Owen, T.R.H.
Introduction
Thomas Richard Hornby Owen
Arrangement

Catalogue
1. Personal Papers
2. Memoirs
3. Diaries
4. Photographic material
Loose photographs
Wildlife and animals
Sudanese people and communities
Pictures of Owen, his colleagues, friends and family
Places
Historical photographs
Negatives
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: Owen, T.R.H.
Dates of creation: 1926-1980
Extent: 7 boxes
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: material relating to service in the Sudan
Language: English

Thomas Richard Hornby Owen

(1903-1982)

1926-1928 A.D.C. Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1928-1932 A.D.C. Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province
1932-1936 A.D.C. Sinkat, Kassala
1936-1939 Dep. Asst. Civil Secretary, Administration Section/Political Section, Civil Secretary's Office
1939-1945 D.C. Rashad/En Nahud, Kordofan
1945-1948 Equatoria, Dep. Governor Bahr al-Ghazal sub-province from 1946
1948-1953 Governor Bahr al-Ghazal
1953 Retired


Arrangement

1. Personal Papers
2. Memoirs
3. Diaries
4. Photographic material

Catalogue
1. Personal Papers
SAD.414/1/1-43
1926 Dec 15 - 1927 Dec 8
Letters home from T.R.H.O. to his family covering his first year in the Sudan:
SAD.414/1/1-2
Arrival at Port Sudan; train journey to Khartoum; description of terrain; news of appointment to the Bahr al-Ghazal; first impressions of Khartoum
SAD.414/1/3-8
Journey south by river to Meshra and by lorry to Wau; description of the town and the European community there - British officials, Greek merchants and Italian missionaries; given job of tending vines; account of daily tasks; recruitment of servants; hunting trip; description of low status of women
SAD.414/1/9-14
Out on trek; description of dance by Nyam Nyam porters; first attack of fever; different types of cases heard; description of clothing worn by local people
SAD.414/1/15-21
Description of climate; account of work undertaken on trek - case work, bridge building, listing rifles; meeting with Wheatley the governor
SAD.414/1/22-24
Football match between Sudanese soldiers and Egyptian and Syrian officials; description of games played by local inhabitants
SAD.414/1/25-29
Stars in southern sky; trying criminal cases; oaths taken by different tribes
SAD.414/1/30-33
Assessment of Wheatley
SAD.414/1/34-43
On board S.S. Dal from Meshra to Ed Dueim on transfer to White Nile Province; account of trek from Wau to Meshra
SAD.414/2/1-52
1928 Jan 9 - 1930 Dec 16
Letters home from T.R.H.O. as A.D.C. Geteina and Ed Dueim, White Nile Province:
SAD.414/2/1-2
Written from Khartoum; description of Geteina, the terrain and its people; meeting with local ` umdahs and the nazir; murder of Fergusson in the Bahr al- Ghazal
SAD.414/2/3-7
Description of Kosti and British officials serving there; trying of slave cases; visit to Tendelti to investigate corruption in the sale of water
SAD.414/2/8-10
Native administration in Geteina district; attendance at meglis at Na`ima with J.A. Reid (deputy governor White Nile Province); assessment of Nazir `Abd al-Qadir Idris Habbani; civil and criminal cases heard
SAD.414/2/11-13
Account of trek to the west of the district; visit to the tomb of Shaikh Sadiq on the west bank of the river opposite Geteina where oaths are taken
SAD.414/2/14-16
Trek to northen part of markaz, writing up tribal histories; failure of crops and resulting difficulties in collecting taxes; hospitality of ` umdah Na`im al-Kereil; visit to tomb of Shaikh al- Imam
SAD.414/2/17-18
` Umdah 's meeting for dividing up of river cultivation tax; slave registration
SAD.414/2/19-21
Ramadan; meeting with J.W. Robertson; payment of dia or blood money; outbreak of rabies
SAD.414/2/22-24
Slave campaign at Kosti; Bairam festival; hyena hunt; British officials in Kosti; arrival of American tourists
SAD.414/2/25-27
Visit from Berbyn, an entomologist; heaviest rainfall in living memory in Geteina; sinking of province steamer
SAD.414/2/28-31
Settlement of a ferry dispute at Jabal Aulia; visit from Miss Evans, Inspectress of Girls' Schools for the opening of new premises for the girls' school at Geteina
SAD.414/2/32-25
Visit from the Misses Wolff, inspectresses of midwives; success with garden
SAD.414/2/36-37
River crop assessment; slave registration
SAD.414/2/38-41
Confirmation of sentences; meeting with a man who was 'hanged' during the Mahdiyyah ; M.W. Parr's resistance to native administration
SAD.414/2/42-43
Copy letter from Muhammad al-Fadl Ibrahim to A.G. Pawson, governor, thanking him for his promotion
SAD.414/2/47-49
Move from Geteina to Ed Dueim on the abolition of the former markaz ; departure of Parr (sub-governor); periodic visits from R.C. Roberts, Steamers engineer
SAD.414/2/50-53
Settlement of dispute between men of Ed Dueim and Khartoum districts; inspection of pump scheme with Walley from the Agriculture Department
SAD.414/3/1-46
1931 Jan 3 - 1932 Mar 26
Continuation of letters above from White Nile Province:
SAD.414/3/1-4
King's Day celebrations at Na`ima; cuts in government salaries; strike at Gordon College; Christmas celebrations
SAD.414/3/5-9
King's Day celebrations; inspection of Dueim pump scheme; assessment of the Egyptian character; checking of herd tax assessments
SAD.414/3/10-14
Herd tax assessment; attempt to kill a man-eating crocodile; visit from Spender, owner of the Westminster Gazette; withdrawal of government offices from Geteina
SAD.414/3/15-18
Appointment of Reid as governor; departure of Pawson
SAD.414/3/19-20
Journey back from leave
SAD.414/3/25-26
T.R.H.O's views on the Jewish race; settlement of boundary disputes
SAD.414/3/27-31
Locust control
SAD.414/3/32-34
Overhaul of the province cars by Kennington of the P.W.D.
SAD.414/3/35-36
Investigation of lands claimed as gifts by Sayyid `Abd al- Rahman
SAD.414/3/37-39
Visit to the province by the Governor-General, Sir John Maffey
SAD.414/3/40-42
Final of polo competition at El Obeid; visit from Huddleston, Secretary for Economic Development
SAD.414/3/44-46
Farewell tour of Geteina district before its demotion to a police post
SAD.414/4/1-46
1932 Aug 16 - Dec 6
Letters home from Sinkat, Kassala Province:
SAD.414/4/1-3
Quotations from various travellers on the Bija in general and the Hadendowa in particular
SAD.414/4/4-7
Visit to Kassala; means of crossing the Gash river; influx of tribes from West Africa; meeting with R.E.H. Baily, governor; visit to Gash cotton scheme with Cottrell and meeting with nazir
SAD.414/4/8-11
On trek west of Sinkat; legend surrounding ancient site twenty miles west of Tamai
SAD.414/4/12-14
Origins of the Bija tribes; organisation of the Gash Scheme; investigation of ancient site at Noobt; magic lantern lecture to raise money for the school at Sinkat
SAD.414/4/15-18
Description of trek through the Warriba; climb up Jabal Sabidana
SAD.414/4/19-21
Trek in the direction of Odi; futility of locust control; visit from E.J.N. Wallis, D.C. Tokar and V.L. Griffiths of the Education Dept.; inspection of khalwa
SAD.414/4/22-25
Accompanying the nazir near Erbab dividing up land for cultivation after the Gash flood and fixing programme of well-lining and khor damming
SAD.414/4/26-28
Visit from D. Newbold, deputy governor and John Gonig, veterinary inspector; assessment of Sinkat for house tax
SAD.414/4/29-34
Visit to ancient site at Maman; accompanied nazir in work of arranging tribute division and collection and amalgamations of small sections of the tribe; need to tackle lawlessness in Odi neighbourhood; Arab attitude to punishment and compensation for crimes; meeting with Miss Wolff
SAD.414/4/35-38
Trek in the Gash area; increase in the number of lions in the area
SAD.414/4/39-43
Aerial survey of cultivation in the Gash; desertions from the Manchesters, stationed at Gebeit; celebrations for end-of-term at the Bija school
SAD.414/4/44-46
Work achieved at the Hadendowa meeting; description of the Rashaida
SAD.414/5/1-75
1933 Jan 16 - 1934 Jan 15
Continuation of letters home from Sinkat, Kassala Province:
SAD.414/5/1-2
Arrival of winter rains; ibex hunt on Jabal Tamrei
SAD.414/5/4-9
On trek, culminating in visit to Suakin; origins of Arab tribes in the Sudan
SAD.414/5/10-14
King's Day celebrations at Gebeit; difficulties of collecting taxes from the Hadendowa
SAD.414/5/15-21
Work undertaken on trek; efficiency of native courts; description of country and inhabitants along the Eritrean border; government plans to remove Hadendowa cultivators from the Gash and replace them by Westerners and Ga`aliyin
SAD.414/5/22-25
Cultivation meeting in the Gash; case of attempted kidnap for slavery
SAD.414/5/26-30
Period of leave spent up the Setit
SAD.414/5/31-33
Visit to the Gash at Aroma; investigation of murders; proposed amalgamation of Hadendowa and Amarar-Bisharin districts
SAD.414/5/34-37
Trek along the Atbara; animals and birds found along the river; punishments handed out by native courts
SAD.414/5/38-42
Visit to Erkowit; climb up Jabal Okwur, reported source of the Hadendowa race
SAD.414/5/43-46
On trek in the Gash; investigation of a case involving an escaped slave
SAD.414/5/47-51
Treatment of Hadendowa women; contacts with the Gemilab tribe; involvement in activities at Sinkat school
SAD.414/5/52-54
Lack of rains in the Gash; amateur dramatics at Sinkat school
SAD.414/5/55-57
Trek to Goz Regeb and down the Atbara
SAD.414/5/58-62
Trek through the Warriba hills; opinion of the Gemilab
SAD.414/5/63-67
Continuation of trek along Odi khor ; meetings with the Gemilab; visit to Hadendowa burial ground on Jabal Koreb; shelling dom-nuts; abundance of wildlife
SAD.414/5/68-70
Visit to Tokar and Aqiq
SAD.414/5/71-72
Hadendowa general meeting at Aegir wells
SAD.414/5/73-75
Trek along the Atbara
SAD.414/6/1-45
1934 Jan 27 - 1935 Dec 22
Continuation of letters home from Sinkat, Kassala Province
SAD.414/6/1-4
Trek to Jabal Akareirirba to stalk and photograph ibex; King's Day celebrations at Gebeit
SAD.414/6/5-7
Trek along the frontier holding meetings with the Hadendowa
SAD.414/6/8-10
Attended Bisharin meeting at Halaib; visit to Aideb ('old Suakin'); transfer of ma`mur `Ali Abu Sin to Kordofan
SAD.414/6/11-13
Reorganisation of provinces; meeting with Symes the Governor-General; visit to Erkowit; visit to Gebeit school
SAD.414/6/14-17
Settlement of slavery cases among the Rashaida; governor's plans for reorganisation of the province
SAD.414/6/18-20
Trek along the Atbara with the nazir of the Bisharin; settlement of dispute between Faqi Husain ibn Hashi and the nazir
SAD.414/6/21-23
Inter-tribal fighting among the Rashaida
SAD.414/6/24-27
Outbreak of fights and killings in the Gash; establishment of a hunt at Gebeit by the Irish Fusiliers
SAD.414/6/28-30
Family and province news
SAD.414/6/31-32
Possibility of cultivating aloes by the Hadendowa for export
SAD.414/6/33-34
Attendance at Aegir meeting; presentation of drums from the Governor- General
SAD.414/6/35-36
Drought in the district; appointment of B.C. Kennedy-Cooke as governor
SAD.414/6/37-49
Likelihood of hostilities with Italian troops over the border; shortage of labour; holding major court to try case of embezzlement
SAD.414/6/40-42
Visitors to Aegir meeting
SAD.414/7/1-41
1936 Jan 14 - Oct 22
Continuation of letters home from Sinkat
SAD.414/7/1-3
Trial of a case of murder involving witchcraft
SAD.414/7/4-6
Local reaction to the death of King George V; trek along the Atbara
SAD.414/7/7-9
Aeroplane crash near Gebeit
SAD.414/7/10-13
Visit to Gebeit and Oyo gold mines; Bisharin meeting at Halaib; search for relics at Aideb
SAD.414/7/14-16
Visit to the Gash and Erkowit
SAD.414/7/17-19
Effects of drought in the Gash; tea with Sharifa Sitt Miriam
SAD.414/7/20-24
Floods in the Gash; arrest of a local faqi
SAD.414/7/25-28
Gash flood
SAD.414/7/29-36
Arrangements for T.R.H.O's wedding
SAD.414/7/37-38
Settlement of boundary dispute between the Hadendowa and Beni Ainer; escape of two prisoners
SAD.414/7/39-41
News of transfer to Khartoum; arrival of wedding presents
SAD.414/8/1-51
1936 Nov 11 - 1938 Dec 9
Letters home from the Civil Secretary's Office, Khartoum:
SAD.414/8/1-3
Arrangements for accommodation in Khartoum; duties in the Civil Secretary's Office; discussions on the treaty with Egypt
SAD.414/8/4-6
Christmas celebrations; attendance at first levée of the season
SAD.414/8/7-11
King's Day celebrations; recommendation of an M.B.E. for T.R.H.O.
SAD.414/8/12-15
Meeting with the Wolff sisters; visit from the Amir of Kano, abundance of insects
SAD.414/8/16-17
Baqqarah meeting
SAD.414/8/18-20
Lecturing to ma`murs at Omdurman Training School; selection of Sudanese group to attend the coronation in London
SAD.414/8/21-24
Celebrations for King Faruq's accession; reactions of the Sudanese visitors to England and Egypt
SAD.414/8/25-28
Meeting with missionaries expelled from Abyssinia
SAD.414/8/29-31
King's Day celebrations
SAD.414/8/32-35
Annual flower show
SAD.414/8/36-39
Arabic examinations; visit to Abdel Magid and to orphanage school at Omdurman
SAD.414/8/40-43
Meeting with C.W.M. Cox, Director of Education; dinner in Omdurman with Muhammad Ahmad Bereir
SAD.414/8/44-47
Likelihood of war with Germany; record rains in Khartoum
SAD.414/8/48-51
Departure of 170 Amarar tribesmen for Port Sudan
SAD.414/9/1-44
1939 Jan 28 - Oct 6
Continuation of letters home from Khartoum:
SAD.414/9/1-5
Trip to Kordofan visiting El Obeid and Nahud and attending Hamar gathering; first impressions of the Nuba people; visit to C.M.S. station in the Nuba Mountains
SAD.414/9/6-8
Personal news
SAD.414/9/9-12
Meeting with members of the Sudan Interior Mission
SAD.414/9/13-17
Trek up the Dinder; the need to prevent poaching
SAD.414/9/18-20
Journey back from leave
SAD.414/9/21-25
Temporary posting to Port Sudan for duration of defence training; award of the Order of the Nile for T.R.H.O.
SAD.414/9/26-29
Machine-gun practice at Khartoum North
SAD.414/9/30-32
From Port Sudan; visit from British and French cruisers; trial of murder case
SAD.414/9/33-35
Possibility of the outbreak of war; T.R.H.O.'s appointment as air warden for the government offices
SAD.414/9/36-38
Outbreak of war; return of officials from leave
SAD.414/9/39-41
Description of journey out from England on the Montcalm
SAD.414/9/42-44
Preparation for move to Rashad
SAD.414/10/1-14
1939 Oct 29 - Dec 24
Letters home from Rashad, Kordofan Province:
SAD.414/10/1-3
Trek south of Delami, abandoned because of rain; agriculture of the Nuba Mountains; departure of Dudley Lampen; assessment of markaz staff; trip to the Hawazma country; attendance at Baqqarah gathering
SAD.414/10/4-5
Continuation of trip above, stopping at several Nuba villages in the Turjok hills; news of defences along the Abyssinian border
SAD.414/10/6-8
Trek to Um Berembeita, Delami, Abri, Heiban and Talodi, visiting the Coptic school and the mission at Abri, the mission station at Heiban, the Nuba school at Kauda; illegal Arab settlers in the Moro hills; visit to S.U.M. station at Moro
SAD.414/10/9-11
Return trip from Talodi to Rashad stopping at Kalogi and Abu Gebeiha where he visited a cotton ginnery; visit from the governor, E. Campbell; attendance at gathering of the Aulad Hamid; description of bracelet fighting at Nyara and Kau
SAD.414/10/12-14
Trek by lorry to visit the Koalib, stopping at Um Heitan to try a case; description of the Koalib; conference with educationalists at Heiban to discuss the establishment of a new teachers' training school there
SAD.414/11/1-114
1940 Jan 2 - Dec 26
Continuation of letters home from Rashad, Kordofan Province:
SAD.414/11/1-4
Description of the Copts; account of Christmas celebrations at Talodi; visit to the Eliri hills; stop at Kauda to settle dispute with the leper settlement; annual field council of the S.U.M. at Heiban
SAD.414/11/5-8
Magisterial enquiries at Abbasiya; preparatory to major courts; visit to girls' school there; mounted police parade at Rashad
SAD.414/11/9-12
Abu Gebeiha agricultural show; Korongo gathering; description of Nuba wrestling and stick fighting
SAD.414/11/13-16
Nuba education; kudu hunt to Abu Hamira; meeting with Roseveare, Director of Education
SAD.414/11/17-20
Meeting with Macdonald of the C.M.S.; visit to Kaka to attend gum auction market, examine accounts, assess traders' tax etc; trial by ordeal
SAD.414/11/21-24
Birth of T.R.H.O.'s son; meeting with Mrs. Hoffman, an American missionary at Abri; murder enquiry at Tira; meeting with Nadel, government anthropologist; description of Nuba villages
SAD.414/11/25-28
Delami economic conference; discovery of a black mamba at Eliri
SAD.414/11/29-32
Italian broadcasts on the progress of the war
SAD.414/11/33-34
Visit to Abbasiya, followed by trek round the hills to the west inspecting wells; settlement of dispute among the Hawazma; annual visit from armourer to service police bicycles; disagreement between the Australian and New Zealand branches of the Sudan United Mission; murder enquiry at Heiban
SAD.414/11/35-36
Description of way of life of the Moro; Moro stick fight and dance performed by women; Easter service at Abri
SAD.414/11/37-38
Fire in the suq at Rashad; assessment of head missionary at Kauda
SAD.414/11/39-41
Cancellation of leave
SAD.414/11/42-45
Inspection tour of the Koalib with Vidler including the school at Abri; Maulid al-Nabi celebrations
SAD.414/11/46-48
Difficulties caused by flies; murder enquiry at Um Berembeita
SAD.414/11/49-52
Entry of Italy into the war; arrival of rains
SAD.414/11/53-56
On trek from Abu Gebeiha to Rashad with the shaikh of the Kenana
SAD.414/11/57-60
War news
SAD.414/11/61-64
Trek around Kalogi; visit to small group of Fung people at Gedir; trial of `umdah at Kalogi; dispensary building hit by lightning
SAD.414/11/65-67
Teaching officials in Rashad to shoot; annual police musketry
SAD.414/11/68-70
At Heiban to render the aerodrome out of commission and organise police musketry; famine around Heiban; attendance at church service conducted in Kowalib language
SAD.414/11/71-74
Visit to El Obeid; trial by major court
SAD.414/11/75-77
Climb up Jabal Fellata; on trek to Kalogi via Abu Gebeiha; description of 'cupping' a damaged shoulder
SAD.414/11/78-81
Selection of a new `umdah at Kalogi; difficulties of trek to Talodi
SAD.414/11/82-84
Italian bombing of a Sudan Interior Mission station in Upper Nile Province
SAD.414/11/85-87
Training of recruits in Rashad
SAD.414/11/88-91
Famine in the Kowalib; baptism service at Abri mission station
SAD.414/11/92-94
Problems caused by spread of yellow fever through the district; introduction of quarantine in the Nuba Mountains
SAD.414/11/95-98
Supervision of quarantine
SAD.414/11/99-102
Investigations into the cause of the epidemic
SAD.414/11/103- 106
Problems caused by quarantine; murder case to be tried by major court at Delami
SAD.414/11/107- 110
Meeting with Bahr al-Ghazal D.C.'s to discuss quarantine; failure of mission at Heiban to minister to the people during famine and the epidemic; trials by major court at Talodi; visit to R.C. mission at Nyoimyang
SAD.414/11/111-114
Christmas celebrations
SAD.414/12/1-67 1941 Jan 13 - Dec 21
Continuation of letters home from Rashad, Kordofan:
SAD.414/12/1-4
Establishment of an alternative gum market to Kaka; hunting trip
SAD.414/12/5-7
Visit to mission at Heiban; inoculation of the population of Tagoi jabal ; preparations for a visit from the Governor-General
SAD.414/12/8- 10
Training recruits at Rashad and Talodi
SAD.414/12/11- 13
Preparations for leave
SAD.414/12/14- 16
From Nairobi re difficulties of travel
SAD.414/12/17- 19
From S. Africa re his leave
SAD.414/12/20- 25
Return journey to the Sudan
SAD.414/12/26- 27
Description of camels
SAD.414/12/28-29
Inspection of school at Kauda
SAD.414/12/30- 32
Collection of tribute; trial of cases at Rashad
SAD.414/12/33- 34
Removal of Ali Gadim, son of the Kowalib mek
SAD.414/12/35- 37
Native treatment for snake bite; affairs in Kassala; murder trial at Rashad
SAD.414/12/38- 40
Justification for lion hunting
SAD.414/12/41- 42
Visit to Talodi
SAD.414/12/43- 45
Disagreement at Heiban between police wives
SAD.414/12/46- 47
Visit to school at Abbasia
SAD.414/12/48- 51
Changing lifestyle in the Nuba Mountains; customs of the Nuba of Tagoi and Turjuk jabals
SAD.414/12/52- 53
Journey by lorry to the Kowalib; availability of foodstuffs
SAD.414/12/54-55
Visit to Jabal Werna and to the hills east of Eliri
SAD.414/12/56-57
Visit to Talodi
SAD.414/12/58-60
Visit to Abbasia from Bakht er Ruda students on study leave
SAD.414/12/61-63
Arrival of T.R.H.O.'s family; selection of new `umdah for the Hawazma; visit to Coptic schoolmasters at Kauda
SAD.414/12/64- 65
Onlooker at hernia operation; removal of one of the meks in the Moro hills and the amalgamation of his section into one big Moro administration
SAD.414/12/66-67
Inspection of roads and selection of sites for new wells; investigation of murder case
SAD.414/13/1-48
1942 Jan 4 - Oct 11
Continuation of letters home from Rashad:
SAD.414/13/1-2
Celebration for Kurban Bairam; gun smuggling in the Nuba jabals
SAD.414/13/3-4
Encounter with lion en route to Kaka; magisterial enquiry into a murder
SAD.414/13/5-6
Outbreak of cerebro-spinal meningitis
SAD.414/13/7-8
Treatment of C.S.M. sufferers
SAD.414/13/9- 10
Revival of cloth weaving at Rashad; farewell party for the ma`mur at Rashad
SAD.414/13/11- 12
Trek around district with J.C.N. Donald; spread of C.S.M.; spinning and weaving of local cotton; assessment of the work of missionaries
SAD.414/13/13- 14
Visit from veterinary inspector Glanville; total eclipse of the sun; work on constructing a dam at Rashad
SAD.414/13/15-17
Preparations for leave
SAD.414/13/18-19
Account of journey back from Kenya
SAD.414/13/20-22
Effects of the late rains
SAD.414/13/23- 24
Investigation into the misbehaviour of the mek of the Kowalib; visit to the mission station at Abri; recruitment for the new S.D.F. brigade; trial of an ex- `umdah of the Hawazma for murder
SAD.414/13/25-26
Arrival of the rains; attempts to control rinderpest; steps taken to encourage the manufacture of local cloth at Rashad
SAD.414/13/27-28
Training of recruits
SAD.414/13/29-30
Attachment of trainee sub-ma`mur to the district; encounter with Nuba hunting party
SAD.414/13/31-32
Shortage of petrol and mechanical parts; reliance on local produce; difficulties encountered in selecting an `umdah for a section of the Hawazma
SAD.414/13/33-34
Changes in the seasonal movement of the Aulad Hameid due to rinderpest; shortage of servants; training of recruits; supervision of timber production
SAD.414/13/35-36
General prosperity of the district
SAD.414/13/37- 38
Send-off for recruits leaving for El Obeid; description of Sudanese music and musical instruments
SAD.414/13/39- 40
Use of prisoners on public works schemes
SAD.414/13/41- 42
Continued investigations into the cause of yellow fever; seasonal increase in the numbers of insects
SAD.414/13/43-44
Difficulties in trekking due to heavy rains
SAD.414/13/45-56
Attendance at mission service for Nuba at Heiban; problems caused by lack of medical evidence of cause of death in murder cases
SAD.414/13/47-48
From Khartoum during a short break prior to taking up a D.C.'s post in western Kordofan; marriage of Denis Vidler; absence of cars in Khartoum; rehearsals for performance of Blithe spirit
SAD.414/14/1-69
1942 Nov 6 - 1943 Dec 17
Letters home from En Nahud, western Kordofan:
SAD.414/14/1-2
Trek through the northern Hamar country; difficulties of the road to El Fasher; assessment of the shartais of northern Kordofan; problems caused by nomads
SAD.414/14/3-4
Trek through Dar Hamar; standards of Hamar courts
SAD.414/14/5-6
Inspection tour by Kingdon the Deputy Governor; visit to Meroitic remains at Zangor
SAD.414/14/7-9
Trek to the Arab fariqs as far west as the Darfur border; investigation of complaints of Dinka crossing the boundaries and bringing rinderpest
SAD.414/14/10-11
Settlement of disputes between the Hamar and the Kababish; assessment of two main nazirs, Muniim and Babu
SAD.414/14/12- 13
Tribal meeting at Um Qozein in Darfur; lack of grain for the nomad tribes
SAD.414/14/14- 15
Trek to Lagowa to investigate relapsing fever; surveying of the El Obeid-Fasher road
SAD.414/14/16- 18
Description of the Messiriyyah of the Lagowa area; visit to Tuleshi, 20 miles N.E. of Lagowa
SAD.414/14/19- 20
Visit from Huddleston the Governor- General
SAD.414/14/21- 23
Attendance at the Abyei meeting
SAD.414/14/24- 25
Trek through the jabals to the east
SAD.414/14/26- 27
Trek to jabals Kasha and Shifr; visit to an unofficial 'youth' court where minor complaints were settled
SAD.414/14/28-30
Sources of water for livestock
SAD.414/14/31-32
Congo troops with Belgian officers travelling along the Fasher road; lack of wild life in Dar Hamar; decreasing use of tebeldi trees for water storage
SAD.414/14/33-34
Attendance at a Syrian Roman Catholic service and a christening
SAD.414/14/35-36
Trek in the Dajo hills, then north of Lagowa and on to Tuleshi
SAD.414/14/37-39
Camel trek through northern Hamar country; problems caused by the N. Kordofan nomads; dangers of overproduction and deforestation
SAD.414/14/40-41
On trek to Burdia to prevent over-hunting of game by the Nuba; account of daily routine in Nahud and on trek
SAD.414/14/42-43
From Kosti re the journey south on leave
SAD.414/14/44-45
En route to Juba on the S.S. Rejaf 414/14/46-47 On trek along the northern borders of the district; description of the lake at Um Badr; campaign against locusts including the efforts of the dambari
SAD.414/14/48-50
Description of local birds
SAD.414/14/51-52
Appointment of J. Seamer to the district
SAD.414/14/53-54
On trek in the Hugeirat; lack of facilities for the insane; major court and settlement of disputes at Buta
SAD.414/14/55-57
Trial of El Obeid merchants for smuggling sugar; question and answer session at Nahud girls' school; Trade Board held for the redivision of controlled goods
SAD.414/14/58-59
Birth of T.R.H.O.'s daughter; recruitment at jabal Tuleshi; trek to Keilak
SAD.414/14/60-61
Recapture of escaped prisoners
SAD.414/14/62-64
Social life in Nahud
SAD.414/14/65-66
Meeting with Deng Atwot, brother of the Dinka chief Deng Majok; attendance at Messiriyyah meeting to choose a new nazir
SAD.414/14/67-69
Planned visit from the Governor-General; trek to Dinka area in the south of the district on the Bahr al-Arab; inspection of Dinka school for boys; description of a khalwa at Nahud; visit from Newbold the Civil Secretary
SAD.414/15/1-105
1944 Jan 6 - 1945 Sep 16
Continuation of letters home from En Nahud:
SAD.414/15/1-2
Annual assessment of traders' profits tax
SAD.414/15/3-4
On trek in Dinka country along the Bahr el Arab with the nazir Babu and Deng Majok, the Dinka chief; description of way of life of the Dinka
SAD.414/15/5-6
Visit by Huddleston the Governor- General
SAD.414/15/7-8
On trek to the Dinka villages south of the Bahr al-Arab and from there to Gorinti on the Darfur border
SAD.414/15/9-10
Two major courts in Nahud; election of a merchant to represent Western Kordofan commercial interests on the province council
SAD.414/15/11-12
Tea party with the head of the Syrian community; series of fires in the police lines
SAD.414/15/13-14
On trek in the western part of Dar Hamar; visit from an auditor; reluctance of the Hamar to dig wells
SAD.414/15/15-16
Um Badr meeting; trek through the Kaja jabals
SAD.414/15/17-18
Luncheon party at the end of the Um Badr meeting; appointment of a new president of the local court
SAD.414/15/19-20
Habub; election of a new head of the Syrian community in Nahud; unsuccessful lion hunt
SAD.414/15/21-23
High incidence of veneral disease in the country; general shortage of water
SAD.414/15/24-25
Abiemum meeting; collection of Ngork Dinka tribute
SAD.414/15/26-28
Views of working towards independence
SAD.414/15/29-31
Radio broadcast from Omdurman for the Abiemum Dinka meeting; account of a typical day at Nahud
SAD.414/15/32-33
Colony of West Africans at Abu Zabad
SAD.414/15/34-36
Attendance at the annual mother's day celebrations at Nahud girls' school; plans for a petrol dump at Nahud
SAD.414/15/37-38
Trek along the northern Kordofan borders; difficulties experienced by lorry convoy to El Fasher; visit from Egyptian conjurer
SAD.414/15/39-40
Death of Jack Morrison; views on Sudanese marriage; description of a Syrian wedding
SAD.414/15/41-42
Fire in Nahud; on trek from Lagowa via jabals Tuleshi, Tima, Tabaq, Abu Ganuk, Shifr and Kasha to Abu Zabad; problems with the Tuleshi
SAD.414/15/43-44
On trek towards Abu Zabad; burning of a Fellata village
SAD.414/15/45-46
Trek to the Muglad area; floods in Nahud; preparations for the arrival of locusts; marriage of the nazir Babu to a grand- daughter of Sayyid `Abd al- Rahman
SAD.414/15/47-48
Availability of beer brewed from the dom palm; final of football cup in Nahud
SAD.414/15/49-50
Journey south to Kenya for leave; influx of foreign nationals in Kosti
SAD.414/15/51-53
Marooned for 4 days in the sudd; tracking elephant near Bor
SAD.414/15/54-55
On leave in Kenya
SAD.414/15/56-59
Journey back to Nahud
SAD.414/15/60-61
Crisis in Muglad among the Humr; establishment of a green belt around Nahud by the Agriculture Department; backlog of major and minor courts, institution of the new Nahud town council and various crises to settle
SAD.414/15/62-63
Felaita tribal meeting
SAD.414/15/64-67
By lorry to Burdia and Lagowa and from there to the jabals of Tabaq and Abu Ganuk
SAD.414/15/68-69
Discussions on the patrol for jabal Tuleshi; Hamar shartais' meeting; reluctance of Hamar to allow education for girls
SAD.414/15/70-71
Correspondence from Deng Maj Ok; to Muglad to settle a dispute among the Aulad Surur section of the Humr; appointment of a new shartai for Humeir
SAD.414/15/72-73
Imposition of a fine on the Aulad Surur
SAD.414/15/74-75
Reasons for the Tuleshi patrol
SAD.414/15/76
Trek to Kigeira to visit the Felaita
SAD.414/15/77-78
Auction of Dinka cattle confiscated as fines; on trek along the Bahr al-Arab; crocodile hunt
SAD.414/15/79
Visit from the Grand Qadi
SAD.414/15/80-82
Success of the Tuleshi patrol in removing the people from the jabal
SAD.414/15/83
Buying up of surplus grain to feed Khartoum and the north
SAD.414/15/84-85
Success of Nahud town council; growth in urban populations with resulting problems
SAD.414/15/86
Discussion at the club at Nahud on educational progress
SAD.414/15/87
Tribal meeting at Foja; problems caused by nomads from N. Kordofan
SAD.414/15/88
Collection of Dinka poll-tax at Abyei; Maulid al-Nabi celebrations; visit by Pridie, Director of Medical Services to Jiddah for discussions on the Sudan pilgrims
SAD.414/15/89-91
En route back to the Sudan after leave in England; description of fellow passengers
SAD.414/15/92-94
On trek north of Lagowa via jabal Tuleshi; viewing game at the salt licks; murder investigation at Lagowa
SAD.414/15/95-96
Removal of dwellings on jabal Tuleshi; language and customs of the Nuba at Tima
SAD.414/15/97-98
Discovery of goods jettisoned by an American aeroplane; decision of Nahud town council to reject plans for a cinema
SAD.414/15/99
Syrian victory party at Nahud
SAD.414/15/100-102
Trek through Dar Hamar and to Zalata on the Darfur border
SAD.414/15/103-105
Victory parade and sports gathering at Nahud
SAD.414/16/1-93
1945 Nov 17 - 1947 Dec 31
Letters home from Wau, Equatoria:
SAD.414/16/1-2
Stop at Juba en route for Wau to meet Marwood the governor
SAD.414/16/3-4
Tribal markings among northern Sudanese; description of the Raga road; meeting with Fr. Simone of the Raga mission and Fr. Zugnoni of the mission at Deim Zubeir
SAD.414/16/5-7
Meeting for chiefs of Raga and Aweil districts
SAD.414/16/8-9
On trek on the eastern border with Upper Nile Province surveying the possible site for a new road; unsuitability of Dinka as porters
SAD.414/16/10-11
Meeting with Wedderburn-Maxwell (D.C. Nuer) at Bilnyang
SAD.414/16/12-13
Visit to Shambe and to L. Nubor to settle Dinka disputes
SAD.414/16/14-15
Visit to the mission stations at Deim Zubeir and Raga
SAD.414/16/16-17
Visit to the mission at Nyamlell; trek to Safaha on the Bahr al-Arab to settle a dispute over grazing rights along the river
SAD.414/16/18-19
Serious disturbance between the Dinka and the Rizeigat on the river
SAD.414/16/20-23
Journey back from leave in England; C.M.S. conference in Juba
SAD.414/16/24-30
Major court at Aweil
SAD.414/16/31-32
Investigation into the murder of an Italian Father at Mboro
SAD.414/16/33-35
Visit to Meridi and Yambio; Zande resettlement scheme operated by T.F.G. Wyld; meeting with doctors Woodman and Kirk on the Sueh river
SAD.414/16/36-37
Journey to Meshra to meet the steamer; Christmas celebrations at Wau
SAD.414/16/38-40
Capture of specimens for the local zoo and for despatch to Khartoum and London zoos
SAD.414/16/41-44
Inspection of offices and prisons at Yirol, Rumbek and Tonj
SAD.414/16/45-48
Visit from Bowker, Minister to the British Embassy in Cairo; comparisons between Egyptian and Sudanese local government; views of the southern Sudanese on the future of the country
SAD.414/16/49-51
Tribal meeting at Ashana; visit to the mission at Nyamlell
SAD.414/16/52-55
Trip to Abyei across flooded country
SAD.414/16/56-57
Visit at Wau from Danish expedition; D.C.'s meeting; inefficiency of the Public Works Department
SAD.414/16/58-60
Meeting with H.E. Hurst of the Egyptian Irrigation Department at Juba; government takeover of southern education; trek among the Aliab Dinka
SAD.414/16/61-63
Visits from Archdeacon and Mrs. Gibson, E. and Mrs. Pope of Posts and Telegraphs and Pat de Robeck, O.C. Equatorials; decision on the site for the new Teachers Training Centre at Bussere
SAD.414/16/64-66
Trip to Rumbek and Yirol
SAD.414/16/67-69
Visit to mission at Nyamlell
SAD.414/16/70-71
Complaints about B.J. Chatterton, D.C. Lakes District; discussions with the Acting Bishop of the R.C. Mission on steps taken without official permission
SAD.414/16/72-75
Strike of southern officials in Juba and Wau and an unrelated strike at the Nyinakok sawmills
SAD.414/16/76-77
Gathering information and statistics for the commission from Khartoum into southern pay and terms of service
SAD.414/16/78-80
Description of a major court; concert at the mission school at Wau; murder of Father Arpe at Mboro
SAD.414/16/81-82
Arrival of the commission; failure of the last Jur river steamer to get through the sudd to Wau
SAD.414/16/83-84
Arrival of T.R.H.O.'s family
SAD.414/16/85-87
Negotiations on the removal of the R.C. mission from Raffili; arrival of Leinhardt to undertake anthropological research into the Dinka; preparations for the assimilation of southern staff into northern scales and rates of pay
SAD.414/16/88-93
Christmas celebrations
SAD.414/17/1-45
1948 Jan 7 - Jun 30
Continuation of letters home from Wau, Equatoria:
SAD.414/17/1-4
Lectures to southern officials to prepare them for administrative exams; meeting with the Rileys); C.M.S. missionaries at Yirol
SAD.414/17/5-8
Arrangements for family leave
SAD.414/17/9-11
Inspection of Kreish Settlement at Boro, 70 miles west of Raga; visit from Kyles, the Chief Commissioner of Police, Khartoum; Maulid al-Nabi celebrations
SAD.414/17/12-14
Family news
SAD.414/17/15-16
Visit to Rumbek to discuss anti-famine measures; new secondary school for Rumbek; visit from a group of ecologists
SAD.414/17/17-18
Petrol rationing; need for experiments in tractor ploughing
SAD.414/17/19-20
Trip to Juba for discussions with C.A.E. Lea; farewell to Marwood, the governor
SAD.414/17/21-23
Railway and Steamers strike
SAD.414/17/24-25
Unrest in Egypt; hunting trip to the river Ibba
SAD.414/17/26-27
Trek with the Wilsons to the Jur river narrows to investigate the possibility of sudd cutting operations; visit to Dinka cattle camps
SAD.414/17/28-29
Severe storm
SAD.414/17/30-31
Visit from Stead, from the Railways Department investigating the prospects for government bus and carriage services
SAD.414/17/32-33
Progress with the construction of the school at Rumbek; meeting with Archdeacon Shaw
SAD.414/17/34-35
Trek southwards to Yubu in Zande District to meet the Civil Secretary, J.W. Robertson
SAD.414/17/36-37
Visits to Wau by various missionaries for the Corpus Christi festival
SAD.414/17/38-39
Hunting crocodile with the Fellata
SAD.414/17/40-41
Completion of the leper colony, the new army headquarters and the new staff houses
SAD.414/17/42-43
Discussions on the removal of the mission station from Raffili
SAD.414/17/44-45
Difficulties of providing church services in different languages; army move into their new headquarters at Gorinti; ceremony for the new Bahr al-Ghazal Province
SAD.647/1/1-61
1948 Jul 7 - 1949 Dec 14
Letters home from Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal Province:
SAD.647/1/1-2
Service to mark the creation of Bahr al-Ghazal Province; comparison between Zande and Moru singing
SAD.647/1/3-4
Use of prisoners as security guards
SAD.647/1/5-6
Preparation for the election of province members for the Legislative Assembly; complaints of the incompetence of the P.W.D.; visit to the new school at Mundri and the C.M.S. centre at Lui
SAD.647/1/7-8
Arrival of R.C.S. MacGill, the new D.C. for Raga
SAD.647/1/9-10
Difficulties facing the province medical staff; meeting of province council; election of members for the Legislative Assembly
SAD.647/1/11- 12
Visit from Charleton on an inspection tour of Shell agencies in the south
SAD.647/1/13- 14
Appearance of a comet
SAD.647/1/15- 16
Chiefs' meeting at Gogrial; King's Day celebrations
SAD.647/1/17- 18
Sports meeting at Nyinakok sawmills; Public Health Board meeting
SAD.647/1/19-20
Trip to Lake Nyubor; opening of local government centre at Chwei Bet; capture of a white rhino
SAD.647/1/21-22
Visit from Harrison, a pasture-research expert
SAD.647/1/23-24
Annual meeting at Ashana; hunting crocodile at night; visit to Deim Zubeir mission and to the Kreish settlement at Boro
SAD.647/1/25- 26
Educational course for R.C. missionaries at Nyamlell
SAD.647/1/27-28
On trek to Kajo Kaji, through the mountains to the Nile at Shukoli and then upstream; description of the resthouse at Kajo Kaji, built by Stigand
SAD.647/1/29- 30
Departure of C.W. Beer for Blue Nile Province; official relations with the R.C. mission
SAD.647/1/31-32
Visit to Bussere and Tonj with E. Thomas, the assistant Civil Secretary
SAD.647/1/33-37
Arrival of Howe, the Governor-General on an inspection tour
SAD.647/1/38-39
Accompanied the Governor-General's party to Bussere and Peili and then to the river Bo; dispute over Dinka burial
SAD.647/1/40- 41
Hunting crocodile at night; discussions with province representatives on the Legislative Assembly
SAD.647/1/42- 43
Double christening; visit from the Minister for Justice
SAD.647/1/44- 45
End of the drought; visit from Aldworth and Ball of the Education Department to study the technical school
SAD.647/1/46-47
Difficulties in obtaining a haircut; inspection of mechanical ploughing experiments; Dinka exorcism
SAD.647/1/48- 49
Drawing up rules for a trade union for the workers at Nyinakok sawmills
SAD.647/1/50-51
Fighting in Wau prison; province council meeting
SAD.647/1/52-53
Weekly prison inspection; appointment of a prison wardress to look after the female prisoners
SAD.647/1/54- 55
Trip to Tonj and Rumbek; meeting of the Board of Governors at Bussere college
SAD.647/1/56- 57
Capsize of the ferry at Wau; investigations into sleeping sickness
SAD.647/1/58- 59
Criticism of apartheid; chiefs meeting at Aweil
SAD.647/1/60- 61
Visit to Meshra to meet the steamer; remains of Marchand's iron boat, abandoned in 1898; inspection of prison at Gogrial; campaign of rinderpest vaccination at Nyamlell
SAD.647/2/1-51
1950 Jan 4 - Dec 27
Continuation of letters home from Wau, Bahr al- Ghazal:
SAD.647/2/1-2
Sports meeting at Nyinakok; Maulid al-Nabi celebrations; visit to the mission at Deim Zubeir, former centre of the slave trade
SAD.647/2/3-4
Visit by a ceramic expert to the tile factory at Tonj
SAD.647/2/5-6
From Khartoum; changes in staff in the Bahr al-Ghazal
SAD.647/2/7-8
Account of his week in Khartoum including a two day stay at the Palace; assessment of Sir Robert Howe, the Governor-General; appointment of Hillard as the General Manager of Sudan Railways
SAD.647/2/9-10
Work on the revision of an English-Arabic vocabulary and colloquial dictionary; visit from public health inspectors and G. Jansen-Smith, Asst-Director of Education for the south
SAD.647/2/11- 12
Difficulties in recruiting for the technical services; on trek to the Sueh river
SAD.647/2/13-14
D.C.'s meeting at Wau; discussions with the Catholic Bishop; annual meeting with Kordofan and Upper Nile Province
SAD.647/2/15-16
Inspection tour to Raga to see the new D.C. and the new Rural District Council; influx of Fellata at Boro
SAD.647/2/17-18
Easter celebrations including a visit from Bishop Allison
SAD.647/2/19-22
Visit from Harvie, a government statistician to assess the cost of living
SAD.647/2/23- 24
Visit from Wordsworth, an ex-D.C., now running Cooperative Societies throughout the Sudan; examination of telegraph line from Rumbek to Shambe
SAD.647/2/25- 26
Loss of the steamer Kerreri at Malakal; two major courts
SAD.647/2/27- 28
Visit to Tonj
SAD.647/2/29- 30
Criticism of Mechanical Transport; visit from C.A.E. Lea, Director of Establishments
SAD.647/2/31- 32
Visit from T.M. Cowan, the Commissioner for Labour; failure to move the R.C. mission from Raffili
SAD.647/2/33-34
To Aweil with Miss Jackson, headmistress of Tonj school
SAD.647/2/35-36
Visit to Tonj school
SAD.647/2/37-38
Bairam holiday; fire at the Arabic school at Wau
SAD.647/2/39-40
Prison inspection
SAD.647/2/41-42
Car accident on the Bussere road; prevalence of araki around Aweil
SAD.647/2/43- 44
Poor state of the Wau-Aweil road
SAD.647/2/45-47
Reasons for growing number of prisoners; meeting of the Board of Governors of Bussere Teacher Training College; trouble at Rumbek secondary school
SAD.647/2/48-49
Visit to the R.C. mission at Raga; inspection of the Mandala, Fallata and Kreish settlements of Raga District
SAD.647/2/50-51
Christmas festivities; report of a debate in the Legislative Assembley on self-government within a year
SAD.647/3/1-48
1951 Jan 2 - Nov 30
Continuation of letters home from Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal:
SAD.647/3/1-2
To Aweil to prepare for Province council meeting; inability of the P.W.D. to improve the main Wau-Aweil road
SAD.647/3/3-6
Ashana meeting; back to Wau via Chak Chak, administrative centre of the Shatt
SAD.647/3/7-8
Proposal for a cinema in Wau; evidence of cannibalism among the Zande; withdrawal of the C.M.S. from Rumbek and Yirol
SAD.647/3/9-10
Cultivation of hashish
SAD.647/3/11-14
Visit to Juba for talks with the governor; three days local leave spent hunting game
SAD.647/3/15- 16
Flying ants as a local delicacy; discussions on the 10-year medical expansion programme
SAD.647/3/17- 18
Visit to Meshra
SAD.647/3/19-20
Aerial photography survey undertaken by the Survey Department for the Forestry Department
SAD.647/3/21- 24
Trial of a local merchant for overcharging on fixed price goods; visit to the R.C. mission at Raga
SAD.647/3/25- 26
Visitto the province by the Governor-General, stopping at Mvolo, Yirol, Lake Nyubor and Rumbek
SAD.647/3/27- 28
Police mutiny in Khartoum
SAD.647/3/29-30
Inspection of a site for a new mission at Mbili
SAD.647/3/31-32
Problems at Aweil school between northern and southern masters
SAD.647/3/33-34
Visit to the girls' and boys' schools at Tonj; celebrations for the R.C. Bishop's jubilee at Wau
SAD.647/3/35-36
Visit to the Fathers at Bussere; dispute involving the headmaster at Tonj
SAD.647/3/37- 38
Shortage of food throughout the province
SAD.647/3/39-40
Stop at Malakal on return from leave; arrival of two new Swiss doctors at Wau
SAD.647/3/41-42
Aims for a federation of the southern provinces with maintenance of British administration; prison inspection; police crusade against hashish
SAD.647/3/43- 44
Arrival of a tsetse research party; importance of hippos for the fish industry
SAD.647/3/45- 46
Visit to the Kwajok mission; appointment of two agricultural inspectors to teach cultivation to the Dinka
SAD.647/3/47- 48
Installation of electric light in Wau
SAD.647/4/1-63
1952 Jan 4 - 1953 Apr 27
Continuation of letters home from Wau, Bahr al- Ghazal:
SAD.647/4/1-2
Capsize of ferry at Wau; visit to the mission at Nyamlell; approval for an all-weather road to Meshra
SAD.647/4/3-4
Visiting geologist, prospecting for gold and Archdeacon Shaw, working on a translation of the Bible into Dinka
SAD.647/4/5-6
From the site of a proposed copper mine at Hofrat en Nahas; possibility of resettling Kafia Kingi; province council meeting in Wau
SAD.647/4/7-8
Prospects for gold mining in the west of the province; spread of cerebro- spinal meningitis
SAD.647/4/9-10
Meeting at Tonj
SAD.647/4/11-12
Subscriptions for the new church at Wau; eclipse of the sun
SAD.647/4/13-14
Meeting with staff from Kordofan at Tooralay; views in Kordofan and Darfur on domination by an urban efendi government after independence; visit to Kwajok and Mayen missions; party of journalists and photographers from the Public Relations Office to report on economic progress
SAD.647/4/15-16
Removal of gelignite which had deteriorated into a dangerous condition
SAD.647/4/17-19
Local leave in the Nimule area; approval of plans for Wau church
SAD.647/4/20-21
Shortage of petrol; epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis; influx of locusts
SAD.647/4/22-23
Visit to the mission at Deim Zubeir; increased drunkenness, particularly among government officials and empoloyees, recently paid a gratuity
SAD.647/4/24-25
Visit to Ashana and Nyamlell
SAD.647/4/26-27
Campaign against the tsetse fly; visit from Turner of the Ministry of Education to investigate the teaching of arts and crafts; dispute between prison warders and Arab merchants
SAD.647/4/28- 31
Visiting government officials
SAD.647/4/32-33
Major court in Wau taken by Judge D. Hawley; concert by a Sudanese singer Asha al-Fellatia, the first woman singer to appear on the stage
SAD.647/4/34-35
Inspection of the mission trades school
SAD.647/4/36-37
Visit from Canon Sharland
SAD.647/4/38
Repercussions of developments in Egypt; visit from J.W. Robertson the Civil Secretary (incomplete)
SAD.647/4/39-40
Supervision of the construction of Wau church; visit to Khartoum for various conferences; relations between Egypt and the Sudan; preparations for elections; arrest of hashish growers
SAD.647/4/41-42
Use of guaranteed prisoners for manual labour
SAD.647/4/43-44
Return of Bishop Mason from a fund-raising trip to the U.S.A. for the R.C. cathedral in Wau; inspection of police drill in preparation for elections
SAD.647/4/45- 46
Shortage of doctors; visit to Africa Inland Mission at Akot; difficulties facing the married Protestant missionaries; request for a R.C. trades school at Yirol (outside the R.C. sphere of influence)
SAD.647/4/47- 48
Visit to the mission station at Kwajok; death of Ungwich, biggest of the Jur chiefs
SAD.647/4/49-51
Christmas festivities; party of journalists from the Arabic press touring the south with Shingeiti, the Speaker of the House
SAD.647/4/52- 56
Great sorrow at political developments; local leave to Baduigilu to view game
SAD.647/4/57- 58
Visit from A.C. Beaton, head of the Civil Service, to explain government policy; with Beaton and J.W. Robertson to the inter province meeting at Abiemum
SAD.647/4/59-61
Discussions with Selwyn Lloyd on the repercussions of the Anglo-Egyptian agreement
SAD.647/4/62-63
Final leave-taking and farewell parties; completion of Wau church and election of parish council
SAD.346/6/1-
1973 Sep-1980 Jun 6
Letters to Owen concerning the Sudan and related publications by Owen and others. Includes: Sudan newsletter entitled “The Broken Grass Curtain” , mainly discussing the Addis Ababa Agreement (Sep 1973); letters from S. McCall, McGill University, questioning Owen on various events in Southern Sudan towards the end of Anglo-Egyptian rule, and enclosing extensive extracts from his upcoming book (1976 Jun 11-Nov 23); letters from R.O. Collins, University of California, concerning an upcoming publication on the British in the Sudan and discussing the state of Southern Sudan (1977 Feb 24-May 11); letter from F.M. Deng, Sudanese Minister of State, on a recent visit to the United Kingdom (1979 May 5); letter from R.O. Collins in Sudan discussing his research into Owen's memoranda on the South and quoting various extracts (1979 Jun 23)
SAD.346/7/1-
1977 May 28-1978 Feb 1
Letters concerning the situation of wildlife conservation in the Sudan and the publication of the report Wildlife Conservation and Management in the Southern Sudan: Project Findings and Recommendations by J.H. Blower, Wildlife Consultant. Includes: copy of a letter from J.H. Blower to F. Vollmar, World Wildlife Fund, outlining the problems faced by wildlife in the Sudan and requesting that the WWF pay more attention to the Sudan (1977 May 28); letter to Owen from D.R. Dugglesby, Zoological Society of London, concerning a planned expedition to the Sudd region of the Sudan (1977 Jul 28); letter to Owen from J.H. Blower enclosing a summary of his report (1977 Oct 29); copy of a letter from President Nimeiri of the Sudan to Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands following his receipt of the wildlife management report (1977 Nov 28); letter to Owen from J.H. Blower, outlining his views as to how the problem of wildlife conservation in Sudan might be tackled (1977 Nov 29); small clipping from an unidentified newspaper on hunting and tourism in Southern Sudan (1977); two letters to Owen from J.N. Kundaeli, IUCN, concerning wildlife conservation in the Sudan (1978 Jan 20-Feb 1)
SAD.346/8/1-
1926-1948
Other personal papers
1926 Jun 14
War stock certificate issued to Owen
1930 Apr 5
Letter to Owen from [Ach?] at St Paul's Cathedral Mission College, Calcutta, India concerning his work lecturing at the college, growing political unrest amongst the students, and incident between a Punjabi servant and a Bengali student, and the approach of the official start of Civil Disobedience in India and the various plans of the students and local community
1931 Jul 10
Newspaper clipping from “The Times and Directory” showing two pictures of the marriage of C.A.E. Lea, Assistant District Commissioner, Northern Kordofan Province, to his fiancee S. Maclagan
[1930s]
Poem [by Owen] entitled “Lines for a bottle of weed killer”
[1930s]
Personal letter to Owen from unidentified sender
[1940s]
Certificate for conversion stock issued to Owen
[1940s-1950s]
Diary extract dated Feb 11-15 from an unknown year concerning a hunting trip taken by Owen and his wife Margaret
1948 Jul 3
Opticians prescription issued to Owen from Maurice G. Goldenberg, a Khartoum based optician
2. Memoirs
SAD.769/10/1-76; 769/11/1-68; 769/12/1- 65
1960- 1961
“Sudan Days”, a memoir of T.R.H.O.'s life in the Sudan, 1926-1953
SAD.769/10/1-8
Introduction reasons for writing; outline history of the country
SAD.769/10/9-10
Explanation of terms used
SAD.769/10/11-24
“The daily round” - the routine and daily life of a District Commissioner; inspection of police, markaz animals; office routine; inspection of schools; discussions with missionaries; hearing petitions
SAD.769/10/25-33
“The rest of the day's your own” - leisure activities; visits to the barber; football; taking tea with visitors; Syrian christening; powers of the dambari
SAD.769/10/34-46
“The Arab leader” - relations with shaikhs, `umdahs and nazirs ; descriptions and assessments of individual leaders
SAD.769/10/47-59
“The Beja tribes” - based on experiences in Kassala Province 1932-36; trekking; importance of the dom nut; weapons used by the Bija; collection of tribute; pastimes; tribal dancing; Gash scheme
SAD.769/10/60-76
“The Nilotic South” - way of life of the Dinka; introduction of local government; methods of fishing; Dinka courts; inter-tribal battles
SAD.769/11/1-19
“A visit to the Nuba Mountains” - recruitment of soldiers and police; homesteads; sports and pastimes; rites and ceremonies; leadership of the meks; youth court; description of Tuleshi and the decision to send a military patrol to remove the inhabitants to the base of the hill
SAD.769/11/20-32
“Crime and the law” - major courts presided over by the District Commissioner; capture of criminals; examples of different crimes; native courts
SAD.769/11/33-39
“Prisons” - religious services for prisoners; female prisoners
SAD.769/11/40-48
“Police and police drivers” - variety of police duties, musketry practice
SAD.769/11/49-56
“Education” - by education; inspections of schools; performances of school bands and plays; girls' education
SAD.769/11/57-68
“The public health” - attitudes towards the Medical Service; staff of the Medical Service and their duties; dispensaries; compaigns against epidemics; public health inspectors
SAD.769/12/1-8
“Missions” - mission activity in the south; assessment of Roman Catholic and Protestant effectiveness; personal relations with missionaries; problems caused by alcohol; mission education
SAD.769/12/9-18
“Communications” - methods of travel; roads and bridges; postal system, telegraph and telephone
SAD.769/12/19-31
“The official” - the ma`mur, qadi, sub- ma`mur, head clerk, accountant, sarraf ; officials' families; technical officials
SAD.769/12/32-42
“Servants”
SAD.769/12/43-52
“Recreations” - riding, polo, hunting, fishing, hill-climbing, bird watching
SAD.769/12/53-62
“Colleagues and the Central Government” - relations between Khartoum and the provinces; official levées; Secretariat service; examination boards; qualities and failings of colleagues, British and Sudanese
SAD.769/12/63-65
“Departmental Ditty” [xerox of typescript)
SAD.769/13/1-3
1980 Aug 15
Note on the Juba Conference 1947 by T.R.H.O. with covering letter to K.D.D. Henderson
3. Diaries
SAD.346/9/1-
1922 Jan 1-Oct 15
Diary mostly detailing Owen's life in Oxford and London - particularly his university studies, social events, sports (mainly cricket and rowing) and birdwatching.
SAD.346/10/1-
1924 Jan 1-Nov 30
Diary mostly detailing Owen's life in Oxford and London - particularly his university studies, social events, sports (mainly cricket and rowing) and birdwatching.
SAD.346/11/1-
1925 Jan 2-Dec 31
Diary mostly detailing Owen's life in Oxford and London - particularly his university studies, social events, sports (mainly cricket and rowing) and birdwatching. At a couple of points in the last half of the diary Owen makes very brief mention of his investigation into the Sudan Political Service as a career option
SAD.346/12/1-
1926 Jan 1-Nov 24
Diary mostly detailing Owen's life in Oxford and London - particularly social events, sports (including rowing), and birdwatching. At a couple of points in the first half of the diary Owen makes brief mention of the Sudan Political Service recruitment process (though he refers to it as the SCS). From 9 August, after he discovers he has been selected, he talks occassionally about the training process - particularly learning Arabic
SAD.346/13/1-
1928 Jan 1-1929 Jan 1
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province. The diary begins shortly after Owen's appointment to Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim having initially been posted in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; tackling slavery; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; colleagues, friends and family; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: a meglis of omdas (7 Jan); a visit to Khartoum for exams and to meet with other SPS officials appointed around the same time as Owen (8-15 Jan); preparation and hosting of King's Day celebrations in Geteina with sports events, animal judging and dances , during which Owen comments on the quality of the spear throwing (16-17 Jan); a trip to England on leave (5 Feb-11 Jun); Owen's thoughts about the possibility of obtaining a secondment to the legal department (14 Jun); the discovery of large scale slave trafficking from Abyssinia to Kordofan and Darfur (21 Jun); inspection of local schools (24-27 Jun); a fire in a tukl (2 Jul); temporary relocation to Kosti to hear cases and disputes (8 Jul-4 Aug); various cases of slavery (10-12 Jul); a murder case involving a number of accused men (18-19 Jul); a case of an escaped prisoner (25, 28 Jul); a discussion with local notables on slavery and the differing opinions on the issue (25 Aug); a mawlid ceremony and procession (26 Aug); visit to the tomb of Shaykh al-Sadiq for the swearing of an oath, with Owen's thoughts on Shaykh al-Sadiq, his life and his lasting influence (8 Sep); a case involving a cut telgraph line near Wad Nail village (13 Oct); a visit by Police Commandant, Captain J. I. Chrystal (4-6 Nov); implementation of a central government policy of an amnesty and a general registration of all slaves (24 Nov); brief mention of the granting of greater financial control to the Nazir (25 Nov); Christmas celebrations in Dueim (25 Dec); brief discussion with A.G. Pawson, Governor, White Nile Province, on the building of the Jebel Aulia dam (26 Dec)
SAD.346/14/1-
1929 Jan 1-1930 Dec 31
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; tackling slavery; implementing land registration; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; colleagues, friends and family; locust extermination; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: preparation and hosting of King's Day celebrations in Geteina with sports events, animal judging and dances (16-17 Jan); a case of unlawful killing at a circumcision ceremony in Hesei, White Nile Province, later taken to major court (10 ,14, 23 Feb, 7-8 Apr); visit by the Governor General and his family to Hesei, near Amara, White Nile Province, with a large reception laid on by the Nazir, featuring dancing and performances (22-23 Feb); hyena poisoning organised by Owen (28 Feb-1 Mar); catching an escaped bull (4 Mar); a hyena hunt (14-15 Mar); mention of Owen's prospects were he to transfer to the Legal Department (5 Apr); a trip to England on leave (13 Apr - 22 Jul); incidences of bribe-taking at Nazir Abdal Gadir's court (30 Jul); Owen's opinion of the Nazir Abdal Gadir (31 Jul); Owen's thoughts on Islam (1 Aug); description of the work of a “well osta” (1 Aug); sinking of the province Nile steamer (17 Aug); the wishes of the [Danugla] and [Gaalin] of Geteina to be included under the Native Administration scheme (24 Sep); a case of a fight and murder at [Guez], White Nile Province (28 Oct, 7 Nov, 2 Dec); a hunt for a bull (9 Nov); a ferry boundary dispute near Jebel Aulia (10 Nov); mention of a specially built “prostitutes quarter” south of Jebel Aulia for workers building the dam (10 Nov); Christmas celebrations in Dueim (25 Dec)
SAD.349/1/1-
1930 Jan 1-Dec 31
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; tackling slavery; tackling gambling; implementing land registration; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; colleagues, friends and family; locust extermination; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: case of the murder of Ahmad Satoor (1-2 Jan); descriptions of a diluka (Jan 9); preparation and hosting of King's Day celebrations in Geteina with sports events, animal judging and dances (16-17 Jan); trial of the man accused of the murder of Ahmad Satoor (20 Jan); investigation and trial relating to the killing of a Hamran man by a [Dabalaib] man (22, 26, 30-31 Jan, 1, 9 Feb); meeting of District Commissioners at Dueim, discussing the Native Administration scheme and land registration (23 Mar); a visit to the police training school and girls training college at Omdurman (1 Apr); a trip home to England on leave (4 Apr - 10 Jul); a case of a forged cheque (10 Apr, 10 Jul); a case involving a con-man conjuror (23 Jul); an account by a Sudanese colleague of Owen's of a pilgrimage to Mina, Mecca and Medina (12 Aug); the sinking of a ferry boat carrying various local Sudanese notables (9 Sep); man killed by snakebite (26 Sep); a tukl fire (26 Oct); a very brief mention of a case of sexual assault against a local Sudanese man by another local Sudanese man (28 Nov); brief mentions of the economic situation and the government's “economy campaign” (10, 31 Dec); Christmas at Kosti (24-25 Dec)
SAD.349/2/1-
1931 Jan 1-Dec 31
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; tackling slavery; tackling gambling; implementing land registration; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; colleagues, friends and family; locust extermination; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: the siting of a new petrol store (16 Jan); an accident involving Shaykh Bukhasi being knocked over by a horse (16 Jan); King's Day celebrations in Geteina with sports events, animal judging and dances (17 Jan); hunting a man eating crocodile (26-27 Jan); goodbye tea party for A.G Pawson, Governor of White Nile Province, before his transfer to Upper Nile Province (22 Feb); Owen's thoughts on the new Governor of White Nile Province, J.A. Reid (24 Feb); the departure of A.G Pawson, Governor of White Nile Province, upon his transfer to Upper Nile Province (13-14 Mar); trip home to England on leave (23 Mar-28 Jun); two major court cases - one of seemingly accidental homicide and one of murder (11-12 Jul); hyena poisoning (21 Aug); mention of the death of Musa Risha (Sep 17); moving house in Geteina (20 Oct); case of murder (11 Nov); brief mention of talk of possibly raising the height of the Jebel Aulia dam (2 Dec); visit by the Governor General, J.L. Maffey (13-15 Dec); Christmas in Dueim (24-25 Dec)
SAD.349/3/1-
1932 Jan 1-1933 Jan 7
Diary covering the last months of Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Geteina/Ed Dueim, White Nile Province and his first months as Assistant District Commissioner, Sinkat, Kassala Province. In the first part of the diary Owen mainly discusses his work at Geteina, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population, as well as sporting and social activities. From July onwards, following his transfer to Sinkat, Owen discusses: his impressions of Sinkat; his work dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; treks around Kassala Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; colleagues, friends and family; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: King's day celebrations at Naima (4 Jan); J.L. Maffey, Governor General's garden party (9 Feb); a polo tournament (10-12 Feb); news of Owen's transfer to Sinkat, Kassala Province (27 Feb, 6 Mar); brief mention of an overly severe punishment carried out by a Sudan Plantations Syndicate inspector against a worker (20 Mar); Owen's goodbye celebrations in Geteina (24-28 Mar); trip home to England on leave (31 Mar-10 Jul); Owen's arrival at, and first impressions of, Sinkat (11 Jul); Owen's opinions on the wireless (27 Jul); a murder case involving a [Busharaiab] and a [Hanolab] (15 Aug); the history of an ancient ruined city at Noobt (28 Aug); a description of the ruins at Noobt (30 Aug); a magic lantern (slide) show with a lecture by Owen (9 Sep); brief description, accompanied by a sketch, of ancient graves near Jabal Sabidana, Kassala Province (12 Sep); a climb up Jabal Sabidana (13 Sep); a brief description and sketch of an ancient grave near Khor [Agwidiri] (16 Sep); inspection of the site of a proposed cultivation dam at Ungwatiri, Kassala Province (7 Oct); the death of Owen's pet dog, Nimir (21 Oct); departure of D. Newbold, District Commissioner of Kassala Province, for Kordofan (26-28 Oct); brief description of a rababah musical instrument (10 Nov); an end of term show put on at a local school (24 Nov); Christmas in Kassala (25 Dec)
SAD.349/4/1-
1933 Jan 8-1934 Jan 15
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Sinkat, Kassala Province. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; colleagues, friends and family; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. Some entries of note include: brief description of a Hadanduwah mourning ceremony (23 Jan); King's day celebrations and sports at Gebeit (2 Feb); threat by the government to remove Hadanduwah from cultivation land and replace with another tribe with better cultivation skills (10 Feb); Owen's opinion of the 'wild' habits of the Gemilab (20 Feb); a yacht party at Port Sudan hosted by a visiting millionaire (6 Mar); the threat to the Hadanduwah cultivation rights (18 Mar); problems with West African labourers working near Aegir (19 Mar); an attempted kidnapping of a boy by a Rashaida man (28, 30 Mar); plans to divide up Kassala province (14 Apr); a case of adultery concerning two [Amarar] women and the question of what punishment to give (29 May); brief mention of a case involving a young boy captured for slavery (29 Jun); mention of the funeral wake of Muhammad Bey Musa (2 Jul); brief description of a Hadanduwah cemetary near [Korab] (29 Oct)
SAD.349/5/1-
1934 Jan 16-1935 Jan 29
Diary covering a year during Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Sinkat, Kassala Province. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities; his suspected heart condition. Some entries of note include: mention of distribution of eish grain to the poor on Bairam (17-18 Jan); a search for hashish (18, 31 Jan); King's day celebrations and sports at Gebeit (25 Jan); comment on the difference between the British and Arab approaches to criminal justice (9 Feb); trip home to England on leave (15 Mar-2 Jul); brief mention of Owen's thoughts on Governor-General, Sir Stewart Symes (6 Jul); the death of a station master at Ungwatiri (10 Sep); a mounted rabbit hunt on camelback, using stray dogs for hounds (6 Oct); celebrations including dancing and drum beating to mark a visit by the Governor General, Sir Stewart Symes, to Sinkat (28 Nov)
SAD.349/6/1-
1936 Jan 1-Dec 31
Diary mainly covering the last months of Owen's time as Assistant District Commissioner, Sinkat, Kassala Province. The entries from November onwards, though fairly sparse, cover Owen's first few weeks in Khartoum as Deputy Asstistant Civil Secretary, Civil Secretary's Office. In the first part of the diary Owen discusses: his courtship with his future wife, Margaret and his approaching wedding; his worsening health from his suspected heart condition; his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools and local agriculture; treks around White Nile Province to settle cases, collect tax and meet with local shaykhs, omdas and other notables; carrying out driving tests; colleagues, friends and family; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; sporting and social activities. From November onwards Owen discusses: his life in Khartoum, his health and his life as a married man. Entries of note include: Owen's thoughts on the death of King George V (21 Jan); a plane crash at Gebeit with three fatalaties (27 Jan); visits to the Gebeit and Oyo goldmines (15-17 Feb); trip home to England on leave (30 Mar-4 Jul); the death of Owen's servant, Ramadan (11 Oct); a levee at the Governor's Palace (16 Dec)
SAD.349/7/1-
1939 Jan 1-Dec 31
Diary largely consisting of very brief entries and mainly covering the last months of Owen's time as Deputy Assistant Civil Secretary, Civil Secretary's Office. The entries from October onwards cover Owen's first few weeks as District Commissioner, Rashad, Kordofan. In the first part of the diary Owen discusses: his life in Khartoum with his wife, Margaret; international developments; preparation of defences in the event of war; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities; game hunting; and occassionally his work, including budget work and the hearing of legal cases. From mid-October onwards Owen discusses: his impression of Rashad; his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: King's Day celebrations in El Obeid (21 Jan); a trip home to England on leave (7 Apr-8 Jul); a diluka near Tagelbo, Kordofan, featuring dancing and wrestling (31 Oct); Nuba bracelet fighting (25 Nov)
SAD.349/8/1-
1940 Jan 1-1941 Feb 16
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as District Commissioner, Rashad, Kordofan. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the developing international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: H.B. Arber's transfer from District Commissioner, Rashad to Public Securities Section, Civil Secretary's Office (12-19 Apr); arrival of D. Vidler, the new District Commissioner, Rashad (18-21 Apr); announcement of the cancellation of all leave (16 May); very brief mention of an accident on the Atbara bridge in which three British officials were hit by a train (23 Jul); an outbreak of yellow fever around Nuba mountains and Kordofan and mention of the various British officials struck by the illness (30 Sep-Nov 1, Nov 18); brief reference to a case of sexual assault against a child (Jan 19); King's Day celebrations in Rashad (Jan 21)
SAD.349/9/1-
1941 Feb 17-1942 Mar 18
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as District Commissioner, Rashad, Kordofan. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the developing international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: visit by the Governor-General, H.J. Huddleston, to various places around Kordofan (21-24 Feb); Owen's illness caused by a carbuncle on his leg (24 Feb-8 Mar); mention of the Italians in Abyssinia dressing native soldiers in baboon suits and sending them to photograph Sudanese lines (17 Mar); Owen's trip to South Africa on leave to see his wife, Margaret, and son, Robert (19 Mar-2 May); an offer of the job of Private Secretary to the Governor-General (2 May); a traditional Arab cure for a snakebite (11 Jul); the arrival of Owen's wife and son from South Africa (16 Nov)
SAD.349/10/1-
1942 Mar 19-Dec 31
Diary covering 8 months of Owen's time as District Commissioner, Rashad, Kordofan. The entries from mid-November onwards cover Owen's first few weeks as District Commissioner, En Nahud, Kordofan. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: stay of leave at Nyeri, Kenya, including a trip down the Nile to Juba and stops at Nimule, Nairobi and Naivasha (24 Mar-26 May); mention of new restrictions on leave south of Sudan (3 Apr); the political situation in Abyssinia (12 Apr); traditional Arab cures involving a hyrax (8-9 Sep); Owen's transfer from Rashad to En Nahud (25 Oct-27 Nov); Christmas in En Nahud (25 Dec)
SAD.350/1/1-
1943 Jan 1-Dec 31
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as District Commissioner, En Nahud, Kordofan. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: mention of a quarantine imposed on Sileikei and Warina after an outbreak of relapsing fever (21-25 Feb); recapturing an escaped Nuba prisoner (26 Feb); Owen's criticisms of the lack of authority in Tulleshi (26 Feb, 25 May); visit by the Governor General, H. Huddleston, to Kordofan (9-11 Mar); Owen's trip to Kenya on leave to see his wife, Margaret, and son, Robert, including the journey down the White Nile to Namasagali, Uganda (11 Jul-28 Sep); the birth of Owen's daughter, Janet (20 Nov); mention of recruitment of local Sudanese volunteers for the SDF (27-28 Nov); Christmas in El Obeid (25 Dec); brief mention of Owen's enquiry into a vacancy for a game warden (28 Dec)
SAD.350/2/1-
1944 Jan 1-1945 Jan 1
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as District Commissioner, En Nahud, Kordofan. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Entries of note include: a visit by the Governor General, H. Huddleston, to Kordofan (18-20 Jan); a performance by an Egyptian conjurer and mind reader (5 May); mention of the death of Jack Morrison, Owen's fellow District Commissioner, En Nahud (13-14 May); a fire in En Nahud (13 May); burning a Fallata village, the occupants of which refuse to move (30 May); burning of houses at El Odaya as punishment for children running in front of Owen's car (13 Jun); a trip on leave to Kenya, including the journey down the White Nile to Bor (25 Jun-27 Sep); breakdown of a steamer near Shambe (Jul 4-5); mention of violence by the Aulad Umran in Muglad in opposition to the Savings Scheme (29 Sep); fine imposed against the Aulad Umran (3 Oct); threatening behaviour by the Aulad Surur at a meeting of the Falaita in Sidra leading to arrests (4 Oct)
SAD.350/3/1-
1945 Jan 2-1946 Jan 1
Diary mainly covering the last months of Owen's time as District Commissioner, En Nahud, Kordofan. The entries from October onwards cover Owen's first few weeks as Deputy Governor, Equatoria. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Kordofan; the war and the international situation; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; his health; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities and his impressions of Wau. Entries of note include: a fire power demonstration near Shua (10 Jan); a trip home to England on leave, travelling by sea from Port Said to Dover (12 Mar-25 Jun); news of the death of Douglas Newbold (2 Apr); news of Owen's transfer to Deputy Governor, Equatoria (29 Jun); burning of illicitly built houses in [Kermadi] (30 Jul); departure from Kordofan, journey and arrival at Wau (22 Oct-12 Nov)
SAD.350/4/1-
1946 Jan 3-Dec 31
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Deputy Governor, Equatoria. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Equatoria; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen also makes occasional, very brief, mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation. Entries of note include: brief mentions of a visit by the Qaid (6-9 Jan); a battle between Arabs and Dinkas on the Bahr el Arab (11-12 May); trip home to England on leave (3 Jun-14 Sep); brief mention of the suggestions by the Civil Secretary's Committe on Sudanisation and democratisation (10 Sep); a violent incident and a murder at Mboro church mission (2 Nov)
SAD.350/5/1-
1947 Jan 24-1948 Jan 1
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Deputy Governor, Equatoria. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Equatoria; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen also makes occasional, very brief, mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation and incidences of unrest amongst the Sudanese. Entries of note include: attendance at a conference in Juba on the issue of co-operation between the North and the South (12-13 Jun); trip home to England on leave (16 Jun-9 Sep); mention of the sinking of a barge near Wau (27 Sep); strike by southern workers and hosptial staff over the price of grain (8 Oct); a meeting with the leaders of the strike and Owen's opinions on the strikers (9 Oct); mention of an interview with striking hospital staff at Lui (9 Nov); Christmas in Wau (25 Dec)
SAD.350/6/1-
1948 Jan 1-1949 Jan 9
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Deputy Governor, Equatoria. Owen discusses: his work, dealing with cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Equatoria; defence preparations; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen makes occasional, very brief, mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation and incidences of unrest amongst the Sudanese. He also occasionally refers to the preparations for the formation of the new Bahr al-Ghazal sub-province of which he becomes governor. Entries of note include: [N.T. Taylor, Superintendent of Police] and his courtship with two different women (15-16 Jan); brief mention of further strikes amongst Sudanese workers (17 Mar, 19 Apr); mention of a severe storm (17 Apr); a ceremony to celebrate the formation of the new Bahr al-Ghazal sub-province (1 Jul); a trip home to England on leave (1 Aug-23 Oct)
SAD.350/7/1-
1949 Jan 10-1950 Jan 16
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal. Owen discusses: his work overseeing the development of the new sub-province; cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Bahr al-Ghazal; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting trips; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen makes occasional, very brief, mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation and incidences of unrest amongst the Sudanese. Entries of note include: a ceremony to mark the opening of a new Local Government building in [Cwei Beth] (15 Jan); a visit by the Governor-General, R.G. Howe, to Bahr al-Ghazal (4-15 Apr); very brief description of a Dinka fishing party fishing near hippos (6 May); trip home to England on leave (30 Jul-16 Oct); the firing of a firearm by a prison warder outside of Owen's home (2-4 Nov); the capsizing of a ferry at Wau (9-10 Nov); a visit by the Kaid (25-28 Nov); a drowning in the Nile (25 Dec); very brief mention of an attack by bees whilst on trek (8 Jan)
SAD.350/8/1-
1950 Feb 5-Dec 31
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal. Owen discusses: his work overseeing the development of the new sub-province; cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Bahr al-Ghazal; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting trips; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen also makes occasional very brief mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation and incidences of unrest amongst the Sudanese. Entries of note include: a trip to Khartoum to attend meetings and conferences on various issues, mainly political (5-12 Feb); a trip home to England on leave (7 Aug-21 Oct)
SAD.350/9/1-
1952 Jan 20-1953 Jan 1
Diary covering a year of Owen's time as Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal. Owen discusses: his work overseeing the development of the new sub-province; cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; trips to Khartoum to attend meetings and conferences; treks around Bahr al-Ghazal; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting trips; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen makes occasional, very brief, mention of issues relating to Sudanisation and democratisation and incidences of unrest amongst the Sudanese. Entries of note include: the case of A. Pollock, Veterinary Inspector at Yirol, driving whilst drunk and accidentally killing his servant (20 May - occasional very brief mention is made of the subsequent court case and eventual imprisonment of Pollock in entries up until 28 Jun); a trip home to England on leave (5 Aug-20 Oct); brief mention of the postponement of the Sudanese elections (15 Nov); mention of a battle involving 1,000 Dinka near Nyamlel (23 Nov); Christmas in Wau (25 Dec); brief mention of Owen's opinions on journalists reporting on the upcoming election (27 Dec)
SAD.350/10/1-
1953 Jan 2-1954 Dec 31
Diary mainly covering the last few months of Owen's time as Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal. The entries from May onwards cover the first months after Owen's retirement including a final trip of leave around West Africa and his return home to England. In the first part of the diary Owen discusses: his work overseeing the development of the new sub-province; cases and disputes amongst the local Sudanese population; police inspections and marksmanship training; inspections of schools, prisons and local agriculture; treks around Bahr al-Ghazal; local wildlife; game hunting and shooting trips; colleagues, friends and family; sporting and social activities. Owen makes regular, though brief, mention of the process of Sudanisation and democratisation. He talks particularly about the Southern question and the position of Egypt. Entries of note include: a visit by a party of Egyptian diplomats to Bahr al-Ghazal (2-8 Jan); trip to Khartoum to attend meetings and conferences on issues relating to Sudanisation and the Southern question (13-18 Jan); ceremony to mark the official announcement of the Anglo-Egyptian agreement (14 Feb); mention of Owen's opinion on the situation left to the South (6 Mar); meetings with Selwyn Lloyd, British Minister for State, on ths issue of Southern Sudan (23 Mar); vote for Wau town council elections (14 Apr); auction of Owen's posessions prior to his retirement (16-17 Apr); farewell celebrations and preparations for departure (19-25 Apr); final leave taking around Southern Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Rhodesia (27 Apr-13 Jun); Owen's final departure from the Sudan (2 May); celebration in Salisbury, Northern Rhodesia, to mark the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II (2 Jun); news that Owen is to be awarded a C.B.E. (2 Jun); attendance at Buckingham Palace to receive C.B.E. (21 Jul); a presentation to the Africa Committee on the situation in the Sudan (27 Oct); the Sudan election results (1 Dec)
4. Photographic material
SAD.90/3
[1920s-1930s]
Photograph album containing photographs taken around Wau, Port Said, White Nile Province
1927
Azande men carrying T.R.H. Owen's trek equipment and supplies from a tukl in Wau, Upper Nile Province. Another Sudanese man holds the reigns of Owen's horse
[1927]
Sudanese fisherman, wearing a turban and holding a casting net, standing by a river [possibly Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal]
1927-8
T.R.H. Owen's house in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1927]
Azande men and children bathing in a tributary of the Jur river, near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1927-1928]
Sudanese police at rifle practice [possibly in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal]
[1927]
Sultan Renzi of the Azande, wearing jallabiyyah and turban, helping his wives onto the back of a truck
[1927]
L.M. Kerr, Assistant District Commissioner, Central District, Bahr al-Ghazal, teaching English games to a group of Azande boys
[1927]
Group of Azande boys on a raised wooden platform scaring birds away from crops in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1927]
T.R.H. Owen's cook, Ramadan, stood next to two Dinka men
[1927]
View of the market place in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1927]
Group of Sudanese porters and workmen (mostly Azande) dancing on a newly constructed bridge in order to compact the earth and test the stability of the bridge
[1927]
Group of Azande men dancing. Two men in the foreground are playing drums - one a tall drum, the other an Azande gong or drum made in the shape of a bull
[1927]
L.M. Kerr, Assistant District Commissioner, Central District, Bahr al-Ghazal, dressing a wound on an Azande child's foot with onlookers gathered around
[1927]
[Major-Dows] and three of the wives of the Sultan Renzi of the Azande aboard a truck setting off for Khartoum on an official visit
[1927]
Dinka man wearing upper arm bracelets and covered in ash
[1927]
Tall Shilluk man wearing robes, sandals and a tall hat near Malakal, Upper Nile province
[1927]
Chief Peili (centre, wearing wide brimmed hat) of the Bolanda, surrounded by his wakils, or sub-chiefs
1927
Sudan Defence Force officers (left to right) Dr. T.W. Davidson, senior medical officer, Dr Karsa, B.C. Whicher, and Ingram attending the embarkation of a company of the Equatorial battalion onto a steamer at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1927
View of open plain near Meshra` er Req, Bahr al-Ghazal, with herd of tiang hartebeeste in the distance
1927
Oribi antelope barely visible amongst tall grass in plain near Meshra` er Req, Bahr al-Ghazal
1927
Dead roan antelope, its head being held up by a Sudanese game worker
1927
Dinka bull grazing in tall grass
1927
Dead buffalo shot near Meshra` el Req, Bahr al-Ghazal, being examined by a Dinka man and Sudanese game workers
1927
Two Dinka men and an Azande man skinning a tiang
[1928]
View from a train of hills on the edge of the Red Sea
[1928]
View of the Sudan Club, Khartoum, with horses and cart stood in front
[1928]
View of the mosque in Port Said, Egypt
[1928]
View of Kitchener's statue along with the War Office and the Central Offices, Khartoum
[1928]
Azande workers building a bridge of logs and earth near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1928]
Azande workers standing next to a newly constructed bridge near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1928]
Azande workers gathering sticks
[1928]
A tukl next to a crop of dura ten miles from Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal. Next to the tukl is a raised hen roost
[1928]
The wife of J.G. Monteath, Deputy Governor of Bahr al-Ghazal, boarding a ferry boat with her dog at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal. Aboard the boat are a number of Southern Sudanese men [possibly Azande and Dinka]
[1928]
The madiriya or office at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1927
View of open plain near Meshra` er Req, Bahr al-Ghazal, with herd of tiang hartebeeste in the distance
[1928]
View of the Bahr al-Ghazal with a swamp on the left and a mimosa forest on the right
[1928]
Merchant laying out his wares in the corner of the marketplace in Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal, whilst two Sudanese men [possibly Dinka] look on
1927
Competitors [mostly Azande] for the King's Day spear throwing competition at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1927
Competitors [mostly Azande] lining up for the King's Day half mile race at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1927
Azande man taking part in the King's Day spear throwing competition at Wau, Bahr al Ghazal, whilst other competitors and officials look on
[1927]
A street scene in Khartoum
1926 Nov
View of the rock of Gibraltar
[1927]
2 photographs of a polo match at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1929
[G. Aylmer, Conservator of Forests] with his wife and Mr. Whitehouse, a surveyor
1929
3 photos of a group of Southern Sudanese men [possibly Shilluk] killing a locust swarm with large sticks and branches
1929
Mahmoud effendi Kheiri, Egyptian Assistant Registrar of Lands, with his bride on their wedding day
1929
Portrait of T.R.H. Owen's cook, Ramadam, from Wau
1929
Portrait of T.R.H. Owen's syce, or stableman, Khamees, from Wau
1929
Portrait of T.R.H. Owen's servant, Said Hassan, from Dongola
1930
Portrait of Ali Mesellin at Um Rimta, White Nile Province
[1930]
Nazir `Abd al-Qadir Idris Habbani (centre) with his wakils (from left to right): his son, Idris al-Qadir; his brother, Debeig Habbani; his nephew, Omar Debeig; and his half brother, Yusif
[1930]
Nazir Abd `al-gader Idris Habbani (front centre) with his wakils (back row left to right): his son, Idris al-Gader; his nephew, Omar Debeig; his half brother, Yusif Idris; (front row left to right) Khalifa Tahir `Ali; Yunis Abd al-Salam; [Ahmed Marimi]; Yagoub Abul Ebeida
[1930]
The Great Pyramid of Giza
1929
T.R.H. Owen sat in chair, reading a newspaper
1931
View of the proposed site of the White Nile Dam near Geteina, White Nile Province
1931
View of the White Nile looking south towards Geteina, White Nile Province
[1930]
Naim Kereil (centre) with (from left to right): Mustafa, a policeman; Magboul Kereil, brother of Naim Kereil; Abdullah Naim, eldest son of Naim Kereil; al-Iman Naim, second son of Naim Kereil; Ibrahim Naim, third son of Naim Kereil; and [?] Naim, fourth son of Naim Kereil
[1930]
Sudanese ferryboat men and workers trying to lead T.R.H. Owen's camel, “George”, onto a ferryboat at [Gervasa?]
[1930]
View of a jebel
[1930]
View of the tomb of Shaykh al-Sadiq
[1930]
Mamur Muhammad al-Gamal
1932
Arab horsemen wearing armour and riding horses wearing horse armour at a King's Day celebration in Na`ima, White Nile Province
1932
Arab swordsmen performing a dance at a King's Day celebration in Na`ima, White Nile Province
1932
King's Day event in Na`ima, White Nile Province, featuring (from left to right): Muhammad Ali al-Shatir; Naim al-Kereil; J.A. Reid, Governor, White Nile Province; Nazir `Abd al-Gad al-Habbani; ma`mur Abd al-Hadi effendi; sub-ma`mur Bashir at al-Wosi
1932
King's Day event in Na`ima, White Nile Province, featuring (from left to right): A. Paul, Assistant District Commissioner, Northern District; C.P. Fisher, Veterinary Inspector; J.A. Reid, Governor, White Nile Province; Nazir Abd `al-gader Idris; ma`mur Abd al-Hadi effendi; sub-ma`mur Bashir at al-Wosi
[1930]
T.R.H. Owen on his camel, “George”
[1930]
Omar Muhammad Habbani, nephew and wakil of the Nazir `Abd al-Qadir Idris Habbani
1932
Sword dancer at a King's Day celebration in Na`ima, White Nile Province
1932
Horse judging at a King's Day show at Na`ima, White Nile Province
[1930s]
2 photos of sailing vessels in Port Sudan harbour
[1930s]
2 photos of ancient Bija tombs in Maman, Kassala
1933
Group of Hadanduwah men skinning an Ibex, Kassala Province
[1933]
Troop of baboons, Kassala Province
[1933]
View of trees and shrubs with Kudu in far distance, Kassala Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah men at a well with dom palm trees in the background, Kassala Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah goats and camels at a well, Kassala Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah encampment near the river Setit, Kassala Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah youth and child filling drinking vessels at a well, Kassala Province
[1933]
View of a cliff [possibly by the Setit river]
[1933]
Hadanduwah boy lying on the ground, Kassala Province
[1930s]
View of the Setit river
[1930s]
Omda al-Amin Sulliman sitting in Khor [Onil], in Jebel [Tiyaiyed], Equatoria
[1930s]
View of Khor Oual
[1930s]
View of hills and trees near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man filling a trough to feed goats, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Two Hadanduwah men talking, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man drawing water from a well, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah children and pater familias loading water skins onto a donkey at a well centre in Khor Girger, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man wearing robes and carrying a stick, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Two Sudanese men dragging a ten foot long crocodile
[1930s]
View of the river Setit, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man singing to cattle while they drink, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man running down to a river followed by a herd of cattle, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah boy and goats watering at a rain pool left in a khor, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Group of Hadanduwah men skinning an ibex, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Herd of Lahawain camels being watered in the river Gash, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Camel hamla crossing a steep little narrow khor
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen's house in Sinkat, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View from Sinkat, Red Sea Province, looking east
[1930s]
View from Sinkat, Red Sea Province, looking west
[1930s]
View from half way up Jebel Okum, Red Sea Province
1933
Competitors for a camel race in a King's Day sports event, Gebeit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Young Hadanduwah man
[1930s]
Two Hadanduwah men operating a windlass
[1930s]
Dragon tree on Jebel Okum, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View from the side of Jebel Tamai, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala
[1930s]
Tent pitched in [Gammam] forest near the river Gash, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Two Hadanduwah boys filling water skins at Goz Regeb on the river Atbara, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Photograph album also contains three sketches [by Owen]: a religious dance at Mulid el Nebi ceremonies; three omdas talking; and a Sudanese man wearing a jallabiyyah
SAD.90/4
[1930s]
Album
1933 Dec
Hadanduwah men taking part in a camel race in Aegir, Kassala Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah men weighing dom nuts, carried in rope bundles and palm leaf woven sacks, in the dom market, Derudeb, Kassala
[1933]
Camels watering at a pool close to the Langeb Khor, {}
[1933]
View from Jebel Oman at the junction of Odi Khor and Langeb Khor, {}
[1933]
Camel bearing a shibiriya or shaded sort of howdah in which women sometimes ride, Khor Odi, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Start of a camel race in Aegir, Kassala province
[1930s]
[F.T.C. Young, Governor, Kassala] being carried on a litter across the Gash river to Kassala during the Kharif
[1930s]
View of a valley near Waribba
1933
View from Jebel Kassala looking westwards over the Gash river
1933
T.R.H. Owen sitting on a river bank after a bathe in one of the big pools left after the Kharif
[1930s]
Arab men and women carrying goods on their way up the Nile
[1930s]
2 photos of group of Hadanduwah men fighting a mock battle with missiles, sticks and shields
[1930s]
Amarar winner of a camel race crossing the finishing line, Ariab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Amarar men watching a camel race, Ariab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View from on the Nile between Shellal and Halfa, {}
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala
[1930s]
Piece of irrigated land on the river Gash where cotton is to be planted
[1930s]
Camels crossing the river Gash in flood at Kassala
[1930s]
Hadanduwah boy driving sheep back from the wells to pasture
[1930s]
Large group of Sudanese men crossing the river Gash in flood at Kassala. The man in the foreground, wearing a turban and robes, is being carried across on a litter
[1930s]
View of landscape and hills west of Sinkat, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Sudanese man leading a camel across a sandy khor, or dry river bed, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man taking part in a long jump at a sports event, Ariab
[1930s]
Ferryboat crossing the river Atbara at Goz Regeb loaded with nine men, two donkeys and a camel
[1930s]
Troop of baboons among the Erkowit hills, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Troop of Abyssinian baboons among the Erkowit hills, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Dog baboon sat atop a large boulder, Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Landscape view of hills and mountains near Sinkat, [Kassala]
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man digging a waterhole in the sandy bed of Khor Kokreb, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Women and boys on donkeys near Halfa Station
[1930s]
Muhammad Takir Bakash
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen's parrot, “Marcus”
[1930s]
View of Sinkat from a distance
[1930s]
View westwards from hills south of Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1935]
J.M. Humphry, Deputy Governor, Kassala Province, talking to the Nazir
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala
[1935]
Group of British officials sat by a car. From left to right: T.R.H. Owen; A.M. Hankin, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District; Mrs E. Ross; W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District
[1933]
Three British officials standing next to a haul of fish, Halaib, Red Sea Province. Left to right: Hatton Bey [possibly J.H.R. Olebar Bey]; W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District, Kassala; and J.M. Humphry, District Commissioner, Kassala
[1930s]
View of Jebel Margadi, Red Sea Province, with a herd of bishari camels in the foreground
[1930s]
Camels standing in flooded [Metateb wells, Red Sea Province]
[1930s]
Hadanduwah dom nut sellers waiting for the market to open, [Kassala]
[1930s]
Hadanduwah workers using sandbags to mend a break in a canal bank, [Kassala]
[1930s]
Stumpy tailed raven, near Sinkat, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
3 photos of hyrax or rock rabbit sat amongst large boulders, near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View of the Akareirirba mountains, near Sinkat, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View of sand dunes at Obak, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
4 photos of a troop of Abyssinian baboons, Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Start of a camel race, Aigir, Kassala Province
1936
Interior view of T.R.H. Owen's living room, Sinkat, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View from “Kitty's Leap”, Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Three Hadanduwah herd boys with their camels
[1930s]
Muhammad Adam, Shaykh of Erkowit, pointing out his domain
[1930s]
2 photos of dorcas gazelle
[1930s]
Hadanduwah spectators at a sports event, Halaib, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
West African women and children carrying bundles
[1930s]
Bee-eater birds
[1930s]
3 photos of a “gully gully man” or magician performing tricks in Port Said, Egypt
[1935]
Group of British officials having a picnic. From left to right: W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District; Mrs E. Ross; A.M. Hankin, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District; T.R.H. Owen
[1930s]
Sudanese boy driving bulls attached to a sakia or animal driven water wheel
[1930s]
3 photos of various stages of the Omdurman gymkhana rotary race which involves bicyclists, camel riders and horse drawn carts
[1930s]
Exterior view of “Moghren Manor”, T.R.H. Owen's house at Moghren
[1930s]
Date palm and dom palm in the garden [at T.R.H. Owen's house at Moghren]
[1930s]
View of the Blue Nile from the garden of [T.R.H. Owen's house at Moghren]
[1930s]
[Mrs M. Owen, wife of T.R.H. Owen,] sat on the sofa in the corner of the main room at their house at Moghren
SAD.91/6
[1930-1947]
Album containing various photographs of Sudanese communities, individuals, landscapes
[1930s]
2 photos of Hadanduwah boys from Gemilab drawing water from a well near Jebel Shushaieb, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man digging a waterhole in the sandy bed of Khor Kokreb, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Two Amarar youths at a tribal meeting at Ariab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Amarar winner of a camel race crossing the finishing line, Ariab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Amarar men watching a camel race, Ariab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Two Hadanduwah men filling water skins at a water hole in Khor Kokreb, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Muhammad Adam Sanusi and other Hadanduwah men playing a game of “ardöt” in Khor Arab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Camels crossing the river Gash in flood at Kassala
[1930s]
Muhammad Adam, Shaykh of Erkowit, pointing out his domain
[1930s]
2 photos of group of Hadanduwah men fighting a mock battle with missiles, sticks and shields
[1930s]
Hadanduwah man playing the basunkw
1936 Feb
Boys lined up for a race, at a Bisharin meeting at Halaib, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Start of a camel race in Aegir, Kassala province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah sword dancing and beating of the new nahas, or war drums, at a meeting in Aegir, Kassala Province
[1930s]
2 photos of a “gully gully man” or magician performing tricks in Port Said, Egypt
[1930s]
Camels stood in flooded [Metateb wells, Red Sea Province]
[1930s]
British Officials, riding camels and horses, taking part in a hunt in Gebeit, Red Sea Province
1933
3 photos of Hadanduwah agricultural tenants clearing the sedge, grass and bush of newly watered land by the river Gash in order that cotton can be planted
[1930s]
Group of Hadanduwah men skinning an ibex, Jebel Tamie, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Three Hadanduwah herd boys with their camels
[1930s]
2 photos of the Omdurman gymkhana rotary race which involves bicyclists, camel riders and horse drawn carts
[1933]
Camel bearing a shibiriya or shaded sort of howdah in which women sometimes ride, Khor Odi, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Hadanduwah children and pater familias loading water skins onto a donkey at a well centre in Khor Girger, Kassala Province
[1936]
R. Salmon, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District, holding a fish and a fishing rod near Goz Regeb, Kassala Province
1936 Feb
Bishari goat herd, Wadi Di-ib-Odib, Red Sea Province
[1933]
Hadanduwah men weighing dom nuts, carried in rope bundles and palm leaf woven sacks, in the dom market, Derudeb, Kassala
[1930s]
Start of a camel race at a Bisharin meeting, Halaib, Red Sea Province
[1933]
Three British officials stood next to a haul of fish, Halaib, Red Sea Province. Left to right: Hatton Bey [possibly J.H.R. Olebar Bey]; W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District, Kassala; and J.M. Humphry, District Commissioner, Kassala
[1930s]
Sudanese military band playing at the Khartoum Races
[1930s]
Shaykh Muhammad Muhammad al-Amin Tirik, Nazir of the Hadanduwah, riding a camel
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen's wife, Margaret, with a dorcas gazelle, at Khartoum Zoo
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen's wife, Margaret, with a gazelle, at Khartoum Zoo
[1930s]
W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Bija District, Kassala, with an oryx at Khartoum Zoo
[1930s]
3 photos of a Sudanese fisherman casting a net, at the junction of the Niles, near Khartoum
[1930s]
Hadanduwah boy wearing robes sat on a rock, near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Camels being watered at El Odaiya, Kordofan
1939 Jan
3 photos of horsemen, footmen and camelmen marching past E. Campbell, Governor, Kordofan, at a Hamar gathering at En Nahud, Kordofan
1939 Jan
Camel utfahs being paraded for judging at a Hamar gathering at En Nahud, Kordofan
1939 Jan
Nahas, or war drums, being beaten on camelback at a Hamar gathering at En Nahud, Kordofan
[1930s]
6 photos of Korongo Nuba wrestling
[1930s]
2 photos of musicians, playing kudu horns, and masters of ceremonies at a Korongo Nuba wrestling event
[1930s]
2 photos of bracelet fighting between Fungor and Nyaro
[1930s]
Southern Sudanese man sat under a tree spinning yarn, Turjok Jebel, Nuba Mountains
[1930s]
Moro musician holding a lyre
[1930s]
4 photos of a Masakin Nuba stick fighting contest. The contestants carry sticks and shields of stretched animal hide
[1930s]
Two Sudanese men sawing a rough plank of wood with a large saw, Rashad, Kordofan
[1930s]
3 photos of Koalib Nuba children, Kordofan
1946
Group of Moru boys bathing in a river [possibly the river Yei?] near Amadi, Equatoria
1946
Azande woman washing laundry in the river Busseri, Akanda, Equatoria
1945
Dinka men surrounding a truck loaded aboard a ferry crossing the Bahr al-Arab, near Abyei, Kordofan
1946
Ngork Dinka girls basket weaving, Kordofan
[1930s]
Dinka men stood in and around a canoe crossing the Bahr al-Arab, near Abyei, Kordofan
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala on a Kharif (monsoon season) morning
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala, as seen from across the flooded river Gash, in August
[1930s]
View of the entrance to Suakin island, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View from Jebel Baramaueb of the hills near Sinkat, Kassala Province
[1930s]
View of Jebel Kassala from the South East side with the Wad Sherifai cotton land in the foreground, Kassala Province
[1930s]
View of Jebel Magardi, Wadi Di-ib-Odib, Red Sea Province, with herd of camles in the foreground
[1930s]
Felucca at the junction of the White and Blue Niles, with Omdurman in the far distance
[1930s]
View from “Kitty's Leap”, Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View inside the basin of Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
View of a deep crocodile infested pool on the Setit river, Kassala Province
[1930s]
View of the Setit river
[1930s]
Omda al-Amin Sulliman sitting in Khor [Onil], in Jebel [Tiyaiyed], Equatoria
[1930s]
Khor [Onil], in Jebel [Tiyaiyed], Equatoria
[1930s]
Camels watering at a pool in a tributary of Khor Langeb, Kassala Province
[1930s]
Bija men with camels at the crest of the Hadaruidor Pass leading into the heart of the Wariba mountain range
[1930s]
Date palm trees submerged as a result of the heightening of the Assuan Dam
[1930s]
View of Jebel Elba, Kassala Province
[1930s]
View along Jebel Kassala from a cleft high up beside the main dome
[1930s]
2 photos of ancient Bija tombs in Maman, Kassala
[1930s]
View of a road near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
A haboob, or sandstorm, over Khartoum
[1930s]
Birds and gazelle in Khartoum Zoo
[1930s]
2 photos of views near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
1939 Mar
View of the Dinder river, near Ereif al-Dik, El Fung
1939 Mar
View of the Ras Amer lake near Khor Galegu, El Fung
1942
View of the Otoro Hills looking across towards Tira, Nuba Mountains
1939
Fleet of feluccas, Khartoum
1947
View of the White Nile above Shukoli, Equatoria
1947
Gorge and rapids of the White Nile north of Nimule, Equatoria
1947
Ferry crossing at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
SAD.351/1
1935-1946
Album mainly containing photographs of Sudanese people and communities and Sudanese and Kenyan wildlife
[1940s]
Sacred ibis nesting in acacia, Khartoum
1946
Shatt oarsman rowing a fishing boat on the Loll river near Ashana
1946
Dinka woman in ferry punt on the Bahr al-Arab, Safaha
1945
Crowd gathered in Ayak suq, West Kordofan
1944
Girls [possibly Baqqarah] drawing water from a tebeldi tree, West Kordofan
1946
Crowd at the Wau lido,
[1940s]
Moru boys near Amadi
1946
Hippo in Wau pool viewed from T.R.H. Owen's house, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
View of the river Wau looking upstream (southwards) from T.R.H. Owen's house, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
The mudiriyiah, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
T.R.H. Owen's house, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
Bongo lady doing washing on the Busseri river
1946
Female Moru prisoner beating out sisal
1946
Gorinti fishing pool, near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
Dinka ferry boat on the Bahr al-Arab, Abyei
[1940s]
Two men [possibly Azande] one wearing feathers in his hair
1939 Jan
4 photos of horsemen, footmen and camelmen marching past E. Campbell, Governor, Kordofan, at a Hamar gathering at En Nahud, Kordofan
1939 Jan
Nahas, or war drums, being beaten on camelback at a Hamar gathering at En Nahud, Kordofan
1939 Jan
2 photos of a Nuba boy and girl, Nyimang hills, Kordofan
[1939]
Group of Nuba boys carrying spears
[1939]
Young Nuba boys wrestling
1935 Oct
2 photos of Gemilab boys, Shushaieb, Kassala
[1930s]
Sayyid Muhammad, Shaykh of T`Lamyam market, weighing dom-nuts
[1930s]
Street crier selling coffee at Sinkat railway station
1941
Group of Sudanese men pushing a truck down a dirt road, Rashad, Kordofan
[1940s]
M.E.F. Forster with a large group of Sudanese men and police gathered around a dead crocodile shot by Forster, Ashana, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
Wood ibis, river Gel, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
Cattle egrits and sacred ibis, Wau
1938 Nov
3 photos showing the rehearsal of the battle of Omdurman in the filming of “The Four Feathers”, Shabluka
1939 Mar
Herd of giraffe near the river Dinder
1946
7 photos of elephants near Yirol, Upper Nile Province
1944
Grevy's zebra and common zebra, Kenya
1945
Pied kingfisher, Wau
1936
2 photos of ostriches, Sinkat
1938 Oct
4 photos of cattle egrits, Khartoum
SAD.92/1
1936-1950
Album containing photographs of Sudanese and Kenyan wildlife
[1930s]
6 photos of Abyssinian, or 'sacred', baboons near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Pelicans on the banks of the river Gash, Kassala Province
1936 Jul
3 photos of a squirrel in a garden
[1930s]
Pair of gazelle near Khor Arab, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
Stumpy tailed raven, Red Sea Hills
[1930s]
5 photos of ostriches on an open plain somewhere between Erkowit, Red Sea Province, and Sinkat, Kassala Province
1936-1939
4 photos of bee-eaters
[1930s]
2 photos of a hyrax, or rock-rabbit, in the Red Sea Hills
[1930s]
2 photos of birds at a bird table
[1930s]
Giraffes [at Khartoum zoo]
[1930s]
2 photos of a woodpecker under a bird table
1937-1938
6 photos of ibis nesting in Sayyid Ali al-Mirghani's garden
[1930s]
5 photos of pelicans in a river
[1930s]
7 photos of buff-backed herons, or cattle egrits, nesting near Khartoum
[1930s]
3 photos of ostriches on the El Obeid to Nahud road, Kordofan
1939
2 photos of reedbuck, El Fung
[1930s]
2 photos of a herd of tiang hartebeeste grazing
[1930s]
3 photos of buffalo
[1930s]
4 photos of a herd of giraffe in El Fung
[1930s]
2 photos of two doe ariel gazelle, or Soemmering's gazelle, near Ras Amer lake, El Fung
[1930s]
Herd of roan antelope
[1930s]
View of a maya with ariel gazelle (in foreground), tiang and waterbuck feeding
1950
Herd of cob near Yirol, Upper Nile Province
1942-1943
6 photos of waterbuck near Kaka, Upper Nile Province
1942-1943
3 photos of impala north of Nyeri, Kenya
1943
4 photos of warthogs, Nyeri, Kenya
1944
8 photos of zebra, Naivasha, Kenya
1941
2 photos of a one-horned roan antelope near Kaka, Upper Nile Province
1942 Apr
4 photos of Oryx near Nyeri, Kenya
1942 Apr
2 photos of Eland near Nyeri, Kenya
1943 Mar
Tiang hartebeeste at Aweng, Bahr al-Ghazal
1943 Mar
Black rhino at Aweng, Bahr al-Ghazal
1943 Aug
Cock white-eye, Naivasha, Kenya
1944 Aug
Three onyx in an open plain, Nyeri, Kenya
1943
Wild cat, or golden cat, Naivasha, Kenya
1944 Aug
5 photos of a herd of grant's gazelle at a salt lick, Shabadika, Kenya
1944-1946
3 photos of buffalo in Kenya
1945 Jan
Roan antelope, Lake Abyad
[1940s]
Common zebra at a salt lick, Shabadika, Kenya
1944 Aug
4 photos of elephants in Kenya
1947-1948
2 photos of tiang hartebeeste at Aliab Dinka and Yirol
1944 Aug
4 photos of a bull elephant in thick forest
1944 Aug
Herd of gnus, Kenya
[1940s]
2 photos of giraffes [in Kenya]
1944
A shrike, or bell-bird, in Isiolo, Kenya
1944 Jun
Abdin Bey storks, El Obeid, Kordofan
1946
African magpies on a donkey's back, Aweil
1945 Dec
2 photos of puff backed herons, or cattle egrits, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946
4 photos of a herd of elephants near Atet, Bahr al-Ghazal
1946-1947
3 photos of elephants (cows and young) in toich country
1946
Pied kingfisher, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1941
Nile cormorant, Kaka, Upper Nile Province
1946
Wood ibis in a river
1946
Buffalo herd charging, Atet, Bahr al-Ghazal
1947 Jun
2 photos of elephants near Nimule, Equatoria
1947 Jun
White rhinoceros near Nimule, Equatoria
1948 Feb
Herd of giraffes between Gogrial and Meshra` er Req, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 Feb
Young cob on river Loll, Bahr al-Ghazal
1947-1949
2 photos of a hammerheaded stork, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1950
African pied wagtail
1950
2 photos of cob buck and does
1950
3 photos of lelwel hartebeestes
SAD.351/2/1-
1951-1953
Album containing photos of wildlife from Sudan and beyond
1950 Dec 30
African spoonbill, Nyamlel
1950 Dec 30
Stilt and African spoonbill, Nyamlel
1951 Jan
2 photos of hammerhead storks in the rapids at Alel, near Yirol
1950 Dec 31
Pelicans on water, Nyamlel
1950 Dec 31
Whistling teals on water, Nyamlel
1951 Mar
2 photos of buffalo bulls at Badingilu
1951 Feb
2 photos of buffalo in a marsh, near river Ibbo, Ngaringba
1951 Mar
2 photos of tiang at Badingilu
1951 Mar
2 photos of reedbuck at Badingilu
1951 Mar
Roan at Badingilu
1951 Mar
Zebra at Badingilu
1950 Jan
Tiang and white-eared cob, Yirol toiches
1951 Apr
Orange-headed lizard
1951 Apr
Giraffes by a roadside, [Wunrog]
1951 May
Hippo herd in Lake Nubor
[1951]
Hippos in Moroko pool, river Sue
1952 Apr
2 photos of lelwel hartebeeste, Akwongkar, Aweil district
1952 Jan
Ruffs and green sandpiper, Nyamlel
1951 Dec
Hagedash Ibis, Wau
1952 Feb
Red-chested bee-eaters outside nesting hole, Wau
1952 Jan
Common (European) sandpiper, Nyamlel
1952 Mar
2 photos of a waterbuck at Gomuko, river Ibba
1952 Feb
White rhino bull, Nimule
1952 Mar
Black rhino cow and calf, Toonalai
1953 May
3 photos of Nile lechwe
1953 Apr
Herd of lelwel hartebeeste, Ibba river
1952 Feb
Elephants at Nimule
SAD.92/2
1938 Oct - 1953 Apr
Album of photographs taken around Equatoria, Bahr al-Ghazal and Upper Nile Province. Includes images of Dinka communities and people along with various images of Sudanese wildlife
1946
Moru boys batying near Amadi, Equatoria
1946
Dinka fisherman throwing casting net, Ashana, Bahr al-Ghazal
1938 Oct
Fleet of sailing vessels at Khartoum
1948
Nyambara women in the river Loll, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 Feb
Dinka girl fetching water
1948 Apr
Dinka cattle camp taken early morning before the cattle go out to graze. A Dinka man is sat on a tree branch in the foreground
1948 Mar
Sudanese prisoners drawing water from a well, Rumbek, Bahr al-Ghazal
1943 Oct
3 photos of hammerhead storks, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 Jan
Marabout storks and wood ibis in a tree, river Pongo, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 May
Three cob bucks, Ashana
[1940s]
“Abdim's storks” gathering on the sandspit on the river Wau ready to migrate north
[1940s]
Herd of giraffes near Gogrial, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Crocodiles basking in the Ibbo river, south of Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Buffalo at a salt lick, river Ibbo, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Stilt wading in a river, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Wood-sandpiper wading in a river, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Dinka man hoeing a tobacco plot with other Dinka men and boys in the background, Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province. In the background can be seen fish strung up to dry in the sun
[1940s]
2 photos of Dinka men and officials inoculating a cow against rinderpest at an inoculation camp west of Aweil
[1940s]
Dinka boys spearing fish, from a canoe, around a herd of hippo in Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
[1940s]
Three Sudanese men along with Owen's wife, Margaret, in a canoe on Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
[1940s]
Dinka mointhaing, or fishing clan
[1940s]
Dinka boy cooking fish
[1940s]
Dinka man punting a canoe
[1950s]
3 photos of a white rhino, Nimule, Equatoria
1950
Dinka woman pegging down a fish recently caught, near Nyamlell, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Dinka woman carrying small fish caught by a basket trap
[1940s]
Elephants in Nimule corridor, Equatoria
[1940s]
Green backed heron
1950
Cob doe, Ashana
1950
Flock of night herons flying above the Kwom waterway, near Aweil
1951 May
Dinka dance, Rumbek
1951
Dinka men holding spears, one wears a panama hat
1951 Apr
Dinka men in a dug-out canoe ferry going over the Bahr al-Arab, Abyei
1951 May
Herd of hippos in Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
1951 Jan
Hammerhead-storks fishing, Alel near Yirol, Upper Nile Province
1950 Dec 30
Stilts, godwits, wood ibis, and sacred ibis near Nyamlell, Bahr al-Ghazal
1951 Mar
Tiang hartebeeste, Badingilu
1952 May
Dinka cattle camp, near Shambe, Upper Nile Province
[1950s]
Traders at Wau market
1952 Feb
Waterbuck, Tonj river, Bahr al-Ghazal
1952 Mar
2 photos of Nile lechwe, Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
1953 Apr
Rueng Dinka dance, Abiemum, Bahr al-Ghazal
1953 Apr
Dinka spearing fish, from dug-out canoes, around a herd of hippo Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
1952 Jul
Jur man with head decorations, near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
SAD.351/3/1-
1952-1957
Album containing photographs of wildlife in Sudan and beyond
1953 Feb
Zebra, giraffe, tiang hartebeeste, and lelwel hartebeeste in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
2 photos of roan antelope and lelwel hartebeeste in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Mongalla gazelle drinking in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Mongalla gazelle and reedbuck drinking in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Lelwel hartebeeste and tiang hartebeeste drinking in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Reedbuck and tiang hartebeeste in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
2 photos of zebra, tiang hartebeeste and roan antelope in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Elephants in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
1953 Feb
Roan antelope drinking in Badingilu Marsh near Mongalla, Equatoria
[1950s]
3 photos of bull roan antelope
1952 Dec
2 photos of a saddle-bill stork
1953 May
2 photos of elephant herd near Nimule
[1950s]
Cow white rhino and calf, Nimule
1953 Apr
Buffalo cow drinking, Ibba river
1953 Feb
Openbill stork, Badingilu
1952 Nov
Squacco heron, Wau
1952 Nov
Great white heron, Wau
1957
Spotted hyena, Ngorongoro crater, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
Lion in an open plain, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
Hippos, Lake Chuwera, Uganda
1957
Hippos and pelicans at the mouth of the Nyamasagani river, Lake Edward, Uganda
[1950s]
2 photos wildebeest herd with young calves, Ngorongoro crater, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
2 photos buffalo bulls, Ishasha river, Uganda
1957
Lioness grooming cub, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
Lioness, Serengeti, Tanzania
[1950s]
Kori bustard and Thomson's gazelle, Ngorongoro crater, Serengeti, Tanzania
[1950s]
Kori bustard giving mating display, Ngorongoro crater, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
Buffalo herd grazing, Nyamagasani, Queen Elizabeth Park, Uganda
SAD.351/4/1-
[1950s]
Album
1953 Jan
Sudanese people [possibly Dinka] clearing floating grass blocks from the steamer channel near Meshra` el Req, Bahr al-Ghazal
1953 Mar
Alor Dinka dance, Abiemum, Bahr al-Ghazal
1953 Apr
3 photos of Dinka spearing fish, from dug-out canoes, around a herd of hippo Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
[1953]
Bales of cotton being prepared for loading on the Albert Nile steamer at Nimule
[1953]
Rhino camp, on the Albert Nile, as a steamer approaches
1953
Jur man wearing beads on a ferry crossing the Wau river
1953
Jur passengers on a ferry crossing the Wau river
1953 Feb
Sudanese men building Wau church
1953 Apr
Wau police practising anti-riot drills in advance of the parliamentary elections
1952
2 photos of a giant eland bull Yei district, Equatoria. Photograph taken by P.G. Molloy
[1950s]
Nile cormorants, Rocky Islands at Entebbe, Lake Victoria, Uganda
[1950s]
African darters, Rocky Islands at Entebbe, Lake Victoria, Uganda
[1950s]
Baby African darters, Rocky Islands at Entebbe, Lake Victoria, Uganda
1957
Klipspringer, Karamoja, Uganda
1957
Chanter's mountain reedbuck, Karamoja, Uganda
1957
2 photos of maneless zebra, Karamoja, Uganda
1957 Mar
Lions, Serengeti, Tanzania
1957
[Nightjar], Karamoja, Uganda
1952
R. Macgill, District Commissioner, Raga and Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal, T.R.H. Owen and G. Hickson, Assistant District Commissioner, El Obeid, Kordofan, carrying a spear, an oar and a gun and holding up a dead crocodile, Ashana
[1952]
T.R.H. Owen and a Moro Nuba woman sat outside a stone-built housestead
[1950s]
The Lady Baker Nile steamer at Shambe, Upper Nile Province. In the foreground are T.R.H. Owen and an unidentified British doctor
Loose photographs
SAD.342/4/1-
Wildlife and animals
[1930s]
8 photos of Abyssinian, or 'sacred', baboons near Erkowit, Red Sea Province
[1930s]
2 photos of Owen's parrot, “Marcus”
[1930s]
Berber sheep, Khartoum zoo
[1930s]
Herd of camels drinking at a river bank
[1940s]
2 photos of cobs, near Ashana
[1940s]
Hippos at Gorinti Pool, near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
2 photos of crocodiles in the Nile
[1940s]
Pelican
[1940s]
2 photos of waterbucks among trees
[1940s]
Animals at Wau collecting zoo
1943
Black rhinoceros advancing to charge
1948
Cob buck and cattle egrits, river Tonj, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948
Fish eagle on a telegraph pole, Meshra er Req, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948
3 photos of marabouts and wood ibis
1948 May
3 photos of buffaloes on a salt lick, Ngaringba, Equatoria
1948 Dec
Malachite kingfisher in a tree, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 Dec
Marsh sandpiper, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1948 Dec
3 photos of stilts wading, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1949
2 photos of buffaloes around the river Ibba, Bahr al-Ghazal
1949
Buffalo herd on a hillside, Nimule Corridor, Equatoria
1949
White rhinoceros around Nimule and Shambe
1949
Pelicans around Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
1949
Pelicans, wood ibis, greater egret and comb duck around river Gel
1949 Feb
3 photos of a herd of elephants around Nimule Corridor, Equatoria
1949 May
4 photos of a herd of Nile lechwe, or Mrs Gray's waterbuck, Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
1949-1950
5 photos of hammerhead storks and greenbacked herons, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1950s]
Pangolin in grass
[1950s]
Bushbuck jumping from a river
[1950s]
Kudu bull (colour)
[1950s]
Herd of puku
[1950s]
Red lecwe bucks, Lochinvar ranch, Zambia
[1950s]
Lelwel hartebeeste in flat open country
1957
Chimpanzee in tree tops, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda
Sudanese people and communities
SAD.343/1/1-
[1930s]
Tents of a Shanabla fariq
[1930s]
3 photos of the dom market at Derudeb
[1930s]
Tendelai, in the distance can be seen a queue of workers waiting for payment
[1930s]
Fungor and Nyaro men preparing for a bracelet fight by wielding quarter-staffs
[1930s]
11 photos of bracelet fighting between Fungor and Nyaro men
[1930s]
8 photos of Korongo Nuba wrestling
[1930s]
2 photos of Korongo Nuba musicians, with kudu horns, along with participants covered in ash at a wrestling event
[1930s]
Spectators and competitors holding spears and shields marching past the Governor of Kordofan [possibly D. Newbold] at a Korongo Nuba wrestling event
[1930s]
Large group of Korong Nuba women carrying large earthenware pots full of beer to a wrestling event
[1930s]
Baqqarah girls lined up in a dance chorus
[1930s]
Naim Kereil (second right) with (from left to right): Abdullah Bushara; Magboul Kereil, brother of Naim Kereil; Abdullah Naim, eldest son of Naim Kereil; and [?]. Photograph taken at Geteina, White Nile Province
[1930s]
7 photos of a Masakin Nuba stick fighting contest. The contestants carry sticks and shields of stretched animal hide
[1930s]
Hadanduwah workers using sandbags to mend a break in a canal bank, [Kassala]
[1930s]
Hadanduwah boys filling water skins
[1930s]
2 photos of a Southern Sudanese man sat under a tree spinning yarn, Turjok Jebel, Nuba Mountains
[1930s]
Three northern Sudanese [possibly Hadanduwah]
[1930s]
Northern Sudanese women and children
[1930s]
Aulad Himaid winner of a Nuba wrestling bout being presented to the Governor by his seconds and a Nuba beauty chorus
[1930s]
Isa Muhammad Adam of the Busharaiah
[1930s]
Owen's servant, Khamir, riding Owen's horse, “Billy”
[1930s]
Shaykh Muhammad Muhammad al-Amin Tirik, Nazir Umum of the Hadanduwah
[1930s]
3 portrait photos of Northern Sudanese men wearing white robes and turbans
[1930s]
Group of Beja men, some carrying sticks and shields, others riding camels
[1930s]
2 photos of Sudanese prisoners queuing to have their clothes boiled
[1930s]
4 photos of Hadanduwah goat herds drawing water from a well
[1930s]
Hadanduwah goat herd by a pool of water
[1930s]
Northern Sudanese men erecting a tent by a tukl
[1930s]
Owen's servant, Said
[1930s]
Owen's servant, Ramadan
[1930s]
Owen's servant, Khamis
[1930s]
Owen's servant, Ramadan's youngest son
[1930s]
Ibrahim Idris and Abdullah Bishara seated in front of a wall
[1930s]
Distant shot of Naim Kereil and family seen through a tukl door
[1930s]
Yunis Abd al-Salam, W. al-Kinan, W. al-Shatir, Omar, Abd al-Aziz Eff sat in front of a building with a straw verandah
[1930s]
Two Hadanduwah men, one carrying a shield
[1930s]
Hadanduwah men with shields sitting on the ground with British officials standing behind
1932
2 photos of Sudanese men guiding a hamla of camels on trek
1933
Spectators at a King's day sports event at Geteina
1933
3 photos of Hadanduwah participants of a camel race at a King's day sports event in Geteina
1933
2 photos of Hadanduwah boys preparing to compete in a race
1933
2 photos of Hadanduwah men participating in a mock fight using sticks and missiles at a King's day sports event in Geteina
1933
4 photos of a large parade of horse riders at a King's day event in Geteina
[1933]
Hadanduwah men drawing water from a well
1933
3 photos of Hadanduwah agricultural tenants clearing the sedge, grass and bush of newly watered land by the river Gash in order that cotton can be planted
1936
Bisharin participants in a sporting event at a tribal meeting in Halaib, Red Sea Province
1937
2 photos of a large group of men with goats, camels, and other possessions crossing the Gash river in flood at Kassala
[1940s]
2 photos of Sudanese prisoners carrying water, Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
2 portrait photos of Amarar men
[1940s]
Dinka man standing next to bulls harnessed to a cart
[1940s]
Dinka fisherman casting a fishing net, Ashana
[1940s]
2 photos of Zande basket fishing
[1940s]
3 photos showing various views of a Dinka cattle camp
[1940s]
Group of Dinka men and boys, near Lake Nubor, Upper Nile Province
[1940s]
Group of Dinka chiefs, Aliab, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Large group of Dinka with tukls on stilts in the background
[1940s]
Dinka fish-spearing near Rumbek, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Atwot Dinka girl, wearing beads around her neck and waist, near the bank of a river
[1940s]
Large group of Dinka women fishing with large nets, Nyamlel, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
Amarar tribesmen
[1940s]
2 photos of Alleira women and children
[1940s]
2 photos of a Rek Dinka dance
[1940s]
Tira girls picking ful off grubbed-up plants
[1940s]
2 photos of Sudanese women [possibly Dinka] thatching the roof of a tukl
[1940s]
Moro Nuba men carrying sticks and spears
[1940s]
Southern Sudanese man and children in a large “double” dug-out canoe
[1940s]
Southern Sudanese men [possibly Dinka] standing by canoes at a river bank
[1940s]
Southern Sudanese people aboard a canoe crossing a river
[1940s]
Picture postcard of a Hadanduwah boy
[1940s]
Southern Sudanese people standing around a bus being carried on a ferry [across the White Nile]
[1940s]
The White Nile ferry coming into Juba
[1940s]
Dinka men standing on top of an overturned ferry on the Nile near Wau
[1940s]
Four Dinka men, two of whom dwarves, holding spears
[1940s]
Five Sudanese officials
[1940s]
Dinka men pushing a car across the Lol river near Aweil
[1940s]
Sudanese men pushing a truck stuck in thick mud, near Um Berumbeita, Nuba Moutains
1940
4 photos of Kowalib Nuba women and girls, Rashad
1940
Kowalib Nuba women carrying crops in large bowls on their heads from the fields to the villages, Rashad
1945
2 photos of a large group of Sudanese people watching the burning of a Tuleshi village, En Nahud, Kordofan
1948
Dinka men preparing for fishing on the river Loll
1948-1951
3 photos of Hausa crocodile hunter with two live crocodiles, Ashana
[1950s]
D. Fyfe, District Commissioner Aweil, with a group of Dinka men and boys, some carrying spears, in Nyamlel
1952 Jul
Jur man wearing head decorations, near Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
1953
Jur passengers aboard a ferry crossing the Wau river
Pictures of Owen, his colleagues, friends and family
SAD.343/2/1-
1927
M.J. Wheatley, Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal, (centre) with B.C. Whicher, Sudan Defence Force, (left) and [W. Romilly - possibly H.A. Romilly, Bimbashi in the Sudan Defence Force] (right) at the embarkation of a company of the Equatorial battalion onto a steamer at Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1930s]
Group of British officials diving in an outdoor pool, probably Kassala. Includes J.W. Robertson, W.T. Clark, and S. Macdowell
[1930s]
John Willie and his wife, Nancy, wearing tennis clothes
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen sat at a table with John Willie and his wife Nancy
[1930s]
British officials playing tennis
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen on his horse
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen on his horse “Talata”, holding a polo mallet
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen and his parrot “Marcus”
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen standing at the top of Jebel Okum
[1930s]
2 photos of an unidentified British official at the top of Jebel Okum
[1930s]
British official [Thornley?] at the top of Jebel Okum
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen with G.H. Herbert, and A.M. Hankin on the verandah of a house
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen and another British official, “Doc”
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen and another British official, Hector
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen and another British official, John, with a dog
[1930s]
T.R.H. Owen (front centre left) and J.W. Robertson (front centre right) posing for a photograph with various Sudanese notables: (front l-r) Yusif, Khidr Musa, Fadlilla al-Kustani, Abd al-Gader, Musa Gadalla (back l-r) Bashir al-Woji, Abd al-Rahman Taha, and Abd al-Hadi
[1930s]
British officials lined up on horse back along with Sudanese policemen and notables
[1930s]
British officials playing polo
[1930s]
Group of British and Sudanese officials at a prize giving in Halaib. Includes (from third left to second right): Haj Saleh; T.R.H. Owen; Mrs Hatton, wife of Hatton Bey; W.T. Clark, Assistant District Commissioner, Sinkat, Kassala Province; Mrs Kennedy-Cooke, wife of B. Kennedy-Cooke; Hatton Bey, Sudan Defence Force; B. Kennedy-Cooke, Governor, Kassala Province
[1930s]
British official [possibly T.R.H. Owen] on camel back at a Hadanduwah gathering
[1940s]
T.R.H. Owen along with A. Paul, Distirct Commissioner, Tokar, Kassala Province, and his wife E. Paul at Khartoum zoo feeding llama and wild sheep
[1940s]
Owen's wife, Margaret, standing in front of two Sudanese men carrying a large fish attached to an oar
[1940s]
Owen's wife, Margaret, sat in a deck chair under a tree whilst on trek
[1940s]
T.R.H. Owen with a group of Southern Sudanese men [possibly Shilluk]
[1940s]
T.R.H. Owen shaking hands with a Catholic Bishop [possibly E. Mason], [probably in Wau]
[1940s]
A sailor aboard a ship
[1954]
R.J.R. Owen [T.R.H. Owen's son?] fishing near the Owen Falls dam, Jinja, Uganda
[1950s]
T.R.H. Owen posing with two dogs [probably in England]
[1926]
17 various photographs of friends, family and acquaintances from Owen's time at Oxford, most seemingly taken in and around Oxford with some taken at the Henley regatta
[1920s-1950s]
43 various photographs of Owen's family and friends, including his children, most of which have seemingly been taken in England though some may be in the Sudan
Places
SAD.343/3/1-
[1930s]
2 photos of ancient Bija tombs in Maman, Kassala
[1930s]
2 photos of views from the top of Jabal Bereina, White Nile Province
1932
Various views of the ancient ruined city at Noobt
1933
River Sobat, Kassala Province
[1940s]
White Nile bridge, Khartoum
[1940s]
Blue Nile bridge, Khartoum
[1940s]
8 photos showing views of the Red Sea Hills, Red Sea Province
[1940s]
Pool at the bottom of a jebel on the Sudan-Eritrea border, Red Sea Province
[1940s]
2 photos of the rapids of the White Nile below Nimule
[1940s]
View of Mount Elgon, Uganda
[1940s]
View, looking from Nimule, Equatoria, to Uganda, of grassland and hills
[1940s]
View of Lake Albert, Uganda
[1940s]
View of a rock barage on the River Sueh, Moroko, Bahr al-Ghazal
[1940s]
The Nimule falls, near the Sudan-Uganda border
[1940s]
The Turjok hills, Nuba Mountains, Rashad
[1940s]
Small poison trees at Delami
[1940s]
View of a sunset over Lake Nyubor, with pelicans flying across the sky
[1940s]
Trek tents pitched under a tree near Obak
[1940s]
View looking southward from [Jebel Abu Auja], near Rashad
1945
The burning of Tuleshi
1950
Picture postcard showing the Catholic church at Tonj
1950
External view of the Governor's house, Wau
[1950s]
View of Wau looking North East from the highest point
[1950s]
Verandah of the Governor's house, Wau
1954
Construction of the Owen Falls Dam, Jinja, Uganda
[1920s]
22 various photos of places around Britain including Oxford, Watton (Norfolk), and Radnor Forest (Wales)
Historical photographs
SAD.343/4/1-
1902
Panoramic view of Wau
1902
View of a mess hut at Wau
1902
View of the fort at Tonj
1902
Sudanese soldiers awaiting the arrival of the Sirdar at Wau
1911 Dec 1
Group of British officers standing on the steps of a Government building in Wau after a levee. Left to right: El Bimbashi E.W. Maude, Bahr al-Ghazal District; El Kaimakam Spencer Bey, Services Inspector, Bahr al-Ghazal Province; El Miralai R.M. Feilden Bey, Governor, Bahr al-Ghazal District and Province; El Bimbashi Thwaites, District Engineer; El Bimbashi Whitehead, 9th Sudanese
Negatives
SAD.343/5/1-
[1940s]
Boat building at Wau
[1940s]
Man wearing a military uniform stood with a woman in a garden
[1940s]
Owen's son, Robert, fishing
[1940s]
Hammerhead storks