J. Carmichael
Introduction
John Carmichael
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
(a) Irrigation, 1919-1959
(b) Cotton marketing, 1952-1959
(c) National currency, 1953-1959
(d) Sudan Defence Force, 1955
(e) Sudanisation, 1953-1956
(f) Development, 1954-1962
(g) Other financial papers, 1924-1959
(h) Political Papers
(i) Correspondence, 1950-1959
(j) Post-Sudan papers, 1960-1967
2. Diaries
3. Lectures and Speeches
4. Films
8mm cinefilms taken by Carmichael during his service in the Sudan:
16mm Government publicity films
16mm Government publicity films
5. Printed Material
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: J. Carmichael
Dates of creation: 1919-[1980s]
Extent: 6 boxes
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: J. Carmichael
Language: English

John Carmichael

(1910-1996)

1937-1938Assistant Meteorologist, Posts and Telegraphs Meteorological Section
1939-1946Inspector, Finance Department
1941-1944Chief Statistician and Officer for Export Loading Control (later Controller of Movement, War Supply Department
1944-1945Projects Officer, War Supply Department
1944-1948Secretary Sudan Development Board
1946-1948Assistant Financial Secretary
1948-1953Deputy Financial Secretary
1950-1954Director Sudan Gezira Board
1952-1954Chairman Sudan Light and Power Co.
1953-1955Acting Financial Secretary, then Permanent Under-Secretary to Ministry of Finance
1955-1959Financial and Economic Advisor to Sudan Government
1955K.B.E.


Arrangement

1. Official Papers
(a) Irrigation, 1919-1959
(b) Cotton marketing, 1952-1959
(c) National currency, 1953-1959
(d) Sudan Defence Force, 1955
(e) Sudanisation, 1953-1956
(f) Development, 1954-1962
(g) Other financial papers, 1924-1959
(h) Political Papers
(i) Correspondence, 1950-1959
(j) Post-Sudan papers, 1960-1967
2. Diaries
3. Lectures and Speeches
4. Films
5. Printed Material

Accession details

Presented by Sir John Carmichael, 1960 and 1982, and Lady Carmichael, 1999.

Catalogue
1. Official Papers
(a) Irrigation, 1919-1959
SAD.990/1/1-100
1919 Oct 17-1950 Jul 15
Papers relating to the Gezira irrigation scheme. Mainly includes copies of various legal agreements between the Sudan Government, the Kassala Cotton Company Ltd. and the Sudan Plantation Syndicate Ltd., along with related correspondence. Also includes two transcripts of radio presentations (dated 1943 and 1950) made by A. Gaitskell, former Assistant Manager of the Sudan Plantations Syndicate and Managing Director of the Sudan Gezira Board, a printed constitution of the Gezira Tenants' Representative Body, and a copy of the 1939 Standard Conditions of Tenancy in the Gezira Irrigation Scheme with separate notes on changes made for the 1941 amendment.
SAD.990/2/1-171
1955 Sep 10-1958 Jun 30
Papers relating to the Managil extension of the Gezira scheme, including correspondence, notes, memoranda and reports on various aspects of the Managil extension scheme written by Carmichael and others. Issues addressed in these papers include, amongst others, the finance of the scheme, labour, housing, cotton and other crops, and the progress of the scheme at various stages of development. Also included are minutes and related papers for meetings of various bodies appointed to address issues relating to the Managil project.
SAD/PF 26/6/8-9
[1940s-1950s]
Two maps showing the Managil extension of the Gezira scheme:
SAD/PF 26/6/8
1943 Dec 19
General map of the Gezira, showing the existing Gezira scheme and the proposed extension
1:1,000,000
20 x 29 cm
SAD/PF 26/6/9
[1950s]
Map showing the existing Gezira scheme and each of the four stages of the Managil extension
1:600,000
33 x 47 cm
SAD.990/3/1-220
[1936]-1959 Mar 14
Papers relating to relations between Egypt and the Sudan in connection with the sharing of Nile waters. Papers include correspondence, reports, memoranda and notes written by Carmichael and others. Issues addressed in these papers include: the construction by Egypt of the High Dam at Aswan; the construction by Sudan of the Roseires Dam; the development of Lake Tsana, Ethiopia; Sudanese and Egyptian irrigation; and the Gezira and Managil irrigation schemes. Items include:
SAD.990/3/18-47
1949 Feb
“Note on the interests of the Sudan in Nile waters”, report by W.N. Allan, on the history and practicalities of the Nile Waters Agreement of 1929. Appendices include:
SAD.990/3/46
Map of the Nile Basin from the Mediterranean to Lake Victoria, Tanganyika
1:7,500,000
60 x 23 cm
SAD.990/3/47
Three graphs showing the discharge of the Nile 1878-79, 1913-14, and 1870-1945
SAD.990/3/57-63
1955 Mar 26
“The development of Lake Tana”, report by H.A.W. Morrice, Irrigation Adviser and Director of Irrigation, Ministry of Irrigation. Appendix consists of:
SAD.990/3/63
1955 Mar 26
Map of the area around Lake Tsana and the Blue Nile Basin
1:3,000,000
52 x 33 cm
SAD.990/3/162-176
1956 Dec 22
“The Blue Nile as a source of hydro-electric power”, report by H.A.W. Morrice, Irrigation Adviser and Director of Irrigation, Ministry of Irrigation
SAD.990/3/213-215
1956 Feb 22
Draft of a letter sent by the Sudan Government to the UK and US governments and the World Bank following news of the intentions of Egypt to construct the High Dam at Aswan
SAD.990/4/1-155
1956 Mar 23-1959 Mar 10
Papers relating to irrigation and agriculture in the Sudan. File contains reports, correspondence and memoranda mainly on the Roseires Dam but also on the Kenana Sugar Scheme, the Managil extension project and irrigation in general. Also contains some papers on agriculture in general. Includes:
SAD.990/4/1-6
[1950s]
“Agricultural statistics of the Sudan”, prepared by the Department of Statistics
SAD.990/4/27-29,79-82
1957 Sep 21-1958 Feb 25
Letters from Ministry of Irrigation & Hydro-Electric Power and the Ministry of Agriculture relating to a soil survey carried out as part of the Kenana Sugar Scheme
SAD.990/4/64-78
1958 Jan 29
“Summary note on water economy in relation to cotton yields”, report by A.Y. Kordofani
SAD.990/4/85-88
1958 Mar 3
Letter from [?] of Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners to H.A. Morrice concerning the report to the International Bank on the issue of the Roseires Dam project
SAD.990/4/90-155
1958 Nov 8
“Report on Roseires Dam Project”, [issued by Sudan Ministry of Irrigation and Hydroelectric Power]. Includes sections on: “The dam and associated works”, “The cost of water”, “The economics of a major irrigation scheme on a three course cotton rotation”, “Irrigation development made possible by the Roseires Dam and their economics”, and “Hydro electric power from the Roseires Dam”. All appendices are marked Ministry of Irrigation and Hydroelectric Power. Four appendices listed in contents of the report appear to be missing. The report's existing appendices include:
SAD.990/4/149
1958 Apr
Map of Eastern Sudan indicating the projected location of the Roseires Dam and of the new airstrip
1:6,000,000
48 x 32 cm
SAD.990/4/150
1958 Apr
Hydrograph of the Blue Nile showing the discharge between 1912 and 1956
SAD.990/4/151
1958 Apr
One year hydrograph for Roseires Gauge showing the average discharge for 1912-1952, that of 1940-41 and that of 1913-14
SAD.990/4/152
1958 Apr
Graph showing the incidence of peak rate of discharge
SAD.990/4/153
1958 Apr
Plan showing the general layout of the Roseires Dam
60 x 32 cm
SAD.990/4/154
1958 Apr
Plan of the central portion of the Roseires dam
50 x 32 cm
SAD.990/4/155
1958 Apr
Elevation of the central section of the Roseires dam with five cross sections at different points along the dam
85 x 32 cm
SAD.990/4/37-62
1958 Jan 1
“Cost of Managil, Roseires and Kenana projects and of Sudan railways development”, memorandum by J. Carmichael, Financial Advisor, Khartoum. The appendices include a number of tables showing figures and financial statistics
SAD.424/6/1-48
1958 Feb 13-Mar 6
Reports on irrigation:
SAD.424/6/1-20
1958 Feb 13
“The economics of major irrigation schemes in the Sudan”, report by J. Carmichael on the profitability of major irrigation schemes on a 3:1 cotton rotation with dhurah half the area of cotton
SAD.424/6/21-37
1958 Feb 23
“Uses for water made available by the Roseires Dam”, report by J. Carmichael
SAD.424/6/38-43
1958 Feb 26
“Productive development in the period between the completion of the Managil Extension and the completion of the Roseires Dam”, report by J. Carmichael
SAD.424/6/44-48
1958 Mar 6
“A possible programme of irrigation development in the Sudan relying on internal resources”, report by J. Carmichael
(b) Cotton marketing, 1952-1959
SAD.991/1/1-137
1952 Jan 30-1957 Jan 3
Papers relating to cotton. Includes various notes, correspondence, memoranda and reports by Carmichael and others mainly on issues of cotton marketing but also on other related issues such as cotton production. Also includes much information relating to the British textile industries particularly the Liverpool cotton industry and the British Wool Marketing Board. Example items include:
SAD.991/1/2-10
1952 Jan 30
“A report on the practicability of establishing a cotton textile industry in the Sudan”, by C.R. Hargreaves
SAD.991/1/16-26
n.d. [1955?]
TS copy of recorded speech by G.W. Raby, Managing Director and Chairman of the Sudan Gezira Board, on the various uses of the by-products of cotton growing, such as cottonseed oil and cotton stalk, and the Sudanisation of the Gezira Board. Includes handwritten notes by [Carmichael?]
SAD.991/1/56-70
n.d. [1955?]
“Notes on the marketing of Sudan cotton”, fairly extensive memoranda discussing various issues relating to cotton marketing such as: confidence of buyers, stability of price and quantity, and methods of selling such as auctions and private treaties
SAD.991/2/1-129
1957 Feb 23-1959
Papers relating to cotton. Includes various notes, correspondence, memoranda and reports by Carmichael and others mainly on issues of cotton marketing but also on other related issues such as cotton production on irrigation schemes and private estates. Example items include:
SAD.991/2/4-16
1957
File of Sudan cotton statistics issued by the Ministry of Finance and Economics, Cotton Section. Includes tables of statistics on: acreage, yield and production by region (1955-57); cotton exports (1 Jan - 15 Feb1957); and world consumption and production of cotton by country (1954-56)
SAD.991/2/36-56
1957 Nov 4
“A cotton marketing board for the Sudan”, fairly extensive memorandum by Carmichael. Discusses the possible dangers of creating such a board and the necessary steps to limit such dangers
SAD.991/2/121-129
1959
Interim report of the committee appointed by the Ministry of Finance and Economics to consider cotton production in the private estates. Appendices include tables of statistics related to cotton production costs on private estate schemes.
SAD.991/3/1-101
1957 Nov 30-1958 Mar 20
Papers relating to cotton auctions. Includes: copies of circulars distributed by the Sudan Gezira Board, Sales Office, mostly detailing the amounts of cotton of various types and grades to be put up for auction on certain dates (30 Nov 1957 - 20 Mar 1958); copies of circulars distributed by the Ministry of Finance and Economics, Cotton Section, mostly detailing the amounts of cotton, of various types and grades, sold with the price and the name of the buyer (3 Dec 1957 - 18 Mar 1958); 7 tables of figures detailing cotton sales between 19 Nov and 13 Dec 1957
(c) National currency, 1953-1959
SAD.991/4/1-21
1953 Oct 22-1957 Apr 17
Memoranda and other papers written by Carmichael and others relating to the introduction of an independent Sudanese currency. Includes:
SAD.991/4/2-6
1955 Mar 17
“The separate currency problem”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.991/4/7-10
[1956]
“Operation of a currency board”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.991/4/13-17
1957 Nov 22
“New formula for facilitating monthly reviews of the Sudan's financial statement”, notes on a previous memorandum dated 22 May 1956
SAD.991/4/19-21
1957 Apr 17
“The monetary mechanism in Sudan after the implementation of the first transactions under the Sudanese-Egyptian financial agreement”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.991/5/1-151
1955-1959 Mar 15
Papers written by Carmichael and others relating to currency negotiations with Egypt in support of the Sudan case. Notes, memoranda, articles, reports and correspondence on issues including: the introduction of a Sudanese national currency; the repatriation of Egyptian currency in circulation in the Sudan; and the Sudanese debt to Egypt. Includes:
SAD.991/5/9-46
1956
“Memorandum for the negotiations with the Egyptian Government Delegation on the redemption of the Egyptian currency in circulation in the Sudan, and other allied matters”, with sections on “The Sudan case”, “Possible Egyptian reactions to the Sudan proposals”, “Outstanding problems which affect the current balance between Egypt and the Sudan”, “Possible redemption of the Sudan debt to Egypt”, “Miscellaneous points which may arise in the negotiations”, “Results of possible agreements”
SAD.991/6/1-162
1956
File of statistics prepared for currency negotiations with Egypt following Sudanese independence. Includes statistics (mostly covering 1946-1955 but in some cases extending as far back as 1926) on: “Balance of trade and balance of payments between Egypt and the Sudan”, “Official currency”, and “National Bank of Egypt note issue”, along with various other issues such as population and exports. Also includes supporting documentation such as notes, correspondence and extracts from reports, memoranda, and articles
(d) Sudan Defence Force, 1955
SAD.991/7/1-38
1955
Papers relating to the expansion of the Sudan Defence Force in the lead up to independence. Includes:
SAD.991/7/1-28
1955
A complete statistical overview of the formation of the SDF following expansion with details of costs for each stage of expansion and details of new ranks
SAD.991/7/29-31
1955 Oct 19-22
Correspondence between Carmichael and the Qaid, Sudan Defence Force, [Ahmad Muhammad] on the issue of expansion phase 3 of the Sudan Defence Force and the mutiny of 18 August 1955
SAD.991/7/32-33
1955 Oct 25
Note by Carmichael giving his opinions on the proposed expansion
SAD.991/7/36-38
1955 Nov 8-Dec 20
Letter from the Qaid, Sudan Defence Force, [Ahmad Muhammad] to the Minister of Defence outlining the need for expansion of the SDF with a note by Carmichael offering his comments on the same letter
(e) Sudanisation, 1953-1956
SAD.992/1/1-161
1953 Aug 28-1956 Apr 15
Papers relating to Sudanisation and compensation of expatriates and British officials. Reports, memoranda, notes, correspondence and other papers, written by Carmichael and others. These papers include information on a wide range of issues in connection with Sudanisation, mainly to do with compensation and financial arrangements but also to do with other issues such as the Sudanisation of particular departments and ministries, the recruitment of replacement officials, and the political repercussions of the British withdrawal from the Sudan. Included amongst these papers are:
SAD.992/1/1-44
1953
“Constitutional changes in the Sudan, a scheme of compensation for expatriate officials”, issued by the Sudan Government. This memorandum details various aspects of the compensation scheme including how it would affect various officials, the cost of the scheme and the probable reactions to the scheme. Also includes a cover letter from Carmichael to various British officials (dated 28 Aug 1953)
SAD.992/1/75-86
1954 Apr 3
Note by Carmichael on Provisional Order No. 13 (1953) with various supporting documentation attached
SAD.992/1/132-137
1955 Dec 5
“British Officials serving towards pension in the Sudan on November 30 1955”, memorandum by A.E.S. Charles, Establishments Adviser to the Ministry of Finance. Includes personal and professional details (such as name, date of birth, department, etc.) on each of the remaining British officials serving towards a pension
SAD.992/1/138-145
1956 Jan 8
“British Officials serving in the Sudan on January 5 1956 and not under notice on that date”, memorandum by A.E.S. Charles, Establishments Adviser to the Ministry of Finance. Includes personal and professional details (such as name, date of birth, department, etc.) on each of the remaining British officials serving towards a pension and those on long term contracts
(f) Development, 1954-1962
SAD.992/2/1-193
1954 Aug 7-1958 Feb 9
Notes, reports, memoranda, newspaper extracts and correspondence relating to development in the Sudan. The papers, written by Carmichael and others, address financial issues relating to development and specific development projects as well as issues such as: agriculture and irrigation; foreign aid; and Sudan Railways. Specific items include:
SAD.992/2/1-3
1954 Aug 7
“Scope for economies on development projects”, memorandum by J. Stone, Assistant Commissioner for Development, Ministry of Finance
SAD.992/2/24-34
[1955]
MS “Points from World Bank memo on economic development in Egypt”. Contains various statistics on Egyptian development throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s.
SAD.992/2/35-56
1955
“Outline of the development potential of the Southern Sudan – a digest of a preliminary report by the Southern Development Investigation Team on the Natural Resources and Development Potential in the Southern Provinces of the Sudan”, issued by the Development Branch, Ministry of Finance and Economics
SAD.992/2/68-74,100-104
1956 Jun 20-Dec 17
Development circular letters (numbers 5, 8, 9 and 10) distributed by the Development Branch, Ministry of Finance and Economics
SAD.992/2/75-88
1956 Oct 29
“The Sudan Railways administration and its capital needs over the five years from 1957/58 to 1961/62”, memorandum by J.R. Farquharson, General Manager, Sudan Railways. The appendices include:
SAD.992/2/86
1956
A map of the Sudan showing certain rail, river and road transport routes
1:8,000,000
30 x 25 cm
SAD.992/2/87
1956
Graph showing traffic in ton kilometres from 1927 to 1956/57
SAD.992/2/88
1956
Map showing traffic density around Khartoum
15 x 28 cm
SAD.992/2/105-130
1956 Dec 21
“Development in the Sudan”, extensive memorandum by Carmichael dealing with the following issues: “the predominating circumstances affecting development in the Sudan”, “the principle forms of development organisations which exist in other countries or have been recommended by missions”, “general recommendations for the organisation of development in the Sudan”, and “the composition and terms of reference of this development organisation at its different levels”
SAD.992/2/131-135
[1956]
Memorandum detailing the reorganisation of the Development Branch, Ministry of Finance and Economics, by A.H.M. Hamadto, Director of Boards and Accounts, Ministry of Finance and Economics
SAD.992/2/143-144
1957 Mar 10
“Possibilities of aid from United Nations Technical Assistance Administration”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/2/157-159
1957 Apr 13
“Internal resources likely to be made available for development”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/2/160-164
[1957]
“Statement on the policy proposed by the Government for the establishment of a Sudan Railways Board”, memorandum by [J.R. Farquharson, General Manager, Sudan Railways]
SAD.992/2/165-179
1958 Jan 7
“A brief survey of labour supply potentialities in the Sudan in relation to future development projects”, report by `Abd al-Gadir Yusif, Director of the Ministry of Social Affairs. Report incorporates statistical data compiled by the Department of Statistics, Census Office.
SAD.992/2/180-193
1958 Feb 9
“Financing development”, memorandum [by Carmichael] on the various development accounts operated by the Central Government
SAD.992/3/1-153
1955
Reports and memoranda on development in Jordan and the Far East. Consists of:
SAD.992/3/1
1955 Feb 4
Memorandum outlining the terms of reference of a mission to Jordan sent with the aim of preparing recommendations on a long term development programme
SAD.992/3/2-86
1955 Sep 9
Chapter on agricultural credit in Jordan by R.J. Cameron, taken from a larger report, with subsections on: “the incidence of drought”, “the agricultural bank”, “co-operative societies”, “village loans scheme of the Jordan Development Board”, and “debt adjustment”. Also includes annex chapter, also by Cameron, on financial institutions in Jordan with subsections on: “the agricultural bank”, “government agricultural loan schemes”, “co-operative societies”, “loan schemes of Jordan Development Board”, “Arab Land Bank”, “Jordan Development Bank”, “mortgage indebtedness”
SAD.992/3/87-140
1955
Chapter on industry in Jordan by [Bacon], taken from a larger report, discussing “the position of [Jordan's] manufacturing industry and its possible contribution to increasing the country's national product, occupying surplus population and reducing the pressure on its balance of payments”
SAD.992/3/141-144
1955
Memorandum on industry in Jordan with notes on key industries
SAD.992/3/145-153
1955 Nov 11
“Financial aspects of economic development programmes in Asia and the Far East”, memorandum by `Abd al-Rahim Mirghani, Private Secretary to the Minister of Finance, Sudan Government
SAD.992/4/1-166
[1957]
“Data required from the Government of the Republic of the Sudan by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development”, extensive memorandum divided into seven sections giving data on the following issues: population; development of production in the last decade; transport and communications; foreign trade and balance of international payments; money and banking; government finances; development potential and programme. The report also contains copies of the following related memoranda:
SAD.992/4/73-85
1957 Apr 13
“Analysis of changes in budgetary provisions in the period 1954/55 to 1957/58 and an estimate of future budgetary conditions”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/4/87-96
1956 Jun 7
Typescript copy of the Sudan 1956/57 budget speech as presented by the Minister of Finance, Sayyid Ibrahim Ahmad
SAD.992/4/97-105
1957 May 30
Typescript copy of the Sudan 1957/58 budget speech as presented bythe Minister of Finance, [Sayyid Ibrahim Ahmad]
SAD.992/4/107-130
1957 Jan 27
“A central bank in the Sudan”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/4/132-151
1957 May 22
“Movements in the Sudan's foreign exchange reserves in the period 1952-55 leading to a general financial review and suggestions as to future policy”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/4/153-166
1957 Apr 6
“Financial review for the year 1956”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.992/5/1-130
1954 Jun-1962 Jun 12
Papers relating to budgets and appropriation bills. Copies of speeches, notes and memoranda relating to central and development budgets and appropriation bills. Includes typescript copies of the 1954-55 and 1955-56 budget speeches and typescript copies of broadcast statements given by the Minister of Finance and Economics on the occasion of the 1961-62 and 1962-63 budgets.
(g) Other financial papers, 1924-1959
SAD.477/9/1-18
1924 Aug
Financial memorandum No 4: Sudan government note on the Sudan revenue derived from Egypt and in particular the arrangement by which customs duties collected by Egypt on goods destined for the Sudan are handed over to the Sudan government
SAD.477/9/19-28
1935
“Sudan Government receipts and expenditure 1899-1935”, printed for the Finance Department, Khartoum, with manuscript annotations
SAD.993/1/1-175
1925, 1953 Sep 30-1959
General papers on various issues related to the Sudan's finances and economy. Notes, correspondence, memoranda, reports, and other items on issues including: labour, taxation, financial policy, investment policy, foreign aid and other involvement in Sudanese financial affairs, salaries in the South, foreign exchange reserves, cost of living, import control, price control, central bank, businesses, and agriculture. Items include:
SAD.993/1/1-5
n.d. [1950s]
TS copy of notes taken by J.M. Keynes of an interview with the Chancellor of the Exchequer on 4 February 1920. Also includes a covering note from [the Minister of Finance and Economics] suggesting that much of Keynes' view is appropriate to the position in the Sudan.
SAD.993/1/6-7
1925 Mar 10-15
TS copy of a note from A. Ziner, President of the Council of Ministers, to E.H.H. Allenby, High Commissioner for Egypt and the Sudan, on the reserves of the Egyptian Government, with cover note from Allenby to G.F. Archer, Governor-General of the Sudan
French and English
SAD.993/1/8
1953 Sep 30
“Uneconomic use of labour”, note by P.J. Sandison, Commissioner of Labour, Civil Secretary's Office
SAD.993/1/9-15
1954
Memorandum on taxation by [Carmichael]
SAD.993/1/16-21
1954
“Note on investment policy”, draft of memorandum by [Carmichael]
SAD.993/1/22-23
1954 Feb 20
“Notes relating to the Government's policy statement on 1 March 1954”, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/24-26
1954 Feb 22
“The main features of the Government's financial policies”, note issued by the Ministry of Finance
SAD.993/1/27-28
1954 Oct 31
“Points which may be raised by the Sudan Delegation to the United Kingdom on financial and economic matters”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/29-32
1954 Nov 3
“State of Government's finances”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/33-35
1954 Nov 21
“The increase in salaries and wages of Southerners announced in the Prime Minister's statement of 13 October [1954]”, memorandum by Carmichael, with covering note from Carmichael to Sayyid Hammad Tewfik, Minister of Finance and Economics
SAD.993/1/36-37
[1954]
“Proposed tax relief for pioneer companies”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/44-48
1955 Mar
Notes on the foreign exchange reserves position, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/50-52
[1955 Jun]
“Possible arguments for use with the Treasury”, memorandum on the British Treasury by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/54
1955 Sep 14
Notes on an “application by Sayyid Abdullahi El Fadl's company for a loan for the development of a gold mine” , by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/55-58
1955 Oct 25-Nov 17
Memoranda on import control, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/64-67
[1955]
“Principle financial problems facing the Government”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/68
1956 Jan 5
“Points arising from the notes on the bus and tramway services at present operated by the Sudan Light and Power Company”, note by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/69-80
1956 Mar
Three different versions of possibly the same speech [given by Sayyid Ibrahim Ahmad, Minister of Finance and Economics] on the state of the Sudan's economy and finances
SAD.993/1/81-82
1956 Apr 8
Comments on a proposal to build a first class hotel in Khartoum, [by Carmichael]
SAD.993/1/83-85
1956 May 12-15
Memoranda on cost of living allowances, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/86-92
[1956]
“Foreign reserves other than pounds Egyptian”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/94-101
1956 Nov 10
“An estimate of the movements in the Sudan's foreign exchange position in the next five years – also the movements in the Sudan Government's liquid position”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/102-103
[1956]
Comments on Sayyid Hamza's note on a discussion with Mr. J.P. Jeejeebhoy on control of credit
SAD.993/1/105
1956 Jan 30
“Points on cost of living allowances”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/106-109
1956 May 5
Copy of draft agreement “on technical and economic cooperation between the Republic of Sudan and the German Democratic Republic” , with covering notes by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/110-111
1956 May 25
“Raising of bank interest rates”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/113-117
1956 Oct 22
“Brief review of the financial position as at the end of August, 1956”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/118-119
1956 Oct 23
“Comments on U.N.O. Agenda”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/120
1956 Nov 21
Note on fiscal policy by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/121-124
1956 Nov 21
“The Sudan's foreign exchange reserves”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/125
1956 Dec 4
Note on the dangers of inflation, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/126-127
1956 Dec 31
“Trends in the United Kingdom trading with the Sudan”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/128-129
1956 Dec 27
“Sudan's external debt”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/131-135
1958 Nov 11
Memorandum (photostat) on the economic situation in the Sudan prepared by the British Embassy in Khartoum, with covering note from J.H.A. Watson, Foreign Office, British Government
SAD.993/1/132-150
1958 Nov 24
“Notes for the Minister of Finance and Economics for general consideration in the financial and economic field”, memorandum by Carmichael. Also includes a note on the memorandum by `Abd al-Magid Ahmad, Minister of Finance and Economics, Sudan Government.
SAD.993/1/151-152
1959 Mar 3
Memorandum on the draft Central Bank Act, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/154-157
1959 Mar 18
“The Ministry of Finance and Economics and its relations with ministries whose activities affect production and economic activity”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/158-159
1959 Mar 19
“Comments on detail of the Central Bank Act”, by Carmichael
SAD.993/1/168-175
1959 May 2-8
MS draft of “summary of financial movements in 1959”, memorandum by Carmichael. Also includes accompanying letter from Carmichael to Sayyid `Abd al-Magid.
SAD.993/2/1-47
1947 Aug 11-1953 Dec 23
Printed statements issued by the Finance Department, Sudan Government, to the public and the press. Includes:
SAD.993/2/1-39
1947 Aug 11-1953 Dec 23
Notices to authorised dealers in connection with various aspects of the Finance (Exchange Control) Regulations, 1947
SAD.993/2/40
1950
[Press notice] issued on the Finance (Exchange Control) Regulations, 1947, Export of Currency Order, 1950
SAD.993/2/41-43
1953
Printed summary of import licensing regulations, as at 28 February 1953
SAD.993/2/44-47
1953
Press notices issued by the Department of Economics and Trade on the issue of import licensing
SAD.993/3/1-170
1953-1959 Mar 26
Various reports in connection with the Sudan's economy and finances. Includes:
SAD.993/3/1-38
1953
“The Sudan Economy – introductory notes”, written by the Sudan Economic Institute and distributed by the Development Branch, Finance Department. Extensive report giving information and statistics under the following headings: natural resources, population, capital, irrigated agriculture from the Nile, flush irrigation: the Gash, rainlands agriculture, forest produce: gum, other forest produce, livestock and animal products, transport, exports, and imports
SAD.993/3/39-66
[1955]
“General review of financial and economic problems”, report [by Carmichael]. The report is arranged under the following headings: foreign exchange reserves, budget position, future development, general policy considerations, budgetary policy, development policy, and import and banking policy. Also includes a further memorandum [by Carmichael] giving additional comments on the report.
SAD.993/3/76-106
1956 May 22
“Movements in the Sudan's foreign exchange reserves in the period 1952-55 leading to a general financial review and suggestions as to future policy”, report by Carmichael
SAD.993/3/107-127
1956 Dec 16
“The Sudan's external payments arrangements”, memorandum by Carmichael in connection with previous report by B.K. Nehru and P.J. Jeejeebhoy
SAD.993/3/128-140
1957 Apr 9
“Sudan exports”, memorandum by Carmichael giving an analysis of the trends in Sudan exports
SAD.993/3/141-154
1957
“An estimate of future budgetary conditions and of government funds available for capital purposes”, memorandum [by Carmichael]
SAD.993/3/155-170
1959 Mar 26
MS draft of report by Carmichael examining the advantages of a devaluation of the Sudanese pound
SAD.993/4/1-21
1954
Papers on banking policy and exchange control collected at the request of the Minister of Finance, Sayyid Hammad Tewfik Hammad. Includes various notes and memoranda on the subjects.
SAD.993/5/1-38
1955
Report by B.K. Nehru and P.J. Jeejeebhoy on the finances and economy of the Sudan. The report is divided into the following parts: currency (discussing the issue of a proposed separate currency for the Sudan and arrangements for the change-over from British currency); external payments arrangements; banking (discussing a proposed central bank for the Sudan, banking legislation and credit control); and exchange control. The report is prefaced by a covering letter from Nehru and Jeejeebhoy presenting the report to Sayyid Hammad Tewfik Hammad, Minister of Finance.
Also included in the file is a note written by Carmichael giving his opinions on the Nehru and Jeejeebhoy report (SAD.993/5/4-8) with a covering letter to [W.H.T. Luce] (SAD.993/5/1-3).
(h) Political Papers
SAD.993/6/1-54
[1955-1960s]
Notes, memoranda and other papers relating to the Sudan. Includes:
SAD.993/6/1-7
[1955]
Guide explaining to members what will happen at the beginning of the new Parliament
SAD.993/6/8-15
1956 Dec 11
“The interest of Great Britain in the Sudan”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.993/6/16-18
1959 Mar 16
“Processes of government”, memorandum by Carmichael on self-government in the Sudan
SAD.993/6/19-49
1959 Apr 8
“Sudan – items of topical interest”, MS and TS copies of report written by Carmichael on general issues in the Sudan. Divided under the following headings: financial situation, internal political situation, British prestige in the Sudan, effect of American policy, Iron Curtain countries, problems with Egypt, and production in private estates cotton schemes
SAD.993/6/50-54
[1960s]
MS historical notes on self-government and the early years of independence of the Sudan, by Carmichael
(i) Correspondence, 1950-1959
SAD.993/7/1-174
1950 Aug 10-1954 Dec 20
Correspondence and notes, including letters to and from Carmichael as well as copies of letters exchanged between other officials. The letters cover a wide range of topics though they are largely on financial and economic subjects relevant to Carmichael's role as Deputy Financial Secretary and later Permanent Under Secretary, Ministry of Finance. Particular topics include: irrigation and specific irrigation projects; cotton growing and marketing; crops and agriculture; Sudanese national currency; relations with Egypt on the issue of Nile waters and also on financial and currency issues; Sudan Light & Power Company; financial aid; Sudanisation; and the future of British influence in the Sudan. Some letters address personal subjects. Letters include:
SAD.993/7/5-12
1950 Sep 19
Report [from Carmichael to A.L. Chick] on various issues including floods in Northern Sudan, the Nile Waters agreement with Egypt, the air charter service for leave of officials, and the assignment of House Tax
SAD.993/7/18-20
1951 Aug 2
Letter from Carmichael to G.W. Bell, Acting Sudan Agent in Cairo, expressing concern at the financial and economic situation in Egypt and requesting specific information on the Egyptian economy
SAD.993/7/35-39
1951 Sep 2
Report from Carmichael to A.L. Chick on various issues including Gezira tenants, foreign reserves, and cotton growing and marketing
SAD.993/7/40-41
1951 Sep 7
Letter to Carmichael from G.W. Bell giving details on the position of the National Bank of Egypt. Enclosure:
SAD.993/7/41
1951 Aug
Published statement on the position of the National Bank of Egypt as at 18 Aug 1951
SAD.993/7/45-50
1951 Sep 26
Reports from Carmichael to A.L. Chick on various issues including Sudan Light & Power Company and Electricity Schemes. Enclosure:
SAD.993/7/49-50
1951 Sep 2
Statement of Egypt's estimated foreign exchange reserves at 25 August and the Sudan's foreign exchange reserves 31 August 1951
SAD.993/7/61-62
1952 Jan
Note drafted by A. Gaitskell, Managing Director of the Sudan Gezira Board, on the Raw Cotton Commission contract, with covering note from Carmichael to G.H. Bacon, Director of Agriculture
SAD.993/7/68-71
1952 Aug 15
Letter to Carmichael from G.D. Lampen, Deputy Sudan Agent, London, on various issues including currency notes, security of pensions and the new London offices. With reply from Carmichael.
SAD.993/7/75-81
1952 Sep 6
Report from Carmichael to A.L. Chick on various issues including savings bonds, the crash of the aeroplane the Hermes, compensation of expatriates, and banking policy. With reply from A.L. Chick
SAD.993/7/84-85
1952 Sep 7
Letter from Carmichael to A. Hope, Managing Director of Airwork Ltd., on the crash of the Hermes aeroplane
SAD.993/7/95
1952 Oct 11
“Note on a discussion with Sudan Agent in Cairo on Tuesday 7 October, 1952” by Carmichael, on issues relating to Sudan relations with Egypt
SAD.993/7/104-105
1953 Feb 17
Letter to Carmichael from G.D. Lampen on various issues including relationship between civil servants and ministers and the Change of Master of British officials in the Sudan from British to Sudanese
SAD.993/7/106-110
1953 Jun 17
Letter to Carmichael from G.D. Lampen on various issues but mostly on compensation of retired British officials
SAD.993/7/111-113
1953 Aug
Draft letter from W.H.T. Luce to R. Allen on the issue of American and British financial assistance to the Sudan, with covering letter to Carmichael from Luce
SAD.993/7/122-129
1953 Sep
Note from W.H.T. Luce, Adviser on Constitutional and External Affairs, Governor-General's Office, to R.G. Howe, Governor-General, on future British influence in the Sudan, Wwith covering letter from W.H.T. Luce
SAD.993/7/138-153
1953 Sep 17-1953 Nov 5
Various notes and letters collected by Carmichael documenting discussions in London on financial and economic problems in the Sudan. The documents mainly address the issue of British financial aid to the Sudan. With covering note from Carmichael.
SAD.993/7/163-164
1953 Nov 26
Letter from R. Allen on the economy of the Sudan and the issue of financial aid
SAD.994/1/1-214
1955 Jan 6-1959 Mar 4
Correspondence and notes mainly between Carmichael and other officials though also including some letters solely between other officials. The letters cover a wide range of topics though they are largely on financial and economic subjects relevant to Carmichael's role as Permanent Under Secretary at the Ministry of Finance, and later Financial Adviser. Particular topics include: Sudan independence; Sudanisation; the situation at the Ministry of Finance; the situation at the London Sudan Agency; a Sudanese national currency; compensation for expatriates and British officials; irrigation and specific irrigation projects; cotton growing and marketing; crops and agriculture; relations with Egypt on the issue of Nile waters and also on financial and currency issues. Some letters address personal subjects. Letters include:
SAD.994/1/16
1955 Mar 28
Letter to Carmichael from Hammad Tewfik Hammad, Minister of Finance and Economics, informing him that he must prepare for departure from his role as Permanent Under Secretary, Ministry of Finance
SAD.994/1/19-22
1955 Apr 17
Letter from Carmichael to [C. Loome] regarding a deal to exchange Egyptian pounds from the Sudan's foreign reserves for Indian rupees. Also gives some details on the Sudan's financial position.
SAD.994/1/33-34
1955 May 24
Letter from G.D. Lampen to Carmichael on various issues including communications between the British Treasury and the Sudanese Ministry of Finance, and the taxation of compensation for expatriates and existing officials
SAD.994/1/35-36
1955 May 24
Letter from Carmichael to L. Rooth, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, enquiring as to whether the IMF could be of assistance in establishing a Sudanese currency
SAD.994/1/39-40
1955 May 25
Letter from Carmichael to A.K. Potter, British Treasury, on the state of the Sudan Ministry of Finance
SAD.994/1/60-64
1955 Jul 18
Letter to Carmichael from L.L.H. Thomson, Royal Mint, London, giving extensive details on the design and composition of the new Sudanese coins, with estimates of the numbers of coins required
SAD.994/1/65-71
1955 Jul 21
“Note of financial problems in the Sudan which are of interest to HMG”, on the introduction of the Sudanese separate currency, the inclusion of Sudan in the Sterling area, and funds available for development. With covering letter from Carmichael to A.K. Potter, British Treasury (dated 21 July 1955) and a note of further supplementary points (dated 2 August 1955).
SAD.994/1/72-76
1955 Sep
“Items for discussion at meeting between Sir J. Carmichael and Mr Armstrong re Sudan”, on the issue of Sudan air transport. With covering letter to Carmichael from C.A. Armstrong (dated 6 October 1955).
SAD.994/1/84-87
1955 Nov 6
Letter from Carmichael to A.K. Potter on the 1955/56 Sudan Budget, colleagues and Sudanisation of the Ministry of Finance
SAD.994/1/94-96
1955 Nov 5-8
“Comments on a possible basis for retention terms”, by T. Stamper, London Sudan Agency, on the issue of retention terms for pensionable staff of the London Sudan Agency. With covering note from Carmichael to G.D. Lampen (dated 8 November 1955). Also includes details of all pensionable officials of the Sudan Agency in London as at 15 October 1955.
SAD.994/1/98-103
1955 Nov 16
Letter from Carmichael to A.Knox Helm, Governor-General of the Sudan, giving recommendations of certain British officials to receive decorations. Includes extensive details on each of the individuals nominated by Carmichael with short summaries of the merits and performance of some.
SAD.994/1/104-105
1955 Nov 17
Letter to Carmichael from G.D. Lampen discussing the state of the London Sudan Agency and the resignation of T. Stamper
SAD.994/1/109-110
1955 Dec 4
Extracts from a letter from Carmichael to A. McCall on the issue of mechanised crop production
SAD.994/1/113-118
1955 Dec 15
Letter to Carmichael from G.D. Lampen on resignations of British staff from the London Sudan Agency and the potential re-organisation of the office. Enclosures:
SAD.994/1/116
1955 Dec 15
Table showing details of all pensionable staff at the agency as at 1 June, 1 November and 15 December 1955
SAD.994/1/117-118
1955 Dec 12
Letter from Dr Ali Uro, Sudan Agent in London, to the Sudan Prime Minister's Office, Khartoum, detailing proposals for a reorganisation of the London Sudan Agency
SAD.994/1/175-183
1956 Aug 21
Letter from J.C.R. Gornall, Director of Sudan Meat Products Limited, to Sayyid Ibrahim Ahmad, Minister of Finance, Republic of Sudan Government, requesting financial assistance from the Sudan Government in order to prevent the closure of the company's factory at Kosti. The letter also includes a memorandum of the company's affairs.
SAD.994/1/184-194
1958 Dec 17-1959 Jan 2
Letters between Carmichael and Sayyid `Abd al-Magid Ahmad, Minister of Finance, Republic of Sudan Government, mainly regarding financial loans from the UK Government and cotton marketing. Enclosure:
SAD.994/1/186-187
1958 Nov 6
“A proposal whereby H.M.G. without departing from her desired policies, might assist the Sudan in her present difficult economic situation”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.994/1/195-203
1959 Jan 4-10
Letters from Carmichael to Hamza Mirghani, Permanent Under Secretary, Ministry of Finance and Economics, mainly on the issue of an export credit loan from the UK
SAD.994/1/204-214
1959 March 14
MS draft of letter from Carmichael to [E. Chapman-Andrews, British Ambassador to the Sudan], on the state of the Sudan's economy, Carmichael's opinion of `Abd al-Magid Ahmad, and his desire to cease his own connection with the Sudan. The letter includes a draft of the minimum criteria of conditions to be met if Carmichael were to continue in his role as financial adviser. It also includes fairly extensive notes on Carmichael's experiences working as financial adviser to `Abd al-Magid Ahmad.
SAD.994/2/1-25
1958 Nov 13 – 1959 Jan 5
Letter book containing carbon copies of letters sent by Carmichael, from his home in Fife, in his role as Financial and Economic Advisor to the Sudan Government to various respondents. Including: two letters to Sayyid Ibrahim on the issue of cotton marketing in the Sudan, Carmichael's distress at the financial position of the Sudan and the lack of information being received from Khartoum (SAD.994/2/1-8); letter to Watson discussing a memorandum received on the Sudanese financial situation (SAD.994/2/9-11); letters to `Abd al-Majid congratulating him on his appointment as Minister of Finance, Economics and Trade in the Sudan, the cotton trade, British Export Credits to the Sudan, and the expiration of Carmichael's contract (SAD.994/2/12-19,23-25); letter to Cotterill regarding a draft document outlining the British Export Credit to the Sudan (SAD.994/2/20-22).
(j) Post-Sudan papers, 1960-1967
SAD.994/3/1-15
1960 Feb 12
“Points arising from participation in the Fifth Committee at the XIVth General Assembly of the United Nations”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.994/3/16-23
1962 Jan 25
“The role of government budgetary policy in African development”, memorandum by Carmichael
SAD.994/3/24-27
1967 Mar
“ Impressions formed on a tour of our companies in Africa”, report by Carmichael. This report was prepared for the company Fisons Ltd., a leading British pharmaceutical, scientific instrument and horticultural chemical manufacturer, of which Carmichael was a director. The report gives an analysis of the political and economic situations in Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritius, South Africa and Rhodesia – all countries in which Fisons Ltd. had subsidiary companies.
2. Diaries
SAD.994/4/1-90
1936 Dec 30-1937 Mar 8
Diary by Carmichael, in his role as Assistant Meteorologist, Posts and Telegraphs Meteorological Section, Khartoum, of an inspection tour from Kassala to Juba, via Gedaref and Kosti, and back up to Khartoum, via Malakal. The main purpose of the tour is given as “the establishment of ‘upper wind stations’ at Kassala and Juba to give length and breadth to the Sudan network of ‘second-order’ stations”. The diary includes much information relating to Carmichael's work at various places along the way, in connection with his role as Assistant Meteorologist, together with observations on many of the places. It also includes information on: the difference between the huts in Kassala and the tukls of the surrounding villages (SAD.994/4/13-15); a visit to Sabderat, Eritrea (SAD.994/4/17-19); a visit to Gallabat and a music performance by [Gummas] (SAD.994/4/20-22); the journey by steamer down the White Nile from Kosti to Juba with descriptive observations on much of the surrounding country, wildlife and villages (SAD.994/4/24-34); the local tribes around the sudd (SAD.994/4/27-34); Carmichael's opinions on religious missions in the Sudan and the state of education in the South (SAD.994/4/31,37-38); Carmichael's opinion of Juba and the government personnel there (SAD.994/4/34-36); the lack of landing facilities for aeroplanes in the South of the Sudan (SAD.994/4/35); the Bari ethnic groups around Juba (SAD.994/4/36-37); a small inspection tour from Juba to Loka and Yei with a stop at Lalyo (all of which are in Mongalla Province) (SAD.994/4/37-40); another small inspection tour from Juba to Liria, Torit and Opari (all of which are in Mongalla Province) (SAD.994/4/40-44); the journey by steamer north from Juba to Malakal (SAD.994/4/44-46); an incident in which a barge upon which Carmichael was dining separated from the steamer which was towing it and crashed into the bank of the Nile (SAD.994/4/45); a trip from Malakal to Akobo (SAD.994/4/46-51); a disastrous ferry journey across the Sobat River (SAD.994/4/46-48); Carmichael's opinions on Malakal (SAD.994/4/51-53); a trip to Doleib Hill (SAD.994/4/52-54); the journey up the Nile from Malakal back to Khartoum, with a stop in Renk (SAD.994/4/54-55). Note: page 49 (SAD.994/4/53) is a rewritten version of page 48 (SAD.994/4/52) with much the same information. The diary also contains 49 pp. of unlabelled mathematical equations and diagrams most likely related to Carmichael's work (SAD.994/4/56-81).
3. Lectures and Speeches
SAD.994/5/1-70
1957 Feb 24-1982
Sudan related speeches:
SAD.994/5/1-9
1957 Feb 24
“Some facts and reminiscences”, lecture on the economy and finances of the Sudan and Carmichael's time in the Sudan Government, given by Carmichael at Khartoum
SAD.994/5/10-49
1963 Nov 29
“Sudan Gezira Scheme”, lecture given by Carmichael at Oxford
SAD.994/5/50-60
1982
“Economic development in the Sudan”, paper given by Carmichael to the Durham Sudan Historical Records Conference
SAD.994/5/61-70
[1950s]
Carbon copy typescript notes relating chiefly to land development in the Sudan, particularly to cotton growing and irrigation in the Gezira. Consists of extracts from one or more unidentified works; some sections appear to be from a report or memorandum of the British Cotton Growers' Association. Perhaps compiled as background for a lecture, memorandum or publication on the Gezira Scheme.
SAD.448/12/1-11
1961 Nov 25
“The Sudan Budget”, a talk given by Carmichael to the Anglo-Sudanese Association
SAD.994/6/1-82
1960s-[1980s]
Other speeches:
SAD.994/6/1-20
[1960s-1980s]
“Some experience of a practical economist”, a talk given by Carmichael at an unidentified university, on his professional experiences
SAD.994/6/21-38
1966
“Some unnecessary obstacles to the effective management of this country's resources”, a talk concerning the UK economy, given by Carmichael to an unidentified association
SAD.994/6/39-50
[1960s]
“Change and variety in the form of top management” , a talk given by Carmichael, at the annual dinner of an unidentified organisation based in or near to St. Andrews, Fife. Talk draws upon his own experience to discuss the benefits of diverse experience in top management.
SAD.994/6/51-65
[1960s]
Managing for efficiency in a changing economic climate, a talk [given by Carmichael?], to an unidentified organisation. Talk concerns UK businesses and the economy.
SAD.994/6/66-82
1965 March 30
“Distinctive financial features in international business”, draft of a talk or paper by Dan Throop Smith, former Harvard economist and former tax advisor to the US Treasury Department. Note: includes ms. annotations by Carmichael (initialled by him with date [1 April?] on page 1)
4. Films
8mm cinefilms taken by Carmichael during his service in the Sudan:
SAD.962/1-5
1952-1956
SAD.962/1
1952-1953
“Ramadan 1952 to Crail 1953” – Ramadan, Omdurman; Mahdi's tomb, Omdurman; panorama views; garden party, Khartoum; crowds by Gordon statue; Tommy's party; jetty / pier; Camel Corps (Anglo-Egyptian Agreement Day); Crail (Scotland) in early part of holiday; christening
(8mm colour film; 200ft)

Digital copy
SAD.962/2
1954-1955
Khartoum 1954/55 & Omdurman. Trees and shrubs; ferry boat, including donkey; fishing; garden; saqiyah; suq in Omdurman; garden; sailing boats on the Nile at Khartoum; Blue Nile bridge
(8mm colour film; 200ft)
Digital copy
SAD.962/3
1955
“Early 1955. H.E.'s departure and arrival; Queen's birthday parade; British troops' departure; Gifford's departure”. Mahdi's tomb, Omdurman; soldiers marching; camels; male dancers with horns on heads; acrobatics in front of Mahdi's tomb; soldiers in march past in Khartoum; Governor-General's Rolls Royce, Kitchener Memorial School of Medicine in background; Sudanese dignitaries greeting the Governor-General; Sir Knox Helm and al-Azhari; Khartoum station; Governor-General's Rolls Royce; football
(8mm colour film; 200ft)

Digital copy
SAD.962/4
1955
“Khartoum 1955; garden etc.” Garden and flowers; truck; donkeys; drawing water from well; washing clothes; herds of goats, etc.; watering animals; making tea; saqiyah
(8mm colour film; 175ft)

Digital copy
SAD.962/5
1956 Jan 1
“ Independence Day, 1 January 1956”. Judges; dignitaries arriving at the Palace; garden party; Sudanese flag being raised above the Palace
(8mm colour film; 50ft)

Digital copy
SAD.962/6
[1950s]
Rome; picnic with birds on Nile
(8mm film; 50 ft)

Digital copy
SAD.962/7
1957
Kfouri pool; cricket, 1957
8mm film; 50 ft
SAD.962/8
[ca. 1955]
Picnic; British troops leaving the Sudan
8mm film; 50 ft

Digital copy
SAD.962/9
[ca. 1950s]
On the Thames
8mm film; 50 ft
SAD.962/10
[ca. 1950s]
Unidentified content
8mm film; 50 ft
SAD.962/11
[ca. 1950s]
Jabal Auliya; launch
8mm film; 50 ft

Digital copy
SAD.962/12
[ca. 1950s]
Genoa; Alexandria; Khartoum
8mm film; 50 ft
SAD.962/13
[ca. 1950s]
Erkowit
8mm film; 50 ft

Digital copy
SAD.962/14
[ca. 1950s]
Abyssinia; Carmichael's first garden
8mm film; 50 ft
SAD.962/15
[ca. 1950s]
Coming home; motor trip in south of England
8mm film; 50 ft

Digital copy
SAD.962/16
[ca. 1950s]
DVD containing edited sections of Carmichael's personal films
16mm Government publicity films
SAD.892/1-5
[1950s]
The following government publicity films were produced in the 1950s, immediately before or after independence. The original 16mm films have now been remastered on 16mm negatives and fine grain positives, with copies on both Betacam and VHS, the latter including a time code.
SAD.892/1
[1950s]
“Song of Khartoum”
Scenes in and around Khartoum: flowers in public gardens; musician, Hasan Atiyah, playing and singing with the Nile and Tuti Island in the background; Blue Nile bridge; riverside scenes; street scenes including mosque and suq
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with soundtrack; 6 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.892/2
[1950s]
“Khartoum zoo”
Children visiting the zoo in Khartoum
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with soundtrack; 9 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.892/3
[1950s]
“Kosti to Juba by steamer”
Scenes on the journey from Kosti to Juba from the deck of the steamer Nasir, including the White Nile bridge at Kosti; Kodok; Malakal; Jonglei area; sudd; Nuer area; Bor; elephants; Dinka summer village on the banks of the river; passengers on the steamer; killing of crocodile; arrival at Juba
Camera: Barry Matthew; assistant cameraman and scriptwriter: Kamal M. Ibrahim
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with Arabic commentary; 10 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.892/4
[1950s]
“Parliament”
Inauguration of the first Sudan parliament, 1 January 1954, showing Sayyid `Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, Dardiri Ahmad Ismail, Sayyid `Ali al-Mirghani, Ismail al-Azhari the Prime Minister and other dignitaries arriving at the parliament building; Sudanese battalion marching past; Sir Robert Howe arriving; inspection of guard of honour; teaparty after official opening
Produced by the Sudan Public Relations Office
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with Arabic commentary; 8 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.892/5
[1950s]
“Katire sawmills”
Wood production, including cutting down and sawing teak and mahogany trees; tractor pulling logs; rolling logs down hillside; sawing planks; sharpening saw; stores of planks of wood (main provider of wood for the Gezira scheme and the railways); furniture making
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with Arabic commentary; 13 minutes)

Digital copy
16mm Government publicity films
SAD.894/1-5
[1950s]
The following government publicity films were produced in the 1950s, immediately before or after independence. The original 16mm films have now been remastered on 16mm negatives and fine grain positives, with copies on both Betacam and VHS, the latter including a time code.
SAD.894/1
[ca. 1958-1959]
“Sudan Currency”
Production of Sudan bank notes and scenes depicted on them, including the Palace; Sudanese battalions; cotton growing and picking; bucket dredger at work in the Managil Extension project; sawmills; sugar cane; cattle; mining; workshop; Sudanese Embassy, London?; making of banknotes at Waterlow and Sons' office in London; Airwork Ltd. aircraft arriving in Khartoum with a delivery of banknotes; military guard; soldiers in marchpast; herd of elephants; dam; steamer and felucca; Khartoum University; camels; coins; Barclays Bank; telegraph office; suq; football match; military band
Produced for the National Guidance Office
For viewing copy, see Video 27
(16mm colour film with Arabic commentary; 18 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.894/2
[ca. 1954]
“Edd el Ghanem”
Visit of the Prime Minister Ismail al-Azhari to Edd el Ghanem in Darfur, ca.1954, including the P.M.'s arrival; musicians; tribal leaders; horsemen; guard of honour; young boys singing; Western Arab Corps?; tribal gathering; marchpast; greeting an elderly tribal leader; inspection of horses; races and horse stunts; musicians and dancers; women washing clothes at a fulah; drawing water for animals; races; distribution of prizes; farewell to the P.M.
Produced for the National Guidance Office, Ministry of Social Affairs, Khartoum
For viewing copy, see Video 28
(16mm b & w film with Arabic commentary; 14 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.894/3
[1950s]
“Port Sudan”
English commentary on the history of Port Sudan with views of the annual parade of Kassala Province police in front of the Ministry of the Interior; oil installations; salt extraction plant; Harbour Master's Department; dockyard workshops; harbour fire brigade; railways and station; customs; extension to harbour
Written and produced for the National Guidance Office, Ministry of Social Affairs, Khartoum by C.E. Tookey and M. Eid, with the cooperation of Sudan Railways
For viewing copy, see Video 28
(16mm colour film with English commentary; 28 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.894/4
[1950s]
“El Rizaiqat tour”
Visit of the Prime Minister Ismail al-Azhari to Darfur, including the P.M. greeting dignitaries, travelling through the bush; inspecting a guard of honour; horsemen with spears; girls dancing; drummers; marchpast of horsemen with spears and rifles; P.M. travelling in open-topped car; horse races and demonstrations of horsemanship; girls dancing; fulah; sunset; fireworks; arrival of aeroplane with British crew; P.M. presenting robes of honour
Produced for the National Guidance Office, Ministry of Social Affairs, Khartoum
For viewing copy, see Video 29
(16mm colour film with Arabic commentary; 13 minutes)

Digital copy
SAD.894/5
[1950s]
“Zande scheme”
Illustrating the work of the Zande scheme, including map of the Sudan showing main towns on the Nile and the position of Zandeland; picking, weighing and packing cotton; selling the crop; packing in sacks; handing out salt as payment; British D.C. paying for cotton; processing plant; turning cotton into bales; machinery; making oil; making bars of soap at Nzara; cotton processing plant; Equatorial Projects Board Trading Division building; selling rolls of cotton; tailor making shorts
Produced by the Sudan Film Unit, Khartoum
For viewing copy, see Video 29
(16mm b & w film with Arabic commentary; 31 minutes)

Digital copy
5. Printed Material
SAD.477/10/1-8
[ca. 1930s-1940s]
Series of 8 printed photographs produced by Boxall and Company to illustrate the production of gum Arabic. The photographs were taken by W. Beam and reproduced by permission of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories.
SAD.477/10/9
1956 Feb 2
Part copy of article from Wool record on “World consumption of textile fabrics”
SAD.477/10/10-28
1956-1957
Reynolds & Gibson, Market report, nos 75-78, with newsletter announcing the new Liverpool Sudan futures contract
SAD.477/11/1-8
1956 Sep-1957 Dec
Cotton: monthly review of the world situation, vol 10, nos 2,4-7; vol 11, nos 3-5
SAD.477/11/9-67
1956 Mar 3-1957 Dec 28
R. & E. Huri & Co., Cotton Facts, Alexandria
Related material (internal) Durham University Library Printed material deposited with collection; now integrated into library and catalogued on OPAC