Durham Cathedral Muniments: Court Records
Introduction
The Halmote Court of the Priory of Durham
Arrangement
Related material (internal)
Related material (elsewhere)
Bibliography

Catalogue

Reference code: GB-0033-DCD-
Title: Durham Cathedral Muniments: Court Records
Dates of creation: 1295 - 1534
Extent: 223 items
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Origination: Records of the Courts of the Priory of Durham.
Language: Latin

The Halmote Court of the Priory of Durham

Vills subject to the jurisdiction of the Halmote Court
Aycliffe (Aclay, Acley, Akeley, Akley, Aclyff)
Bellasis (Belas, Belasise, Belasiis, Bellaces, Bellassys)
Bewley, or Newton Bewley (Neuton Beaulieu, Beauliu, Beaulu, Beaulw, Beulewe, Beulie, Beulu, Beulw, Beulwe, Bieuliew, Bieulwe)
Billingham (Billynham, Billyngham, Byllingham)
Burdun (Bordon)
Chilton
Coupon (Copon, Cowpen, Cupon, Cupun)
Dalton
Edmondbyers (Edmondbirs, Edmondbires, Edmondbyres, Edmundbires, Edmundbyres)
Ferry Hill (Fery, Feryclyff, Fericliff, Ferrycliffe)
Fulwell (Fulewell, Fulliwell, Fuluell)
Harton (Herton)
Hebburn (Heb'rn, Hebern, Heberine, Hebborne, Hebn)
Hedworth (Hethworth)
Hesledon (Hesilden, Hesylden, Esilden)
Heworth (Heworthe, Heworths, Heworthes, Nethir Heworth, Over Heworth)
Jarrow (Jarou, Jarow, Jarowe, Jarw, Jarwe, Jarrowe)
The Merringtons (Kirke Meryngton, Mid Meryngton, Est Meryngton, West Meryngton)
Monkton (Moncton, Monckton)
Moorsley (Moreslaw, Moreslawe, Moyrlaw)
Newton Ketton
Nunstanton (Non Staynton)
The Pittingtons (Pittington, Pityngdon, Pitingdon, Pittingdun, Pittyngton, Putingdon, Pydington, Pytingdon, Pyttyngton, North cum Suth)
The Raintons (Raynton, Reynton, Reyington, East and West)
Ravensflat (Ravensflatt)
Shields (Schels, Scheles, Schelis, Schelles, Shels, Sheles, Shelis, Shelles)
Southwick (Southewik, Suthewik, Suthwik, Suthwyk, Suthewyk, Sutwyk, Suthwith, Southewicke)
Spen (Spennymore, Spennyngmour)
Usworth (Usseworth)
Wallsend (Wallesend, Walleshend, Walleshende, Walisend)
Wardley (Wardlye, Wardelay, Wardeley, Wardly)
Wearmouth (Weremouth, Wermouth, Wermuth, Warmouth, Warmoth)
Westoe (Wivestowe, Wyestowe, Wyuestow, Wyuestowe)
Willington (Willyngton, Wilyngton, Wyllington, Wyvelington, Wyuelington)
Wolviston (Wostan, Wolveston, Woluiston, Wuluiston, Wolusston, Woulveston, Wolstone)


Accession details

Placed in the University's care by the Dean and Chapter of Durham in 1948.

Arrangement

The rolls arelisted and kept in chronological order.
The layout of the list of rolls is as follows:
1. Reference (the rolls are referred to by the date of the tourn)
The reference is based upon the number given in the original to the tourn, but the sequence of tourns in the modern year is 3, 1, 2, and for these the seasons Spring, Summer, Autumn have been submitted, even where this seems somewhat incongruous, eg Autumn 1400.
2. Opening date as given in the heading
No attempt is made to indicate dates found in headings other than the main heading, either earlier or later, contemporary or subsequent.
3. Officials named in the heading
No attempt is made to supply the names of officials where they are wanting, eg rolls from the 1490's headed “coram prenominatis”, presumably because they were sewn to a roll for an earlier tourn.
4. Notes (where relevant) on the dating etc.
5. Cross-reference to printed extracts (the volume concerned [Surtees Society, 82] only covers the period 1296-1384
No attempt is made to call in question the dates of clearly headed rolls, eg Summer 1506, where the opening date as given falls on Saturday.
One or a series of dots is used to indicate losses from the manuscript, a dash an omission, and square brackets additional supplied or inferred information.

Related material (internal)

DCD Enrolled Manors Inventory, etc 1302
Presentments by vills of Cowpen, Billingham and Wolviston against accountants.
DCD Loc.IV:115 Summer 1404
...
...
The last of the three sections, for Edmondbyers, is headed Wednesday before Translation of Benedict [9 July] 1404; Thomas de Langton, steward; Roger of Mainsforth, terrar; Richard of Haswell, bursar. An entry for the First tourn 1404 in Halmote Court Book I (f.10v) occurs in the first section of this fragment.

Related material (elsewhere)

Durham Cathedral Library MS B.III.28 ff.ii, 1-3, 212-213
Estreats of the Prior of Durham's Halmote Court, 1339.
f.1r. 3rd tourn 13[38: Spring 1339]. Ferryhill, Chilton, [Ea]st Merrington, [John de Bradbury, Simon Shephird].
f.1v. [still East Mer]rington, [Merrin]gton, [Merrin]gton, [Aycliffe : Walter clerk, Roger Smith, Henry Rappok, William Rose], [Newton] de [Ketton : William Harding, Walter de Gysburn, Colle Philipp], [Billingh]am [John Chapman & Alice his wife, William Shephird].
f.212r. still Billingham, Cowpen, Wolviston, Newton Bewley, Hesleden, Pittington, East Rainton, West Rainton.
f.212v. [still] West Rainton, followed inter alia by (iv) [Heworths: Richard Miller, Isabella de Fauden], (vi) [Wearmouth: Reginald of Wearmouth, Robert de Castro, Adam fil Roger] (x) [Westoe: Adam de Hertlawe], and (xi, ult.) [Shields: Thomas Owvray, John fil. Patrick, Odenell].
f.213r. still Shields, Elvet, lower part blank.
f.213v. [1st] tourn 1339 [Summer 1339]. [East Rainton: Christiana wife of Ralph - f.212r], [West Rainton: John del Wra, Agnes Vilkild - f.212r], [Pittington: wife of Thomas Wawayn - f.212r], [Billingham: John Aygladd, Cecilia Eluy - f.3r].
f.iir. still Aycliffe, [Newton de Ketton: William de Wyndhill, Walter de Gysburn, Colle Phillip], Wearmouth, Fulwell, Harton, Shields, Wallsend, Willington.
f.iiv. includes [Hedworth: John Huet, John fil Walter], lower part blank.
f.2r. Edmundbyers 2nd tourn 1339 [Autumn 1339] Southwick, Wearmouth, Fulwell, Westoe, Harton.
f.2v. [Shields: William de Hitton, Walter Yole], [Wallse]nd, [Willin]gton... [Merrin]gton [Colle de Galeway].
f.3r. still Mid Merrington, [Eas]t Merrington [John fil Ede, Robert fil William Taillowe] [Chilton, [Fe]rryhill, [Billin]gham.
f.3v. still Billingham, [Newto]n de [Bewley: Robert del Halle], [Wolviston: Thomas Chepman, Thomas de Gretham, Robert Ayre] [A]ycliffe.
Where necessary, identification of townships is based on the names of tenants given in the Bursar's Rental for 1340/1, or failing that on entries elsewhere among these leaves.
On the assumption that no township appears twice at any one tourn, it is possible to exclude f.ii (Newton Ketton) and 3 (Chilton) as well as ff.2 and 213v (other tourns) as belonging with f.1, leaving ff.213 and 213r, likewise ff.212 (Raintons) and 3 (Billingham) as well as ff.1 and 2 (other tourns) do not belong with f.213v, leaving f.ii, and ff.212-213r (Shields) and ii (Wearmouth and Fulwell) as well as ff.1 and 213v do not belong with f.2, leaving f.3.
It seems that ff.1 and 212 and 212 and 213 are consecutive leaves, with the entry for one township running on from one leaf to the next.
That being so, f.213 has the last entries for a third tourn, and so f.213v presumably refers to the next tourn, the first tourn in 1339, and hence the preceding third tourn would have been that of 1338.
It cannot be demonstrated conclusively that ff.213-213r refer to the same tourn as f.1; or f.ii to the same tourn as f.213v; or f.3 to the same tourn as f.2. Nevertheless, their appearance does not suggest otherwise and it is possible that the six leaves originally belonged to two quires, each of four leaves, of which the last leaf of both is now missing.

Bibliography

Halmota prioratus Dunelmensis, containing extracts from the Halmote Court or Manor Rolls of the Prior and Convent of Durham, ed. J. Booth (Surtees Society, 82: Durham, London and Edinburgh, 1889)
Select cases in manorial courts 1250-1550: property and family law, ed. L.R. Poos and L. Bonfield (Selden Society, 114: 1998)

Halmote Court Rolls
Dates of creation: 1295 - 1507205 parchment rolls, stitched together in Chancery fashion
Negative microfilms are at PGFilm 126-129 and (1400-1507 only) 5TCFilm 230

   c. 1295
...
...
In script and layout this roll is very similar to that dated Summer 1296. It appears to be earlier than that roll; Agnes widow of Roger Staf is mentioned at Billingham in Summer 1296, while Roger Staf himself occurs on this roll.
Extracted: SS 82 p.12 (c.1300)
   Summer 1296
Thursday before Augustine [24 May or 23 August] '96
-
The feast of Augustine of Canterbury in May is found more frequently in the monastic records as a means of dating than that of Augustine of Hippo in August. No roll for a summer tourn survives again until 1345 and that is dated 6 July; later in the fourteenth century June was the normal month.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.1-3
   Autumn 1296
Friday before Simon & Jude [26 October] 1.96
-
Extracted: SS 82 pp.3-7
   Spring 1297
Monday before Perpetua & Felicitas '96 [4 March 1297]
-
Extracted: SS 82 pp.7-12

For presentments by vills of Cowpen, Billingham and Wolviston, 1302, see Enrolled Manors, Inventory (listed with Medieval Accounting Material).

For Estreats, 1339, see Durham Cathedral Library MS B.III.28
   Summer 1345
6 July 1345
William of Charlton & Robert of Benton, terrar & bursar; Simon of Esh, steward.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.16-19
   Summer 1358 & Autumn 1358
... [21 May 1358]
...
& ... [before 11 November 1358]
...
It is clear that this roll comprises at least two tourns: the places found on the first five membranes appear again on the remaining three membranes. Neither is the first tourn 1354, as stated in two fifteenth century endorsements, of which the second includes the names of a terrar and a bursar who did not hold office until later.
The date of the first five membranes is indicated by an entry under Burdon where a tenant is given an allowance of three years' rent, payments to start at Pentecost 1361. The precise date is given in an entry on the other membranes under Hesleden which mentions proceedings of the tourn held on Monday after Dunstan, proceedings that can be identified in the appropriate place on the first five membranes.
Of the remaining three membranes the two that are complete can be dated from the penultimate entry, which refers to a year's tenancy beginning Martinmas '58 "proximo futuro"; this gives a date in the preceding year, and, with the first payment due at the next Pentecost, after Pentecost 1358. The date of the first five membranes then excludes the Summer tourn 1358, leaving only Autumn 1358.
At the foot of the first five membranes there is attached, in addition to the two complete membranes for the Autumn tourn 1358, a fragment, which cannot readily be dated. It may belong to the Autumn tourn 1358: its only heading is for Aycliffe, which is not present on the two complete membranes, and its appearance is similar to that of other townships in that area on those two membranes. It does, however, repeat an entry about John Gelet found in the Summer tourn 1358 under Newton Ketton, and Newton Ketton appears among the townships on the two complete membranes, although with the only entry the names of the jurors; assigning the fragmentary membrane to Autumn 1358 implies that the Newton Ketton jurors had originally been omitted and were put down later.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.25-26 [? & 24-25] and pp.20-24
   Autumn 1364
... [before 18 October 1364]
...
Under Wolviston a new tenant is to begin payments at Pentecost '65 and this supplies the context for an entry under Harton in which the mill-pond is to be flooded on Friday, St Luke's day; 18 October fell on Friday in 1364, giving a terminus ante quem. The section on the dorse for Edmondbyers marked Monday after All Saints, ie early November, suggests that the rest of the roll should be assigned to the Autumn tourn. A possible objection to dating the roll Autumn 1364 is the reference under Pittington to Richard of Birtley as "nuper" bursar: his first term of office ended on 5 March 1363 but he took office again on 12 May 1364, according to the Bursar's Account closed on that date. To assign this roll to the period between his two terms as bursar, would, however, be difficult to reconcile with the fact that proceedings entered under Wearmouth, Shields and West Rainton all appear to continue directly at the Spring tourn 1365, and so "nuper" is taken to mean the recent term of office, as opposed to the current term.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.27-31
   Spring 1365
Wednesday in first week of Lent '64
[5 March 1365]
John of Newton, ... [terrar] ... ... steward
John of Newton occurs as terrar on 3 January 1365 (Misc.Ch.5645) and at the Autumn tourn of the Halmote Court in 1365.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.31-35
   Autumn 1365
Second tourn, Monday after ... ...5
John of Newton, terrar; Richard of Bir... [tley, bursar]
The decade is indicated by entries such as that under Wearmouth where a new tenant is to start payments at Pentecost '67.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.36-43
   Spring 1366
...
...
This roll is evidently later than the Autumn tourn 1365 as it refers under Wearmouth to the injunction originating then to three men to remain on the lord's land, and under Billingham to the injunction to those who were jurors then. Equally it precedes the Summer tourn 1366 when proceedings at Wolviston found on this roll were continued, and when John Tyngryng of Wallsend had died. See also under West Merrington, where a rent will become payable at Pentecost 1366.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.43-49
   Summer 1366 & Spring 1367
... [5 April x 7 July 1366]
...
& ...
...
An entry under Shields concerns the breach of an agreement running from Easter (5 April) 1366. An entry under Wearmouth concerns the replacement of Markstanys on Tuesday, Translation of St Thomas, and 7 July fell on Tuesday in 1366; 3 July, the Translation of Thomas the apostle as opposed to Thomas of Canterbury, did not fall on Tuesday until 1369, too late to be compatible with the entry under East Rainton where payments are to start at Pentecost 1367.
The section for Hesleden is headed "Thursday after Mark (29 April) '67", and it is clear from proceedings at Billingham and Wolviston that this roll belongs between those dated to the Autumn tourn 1366 and the Summer tourn 1367.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.52-55 and pp.55-62
   Autumn 1366
...
...
This roll is evidently later than the Summer tourn 1366 as proceedings at Shields, Aycliffe and Wolviston continue those of that tourn. Equally it precedes the roll dated to the Spring tourn 1367 when proceedings at Billingham found on this roll were continued, and when Robert Wryght of East Rainton was dead.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.49-52

For Spring 1367, see above: Summer 1366 & Spring 1367
   Summer 1367
...
...
Under Wolviston proceedings of the tourn to be dated Spring 1367 are continued, while another entry there has payments starting at Pentecost 1368, leaving as the only gap Summer 1367.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.62-64
   Autumn 1367
...
...
The final section on the dorse, which appears to be for Edmondbyers, is headed "... after Andrew '67", and confirmation that the roll should be dated to the Autumn tourn is provided by an entry in the previous section where payments are due at next Candlemas, next Pentecost and next Michaelmas successively. Confirmation of the year comes from an entry under Cowpen with payments starting at Pentecost '68, as the only Autumn tourn lacking for the previous four years is 1367.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.64-65
   Spring 1368
Tuesday after Mathias ..67 [28 or 29 February 1368]
Thomas Surtays, steward; Richard of Birtley, terrar ...
It is not clear at what point the additional day for a leap year was inserted at this period; if it was not 29 February but a day earlier in the month, even in January perhaps, the opening date of the tourn will have been 28 February.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.66-67
   Summer 1368
Tuesday before Translation of Thomas [4 July] 1368
Richard of Birtley, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
This roll is taken to follow that for Summer 1366 in using the feast of Thomas of Canterbury as opposed to Thomas the apostle.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.67-70
   Autumn 1368
Tuesday after Octave of Martin [21 November] 1368
Richard of Birtley, terrar; Thomas Surtays, steward; John of Berrington, bursar
Extracted: SS 82 pp.70-75
   Spring 1369
...
...
Proceedings on this roll at Wearmouth continue from the Autumn tourn 1368, while proceedings at West Rainton are continued from this roll at the Summer tourn 1369.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.75-77
   Summer 1369
Tuesday before Nativity of John the Baptist [19 June] .369
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.77-80
   Autumn 1369
Second tourn, ... after Octave ... 1369
John of Heming...[brough], terrar; John of Berringt..[on, bursar] ...
Extracted: SS 82 pp.80-85
   Spring 1370
Monday 4 March 1369 [1370]
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.85-89
   Summer 1370
... 1370
...
Although the section at the end for Edmondbyers is headed "Thursday before Andrew [28 November] '70", this is not the roll for the Autumn tourn 1370; it clearly precedes the roll for that tourn which refers under East and West Rainton to injunctions originating on this roll. Proceedings at Billingham and Wolviston on this roll also indicate that if follows directly after the Spring tourn 1370.
Extracted: SS 82 93-93
   Autumn 1370
...
...
On the roll for Spring 1372 a memorandum under Wearmouth records one of the conditions of William Carter's new tenancy entered at the second tourn 1370; the appropriate entry appears on this roll. Reference is made under Harton to an inquest on "Tuesday day after Simon & Jude [29 October] 1370".
Extracted: SS 82 pp.98-103
   Spring 1371
Tuesday after Mathias .370 [25 February 1371]
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas ...ay. [Surtays], steward
Despite an endorsement of c. 1500 attributing this roll to the first, ie Summer, tourn 1370, which apparently misled the editor of SS 82, the only doubt in dating this roll arises from the feast in the heading, "Sci Mathe"; as this roll continues proceedings at Wolviston and Cowpen from the roll dated to the Autumn tourn 1370, which cannot be earlier than 29 October 1370, Matthew is excluded in favour of Mathias.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.90-93
   Summer 1371
Wednesday after Nativity of John the Baptist [25 June] 1371
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas Surtais, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.103-107
   Autumn 1371
Second tourn, Monday after Martin ap 1371
Thomas Surtays, steward; John of Hemingbrough, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; John of Elvet
Doubt over the starting date arising from the description of Martin as apostle in increased by the entry under Westoe of an injunction that repairs ordered at the previous tourn should be done by next Martinmas, suggesting that the tourn began shortly before that day. If Martin is an error, Matthew was perhaps intended. The feast of St Martin in July is too early.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.107-110
   Spring 1372
...
...
Confirmation of the endorsement of c. 1500 attributing this roll to the third tourn 1371 is found in the continuation of proceedings at Middle Merrington from the Autumn tourn 1371, and in the continuation of proceedings on this roll at the Pittingtons in the Summer tourn 1372.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.110-112
   Summer 1372
1 July 137. [1372]
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; William de Aslakby, bursar; Thomas Surtes, steward
The section for Dalton at the end is headed "Wednesday after Bartholomew [25 August] '72"; confirmation that the rest of this roll belongs to that year comes from the continuation of proceedings on this roll at Wallsend and Westoe at the Autumn tourn 1372.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.112-114
   Autumn 1372
Tuesday after Luke [19 October] 1372
John of Hemingbrough, terrar; William de Aslakby, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.114-115
   Spring 1373
8 March 1372 [1373]
Thomas Surteys, steward; John of Hemingbrough, terrar; William de Aslakby, bursar
Extracted: SS 82 pp.115-117
   Summer 1373
First tourn, ... .373
Thomas of Hardwick, terrar; John ...
Extracted: SS 82 pp.117-118
   Autumn 1373
Monday after Martin [14 November] 1373
Thomas of Hardwick, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.118-121
   Spring 1374
27 February 1373 [1374]
Thomas of Hardwick, terrar; John of Berrington, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.121-122
   Summer 1374
Monday after John the Baptist [26 June] 1374
John of Berrington, terrar; Hugh Howick, bursar; Thomas Surtays
The feast is taken to be the Nativity of John the Baptist as usual.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.122-123
   Autumn 1374
Monday before Katherine ... [20 November 1374]
John of Berrington, terrar; Hugh Howick, bursar
An entry under Billingham refers to an oath taken on Thursday, Clement [23 November], '74. Hugh Howick ceased as bursar at the end of 1374 and did not resume office.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.123-124
   Spring 1375
Monday before Valentine 1374 [12 February 1375]
Robert Wallworth, prior of Durham; William de Aslakby, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.124-126
   Summer 1375
First tourn, Tuesday ... [probably 26 June] '75
Robert Wallw... [orth, prior of Durham]; ... Surtays, steward; William de Aslakby, bursar; John of Elvet
An entry under Pittington records an inquest before Robert Wallworth, prior of Durham, William de Aslakby, bursar and John of Elvet on Tuesday after Nativity of John the Baptist 1375; as the tourn began at Pittington, it is likely that it began on this Tuesday.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.126-128
   Autumn 1375
Monday after Michael 1... [1 October 1375]
Robert Wallworth, prior of Durham; William de Aslakby, bursar; Th...
During Robert Wallworth's priorate, 1374-1391, William de Aslakby was bursar 1 January 1375 - 11 November 1376; as the roll for the Autumn tourn 1376 is extant, this roll is to be dated to 1375.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.128-130
   Spring 1376
Tuesday 4 February ... [1376]
Robert Wallworth, prior; William de Aslakby, bursar; John of Elvet
During Robert Wallworth's priorate, 1374-1391, William de Aslakby was bursar 1 January 1375 - 11 November 1376; as the roll for the Spring tourn 1375 is extant, this roll is to be dated 1376. Assuming the leap year to have been arranged by the addition of 29 February, 4 February 1376 fell on Monday, not Tuesday, but the point at which the additional day was inserted was not firmly established at this period, and the date as given will have been acceptable if the additional day was inserted before 4 February.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.130-133
   Summer 1376
Wednesday after John the Baptist [25 June] 1376
Robert [Wallworth], prior of Durham; William de Aslakby, bursar; Thomas Surtay., steward; John of Elvet
The feast is taken to be the Nativity of John the Baptist as usual.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.133-134
   Autumn 1376
Tuesday before Michael [23 September] 1376
-
Extracted: SS 82 pp.134-136
   Spring 1377
Tuesday in first week of Lent 1376 [17 February 1377]
William de Aslakby, terrar; William of Killerby, bursar; Thomas Surtas, steward; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.136-139
   Summer 1377
Tuesday after Mary Magdalene [28 July] 1377
William de Aslakby, terrar; William of Killerby, bursar; Thomas Surtaus, steward; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 p.139
   Autumn 1377
Second tourn, ...
... Hugh of Sherburn, bursar; ...
An entry under Southwick refers to repairs being effected by Michaelmas 1378, confirming that this roll is to be dated to Hugh of Sherburn's only known term of office as bursar: Michaelmas 1377 - Michaelmas 1378. As the roll for the Autumn tourn is extant, this roll is to be dated to 1377.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.139-141
   Spring 1378
Monday after Cuthbert in March ... [22 March 1378]
William de Aslakby, terrar; Hugh of Sherburn, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward; John de ...
An entry under West Rainton refers to a tenancy beginning at Pentecost 1378, confirming that this roll is to be dated to Hugh of Sherburn's only known term of office as bursar: Michaelmas 1377 - Michaelmas 1378.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.141-142
   Summer 1378
...
...
An entry under West Rainton refers to money due at Easter 1377 which had not been paid, while an entry under East Merrington concerns a year's tenancy of the mill from Nativity of John the Baptist 1378; the only tourn otherwise unaccounted for in 1377, 1378 and 1379 is the Summer tourn 1378.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.142-144
   Autumn 1378
Luke [18 October] 1378
William de Aslakby, terrar; Thomas Legat, bursar; Thomas Surtays, steward; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.144-148
   Spring 1379
Tuesday before Candlemas 1378 [1 February 1379]
William ...; Thomas Legat, bursar
Extracted: SS 82 pp.148-152
   Summer 1379
Tuesday after Nativity of John [28 June] 1379
William de Aslakby, terrar; Thomas Surtays, steward; Thomas Legat, bursar
Extracted: SS 82 pp.152-157
   Autumn 1379
Friday before Luke [14 October] 1379
John of Berrington, terrar & bursar; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.157-160
   Spring 1380
Monday after Pe... [1380, perhaps 26 February]
John of Berrington, terrar; Thomas of Corbridge; ...
An entry under Monkton concerns a year's tenancy from Candlemas 1380; the only Spring tourn otherwise unaccounted for between 1378 and 1382 is 1380. An inquest at Harton on Tuesday in second week of Lent [20 February] 1380 is entered, and that date might well be taken as the approximate opening date of the tourn, were it not that the most obvious way to supply the defect in the heading is as Peter in cathedra [22 February].
Extracted: SS 82 pp.160-162
   Summer 1380
Monday ...
John of Berrington, terrar; Thomas of Corbridge, bursar
The last section, headed Edmondbyers Thursday after Mathias 1382 [26 February 1383], is a later addition; the previous section, also for Edmondbyers, is headed Monday after Oswald [6 August] 1380, which fits well with the entry under Pittington for a year's tenancy of the mill from Martinmas 1380. An entry under Wolviston concerns an incident on Friday, Peter & Paul last; 29 June fell on Friday in 1380, and each of the tourns in the following year is accounted for with the exception of Summer 1380.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.162-164
   Autumn 1380
...
...
The time of year at which the tourn was held is indicated by an entry under Shields calling for payments at Candlemas next, Easter next, Pentecost next and Cuthbert in September next successively. Entries under the Heworths concern tenancies of one year beginning Michaelmas 1380. The only Autumn tourn not otherwise accounted for between 1379 and 1381 is 1380.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.164-165
   Spring 1381
Monday before Candlemas 1380 [28 January 1381]
John of Berrington, terrar; Thomas of Corbridge, bursar
Extracted: SS 82 pp.165-167
   Summer 1381
Monday after Nativity of John the Baptist [1 July] 1381
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.167-168
   Autumn 1381
Monday before All Saints [28 October] 1381
Thomas of Claxton, steward; Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.168-170
   Spring 1382
Third tourn, ... 1381 [1382]
Thomas de ...
Extracted: SS 82 pp.170-171
   Summer 1382
Wednesday after Nativity of John the Baptist [25 June] 1382
-
Extracted: SS 82 pp.171-173
   Autumn 1382
Monday after Wilfrid 138. [13 October 1382]
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward; John of Elvet
Proceedings at Wallsend continue from the Summer tourn 1382.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.173-175
   Spring 1383
...
...
Proceedings at Wallsend continue from the Autumn tourn 1382, while proceedings at Shields and Ferryhill are continued at the Summer tourn 1383.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.175-176
   Summer 1383
Wednesday after Peter & Paul [1 July] .383
John of Berrington, terrar; Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward; ... of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.176-178
   Autumn 1383
Tuesday before Wilfrid [6 October] 1383
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward; John of Elvet
Extracted: SS 82 pp.178-179
   Spring 1384
Thursday before Conversion of Paul 1383 [21 January 1384]
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Extracted: SS 82 pp.179-181
   Summer 1384
... before Nativity of John ... 138. [17 x 23 June 1384]
..mas of Corb.. ... [Thomas of Corbridge, bursar]; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Proceedings at East Rainton and West Rainton continue from the Spring tourn 1384.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.181-183
   Autumn 1384
...
...
The approximate date of this roll is indicated by entries such as that under Hesleden for payments starting at Pentecost 1385. Two tourns at this period do not have clearly dated rolls: Autumn 1384 and Spring 1385. This is taken to be the earlier as proceedings at West Rainton continue from the Summer tourn 1384.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.183-185
   Spring 1385
...
...
The approximate date of this roll is indicated by entries such as that under Ferryhill for payments starting at Pentecost 1384 and that under Billingham for payments starting at Pentecost 1385; under Wolviston an entry refers to the widow of Gilbert Overall who was alive at the Summer tourn 1384. Two tourns at this period do not have clearly dated rolls: Autumn 1384 and Spring 1385. This is taken to be the later, following the dating of another roll to Autumn 1384.
Extracted: SS 82 pp.185-186
   Summer 1385
Monday before Barnabas [5 June] 1385
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1385
18 September 1385
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Spring 1386
Conversion of Paul 138. [25 January 1386]
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; William of Killerby, hostiller; Thomas of Cla...[xton], steward
Copies of three inquests were added in gaps on the roll: East Merrington: Monday before Candlemas [29 January] 1386; Harton: 6 February 1386; Wolviston: Monday before Valentine [12 February] 1386; all before the three officials named in the heading. Confirmation that these were rightly associated with this tourn is to be found in the entry under East Merrington for a tenancy of two years starting at Martinmas 1385 with payments beginning at Pentecost after the tourn.
Entry for Nunstanton quoted with date: Cart. IV f.223r-v.
   Summer 1386
Tuesday after Nativity ... ..86 [26 June 1386]
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; William of Killerby, hostiller
As the rolls for the Autumn tourn 1386 and the Spring tourn 1387 are extant, this roll is to be dated to the remaining tourn that would have been headed "1386", and the feast can then be taken to be that commonly used: Nativity of John the Baptist.
   Autumn 1386
Monday after Michael [1 October] 1386
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; William of Killerby, hostiller
   Spring 1387
Monday after Candlemas 1386 (4 February 1387)
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; William of Killerby, hostiller; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Summer 1387
... Nativity of John the Baptist 1... [c. 24 June 1387
Thomas of Corbridge, bur...; ...; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Proceedings at Aycliffe continue from the Spring tourn 1387, and at Hesleden a tenant takes up the holding of Thomas Dene deceased which was taken into hand in Spring 1387.
   Autumn 1387
Second tourn, Monday after Martin [18 November] 1387
Thomas of Corbridge, terrar; Roger of Mainsforth, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, ...
   Spring 1388
Monday after ...
Thomas of Corbridge, bursar; ...
The endorsement of c. 1500 assigns this roll to the third tourn 1387; and this fits well with the entries under Hesleden for tenancies starting at Martinmas 1387, and the entry under West Rainton for payments beginning at Pentecost 1389. Thomas of Corbridge ceased as bursar in 1388.
   Summer 1388
... after Barnabas [12 x 18 June] 1388
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar
   Autumn 1388
Monday after Luke [19 October] 1388
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of ... [New]burn, bursar; ...[Th]omas of Claxton, steward
   Spring 1389
Monday before Gregory ... [8 March 1389]
-
The last section, for Edmondbyers, is headed Wednesday after John before the Latin Gate [5 May] 1389, while an entry under Shields is dated Tuesday before Gregory 1389.
   Summer 1389
Monday before Peter & Paul [28 June] 1389
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar
   Autumn 1389
Luke [18 October] 1389
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar
   Spring 1390
Gregory 1389 [12 March 1390]
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar
   Summer 1390
...
...
An entry under Billingham refers to payments beginning at Pentecost 1390, while one under Hesleden concerns a three year tenancy starting at that date with payments beginning a year later; these give the approximate date, and the Summer tourn 1390 is the only tourn in 1389, 1390 and 1391 for which no roll is extant.
   Autumn 1390
Wednesday after All Saints [2 November] 1390
William de Aslakby, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar
   Spring 1391
Third tourn ... 1390 [1391]
William de Aslakby, ...
   Summer 1391
Monday before Barnabas [5 June] 1391
Thomas d'Autre, sacrist; John of Newburn, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1391
Wilfrid [12 October] 1.91
William of Killerby; Thomas Lythe, bursar; Th... of Claxton, ...
   Spring 1392
...
... of Killerby, terrar; Thomas ...
The last section, for Edmondbyers, is headed Mark [25 April] '92. Confirmation that the rest of the roll is for the immediately preceding tourn is to be found in entries such as that under Ferryhill for a year's tenancy of a mine starting at Candlemas 1392. The endorsements, made when the roll was more complete, support this, giving the date as "1391", since the other two tourns that would have been headed in this way are extant.
   Summer 1393
Monday before Barnabas [9 June] 1393
William of Killerby, terrar; Robert of Claxton, bursar; ... of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1393
Wednesday before Luke [15 October] 1393
Robert of Claxton, terrar & bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Extracted: one judgement; Select cases in manorial courts 1250-1550, p.32 (no. 35)
   Spring 1394
Third tourn, Wednesday ... 1393 [1394]
Robert ...; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Summer 1394
Wednesday after Peter & Paul [1 July] 1394
John of Newburn, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1394
...
...
The last section, for Edmondbyers, is headed Tuesday, Juliana v & m 1394 [16 February 1395]. Confirmation that the rest of the roll is for the immediately preceding tourn is to be found in the fact that proceedings at Cowpen and Ferryhill continue at the Spring tourn 1395.
   Spring 1395
Friday after Mathias 1394 [26 February 1395]
John of Newburn, terrar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Summer 1395
First tourn, Tuesday before ... .395
John of Newburn, bursar & terrar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1395
...
...
Cf. Loc.IV:250
The last section, for Edmondbyers, is headed Thursday after Martin [18 November] 1395. The rest of the roll is evidently for the immediately preceding tourn: an entry under East Merrington concerns an incident on the night of Thursday before Luke [14 October] 1395, while an entry under Harton concerns a three year tenancy beginning at Martinmas 1395.
   Spring 1396
Thursday before Conversion of Paul 1395 [20 January 1396]
Robert of Claxton, terrar; John of Newburn, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Assuming that the additional day for the leap year was added after 20 January.
   Summer 1396
Tuesday before Peter & Paul [27 June] 1396
Thomas Lythe, terrar & bursar; Robert of Crayke, his colleague; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1396
Wednesday, Luke [18 October] 1396
Thomas Lythe, terrar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Spring 1397
Wednesday before Juliana v 1396 [14 February 1397]
Thomas Lythe, terrar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Assuming the feast to have been that of Juliana v & m found in Durham Kalendars, kept on 16 February, not Juliana v commemorated on 23 February.
   Summer 1397
Wednesday, Benedict [11 July] 1397
William of Kelloe, terrar; Walter of Teesdale, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1397
Monday after Luke [22 October] 1397
William of Kelloe, terrar; Walter of Teesdale, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Date and officials are given in the heading which follows the first section, for Edmondbyers, headed Luke [18 October] 1397.
   Spring 1398
Monday after ... ap 1397 [25 February 1398]
William of Kelloe, terrar; ... bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
Of the three tourns that would have been headed "1397" those for Summer 1397 and Autumn 1397 are extant, leaving Spring 1398. The feast missing from the heading is taken to be Mathias, the only apostle whose feast falls in the first four months of the year.
   Summer 1398
1 July 1398
William of Kelloe, terrar; Walter of Teesdale, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
   Autumn 1398
...
...
Proceedings at Middle Merrington continue from the Summer tourn 1398.
   Spring 1399
Wednesday before Candlemas 1... [29 January 1399]
William of Kelloe, terrar; Walter of Teesdale, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
The endorsement of c. 1500 dating this roll to the third tourn "1398" is confirmed by three entries, at Aycliffe, Ferryhill and Hesleden, relating to tenancies starting at Martinmas 1398 with payments beginning at Pentecost next.
   Summer 1400
...
...
The entries that comprise the section immediately preceding the Autumn tourn 1400 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.2r-3r) are also found on this roll.
   Autumn 1400
Second tourn, Peter & Paul ... [29 June 1400]
William of Kelloe, terrar; Roger of Mainsforth, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward
The entries for the Second tourn 1400 in Halmote Court Book I (f.3r-v) also occur on this roll.
   Spring 1401
Thursday after Candlemas 1400 [3 February 1401]
William of Kelloe, terrar; Roger of Mainsforth, bursar; Thomas of Claxton, steward

For tourn of Summer 1404 see Loc.IV:115
   Autumn 1404
...
...
The entries for the Second tourn 1404 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.10v-11r) also occur on this roll.
   Spring 1405
...
...
Entries for the Third tourn 1404 in Halmote Court Book I (f.11r-v) also occur on this roll.
   Autumn 1407
...
...
Entries for the Second tourn 1407 in Halmote Court Book I (f.18r) also occur on this roll.
   Spring 1409
...
...
The section starting with Burdon is headed "Wednesday 12 February 1408"; 12 February fell on Wednesday in 1410 rather than 1409, but entries for the Third tourn 1408 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.22r-23r) are found on this roll.
   Autumn 1409
...
...
Entries for the Second tourn 1409 in Halmote Court Book I (f.25v) also occur in this roll.
   Spring 1410
Monday in the first week of Lent 1409 [10 February 1410]
Thomas de Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Morris, bursar
   Summer 1410
...
...
The last section, for Burdon, is headed Wednesday before James [23 July] 1410, and entries for the First tourn 1410 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.27v-28r) occur on the rest of the roll.
   Autumn 1410
Monday 13 October 1410
-
   Spring 1411
9 February 1410 [1411]
Thomas de Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Morris, bursar
   Summer 1411
Tuesday 7 July 1411
Thomas Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Morris, bursar
   Autumn 1411
12 October 1411
Thomas Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Morris, bursar
   Spring 1412
3 February 1411 [1412]
Thomas Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Morris, bursar
   Summer 1413
...
...
The entries for the First tourn 1413 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.38r-39r) occur on this roll.
   Autumn 1413
...
...
The section starting with Burdon is headed 25 October 1413, and the last surviving section, for Edmondbyers, 9 October 1413; entries for the Second tourn 1413 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.39v-41r) occur on this roll.
   Spring 1414
...
...
The section starting with Burdon is headed "13 February 1413", and entries for the Third tourn 1413 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.41r-43v) are found on the rest of this roll.
   Summer 1420
Tuesday after Thomas archiep [9 July] 1420
Thomas de Langton, steward; William Barry, terrar; John Durham, bursar
   Autumn 1420
...
...
The section starting with Burdon is headed 22 October 1420, and entries for the Second tourn 1420 in Halmote Court Book I (f.70r) occur on the rest of this roll.
   Spring 1421
...
...
The section starting with Burdon, is headed "Wednesday before Purification 1420" [29 January 1421], and entries for the Third tourn 1420 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.70v-71v) occur on the rest of this roll.
   Summer 1423
Monday 12 July '23
Thomas de Langton, steward; William Drax, terrar; John Durham, bursar
   Spring 1423
...
...
Entries for the Third tourn 1423 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.83v-85r) also occur on this roll.
   Summer 1427
...
...
The entries for the First tourn 1427 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.95v-97r) also occur on this roll.
   Autumn 1427
6 October 1427
Thomas de Langton, steward; H...[enry] Helay, terrar; William Partrike, bursar
   Spring 1428
3 February 1427 [1428]
Thomas de Langton, steward; Henry Helay, terrar; William Partrike, bursar
   Summer 1428
5 July 1428
Thomas Lan...; ... [Henry Hel]ay, terrar; William Partrike, bursar
   Autumn 1428
4 October 1428
...; Henry Helay, terrar; William Partrike, bursar
   Spring 1429
13 February 1428 [1429]
Thomas ... ... ...k, bursar
   Summer 1439
Thursday 26 June 1439
William Hoton, steward; John Oll, terrar; John Gateshead, bursar
26 June fell on Thursday in 1438 rather than 1439, but the year as given is confirmed by the fact that the entries for the First tourn 1439 in Halmote Court Book I (ff.155v-156r) also occur on this roll.
   Autumn 1439
19 O..[ctober] 1439
William Hoton, steward; John Oll, terrar; John Gateshead, bursar
   Autumn 1449
Monday 14 October 1449
Robert Rodes, steward; John Gateshead, terrar
14 October fell on Monday in 1448 rather than 1449, but the year as given is confirmed by the fact that the entries for the Second tourn 1449 in Halmote Court Book II (ff.39v-40r) also occur on this roll.
   Spring 1450
Third tourn 1...
The entries for the Third tourn 1449 in Halmote Court Book II (ff.40r-41r) also occur on this roll.
Robert Rodes, steward; John Gateshead, terrar; John Middleham, b..[ursar]
   Summer 1460
First tourn, 146.
Robert Rodes, steward; Thomas Ayre, terrar; Thomas Haughton, bursar
The entries for the First tourn 1460 in Halmote Court Book II (ff.74v-75r) also occur on this roll.
   Autumn 1460
4 November 146.
Robert Rodes, steward; Thomas Ayre, terrar; Thomas Haughton, bursar
The entries for the Second tourn 1460 in Halmote Court Book II (f.75r-v) also occur on this roll.
   Spring 1461
20 January 1..0 [1461]
Robert Rodes, steward; Thomas Ayre, terrar; Thomas Haughton, bursar
The entries for the Third tourn 1460 in Halmote Court Book II (ff.76r-77v) also occur on this roll.
   Summer 1465
25 June 1465
Geoffrey Middleton, steward; William Burdon, terrar; Thomas Haughton, bursar
   Autumn 1465
15 October 1465
Geoffrey Middleton, steward; William Burdon, terrar; T H, bursar
   Spring 1466
4 February 1465 [1466]
Geoffrey Middleton, steward; William Burdon, terrar; Thomas Haughton, bursar
   Autumn 1466
14 October 1466
-
   Spring 1467
Third tourn, 2. ... 1466 [20 January 1467]
Lacuna supplied from Halmote Court Book II f.100r.
-
   Summer 1472
July 1472
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; Robert Weardale, bursar
   Autumn 1472
14 October 1472
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; Robert Weardale, bursar
   Spring 1473
Fe... 1472 [February 1473]
William Claxton, steward; ... [Thomas] Haughton, terrar; Robert ... [Weardale], .ursar
   Summer 1473
Tuesday 6 July 1473
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; Robert Weardale, bursar
   Autumn 1473
October 1473
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; Robert Weardale, bursar
   Spring 1474
January 1473 [1474]
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; Robert Weardale, bursar
   Summer 1474, Autumn 1474 & Spring 1475
...
...
This roll consists of three membranes, each covering the northern townships of the estate, and so presumably representing the three tourns of one year. Mention under Shields of the widow of Nicholas Lee indicates that the roll is later than Spring 1474, when he appears alive, and indeed one membrane of this roll also mentions him; the two membranes in question are shown to be consecutive by the continuation at Shields of proceedings between Robynson and Taillour and between Betson and Broun, leaving the third membrane either to precede both as the Summer tourn or to follow both as the Spring tourn. At the earliest the latter would make the third membrane Spring 1475, which is not compatible with the mention under Dalton of Richard Rasshe as vicar, since he resigned on 8 January 1475 (Reg.IV f.168r); this membrane is therefore to be dated Summer 1474, and the others Autumn 1474 and Spring 1475. One objection to the dating of the Spring 1475 membrane is the reference on it under Fulwell to Thomas Haughton as "nuper" terrar, as he appears to have continued his first term in that office until after the Summer tourn 1475 (Halmote Book II f.134v), but he may effectively have left office by February 1475, when he was appointed as the Convent's proctor for Convocation at York (Reg.IV f.168v) and sent with a letter from the Prior to the Duke of Gloucester (Reg.Parv.III f.161v).
   Summer 1477
8 July 1477
W Claxton, steward; Robert Ebchester, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Autumn 1477
Tuesday 4 November 1477
William Claxton, steward; Robert Ebchester, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Spring 1478
Tuesday 13 January 14.. [1478]
William Claxton, steward; Robert Ebchester, terrar; John Swan, bursar
John Swan began his term of office as bursar in May 1477; in May 1478 Robert Ebchester was elected Prior of Durham.
   Summer 1478
Tuesday 30 June 1478
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Autumn 1478
October 1478
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Spring 1479
Thursday 5 February 1478 [1479]
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
5 February fell on Thursday in 1478 rather than 1479, but the roll for the Spring tourn 1478 is extant, and the year is taken to be as given.
   Summer 1482
20 June 1482
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Autumn 1482
24 October 1482
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Spring 1483
28 January 1482 [1483]
William Claxton, steward; Thomas Haughton, terrar; John Swan, bursar
   Spring c.1487
12 February 1...
...
This roll is in the hand of the scribe who appears to have written the Halmote Rolls from after Spring 1483 until Summer 1494. Of the Spring tourns for which no roll is extant between those dates, none is headed in Halmote Court Books II and III with particulars compatible with those surviving on this roll, but discrepancies can be found on other rolls, eg Autumn 1490, Spring 1492. The dating is based on the close similarity of the jurors named for each vill with those on Summer 1487 or 1488: out of 109 comparable names 102 are the same, and the roll for Summer 1487 or 1488 appears to be the one roll in which the jurors for Shields are in the same order.
   Summer 1487 or 1488
12 July 14..
..., steward; John Swan, terrar; Geoffrey Forest, bursar
Geoffrey Forest was bursar for Summer tourn 1485-1488; of these 1485 and 1486 can be excluded as the particulars of the heading that survive on the roll differ from those in Halmote Court Book II (ff.171r and 173r). For 1488 the particulars are in complete agreement (f.185r), making this the more likely of the two remaining years, but 1487 cannot be excluded as seemingly there is no heading for the Summer tourn in that year in the Halmote Court Book II.
   Spring 1489
January 14..
The year is given in the endorsement of c. 1500, and the particulars surviving in the heading correspond most exactly to those for the Spring tourn 1489 in Halmote Court Book II (f.188r) among the Spring tourns 1486-1489, when Geoffrey Forest was bursar. The differences for 1486 and 1488 are not conclusive (ff.172v and 182r), but 1487 has a different starting point (f.176v).
... John Swan, terrar; Geoffrey Forest, bursar
   Summer 1489
July 1489
W Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Autumn 1489
5 November 1489
W Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar
   Spring 1490
4 February 1489 [1490]
William Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Summer 1490
June 1490
W Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Autumn 1490
6 November 1490
W Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
4 November is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book II (f.195r).
   Spring 1491
January 1490 [1491]
Aforesaid
   Summer 1491
June 149.
W Claxton, steward; John Swan, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
Henry Dalton was bursar for the Summer tourns 1489-1491 and 1494; rolls for all of these are extant except Summer 1491.
   Autumn 1491
4 November 1491
W Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Spring 1492
January 1491 [1492]
Aforesaid
20 January is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book II (f.199v).
   Summer 1492
July 1492
W Claxton, steward; John Danby, terrar; Thomas Durham, bursar
   Autumn 1492
Friday 20 November 1492
20 November 1492 was a Tuesday.
Aforesaid
   Spring 1493
9 January 1492 [1493]
W Claxton, steward; John Danby, terrar; Thomas Durham, bursar
   Summer 1494
June 1494
William Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Autumn 1494
4 November 1494
William Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Spring 1495
25 January 1494 [1495]
William Claxton, steward; Geoffrey Forest, terrar; Henry Dalton, bursar
   Summer 1497
10 July 1497
William Bulmer, steward; Henry Dalton, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Autumn 1497
13 November 1497
William Bulmer, steward; Henry Dalton, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1498
16 January 1497 [1498]
William Bulmer, steward; Henry Dalton, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Summer 1499
3 June 1499
William Bulmer, steward; John Hamsterley, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Autumn 1499
5 November 1499
William Bulmer, steward; John Hamsterley, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1500
6 February 1499 [1500]
William Bulmer, steward; John Hamsterley, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
4 February is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book III (f.53r).
   Summer 1501
5 July 1501
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar; Thomas Swalwell, warden of [Durham College] Oxford
   Autumn 1501
12 November 1501
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1502
22 January 1501 [1502]
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
14 January is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book III (f.66r).
   Summer 1502
Monday 27 June 1502
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Autumn 1502
4 November 1502
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1503
3 February 1502 [1503]
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Summer 1503
Monday 26 June 1..3
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawk.ell, ...
There is no evidence that William Hawkwell was one of the officers involved with the Halmote Court except as bursar between 1495 and 1507, a period with only one "xxx3" in it. The day of the week and the day of the month as given are compatible in 1503, but not in 1493, 1513, 1523 or 1533. The Summer tourn 1503 began on Tuesday 27 June according to Halmote Court Book III (f.70r), a difference that is probably to be explained by the different types of business recorded on the rolls and in the book.
   Autumn 1503
Tuesday 7 November 1503
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
13 November is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book III (f.72r).
   Spring 1504
24 January 1503 [1504]
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Summer 1504
Tuesday 2 June [July] 1504
William Bulmer, steward; William Hawkwell, bursar
2 June 1504 was a Sunday, but 2 July fell on Tuesday and 2 July is given in the heading to this tourn in Halmote Court Book III (f.74v).
   Autumn 1504
Tuesday 5 November 1504
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1505
Tuesday 14 January 1504 [1505]
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Summer 1505
10 June 1505
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Autumn 1505
Tuesday 4 November 1505
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Spring 1506
Tuesday - [13] January 1505 [1506]
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
Omitted day supplied from Halmote Court Book III (f.84v).
   Summer 1506
6 June 1506
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Autumn 1506
3 November 1506
William Bulmer, steward; Thomas Swalwell, terrar; William Hawkwell, bursar
   Summer 1507
6 July 1507
William Bulmer, steward; Robert Strother, bursar
3 June is the opening date given for this tourn in Halmote Court Book III (f.94v).
   Autumn 1507
6 November 1507
-
Halmote Court Books
Dates of creation: 1400 - 15343 books

Halm.bk I   [Summer] 1400 - Summer 1440
Halmote court land transactions.
The first leaf is missing, save for a small fragment with the marginal heading “Jarow” on the recto. As the first surviving heading, f.3r, is for the second, i.e.the Autumn, tourn 1400, the entries that precede it are taken to belong to the first, the Summer, tourn; these entries are also found on a separate headless roll, while those for the autumn tourn are on another roll. There is nothing from the Spring tourn 1406, f.13v being left blank and the following leaf removed; most of the entries from the Autumn tourn 1428 and the Spring tourn 1429 are missing through the loss of f.101. There are records from separate sessions of the court at Edmundbyers on 27 Sept.1429 and 12 June 1432, f.120rv, and on 29 April 1434, f.130rv; and at Burdon on 23 March 1429/30 and 6 May 1432, f.125rv. The entries for the Summer tourn 1440, f.159v-161v, are repeated on Halmote Book II f.1r 3r.
The full headings from the halmote rolls are not given here, only the number of the tourn and the year, save in two cases: Spring 1430, 12 February at Hebburn, and Autumn 1433, 6 October at Wolviston, the steward, terrar and bursar being named in both, f.105v and 123v.
In addition to the principal contents concerning surrenders of, and entries to, holdings, there are leases of Heighington glebe manor with buildings on Coatsay Moor, land, meadow, moor and tithes in 1430, f.113r, and of tithes of flax, hemp and hay in Billingham parish in 1430, f.115v; records of fealty, f.65v-66r, 68v; attestations of earlier entries, f.105r (two); a memorandum of an earlier entry, f.125v; a memorandum of reductions in rent, f.96r; licences to occupy holdings, f.82v, 107r, 111r, 119v, 123r and 155v; an offer to occupy a holding, f.151r; recording of pledges, f.25v, 135v; wayleave for grindstones across Nether Heworth demesne from Semermosse quarry to the Tyne, f.21v; licences to sublet ( “tabernandi”), f.35v, 41v (two), 43v, 44v (four), 45r (three), 49v, 50r (two), 58r (two), 59v, 63r, 67r, 69v and 81r; inquests of neifty, f.18rv (two); a settlement over works due at the manor of Bewley from a freeholding in Wolviston, 1430, f.115; statement of the holdings, legitimate and usurped, of John of Hedworth, found in a somewhat fuller form in Cart.IV f.64r-65r, but here with the date 1345 “vt patet per Rentale” added after the day given for his exhibition of charters, f.72rv.
Parchment book, 159f
Size: c.300 x 210 mm
Spine title: “Halmote Courts 1400 to 1439”
Halm.bk II   Summer 1440 - Spring 1492
f.ir originally blank flyleaf. Added, over illegible erasures: Records of John Werdale's entry to a newly constructed holding, next to a holding of the Almoner [in Durham ?], at Pentecost 1476; of Robert Jackson's entry on 15 September 16 Ed. IV [1476] to a house in Broom with a close and licence to sink coal pits; list of names [of tenants ?], each with one or more cash sums.
f.iv, p.1-38* Topographic lists of tenants on f.1r-202v below. The names, with folio references, were entered by township, starting with Willington and continuing in the order commonly used in the records of the main estate. To judge by ink changes between entries, compilation began c.1446 and was maintained with varying degrees of regularity. An alphabetical index of places was added s.xvi/xvii, p.1. p.5a back, 10, 21a back, 26, 36, 38 and 39 blank.
p.39 added in space: record of William Wright's entry to a cottage and close at Broom at Cuthbert in March 1484 [20 March 1485]; record of four tenants' entry to a new close on Spennymoor by Brownspiece at Cuthbert in March 1485 [20 March 1486].
f.1r-82v, 84r-202r Halmote court land transactions, Summer 1440-Spring 1492.
There is nothing from the Summer tourn 1451 apart from the opening words of the heading, f.42v; nor from the Autumn tourn 1484 or Summer 1487. Entries for Southwick, Wearmouth etc. at the Spring tourn 1463 are missing through the loss of a leaf before f.85, see entries in the index, p.11-12. The entries of the Spring tourn 1463 are interrupted by material previously entered on f.83r, see below; f.83v blank. The entries for the Summer tourn 1440, f.1r-3r, are repeated on Halmote Book I f.159v-161v.
The full headings from the halmote rolls are not generally given here. As well as the number of the tourn and the year, the full date is given for each tourn Summer 1462-Summer 1467, occasionally before that, and the month, sometimes with the date, for each tourn subsequently. The place is given for each tourn Autumn 1444-Summer 1447, and for most from Spring 1485 onwards. Up to Spring 1462 the names of the steward, terrar and bursar are usually included, and subsequently at the Summer tourn; the cellarer appears in place of the bursar at Spring and Summer 1445. In addition to the principal contents concerning surrenders of, and entries to, holdings, including one to be held of the master of the cell at Wearmouth, f.40rv, there are a considerable number of licences to occupy holdings; recording of pledges, f.145v, 150r; a note of an existing tenancy, f.45r; a pardon of arrears, f.8rv; note of condition voiding tenancies in the event of controversy between tenants, f.152v; note of rent to be paid, f.128v; note on cessation of repairs, f.154r; licences to sublet ( “tabernandi”), f.17r, 19r, 20r, 65v, 117r (four), 134v, 137v, 138r and 153v; record of subletting, f.22v; memorandum of subtenancy, f.32v; licence to enclose 16 acres called Roughleyhill at East Merrington, f.145v; record of sworn testimony on the tenants of Pittington's right of access to Cocken moor, f.53v; inquests of neifty, f.76rv, 112v 113r; inquests on the manors of Belasis and Bewley, f.147r.
f.83r (entered on the last leaf of a quire prior to the entries on the preceding leaves) Record of court held in Durham, 12 May 1460. “Curia tenta in magna aula hospicij Dunelm die lune xijo die Maij Anno Regni Regis Henrici Sexti post Conquestum Anglie xxxoviijo coram Roberto Rodes Senescallo Domino Thoma Ayr terrario et Alijs”. The entries concern affrays. f.83v blank.
f.202rv Record of entry to a plot at Willington for a salt works, [c.1495]. No indication of date is given; the hand is the same as that responsible for the entries of the preceding tourn, Spring 1492.
f.203r added, s.xv/xvi: Record of inquest into the holding of William Brown of Ferryhill deceased, 28 Jan.1481/2. Held before the prior's eschaetor, finding the heir to be Richard Brown, son of Hugh son of William's brother Roger, William having died 24 years previously.
f.203v added, s.xv/xvi: Memorandum of release by Robert Trotter of Byers, his wife Janet daughter of Thomas Wyndylston, and their son John, to the prior, of their right in the oxpasture of East Merrington called Ouertowne, its common and the common of the oxgang of land there, in return for 2 oxgangs in the oxpasture of Shelom called Nedyrtowne and 5 sheepgates in Shelom.
f.204r blank save for pen trial.
f.204v added, s.xv ex.: Record of arbitration at West Merrington between John Robynson and John Lax. The hand is very similar to that responsible for the entries of the final tourn above, Spring 1492.
f.204vadded, s.xv/xvi: Record of arbitration at Coatsay Moor between Richard Tailyour, and John and Christopher Denom, over boundaries.
Size: c.290 x 190 mm
Spine title: “Halmote Courts 1440 to 1491”
Halm.bk III   Autumn 1492 - Summer 1534
f.ir originally blank flyleaf, the outer half torn away. Added: Record of the entry by Robert and William Richerdson of Ferryhill to a close on Spennymoor called Wellynges on 3 April 14[. 9 ?]7; Record of the entry by William Wright to [...] at Broom, [...].
f.iv, p.1-45 Topographic lists of tenants on f.1r-127r, 128*r 143r below. The form is the same as at the front of Halmote Book II above. To judge by ink changes between entries, compilation began c.1494 and was maintained with varying degrees of regularity. An alphabetical index of places was added s.xvi/xvii, f.iv. p.9-10, 15, 18, 20, 24-25, 28, 30-32, 34, 38, 41, 43 blank.
p.46 originally blank. Added: Record of jurors' statement that a parcel of land by Chiltonway called Bycarbalkes and adjoining land belongs to the vill of East Merrington, 12 June 1505.
f.1r-127r,128*r-143v Halmote court land transactions, Autumn 1492-Spring 1534.
There is nothing from the Summer tourn 1496, Summer 1511 (note, “deficit hic”, f.120v), Spring 1512-Autumn 1513 (note, “non dum scripti”, f.122v; f.123r-124r blank), Summer 1514, Spring-Summer 1518, Spring 1519-Spring 1520, Summer 1521, Spring 1522-Autumn 1523, Summer 1524-Autumn 1525, Autumn 1526-Summer 1527, Spring 1528, Autumn 1528, Summer 1529-Autumn 1533. The details of date and place and the names of the steward, terrar and bursar found in the full headings on the halmote rolls are also generally given here. In addition to the principal contents concerning surrenders of, and entries to, holdings, there is a lease of East Merrington manor etc. in 1403, f.63r-64r; note of variation in division between tenants' portions, f.59r; licences to occupy holdings, f.25v, 42v, 46v, 48v, 61r, 61v, 72v, 74r, 75r, 118r and 143r; record of condition voiding tenancies in the event of controversy between tenants, f.1v; note of agreement to sublet, f.44r; licence to enclose Robertesmedowe at West Merrington, f.44r; record of agreement over Milnepece by Shelom mill between the tenants of East Merrington demesne and the sacrist's tenant on 24 February 12 Henry VII [1497], f.37r; record of arbitration between the tenants of Wallsend and Richard Gateside, f.80v.
f.127v blank.
f.128r Articles of the court. “Articuli Curie Heretykez ... Clensyng of comon severs”, in the hand of the following tourn, Summer 1515. Augmented, s.xvi med., with further articles.
f.128v originally blank. Added, s.xvi in.: Note of tenant at Aycliffe.
Size: 280-295 x 205-215 mm
Decoration: Capital letters of heading lined with red, f.59v 62v, 65r 66r, 69v.
Spine title: “Halmote Courts 1492 to 1528”
Marshalsey Court Rolls
Reference: Marsh. rolls
Dates of creation: c.1370 - 142513 parchment/paper rolls

Records of the prior of Durham's enforcement in his fee of the assize of bread and ale and other market matters covered by what were known in the palatinate of Durham as “Articuli marescalciam tangentes” in courts held by the terrar, bursar and others.
Most of the rolls have been printed, as indicated below, with a brief general introduction and translation of some selected entries, in Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.326-371.
For Marshalsey estreat from Staindrop dated 1440, see 1.11.Spec.53

Marsh. roll 1375   [1 August] 1375
Held at Wolviston, St Peter ad vincula '75 by William de Aslakby bursar, Thomas Surtays steward, and John de Elvet, for Newton Bewley, Wolviston, Cowpen, Billingham, and Aycliffe.
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.329-333.
Marsh. roll 1376   [15 - 16 October] 1376
Held at Burdon: Wednesday before Luke '76 [Burdon]; Barmpton Aycliffe, Wednesday before [15 October 1376 ?: presumably the same day as the first section above]; Thursday [16 October 1376 ?: presumably the day after the first section above.] Ferryhill, Chilton, Merrington, Mid Merrington, West Merrington, ..dm'.
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.333-335.
Marsh. roll 1384   [19 July] 1384
Held at Staindrop, Tuesday before James 1384, for Winston, Newsham, Snotterton with half Cleatlam, Shotton with Langley, Raby with Keverstone, Wackerfield, Hilton, Ingleton, Staindrop (entries under Raby and Staindrop only).
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.335-336
Marsh. roll 1385   c. 1385
For Monkton, Jarrow, [South] Shields, Harton, Westoe, Southwick, [Monk]wearmouth, Fulwell, (dorse) East Rainton, Fordhouse, Cocken, Moorhouse, West Rainton, North Pittington, Moorsley, Hesleden
[The script indicates that this roll is to be dated to the latter part of the fourteenth century. William Rois appears as the miller at Southwick and Alexander Milner at Hesleden. The latter occurs frequently in the records of the Halmote court, taking the mill at Hesleden for 3 years from Martinmas 1368 at the Summer tourn 1368, and subsequently for similar, or shorter, terms, the last being a year's tenancy at the Autumn tourn 1385; another tenant appears at the Autumn tourn 1387. William Rois is more elusive; he was not one of the five tenants who took the mill at Southwick for 5 years from Martinmas 1375 at the Spring tourn 1376, nor the three, including John Reid, who took it for 3 years from Martinmas 1380 at the Summer tourn 1380, recorded in an entry that was added and then crossed out, but one of the two who took it over from John Reid for 12 years from Martinmas 1383 at the Summer tourn 1383, was William son of Adam, possibly identical with William Rois. This would fit well with the occurrence on this roll of William Chamberlain at Southwick: in the Halmote records his appearance there was brief, mainly in 1386, and, appropriately, in connection with the assize of ale.]
Marsh. roll 1386   [? 17 October 1386 ?]
Courts held at: Aycliffe, Wednesday before St Luke 1386 (?); Burdon, Thursday St Luke [18 October 1386 ?]
[The script indicates that this roll is to be dated to the latter part of the fourteenth century. Between 1350 and 1400 the feast of St Luke fell on a Thursday in 1352, 1358, 1369, 1375, 1380, 1386 and 1397. Evidence from the rolls of the Halmote court points to 1386 as being the most probable date. There seems to be no trace of John Dalgan miller as tenant of either of the mills at Aycliffe, unless he is identical with John de Haughton who took the fulling mill for 7 years at the Spring tourn 1370 and for a further 15 years at the Summer tourn 1377. John de Aycliffe miller at Burdon is, however, to be found taking the mill there for 9 years from Martinmas 1377 at the Spring tourn 1378, and he was succeeded by Robert Hapsamen, who took it for 8 years from Pentecost 1387 at the Autumn tourn 1386; whether John held it before 1377 is not clear, there being no entry for a tenancy after William Grampays and William Milner of Blackwell succeeded Richard Rath for 3 years at the Summer tourn 1371. Of the remaining possibilities 1375 is unlikely given the extant roll for a session of the court that included Aycliffe in August 1375, while both 1375 and 1380 are less likely than 1386 given the entry on this roll for Johanna Yut who does not appear in Halmote court entries for breaches of the assize of ale until after the death of her husband William shortly before the Summer tourn 1384.]
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.327-329 (where it is postulated as c.1370-1380).
Marsh. roll 1391-2   [? 24 October 1391 ?] - [26 October 1392]
Courts held at:
Dalton, Tuesday St Romonus bp year above said [The eccentric spelling of the saint's name is not repeated in the added headings below. More than one identification is possible: Romanus m., 9 August; or Romanus abp & conf., 23 October; possibly Ronanus bp & conf., 19 November. While it is natural to date this section, and the three that follow it, to the months before the fully dated heading for 4 April 1392 below, none of the saints' days fell on Tuesday in 1391, but on Wednesday, Monday and Sunday respectively. Moreover, since the 1392 heading is in the same hand and ink as the heading here, it would seem that the roll was compiled from pre-existing records, which could have been shuffled. In 1392 the feast of Romanus, 19 November, fell on Tuesday, but, while he best fits the description 'bishop', his feast was not normally used in the Durham records, and would put the sections dated by it after the Burdon section below. The simplest solution is therefore to assume that the feast of Romanus archbishop in 1391 was taken to be on Tuesday 24 October, rather than Monday 23 October.]
(Hesleden, Wednesday morrow of said Romanus [? 25 October 1391 ?: see second section above])
(Billingham, Thursday after said Romanus [? 26 October 1391 ?: see second section above]) for Billingham, Newton Bewley, Wolviston, Cowpen
(Burdon, Monday before All Saints [? 30 October 1391 ?: see second section above for year])
Staindrop, (4) April 1392 for Newsham, Snotterton [and] Cleatlam, Shotton and Langley, Raby with Keverstone, Wackerfield, Hilton, Ingleton, Staindrop
(Ferryhill, Thursday 5 said month year above said [April 1392]) for Blakiston, Woodham, Hett, Chilton, West Merrington, Mid Merrington, East Merrington, Ferryhill
Old Borough [Durham], Monday before Easter [8 April] '92
(North) Pittington, Tuesday before Easter year above said [9 April 1392] for Silksworth, Wingate with grange, Cocken and Fordhouse, (dorse) Moorsley, West Rainton with Moorhouse, East Rainton, North Pittington with South Pittington
Borough of Elvet, Wednesday before Easter year above said [10 April 1392] for Shincliffe, Barony of Elvet, Borough of Elvet
Elvethall, St George [23 April] 1392 for Snotterton with Cleatlam, Raby with Keverstone, Hilton, Ingleton, Staindrop, Blakiston, Woodham, Hett, Mid Merrington, East Merrington, Old Borough [Durham], East Rainton, Barony of Elvet, Borough of Elvet
Muggleswick, St Mark [25 April] 1392 for Edmundbyers, ..[Mu]ggleswick
Aycliffe, Saturday before All Saints year above said for Aycliffe, Coatsay and Newhouse
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.338-356
For expenses for holding Marshalsey at Staindrop, Ferryhill and elsewhere, see Terrar's account ? 1391-2.
Marsh. roll 1395   [13 October- 22 November] 1395
Courts held at:
New Elvet, Wednesday before Luke 1395 by Robert de Claxton terrar, John de Neuborn bursar, Thomas de Claxton steward, Hugh de Corbrig clerk
Old Borough Durham, Saturday before Luke year above said [16 October 1395]
Wolviston, Wednesday after Luke [20 October 1395: presumably the same year as the first section above] by Robert de Claxton terrar, John de Neuborn bursar, Thomas de Claxton steward, Hugh de Corbrig clerk, for Newton [Bewley], Cowpen, Billingham, Wolviston
Hedworth, Thursday before All Saints [28 October 1395: presumably the same year as the first section above] by Robert de Claxton terrar, John de Neuborn bursar, Thomas de Claxton steward, Hugh de Corbrig clerk for Shields (above heading), Fulwell, Southwick, [Monk]wearmouth, Harton, Westoe, Monkton, Over Heworth, Nether Heworth, Felling, Hebburn, Hedworth, Simonside, Willington, Wallsend
Elvethall, Wednesday before All Saints [27 October] 1395 for Shincliffe, barony of Elvet
Pittington, Thursday before Martin year above said [4 November 1395] for East Rainton, West Rainton, Pittington, South Pittington
East Merrington, Friday after Martin [12 November] 1395 for Ferryhill, West Merrington, Hett, Mid Merrington, East Merrington
Staindrop, Monday before Clement 1395 for Newsham, Snotterton with Cleatlam, Shotton with Langley, Raby with Keverstone, Wackerfield, Hilton, Ingleton, Winston (blank), Staindrop.
Marsh. roll 1400   [?3 June 1400]
Court held at Old Borough Durham, Thursday before Pentecost MCCC.. [1400 ?] [Walter Teesdale accounted as bursar Pentecost 1397 Pentecost 1400. The damage to the date in the heading is so small that there can never been sufficient space for the requisite words or letters for "98" and "99", only for a final "C", of which perhaps a trace is visible; alternatively the latter part of the date may have been omitted by mistake.] by William de Kellow terrar, Walter de Tesdall bursar, William de Cawthorn.
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.336-337
Marsh. roll 1420-30   [c.1420 x 1430]
No heading [This roll covers the same townships as the roll for 1425 (?), to which it is similar in script. Whether it is earlier or later than that roll has not been established. A line of irregular holes at the foot shows that it was once sewn to two other rolls: 1425 (A) and 1425 (?).]
Court for Wackerfield, Snotterton with half Cleatlam, Ingleton, Hilton, Newsham, Shotton with Langley, Raby with Keverstone
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.356-357
Marsh. roll 1425 (A)   [12 January 1425]
Court held at [South] Shields, Friday after Epiphany 1424/5 for Heworth, Hebburn, Monkton, Hedworth, [Monk]wearmouth, Southwick, Fulwell, Willington, Wallsend, (dorse) Shields
1425 (B)
1425 (?) No heading [This roll may form a continuation of 1425 (B). Its proposed dating is based on the identity of the watermark and script with those of 1425 (A), (B) and (C). A line of irregular holes at the foot shows that it was once sewn to two other rolls: c. 1420-30 and 1425 (A).] Court for Wackerfield, Ingleton, Snotterton with half Cleatlam, Hilton, Raby with Keverstone, (dorse) still Raby
(C)
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.360-363
Marsh. roll 1425 (B)   22 January 1425
Court held at Staindrop, Monday 22 January 1424/5.
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.363-367
Marsh. roll 1425 (C)   [25 January - 27 March] 1425
Courts held at:
<New> (Barony of) Elvet, Friday Conversion of Paul 1424 [25 January 1425];
New Elvet,day and year above said [25 January 1425];
(dorse) Elvethall, Tuesday before Palm Sunday [27 March] 1425
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.367-371
Marsh. roll 1425 (?)   [? 1425]
No heading [This roll may form a continuation of 1425 (B). Its proposed dating is based on the identity of the watermark and script with those of 1425 (A), (B) and (C). A line of irregular holes at the foot shows that it was once sewn to two other rolls: c. 1420-30 and 1425 (A).]
Court for Wackerfield, Ingleton, Snotterton with half Cleatlam, Hilton, Raby with Keverstone, (dorse) still Raby
Printed: Extracts from the Account Rolls of the Abbey of Durham vol.ii, ed J.T. Fowler (Surtees Society 100, 1899) p.357-359
Crossgate borough court books
Reference: Crsg. bks
Dates of creation: 1498 - 15312 books

Courts of the sacrist for the borough of Crossgate in Durham, covering Crossgate, Allergate and South St, and held for policing the borough and accommodating litigation involving its residents.
Printed and discussed in: Records of the Borough of Crossgate, Durham, ed R.H. Britnell (Surtees Society 212, 2008)
Rolls of the court 1312-1400 and later 15th century are in DCD Loc.IV:95, 120, 127, 201, 229 and Endpapers and Bindings 47.

Crsg. bk I    25 April 1498 - 28 September 1524, 14 April - 24 October 1529, 27 January 1530 - 31 May 1531
Records of the sacrist's court for Crossgate borough.
Printed: Records of the Borough of Crossgate, Durham, ed R.H. Britnell (Surtees Society 212, 2008), p.66-288, 324-341
Crsg. bk II   5 October 1524 - 3 March 1528
Records of the sacrist's court for Crossgate borough.
Printed: Records of the Borough of Crossgate, Durham, ed R.H. Britnell (Surtees Society 212, 2008), p.289-324
Prior's capitular court books
Dates of creation: 1435 - 14982 books
Discussed and used in: M.M. Harvey, “Church Discipline in the Later Middle Ages”, in Retribution, Repentance, and Reconciliation, ed K. Cooper and J. Gregory (Studies in Church History vol.40, 2004), p.95-105; M.M. Harvey, Lay Religious Life in Late Medieval Durham, (Woodbridge 2006) especially p.70-72.

Cap. prior.   6 October 1435 - 1 July 1456
Capitula generalia prioris Dunelm
Judicial acta or proceedings of the general chapters or courts of the prior of Durham held by his official for the parishes in the archdeaconry of Durham appropriated to the cathedral every three weeks, generally on a Thursday and generally in St Oswald's church, Durham, or sometimes St Andrew's chapel on Elvet bridge, or other churches or chapels within his officiality, detailing punishments inflicted for breaches of ecclesiastical discipline, especially concerning sexual and marriage misdemeanours, but also for such as working on feast days, defamation, tithes, debt, testament, sorcery and slander about sorcery; cases were often brought by the official (ex officio), but many came from other local officers or lay people (instance).
Printed extracts: Depositions and other Ecclesiastical Proceedings from the Courts of Durham, ed J. Raine (Surtees Society 21, 1845) p.26-37.
A negative microfilm is available at PGFilm 115
Off. bk.    [31 May 1487 - 25 October] 1498
Court book of the prior's official
Judicial acta or proceedings of the sessions of the courts of the prior of Durham held by his official for the parishes in the archdeaconry of Durham appropriated to the cathedral, every week in St Oswald's church, Durham, detailing punishments inflicted for breaches of ecclesiastical discipline, especially concerning breaches of faith over debt, but also for sexual and marriage misdemeanours, working on feast days, defamation, and tithes; cases were often brought by the official (ex officio), but many came from other local officers or lay people (instance).
A positive microfilm is available at PGFilm 116 and 5TCFilm 232
A negative microfilm is available at PGFilm 117