181/1/116-117); F.R.W. to Stack re the success of the Beir patrol (181/1/118-119); F.R.W. to Kitchener re his plans for a territorial company of Nubas in southern Kordofan (181/1/132-133); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the rectification of the Sudan/Uganda boundary (181/1/144-145); Slatin re developments on the Abyssinian frontier (181/1/151-154); Makkawī re developments in the Turco/Italian war in the Red Sea (181/1/157-159); F.R.W. to Blackwood re his visit to southern Kordofan (181/1/170-171); Maclaine and Maxwell re the disaster of the Titanic (181/1/180-181,182-183). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/1/69-185
181/1/160
1912 Apr 18
List of pumps and boilers not in use at the Delta barrage, Assiut barrage and Aswan Dam
181/1/186-321
1912 Apr 20 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin re negotiations with France over Dar Tama and Dar Masalit (181/1/186-187); F.R.W. to Stack, Mahon, Asser, Bridgman, Duke of Connaught and Mather re the actions of the Anuak patrol and the necessity for measures to prevent gun-running and general lawlessness on the Abyssinian frontier (181/1/188-195,212-214,230-233,253-255,259-262,279-282); R.S. Wilson re his enquiry into the cases of followers of the Kordofan faqī who were taken prisoner (181/1/202); F.R.W. to G.T. Kinahan re the death of his son on the Anuak patrol (181/1/215-216); F.R.W. to Stack and Kitchener re the need for a conference with the French to discuss the future of Darfur (181/1/229,252); F.R.W. to Phipps re the continuing dispute between the C.M.S. and the Austrian Mission over control of the Lado Enclave (181/1/237-243); F.R.W. to Turner re postal and telegraphic arrangements on the Taufikia-Bor line (181/1/245-246); Stack re communications with the Sanūsī on the administration of Jaghbub (181/1/293-294); F.R.W. to Stack re the need for equal pay for Egyptian and Sudanese officers (181/1/312-314). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/1/186-321
181/1/205-208
Comparative tables for 1905-12 on the principal infectious diseases affecting the Egyptian Army
181/1/265
Extract from a report by C.H. Walker, commercial inspector, on the illegal import of rifles from Abyssinia to the Sudan
181/1/320
Brief account of how Sir H. Wellcome came to start his operations at Jabal Moya
181/2/1-136
1912 May 1 - 14
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Makkawī re affairs in Aden and Abyssinia and the decrease in power of the Mullah in Somaliland (181/2/8-11); F.R.W. to Sterry re increased estimates for the completion of the cathedral (181/2/26-27); Asser re Leveson's report on the actions of the Anuak patrol (181/2/30); F.R.W. to Hayes Sadler (181/2/33-34) and Stack (181/2/60-61) re the enforcement of arḍīyah dues; F.R.W. to Makkawī re the supply of arms from Abyssinia to the Mullah and the Anuak (181/2/36-37); F.R.W. to Stack re his decision to treat alike Sudanese and Egyptian officers in the Egyptian Army under the new pay decree (181/2/43-46); Makkawī re news of the Italian bombardment of Konfoda and the declining fortunes of the Mullah in Somaliland (181/2/58-59); F.R.W. to Stack re the enquiry into Leveson's actions on the Anuak patrol and Pearson's reconnaissance of the Gila river preparatory to further actions against the Anuak (181/2/66-70,78-82); Rees-Mogg re conditions of the Xth Sudanese at Talodi since the disastrous fire (181/2/72-73); F.R.W. to Phipps re trading activities of missionary societies (181/2/87-88); F.R.W. to Butler proposing a scheme for selling wild animals to European zoos (181/2/92-93); F.R.W. to Read re the delimitation of the frontier between Uganda and the Sudan (181/2/94-96); Stack re Leveson's justification for actions taken on the Anuak patrol (181/2/101-107); F.R.W. to Rev. F. Baylis re the settlement of spheres of influence for the C.M.S. and Austrian Mission in Equatoria and the Lado Enclave (181/2/112-113); F.R.W. to Wilson re the proposal to establish a medical mission at Kadugli (181/2/120-122); Phipps re the trend towards settling tribal unrest by military force (181/2/124); Slatin re prospects for increased Sudan revenue (181/2/126-127). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/2/1-136
181/2/99-100
Article from the Geographical magazine by C.W. Andrews entitled “Note on the molar tooth of an elephant from the bed of the Nile near Khartum”
181/2/133-136
Record of service of Capt. H.D. Pearson, Director of Surveys
181/2/137-262
1912 May 15 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Owen, Phipps, and F.R.W. to Phipps and Feilden re the problem of missionary rights in the southern Sudan (181/2/148-151,162-166,192-194,200-202,231-232); F.R.W. to Owen re the delimitation of the Sudan/Uganda border (181/2/148-151); F.R.W. to Stack re his decision to end the payment of the annual expenditure on the Tokar mosque by the Egyptian Wakfs Department (181/2/155); Wellcome re the severe treatment of natives by European overseers at Jabal Moya (181/2/167-168); Stack re Kitchener's views on the actions of the Anuak patrol (181/2/185-188); Charles R. Watson re the anxiety of foreign missions over the Muslim advance in Africa and their belief that the Gordon College should more greatly reflect Gordon's religious convictions (181/2/189-191); F.R.W. to Stack re his decision to allow Leveson to continue his work in the Anuak country (181/2/203-206); F.R.W. to Butler re arrangements for the supply of wild animals to Cairo zoo and the sale of animals to European zoos (181/2/209-211); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Italian efforts to control trade in Abyssinia and the need to counter this by appointing an inspector on the Abyssinian frontier (181/2/213-215); Pearson re his survey work in the Sudan (181/2/224-225); Currie re the deplorable state of housing for government inspectors (181/2/226), with comments by Kennedy (181/2/230,240-245); Bishop Geyer, requesting exemption from military service for Catholic teachers trained at the Aswan mission (181/2/250); Asser re Leveson's criticisms of supplies for the Anuak patrol (181/2/252-253). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/2/137-262
181/2/183
Cutting from the Nazione on 'Un odierno monumento della civiltà cristiana in Affrica. La nuovo cathedrale di Kartum dedicata a Gordon', by Carlo Paladini
181/3/1-159
1912 Jun 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Dr. Armand Ruffer re the poor condition of cattle exported to Egypt from the Sudan (181/3/1); F.R.W. to Kitchener re regulations for the transport of acid by rail (181/3/4-5); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the demarcation of the Sudan/Uganda frontier (181/3/12-13); F.R.W. to Geyer re exemptions from military service for pupils and teachers of the mission school at Aswan (181/3/37); Makkawī, Stack and Herbert re news of the Italo/Turkish war (181/3/32-34,77-78,94,138-140); Makkawī re news from the Yemen and Somaliland (181/3/50-51); S.S. Butler re the forthcoming Anglo - French conference on the western frontier, Neufeld's intention to settle in Omdurman and cattle raids across the Kordofan boundary from Darfur (181/3/54-57); Crawford re the current state of work on Khartoum Cathedral and preparations for Pearson's expedition to the Abyssinian frontier (181/3/64-65); F.R.W. to Stack re the position of the Imām Yaḥyā in the Yemen (181/3/72-73); Stack re steps taken to improve relations between Turkey and Britain, Abyssinian permission for the Gila river reconnaissance and plans for the Kassala railway and land scheme (181/3/77-78); Butler re raids across the frontier from Abyssinia and the findings of the Pierre Mission to the French Congo (181/3/98-102); F.R.W. to Stack re the forthcoming Anglo/French conference on the Darfur boundary (181/3/106-107); Kitchener to Grey re the proposed Sudan loan, guaranteed by Britain (181/3/108); Midleton and F.R.W. to Midleton re the proposed removal of the Mediterranean fleet and the possible consequences for the security of Egypt and the Sudan (181/3/109,131-132,145); F.R.W. to A. Acland and Crawford re disagreement between members of the cathedral committee (181/3/112-113,114-116); Cornwallis and Hunter re the death of Mathias (181/3/148-151). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.181/3/1-159
181/3/17-30
Note of subjects for discussion at the Agency in Cairo
182/1/1-111
1912 Jul 1 - 20
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including numerous requests for interviews while on leave in London, recommendations for officers for the Egyptian Army and letters from G.G. Hunter re prospects for the cotton crop in Egypt (182/1/25); S.S. Butler re Abyssinian raids into Sudanese territory (182/1/26-28); S.S. Butler, Cornwallis and F.R.W. to Slatin re a nationalist plot to assassinate Kitchener, the Khedive and the Egyptian Prime Minister (182/1/26-28,62-66,71-72,95-96); S.S. Butler re an Abyssinian/Swahili invasion of Ugandan territory and the prevalence of gun-running along the Abyssinian frontier (182/1/62-65); Russell re his meeting with the Sultan of Lahej (182/1/74-76); F.R.W. to Kitchener and Russell re a visit to London by Sa`īd Pasha Ḥalīm for discussions on behalf of the Egyptian Reform Party (182/1/78-79,85); F.R.W. to Slatin re the proposed Darfur conference (182/1/95-96); Crawford re the progress of the Gila reconnaissance trip, protests to Abyssinia concerning raids across the Sudanese border and continued disagreement over the means of raising capital to complete the cathedral (182/1/97-99); Butler re reports of gold finds in the Lado Enclave (182/1/102-105)
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/1/1-111
182/1/112-209
1912 Jul 21 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Cornwallis re the situation in the Anuak country (182/1/127); F.R.W. to Asser re the reluctance of the home authorities to grant rewards for military patrols undertaken in the Sudan (182/1/128-130); F.R.W. to Rev. Bayliss and Crawford re restrictions on C.M.S. activities in the Azande country due to sleeping sickness (182/1/131,132-134); F.R.W. to A. Acland and Phipps re lack of funds for the completion of the cathedral (182/1/159-160,172-173); F.R.W. to Mayne and Cornwallis re the rectification of the Sudan/Uganda boundary and arrangements for the pacification of the boundary tribes (182/1/164-165,176-177); Butler re news from the Abyssinian frontier, the increasing liquor trade in Gambeila, efforts to crush internal tribal rebellions in Kordofan and Dongola and the unresolved question of the status of Sudanese nationals in Turkish territories (182/1/166-171); F.R.W. to Russell (182/1/186-187) and Stack (182/1/190) re the development of informal links with the new cabinet in Constantinople through Yūsuf Samīh; Cornwallis re a serious outbreak of cattle plague in Dongola Province and the imposition of a ban on the import of cotton seed into Egypt (182/1/199-200). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/1/112-209
182/1/207-209
A report on the work of the Pierre Mission between Wau and Goubéri in the French Congo
182/1/210
Map showing French railway schemes in Bahr el Ghazal Province
Intelligence Dept., Khartoum, Jul 1912
scale:   1 to 4,000,000
Size: 9.5 x 8.5 ins
182/2/1-152
1912 Aug 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Russell re news of the situation in Turkey, the rectification of the Mahagi strip frontier, erroneous reports in Egyptian newspapers of a proposed expedition against the Anuak, the results of McGillivray's inspection tour of Kassala as a prospective site for cotton production, the success of the scheme at Tayiba and the visit of the Sultan of Lahej to Cairo (182/2/17-21), with F.R.W.'s reply (182/2/123-124); Crawford and Phipps re the expulsion of merchants from Rejaf on the instructions of the Sleeping Sickness Commission (182/2/22-26,59); Asser re the unsatisfactory state of the Anuak and Nuer countries and cattle plague in Dongola Province (182/2/28-31); F.R.W. to Slatin and to Butler re arrangements for the Anglo/French conference on Wadai (182/2/43-45,75-76,111-112); F.R.W. to Russell re the need for British support for the new Turkish cabinet and the illegal arms trade on the Abyssinian frontier (182/2/46-48); Butler re Pearson's reconnaissance trip down the Gila river, the settlement of the Sudan/Uganda boundary and a confusing report of conflict between French troops and `Alī Dīnār (182/2/60-62); Bernard re difficulties persuading private contractors to build housing in Khartoum (182/2/63-65); F.R.W. to Stack, Butler and Cornwallis re the need to prevent liquor importation into the Anuak country (182/2/78,111-112,113-114); Kelly, reporting on the situation in Abyssinia, progress on the Baro bridge and on bridge building and road construction around Gambeila in general, with the resulting improvement in trade (182/2/93-95); Asser re the cost of proposed increases in Egyptian Army strength in the Sudan (182/2/132-134) and re floods in N. Sudan and the shortage of dhurah (182/2/135-138); Makkawī re news from the Yemen, in particular continued fighting between the forces of the Idrīsī and Turkey (182/2/149-150); Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/2/1-152
182/2/102-106
1912 Aug 10
Notes by H.H. Kelly on the proposal to administer Anuak and Beni Shangul countries for Abyssinia through British officials
182/2/153-301
1912 Aug 15 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Milner re cotton developments in the Gezira and Kassala districts (182/2/154-156); F.R.W. to S.S. Butler and Phipps re measures needed to prevent liquor traffic and gun running on the Abyssinian border (182/2/168-171,173-174,200,219-220,244-245); Phipps re cooperation with Uganda on preventative measures against sleeping sickness (182/2/176-177); F.R.W. to Phipps re publication of a confidential report on the accidential shooting of an American poacher in the Belgian Congo (182/2/219-220,270); Owen re the need to allow merchants to remain at Rejaf despite the recommendations of the Sleeping Sickness Commission, arrangements for the rectification of the Sudan/Uganda boundary and tribal disturbances between the Bari and Berri (182/2/222-230); F.R.W. to Bernard re banking arrangements at Gambeila (182/2/237); Bernard re criteria for granting concessions and the need to reduce second class fares on trains and steamers (182/2/249-253); F.R.W. to Makkawī re affairs in Aden and Somaliland (182/2/266-267); Symes re the rectification of the Mahagi boundary (182/2/276); F.R.W. to Asser re affairs on the Abyssinian frontier and policy regarding the Nuer and Anuak country (182/2/292-298). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/2/153-301
182/2/165
Cutting from the New York Times - 'America shares in Egypt's prosperity'
182/2/166
Advertisement for a leather manufacturer from the New York journal of commerce - the first advertisement from the Sudan in any American newspaper
182/3/1-101
1912 Sep 2 - 14
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser and Cornwallis re their inspections of posts at Kodok, Taufikia, Nasser, Akobo, along the Sobat and Pibor rivers and to Gambeila, with particular reference to communications, rubber and cotton production, the Nuer and Anuak question and recommendations for a new distribution of troops (182/3/10-21,48-50); C.E. Palmer to Asser re the rearmament of the maxim battery (182/3/22-25); Symes re the Uganda boundary question, the delimitation of the Congo boundary at Mahagi and proposals to prevent arms-trading along the Abyssinian frontier (182/3/35-37); F.R.W. to Garstang re proposals for further excavations at Meroë (182/3/46); Stack re the need for strict measures against the Nuer (182/3/63); Russell re the disappointing Nile flood, the outbreak of cattle plague and the near total destruction of the dhurah crop by the asal fly in Dongola Province (182/3/66); F.R.W. to Asser re the advocation of more peaceful tactics against the Anuak and arrangements for the demarcation of the Mahagi and Congo-Nile watershed boundaries (182/3/74-77)
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/3/1-110
182/3/102-186
1912 Sep 15 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Stack and F.R.W. to Phipps re the proposed appointment of Armbruster as Consul for N.W. Abyssinia (182/3/102,119); Butler re his visit to Gambeila and regional inspections with Asser (182/3/103-104); Asser re the rising price of dhurah, objections of the Sleeping Sickness Commission to the enlistment of men for the Equatorials and the need for a small detective force to solve crimes like burglary (182/3/105-111); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Currie's annual report on the Gordon College, the Wellcome Research Laboratories, the Central Agricultural Research Station and the Archaeological Section (182/3/112-115); Symes re unrest in the Nuba Mountains (182/3/139-141); Owen re the quantities of ivory in the Lado Enclave (182/3/162-164); Asser re his inspection of Wad Medani and clothing and equipment for the Equatorials (182/3/173-179). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.182/3/111-186
182/3/184
List of clothing and equipment for the Equatorials
183/1/1-103
1912 Oct 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Midwinter re arrangements for Garstang's continued work at Meroë (183/1/3-4); Thesiger to Sir E. Grey re the delimitation of the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier (183/1/11); Armbruster re his new appointment as Consul of N.W. Abyssinia (183/1/12); F.R.W. to Asser and Mahon re the Balkan crisis (183/1/18-20,24); F.R.W. to Blunt re the failure of the dhurah crop in Khartoum and Kordofan (183/1/27); F.R.W. to Jackson re the drought and cattle plague in Dongola Province (183/1/30); Makkawī re news of the Turco/Italian war and affairs in Somaliland (183/1/37-40); F.R.W. to G.M. Wingate re his great apprehension with regard to the Balkan crisis (183/1/69); F.R.W. to H.L. Read re the need to curb arms-trafficking in North Africa (183/1/70); Pearson to Clayton (183/1/89) and F.R.W. to Kitchener (183/1/99) re arrangements for the delimitation of the Congo-Nile watershed boundary. Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.183/1/1-103
183/1/51-52
1912 Oct 19
Extract from The Spectator on the Turco-Balkan crisis
183/2/1-169
1912 Nov 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Acland, and Mather re the Balkan crisis (183/2/1-2,12-13,131-133); F.R.W. to Kitchener (183/2/31-32), Stack (183/2/47-49) and F.R.W. to Stack and Phipps (183/2/79-82,98) re the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification; F.R.W. to Kitchener re Sudan Government views on the proposed establishment of a Crédit Foncier in Abyssinia (183/2/8-9); G.N. Morhig, applying for British citizenship (183/2/17-18); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the proposed interchange of certain districts between the Sudan and Uganda (183/2/28-29); F.R.W. to Kitchener (183/2/33-34) and Pearson to Clayton (183/2/35) re arrangements for the demarcation of the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier; Slatin re allegations by the French against `Alī Dīnār of cruelty, intolerance and oppression of travellers and of the frontier tribes (183/2/42-44); Balfour re the new government dairy at Khartoum (183/2/51); F.R.W. to Phipps re the success of the Lul mission (183/2/77); Asser re the purchase of camels and donkeys for the Sudan/Uganda boundary delimitation (183/2/92,96) and H.H. Kelly re rations for men and animals and size of escort required (183/2/141,145-146); Symes (183/2/149-150) and F.R.W. to Stack (183/2/168) re the treatment of refugees to the Sudan from the French Congo; F.R.W. to G.W. Hunt re the creation of a new golf links to the east of Khartoum (183/2/153-154); F.R.W. to Stack re arrangements for the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification (183/2/165-167). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.183/2/1-169
183/2/36
1912 Nov 11
Cutting from The Times announcing the death of the publisher William Blackwood
183/2/85
Extract from the Sudan Times on F.R.W.'s annual report
183/2/99
Newspaper cutting re the finances of the Sudan, with particular praise for the work of Bernard
183/2/103
Article from The Near East - 'Why the Young Turks failed'
183/3/1-169
1912 Dec 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Jack Collins re the Turkish defeat in the Balkan war (183/3/1); F.R.W. to Wellcome re his alleged ill-treatment of native workers at Jabal Moya (183/3/11-13); Slatin re the continued prevalence in some areas of Kordofan of cattle plague (183/3/16-17); F.R.W. to Stack re the Sudan-Uganda boundary rectification (183/3/20-23); Makkawī re news of the Mullah in Somaliland and the Idrīsī in the Yemen (183/3/24-25,120-122), with F.R.W.'s reply (183/3/83-84); Palmer re details of the 1912 army budget (183/3/34-35); F.R.W. to Stack re the Telegraph Convention with Eritrea (183/3/38-40); F.R.W. to Kitchener re regulations for the transport of sulphuric acid on Sudan Government Railways (183/3/54-55); F.R.W. to Matthews re the appointment of native officers for the Equatorial Battalion (183/3/85-86); F.R.W. to Palmer re demands by Imāms in the army to be made pensionable (183/3/87-89); F.R.W. to Cecil re the need to transfer the headquarters of the Customs Department from Port Sudan to Khartoum (183/3/108-113); Stack re the weaknesses in Lord Kitchener's system of administration (183/3/139-140); H.L. Reed re progress of the Balkan war (183/3/159). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.183/3/1-169
183/3/52-53
1912 Dec 10
Memorandum by G.F. Clayton on procedure regarding ordinances to be laid before the Governor-General's Council
185/1/1-52
1913 Jan 1 - 9
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Hayes-Sadler re customs arrangements (185/1/14); Kelly re the planned route for the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification (185/1/26-27); F.R.W. to Bridgman re the experiment in basin irrigation in Dongola Province and the success of cotton experiments in Tayima (185/1/35-36). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.185/1/1-52
185/1/2-9
Report on the Khor Baraka and its delta around Tokar by P.M. Tottenham, Inspector General, Sudan Irrigation Service
185/1/53-178
1913 Jan 13 - 19
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Rowlatt, urging that the National Bank of Egypt be employed as agents of the Sudan Government in securing a British Government guaranteed loan for the Sudan (185/1/55-56); Clayton re a boundary dispute between the Ḥassānīyah and `Unīyah tribes (185/1/58-59); Cecil re cases of pleuro-pneumonia reported amongst cattle imported from the Sudan into Egypt (185/1/74); Midwinter re 'through-rates' on goods imported from Egypt via Sudan Railways (185/1/76); Dudgeon re the experimental plantation of Egyptian cotton seed at Tayiba and Tokar (185/1/125); Kelly re progress of the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification (185/1/140-143); Salīm Mūsā `Alī re his mission to Sazli Bosna in Turkey in the aftermath of the war (185/1/144-147); Clayton to Bonham Carter re protests against the closing of the Khartoum skating rink (185/1/168); Grenfell, suggesting that antiquities found in Egypt and the Sudan be exhibited in England and surplus items sold to raise funds for the Khartoum museum (185/1/172-175). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.185/1/53-178
185/1/83-95
Report on irrigation from the River Gash by P.M. Tottenham, Inspector General, Sudan Irrigation Service
185/1/96-98
Note on the Gash irrigation works at Kassala and proposals for the future, by E.M. Branston
185/1/104-112
Note on subjects to be discussed with the Post Master General of Egypt concerning Sudan postal matters
185/1/116-121
1913 Jan 15
Note on the River Atbara by P.M. Tottenham
185/1/132-139
1913 Jan 17
Report on an old boys' celebration at Gordon College
185/1/148-166
Intelligence reports on the Uganda Bari, the Uganda Madi and Acholi tribes and the town of Nimule by Bimbashi R. Bruce, Mongalla Province (ms. and ts. copies)
185/1/176-178
1913 Jan 19
Report on the independence of the Sudan in postal matters by [Maj. Moir, Director of Posts and Telegraphs]
185/1/179-283
1913 Jan 20 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Kitchener and Russell re the need for an independent postal service in the Sudan (185/1/182-183,187); F.R.W. to T.D. Acland re the death of Zubayr Pasha and assessment of his contribution to the suppression of the slave trade (185/1/197-199); Owen and Kelly re the progress of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission (185/1/200-205,223-225,270-274); F.R.W. to Makkawī re affairs in the Yemen and Somaliland (185/1/207-208); F.R.W. to Balfour and Herbert re reports of unrest in Turkey (185/1/229-230,240-241); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need to submit the question of ownership of Dar Tama and Dar Masalit to arbitration (185/1/233); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Kelly's progress on the Sudan/Uganda boundary reconnaissance (185/1/234-235); R. Rees Mogg re the progress of construction work at Talodi (185/1/246); Wilkinson re trials with 'Asili' cotton from Egypt at Tayiba and Tokar (185/1/252); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Doughty Wylie's report on the situation in Abyssinia and in particular trade with the Sudan through Gallabat (185/1/253-256); Borton re Kitchener's plans to introduce a surtax on parcels for the Sudan, preparatory to independence in postal matters (185/1/257). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.185/1/179-283
185/1/185-186
Return and distribution of maxim guns on charge of the Egyptian Army
185/1/275-283
Report on the River Rahad irrigation project
185/2/1-127
1913 Feb 1 - 14
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Dudgeon re trials on 'Asili' cotton seed at Tayiba and Tokar (185/2/2); F.R.W. to Kitchener re proposals for the Gezira irrigation project (185/2/3); Slatin re the failure of crops around Singa (185/2/7-8); Ruffer re the results of his examination of bones discovered at Faras and the need to ban the export of archaeological finds (185/2/12-13); Makkawī re the sympathy of Arabs in the Arabian peninsula for the Turkish cause and re the situation in Somaliland (185/2/38-39); Kitchener re his proposals for the Sudan postal service (185/2/41); P.M. Dove re his scheme to improve the Rejaf-Libogo road to make it suitable for mechanical transport (185/2/44-47); F.R.W. to Cecil re difficulties faced due to further cuts in the army budget (185/2/52-55); A. Balfour re sanitary inspectors for out-districts (185/2/57); F.R.W. to Kitchener re work on an extension scheme at Tayiba and a moveable dam project for the Blue Nile (185/2/59-61); F.R.W. to Schmidt re the possibility of growing cotton north of Khartoum and further development of the cotton industry in the Sudan (185/2/62-70); Hamilton re the large investment in the Gezira cotton experiment and suggesting the use of imported Maltese labour (185/2/86-88); F.R.W. to Kitchener re encroachments by Abyssinian raiding parties on the Setit-Tomat frontier (185/2/107-109); Kelly re his progress on the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification expedition (185/2/111-115); F.R.W. to Wood re the agreement by H.M.G. to guarantee a loan of £3m for development projects in cotton growing and railways (185/2/116-117); F.R.W. to Ruffer re proposals to excavate graves in the Kerma Basin (185/2/122). Also includes:
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.185/2/1-127
185/2/65-70
Preface by F.R.W. to Arno Schmidt's report on the development of the cotton industry in the Sudan
185/2/75-81
1913 Feb 9
Memorandum by Dr. A. Balfour on the future development of the Wellcome Research Laboratories
185/2/128-245
1913 Feb 15 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams and correspondence from Kelly re the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification expedition (185/2/150-151,160); F.R.W. to Borton re proposals for the Sudan postal service (185/2/154-155); F.R.W. to Cecil re customs arrangements between Egypt and the Sudan (185/2/164); F.R.W. to Makkawī re internal trouble in Turkey (185/2/170-171); F.R.W. to Mather re his forthcoming inspection tour to Gedaref and Kassala to inspect the line of the proposed railway (185/2/172-173); F.R.W. to Feilden re preparations for the punitive patrol against the Ajak Dinka and the success of the military action in the western Bahr el Ghazal (185/2/182-183); F.R.W. to Owen re missionary rights in the southern Sudan (185/2/184-188); F.R.W. to Asser re his decision to appoint Feilden to the command of the punitive patrol (185/2/194-195); F.R.W. to Kitchener re proposed regulations to prevent the illicit ivory trade between the Sudan and Abyssinia (185/2/211-212); Makkawī re affairs in the Yemen and the publication of a pamphlet calling for the union and protection of the Arabian Peninsula (185/2/213-215); Wood, reflecting on criticism of Kitchener's conduct during the South African war (185/2/222-224); F.R.W. to Kitchener and Hamilton re his opposition to the possible immigration of Maltese into the Sudan, in particular to work in the Gezira cotton growing area (185/2/227-228,230-232). Also includes :
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.185/2/128-245
185/2/152-153
1913 Feb 17
Summary of the Sudan/Uganda boundary as recommended by the commissioners H.H. Kelly and M. Tufnell
185/2/161-162
Copy of Reuters' telegram and extract from the annual report on the excavations at Meroë
185/2/175-176
1913 Feb 19
Confidential memorandum authorising the setting up of a committee to discuss the allocation of funds arising from the British Government's decision to guarantee a Sudan loan
185/2/199-200
List of subjects mentioned in private and official letters to Lord Kitchener during Jan and Feb 1913
185/2/206-208
1913 Feb 25
Draft programme for a South African bioscope matinée at the London Opera House
185/2/237-239
List of recommendations for decorations on the occasion of the Bairam Festival 1913, submitted to the Khedive
185/2/240-242
Note of proposals by the Sudan Government to be referred by Borton Pasha to the Madrid Congress 1914 (postal matters)
185/2/243-244
Draft of a bill to authorise the Treasury to guarantee the payment of interest on a loan to be raised by the Sudan
185/3/1-90
1913 Mar 1 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kitchener re Tottenham's scheme for the Blue Nile dam (185/3/9); Thesiger re the situation on the Sudan/Uganda border (185/3/45); E.R. Sawer and Balfour to Currie re the proposed scheme for agricultural research and education (185/3/46-47,50-56); Currie re allegations concerning Wellcome's ill-treatment of native workers at Jabal Moya and the progress of excavation work there (185/3/48-49); Currie, urging the allocation of funds from the newly acquired loan for sanitary and agricultural research work (185/3/59-63); Kelly, reporting on the progress of the Sudan/Uganda boundary rectification expedition (185/3/66-73); Makkawī re the situation in the Yemen and the terms of the proposed peace settlement between the Idrīsī and Turkey (185/3/75-77); Stack re Kitchener's wish for a military presence at Salūm, the Khedive's attempts to sell the Mariut Railway and the resulting deterioration in his relationship with Kitchener (185/3/84-86). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.185/3/1-90
185/3/11-35
Statement showing building services proposed by governors and heads of departments in 1913
179/8/1-19
1913 Mar 2
Report to the Financial Adviser by H. Higgs, Inspector-General on the administration of the Egyptian State Domains
Digitised material for Wingate Papers - SAD.179/8
185/3/91-198
1913 Mar 21 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Slatin re criticisms of Wellcome's treatment of workers at Jabal Moya and re F.R.W.'s failure to inform Slatin of decisions taken (185/3/92-96); Herbert re the cause of the breakdown in relations between Kitchener and the Khedive (185/3/97-99); Phipps and Clayton re the assassination of the King of Greece in Salonika (185/3/100,102-103); F.R.W. to Bernard, Cromer, Wood, Phipps and others re his visit to the Eastern Sudan, praise for the progress made there and re further potential for development (185/3/112,115-122,126-132); F.R.W. to Phipps re proposed changes in patrolling the Abyssinian frontier (185/3/126-129); Hayes Sadler re proposals for taxation on alchohol (185/3/142-143); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the delimitation of the frontier between the Sudan and the Belgian Congo (185/3/147-149); Bernard re the tenders for the working of the Rowaya salt fields (185/3/154); Tottenham re proposals to control the Gash flood (185/3/155-156); F.R.W. to Bray re medical arrangements in Kassala province (185/3/164-166). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.185/3/91-198
185/3/109
1913 Mar 26
Cutting from The Times on the death of Lord Wolseley
185/3/189-198
Article by William Maxwell from The Nineteenth Century, entitled “The war correspondent in sunshine and eclipse”
186/1/1-164
1913 Apr 1 - 10
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Balfour re the progress of Kelly's Sudan/Uganda boundary expedition (186/1/3-4); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the news of fresh Turkish defeats in the Balkans (186/1/15-16); F.R.W. to Phipps re arrangements for the government archives (186/1/23-24); Blunt and Stack re the death of and memorial service for the King of Greece (186/1/36,38); F.R.W. to Kennedy re the possible use of rotary pressure chamber pumps instead of sāqiyahs along the river bank at Khartoum (186/1/40-41); Bernard re Dove's scheme for mechanical transport in Mongalla Province (186/1/44); F.R.W. to Kitchener re French reports of actions by the Turkish military authorities in Central Africa and continued French accusations against `Alī Dīnār (186/1/54-55); F.R.W. to Currie re the latter's dealings with Wellcome at Jabal Moya (186/1/60-62); F.R.W. to Phipps re the need to exclude Bishop Gwynne from negotiations with the C.M.S. (186/1/64); Kelly re the progress of the Sudan/Uganda boundary delimitation (186/1/67-70); F.R.W. to Slatin re the threat posed by Shaikh Ṭāhir, son of al-Ṭāhir al-Ṭayyib al-Maj`dhūb at Tokar (186/1/75-76), with reply (186/1/158-160); Asser, reporting on his visit to the Blue Nile region (186/1/77-79); Kelly to Owen re skirmishes between the Boundary Commission escort and local tribes around Boya (186/1/80); F.R.W. to Bernard re the Tonga/Talodi motor transport question (186/1/86-87); E. Lloyd to Phipps re the C.M.S. hospital plans (186/1/93); F.R.W. to Phipps and Stack re the deteriorating situation in Abyssinia under Lij Yasu (186/1/94-97,98-100); F.R.W. to the C.M.S. re the need for a medical missionary in the southern Bahr el Ghazal (186/1/104-105); Watson re the Khedive's attempts to sell the Mariut Railway (186/1/106-108); Bernard re the Rowaya salt fields concession (186/1/121-122); Stack re the Mariut Railway incident and instructions from the W.O. to Newcombe in Sinai to cross the Turkish frontier for reconnaissance purposes (186/1/123-125); F.R.W. to Artin re his attitude towards the black races (186/1/138); F.R.W. to Phipps re the conveyancing of the land occupied by the girls' school at Wad Medani (186/1/146-150)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.186/1/1-164
186/1/165-255
1913 Apr 11 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Kennedy and Tottenham re the allocation of funds for the beginning of the Gezira scheme (186/1/165-166,170-171); F.R.W. to Phipps re rumours of an impending Abyssinian attack against the Abigar or Nuer people (186/1/167-169), with Phipps' reply (186/1/203-206); F.R.W. to Dumbell re the appointment of a new shaikh for the Samar`ar tribe (186/1/180); F.R.W. to Bernard re funds for the proposed railway extensions (186/1/194-196); Currie re the need for agricultural research especially in view of the proposed Gezira scheme (186/1/207-208); F.R.W. to Kennedy re the Tonga/Talodi motor transport question (186/1/211-213); F.R.W. to Stack re the dangers involved in Newcombe's survey team straying too near the Sinai/Turkey border (186/1/217-219); Makkawī re news of the Mullah's weakening position, the rise of a new figure, the son of Shera `Alī, Sultan of Warsangali and the continuation of arms-trafficking into Somaliland (186/1/230-233); H. Bray re steps to be taken in the event of an outbreak of cholera in Cairo and his disappointment at the lack of anti-malarial precautions taken in White Nile Province (186/1/236-237). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.186/1/165-255
186/1/192-193
1913 Apr 12
Note by E.C. Midwinter on the allocation of money under the guaranteed loan for the proposed railway extensions
186/1/251-255
1913 Apr 20
Note on the necessity for a more active policy on the Abyssinian frontier, by Capt. J.L.J. Conry
186/1/256-392
1913 Apr 21 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kelly reporting on the conclusion of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission (186/1/256-270); Kitchener re the funding for the Suakin-Tokar railway line (186/1/321); H. Dumbell re his expedition to Warriba (186/1/333-335); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the proposed reform of the Abyssinian Church (186/1/337-338); F.R.W. to Conry re reports of Abyssinian reprisals against the Anuak and Gaajak Nuer (186/1/348-349); Slatin re communications with `Alī Dīnār (186/1/363-364); W.V. Saunders re experiments with ceara rubber in the Sudan (186/1/389-390). Also includes :
186/1/271-317
1913 Apr 22
Final report of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission by H.H. Kelly (ms. and ts. copies)
186/1/324-330
1913 Apr 25
Note by F.U. Carr on an application for a grant of £25,000 from the guaranteed loan for cotton growing in the Sudan
186/1/381-387
Draft agreement between the Sudan Government and the Sudan Plantations Syndicate Ltd to develop an irrigation scheme in the Gezira and cultivate the area
186/1/391
Sudan budget for 1914
186/2/1-102
1913 May 1 - 12
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Feilden re the success of his patrol against the Dinka (186/2/7-10); Stack re Kitchener's attempts to introduce a legacy law (186/2/35-36); F.R.W. to Bernard re the strong opposition in the Sudan to the imposition of a traders' tax (186/2/38-39); Slatin re discussions with Kitchener on the allocation of funds from the guaranteed loan (186/2/68-69); F.R.W. to Lloyd George thanking him for his role in securing the Sudan loan (186/2/77); Midwinter re his plans for the Tokar railway line (186/2/80-81); F.R.W. to Phipps re the need for the R.C. Mission to be established at Dilling (186/2/91-95); Conry re the need for action to be taken along the Abyssinian frontier (186/2/100)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.186/2/1-102
186/2/103-185
1913 May 13 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Owen re the progress of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission (186/2/125-126); Makkawī re the failure of peace negotiations between the Idrīsī and Turkey and an outbreak of plague in Aden (186/2/131-132); Stack re Kitchener's plans for the partition of Abyssinia (186/2/138-140); Currie re the need to provide attractive housing for senior skilled technical staff (186/2/143); Stack re arrangements for the Darfur/Wadai boundary arbitration (186/2/146-148); F.R.W. to Ward requesting confirmation of an official War Office statement prohibiting officers to travel in Austria (186/2/162-164); F.R.W. to Kitchener re arrangements for the delimitation of the Sudan/Belgian Congo frontier (186/2/165-167); Bernard re the adjustment of customs dues between Egypt and the Sudan (186/2/181). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.186/2/103-185
186/2/154-155
Report on ceara rubber from the Sudan with comments by the Imperial Institute
186/3/1-140
1913 Jun 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Phipps re the proposed collaboration between the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and the Sudan Government to develop cotton growing at Tayiba (186/3/9-12); Crawford re the Abyssinian share of customs at Gallabat (186/3/17); Kelly, reporting on the progress of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission (186/3/24-29,37-38); F.R.W. to Stack re tribal matters on the Tripoli frontier and an application from the Sudan United Mission to open mission stations (186/3/34-36); Phipps and S.S. Butler re the unusually dry weather, the lack of water in the country's rivers and the beginning of water shortages in Kassala (186/3/56-58,78-82,83-84); F.R.W. to Slatin re arrangements for the Darfur/Wadai boundary delimitation (186/3/67-68); F.R.W. to Stack re the terms of the agreement for cotton cultivation at Tayiba (186/3/75-76); F.R.W. to Crawford re the Abyssinian share of customs at Gallabat (186/3/95); Pearson re arrangements for Lubbock's expedition in search of the Jur-Lol channel (186/3/102-103); Stack re the withdrawal of Turkish troops from Cyrenaica (186/3/108); Makkawī re the failure of peace negotiations between the Idrīsī and Turkey (186/3/111-113); Reisner to Drummond re scientific research into and the disposal of anatomical and pathological material excavated by archaeologists in the Sudan (186/3/120-124); F.R.W. to Feilden re complaints against C.M.S. missionaries at Yambio (186/3/125); Phipps re Abyssinian customs dues (186/3/131-132). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.186/3
186/3/39-54
1913 Jun 14
Final report of the Sudan/Uganda Boundary Commission by H.H. Kelly (ms.)
187/1/1-109
1913 Jul 2 - 15
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career, including Stack re Kitchener's objection to the interference of Sudan officials in tribal matters in Cyrenaica (187/1/1); Phipps re Kelly's impressions of the Boma Plateau (187/1/2-3); Butler re peaceful relations with the Anuak, Beir and Gaajak Nuer and the success of trade with Abyssinia (187/1/13-17); Asser and F.R.W. to Phipps and Crawford re Asser's decision to resign from the Egyptian Army (187/1/23,54-57,71-73,103-104); Clayton re the need for control to be exercised over missions and to maintain the spheres of influence (187/1/34-35); F.R.W. to Stack, Savile and R.S. Wilson re the application from the Sudan United Mission (187/1/44-45,93-95); Crawford re his visit to Dongola Province, the quiet situation in Gambeila but reports of friction between the Anuak and Abyssinians in that area (187/1/47-49); Drummond re the division of objects from archaeological digs in Dongola and Dr. Reisner's views on anatomical remains from Kerma (187/1/61-63), with F.R.W.'s reply (187/1/88-89); Dumbell re the arrival of rains in Kassala, prior to which many animals had died (187/1/68)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (July 1913 part 1) - SAD.187/1/1-109
187/1/110-305
1913 Jul 16 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Stack, supporting the abolition of the sphere system for missionary work (187/1/116); Slatin re the importance of prior consultations on the arrangements with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/1/117-118); F.R.W. to Slatin, A. Wingate and Phipps confirming that an experimental station can be established at or near Melut by the Sudan United Mission and re regulations appertaining to the control of missions in the Sudan (187/1/121-122,194-195,262-266); H.W. Jackson re the low level of the Nile flood (187/1/153); Doughty Wylie re hostility between the Anuak and Abyssinians and prospects for trade at Magi (187/1/155-157); Gwynne re the urgent need for medical missionaries and his support for the Sudan United Mission (187/1/163); Phipps re proposed administrative districts in the Boma Plateau (187/1/167); Doughty Wylie re his assessment of affairs on the Abyssinian frontier, relations there between Italian and Sudan Government officials and the control of trade at Gondar (187/1/170-173); F.R.W. to Lovat re the agreement with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate for the experiment at Tayiba (187/1/181-183); Bond re difficulties of river transportation due to the lack of rains (187/1/190-191); Cromer re the abolition of slavery in the Sudan (187/1/197), with F.R.W.'s reply (187/1/235-236); MacGillivray to H. Poyntz-Wright re instructions for the takeover of Tayiba by the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/1/201-202); Phipps re Thesiger's interviews with Anuak chiefs (187/1/240); F.R.W. to Crawford re Kelly's suggestion of exchanging the Boma Plateau for the Anuak country (187/1/243-246); F.R.W. to Dumbell re the possibility of the Plain of Odi being used as a future site for cotton development (187/1/249-250); F.R.W. to Phipps and Slatin re his alarm at the lateness of the rains and the low state of the river (187/1/262-266,267-268); F.R.W. to Symes re proposals for fund raising for Khartoum Cathedral (187/1/269-271); Lovat re efforts by the Sudan Plantations Syndicate to raise a loan for the future development of the Gezira (187/1/272-273); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the terms of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate loan (187/1/283-284); F.R.W. to Macdonald re the Dongola Basin projects (187/1/297-298); Butler re Abyssinian arms-trafficking to the Anuak and alarmist rumours in Addis Ababa regarding a Sudanese invasion of western Abyssinia (187/1/302). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (July 1913 part 2) - 187/1/110-305
187/1/123-138
Draft ordinance for the raising of three million pounds by the Sudan Government
187/1/139-140
Note by E. Bonham Carter on the draft ordinance for the Sudan guaranteed loan
187/1/144-149
1903
Copy ordinance for the raising of a sum of £35,000,000 by the colony of the Transvaal
187/1/274-278
Resumé of proceedings of a meeting between representatives of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate, Lord Kitchener and F.R.W. to discuss the terms of the agreement for the joint development of the Gezira
187/2/1-108
1913 Aug 1 - 9
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Bonham Carter re his advice to Cromer to use discretion in his article on slavery and the uncertainty amongst province governors on what kind of slavery policy to adopt (187/2/1); Dumbell re the arrival of rains over Kassala Province and indications of a good harvest (187/2/16-17); F.R.W. to Gwynne re his attitude towards the Suffragette movement and permission for the establishment of a mission at Melut by the Sudan United Mission, with possibilities of future missionary ventures (187/2/22-24); F.R.W. to Jackson re the low level of the Nile flood and the need for funds for the Kerma basin (187/2/28-29); Phipps re an outbreak of smallpox at Halfa (187/2/49-50); Kelly re affairs on the Abyssinian frontier and arrangements for the administration of territory handed over by Uganda (187/2/58-60); Butler re the Nile at its lowest for over 50 years (187/2/63-64); Asser re fears of drought in the Gezira and White Nile regions, the subsequent rising price of dhurah, the misbehaviour of native officers and the desertion of several Nuba from their battalions (187/2/65-67); Russell re news from Egypt of an unexpected record cotton crop and the growing scarcity of water in the Sudan (187/2/71-74); Clayton re details of the agreement with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/2/83-87); F.R.W. to Ebury re Phipps' departure from the Sudan Government (187/2/88-89); F.R.W. to Cromer, Phipps and Slatin re the death of Father Ohrwalder in Omdurman (187/2/92,100,101); G. Denton re experiments with the Sun Power Plant (187/2/95-97); Baird re discoveries being made in connection with the 'hookworm', responsible for various diseases amongst natives of Egypt and the Sudan (187/2/98-99); Dickinson to Wilkinson re his recommendation for compensation to tenants at Tayiba following a loss of profits on the implementation of the new scheme (187/2/102-108)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (August 1913 part 1) - 187/2/1-108
187/2/109-216
1913 Aug 10 - 19
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Clayton re the non-payment of customs dues to the Sudan Government by the Egyptian Army, proposals for alcohol taxation and the death of Ohrwalder (187/2/110-114); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the importance attached to the terms of the renewal clause by the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/2/115-116); Phipps re reports that the tenants at Tayiba have returned to work (187/2/117-118); Asser and Phipps re the issue of compensation to tenants at Tayiba (187/2/122-125,143-144); F.R.W. to Clayton re arrangements for the occupation of the Logiri and Latuka countries and the need for a consular agent at Magi (187/2/131-135); MacGillivray re the decision to insist on the implementation of new terms for the tenants at Tayiba (187/2/139,158); Crawford and F.R.W. to Slatin re the death of Ohrwalder (187/2/141-142,168-169); F.R.W. to Clayton re the serious situation along the Sennar/Abyssinia frontier (187/2/149-153); Doughty Wylie re the need for restrictions on liquor imports into Abyssinia and for the control of permits (187/2/171-173); Asser, urging the need for compensation for tenants at Tayiba (187/2/178-182); F.R.W. to Read re news from Somaliland including the re-occupation of Burao (187/2/183); Phipps re further discoveries into sleeping sickness (187/2/191); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the uncertainty over the military situation in Somaliland (187/2/194-195); F.R.W. to Slatin, criticising government policy in Somaliland (187/2/197); A. Balfour re efforts taken to combat hookworm (187/2/198); F.R.W. to Currie re the death of Kerr (187/2/216)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate (August 1913 part 2) - 187/2/109-216
187/2/217-370
1913 Aug 20 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Makkawī re the attack on the Camel Corps and the occupation of Burao by the Mullah's forces and news from the Yemen (187/2/217-219); F.R.W. to A. Balfour re American funds available for hookworm research (187/2/223-224), with Balfour's reply (187/2/242); F.R.W. to Geyer and Slatin re Father Ohrwalder's death (187/2/229-230,233-234); Phipps re the proposed extension of leases for Tayiba tenants (187/2/246-247); C.E. Palmer re lack of discipline in the Nuba Territorials (187/2/248-249); Phipps and F.R.W. to Clayton re Phipps being ordered home for medical reasons (187/2/257-259,275-277); F.R.W. to Asser and Clayton re the decision to offer compensation to the Tayiba tenants (187/2/261,275-277,284-286); F.R.W. to Asser re budget requirements consequent on the rectification of the Uganda frontier (187/2/284-286); F.R.W. to Owen re arrangements for the administration of new areas to be taken over from Uganda (187/2/296-298); F.R.W. to Bridgman re the Balkan situation (187/2/302); F.R.W. to Sterry re steps to be taken for a final appeal to raise money for the completion of Khartoum Cathedral (187/2/315-317). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (August 1913 part 3) - 187/2/217-370
187/2/319-360
1913 Aug 30
Preliminary draft agreement between the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and the Sudan Government, drawn up by E. Bonham Carter, Legal Secretary (ms. and ts. copies)
187/2/365-369
Draft renewal clause for the above agreement
187/3/1-139
1913 Sep 1 - 14
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Clayton re proposals for a modified form of conscription (187/3/3-6); Clayton, F.R.W. to Kitchener, Stack and F.R.W. to Phipps re the ill-health of Phipps and his re-call from the Sudan on medical grounds (187/3/3-6,31-33,57,60-61,107-109); Crawford re the low level of the Nile flood (187/3/10); F.R.W. to Clayton re Lord Kitchener's objections to certain terms in the agreement with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/3/20-26); F.R.W. to Asser re Abyssinian apprehension over Sudan intentions (187/3/36-38); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the defeat of the Camel Corps at Burao in Somaliland and the fall of Adrianople to the Turks (187/3/42-43); MacDonald re the estimate of expenditure on the Blue Nile Dam project (187/3/50-51); Dove re progress on road and bridge construction in Mongalla and proposals to increase trade with the Northern Congo (187/3/52); Stack re proposals to provide incentives for attracting recruits but with a long term view towards some form of conscription (187/3/57); Phipps re his departure from the Sudan (187/3/62); F.R.W. to Clayton re the policy to be adopted towards the Italians in Abyssinia (187/3/64-68); F.R.W. to Kitchener, assessing the value of H.H. Kelly's work (187/3/69-72); Bernard, Davidson and F.R.W. to Kitchener re negotiations with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (187/3/81-82,91-100,105-106); Woodland re the state of famine in Geteina (187/3/117-118)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (September 1913 part 1) - 187/3/1-139
187/3/140-233
1913 Sep 15 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from N.M. Smyth re air-craft developments in Paris (187/3/142-143); Woodland and Asser re reports of famine around Geteina and the need for dhurah supplies (187/3/152,153-157,205); Asser re the reluctant decision of the Tayiba tenants to agree to the new conditions (187/3/153-157); F.R.W. to A. Balfour re his success in securing funds from America for research into hookworm in the Sudan (187/3/164); Hewins re export duty on Sudan gum (187/3/197-198); Phipps re the question of allocating part of the customs dues from Gallabat to Ras Waldo Georgis, hostility between Armbruster and Thesiger over the conduct of affairs in Abyssinia and his dismissal of Woodland's famine reports from White Nile Province (187/3/199). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (September 1913 part 2) - 187/3/140-233
187/3/171-177
1913 Sep 23
Note by E. Bonham Carter, Legal Secretary, on the estate of the late Zubayr Pasha
187/3/233
Colour photograph of Masai man and woman intended for the British East Africa edition of a periodical
157/1/1-23
1913 Oct 22 - 1914 Nov 28
Papers relating to the proposed Audit Department for Egypt including:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers SAD.157/1
157/1/1-6
1913 Oct 22
Proposals for an Audit Department by Henry Higgs, Inspector General of Accounts
157/1/7-16
Note on the organisation of the Audit Office by Henry Higgs
157/1/17-21
1914 Jan 6
Draft memorandum by Henry Higgs on the advantages of the system advocated, with related correspondence between Higgs and E.H. Cecil
157/1/21-22
1914 Nov 28
Minute by Henry Higgs on the advantages of the improved system of audit
188/1/1-88
1913 Oct 1 - 28
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Asser re the objections of the American mission to the closing of their general store at Doleib Hill (188/1/3); Bonham Carter, reporting on the situation in Turkey and the progress of the Baghdad railway (188/1/6-8); Gwynne re a potential schism in the Coptic Church at Khartoum (188/1/12-13), with F.R.W.'s reply (188/1/33-35); Wheatley re the scarcity of rain in Geteina (188/1/16); Makkawī re the desperate condition of the Mullah and his supporters, the relatively quiet situation in the Yemen and the effects of the blockade there (188/1/24-26); W.F.M. Bagshawe, reporting on the supplies of arms and ammunition in Cairo (188/1/58-60); F.R.W. to Drage re plans for an appeal to next of kin of those officers who died in the Sudan during the campaigns of 1882-1889 for funds to complete Khartoum Cathedral (188/1/61-62); Asser re the low level of the Jur river leading to difficulties in transporting food supplies to Wau (188/1/63); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the decreasing power of the Mullah (188/1/72-73); F.R.W. to the Secretary of the Royal Geographical Society re a proposal to erect a statue to Sir Samuel Baker in Khartoum (188/1/81); telegram from the F.O. re the appointment of a committee to investigate complaints against the irrigation policy of the Egyptian Government (188/1/82)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files October 1913 - 188/1/1-88
188/2/1-207
1913 Nov 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams and correspondence from Clayton re Kitchener's views on the terms of the agreement between the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and the government and his opposition to the Gaajak Nuer patrol (188/2/3-9); Byng and F.R.W. to Clayton re his promotion (188/2/23,26-27); Clayton re the decision to establish a post in the Gaajak Nuer country and the Sudan/Uganda boundary as established by the Mahagi Boundary Commission (188/2/35-38); F.R.W. to Conry, Phipps and Herbert re Asser's recent departure from the Egyptian Army (188/2/50-52,56); Clayton re the intention of the Sanūsī to request British assistance in peace negotiations with the Italians and an informal request from Turkey for the names of British officers who would consider employment in the Turkish Ministry of the Interior (188/2/57-59); F. Eckstein to Bonham Carter re the views of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate on the draft agreement (188/2/60-69); A. Balfour to Dunlop re the need for reform of the Egyptian Public Works Department (188/2/96); Currie re Kitchener's criticisms of the Gordon College annual report (188/2/97); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the organisation of labour for the Blue and White Nile dam projects and the need for dhurah imports due to famine around Geteina, Kamlin, Messellamia and Rufa`a (188/2/103-104); F.R.W. to Cecil re difficulties caused by further reductions in the army budget (188/2/119-122); F.R.W. to Clayton re responsibility for dam and canalisation work for the Gezira scheme and the involvement of Bishop Gwynne in the dispute within the Coptic Church (188/2/123-125); F.R.W. to Phipps re the deficient rainfall resulting in hardship in some regions (188/2/135); N.M. Smyth re the unsuitability of 'hydromobiles' for use in the Sudan (188/2/137); Clayton re last minute delays in securing the Sudan loan (188/2/145-148); Clayton re arrangements for the use of 1,000 convicts from Egypt on construction work in the Gezira, peace negotiations between the Idrīsī and Turkey, calls for the British Government to mediate between the Sanūsī and Italy and rumours of Kitchener becoming Viceroy of India (188/2/158-161); F.R.W. to Clayton re the difficulties in finalising the terms of the agreement with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and his personal preference for the arrangements for the Sudan loan to be handled by the Bank of England (188/2/173-175); Kelly re the potential use of 'hydromobiles' between Gambeila and Akobo Post (188/2/181-185). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files November 1913 - 188/2/1-207
188/2/45-46
1913 Nov 7
Extract from al-Waṭan on F.R.W.'s promotion to the rank of general
188/2/87
Newspaper cutting on a sun-powered plant to be tested for irrigation work in the Sudan
188/2/110-111
1913 Nov 21
Resumé of interview between MacGillivray and Kitchener to discuss the terms of the agreement between the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and the government
188/2/187-200
Article by Col. N.M. Smyth entitled “The crisis of the record march. In which General Sir F. Reginald Wingate, with a force of all arms, marched sixty miles and won two general engagements in sixty hours” (ts. and ms. copies)
188/2/201-207
Memorandum on the work of Sir Samuel Baker in the Nile Valley
188/3/1-123
1913 Dec 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton re Newcombe's survey of the Sinai frontier, Muḥammad Bey Sa`īd's mission to the Yemen and the rift within the Coptic Church (188/3/2-4); Dove re the cost of providing and maintaining mechanical transport for the Rejaf-Libogo road (188/3/11-13); Bonham Carter re objections of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate to terms of the agreement on the Gezira scheme (188/3/19-20); F.R.W. to Clayton re the despatch of 1,000 Egyptian convicts to the Sudan and undue interference by Italy in Sudan affairs (188/3/40-42); H.D. Palmer and Cecil re reductions in the army budget (188/3/51-53,82); Clayton re his visit to the Coptic patriarch and the issue of Coptic waqfs (188/3/60-61); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the peace treaty signed between the Imām and the Turkish Government (188/3/96-97); Clayton re arrangements for the Egyptian convicts and reports of an informant of the Khedive at the War Office (188/3/102-105); F.R.W. to Clayton re the dispute within the Coptic Church (188/3/106-108). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files December 1913 i - 188/3/1-123
188/3/26
1913 Nov 29
Reprint of article from the Richmond and Twickenham Times on Leo Weinthal's bioscope lecture entitled “From Cape to Cairo”
188/3/113-121
Memoranda concerning the remodelling of the Nuzl Tayinat at Khartoum North
188/3/122-123
1913 Dec 15
Note by A. Crawford on the question of maxim re-armament, both guns and ammunition
188/3/124-258
1913 Dec 16 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bernard re the delay in completing the public offices in Khartoum and difficulties in settling the 1914 budget (188/3/126-128); Clayton re arrangements for the transport of the convicts from Egypt (188/3/129-132); F.R.W. to Cecil re his disappointment at the 1914 budget (188/3/145-149); Slatin re complaints by the nāẓir of Gedaref of illtreatment of local people by a company of the Arab battalion (188/3/156-158); Clayton re the election of Sa`d Zaghlūl to the Egyptian Legislative Assembly (188/3/174-175); Clayton re the disadvantages of having to accept convict labour from Egypt for the Gezira scheme and the reduction of the military budget (188/3/184-192); Bonham Carter re regulations as to escaped slaves (188/3/203-204); Makkawī re the advantages derived from embracing Islam, news from the Yemen and re preferential treatment of Italian goods imported into Abyssinia and Somaliland (188/3/215-219). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files December 1913 ii - 188/3/124-258
188/3/136-144
Statements and memoranda on the budget proposals for 1914
188/3/251
Newspaper cutting on the Gezira cotton project and progress in general in the Sudan
188/3/252-257
Newspaper report on the presentation of new 'colours' to the Xth Sudanese with ms. account of the original presentation of 'colours' to the battalion by the 1st Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment in 1900 and its subsequent destruction in the fire at Talodi
189/1/1-158
1914 Jan 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Studd re the mining of gold in the Belgian Congo, the prospect of increased demand for transport of goods to the Congo via the Nile and conditions in general around Nyangara (189/1/13-14); Herbert re arrangements for the opening of the new Legislative Assembly in Cairo (189/1/15-16); Garsia re proposed reform of the Recruiting Law (189/1/66); Garstang to Drummond re the allocation of treasures excavated near Hamadab (189/1/83-84); J. McConnel re praise for the Gezira as a cotton-producing region and suggesting that experimental work in cotton be undertaken at Tayiba (189/1/95-102); Owen re the British takeover of territory previously administered by Uganda, the need for extra police in the area to collect revenue and the potential for mechanical transport at Rejaf (189/1/110-115); Cecil re his regrets at the severity of the cuts to the 1914 budget (189/1/137); F.R.W. to Makkawī re conflict in the Yemen between the Idrīsī and the Imām (189/1/150-151). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (January 1914) - 189/1/1-158
189/1/1-3
List of feasts and holidays for 1914
189/1/4
List of telegrams to be despatched during 1914
189/1/134-135
Minutes of a committee meeting to deal with land compensation in connection with the White Nile dam project
157/2/1-62
1914 Jan 3 - Mar 2
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from C.G. Hodgson re the advantages of the benzol electric train (157/2/7-8); G.E. Hunt re the maintenance of Khartoum golf club (157/2/10); F.R.W. to Cecil re reductions in the army budget (157/2/11-14); F.R.W. to Clayton re the drawbacks of putting out army requirements to open European tender (157/2/18-22); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the terms of the agreement with the Sudan Plantations Syndicate (157/2/24-26); Higgs to Cecil re proposed reform of the Police School in Cairo (157/2/28-32); F.R.W. to Kitchener re W.O. plans to reduce the number of officers in the Sudan (157/2/34); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the proposed expedition against the Marehan and the suppression of revolts by the Nuba (157/2/35-38); correspondence between E. Norie, F.R.W., W. Franklyn, Kitchener, B. Cubitt, E. Ward, Clayton and Grey re the number, service, training and payment of British officers serving with the Egyptian Army (157/2/41-62). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers SAD.157/2
157/2/9
1914 Jan 10
Cutting from The Railway Times entitled “Benzol-electric train for the Khedive of Egypt”
189/2/1-115
1914 Feb 1 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Currie re the unsuitability of Garstang for the post of Conservator of Antiquities (189/2/11-12); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the success of the plantation at Zeidab and negotiations with Italy over Lake Tsana (189/2/14-16); A. Defrance re an experimental flight by flying boat up the Nile (189/2/27-28); Gwynne re accusations in a German newspaper published in Constantinople of Sudan Government intrigues against Abyssinia through the Coptic clergy (189/2/33-34); Drummond to Garstang re the division of treasures excavated at Meroë (189/2/37), with Garstang's reply (189/2/51-53); Garstang re progress of the excavations at Meroë and steps to be taken to preserve the remains (189/2/39-46); F.R.W. to Clayton recommending the appointment of Garstang as Conservator of Antiquities (189/2/54-56); F.R.W. to Herbert re unrest in the Nuba country and amongst the Nuer and the lack of dhurah (189/2/62-63); F.R.W. to Geyer re the death of Father Banholzer at Lul (189/2/70), with Geyer's reply (189/2/71); F.R.W. to Gwynne re the need for state control of religion in the Sudan (189/2/74-78); Bernard re prospects for the introduction of mechanical transport on the Rejaf-Libogo road (189/2/80); Makkawī re the proposed railway from Medina to Mecca, news of attacks by the Mullah in Somaliland using ammunition supplied by Abyssinia and Arabia and the supply of arms to the ruler of Najd (189/2/84-87); Gwynne, strongly criticising F.R.W.'s policy towards the church in the Sudan (189/2/88-89); F.R.W. to Owen re the takeover of districts formerly administered by Uganda (189/2/100-101); Gwynne re the unfairness of customs dues on goods imported for missionary purposes (189/2/107); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the establishment of a British consulate at Gondar (189/2/108-109). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (February 1914) - 189/2/1-115
189/2/3,22-23
1914 Feb 3
Minutes of a meeting of the Archaeological Committee
189/2/110-113
Memorandum on the need for the appointment of an adviser to oversee the protection and conservation of ancient monuments
189/3/1-130
1914 Mar 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Garstang to F.R.W. and Clayton re the necessity of conserving the site at Meroë and his proposed appointment as Adviser on antiquities (189/3/1-2,15); Palmer re his tour of the Moru district (189/3/17); Gleichen re his apprehension over the political situation in Ulster (189/3/18); Clayton and F.R.W. to Garstang re Garstang's appointment as an unofficial and unpaid honorary adviser to the government on archaeological matters (189/3/28,92-93); Makkawī re news of a raid on Berbera in Somaliland by the Mullah's followers and re the death of the Sultan of Lahej (189/3/36-38); Slatin re the death of Conry on the punitive patrol in the eastern Sudan (189/3/56-57); Reisner to Currie re the value of Wellcome's work at Jabal Moya (189/3/61-63); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the death of Conry, the confused political situation in the Tigré District of Abyssinia, the failure of the Nuer patrol and the French Government's consent to arbitration over the Darfur/Wadai frontier (189/3/64-70); Drury re experimental work on shallow draught steamers (189/3/71-74); F.R.W. to Acland re Acland's deputation to the British Prime Minister concerning compulsory national service (189/3/79-80); Moir re proposed increases in charges for parcel post (189/3/90); Kitchener, giving his consent to the formation of a Central Church Council in Khartoum (189/3/91); Kitchener re the situation in Ulster (189/3/98); F.R.W. to Doughty Wylie re the situation in Somaliland and the failure of British policy there and in E. Africa (189/3/108-111); Makkawī re the death of the Sultan of Lahej and the situation in Berbera (189/3/112-113); Owen re arrangements for missionary work in the area taken over from Uganda and the decision to form a new Equatorial Company based at Latuka (189/3/120-123); F.R.W. to Gwynne, granting permission for the formation of a Central Church Council to replace the existing church committee (189/3/126). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.189/3/1-130 - correspondence March 1914
189/3/23
1914 Mar 8
Minutes of a meeting of the archaeological committee held on 4 Mar to discuss the value of two stelae found at Meroë
157/3/1-33
1914 Mar 15 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Drake and Clayton re the legal status of Egyptian convicts employed in the Sudan (157/3/17-21,26-31); F.R.W. to Drake re the Egyptian Army budget and preparations for the Gaajak patrol (157/3/22-24); Symes to Clayton re religious teaching at Gordon College (157/3/25); F.R.W. to Clayton and Kitchener re the severe shortage of army officers for military and administrative posts in the Sudan and of army doctors, and his reluctance to increase the number of civilians in the Sudan Civil Service (157/3/32-33). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers SAD.157/3
157/3/1-10
1914 Mar 15
Report by Henry Higgs, Inspector General on the cost of recruitment
190/1/1-71
1914 Apr 1 - 15
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Thesiger re the worsening situation in Abyssinia (190/1/4); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the need for urgent action against the Gaajak Nuer (190/1/13-14,23-25); Clayton and Kitchener re the appointment of Rushdī as P.M. in Egypt (190/1/26-28,33); Clayton, proposing the formation of a Sudan Political Service to provide staff for the provinces (190/1/34-36); Makkawī re the situation in Somaliland, attempts to prevent the supply of French arms to Najd and Italian interference in Abyssinia (190/1/38-40); Bernard re sanitary taxes to be imposed at Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman (190/1/43-44); Rundell re the problems occurring within the army over the Ulster question (190/1/47-50); Garsia re Lord Kitchener's decision that the Egyptian Government should not bear the cost of the Anuak patrol (190/1/51); Currie re the appointment of his successor (190/1/52); Herbert re rumours of Kitchener becoming Viceroy of India (190/1/53-54); Violet Asquith re the Ulster question and references to her father (190/1/58-59); Garstang re the terms of his new appointment as adviser on antiquities (190/1/60-62); Kitchener, recommending Crowfoot as Currie's successor (190/1/64-65); F.R.W. to Mackintosh and Phipps re the death of McMurdo (190/1/67,68-69)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/1/1-71 - correspondence April 1914
157/4/1-108
1914 Apr 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton re the legal position of convicts employed in the Sudan, the ministerial crisis in Cairo and the need for a railway and steamer agency in Cairo to encourage the tourist trade (157/4/1-3); Clayton and F.R.W. re Italian involvement in Abyssinia (157/4/36-37,50-52,53-55,90-93,107-108); Clayton re government policy towards missionaries (157/4/38-39); Clayton re his proposed scheme for a Sudan Political Service (157/4/50-52); Clayton and Stack re financial control of irrigation work undertaken by the Egyptian Ministry of Public Works in the Gezira (157/4/56-62), with F.R.W.'s replies (157/4/71-72,76-78); F.R.W. to Clayton re the appointment of Crowfoot as principal of Gordon College (157/4/63-65); Rees-Mogg, Kitchener, F.R.W. and Kenny re the proposed increase in the number of officers for the Sudan (157/4/79-81,94-95,100-101); Clayton re F.R.W.'s objections to putting out army contracts to open tender (157/4/90-93); F.R.W. to Bernard re Crossland's report on the pearl fisheries (157/4/102-103). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/4
157/4/5-26
1914 Apr 8
Report to the Financial Adviser by Henry Higgs, Inspector General on the organisation of the Egyptian civil service
157/4/66
1914 Apr 24
Cutting from Broad Arrow on service in the Egyptian Army
157/4/96-99
1914 Apr 29
Nominal roll of British officers on the active list employed under the Sudan Government
190/1/72-195
1914 Apr 16 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Slatin, F.R.W. to Stack, Thesiger and Woodward, and Clayton re preparations for a patrol against the Gaajak Nuer (190/1/72,100-101,137-139,158-159,188-190); F.R.W. to Clayton re the proposed Sudan Political Service and the death of McMurdo (190/1/76-79); G.B. Stoney and Drummond re the discovery of archaeological mounds and chambers at Wawa, Halfa Province by Egyptian fishermen (190/1/86-88); F.R.W. to Feilden re the need to discourage Islamic propaganda in the southern provinces (190/1/90-92); F.R.W. to Makkawī, Clayton and Thesiger re possible trouble along the Abyssinia/Eritrea frontier (190/1/94-95,117-119,137-139); F.R.W. to Stack re proposed missionary projects (190/1/103-104); F.R.W. to A.L. Butler re the numbers of white rhino in Moru district (190/1/105); F.R.W. to Currie re the appointment of Crowfoot as Director of Education (190/1/120-121); F.R.W. to Lovat and MacGillivray re progress at Tayiba (190/1/122-124); Stack re relations between the Sudan Government and the Egyptian Ministry of Public Works over the Gezira project (190/1/129-134), with F.R.W.'s reply (190/1/155-156); Slatin re the dispute over sanitary taxation (190/1/135-136); N.M. Smyth and R.G. Archibald re cases of meningitis and cholera in Omdurman (190/1/141,142-143,176); A.L. Butler re the slaughter of game on the Upper Nile and Bahr el Ghazal (190/1/144-145); Slatin re discontent among merchants in Omdurman over the fall in trade (190/1/179-180); F.R.W. to Kitchener re Italian involvement in Abyssinia (190/1/184-185); Clayton re affairs in Abyssinia (190/1/188-190)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/1/72-195 - correspondence April 1914 part 2
190/2/55-158
1914 May 1 - 13
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Archibald re steps taken to prevent a cholera outbreak in Omdurman (190/2/55-56); F.R.W. to Slatin re the latter's role in settling the dispute with the Omdurman merchants and the delay in finalising the Sudan loan (190/2/60-62); Bonham Carter re his inspection of the convict camp at Sennar, news of Wellcome's excavations at Jabal Moya and re the inferiority of government housing at Sennar (190/2/69-72); F.R.W. to Garsia re the costs involved in the Gaajak Nuer patrol (190/2/77-78); Drummond re his inspection of archaeological sites at Naqa, Meroë and Kerma (190/2/86-88); Owen, reporting on his expedition to the Latuka country and the establishment of an administrative post at Torit (190/2/100-106); F.R.W. to Wood and Kitchener re potential trouble along the Abyssinia/Eritrea frontier (190/2/112-114,115-117); Lyall re the archaeological discoveries by Egyptian fishermen at Wawa (190/2/120); F.R.W. to Slatin re proposals for the despatch of reinforcements to Somaliland (190/2/122-123,137-138); F.R.W. to Doughty Wylie re the Gaajak Nuer patrol and the situation in Tigré (190/2/128-130); F.R.W. to Reisner re his archaeological discoveries in Dongola (190/2/133-134); Woodward re tribal unrest in the Sobat Valley (190/2/140); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the suicide of Judge Morgan and the death of Macnaghten of the Slavery Department (190/2/147-149). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/2/1-55-158 - correspondence May 1914 part 2
190/2/80-84
1914 May 6
Summary report by W.A. Davie on trials with the sun-powered plant in the Sudan
190/2/88-89
1914 Apr 10
Note by P. Drummond and G.A. Reisner on the preliminary division between the Sudan Department of Antiquities and the Harvard Boston expedition, of antiquities found at Kerma, 1913-1914
157/5/1-68
1914 May 1 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Archibald re the cholera outbreak in Omdurman (157/5/1-2); F.R.W. to Clayton re a request from Plymouth Brethren missionaries to operate in the Sudan (157/5/3-5); Clayton re the latest deputation to the Sanūsī (157/5/6-8); Clayton and F.R.W. re financial arrangements for the Gezira irrigation works (157/5/9-12,15-18,26-28,37-38,50); F.R.W. re the allocation of costs for punitive patrols (157/5/13-14); F.R.W. to Clayton re the likely effects of the projected White Nile dam (157/5/17-18); F.R.W. to Clayton re Italian involvement in Abyssinia (157/5/20-22); F.R.W. to Doughty Wylie and Lord Curzon re arrangements for the Gaajak-Nuer patrol (157/5/29-31,42-46); F.R.W. to Herbert re officers' complaints about pay (157/5/35-36). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/5
157/5/55-65
1914 May 26
Note by Henry Higgs, Inspector General on the financial aspects of the ghafīr question
190/2/1-54
1914 May 16 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Curzon re the background to the Gaajak Nuer patrol (190/2/9-13); Makkawī re progress on the French built railway from al-Mukha to Ta`izz and Ibb and from Hodeida [Al Hudaydah] to Sana`a, news from the Abyssinia/Eritrea frontier and the succession of a new Sultan of Lahej (190/2/21-24). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/2/1-54 - correspondence May 1914
190/2/34-37
1914 May 26
Memorandum by S.F. Newcombe on the Kurds
190/2/38-41
1914 May 26
Memorandum on Syria and Palestine by S.F. Newcombe including re Muhammadan feeling towards the British occupation, French intervention, the strategic importance of the ports of Haifa and Jaffa and the projected railway from Rayak to Gaza
190/3/1-81
1914 Jun 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Makkawī re news from Abyssinia (190/3/13-16); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the danger of conflict on the Abyssinia/Eritrea frontier (190/3/21-22); Bonham Carter re Judge Morgan's death, the inferior state of official housing in outstations, the need for more highly trained clerical staff to relieve governors and inspectors of office routine and the desirability of recording Nuba languages and customs before Arab and Muslim influences infiltrate fully (190/3/47-49); F.R.W. to Bonham Carter re the removal of convicts to Dongola Province to work at Argo and possibly on the basin scheme and the serious financial situation in Egypt (190/3/52-54); F.R.W. to Stack re the patrols planned against the Gaajak Nuer and Anuak (190/3/62-66); C.T. Studd re proposed developments in the Belgian Congo, gold finds throughout the country and the establishment of a missionary concession at Nala (190/3/73-76); Stack re dhurah imports (190/3/80); F.R.W. to Studd re the declaration of war in Europe (190/3/82). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/3/1-81 - correspondence June 1914
190/3/3
Report on Abyssinian affairs by R. Hart, Inspector Gallabat, based on trans-frontier intelligence
157/6/1-50
1914 Jun 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Stack re the employment of Egyptian convicts in the Sudan (157/6/1-4); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the situation on the Abyssinia/Eritrea frontier (157/6/5-6); F.R.W. to Drake re the use of aeroplanes to support the Gaajak Nuer patrol (157/6/8-9); A. Crowe, R.H. Brade and Clayton re charges arising out of the employment of British officers in the Egyptian Army for service in the Sudan (157/6/37-40,45-46); Rees-Mogg re the severe shortage of officers in the Sudan and the growing unpopularity of service in the Sudanese battalions (157/6/41-44). Also includes:
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/6
157/6/20-36
1914 Jun 11
Memorandum by Henry Higgs, Inspector General on the Tombac monopoly
190/3/82-167
1914 Jun 17 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Armbruster re living conditions and political developments in Gondar (190/3/91-93); Stamfordham and F.R.W. to Symes re the critical political situation in England (190/3/95,145-146); F.R.W. to Stack re the proposed wireless installation from Taufikia to Gambeila and the need to prevent the arming of the native population (190/3/102-104); F.R.W. and Stack re the severe shortage of dhurah and imports from India and Egypt (190/3/141-142,155-156); Stack re the telegraph extension to Abyssinia and the movement of convicts to a camp at Argo (190/3/155-156); Butler re rumours that Kitchener has been appointed to India (190/3/159); F.R.W. to Bray re critical newspaper reports on the public health of Khartoum (190/3/161-162)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.190/3/82-167 - correspondence June 1914 part 2
191/1/1-97
1914 Jul 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Ravenscroft re his plans to bring the work of the Slavery Department under province governors (191/1/7-8); Bousfield re the cholera and meningitis outbreaks (191/1/16-18); F.R.W. to Cromer re the import of Indian dhurah and the progress of the dam and canalization work (191/1/22-23); Crawford re the tasks undertaken by the convicts and progress on the telegraph line to Abyssinia (191/1/26); R.P. Lewis re the arrival of `Alī Dīnār's envoys in Khartoum (191/1/37-39); Owen re news from Mongalla Province including Nuer raids on the Bor District Dinka and the failure of the latest patrol against the Dinka (191/1/40-43); F.R.W. to Armbruster re the need for intelligence on affairs in N. Abyssinia (191/1/52-54); Crawford re the swarms of locusts in Dongola, intertribal fighting in the White Nile and Sobat Pibor districts and estimates for the aerial and wireless lines from Taufikia to Gambeila (191/1/67-68); Kennedy re progress at Barakat (191/1/69-70); S.S. Butler re the proposed telegraph extension to Abyssinia (191/1/73-75); Pearson re his inspection tour of W. Kordofan and the Darfur frontier (191/1/80). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1914) - 191/1/1-97
191/1/44-47
1914 Jul 1, 4
Copy articles from al-Ahrām re judicial law in the Sudan with regard to foreigners
157/7/1-79
1914 Jul 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence between F.R.W. and Rees-Mogg re the shortage of British officers in the Sudan and charges arising out of the employment of extra officers (157/7/1-4,29,42-44); Drake re arrangements for the Anuak patrol (157/7/45-47); J. Finlay to the editor of The Times re labour recruitment in Portuguese West Africa (157/7/56-57); F.R.W. to Symes and Sir F. Jackson (governor of Uganda) re the proposed expedition from Uganda against the Turkhana (157/7/69-70); F.R.W. to Grey re the introduction of firearms across the Abyssinian border to the Nuer and Anuak tribes (157/7/71-72). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/7
157/7/8-9,14-15; 157/7/75-76
1914 Jul 31
Note of suggested agreement by the Egyptian and Sudanese governments as to payments of pension contributions for British army officers lent for service under those governments
157/7/16-28
1914 Jul 11
Memorandum by Henry Higgs, Inspector General on the financial administration of Egypt
191/1/98-217
1914 Jul 16 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Weinthal re the Portuguese record on labour in their African colonies (191/1/108-109); Doughty Wylie re lack of cooperation from the Abyssinians for a punitive patrol against the Anuak and reports of the Anuak desire for increased trade with the Sudan (191/1/114-115); Keown Boyd re lack of food in Dongola and the telegraph extension to Abyssinia (191/1/117-118); F.R.W. to Shāhīn Bey Jūrj, Stack, Lewis, Cromer, Weinthal and Butler re the marriage of Slatin to Baroness Alice Ramberg in Vienna on 21 July 1914 (191/1/146-150,157-158,178,182-187); F.R.W. to Lewis re unrest amongst the Dinka and Nuer (191/1/157-158); Weinthal and Butler re the attempted assassination of the Khedive (191/1/183-184,185-187); Butler re the proposed Gaajak Nuer patrol (191/1/185-187); F.R.W. to Grey re the introduction of firearms from across the Abyssinian frontier and the proposed punitive patrol against the Gaajak Nuer and Anuak (191/1/202-203)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1914) - 191/1/98-217
191/2/1-65
1914 Aug 1 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Herbert, Lewin, Moir and others re his immediate departure for Egypt (191/2/4-7,9,10,12); F.R.W. to Midwinter re the possibility of recalling all officers on leave and stopping all departures from the Sudan (191/2/12); F.R.W. to Currie and the W.O. re confirmation of the above (191/2/17,18-19); Makkawī re the effect of the outbreak of war in Europe on Aden - paralysis of trade and the prospect of food and water shortages (191/2/20-22), with F.R.W.'s reply (191/2/47-48); Crawford re preparations for the protection of Port Sudan, the neutrality of Egypt, consignments of dhurah for Dongola and the unlikelihood of the completion of the telegraph lines to Abyssinia this year (191/2/25-26); F.R.W. to Cheetham re reports of the mobilisation of Turkish troops around Gaza in preparation for an attack on Egypt (191/2/31-32); F.R.W. to Crawford re Kitchener's appointment as Secretary of State for War, the background to the situation in Egypt and Turkey, preparations for the patrol against the Gaajak Nuer and Anuak and unrest in the Red Sea area especially in Turkish ports (191/2/33-39); F.R.W. to Owen re the recent raids by the Nuer on Duk Fadiat and the necessity for force against the Gaajak district (191/2/53-54); F.R.W. to Cheetham re Turkish mobilisation (191/2/56-58); Crawford re steps taken to protect Port Sudan and Suakin, the prospects of a Turkish attack on Egypt and the shortage of ammunition in the Sudan (191/2/61-64)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (August 1914) - 191/2/1-65
157/8/1-27
1914 Aug 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the possible recall of all officers on leave in view of the situation in Europe (157/8/1); Drake re arrangements for the Anuak patrol, the shortage of men and ammunition for war-time conditions and schemes for additional companies in the Egyptian Army (157/8/4-6), with F.R.W.'s reply (157/8/9-12); F.R.W. to P.F. Martin re points raised in the latter's forthcoming book concerning missionary activities in the Sudan (157/8/23-27). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/8
157/8/17-20
1914 Aug 29
Note by F.R.W. on the military situation in Egypt and the Sudan at the outbreak of war
157/8/22
Certificate for people of Cyprus to remain loyal to the British Government
193/1/1-156
1914 Aug 2 - 31
Miscellaneous papers relating to the outbreak of war including correspondence and telegrams from Russell to Jennings Bramly, Governor of Sinai re the possibility of Turkey becoming embroiled in the European crisis and pressure being put upon her to undertake active operations against Egypt (193/1/2); Barlow to Clayton re the call-up of reserves in Turkey and speculation of a Turkish invasion of Greece (193/1/15,34,37-38); Butler re orders for a strict watch to be kept on the Sinai frontier and the movements of Turkish authorities in Syria (193/1/18); Hewitt to Clayton re steps taken to protect Salūm (193/1/20); H.A. Cumberbatch to Sir Louis Mallet re the effect of the outbreak of war in Europe on the Muslim population in Beirut and along the Syrian coast (193/1/22-23); Jennings Bramly re the declaration of martial law in Turkey (193/1/41); Clayton to Jennings Bramly re Turkish military activity around Jerusalem (193/1/49); Jennings Bramly to Clayton re the possibility of employing local Badawīūn to prevent a Turkish invasion across Sinai to Egypt (193/1/50-51); Barlow to Clayton re a rumour that Turkey intends declaring war on England on 24 Aug (193/1/60); Clayton to Bramly re instructions for the evacuation of Sinai in the event of a Turkish advance (193/1/63); F.R.W. to Cheetham and Kitchener re Turkish mobilization reportedly due to fears of Russian aggression and Syrian intentions (193/1/85-87,88-92); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the attitude of prominent Egyptians towards the Khedive and his attempts to return to Egypt (193/1/88-92); F.R.W. to Crawford re his confidence in Egyptian officers and men (193/1/99-100); Dimitri re the pro-German attitude of Muslims and the situation in Syria (193/1/105-108); F.R.W. to Byng, Crawford and Cheetham re the defence of the Suez Canal (193/1/150-152). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (August 1914) - 193/1/1-156
193/1/3-8
'Statement by Sir Edward Grey in the House of Commons, Aug 3, 1914' on Britain's position in the present crisis (Printed copy)
193/1/9-11
1914 Sep 9
Resumé of reports from the Sinai Peninsula, Aug-Sep 1914
193/1/52[MP]
1906
Map of Lower Egypt showing desert routes, locations of water supplies and postings of police, soldiers and guides
scale:   1.014 ins to 16 miles
Size: 29 x 25 ins
193/1/55-56
Notes for F.R.W. on developments in Sinai
193/1/83-84
Press Bureau release on the 'Behaviour of the Germans in Belgium'
193/1/114-132
1914 Aug 29
Note by F.R.W. on the escalation of the war in France and the situation in Egypt and the Sudan (ms. and ts. copies)
193/1/145-146
1914 Aug 30
Note by Jennings Bramly on roads suitable for use by artillery in the Sinai Peninsula
193/1/147[MP]
Sketch map to accompany above note
scale:   None
Size: 9.5 x 14 ins
193/1/154-156
Despatch from His Majesty's Ambassador at Berlin respecting the rupture of diplomatic relations with the German Government Miscellaneous no 8 (1914) cd. 7445
191/3/1-111
1914 Sep 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Crawford re the possibility of deploying the Camel Corps for the protection of the Suez Canal against Turkey (191/3/3-4); Gwynne re news of former Sudan officials at the front in France (191/3/5); Makkawī re the fall in trade prices for goods from Arabia, Somaliland and Abyssinia, the despatch of Indian troops to Egypt and France and news of the Mullah in Somaliland (191/3/7-10); F.R.W. to Acland and Fitzgerald re German pressure on Turkey for support (191/3/18-19,90-93); F.R.W. to Phipps re the news of the rout and demoralisation of the German Army in France and anxiety over lack of news of his son Malcolm, fighting in France (191/3/26-28); Kenny and Herbert re the arrival of Indian troops in Egypt (191/3/32,54-55); F.R.W. to Wilson re possible repercussions in Egypt and the Sudan if Turkey allies with Germany (191/3/38-39); Makkawī re the effects of the outbreak of war on Aden, Somaliland and the Arabian Peninsula, particularly on trade, the strained relations between Abyssinia and Italy and the Abyssinian intention to invade Eritrea (191/3/40-45); F.R.W. to Kenny re the desire of Egyptian officers to contribute financially to the allied cause (191/3/51-53); F.R.W. to Owen and Mackenzie re the German invasion of Uganda and his desire to send a force from the Sudan to assist the Ugandan troops (191/3/56-58,72-74); F.R.W. to Woodward and Makkawī, and Clayton re apprehension over the position of Turkey (191/3/59-60,62-63,64-66); F.R.W. to Woodward re preparations for the Gaajak-Anuak patrol and the effect of the war on Sudan revenues (191/3/59-60); Clayton re the deportation of Neufeld from Egypt (191/3/64-66); F.R.W. to Clayton re the continued embargo on wives returning to the Sudan (191/3/67-71); Kenny re the arrival of 15,000 territorials in Cairo (191/3/81-82); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the expulsion of prominent German and Austrian members of the Sudanese community (191/3/90-93); Woodward re the situation in Gambeila and the Sobat Valley and the future of the Austrian missions in Upper Nile Province (191/3/94-96); F.R.W. to Clayton re the need to press ahead with the Anuak-Gaajak patrol (191/3/102-105). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (September 1914) - 191/3/1-111
191/3/23
1914 Sep 11
Cutting from Indiaman on German attempts to stir up feeling in the Islamic world
191/3/47-50
List of Austrian and German subjects resident in the Sudan
191/3/110-111
Address by the officers of the Egyptian Army to officers in the British Army about to go to war
193/2/1-22
1914 Sep 2 - 20
Miscellaneous papers relating to the war including:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (September 1914) - 193/2/1-22
193/2/1
1914 Sep 2
Intelligence report from Clayton on news from the Sinai frontier
193/2/3-4
1914 Sep 8
Third supplement to the London Gazette incorporating the text of a despatch from Field Marshall French, Commander-in-Chief, British Forces in the Field
193/2/5-8
1914 Sep 10
Intelligence report for Clayton on the general attidude of the Sudanese towards the war and the effects of Egyptian influence in the Sudan
193/2/9
1914 Sep 11
Cutting from Near East on the Sinai Peninsula
193/2/12-14
Telegrams between Clayton and Rees-Mogg on the attitude and loyalty of officers in the Egyptian Army
193/2/17-18
Resumé of intelligence reports from Palestine and the Sinai Peninsula
193/2/19-22
Despatches from His Majesty's Ambassador at Berlin respecting an official German organisation for influencing the press of other countries Miscellaneous no 9 (1914) cd. 7595
157/9/1-31
1914 Sep 15 - 30
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Drake re arrangements for military assistance from the Sudan for the Uganda patrol against the Turkhana (157/9/1-2); F.R.W. to Wilson, Clayton and Woodward re the possibility of Turkey entering the war on the side of Germany (157/9/3-4,6-10,13-14); F.R.W. to Clayton re the involvement of the Austrian Mission in spreading German propaganda and the proposed despatch of Sudanese troops to Uganda(157/9/6-10); F.R.W. to Owen re the military situation in Uganda (157/9/15-17); C. Grey re his experiences in Uganda and his impressions of Yei district (157/9/26-27); F.R.W. to Clayton re the impending Anuak-Gaajak patrol (157/9/28-31)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/9
192/1/1-141
1914 Oct 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the defence of Port Sudan (192/1/2-4,29-31); F.R.W. to Clayton re the loyalty of the Sudanese and the majority of Egyptian officers, and the import of Indian dhurah to alleviate hardship (192/1/10-12); F.R.W. to Kenny re the severity of malaria at El Obeid (192/1/13-15); F.R.W. to Garsia re the grant of aids to retired Sudanese soldiers and F.R.W.'s determination to resist attempts by the Finance Department to divert funds set aside for this purpose (192/1/51-54); F.R.W. to Bridgman re delays to cotton production schemes and progress on the Gezira canal due to the war (192/1/64-65); F.R.W. to Clayton re the loyalty of native officers and shaikhs (192/1/66-67,94-97); Clayton re the likelihood of a Turkish attack on the Suez Canal (192/1/87-88); F.R.W. to Clayton re the results of censorship of letters and the evacuation of El Arish (192/1/114-116). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (October 1914) - 192/1/1-141
192/1/1
1914 Oct 2
Cutting from the Morning Post on the German press and its attitude towards the expected revolt in Egypt
192/1/16-28; 192/1/74-85
1914 Oct 9, 17
Lists of Europeans resident in the Sudan
192/1/36
Memorandum as to the transmission of money and letters to British subjects in enemy countries
192/1/41
List of Austrians and Germans registered under the proclamation published in the Sudan Gazette of 18 Sep 1914
192/1/140
Scheme of work for new inspectors, 1914
192/1/141
Newspaper cutting on new Sudan officials
193/3/1-51
1914 Oct 2 - 31
Miscellaneous papers relating to the war, including:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (October 1914) - 193/3/1-51
193/3/1
1914 Oct 2 - 3
Cutting from the Morning Post and Birmingham Post on Turkish policy
193/3/2
1914 Oct 3
Extract from intelligence report from Beirut on the imminent attack on Egypt by Turkey
193/3/4
1914 Oct 7
Intelligence note on the allocation of troops in Syria and Palestine
193/3/6-7
Notes on the various groups in Syria and Lebanon and their loyalties in the event of war
193/3/8-11
Note on mobilisation in the Ottoman Empire and the call to jihād
193/3/12
Précis of information received from Sinai
193/3/13
1914 Oct 10
Note on the situation and strength of Turkish posts in the vicinity of the frontier
193/3/15-18
Notes by A.J. Ross on wells in Sinai
193/3/19-20
Translation of a letter from `Abd Allāh, son of the Sharīf of Mecca, promising his support for Great Britain in return for protection and support against foreign aggressors
193/3/23-26
1914 Oct 22 - 23
Intelligence bulletins by G.F. Clayton on Sinai and the Turkish frontier
193/3/27-32
Report on the situation in Syria
193/3/33-43
1914 Oct 22
Route report by A.J. Ross on a trek through Sinai
193/3/44[MP]
Map to accompany above report showing routes from Suez to Nakhl
scale:   1 in to 10 miles
Size: 18 x 11.5 ins
193/3/46
1914 Oct 29
Cutting from The new age on “Egypt and the Foreign Office”
193/3/47
1914 Oct 31
Cutting from The Daily Mail on Turkey's allegiance to Germany
193/3/48-51
'Memorandum by Lord Cromer respecting the steps to be taken in event of war with Turkey' (Confidential document printed by the F.O. for the use of the Cabinet)
157/10/1-29
1914 Oct 3 - 31
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Clayton explaining the Port Sudan naval situation (157/10/1-3,10-12); Cecil to Clayton re the payment of government officials called up for military service (157/10/5-6); F.R.W. to Clayton re the repercussions of importing cheap Indian dhurah (157/10/7-9); F.R.W. to Garsia and Clayton re his inspection of reservists at Kosti and the failure of the government to pay them from the Aids fund (157/10/13-15,16-19); F.R.W. to Clayton re the seizure of German and Austrian ships in the Suez Canal and their internment at Alexandria (157/10/22-25)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/10
193/4/1-175
1914 Nov 1 - 21
Papers relating to the war including letters and telegrams from Clayton re the distribution of the Turkish front line army (193/4/4); Cheetham re relations between Great Britain and Turkey and the proclamation of martial law in Egypt (193/4/8-9); F.R.W. to Clayton re the removal of Turkish officers from the Egyptian Army (193/4/10-11); Clayton re reports of casualties incurred during Turco-German attacks on the Suez Canal (193/4/20-27); Cheetham and Clayton re the declaration of war between Great Britain and Turkey (193/4/40,46-58); Clayton re his fears for the involvement of the Sanūsī (193/4/114-115); F.R.W. to Clayton re the failure of the Sudan Agency in Cairo to pass information to Khartoum (193/4/120-121); translations of letters between Rafīq Bey al-`Aẓm and `Izzat Bey al-Jindī and from `Izzat Bey to Sayyid Muḥammad `Alī al-Idrīsī on Turkish involvement in the war (193/4/135-143); Clayton re the defence of Port Sudan (193/4/144-145); translation of letter from `Abd Allāh, son of the Sharīf of Mecca, pledging closer union with Britain (193/4/159-160); Clayton re Arab suspicions of British intentions to annex territory in Arabia and to occupy Red Sea ports, thereby interfering with Arabian coastal trade (193/4/163-164); Clayton re a meeting with Col. `Azīz Bey al-Miṣrī to discuss the possibility of British support for an Arab rising in Mesopotamia against Turkish rule (193/4/166-169). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (November 1914) - 193/4/1-175
193/4/5
1914 Nov 2
Journal officiel du Gouvernement Egyptien no. 146 announcing British military control of Egypt and the imposition of martial law
193/4/6,17
1914 Nov 2,3
Cuttings from The Daily Telegraph and Morning post on Turkish mobilisation along the Egyptian frontier
193/4/7,18
1914 Nov 2,3
Cuttings from The Times, The Daily Telegraph and The Western Daily Press on Turkish naval attacks on towns along the Black Sea and Turkish military resources
193/4/12
Note of wells destroyed in Sinai
193/4/13-14
Memorandum on contributions by native shaikhs to British relief funds
193/4/15-16
Statement of loyalty and support for the British cause from the people of the Sudan (copy from The Sudan Times )
193/4/33-34,39
1914 Nov 3,4
Newspaper cuttings on the Turkish threat to Egypt
193/4/35-38
Appeal for calm to all Muslims by the `ulamā` of Egypt
193/4/42-45
Translation of proclamation issued in Turkey calling the people to the jihād
193/4/59-60
1914 Nov 7
Journal officiel du Gouvernement Egyptien nos. 148-149 announcing the outbreak of war between Britain and Turkey
193/4/64
1914 Nov 7
Sudan Government Gazette no. 264, as above
193/4/66-67
Assessment of the current situation with regard to Britain and Turkey for the guidance of governors in discussions with natives
193/4/68-69
Declaration of loyalty to the British Government by the `ulamā`, shaikhs and notables of the Sudan
193/4/70-92
1914 Nov 8
Address by F.R.W. to Sudanese religious men asking for support for British policy and in helping to maintain calm
Arabic with English translation
193/4/95-98
Copy of the Turkish Sultan's proclamation to his army and navy on the declaration of war
French
193/4/100-101
1914 Nov 8
Translation of a spontaneous expression of opinion of the religious shaikhs of the Sudan, submitted to His Excellency the Governor-General
193/4/104-108
Translation of a manifesto in Arabic addressed to Muslim soldiers fighting with the French, British and Russian forces
193/4/111-112
1914 Nov 16
Sudan Government Gazette no. 266 containing the proclamation of martial law in the Sudan
193/4/161-164
Intelligence report on a visit to the Sharīf of Mecca
192/2/1-248
1914 Nov 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence and telegrams from Symes to Savile re reports of contacts between Egyptian nationalists and `Alī Dīnār, Sultan of Darfur (192/2/8); Clayton re the outbreak of hostilities with Turkey, German attempts to influence the Sanūsī and Badawīūn, the internment of Germans in Egypt, reaction to the proclamation of martial law and resentment by the military of economies introduced by the Finance Department (192/2/9-19); Makkawī re Turkey's declaration of war against England and lack of support for the Turkey-backed Imām in Yemen (192/2/21-24); F.R.W. to Clayton re lack of decisiveness in British policy towards the Arab movement (192/2/28-30); Savile re Egyptian reaction to a possible invasion by Turkey and to the continued absence of the Khedive in Turkey (192/2/31-33); F.R.W. to Clayton re the deportation of Germans and Austrians in government employ (192/2/42-47); al-Sharīf Yūsuf wad al-Hindī, expressing loyalty to the government (192/2/66-67); F.R.W. to Clayton, Fitzgerald, Cheetham, and Grenfell re the support and loyalty from the Sudanese and various religious groups (192/2/68-71,75-76,77-78,81-82,158-161); Maxwell re news of a Turkish invasion of Egypt headed by `Abbās Ḥilmī (192/2/91); telegrams concerning naval patrolling of the Red Sea and the protection of ports (192/2/115-120); F.R.W. to R.S. Curtis re the death of H.H. Kelly (192/2/151); F.R.W. to Doughty Wylie re the cancellation of the Anuak patrol (192/2/155-156); F.R.W. to Penfield re the financial difficulties facing the Austrian Mission (192/2/168-169); Makkawī re the situation in Aden and the Yemen (192/2/177-186); F.R.W. to Cromer re steps taken to win the support for Britain of Muslim opinion in the Sudan (192/2/189-199); Clayton re lack of interest in Egypt in affairs in the Sudan (192/2/221-224); Drake re his inspection of Port Sudan (192/2/225-226). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (November 1914) - 192/2/1-248
192/2/36-38
Notes by H.D. Pearson ordering the discharge of all German and Austrian subjects from their duties in the Sudan Government
192/2/48-51
1914 Nov 7
Copy of speech by F.R.W. to senior British and Egyptian officers regarding the declaration of war between Great Britain and Turkey
192/2/52-55
Copy of F.R.W.'s speech to the `ulamā`
192/2/56-59
1914 Nov 9
Translation of an article from the Sudan Times on the outbreak of war and the dilemma facing Muslims
192/2/61
List of Europeans who entered the Sudan via Halfa during Oct 1914
192/2/119
Orders for the Red Sea patrol
192/2/122
List of officers of the Royal Engineers attached to the Egyptian Army
192/2/128-129
Declaration of loyalty to Britain by the `ulamā` and religious shaikhs of White Nile Province and the nāẓirs and `umdahs of the Gimmeh tribe
192/2/142-144
List of names and addresses of firms wishing to be placed in communication with exporters of Sudan produce
192/2/217-218
Declaration of loyalty by Syrians resident in the Sudan
192/2/237
Text of the Governor-General's speech to the `ulamā` and religious shaikhs before the reading of H.E.'s address by the Grand Muftī
192/2/238-242
Pledges of loyalty by Sayyid `Alī al-Mīrghanī, the Grand Muftī and religious shaikhs
157/11/1-27
1914 Nov 4 - 26
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Scott Hill re the proclamation of war against Turkey (157/11/2-3); F.R.W. to Herbert re Turkish officers serving with the Egyptian Army (157/11/4-5); précis of telegraphic correspondence concerning the defence of the Sudan coast by the navy (157/11/14-16); F.R.W. to Grenfell re the deployment of troops in the Egyptian Army (157/11/20-23)
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/11
193/4/176-328
1914 Nov 23 - 28
Miscellaneous papers relating to the outbreak of war including telegrams and letters from F.R.W. to Clayton re rumours of Prince Ḥusayn Kāmil succeeding as ruler of Egypt and the Sudan (193/4/176); Bishop Geyer re accusations against the Austrian mission in the Sudan (193/4/188-191); Clayton re the imminent declaration of a British protectorate over Egypt with Ḥusayn Kāmil as ruler (193/4/264). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (November 1914) - 193/4/176-328
193/4/207-263
1914 Nov 27-28
Summary of evidence taken at a court of enquiry into the arrest of Turkish agents at Port Sudan
193/4/265-268
1914 Nov 28
Sudan Government Gazette no. 267 ordering Turkish subjects resident in the Sudan to register with province governors
193/4/271-278
Papers relating to the support offered by the Princes and peoples of India to His Majesty in connection with the war East India (Military) cd. 7624
193/4/279-281
1914 Nov 28
Legal circulars, 1914 - instructions as to the exercise of powers under martial law
193/4/282-328
Correspondence respecting events leading to the rupture of relations with Turkey Miscellaneous no. 13 (1914) cd. 7628
192/3/1-295
1914 Dec 1 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams and correspondence from Maxwell re the future of the Turkish Empire after the cessation of hostilities (192/3/19-21); Herbert re the proposed deposition of `Abbās Ḥilmī and declaration of a protectorate in Egypt (192/3/27-29); T. Astley Cubitt, Makkawī and G.F. Archer re events in Somaliland and the success of Cubitt's military engagements there (192/3/31-32,34-45,49-50); telegram from the F.O. to Cheetham ordering the publication of a proclamation of protectorate in Egypt and the appointment of Prince Ḥusayn Kāmil as Sultan (192/3/46-48); Clayton re attempts to gain the support of the Sanūsī (192/3/53-57), with F.R.W.'s reply (192/3/124-125); Fitzgerald re policy towards Turkey and military advances into Turkish territories (192/3/58-59); Bulḥān `Alī, and Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh (the 'Mullah') re the latter's desire for peace (192/3/65-68); Makkawī re developments in Somaliland and scarcity of food in Jiddah and Mecca (192/3/70-81); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the British anxiety to safeguard Islamic holy places from attack and intrusion (192/3/87-88); F.R.W. to Wilson re arrangements for the defence of Port Sudan (192/3/89-90); F.O. telegram re channels of communication between Egypt and foreign representatives under the terms of the protectorate (192/3/133); Herbert and Kenny re arrangements for the inauguration of the new Sultan (192/3/135-137,144-146); Makkawī re attempts by the Turkish governor of San`a to win the support of the tribes in Yemen (192/3/138-141); Maxwell re the appointment of McMahon as High Commissioner for Egypt (192/3/142-143); F.R.W. to Doughty Wylie, Wilson, Clayton, Kenny and Herbert re the accession and subsequent parade of the new Sultan of Egypt (192/3/175-177,191-207); Clayton re the desertion of troops at Suez, the imposition of military control over the canal zone and defence arrangements for the canal (192/3/193-196); F.R.W. to Herbert re changes affecting the Egyptian Army under the new regime in Egypt (192/3/208-215); Doughty Wylie re affairs in Abyssinia (192/3/239-241); F.R.W. to Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil re the need for his presence in Khartoum (192/3/245-254); Clayton re the work of the new military intelligence section (192/3/256-264); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the general attitude in the Sudan towards the British protectorate of Egypt (192/3/268-270). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (December 1914) - 192/3/1-295
192/3/3-6
Draft article on the loyalty of the Sudanese people
192/3/92-123
List of Europeans resident in the Sudan
192/3/127-128
Note of orders for the Red Sea patrol from Vice-Admiral R.H. Peirse
192/3/148-157
List of Europeans entering and leaving the Sudan during Nov 1914
192/3/168
Copy of proclamation declaring Egypt a British protectorate thereby terminating the suzerainty of Turkey over Egypt
192/3/181-183
Staff arrangements for the parade in honour of the Sultan of Egypt's accession
192/3/185-188
Intelligence report by C.L. Woolley on Turkish activities and events in Egypt
192/3/276-292
List of personal events and engagements from 18 May 1910 - 31 Dec 1914
101/28/14-18
1914 Dec 2
Photographic copy of a proclamation, said to have been prepared by the Khedive for distribution in Egypt, with English translation. The proclamation calls upon the Muslim people of Egypt to rise up against their rulers in support of the German/Ottoman cause
157/12/1-59
1914 Dec 8 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Herbert re Ḥusayn Kāmil's objections to British proposals for a new flag for Egypt (157/12/1-7); F.R.W. to Kenny re attempts by Enver Pasha to suborn the Sudanese officers of the Egyptian Army (157/12/11-12); F.R.W. to Herbert re arrangements for the accession of Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil (157/12/15-17); telegrams between Ḥusayn Kāmil and F.R.W. on the accession (157/12/20-24); Drake re the relationship between the new Sultan and the Egyptian Army (157/12/34-35); F.R.W. to Herbert re the selection of officers for the Sultan's entourage, the proposed change of words of command in the army from Turkish to Arabic and alterations to the former Khedivial regulations (157/12/36-43); F.R.W. to Kenny re his disquiet at the role of the War Minister as intermediary between the Palace and the War Office (157/12/44-47). Also includes :
Digitised material for Sudan Archive - Wingate Papers - SAD.157/12
157/12/25-33
1914 Dec 20
Transliterated copy of Arabic speech given at the reception in Khartoum in honour of the accession of Ḥusayn Kāmil
193/5/1
1914 Dec 18
Sudan Government Gazette no. 269 containing the text of the proclamation of a British protectorate over Egypt
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (December 1914) / 193/5/1
292/21/1-158
1914
“Memorandum on the finances, administration and condition of the Sudan”. Ts. copy of the Governor-General's annual report
194/1/1-158
1915 Jan 2 - 18
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton re the questionable loyalty of Indian troops (194/1/1-4,145-148); F.R.W. to Russell and Clayton re a possible Turkish attack on the Suez Canal (194/1/17-18,46-48); F.R.W. to Cheetham re the despatch of Sudanese troops to Uganda to assist in repelling German offensives (194/1/21); Ḥusayn Kāmil re the establishment of the protectorate over Egypt and his role in the future government (194/1/25-26); Clayton re the treatment of deserters, intelligence gathering from Palestine and Syria, F.R.W.'s policy regarding relations between the Sudan and Egypt and plans for a military response in the event of hostility from the Sanūsī (194/1/27-30); F.R.W. to McMahon congratulating him on his appointment as High Commissioner for Egypt (194/1/31-34); Makkawī re correspondence from Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh (the 'Mullah') seeking reconciliation and peace, intelligence news on Turkish and Arab operations at Shaikh Sa`d and shipments of grain from Aden to Jiddah and Mecca (194/1/35-43); G. Gondos, commander of Turkish forces in Sinai to the abbot of St Katherine's monastery, Mt. Sinai demanding supplies and immediate recognition of the sovereignty of the Sultan (194/1/44); F.R.W. to Kenny and Herbert re the appointment of military staff for Ḥusayn Kāmil and Kenny's appointment as the Sultan's British A.D.C. (194/1/49-56); F.R.W. to Clayton re British interference in Arabian politics (194/1/72-75); F.R.W. to Cromer re a recent article in The Times on the stability of the Sudan and the propaganda value of the many recent protestations of Sudanese loyalty (194/1/79-83); F.R.W. to McMahon re the loyalty of the Sultan to the British protectorate (194/1/96); Drake and Brunyate re the question of the Sultan retaining his own army after the formal declaration of a British protectorate in Egypt (194/1/99,101); Stack re the advantages of occupying Alexandretta (194/1/107); F.R.W. to Jacob re the lack of a clear policy towards Arabia (194/1/108-109); F.R.W. to G.F. Archer re the recent communication from the Mullah seeking reconciliation and the need for security on the Sudan/Abyssinia frontier (194/1/111-113); W.G. Hayter and Cecil to Cheetham re Egyptian Government control over Sudan ordinances (194/1/118,138); F.R.W. to Clayton re British Arab policy (194/1/124-129); Clayton re prospects for reviving the Tsana Treaty between Britain and Abyssinia (194/1/135-137,158); Wilson re the effect of Turkish jihād propaganda on the Red Sea coast (194/1/143-144); Clayton re the use of an intelligence ship on the El Arish coast and attempts to isolate Alexandretta (194/1/145-148); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the recent communication from the Mullah, the sentencing of a Turco-Sudan officer for spying and the possibility of German intrigue in Abyssinia (194/1/156-158). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (January 1915 part 1) - 194/1/1-158
194/1/92-95
Note on British policy in Arabia with reference to the situation on the Red Sea Littoral
194/1/102
1914 Dec 19
Extract from The Sudan Herald incorporating the text of a letter from the Acting Agent and Consul General in Egypt to Prince Ḥusayn Kāmil on the formal declaration of a British protectorate in Egypt
194/1/119-123
List of Europeans entering the Sudan, 1-7 Dec 1914
158/1/1-3
1915 Jan 5
First letter received from Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil after his accession re his hopes for the new regime in Egypt
Digitised material for Letter from Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil - 158/1/1-3
122/6/12-25
1915 Jan 16 - Jun 23
Correspondence re contributions from the Sudan to the Prince of Wales' National Relief Fund
194/1/159-299
1915 Jan 19 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to O'Callaghan and Wilson re the present stability of the Sudan, the need for vigilance against Turco-German propaganda in Arabia and supplies of food for Jiddah (194/1/168-169,171-173); F.R.W. to A. Hutton re financing the Sudan cotton crop (194/1/181-182); F.R.W. to Clayton re the possibility of establishing a clear Arab policy and of countering Turco-German propaganda in Arabia (194/1/195-196); F.R.W. to F. Milner and W. Mather re the reasons for the present stability of the Sudan and the need to retain British officers on the active list in the Sudan (194/1/201-205,221-223); Kenny re his position as A.D.C. to the Sultan and the impending Turkish attack (194/1/217-220); F.R.W. to Clayton re the Turkish advance, the continuing supply of food to the Holy Places and attacks in the journal Near East against Slatin (194/1/231-234); Makkawī re intelligence on Turkish movements and operations and the involvement of the Imām in a possible attack on Aden, the presence of German officers in Yemen and the situation in Somaliland (194/1/238-241); F.R.W. to Herbert re the former's decision not to publish news in the Sudan of the Turkish advance (194/1/258-259); Maxwell re military preparations against the Turkish advance (194/1/266-269); F.R.W. to Grey, Cromer and Clayton re the interpretation of a speech made by F.R.W. as being an attack on the Jewish race in Turkey (194/1/270-275); F.R.W. and Clayton re British Arab policy and the position of the Sanūsī with regard to the Turkish advance, the unsettled state of Egypt and Arab desire for a future independent Arab state (194/1/280-281,292-294). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (January 1915 part 2) - 194/1/159-299
194/1/186-189
List of Europeans entering the Sudan via Port Sudan during Dec 1914
194/1/224-230
Note by Zakī Pasha on the national colours of Muslim Egypt
194/1/273-274
1915 Jan 1
Copy article from The Jewish Chronicle criticising a speech made by F.R.W. as being an attack on the Jewish race in Turkey
194/1/276
1915 Jan 30
Illustration from The Sphere showing the new flag of Egypt
194/1/288-291
List of officers whose contracts expired during the period 5 Aug 1914 - 31 Jan 1915
194/1/295-299
Notes on Arab policy by George Lloyd including the situation in Iraq, the British occupation of Basra and Shatt al-Arab and the need to establish British forces as far north as Baghdad
205/1/1-76
1915 Jan 28 - May 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career, chiefly concerning the progress of the war and the movement and disposition of officers and troops. Includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (Jan - May 1915) - 205/1/1-76
205/1/15
Note of composition of the Dardanelles Expeditionary Force
205/1/29-31
List showing distribution of 'Passed by censor' stamps issued by Headquarter Office, Canal Defences
205/1/38-44
1915 May 26
Report by Bimb. B.A. Forbes on a tour of duty with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, with roll of officers serving with the force
205/1/47-53
1915 May 26
List of British officers employed with British or Colonial troops in Egypt and overseas since the outbreak of war
205/1/54-57
List of British officers employed with Egyptian troops on duties in connection with the defence of Egypt, since the outbreak of war
205/1/58-68
List of Egyptian and Syrian officers employed with British, Colonial, Indian and Egyptian troops on duties in connection with the defence of Egypt, since the outbreak of war
205/1/69-70
List of Egyptian officers serving with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
205/1/71-74
1915 May 26
Reports by Capt. J. Newton Brown and Capt. C.M. Hickley on the mutiny of soldiers of the 4th Company, Works Battalion, Egyptian Railway Corps at Alexandria
194/2/1-100
1915 Feb 3 - 17
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Herbert re rumours of Indian troops being sent back to Egypt from France (194/2/1-3); F.R.W. to Herbert, Scott Hill and Maxwell re the Turkish attack on the Suez Canal (194/2/8-9,12-13,29); F.R.W. to Kenny re the latter's duties as A.D.C. to the Sultan (194/2/10-11,41-42); F.L. Cohen re F.R.W.'s recent alleged insulting remarks about the Jewish race in Turkey (194/2/33-34); B.T. Wilson re details of the Turkish attack on the Suez Canal and the civilian exodus from Ismailia (194/2/35-36); Castle Smith re detailed intelligence information on Franco-Belgian military operations against the Germans in the Congo and the Cameroons (194/2/37-40); F.R.W. to Clayton re the demands of the commander of the Turkish army made to the Abbot of St. Katherine's monastery, Mount Sinai (194/2/43); F.R.W. to Clayton re recent attacks on Slatin in the British press (194/2/44-45); F.R.W. to Herbert re problems in releasing British officers from the Sudan to serve at the front (194/2/48-50); F.R.W. to Clayton and Wilson re British Arab policy, the Imām's invasion of Aden and the effect of Turco-German propaganda (194/2/63-67,72-73); Cecil re Sudan budget proposals for 1915 (194/2/84-85). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (February 1915 part 1) - 194/2/1-100
194/2/17-18
1915 Feb 5
Printed copy of a letter from the Treasurer of the Prince of Wales's National Relief Fund to F.R.W. in appreciation of contributions from the Sudan
English and Arabic
194/2/74-83
1915 Feb 15
Note by G.S. Symes on British policy in Arabia and its relation to British Muslim policy
194/2/88-97
List of Europeans entering and leaving the Sudan during Jan 1915
194/2/101-199
1915 Feb 18 - 27
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re Britain's failure to call upon the expertise of the Sudan Government in developing an Arab policy and re the spread of Turco-German propaganda to the Sudan (194/2/101-102,104,178); Malfeyt, assistant governor general of Eastern Province, Belgian Congo announcing a successful military encounter against [German] led troops in the vicinity of Luvungi (194/2/103); F.R.W. to Herbert, Crawford, Kennedy, Wood and Strachey re the effect of Turco-German propaganda on Egyptian officers and officials in the Sudan (194/2/105-106,129-132,154-156,182-184,185-187,188-189); F.R.W. to A. Wingate re the misrepresentation in the Jewish press of his recent remarks about the Jewish race in Turkey (194/2/124-126); F.R.W. to Talbot re the recent attacks on Slatin in the British press and the effect of Turco-German propaganda on the Egyptian people (194/2/136-137); F.R.W. to Wilson re the possible involvement of junior Egyptian Army officers in the circulation of Turco-German propaganda and the appointment of Abū Bakr as nāẓir of the Jimalāb (194/2/141-143); Wilson re the possible employment of Rashaydah shaikhs as government agents to send messages to Arabia (194/2/147); F.R.W. to Clayton re Rashīd Riḍā's views on a future Arab Empire (194/2/150-153); F.R.W. to Cromer re the views of Egyptians on the current status of Egypt, and the formulation of British Arab policy (194/2/157-160); A.J. Chalmers and F.R.W. re work at the Wellcome Research Laboratories on cerebro-spinal meningitis (194/2/171-172,173); F.R.W. to the Sultan re the success of a punitive patrol against hostile tribes south east of Gondokoro (194/2/176-177); F.R.W. to Cecil re Sudan budget proposals for 1915 (194/2/195-196). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (February 1915 part 2) - 194/2/101-199
194/2/190-194
Translation of a memorandum by [Sayyid `Alī al-Mīrghanī] on 'The suzerainty and the influence of the Turks in Arabia'
194/2/197-199
List of Europeans who entered and left the Sudan by Port Sudan and Suakin during Feb 1915
194/3/1-137
1915 Mar 1 - 14
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bonham-Carter, Stack, F.R.W., Pearson and Willis re policy towards German and Austrian subjects in the Sudan (194/3/6-9,57); Makkawī re the need for a federation of tribes in the Aden Protectorate against the Imām and intelligence on Turkish military activities (194/3/16-19); F.R.W. to R.C.R. Owen re the pro-German attitude of young native officers (194/3/29-31); F.R.W. to Savile and Milner re Turco-German propaganda and the spread of false rumours by German missionaries (194/3/34-36,110-113); Castle Smith re the defeat of allied troops in German East Africa (194/3/50-53); Kenny, assessing the abilities of the new Sultan and the new High Commissioner for Egypt (194/3/60-63); F.R.W. to J.A. Hutton re financing the Tokar cotton crop (194/3/67-68); F.R.W. to McMahon re the need to resume work on the Blue Nile dam (194/3/80-87); F.R.W. to Cecil re the 1915 Sudan budget (194/3/89-92); F.R.W. to Clayton recommending an end to the sanctioning of Sudan ordinances by the Egyptian Government (194/3/97); F.R.W. to G.F. Archer re the situation in Somaliland and possible interference from Abyssinia (194/3/103-105); F.R.W. to Cecil re the proposed Sudan pension ordinance (194/3/108-109); F.R.W. to the Secretary, Gordon Memorial College re the continued progress of the college and its students (194/3/114-116); Clayton re delays in the processing of Sudan ordinances (194/3/118-121); F.R.W. to Wilson re German military activities on the Red Sea coast (194/3/131-133). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (March 1915 part 1) - 194/3/1-137
194/3/2-5
Lists of Europeans entering and leaving the Sudan in Feb 1915
194/3/55
Memorandum by C.A. Willis on the expulsion of foreign merchants
194/3/69-71
Translation of an article sent by a Cairo correspondent to the Italian newspaper Seculo concerning the commencement of British military operations against German East Africa
158/2/1-17
1915 Mar 7 - 28
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including telegrams from Clayton to Symes re the decision to abandon plans for the capture of Alexandretta and preparations for operations in the Dardanelles (158/2/15-17). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (March 1915) - 158/2/1-17
158/2/2-7
1915 Mar 7
Report of the Stamp Duty Commission
158/2/8-14
1915 Mar
'Memorandum in regard to the use of impressed or adhesive stamps for denoting stamp duties and to the methods in use in the United Kingdom for producing impressed stamps'
194/3/138-305
1915 Mar 15 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Kitchener, F.R.W., Maxwell and Clayton re the withdrawal of British troops from the Sudan (l94/3/152,180-184,243-245,260-263); F.R.W. to Makkawī re Arab support for Turkey (194/3/163-165); Bridgman re German reports of the overrun of the Sudan by the Sanūsīyah (194/3/178-179); Wilson re the trial of slave traders at Port Sudan (194/3/186-187); F.R.W. to Clayton and Kenny re the need for him to remain in the Sudan probably until the end of the war (194/3/199-201,204-206); F.R.W. to Milner and R.J. Collins re the need to keep British officers in the Sudan and the effect of Turco-German propaganda (194/3/207-210,227-230); F.R.W. to Castle Smith and Clayton re the failure of the attack on the German East Africa port (194/3/213-215,220); F.R.W. to Woodward re the behaviour of German missionaries in Upper Nile Province (194/3/216-217); Garsia re details of the army budget for 1915 (194/3/231-234); F.R.W. to Lovat re the success of the cotton harvest at Barakat and Tayiba (194/3/236-237); F.R.W. to Clayton re unrest in Dongola, Kordofan and Darfur due to the spread of propaganda (194/3/246-247); Makkawī re developments in the Yemen, Aden and Somaliland (194/3/249-252); Cecil re the army budget (194/3/255-256); Hardinge re his views on future policy towards Arabia (194/3/273-274,277); Maxwell re the deployment of troops in Egypt (194/3/275-276); Wilson re the building of a permanent hill station at Erkowit or Sinkat (194/3/279); F.R.W. to Cromer re the need to counter Turco-German propaganda by supporting the principle of an eventual independent Arab Caliphate and attempts by some British advisers in Egypt to gradually bring the Sudan into the position of a province of Egypt (194/3/298-301). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (March 1915 part 2) - 194/3/138-305
194/3/138-141
1915 Mar 15
Copy order in council concerning restrictions to be placed on the movement of merchant vessels
194/3/242
Note by the Financial Adviser on the budget of 1915
194/3/303-305
Précis of Ḥabīb Madanī's services under the Egyptian Government, 1888 - 1915
SAD.430/13/14[MP]
1915 Mar 19
Plans and elevations of a rolling lift bridge across the Blue Nile at Khartoum, by the Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Co Ltd., Darlington. Reproduced as a supplement to The Engineer.
scale:   1 : 72
Size: 42 x 55 cm
195/1/1-87
1915 Apr 1 - 9
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Garsia re details of the 1915 Egyptian Army budget (195/1/9-12); Clayton re British Arab policy and F.R.W.'s views on keeping the religious policy of the Sudan separate from that of Egypt (195/1/14-19); F.R.W. to Clayton re a revolt in the Kadugli area led by Faqī `Alī (195/1/22-25), with Clayton's reply (195/1/83-85); F.R.W. to Maxwell re arrangements for British officers in the Sudan to be given short spells of active service (195/1/29-30); Clayton re arrangements for centralising the organisation of military intelligence for allied operations in the Middle East in Cairo and indications of another Turkish advance on the Suez Canal (195/1/37-40); F.R.W. to Bridgman re an exchange of seeds, cuttings and plants between the New York Botanical Gardens and the Sudan Experimental Agricultural Station at Khartoum (195/1/50-52); F.R.W. and Makkawī re the latter's intelligence information from Aden on the movements and inclinations of various Arab tribes in the Yemen, the question of trade with Red Sea ports and the situation in Somaliland (195/1/53-55,56-61); F.R.W. to Wilson re the price of cotton (195/1/70-71); F.R.W. to Strachey re the need to put the question of the Arab Caliphate before the British public and proof of the deposed Khedive's involvement in Turco-German propaganda (195/1/72-73); R.E. More re an outbreak of cerebro-spinal meningitis in Shambat (195/1/77-78); McMahon re the improvement in public feeling towards the new Sultan (195/1/80-81)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (April 1915 part 1) - 195/1/1-87
195/1/88-186
1915 Apr 10 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Owen re the progress of Yei and Moru districts, the success of measures against sleeping sickness and prospects for a good harvest (195/1/89-94); Woodward re the spread of propaganda in Upper Nile Province by the Austrian and German missions (195/1/96); F.R.W. to Clayton and the Sultan, Herbert, Clayton and McMahon re the recent assassination attempt on the Sultan (195/1/102-103,109,129-131,137-139,162-163,172); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains and attempts by the late Khedive to influence Sudanese shaikhs (195/1/106-108); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains and the recent attempt on the Sultan's life (195/1/110-112); A. Chalmers, enclosing photomicrographs of the organism of cerebro-spinal meningitis (195/1/113-114) and A. Crispin re the outbreak of the disease at Shambat (195/1/115); Stamfordham re the recent slur on Slatin's reputation (195/1/116-117); Maxwell re continuing Turkish attacks on the Suez Canal and the problems of accommodating huge influxes of troops and horses in Egypt (195/1/118-119); H.F. Elgee re unrest among the XIIth Sudanese at Rumbek (195/1/132-136); Crowfoot re the exchange of seeds between the Sudan and the U.S.A. (195/1/151); F.R.W. to Savile and Wilson re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains and the effect of Turco-German propaganda on some Sudanese tribes (195/1/158-159,183-186); F.R.W. to Strachey re the seizure of the properties of the ex-Khedive and his family (195/1/160); H.C. Jackson re his experiences with the French fleet off Syria (195/1/164); F.R.W. to Clayton re the recent attempt on the Sultan's life, British Arab policy and restrictions on pilgrims during the state of war (195/1/168-171); F.R.W. to Herbert re the recent attempt on the Sultan's life, the Allied offensive against Constantinople and the revolt in the Nuba Mountains (195/1/173-176); F.R.W. to Owen re the punitive patrol against Faqī `Alī in the Nuba Mountains (195/1/177-179). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (April 1915 part 2) - / 195/1/88-186
195/1/97
1915 Apr 10
Memorandum by E.S. Crispin on the outbreak of cerebro-spinal meningitis in Khartoum Province
195/1/120-128
1915 Apr 13
Lists of Europeans entering and leaving the Sudan during Mar 1915
195/1/152
1915 Apr 16
Newspaper cutting from The Near East re Lord Edward Cecil's note on the finances of Egypt
195/1/187-306
1915 Apr 21 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Makkawī re intelligence information from Aden on Turkish military activities, the movements and inclinations of Arab tribes in the Yemen, rumours of a proposed German assisted Turkish invasion of the Aden Protectorate, the state of trade in Aden and the Yemen, Italy's trade with the Red Sea ports and the effect of the British blockade on trade in the area, and the situation in Somaliland (195/1/200-212); F.R.W. to A. Wingate re future peace terms involving Arab countries and the British occupation of Basra (195/1/213-215); F.R.W. to Drake and Kennedy re the revolt of Faqī `Alī in the Nuba Mountains (195/1/216-217,218-220); Clayton re incursions across the Egyptian frontier by armed parties of Sanūsīyah (195/1/223-224); F.R.W. to Cecil and McMahon re inadequate supplies of small arms and ammunition to the Egyptian Army (195/1/226,227-229); H.C. Jackson with information on the military situation around Alexandretta and progress of the Allied advance in the Dardanelles (195/1/242); C. Wigram re the progress of the war in Europe and the Middle East (195/1/243-246); Stack re criticism of Maxwell's handling of the Turkish retreat from the canal and the proposed proclamation on the future of the Arabian peninsula (195/1/251-252); F.R.W. to Cromer re Shaikh Rashīd Riḍā's agreement to temporarily cease publishing articles and books against christianity and the work of the missions (195/1/258); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald proposing that non-seriously injured British officers temporarily replace those serving in the Sudan and re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains (195/1/259-260); F.R.W. to Hardinge re the inclusion of an independent Arab state in any future peace terms (195/1/261-263); Archer re the situation in Somaliland and impending operations on the Makheir coast (195/1/271-273); Savile re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains (195/1/274-275); F.R.W. to Herbert re the revolt in the Nuba Mountains and the impossibility of imposing death sentences for deserters from the Egyptian Army during the current crisis (195/1/287-288); H.W. Jackson re the capture of gun-runners in Merowe District (195/1/304). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (April 1915 part 3) - 195/1/187-306
195/1/253
1915 Apr 28
Newspaper cutting from The Aden Focus on the situation in Somaliland and the desertion of some of the Mullah's allies
195/1/306
Breakdown of work involved in investigating bankruptcies
195/1/312-313
Notes on the cost of the Sudan revenue administrative system
158/3/1-3
1915 Apr 22 - 28
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Kitchener re the future of the Caliphate, the 'protectorate' arrangement with regard to Egypt, the possibility of a great African vice-royalty encompassing Egypt, the Sudan, Uganda, East Africa and Somaliland and the future independent Arab state (158/3/2-3)
Digitised material for Wingate to Kitchener re the future of the Caliphate - SAD.158/3/1-3
195/2/1-114
1915 May 1 - 19
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including F.R.W. to Clayton re the timing of the issue of the proclamation on the proposed Arab sovereign state and the Caliphate (195/2/2-3); Stack re the progress of the Dardanelles operations, the heavy losses and casualties sustained, inadequate facilities for the wounded in Cairo and the rising popularity of the Sultan since the attempt on his life (195/2/7-8); Clayton re the possibility of British mediation between the Sanūsī and the Italians (195/2/9-10), with F.R.W.'s reply (195/2/37-41); Makkawī re intelligence information from Aden on Turkish military activities in the Yemen and the Aden Protectorate, the state of trade with Arabian ports and the situation in Somaliland (195/2/11-20); F.R.W. to Clayton re the drain of British officers and civilians from the Sudan to the war effort (195/2/23-28) and re the deteriorating relationship with Sultan `Alī Dīnār of Darfur (195/2/86-87); Rundle, praising Kitchener's organisation of British military forces (195/2/46-51); F.R.W. to Bridgman re American reaction to the German sinking of the Lusitania (195/2/57-58); F.R.W. to Hardinge re the proposed choice of the Sharīf of Mecca as nominee for Caliph in succession to the present Sultan, the need for a British proclamation supporting the formation of an independent Arab state and Muslim agreement to the incorporation of certain parts of Mesopotamia into the British Empire (195/2/59-60); Symes and F.R.W. to Savile re the need to delay the proposed registration of slaves of the Ḥumr Agaira tribe in Kordofan (195/2/61,99-100); F.R.W. to Clayton and McMahon re the re-opening of trade in food stuffs with Jiddah, the aspirations of Egyptian nationalists to run the new Caliphate, the timing of a declaration on the future Caliphate, Sayyid `Alī al-Mīrghanī's views that tangible assistance and support be given to the Sharīf of Mecca and recommendations as to the Sultan's staff (195/2/64-67,70); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the effects of Turco-German propaganda in the Nuba Mountains and among the Shilluk, the drain of British personnel in the Sudan to the Dardanelles operations and the possible future revolt of `Alī Dīnār (195/2/74-76); Clayton re the Sultan's views on army reforms (195/2/77-78); F.R.W. to W.L. Balls re the latter's spacing experiments in Egyptian cotton at Giza and the success of the cotton crop in the Sudan (195/2/80); F.R.W. to H.W. Jackson re the loyalty of shaikhs in Dongola Province despite propaganda and famine (195/2/91-92); Wilson re naval activity in the Red Sea and the advance by the Idrīsī's force on Hodeida and Loheir (195/2/103-106); Pearson re the need for a force at Nahud to protect against raids from Darfur (195/2/108-109)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (May 1915 part 1) - 195/2/1-114
158/4/1-50
1915 May 3 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from G. Gillson, F. Gore Anley and H. Ensor re their war experiences in Europe (158/4/12-15,22); telegram from Asst. Director of Intelligence re the activities of a German spy in Abyssinia (158/4/24); H. Castle Smith re an earthquake at Rejaf (158/4/25-27); Symes to Boyd re the distribution of pamphlets in Arabia (158/4/28); Clayton re communications with the Sharīf regarding the distribution of monies for the guardianship of the holy places (158/4/29). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (May 1915) - 158/4/1-50
158/4/1-10
1915 May 3
Note by Henry Higgs, Inspector General, to the Financial Adviser on the hoarding of gold
158/4/16-19
1915 May 1-10
Resumé of operations of the 12th Infantry Brigade in France by F. Gore Anley
158/4/32-50
1915 May 31
Report on Egyptian revenue by Henry Higgs, Inspector General
195/2/115-227
1915 May 20 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Crowfoot re the discovery of the remains of a large Meroitic village at Banga (195/2/116); F.R.W. to Wilson re the resumption of trade with Jiddah and the smuggling of counter-propaganda and secret communications into Jiddah (195/2/118-122,219-222); Drake re the causes of Faqī `Alī's revolt in the Nuba Mountains (195/2/123-127); F.R.W. to Archer re pending operations on the Makheir coast and against the Mullah in Somaliland and general unrest in the Sudan (195/2/128-130); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the re-opening of trade between the Sudan and Jiddah (195/2/133-135); F.R.W. to Wigram re the Caliphate question being taken up in the press, the growing unrest in Darfur under `Alī Dīnār, the inclinations of the Sanūsī, the revolt in the Nuba Mountains and probable advantages should Italy decide to join the Allies (195/2/136-140); F.R.W. to Drake re the disposition of troops in the Sudan (195/2/143-145); Clayton re the Sanūsī question, the effect of Turco-German propaganda on `Alī Dīnār, the re-opening of trade with Jiddah and the Caliphate question (195/2/146-151); F.R.W. to Pearson re the intentions of `Alī Dīnār and preparations for possible military conflict (195/2/152-155); Stack re the swarms of locusts heading north over Khartoum towards Berber Province (195/2/156); Drake re causes of the increase in desertions from the Egyptian Army and provincial defence arrangements (195/2/161-167); F.R.W. to Clayton re the entry of Italy into the war on the side of the Allies (195/2/172-174) and re difficulties in ascertaining Italian policy towards Arabia (195/2/187-188); Pearson re Anglo-Italian cooperation in Abyssinia (195/2/175-176); F.R.W. to Hamilton congratulating him on the success of the Dardanelles operations and re the need for a decisive result to allay unrest in the Muslim world in general (195/2/191-192); Clayton re the intentions of `Alī Dīnār and relations between the Sanūsī and the Italians (195/2/195-198); F.R.W. to H. Bray re the lack of medical facilities in Cairo for the huge influx of wounded and the recent outbreak of cerebro-spinal meningitis on the White and Blue Niles (195/2/199-200); F.R.W. to Sir Evelyn Wood re difficulties in countering the effects of propaganda in the Sudan (195/2/213-215). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (May 1915 part 2) - 195/2/115-227
195/2/142
1915 Jan 18
An appeal and report of meeting of Anglo-Egyptian Community.... [to discuss the Military Hospital Fund] (Alexandria, 1915)
195/2/158-160
1915 May 26
List of members of the new British Cabinet
195/2/179-182
1915 May 27
Intelligence report from Rear Admiral A. Huguet, Commanding the French Naval Division detached in Egypt to Vice Admiral R.H. Pierse on the reconnaissance conducted by the Montcalm in the Red Sea area
195/2/215
1915 May 28
Red Sea patrol orders
195/3/1-18
1915 May 31
An historical note by Na`ūm Shuqayr on the Maj`dhūbīyah ṭarīqah in Red Sea Province covering its origins, founder, current khalīfahs, the spread of its following and the developing quarrel between the head of the Maj`dhūbīyah ṭarīqah and those of the Mīrghanī ṭarīqah
Digitised material for Historical note by Na`ūm Shuqayr on the Maj`dhūbīyah ṭarīqah in Red Sea Province - 195/3/1-18
195/4/1-65
1915 Jun 1 - 7
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the need for British recognition of Sudanese loyalty, the distribution of British proclamations on the Arab question in the Arabian Peninsula and signs of a possible mutiny in the Equatorial Company at Yambio (195/4/1-5); Clayton re relations with the Sanūsī (195/4/8-11); W.G. Thesiger re the internal political situation in Abyssinia and Abyssinian attitudes toward Italy, Turkey and Germany (195/4/17-19); F.R.W. to McMahon re the necessity to award British decorations as opposed to Egyptian decorations to prominent Sudanese in return for their loyalty to the allied cause (195/4/20-22); Owen re recent earthquake shocks in Mongalla Province and the resulting damage, and the proposed operations against German East Africa (195/4/23-33,44-45); telegrams re the mutiny of the Equatorial Battalion at Yambio (195/4/47-63). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (June 1915) - 195/4/1-65
195/4/12-13
1915 Jun 2
Note of senior British officials on leave on medical grounds
195/4/34-43
1915 Jun 4
Note on the preliminary estimates for the 1916 budget and on the railway budget estimates for 1916
205/1/77-97
1915 Jun 1 - 26
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career chiefly concerned with the Works Battalion and the progress of the war and including copy telegrams between Maxwell and Hamilton re the conditions of service of Egyptian Works Companies (205/1/77); Hamilton, in praise of Egyptian Army officers on loan from the Sudan (205/1/84-85); Hamilton re reported resentment of short periods of service by Sudan officers (205/1/90), with F.R.W.'s reply (205/1/91-96). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (June 1915) - 205/1/77-97
205/1/83,89
Lists of officers seconded to Medforce
205/1/97
1915 Jun 26
Memorandum by Capt. Blunt, Commanding 6th Company, Egyptian Works Battalion on the terms of service of the battalion
158/5/1-53
1915 Jun 2 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Thesiger re Ras Waldo Georgis' objections to Armbruster as consul at Gondar and re Turkish and German communications with Lij Yasu (158/5/1-3); R.C.R. Owen re the effects of the earthquake at Mongalla (158/5/4-7); P. Boyle and H. Gresham re progress of the Dardanelles campaign and injuries received by former Sudan officials and Egyptian Army officers (158/5/9-11,18-19); Drake re Macnamara's proposed scheme for shedding the Bahr el Ghazal companies of the Equatorials (158/5/12-14); D.A. Fairbairn to Smith re his experiences on the Turkhana patrol (158/5/15-17); Drake re the temporary transfer of Egyptian Army officers to the Suez Canal defences and re his inspection of troops there (158/5/28-33); telegram from the Admiralty re steps to be taken in the event of war with Persia (158/5/49). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (June 1915) - 158/5/1-53
158/5/26-27
1915 Jun 26
Copy of a message dropped from a German aeroplane on Australian lines in Gallipoli
158/5/35-36
Note embodying W.E. Brunyate's views as to the advisability of introducing the new army discipline law
158/5/39-40
List of discharged Sudanese soldiers who made verbal complaints to the Sirdār at Kosti about their pensions, etc.
158/5/43-46
Resumé of information given by a Greek informer captured in the Dardanelles
195/4/66-146
1915 Jun 8 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Lord Derby re the state of Sudan cotton and the choice of a new chairman of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate to replace Eckstein (195/4/67-73); F.R.W. to Clayton re the British proclamation to the Arabs of Arabia (195/4/76-77); F.R.W. to Hamilton re the recent Works Battalion incident (195/4/80-81); Clayton re secret communications with the Sharīf of Mecca and re the Works Battalion incident (195/4/82-94); L. Bousfield re medical arrangements for the huge influx of wounded arriving in Alexandria (195/4/95-97); Wilson re arrangements for the distribution of the Arabian proclamation and tracing the sources of Turco-German propaganda in the Sudan (195/4/99-101), with F.R.W.'s reply (195/4/115-118); C.E. Palmer re the Sultan's proposed changes in the Egyptian Army (195/4/108); Stack to Symes re criminal law administration in Mongalla Province and the need to control the use of corporal punishment (195/4/109); F.R.W. to Gallini Pasha Fahmī re his views on the abolition of the Congregation Courts of Justice and tobacco growing in Egypt (195/4/121-122); F.R.W. to F.A. Bingham re British press criticism of Kitchener and the shortage of munitions (195/4/125-126); F.R.W. to Weinthal re the internal political situation in Abyssinia, the British shortage of munitions and proposed military operations in East Africa (195/4/142-145); H.W. Jackson re the seriousness of the plague of locusts in Dongola Province (195/4/146). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (June 1915) - 195/4/66-146
195/4/110-114
1915 Jun 13
Notes on meetings held in 1910 to discuss procedure for agreement between the Sudan Government and the Sudan Plantations Syndicate on cotton growing in the Sudan and to consider the question of a site for an agricultural experimental station in the Gezira
195/4/147-217
1915 Jun 16 - 21
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including McMahon re the political atmosphere in Egypt and the attitude of the Sanūsī (195/4/147); Clayton re British policy towards the Sanūsī and problems caused by submarines in the Red Sea (195/4/148-158) and re proposals for a joint Sudan/Abyssinia Commission to visit Lake Tsana to examine high water levels (195/4/178); Rashīd Riḍā to Ibrāhīm Dimitri refuting allegations that he was the author of anti-British propaganda and commenting on a pamphlet printed by Shaikh `Alī Yūsuf attacking the rights of France in Syria and calling upon Arab chiefs to unite against the Turks (195/4/159-169); F.R.W. to Savile re the failure to capture Faqī `Alī and the dispute between the Rizayqāt and `Alī Dīnār (195/4/180-182); F.R.W. to Stack re the slow progress in the Dardanelles and the shortage of British munitions (195/4/185-187); F.R.W. to R.S. Wilson re the hunt for Faqī `Alī after the suppression of the revolt in the Nuba Mountains (195/4/190-193); F.R.W. to Cromer re British policy towards Arab nationalism (195/4/197-198); F.R.W. to H.W. Jackson re the plague of locusts in Dongola Province (195/4/209); F.R.W. to Owen re the excessive use of corporal punishment in Mongalla Province (195/4/213-214)
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (June 1915) - 195/4/147-217
195/4/218-325
1915 Jun 22 - 30
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Drake re progress of the Dardanelles operations, Brunyate's views on the introduction of the new military law in Egypt and sanitary conditions in the temporary Egyptian Army hospital in Cairo (195/4/223-230), with F.R.W.'s reply (195/4/233-234); F.R.W. to Clayton re policy toward the Sanūsī (195/4/231-232); Clayton and F.R.W. (copy telegrams) re the need to continue work on the Makwar Dam (195/4/235,262); Stack re the results of a circular asking Egyptian officers to volunteer for service in the Dardanelles and the establishment of a system of intelligence for reporting the spread of locusts (195/4/236-237); Chalmers and F.R.W. re staff shortages affecting the routine work of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories, the successful use of vaccines against cerebro-spinal meningitis and the preparation of vaccines against typhoid, dysentery and cholera (195/4/239-241), with F.R.W.'s reply (195/4/263-264); Symes and Thesiger to Sir E. Grey re the appointment of a joint Sudan-Abyssinia Commission in connection with the proposed Tsana treaty (195/4/246-250); Clayton re the favourable reaction to the Arab proclamation and the problems during its preparation, the Sanūsī issue and the need to continue work on the Makwar Dam (195/4/251-260); F.R.W. to Hamilton re reported resentment by British Army officers of Egyptian Army officers on short term service in the Dardanelles and the unstable political situation in the Sudan (195/4/265-268); F.R.W. to Hutton re the successful financing of the Tokar cotton crop (195/4/269-270); F.R.W. to Bridgman and Stack re the possibility of developing a cotton oil industry in the Sudan (195/4/276-278,285); F.R.W. to Rivington re the need for a permanent convalescent station at Sinkat (195/4/282-284); C.E. Palmer re difficulties in obtaining supplies of arms and munitions for the Sudan (195/4/287-288); F.R.W. to Clayton re British policy towards the Sanūsī, Hamilton's report of criticism of Egyptian Army officers serving in the Dardanelles and the unstable situation in Darfur (195/4/292-293); M. Macdonald re the irrigation survey commission to Lake Tsana, funds for the Makwar Dam and the provision of further water for Egypt (195/4/296-299); F.R.W. and Thesiger re the Tsana Commission and the appointment of a new consul to replace Armbruster at Gondar (195/4/302-304); Stack re the reported criticism of the motives of Egyptian Army officers serving in the Dardanelles, reports of imminent invasion by `Alī Dīnār and the effect of this news on the frontier tribes (195/4/305); Clayton re plans to counter German and Austrian submarines, the Abyssinian situation and the Sanūsī question (195/4/306-319). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate file (June 1915) - 195/4/218-325
195/4/242-245
1915 Apr 14
Note by A.J. Chalmers on steps to be taken to prevent the spread of cerebro-spinal meningitis by oral and nasal disinfection
196/1/1-108
1915 Jul 1 - 15
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton, F.R.W., Pearson and Bernard (copy telegrams) re the proposed survey commission to Lake Tsana (196/1/1,13,14,19,55,100,101); F.R.W. to Clayton and Ibrāhīm Dimitri re Rashīd Riḍā's denial of allegations of his involvement in the publication of anti-British propaganda (196/1/2-3,7); Clayton re lack of finance for irrigation work in the Sudan (196/1/19); F.R.W. to Palmer re the shortage of munitions for the Sudan (196/1/26-28); Clayton re recent criticism of the 'medal hunting' motives of the Egyptian Army officers on short term service in the Dardanelles and comment on the slow and costly progress there (196/1/34-41); MacDonald, Clayton and F.R.W. re the proposed survey commission to Lake Tsana and resumption of work on the Makwar Dam (196/1/58-62,65-69,82-84); Clayton and F.R.W. re a second attempt on the Sultan's life and the shortage of munitions for the Sudan (196/1/72,78-81); Clayton re the political situation in Aden (196/1/74-76); F.R.W. to Von Donop re probable dangers should the Egyptian Army be short of munitions (196/1/96-99); T.B. Etherington-Smith to Bernard re the increase in the debit balance of the current account of the Sudan Government (196/1/102). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1915 part 1) - 196/1/1-108
196/1/15-18
Translation of a speech by the Grand Qāḍī reported in the Rā`id al-Sūdān on religious teaching in the Sudan
205/1/98-198
1915 Jul 1 - 29
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career chiefly concerning the Works Battalion and the progress of the war and including telegrams and correspondence from Lt. Col. N. Beynon, W.S. Blunt, Maj. S.H. Pollen and Hamilton re the terms of service of the Works Battalion (205/1/98,99,107-111); Kenny re the Sultan's dissatisfaction with the Egyptian Army, accusations of 'medal-hunting' against Egyptian Army officers and a detailed description of the circumstances leading up to the Works Battalion mutiny (205/1/119-122), with F.R.W.'s reply (205/1/145-153); Clayton, Maxwell and F.R.W. re Blunt's promise to the men of the Works Battalion that they would not be employed under fire (205/1/123-126,131-143); Maxwell re Hamilton's lack of success in the Dardanelles campaign (205/1/156-157); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the inevitability of a revolt in Darfur (205/1/158-164). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1915) - 205/1/98-198
205/1/169-198
1915 May 9
Report by Lt. Col. M.R. Kennedy on the employment of the Special Works Battalion on construction work for the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
158/6/1-66
1915 Jul 2 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including a number of letters from former Sudan officials concerning their experiences in France and the Gallipoli peninsula and correspondence from Drake re the new military law and the Sultan's views on the Egyptian Army (158/6/1-7); Clayton re discussions with Rashīd Riḍā and the arrival of Sir Mark Sykes in Cairo to report on proposed solutions to the near eastern question put forward by an inter-departmental committee in London (158/6/16-25,41-45); Sharīf Ḥusayn to Storrs requesting donations of corn from Egypt for the holy cities of Mecca and Medina (158/6/27-28); Clayton re the failure of political and intelligence work in Aden, the attempt on the Sultan's life, the activities of the Committee of Union and Progress and the incompetence of G.H.Q. Medforce in the Dardanelles (158/6/41-45). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1915) - 158/6/1-66
158/6/26
Note by G.S. Symes of objections to proposal 'no.5' as a solution to the near eastern question
158/6/29-30
Note from Sharīf Ḥusayn of Arab demands for an independent state
158/6/34
List of staff in the Upper Nile, Nuba Mountains and Sennar provinces
158/6/54-66
1915 Jul 31
Memorandum by E. Hope Vere on Pan-Islamism and Turco-German intrigues in Morocco, written after conversations with Prince `Azīz Ḥasan of Egypt
196/1/109-222
1915 Jul 16 - 24
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Makkawī re the fall of Lahej and the death of its Sultan, Turkish threats to attack Aden and the inter-relationship between the Idrīsī, the Sanūsī and the Imām (196/1/112-114); F.R.W. to the Sultan re the second attempt on the latter's life (196/1/115); Cecil, Maurice de Bunsen, B.B. Cubitt, M.P.A. Hankey, Clayton, F.R.W., and Palmer re the proposed increase in the reserves of munitions in the Sudan to meet the requirements of an emergency in Darfur (196/1/116-119,152,169-170,177,182); F.R.W. to Clayton, Clayton, and F.R.W. to MacDonald re the proposed survey commission to Lake Tsana (196/1/120-122,172,186-187); F.R.W. to Jackson re the disappearance of locusts from Dongola Province (196/1/126-127); Bishop Geyer re the need for schoolbrothers of English nationality to teach at Khartoum (196/1/140-141); F.R.W. to Clayton re the reluctance of Egyptian officers to be involved in the Dardanelles campaign (196/1/150-151); F.R.W. to Hardinge and Grey re the Sharīf of Mecca as possible successor to the Sultan of Turkey as Caliph (196/1/154-155,162-163); F.R.W. to Clayton and Hamilton re the recent Works Battalion incident (196/1/158-161,165-166); F.R.W. to Cromer re the need to prepare the public for changes in British Arab policy (196/1/179-180); F.R.W. to Wigram re the Caliph and future British Arab policy (196/1/197-202); F.R.W. to F. Balfour re the trial of Faqī `Alī in the Nuba Mountains (196/1/216-217); Bernard re finance for the Gezira scheme and the El Fasher expedition (196/1/223-226). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1915 part 2) - 196/1/109-222
196/1/111
1915 Jul 16
Cutting from the Near East on Sudan finances in 1914 and the probable effects of the war on future budgets
196/1/142-149
1915 Jul 19
Intelligence note on the Sharīf of Mecca, Ḥusayn ibn `Alī - his personal history, character, political views and household, with covering note by G.S. Symes
196/1/203-210
1915 Jul 24
Note by G.S. Symes on 'The Caliphate and the future of Islam'
196/1/223-301
1915 Jul 26 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Bernard and F.R.W. re Sudan indebtedness to Egypt (196/1/223-224,289-290,291-292); F.R.W. to the W.O. re the placing of an order for ammunition in America (196/1/225); F.R.W. to W. Tyrrell re the recruitment of British priests for work in the Austrian Mission (196/1/226-228); F.R.W. to Kenny re the recent Works Battalion incident and advice on the latter's working relationship with the Sultan (196/1/232-240); F.R.W. to Maxwell re the situation in Darfur, the need for better communications with the Sultan, Turkish successes in Aden and German involvement in revolts throughout Africa, Arabia and the Near East (196/1/241-247); F.R.W. to Clayton re the purchase of reserve ammunition, the situation in Darfur and Aden and Italy's entry into the war (196/1/248-252); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald re the shortage of munitions in the Sudan, the situation in Darfur and relations with the Sanūsī (196/1/253-256); F.R.W. to Rivington re the need for a permanent station for British troops at Sinkat (196/1/263-265); C.E. Palmer to A.L. Webb re the supply of ammunition to the Sudan (196/1/266-267); Stack and F.R.W. to Drake and Stack re the severity of the locust plaque in the north (196/1/268,293-294,299-300); Sultan Ḥusayn Kāmil re the second attempt on his life, identifying the sources of opposition to his rule in Egyptian society, re the existence of a subversive element in the Egyptian Army and suggesting the appointment of an officer to act as F.R.W.'s representative in Cairo to the Sultan in both administrative and military matters (196/1/274-288); F.R.W. to Kennedy re the progress of the war in the Dardanelles and the effect of Turco-German propaganda within the Sudan and in surrounding countries (196/1/295-298); Crowfoot re proposals to reorganise the teaching in Gordon College along more Anglophile lines (196/1/311). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (July 1915 part 3) - 196/1/223-301
196/1/272
1915 Jul 29
Note by Ḥusayn Rushdī, President of the Council of Ministers, to the Minister of the Interior on the employment of non Egyptian nationals in the administration
205/1/199-271
1915 Aug 1 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career, primarily concerned with the Special Works Battalion incident and the progress of the Dardanelles campaign and including correspondence from Maxwell re the drain of officers and men to the front, leading to a severe weakening of Egypt's defences (205/1/200-202); F.R.W. to Maxwell re preparations for the possible conquest of Darfur and the apportioning of blame between Blunt and Kennedy for the Works Battalion incident (205/1/211-218); F.R.W. to Hamilton re his personal involvement in raising the Works Battalion (205/1/220-223); F.R.W. to Clayton and Hamilton re the need to recall Herbert for service as liaison officer between the Sultan and the Sirdār (205/1/224-226,227-232); telegrams from Hamilton and F.R.W. re the mutiny of men of three Egyptian Works companies on 23 Aug (205/1/234-235); F.R.W. to Clayton re the repercussions of the Works Battalion incident, particularly on his position as Sirdār (205/1/238-242); Maxwell re the mismanagement of the Works Companies and the lack of success at Gallipoli (205/1/245-247); telegrams between Hamilton, F.R.W. and Midwinter re promises made to men of the Works Battalion that they would serve no more than 90 days and the consequent decision to recall them (205/1/263-264). Also includes:
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (August 1915) - 205/1/199-271
205/1/251-262
1915 Aug 28
Report by Capt. W.S. Blunt on promises made to the men of the Works Battalion, with copies of relevant correspondence
196/2/1-88
1915 Aug 2 - 10
Correspondence from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including Clayton re the need to reorganise the secret police of Egypt (196/2/3); F.R.W. to Kitchener re the proposed reorganisation of the teaching in Gordon College along British lines (196/2/10-11); F.R.W. to Hamilton re the Works Battalion incident (196/2/12-14); F.R.W. to Makkawī re the situation in the Aden Protectorate and the position of the Idrīsī (196/2/17-19); F.R.W. to Bridgman re proposals to establish a cotton seed oil industry in the Sudan (196/2/30-31); Thesiger re the proposed survey commission to Lake Tsana, pro-German feeling in Abyssinia and the planned wireless link between Addis Ababa and Khartoum via Gambeila (196/2/43); Ḥusayn Kāmil, explaining his decision not to visit wounded native troops recently returned from Gallipoli (196/2/44-46); Kenny re the recent assassination attempt against the Sultan and its effect on his attitude to the Egyptian Army, the duties of the Sultan's bodyguard and difficulties in dealing with the Sultan (196/2/47-52); F.R.W. to F. Penfield re his assistance in exchanging communications with Slatin (196/2/53-54); F.R.W. to Lord Lovat and D.P. MacGillivray re the decision to purchase the Sudan cotton crop in the Sudan and the need to resume work on the Makwar Dam (196/2/59-61,62-64); Cromer and Strachey re the present dangers of publishing articles on the Caliph question (196/2/72-74,78-80); Clayton to R. Graham re native press censorship (196/2/84-86); Wigram re the Caliph and the future of Islam (196/2/87-88)
158/7/1-124
1915 Aug 4 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton re the general shortage of arms and ammunition, lack of progress in the Dardanelles, loss of political prestige in Aden and the Sultan's demand for a senior officer to command Egyptian Army troops in Cairo (158/7/1-6); telegram from Clayton re an attack on British submarines in Salūm bay by Arab gunmen (158/7/54-55); F.R.W. to Clayton re the positive influence of shaikhs and `umdahs in the Sudan and the lack of sympathy between English administrators and the Egyptian people (158/7/68-76); Maxwell to Kitchener re the incident at Salūm and active operations by the Sanūsīyah against the Italians in the west (158/7/79-82); Clayton re Sir Mark Sykes' reports on the near eastern situation and the inadequacies of the Egyptian system of government (158/7/93-99); F.R.W. to F. Balfour re the escape of Faqī `Alī (158/7/116-119). Also includes :
Digitised material for General Sir Reginald Wingate files (August 1915) - 158/7/1-124
158/7/8-28
1915 Jul 14-Aug 6
Three reports by Sir Mark Sykes incorporating Sir John Maxwell's views on the report of the committee on Asiatic Turkey (158/7/8-10); summary of the views of representatives of Syrian, Arabian, Armenian and Muslim opinion (158/7/11-20); analysis of certain intellectual forces at present developing in Egypt, Arabia and the Ottoman Empire (158/7/21-28)
158/7/45-47
Cutting from the Egyptian Gazette on 'Civil servants and the war'
158/7/57-67
1915 Aug 20
Memorandum on the Turkish campaign
158/7/84-85
1915 Aug 25
Anti-British propaganda - translation of a proclamation found in the shop of `Abd al-Qādir al-Ṣabbāgh
158/7/86-89
1915 Aug 25
Abstract of secret F.O. memorandum on the Indian sedition movement
158/7/102-115
1915 Aug 30
Extracts and notes taken from an Arabic pamphlet reportedly produced by Shaikh `Abd al-`Azīz Shāwīsh and his followers and containing a call to the jihād, with various Indian proclamations found at the Suez canal
196/2/89-202
1915 Aug 11 - 20
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the need to recall Herbert to Cairo to act as F.R.W.'s representative with the Sultan (196/2/90-92); F.R.W. to Drake re the probability of a military expedition against Darfur (196/2/93); F.R.W. to Maxwell re affairs in Aden, the situation in Abyssinia and Darfur and the probable need for British reinforcements in the Sudan, the questionable loyalty of younger native officers in the Egyptian Army and the Works Battalion incident (196/2/94-101); F.R.W. to the Sultan re the need for a senior British officer to represent him in Egypt, the questionable loyalty of some native Egyptian Army officers and appointments to the Sultan's personal staff (196/2/126-132); Clayton re the progress of the war in the Dardanelles and the Balkan states and increased Turkish activity in Syria and Asia Minor (196/2/139-145); Bernard and F.R.W. to Bernard re the Sudan budget (196/2/160-161,168-172,173-174); A.L. Webb re ammunition supplies for the Egyptian Army (196/2/162-163); F.R.W. to McMahon re the appointment of Pearson in charge of the Tsana mission (196/2/166); W.H. Bonham Carter re his personal finances (196/2/175-178); F.R.W. to Fitzgerald recommending the use amongst the troops of Dr. Chalmers' newly developed enteric preventive triple vaccine (196/2/187); F.R.W. to Savile re the need for secrecy over the situation in Darfur (196/2/197-198); F. Balfour and R.S. Wilson re the trial of Faqī `Alī, the causes of his revolt, the appointment of his successor and re the poor harvest in Nuba Mountains Province (196/2/199-200,201-202). Also includes :
196/2/105-111
1915 Aug 12
Memorandum by `Alī Mīrghanī on the future of the Arabian Caliphate in the event of the fall of Constantinople
196/2/203-316
1915 Aug 21 - 31
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from F.R.W. to Clayton re the lack of sympathy between British administrators and the local population in Egypt, anti-British feeling among Egyptian officers and the need for Clayton to accurately represent F.R.W.'s views to the home authorities (196/2/203-211); Owen from Mongalla re recruitment among the Acholi and the establishment of a new school by Archdeacon Shaw (196/2/221-226); F.R.W. to Castle-Smith re continuing earth tremors in Mongalla Province (196/2/228-229); F.R.W. to Drake re desertions from the 14th Sudanese Battalion and attempts by Dinka chiefs from Wau to join `Alī Dīnār (196/2/230-232); N.M. Smyth to Drake re the progress of the war in the Dardanelles (196/2/236); Clayton re relations with the Sanūsī, the aspirations of the Sharīf of Mecca, the Works Battalion incident and poor organisation and leadership in the Dardanelles (196/2/237-242); F.R.W. to Clayton re the Works Battalion incident and its possible propaganda value to nationalists (196/2/243-247); Pearson re the Tsana mission (196/2/248-250,299-304); F.R.W. to Cromer and Hardinge re the need to publicise views on the Caliphate in the British press and F.R.W.'s preference for a Pan-Arabian solution to the problems of the future government of Syria, Mesopotamia and the Arabian peninsula (196/2/257-263,265-269); F.R.W. to Clayton and F. Balfour re the Idrīsī's mission to the Sanūsī, and the escape of Faqī `Alī (196/2/270-272,294-297); F.R.W. to Von Donop re the supply of ammunition to the Egyptian Army (196/2/286-287). Also includes:
196/2/233-234
1915 Aug 23
Memorandum by G.D. Hornblower, Ministry of the Interior Cairo, on native press censorship
196/2/253-256
1915 Aug 25
Note by F.R.W. on a possible Pan-Arabian solution to the problems of the future government of Syria, Mesopotamia and the Arabian peninsula
196/2/312-314
Draft army orders concerning the oath of allegiance to the Sultan on the occasion of his accession
196/2/315-316
Incomplete note by `Alī Mīrghanī on the Caliphate question
196/3/1-93
1915 Sep 1 - 7
Papers from F.R.W.'s Sudan career including correspondence from Clayton re the Sultan's views on punishment for t