Medieval seals in the Durham Cathedral Muniments.
Introduction
The Charters of DurhamQuantities

Catalogue

Reference code: GB-0033-DCD
Title: Medieval seals in the Durham Cathedral Muniments.
Dates of creation: 11th - 18th centuries
Extent: Seals normally attached to documents, throughout collection
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Origination:
Language: Latin

The Charters of Durham

Introduction The documents to which the seals in this catalogue are attached, formed the title deeds and other muniments of the Benedictine monastery at Durham, and the private collection of the Rev. William Greenwell.
The monastic charters were originally preserved in the old treasury of the monastery situated under the dormitory at the north end of the crypt, the entrance being at the north end of the west cloister. Towards the middle of the last century they were found to be perishing from damp and were removed from their ancient resting place and placed in a closet in the old library of the dean and chapter, the former refectory of the convent. The Rev. William Greenwell was appointed librarian of the cathedral in the year 1863. They then came under the direct control of one who well knew their great value. He found them in much disorder, piled carelessly away without any method so that they were quite inaccessible for reference, many seals had been irreparably damaged and some of the documents lost. He resolved to have them properly housed and arranged. At his suggestion the then dean and chapter of Durham caused the ruinous chapel of St Helen above the great gateway of the monastery to be repaired and fitted with suitable presses and drawers for their reception. This chapel, so renovated, is now known as the treasury of the dean and chapter. The work was done from the plans and under the superintendence of Dr Greenwell who, upon its completion, put the documents in their proper places, arranging them in their various classes.
This was the classification used in the original catalogue made by the monks and known as the Repertorium into which the royal, papal and episcopal charters were copied, as well as those relating to the property of the convent. The charters of the sacrist, almoner and hostiller and those of the priory of Finchale were in separate catalogues.
There are also preserved in the treasury a number of deeds of the family of Claxton deposited, with the prior, for safe custody. Dr Greenwell's charters were arranged in parcels, marked with the letters of the alphabet; the contents of each parcel being numbered consecutively.
Whilst these muniments were yet in the old treasury of the monks, the Rev. Joseph Stevenson began a catalogue of those not in the Repertorium, or the other catalogues; this he did not finish. It therefore fell to Dr Greenwell, when he had arranged the documents, to complete the work. This he did, making at the same time descriptive notes, on slips, of the seals attached to them. It is upon these notes that the present catalogue is based. The slip catalogue was not prepared with any intention of publication and Dr Greenwell only gave his consent to its use, by the present writer, on condition that he should examine again all important seals, or those about which there could be a possibility of error. This, so far as possible, has been done; the descriptions have been amplified and in many cases re-written. The present writer is therefore alone responsible for the work as now printed. It should be noted that the catalogue does not contain a description of every seal in the treasury; it omits as of no interest, either artistic or historic, those of a common type. Possibly a few worthy of record have been missed, some of these, that the writer found by chance, are contained in the supplement nos. 3745-3755.
Early history of seals The documents range in date from the last quarter of the eleventh to the middle of the sixteenth centuries. During this period sealing, either by affixture or by suspension, was the ordinary process of authenticating documents and of closing them so that their contents might be kept private. Both these uses of seals come down from remote antiquity.
To trace this in any detail would take us too far afield, it must suffice to say that the use of seals, both for authenticating and closing, descends, in unbroken succession, from the cylindrical seals of Assyria and Babylon and the cone-shaped ones of Persia and the Sassanians, through the scarabs of the Egyptians and Etruscans, to Greece. There in the earliest ages the scarab and scaraboid forms were used, but by the fourth century B.C. the Greeks had evolved from them the beautiful works of art, engraved on thin slices of precious stones or pebbles, cut to fit the bezel of a finger ring, known to us as engraved gems. In this form, either from Greece or Asia Minor, the seal passed to the Romans with whom the impression of the signet (signum) was an essential part of the authentication of a document, but the signatures of the parties to the deed were also required and these eventually superseded the use of the signet for this purpose, though it continued to be used for closing or securing a document. In the dark ages, owing to the increase of illiteracy, a mark attested by witnesses was affixed in place of the signature and a cross, being easily made, was its most usual shape. The Frankish kings of the Merovingian race, in addition to the cross or sometimes a monogram, affixed a signet to their acts, thus forming the connecting link between the use of the signet by the Romans and its revival as a seal in mediaeval times. They used a signet of rude and barbarous design showing a full faced bust of the king surrounded by lettering giving his name and title. When the Carolingian kings succeeded to power they subscribed with a plain cross but used a new type of seal made from the impressions of an ancient engraved gem and without a surrounding legend.
Charlemagne introduced a monogram of his name made round a cross and sealed with an engraved gem of the head of Marcus Aurelius with the legend in form of a prayer Charlemagne introduced a monogram of his name made round a cross and sealed with an engraved gem of the head of Marcus Aurelius with the legend in form of a prayer
+ XPLE PROTEGE CAROLVM REGE FRANCR.
He used another seal for judicial purposes, also an engraved gem representing Serapis, but without a legend. His successors used similar gems, with monogram subscription, until the emperor Otto I (962-973) changed the motive by using a portrait bust of himself holding the imperial insignia and surrounded with a legend giving his name and title. The next change was made on his fifth seal by the emperor Otto II (996) who first used the type known later as the seal of majesty; it depicts the emperor robed and crowned, seated on his throne holding a cross sceptre in his right hand and an orb in his left, the legend giving his name and title. His successor Henry II used a like seal. Henry I (1031-1060) of France, following this example, used a very similar seal; but all had only a single face. It has been necessary to trace, thus briefly, the use of seals from Roman times through those used by the emperors and the Frankish kings because in England we have no evidence of their use before the time of Edward the Confessor. Two earlier seals, one attributed to Offa, king of Mercia (790) and the other to Edgar, King of England (959), catalogued by Douët D'Arcq, have been conclusively shown by Mr W.H. Stevenson to be forgeries. With St Edward (1043-66) begins the history of English seals. His first seal, used c.1053, shows the king, robed and crowned, seated on his throne holding the royal insignia, the surrounding legend giving his name and title. The design is evidently derived from that of the emperors or of Henry I of France, for with both Edward had considerable connection. Unlike its prototypes Edward's seal was a pendant seal, having two faces, an obverse and a reverse. This appears to be his own invention, probably suggested by the double-faced papal bull. William the Conqueror adopted the type of majesty for the obverse of his seal, but on the reverse he had the happy inspiration of representing himself, on horseback and fully armed, as Duke of Normandy. This two-faced type, with the needful changes in costume and armour remains, through all the vicissitudes of the royal titles and possessions, that used by all our sovereigns from the Conquest to the present time. The double-faced type was not adopted by the kings of France till Louis VII (1137-80) who, being duke of Aquitaine in right of his wife Eleanor, used the type of majesty on the obverse, and the equestrian type as duke on the reverse.
The emperors did not adopt the style till Sigismund (1433). Such a briefest outline is the history of seals before the foundation of the Benedictine house at Durham, by bishop William of St Calais, 1083. Before this time the possession of seals was confined to the King and the higher ranks of the nobles and clergy, but by the end of the eleventh century their use had become more general until, by the thirteenth century, almost everybody possessed one, even down to the humble peasant, artificer and tradesman for, by then, sealing was practically the only method used in England for authenticating documents.
The use by private persons of a notarial act drawn up by a notary public, attested by him and authenticated by his mark, was never very general in England. There are a few charters thus authenticated at Durham dating from 1321 - 1420, all of them deeds of the Archbishops of York (see also Proc. Soc. Ant. Newcastle , 3 ser. VII, p.56).
Persons who did not possess seals, or had not them to hand when needed, used those of people of importance, or well known official seals. The attestation clause always mentions such usage. Sometimes for the greater authentication of a document a public and official seal is used in addition to the grantor's private one. So William of Durham, sheriff and alderman of London, uses in addition to his own seal, that of the mayoralty of London for its greater security and witness (majorem securitatem et testimonium ).
The study of seals The earliest mediaeval seals are roughly engraved and barbarous in design; there is little improvement till the coming of the thirteenth century brings with it a new art plain, and unpretentious, firm of line, natural and restrained in expression but full of grace and charm, proportion and form are its distinctive qualities. With the advent of the fourteenth century comes an increase of decoration, the simplicity of the earlier art gives place to a more elaborate, possibly a more superficial style. This was the period of elaborate architectural sculpture shown on the seals in canopied niches with crockets and finials and all the rich tracery of fine tabernacle work. Some of the seals of this period have a fineness of detail and beauty of decoration unsurpassed in any other art. The next period carries the decorative tendency to greater excess and elements of decay appear. then comes the Renascence and the Reformation, we pass from the traditions of mediaeval art, classical influence predominates, and the art of the mediaeval seal engravers is lost.
Small signets take the place of seals, the wheel has gone full circle and in the sixteenth century we return to the signet ring as used by the Romans and the Carolingian kings. From the artistic side they have no interest. But the study of seals is not only nor mainly the study of the evolution and decay of an art, they are something more than interesting and beautiful works of art; they are original and dated monuments, an integral part of the document they authenticate and inseparable from it. They are of a definite date and of known locality, a personal and prized possession of their owner; made under his direction, a portrait of himself as he most wished to be depicted, reflecting his culture, his tastes and sometimes even his playful fancies.
In short, the study of seals is a legitimate, useful and interesting branch of archaeology, it is one of the smaller studies auxiliary to history, serving, so to speak as a beautiful, though at times rather frivolous, handmaiden to the stately lady whom the Greeks called Clio. For the study of genealogy, armorials and the history of costume their help is invaluable for on them we can follow almost from year to year the vagaries of 'that deformed thief fashion'. In episcopal vestments and ornaments we can trace the gradual evolution of the mitre and crosier, the varying shapes and embroidery of the chasuble and amice, the use and abandonment of the rationale, the form of the maniple and the other mass vestments, whilst the dress worn by the clergy, whether regulars or seculars, can be clearly seen in the many seals of abbots, priors, archdeacons and others. For the early details of knightly armour there is no better guide; on the fine series of equestrian seals the knight appears completely armed as he went to battle or, later, with his crested heaume, his emblasoned shield, surcoat and horse trappings, as he flashed through the lists at the stately and brilliant ceremonial of the tournament. For such details seals are more to be trusted than other authorities such as miniatures, painted glass, or monumental effigies. These are all apt to be of a set pattern and fashioned in the regular attitudes demanded by custom, they have not the life and variety shown on the seals, they are not of such definite date nor have they the personality of the seal.
From seals too we can best realise the beauty of the art of the early heralds. Their certainty of date and ownership is an invaluable help to the study of its growth and varying styles of ornament. On them also we can trace the various differences used by members of the same family, or learn the alliances and feudal connections of different families. They form indeed, apart from the few early blasoned rolls of arms, almost the only original guide to its study; it is to the greater knowledge of seals gathered in recent years that we owe the restoration of this beautiful little art to its former high standing, and its cleansing from the foolish imaginings of the Tudor and Stuart heralds.
For the every day dress of the man in the street they are also useful for on them he is shown labouring at the work he has laboured to do under the sun, with his proper tools and utensils. The housewife shows her distaff; the lady of high degree pictures herself in her ceremonial gown or clothed in armorial robes blasoned with her husband's and her father's arms, or again in hunting dress goes hawking, her 'Fawcun gentil' on her wrist. For the student of mediaeval architecture they can also be of use; the many pictures of towns, churches, castles, and monasteries, are conventional and lack perspective but they can give hints, which, in the absence of other knowledge, are of great value. They can also be used profitably for studying the shape and build of ancient ships, their sails, their rigging and fighting arrangements. The historian working upon the documents will also find a knowledge of seals helpful; to be able to distinguish between an authentic or a forged seal will help to decide the authenticity or otherwise of a charter, he will also find that the seal may help to interpret a document, it may supplement the deed by giving the grantor's name in full which the document only gives as an initial, or it may give fuller details of the parties' titles and fiefs.
The seal matrix The word 'seal' is more properly used to denote the die or matrix by which an impression is made in relief upon wax or some other ductile material. It is, however, loosely used to denote both the die and impression; it is in the latter sense that it is generally used in this paper. The seal matrix consists normally of a deeply incised central design surrounded by a border upon which the letters forming the legend are engraved. The greater number of the seals at Durham are made from the impression of a metal matrix. These were commonly of bronze or of an alloy called latten, the higher ranks used silver and lead was often the metal used by poorer people. Matrices of jet, ivory and hard stone are occasionally, but rarely, met with, whilst impressions from ancient or mediaeval engraved gems are fairly common. The metal matrix had usually a ridge across the back for holding it whilst sealing, and also a hole or ring through the ridge for suspending it. Some have the backs very beautifully chased.
These seals were carefully guarded and great care was taken to prevent loss or breakage or their fraudulent use by unauthorised persons. The seals of civil and religious corporations were the subject of stringent regulations for their care and use. The Statute of Carlisle (1306) enacted that every abbey must have a common seal which was to be kept in the custody of the prior and four of the most worthy and discreet men of the house so that the abbot may not establish anything for himself. At Newburgh priory the common seal was to be kept under four keys, three of which were to be in the custody of three of the oldest and wisest brethren, whilst the prior kept the fourth; documents were only to be sealed with it in the presence and with the consent of the whole convent in chapter assembled. This was the general rule for the keeping and use of seals of monasteries and similar common seals.
The Statute merchant seals of the towns were to be kept locked in a box under the seals of the mayor and two constables. Many other similar regulations might be given but these are sufficient to show how carefully seals were guarded. They were made by goldsmiths of whose work or names little appears to have survived though they must have been masters of their art. The name of only one of them, and the costs of some of the seals of the priors of Durham appear in the account rolls ( Durham account rolls , S.S. 100, p. 539; p. 631. The bursar's roll of 1456-7 accounts for 21s. 8d. paid to Joss, the goldsmith, for making the seals of prior John Burnaby (1446- 56))
When for any reason a seal ceased to be valid it was customary either to break it into pieces or to deface it. The seals of the bishops of Durham were broken for it is recorded in the 'Ornamenta Willelmi episcopi primi' that 'Audita morte istius, statim fracta fuerunt ejus sigilla et sancto Cuthberto oblata', a similar statement is made about those of many of his successors.
The further fate of the four seals of bishop Richard of Bury is known to us; we are told that, after they had been broken and offered as an oblation to St Cuthbert, Richard of Wolveston the feretrar, made from them a silver gilt chalice, for the altar of St John Baptist, upon which was inscribed:
Hic ciphus insignis fit Praesulis ex tetra signis
Ri. Dunelmensis quarti, natu Byriensis.
Likewise the seals of bishop Thomas of Hatfield were, after being broken and offered, made into a silver gilt image of the bishop which was hung at the head of the shrine of St Cuthbert, upon it was inscribed: 'John Alvervilla monachus capiendo sigilla ex Hatfeld Thomae sic disponit bene pro me'. Similarly the seals of the abbots of St Albans were recorded to have been broken 'on the day of his (ie the abbot's) burial it [the great seal] must be brought out before all the people, after high mass to be broken with a hammer' (see Wills and Inventories, p. 1; 26; 37). The comparative rarity of mediaeval matrices shows that the innumerable ones belonging to private persons must also have been usually destroyed.
Material and colour of the seal The only material which need concern us here is beeswax, for it is of wax that all the seals at Durham are made, though they vary greatly in composition, thickness and colour. There are numerous entries in the Durham account rolls for wax and other materials for sealing. In 1330 the bursar pays 12d. for 'terbentyn' for making wax for the seal of the lord prior; in 1336 the same official pays 20d. for 'gumme' (? resin) for making green wax; in 1300-1 3s. is paid for 3lbs. of 'gumme' and 1/2lb. of vermilion; whilst in 1386 2s. is paid for 1lb. of 'vergresse' (verdigris). There are also entries in which green wax is purchased apparently ready prepared for sealing. In 1336 42s. is paid to the under sheriff of York for it and in the four years 1375-78, 13s. 4d. is paid each year to the sheriff of Northumberland for 'le Grenwax'; from which it seems as if this material was a government monopoly at that time. Payments for red wax are also numerous, a typical one is in 1356- 7 when the 'wardrobe' accounts for 2s. spent on 1lb. of red wax for the prior's seal ( Durham account rolls , pp. 518, 533, 503, 575).
The earliest seals are of natural coloured wax apparently mixed with a chalky material which makes them friable and easily broken, they are usually varnished over to preserve them. This is the colour and material used in the great seals of the kings of the Norman race, at Durham. With the accession of the house of Anjou there is a change; different types of documents are differently sealed as though the royal chancery was becoming more organised. The charter of Henry II to the monks of Durham 'de omnibus terris et libertatibus', given at York, is sealed with reddy brown wax fastened to the document by a number of thin unplaited cords of bobbin. Another charter of the great Angevin, of less importance also given at York to the Durham monks, is sealed with white varnished wax attached by a double strip of parchment. A third document of this king, of the nature of a letter patent, though not so called, is written on a narrow strip of a parchment and the seal of white wax attached by a strip partially cut off the document itself. Richard Coeur de Lion is the first, at Durham, to use green wax for sealing. His successors John and Henry III use green wax, attached by cords of woven silk of different colours, to their formal charters and seals of light brown wax, attached to the documents by strips partially cut off it, to letters patent.
Edward I continues this style of sealing which is also followed by succeeding kings to Henry VI after whom at Durham, green wax disappears and brown only is used, sometimes almost white, sometimes of a deep rich colour. Except for privy seals and signets (of which later) no red wax is used for the royal seals at Durham.
The episcopal seals of the bishops of Durham give much the same colour results; from Flambard (1099) to Puiset (1153) natural coloured wax, covered with brown varnish, is used. Puiset first uses green but most of his are still of natural wax but unvarnished. Richard Marsh (1217) is the first to use red, and his immediate successors use brown, green and red, apparently indiscriminately, though green predominates. The beautiful late thirteenth century seals of Bek, and the fourteenth century ones of Beaumont, Bury and Hatfield, are mostly of red wax of a very fine, hard nature. The chancery seals of the bishopric, except Hatfield's which is red, are nearly always brown, the earlier ones are of a light shade and have a considerable mixture of chalky material and are in consequence very friable; the later ones are of a deep rich tone of brown, or, more rarely, dark green. In the fifteenth century some seals are impressed on a thin facing of red or other coloured wax placed in a naturally coloured cup giving a pretty effect. This fashion is well represented in the seals of Berwickshire and on a very beautiful deed of the seals of the Elvet family. It does not, however, seem that the colour of the wax used had any significance, it appears to have been largely a matter of fashion or individual taste and convenience.
The only evidence of method in the use of colours apparent in the seals at Durham is the above mentioned use by the royal chancery of green for formal charters, brown for less formal documents, and of red for privy seals and signets.
Shape and size of seals There are two typical shapes of mediaeval seals; the round used by laymen of all ranks, and the oval used by ladies and ecclesiastics, but to this last there are many exceptions. No symbolic meaning attaches to this shape, it was used because the artist found it the most convenient to contain the standing figures used both by ladies and by the clergy. Some of the episcopal seals of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which depict only a demi figure of the bishop, are round and so are many of the seals of ladies which do not show a standing figure of their owner; examples of these are in the catalogue.
The earlier ecclesiastical seals are nearly a true oval, but this gradually becomes elongated until it assumes the beautiful pointed oval form of the fourteenth century, which returns to the truer oval shape in the sixteenth. Other shapes, more or less rare, are sometimes found such as shield shaped, hexagonal, octagonal, lozenge shaped, quatrefoiled and square. Examples of each of these are to be found in the catalogue chiefly in small seals and signets.
The thickness varies greatly, the earlier seals are rather thick, flat on the face and the back spherical, in an attempt to secure permanence by bulk. A seal of the chapter of York is like an egg cut in half along its longer axis and measures 30 millimetres through. With the use of harder better mixed material they became thinner and the use of a counterseal did away with the rounded backs. Some of the hard red wax seals of the fourteenth century are less than a millimetre in thickness. The earliest of the royal seals were from 70 to 80 mm. in diameter; succeeding sovereigns gradually increased the size until in the second seal of Elizabeth they reached the unwieldy size of 140mm.
The equestrian seals of the nobles followed the same course until, towards the end of the thirteenth century, the use of armorial seals caused a diminution in size, the end of the fifteenth century brought the general use of small signets, usually worn in a finger ring, of only from 13 to 20mm. in diameter and so in size returning to the style of the Romans and of the Carolingian kings.
Speaking generally the size of the seal indicated the importance of its owner; thus the royal seals were larger than those of the nobles and they again than those of the gentry. Episcopal seals were larger than those of archdeacons or other officials, whilst those of abbots and priors were larger than those of their obedientiaries. The seals of sons were smaller than those of their fathers. Thus the seal of prince Edward measures 80mm. in diameter whilst that of his father Henry III measures 98mm; the seal of Patrick, son of Patrick Earl of Dunbar is of 55mm., his father's being 72mm. It was considered one of the proofs of the treasonable aspirations of Earl Thomas of Lancaster that he used a great seal (122mm.) larger than that of the king (98mm.).
Methods of attachment and protection Great care was used in fastening seals to documents so that they could not easily be lost or wilfully detached. A charter without its seal was invalid and a detached seal might be, and indeed sometimes was, used upon a forged charter. The earliest mediaeval seals were affixed to the face of the document, the wax was rivetted through a cross shaped incision cut in the parchment and the device impressed on the face but this method was too early to be represented in this catalogue.
Before the date of the foundation of the convent of Durham sealing by suspension had become general so the earliest seals there are fastened by partly cutting off a strip of the parchment, from the lower edge of the document, upon which the seal was fixed. Seals of the early bishop's to the time of Hugh Puiset are fastened to this strip through their shorter axis, and the early round seals horizontally, so that they appear upright when reading the document.
Another method, which came into general use nearly as early, was to cut an incision in the fold of the parchment at the foot of the deed, to pass a narrow strip of parchment or leather through this, then to affix the seal upon the two loose ends. Both these methods were used all through the period covered by this catalogue and by either it was possible to fix several seals to one deed.
The number of seals fastened to one charter was sometimes considerable, at Durham the greatest number I have found is thirty eight which are affixed, at right angles to the script, by strips partially cut off. These strips, both the single and double, were also sometimes used to write the names of the sealers upon above the place where their seals were placed. From about the end of the twelfth century silk and wool cords of various colours were used by the higher ranks for their more important charters. These cords are either loose from the skein, or woven into round cords of varying thickness or in ribbon form; cords of different colours were often plaited together producing very pleasing effects.
The royal seals, at Durham, from William Rufus to Stephen, are all attached either by single or double strips of parchment. In the earlier examples these strips are passed diagonally through the seal. Henry II is the first whose seals are attached by woven cords, which are used by his successors, generally red and green plaited together, to important charters sealed with green wax, to the documents of less importance (letters patent) the seals of whitey-brown wax are invariably attached by a single strip of the parchment.
The great seals in chancery of the palatinate of Durham are also usually attached by finely woven cords of silk (usually of one colour only: the later seals of the archbishops of York are attached by cords of two colours, blue and green, red and blue, or purple and green). In many of the private charters this care of beauty as well as safety is evidenced; a deed of William fitz William dated 1386 has the armorial seal impressed on a facing of red contained in a cup of natural wax and attached by a finely woven ribbon of lustrous light blue silk, 9mm. wide. The Elvet deed, before mentioned, has the seals on a facing of black in beds of white wax attached by woven round silk cords of black and white plaited together; it is a noble deed beautifully written and the seals are intentionally used to embellish it further.
It should here be said that when there are numerous seals to one document they were attached according to the precedence of the parties, usually the most important is placed at the bottom left hand corner of the document, the other parties of lesser degree follow in order to the right hand corner. Sometimes the most important is placed in the middle, the others arranged on either side in their due order of importance and various means were adopted for this purpose. The earlier suspended seals were often thick masses of wax convex on its face so leaving a cup-shaped impression on the wax, the edges of which stood above the central device. This type ceased after the early twelfth century, probably because the surrounding legend was difficult to cut or to read when impressed. Another way was to impress the seal on a layer of coloured wax enclosed in a cup of hard natural wax, the sides of which were thick, and rose well above the impression - walling it in as it were.
There are no seals at Durham contained in boxes except some of the fifteenth century Italian ones, which are enclosed in boxes of iron or of wood the exact shape of the seal they contain; judging by the Durham seals this method does not seem to have been used in this country in mediaeval times. Seals were also occasionally sewn up in bags of silk, canvas or parchment, or wrapped in cotton wool. There are examples of each in the treasury, but the effect was disastrous as the seals so treated have entirely perished, nothing but a few broken fragments remaining. Signets of the fifteenth century and later were surrounded by a twisted straw or by threads of silk or cord to prevent them being rubbed by the folding of the document. So far as the Durham collection is concerned, all these methods are exceptional; by far the greater number of the seals there are unprotected in any way, except by the careful folding of the documents and their storage in properly made presses and drawers. In our temperate climate other protection was not so needful as in warmer countries.
Types of seals Royal seals The type of seal used in the royal chancery, and known as the king's seal (sigillum regis) or the seal of majesty (sigillum majestatis) and later, upon the introduction of the 'small seals', as the 'great seal' had become established on the seal of William the Conqueror. Thenceforward, though the costume and armour change with the changing fashions, the legends alter with the alterations of the sovereigns' titles and dominions, the type remains the same; on the obverse the king robed and crowned seated in majesty upon his throne; on the reverse on horseback, fully armed as leader of his army.
There is a splendid series of these seals in our English kings at Durham, from William Rufus to Charles I, as well as many of the kings of Scotland from Edgar II to James I. They make a valuable commentary upon our national history, greater from the greater trueness to life and larger size than the aid that can be derived from coins or medals. As the royal administration became more centralised and complex, more than one seal was found to be necessary, especially for the exchequer, during the frequent absences of the king with his chancellor and seal.
We therefore find that by the time of Henry II there was a seal for exchequer business, kept in the exchequer and distinct from that which accompanied the king in his journeyings. This was at first probably a duplicate of the great seal though possibly smaller, but by the time of Henry III, a special exchequer seal had developed distinct in motive and in legend from the great seal. The earliest perfect example of this type is no. 3029 in this catalogue. It is there used by Edward I but there can be small doubt that it is the same seal that Henry III used, with the legend only altered. This can be seen by comparing the equestrian figure on the obverse with the same on the great seal of Henry III (no. 3025), they are almost identical. It is also very similar to the figure of Edward himself on his seal as prince during his father's lifetime. The shield of arms on the reverse is typically of mid-thirteenth century date and is practically the same as the reverse of prince Edward's seal. It was this type which all the later exchequer seals followed.
The next of the royal seals to come into use was the privy seal that is the secret (secretum) or private seal of the king. This instrument originated for use in the king's household when the personal attendance of the chancellor, with the great seal, upon the king had become difficult if not impossible. It became the seal of the 'Wardrobe' kept in the custody of the wardrobe clerks. There was soon (c.1350) an office of the privy seal, forming a new department of state, its keeper eventually becoming an important minister. There is only one example of this type in the catalogue and that as late as Henry VI but it had come into use certainly by the time of John, possibly even earlier. It should be noted that John, when Earl of Mortain, used a counterseal which from its legend - SECRETUM JOHANNIS - may well have been used as his later privy seal of which there is no known example, nor is there an impression extant of that of Henry III. Its motive is however known, for, when in 1242 Henry was about to go into Gascony, he ordered that, during his absence, 'The king's writs ... shall be sealed with the seal which was formerly at the exchequer ... Writs of the exchequer shall be sealed in the meanwhile with a certain privy seal of the king with a shield of the king's arms and with the circumscription of the exchequer seal'. This seems to mean a seal similar to, if not identical with, the reverse of no. 3029.
The difficulty of identifying it with this is the legend and the size; even if one reads the word 'circumscription' to mean circumference one has still to face the difficulty of its large size, three inches compared with the one inch diameter of the privy seal of Edward I.
It can only definitely be said that Henry III possessed a privy seal and that it was charged with a shield of his arms. This was the motive of that of Edward I and, arguing from the similarity of his great seals to those of his father, it does not seem probable that any great change in style would be made by Edward for his privy seal. From his time, at least, the type was settled; it is that of a single faced seal charged with an armorial shield, the legend stating it to be the secretum of the king.
These seals seem first to have been affixed to a strip cut off the document as pendent seals in which case a narrower strip was also sometimes cut off by which the folded document could be secured. This strip was possibly sealed with a small signet to secure it but of this no proof remains. By later custom the privy seal was used itself to close the document, being affixed on the outside of the folded paper - 'en placard'. By this method a strip of paper was passed through two incisions cut in the folded document and the loose ends fastened beneath the wax, so that the letter could only be opened by either breaking the wax or cutting the strip at the back. The letter of Henry VI at the treasury is so secured by his privy seal. By the time of Edward III the privy seal had become a public administrative office and ceased to be available for the use of the court. A new private seal then came into use called a signet; it was smaller than the privy seal but, like it, armorial in motive. The earliest royal signet at present known to me is that of Richard II but they were probably in use much earlier than this.
In France as early as 1312 Philip the Fair used one called 'notre plus secret signet'. They were used to close folded documents in the same manner as the privy seal described above. Other types of royal seals contained in the catalogue do not require more comment than has already been made in the notes. It is sufficient here to name the seal of Edward I for Scotland, the seals of the courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas, for the palatinate of Durham sede vacante, for the duchy of Lancaster and the seal of Henry VIII 'ad causas ecclesiasticas'.
Ecclesiastical seals Only the higher ranks of the clergy used seals in the eleventh and twelfth centuries; it was not until well into the thirteenth century that they were used by them generally. The legatine constitutions of Otto issued 1237 no doubt caused a great increase in their use; the part concerning the use of seals by the clergy is of considerable interest for the history of this type, and reads as follows:
Since there is no employment of notaries in England, in consequence of which it is very necessary to have recourse to authentic seals, we decree, in order that there may easily be plenty of them, that not only archbishops and bishops, but also their officials, shall have a seal; also abbots, priors, deans, archdeacons and their officials, rural deans, and chapters of cathedral churches, and all other colleges, and convents, together with their rulers or severally according to their custom or statute. To ensure, further, the variety of each of the aforesaid, let each several person have as his seal the name, say, of the dignity, office or college, and also the proper name of such as enjoy the honour of the dignity or perpetual office, engraved with clear marks and characters: and so shall they have an authentic seal. Lastly, those who shall undertake temporal office, such as rural deans and officials, shall when their office is over, resign their seal, which should have only the name (of the office) engraved upon it, forthwith and without delay to him of whom they hold the office. We verily charge that diligent care be taken of the custody of seals; to wit, that each single person shall take care of his seal by himself or commit it to the keeping of one person only in whose faith he trusts; who also shall swear to guard it faithfully and grant it to no one for sealing anything, nor even he himself shall seal with it anything from which prejudice may be engendered to anyone, without that his principal shall read it beforehand and inspect it carefully and so order it to be sealed. In making use of the seal, there shall be faithful and prudent precaution - and fraudulent persons may be utterly denied. At the beginning, also, or at the end of each authentic writing we ordain that the sufficient date of date time and place be inserted.
Ecclesiastical seals, broadly speaking, are all of the same general type and follow similar lines of development. The earliest are round, depicting only a demi figure of their owner (of these there is none at Durham) but by the eleventh century they were usually an elongated oval, which gradually assumed the graceful narrow pointed shape, this, in the sixteenth century Renascence seals, returned again to the early oval form. The most important section of ecclesiastical seals is that of bishops, generally known as their seals of dignity; they show the bishop standing blessing and holding his crosier, vested in full pontificalia. The history of episcopal vestments could almost be written from a study of these seals. They represent the bishop as he himself wished to be shown, in his most solemn moments, and faithfully reproduce his ceremonial vestments.
In the notes to the long series of the seals of the bishops of Durham I have pointed out the changes in the vestments and noted the gradual change in the motive of their seals. They begin with the unadorned seal of Ranulph and his successors to the beginning of the thirteenth century, then they change gradually by the addition of canopies, flanking saints, architectural niches with tabernacle work and armorial shields until, by the middle of the fourteenth century, the patron saints of the church are predominant whilst the bishop, kneeling beneath adores them. Sometimes the bishop's shield of arms represents the kneeling figure. The 'ad causas' or business seals of the bishops are of the same type as the seal of dignity, though of considerably less size, and follow in the main the motive and development of that seal. They were in use from the beginning of the thirteenth till towards the end of the sixteenth century. At Durham the first is that of Richard of Bury, the latest that of Robert Neville.
The bishops of Durham, as lords palatine, had a chancellor and chancery of their own where their writs and charters were sealed with their great seals in the same way as royal writs were sealed. Their type is the same as that of their royal prototype though they are of smaller size as befits the lesser potentate; on the obverse the lord bishop is seated upon his throne in full pontificalia; on the reverse he is on horseback armed cap-a-pie as the military leading of the men of the palatinate. They begin with the episcopate of Hatfield (1345) and continue till Tunstall (1559), the last preserved in the treasury, with which alone this catalogue deals. I have annotated them fully in the notes upon each seal and, as they are adequately illustrated, it seems needless to write more upon them here.
The seals of the officials of the bishop are also a pointed oval in shape and being used by inferior dignitaries are smaller again than the ad causas seals. They are alike in type, representing stories from the Bible, or Our Lady and the Christ child, or the great Durham saints Cuthbert and Oswald. The legend states the office or official for which the seal was made, or by whom it was used. Seals of archdeacons and their officials follow generally the same type and range in size from 38 to 70mm. along their longer axis. The earliest at Durham is that of Hugh Sotevagina on which he is depicted robed and seated bearing a rod in one hand and the textus in the other.
The later seals follow almost exactly the line of development that we have already noted for the seals of dignity of the bishops, though armorial shields do not appear upon the Durham series till that of Neville. There are a few of them which, leaving the beaten track, show a more original design; those of William of Beverley, Alan of Lynn, and of the officiality of the archdeacon of Durham are instances in point.
The numerous seals of canons and the lesser clergy generally are almost impossible to classify, they vary as greatly as do the seals of laymen, their only outstanding characteristic is that they are usually oval in shape and the motive most often a religious one. The seals of hospitals, colleges and collegiate churches, as a rule, represent their patron saint or founder, the legend giving their name and dedication.
The Statute of Carlisle (1306) before mentioned, made it compulsory for every abbey to have a common seal, but many of them had seals long before that date. That of Durham priory, the oldest in the catalogue, dates probably, before the foundation of the Benedictine house there, and there are numerous eleventh and twelfth century monastic seals comprised in it. Monastic seals do not, as a rule, follow the regular development in motive that has been noted on episcopal and other individual ecclesiastical seals. Just as the popes used always the dull and barbarous device representing SS Peter and Paul on their bulls, so we find many convents, either from pride in their antiquity or from that conservatism and dislike of change innate in all corporate bodies, using the same seal from early times all through their history. The simple cross paty of St Cuthbert, with the very early legend, was so used by the great house of Durham; the equally great house of St Albans used a rude and archaic figure of the protomartyr. The crudely designed seated figure of Our Lady used by the Austin canons of Guisborough also clearly dates back to the time of their foundation.
This type of seal does not conform so invariably to the oval shape, many of them are round. Nor are their motives greatly varied, they depict usually the patron saint or saints of the convent. There are the fine series of the Cistercians and Austin canons representing Our Lady with the Christ child of which the best known and most beautiful are those of Merton priory and Oseney abbey; or the earlier Benedictine ones of Lindores and Kelso. There are St Peter and St Paul of Brinkburn, St Mary and St Oswin of Tynemouth, St Agatha of Easby, St Mary Magdalen of Lanercost, St Nicholas of Drax, St Bartholomew and St Guthlac of Croyland, St Edmund of Edmundsbury, St John of Helaugh, St German of Selby and many others. Some, such as that of Evesham, represent legends of their foundation, whilst another series uses for seal a representation of their church, like those of St Andrew's priory. The vested arm of the abbot holding his crosier in his hand, issuing from the side of the seal, is a not uncommon motive. The seals of abbots and priors are similar to those of bishops; they are of about the same size and shape. The earlier ones represent their owner in monastic dress standing, full face, with the textus in his hands, or, if he be a mitred abbot or prior, he stands arrayed in full pontificalia. The decoration of the seal, such as the introduction of saints, architectural niches and armorials, follows the same line of development we have already traced on those of bishops and archdeacons. There are also certain seals common to the abbot and the convent but they do not differ, except in the legend, from the general type.
Equestrian seals The earliest seals of laymen were of well defined type called equestrian, they show their owner, in full armour, mounted on his war horse as he went to battle. They date from the later half of the eleventh century and no doubt derived their motive from the reverse of the royal seals, indeed, the only two of this early date at Durham are those of William Rufus and Duncan II.
This type in the twelfth century was of considerable size, those of Alan and Conan of Brittany are larger than the contemporary royal great seals. The tendency was to lessen this inconvenient size; and during the thirteenth century the average is from 55 to 65mm. in diameter. One delightful example of the type (1270) has a diameter of only 22mm.; one of the mid fourteenth century date is 26mm, but these are exceptions, by far the greater number are considerably larger. There is only once exception to the round form at Durham, that namely of William Thorp, which is oval, the result from the artistic standpoint is not pleasing. Those of early date are rough in execution, rude and archaic in design, but as time passes they become more natural and the type clearer. The knight is clothed to his knees in a hauberk of mail, he wears a pointed helmet with nasal and bears on his left arm a long kite shaped shield, with rounded top and pointed base, showing the inside; in his right hand he brandishes a long and heavy sword, or sometimes the greater nobles bear a lance with pennon, or are shown on one side of the seal with a sword, on the other with a spear.
Towards the middle of the twelfth century the helmet becomes more rounded and the shield shorter, concave in shape, often with a central boss from which bars radiate to the constructional border, it is usually held, suspended by a strap so that it appears in profile. It is in the last half of this century that armorials first appear on shields. The early years of the thirteenth century bring great changes; then comes the great cylindrical war helm, flat topped and visored; over the mail hauberk a loose and flowing surcoat is worn, at first undecorated but very soon embroidered with armorials. The shield is smaller and held almost full-faced thus allowing its armorial changes to be better seen; the horse receives housings, plain and loose flowing, but soon also covered with armorials and sometimes taking the form of a stiff and heavy caparison. In the early fourteenth century the loose armorial surcoat gives place to the tight fitting short skirted jupon, and crests become the ordinary adornment of the conical shaped heaume which is protected at the back by dagged edge mantling and often surrounded by a crest coronet or wreath. These fashions can best be seen, in the Durham collection, on the reverse of the royal great seals or on the like seals of the lords palatine of Durham. Except for these two classes equestrian seals ceased to be used towards the end of the fourteenth century, they then gave place almost entirely to the smaller armorial seals.
From the artistic side the best period for this type, as for others, is the later thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries; then the rider and his horse are real and life like - a warrior and a war horse ready for battle or for the mimic warfare of the tourney; later the treatment becomes artificial - lay figures clothed in ceremonial costume, thus their historic and artistic interest passes.
Armorial seals The motive of this type is a shield of arms and its accessories. There are some seals armorial in spirit, but, as they do not display a shield of arms, they cannot be placed in this section. Some interesting examples depict badges, canting or other, which later, formed the armorial bearings of their owners. The earliest shield of arms appears on the equestrian type shortly after the middle of the twelfth century and armorial seals soon followed. It is this type that is of importance to the genealogist historian or herald, and not less so to those who delight in the beautiful mediaeval art of heraldry. Not only does it share with other types a comparative certainty of origin and date, but the devices show their owners' arms as they themselves used them and desired them to be represented, they give the differences used by cadet branches. Their impalements, quarterings and groupings show family relationships and alliances; the charges on the shield often tell of blood connection or feudal dependence. For the herald, from their personal character and known date, they are the earliest and most authentic source for the forms of shields, charges, crests, helmets, with their mantling and supporters, and all that goes to make a complete amorial achievement. For the artist they are original monuments upon which can be seen at first hand the finest work of the mediaeval engraver unsurpassed in its fineness and beauty of detail by any other form of mediaeval art.
In the notes to the catalogue I have, where possible, blasoned the arms and spoken of any peculiarities of the armorials; here I propose to trace the development of the type leaving out of account the details of the blason. The conclusions are based entirely on seals in the catalogue and for the most part on those illustrated. The collection is large and varied and covers many centuries, it may therefore be taken to represent the general evolution of the type, at least in England. It is, of course, not possible to arrange them, as it were, in watertight compartments, there is very considerable overlapping amongst the various styles and some persist right through the period, but none the less they fall into clearly defined groups and a regular development can be traced.
I. The earliest form ranges in date from c.1160 to 1200, the seals are circular in shape and rather large in size, measuring from 65 to 76mm. in diameter. The field is plain and almost entirely filled by an upright pear, or heart shaped shield.
II. From c.1200-1230 the seals become rather smaller in size, from about 40 to 45mm., the field remains plain and the shield upright but its form is modified; it still shows the convex top but the sides have lost the rounded form and become straighter. In these years also the seal itself takes the form of a shield, it is a rather exceptional type but examples are to be found till towards the end of the century and later.
III. The middle thirteenth century seals are of much the same size as the previous group, the field is still free from ornament but the shields become more triangular with straight top and sides, the upper corners only being rounded; in some examples the top is slightly concave and in others they are quite triangular. By the middle of the century the corners have become angular, the top straight with the sides slightly convex; this shield is known as heater shaped. This is the beautiful form typical of the late thirteenth and the whole of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; it is the prevalence of this shape which causes the charges of our English armorials to be so often three in number arranged two above and one beneath. Whilst this graceful shape predominates, another form, with straight top and side and rounded, or with an ogee shaped curve in base, is also used from about the middle of the fourteenth century; shields of this form are always placed upright on the seal. They did not, I think, represent the shield actually used but were so drawn by the engraver in order to get more room for his design and so display the armorials better. This can be seen by comparing the small heater shaped shields borne by Edward Baliol, and bishops Hatfield, Fordham and Langley, with the broad based shields on their privy seals.
IV. From about the last quarter of the thirteenth century the seals become smaller, from 20 to 30mm. The gracefully moulded heater shape predominates but the taste for decoration becomes apparent. The hitherto empty space between the shield and the bordering legend is filled with foliage, tracery or small lacertine beasts the beginnings of the later heraldic supporters. Early in the fourteenth century the shield sometimes hangs from the branches of a tree with tracery, foliage, or small creatures at each side. Other examples of similar date show the shield in a border of fine tracery more or less elaborate or placed within the spandrils or lobes of geometrical figures, trefoils, quatrefoils, sexfoils and the like, sometimes of singularly beautiful design. All these various forms of decoration run parallel with each other and last well into the fifteenth century.
V. From the latter part of the twelfth century some helmets were surmounted by fan shaped decorations of the nature of crests. There is also an example of a more developed type in the dragon on the cylindrical helm on the reverse of the seal of Roger de Quincey c.1235. The use of crests, however, did not become general until the introduction of the conical helm early in the fourteenth century. At first they were the personal choice of the wearer and varied with his taste; it was not until later that they became hereditary and of heraldic importance. The earliest I have noted on an armorial seal in this catalogue is that of Roger Mauduit c.1332. This has the early fan shaped crest with the mantling of the helm floating and scarf shaped. The style develops rapidly and from this date onwards to the end of the fifteenth century there is a series of examples. The type is well defined, the shield is placed couche, that is lying on its dexter side, the conical helm, with its mantling, becoming more ornate as the type develops and often embroidered with heraldic charges, rests on the upper corner of the shield. The crest surmounts the helm, rising from a coronet, a cap of maintenance or a crest wreath. Sometimes, though rarely, the helm is omitted and the crest placed on a cap of estate or coronet on the top of the upright shield. The field is usually beautifully diapered with fine tracery or foliage or the whole design contained within elaborate geometrical panels. The type reached its perfection about the end of the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, after which the design becomes poor and the ornament overdone and meaningless.
VI. From the end of the thirteenth century, as we have seen, the shield was often shown hanging from a tree with lacertine creatures creeping round its sides, or small beasts, or even angels, in the spaces of the surrounding tracery, evidently so placed to fill a void. When the type of seal with shield couche and with the crested helm resting upon its upper corner came into favour the space left on each side was larger and so the supporters, as they came to be called, increased in size and importance. The design of the seal required that they should hold up the helm rather than the shield and this the earliest supporters always do. It is from about the beginning of the fifteenth century, and lasting until the end of the mediaeval period, that the final and most elaborate type of armorial seal appears. Upon it is shown the owner's full armorial achievement of shield, mantled helm, crest and supporters. Beginning much earlier than this final type, and running parallel with it, is a form of seal on which the upright shield is held by a single supporter placed behind it. These are of many and diverse varieties, angels, birds, animals, savage men and armed knights, but neither these nor the double supporters, at first, had any heraldic significance. They seem to have been chosen arbitrarily or it was left to the fancy of the engraver to ornament the seal as he thought best.
It was not till well into the sixteenth century that supporters became hereditary and therefore of armorial importance. This type is rare on seals and there is only one in the treasury showing such true heraldic supporters; a seal noteworthy for the fanciful cartouche shaped shield upon which the royal arms are displayed (plate H, no. 13). Of the later type of armorial seals there is only one illustrated at Durham showing the quartered shield surrounded by the Garter, it is of unusually large size and is I think an exception, for by the end of the fifteenth century the civil wars had made an end of the old feudal nobility and so of the heraldic pomp of their seals. They gave place to small signets (of which later), usually deeply impressed on roughly shaped lumps of red wax, of little interest either to the artist or herald.
Counter seals The use of pendent seals early suggested the idea of an impression upon the back of the wax. This acted as a guard to the seal (as some of the legends state), preventing its removal by slicing away from wax behind; it also made forgery more difficult. These seals were not used by the commonalty but only by the higher ranks both lay and clerical and even they do not use them regularly, there are many examples of the same person sealing with or without a counterseal, or even using it as a seal proper. I have not been able to trace any method in this irregularity.
Besides this use for security, counter seals brought in the element of personal authentication, the seal proper of the persons using them having passed into the keeping of a clerk or chancellor, in other words the idea of a private seal is present in their use. They also provided a place where their owner could represent himself under another aspect. This was the purpose to which, as we have seen, the Conqueror put the reverse of his seal. The greater nobles followed the royal style.
There is an interesting example in the catalogue on which Conan, Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, represents himself on the seal as duke and on the counter seal as earl. The great seals of the bishops of Durham also illustrate this use, their counter seals representing the temporal lords palatine. These royal and quasi-royal counter seals are the same size as the seal itself and it is usual to describe such seals as having an obverse and a reverse rather than as a seal and counterseal. Counter seals, properly called so, are smaller than the seal and came into use early in the twelfth century. They are called secreta in the catalogue, but it would have been better to have used the more general term to prevent confusion with the true secretum or privy seal. There is, however, much confusion between the use of the two and in any case, as said above, the idea of the secret seal is present in the counter seal. Engraved gems were their first form and continued to be used for the purpose all through the period by both clergy and laity.
From about the end of the twelfth century episcopal counter seals take the shape, in miniature, of the seal, their motive being nearly always the patron saints of bishop or church with the owner or his shield beneath. The motive of others than the episcopal is often armorial, representing a plain shield of their owners' arms usually smaller than the seal itself. Their use dies out about the end of the fifteenth century though occasionally small signets are used for the purposes after that date. It should also be noted that many seals have the marks of finger prints impressed on the back, sometimes one only placed at the centre or on the upper part, sometimes three imprinted with care down the centre. These marks are so evidently intentional that we must conclude that they were placed there as a guard to the seal, in other words as counter seals.
Secret or privy seals These, like counterseals, were never in common use but were confined to those whose seals had come, more or less, under the control of an administrative office and were therefore not available for the private use of their owner; as their name denotes they are secret, the opposite to public seals. As I have said above, it is difficult to separate this type from the counterseal. The earlier secreta of which examples have come down to us are used as counterseals; but there can be little doubt that they would be in regular use by their owners for closing missive letters and private correspondence; the fact that they had to be broken in order to open the document would account for their non-survival in that form. By the early thirteenth century the royal chamber had evolved a secretum with an armorial motive used as a seal and never as a counter seal and it is this type which one usually refers to as privy seals. The royal example was followed by other great dignitaries and in this catalogue there is a very interesting series of the type used by the bishops of Durham from Hatfield (1345) to Dudley (1476). There are also examples of the royal Scottish privy seals used by David II and Edward Baliol.
Signets This is the name by which small personal seals, made to fit a finger ring or to be otherwise carried on the person, are known. They came into use about the beginning of the fifteenth century and were generally used for closing missive letters, the introduction of the more fragile material of paper in place of parchment no doubt also contributed to their use. When used for closing, the document was folded, a strip of paper was then passed through two incisions cut through the document and the loose ends secured into the wax of the signet, which was usually placed in the centre of a cross of wax. The letter was then folded again, so as to cover and protect the device, the address placed on the outside and it would probably again be secured by a strip of silk tied round it. These signets are often protected by a folded straw or piece of silk laid round them so that they should not be destroyed by the paper, when folded, rubbing off the wax. They are also used for authentication instead of the seal proper and sometimes as a counter seal.
When used as seals pendent we find them impressed on unshapen lumps of red wax as though they were a mere survival of an ancient custom as indeed they were, for, by the sixteenth century, signature of documents with a signet added was rapidly replacing the old method of sealing in the presence of witnesses.
They are of small size from 13 to 20mm. in diameter and of many shapes, round, oval, hexagonal, pentagonal, square and quatrefoiled, amongst others even more fanciful. The device upon them is often a part of the armorials of their owner, his crest, his initials or merely a fanciful or pretty device chosen arbitrarily. Speaking generally, they are not of much interest.
Engraved gems The use of gems engraved in intaglio for seals goes back, as we have seen, to the early age of Greek civilisation, they were the forerunners of the mediaeval seal. It is therefore not surprising that we often meet with impressions evidently made by such gems amidst the rich display of chivalry, armoury, architectural tracery and ecclesiastical art of the mediaeval seals. They represent subjects of Greek and Latin mythology or portrait busts of Roman emperors, ladies and senators. Their use was general and, though perhaps more favoured by ecclesiastics than by any other class of the community, a glance through the great numbers contained in the catalogue will show how wide spread was their use, especially for privy seals (secreta) and as counter seals. There are, however, numerous examples of their use as seals. Not only were they used in this way as the sole motive of the design but they are sometimes to be met with ornamenting the field of the seal, the chief design of which is mediaeval. Their so general use and the fact that the most educated class of the community used them most, leads one to believe that the value of the gems and of the work upon them, as well as the classical beauty of the devices, must have appealed to their owners. They were also valued for the curative or magical virtues, to prevent illness or protect from evil influences, then commonly ascribed to them.
Impressions made from these gems can easily be known not only from their classical design and motive but from their fine finish and the clean hard impression they leave on the wax, showing that the device has been cut in a material harder than metal. It was customary to place the gem in a mediaeval setting of metal upon which the surrounding legend was engraved, the mark of this jointure can be seen upon the wax. The men of the middle ages had small or no knowledge of classical history so, with a naivete peculiarly mediaeval, many of the mythological subjects engraved on these intaglios or the portrait busts they portray are taken for the great figures or events of the Christian faith. Thus Pallas Athene with Niké on her right hand is invoked for Our Lady (AVE MARIA GRACIA PENA). Thalia, the comic muse, comes under the same invocation (1175). Niké herself, the winged figure of Victory, is an angel messenger (SUM NUNCIUS XTI). The beautiful head of Jupiter Serapis, whose face has so gracious and benign an expression that it has been considered to be the original from which the traditional head of Our Lord was derived, formed the judicial seal of Charlemagne; though without legend he doubtless used it for that of Christ; just as his first seal of the head of Marcus Aurelius also represented our Lord. So a prior of Tynemouth uses the bust of a Roman emperor for the same Divine Person (no. 3552). The 'father of gods and men' under his aspect of the Thunderer was chosen by the monks of Durham for the head of St Oswald the king (CAPUT SANCTI OSWALDI REGIS). More strangely archbishop Roger of Pont l'Evêque typifies the Holy Trinity, on his counter seal, by the triple-faced Bacchic mask of Greek comedy, one of his successors, archbishop Walter Giffard, uses an intaglio of the heads of Marcus Aurelius and Plato to represent the apostles St Peter and St Paul, who are also invoked in the legend surrounding a gem of a Janus like head of a bearded and shaven face joined at the back and facing different ways (PETER & PAWIL PRAI FOR MI SAWL).
But whilst there are many of these attributions the greater number of gems are simply used as seals or counter seals and called secretum or sigillum. There are at Durham a few gems of mediaeval engraving representing Christian motives which deserve notice. Typical of these are the Holy Lamb engraved on jasper used by a bishop of Whithorn and the flight into Egypt used as a counter seal by Robert fitz Roger. An example of a portrait bust is used by Thomas of Southwark.
Seals of ladies The use of seals by ladies of the higher ranks dates from the beginning of the twelfth century. The type is pointed oval in shape and represents the owner, in her robes of ceremony standing either full or three quarter face, holding in her hand a flower, a fleur de lys, or later, a bird, the field of the seal being at first quite plain. The type is not well represented in the catalogue but there is one which I think is the earliest known lady's seal, namely that of Maud, queen of King Henry I, who died in 1118. Its evolution is on the same lines as the like shaped episcopal seals of dignity, decoration appears on each side of the figure, canopies with their side shafts are added until, by a gradual process, the fifteenth century seals present the lady standing in an elaborate architectural niche surrounded by fine tabernacle work upon which are armorial shields. Shields of arms are first used upon these seals about the middle of the thirteenth century when the owner is usually represented holding a shield in each hand, one that of her husband, the other that of her father, and often in robes also embroidered with armorials. The seals of this date are amongst the most graceful and beautiful of all.
Parallel with these pointed oval seals there runs a circular equestrian type which depicts the owner in hunting costume, seated side saddle, with a hawk on her wrist, and often accompanied by a hound. This style is rare and is not found after the thirteenth century, nor is there an example of it in the catalogue. Another type of seal with an armorial motive comes into use about mid fourteenth century. Leaving the pointed oval form with its 'counterfeit presentment' of their gracefully robed figures some ladies adopted a small circular armorial seal. They had no shields of their own to display so they grouped in one composition two or more shields of arms representing their own and their husbands' families. It is an interesting type useful to the herald or the genealogist tracing family histories.
By the beginning of the fifteenth century the small signets then coming into fashion began also to be used by women; they are of the same type as those used by men. Such were the seals known specifically as ladies'; but there are many which, except for the legend, are not to be distinguished from those used by men. Thus Mabel Grenville uses a noble seal of the Holy Lamb, Maud d'Audre a distaff and spindle, Cecily Heworth a cross formed of lions, Wimarc Papedie the canting device of a popinjay. These devices are placed either on an oval or round seal, which ever best suits the design. Whilst women of high degree thus used motives so various, those of the lower ranks used seals either round or oval bearing crescents, birds, stars, flowers, crosses, hearts, clasped hands or other fanciful designs chosen as their fancy or caprice directed.
Miscellaneous devices The type of seals we have so far been considering fall, in the main, into two divisions; they either bear a personal representation of their owner, or else they symbolise him by means of his shield of arms. There are a great number of seals which come under neither of these heads, the devices having no relation to him who uses them except that they are his choice. These various devices begin with the earliest seals and run parallel with the other types right through the period. Their use is by no means confined to people of little importance. A Brus uses a nobly designed fleur de lys, an Escolland a spread eagle, a Crevecoeur a solitary lion, in each case it is the legend by which alone we can tell whose seal it is. Dragons of the prime, strange legendary beasts were, especially in early seals, much used. They are often presented with such intense imaginative power that one is tempted to believe that such primeval monsters actually roamed the forests of mediaeval England in all their fearful symmetry. Beasts of more certain origin are common; lions, bears, boars, wolves, deer, squirrels, hares, rabbits, dogs, monkeys, apes, in short, almost every animal known to men, in those days, is represented, the fiercer of them standing solitary in savage strength, or like the lion, who was fabled to sleep with his eyes open, asleep in deceptive quietness. The more familar are in their natural habitat or engaged in some characteristic action, thus the stag ranges the forest at speed, the squirrel cracks a nut or sits in a tree's branches, the monkey scratches himself, the dog, is generally curled up asleep resting from the chase. Birds are even more general; legend supplies the harpy and the pelican always represented tearing its breast and feeding its young with its own blood - the great symbol of the Atonement. Birds of prey, such as the eagle, falcon and hawk, the last often shown upon his quarry tearing it, are depicted; as well as ravens, herons, owls, doves and even the homely goose and barn door cock are not forgotten. Fishes are not uncommon, the salmon often appears, a herring is used by one of that name, whilst Simon Fishburn presents a number of fish in a burn.
The playful irony of the mediaeval spirit is well illustrated on some of these seals. The hunted becomes the hunter. A hare or rabbit mounted on a hound and blowing a horn cheers his fellows on to the chase - So Hou, So Hou! Hawking is caricatured by showing an ape riding on an ass, with an owl perched on his paw. Their love of the unusual or grotesque is also shown in many examples of strange misshapen monsters. Whilst the world of living nature contributes to these devices, other natural objects are not less largely used. There is the sun 'in his splendour', the crescent moon and the stars either singly or in clusters. Trees and flowers of many varieties are common, often used in playful allusion to the name of the owner as the trees of Orchard, the pear tree of Pirie, the hawthorn bush of Hawthorn, the quickset shrub of Quixwode or often, as in the many beautiful forms of the fleur de lys, telling only of the artist's desire for beauty. Men typify their office or their work by their devices. So the sheriff marks his dignified office by a castle, upon which is his personal shield or badge; if he holds the same office in Durham, being an officer of the bishop, he uses a mitre. The important post of forester is symbolised by a hunter with his horn and dog or else by a single horn. The brewer brews at the vat, the butler runs with his cup, the leech mixes his drugs, the archer bears his long bow. The craftsman shows his tools as the hammer and pincers or horse shoe of the marshal, the miller's pick, the butcher's axe, the scissors of the tailor or the candles of the chandler. Canting devices abound, many of which, when later placed on shields, become armorial bearings. Thus Robert Corbet uses a corbie crow, Leo Heriz a hedgehog (O.F. heris), Jordan Heron a nobly designed heron, Walter of the monastery (de Monasteriis; O.F. Moustier), a family known later as Musters, actually depicts a monastery on his seals; a charge his descendents placed on their shield. Orde shows that he comes from a famous salmon river (Tweed) when he seals with a salmon; the field of Thomas Muscamp's fine seal is strewn with flies (muscarum campus), Roger Merlay picturesquely uses a bush on which blackbirds (merles) are perched, Eustace de Vesci has a vetch plant, Cornhill a sheaf of corn, Branxton uses a pair of horse branks, Brand a sheathed sword, Coxside a cock, and finally, not to extend the list unduly, Capo a skewered capon.
There are many examples of the clearly defined marks used by merchants upon their merchandise and here placed on their seals. Sometimes no device but the man's name appears, or even the marks of his teeth bitten into the wax. In this section should also be noted the broken knives attached in place of seals to the deeds of Robert of St Martin, and of the chapel of Lowick.
The legends This is the name by which the inscription, usually placed round the border of the seal, is known. Except in rare instances this begins at the upper part of the seal and goes round it from right to left, the top of the letters facing outwards. The beginning is marked by a cross paty or sometimes by a fleur de lys, a cinquefoil, or a crescent. In very rare instances there is a legend round the edge of the seal, occasionally it is continued in the field and sometimes there are two lines of legend going round the border. Their consideration divides itself into two parts, namely, the type of letter used and the matter they contain.
The lettering, if the impression is good, is clear and easy to read; at least until the advent of the small close type of black letter which is sometimes almost unreadable. There are not many abbreviations or conjoint letters used and the few there are are not difficult to make out. This clearness was of course needful as they were meant to be understood by all; not only by lawyers or learned clerks. For the various changes in the types of letters the seals of the bishops of Durham have been used; they can be dated fairly closely and also form a long consecutive series, the legends on the seals of other types follow the same general course of development. The types are as follows:
I. Roman capitals from the earliest to about the last quarter of the twelfth century when uncial letters gradually come in and the type changes to
II. A rude form of Lombardic which lasts only for a short time at the beginning of the thirteenth century and soon gives place to
III. The beautifully formed Gothic majuscule, usually called Lombardic, the typical letter of the later thirteenth and the first half of the fourteenth centuries; towards the end of this period the letter becomes smaller and changes to
IV. The type called black letter but a clear and legible form, this is replaced in the fifteenth century by the close, very illegible letter the despair of most readers. At the beginning of the sixteenth century the style changes greatly and reverts to
V. Roman capitals of the beautiful form known as capitals of the renascence.
The legends on the earlier seals whether royal, ecclesiastical, or lay, are always in Latin and on the first named that language is used during our whole period. On royal seals it is nearly similar all through. The name is in the nominative, the legend of the obverse giving the King's English titles, that of the reverse his continental fiefs altered as occasion required. The ecclesiastical give the name of the owner and his title, usually beginning with sigillum followed by the name in the genitive but sometimes, especially in the thirteenth century, sigillum is omitted and the name given in the nominative. The earlier seals of laymen follow the same style, sometimes they give only the owner's name, sometimes they add his parentage and titles, occasionally they are more emphatic as on the seal of Edgar, son of Earl Gospatrick, HOC EST SIGILLUM EDGARI FILII GOSPATRICII COMITIS. The most common formula right through the period is for the legend to begin with sigillum followed by the name in the genitive and the titles, if any. Occasionally in the fourteenth century and later such legends are in French, but this formula is not found in English. When, in the late thirteenth century, seals came to be used by all sorts and conditions of men the legends, as well as the devices, are more diverse and fanciful. Sometimes they allude to the emblems they surround, sometimes they give expression to a pious wish or sometimes they are merely pretty jingling mottoes. Latin is used all through the series, but from the fourteenth century French and English are quite common, especially on the more fanciful seals. A few examples of each of these might be interesting: an eagle - SPIRITUS UBI VULT SPIRAT, OR IN PRINCIPIO ERAT VERBUM, or merely AQUILA JOHANNIS. Examples of the pious edifying type are, TIME DEUM ET FAC BONUM; MEMENTO FINIS; MARIA FILIA ANNE ORA PRO JOHANN; VERITAS IN ME EST; TIMEO TE DEUM; VERBUM CARO FACTUM EST; PASTOR MEAS DELE CULPAS. Legends in French of this type are rare, I have noted only one in the catalogue - LA GRACE JESU EST VIESU - but those in the vernacular are more common - HELPE MODER OR MARIE; PETER & PAWIL PRAI FOR MY SAWL; MARIE HELPE ELLINGHAM; GO TO GOD GATESHEAD; BE WAR THE WORLD; GOD HELPE THE POPE. Those of the motto type have often a love motive - JE SUY SEEL D'AMOUR LEAL; LA DAMOISELLE EST LEAL; EN LEL AMOUR; IL EST OUSE BEL EST DE AMOUR LEL; GREET MOI EN BON FOY; or in English - LOVE ME AND LIVE. Others refer to the device they surround; thus a dog asleep - ICI GIST CORBIN LE BON; a hawk tearing a bird - ALAS JE SUI PRIS; a squirrel - SO WILL I; an ape - HAYLE APE HAYL; a hare on a dog's back - ALONE I RIDE A REVERE, or SOHO ROBIN.
The legends of counter seals and privy seals, which, as they are so often used interchangeably, are better considered under one head, either state the nature of the seal or refer to the device upon it. In the first style the legend almost always begins with the word Secretum with the name following in the genitive thus - SECRETUM JOHANNIS; SECRETUM ROBERTI DE BRUS; SIGILL SECRETI DAVID; SIGNUM SECRETI WILLELMI; or else they omit the owner's name only stating the reason for their use thus - ARCHANI CUSTOS; SIGNUM VERITATIS; MUNIO SECRETA; SIGILLUM AMORIS; FRACTA REVELLO SECRETA; SIGILLUM SECRETI; SIGILLUM SECRETI FRANGE or, on the back of the Templars' seal TESTIS SUM AGNI. Legends that refer to the device on the counter seals are often in Latin rhyming hexameter verse called Leonine, thus round St Cuthbert - PRESUL CUTHBERTE REGNUM SUPER ETHERA PER TE; or St Cuthbert and St Oswald - HOC ONUS UT SIT HONOS TIBI LARGIOR HOS Q' PATRONOS; or Our Lady with Christ - HEC SCULPTURA SONAT FINIS No PUGNA CORONAT; or SS. Peter and Paul - PROTEGE PETRE PETO WILLELMUM PAULE FAVETO. This type of legend is not confined to the counter seals but is often found on seals themselves, thus round the ash tree device of Roger of Esh is - FRAXINE SUB FRONDE ROGERI CARMINA CONDE. Round an antique gem Richard of Eryum places - SUB PRESENTE NOTA RICARDUS FERT SUA VOTA. Signets do not, as a rule, have legends or mottoes, but there are a few examples of the latter, thus bishop Neville's armorial signet has around it his 'word' - 'en grace affie'. The mottoes of the Percies are often on their signets as 'je espoyr'; 'esperance' or 'toutloyal'; other examples have 'Tout passe'; 'aude, vide, tace'; 'offrance'; 'tynt, tynt', or others merely the initials of the owner's names. Others have a flower or star like device with a letter on each petal, thus bishop Langley's has his name 'langley' and so also has that of Peter Mauley 'mauli', another similarly bears the Holy Name 'emanuel'. It will be seen that none of these is a true legend such as are on seals, they are rather mottoes or 'words' some of which, like the 'Esperance' of Percy, came to be an essential part of the armorial achievement.
Forged seals False seals authenticating forged charters are occasionally met with and the art seems not to have been unknown even to the religious of Durham. There are in the treasury a series of forged documents purporting to be the foundation charters of bishop William of St Calais and those in confirmation of William the Conqueror and of archbishops Lanfranc of Canterbury and Thomas of York. The seals of bishop William are undoubtedly forgeries, those attached to the charters of the archbishops are now destroyed whilst to the four charters of King William only a portion of one now remains, but that shows it to be part of the great seal of Henry II. Two methods of falsification are therefore illustrated by these deeds, firstly, that of making a false matrix for use on a forged document, and secondly, using a genuine seal which was not, however, what it purported to be, to a false deed (no. 1495 below is suspect, apparently a thirteenth cnetury charter to which a seal no earlier than the fourteenth century is attached). We find references to both these methods in the patent rolls. Thomas of Pirecote was pardoned for removing the impression of the seal of the late King from a recognisance and illegally attaching it to another bond, for which he had been convicted. John of Berneville received a pardon for counterfeiting the privy seal of the late King and also that used by the present King; whilst John of Redinges also charged with counterfeiting the king's privy seal was convicted and hanged.

Quantities

Greenwell and Blair recorded 3755 different designs of seals in their catalogue. This figure included 132 seals whose designs are found only on the Greenwell deeds in the Durham County Record Office. It also included 8 post-Dissolution designs. Some of the catalogued designs have multiple impressions, as recorded in their catalogue. Some new designs have been identified since and have been added to this online catalogue, and additional impressions identified have also been added to the online edition. As at 23 December 2015, the current total of medieval seal impressions in the archive is 6850, which figure will grow as work proceeds on the comprehensive cataloguing of the archive.

Catalogue

Private Seals
A

Aaron of York: see 799

Abbot, Geoffrey: see 3480
1   1262
Abbatis, Reynerus
Styled a merchant of Florence.
Seal and secretum.
Size: 22 mm.Size: Secretum: 16 mm.
Seal design: Seal: Round, armorial, a bend fretty between two cotises.Secretum: round, antique gem, Cupid on a sea horse
Inscription: ✠ ...LLVM · RINIERI · DE · LABATES'RINIERI : ✠ : CONTRA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3778   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
2   1390
Abell, Robert
Incumbent of the chapel of Low Heworth, 1395 (S.D. II, 83, note a).
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, female bust. Legend very indistinct. Used by him but not his own seal.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.60
Seals (Impressions)
3    n.d.
Abraham, Hugh son of
Abraham and his son, Hugh, are called men of the prior in 'Attestaciones Testium', 1228 (FPD 252). This deed is printed in the same vol., p.218; for its nature see ibid., preface, p.vi.
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL : HVGONIS : FILII : HABRA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
4   1305
Abraham, Thomas
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, elongated star
Inscription: S' THOME ABRAHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.10
Seals (Impressions)
5    n.d.
Absolon, Matilda daughter of
She is styled the daughter of Absolon the saddler of Durham.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a heron-like bird preening itself.
Inscription: ✶ S' MATILL FILIE ABSOLON

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.14
Seals (Impressions)
6    n.d.
Absolon, Henry son of
Styled son of Absolon the baker of Elvet.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, naked figure
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
7    n.d.
Absolon, William son of
He styles himself William of Coldingham.
The foundation charter of the chapel of St Andrew on the new bridge (Elvet) at Durham. He founds the chapel for the soul of Arnold, prior of Coldingham, 'domini mei'. (See S.D., iv., 56).
The same man as 8; he is styled in document 2307 William of Coldingham. Roger of London (no. 1631) was his brother. The charters endow, with his lands in "Elvethalgh", the chapel in honour of St Andrew which he has built upon the new bridge towards "Elvethalgh", for the health of his own soul and that of Arnold, late prior of Coldingham, his lord. Date middle of twelfth century. Roger, prior of Durham, 1137-1149.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a chalice
Inscription: ✠ WLMVS FILS ABSOLAN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2307
Seals (Impressions)
8    n.d.
Absolon, William son of
Same man as 7.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: .... WLVISST ..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
8(i)   1355
Acley, Gilbert son of Gilbert of
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St Catherine with her wheel, a kneeling figure at her feet

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
9    n.d.
Acclum, Johanna of
Acklam, near Thornaby, in Cleveland. For family see Guisborough Chartulary passim (S.S., 86 and 89). Printed FPD, 154n
Size: 22 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL : IOHANNE : DE : ACCLVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2057   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
10    n.d.
Achard, William son of
Concerning land in Stamford; Peter, styled priory of St Michael's of Stamford, is among the witnesses, see 3644.
Size: 51 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a covered vase with handles
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WILLELMI FIL ACARD

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Ebor.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
11    n.d.
Achard, Hellas
son of William, son of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HELIE . FILII . WILLELMI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Ebor.5
Seals (Impressions)
12    n.d.
Achard, William son of William, son of
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys expanding at top
Inscription: ✠ S'...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Ebor.18a
Seals (Impressions)
13    n.d.
Acle, Alice daughter of Thomas of
Styles herself Alice of Wudum
Now Aycliffe, about five miles north of Darlington. Thomas of Acley was lord of Woodham (FPD, 160n; S.D., III, 325, 332).
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALICIE : DE ACLE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.37
Seals (Impressions)
14   1329
Acley, John of
Styled son of Walter, late farmer (firmarius) of the manor of "Akley" (Aycliffe), clerk to John of Darlington.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a branch with three leaves
Inscription: .RIVES

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
15    n.d.
Acley, Gilbert of
No. 10 is printed F.P.D., 161a.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with raised wings
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : GILBERTI : DE ACLE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.6 & 10 (the latter printed FPD, 161n)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
16    n.d.
Acle, Madonius of
Styles himself Madonius of 'Sculacle' - now School Aycliffe

Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MADONII DE SCVLACLE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
17    n.d.
Acle, Madonius of
Styles himself Madonius of 'Sculacle' - now School Aycliffe.
The document names Haymericus, archdeacon of Durham (Emery Tailboys L.N., III, 302) and Philip of Ulcotes, then guardian of the bishopric. This would be during the vacancy after the death of Philip of Poitou (H.D. I, 190n).
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with head reversed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MADONIS FILII PETRI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.4 Printed FPD, 161n.
Seals (Impressions)
18    n.d.
Acle, Nicolas of
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent with three dots above and a floriated design below
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ...COLAI.DE AC... ✠

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
19    n.d.
Acle, Thomas parson of
Size: 51 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Pointed oval, an eagle standing with raised wings
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · THOME · PERSONE DE AKLE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.6 Printed S.D., III, 274; see also FPD, 248   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
20   1260
Acle, Walter of
Styled Walter, son of John, brother of Nicolas
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI D' ACLEY

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
21   1304
Acle, Walter of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, the Holy Lamb
Inscription: ✠ ECCE AGNVS DEI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
22   1 July 1349
Acle, William son of Eustace of
Styled also William of the Newhouses of Acley.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Andrew standing with his cross in front of his face, floriated ground
Inscription: ORA PRO OY SCE ANDRE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.16, 28
Seals (Impressions)
23   18 Jan 1342
Acton, John of
Styled John, son of John of Acton of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield, in base of shield an acorn.
Inscription: ✠ ... N : DE : HACTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3457   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
24   25 Sept. 1334
Acton, Richard of
Used on a deed of Thomas of Carliol of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, as counter seal to the common seal of that city. See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. XI, 4 and note, ibid., p.166. He was mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1333 (R.W., II, 79).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant on a field powdered with acorns.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI D' ACETVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.116
Seals (Impressions)
25   1332
Acton, Richard of
Used by 'Richard of Aketon, merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Same seal as No.24

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5061
Seals (Impressions)
26   1334
Acton, William of
Bailiff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1336, and in succeeding years; mayor 1346 and later; Member of Parliament for the town, 1346 and later. Upon device of seal, see A.A, 3rd ser. I, 121.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross between four lions passant
Inscription: ✶ S' : WILELMI:D':A...TVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4760
Seals (Impressions)
27   1342
Acton, William of
See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. VIII, 4
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross between four lions rampant within a circle
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMI DE ACTVN

Seal attached to document reference: [G], B.68 & 69
Seals (Impressions)
28   26 Sept. 1341
Acybis, John of
Used by Thomas of Seton. Query Y of inscription?
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial a cross of Toulouse (?) within an engrailed border
Inscription: ✶ S' . JOHANNIS . DE . ACY . IST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5081   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
29    n.d.
Adam
Styled Adam, clerk of Wolsingham
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem head of Pallas
Inscription: Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Finc.4
Seals (Impressions)
30    n.d.
Adam
Styled Adam, canon of Holy Cross
cf. 3747. Time of Algar, prior of Durham, 1109-1137. This is the common seal of Harold's college of secular canons founded 1060; see 3745
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, two angels holding a Greek cross
Inscription: ✠ SIGNO STIGMA CRVCIS CV... AMICIS:

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Ebor.27
Seals (Impressions)
31    n.d.
Adam
Sheriff of Northumberland
N.C.H., II, 12
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bust full face
Inscription: SIGIL...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6895
Seals (Impressions)
32    n.d.
Addoc
Styled Adhoc, formerly wife of Walter Albus, baker
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ADOC

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2306
Seals (Impressions)
33    n.d.
Agnes, daughter of William
Styled Agnes, daughter of William, son of Patrick, and wife of Nicholas Lamb.
Grant to Thomas, Lord of Dilston; Walter of Cambo, knight, then sheriff of Northumberland. See N.C.H. x, p. 244.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star of eight rays with thick rounded ends
Inscription: ✠ S' ANGNETIS FIL WILL.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5370
Seals (Impressions)
34   1338
Agnes, William son of
Agreement with William of Hexham, cellarer of Durham; see Durham Acct. Rolls, pp.35 and 527 (S.S. 99 and 100).
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a dove displayed
Inscription: ✠ SPIRITVS VBI WLT : SPIRAT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.15.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
35    n.d.
Alan, Bertram son of
He was the son of Alan Fery, and his wife Emma daughter of Thomas son of William of Herrington. See 36 (same man).
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device
Inscription: ✠ : SIGILL : BERTRAMI : FILI ALLANI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.30 & 33 cf. 975
   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
36    n.d.
Alan, Bertram son of
The same man as 35. He was the son of Alan of Ferry, brother of the prior, (? Bertram, 1188-1208) and Emma, daughter of Thomas son of William of Herrington. cf. 976
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, floriated device similar to No. 35
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL BERTRAMI-FILII-ALANI-DE-FERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.126
Seals (Impressions)
37
Alan: See No. 113
38   1238
Albertini, Bosculus
Styled a citizen and merchant of Lens
Attached to this deed are two other seals:-
1. Oval, 22 x 16 mm, a sealed figure with right hand out-stretched, on the label to which this seal is attached is the name Robert Pentecuchi.
2. Oval, 22 x 19 mm, an indistinct device, ✠ SIGILL SECRETI; on the label is the name Jordan de Sca. Brigida.
The document names his companions Lambertini Guidi and William Benaki also citizens and merchants of Lens.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, three trees
Inscription: ✠ S' BOSCVLO ALBERTINI

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XIX.34
Seals (Impressions)
39   1303/4
Albertus
1. Used by Peter of Trillesden
2. Used by Agnes his wife
Size: 1. 35 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a pelican in her piety2. Round, a squirrel
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' MAGISTRI · ALBERTI2. ✶ I CRAKE NOTIS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.13 & 14
Seals (Impressions)
40    n.d.
Albini, Nigel of
He was the younger brother of William d'Aubigny, first earl of Arundel. He had the lands of Robert Mowbray, earl of Northumberland, and his son, Roger, assumed the name of Mowbray. See also S.D., III, 344 and for charter ibid., 395.
For "Nigel of Albini" read Niel d'Albini. Daubeney is the modern form of the name and indicates the correct form of the surname of the earls of Arundel. For account of the family see The Complete Peerage by G.E.C., ed. V. Gibbs, I, 233. Aubigny is near Coutances in the department of La Manche. No. 23 is printed FPD 151n.
Size: 60 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with shield and sword
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : NIGELLI : DE ALBINNEIO

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.23, 24, 26, 29*   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
41   1298
Alburwick, John of
Second seal used by Johanna, wife of John of Alburwick
Size: 1. 29 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a kneeling figure praying to one standing. In traceried panel2. Oval, a lion fighting a dragon
Inscription: 1. SIGILL IOHAN ... DE · LIL ... O ...2. ✠ LEO PVGNAT CVM DRAGONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2065
Seals (Impressions)
42   1292
Alburwick, Robert of
[Official of the bishop of Durham]
Styled Master Robert of Alburwick (Abberwick in Northumberland), official of Lord Bishop of Durham (Bek).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Andrew on his cross, beneath a monk praying
Inscription: S' ROBERTI : DE : AL..BVRWYK:CLI..CI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4119 (fragment), Misc.Ch. 4826   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
43   1360-1362
Alburwick, Robert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, kneeling figure praying to Our Lady who holds Christ in her arms.
Inscription: Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2071; 2.11.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)
44   1306
Aldwood, Adam of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed, a cinquefoil over each wing and above it a lion passant
Inscription: Legend very indistinct

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3375, 3505   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
45    n.d.
Aldwood, John of
See P.F., 121.
On 3.6.Spec.39 he uses a different seal, also used by John or Margaret Seton on 1.7.Spec.35.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, to hands joined together, a quatrefoil on each side
Inscription: Legend very indistinct

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
46    n.d.
Alexander
Styled Isabella, called 'of Torello' wife of Alexander
Size: 1. 32 mm.Size: 2. 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, two birds seated on a fleur-de-lys2. Oval, the Holy Lamb
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' ALEXSANDRI · CLERICI2. ✠ S' ISABELLA D' TORELLO

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.29
Seals (Impressions)
47   1231
Alexander, Geoffrey son of
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GAL...IL ALEXAN..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Finc.26
Seals (Impressions)
48   1343
Alman, William
Styled collector of the Easter offerings (quadragesimalia) for the archdeacon of Nothumberland.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, Esculapius (?)
Inscription: Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3822*
Seals (Impressions)
49   1349-1372
Alman, William
Styled William Alman of Durham, clerk. In C.R. 31, p. 113, he is called of Elvet.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron, between three lion's heads, three fleurs-de-lys
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM-WILLELMI-ALMAN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.19; 4.16.Spec.67, 140; 1.17.Spec.3, 4, 9, 12; Misc.Ch.1901, 1907
Seals (Impressions)
50    n.d.
Alman, William, Margaret wife of
To charter 2.16.Spec.19, 1371, this seal is used by Hugh Makson of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (R.W. I, 180).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a standing figure

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1901
Seals (Impressions)
51   1350
Alman, Simon
Brother of William (no. 49). He is frequently mentioned in Durham Account Rolls he possessed houses at the end of the new bridge (Elvet), Durham and a meadow in Elvet which he had obtained from the prior (op. cit. 441, 442, 443). In 1349 this seal is used by John Alman.
Size: -
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess, between four (undecipherable) three and one, three roundels.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.17.Spec.7, 16
Seals (Impressions)
52   1355
Alman, Simon
Used by Simon Alman
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two crosses crosslet saltireways joining in one at base
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMON DE OBERTDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.138
Seals (Impressions)
53   1324
Alnatheby, John of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, two clasped hands, above them a branch of six flowers.
Inscription: Legend almost destroyed, only a few letters legible

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3938
Seals (Impressions)
54   1336
Alnwick, John of
Used by John of Alnwick, burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and in 1330 by William Syre of Jarrow, burgess of Newcastle.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark, a molet at each side
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS DE ALNWIK

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4629; 1.4.Spec.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
55   1288
Alnwick, Peter of
Probably a seal of Vesci, the device being canting.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird among vetch plants with pods
Inscription: S'... Legend destroyed

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3413
Seals (Impressions)
56    n.d.
d'Haultrive, Godfrey
Styled rector of the church of Lekynfield
For the arms of this family see A.A., 3rd ser., III, 257.
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, male figure holding an object in front of him
Inscription: SIGILL GODEFRIDI DE ALTA.RIPA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Finc.6 (& 5, very worn)
Seals (Impressions)
57    n.d.
Altis, Teghia of
Styled merchant of the Society of the Bardi in Florence
One of the association of Florentine nobles known as 'Societies of the Tower'. (See Villani's History of Florence , vol. II, 78 and 79).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a female figure
Inscription: SIGILLVM TEGHIE DE ALTEIS

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.III.32
Seals (Impressions)
58    n.d.
Alverton, Hugh of
Now Northallerton. Printed FPD, 204n. 2 is the seal of Hamo de la Mare, nephew of Hugh of Alverton
Size: 1. 29 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, antique gem, figure in front of a tree2. Oval, antique gem, man on horseback
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILL HVGOIS DE ALVIRTONA2. Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Ebor.8
Seals (Impressions)
59   1354
Alverton, John of
Used by John of Alverton, carpenter. See H.S., 202, 203, 218 for accounts paid to him for repairs by the bailiff of Auckland. Styled (C.R. 31, p. 114) of Auckland, wright to the Bishop. He was the master carpenter who carried out Hatfield's alterations to Bishop Bek's Hall. In 1380 a John of Alverton, probably the same man, was appointed janitor of the manor of Alverton (C.R. 32, p.264).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire; shield within traceried panel
Inscription: S' HEN .... ND

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1856
Seals (Impressions)
60   1285
Alverton, Philip of
In 1287 he was rector of Walkington near Howden (H.D. III, 479).
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a horseman attacking a dragon with his spear
Inscription: ✶ S' · PHILIPPI : DE : ALVERTONA : CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.18; Misc.Ch. 3978
Seals (Impressions)
61   1343
Alverton, William of
Styled vicar of Akley
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Pointed oval, Our Lord on the cross, Our Lady and St. John on either side. Beneath a half figure praying
Inscription: TE CRVCEM ... CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4074, 4075, 5041, 4564, 4991   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
62    n.d.
Alverton, Thomas of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a head with mark on forehead, above it a hand blessing
Inscription: Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5034
Seals (Impressions)
62(i)    n.d.
Alwent, John
Rector of Winslow

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4926
Seals (Impressions)
63   1287
Amicius, Bonus
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, tonsured figure standing in front of female figure, between them a scroll 'MARIA'
Inscription: BONI AMICI · CLICI · NOTAR...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.12.Spec.6; 3.2.Finc.31a, 31b
Seals (Impressions)
64   1230
Amundeville, Emma of
For family see S.D., III, 270. Emma, with her brothers John and Thomas of Amundeville, grant to the almoner of Durham the right to grind at their mill of Hilton without multure.
Seal design: Seal destroyed

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.10
Seals (Impressions)
65    n.d.
Amundeville, John of
Printed FPD, 57n. Charter No. 4 refers to land in Hilton. The date of charter 36 is early thirteenth century among the witnesses being Hemeric, archidiaconus and Adam de Gesemue.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with round topped helmet, sword and shield held close to body
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : IOHANNIS : DE AMVNDEVILLA

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.4; 1.11.Spec.36   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
66   1312; 1322
Amundeville, John of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked male figure standing with extended arm
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS DAVNDVIL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.2, 3, 29
Seals (Impressions)
67    n.d.
Amundeville, Ralph of
See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. VIII, 2. This charter is printed FPD, 197n. The early shape of shield with straight top and rounded corners would date the seal rather early in the thirteenth century. The charges are the same as appear later on the shield of William of Wessington (no. 2609). It is also interesting to note that the lion passant of Robert of Amundeville (no. 68) is very similar to the lion of Walter of Wessington (no. 2607). Whether there was any family connection to account for this similarity I cannot say.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars and in chief three molets
Inscription: ✠ S' · RADVLFI · D · MVNDEVIL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.54
Seals (Impressions)
68    n.d.
Amundeville, Robert of
Jenyn's roll blasons for 'Robert de Amondeville de Wotton en Wardale' vair three pales gules. Charter No. 11 is printed FPD, 181n. "Heremic", archdeacon of Durham and Carlisle, is the first witness, he was appointed to Carlisle in 1196 (L.N. III, 248).
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI D' AMVNDAVILL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.11; 3.14.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
69
Amundeville, Robert of
Same seal as No. 68

Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A45, 45*, 45(·)
Seals (Impressions)
70    n.d.
Amundeville, Robert of
He is styled lord of Hilton son and heir of Thomas of Hilton.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Shield shaped, charged with a cross paty a molet in the dexter chief
Inscription: ✶ S' ROB'TI DE MVNDEVILE

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
71    n.d.
Amundeville, Thomas of
A very rudely executed seal. Charter No. 3 is printed FPD, 159n. Date late twelfth century, William, archdeacon of Durham, is the first witness he appears as holding that office in 1174 (L.N. III, 302).
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with round topped helmet and shield
Inscription: ✠ SIGLLVM TOMIAS:DAMV̄DVILE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.3, 3*; 6.3.Elemos.1
Seals (Impressions)
72    n.d.
Amundeston, Ilgerus of
Now Amerston near Hartlepool.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, floriated cross device
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV · ILGERI · DE AIMVDESTV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 42; 1.1.Finc.1
Seals (Impressions)
73    n.d.
Amundeston, Itaria of
She is styled the wife of William of Hawthorn. They grant land in "Aymundeston" to Ralph, prior of Finchale (c.1233-40) see Priory of Finchale , pp.125-126.
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird flying
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ITARIE D' AIMVDEST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 47; 1.1.Finc.4
Seals (Impressions)
74   1320
An...., Bartol of
Used by Cristiana daughter of William le Charecter
See A.A. 3rd ser. XX, p.118 no. 145, for a different description of this seal
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM · BARTOLI · DE · AN....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5783
Seals (Impressions)
75   1281
Anagnia, Giffridus of
Styled papal chaplain.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure seated at desk holding a scroll in his right hand on it GAR (?). A crescent and star in front of his head
Inscription: ... AVDIEN ... IA:AO... AD.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5167
Seals (Impressions)
76    n.d.
Anger, Robert son of Robert son of
Styled son of Robert son of Anger of Lee gallico (?) The charter grants land there to the monks of Durham at Lytham.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a starlike device of eight rays
Inscription: ✠ S' ROB... ANGER

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.42, 43
Seals (Impressions)
77    n.d.
Angerton, Robert of
Counter seal on back of common seal of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. XI, 3. He was mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1363-1364 (R.W., I, 427).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron three ... above shield a merchant's mark
Inscription: S' ROB' RTI D' ANGERTONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6882
Seals (Impressions)
78   1375; 1383
Annesley, Thomas of
Second seal used by Juliana, his wife
See Surtees Soc.9, CXXXVI, for charter confirming him in the office of forester of Rainton. Willement's roll of Richard II blasons for 'John de Annesleye' paly of six silver and azure a baston gules.
Size: 1. 25 mm.Size: 2. 13 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, paly of six over all a bend2. Signet, antique gem, male head
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' THOME ... ESLEY...2. ⊕ TOVT ⊕ PASSE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1887 (1383); 2.3.Sacr.7 (1375)
Seals (Impressions)
79   1359
Anstan, William of
Used by Margaret of Egglesclyf
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two hands crossed at the wrist
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE ANSTAN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5606
Seals (Impressions)
80   1340
Anvil, William of
Used by Alan of Ulkeston, executor of the will of William of Duxfield
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLMI DE ANVIL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3599
Seals (Impressions)
81   1325
Appelby, Edmund
Styled Edmund, son of Sir Henry of Appelby
Azure six martlets gold is blasoned for 'Sr. Henry de Appelby' in the first Dunstable roll (1279). In the roll of Richard II 'Edmond' bears the same and in Powell's roll of Edward III 'Sir Edmund' bears fourteen martlets.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, six martlets, shield in a traceried panel
Inscription: ✶ S' EDMVNDI · DE · APPILBI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Ebor.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
82   1361; 1365
Appelby, John of
Glover blasons for Appelby silver on a bend sable three bezants.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Annunciation. Gabriel kneeling on one knee holds a scroll upon which is AVE. Between the figures is a pot with a lily in it, all under a traceried canopy. Beneath is a shield bearing on a bend engrailed three ...(?), and supported by sinister, a squirrel, dexter, a lion (?)
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS · DE · APPLEBY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4468 (1365); Misc.Ch. 5110g (1361)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
83   1388
Appleby, John of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, hunter on horseback, with dog, chasing deer
Inscription: Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.5, 13
Seals (Impressions)
84    n.d.
Appleby, Nicholas of
Size: 25 x - mm.
Seal design: Oval (broken), antique gem, male figure within a traceried border
Inscription: ✶ S' N... DE ... I

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3504 (fragment); 4126k
Seals (Impressions)
85   1355-1373
Appelby, William of
Used by Hugh of Fletham, clerk
One of the parish churches of Appleby is dedicated to St. Laurence
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. Laurence holding a girdiron in his right and book in his left hand, within a traceried panel
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM WILLELMI DE APPLEBY CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3406, 3463, 3524, 3726, 3818, 3830, 3890, 4115b, 4356, 3490, 4100g, 4168, 4216, 4252, 4336, 4507, 4656, 4772, 4854, 4946, 5051, 5023, 5051k, 5086
Seals (Impressions)
86   1365
Appelby, Thomas of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three snakes curled impaling three eels (?). Shield in a traceried panel
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM THOME DE APPILBI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.48; 1.2.Sacr.5a   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
87   1317
Appleton, William of
Glover blasons for Appleton gold a chevron sable between three apples vert
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron cotised between three apples; in rich tracery. In the compartments of the tracery are a crescent, a star (?), a Catherine wheel, and a chess rook
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM WILLI DE APPLETON CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.70   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
88   1370
Archer, Robert
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three arrow heads
Inscription: ✶ ... O ... ER

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D61
Seals (Impressions)
89    n.d.
Aristotil, Gilbert
See R.N.D., app., 140. The legend on seal there given differs from this and refers to the design on the seal 'Ipse Gilbertus sedens scribens'.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Gilbert sitting at his desk, a cross in front of his face
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI ARISTOTILIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
89(i)    n.d.
Arlame, Helen sister of Master Hugh of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3480
Seals (Impressions)
90    n.d.
Armiger, Emma
Used by Emma, wife of Thomas Armiger of Corbridge
Size: 38 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of six rays
Inscription: ✶ S' EME . ARMIG

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B32
Seals (Impressions)
91   1307
Arnaldus
Styled vicar of Middleham
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, two male heads facing each other, a cross and star added
Inscription: ✶ ARNALDVS:EST:NOMEN:EIVS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5356   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
92    n.d.
Artifex, Agnes
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a beautiful conventional leaf
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · AGNETIS · ARTIFICIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
93   26 Nov. 1462
Ascheley, Thomas
Size: 13 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a fleur-de-lys on dexter side F on sinister 'a' within a corded border

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
94   1321
Ask, Conan of
Second seal used by Emma, his wife. 1. Not his own seal; for arms of Aske, see No. 95.
Size: 1. 16 mm.Size: 2. 19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, an indented chief.2. Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: 1. Legend illegible

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4017
Seals (Impressions)
95   1388
Ask, John of
See A.A., 3rd ser., vol. III, p. 271. His I.P.M. taken at Sedgefield 29 July, 1359 (C.R. 45, p. 154).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three bars
Inscription: ✶ Sigillvm : ioh.. : de : ask

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.9
Seals (Impressions)
96   1353
Ask, Richard of
His I.P.M. taken at Durham, 4 January 1368/69.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three bars; shield hangs from a tree upon which a bird sits
Inscription: Sigillvm : ricardi : de : aske

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.5, 6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
97   1428
Aslakley, Alice
For family see S.D. III, 199 et seq. Now Aislaby in the parish of Egglesciff. She is styled widow of John Aslakby. Her I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 22 August 1429 (C.R. 45, p. 155).
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a bird between a branch and a leaf

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1740, 1743
Seals (Impressions)
98   1341
Aslakby, John of
Styled lord of Egglescliff and son of William of Aslakby, knight (C.R. 31, p.42). His I.P.M. was taken at Sadberge, 9 September 1363 (C.R. 45, p.154). See also R.P.D. II, 1238 et seq.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, in a traceried panel, Our Lady and Christ standing, a saint on each side and beneath a half figure praying
Inscription: IVVATE IOHNEM · A-IVNCTI · IHESV · IVSTO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3821   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
99   1428
Aslakby, John
I.P.M. at Durham, 28 November 1432 (C.R. 45, p.155).
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oblong signet, antique gem (?), an animal with young (? stag)

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1744
Seals (Impressions)
99(i)    n.d.
Aslakby, Roger of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4776
Seals (Impressions)
100   1447
Aslakby, Thomas
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a quatrefoil, a letter in the centre and others on each leaf

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.43
Seals (Impressions)
101   1382
Aspour, Stephen
Used by Stephen, son of John Aspour, but not his seal
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a voided molet
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.12
Seals (Impressions)
102    n.d.
Audre, Matilda
Styled Matilda, wife of William of Mordon
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a distaff and spindle at sinister a crescent, at dexter a star
Inscription: ✠ S' MATILDIS DAVDRE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.15.Spec.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
103    n.d.
Audre, Roger of
These seals are all used by the same man. No. 105 is to a deed concerning the tithes of the mill of Ancroft. He held a moiety of the mills of Ancroft, Felkindon and Allerden in right of his wife Wimarc Papedie (seal no. 1935). See R.N.D., p.217. For an account of the family of Papedie see Ber. Nat. Club Trans. , 1876-78, p. 480. No. 106 is to a grant by Roger and his wife Wimarc to the prior and convent of Durham ad fabricam ecclesiae totam terram meam de Emotehill. They were lords of the manor of Beautrove (now Butterby) near Croxdale on the Wear. See S.D. IV, pt. 2, p.109. Charter no. 18 is printed ibid. note c.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a pear-shaped shield a chalice
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM : ROGERI : DE : AVDRE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.18; 4.16.Spec.124
Seals (Impressions)
104    n.d.
Audre, Roger of
See A.A., 3rd ser., vol VI, pl. IX, 4. (applies to this seal, not 103 as it states)
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chalice
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI DE AVDRI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
105    n.d.
Audre, Roger of
Printed R.N.D., app., 130
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, a chalice
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI DE AVDRI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.62
Seals (Impressions)
106    n.d.
Audre, Roger of
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, female head
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI DAVDRI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Sacr.7
Seals (Impressions)
107    n.d.
Audre, Walter of
See A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, pl. VIII, 3. He was brother to Roger (F.P.D., 109n).
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, three cups
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WALTERI DE AVDRE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.4; 1.1.Finc.26a & b, 27
Seals (Impressions)
108    n.d.
Audre, Walter of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Same seal as No. 107.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A37, 38
Seals (Impressions)
109   1292
Hall, John of the
Used by John de Maydiston, cf. 1737
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figure of St. John Baptist holding Holy Lamb, within a circle. Beneath a demi tonsured figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : IOHANNIS : DE : AVLA : CLICI:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4563
Seals (Impressions)
110    n.d.
Hall, Richard son of Emma of the
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, floriated cross device
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARD FIL EMME

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.7
Seals (Impressions)
111    n.d.
Aunby, Remiguis of
Styled in the document 'Remigius Houservant'. See also The History of Hemingbrough , p.128, note 15.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion walking
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL REMEI DE AVNEBI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.12
Seals (Impressions)
112   1324
Aungerus
Styled 'Angerus dictus Frere de Rypon'
For another seal see Misc.Ch. 4135
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed
Inscription: S' FRATRIS AVNGERI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4096, 4555, 4639
Seals (Impressions)
113   1320; 1340
Goldsmith, Alan
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated cross with a bird on each side
Inscription: ✠ S' ALANI AVRIFABRI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.151(1340); 2.17.Spec.44 (1320)
Seals (Impressions)
114   1335
Goldsmith, John
cf. 1088
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep
Inscription: ✶ ICI - DORT LE LIOVN : FORT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4936
Seals (Impressions)
115    n.d.
Goldsmith, Thomas
2. Used by Odiemia, his wife. 3. Used by Hugh, his son.
Size: 1. 38 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 35 x 22 mm.Size: 3. 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a heron2. Oval, a conventional flower device3. Oval, a conventional flower device
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' THME AVRIFABRI2. ✠ S HODIEME3. ✠ S HVGONIS FLTHME

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2239
Seals (Impressions)
116    n.d.
Aylward, Adam son of
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, pretty floriated device
Inscription: SIGILL : AD... ERLINGT...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1617
Seals (Impressions)
117   1322
Ayremynne, William of
He was presented by Edward II, during the vacancy of the see, to the church of Whitburn (R.P.D., I, 182). By bishop Richard of Kellawe in 1316 to the church of Wearmouth (R.P.D., II, 807), and was a proxy, appointed by bishop Kellawe to attend parliament in his stead (R.P.D., I, 301, 384, 435). He was bishop of Norwich, 1325-1336.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a bearded figure riding on a lion and holding the lower jaw of the lion's open mouth.
Inscription: ✶ SECRETVM WILLELMI DE ...YNNE : CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4474
Seals (Impressions)
117(i)   1350/1
Azuli, William of
Used by Alan of Ulkeston, chaplain

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3599
Seals (Impressions)
B

118: B...R...: see no. 492
119   1336
Babthorp, John of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, device undecipherable

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.17
Seals (Impressions)
120    n.d.
Babthorpe, Ralph of
Charter and seal printed P.F., 48. The legend which is round this seal, completed, reads HUNDESLIE, now Hunsley, a hamlet in the parish of Rowley, Yorks. For account of the family of Babthorpe see Raine's History of Hemingbrough , p. 172 et seq.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL : RADVLFI · DE ...NDESIE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Finc.23
Seals (Impressions)
121    n.d.
Babthorp, Ralph of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, very indistinct and poor impression, undecipherable

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV, 168
Seals (Impressions)
122    n.d.
Babthorp, Robert
See V.Y., 102 and 598. R.P.D., II, 1189. The device is two interlooped crescents, that is charges taken from the shield of Babthorpe blasoned sable a chevron gold between three crescents silver (or ermine).
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a geometrical device and 'babthorpe '. Seal is surrounded by a twisted straw.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV, 28, 29
Seals (Impressions)
123   1343
Backworth, Bartholomew of
The charter names Waleran of Lumley, then bailiff of Gateshead (see no. 1675).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a shield a device resembling a merchant's mark
Inscription: S' BARTH · DE · BACWORTHE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.33, 33*   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
124    n.d.
Backworth, Serlo
Styled Serlo, son of Edulfus of Backworth
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ... M ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5887
Seals (Impressions)
125   1382
Bacon, John
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stringed horn, on the dexter a crescent, on the sinister a star
Inscription: Legend very indistinct

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.24
Seals (Impressions)
126   1301
Baldok, Robert of
In 1309 he was rector of Whickham (R.P.D., I, 509); in 1311 canon of Chester-le-Street (ibid., 55). Bishop of Norwich, 1325, and chancellor of Edward II. He was captured with Edward and the younger Despenser at Neath abbey and died of ill-treatment in Newgate, 1327. ( Political History of England , III, 301).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, an oak tree between a male and female bust
Inscription: ✶ ENVS ...IE SEIT HONIE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4010*
Seals (Impressions)
127   1308; 1338
Baldok, Robert of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figures of Our Lady and Christ, beneath a demi figure praying
Inscription: ✠ FAC CELOC TV̄ · D' BALDOK T'GOR CLII

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3871 (1308); Misc.Ch. 4820 (1338)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
128   1313
Baldok, Richard of
Richard is styled clerk and procurator for Robert of Baldok. The village of Baldock is in Hertfordshire.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an oak tree with acorns, two birds sitting on top branches, in spandrels of the enclosing quatrefoil are the evangelistic symbols. At the beginning of the legend is a hand raised in benediction.
Inscription: RICHARDI SINGNV ... NOMINIS HOC NOTOLIGNV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4010   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
129   1309
Baldok, Richard of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Quatrefoil shape, a tree upon which sit two birds back to back.
Inscription: ✶RICI · SIGNV · C...C : LIGNV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4697
Seals (Impressions)
130    n.d.
Baldwin, Hugh of
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, four fleurs-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ ... HVGONIS BALDEWEN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2309
Seals (Impressions)
131   1272
Balliol, Sir Alexander of
For Balliol pedigree, see N.C.H., VI, 72. This seal is engraved, ibid., p.48, No. 9.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an orle
Inscription: ✠ SIG ...NDRI ... DE BAILL...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6909
Seals (Impressions)
132    n.d.
Balliol, Eustace of
Engraved S.D., seals VII, 5.
Size: 67 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with drawn sword, flat-topped helmet, and shield with boss and escarbuncle, pointed spur and triangular stirrup-iron.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ✶ EVSTACHII ✶ DE BALLOLIO ✶

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Spec.7, 7*; Misc.Ch. 5888
Seals (Impressions)
133    n.d.
Balliol, John of
Engraved N.C.H., VI, p.48, No.5.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian knight, holding sword in right hand and on left arm shield, shewing inside.
Inscription: ... IL ...NNIS : DE ...AL...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6909*
Seals (Impressions)

134: Balliol, John, King of Scots. Great seal. See 3081 below

135: Balliol, Edward, King of Scots. Privy seal. See 3084
136    n.d.
Balliol, Hugh of
Engraved N.C.H., VI, p.48, No.3.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial on a pear-shaped shield on orle.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HVGONIS DE BALLIOLO

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Spec.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
137    n.d.
Balliol, Hugh of
Engraved S.D., seals, VII. 9.
Size: 57 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in chain mail with sword drawn, flat-topped helmet and shield bearing an orle.
Inscription: SIGILLVM HVGONIS DE BAILLIOLO

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Spec.8; Misc.Ch. 5885, 5886, 6905
Seals (Impressions)
138    n.d.
Balliol, Hugh of
Engraved N.C.H., VI, 36.
Size: 63 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword drawn, round-topped helmet, and shield with spike, held close to breast.
Inscription: S... GONI ...LLOLIO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 345
Seals (Impressions)
139   1355
Bamburgh, John of [?]
Archdeacon of Northumberland in 1362 (L.N. III, 306).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ on the dexter, on the sinister a bishop seated, blessing, holding a crosier in his left hand. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: VOS · SCI · DEI · SI...TIS · AMICI · MEI .

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.8 cf. with 2516
Seals (Impressions)
140   1356; 1360
Bamburgh, John of
Used by John of Bamburgh, clerk. Archdeacon of Northumberland in 1362 (L.N. III, 306).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, female figure standing, holding a cap in her right hand. Behind a conventional branch.
Inscription: ✶ SCA MARIA MAGDALENA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.27 (1356); Misc.Ch. 6525 (1360); Loc.XXXVII:68 (1368)
Seals (Impressions)
141   1359
Bamburgh, John of
Used by John of Bamburgh, clerk. Archdeacon of Northumberland in 1362 (L.N. III, 306).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, standing figure, holding crosier in right hand. An animal jumping towards him on left side, a plant on each side. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6524
Seals (Impressions)
142   1378
Bamburgh, John of
Used by John of Bamburgh, clerk
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crowned head within a traceried border.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.135
Seals (Impressions)
143   1332
Bamburgh, Thomas of
Styled Thomas of Bamburgh, clerk
He was a clerk in chancery and vicar of Embleton. (N.C.H., I, 215).
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, figure, holding a double-thonged whip.
Inscription: ...LMV . THOME . DE . BAVMEBVRGH . CLER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 227
Seals (Impressions)
144    n.d.
Bamburgh, William of
Styled William, son and heir of Thomas of Bamburgh
Printed R.N.D., app. 134
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monster with a man's head, a bird's body and feet, and a lion's tail.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILL'M' BAVM...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.35   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
145    n.d.
Banastre, Adam of
He was a vassal of Thomas, earl of Lancaster. In 1315 he raised the earl's Lancashire vassals in revolt, hoping to gain King Edward's favour by troubling the turbulent earl. The revolt was quickly subdued, and Adam was taken in his house and beheaded. (Baine's History of Lancashire , I, 83; The Political History of England , III, 267).
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, probably an antique gem, but device undecipherable.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ADE BANASTRE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.27
Seals (Impressions)
146    n.d.
Banastre, Margaret
Styled, formerly wife of Richard Fitz Roger and (in No. 4) the Lady Margaret Banastre
She was daughter and heiress of Dunstan Banastre, of an important Lancashire family, and married Richard Fitz Roger, lord of Wood Plumpton, in Lancashire. He (circa 1200) gave all his land at Lithum to the monks of Durham. A charter c.1200/1 describes the land at Lithum as having been given to Richard Fitz Roger by King John, when earl of Mortain, to be conferred on the monks of Durham (Baine's Lancashire , II, 491, 503; Nicholson and Burn's Westmoreland , I 626).
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle standing with wings raised and head turned back
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MARGARETE BANASTRE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Ebor.1
Seals (Impressions)
147   1339
Barbotti, Raynuchi
Styled a merchant of Siena
To this deed the seals of some citizens of London have been appended, of these only one is left: oval, 19 x 16 mm, antique gem, a male head, . HOME . DE ... RAV...
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Heater shaped, armorial, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' RANVCCI S:BARBOTI·

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4301   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
148   1263; 1265
Barbotti, Renardi
Styled a merchant of Siena
Misc.Ch. 4128b has an indistinguishable round secretum.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, four escallops, arranged in cross, within a quatrefoil panel, beneath three fleur-de-lys within a trefoil. On each side a cherub.
Inscription: SIGILLVM RENAVDI BARBOTTI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4109f (1265); Misc.Ch. 4128b (1263)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
149   1338
Barbour, John
Used by Margaret, widow of John Barbour of Durham. This seems to be a Wycliffe seal.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three crosses paty.
Inscription: SIGILLVM WILLI DE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.15.Spec.48
Seals (Impressions)
150    n.d.
Bardolf, Thomas
For early armorial seals of Bardolf see The Guisboro' Chartulary .
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, two heads facing each other.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · TOME BARDOLF

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
151    n.d.
Bardolf, Agatha
Styled Agatha, formerly wife of Thomas Bardolf.
Size: 38 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent enclosing a rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL AGACIE BARDOLF

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.8
Seals (Impressions)

Barnard Castle (see Castle Bernard, 553 et post)
152    n.d.
Barneby, Alfred of
He was the husband of Juliane Ulcotes, see no. 2501. In the I.P.M. of Philip of Ulcotes he is called Alured of Barneby. See also FPD 105 and 106 notes.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-le-lys (very rude).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALVEREDI FIL REGINAL

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.17; 1.3.Spec.36; Misc.Ch. 2095
Seals (Impressions)
153   1282
Barne, John
Styled son of Hugh Barne of Whitburn.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Lozenge-shaped, a lion rampant above its head
Inscription: S' IOHIS · BARYN · DE WITEBM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6449, 6450   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
154    n.d.
Barne, John
Styled John, son of Hugh Barn of 'Qwhitberin'
Size: -
Seal design: Similar seal to 153, but lion turned the other way and no letter above its head.
Inscription: S' IOHIS BARN D' W...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6451
Seals (Impressions)
155   1407
Barneby, William of
Used by John Raper of Durham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron (undecipherable).
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE BARNEBY

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
156    n.d.
Bart, Alice
Styled formerly wife of Stephen of Heselden
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated cross.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALISCIE · D · RAHT:

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.11
Seals (Impressions)
157   1356
Barthen, John of
Used by John, son of John of Barthen, clerk
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, armorial, a goat (?) rampant.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.44
Seals (Impressions)
158   1291
Bartholomew
Styled 'magister'
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, indistinct, looks like an animal (rabbit?) with star in front.
Inscription: · BARTHOLOME...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3814
Seals (Impressions)
159   1463
Barton, Conan
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, armorial, fretty and a fess

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.62
Seals (Impressions)
160   1482
Barton, Robert
Styled Robert Barton of Cassop
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a boar's head and above it 'Zb'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5811
Seals (Impressions)
161   1279
Barun, Peter
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ S' PETRI BARVN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.21
Seals (Impressions)
162   1322
Baseby, Robert
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI CR...E

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1539, 1540
Seals (Impressions)
163    n.d.
Basing, John
He is styled knight. Signet is affixed to a letter to the prior of Durham.
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, an eagle standing with wings raised, a device (?) behind its head.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV, 12
Seals (Impressions)
164   1367
Basingham, William
Styled William of Basingham, rector of the church of 'Eggisklef'
In 1356 he was steward of the bishop of Durham (H.D. I, 381).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three crosses patonce. A lacertine beast on either side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGI... WILLI · DE · BASINGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.80
Seals (Impressions)
165    n.d.
Casse, Agnes
Styled Agnes, daughter of Alan Kasse of 'Moreslawe'
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a starlike device of four long and four shorter rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETIS · FILIE · ALLAI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.14   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
166    n.d.
Basset, Reginald
Printed FPD, 196n.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM REGINALDI BASET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1667; 1.2.Elemos.10
Seals (Impressions)
167   1310
Basset, William
See P.A., 3rd ser., IV, 114 and plate facing p.89. He was justice of assize for Durham, II bishop Richard of Bury (1344) and an additional justice for Durham and Sadbergh in I bishop Hatfield (1345). (C.R. 31, pp.50 and 114). In 1338 he is justice of the king's court at York ( Guisboro' Chartulary I, 171;). He was of the family of Hillmorton, Warkwickshire (see Dugdale's Warwickshire , p. 1004). In 14 Edward III he had a grant of free warren in his manor of South Duffield (History of Hemingbrough , 215). This deed is printed A.A. 1st ser. II, 279 - in it he is styled knight and lord of Offerton.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, within a foliage pattern, a shield bearing two bars and in chief three wreaths.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C.4, 6
Seals (Impressions)
168   1417
Batun, Matilda
Used by John Densham of York, chaplain, and Richard Knapton, vicar of Dalton-le-Dale, executors of the will of John Sheffield citizen of York. No. 2 is apparently a Conyer's seal.
Size: 1. 13 mm.Size: 2. 13 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a female figure holding a bird.2. Round, a maunch within a floriated border.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' MATILD DE BATVN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.39; Misc.Ch. 2578
Seals (Impressions)
169   1381
Batey, William
Used by William Baty, vicar of Pittington (cf. 3370 and Misc.Ch. 1871)
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire and a chief, a fleur-de-lys for difference (?).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
170   1369
Beaufowe, Ralph
Used by Thomas of Claxton; for nature of charter, see S.D., III, 142. The same seal is used by Ralph Beaufewe of Hawthorn to a bond of 1373 to Sir William Claxton, and also to a grant to William Menevill.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree of five branches.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM RADVLFI BEVF

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.67; Misc.Ch. 6141, 6143
Seals (Impressions)
171    n.d.
Bec, Henry
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with raised wings.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · HENRICI · BEC ✶

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Elemos.1
Seals (Impressions)
172   1324-1333
Beckingham, John of
Used by John of Beckingham, rector of Bliburgh. This and the four following seals are all used by the same man. Beckingham is in Notts., a few miles west of Gainsborough. Blyburgh is in Lincolnshire about three miles south of Kirton Lindsey, the church there was one of the possessions of the convent of Durham. (FPD, LXXXIV). See also Percy Chartulary , 203 et passim.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing holding Christ on His cross in front of her. On dexter side St. John Baptist, on sinister a bishop. Beneath a demi figure praying.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4078c, 4404, 4925, 4750, 5081f
Seals (Impressions)
173   1315-1319
Beckingham, John of
For another seal of John of Beckingham, see Misc.Ch. 5081n
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, head of St. John Baptist, a leaf above it.
Inscription: ✶ CAPVD IOHIS IN DISCO .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3819, 4062n, 4595, 5040
Seals (Impressions)
174   1324
Beckingham, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heart from which issue two flowers, diapered background.
Inscription: ✶ IEO SVY SEAL . DAMOVR LEAL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3811, 4078b   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
175   1321-1322
Beckingham, John of
[same seal as 176]
Size: 10 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a heart from which issue four flowers, on each side a bird facing towards it.
Inscription: :✶ MON:QVER ... EN . GARDE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3711, 3892; 4044a
Seals (Impressions)
176   1323
Beckingham, John of
[same seal as 175]
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two birds seated on a plant facing each other.
Inscription: ... ONH VERA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3393
Seals (Impressions)
177    n.d.
Bedale, Thomas of
Used by Thomas of Birdene (c.1394).
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Catherine standing to whom a figure on the left is praying.
Inscription: S' THOME DE BEDALE CAPTLI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 314
Seals (Impressions)
178   1428; 1442
Bedford, William
Styled William Bedford of Elvet
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a birch rod.
Inscription: Bedford

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.8, 14, 15 (1428); 4.16.Spec.26 (1442)
Seals (Impressions)
179    n.d.
Bedlington, Robert of
Printed R.N.D., app., 143.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a round-headed beast with a floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ SILLV : RODBERTI : DE : WINTONIA :

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
180    n.d.
Behil, Gilbert
Styled Gilbert of Beyl
Printed R.N.D., app., 119.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a round-topped shield between two crescents.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GILBERTI DE BEHIL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.18, 19   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
181   1475-1481
Bell, Edmund
Styled Edmund Bell, clerk
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bell within a beaded circle, upon a label over it EDMVNDE.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.85; 4.11.Spec.39; 1.18.Spec.18, 19; 4.18.Spec.61, 63, 64; 1.2. Hess.52; 3.15.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
182   1476
Bell, Robert
Used by Robert Bell and Alice his wife.
Size: 1. 19 x 16 mm.Size: 2. 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Octagonal, a figure and the Holy Lamb.2. Round, armorial, a saltire between, on the dexter a crescent, on the sinister a star. Within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5365
Seals (Impressions)
183   1357; 1380
Bellasis, John of
Used by John of Bellasis.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an eagle displayed, a fleur-de-lys on each wing, and one or two on the body.
Inscription: S' IO HAN NIS BEL AS IS (only distinguishable thus on 4a

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.4a & b; Misc.Ch. 6518, 6519, 6520, 6521, 6522; 4.9.Spec.32; Ibid.7   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
184   1404-1414
Bellasis, John of
Glover blasons the arms silver a chevron gules between three fleurs-de-lis azure.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Quatrefoil shape, armorial, a chevron between three fleur-de-lys. Above and on each side of shield a quatrefoil leaf.
Inscription: ĀMVR ∵ VĀIN ∵ CV E ∵ RENE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1928; 4.2.Sacr.31; 3.5.Elemos.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
185    n.d.
Bellasis, Juliana
Styled Juliana, formerly wife of German of Bellasis
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IVLIANE:DE BELASIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.6
Seals (Impressions)
186    n.d.
Bellasis, Sybill
Styled Sybill, daughter of German (of Bellasis)
Size: 38 x 1 in . mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ⋮ SIBILLE ⋮

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.3
Seals (Impressions)
187   1411
Bellasis, Robert
Styled Robert of Bellasis, son and heir of John of Bellasis, senior
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, a crown with R.B.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
188   1279
Bellasis, William of
Styled William son of Adam of Belasis. This is Bellasis a township in the parish of Eastrington near Howden, Yorkshire. The charter is a licence from prior Richard and the convent of Durham to the parishioners of Eastrington to erect an oratory at Bellasis in that parish.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI DE BELASYS:

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.21
Seals (Impressions)
189   1316
Bellasis, William of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a leaf (?) within a square formed by the ears of four running hares.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMIS FIL IOHANNIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.43; Misc.Ch. 6495   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
190   1320
Bellardi, John
Styled a merchant of Lucca
An association of the merchants of Lucca was called the Society of the Bellardi (R.P.D., I, 647), which John calls himself here..
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chief fretty. The shield is placed in a lozenge within a quatrefoil in the quarters of which are the evangelistic symbols (?).
Inscription: ✶S' IOHIS BELLARDI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4083, 5039   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
191   1343
Bellerby, John of
Cellarer of Guisborough
Styled cellarer of 'Gyseburn' (Guisborough).
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a lion; on setting of gem dexter a fox, sinister a cock (?)
Inscription: ...LEO: .TĀ: IOH . ENER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3805
Seals (Impressions)
192   c. 1181-1187
Belmeis, William
Styled William of Belm, canon of St Paul's, London
The document is a grant from William of Belmeis to the Chapter of St Paul's, London, of his church of St Pancras.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb
Inscription: ... LLVM WI...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B5
Seals (Impressions)
193   1328-1336
Belton, Henry
Styled a citizen of York
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend between two molets; a small cross above the shield.
Inscription: ✶ S' HENRICI DE BELTON

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Ebor.10; 4.4.Sacr.10; Misc.Ch. 4899
Seals (Impressions)
194    n.d.
Belver, Richard of
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ ECCE AGNVS DEI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.29
Seals (Impressions)
195   1309-1310
Belver, Robert of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird seated on a tree, beneath a fish in vesica.
Inscription: S' ROB...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3430
Seals (Impressions)
196   1290
Belvizoni, Reynerus
Styled a merchant of Florence
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, shield hanging from a tree and charged with a goat (?) leaping impaling checky.
Inscription: .. RENERII BELL... NI D' FLORENCIA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4027   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
197   1306
Bene, Isabella of
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star
Inscription: ✠ S' ISABELE BENE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2436
Seals (Impressions)
198   1310
Benested, John of
In the Falkirk roll (1298) Sir John Benestede bears, ... a cross 'patee et botonee' silver.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, within a six-foil panel a shield charged with two bars gemell.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4911   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
199   1310
Benested, John of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, within a six-foiled panel a lion walking in front of a tree.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4911*
Seals (Impressions)
200    n.d.
Benett, Dionisia
Styled Dionisia Benett of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a female figure standing holding a fleur-de-lys in her left hand, the right hand is against her breast. In the right background two stalked leaves.
Inscription: ✶ S' DIONISIE BENET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6932   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
201   1320
Benet, John
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, squirrel sitting, holding a nut.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS BENET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1541, 1543, 1568, 1572, 1537, 1633
Seals (Impressions)
202    n.d.
Benet, John
Styled John Benet of Darlington
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a squirrel.
Inscription: ✠ S IOHIS BENET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1570, 1634, 1635
Seals (Impressions)
203   1316-1321
Benet, John
Styled John, son of William, son of Benedict of Darlington
I.P.M. taken at Darlington, 6 August 1341 (C.R., 45). See also L.D., 189, 274 and note.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a squirrel sitting and cracking a nut.
Inscription: ✶ I CRAKE NOTIS HER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1511, 1563, 1566, 1571, 1632   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
204   1321
Benet, John
Used by John, son of William, son of Benedict of Darlington.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree upon which a bird is seated, on each side is a head, beneath it a fox.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1565
Seals (Impressions)
205    n.d.
Benet, Robert
For nature of this character see FPD, 155n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield bearing a cross within a border of roundels.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROBERTI B ENEDIC TI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.21, 2d, 5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
206    n.d.
Benet, Robert
Refers to Bliburgh in Nottinghamshire. In charter 4.3.Ebor.8, Simon de Crevecouer calls him 'my knight' (miles meus) (see no. 739).
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield bearing a border of roundels and a cross (?).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROB' BENEIT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.2b, 2c   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
207   1324
Benet, William
Used by William, son of Benet of Darlington.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ ECCE AGNVS DEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1636
Seals (Impressions)
208    n.d.
Benet, William
Styled William, son of Robert Benett
Printed FPD, 55n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with head turned back and wings raised, standing on a floriated conventional branch.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLELMI BENEDICTI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.22, 23
Seals (Impressions)
209   1348
Benet, Simon
Used by Simon, son of John Benet of Darlington, and also by Matilda, widow of Hugh de Burdon and then wife of Robert Faber. He was son of John (No. 203) and aged 21 at his father's I.P.M., in 1341. See also 2572
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crowned female figure [St Margaret] standing upon a dragon which she spears with a cross-topped spear. On dexter side W.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.34; ibid.48, 55
Seals (Impressions)
210    n.d.
Benpenne, Henry
Styled Henry Benpeine, son of Thomas of 'Raton rawe'
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' HENRICI BEN · PENNE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Elemos.16
Seals (Impressions)
211   1258
Benton, John
Styled John, son of Thomas of Little Benton
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS D' BENTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
212   1246
Benton, John of
Printed FPD, 104n.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird standing upon a branch.
Inscription: ✠ IONES : D' BENTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.29   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
213   1346
Benton, Agnes
Styled Agnes, who was the wife of Ralph of Benton
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a female figure standing, holding a staff in her right hand and a bird on her left wrist. A dog leaps up to her in front. Background floriated.
Inscription: ✶ LA DA MOI SELE · EST .. ON LEAL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.109   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
214   1456
Berehalgh, John
Styled John Berehalgh of Durham, clerk
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bear, with I above it.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
215   1442
Berehalgh, John
In Jenyn's Ordinary Richard Berehalgh bears three bears passant sable muzzled gold. He was a notary public in 1446; he received 2s. for sealing a provocacio for the sub-prior and chapter of Durham, the office of prior being vacant ( Durham Account Rolls , III, 631).
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a quatrefoil leaf with circular centre upon which (undecipherable).

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
216   1327-1342
Bergh, Alexander
See Guisboro' Chartulary , I, 86, note 4 and ibid. II, p. lvi. In 1311 he was appointed seneschal and bailiff of Howden by bishop Kellawe (R.P.D. I, 19). In 1325 he was keeper of Scarborough castle (Percy Chartulary , 158 and note).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend cotised three roundels.
Inscription: ✶ S' :ALEXANDRI:DE:BERGH

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3458, 3487, 3522, 3659, 3696, 3664, 3754, 4035, 4508, 4039n, 4044b, 4102, 4113, 4136o, 4472, 4715, 4715*, 4792, 5051, 5094   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
217   1314-1317
Bergh, William
Styled William of Bergh, executor of the will of William of Pickering, dean of St. Peter's. York
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady crowned standing with Christ in her arms. A figure kneels to them over whose head is a fleur-de-lys. Two stars in background.
Inscription: ✠ MATER DEI MISERERE MEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3591, 4127, 5073, 5083   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
218   1219
Berlai, Henry of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, undecipherable.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.41; Misc.Ch. 2547
Seals (Impressions)
219    n.d.
Bermeton, Nicholas
Styled Nicolas, son of Richard of Bermeton
Size: 32 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, undecipherable.
Inscription: S NICHOLAI D...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.66
Seals (Impressions)
220    n.d.
Bernard
Styled Bernard the miller
For Bernard the champion (pugilis) see Medieval legal records , ed. Hunniset & Post, p.33 and paper by W. Brown in Yorks. Archaeologist Journal , XXIII, p. 312.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hand issuing from the left and holding a war hammer. On each side a square object like a cushion.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · BERNARDI PVGILIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Elemos.7; 3.1.Ebor.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
221    n.d.
Bernard the miller, Robert son of
Son of Bernard the miller (220 above).
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROBERTI FILI BERNA'

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Elemos.9
Seals (Impressions)
222    n.d.
Bertford, John of
Styled dominus in the document; which is his admission to the chapel of Hilton.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb, a cross crosslet behind its head.
Inscription: ✠ S' MAGISTRI IOHIS DE BERHF'

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
223   1321
Beruight, Alexander of
Size: -
Seal design: Round, broken, armorial, on a bend three eagles, shield within a traceried panel.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4917
Seals (Impressions)
224   1465
Bertram, Robert
Styled Robert Bertram, clerk
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, a monkey sitting, an object in front of it.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1729
Seals (Impressions)
225   1346
Bertram, Robert
See A.A., 3rd ser., VI 182. Blasoned gold an orle azure, differenced from the arms of Baliol by change of colour. He held the barony of Bothal in chief ( Testa de Neville , 392). See also H.N. II, ii, 125; A.A. 2 ser. III, 75.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a shield couche an orle, above the shield a helmet, with mantling, surrounded by a crest of an animal's head (fawn?).
Inscription: S' ROB ERTI BERT RAM

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B39
Seals (Impressions)
226    n.d.
Bertram, Roger
Styled Lord of Mitford
Styled lord Mitford, which barony he held in chief ( Testa de Neville 392). The blason is gules crusilly and an orle gold deriving from the Baliol shield. See also N.H., II, ii, 39.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, powdered with crosses an orle.
Inscription: ✶ S' · ROGERI · BERTRAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5227   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
227    n.d.
Bertram, Roger
See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 182. Same man as no. 226.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in mail and sleeveless surcoat, sword in right hand and on left arm a shield powdered with crosses crosslet and charged with an orle. The horse trappings bear the same charges.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI B...DNI D' MIDFORD

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
228    n.d.
Bertram, Roger
Printed FPD, 156n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with round-topped shield.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI BERTRANNI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
229   1291
Besepol, Robert of
Styled executor of the will of master Roger of Hartburn.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points.
Inscription: S' ROBTI · DE · BESEPVL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3814
Seals (Impressions)
230   1339
Bet, Adam
Seal is used by Adam Bet of Durham and also by Robert of Fery, merchant. In 1316, Adam is styled dominus and capelianus (RPD II, 1297).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant, beneath a man's head between two fleur-de-lys in quatrefoiled panel.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ... HER CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc. 1889, 1892
Seals (Impressions)
231    n.d.
Bethum, Thomas of
He held the third part of knight's fee in Warton (Lancashire) of the earl of Lincoln and died c.1248 (Victoria History of Lancashire, VII, 172 notes et seq.). See also Cal. I.P.M., I Henry III, no. 143.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM TOME DE BEDHV

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.4.Ebor.12
Seals (Impressions)
232    n.d.
Bethum, Ralph of
Son and heir of Thomas (no. 231) died c. 1253. He married Amuria, daughter and co-heir of Richard fitz Roger (see no. 2110 and note).
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird
Inscription: ✠ ...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.1
Seals (Impressions)
233    n.d.
Beverley, Thomas of
Appended to a charter of 'Tannok de Ponte' in the place where Beverley's seal should be.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Andrew on his cross with a bird on each side and a fleur-de-lys below.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2304
Seals (Impressions)
234    n.d.
Beverley, Thomas
Styled an executor of the will of Robert called 'Cocus' of Elvet
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure kneeling in prayer, above him a hand in benediction, before him a crescent, behind a star.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOME DE BEVERLEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2438; 4.16.Spec.132
Seals (Impressions)
235    n.d.
Beverley, Patrick
Styled Patrick, son of Thomas of Beverley
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a naked figure seated.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
236   1360
Bickerton, Richard of
Styled Sir Richard of Bykerton, sub-prior (of Durham)
He was still sub-prior 1326/63 ( Durham Account Rolls I 177).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a female figure, with nimbus, standing, holding a cup in left hand, the right hand placed on breast. Background of foliage.
Inscription: ✶ SCA MARIA ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6525
Seals (Impressions)
237   1295
Bidick, William
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rabbit riding on an ass and holding a falcon on his foot.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4030   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
238    n.d.
Bidick, Peter
Styled Peter, son of Walter of Bydic
A pedigree of the family is given, H.D., III, app. The document names Walter of Whitby, then master of the house of Kepier, and William of Newbottle, then steward of the same.
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star-like flower.
Inscription: ✠ S PETRI ... WALTERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
239   1322; 1351
Bille, John
I.P.M. taken at Durham, 16 January 1356/7 (C.R., 45). See also R.P.D., II, 1207.
Size: 19 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle standing with raised wings and head turned back, beneath a scroll with inscription.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.13.Spec.2, 3; 4.13.Spec.52, 59; 4.15.Spec.54
Seals (Impressions)
239(i)    n.d.
Billingham, Alan of

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
240    n.d.
Billingham, Adam of
Used by Adam of Billingham, clerk, in 1353, and by himself and others up to 1388.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, in centre A.B. Surrounded by compartments, in the first one is our Lord on the Cross, in the second the Holy Lamb, in the third a bird, in the fourth a figure praying.
Inscription: BILLYNG' SECRETA SVNT AGNVS AVIS CRVCE LETA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.37, 41; 4.15.Spec.18, 20; 4.16.Spec.31; 1.2.Sacr.13; Misc.Ch. 1902, 2319, 3634, 4052e (fragment), 6761
Seals (Impressions)
241   1219
Billingham, Geoffrey of
See S.D., III, 144, and IV, 139.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross moline voided.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GALFRIDI ...ONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
242    n.d.
Billingham, Geoffrey
Styled Geoffrey, son of Odo of Billingham
Size: 38 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' GALFDI DE BILLINGHA.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
243    n.d.
Billingham, Henry of
Same man as no. 241. Billingham is in South Durham near Stockton on Tees. The document names Sir Richard of Claxton then vicar of Billingham.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' HENRICI · DE · BILLIGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
244   1344
Billingham, John of
Styled John of Billingham, a merchant of 'Hertlepool'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield and the letters IB.
Inscription: S' IOAN · DE .. BILLINGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.35   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
245    n.d.
Billingham, John of
Styled John, son of Geoffrey of Billingham
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ on her knee.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS · DE · BILLIGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
246    n.d.
Billingham, John of
Styled John, son of Agnes of Billingham
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · IOHIS· FIL· ANGNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
247   1349
Billingham, Peter of
Styled John, son of Peter of 'Skyppewyth'
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two birds back to back, with heads turned to a plant placed between them.
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRI F IOHIS DE BILNIGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
248   1441
Billingham, Richard of
Styled son and heir of John Tailour of Billingham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a grotesque beast within a traceried panel.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.9.Spec.3, 4
Seals (Impressions)
249   1219
Billingham, Roger of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · ROGERI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
250   1447
Billingham, Thomas of
Styled 'armiger'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant, a foliage border.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.42
Seals (Impressions)
251   1421
Billingham, Thomas of
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, an ostrich feather, an ermine spot (?) to left of it.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.29
Seals (Impressions)
252   1340
Billingham, Walter of
Styled Walter, son of Adam of Gilling of Billingham
Grant to Roger of Blakiston of all his lands in Billingham. The deed is dated at London.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three women's heads draped.
Inscription: ✶ S' * WALTERI * DE * BELINGHAM.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.24, 27   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
253   1285
Billingham, William of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a key with .. on each side of it.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI DE:BILLINGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1198
Seals (Impressions)
254   1296
Billingham, William of
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI DE BILLINGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6798, 6799
Seals (Impressions)
255   Date, time of Bertram the prior (1188-1208).
Billingham, William of
Used by William, styled son of Colewis of Billingham and '.ethesent' his wife.
Size: 1. 38 mm.Size: 2. 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a bee (?)2. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: 1. SIGI .. FIL COLEWIS2. ✠ SIGILLVM ...SANT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
256    n.d.
Billisburg, Adam of
Size: 41 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · ADE FIL MATHEI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.45, 46
Seals (Impressions)
257   1430-1446
Binchester, John
Styled John Bynchester, chaplain
In 1446 he received 6d from the feretrar of Durham for carrying the banner of St Cuthbert (Durham Account Rolls, II, 473). Binchester is about two miles north of Bishop Auckland.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, an eagle standing with wings spread and holding a pen in beak. Above it 'Bynchester'.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.24, 25; 2.8.Spec.30, 32; 2.9.Spec.5, 6; 4.10.Spec.4; 2.18.Spec.5; 2.13.Spec.46, 48, 49; 4.15.Spec.48; 1.16.Spec.37; Misc.Ch. 1814, 1819, 1833, 1855, 1857, 1867, 1873, 1925, 2016
Seals (Impressions)
258   1386
Bingham, Thomas of
Styled Thomas of Byngham, son of Sir William of Byngham, rector of Byngham
The arms appear to be derived from the shield of Ros of Hamlake. Bingham is in Nottinghamshire a few miles east of Nottingham, in which district the Ros family held various manors (Thoroton's History of Nottingham I, 272). Willement's roll of Richard II, blasons for Richard of Byngham, gold on a fess gules three bougets silver.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a shield, handing on a tree, bearing on a fess three bougets, a molet in dexter chief.
Inscription: Sig : thome : de : byngham :

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Ebor.14
Seals (Impressions)
259   1398
Bingham, Edmund of
Styled son of Sir Willam of Byngham, knight
Styled clerk. He was rector of Woodhill.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess three bougets 'b' above shield.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Ebor.15, 16
Seals (Impressions)
260   1392
Bingham, Johanna of
Styled late wife of Richard of Bingham, knight
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal signet, letter B.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Ebor.17
Seals (Impressions)
261   1410
Binole, Lambert of
Used by John of Dalton
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars.
Inscription: ✠ S' LVMBERTI · DE · BINOLE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.86
Seals (Impressions)
262   1281
Birland, Thomas
Styled rector of Brantingham
Brantingham is in Yorkshire a few miles west of Hull, it formed part of the ancient possessions of the church of Durham.
Size: 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, three niches, with a church above, in centre niche Our Lady with Christ, in dexter St. Michael slaying the dragon, in sinister a bishop standing, holding crosier in left hand, the right raised in benediction. Beneath is demi figure praying.
Inscription: SIGILLV : THOME DE : BIRLANDIE O O

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4248   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
263   1338
Birtley, John of
Styled lord of Birtley. In 1345 William, son of John of Birtley, has seisin of his manors of Birtley and 'Asksheles' and his lands at Gateshead, Whickham and Lumley (C.R. 31, p. 51). I.P.M. at Durham, 10 November 1343 (C.R., 45). See also S.D., II, 189.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree within a traceried compartment.
Inscription: SIGILL IOHANNIS DE BIRTELEY

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
264   1362
Birtley, John of
These seals are here used by William Gewe and Alice his wife.
Size: 1.22 mm.Size: 2. 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, a tree erased, shield within a traceried compartment.2. Oval, bust of man with uplifted hands, a small cross in front of his face.
Inscription: 1. S' IOHIS DE · BIR TELEY.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 91
Seals (Impressions)
265   1319
Birtley, John of
Styled John, son of Thomas of Birtley
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a tree erased over all on a fess three molets (?)
Inscription: S' IOHIS DE BYRTELEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6577
Seals (Impressions)
266   1383
Birteley, Thomas of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, device like two flags crossed in saltire.
Inscription: ✶ S' THOME Ψ DV ...IS

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C52
Seals (Impressions)
267    n.d.
Birteley, William of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLI DE BIRTELE

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D7
Seals (Impressions)
268    n.d.
Biscopham, Richard of
Now Bispham on the coast of Lancashire, a little north of Blackpool.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of six points.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICA... ECO

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.4.Ebor.11
Seals (Impressions)
269   1227
Biscopton, Roger of
Styled Roger, son of Galfrid of Biscoptun
See FPD, 164n, and P.F., 58, 59. Now Bishopton in Stockton ward, Durham. The device of the seal is allusive to the name of the place.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mitred head of a bishop
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI:DE:BISSOPTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.2
Seals (Impressions)
270    n.d.
Biscopton, Geoffrey of
Styled Galfrid, son of 'Unfrida' of Biscopton
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · GALFRIDI · DE · BISCOPTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.1
Seals (Impressions)
271   1233
Biscopton, Roger of
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys in seed.
Inscription: ✠ SIG ... FIL GAVFRIDI DE BISCOPTV

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.3
Seals (Impressions)
272   1339
Bishopton, Simon of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Catherine standing holding wheel in her left hand, a palm branch at her left side.
Inscription: ✶ SANCTA CATERINA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4667
Seals (Impressions)
272(i)   1339
Bishopton, Walter of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4667
Seals (Impressions)
273   1380
Bishopdale, Catherine of
Used by Catherine, widow of John of Bishopdale.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, figure of Victory.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL LETICIE ALBE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
274   1273
Blacden, William of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a heart within a corded circular border and five sixfoils.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6144
Seals (Impressions)
275   1330
Blacktoft, John
Styled John, son of William of Blaketoft
In the East Riding, on the Ouse, a little east of Howden.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS D' BLAKTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1842, 1988; 1.2.Sacr.4
Seals (Impressions)
276   1330-1353
Blacktoft, William of
Described as chaplain; vicar of Berwick on Tweed.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a cross engrailed five pierced molets. A lizard shaped beast on each side of shield.
Inscription: S' WILLELMI DE BLACTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3651, 3832, 3835, 3998, 4669, 4856   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
277   1349
Blacktoft, William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly I and IV, checky; II and III, a tower.
Inscription: ✶ S' ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4709
Seals (Impressions)
278   1315
Blagris, Thomas
Styled Thomas, called 'Blagris' of Durham
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOME BLAGRIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.31, 32
Seals (Impressions)
279   1292-1294
Blagris, Thomas of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of six long and six short rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOME FILII WILELMI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.30; Misc.Ch. 1961; Misc.Ch. 1985
Seals (Impressions)
280   1342
Blagris, William of
Printed FPD, 202n.
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, a demi figure with nimbus, left hand holds a book to his breast, right hand raised in benediction. Beneath a figure praying.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE ...INI CAPLLI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.35; Misc.Ch. 4134, 4794, 5012
Seals (Impressions)
280(i)    n.d.
Blake Street in York, Robert of, glazier

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3801
Seals (Impressions)
280(ii)    n.d.
Blakiston, Ralph of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4528
Seals (Impressions)
281   1329
Blakiston, Roger of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, the head of an emporer.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5025
Seals (Impressions)
282   1376
Blakiston, Roger of
Used by William of Blakiston. For pedigree see S.D., III, 162. The arms, which are allusive to their manor of Coxhoe, are blasoned by Glover silver two bars and in chief three cocks gules. See also V.D., 18 et seq.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars and in chief three cocks, within a traceried compartment.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C16, 17
Seals (Impressions)
283   1331-1342
Blakiston, Roger of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, figure on horseback, a serpent beneath the horse.
Inscription: SIGILL:ROGERI:DE:BLAYKESTON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.25, 29; Misc.Ch. 3437, 3519, 3570, 3572, 3698, 3845, 4023c, 4412, 4566, 4616, 4753, 4930b, 5081h; Loc.XXVIII.9(11)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
284   1348-1358
Blakiston, Roger of
In 1345 he was a justice of assize for Durham and Sadberge (C.R. 31, p. 146).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, shield, within a triangular traceried panel, bears two bars and in chief three cocks.
Inscription: S' ROGERI DE:BLAYKESTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3422, 3632, 3727, 3789, 3834, 3937, 3977, 4044c, 4044d, 4121d, 4464, 4681, 4722, 4895   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
285   1396
Blakiston, William of
I.P.M. taken at Durham 1418 (C.R. 45, p. 167).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, R with foliage around it, surrounded by two circles, the outer one beaded, between which the legend runs.
Inscription: ✶ r... robert ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2118
Seals (Impressions)
286   1383
Blakiston, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, signet, W within a circle

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Ebor.11b
Seals (Impressions)
287    n.d.
Blaogir, Robert
Used by Robert, son of Richard of Hessewell
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight thick and eight thin rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI:BLAOGIR

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.6
Seals (Impressions)
288    n.d.
Blesensis, Richard
Styled Richard Blesensis of 'Klichenelei'
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a falcon preying upon another bird.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RICARDI DE KLICHEL

Seal attached to document reference: 5.4.Elemos.1
Seals (Impressions)
289    n.d.
Bliburgh, Geoffrey of
Styled son of Robert of Bliburgh
In the diocese of Lincoln.
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL .. LFRIDI:DE BLIBR'G

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.13
Seals (Impressions)
290    n.d.
Bliburgh, Martin of
Styled Martin, son of Robert of Bliburg
Size: 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a conventional device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MARTINI DE BLIBVRG

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.7
Seals (Impressions)
291   1302
Blithe, William of
Styled William of Blyth, son of Adam of Newerke
Blyth in Nottinghamshire.
Size: -
Seal design: A fragment only, apparently oval and device a star.
Inscription: ... DE BLITH ✠

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
292    n.d.
Blyth, William of
Used by William, son of Adam of Newerk. Blyth in Nottinghamshire.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of sixteen rays.
Inscription: S' WILLELMIS D' BLIDA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.10
Seals (Impressions)
293   1303
Blyth, William of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of seven rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI D' BLITHE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.11
Seals (Impressions)
294   1332
Blythe, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a conventional cross-shaped device within a quatrefoil.
Inscription: ✠ S' WIL... DE BLYTHA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
295    n.d.
Blokeley, William of
Styled parson of the church of 'Billington'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: .. LL:WILLI:DE:BLOKLE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 374
Seals (Impressions)
296    n.d.
Blunde, Rosamund
Styled Rosamund of Spen, formerly wife of Sir John of Egleston, knight
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend between two roses.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROSAMVN DE BLVNDE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.30
Seals (Impressions)
297   1379
Blunt(?), Thomas of
Used by Joan, daughter of William of Whitprays.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three boars' heads (?).
Inscription: ✶ Sigillum ♠ thome ♠ blun [?]

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.74
Seals (Impressions)
298   1448
Boet, Richard de le
The seal is used by Thomas Bradbery, master or warden (magister sive custos) of the monks of Wearmouth.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross crosslet within a quatrefoil.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI DE LE BOET

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.7   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
299   1339-1382
Boys, Robert of
Used by William of Farnham and others, it was originally the seal of Robert, son of John of Boys of Hessewell. The arms, which are blasoned by Glover, silver on oak tree vert, are probably canting. See R.P.D. II, 1290 and S.D., I 19.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an oak tree with acorns, over all a fess.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI DE BOYS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1818, 2349, 3676, 3718, 3756, 4100e, 4044, 6156, 4970, 6762, 5051   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
300   1316
Boys, Thomas of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure with fawn.
Inscription: ✶ LAVS AMI SALTRVI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6155
Seals (Impressions)
301    n.d.
Bois, Walter del
cf. 2765
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WALTERI DEL BOIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Sacr.12; Misc.Ch. 727
Seals (Impressions)
302    n.d.
Boldon, Robert of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · ROBERTI · DE · BOLDVN

Seal attached to document reference: 5.4.Elemos.2
Seals (Impressions)
303   1250
Bollesdon, Ralph of
Now Bowsden in Northumberland, about eight miles north of Wooler.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' · RADVLFI D':BOLLISDV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.53, 54
Seals (Impressions)
304    n.d.
Bollesdon, Thomas of
Printed R.N.D., app., 136.
Size: 57 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a man walking holding bow in hand ready to shoot.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL TOME DE BOLESDVNE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.43   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
305    n.d.
Bollesdon, Thomas of
Printed R.N.D., app., 136.
Size: 57 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, six lozenges.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · TOME DE · BOLLESDVNE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.44, 45   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
306   1307
Bolton, Alan
Styled rector of the church of 'Ellewyk'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree upon which are two birds seated back to back. At foot a lion asleep and a rabbit opposite looking at him.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALANI DE BOLTOVN CLI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4267
Seals (Impressions)
307   1363
Bolton, John of
Jenyn's Ordinary blasons for Robert of Bolton, silver on a chevron gules three leopards gold. This seal is engraved S.D., seals, pl. II, No. 26.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron three lions passant.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM · IOHANNIS DE BOVLTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5075
Seals (Impressions)
308   1350
Bolton, Richard of
Used by Christina, daughter of Richard of Garmundsway and widow of Richard of Bolton.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron, between three voided cinquefoils, a ... between two molets.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI DE BOVLTOVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2318
Seals (Impressions)
309   1405
Bolton, Robert of
Placed where the seal of Robert of Bolton, canon of Howden, should be.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: TYNT TYNT.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.50
Seals (Impressions)
310   1318
Bolton, Simon of
Used by William Metinge of Botlesfeld.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: S' SIMON DE BOVILTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2462
Seals (Impressions)
310(i)    n.d.
Bolton, William of
Chaplain, steward of Sherburn Hospital/

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3956
Seals (Impressions)
311   1336
Bolum, Richard of, pelterer
Used by Richard of Bolum, skinner. For another seal of 1325, see Misc.Ch. 3732
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing with Christ in her arms. A figure in front praying, in background a plant with three flowers.
Inscription: MATER DEI MEMENTO MEI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
312   1265
Bonaventura, Hugolini
Styled a merchant of Siena
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure standing, with satchell over shoulder, holding a staff in left hand and a shield in right bearing on a bend three birds.
Inscription: ✠.VGOLINI BONAVENTVRE RUNEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3866, 4109f   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
313   1266
Bonaventura, Ugolinus
Styled a merchant of Siena
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lord on the Cross, at each side a demi figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ ISTOTEM ... OREL ... EMATO.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3901
Seals (Impressions)
314   1349
Boner, John
The seal is broken and only the shield left. It is used by John Boner, coroner of the ward of Easington.
Size: -
Seal design: Armorial, a chevron between three wolves' (?) heads raised.
Inscription: S' ......

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
315    n.d.
Boneville, Thomas of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Michael slaying the dragon.
Inscription: ✠ S THOME DE BONEVILE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
316   1299
Bonkill, Alexander of
cf. 2766
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three buckles.
Inscription: S ... ANDRI DE BONK..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6589
Seals (Impressions)
317   1320
Bonseignor
Styled a merchant of Florence
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a branch bearing a pear and two leaves in a decorated panel.
Inscription: ✠ S':BON SENOV ORE:IA COBI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4137
Seals (Impressions)
318   1310
Borley, Alice of
Used by Alice, wife of Thomas Sclater.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a long eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALICIE BORLEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1967, 1986
Seals (Impressions)
319    n.d.
Bost, Walter
Styled a burgess of Oxford
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, a wolf (?) rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' WALTERI BOST

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.22, 23   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
320   1445
Boswell, John
Styled kinsman and heir of Thomas Holden, deceased.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, armorial, three roundels each charged with (undecipherable).

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.45, 46
Seals (Impressions)
321   1424
Bothe, William of the
Clerk for the receipt of recognizances [under Statute Merchant] at York
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, armorial, a stalked trefoil, above it 'ales' beneath 'on', within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6722
Seals (Impressions)
322    n.d.
Botild, Richard
Size: 1. 44 x 35 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a rich fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILLVM:RICARDI:BOTILD

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Elemos.3
Seals (Impressions)
322(i)    n.d.
Botild, Joetta (wife of Richard above)
Size: 2. 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: 2. Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: 2. ✠ SIGILL:IOVETE · FILIE:BOTILD

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Elemos.3
Seals (Impressions)
323   1336
Bower, Gilbert
Used by William, son of Gilbert the Bower of Elvet.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a cross bow with roundel above and one on each side of handle.
Inscription: ✠ S' GIBT:BOVMAKER

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.2, 8
Seals (Impressions)
324   1320
Bowes, Adam of
Date 1320-1347 For pedigree see V.D., 36 et seq.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess, between three crosses moline, three crosses fitchy. A lacertine beast on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM:ADE:DE:BOWES

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3541, 3598, 3661, 3729, 3739, 3844, 4560, 4600, 4026, 4996, 4028b, 4078d, 4527, 4672, 4844, 4858, 4959e, 4930e, 5051a, 5069, 5068e; 2.14.Spec.35   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
325   1313-1314
Bowes, Adam of
His seal as sheriff.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mitre.
Inscription: B:O:W:S:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3497, 4039a   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
326   1315
Bowes, Adam of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, one beast, a dragon (?) on top of another beast, a flower in front.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3842
Seals (Impressions)
327   1311
Bowes, Adam of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep, within a traceried border (two interlaced squares).
Inscription: ... E ..GETE..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5019g, 3635, 4044e, 4742, 4766
Seals (Impressions)
328   1398
Bowes, John
Styled John del Bowes, son and heir of John del Bowes of Durham
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round, both device and legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.22
Seals (Impressions)
329   1358-1363
Bowes, John
Styled John del Bowes of Durham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a goat passant.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS DE BOVS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3783; 1.3.Sacr.20
Seals (Impressions)
330   1347
Bowes, Robert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, ermine three long bows paleways.
Inscription: SIGILLV ROBERTI DE BOWES

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Pont.10
Seals (Impressions)
331   1430
Bowes, William
Styled William 'del Bowes, chivaler'
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a bird, some lettering at sides very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.1, 2, 3
Seals (Impressions)
332   1408
Bowman, Margaret
Size: 13 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, device like a merchant's mark within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.5j
Seals (Impressions)
333   1409
Bowman, Margaret
Used by her but not her seal.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. John Baptist holding the Holy Lamb.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.23
Seals (Impressions)
334   1356
Boylant, Robert of
Used by William, son and heir of John Barthew, and John Barthew, clerk, his brother.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross between two molets in chief and two crescents in base, three quatrefoils on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI DE BOYLANT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.44, 68
Seals (Impressions)
335   1437
Boynton, Christopher
A goat's head was the family crest.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a goat's head with a letter on each side (?) 'B'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6002
Seals (Impressions)
336    n.d.
Boynton, Ingram of
The document names Joan his wife. Willement's roll of Richard II blasons this shield gold a fess between three crescents gules, for Thomas of Boynton. See A.A., 3rd ser., III, 256, and for pedigree, V.Y., 8. Printed FPD, 154n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three crescents with a label of three points.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL INGERAM DE BOV ...VNE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1056
Seals (Impressions)
337   1399
Boynton, Thomas of
2. Used by his son Henry.
Size: 1. 10 mm.Size: 2. 5 mm.
Seal design: 1. Signet, three crescents back to back, each enclosing 'B'.2. Signet, a trefoil leaf.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4425
Seals (Impressions)
338    n.d.
Boynton, William of
Styled son of Ingram of Boynton; William of Acklam was his uncle. Both printed FPD, 155n.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bare-headed man with dress to his knees, holding a chalice, cord round his waist.
Inscription: ✠ S' :WILLELM:DE:BOVINTV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2061, 2062   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
339   1331-1333
Boynton, William of
Styled brother of master Thomas of Boynton.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a king seated holding a sword in right hand and a separate in left. On the sinister side a figure kneels and prays to him.
Inscription: S' SHO ...IM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4381, 6051, 5006
Seals (Impressions)

Boys: see 299 - 300
340    n.d.
Braban, John of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, a pair of scissors (?).

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Elemos.9
Seals (Impressions)
341    n.d.
Braban, John of
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pair of scissors.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANIS DE BRABAN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Elemos.11
Seals (Impressions)
342   1358
Braban, John
Used by John of Bellasis.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an eagle displayed, a fleur-de-lys on each wing.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS BRABEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.77
Seals (Impressions)
343   1402
Braban, William
Used by William, son of John Randolf of Durham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial (undecipherable)
Inscription: ✶ Wilelmi ★ braban

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1930
Seals (Impressions)
344    n.d.
Brewer, Eustace
Styled Eustace of Fery, called the brewer
Depicts Eustace brewing at his mash tub. The charter is printed FPD, 65n.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure wearing a long gown with hood thrown back, mashing at a high tub with six girths.
Inscription: ✠ S' EVSTACII . BRECIATOR

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
345    n.d.
Bradbery, Adam
Styled Adam, son of Geoffrey of 'Bradberi'
Bradbury in Durham, near Sedgefield.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:ADE:FILII:GALFRIDI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Elemos.5
Seals (Impressions)
346    n.d.
Bradbery, Christiana
Styled Cristiana, formerly wife of Adam, son of Geoffrey of Bradbery
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star
Inscription: S' CRISTIANEI VXOR AD . BRAB

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
347    n.d.
Bradbery, Geoffrey of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GALFRIDI DE BREDBE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Elemos.1
Seals (Impressions)
348    n.d.
Bradbery, Walter
Styled Walter, son of Walter of Durham
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a cross (16 x 19 mm).
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI DE BRADBERI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.12
Seals (Impressions)
349    n.d.
Bradbery, Walter of
Same person as No. 348.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a Greek cross.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI DE BRADBERI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.11
Seals (Impressions)
350    n.d.
Bradbery, Walter of
Same person as No. 348.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a Greek cross.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.8
Seals (Impressions)
351   1214x1233
Bradbery, William of
Styled William, son of Adam of Bradbery
Date is time for Ralph, Prior of Durham (1214-1233). See FPD, 62n.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the moon and seven stars.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLELMI:FILII:ADE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.7, 8; 2.1.Elemos.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
352   1315
Bradey, Eleanor
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star
Inscription: ✠ S... ENE BRADIE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2206
Seals (Impressions)
353    n.d.
Brady, John, junior
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS ... BRADE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.18.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
354   1312
Bradey, John
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk on glove.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.18.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
355    n.d.
Brady, Walter
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI BRADEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2441
Seals (Impressions)
356    n.d.
Bradey, William
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILELMI BRADEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2210
Seals (Impressions)
357   1313
Brady, Guy
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a chalice.
Inscription: S WIDO CAPELANI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2211
Seals (Impressions)
358    n.d.
Brady, Wydo
Styled Wydo Bradey, son of William Bradey, chaplain of Durham
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a chalice above it a hand in act of benediction.
Inscription: ✠ S' DOMINI · VDONI · BRADI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1893
Seals (Impressions)
359    n.d.
Bradley, Joulain of
Styled Joulain, son of Adam of Bradeley
Printed FPD, 179n.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S'IOLAIN · DE · BRADELEY

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
360    n.d.
Bradley, Joulain of
Printed FPD 179n.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a full-faced woman's head.
Inscription: ✠ IE SVI SEEL DAMOR LE...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
361    n.d.
Bradley, William of
Printed P.F., 55.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing on a dragon
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLELMI DE BRADELEHE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 362; 1.1.Finc.22
Seals (Impressions)
362   1342
Brafferton, William of
Apparently used by William of Brafferton, vicar of Billingham
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. Andrew on his cross.
Inscription: MITIS SIM APOSTOLORVM

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.18   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
363    n.d.
Brai, Hugh of
Size: -
Seal design: Round, imperfect, equestrian, knight with sword, and shield held close to body.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B65*
Seals (Impressions)
363(i)    n.d.
Brak, William, of Auckland

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4013*
Seals (Impressions)
364   1392
Brakenbury, Cecilia of
Used by Thomas of Brakenbury or Alan of Cotesford ?
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, a lion rampant. Above the shield a human face.
Inscription: S' CECILIE · DE · BRAKINBER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2326
Seals (Impressions)
365   1353
Brakenbury, Cecilia of
Used by Cecilia, who was the wife of Peter of Brakenbury. I.P.M. at Durham, 6 May 1370 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM PHILIIPI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5572
Seals (Impressions)
366   1340
Brakenbury, Peter of
I.P.M. at Durham, 19 March 1348/49 (C.R., 45). For pedigree see S.D., IV, 19. Glover blasons for Brakenbury of Durham gold fretty sable and also silver three chevrons braced sable, this last shield is the one given in the Visitations.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend. A lacertine beast on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRI DE BRAKINBIRI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6212
Seals (Impressions)
367   1372
Brakenbury, Thomas of
Used by Thomas of Brackenbury, or Alan of Cotesford.
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing, a figure kneels to her.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2326
Seals (Impressions)
368   1252
Brakenbury, William of
Size: 32 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a falcon standing, below it a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI:DE:BRACKINBE..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.41
Seals (Impressions)
369    n.d.
Brand, Aubrey
Styled Lady Aubrea, formerly wife of Jacob, son of Brand of Lincoln
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALBE . VXSORIS IAC .

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.15
Seals (Impressions)
370   1306
Brand, Peter
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a molet of six points.
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRI BRAND

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
371    n.d.
Brand, Walter
Styled Walter Brand, son of Jacob Brand of Lincoln
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a sheathed sword.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:WALTERI ...ND

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.13
Seals (Impressions)
372   1556
Brandling, Sir Robert
For pedigree, see S.D., II. 90.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, a tree trunk with leaves at side and (?) flames coming out of the top.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6106
Seals (Impressions)
373   1267
Brandon, Peter of
Used by Peter of Brandon, constable of Durham. He was also rector of Long Newton (FPD, 200a).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tonsured head in profile.
Inscription: ✠ SIGNVM:FERO:FIDEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4015   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
374   1260
Brandon, Peter of
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the keys of St. Peter.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM PETRI DE BRANDON

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.36   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
375   1289-1300
Brandon, Reginald of
Styled Reginald of Brandon, canon of the church of St. Paul, London
He held the prebend of Sneating in St Paul's, London, c.1279-1305. In 1315 he was prebendary of Greencroft in the church of Lanchester (R.P.D., 1086).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a lion walking, tail ending in a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ S' · REGINALDI:DE:BRAVNDONE:CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4036, 4887, 5111
Seals (Impressions)
376    n.d.
Brandon, Eustace of
Styled Eustace, son of Robert of Brandon
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Michael slaying the dragon.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Elemos.4
Seals (Impressions)
377   1364
Brandon, Hugh of
Used by Johanna, widow of John of Whelpdale.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial shield, in traceried panel, bearing on a bend three cinquefoils (?)
Inscription: Sigillum hugonis brandone

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
378   1364
Brandon, Hugh of
Used by John of Fencotes on his acquittance.
Size: -
Seal design: Same seal as No. 377.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3772
Seals (Impressions)
379    n.d.
Branxton, Agnes
Styled Agnes, daughter of Margaret of Bollesdon
Branxton in Northumberland, a few miles north-west of Wooler.
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV · AGNETIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.51
Seals (Impressions)
380    n.d.
Branxton, Alexander of
Styled Alexander, son of Ralph of Branxton
Printed R.N.D., app., 140, No. 786.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle, above it the end of the legend cut upside down.
Inscription: (the following is cut reversed) SIGILVMALESANDRBRN + KESTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
381    n.d.
Branxton, Christiana of
Styled Christiana, formerly wife of John, marshall of Branxton
Printed R.N.D., app., 139, No. 781.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a flowered crosslike device.
Inscription: ✠ S' CRISTINI DE BRANKISTV

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
382    n.d.
Branxton, Dolfin of
1. Used by Dolfin, husband of Matilda of Branxton. 2.Used by Roger, husband of Amabil of Branxton. For nature of charter see R.N.D., app., 139.
Size: 1. 38 mm.Size: 2. 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a fleur-de-lys.2. Oval, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: 1. ...LL DOL:FIN DE...2. ✠ S' R... ALANI·

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
383    n.d.
Branxton, John of
Styled John 'Marescallus' of Brankeston
This charter of the family of Branxton printed R.N.D., app., 139, No. 780.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an ornate fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHIS MARESKALDI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.12, 7, 11
Seals (Impressions)
384    n.d.
Branxton, Christiana of
Styled Christiana, wife of John 'Marescallus' of Branxton, and daughter of Theobald of Branxton
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a plain fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: Legend (letters reversed): ✠ SIGILL CRISTIAN DE BRAN.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.12, 7, 8
Seals (Impressions)
385    n.d.
Branxton, Matilda of
Styled Matilda, daughter of Theobald of Branxton
Size: 44 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys reversed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:MATILDE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.12, 8, 9
Seals (Impressions)
386    n.d.
Branxton, Amabile of
Styled Amabile, daughter of Theobald of Branxton
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rude floriated design.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM' AMABILE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.12, 9, 11
Seals (Impressions)
387    n.d.
Branxton, Ralph of
Printed R.N.D., app., 137, No. 772.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pair of branks.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RADVL FILI GILEBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.50
Seals (Impressions)
388    n.d.
Branxton, Ralph of
Printed R.N.D., app., 138, No. 773.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pair of branks reversed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RAVL . FILII GILBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.49; 1.2.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
389    n.d.
Branxton, William of
Printed R.N.D., app., 138, No. 774.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pair of branks between a crescent and a star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILELMI:DE:BRANEKIST

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.46, 47, 48   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
390   1344
Bredekirk, John of
Now Bradkirk in the hundred of Amounderness, Lancashire. (VCH: Lancashire, VII, 156 and note).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three bars within a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS DE BREDEKIRKE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.40   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
391   1284
Brempton, Adam of
Styled Adam of Brempton, vicar of Auckland
He was the official of bishop Bek in 1285. See no. 3173 where this gem is used as secretum to the seal of the officiality (now missing).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure wearing a helmet, spear and shield lying at his feet.
Inscription: ✠ S' ADE DE BREMPTONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3427
Seals (Impressions)
392    n.d.
Brenner, Robert
Styled Robert Brenner of Whittonstall
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion's face.
Inscription: ✶ CREDE MICHI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5500
Seals (Impressions)
393   1370
Bre.tor, Thomas of
Used by Robert of Fenrother.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fleur-de-lys, a cross with two streamers above the shield.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOMAES BRE·TOR

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5594a, 5594c
Seals (Impressions)
394   1382
Brette, Thomas of
Used by Thomas of Walworth, minor.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a pale, in dexter chief a boar's head; shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: SIG THOME DE BRETTE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
395   1339
Bridlington, Adam of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady crowned and Christ standing, a figure praying to them. Background diapered with flowers.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLV:ADE · DE · BRIDLINGTON CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3611   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
396    n.d.
Brinkelawe, John of
Styled John of Brinkelawe of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Used by Dionysia, wife of John of Brinklawe.
Size: 2. 16 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, antique gem, a male head.2. Round, Our Lady and Christ seated, in a cusped and traceried panel.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.108
Seals (Impressions)
397    n.d.
Britanny, Alan, Earl of
Earl of Brittany and 4th earl of Richmond (1137), founder of Jervaulx abbey; died 30 March 1146 (O.B., III, 106).
Size: 86 mm.
Seal design: Obverse: round, equestrian, knight with long shield and sword. Peaked helment with nasal, trellised armour and embroidered saddle cloth.
Reverse: equestrian, knight with long concave shield and spear with pennon, trellised armour and peaked helmet with nasal piece.
Inscription: Obverse: ✠ S' ...NGLIIE ET BRITANNE Reverse: ✠ ALANI · VERAMVCI...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Ebor.12   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
398    n.d.
Britanny, Conan, Duke of
Succeeded as 5th earl of Richmond, 1146, duke of Brittany, 1156, married Margaret, sister of Malcolm IV, King of Scotland, died 1171 (O.B., III, 107).
Size: 89 mm.
Seal design: Obverse: round, equestrian, knight with peaked helmet and nasal piece and tunic of trellised armour to knees, holding a heavy sword with straight quillons, and ruond pommel, shield, with straight top rounded off, shews inside only. Horse has an embroidered saddle cloth.
Reverse: equestrian, knight with spear and concave shield. Peaked helmet with nasal piece and tunic slit to knees.
Inscription: Obverse: ✠ SIGILLVM C ...ICHEMVNDIE Reverse: ✠ SIGILLVM CO · AN DV ...RITANNIE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.43   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
399    n.d.
Britle, Nicholas of
Size: 25 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure under canopy holding two keys in left hand, and in right .. (?)
Inscription: S' NICHOL ... BRIT..

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.51b
Seals (Impressions)
400   1266
Britling, Gilbert of
Styled a citizen of York
Size: 25 x19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two clasped hands.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI DE BRITLING

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.3
Seals (Impressions)
401   1282
Britling, Gilbert of
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird holding a branch in its beak and with its head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILB'TI BRITLING

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.4
Seals (Impressions)
402    n.d.
Brito, William
Printed FPD, 148n and 149n.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a quadriga.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILELMI BRITONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.30, 38
Seals (Impressions)
403    n.d.
Brito, William
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: ✠ SIGNVM:SECRETI:WILLELMI:BRITON'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc. 6509
Seals (Impressions)
404   1297
Drokensford, John of
See also 814, and Raine's History of Hemingbrough , p. 50.
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, ..., antique gem (?), a lion standing on a bull.
Inscription: ... LVM: .... BROK...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.26
Seals (Impressions)
405   1293
Brocksfield, Alexander of
Broxfield, in the parish of Embleton; Alexander was chief customary tenant in Newton-by-the=Sea (N.C.H., II, 85n). This charter is printed, ibid., 233n.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALEXANDRI D' BROCKESF..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
406   1278
Brocksfield, Philip of
Printed N.C.H., II, 232n.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure standing holding in right hand (?)
Inscription: ✠ S' FILIPPI DE BROCKESFELD

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
407   1313
Brome, Avicia of
Styled Amicia, who was the wife of Peter of the Brome
Size: 25 x19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of eight points.
Inscription: S' AVICIE D' BRVMV.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
408   1333
Brome, John of the, of Newcastle
Size: 19 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crowned female figure holding in her left hand a circle enclosing a cross.
Inscription: IEO SVI · I · PV · HEIRI ·

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3459, 3715, 4718
Seals (Impressions)
409    n.d.
Brome, Peter of the
2. Used by Amicia, wife of Peter.
Size: 1.22 mm.Size: 2. 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a star of eight points.2. Oval, an elongated star of eight points.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' PETRI BROME2. ✠ S' ALICIE D'GERN..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.10, 28
Seals (Impressions)
410   1281
Brome, Simon of the
Used by Simon of the Brome
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird (heron?) standing.
Inscription: ✠ S' A....ERER

Seal attached to document reference: 4.15.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
411    n.d.
Broom, Gilbert of
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S GILEBERTI DE BRVN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.113
Seals (Impressions)
412   1305
Broom, Walter of the
Styled Walter, called 'del Brome'.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: S' WALTERI D' BRVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.35; 1.7.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
413   1335
Broune, Matilda of
Styled Matilda, daughter of Walter of Broune
Walter is styled of the street of St Giles' in Durham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an anvil with hammer above.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
414   1326
Broune, Thomas
Styled 'de l'ostel nostre seigneur le Roi'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, charges undecipherable, the shield is placed within a square and that within a quatrefoil in the compartments of which are the evangelistic symbols.
Inscription: ✠ S ...ONE ✠ ER · VR

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4759
Seals (Impressions)
415   1504
Brown, John, junior
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, within a corded border a cock in front of him 'B'.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.10
Seals (Impressions)
416    n.d.
Brown, Robert
Styled Robert Brun of Norham
Printed R.N.D., app., 132, No. 745. He was proctor of Norham; see R.N.D., 261n.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird standing with raised wings.
Inscription: SIGILL ROBERTI BRVN DE NOR

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
417   1425
Brown, Thomas
Styled of 'Elyngeham'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round,
Inscription: ✠ S' ANROST · FALST X

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
418   1219
Brun, Richard
1 & 2 are the same seal.
Size: 1. 29 x 25 mm.Size: 1. 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a bull walking.2. Oval, antique gem, a lion walking.
Inscription: 1. .... ILL . RICARDI:BRVN2. ....LL RICARDI:BRV..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
419   1298
Brumpton, William of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE BR..

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
420    n.d.
Bruncoste, Alan
No. 29 is printed S.D., II, 363; No. 34 is printed FPD, 72n.
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALANI BRVNCOSTE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.29, 34
Seals (Impressions)
421   1307
Bruninghill, John of
Styled rector of the church of the Blessed Mary, Oxford
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a kneeling figure, above him the Holy Lamb, before him a shield with a heron like bird upon it, above shield is a crown.
Inscription: S' MAG .... OH ... DE ... NIGHIL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.41
Seals (Impressions)
422   1342
Bruninghill, John of
See S.D., I, 199. Probably a Redman seal.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend three lozenges, over all a label of five points.
Inscription: ✠ S' NORMANNI DE...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.19
Seals (Impressions)
423   1240
Bruninghill, Roger of
Styled Roger, son of Alan of Bruninghill
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent, above it a star with six wavy rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI · DE · BRVNINGHILL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.13.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
424   1289
Bruninghill, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: (Broken), antique gem, a cock.
Inscription: ✶ SEC .... DE BRVNIGHIL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4109e
Seals (Impressions)
425    n.d.
Bruntoft, Agnes of
Styled Agnes, daughter of Walter Mumpere of Bruntoft
Bruntoft is near Hartlepool in the parish of Elwick (S.D., III, 88).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent, above it a star with five wavy rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETIS ...TE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 158
Seals (Impressions)
426   1338
Bruntoft, Anastasia of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rabbit sitting.
Inscription: ✶ SOHOV ROBE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4277
Seals (Impressions)
427   1311-1316
Bruntoft, Andrew of
He was mayor of Hartlepool in 1315 (S.D., III, 106 and note). Also used, in 1315/6, by Nicolas, the son of Andrew.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a falcon seated upon a gloved hand.
Inscription: ✶ S' ANDRE DE BRVNTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3730, 4654, 5076, 5076*
Seals (Impressions)
428   1343
Bruntoft, Cuthbert of
Used by Cuthbert, son of William of Bruntoft.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a male head.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct: * IOE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.80, 82
Seals (Impressions)
429   1352
Bruntoft, John of
Used by John, styled Lord of Bruntoft.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an oak tree with beast at foot.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
430    n.d.
Bruntoft, Philip of
Styled Lord of Bruntoft
See S.D., III, 88.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' PHILIPI DE BRVNTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Elemos.4
Seals (Impressions)
431   1268
Bruntoft, Philip of
Styled lord of Bruntoft, son and heir of the lord Robert of Bruntoft. Engraved S.D. seals, pl. II, No. 33.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ S' · PHILIPI · DE BRVNTOFT ·

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6114, 6118; 4.1.Elemos.1, 13; 5.1.Elemos.1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 24*, 26, 32
Seals (Impressions)
432    n.d.
Bruntoft, Philip of
A smaller and ruder seal than No. 431.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ S' FILIPI DE BRVNTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Elemos.5, 6, 7, 10
Seals (Impressions)
433    n.d.
Bruntoft, Ranulph of
Styled Ranulph, chaplain, son of Bertram of Bruntoft.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a stag, with his head turned back, standing admidst conventional foliage.
Inscription: ✠ S' RANVLFI:DE B'NTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 92, 130
Seals (Impressions)
434   1315
Bruntoft, Simon of
Styled Simon, son of Alexander of Bruntoft
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: .... RVT ..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 161, 175
Seals (Impressions)
435   1367
Bruntoft, Simon of
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS DE BRVNTOF

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6122
Seals (Impressions)
436    n.d.
Bruntoft, Simon of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: SIGILL SIMON ....R

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.4
Seals (Impressions)
437   1310-1313
Bruntoft, Simon
Styled Simon, son of Alexander of Bruntoft
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS D' BRVT...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 161, 175, 6123
Seals (Impressions)
438    n.d.
Bruntoft, Stephen of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a winged monster.
Inscription: ✠ S' SETFANI DE BRVNTOFT

Seal attached to document reference: 5.1.Elemos.16, 18
Seals (Impressions)
439    n.d.
Bruntoft, Walter of
Styled Walter, son of Stephen of Bruntoft
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a rude flower like device.
Inscription: S' WALT'I ... STEF...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 177
Seals (Impressions)
440   1354
Bruntoft, Walter of
Styled Walter, son of John of Bruntoft
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, a bird within a six pointed star around which are the letters:
Inscription: ✶ LELSV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 99
Seals (Impressions)
441   1342
Brus, Eda
Used by John, son and heir of John Benet of Darlington.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk standing upon a round object.
Inscription: ✠ S' EDE BRVS DE D....

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.35
Seals (Impressions)
442    n.d.
Brus, Peter of
See S.D., III, 94, 100 and note; also R.P.D., III, 47. See also Guisboro' Chartulary passim (S.S., nos 86, 89). Glover's roll of Henry III blasons this shield, silver a lion rampant azure.
Size: 67 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in chain mail and circular flat topped helmet, sword in hand and on left arm a shield bearing a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM PETRI Ψ DE Ψ BRVS Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
443    n.d.
Brus, Robert of
Printed P.F., 134; also S.D., III, 388. The shield is blasoned in Guillim's roll and Jenyn's Ordinary, gold a saltire gules on a chief gules a leopard gold.
Size: 60 mm.Size: Secretum: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, shield heart shaped, bearing a saltire and on a chief a leopardSecretum: round, armorial, the charges are the same as on the principal seal.
Inscription: .... E..Secretum: ✠ SECRETVM · ROBERTI · DE · BRVS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Finc.52   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
444    n.d.
Brus, Robert of
Printed FPD, 138n.
Size: 57 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys upon the lower stem of which a bird is seated pecking at the seeds.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · ROBERT ..E BRVES

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
445    n.d.
Brus, Robert of
Printed FPD, 131n.
Size: 57; Secretum:22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys, a dot on either side of the stem.
Secretum, round, a pretty floriated cruciform device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RODBERTI IVVENIS DE BRVS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
446    n.d.
Brus, William of
Printed FPD, 138n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion walking.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLELMI DE BRVS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.2
Seals (Impressions)
447   1344-1348
Bryan, John
Styled clerk and notary public.
Size: 22 mmSize: Secretum: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady holding a cross within a circle, St. John Baptist holding the Holy Lamb within a circle. A demi figure praying. A flower between the figures.Secretum: round, a geometrical device with a small cinquefoil at the centre.
Inscription: ✶ ANGILVS BAPTISTA X . I .. TAKATINSecretum: ... CE D . PA . A . CT . I . H ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4215, 4044f, 4247, 4374   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
447(i)    n.d.
Buche or Buthe, Roger

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4731
Seals (Impressions)
448    n.d.
Bugthorp, Hameline of
Husband of Margery of Ulcotes (see no. 2502).
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HAMELINI DE BVGETORP

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
449   1352
Bugthorp, William of
Used by William, son and heir of William of Bugthorp.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. John Baptist's head in a dish.
Inscription: ✶ CAPVD IOHIS IN DISCO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1858
Seals (Impressions)
450   1432
Bukley, Richard
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a plant with large flower (lily?)
Inscription: MARIA ... ES MEA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6443
Seals (Impressions)
451   1439
Bukley, Richard
Used by Richard Bukley, clerk. The seal of Skelton, see Misc.Ch. 1885.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, armorial, a fess engrailed between three molets.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1721
Seals (Impressions)
452    n.d.
Bule, Ranulf
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star with wavy rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' RANVLFI BVLE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2461
Seals (Impressions)
453   1474
Bulmer, Alice
Styled widow, sister and heiress of John Herrington, chaplain.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a stalked cinquefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.112
Seals (Impressions)
454   1400
Bulmer, Ralph of
Seal 2. probably used by George, younger son of Ralph Bulmer.
Seal 3. used by Agnes, wife of Ralph Bulmer.
For pedigree see V.Y., 198; S.D., I, 79, and for his connection with Simonside, S.D., II, 104. The shield is blasoned for Sir Ralph Bulmer, gules billety and a lion rampant gold (Parl. Roll, Ed. II). From the third seal attached to this charter it would seem that his wife Agnes was a daughter of the house of Conyers.
Size: 1. 38 mm.Size: 2. 13 mm.Size: 3. 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, billetty and a lion rampant.2. Signet, octagonal, a bull, the background billetty, surrounded by a corded border.3. Signet, oblong, a maunch with 'Johan (?) conyers' and a spray.
Inscription: ✶ Sigillvm : radulphe : de : bulmer :

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
455   1485-1486
Bulmer, Ralph of
Styled Ralph Bulmer, knight, son and heir of William Bulmer, late of Wilton, knight
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant, in an orle of six billets; on each side of shield is a branch and above it 'enbonn'.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Spec.1, 2, 3; 1.5.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
456   1442
Bulmer, Ralph of
Styled Lord of Wilton
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a bull in front of a tree and above it 'abnoint'.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.39, 40
Seals (Impressions)
457   1486
Bulmer, Robert
Styled son and heir of William Bulmer, knight
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, 'ihc' with some letters beneath, all in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
458   1511
Bulmer, William
Styled William Bulmer, of Hartlepool, esquire
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a winged monster with tail ending in a serpent's head.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.25; 2.10.Spec.35
Seals (Impressions)
459   1490
Bulmer, William
Used by William Bulmer of Wilton, junior, armiger, son and heir of the late Ralph Bulmer, knight. On 2.4.Spec.24, this seal is used by W. Raket and is probably his. cf. 2055. The same seal is used by John Raket, no. 2055.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag, at speed, in front of a tree. Inscription above it.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.36, 37
Seals (Impressions)
460   1497-1521
Bulmer, Sir William
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a 'Gothic' shield shaped seal charged with a bull standing.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.22, 1.5.Spec.42
Seals (Impressions)
461   1362-1363
Burdon, Alice of
Styled sister and one of the heirs of John of Burdon. Burdon is north east of Darlington in the parish of Haughton le Skerne.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three (undecipherable).
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 312, 313, 6215
Seals (Impressions)
462    n.d.
Burdon, Aline of
Styled Aline, formerly wife of Roger, son of Acaris of Burdon
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with raised wings, in front of it a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: SILL ALINE DE TVNESTAL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
463   1348
Burdon, Cecilia of
Used by Cecilia, widow of Alexander of Burdon.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing with Christ in her arms and a figure kneeling to them.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI DE BVR .. CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
464   1326
Burdon, Gilbert of
Styled Gilbert of Burdon, vicar of Bedlington
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing, holding Christ, a figure kneeling prays to them.
Inscription: ✶ S' GILBERTI DE BVRTEN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
465   1380
Burdon, Gilbert of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a 'bourdon' paleways between four molets.
Inscription: ✶ R .... (Very indistinct).

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.47; 4.10.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
466   1359
Burdon, Agnes of
For nature of charter see S.D., III, 343.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag's head cabossed, a cross between the horns.
Inscription: S'I .. ADIDE .. BATIMRY

Seal attached to document reference: 6.1.Elemos.20
Seals (Impressions)
467   1345
Burdon, Hugh of
Styled Hugh, son of Gilbert of Burdon
For other seals used by him, see 3.10.Spec.50, 53, 54, 56.
See S.D., III, 343.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a falcon on a hare.
Inscription: ✶ SOHOV SOHOV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.52
Seals (Impressions)
468   1338-1344
Burdon, Hugh
I.P.M., 2 November 1349 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, three 'bourdons' paleways, the background powdered with crosses crosslet.
Inscription: ✶ S' · HVGONIS:BVRDOVN:

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.29; Misc.Ch. 1978, 6095   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
469   1360
Burdon, John
Styled John of Burdon, forester of the park of Auckland
The colours of the Burdon arms are usually azure with golden charges; see Glover's, Jenyn's and Military rolls.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two 'bourdons' saltireways.
Inscription: ✠ sigillvm : johannis : bordon

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
470    n.d.
Burdon, John of
With the consent of his wife, Petronille, he grants to God and St Cuthbert and to St Godric and the hermitage at Finchale, lands in the town of Burdon.
Size: 51 x 38 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHANNIS DE BIRDENA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 332; 1.1.Finc.17
Seals (Impressions)
471   1348
Burdon, Robert of
Used by Robert, son and heir of Alexander of 'Byrden'.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a male bust.
Inscription: IEO SVYSEEL PRIVE . ELEEL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
472   1331
Burdon, Roger of
Used by Roger, son of William, lord of Burden. See S.D., III, 343.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire between four escallops (?)
Inscription: ✶ S' ... DE BARDVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 308
Seals (Impressions)
473    n.d.
Burdon, Roger of
Styled Roger, son of Acharis
Styled son of Akary.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in helmet with knob and nasal piece and sword in hand.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI F.... ACARIE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
474    n.d.
Burdon, Roger
Styled Roger, son of Acaris of Burdon, or on one occasion, of Tunstall
Nos. 1 and 3 are printed FPD, 45n; Nos. 2, 4, 9-12, ibid., 147n et seq.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion walking.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI DE TVNESTALE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12
Seals (Impressions)
475    n.d.
Burdon, Roger of
Styled Roger son of Akaris of Burdon.
Printed FPD, 149n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a beast with long snout and floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI DE DVNSTAL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.6, 8
Seals (Impressions)
476    n.d.
Burdon, Roger of
Styled Roger, son of Roger of Burdon
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: SIGIL ROGERI RIL' ROGERI DE TVNSTAL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
477    n.d.
Burdon, Roger of
Same man as 476. Printed FPD, 149n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: SIGILL ROGERI FIL ROGERI DE T

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.14   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
478    n.d.
Burdon, Roger of
Printed P.F., 78 and 79.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight, with sword and shield, peaked helmet with nasal.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ROGERI ...V

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.19   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
479   1356
Burdon, Thomas of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 414
Seals (Impressions)
480    n.d.
Burdon, William of
Used by William Burdon of Haswell.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a molet between three martlets. cf. 1257.
Inscription: S RICARDI DE HERLEY

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.30, 32
Seals (Impressions)
481    n.d.
Burdon, William of
Styled William of Burdon, son of Roger of Biscoptun
The second seal used by the emperor Charles the Great, was a very similar gem, both in size and general appearance ( Les Sceaux , Lecoy de la Marche, p.22).
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, head of Jupiter Serapis.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILELMI D' BVRDVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2332   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
482    n.d.
Bure, Walter of the
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight pointed star
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTER DEL BVR

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.99
Seals (Impressions)
483   1180
Burel, Hugh
See P.F., 3; and S.D., I, 97.
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an animal running with head turned back and open mouth.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ... H ... BVREL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.28, 29
Seals (Impressions)
484    n.d.
Burel, Roger
Printed P.F., 56, 57.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire between four cinquefoils.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI BVREL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Finc.17
Seals (Impressions)
485   1303
Burges, Andrew
He is styled chaplain of the church of St Mary of Wearmouth.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a grotesque beast standing between two plants and with a star above its head.
Inscription: ✶ IESVTY PAR FORT AMVR

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3864
Seals (Impressions)
486
Duplicate entry for next, not used.
Seals (Impressions)
487    n.d.
Burges, Andrew
One of the parochial chaplains of St Mary's, Wearmouth
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a squirrel cracking a nut.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2336
Seals (Impressions)
488    n.d.
Burges, Walter
Styled chaplain.
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a king seated on a throne holding a sceptre in his right hand. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: DIA .. E PRIS WALTONA . PCEM

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
488(i)    n.d.
Burgh, William of, clerk

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3757
Seals (Impressions)
488(ii)    n.d.
Burghard, Gilbert

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4677
Seals (Impressions)
489   1310
Burley, Alice
Styled Alice, wife of Thomas Sclater
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S ALICIE BORLEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1967, 1986
Seals (Impressions)
490   1353
Burton, John of
Used by Nicholas of Bishopton, vicar of the church of St Oswald, near Durham.
Size: 25 x 38 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing with Christ on her left arm.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS DE BVRTVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2400   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
490(i)    n.d.
Burton, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4873
Seals (Impressions)
491    n.d.
Burton, Nicholas of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a standing figure.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3508, 3879, 3888
Seals (Impressions)
491(i)    n.d.
Burton, Richard of
Chaplain, celebrating at Harraton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5110d
Seals (Impressions)

492: Burton, Robert, styled Archdeacon of Northumberland, precentor of Lincoln and rector of Bliburgh, see 3278.
493    n.d.
Burton, Roger of
See N.C.H., II, 275 and note.
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a winged monster with twisted tail.
Inscription: .... PC ...IT . NOBIS . GRA..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.25   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
494   1334
Burton, Thomas of
Styled one of the executors of Robert of Pickering, dean of St Peter's York.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars between five 'burrs', three in chief and two in base.
Inscription: ✶ S' THO .. DE BVR...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4113
Seals (Impressions)
495   1308
Butcher, Bona of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of four rays with stalked flower between them.
Inscription: ✠ S' BON FILII ADE BVCHER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2002
Seals (Impressions)
496    n.d.
Butler, Adam the
Styled Adam, son of Richard the butler of Warton
Warton on the Ribble in the hundred of Amounderness, in the county of Lancaster.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ADE LE BVTE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.31
Seals (Impressions)
497    n.d.
Butler, Edmund
A 14th century seal attached to three deeds of early date, all granting lands to the almoner of Durham (note by W.G.).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chief indented three covered cups. Crest, upon a barred helmet with mantling, a plume. A spray upon each side of helmet.
Inscription: S' EDMVNDI BOTELIRE

Seal attached to document reference: 6.1.Elemos.14, 15; 3.2.Elemos.3; 1.4.Elemos.1, 15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
498    n.d.
Butler, Eustace
Styled Eustace, son of Richard the butler of Warton
In Lancashire; this and the following charters refer to the cell at Lytham.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure in a short dress standing, holding cap in right hand, left on his waist.
Inscription: SIGILL EVSTACII ...VN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.50; 4.2.4.Ebor.8
Seals (Impressions)
499    n.d.
Butler, Quenilda
Styled Quenilda, wife of Roger the butler, in 1.2.4.Ebor.II she is called lady of Warton
She was the daughter of Hugh, son of Acard Bussel. For account of the manor and this family see VCH: Lancaster, VII, 171 and notes.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a broad leaved fleur-de-lys.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.33
Seals (Impressions)
500    n.d.
Butler, Richard
Styled Richard the butler, son of Quenilda of Warton
Also styled Lord of 'Brethirton'.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, male figure walking holding a covered cup in right hand, left akimbo.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RIKARDI PINCERNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.27, 52; 2.2.4.Ebor.38, 48   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
501    n.d.
Butler, Roger
See no. 1070. He was the husband of Quenilda.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing, with floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ... CERNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.47
Seals (Impressions)
502    n.d.
Butler, Sigharit
Styled Sigharit, daughter of Roger of Warton
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · SIHERIT:

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.45, 53
Seals (Impressions)
503    n.d.
Butler, Stephen
Styled Stephen, called the butler of Darlington
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a cup.
Inscription: ✠ S · STEPHI · PINCERNE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1613
Seals (Impressions)
504    n.d.
Butler, Stephen
Styled Stephen the butler of Warton
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL STEPHANI PIN..RNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.36, 42
Seals (Impressions)
505    n.d.
Butler, Stephen
Size: 35 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a cup.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SEFFANI PICER.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.33
Seals (Impressions)
506   1268
Butler, William
Styled William, son of Amory the butler
The seal is in a bag of red cloth upon which a cross is marked in yellow silk.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a covered cup.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI · LE B·TILER

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.24
Seals (Impressions)
507    n.d.
Butler, William
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a male figure holding a covered cup in his left hand and a staff with a fleur-de-lys at top in his right hand.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV ..ILLELMI PINCERNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.5; 2.2.4.Ebor.66
Seals (Impressions)
508   1349
Butterwick, Isolda
Used by Isolda, who was the wife of Roger of Butterwyk. Butterwick, in Durham, about two miles N.E. of Sedgefield.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fleur-de-lys within a border.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
509   1320-1337
Butterwick, Roger of
I.P.M., 25 July 1356 (C.R., 45). See also seal of Peter of Kellaw.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monkey carrying an owl and riding upon an ass.
Inscription: Inner legend: ✶ HER ... APEVLES
Outer legend: ✶ SIGILLV ROGI DE BOTERWYK

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4024; 1.9.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
510    n.d.
Butterwick, Roland of
Size: 1. 22 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.2. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILL RO... DI D' BVT...2. ✠ SIGILL MARGE FEMINE ROVLANDI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.19
Seals (Impressions)
511   1380
Byllom, John of
cf. 2142
Used by Hugh Hawkyne of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady, with Christ, standing, a figure kneels and prays to them, in front of Our Lady's face is a shield with cross and two streamers above it.
Inscription: ✶ S' johannis de byllom

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec,17, 18
Seals (Impressions)
512    n.d.
Byron, Richard
In the roll of Richard II Richard Byron bears silver three bastons gules.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, bendy of six.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICARDI DE BVRN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
513   1340
Bywell, John of
Styled John, son of Robert of Bywell
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an anchor.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE BIWELLEE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5360
Seals (Impressions)
514    n.d.
Bywell, William of
Styled deacon.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, figure wearing a helmet, sitting with shield at side and holding a winged Victory with wreath in his hand.
Inscription: ✠ MICHI CREDE LEGE TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
C
515    n.d.
Caen, Walter of
See S.D., II, 340; charter printed FPD, 47n.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with round topped helmet, sword in hand and shield held close to body.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV WALTERI · DE CADAMO

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
516    n.d.
Cadenai, Richard
Styled Richard of Kadenay, rector of the church of Wellton
Welton, in Yorkshire, near Howden. The church was dedicated to St Helen.
Size: (?) x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a standing naked figure.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MAGI ... DE CAT...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.27
Seals (Impressions)
517   1241
Caldwell, William of
Styled William, son of Gerard of Caldwell
Printed P.F., 108.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of six rays.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILI FIL GERARDI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Finc.13
Seals (Impressions)
518   1334
Calne, Robert of
Styled bishop of Durham's receiver in Durham Castle.
Styled collector of the bishop of Durham.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, Our Lady and Christ seated, beneath them a figure praying.
Inscription: SIGILL ROB.R.. DE ...LM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4342
Seals (Impressions)
519   1409
Caluner(?), John of
cf 2101
Seals used by Thomas Robinson of Billingham and his wife.
Size: 1.22 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, a fess between three covered cups, above shield the letters 'ha'2. Round, a tonsured head, a chalice in front of face with a hand above it, blessing.
Inscription: 2. ✠ S' . IO . S:CA . LVN . ER

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)
520   1252-1262
Cambi, Ruckus
Styled a merchant of Florence.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross of Toulouse.
Secretum: antique gem, a figure with a cornucopia.
Inscription: ✠ S' RVSTICHELLI:FILII:CAMBI:
Secretum: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3778, 4099   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
521    n.d.
Came..., John of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three voided molets.
Inscription: Sigillvm : johannis : de : came...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7075
Seals (Impressions)
522    n.d.
Camera, Ambrose
Styled Ambrose, son of Walter Camera
He held Easington in the North Riding of Yorkshire ( Kirkby's Inquest , 237). He witnesses numerous charters in the Guisbro' Chartulary where he is styled dominus and in one case miles.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: .. BROSII FIL WALTERI D' CAMERA

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.13
Seals (Impressions)
523   1215
Camera, Cecilia
Styled Cecilia, wife of Laurence Camera
In Charter 3.1.Sacr.17, she is styled daughter of Gilbert of Heworth. See FPD, 162n.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a conventional device with fleur-de-lys on the top.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV · CECILIA D' HEW

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Sacr.6
Seals (Impressions)
524    n.d.
Camera, Laurence
Size: 44 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, the head of Hercules, above the head a fleur-de-lys, below it a lacertine beast.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL LAVRENCI:CAMERARII

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Sacr.4
Seals (Impressions)
525    n.d.
Chambers, William
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILELMI D' TATLEI (? SATLEY)

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Sacr.13
Seals (Impressions)
526    n.d.
Camhou, William of
In Misc. Charter, no. 6917, 1289, he is styled sir (dominus) William son of Sir Walter of Camhowe, clerk (now Cambo, Northumberland). See H.N., I, ii, 284. Seal engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. 10, No. 13.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a cross five crosses paty, in the first quarter a crescent, in the second a molet.
Inscription: ✶ S':WILLI:DE:CAMHOV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6911
Seals (Impressions)
527    n.d.
Canterbury, Stephen of
Printed FPD, 148n.
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem a figure on horseback turning and shooting behind him, beneath him a serpent.
Inscription: ✠ AVE · MARIA · GRACIA · PLENA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
528   1306
Carlebery, William of
He is styled chaplain of Hewerton (?). See also no. 1457.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ S' W. CLI. D' CARLEBERI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3807
Seals (Impressions)
529   1294
Carliol, Hugh of
Used by Hugh of Carliol, executor of the will of Thomas of Carliol.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure standing.
Inscription: ✠ FRA ... GE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4043
Seals (Impressions)
530   1386-1430
Carliol, Hugh of
Used also by Thomas Carliol, heir of Ralph Basset.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron between three birds three (?) ...; a lacertine beast at each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM · HVGONIS · DE K·RLIOLO

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.29; Misc.Ch. 1765
Seals (Impressions)
531   1298
Carleol, Hugh of
Styled Hugh of Karleol, burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
He was mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1296, and earlier, and was one of the burgesses sent to the parliament of 1295 (R.W., I, 2 and 421).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, male head wearing a helmet.
Inscription: ✶ S' HVGONIS:DE:CARLEOLO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4714, 4795
Seals (Impressions)
532   1287
Carleol, John of
Styled John of Carleol, perpetual vicar of Friskney
Now Friskney in Lincolnshire, a few miles N.E. of Boston.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, John Baptist standing and a figure kneeling to him.
Inscription: ✠ ECCE AGNV DEI IOH'S EST NOMEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.8, 17
Seals (Impressions)
533   1426-1428
Carleol, Thomas
Styled Thomas Karlile, heir of Ralph Basset
Size: 1. 10 mm.Size: 2. 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Signet, round, a fleur-de-lys.2. Signet, oval, crowned.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1694, 1695
Seals (Impressions)
534   1433
Carlton, John
Used by John Carlton, subcollector. He is styled John Carleton, sub-collector of the procurations of the lord John de Olizis, nuncio of the Apostolic See - 'Sigillum quo utor in hac parte'.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing with Christ on her arm, to whom a figure is praying. The Virgin holds a lily in her left hand.
Inscription: ✶ S... thome Malleworth

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4367   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
535   1329
Carleton, John of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a tree in which is a nest with bird feeding its young. On dexter side a thick capital I, on sinister a reversed capital D.
Inscription: ✶ : IOHANNES : EST : NOMEN : EIVS :

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4009
Seals (Impressions)
536    n.d.
Butcher, Gilbert
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a chopping knife.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI CARNIFICIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.36   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
537   1294
Butcher, Robert
Used by Alice daughter of Gilbert Pyle, formerly butcher of Durham.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a heron.
Inscription: ✠ S' . ROBERTI . CARNIFEX

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2020
Seals (Impressions)
538   1343
Carrowe, John of
Engraved S.D., seals, pl. X, No. 16.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross; shield couchée surmounted by helmet and fan-shaped crest.
Inscription: S' IOHIS DE...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Pont.12
Seals (Impressions)
539   1369
Carrowe, John of
He is styled lord of Seton and son of John of Carew whose I.P.M. was taken 1337. Now Seaton Carew, Co Durham. I.P.M. taken there, 20 September 1379. (C.R., 45, p.174). See S.D., III, 131. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. X, No. 6.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross, shield within a circular cusped panel.
Inscription: .igillvm . io....is . de . carrow

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A54
Seals (Impressions)
540   1369
Carrowe, John of
The same seal as no. 539.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross.
Inscription: ✶ Sigillvm . iohannis . d . carrow

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 458
Seals (Impressions)
541    n.d.
Carter, Hugh
Styled Hugh, called Carter
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: S' HVGONIS DE WILLRD

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2438
Seals (Impressions)
542    n.d.
Cass, Alan
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · ALANI · CAS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
542A    n.d.
Cass, Agnes
daughter of Alan
See FPD, 128n. For charters concerning Aldin Grange see S.D., IV, 105n.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points having eight smaller ones between them.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETIS FILII ALANI CAS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
543    n.d.
Cass, Agnes
daughter of Alan
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a similar seal to no. 542A but a little smaller.
Inscription: ✠ S' · AGNETIS · FILIE · ALANI:CAS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
543A    n.d.
Cass, Cecilia
daughter of Alan. Styled daughter of Alan Cass of Seham
Size: 22 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' CISCILIE FILIE ALANI CA..

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
544   1282
Cass, Cecilia
Styled Cecilia, who was the wife of Walter Cass of Morislawe
Same seal as 549 (3), with altered legend.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' SISILIE CAIS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.16; Misc.Ch. 5592, 5593
Seals (Impressions)
545    n.d.
Cass, Agnes, daughterof Walter
Styled Agnes, daughter of Walter Cass and Cicily of Morislau.
Styled Agnes, daughter of Walter and Cecilia Casse, of Moreslaw (Moorsley). Her brother Jordan's seal is also appended see no. 548.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETE · CHAS MOR'L

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
546    n.d.
Cass, Agnes
daughter of Alan. Styled Agnes, daughter of Alan Kasse of Morislaw. cf 165
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a flower.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETIS . FILIE ALAI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
547    n.d.
Cass, Eda
daughter of Alan
Styled wife of Robert son of Reynold of Seaton.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' EDE FILIE ALANI CA..

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
548    n.d.
Cass, Jordan
Styled Jordan, son of Walter Casse of Moreslaw and Cecilia his wife
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight thick rounded rays and eight thinner ones.
Inscription: ✠ S':IVRDANI:CASE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.11, 17
Seals (Impressions)
549   1279
Cass, Walter of
Size: 1. 35 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.Size: 3. 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a floriated star of eight rays.2. Round, a star of eight points.3. Oval, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' WALTERI CASE D' MORSLAV.2. ✶ S' SISCILIE CHAS:3. ✠ S' CECILIE CASS:

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.10 (1 &3); Misc.Ch. 5591 (1 & 2)
Seals (Impressions)
550   1432
Castell, Robert
Styled Robert Castell of Gateshead, son and heir of Isabella, daughter and heir of William Redhoch, blood relation and heir of Adam of the Redhoch.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, indistinct and quite undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6092
Seals (Impressions)
551   1337
Castell, Robert of
Styled Robert of Castell, burgess of Newcastle
He was bailiff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1338-39 (R.W., I, 101, 104).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark in a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✠ SIG ROBERTI DE CASTRO.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3478   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
552   1308
Barnard Castle, Alice of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion sleeping at the foot of a tree in which is a squirrel.
Inscription: FRANGE LEGE TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1619
Seals (Impressions)
553   1283
Barnard Castle, Hugh of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4274
Seals (Impressions)
554   1385
Barnard Castle, John of
He was rector of Gateshead (R.W. I, 166).
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3982
Seals (Impressions)
555   1304
Barnard Castle, John of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of fourteen points.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOH' D' CASTRO B'NARD

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1875
Seals (Impressions)
556   1349-1353
Barnard Castle, John
Styled Sir John of Barnard Castle, perpetual chaplain of the chapel of St. Andrew on the end of the New Bridge, Durham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep within a circle of leaves.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS D' CASTRO BERNARDI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.43; 4.18.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
557   1355
Barnard Castle, Richard of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a stag (?). Shield hangs from tree within a traceried panel.
Inscription: S' ricardi de castro bernardi

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
558   1376
Barnard Castle, Richard of
He was archdeacon of Northumberland; for his archidiaconal seal see 3.1.Arch.Northd.10, 1362. See no. also no. 3274.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady, holding Christ, seated under a canopy. Beneath a shield charged with a stag.
Inscription: S' ric : de : cast : ro bernardi : cli

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.22, 23
Seals (Impressions)
559   1312
Cathden, Geoffrey of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a gloved hand holding a falcon, below its head a six rayed star.
Inscription: ✶ S' GALFRIDI DE C...NE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.18.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
560    n.d.
Cathforth, Adam of
Styled Adam, son of Sweyn of Chatforth, now Catforth, Lancashire.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird standing with raised wings.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL AD...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.24
Seals (Impressions)
561   1431
Catlinson, Richard
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three leopards; the shield hangs from a tree, on a label surrounding it is the legend.
Inscription: S : ricardi catlingsone

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.91; 1.2.Finc.39   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
562   1414
Catlinson, Richard
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the letter reversed capital D.
Inscription: XY MYA . R . I . A. AYIY

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.92
Seals (Impressions)
563   1455
Catterick, John
Styled 'armiger'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a cat standing on a helmet, floriated background.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.18.Spec.37, 38
Seals (Impressions)
564   1382
Catterick, Roger of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, letters R and reversed capital D, with a crown above them, all within a beaded circle.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.3
Seals (Impressions)
565   1372-1373
Catterick, Roger of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3479, 4028d, 4930m
Seals (Impressions)
566   1398-1407
Cavce, Adam of
This seal is used by Thomas of Mapperly, senior of Nottingham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend between six crosses paty, three cinquefoils.
Inscription: X SIGILLVM O ADE O DE O CAVCE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Ebor.19, 20   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
567    n.d.
Caugi, Adam of
He was the son of Ralph de Caugy and Mabel de Grenville (N.C.H., II, 272). The deed is printed, ibid., 273n and also FPD, 103n.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ADE DE CAVGI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
568    n.d.
Caugi, Ralph of
Used by Ralph 'de Calgi' of Ellingham. See N.C.H., II, 228 and note. The seal is engraved on plate facing p.268, No. 4.
Size: 44 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird (dove?) with wings displayed and a nimbus round head.
Inscription: ✠ SIGNVM · CLEMENTIE DEI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.2
Seals (Impressions)
569    n.d.
Caugi, Ralph of
See N.C.H., II 273n, 274n; the seal is engraved on plate facing p.268, ibid., No. 2. No. 12 charter is printed FPD, 102n.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bareheaded figure on horseback holding a falcon on his left hand, to which he looks back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · RADVLFI · DE · KAGI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.11, 12   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
570    n.d.
Caugi, Ralph of
See N.C.H., II, 228n. The charter and seal are engraved on plate facing 228, ibid.
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a man fighting a dragon.
Inscription: FRANGE ... LEGE SECRETA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
571   1455
Caunce, John
Date 1455-1456. Used by John Caunce of Gateshead, yeoman.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three slipped quatrefoils a molet in chief. The shield is surmounted by a helmet upon which, as crest, is a trefoil.
Inscription: Gavther hanlok

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6094, 6876
Seals (Impressions)
572   1318-1319
Cave, Thomas of
Styled sub-collector.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, our Lord, holding a cross with banner, standing and thrusting the kneeling Thomas's hand into his side, above Thomas is a crescent.
Inscription: NI:LE DOUT:EIE:CROIT:BENE:SEIT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4343, 4973   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
573   1295
Cave, Robert of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady, holding orb and Christ under a canopy. Beneath is a figure praying and holding a book, behind his shoulder is a bird above him 'RBE CAVE'.
Inscription: OIHV . NVTRIX . ROB'TE SIS... TVTRI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3613
Seals (Impressions)
574   1380
Cecil, Thomas
Used by 'Thomas Cecyll', perpetual vicar of Estrynton.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, female figure holding cross and subduing the dragon.
Inscription: S' Thome de hoveden

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.22, 23, 25
Seals (Impressions)
575    n.d.
Ceuloth, Ralph
Styled Ralph Ceuloth of Darlington
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a male head.
Inscription: FRANGE:LEGE:TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1622
Seals (Impressions)
576   1177
Chaux, Hugh of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a beast passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM HVGONIS · DE · CALZ

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
577   1338
Chapman, Adam
Styled of the street of St Giles, Durham. Emma of Bolam was his wife.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a flower of eight petals.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.58
Seals (Impressions)
578   1344-1345
Chernoke, John of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady and Christ seated within a traceried compartment. Beneath is a figure praying.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL : IOHIS:DE CHERNOK:CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3403, 4471, 4571   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
579   1318
Chester, Robert of
Styled the dyer (tinctor) of Durham. His wife's seal is attached, but it is not decipherable.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, John Baptist's head in a charger.
Inscription: ✠ CAPVT IOHIS IN D'CO

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
580   1464
Chester, John
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, an eagle with spread wings.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.41
Seals (Impressions)
581   1398
Chester, John
The device represents St Catherine, a wheel in her left, and a sword in her right hand. Used by Margaret Barbour and others.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a standing female figure [St Catherine], holding a wheel in her left hand. On dexter side an arrow point downwards.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE CHESTIR

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6538, 6539, 6540
Seals (Impressions)
582   1390
Chester, John
Styled John of Chester, clerk, chaplain of St. Margaret's, Durham
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a goose with head turned back, within a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ IE ESTOSEL BEL EST DE AMOVR LEL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2278, 2279
Seals (Impressions)
583   1393
Chester, John of
The same seal is used by John Fullour (1.5.Spec.18, 1389).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a chalice between 'I' and ✠. Above the chalice and surrounding it is a delicate foliated pattern.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
584    n.d.
Chester, Ralph, earl of
An early seal of Ralph of Blondeville, earl of Chester, 1181-1232. His later arms are depicted by Matthew Paris, azure three sheaves gold, and are also blasoned in the roll of Henry III. For seals of the earls of Chester see the Archaeological Journal , vol. V.
Size: 70 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a wolf(?) passant.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
585   1373
Chesterfield, Richard of
cf 3341
Styled canon of the church of St Mary, Lincoln. He was appointed by the king, 12 May 1363, and had collation 24 June 1363. (L.N., II, 194).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady and Christ seated. On each side is a turret out of the upper part of which a head appears and below an angel looks out of an opening. Beneath a lion appears, out of an arch.
Inscription: S' ricardi chesterfeld

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5017   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
586    n.d.
Cheswick, William of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant.
Inscription: ...LI . D' . CESWY.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.7
Seals (Impressions)
587    n.d.
Cheverun, Emma
Styled Emma, called Cheverun of Seton near Seaham
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star
Inscription: ✠ S' EMME CHEVERVN

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A51
Seals (Impressions)
588    n.d.
Child, Thomas
Styled Thomas Child of Oxford and Cecilia his wife
Size: 1. 25 mm.Size: 2. 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a crescent enclosing a star.2. Oval, an ornate fleur-le-lys.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' THOMAS ...2. S' CECILIE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.21
Seals (Impressions)
589    n.d.
Chilton, Alan of
Near Ferryhill, Durham.
Size: 51 x 38 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ALANI DE CHILTONIA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Elemos.1a
Seals (Impressions)
590   1371
Chilton, Hugh
Styled rector of the church of Kymblesworth
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a winged Victory holding a wreath.
Inscription: ✶ SVM · NVNCIVS · XTI .

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Elemos.11
Seals (Impressions)
591   1316
Chilton, John of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield.
Inscription: ... DE CHILTO.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3686   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
592    n.d.
Chilton, John of
Styled John of Chilton, Lord of Heley
See S.D., III. 290. The charter is printed FPD, 171n.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.56
Seals (Impressions)
593    n.d.
Chilton, Richard of
Styled son of Sir John of Chilton
Printed FPD, 171n.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a half draped female figure.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI · DE · CHILTON

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
594    n.d.
Chilton, Richard of
For nature of these charters see S.D., III, 290, note L.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing upon a dragon.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI DE CHILTONE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.17, 21   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
595   1306
Chilton, Richard of
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a beast with floriated tail.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI D' CHILT'

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.34
Seals (Impressions)
596   1304
Chilton, Thomas of
(2) used by Katherine, wife of Thomas of Chilton.
Size: 1. 16 mm.Size: 2. 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a spray of three branches. 2. Round, a female head with head dress(?)
Inscription: 1. ✶ S' THOME D' CHILT..2. Legend indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
597   1351
Circy, Walter, son of John
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing. holding Christ. Floriated background.
Inscription: AVE MARIA GRACIA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5777, 5787, 6178
Seals (Impressions)
598   1282
Clarissimi, Allo
Styled merchant of Florence
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird within a geometrical device
There is a smaller reverse with a similar legend.
Inscription: ALLV .. CLARISSIM .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4320
Seals (Impressions)
599   1311
Clarissimi, Matthew
Styled a merchant of Florence
In R.P.D., I, 90. Matthew Clarissimi and his companions are styled merchants of the society of Peruchia.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, three swords bendways. The shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: ✠ MASSEO:CLIARISSIMI BONAFACIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4048   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
600   1402
Claxton, Constance of
Styled Constance who was the wife of Thomas of Claxton. For pedigree of Claxton lords of Horden see S.D., I, 28 and N.C.H., Vi, 193.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
601   1431
Claxton, Elizabeth of
Used by Elizabeth, widow of Sir William Claxton, knight, in transactions with her son Robert Claxton.
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, 'RI' above a voided molet. All in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6724, 6725
Seals (Impressions)
602   1385
Claxton, Isabella of
Used by Isabella, widow of Sir William Claxton, knight.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a ram, on a label 'SO WILL I'.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6253
Seals (Impressions)
603   1412
Claxton, Isabella of
Used by Isabella, widow of Sir William Claxton, knight, and daughter and heir of William Meneville.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a heart with a rose upon it surrounded by a corded border upon which are six roses.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6967
Seals (Impressions)
604   1430
Claxton, John
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oblong, 'W' with device

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Sacr.3
Seals (Impressions)
605   1374-1387
Claxton, John of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a hedgehog, beneath it a tree-like device.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 444, 4803a, 6255
Seals (Impressions)
606    n.d.
Claxton, Jordan of
Printed P.F., 123.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a stag at rest.
Inscription: S' IORDANI DE CLAXTON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.13*
Seals (Impressions)
607   1518
Claxton, John
Styled John Claxton, clerk, son and heir of John Claxton of 'Aldparke'
For pedigree see S.D., III, 299.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a hedgehog within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1680, 1690, 1691
Seals (Impressions)
608    n.d.
Claxton, Leo
Styled 'Leonie de Claxton'
The hedgehog is a canting device alluding to Heris. The charter is printed FPD, 26n; see also S.D., III, 142 and note. He was sheriff of Durham circa 1200 (H.D., I, 231, 231n).
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hedgehog beneath it a flower.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:LEONIS DE:HERIIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.42   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
609   1325
Claxton, Leo
Styled Leo, son and heir of Roger of Claxton
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, no impression.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 441
Seals (Impressions)
609(i)   1336
Claxton, Leo of

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.83
Seals (Impressions)
610   1286
Claxton, Richard of
Styled brother Richard of Claxton, sometime prior of Durham. cf 3434.
He was prior of Durham 1272-1285. For his seal as prior see no. 3433.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a figure standing by a horse.
Inscription: ✠ HEC ... FLOS.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4872
Seals (Impressions)
611   1474
Claxton, Robert
Styled Robert Claxton, knight, Lord of Horden and Haswell
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three hedgehogs.
Inscription: Sigillvm Ψ roberti Ψ claxton Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.53   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
612   1448
Claxton, Robert
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three hedgehogs.
Inscription: No legend.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 502
Seals (Impressions)
613   1482
Claxton, Robert
1. Used by Robert Claxton, knight. 2. Used by Ralph Claxton, 'hys cossyng'. He was Richard III's standard bearer and was killed at Bosworth field (S.D., III, 299).
Size: 1. 13 mm.Size: 2. 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a wolf's head, above it 'rb'.2. Round, a wolf(?), in front of it a three stemmed plant.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5811
Seals (Impressions)
614   1450
Claxton, Robert
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a voided molet of five points, letters (?) between the points.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.13.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)
615   1310
Claxton, Roger of
Styled Roger Hess (Heris), Lord of Claxton
He and his five sons, Leo, John, Michael, William and Robert were ordered to appear before bishop Richard of Kellawe, 1312. (R.P.D., I, 127, 128).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag's head.
Inscription: ✶ T:MIE TE DEVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 453
Seals (Impressions)
616   1449
Claxton, Thomas
Size: 13 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Signet, with crown above.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
617   1386
Claxton, Thomas of
(1) used by Thomas of Claxton and (2) used by Beatrice his wife.
Size: 1. 13 mm.Size: 2. 13 mm.
Seal design: 1. Signet, round, and capital reversed D, above the letters a crown, beneath them a hexfoil.2. Signet, round, I.B. with a crown above them.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec,15; 1.16.Spec.34; 1.3.Sacr.14, 15; Misc.Ch. 1484, 5444, 6273, 6321, 6322, 6708, 6969
Seals (Impressions)
618   1421
Claxton, Thomas of
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, within a quatrefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.29
Seals (Impressions)
619   1453
Claxton, Thomas of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, with leaves at each side, all within a corded circle.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.27
Seals (Impressions)
620   1378
Claxton, Thomas of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, within a circle.

Seal attached to document reference: [G]
Seals (Impressions)
621   1399
Claxton, Thomas of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, * t * C * within a beaded circle

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6733
Seals (Impressions)
622   1442
Claxton, Thomas
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, an eagle standing with raised wings.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
623   1457
Claxton, Thomas
Styled armiger; late of Old Park.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a cinquefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
624   1349
Claxton, William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, very poor impression, probably an antique gem.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6389
Seals (Impressions)
625   1374-1412
Claxton, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a hedgehog. W beneath it and a stalked quatrefoil on either side.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 443, 2414, 5156, 5444, 4799, 6111, 6404; Hess.90, 93
Seals (Impressions)
626   1412
Claxton, William
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, a flower.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6714
Seals (Impressions)
627   1374-1379
Claxton, William of
Glover blasons for Sir Ralph Claxton gules a fess between three hedgehogs silver. The crest is taken from the arms of the Lords of Tynedale.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial a fess between three hedgehogs. The shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet with mantling and a sheaf as crest.
Inscription: S' : Willelmi de : claxton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 180, 445, 446, 1657, 3680, 5804, 6251, 7075e   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
628   1469
Claxton, William of
He was the third son of Thomas Claxton of Old Park and constable of Brancepeth under Ralph, Earl of Westmoreland. He died 1496 (S.D., III, 79).
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a hedgehog within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.9.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)

Claxton, William see 877
629    n.d.
Claymund, Lucia
Used by Doncia Claymund, formerly wife of Reginald of Lafford.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' LVCIE CLEIMVN:DE S' BOT'

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.2
Seals (Impressions)
630    n.d.
Clayport, Gilbert of
Styled son of Nicholas of Clayport (Durham), clerk.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI DE CLAIPORT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Elemos.9
Seals (Impressions)
631    n.d.
Cleasby, Robert of
Cleasby on the Tees, a few miles S.W. of Darlington.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady, seated, holding Christ.
Inscription: ✠ AVE MARIA GRACIA PLENA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5992, 5993
Seals (Impressions)
632   1313
Clement, William
Styled William, son of John, son of Peter of Hartlepool, Lord of Bruntoft
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, three bells arranged trefoil form, their clappers joining at centre.
Inscription: ✠ S':WILLELMI:CLEMET:

Seal attached to document reference: 6.1.Elemos.23
Seals (Impressions)
633    n.d.
Clergenet, Robert
Used by Robert Clerrgenet, 'generosus', of Durham.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, an eagle with raised wings standing on a branch and holding a lizard in its beak.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII:36
Seals (Impressions)
634   1483
Clerk, John
cf 2056
Used by John Clerk of Wolviston.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a helmet surmounted by a fleur-de-lys, lettering at either side ... alt ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.62
Seals (Impressions)
635   1490
Clerk, Thomas
Used by Thomas Clerk, chaplain, son and heir of John Clerk, lately of Bishop Middleham.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a rabbit sitting upright, in front of its face, t reversed capital D, an acorn behind its head.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.19.Spec.4, 5
Seals (Impressions)
635A    n.d.
Cleseby, Thomas
Glover's Ordinary blasons for Sir Robert Cleseby, co. York, gules two bendlets silver and a canton ermine.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bends, a quarter in chief.
Inscription: Sigill thome de clesebi

Seal attached to document reference: [G] K28
Seals (Impressions)
636    n.d.
Cletlum, Adam of
He is referred to as Adam, son of Walter of Cletlum, a place in South Durham about 5 miles NE of Barnard Castle. See also FPD, 52.
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: S' ADE:FILII:WALTERI:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2058
Seals (Impressions)
637   1281
Clifford, John of
Styled an executor of the will of Simon of Fishburn, lord of that place.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S':IOHANNIS DE CL'FORT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3556
Seals (Impressions)
638   1344
Clifford, John of
See N.C.H., II, 240, 241
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three eagles displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNES DE CLEFORD

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.27, 28; Misc.Ch. 5165
Seals (Impressions)
639   1328
Clifford, Richard of
See S.D., seals, pl. 10, no. 25. Glover's ordinary blasons No. 638 gold three eagles displayed gules for Clifford. The arms with the fess do not appear in the rolls for Clifford, but Glover blasons it silver a fess between three eagles displayed gules for Ellingham, their manor.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three eagles displayed. A flower on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI:DE:CLIFFORD:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4105
Seals (Impressions)
640    n.d.
Clifford, Robert of
See N.C.H., II, 237 and note.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three eagles displayed.
Inscription: ... ROBERTI:DE:CLIF...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)
641    n.d.
Clifford, Thomas Lord
Size: -
Seal design: Signet, very imperfect and undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.134
Seals (Impressions)
642   1258
Clifton, Henry of
Clifton in the hundred of Amounderness and county of Lancaster. For an account of this family and their manors of Clifton and Westley (at which last place this deed is dated) see VCH: Lancaster, VII, p.161 and p.174.
Seal design: Seal very imperfect, armorial, a bend indented.
Inscription: ....NRIC ....

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.36
Seals (Impressions)
643   1421
Cloes, William
Used by John Whitton of Durham and Richard Lornby.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire with O in chief and W in base.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMI ✶ CLOES

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.50, 52; 4.17.Spec.54
Seals (Impressions)
644    n.d.
Cloucroft, Occola of
Cloucroft was near St Helens Auckland, but is now lost.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIG ... ENO.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.3.Finc.5
Seals (Impressions)
645   1432
Clyderhowe, Hugh
Styled of Kingston-upon-Hull.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, signet, a heart from the top of which hang two quatrefoils, a device above it, all in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.80, 110
Seals (Impressions)
646   1315
Clyderow, Agnes of
Used by Agnes of Clyderow, widow of Walter, son of Stephen of Bruntoft.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hare seated.
Inscription: SOHOV SOHOV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 171
Seals (Impressions)
647   1431
Clyderhow, Henry
Brother of Richard, nos 648 and 649.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, signet, antique gem, a female head.
Inscription: ..n ... derob

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.78
Seals (Impressions)
648   1402
Clyderow, Richard
He was a burgess of Newcastle (R.W. I, 235). In April, 1425, the bishop of Durham excommunicated some persons unknown for theft from Richard's house in Newcastle. He must have been a wealthy man judging from the booty they secured (R.W., I, 274). His wife was the lady Margery of Longforth (seal no. 1540) and in a deed of hers (1.1.Spec.72) he is styled armiger. His executors were his brother Henry Cliderow (no. 647) and John Lasci (no. 1555).
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round, signet, a goemetrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.88
Seals (Impressions)
649   1431
Clyderhowe, Richard
Used by Richard Clyderhowe 'sigillum quod ad manus tunc habui'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an owl standing, head turned, on wing two crosses crosslet.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLV IOHIS....

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.71
Seals (Impressions)
650   1293
Clyff, Alexander of
See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , p.249, and for pedigree of the family ibid., p.257.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk on a bird.
Inscription: ALLAS IE ....RIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.30
Seals (Impressions)
651   1291
Clyvedon, Hugh of
yvedon, now Cleadon.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✶ S' HVGONIS DE CLIFD'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6609
Seals (Impressions)
652   1308
Clyvedon, Hugh of
See R.W., I, p. 14.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✶ S' HVGONIS DE CLEFEDVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6873
Seals (Impressions)
653   1219
Cnoit, William
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent enclosing a star, beneath it ..
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILLI CNOIT

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
654   1243
Cnut, John
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHANNIS CNVT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.19, 20
Seals (Impressions)
655   1376
Cnut, Nicholas
The differenced shield of Errington. He was of Kepwick, Yorks. In 1316 Ingleram Knout was lord of 'Keppewyk' ( Kirkby's Inquest , 322). In 1376 he is styled son of Ingleram Knout and of 'Kepewyk near Upsale' in the county of York, he disposes of his rights in 'Synlawes and Little Newton upon Edyn', in Scotland (Cal. Doc. Scot. IV, 282).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three bars and in chief three roundels. Shield in a traceried sixfoil compartment.
Inscription: ... LLVM ...OLAI KNOWT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Ebor.2*
Seals (Impressions)
656    n.d.
Coc, Cecilia
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' CECILIE:FILIE:WILMI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1580
Seals (Impressions)
657   1347
Cockayne, John
Styled sheriff of Lancaster and bailiff of Amunderness. The arms are blasoned in Richard II roll for John Cockayne, silver three cocks gules.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three cocks.
Inscription: SIGILLV ... COKAYN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.87
Seals (Impressions)
658    n.d.
Cocus
He was bishop Puiset's chief cook, see S.D., III, 287, 288 and note. Charter 39 is printed FPD, 178n; No. 15 is printed FPD, 168n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a winged beast walking.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL . MONACHI . COCI:

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.39; 2.12.Spec.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
659    n.d.
Cocus, Robert
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heron-like bird.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI COCVS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2438
Seals (Impressions)
660   1397-1406
Coken, John
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a cock, above it the letters I C all within a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1701, 2525
Seals (Impressions)
661    n.d.
Coken, Petronilla of
cf 1990
Styled daughter of 'Osmund del Redhowe'. She was the wife of Reynold Pinchard. Cocken is on the Wear opposite Finchale priory. See P.F., 87, 89 and 117.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ S' PERVNEL D' CHOKIN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.20*, 21; Misc.Ch. 541, 546; 2.1.Finc.4, 12
Seals (Impressions)
662    n.d.
Coken, Stephen of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of six large and six small rays.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV STE...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Finc.50
Seals (Impressions)
663    n.d.
Coken, Stephen
Styled Stephen, son of Ralph of Coken
Printed P.F., 90.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, salmon with hook and line attached.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL STE...NI FILII RADVL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Finc.18
Seals (Impressions)
664   1397
Cokyn, John of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a cock, above it I.C. All in a beaded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1701
Seals (Impressions)
665   1309-1314
Coldingham, Thomas
Styled Thomas of Coldingham, burgess of Berwick-upon-Tweed
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross crosslet within a quatrefoil.
Inscription: S' THOME · DE COLDIGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3512, 4101, 4120, 4132, 3567, 4938
Seals (Impressions)
666   1271-1281
Coldingham, Thomas, son of Robert
See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , pp. 199 and 200.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOME FILII ROBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.1, 2, 4, 5, 11
Seals (Impressions)
667    n.d.
Collan, Alice
The legend is cut with the letters reversed.
Wife of Roger (no. 668) the charter refers to land in Warton, Lancashire.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a Greek cross.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALICIE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.17
Seals (Impressions)
668    n.d.
Collan, Roger
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: :S:ROGERI:KOILAN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.15
Seals (Impressions)
669    n.d.
Collan, Roger
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.4.Ebor.16
Seals (Impressions)
670   1343
Colley, Roger, son of Gilbert of
Lord of the manor of Rilley near Durham. See S.D., IV, 103, and for pedigree ibid., I, p. 198.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a ship.
Inscription: ✠ ... IVESV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.12, 13, 14
Seals (Impressions)
671   1369
Colonia, Jacob of
Attached to a deed of William Pymond of Durham and Margaret his wife. The Colonias were merchants of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. XI, No. 7.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three trefoils.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM IACOBI:DE:COLONIA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
672   1316
Colter, John
Styled John, son of John Colter of Durham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS COLT.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
673   1293
Colville, William of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' . WILELMI COLVIL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1932
Seals (Impressions)
674   1243
Colville, William of
Styled Sir William Colevill, constable of Norham. For note on Colville armorials see Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , XXII, p.138. See R.N.D., app., 133. The blason is gold a fess between three mill rind crosses gules.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial a fess between three mill-rind crosses.
Inscription: ✶ S' ... COLEVILE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
675   1371-1372
Commonhouse, William of
Styled son of Alan of Commonhouse of Durham. To a charter 2.2.Elemos.6, he uses another seal not his own.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron between three quatrefoils, three trefoils. A chief with a floriated pattern upon it. The shield is within a circular traceried compartment and that is within a border of floriated design.
Inscription: There is no legend.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Elemos.7, 9, 10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
676   1330
Concoreto, Ycherius of
cf 3695
See no. 3695.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend a boar's head.
Inscription: S' YCHERIITE CONCORETO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4257   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
677    n.d.
Coniscliff, Adam of
Coniscliffe is on the north bank of the Tees, about four miles west of Darlington.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ADE DE · CONESCLF

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.12
Seals (Impressions)
678    n.d.
Coniscliff, Eda of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated ornate star.
Inscription: S' EDA · DE · CONESCLF

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1557
Seals (Impressions)
679    n.d.
Coniscliff, William of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILI:FILII:GILBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 509
Seals (Impressions)
680    n.d.
Conyers, Geoffrey
For pedigree of family see S.D., III, 247. For Geoffrey see ibid., III, 245 and note.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a maunch.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM GALFRIDI DE COINERS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.6, 7, 8
Seals (Impressions)
681   1400
Conyers, John
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, a maunch charged with a ring, below the maunch a spray.
Inscription: iohan conyers

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
682   1378
Conyers, John
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a maunch. Shield in an ornate traceried panel.
Inscription: O S' IOHANNIS O... CONYERS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Pont.13
Seals (Impressions)
683    n.d.
Conyers, Roger of
See S.D., seals, pl. VI, No. 11.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, arm and hand with maunch, field powdered with crosses crosslet.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROGERI DE C...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 366
Seals (Impressions)
684   1337
Conyers, Robert
The Parliamentary roll of Edward II blasons for Sir John Conyers azure a maunch gold, Sir Robert reverses the colours and both have the hand depicted - 'e ove la meyn'. In the roll of Richard II Robert Conyers bears azure a maunch gold with a ring sable upon it. In Jenyn's Ordinary Robert Conyers bears the sleeve ermine.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a maunch. Shield hanging from a tree.
Inscription: Sigi ... roberti ...yers

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6880   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
685   1358
Conyers, Robert of
Used by Robert of 'Cogyners'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chief indented.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5506
Seals (Impressions)
686   1420
Conyers, Robert
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a maunch. Shield hangs from a tree with two branches.
Inscription: Sigillum:roberti:conyers

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.23, 24   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
687    n.d.
Conyers, Roger of
No. 2 charter is printed FPD, 157n; see also ibid., 156n. Charters Nos. 4 and 19 are printed S.D., III, 394.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an arm with a maunch on it.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ... ERS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.4; 1.12.Spec.2; 2.1.Ebor.19   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

Conyers, Sibilla, wife of Roger Conyers of Wynyard, knight: see 2055
688    n.d.
Copeland, Richard of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' RIC ... CHOVLAND

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2304, 2305
Seals (Impressions)
689    n.d.
Copsi, Accarisius son of
Printed FPD, 146n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, imperfect, equestrian, knight wearing conical helmet and bearing a round topped shield. Secretum: round, floriated device, only a fragment remains.
Inscription: .. ILLVM ...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.49
Seals (Impressions)
690   c. 1196
Corbet, Robert
Robert Corbet grants to the prior and convent of Durham his church of Hunstanworth and twenty acres of land for the soul of Hugh, bishop of Durham. Hunstanworth is on the Derwent about twelve miles south of Hexham. Date c.1196.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a corbie crow.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · ROBERTI · CORBET

Seal attached to document reference: 2.7.Spec.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
691    n.d.
Corbridge, Cecilia daughter of Adam of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a six rayed star.
Inscription: ... LIE FIL ADE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Elemos.8
Seals (Impressions)
692   1386
Corbridge, Hugh of
Used by John del Riddyng of Edmundbyers.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three birds(?), in chief and in base a quatrefoil.
Inscription: ✠ s hvgonis de corbrige

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.21, 32
Seals (Impressions)
693   1339
Corbridge, Hugh
Styled vicar of Pittington
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. Andrew on his cross, beneath a demi figure praying on each side of cross, stars with flowers.
Inscription: S' HVG... CORBRIGE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
694   1311
Corbridge, John of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Shield shaped, a stag's head cabossed, a cross between the horns, in chief - 'CLSV'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 245
Seals (Impressions)
695   1370
Corbridge, John forester of
Size: 1. 25 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, on a fess three hunting horns and a label of three points, the shield is couchée and surmounted by helmet with crest of a griffin's head out of a coronet.2. Round, armorial, a chevron between three birds.
Inscription: 1. * Sigillvm x Johannis x de x Corebrige2. ✶ S' IOHIS FIL GAV... CLIY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 469, 470   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
696   1279
Cornere, William
Styled 'magister' William de la Cornere, chaplain to our lord the Pope, rector of the church of Skipwith
He was precentor of York in 1283 (Le Neve's Fasti , III, 154). Nominated bishop of Salisbury by the pope 1288, consecrated 1289, and died 1291 (ibid., II, 598). The legend of St. Martin is also depicted on the common seal of Dover.
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. Martin on horseback dividing his cloak with the beggar. Below the horse a crescent enclosing a star, above his head a star.
Inscription: ...GILL MAGRI WILLI DE LA CORNE..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Archiep.41   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
697    n.d.
Cornfed, William
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a sheaf of corn.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILELMI CORNFED

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
698   1233x1244
Cornhill, William of
Thomas, prior of Durham, is among the witnesses (Thomas of Melsonby, prior 1233-44).
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a sheaf of corn.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILEL DE CORNALE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.69   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
699   1349
Cotgrave, John of
Used by John Plumer of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield(?)
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHAN COTGRAVE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.18.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
700   1332
Cottingham, Robert, son of Nicholas of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a heart from which issue three trefoils (plate VIII).
Inscription: ✶S' ROB...TI FIL NICHOLAI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3829   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
701   1402
Cottingham, William of
Used by William of Cotyngham, clerk, of Durham.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, oval, Our Lady standing holding Christ in her arms.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1717
Seals (Impressions)
702   1334
Cotum, John of
See S.D., II, 363 and FPD, 179n and 180n. Another seal is on 1.9.Spec.33
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ, half length. Below on dexter side St. Catherine, on sinister St. Michael and dragon. Beneath a monk praying.
Inscription: NATI MOTA CVPED DEI PVSNEY DEVE SANERE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.42; 1.14.Spec.15; 2.16.Spec.7; 4.5.Spec.16; Misc.Ch. 2128
Seals (Impressions)
703   1243
Cotum, Thomas of
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL TOME D' COTV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.19, 32
Seals (Impressions)
703(i)
Counte, Roger called Le, rector of Longnewton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4771f (very imperfect)
Seals (Impressions)
704   1363
Couis, Hugh called
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. Catherine standing holding wheel to her breast with her right hand, in her left hand a sword pointing downwards, all within a traceried panel.
Inscription: SIG... H . GON ... KATOR✠

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.9, 12
Seals (Impressions)
705   1279
Coupman, Thomas son of Henry
Styled Thomas, son of Henry Coupeman of 'Gykeliswyk' in Craven
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: ...COO..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Finc.11
Seals (Impressions)
706   1317
Courtfed, John
Styled son and heir of John Courtefed of the 'Burnehowses'.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS · FILII · IOHIS · COVRTFED

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.6
Seals (Impressions)
707   1353
Couseby, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross indented with a baston over all. (There is an undecipherable charge in each quarter).
Inscription: ...E COVSEBY

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.2
Seals (Impressions)
708    n.d.
Coventre, Thomas
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a talbot sitting, in front an undecipherable object.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.4
Seals (Impressions)
709   1349
Cowgate, Thomas of
Styled Thomas, son and heir of William of Cowgate, burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✶ S' · THOME DE COVGATE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.34   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
710   1377
Cowherd, Roger
He was keeper of Beaurepaire (S.D., II, 374).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, R, on the dexter a molet, on the sinister an ear of barley(?)

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.30, 31
Seals (Impressions)
711   1377
Cowherd, Roger
The same seal is used by William of Graystanes (4.7.Spec.19; 3.14.Spec.25).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady seated holding Christ, beneath a half figure praying.
Inscription: helpe moder : of : mercy

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.26, 27
Seals (Impressions)
712   1446
Cowherd, William
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a cock, in front 'I', behind a branch(?)

Seal attached to document reference: 1.7.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)
713   1302
Cowton, Helias, canon of Southwell
He was a canon of Southwell, admitted to the prebend of Norwell Overhall, 5 May 1293 (Le Neve's Fasti , III, 437).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure holding ...(?)
Inscription: VERITAS · IN · ME · EST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4922
Seals (Impressions)
714   1392
Cowton, William of, monk of Durham
In Yorkshire, about eight miles north of Northallerton.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, bust of a man with hands in act of prayer, a cross in front of face.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
715   1316
Cowton, William of, monk of Durham
This and the next seal are used by William of Cowton, styled a monk of Durham.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a demi figure with nimbus, in the act of blessing and holding a book to his breast in left hand. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.VI.10f
Seals (Impressions)
716   1316
Cowton, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree at the foot of which are two animals lying asleep.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.VI.10g
Seals (Impressions)
717   1325
Cowton, William of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a human head on legs
Inscription: ✶ CA · O

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4076b
Seals (Impressions)
718   1293-1299
Coxhoe, Richard of
Coxhoe in Durham, about five miles S.E. of Durham city.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a boar
Inscription: : X : DIVES . DVRVS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3484, 3486, 3863, 4076, 4726, 4798
Seals (Impressions)
719    n.d.
Coxhoe, Robert of
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROB...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.31
Seals (Impressions)
720    n.d.
Coxhoe, William of
Styled William, son of Ralph of 'Cokeshow', junior
Size: - in. x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an egale with wings expanded and head turned back.
Inscription: ...L ... WLI : IVN ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1614
Seals (Impressions)
721   1270
Coxhoe, Gilbert of
Styled William, son of Henry of 'Kokeshow'
Size: 35 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI FILII HENRICI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.14.Spec.2, 7
Seals (Impressions)
722   1363
Coxside, Henry of
Used by William, son of Thomas o' the hall, of Whitby, late a burgess of Durham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cock within a triangular traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ S' HENRICI DE COCKISHID

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.66
Seals (Impressions)
723   1337-1341
Coxside, Robert of
Styled Robert of Coxsyde, merchant of Durham
This should hardly be described as armorial, it appears to be a sham coat.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between, in dexter chief a leaf, in sinister a cock and in base 'R'.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROB'TI DE COKSIDE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4542, 5367   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
724   1346
Coxside, Robert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between two cocks in chief, and in base a ram's head. All in a traceried panel.
Inscription: .. GILLV ROBTI . DE:COXSIDE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6693
Seals (Impressions)
725    n.d.
Coxside, Thomas of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between two cocks in chief, and in base a leaf (?)
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:THOME: :DE: :COXSIDE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1958   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
726   1350
Coxside, Thomas of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three cocks in chief and a leaf in base. Shield in a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM THOME DE COXSIDE

Seal attached to document reference: [G]
Seals (Impressions)
727   1312
Crakehall, Richard of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figure of Our Lady and Christ. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5004
Seals (Impressions)
728   1313
Crakehall, Richard of
Date 1313-1315
Size: 19 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Oval, grotesque monster walking.
Inscription: S' RIC D' KRA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3784, 4039i, 4680, 4771e, 4930h
Seals (Impressions)
729    n.d.
Cranevew, John of
Used by Helewise, wife of William of Rule.
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: S' IOHIS:DE CRANVEW...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1606
Seals (Impressions)
730   1349
Crathorne, Roger of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird with a conventional branch behind it.
Inscription: ✶ S' · ROGERI · D' · CRATHOR'

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
731   1253
Craven, Alice of
Styled Alice, daughter of Adam of Craven
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALICIE D:CRAVEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.154
Seals (Impressions)
732   1308
Craw, Avice
Styled Avice, widow of Richard Crawe of Gateshead
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of four large and four smaller rays.
Inscription: S' AVI ..E . CRA..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.29
Seals (Impressions)
733    n.d.
Craw, Richard
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fish.
Inscription: ✶ S' RECARD CRAW

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
734    n.d.
Craw, Richard
Used by Richard called Crawe of Gateshead and his wife Alice.
Size: 1. 32 x 19 mm.Size: 2. 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a crescent with a star above it.2. Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: 1. ✶ S' RECARD CRAW2. ALISIE:CRAV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
735   1438
Crawforth, Robert
He also uses a smaller seal, 3/8 in., with the same device and with a branch on each side of it (1.1.Spec.92, 1438).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.91
Seals (Impressions)
736   1292
Cremona, John of
Styled John of Cremona, procurator of Giffridus de Vezano, papal nuncio
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, head and bust, with a star on right.
Inscription: QVO:MISSVM:FVERO: .. PAR · SECRETA:FERO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5058   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
737   1329/30
Crepping, John of
Styled brother John of Creppyng, Terrar of the church of Durham
For his account roll see Durham account rolls . For his biography, see HDST p. 113, and a note on his grave cover ibid. p. 123.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, female figure seated on a dragon to whom a figure kneels and prays, a scroll issues from his mouth with a legend upon it.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
738    n.d.
Cresswell, Robert of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, poor impression, charges undecipherable.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI · D' CRESWEL:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7075, 7076
Seals (Impressions)
739    n.d.
Creveceur, Simon of
He confirms the gift of a moiety of the church of Blyburgh, made by Robertus Benedictus miles meus (no. 206).
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion(?) standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM SIMONIS · CREVEQVER

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
740   1315
Croke, Peter of the
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✶ S' · PETRI · D' CROKE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.32; 1.7.Spec.46
Seals (Impressions)
741   1316
Croke, Alice
She was the widow of Peter del Croke (no. 740).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two hands crossed within a geometrical device.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
742   1323
Crossgate, Eudes of
I.P.M. taken at Durham, 29 February 1355/6 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ seated, beneath a figure prays to them.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM:EVDONIS FIL':WILLI:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4766*   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
742(i)
Croxstall [Croxdale], William of, chaplain

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3884
Seals (Impressions)
743   1398-1405
Cruce, Adam of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend between six crosses three voided molets.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM · ADE · DE · CRVCE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.5.Ebor.19, 20
Seals (Impressions)
744   1332
Cruer, Edmund
He was vicar of Northallerton in 1332. He had formerly been rector of Sigston. In 1335 he was vicar of Haltwhistle (Ingledew, History of Northallerton, p.172).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a trefoil panel, the compartments containing the Holy Lamb, an eagle, and John Baptist's head in a charger.
Inscription: ✶ GREET MOY:EN:BONE · FOY

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Ebor.26   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
744(i)
Cruell, Edmund, clerk

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3989, 4276
Seals (Impressions)
745   1281-1284
Cucho, Capo de
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a capon transfixed by a lance.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS CDAPYN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30a, b, c   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
746   1285
Cucho, Capo de
Styled Capo de Monte Cucho
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a capon transfixed by a lance.
Inscription: ✠ S' IO · N .. CAPVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30d
Seals (Impressions)
747   1287
Cucho, Obertino de Monte
Styled procurator of Peter de Monte Cuco, formerly rector of Middleham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' OBERTINI DE MONTE CVCO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.31a
Seals (Impressions)
748    n.d.
Cumba, Ralph of
He is styled brother of William the chaplain, parson of Bruntoft.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle standing.
Inscription: ✠ S' . RADVLFI · DE CVBE

Seal attached to document reference: 5.1.Elemos.16
Seals (Impressions)
749    n.d.
Cumin, William
He was son of Richard Cumin who was nephew of that William Cumin who violently usurped the see of Durham and held the castle for four years. He became earl of Buchan by his marriage with Marjory, countess of Burchan, his second wife. He died 1233. This charter is witnessed by his eldest son, Richard, who inherited the paternal estates in Northumberland and Scotland. (Douglas, Peerage of Scotland , I, 161).
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.8
Seals (Impressions)
750    n.d.
Cumin, John
He was grandson of William (no. 749) and is usually known as Red John Cumin. In this charter he confirms the grant of a stone of wax to the church of Durham made by Sir William Cumin 'my predecessor'. He died about 1273. Blasoned in Guillim's roll gules three sheaves gold; for Sir John Comyn see A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. IX, No. 10.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three sheaves.
Inscription: ✠ S' . DOMINI IO ...IS . CVMIN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.15
Seals (Impressions)
751    n.d.
Wolviston, Henry of
See 2689
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HENRICI D

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
752   1343
Cuteler, Robert the
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a lion(?)
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.167
Seals (Impressions)
753    n.d.
Cuthbert
Styled the chaplain, son and heir of Guy of Elvet, the baker
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ S' CVDBERTI CAPELLANI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.155
Seals (Impressions)
754    n.d.
Cyflingere, Otelyn
Attached to a lease from Robert of Wales to Hugh of Sadelynstanes.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess three...
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLV:OTELYN:CYFLINGERE

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B47   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
D
755    n.d.
Dalden, Jordan of
For pedigree see S.D., I, 6.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a figure on horseback attacking a beast like a dragon.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IORDANIS DE DALDEH

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
756   1337
Dalden, Jordan of
Jenyn's roll blasons for 'Monsr. Jordan de Daldene' silver a cross paty gules 'et quatre papingayes' - but are they not rather daws in canting allusion to the name? His I.P.M. was taken at Durham 15 December 1348 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross paty between four birds. Shield suspended from a tree.
Inscription: sigillv : iordani . de . dalden

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6880   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
757   1365
Dalden, Robert of
See S.D., seals, X, No. 24, where the birds are omitted in error. His I.P.M. was taken at Durham 24 September, 1369 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross paty between four birds.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI:DE:DALDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.18, 19, 20, 21
Seals (Impressions)
758   1350
Dalden, William of
He held Dalden of Henry, Lord Percy. I.P.M. taken at Durham, 24 September 1369 (C.R., 45). This charter names his wife Alina (Helen in another deed), kinswoman and heir of Philip de la Ley.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial a fess between three birds, the shield is borne upon the breast of a displayed eagle.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.70, 71
Seals (Impressions)
759   1403
Dale, John of
Styled attorney of sir Ralph, Earl of Westmorland.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a female head.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4185
Seals (Impressions)
760   1456
Dale, Thomas
Styled of Durham, the charter is a grant of his land in the North Bailey, Durham.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a stag leaping, above it a flower, below an oak branch.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
761   1273
Dalton, Adam
Styled official of the Lord Prior of Durham
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion rampant.
Inscription: X S' ADE · D' · DALTONA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4200/4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
762   1310
Dalton, John of
Styled John of Dalton, vicar of 'Pydyngtone'
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a tonsured head in profile.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS VICARII DE PITINEGETON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4910
Seals (Impressions)
763   1389
Dalton, John of
Used by John of Dalton, webster.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird, like a goose, with head reverted.
Inscription: IE EST OVSE LEL EST DE AMOVR LEL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc. 1.2.Sacr.5e
Seals (Impressions)
763A   1415
Dalton, John of
The blason is silver three lozenges gules each charged with a silver saltire - deriving from the saltire of Neville (A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. XI; No. 8).
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three lozenges, each charged with a saltire. The shield is couchée and is surmounted by a helmet with the crest of a ram's head.
Inscription: sigill johnnis : dalton

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C37*
Seals (Impressions)
763(i)
Dalton, Ralph of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4789
Seals (Impressions)
764   1376
Dalton, Richard of
Used by William of Stanhope of Durham.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a merchant's mark within a geometrical device.
Inscription: S' RICARDI DALTON

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec.7, 8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
764a   1416
Dalton, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, oval, a garb (?) within a dotted border.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C39*
Seals (Impressions)
765   1457
Dalton
Styled prior of the cell of Lithum
The seal is that 'quo utor in dicta cella de Letham'.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, 'W', with a branch at each side and 'dalton' above it.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XVI.10
Seals (Impressions)
766   1442
Danby, Robert
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a voided molet.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
766(i)   1442
Darcy, Robert

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4679
Seals (Impressions)
767    n.d.
Darell, Marmaduke
Azure a fess indented of five fusils gold, a border gold charged with roundels gules is one of the quarterings of Dawnay of Sessay in V.Y. 80. It is there attributed to Percy in error as on page 82 the seal in the text is described as appended to an undated deed of Marmaduke Darell. He seems later to have adopted the arms azure a lion silver crowned gold as blasoned in Glover. His seal of 1364 shows the lion debruised by a baston. The indented fess is derived from the early 'fesse engrele' of the Percys. Sir Guy Dawnay married the heiress of Darell and quartered both the above shields for that alliance.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess indented of five fusils within a border charged with roundels.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:MARMADVKE DAREL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Elemos.11   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
768    n.d.
Darell, Marmaduke
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, arms as on No. 767.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Ebor.6
Seals (Impressions)
769    n.d.
Darrayns, Guy
Size: 44 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male bearded head.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WIDONIS DE AREINES

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5537
Seals (Impressions)
770   1299
Darrayns, Guy
For pedigree see N.C.H., VI, 187. See also A.A., 3rd ser., vol VI, 183 and plate II. The purport of these charters is given N.C.H., VI, 188 and 189 and notes.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on an orle six escallops, on each side and above shield is a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM:GEI DAREINIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 480, 5538, 6595, 6914b, 6914*, 6917, 6918, 6919, 6922, 6929   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
771   1293
Darrayns, Hugh
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a six leaved flower
Inscription: S' HVGONS DAR..NE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6931
Seals (Impressions)
772    n.d.
Darrayns, Isolda
Styled Isolda, who was the wife of Roger Darreyns
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a standing female figure in long dress, a falcon on her left wrist, a dop leaps up to her.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM: ...E:D · LSET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5494, 5494*, 6925
Seals (Impressions)
773    n.d.
Darrayns, Milo
Styled 'Milo de Quictunstal'
Was he not the man of Bernard of Arrenes, who calls him in charter 6995* 'homo meus?' (note by W.G.).
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MILES DAREINES X

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6906, 6907   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
774   1328
Darrays, Jacob
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron between three chaplets three fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✶ S' IACOB:IMART . DARRAY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4512   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
775   1376-1380
Daunc, Richard
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend barry within a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✶ S...VM RICARDI DAVNC

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.30; 2.17.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
776   1301-1305
Daunce, William
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILL . DAVNCE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.34, 37, 39; 1.15.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
777    n.d.
David, Walter, son of
Styled Walter, son of David the dyer of Darlington
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a griffin passant.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI FILI DAVI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1612
Seals (Impressions)
778   1309
David, Emma, daughter of
Styled Emma wife of John son of Richard Smith of Bruntoft
Used by Emma, wife of John, son of Richard, the smith, of Bruntoft.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: EMME ... FIL DA...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6125
Seals (Impressions)
779    n.d.
David, William son of
Styled William, son of David, a citizen of York
Size: 41 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an ornate fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILELMI FILII DAVI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.34; Misc.Ch. 2581
Seals (Impressions)
780   1328
Delesalle, John
Used by Robert of Elvet, clerk.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a wolf rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DELESALLE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
781   1287
Delaval, Hugh
See N.C.H., vol. IX, 165.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, ermine, two bars, over all a bend.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1469
Seals (Impressions)
782   1332-1341
Denton, John of
Styled John of Denton, mayor of the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, plate XI, No. 6. For account of his tragic fate see A.A. 3rd ser., V, p.7 et seq.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bend engrailed between six leaves(?)
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHANNIS D' DENTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.43; 1.1.Spec.103
Seals (Impressions)
782(i)
Denton, John of, chaplain

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4679
Seals (Impressions)
783   1338-1340
Denum, Edmund
Styled Edmund, son of William of Denum
I.P.M. at Durham 27 June 1351 (C.R., 45, p.182). Pedigree, H.N., II, ii, 15.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three mells. A stalked quatrefoil, above and at each side of shield. All in a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM EDMVNDI DE DENVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4748, 4749, 6364, 7032; Hess.55   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
784   1324
Denum, John of
I.P.M. at Durham, 3 November 1326 (C.R., 45, p.180). Printed FPD, 119n.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a bend three popinjays. Shield in a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL . IOHANNIS . DE DENVM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.44   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
784(i)   1306
Denum, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3944
Seals (Impressions)
785   1342-1347
Denum, William of
I.P.M. at Durham, 21 September 1350 (C.R., 45, p.181). See also A.A. 1st ser. II, 94 and note; H.N., II, ii, 15.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three mells, a molet on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM WILLI FIL WILLI DE DENVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3475, 3498, 3516, 3525, 3584, 4121k, 4503, 5996, 4480. 4494, 4503, 4645, 4698, 4706, 4735, 4736, 4837, 4838, 5081k, 5381; Hess.56   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
786   1304-1307
Denum, William of
This and no. 787 are the same man. He was the brother of John (no. 784) whom he succeeded (see C.R. 45, p.180).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two grotesque monsters and a tree.
Inscription: ✶ S' TIS PVRMOYILVS AIRI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4047, 4051c, 4126f, 4136c, 4836, 5051g
Seals (Impressions)
787   1316
Denum, William of
Date 1316-1331
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a lion standing in plain traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ EN CEST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3373, 3455, 3506, 3531, 3532, 3575, 3578, 3600, 3623, 3769, 3962, 3967, 4088e, 4115i, 4439, 4443, 4458, 4659, 4818, 4834, 4835, 5010
Seals (Impressions)
788   1391
Derby, John of
Styled Sir John of Derby, dean of the collegiate church of Chester-le-Street.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, octagonal, monogram of letters 'ID' with crown above.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII.77
Seals (Impressions)
789   1376
Derby, John of
Styled archdeacon of Northumberland cf 3276
He was presented by the king, 3 December 1370 (Le Neve's Fasti, III, 306). For his seal as archdeacon see below, no. 3276. He was also a canon of York and held the prebend of Driffield (Le Neve's Fasti , III, 182). Glover blasons for 'Derby' silver a chevron between three sheaves sable.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three sheaves. The shield hangs from a tree. All in a fine cusped and traceried panel.
Inscription: sigillv . johannis . de...by.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Arch.North.15
Seals (Impressions)
790   1219
Derby, Thomas of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a deer running.
Inscription: ✠ S' ... TH... REBI:

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
791    n.d.
Derlington, Adam of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a beautiful floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL AD... DERLINT.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1617
Seals (Impressions)
792   1310
Derlington, Adam of
Used by Adam of Darlington. For another seal used by him, see Misc.Ch. 4933. cf 2226
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag running, above it a star, beneath it a crescent, all in a hexagonal panel.
Inscription: S' WILL... DE SETONII..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3703   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
793    n.d.
Derlington, Alice of
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of fourteen rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALICIE VXORIS:ROB'

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.144; 2.17.Spec.2
Seals (Impressions)
794   1380
Derlington, John of
Styled John of Derlington, canon in the collegiate church of Lanchester and prebendary of the prebend of Esh
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a cross five eagles displayed.
Inscription: ✶ sigillv : iohis : de : Darlington :

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3809   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
795   1312-1316
Derlington, Robert of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, female head.
Inscription: S' ROBT · DE DERLINGTON CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3687, 4923
Seals (Impressions)
796    n.d.
Derlington, Simon son of Emma of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped seal, a human head with an animal's feet and tail.
Inscription: ✶ IE SVY DE GYSE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1628   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
797    n.d.
Derlington, William of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: S' WILLMI DE DERNIGTVN FILI

Seal attached to document reference: 6.2.Elemos.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
798    n.d.
Derlington, William of
Used by William, son of Benedict of Darlington and Cecilia his wife, widow of Lawrence of Ketton.
Size: 1. 32 x 19; mm.Size: 2. 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a floriated device with a bird on each side standing back to back, heads facing.2. Round, a bird.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' WILLI DE DERLINGTVN2. ✠ S' CISCIL DE TVRI · S

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.145
Seals (Impressions)
799   1307
Aaron of York
Part of the deed to which it is attached is in Hebrew.
Attached to a deed of Deulecres and Jornin, sons of Jose of Kent
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, (?) antique gem, a head.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4455
Seals (Impressions)
800    n.d.
Deynte, Roger (of Wolviston)
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · ROGERI · DAINTE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
801   1390
D'ion, Bartholomew of
Used by John of Byngley and others.
Size: 22 x - in. mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a seated naked male figure (? Hercules).
Inscription: S' BARTHOLOMEI D'ION

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 353
Seals (Impressions)
802   1371
Docheville, William of
Used by Walter of Hesilden, burgess of Gateshead.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated, holding Christ, a praying figure in front. All in a rich canopy. cf 1291
Inscription: s' : willelmi . de . dochevile

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.75, 76, 77
Seals (Impressions)
803   1335
Dolfanby, Hugh of
Used by Hugh, son of John of Dolfanby and Alice, daughter of Adam of Newhouse.
Size: 1.19 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a dove flying, within a geometrical figure.2. Round, a geometrical device.
Inscription: 1. S. IOHANNE2. ✶ DEI SCI · ELI... SVM.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 389
Seals (Impressions)
804   1422-1430
Doncaster, William
Dean of the collegiate church of Auckland in 1436. See Inq. ad quod damnum held at Durham, 23 April 1436 (C.R., 45, p.186).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tonsured bust, on each side a cinquefoil.
Inscription: Legend indistinct. - S. luce archidiaōi de corabada

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2016; 2.8.Spec.30, 32, 34; 1.13.Spec.7, 8, 12
Seals (Impressions)
804A   1316
Donyngton, Henry of
Styled Sir Henry of Donyngton, rector of the church of the Blessed Mary in the South Bailey, Durham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion fighting with a dragon.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Archiep.23
Seals (Impressions)
805   1285
Donington, Thomas of
Used by Thomas of Donington, clerk
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: S' WILLI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30d
Seals (Impressions)
806   1344
Douthorpe, John of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a standing figure.
Inscription: MATER DEI MEMENTO MEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3734
Seals (Impressions)
807   1345
Dovedale, John of
Used by three tenants to an agreement between the convent of Durham and the men of Elvet.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird in the centre of an ornate panel in the compartments of which are the evangelistic symbols.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS · DE · DOVYEDALE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.47
Seals (Impressions)
808   1389
Dowdale, John
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a goose with head turned back.
Inscription: ✶ ICESTOYS ... EST DE AMOVR LEL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.5e
Seals (Impressions)
809   1335
Drayton, Ralph of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing with Christ. St. Peter stands in front. Beneath is a half figure praying.
Inscription: S' RADVLPHI DE DRAYTON ..PLL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4107
Seals (Impressions)
810   1263
Dreng, Thomas
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of eight large and eight small rays.
Inscription: ✠ ... DR..G

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
811    n.d.
Dreng, Cecilia
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' CESESLIE FIL ADE DRING

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6491
Seals (Impressions)
812   1358
Drewet, Henry
Styled chaplain.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, the letter 'h' at centre, around it in four circular compartments four lions sleeping.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.74
Seals (Impressions)
813   1270
Driffield, Ralph of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, two lions rampant, back to back, their heads consisting of a human head horned and bearded.
Inscription: ✠ S' RADVLFI D' DRIFFIELD :

Seal attached to document reference: 1.14.Spec.7   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
814   1298
Drokensford, John
Styled rector of the church of Hemmingburgh. cf 404
See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , 50-51.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a lion attacking a bull.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.26
Seals (Impressions)
815   1314
Dryng, Thomas, son of Richard
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a seated figure holding a scroll to whom another figure kneels.
Inscription: ✶ IOHANNIS EST NOMEN EJVS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1588
Seals (Impressions)
815(i)
Dugelby, William, advocate of the court of York

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4575
Seals (Impressions)
816    n.d.
Dune, William
Styled William Dune, son of the late Ambrose of Alton.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLM DE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.8
Seals (Impressions)
817   1329
Dunnington, Henry of
Used by Henry of Dunington, sometime rector of the church of the Blessed Mary in the South Bailey, Durham. Same man as no. 804A.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a seated figure holding Victory.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3551
Seals (Impressions)
818   1320-1328
Durham, Eudes of
He is styled one of the executors of sir John Lisle, knight.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ seated; beneath a cowled bust.
Inscription: SIGILLVM . EVDONIS ... DV ... LI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4682, 4789
Seals (Impressions)
818(i)   1320-1328
Durham, Henry of
See A.A. 3rd ser. xx, 137, no. 249

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
819    n.d.
Durham, John of
Used by John of Durham, clerk.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, Our Lady seated holding Christ, beneath a half figure praying.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1980
Seals (Impressions)
820   1383-1386
Durham, John of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady standing holding Christ in the dexter canopy, in the sinister St. Cuthbert, blessing, holding crosier in right, and St. Oswald's head in left hand. Beneath a half figure praying.
Inscription: Long and very indistinct legend.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1903, 1908   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
820A   1313
Durham, John of
Used by John, son of John of Durham.
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, impaled, dexter a lion rampant, sinister three water bougets paleways. The shield hangs from a tree and is surrounded by a foliage border with a lacertine beast on each side.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D38*
Seals (Impressions)
821    n.d.
Durham, Jolanus of
Styled a citizen of London
See Cal. I.P.M., I Henry III.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head laureated.
Inscription: S' IOLANVS:DE DVNELMO

Seal attached to document reference: 6.1.Elemos.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
822    n.d.
Durham, Reginald of
Styled 'merchant'.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a head.
Inscription: ✠ SEEL ICI MODENDINA ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2390
Seals (Impressions)
823   1351
Durham, Simon of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing holding Christ, on each side at her feet a lily.
Inscription: ✶ AVE MARIA GRACIA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
824    n.d.
Durham, William of
Styled William, son of Luce of Durham, a citizen of London. He was alderman of Bread Street Ward in the city of London in 1276 (Cal. of Letter Books of London, A., p.9) and was sheriff of the city in 1281 (ibid. p.196); he was dead in 1284 (ibid., p.83). The common seal of the city of London is attached.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Heater shaped, armorial, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI · DE DVNNOME:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5574
Seals (Impressions)
825   1444
Durham, William
Styled vicar of Berwick-upon-Tweed
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a crowned W, a leaf on each side.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1862
Seals (Impressions)
826   1446
Durham, William of
Used by Thomas Bradbery, styled master or warden of the cell of Wearmouth, it is described as 'sigillum quo utor in officio custodis dictae cellae'. The seal is much earlier than the deed. Used by John Hagirston and Thomas Bradbery, master of Wearmouth.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a figure standing with shield(?).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLI DE DVNELMO

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XVI.6a; 2.13.Spec.44
Seals (Impressions)
827    n.d.
Durham, William of
Styled William son of Thomas Lewin burgess of Durham
Styled William, son of Thomas Lewyn, burgess of Durham.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a merchant's mark, on the dexter a star, on the sinister a crescent.
Inscription: ✠ S' . WILLI:DE:DVNELMO

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.27, 31, 35   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
828   1347
Duxfield, John of
Styled of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross placed on a star, two streamers from stem.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANES DE DOVXFIELT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1465
Seals (Impressions)
E
829   1285
York, Edmund of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, male head facing to right.
Inscription: S' ED... DI DE...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30d
Seals (Impressions)
830   1336
York, Roger of
Used by Roger of York and Christiana his wife.
Size: 1.19 mm.Size: 2.19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a lion asleep.2. Round, a heart with two quatrefoils above it.
Inscription: 1. ✶ ICI DORT LE LIVN FORT2. ✶ IESVS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.60
Seals (Impressions)
831   1350
York, Roger of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St. John Baptist standing, holding the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✶ ECCE AGNVS DEI GV'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4065
Seals (Impressions)
832    n.d.
Church, Margaret
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a conventional flower.
Inscription: S' MARGARETE DE ECLESI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
833    n.d.
Church, Adam son of Margaret
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: S' ADE FIL MARGARETE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
834   1292
Ecclesia, William son of Margaret de
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a conventional flower.
Inscription: S' WILLELMI · IL · MATD..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.143, 147
Seals (Impressions)
835   1229
Eden, Alice of
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALICIA DE EDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
836   1229
Eden, Alice of
Styled Alice of Eden, formerly wife of Robert of Hoton
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' :ALICIE:D' · HEDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
837   1219
Eden, Eustace of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a goose preening its back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:EVSTACII:DE:EDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
838    n.d.
Eden, Eustace of
Styled Eustace of Eden
See S.D., I, 41 and note. The charter is printed FPD, 135n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI FILII...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
839    n.d.
Eden, Gilbert of
Styled Gilbert, son of Eustace of Newbigging
Printed FPD, 135n.
Size: 41 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: S':GILBERTI D':EDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
840    n.d.
Eden, John of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a chalice.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHN · EDEN · CAPELLANI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
841    n.d.
Edlingham, Walter of
See N.C.H., VII, 101 and note. No. B35 is printed ibid., note 5.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, two shields placed side by side, the dexter bears a lion rampant, the sinister (undecipherable). Between the points of the two shields is a crescent reversed and enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✠ S' DNI · WALTI · DE EDELINGHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1468, 5770; [G B35]   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
842    n.d.
Edmansley, William of
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent with three stars above it and one below.
Inscription: S' WILELMI D' HEDMANISLE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 481
Seals (Impressions)
843   1318
Edmansley, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, five heads facing outwards, the centre one facing front.
Inscription: CAPITA...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4458
Seals (Impressions)
844    n.d.
Edward, Waldeve son of
See N.C.H., VII, 146n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star or flower.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WALDE FIL EDWARDI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Spec.3, 4
Seals (Impressions)
845   1293
Egger, Alice
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALICIE EGGER

Seal attached to document reference: 6.5.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
846    n.d.
Egger, Thomas
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' TOME FIL WILLM EGER

Seal attached to document reference: 6.5.Elemos.6
Seals (Impressions)
847   1265
Egglescliff, John of
Styled Sir John of Egglesclive, justice of the Lord Bishop
He is called seneschal of bishop Walter in 1260 and sheriff in 4.5.Spec.1. See also FPD, 179 and 184.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, Victory standing on a globe.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHNIS DE EGGLESCLIVE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Elemos.26; 4.5.Spec.8; 1.5.Finc.16
Seals (Impressions)
848   1361
Egglescliff, Richard of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, in a hexfoiled compartment a standing figure holds a crown over the head of a kneeling figure. On the dexter side is a shield charged with a bend, on the sinister is the forepart of a horse.
Inscription: Legend very obscure.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2035
Seals (Impressions)
849   1358
Egglescliff, Richard of
Styled kinsman and heir of William of Egglescliff. The subject is Mary Magdalene with the box of ointment; for purport of charter see S.D., III, 56.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, female figure standing, holds out a bottle to a male figure kneeling in front of her. Behind the figures is a tree.
Inscription: ✶ MAGDALENA SVCCVRRE .. FIDE . PLENA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5604, 5605   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
850   1438
Eland, John
Used by him.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross engrailed between four fleurs-de-lys(?)
Inscription: ... ILLV IOHIS .. RET ..

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.75, 76, 89
Seals (Impressions)
851   1474
Eldon, Jacob
Styled one of the foresters or guards of the park of Wolsingham
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, signet, antique gem, a griffin.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.3
Seals (Impressions)
852   1427
Elianore, John
Styled John Elianore of Monk Hesilden
Size: 19 x 13 mm.
Seal design: On a shield-shaped seal, a stag's head with a cross above it and a twig beneath with the letters 'CLTS'.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
852(i)
Ellerker, Nicholas of, burgess of Newcastle

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4064
Seals (Impressions)
853   1273
Elm, Geoffrey of
Styled rector of the church of St. Nicholas in Durham
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a demi bishop standing in a canopied niche holding crosier in left hand and blessing with his right. Beneath is a demi figure praying.
Inscription: S' GALFRIDI · DE · ELM CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3387, 4340   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
854    n.d.
Elmeden, Eda wife of Adam of
Styled widow of Adam of Elmden of the street of St Giles, Durham.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a heron.
Inscription: ✠ S' EDE VXORIS ADE DE ELMEDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
855   1393
Elmeden, John of
Elmdene, now Embleton, is near Sedgefield, Durham. For pedigree of family see S.D. III, 55. Their arms are blasoned in Jenyn's roll of Edward III, silver on a bend sable three crescents silver. In another deed he is styled 'of Hartlepool'.
Size: 1.22 mm.Size: 2. 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, on a fess three bezants(?) between four (?)2. Signet, cross-shaped, on a bend three crescents, in sinister chief a ring.
Inscription: 1. Legend effaced.2. ✠ ✠ ✠ ✠ (in place of legend).

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.61; 4.16.Spec.137
Seals (Impressions)
856   1403
Elmeden, John of
Used by John of Elmeden, son and heir of William of Elmeden.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, in a hexfoiled panel a shield bearing pale indented.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS DE ... EL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1716
Seals (Impressions)
856(i)   1335-1346
Elmeden, John of
Seal design: Oval. St Laurence and his gridiron

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.30, 31, 32
Seals (Impressions)
857   1256
Elmeden, Jordan of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant to left.
Inscription: ✠ S':IORDANI · FILI RADVLF

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D6*
Seals (Impressions)
858   1291
Elmeden, Neil son of Adam of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' NEL · FILII · ADE ✠

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.55
Seals (Impressions)
859   1232
Elmeden, Neil son of Adam of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of eight rays, four large and four small.
Inscription: ✠ S':NIGILL FIL ADE:

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.56; 4.14.Spec.28; 1.15.Spec.43, 37
Seals (Impressions)
860   1302
Elmeden, Neil son of Adam of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points.
Inscription: ✠ S' NIGILL . FIL' AD' D' HEMEDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.43, 57
Seals (Impressions)
861   1275-1276
Elmeden, Robert of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI DE HELMEDENE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Elemos.15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21
Seals (Impressions)
862    n.d.
Elmeden, Robert of
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI DE HELMEDN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Elemos.15*
Seals (Impressions)
863   1404
Elmeden, Thomas of
I.P.M. taken at Durham, 24 August 1416 (C.R., 45).
For another seal, see Misc.Ch. 6034, and another, 1.14.Spec.18
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a crescent enclosing t. Floriated background and corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1708
Seals (Impressions)
864    n.d.
Elmeden, William son of Jordan of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a hawk standing upon a gloved hand.
Inscription: S' WILLELMI FILII IORDANI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D17
Seals (Impressions)
865   1391
Elmeden, William of
He was chancellor to bishop Fordham and constable of Durham castle (H.D., II, 390). For pedigree see S.D., III, 55. His I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 10 May 1400 (C.R., 45).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a crowned W within a crescent, a spray on each side of it.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.14.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
866
See 3445
Seals (Impressions)
867   1442
Elmeden, William
Styled Lord of Trillesden, same man as no. 866
For another seal, see 4.13.Spec.62a
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a crescent enclosing a star, above which is a crowned W; on dexter side of star is a small escallop(?)

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
868   1403
Elmeden, William son of Thomas of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a device resembling a merchant's mark.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1715
Seals (Impressions)
869    n.d.
Elmeden, William of
The seal is imperfect, but it seems more likely that it is the signet of Sir William Eure. It is affixed to a letter from Sir William Eure and Sir William Elmeden to the prior of Durham.
Size: -
Seal design: Signet, a quatrefoil, each leaf a trefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.7
Seals (Impressions)
870    n.d.
Elmeden, William of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a crescent enclosing a ...

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.7
Seals (Impressions)
871   1418
Elstob, William
Used by William Elstob of Foxden. For pedigree see S.D., III, 47. The same seal is attached to 2.13.Spec.26, dated 18 April 1447, and is there used by John Elstobe, son and heir of William Elstobe of Foxden. Their arms as recorded at the Visitation of 1575 are party gules and vert a fleur-de-lys silver (V.D.). The Elizabethan rolls give apparently earlier canting arms, gules three eel-spears with handles and a chief silver (41 Surtees Society publ., XIX).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mitred figure standing blessing and holding a cross in his left hand. On the dexter side is a plant with two buds.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
872   1447
Elstob, William
Styled William Elstobe, son and heir of John Elstobe, son and heir of William Elstobe of Foxden.
Probably not his own seal. also used by his father John Elstob. Also used by John Jakson in 1437, 2.13.Spec.47
Size: -
Seal design: Oval signet, a crowned W.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.26, 41, 42, 43, 45
Seals (Impressions)
873    n.d.
Elstob, John
Styled John, son of William of Helstob
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ... IOHAN ... DE ELS...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.20
Seals (Impressions)
873(i)   1447
Elstob, John, chaplain
Seal design: Round signet, a crowned I

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec. 26, 41, 43
Seals (Impressions)
874   1404
Elvet, (family of). See 3267
This 'noble deed beautifully written' founds a chantry to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, in the church of St. Oswald, Durham (S.D., IV, 81). See no. 3267 and note 16.
3. is the signet of Gilbert of Elvet, it is also attached to 2.11.Spec.30 and 3.15.Spec.21 and 22.
Size: 1. 60 x 35 mm.Size: 2. 29 mm.Size: 3. 13 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, Our Lady and Christ seated under a rich canopy. Our Lady holds a lily in her left hand. Beneath is a figure praying. 2. Round, an angel holding a shield in front charged with a saltire with a molet for difference, the field of shield is diapered. 3. Signet, round, a six rayed star with the letters 'el el el' between the points.
Inscription: 1. sigillv : ricard : de : elvet archidiaconi : leycestr.2. s : iohannis : elvet : clerici

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
875   1404
Elvet, Gilbert of
Brother of Richard and John. This signet is no. 3 attached to no. 874.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a wavy star. (same as (3) of previous)

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.30; 4.16.Spec.34; 3.15.Spec.21, 22
Seals (Impressions)
876   1386
Elvet, Gilbert of
He was son and heir of John (no. 877).
Size: 10 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, male head facing to left.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4821
Seals (Impressions)
877   1375
Elvet, John of [styled clerk], or William Claxton
He was attorney general to bishop Thomas of Hatfield (H.D. I, 381).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, male head facing to right.
Inscription: ✶ IEO SVY SEEL PRIVE E LEEL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6319   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
878    n.d.
Elvet, Nicolas of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL NICOL...O

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
879   1349
Elvet, Robert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a bifrontal head.
Inscription: ... ROBERTI DE ELVET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.163
Seals (Impressions)
880    n.d.
Elvet, Guy
Styled 'Wydo pistor de Elveta'
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight long and eight shorter rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' WYDONIS DE ELVETA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.109   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
881    n.d.
Elwick, Henry son of Watling of
The Elwick opposite to Holy Island.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: S' HENRICI FILII · WATHLING

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.58
Seals (Impressions)
882    n.d.
Elwick, John of
Near Hartlepool.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent and six rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHANNIS DE ELLEWIC

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.61
Seals (Impressions)
883   1286
Elwick, John of
Styled John of Pytingdon, son of Thomas of Elwick
Size: 29 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOH' DE ELIWIC.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
884   1348
Elwick, Robert of, clerk
A very roughly carved seal. The arms are probably false. See also 951
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ IOME : CIOV : ME

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.9(6)
Seals (Impressions)
885   1230
Elwick, Stephan of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle, with raised wings, facing to left.
Inscription: SIGILL STEPHNI DE ELL...

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.11, 12
Seals (Impressions)
886
Number not used
Seals (Impressions)
887   1336
Elwick, William
Styled William of Ellewick, vicar of the church of Norham
See Misc.Ch. 3454, 4129 for another seal.
Size: 19 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Shield shaped, a water fowl with two crosses above it.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3441   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
888   1342
Emeldon, John
Styled John of Emildon of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Date 1342-1343
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a quatrefoiled leaf with stalk within a geometrical device
Inscription: S' IOHAN · EM ELD OVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3417, 3540, 3590, 4800
Seals (Impressions)
889   1318-1320
Emeldon, Richard of
Styled mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Used in 1318 as a counterseal to the municipal seal. See R.W., Men of Mark , II, 180, and A.A., 3rd ser., vol. I, p.60 et seq.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a radiated youth's head facing to right.
Inscription: Legend nearly obliterated. SIGGILVM PERFECTI AMORIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.105; Misc.Ch. 4273
Seals (Impressions)
890   1329
Emeldon, Richard of
Used by him.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a sleeping lion.
Inscription: ✶ CI DORT LE ...N FORT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4386   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
891   1422
Emery, Thomas of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heart from which issue two branches. A crowned above it.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1722; 5.2.Elemos.21, 22
Seals (Impressions)
892    n.d.
Emma, Richard son of.
Styled Richard, son of Emma 'de aula in subteriori Hessewell'
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.7
Seals (Impressions)
892(i)
Engayne, David

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3624, 4553
Seals (Impressions)
893   1325-1328
Engolisma [Angoulême ?], Hugh of
cf 3686a. Not Hugh's seal, but the one numbered 3574 below, here used by Stephen de Oustwick, sacrist of St Mary's York, as collector of Hugh's procurations as papal nuncio.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a four-horsed chariot. A star above the horses' heads.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4822, 4855
Seals (Impressions)
894   1256
Epplingden, Alexander of
Styled Alexander of Kellawe
See A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, pl. VIII, no. 6.
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: SIGILL ALEXANDRI DAPLIGDEN

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D6
Seals (Impressions)
895    n.d.
Epplingden, Iseult of
Styled Ysolda of Aplingdene
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle(?) with wings raised.
Inscription: ✠ S' YSEWDE . DE KELLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.37; Misc.Ch. 2517
Seals (Impressions)
896    n.d.
Epplingden, Ralph of
See S.D., I, 217, 296.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chief (?).
Inscription: ✠ SI ... APPLINDENE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 47; 1.1.Finc.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
897    n.d.
Epplingden, Roger of
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in trellised armour, helmet with nasal, sword in right hand and in left a heater-shaped shield held close to body.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV ROGERI DE EPL.NGDENE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
898    n.d.
Epplingden, Roger of
Printed FPD, 124n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in chain mail, conical helmet and drawn sword and shield with boss.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.15, 16
Seals (Impressions)
899   1382
Ereby, Thomas of
Ireby, close to Appleton Wiske, on the Tees. Used by Thomas of Ereby of Appleton-super-Wysk.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three molets.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
900    n.d.
Ernald, William son of
This seal has now perished (1911).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a beast walking to right.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Finc.48
Seals (Impressions)
900(i)
Eryum, Joan widow of John of

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
900(ii)
Eryum, John son of Adam of

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
901   1303
Eryum, Richard of
Now Eryholme, on the Tees, south of Hurworth. Seals 901 and 904 are used by the same man. He was a man of considerable importance in the Palatinate during the episcopates of Bishops Kellawe and Beaumont. In 1311 he is appointed to a prebend in the collegiate chuch of Lanchester and in the same year proctor to attend parliament in place of the bishop. In 1315 he is named as rector of the church of St. Nicholas in Durham. In 1316 he is styled professor of civil law, in 1338 (3.9.Spec.37) he is styled canon of St. Peter's, York and a commissary of bishop Beaumont (R.P.D., passim).
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a female head.
Inscription: ✶ AW...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3557, 4028f, 4138h
Seals (Impressions)
902   1312
Eryum, Richard of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, our Lord on the cross, to whom a figure kneels.
Inscription: CRVX . SCA . DEI .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4077b
Seals (Impressions)
903   1305
Eryum, Richard of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ standing, a figure kneels to them, a star above his head.
Inscription: SIGILL RICARD' DE ERIV...IAI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4115h
Seals (Impressions)
904   1316-1325
Eryum, Richard of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique (?medieval) gem, a male head with curling hair and no beard.
Inscription: ✶ SVB : PRESENTE : NOTA : RICARDVS : FERT : SVA : VOTA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3885, 3885x; 3.6.Pont.8, 9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
905   1338
Eryum, Thomas
Styles Richard of Eryum his brother.
Same seal as 2686. For another seal see 3.9.Spec.33, 35; and another 3.9.Spec.37a
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: X SEEL DE GV . SE SVA PELE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.37b
Seals (Impressions)
906   1309
Eryum, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a male head.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4435
Seals (Impressions)
907   1265
Escolland, Emery
Styled Emericus Escouland
Barons of the palatinate seated at Dalden soon after the Conquest. Surtees considers that they later assumed the local name (S.D., I, 4). Emery Escolland was son of Geoffrey (4.1.Elemos.6).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure, leaning on a pillar, facing to the left with right arm stretched out.
Inscription: ✠ S' HEMERICI DE SCHOLANID

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Elemos.12
Seals (Impressions)
908    n.d.
Escolland, Geoffrey of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys between two birds, back to back, but with heads turned back.
Inscription: ... FRIDI . ESCOVLAND

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5884
Seals (Impressions)
909    n.d.
Escolland, Geoffrey of
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion facing to right.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV GALFRIDI FILII ... LANT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5578
Seals (Impressions)
910    n.d.
Escolland, Hawis
Styled the lady Hawys, wife of Sir Walter of Hadham, and niece of Sir Philip of Ulcotes
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle(?) displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HAWYS ... CHOVLANT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
911   1155
Escolland, Ellis of
Printed FPD, 121n. See also Cal. I.P.M.. II, Edward I, n. 394.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with conical helmet, sword and kite-shaped shield, with border.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · HELIE ESCOLANT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.34   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
912   1329
Escolland, Hugh of
2. Is the seal of Thomas of Urpeth.
Size: 1.19 mm.Size: 2. 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a hare riding upon a hound.2. Round, a cock.
Inscription: 1. ✶ S...2. ✶ ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Elemos.1a
Seals (Impressions)
913    n.d.
Escolland, Jordan of
In 3.7.Spec.15, he is styled son of Helias Escolland (FPD, 124n).
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM IORDANI ESCOVLANT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Elemos.10; 5.2.Elemos.1   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
914   1285
Escrick, Peter of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRI D' ESKERICK

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30d
Seals (Impressions)
915    n.d.
Esh, Ralph
Styled 'Radulphus de Esse' butcher
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety, with nest in a tree.
Inscription: SIGILL . RADVLFI . FLI . ROGERI . DE . HES

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.8
Seals (Impressions)
916   1342
Esh, Roger of
Used by Roger of Esh, knight.
Size: 10 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a drum-shaped vessel out of which issue two flowers. A pair of scales above it.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.35
Seals (Impressions)
917   1338-1346
Esh, Roger of
See S.D., II, 335. His I.P.M. was taken at Durham 13 April 1355. The punning legend on this seal is very delightful: it may be freely translated 'Under the bough of ash I confirm the words (or deeds) of Roger'.
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, a lion rampant over all a bend. The shield hangs from a tree (ash) and has two molets at each side of it.
Inscription: FRAXINE SB' FRONDE ROG'I CARMINA CONDE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3705, 3843, 3852, 4100i, 4708, 4774   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
918   1322-1346
Esh, Simon of
He held high temporal office in the palatinate under bishop Richard of Bury, escheator 1333, sheriff 1334, and again in 1339 (H.D., I, 364). His I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 6 April 1360 (C.R., 45). The seal is very interesting, and the legend unusual, it is composed as the legend tells of the shields of lords by whose patronage Simon hoped to reach renown. It is, unfortunately, not possible now to identify the owners of the four shields.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, four egg-shaped shields arranged crossways; (1) a checky; (2) an eagle displayed; (3) a bend embattled; (4) three bars.
Inscription: ✶ PAR : CES : SEIGNOVRS : ATTENDREI : HONOVRS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3377, 3766, 4020, 4621, 5798; 2.14.Spec.35; 3.4.Elemos.3; 3.2.Elemos.10; [G] C18   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
919   1344
Esh, Thomas son of Roger of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Same seal as No. 918.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 542; 2.1.Finc.27; 4.16.Spec.40, 47
Seals (Impressions)
920    n.d.
Esh, Thomas of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a tree (?ash).
Inscription: ... E . DE HE...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A41
Seals (Impressions)
921    n.d.
Esh, William
Styled William of Esche, butcher, of Durham
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag standing facing to right.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILELMI DE HESS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.50
Seals (Impressions)
922   1200
Eston, Matthew of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crab(?)
Inscription: ✠ SECRETVM MATHEI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Ebor.10
Seals (Impressions)
923    n.d.
Esweillechen, William of
See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , 214, where this seal is engraved. The charter is printed, ibid., 395.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, an animal (?hare) running to the right.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLMI VELLECHEN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.34
Seals (Impressions)
924   1356
Esshet, Edmund of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross between four (undecipherable).

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
925   1352
Esyngwald
Used by John of Rouclif, clerk.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a plant.
Inscription: ...LLI BROVR DE ESYNGWALD

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5008
Seals (Impressions)
926    n.d.
Etheredstre, Stephan son of John of
Size: -
Seal design: There is now no seal attached to this charter.

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.3
Seals (Impressions)
927   1407
Etton, John
Styled sheriff of York: his official seal.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tower, on sinister side a lion(?) seated, on dexter as undecipherable object.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XIX.53
Seals (Impressions)
928    n.d.
Eudo, Robert son of.
Styled Robert called Warde, son of Eudo of Quessigton
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a helmet with a fan-shaped crest.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBTI FIL EVDONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.59   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
929   1273
Eure, Hugh of
Styled Hugh of Eure, knight, one of the executors of the will of Sir John of Balliol
A pedigree of Eure of Witton is given, H.D., III, app.; see also V.Y., 607-617 and N.C.H., v. 25. Hugh of Eure lived at Eure, co. Bucks. In 1290 Edward I confirmed Stokesley and Ingoldby to him. He died in 1295. See A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, 184.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, a bend.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL : HVGONIS : D' . EVRE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3585, 4463
Seals (Impressions)
930   1317
Eure, John of
He was sheriff of Yorkshire 1309-11, took part in the wars in Scotland, and died in 1326/27.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, on a bend three escallops.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE EVRE DOMINI DE STOKESLEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3905, 4022, 4238   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
931   1373-1404
Eure, Ralph
Styled (in C55) 'avunculus et propinquor amiciis Roberti filii et herediis Marmaduci de Lumley'
He was sheriff of Northumberland, 1389, and again in 1397 and of Yorkshire in 1391 and 1395. In 1410 he had licence from bishop Langley to fortify his house of Witton. His I.P.M. was taken at Darlington, 7 September 1422.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, on a bend three escallops. The shield is suspended from a tree.
Inscription: sigillv : radvlphi : de cvre

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.110; Misc.Ch. 2415, 7078; [G] C55
Seals (Impressions)
932   1415
Eure, Ralph of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, on a bend three escallops. The shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: sigillvm : radvlphi : de : evre

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C36, 37, 38, 39
Seals (Impressions)
933   1367
Eure, Robert
Styled Robert, son of John of Eure, knight
I.P.M. taken at Durham 21 May 1369 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, a bend. The shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: sigillvm : roberti : d'evre

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C53, 54
Seals (Impressions)
933(i)   1450
Eure, Robert, esq

Seal attached to document reference: 3.13.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)
934   1420
Eure, Ralph of
He grants a chantry in his chapel of 'Lezingby' (Lazenby in Cleveland).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, a heart surrounded by a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3855; Loc.XXV.139
Seals (Impressions)
935   1424
Eure, William and Robert of
Used by William of Eure, knight, and Robert of Eure, armiger. Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1445. He was at the battle of Agincourt with his father-in-law, Henry, Lord Fitzhugh; died 1466/67. Robert was his brother; he died circa 1480.
Size: 1. 13 mm.Size: 2. 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Signet, round, an escallop, with a trefoil on each side, surrounded by a beaded border.2. Signet, octagonal, a bird with wings raised, seated on a branch with legend above.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 184, 2467, 6720, 6720*   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
936    n.d.
Eure, William of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a quatrefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.7
Seals (Impressions)
937   1265
Evesham, Hugh of
He was a distinguished clerk, scholar and physician, a man of European fame. He was rector of Welton and in 1272 was appointed by the prior and convent of Durham rector of Hemingbrough. In 1275 he was archdeacon of Worcester. In 1279 he was canon of York holding the prebend of Bugthorpe. In 1280 he was presented to the living of Spofforth by queen Eleanor. In 1280/81 he was invited to Rome by pope Martin IV, who made his cardinal priest of San Lorenzo in Lucina; he died of the plague at Rome in 1287 (See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , p. 47 and Le Neve's Fasti , III, passim; Cal. Pap. I, 495; Trésor de Chronologie , p.2234).
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady, seated, holding Christ. Beneath a half figure praying.
Inscription: HVGONIS:NATI:GENITRIX:MEMOR ESTO:BEATI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.34
Seals (Impressions)
937(i)
Evenwood, Hugh of

Seal attached to document reference: Mic.Ch. 3808
Seals (Impressions)
938    n.d.
Eynsham, John of
Styled John of Eynisham 'sclater de Oxon'
Size: 22 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird holding a spray.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE EYNESHA.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.20
Seals (Impressions)
939    n.d.
Eynsham, John of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a beast.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.26
Seals (Impressions)
940    n.d.
Eyton, Ralph of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the coronation of the virgin.
Inscription: ✶ S':RADVL ... DE ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4771b
Seals (Impressions)
F
941    n.d.
Faber, Walter of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star. cf 1444
Inscription: ✶ S' WALTERI FILI IACOBI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
942    n.d.
Fabian, Matilda
Styled Matilda, widow of Gilbert Fabian of 'Wictonstalle'
See N.C.H., VI, 185.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, male head.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM . SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6959
Seals (Impressions)

Fader, William son of Ralph: see 1504
943    n.d.
Faderles, Ralph
See FPD, 76.
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RA... ADERLES

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Ebor.1
Seals (Impressions)
944    n.d.
Faderles, Matilda of
She is styled late wife of Richard Faderles.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MATILDE FADERLE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.116
Seals (Impressions)
945   1501
Fairfax, Guy
Styled 'custos' of the manor of Westhall
Pedigree V.Y., 96.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, a hedgehog.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XVIII.67
Seals (Impressions)
946   1383
Fairfax, John
Styled parson of the church of 'Prestcotes of Rodington'
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, a voided cinquefoil, the letters P, E, on two of its leaves.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Ebor.12
Seals (Impressions)
947    n.d.
Fairfax, William
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a stag(?)
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILEL... FAIR:FAX

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.17; Misc.Ch. 2555
Seals (Impressions)
948   1365
Fallsno, Alan of
Used by John of Alverton, carpenter.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire in chief a bird.
Inscription: S' ALANI DE FALLSNO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2226, 1856   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
949   1322
Farnacres, Henry
Styled Henry of Farnacres of Gateshead
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial (charges obliterated).

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
950   1341
Farnacres, John of
Used by Walter of Ludworth. I.P.M. at Durham, 9 June 1348 (C.R., 45). See also S.D., II, 243.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three crescents.
Inscription: ✶ S'IOHIS D' · FARNACRIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7009
Seals (Impressions)
951   1348-1370
Farnham, William of
In 4.2.Ebor.22, he is styled official of the bishop of Durham. See also no. 3186a. See 299 for another seal used by him. On Misc.Ch. 3642 used by Robert of Elwick, clerk. P.F., passim. The subject is the Annunciation.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure holding in left hand a cross with streamers and right hand raised in benediction, to whom a kneeling female figure holds up a vase, filled with flowers. Beneath is a figure praying. All within beautiful tracery.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · WILLI · DE FARNHAM · CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.22, 23; Misc.Ch. 3514, 3561, 3604, 3667, 3642, 3707, 3742, 3770, 3896, 3919, 3935, 4000, 4039c, 4039d, 4039e, 4044h, 4051e, 4076c, 4115f, 4526, 4115g, 4589, 4501, 4634, 4962, 4488, 4970h, 5019   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
952   1362
Farnham, William of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a seated figure.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4076a
Seals (Impressions)
953   1243
Fat, William
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent with a star above it.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLELMI FAT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.19, 32
Seals (Impressions)
954   1370
Fawdon, Robert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a pair of shears in an engrailed border.
Inscription: SIGIL...TI:CISSORIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.67   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
955   1315
Fawdon, Aline of
Styled Aline, who was the wife of Nicholas of Fawdon of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
This deed is quoted R.W., I, 35. The name of Nicholas Fawdon's widow should be Aline and the release is to Lawrence of Durham (Laurentio de Dunelmo burgensi Novi Castri).
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent with a star above it.
Inscription: ✶ S' ALIMA · DE · FAVDON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.106
Seals (Impressions)
955(i)
Fauleys, Geoffrey of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3768
Seals (Impressions)
956   1364
Faumer, William of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend between a molet and a roundel.
Inscription: SIGILLV WILLELMI DE FAVMER

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
957   1387-1388
Fausyde, Adam of
The seal is used by Matilda, widow of Richard of Heworth, John of Middlemerrington and John of Appleby, chaplain. See A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 111.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a shield a device of the nature of a merchant's mark.
Inscription: S' AD E · DE FAV SYD

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.23; 2.13.Spec.17; 1.15.Spec.26   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
958   1375
Fayt, John
See R.W., I, 197. The arms are apparently false.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, within a cusped panel a shield charged with, in chief a cross crosslet fitchy between two voided lozenges, in base three quatrefoils.
Inscription: S' AW · L · I · DE WA.. L · P

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B33   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
959   1345
Felton, William of
See N.C.H., VII, 121; S.D., II, 285; and A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 111 for bason.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two lions passant in a tressure flory counterflory. On dexter side of shield a fleur-de-lys, on the sinister a molet.
Inscription: S' WILELMI D' FELTON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.52   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
960    n.d.
Felton, Isabella wife of William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing holding Christ, a kneeling figure praying to them.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.52
Seals (Impressions)
961   1365
Fencotes, John of
Seal engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. X, No. 14. See also N.C.H., IV, 30.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron engrailed three voided cinquefoils. The shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: sigillvm : johis : de : fencotes

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3682, 3857
Seals (Impressions)
962   1365
Fencotes, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a quatrefoil leaf.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3576
Seals (Impressions)
963   1366
Fencotes, John of
Used by John of Fencotes.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three crescents between seven crosses crosslet fitchy, three, three, and one.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL PATRICI DE REVAN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3447   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
964   1364
Fencotes, John of
Used by John of Fencotes.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend ... (undecipherable).
Inscription: sigillvm hugonis · d' .. an · one

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3772   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
965   1337
Fencotes, John of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a seated figure blessing.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5068g
Seals (Impressions)
966   1348
Fening, Gilbert
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a bearded head with fillet.
Inscription: ✶ S' GILBTI FENING

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.2
Seals (Impressions)
967   1370
Fenrother, Robert of
Fenrother is near Morpeth, Northumberland.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep on a background of six leaves in an ornate sexfoiled panel.
Inscription: No legend.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5594b
Seals (Impressions)
968   1381
Fenrother, Robert of
He is styled Robert de Fenrother of Pittington. This shield is very indistinct and doubtful, it has the appearance of false arms.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, armorial, barry of ten, an orle at centre, two trefoils at each side of shield.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
969   1518
Fenwick, Alice
Styled 'Alicia Fenwyke', formerly wife of Robert Fenwyke of Durham
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, a fleur-de-lys with a crown above it.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1713
Seals (Impressions)
970    n.d.
Fenwick, Eustace
Styled Eustace, son of Eustace of 'Fennewyk'
On the mainland opposite Holy Island.
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion walking to right.
Inscription: ✠ S' EVSTAC FENW...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Sacr.11
Seals (Impressions)
971   1356
Fenwick, Thomas of
The usual shield of Fenwick, silver three martlets gules on a chief gules three martlets silver, is first blasoned in the 'Powell' roll and Jenyn's Ordinary, both temp. Edward III. The shield on this seal is an interesting mode of differencing; except for this seal it is unknown.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three roundels each charged with three birds.
Inscription: S' THOME · DE FENWYK.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.17   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
972   1219
Feritate, Hugh of
He was parson of the church of Staindrop, the charter refers to the foundation of the chapel of St. Catherine in Hilton. Hugh occurs frequently as a witness to the charters of bishop Hugh Pudsey and of Henry Pudsey his brother. (P.F. and FPD, passim). The device is a curious adaptation of the lions to the form of the swastika or fylfot-cross of which other varieties are the three human legs forming the badge of the Isle of Man, and the similar device, but with the Gorgon's head in the centre, of Sicily. The fylfot form of cross, probably in its origin a symbol of the sun, was used by Hindoos as the sign of Vishnu.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, four lions joined in one head.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:HVGONIS:DE:FERITATE

Seal attached to document reference: 6.3.Elemos.17
Seals (Impressions)
973    n.d.
Ferlington, Simon of
Styled archdeacon of Durham
See also 3256. He was parson of Howden, circa 1220-1224 (2.1.Arcip.6, FPD, 254) and chancellor under bishop Richard of Marisco (H.D., 239).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem (very indistinct).
Inscription: S' SI · ONIS D' FERLINTONA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Arch.Dun.17
Seals (Impressions)
974   1354
Fery, Alice
Styled wife of Richard of Fery
For nature of deed see S.D., III, 285.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
975    n.d.
Fery, Bertram son of Alan of.
Styled son of Alan, brother of the prior
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, an elaborate floriated device. cf 35
Inscription: ✠:SIGILL:BERTRAMI:FILI ALLANI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.30, 33
Seals (Impressions)
976    n.d.
Fery, Bertram son of Alan of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys. cf 36.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL BERTRAMI-FILII-ALANI-DE-FERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.126
Seals (Impressions)
977    n.d.
Fery, Emma daughter of Thomas of
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys, with a cross on the top.
Inscription: SIGILL MME FILIE TOME FILIVS WILA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.29, 32; 4.16.Spec.120, 128, 161, 127
Seals (Impressions)

Fery, Eustace of: see 344.
978    n.d.
Fery, Geoffrey of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ... GALF.. DE .. ESCA...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
979    n.d.
Fery, Gilbert of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with raised wings.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GILBERTI D' FERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
980    n.d.
Fery, Henry of
Parson of Heighington.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure sitting, a bird on his extended right hand.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HENRICI DE FERIE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
981    n.d.
Fery, John
Styled John, son and heir of Johanna, daughter and heiress of Roger of Fery.
It is not his own seal.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: Imperfect, legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
982   1358
Fery, John son of Simon of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a griffin.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct, illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
983    n.d.
Fery, Matilda
Styled Matilda, formerly wife of Alan of Merrington
See S.D., III, 285. The charter is printed FPD, 171n.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a boar's head raised.
Inscription: ✠ S' MATILDE FILIE ROGERI D . ERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.27   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
984    n.d.
Fery, Robert of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of six rays.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI FIL T...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
985   1293
Fery, Roger of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight large and eight smaller rays.
Inscription: ... GERI · DE · FER ·

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
986    n.d.
Fery, Roger of
Printed FPD, 170n. The boar probably represents the famous 'brawn of Brancepeth' which Roger slew by strategy: for the story see S.D., III, 284.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a boar walking.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROGERI DE FERIE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.1   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
987   1458
Fery, Thomas
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, an eagle displayed, above it 'midelh..'

Seal attached to document reference: 1.13.Spec.20, 24
Seals (Impressions)
988   1354
Fery, Thomas son of Richard of
Used by Thomas, but not his own seal.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, charges obliterated, shield couchée and surmounted by helmet with crest of a bird's head.
Inscription: SIGILL BEPTO .. DIDE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
989   1460
Fery, Thomas
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, very indistinct and undecipherable.
Inscription: dominn ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.13.Spec.24, 25, 27
Seals (Impressions)
990   1450
Fery, Thomas
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a cock, before it 'I'

Seal attached to document reference: 3.13.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
991   1219
Fery, Walter of
Printed FPD, 218.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WALTERI DE FERIE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
992   1369
Filsdrot (?), William
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial on a bend three ...(?), a label of five points.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM WILLI FILS DROT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5594d   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
993   1281
Fishburn, Gilbert
Styled Gilbert of 'Fisscheburn', chaplain, executor of the will of Simon of 'Fisscheburn'
Fishburn is about two miles N. of Sedgefield, Durham.
Size: 35 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI CHAPELANI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3556
Seals (Impressions)
994   1302
Fishburn, Peter of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, an ape sitting scratching himself and putting something into his mouth.
Inscription: ✶ HAYL APE HAYL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3436 (fragment) 3858, 4971   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
995    n.d.
Fishburn, Ranulph of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RANNVLFI DE FISEBVRNE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
996   1184
Fishburn, Ranulph of
For account of family and nature of charter see S.D., III, 50.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in hauberk, round topped helmet, sword in hand, and kite-shaped shield.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RANVLFI D FISEBV

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.41
Seals (Impressions)
997   1259
Fishburn, Simon of
He was son of Ranulph (996), the charter mentions his brothers Robert and Ranulph and his sister Meliora. It will be noted that the device on his seal forms a complete pun on his name.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a 'burn' in which four fish swim.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS:DE FISBVRNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.38, 40   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
998   1317
Fishburn, Stephan of
Used by Emma of Burden, widow of Stephen of Fishburn.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' STEFANI FIL PETRI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.10.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
999   1286-1289
Fishburn, Thomas of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk upon a hare.
Inscription: ✶ FAHCVN GENTIL ·

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4306, 4993   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1000   1294
Fishburn, Thomas of
Not his own seal. From early times the eagle has been used by the Christian church as the symbol of St. John the Evangelist. Its origin is probably to be found in common with the symbols of the three other evangelists in the vision of St. John (Rev., IV, 6 and 7) and in that of Ezekiel 'in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar' (Ezekiel, I, 3-10).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ AQVILA IOHANNIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3414
Seals (Impressions)
1001   1296-1311
Fishburn, Thomas of
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a wreathed female head.
Inscription: ✶ S' ONIS ESE · TIC · NERERE · VTERIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.20, Misc.Ch. 3610, 5042
Seals (Impressions)
1001(i)   1295
Fishburn, Thomas of, Theobald cousin and servant of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4115o
Seals (Impressions)
1001(ii)   1405
Fishburn, William of, keeper of chantry of SS John Baptist and Evangelist in St Oswald's church, Durham. Same seal as next.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
1001(iii)   1424
Fishburn, William of, chaplain of chantry of SS John Baptist and Evangelist in St Oswald's church, Durham. Same seal as previous.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.7, 8
Seals (Impressions)
1002    n.d.
Fitzrobert, John
See N.C.H., V, 25. The seal is engraved (No. 3) on plate facing p. 24, ibid. The blason of the shield is quarterly gold and gules a bend sable. For note upon its origin see A.A., 3rd ser., VI, p.183.
Size: 1. 70 mm.Size: 2. 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, equestrian, knight sword in hand, shield suspended from neck, charged with quarterly a bend.2. Secretum, oval, antique gem, the flight into Egypt.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S ...NIS ⋮ F... OBERTI2. ✠ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.51   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1003    n.d.
Fitzroger, Robert
See N.C.H., V, 24, 25 and note. The seal is engraved (Nos. 1 and 2) on plate facing p.24, ibid.
Size: 73 mm.Size: Secretum: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight sword in hand and shield bearing quarterly a bend.Secretum: oval, antique gem, the flight into Egypt.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROBERTI FILII ROGERII ✶Secretum: SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.50; 2.4.Spec.8; 4.3.Sacr.3; Misc.Ch. 1481   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1004   1303
Fitzroger, Robert
Printed FPD, 113n.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly a bend.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 461   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1004A    n.d.
Fitzwalter, Robert
He was descended from Robert, 5th son of Richard fitzGilbert son of Gilbert of Clare ( Historic Peerage , 199). His arms are derived and differenced from those of Clare, gules three chevrons gold, and are blasoned gold a fess between three chevrons gules, they first appear in the roll of the battle of Falkirk (1298). He was grandson of that Robert Fitz Walter 'marshall of the army of God and of Holy Church', the chief of the Magna Carta barons. He succeeded his father in 1257 at the age of ten and was summoned to parliament from 1295 to 1325, in which latter year he died.
Size: 70 mm.Size: Secretum: 32 mm.
Seal design: Obverse, round, equestrian, knight in surcoat, with shield and sword, shield and horse trappings charged with a fess between two chevrons.Secretum: round, armorial, a fess between two chevrons.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.Secretum: ✠ SECRETVM : ROBERTI : FILII : WALTERI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B11
Seals (Impressions)
1005   1355
Fletham, Hugh of
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, horned head of Jupiter Ammon. See also 85.
Inscription: ✶ FRANGE LEGE TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4239
Seals (Impressions)
1006    n.d.
Flur, Adam
Styled a citizen of York
Now Kirkby Fleetham a new miles W. of Northallerton, Yorkshire.
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a female figure seated, veil over her head.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ADE FLVR

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.19, 26
Seals (Impressions)
1007    n.d.
Flur, Sibilla wife of Adam
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SIBILLE VXORIS ADE FLVR

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.22   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1008    n.d.
Folettby, Nicholas of
Stephen of Hoton uses the same seal (5.4.Elemos.1). Foletby was one of the bishop's knights' fees in Lincolnshire (R.P.D., 262). This charter is printed FPD, 113n.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI:POND · MATILDI VXOR SVE

Seal attached to document reference: 5.3.Elemos.1a
Seals (Impressions)
1009    n.d.
Folettby, William of
Printed FPD, 195n.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield with boss.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WILLELMI FILII ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Elemos.6
Seals (Impressions)
1010    n.d.
Font, Richard at the
Styled Richard 'dictus ad fontem'
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, bird standing on a conventional branch.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI D' FONTE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.5
Seals (Impressions)
1011   1295
Forester, Robert
Styled Robert, son of John the forester of Hemingburgh
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep.
Inscription: ✶ WARE ME ... ET

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.22
Seals (Impressions)
1012   1265
Forset, Geoffrey of
Forsett in Richmondshire. He was a canon of the church of Howden.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figure of Our Lady seated and holding Christ. Beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ S' GALFRIDI · DE:FORSET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.34
Seals (Impressions)
1013   1519
Forster, John
Styled 'chaplain'
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, monogram F.F. and a label with inscription(?) upon it, above label a star.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1723   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

1014: Forester. See No. 695, Seal No. 2 there described is used by Constance, wife of John the forester of Corbridge, and widow of Thomas of Tyndale (Misc.Ch. 5255).
1015    n.d.
Forster, Robert the
The device refers to his office of forester.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag's head.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI · LE FORSTER

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1585
Seals (Impressions)
1016   1447
Fossour, John
See S.D., I, 65.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an animal (lion?) asleep at the foot of a tree. All in a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.38
Seals (Impressions)
1017    n.d.
Frankeley, William
Styled William, called 'Frankeley de Witton'
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hunting horn.
Inscription: ✠ SIG:WILL DE...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)
1018    n.d.
Frekelton, Adam and Sweyn of
Used by Adam, son of Osbert of Freckleton and 'Suanus frater meus'. Adam of Freckleton was living in 1297. For account of Freckleton and of the family of that name see VCH: Lancaster, VII, 167, et seq. and notes. Frekelton was a manor in Lancashire in which the Durham cell of Lytham was situated.
Size: 1. 32 mm.Size: 2. 32 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a device like a vase with handles.2. Round, a cross-like device.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILL ADE FIL OSBTI2. ✠ SIGILL · SVAH · E FREKELT.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.33, 43
Seals (Impressions)
1019    n.d.
Frekelton, Gilbert of
Styled Gilbert, son of Roger of Freckelton
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, broken, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S' GILBERTI ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.7
Seals (Impressions)
1020    n.d.
Frekelton, Richard of
Styled Richard, son of Walthef of Frekelton. Same person and similar seal to next.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a flower with leaves.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICARDVS FILVALE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.36, 38
Seals (Impressions)
1021    n.d.
Frekelton, Richard of
Styled Richard, son of Walthef of Frekelton. Same person and similar seal to next.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a leaf-like device.
Inscription: SIGILL RICARDVSI FIL WALTER

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.35, 39, 40
Seals (Impressions)
1022    n.d.
Frekelton, Richard of
Styled Richard, son of Roger, Lord of Frekelton
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICARDI D' FREKELT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 30
Seals (Impressions)
1023    n.d.
Frekelton, Richard of
Styled Richard, son of Roger, Lord of Frekelton
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the point of a spear or halbert.
Inscription: ✠:S':RICI.. DE FREKEL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.8, 9, 10, 11
Seals (Impressions)
1024    n.d.
Frekelton, Robert of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a flower-like device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.22, 23
Seals (Impressions)
1025    n.d.
Frekelton, Hawise of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HAVISIE ✠

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.21
Seals (Impressions)
1026    n.d.
Frekelton, Eva of
Styled Eva, 'vidua de Frekelton'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · EVE VIDVE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.24
Seals (Impressions)
1027   1270
Freman, Roger
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an animal (?indistinct).
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI FREMAN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.14.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1027(i)
Freman, Thomas, of Cold Hesledon

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4784
Seals (Impressions)

Frere, Aunger, of Ripon: see 112
1028   1246
Frosterley, Richard
Styled Richard at the bridge of Frosterley. cf 2017
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two fleur-de-lys, one above the other, a star on each side.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI ...TE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Sacr.7*
Seals (Impressions)

Fulford, Robert of: see 1035
1029    n.d.
Fulford, William of
Near Witton Gilbert, Durham. See also no. 1035 which should have followed this number.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' VILLELMI DE FVLFVRD

Seal attached to document reference: 5.3.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
1030   1389
Fullour, John
Used by John Fullour.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crowned figure seated, holding wheel(?) in left hand and a sword downwards by right side (St. Catherine).
Inscription: Sce thome de Sce...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.7, 17
Seals (Impressions)
1031   1376-1380
Fullour, John
Styled 'chaplain'
In 1380 he is styled rector scolarum, Durham. See Rites , p. 91 and note.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, figure seated in act of benediction, holding ...(?) on knees with left hand.
Inscription: ✶ IOHES VIRGO DEI MISERERE MEI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec.7, 8; Misc.Ch. 2036   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1032   1389
Fullour, John
Same man as nos. 1030 and 1031. To Misc. Charter no. 6274 (1389) he uses a pentagonal signet 13mm., a heart from which issue two stalked quatrefoils in a corded border. The signet with the chalice is used by John of Chester, chaplain (1.5.Spec.13).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a chalice between l c a branch above it, all within a corded circle.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
1033   1375
Fulmard, Thomas
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend three crescents(?)
Inscription: ✶ THOMAS FVLMAR DE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
1034   1412
Fulmard, Margaret
Used by Margaret, widow of John Fulmard of Durham.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess engrailed three molets, a label of three points.
Inscription: . ROBTI DE SAR ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5881
Seals (Impressions)
1035   1260
Fulford, Robert of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a griffin(?), two uncertain objects beneath it.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROB...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D107
Seals (Impressions)
1036    n.d.
Fulthorp, Geoffrey of
Fulthorp in Grindon parish, Stockton ward, co. Durham.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GALFRIDI DE F..THORP

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Sacr.21
Seals (Impressions)
1037   1373-1379
Fulthorp, Roger of
See also 2671. S.D., III, 76 and for pedigree, ibid. 126.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a crowned R beneath it.
Inscription: fulthorp

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3714, 4382, 6702
Seals (Impressions)
1038   1362-1378
Fulthorp, Roger of
The blason is silver a mill-rind cross sable; it is so blasoned in Jenyn's Ordinary temp. Edward III and in the roll of Richard II. It is probably derived from the similar cross borne by bishop Antony Bek. Carrowe (nos 538 to 540), Kilkenny (no 1505) and Ludworth (no 1646) are other families of the palatinate who bear the same device.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross.
Inscription: ✶Sigillvm : Rogeri : d : fulthorp :

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2133, 2135, 3452, 4062d, 4392, 5461   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1039   1353
Fulthorp, Roger of
Date 1353-1360
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross. The shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet with bird crest.
Inscription: S' ROGERI FVLTHORP

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spc.76; Misc.Ch. 3518, 3652, 3788, 3861, 3886, 3902, 3898, 4411, 4670, 4720, 4959c, 4970l (seal missing 1984)   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1040   1434
Fulthorp, Thomas
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet,
Inscription: ✶ ten ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6294
Seals (Impressions)
1041   1397
Fulthorpe, Sir William of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, W
Inscription: fulthorp (letters reversed)

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6968
Seals (Impressions)
1042   1290
Funstanton, Ranulph of
Seal design: A star of eight points (very imperfect).
Inscription: ... AN ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.45
Seals (Impressions)
G
1043   1358
Galon, Hugh
Styled son of Hugh Galon
His mother was Lucy, third sister and co-heiress of Edmund of Denum. For nature of deed see S.D., I, 20. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. X, no. 11.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three crosses paty.
Inscription: ✶ Sigillum : hugonis : de : galon

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6160, 6161
Seals (Impressions)
1044   1343
Galway, Richard
Styled of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
He was a merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. M.P., for the town in 1340, mayor in 1343-44, collector of customs in 1348 (R.W., I).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a ... (undecipherable).
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI:DE:GA...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4232
Seals (Impressions)
1045   1363
Galway, Robert of
For nature of deed see S.D., I, 20.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree in a triangle within foliage.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6162, 6163   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1046   1364
Galway, Robert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag.
Inscription: ✶ ALAS EDOVLC

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6164
Seals (Impressions)
1047    n.d.
Gamel, William son of.
Styled William, son of Gamel the smith of 'Auclenlt'
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILELMI FILII GAMELI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.38
Seals (Impressions)

Ganio: see 1062
1048   c. 1260
Garcen, John
Styled John, son and heir of Thomas Garcenn
Among the witnesses is Sir John of 'Egglesclive', then sheriff, this dates it circa. 1260.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS GARSCVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.9
Seals (Impressions)
1048(i)
Garnett, Richard, vicar of Middleton

Seal attached to document reference: 3.12.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)
1049    n.d.
Garton, John of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHANIS · DE GARTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.51
Seals (Impressions)
1050    n.d.
Garton, Nicholas of
The device alludes to the legend of the stag with a crucifix between its horns which appeared to St. Hubert, the patron saint of hunters. A similar legend is also told of St. Eustace. See also nos 694, 1419a.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag's head cabossed, a cross between the horns.
Inscription: ✶ TIME TE DEVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6962
Seals (Impressions)
1051   1382
Garton, Robert of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, an eagle with wings raised, a label above with inscription (illegible).

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7036
Seals (Impressions)
1052   1329
Gategang, Alan
Styled Alan Gategang, son and heir of Gilbert Gategang of Gateshead
For pedigree see S.D., II, 116. He is styled Lord of Pipewellgate. I.P.M. taken at Durham 6 March 1350.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL . ALANI . GATGANG

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
1053   1348
Gategang, Henry
He was rector of Belton in Lincolnshire in 1375. In charter 3.8.spec.19, he is styled seneschal of the Lord Prior of Durham (FPD, 135n).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figure, with tonsured head, and hands raised in prayer.
Inscription: ✠ PARCE:IESV:QVESO:PECCATI:WLNERE:LESO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4062h, 4666
Seals (Impressions)
1054   1349
Gategang, Henry
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, St. Michael standing on the dragon, a lion on either side. All in a quatrefoil panel.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.2
Seals (Impressions)
1055   1318
Gategang, Nicholas
This seal is the same as used by Henry Gategang, no. 1053. Nicholas was constable of Durham castle in 1318. He was rector of Ryton 1334-42 (S.D., II, 116). Temporal chancellor to bishop Beaumont (H.D., I, 345n). In 5 bishop Richard of Bury, he is a justice of the lord bishop (FPD, 110n).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi figure with tonsured head and hands raised in prayer.
Inscription: ✠ PARCE:IESV:QVESO:PECCATI:WLNERE:LESO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3542, 4265
Seals (Impressions)
1056   1387-1397
Gategang, William
Styled William, son of Alan Gategang
For nature of this charter see S.D., II, 116n. The blason of this shield is not known. Surtees gives the family a chevron between three goats' heads, I am unable to trace this shield. It is given in Glover's Ordinary for 'Gatpath' and similar names.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron three ...(?)
Inscription: S :: Willmi :: gategang

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.10; 4.3.Spec.19, 20,21; Misc.Ch. 407   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1057   1334-1336
Gateshead, Adam of
The seal is armorial in style but the charges are not borne on a shield; the goats' heads are probably allusive to the name. He is styled 'clericus' in the deed.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a chevron, between three goats' heads couped, three stalked trefoils.
Inscription: ✶ GO TO GOD GATISHEVID

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3655, 3995, 4763, 4902, 4988
Seals (Impressions)
1058    n.d.
Gateshead, Adam son of Edmund of
The gate's head alluding to the name. See A.A. 3rd ser. XVI, p. 97 on the name of Gateshead.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a tower.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1886
Seals (Impressions)
1059   1366
Gaugy, William
Styled William, son and heir of Isolda Gaugy of Hebburn, next Monkton
See S.D., II, 74.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cup with a star(?) at either side.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.56, 57
Seals (Impressions)
1060   1376-1380
Gauns, Richard
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend three crescents, a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM RICARDI GAVNS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.30; 2.17.Spec.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1061    n.d.
Gaunter, John le
Styled John, called 'le gaunter' chaplain of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
The device alludes to his name 'the glover' though this is scarcely an appellation one would expect to be applied to a chaplain.
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a glove.
Inscription: S' IOHIS GAVNT CAPILI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.26   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1062   1309-1317
Ganio, Richard of
Son of Henry de Ganio and notary public in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield (R.P.D., I and II, passim).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, demi figure of Our Lady with Christ, a crescent and star in the background, in the angles of the tracery R DE GANIO.
Inscription: ✠ ME PRECE MATERNA RICARDV AP P GVBERNA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3777, 3827, 3988, 5068; Loc.XXVIII.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1062(i)
Gem, John, of Stockton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3986
Seals (Impressions)
1063    n.d.
Geoffrey, Alice
Styled Alice, daughter of Geoffrey 'tinctoris'
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALISCIE FIL GALFRIDI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1911
Seals (Impressions)
1064    n.d.
Geoffrey, Geoffrey son of
S.D., I, 24. See also nos 1708-11 in this catalogue. Printed FPD, 146n.
Size: 1. 44 mm.Size: Secretum. 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays.Secretum. oval, antique gem, two hands joined over II with a wreath half round it.
Inscription: 1. ...VM:GAVFRIDI:DE:HORDENESecretum: SIGILLVM SECRETI FRANGE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1065    n.d.
Geoffrey, Marmaduke son of
Printed FPD, 146n. He is styled knight and was the son of Geoffrey fitzGeoffrey (no 1064). See S.D., I, 24.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a dog's head.
Inscription: ✠ S':MARMEDVCI:FIL . GALFRIDI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.12   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1066    n.d.
Geoffrey, William son of
Styled William, clerk of Bolton in Westmoreland
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WLLMI FI GALFRIDI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Elemos.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1067    n.d.
German, Sybil
Styled daughter of German of Bellasis
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : SIBILLE :

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1068    n.d.
German, Agnes
Styled daughter of German of Bellasis
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star.
Inscription: ✶ S' AGNETIS FILIVS GERMANVS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.2
Seals (Impressions)
1069    n.d.
Gernet, Robert
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird like a hawk.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI GERNET

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A52
Seals (Impressions)
1070    n.d.
Gernet, Roger
He held his land (in Lancashire) in chief of the king by forest service he was forester in Lancaster forest and held 'Laylondeschyre' of the earl Ferrers by like-service. Hence the device on his seal. See Cal. I.P.M., I Henry, III, no. 252, and ibid., 124. He was the husband of Quenilda one of the daughters and coheiresses of Richard fitz Roger, Lord of Woodplumpton. See seals nos 146, 499, 2077, 2078 and 2110 in this catalogue.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure riding on horseback, blowing a horn.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ... ROGERI:GERNET

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1071   1248
Gernon, Thomas
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a man's head, wearing a hood.
Inscription: ✠ S':THOME:GERNVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.15.Spec.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1072   1361
Gewe, William
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, bust of man, hands raised in prayer, a cross in front of face.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 164
Seals (Impressions)
1073   1239
Gilbert
Styled rector of the church of All Saints, York
He is most probably Gilbert of Barton, rector of All Saints, Pavement, York, instituted 1238. The patronage of this church was in the gift of the prior and convent of Durham (Drake's Eboracum , 294).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head. cf 3372

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(6)
Seals (Impressions)
1074    n.d.
Gilbert, Geoffrey son of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · GALFRIDI · F · GILBTI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
1075   1341
Gilbert, William son of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two demi figures embracing, beneath a heart from which issue two flowers.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE ... IR ... N

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.40, 47
Seals (Impressions)
1076   1303-1304
Girardi, Brachius
Styled a merchant of Florence
Possibly Hercules capturing the Erymanthian boar.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure to whom a pig-like animal leaps up.
Inscription: :S' AMBRACHII:GIRARDI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3999, 4427, 4633   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1077    n.d.
Glover, John the
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion.
Inscription: ✶ SVM LEO FORTIS

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B57
Seals (Impressions)
1078   1340
Goddard, William
Styled chaplain at the altar of St. Nicholas in the church of Norham
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lord on the cross, the Virgin and St. John at either side.
Inscription: ✶ IESVS NAXERENVS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.40
Seals (Impressions)
1079    n.d.
Godfrey, Robert
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a six-foiled flower.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI GODFRAI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1080   1341
Godibour, Thomas
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a molet in base and in dexter chief, device obliterated; cross paty above shield (appears to be a false shield).
Inscription: ✠ S' THOMA GOEDIBVR

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)
1081    n.d.
Godwin
Styled Godwin 'dives' citizen of Lincoln
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle, with wings spread.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.4
Seals (Impressions)
1082    n.d.
Godric, Geoffrey
Styled Geoffrey 'le carboner' of West Regington
Printed FPD, 19n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird with raised wings standing on a conventional branch.
Inscription: ✠ S' GALFRIDI FILII GODRICI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.7.Spec.42; 2.13.Spec.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1083   1315
Godric, Robert son of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a male head (medieval).
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBTI FIL GODRICI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B38
Seals (Impressions)
1084    n.d.
Goldewyne, Robert son of
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem(?), a head(?)
Inscription: Legend entirely obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
1085    n.d.
Goillard, Robert
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI FILII REGINALDI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B17
Seals (Impressions)
1086   1332
Goldin, Robert
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI GOLDIN

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.13a
Seals (Impressions)
1087   1362
Goldsmith, John
For other Goldsmith's, see nos 113-115. Used by John Goldsmith.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark(?)
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI:E ... RERE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.3a
Seals (Impressions)
1088   1335
Goldsmith, John
Styled the goldsmith of Durham
cf 114. On Misc.Ch. 4058 the same seal is labelled as that of Cecilia de Hornby (1375 below), and John uses a similar seal with the lion within a cusped quatrefoil
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep.
Inscription: ✶ ICI · DORT LE LIOVN:FORT .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4936
Seals (Impressions)
1089   1352
Goldsmith, John
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, an animal standing in front of a tree.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2004
Seals (Impressions)
1090   1303
Gosforth, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle on a sheep tearing it.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE GOSFORTHE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4886   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1091    n.d.
Goswick, Eustace of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an escallop shell.
Inscription: ✠ SV ...ACI DE BO...IC

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1092   1322
Goswick, Roger of
This is the seal of William of Twysill. cf 2478.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROGERI DE GOSEWYK

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3724, 4473, 4690; Loc.XXVIII.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1093   1319
Goswick, Walter of
See R.N.D., 182.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✠ S' Ψ WALTERIE Ψ DE Ψ GOSWIC Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4552, 4732, 4814   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1094   1370
Goswick, Walter of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Michael slaying the dragon, and St Catherine crowned and holding sword and wheel.
Inscription: S' WALTERI DE GOSWICK

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5235
Seals (Impressions)
1095   1410
Gourlay, Richard of
His father William held the manor of Pontop (H.S., 115). See also S.D., II, 350. He was aged 30 in 1395 when his father's I.P.M. was taken at Durham.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a lion(?) in front of a tree, in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7011*
Seals (Impressions)
1096   1335
Goushill, Richard
Styled Richard of Goushill, mason (cementarius)
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire(?)
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI DE GOVSHYL

Seal attached to document reference: 5.5.Elemos.4, 5, 7, 8; 2.3.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
1097   1482
Gower, Thomas
Styled Thomas Gower of Elton, son and heir of Laurence Gower
To charters 3.11.Spec.47, 49, he uses a signet, octagonal, 13mm. Inscription 'ihc'. See S.D., III, 209
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, three staves or maces.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.48
Seals (Impressions)
1097(i)
Gracias, William

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4965, 5052
Seals (Impressions)
1098   1286
Graham, David of
See Scottish Armorial Seals , no. 1120. See P.F., 84.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, powdered with crosses paty fitchy, three escallops.
Inscription: ... DAVID DE GRA...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Finc.23   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1099    n.d.
Granville, Mabel of
Printed N.C.H., II, 270-1 notes. The seal is engraved, ibid., plate facing page 268.
Size: 60 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb, with nimbus.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:MABILIE:DE GRAINEVILEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec, 8, 9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1100    n.d.
Granville, Mabel of
Printed FPD, 101n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM MABILIE DE GREINVILLA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
1101    n.d.
Granville, Nicholas
See FPD, 99n, also N.C.H., II, 226n. The seal is engraved, ibid., plate facing page 12. See also A.A., 3rd ser. I, 38 and 113.
Size: 51 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, animal galloping, tail between legs and rising above its back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM NICOLAI DE GRENVILE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1102    n.d.
Granville, William of
Printed FPD, 104n. The seal is engraved N.C.H., II, 266.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:WILLELMI:DE:GRAINEVILLA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.32   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1103   1347
Gras, Matilda
Used by Matilda, who was the wife of William Gracias of Claypath in Durham.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Catherine's wheel.
Inscription: ✶ PRIVE SV

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
1104   1343-1344
Gras, Roger
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cup with star above, within a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.60, 61, 63
Seals (Impressions)
1105    n.d.
Graunsard, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, very indistinct, possibly the head of an animal.
Inscription: .... SGR ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5780
Seals (Impressions)
1106    n.d.
Gray, Adam
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✶ S' ADE GRAI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 370*
Seals (Impressions)
1107   1470
Gray, John
Styled 'of Kylay, gentylman'
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark/

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5188
Seals (Impressions)
1108   1353
Gray, John
Used by John of Laysyngby and Thomas of Levesham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant within a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✶ SIG..LVM IOHIS · GRAY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 450, 6138
Seals (Impressions)
1109   1504
Gray, Robert
Styled merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, an eagle displayed.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.94, 97
Seals (Impressions)
1110    n.d.
Gray, Roger
Styled son and heir of William Gray of Durham
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight-rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI FIL WILL GRAI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2030
Seals (Impressions)
1111   1449
Gray, Thomas
Styled son and heir of Thomas Gray of Lowlyn
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a sitting hound.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
1112   1346
Gray, Thomas
See R.N.D., 326
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield bearing, in an engrailed border, a lion rampant. Helmet surmounted by ram's head crest.
Inscription: ✠ LE:✶:SEEL THOMAS:GRAY . CHEVALIER

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.17   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1113   1407
Gray, Thomas
Styled Thomas Gray of Heton, knight, lord of Werk
The blason is gules a lion rampant and a broder engrailed silver. The crest is the same as appears above the shield at Lumley Castle and on seal no. 1112. The scaling ladder crest used in modern times has no early authority. It probably originated as a canting badge and is used as a crest in error.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, in a border engrailed a lion rampant. Shield surmounted by helmet with crest of a ram's head.
Inscription: Sigillvm Ψ thome Ψ gray Ψ Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3785   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1114   1317
Gray, William
Styled butcher of Durham
For another seal, see Misc.Ch. 3704
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, on a shield the head of an ox, above the shield an axe falling.
Inscription: S' WILLMI GRAY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2028, 2024
Seals (Impressions)
1115   1317
Graystanes, Thomas of
See H.S., 244. For pedigree S.D., III, 274 and IV, 24. I.P.M. at Durham, 14 May 1362.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rabbit.
Inscription: ✶ S' THOME DE GRAISTAI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5987   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1116   1246
Graystanes, William of
The letters of the legend are cut in reverse.
Size: 41 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a sword with a bird on each side.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL . WILL... GRATAS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Sacr.7*
Seals (Impressions)
1117   1379
Graystanes, William of, chaplain
The same seal is used by Roger Cowherd, no. 711.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady seated holding Christ; beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: helpe : moder : of : mercy :

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.25; 4.7.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1118   1376
Graystanes, William of, chaplain
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady and Christ seated, a kneeling figure prays to them.
Inscription: ✶ EIS MITIS MIRA MISERIS MISERERE MARIA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.14.Spec.18; 1.7.Spec.33   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1118(i)   1380
Graystanes, William of, chaplain
For another seal see 4.3.Spec.12, 14, and another, 1.8.Spec.14. Seal 1539 is also used by him, not William of Lanchester.
Seals (Impressions)
1119   1378
Whitby, William of
Styled William of Whitby, chaplain
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady in glory, beneath a half figure praying (see also no. 1507).
Inscription: RESPICE TECTA LEG...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.135
Seals (Impressions)
1120   1300
Greystock, John of
See H.N., II, ii, 373. The blason is gules three cushions silver so blasoned for him in Charles roll temp. Edward I. He sealed the baron's letter to the pope (1301) with a shield of arms bearing three cushions. He was lord of Greystock in Cumberland and of Morpeth in Northumberland, the latter in right of his mother Mary, daughter and co-heir of Roger of Merlay. He died childless in 1305.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three cushions, the shield hangs from a tree, with a lacertine beast on each side.
Inscription: ✶ S ... IOHANNIS ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 511   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1121   1312-1317
Greystock, William
Styled rector of the church of the Blessed Mary in the North Bailey, Durham
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hare riding on a dog and blowing a horn.
Inscription: ✶ I RIDE ALONE A REVERE ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4416, 5055, 5841, 6024; 1.1.Arch.23   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1122   1311-1337
Greathead, Robert of
In 1317 he was seneschal of the Lord Prior of Durham (S.D., III, 297, note d).
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two figures of saints of St Paul with sword and St Michael slaying the dragon, above them a demi figure of Our Lady with Christ, beneath them a demi figure praying.
Inscription: S' ROBTI GRETHEVED DE STAYNT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3385, 3396, 3443, 3444, 3636, 3824, 4532, 4104, 4116, 4930i, 4986, 5051b   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1123   1358
Greathead, Thomas
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron, between three birds, three ...(?)
Inscription: ✶ Sigillvm .... gretheved ...

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1124   1270
Greathead, William
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb
Inscription: ✠ ..RETHEVD ✠: S' WIL CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4089
Seals (Impressions)
1125    n.d.
Green, Gilbert of the
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ S' GLBERTI D' GRENE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.94
Seals (Impressions)
1126   1420
Greenwell, Lawrence
Not his own seal.
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St John Baptist holding the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: .. IOH ....

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Sacr.7†(h)
Seals (Impressions)
1127    n.d.
Greenwell, Roger of
For pedigree of Greenwell of Ford and Lancaster see S.D., II, 318.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial .... (obliterated)
Inscription: .... WEL.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A13
Seals (Impressions)
1128    n.d.
Gregory, Roger son of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: ✠ S · ROGERI ... GREGOR'

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
1129    n.d.
Grene, Waldeve of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL . ALDE ..: L...RI .E

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1130   1375
Gretham, Cecilia of
Used by Cecilia, who was the wife of Thomas of Gretham. See FPD, 31, et seq.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, the flight into Egypt; beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ S .....SCO MAR

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.71
Seals (Impressions)
1131   1388
Gretham, Cecilia of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a double-headed eagle displayed within a ring upon which are eight roundels.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.89
Seals (Impressions)
1132    n.d.
Gretham, John of
See FPD, 28 and note.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a griffin walking, with head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · IOHIS · DE · GRETH

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.46
Seals (Impressions)
1133   1380-1396
Gretham, Thomas
Styled rector of the church of Ryton
cf 1893. St Catherine was honoured as the patron saint of learning, theology and education generally. She was martyred at Alexandria by order of the emperor Maximin (307). The legend relates that she was condemned to be torn to pieces by four wheels armed with spikes revolving in different ways, she was miraculously delivered from this death by fire from heaven and was afterwards scourged and beheaded. In medieval art she is represented accompanied by a wheel and usually with a sword in one hand and a book or palm branch in the other.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Catherine standing, holding her wheel in left hand, sword by right side, under a heavy flat-topped canopy.
Inscription: Sigill thome de gretham

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.32; 4.16.Spec.59, 133
Seals (Impressions)
1134   1339
Grethswid, Petronilla
Used by Robert of Malton, an executor of the will of Richard of Eryholme
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fret.
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRONILLE GRETHSWID

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4863   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1135    n.d.
Gretton, William
Rector of the church of Siggeston
Sigston near Northallerton. The town was held by the bishop of Durham, in chief, of the king. The rectory belonged to the prior and convent of Durham.
Size: 22 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ seated under a canopy, on their right is St Peter holding the keys, on their left St Paul holding a sword, beneath a demi figure praying.
Inscription: IS SIT · SALVA · BONIS W..LMI · VITA · PATRONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Ebor.30   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1136   1372
Gretwiche, Roger
Styled Roger, son and heir of Roger of Gretwiche of Durham
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a female figure, with bird's head standing, holding in right hand ...(?), left akimbo, a figure kneels and prays for her.
Inscription: M PIOGLAR ... MARRY

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
1137   1337
Gretwych, Robert
Styled a merchant of Durham
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI DE GRETWECH

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5367
Seals (Impressions)
1138   1177
Grimsby, Walter of
Styled sheriff of Lincoln
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, undecipherable.
Inscription: ✠ SECRETVM WALTERI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Ebor.15
Seals (Impressions)
1139   1301
Grimthorpe, Ralph of
Sir Ralph fitzWilliam, son of William fitzRalph Lord of Grimthorpe in Yorkshire. He was a great warrior and filled high offices in the North in the reigns of the first two Edwards, he died in 1316. He was at the siege of Caerlaverock Castle in 1301; in the poem called after that castle he bore a shield different from that of Valence- 'Car en leiu des merlos mettiot Trois chapeaus de rosis vermeilles', that is he bore barry silver and azure, three chaplets gules. His descendents succeeded to the estates of the lords of Greystock and assumed that name but retained their own arms, hence these arms are sometimes erroneously attributed to Greystock. The arms of Greystock are as on seal no. 1121.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, barry of twelve three chaplets. The shield hangs from a tree and has a lacertine beast on each side.
Inscription: .... ADVLFI ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 510
Seals (Impressions)
1140   1321
Grundewell, William
Styled executor of the will of Sir Henry of Blundeston, formerly archdeacon
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ, beneath is a demi figure praying.
Inscription: ...ESTO...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4743, 5024
Seals (Impressions)
1141   1303
Gubyon, Hugh
He was Lord of Tudhoe in the palatinate and owned land at Fery and Merrington (S.D., III, 297). The blason is barry silver and gules a label of five points azure (A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 113).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, barry and a label of five points.
Inscription: ✶ S' HVGONIS GVBIVN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.17; 3.13.Spec.29   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1142   1309
Gubyon, John
Size: -
Seal design: Only an undecipherable fragment left.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.13.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
1143   1289
Guer, Walter
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a falcon upon a smaller bird.
Inscription: ✠ C .... AMORIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.9
Seals (Impressions)
1144    n.d.
Gunwarton, Eva of
N.C.H., IV, 320.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross and floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL EVE · DE · GVNEWARTV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Finc.56   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1145    n.d.
Gunwarton, Peter
Styled son of Ralph of Gunwarton
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL PETRI DE GVNEWARTTVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5144
Seals (Impressions)
1146    n.d.
Guy
Used by Guy the smith of Darlington.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with raised wings and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HVNTEVIN ...IEVIN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1621
Seals (Impressions)
1147   1283
Guydichio, Hugh
Styled a merchant of Lucca
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess, a rose on either side and above the shield.
Inscription: ✠ S' GV ...CIONE:DIRI . .TARDO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4109c   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1148    n.d.
Gyk, John
Used by John Gyk, chaplain, son and heir of Patrick Gyk of Durham.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird on an oak branch.
Inscription: ✶ S' ELIAS CHEVALER

Seal attached to document reference: 1.17.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)

1149: Gylet, John of. See John of Egglesclif. 4.5.Spec.8. Printed FPD, 180n. See also S.D., II, 363. He was sheriff temp. bishop Robert Stichill, see also no. 847, who was the same man.
H
1150   1424
Hadham, John
Styled John Hadham, armiger, of County Durham
See S.D., I, 273.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a quatrefoil leaf with device and crescent upon it.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Elemos.16
Seals (Impressions)
1151    n.d.
Haget, Ralph
Printed FPD, 136, note 2. He was sheriff of Durham in the episcopacy of bishop Hugh Pudsey (FPD, passim; H.D., I, 223n).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield.
Inscription: ..E..CE COMIT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1152    n.d.
Haggerston, Hugh
Styled son of John of 'Hagardeston'
Pedigree R.N.D., 224.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cinquefoil.
Inscription: ✠ S' HVGONIS DE HAGARDEST

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.52   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1153   1482
Haggerstone, John
Styled John Hagirston, chaplain
See S.D., II, 74. He is mentioned FPD, 144n.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a heart from which issue three quatrefoil flowers.
Inscription: avde vide tace

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.69
Seals (Impressions)
1154   1451-1457
Haggerstone, John, chaplain
For other seals, se 4.9.Spec.28; 3.9.Spec.85; 1.13.Spec.24a, 24c, and one used by him, no 826.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a quatrefoil with rays at centre, on each leaf letters
Inscription: Emanuel

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec.20, 1.1.Spec.19, 3.13.Spec.16, 17   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1155   1459
Thornburgh, Thomas, of Elvet
Probably the Dionysiac bull, he is sometimes shown standing upon a thyrsus to indicate his character. See 2417.
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a bull butting.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.27
Seals (Impressions)
1156    n.d.
Haggerstone, Robert of
I.P.M. at Norham, 22 December 1398 (C.R., 45).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk on a bird.
Inscription: ✠ S' . R.... DE HARGARSTON

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1157   1394
Hagthorpe, John of
See Raine's History of Hemingbrough , 189. There is a pedigree of the family, ibid., p.190. Used by John of Hagthorpe, clerk. I.P.M. at Chester-le-Street, 10 August 1411 (C.R., 45).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a voided molet of five points.
Inscription: Legend not decipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
1158   1430
Hagthorp, William
Styled 'armiger' of Durham
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, a crescent with a star above it.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.18.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1159   1418
Hagthorp, William of
Pedigree S.D., II, 284.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, W with a crown above.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5507
Seals (Impressions)
1159(i)   1363
Hakthorp, John of, clerk

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4100d
Seals (Impressions)
1160    n.d.
Haldan, Eustace son of
Printed R.N.D., app. 134, No. 762.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ... EVSTACI FILII · H...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
1161   1316
Haldan, John
Used by John of Ponteland. He was sheriff of Durham temp. bishop Walter of Kirkham (H.D., I, 259n).
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a standing figure.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS HALDAN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Arch.Dun.21
Seals (Impressions)
1162   1269
Haldan, Ralph son of.
Styled 'of Hertlepool'
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a monster with a human head, wings and a floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ S' RADVLFI FIL HALDAN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.4, 5
Seals (Impressions)
1163   1344-1366
Haliden, John of
4.3.Spec.13; Misc.Ch. 3440, 3477, 3481, 3491, 3649, 3660, 3694, 4039, 4228, 4228*, 4044, 4088b, 4428*, 4453, 4930k - date 1344-1364
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron, between three birds, three boars' heads couped, shield surmounted by helmet with boar's head crest and mantling powdered with (?)ragged staffs. The field of seal powdered with slipped trefoils.
Inscription: S' X IOHANNIS X DE X HALIDEN X

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.29; 4.3.Spec.13; Misc.Ch. 3440, 3477, 3481, 3491, 3558, 3649, 3660, 3694, 4039f, 4428, 4044l, 4088b, 4428*, 4453, 4729, 4928, 4930k   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1164   1384
Haliden, Robert of
Used by William of Graystanes, chaplain.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, demi figure of Our Lady seated, with Christ, beneath on sinister St Cuthbert, on dexter St Oswald, both standing; below a demi figure praying.
Inscription: SIGILL . ROBERTI DE HALIDEN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
1165   1345
Haliday, Alan
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rabbit sitting at the centre of a quatrefoil leaf.
Inscription: ✶ EN LEL AMOVR SVASSIS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.47
Seals (Impressions)
1166   1325
Haliwell, Robert
Styled of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
He was mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1339 and 1342. Member of Parliament in 1339 (R.W., I, passim).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI:D' · HALIVEL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.41; 3.3.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1167   1372
Halknape, John of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, two birds, with human heads, back to back, but with heads turned towards each other.
Inscription: ....LMI DE · M....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5059
Seals (Impressions)
1168   1423
Hall, Robert
Used by Robert Berehalgh of Durham.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three houses (halls).
Inscription: S roberti halle

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.12, 13, 17   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

1169: Roger of Ire, see 3339, No. 1.
1170   1349
Hall, Thomas
Styled Thomas o' the hall, of Durham, merchant
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:THOMAES:DE:HALLE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.64, 67   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1171   1380
Hall, William of
Used by Sir Thomas of Kellow, vicar of Heighington.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three stags' heads.
Inscription: ✶ s' wilelmi · de · holle

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1172   1363
Hall, William
Used by William, son of Thomas o' the hall of Whitby, late burgess of Durham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cock(?)
Inscription: ✶ S' HEN ....

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.66
Seals (Impressions)
1173   1397
Hallune, John of
Used by Robert Galeway, chaplain.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a head, a chalice in front, a hand in benediction over it.
Inscription: ....OHIS DE HALVNNE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Elemos.9
Seals (Impressions)
1174    n.d.
Hameldon, Henry of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HENRICI DE AMELDN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
1175    n.d.
Hameldon, John of
Possibly Thalia, the muse of comedy, fitting a mask on one of her votaries.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, two female figures; one of them is kneeling on one knee in front of the other, who is fitting a mask on to her.
Inscription: ✶ AVE MARIA GRACIA PLENA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1176   1206
Hameldon, John of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a figure riding on an ox.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS DE HAMILDVNE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6512
Seals (Impressions)
1177    n.d.
Hamo, Osmund son of
FPD, 125n and S.D., I, 243 and 297.
Size: 60 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in chain mail, with sword and shield with boss.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL OSMVNDI FILII HAMONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.17, 19   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1178    n.d.
Hamo, Philip son of
Printed FPD, 18n and 126n. See also S.D., I, 243 and 296. In 3.7.Spec., no. 20, he is styled sheriff of Durham.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in helmet with nasal, and sword and shield, with border.
Inscription: SIGILLVM · FILIPI · FILII · HAMONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.9, 18   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1179   1454
Hamsterley, John
Styled of Brancepeth, son of John of Hamsterley, brother of John Hamsterley of Fishburn
See FPD, 144n, No. 2.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag at speed.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.36, 37, Loose seal
Seals (Impressions)
1180   1425
Hamsterley, John
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, four quatrefoiled flowers surrounding the letters I.H., all in a dotted border.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII.37
Seals (Impressions)
1181    n.d.
Hamsterley, William of
S.D., I, 128, 286.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, device and legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.106
Seals (Impressions)
1181(i)    n.d.
Hanlaxby, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4930d (imperfect, indistinct)
Seals (Impressions)
1182   1455
Hanlok, Walter of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three stemmed quatrefoils, a molet in chief. Shield surmounted by helmet with a trefoil as crest.
Inscription: Gavther hanlok

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6094, 6876
Seals (Impressions)
1183    n.d.
Hansard, Gilbert of
S.D., III, 316 and 318. In Glover's roll of Henry III, Gilbert Hansard bears 'goules a trois estoiles d'argent'.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield with boss (very imperfect).
Inscription: .... EB....

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Ebor.15
Seals (Impressions)
1184    n.d.
Hansard, Gilbert
See N.C.H., VIII, 335.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chief over all a bend.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : GILEBERTI : HANSART

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1185    n.d.
Hansard, Gilbert son of Gilbert
Size: 54 x 29(?) mm.
Seal design: Oval, a round-headed beast.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ..... AN.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Ebor.29
Seals (Impressions)
1186   1247
Hansard, John
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three knives(?).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SECRETI IOHANNES

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.9; 1.3.Ebor.30   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1186(i)   1247
Hanslap, Robert of, vicar of Middleham

Seal attached to document reference: 3.12.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1187   1303
Hapton, William of
Size: 22 x19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a figure wearing a cope, kneeling and holding a cup in his hand, above a bird (eagle or dove), below an animal (lion?).
Inscription: ✶ S' .... WILI HAPTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3626
Seals (Impressions)
1188   1317
Harcla, Michael
Styled 'clerk'
He was an official of Richmond and in 1311 was collated to a prebend in the church of Lanchester (R.P.D., I, 27, 28).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, equestrian, knight with spear and shield bearing three .... (undecipherable). The horse trappings also blasoned with the .... (undecipherable).
Inscription: ....ICHAELIS:DE HARTL...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4599   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1189   1363
Hardeshull, Edmund of
Used by John, son of William of Charleton.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fess between six martlets within a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✶ S' EDMVNDI:DE:HARDESHVLL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2348; 3.2.Sacr.9a
Seals (Impressions)
1190    n.d.
Karlawe, Simon of
cf 1456
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a female head.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS:DE:KARLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Elemos.3A
Seals (Impressions)
1191   1273
Harlow, Nicholas of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent with a star above.
Inscription: ✠ S' NICOLAI DE HIRLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2101
Seals (Impressions)
1192   1521
Hare, Nicholas
Styled 'of Norwich, gentylman'
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, an eagle.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D100
Seals (Impressions)
1193   1362
Harley, Walter of
Used by William de Warthecopp, vicar of Bedlington. The roll of Edward II blasons 'Sire Richard de Harlee' of Shropshire 'de or a une bende e ii cotyes de sable'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend cotised a molet, on each side of shield a trefoil and above it a leaf.
Inscription: ✶ S' :WATERLI:DE:HARLEIE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3709, 3795, 3889, 3927, 3931, 3963, 4040, 4052f, 4643   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1194   1341
Harpin, John
Son and heir of Richard Harpin (no. 1195). I.P.M. taken at Durham, 21 September 1349.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✶ HEC EST AQVILA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7009
Seals (Impressions)
1195    n.d.
Harpin, Richard
Styled 'of Thornelawe'
He was Lord of Thornley (S.D., I, 84).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILVM RICARDI HARPIN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.24   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1196    n.d.
Hartlepool, John of
Styled son of Peter of Hartlepool
S.D., III, 8, ibid. 106, note 1.
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS:FIL:PETRI

Seal attached to document reference: 5.1.Elemos.21, 22
Seals (Impressions)
1197    n.d.
Hartlepool, John of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHANNIS DE HERTELP

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Elemos.18
Seals (Impressions)
1198    n.d.
Hartlepool, Peter of
Styled Peter, son of Nicholas, son of Lambert of 'Hertinpolle'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ SI.... AMBIERTI ...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C50
Seals (Impressions)
1199    n.d.
Hartlepool, Walter of
Styled Walter, son of William, son of Hugh of Hartlepool
Size: 44 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fish.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTI FIL WIL DE HERTERPOL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Elemos.2
Seals (Impressions)
1200    n.d.
Hartlepool, William son of Gilbert of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree with a squirrel in it, at the foot a stag on one side and two dogs on the other.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI FIL GILBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
1201   1313
Hartlepool, William of
Styled William, son of John, son of Peter of Hartlepool, Lord of Bruntoft
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, three bells arranged in trefoil, within a trefoiled panel cusped with fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI:D...ET:

Seal attached to document reference: 5.1.Elemos.23
Seals (Impressions)
1201(i)
Hartlepool, Amy, widow of Geoffrey

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3723
Seals (Impressions)
1201(ii)
Hartlepool, Thomas, son of Geoffrey

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3723
Seals (Impressions)
1201(iii)
Hartlepool, Thomas, son of Geoffrey

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3499
Seals (Impressions)
1202    n.d.
Hathimet, Robert
Styled Robert Hathymeth and Alice his wife, daughter of Elyce Paynchante
Size: 1. 29 mm.Size: 2. -
Seal design: 1. Round, a grotesque bird.2. Oval, a bird with wings raised.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' :ROBERTI · HAFTHIMET2. ✠ S' ALICIE FILIE ELIE PAICHAN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.43
Seals (Impressions)
1203    n.d.
Hauberger, Lucas
Styled clerk, of the church of St Nicholas, Drax, in Yorkshire, a few miles W. of Howden. 'Hugh le Hawberger' is a witness to numerous charters in the Guisborough Chartulary . The winged ox has from early Christian times been the symbol of St Luke the Evangelist (cf 1000).
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a winged ox standing, below three pinnacles, upon a scroll inscribed LVCAS; beneath is a figure praying.
Inscription: HABVEG' ET SELEB NOME VTRVQ · TIBI ·

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1204    n.d.
Hauberger, Stephan the
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion walking.
Inscription: ✶ SVM LEO FORTIS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Elemos.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1205   1312
Hawkeslaw, John of
Styled one of the executors of John Schirelok.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three crosses crosslet in chief a hawk.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS D' HAVKESLAVE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4972
Seals (Impressions)
1206   1320
Haukyn, Hugh
Used by Hugh Haukyn, burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron, between, in chief two roundels and in base an arch, a chief checky.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILEL .... ARCLEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4133
Seals (Impressions)
1207   1334
Haukyn, Hugh
Bailiff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1330-31 (R.W., I, 424). He held the manor of Greystanes in the palatinate (H.S., 7). See also FPD, 159 note 2. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser. VI, pl. x, no. 22.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a chevron between three hawks, a label of three points. A lacertine beast on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM HVGONIS HAVKYN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4109a
Seals (Impressions)
1208    n.d.
Haville, Matilda of
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a female figure standing, her right hand raised, her left on hip.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MATILDE DE HAVILLA

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1209   1307
Havering, Richard of
Archbishop-elect of Dublin
Styled elect of Dublin (electus Dublinensis). He was precentor of St Patrick's Dublin, and was elected archbishop and confirmed by king and pope but was never consecrated. He resigned after four years and was made a canon of Lincoln and held the prebend of Ailesbury (Cotton's Fasti Ecclesiae Hibernicae , II, p.13). In 1321 he was archdeacon of Chester (L.N. II, 96).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant with label of three points on shoulder.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL ....RDI: DE ...ERINGGE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3467   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1210   1293-1306
Haverington, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant within a geometrical device.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE HAVERIGTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3381, 3751, 4126d, 4543, 4970a, 5110a
Seals (Impressions)
1211   1380
Haverington, Nicholas
Styled sheriff of Lancaster
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, white wax, armorial, two bends.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM ... DE ... HE....VN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.80
Seals (Impressions)
1211a    n.d.
Hawe, William
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, white, Our Lady and Christ.
Inscription: ✠ S WILLELMI · HAVVE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.9, 13
Seals (Impressions)
1212    n.d.
Hawick, Adam of
The seal is in a cloth cover.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device like a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ADE FIL AVREI DE AWIC

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.42   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1213   1385
Hawick, Hugh of
Used by John Cuteller of Durham
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, the Annunciation, within a pointed quatrefoil.
Inscription: sigillv hugonis de awyc

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.34, 37; Misc.Ch. 2193, 2358   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1214    n.d.
Hawick, Walter of
S.D., I, 36.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, red wax, armorial on a bend ...(?)
Inscription: ✶ sigillum walt... havwyk

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6144
Seals (Impressions)
1215   1343
Hawthorn, John of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS D' HAVTHORN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5785
Seals (Impressions)
1216    n.d.
Hawthorn, Simon of
No. 45 is printed FPD, 122, note 1, No. 53, ibid. 123n, and see also ibid. page 17 and note.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, brown wax, a hawthorn tree.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV SIMONIS D:HAVTHORN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.45, 53   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1217    n.d.
Hawthorn, William of
S.D., I, 15.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, yellow wax, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILLMI DE HAVTORN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 45, 46, 47, 5784; 1.1.Finc.2, 3, 4
Seals (Impressions)
1218   1377
Hay, Agnes
Styled Agnes, who was the wife of William del Hay
She held land at Wolviston of the Prior of Durham (FPD, 34 and note).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heart out of which issues a quatrefoil flower on which stands an eagle with head turned back, in field four quatrefoils.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.36
Seals (Impressions)
1219   1316-1323
Hay, John del
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Seal shield shaped, a dog ridden by a hare, a bird stand on dog's head and above 'SOHOV'.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.6, 12a, 12b, 28; 3.9.Spec.62, 78; 1.10.Spec.84; Misc.Ch. 82, 6494, 6496   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1220    n.d.
Hay, John del
Styled John del Hay, son and heir of William del Hay of Wolveston, and Agnes his wife
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, two birds standing face to face.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 83
Seals (Impressions)
1221   1398-1403
Hay, Peter del
Styled Peter del Hay of Spaldington, guardian of the heirs of Thomas of Claxton
He was steward of the bishop's manor of Howden, time of bishop Skirlawe.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, an escallop shell.
Inscription: sig petri : d : hay :

Seal attached to document reference: 5.4.Elemos.6; Misc.Ch. 6541*, 6542
Seals (Impressions)
1222   1318
Hay, Thomas de la
Styled of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two heads, male and female, face to face, between them a tree in which a squirrel sits.
Inscription: IE SVY SEL BO...IEL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.105
Seals (Impressions)
1223   1404
Hayden, Alan of
This and the three following seals are used by the same man.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a cinquefoil within a corded border with five cinquefoils on it.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.32
Seals (Impressions)
1224   1387
Hayden, Alan of
Used by Alan of Hayden, chaplain. He was chaplain of the chantry of the Blessed Mary in the church of St Oswald, Durham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, ...(?) within a border engrailed, the shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: : memento : finis :

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
1225   1419
Hayden, Alan of
Used by him. The charter founding the chantry of St Catherine in the church of St Mary in the North Bailey, Durham (S.D., IV, 43).
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated, holding Christ, beneath them a demi figure praying.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.44
Seals (Impressions)
1226   1389
Hayden, Alan of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a Greek cross.
Inscription: ✠ S' OL O..VER

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.59, 133
Seals (Impressions)
1227   1419
Hayrome, Elen
Styled widow of William Hayrome of Durham, smith
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a horse shoe

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2542, 2543
Seals (Impressions)
1228   1438
Hayton, John
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a double-headed eagle displayed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6003, 6004, 6005
Seals (Impressions)
1229   1370
Hayton, John
Styled vicar of Alverton
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, red, armorial, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL:IOHANNIS .... AYTONE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Ebor.30   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1230   1286
Hebburn, John
Styled Lord of Hybburne
Hebburn, near Chillingham, Northumberland, the deed is dated at 'Chevelingham'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion fighting a dragon.
Inscription: LEO PVGNAT CVM DRAGONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4551
Seals (Impressions)
1231   1380
Hebborn, Robert
Used by Catherine, who was the wife of John of Bisschopdale.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI HEBBORN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.6, 6*
Seals (Impressions)
1232   1219
Hebburn, Ralph of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys
Inscription: SIGILL:RADVLFI:DE HEBNE:

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1233    n.d.
Hebberne, Simon of
Size: 35 x 22? mm.
Seal design: Oval, very imperfect, a crescent with a star below it.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS ... BIRNE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.108
Seals (Impressions)
1234   1318
Hebburn, William of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a man on horseback, below him a dog.
Inscription: .. GILLVM SECRE..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3907
Seals (Impressions)
1235   1309
Hebburn, William
Styled son of Roger of Hebburn
Date 1309-1313
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, Pallas seated, holding Victory(?) on her right palm, leaning left arm on a shield.
Inscription: ✠ HO VANITATI SIMIL F.SE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3384, 3928; 1.3.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
1236   1308
Hecham, Hugh of
For another seal, see Misc.Ch. 3617. This seal is on the back of the common seal of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. A merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, he was bailiff for several years between 1322-1333, mayor 1334-35 and member of parliament 1334 (R.W., I, passim). I.P.M. taken at Newcastle, 5 April 1339. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. XI, no. 2.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three ... with three wreaths.
Inscription: ✶ S' HVGONIS DE · HECHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6614
Seals (Impressions)
1237   1292-1298
Hecham, Roger
Styled 'of Newcastle-upon-Tyne'
A merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and bailiff in 1319 (R.W., I).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ. Below a figure praying to them.
Inscription: S' ROGERI D' HECHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6914, 6921
Seals (Impressions)
1238   1480
Heddle, Thomas
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a six-foiled flower within a geometrical device of two interlaced triangles.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6729
Seals (Impressions)
1239   1348-1357
Hedworth, John of
Used by Richard, son of John of Hetheworth in 1357. He held Southwick of the Prior of Durham in 1351. I.P.M. taken at Durham, 22 December 1399. See also S.D., II, 184. The blason of this shield is unknown; the later arms of the family were, silver an escucheon sable within an orle of eight cinquefoils gules, the arms of Darcy which they assumed on their marriage with the heiress of that family from whom they got Harraton.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend three quatrefoils.
Inscription: ✶ S' . IHOHANNIS . D' . HETHWORTH

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Spec.1, 2; Misc.Ch. 6331, 6332   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1240   1219
Hedworth, Patrick of
This may equally well belong to Patrick of Wolviston.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL . PATRICII ....

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1241   1538
Hedworth, Sir Ralph
No. 2 is the signet of Antony Hedworth.
Size: 1. 16 mm.Size: 2. 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round signet, a cinquefoil.2. Oblong signet, the letters A.H.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.43
Seals (Impressions)
1242    n.d.
Hedworth, Simon of
Printed FPD, 115, note 1. See also S.D., II, 80.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:SIMONIS DE HEHEWRHE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.30   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

Heighington, Robert of: see 1764
1243    n.d.
Helias
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a male head.
Inscription: ✠ S HELIE MOLENDINARII

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.11
Seals (Impressions)
1244   1268
Helm, Geoffrey
Styled Sir Geoffrey of Helm, rector of the church of St Nicholas, Durham
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, demi bishop blessing, holding crosier in left hand, above and beneath him a church. Below a demi figure praying. (same seal as 853)
Inscription: S' GALFRIDI DE ...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.17.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
1245   1382
Helm, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, St Michael slaying the dragon.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7036
Seals (Impressions)
1246   1320
Helmsley, Robert of
In 1312 he received a grant of the land called 'Lyndesyde' in Holy Island (R.P.D., II, 1177, and IV, 348). I.P.M. taken at Holy Island, 5 February 1344-45 (C.R., 45).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, red, armorial a fess between three leaves.
Inscription: S ... RO·ERTI HELM...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4554
Seals (Impressions)
1247   1321-1339
Helton, Richard of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, two heads face to face within a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3691; 1.16.Spec.52
Seals (Impressions)
1248    n.d.
Helyas, Conan son of
Size: 1. 51 mm.Size: Secretum:22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, green, equestrian, knight with sword and shield, in round-topped helmet with nasal.Secretum: oval, antique gem, a figure standing.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILLVM CONANI FILII HELIE2. ✠ SIGILL CVNENI:FILI EL ·

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B34   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1249   1386
Hen, John
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird with wings spread holding scroll in beak on which SIGILL IOHIS HEN ·

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.4d
Seals (Impressions)
1250   1378-1380
Henley, John
Styled parson of the church of Sedgefield
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a border eight roundels, above shield Our Lady holding Christ.
Inscription: IOHANNIS DE HENLEYE CLICI ·

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.5; Loc.XXVIII.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1251   1489
Henryson, William of
For another seal see 2.10.Spec.25
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, an eagle standing, behind is a scroll upon which 'helbi' (?)

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1252   1334
Heppiscotes, Alan of
In 1341 he is styled canon of 'Alba Lands' (R.P.D., III, 116). In 1343 canon of Alnwick (ibid. 133). In 1339 he is instituted to the church of Bolam, vacant through the death of the last rector, Henry 'de Reymys' (ibid., 232).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial (undecipherable).
Inscription: ✶ S' ALANI:DE HEPPISCOTES

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
1253   1323-1339
Heppiscotes, Thomas of
He occurs as one of the justices of bishop Richard of Bury (H.D., I, 298n). Used by Thomas of Heppiscotes, rector of Morpeth.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, half figure of Our Lady with Christ, below two half figures, the dexter St Catherine(?), the sinister a bishop. Below again a half figure praying.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3461, 3579, 3776, 3792, 3893, 3959, 4039h, 4114f, 4686, 4970l
Seals (Impressions)
1254   1482
Herbotill, John
His seal as sheriff, see also No. 1272. He is styled 'John Herbotill de Harope armiger'. For account of the Harbottle arms see A.A., 3rd ser., I., 22. This seal is engraved N.C.H., IX, plate facing p.272, no.5. See also note on seal of Robert Harbottle, Proc. Soc. Antiq. Newc. , 3rd ser. VI, p. 84.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a castle gateway, within the gateway a ...(?); on its sinister side 'h' abon', on its dexter 'droit'.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.10, 11, 12, 13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1255    n.d.
Herdwick, Alice of
Styled Alice of Herdwic, late wife of Walter of Mainsford
See S.D., III, 17, 33.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HALICIE DE HARDWI.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.18
Seals (Impressions)
1256   1267
Herdwick, Peter of
Styled son of Peter, lord of 'Herdewyk'.
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a winged beast, head turned back and with a floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ S' PETRI DE:HERDHVYC

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Elemos.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1256(i)   1240
Herewes, Hugh of
Styled nephew of John de Rom, formerly vicar of Heighington
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent enclosing a star
Inscription: ✠ S·HVGONIS DE hEREWES

Seal attached to document reference: 4.12.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1257    n.d.
Herle, Richard of
Attached to deeds of William of Burdon and his wife Ada, and occupying the place of the wife's seal. cf 480.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a molet between three martlets.
Inscription: S' RICARDI DE HERLE X

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.30, 32
Seals (Impressions)
1258    n.d.
Herle, Thomas of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D117
Seals (Impressions)
1259   1310
Herle, Walter of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device like a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI HERL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4839
Seals (Impressions)
1260   1312
Herle, Walter of
Used by Walter of Herle
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' NICHOL .. ELER D NOVI CAST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4114b
Seals (Impressions)
1261   1334
Herle, William of
He was of the 'five Northumbrians who were judges under the three Edwards' (A.A. 3rd ser., I, 94 and note). In 8 Edward III, he dates from Herle and on the endorsement is styled Lord of Herle. The seal is engraved S.D., seals, XI, no. 34, and in A.A., 2nd ser. I, 65. Glover blasons the shield gules a fess gold between three shovellers silver. Powell's roll of Edward III blasons for Sir Robert Herle gules a chevron between three shovellers silver.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three birds, above shield a crescent and on each side two stars.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM:WILLELMI:HERLE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3684, 4663; [G] B56   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1262   1306-1318
Herle, William of
For another seal, see Misc.Ch. 3851
Size: 19 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a goat standing, with head turned back, in front of a tree.
Inscription: ✶ HOSTIS:EDERE:RVBILATOR:EST

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3906, 4126c, 4492, 4823, 5054, 5081a, 5081g   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1263    n.d.
Herlesey, William of
Printed FPD, 181, note 1.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · WILLELMI · DE HERLESEI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
1264   1462
Herdgill, Roland
Styled dean of the collegiate church of Darlington
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a star and letter T.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6033
Seals (Impressions)
1265   1239
Herewes, Hugh of
Styled grandson of Sir John of Rorn, formerly vicar of 'Heryngton'
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent on its side enclosing a star.
Inscription: S' HVGONIS:DE · HEREWES

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1266   1333
Hering, William
Styled of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, brown, a herring between a cross and a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI HERING

Seal attached to document reference: 2.17.Spec.25   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1267   1381
Herlethorp, William of
Used by Thomas West, chaplain.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three birds, shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: sigillvm : willmi : de : herlethorp

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Ebor.2*
Seals (Impressions)
1268   1317
Hernby, John
Styled bursar of Durham
His account rolls for 1308-9 and 1316-17 are printed in Durham account rolls , II, pp.506 and 513. Herneby (now Harmby) is near Leyburn, Yorkshire.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lord on the cross, on one side St John, on the other Mary Magdalene; below a half figure praying.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHANNIS DE HERNBI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3828
Seals (Impressions)
1269   1338
Herneby, Thomas of
Used by Thomas of Herneby.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three birds.
Inscription: S' THOME BREKBERONABI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Sacr.5
Seals (Impressions)
1270   1375
Heron, Gilbert
Used by Sir John Heron, knight. See R.N.D., 304. The fess was the difference afterwards used by the Herons of Meldon.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three herons, shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: sigillv : giberti : heroun

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Sacr.8; 3.4.Elemos.2; Misc.Ch. 6295   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1271   1294
Heron, Gilbert
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a dog standing in front of a tree.
Inscription: ✶ S' G.. B.....RYN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1463
Seals (Impressions)
1272   1357
Heron, John
His seal as sheriff of Northumberland.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a castle gateway.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4209
Seals (Impressions)
1273   1363
Heron, John
Styled John Heron, knight, late sheriff of Northumberland
This shield is blasoned for him in the roll of Richard II, gules a chevron between three herons silver. The chevron was the difference afterwards used by the Bockenfield branch of the family.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three herons.
Inscription: ...GILLVM ... HER...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6007
Seals (Impressions)
1274    n.d.
Heron, Jordan
Printed FPD, 168n, and S.D., III, 287.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a beast passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:IORDANI:HERVN: .

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1275    n.d.
Heron, Jordan
Printed FPD, 169n. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., vol VI, pl. VIII, No. 1.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, a heron standing with right leg raised.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:IORDANI:HEIRVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.11, 12
Seals (Impressions)
1276    n.d.
Heron, Jordan
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, a heron standing, both feet on the ground.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM IVRDANI HAIRVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.21a   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1277    n.d.
Heron, Ralph
Printed FPD, 168n, and S.D., III, 287.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heron standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · RADVLFI · HAIRVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1278   1261
Heron, Walter
Size: -
Seal design: Seal greatly destroyed, a cup(?).

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.3
Seals (Impressions)
1279   1347
Heron, William
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three herons, a voided sexfoil above and two on each side of shield.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM ...

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.9
Seals (Impressions)
1280   1359
Heron, William
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three herons.
Inscription: sigillv . willelmi . heroun

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1464   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1281   1294
Heron, William
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heron, a device like a flower in front of its neck.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLEL ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1463
Seals (Impressions)
1281(i)
Herpeswell, Thomas of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4900
Seals (Impressions)
1282   1307
Herr.., William of
Attached to an acquittance of Paul of Derlington.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, antique gem, Victory
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI DE HERREN(?)

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3897
Seals (Impressions)
1283   1225
Herrington, Emma
Styled Emma, daughter of Thomas, son of William, late wife of Alan (of Fery), brother of the prior
Printed FPD, 201n.
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: SIGILL MME:FILIE TOME FILIVS WILA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.29, 32; 4.16.Spec.120, 127, 128, 161
Seals (Impressions)
1284    n.d.
Herrington, Robert
son of Thomas of
See S.D., I, 181. This charter is printed FPD, 202n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROBERTI FILII TOM

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
1285   1260-1291
Herrington, Thomas of
Charters Nos. 19 and 36 are printed FPD, 200n. No. 23 is printed ibid., 202n. See also H.S., 157.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight with sword and shield.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · TOME FILII · ROBERTI · D' · HERIGTV'

Seal attached to document reference: 2.14.Spec.19, 20, 23, 36; Misc.Ch. 1827
Seals (Impressions)
1286   1348
Hert, Robert of
Styled chaplain, son and heir of Roger of Hert
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a bearded head.
Inscription: ✠ CAPVT:NAZAREI SIGILL

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.92   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1287   1317
Hert, Walter of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, two heads face to face, between them a perch upon which is a bird.
Inscription: ✶ LOVE ME A ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.158
Seals (Impressions)
1288    n.d.
Heselden, Gilbert of
In Easington ward, parish of Dalton le Dale, co. Durham.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GIL .... FILII REGENALDI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A21
Seals (Impressions)
1289    n.d.
Heselden, Gilbert of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird-like beast.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GILBERT ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1290    n.d.
Heselden, Robert of
Styled Robert, son of Gilbert of Norton
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI DE HESLD

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.36
Seals (Impressions)
1291   1371
Heselden, Walter of
cf 802. Used by Walter of Hesilden, burgess of Gateshead.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ, a figure praying to them, all in a rich canopy.
Inscription: s : willelmi . de ... hevile

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.75, 76, 77
Seals (Impressions)
1292    n.d.
Heselrigg, Donald of
Styled Donald of Hesilrigge, son and heir of Robert of Hesilrigge of Raynton and of Christina, his wife.
See N.C.H., VII, 395. The blason is silver a chevron between three hazel leaves vert.
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, armorial, a chevron between three hazel leaves.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.7.Spec.22, 23
Seals (Impressions)
1293   1341
Heslerton, John
Styled rector of the church of 'Patryk Brompton', one of the executors of Lord Geoffrey le Scrop, knight
The Yorkshire family of Heslarton bear, in the roll of Edward II, 'de goules a vj lioncels de argent coronez de or'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hare at the foot of a tree, above it the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM IOHANNIS DE HESELARTONA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3746   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1294   1303-1313
Heslerton, Roger of
He was a canon of Howden in 1316. A classical design adopted as a type of Christian martyrdom.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked helmeted figure striking with a sword at a draped kneeling female figure, whom he holds by the arm.
Inscription: ✠ CAPERAS PATIOR HEC REVS ESSE REOR

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3833, 4028g, 4725, 4930a; Loc.XXVIII.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1295   1335-1338
Heslerton, Roger
Styled master Roger of Heslerton, rector of the church of Thorp, juxta Newark, one of the executors of the will of master Roger of Heslerton, senior
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, demi figure of Our Lady with Christ.
Inscription: S' ROG DE HESL' TVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3650; 4081; 4490
Seals (Impressions)
1296   1302
Heslerton, Roger of
Same man as no. 1294. He is styled magister in this charter. Heslerton is in the East Riding of York, between Malton and Scarborough.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hazle bush with two nuts on it and three birds sitting on the branches.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROGERI D' HESLTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3836, 3917
Seals (Impressions)
1297   1316
Heslerton, Roger
Styled rector of the church of 'Kymmelesworth'
Kimblesworth, Co. Durham.
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, a hawk upon a bird.
Inscription: ALAS IE SV . PRIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Archiep.23
Seals (Impressions)
1298   1370
Heslington, William of
This charter is dated from Thirsk. Heslington is in Yorkshire, a little south of York.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three birds.
Inscription: sigillvm x willi x de x h.....ton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 399
Seals (Impressions)
1299    n.d.
Hesswell, Christiana
Styled wife of Thomas of Hesswell
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked figure standing with arm on an altar.
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.34
Seals (Impressions)
1300   1334
Hesswell, Johanna
Styled Johanna, who was the wife of William of Haswell
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a tonsured head, hands raised in prayer, above a hand blessing.
Inscription: CAPVD ... ERVI DEI

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.9
Seals (Impressions)
1301   1391
Hesswell, Nicholas
Styled vicar of the church of Norham
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4051g, 4295
Seals (Impressions)
1302   1377-1380
Hesswell, Reginald of
Used by William of Hesswell, chaplain.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crowned figure standing. to whom a figure kneels who has five roses above his head; a richly decorated canopy.
Inscription: SIGILLVM REGINALDI DE HESWELL

Seal attached to document reference: 5.3.Elemos.20; 2.17.Spec.16
Seals (Impressions)
1302(i)   1342
Hesswell, Reginald of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3957
Seals (Impressions)
1303    n.d.
Hesswell, Richard of
Printed P.F., 12.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RICARDI DE ESSEVEL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.27
Seals (Impressions)
1304   1317
Hesswell, Thomas
Styled rector of the church of Sedgefield
In 5 bishop Richard of Bury (1338) he was master of the hospital of St Mary Magdalene, Sherburn (C.R., 31, p.108).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, a rabbit seated among stalked quatrefoils, in the cuspings the evangelistic symbols.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM:THOME:H....ELL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3589   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1305    n.d.
Hesswell, Walter of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI DE HESSEWEL

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.102
Seals (Impressions)
1306    n.d.
Hesswell, William of
S.D., I, 17, 18.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in long hauberk, with sword and shield.
Inscription: ✠ ... ELMI D' HESEWEL

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.16
Seals (Impressions)
1307   1314
Hessay, John of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pair of scissors.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE HESSAY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5581
Seals (Impressions)
1308   1273
Hestelbyre, William
Styled collector of the tenths of our lord the King
In 1275 he was the official of Walter Giffard, archbishop of York (Giffard's Register , p.271, no.837). In this charter he is styled 'W. de Hesterlbire' (? Heytesbury, Wilts.).
Size: 22 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a double-headed eagle displayed.
Inscription: MAGISTRI . WIL DE HECTREDEBR .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4200/1, 4200/2, 4200/3, 4272 (reverse)
Seals (Impressions)
1309    n.d.
Heton, John
Styled son and heir of Richard and Alice his wife of 'Heton, juxta Rokesbur'
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mell or hammer.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS DE HETVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Elemos.9
Seals (Impressions)
1310   1372
Heton, John of
Styled chaplain.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady, holding a lily in her right hand, standing with Christ on her left arm, a kneeling figure prays to them. All in a cusped circle.
Inscription: s' . dni.. johannis . de . heton .

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.64
Seals (Impressions)
1311    n.d.
Heton, Johanna wife of Richard of.
Styled of 'Heton, juxta Brudeford' (near Thirsk)
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird standing.
Inscription: ✠ SIG IOHANNE NORVI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Elemos.12
Seals (Impressions)
1312    n.d.
Heton, Richard
Styled Richard of Heton, juxta Rokesbur, and Alice his wife.
Size: 1. 25 mm.Size: 2. 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a falcon upon a bird.2. Oval, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' RICARDI ....TVN2. S' ALICI ...HETV .

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
1313   1236
Heton, William
Styled 'miles'
R.N.D., 326. This charter is printed, ibid., app. 134, No. 764. Representing the god Abraxas whose figure expresses the union of various attributes. He is represented with the head of a cock, sacred to the sun or sometimes with a lion's head, the type of Mithras, he has a human body and serpents' legs, the symbols of the good genius, he bears a scourge in his hand, the Egyptian symbol of lordship and sometimes a shield on his arm to denote that he is the guardian of the faithful. (See, King, Antique Gems , p.347).
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a Gnostic figure ending in two serpents, with arms outstretched.
Inscription: ..IGIL:.... DE HET..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
1314    n.d.
Heton, William of
Styled Sir William of Heton, son of Roger. This is Heaton in Lonsdale. See VCH: Lancaster, VII, 108 and 109 and notes.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, armorial, a cross of four interlaced bastons.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILL W D' HET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.4.Ebor.17, 18
Seals (Impressions)
1315    n.d.
Hett, Alienor of
She was the wife of Walter of Hett (FPD, 67n). See also, ibid., 172n.
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a figure apparently crowned, wearing a robe and with arms akimbo.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALIENORIS D' HET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.27, 31, 33
Seals (Impressions)
1316    n.d.
Hett, Henry
Styled son of William of Hett
Size: 38 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' HENRICI DE HET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.45
Seals (Impressions)
1317    n.d.
Hett, Hugh
Styled son of Walter of Hett
Printed FPD, 174n.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of sixteen rays.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1318    n.d.
Hett, Richard
Styled Richard of Mainsford of Hett. cf 1690
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI DE HET

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.46
Seals (Impressions)
1319   1210-1227
Hett, Walter of
Charter no. 18* is printed FPD, 174n; no. 38 is printed, ibid., 175n.
Size: 44 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a harpy.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WALTERI DE HET

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.7; 4.13.Spec.18*, 38   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1320    n.d.
Hett, Walter of
Charter no. 17 is printed FPD, 174n; no. 28 is printed 173n.
Size: 44 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a harpy.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WALTERI DE HET

Seal attached to document reference: 1.13.Spec.11, 11*; 4.13.Spec.14, 17, 26, 28, 29
Seals (Impressions)
1321    n.d.
Hett, Walter of
Printed FPD, 174n.
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a harpy.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WA...RI DE HETE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
1322   1332
Hett, William of
See S.D., III, 286 and FPD, 70.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree between a male and female bust, each facing the tree, a lion asleep at the foot of the tree and a squirrel seated on the top.
Inscription: ANIS VNE SVDEV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2112   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1323    n.d.
Hett, William of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a conventional flower
Inscription: S' WILL... DE HET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2111
Seals (Impressions)
1324    n.d.
Hetton, Geoffrey of
Printed FPD, 123n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a conventional branch.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL GALFRIDI DE HEPEDVNE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.47; 1.2.Finc.67
Seals (Impressions)
1325   1187
Hetton, Bertram
Styled Bertram of Heppeden and called 'miles' by pope Celestine
See S.D., I, 213, and P.F., 10 and 11.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM . BERTRAM . DE HEPPEDW

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.44; 1.7.Spec.2; 3.7.Spec.2; 1.1.Finc.9, 10, 12; 4.1.Finc.33, 43, 34; 4.2.Elemos.1b   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1326    n.d.
Heworth, Cecilia
Styled Cecilia, daughter of Gilbert of Heworth, late wife of Lawrence de Camera
See FPD, 162n. Gilbert of Heworth witnesses a charter of bishop Antony Bek in 1291 and is styled 'knight' (R.P.D., II, 1188).
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, four lions passant forming a cross, their necks united in one head at the centre.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:CICILIE:DE:HEWVRTHIA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.17, 18; 2.3.Sacr.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1327   1376-1387
Heworth, Johanna of
Used by Johanna, wife of Thomas son of Richard of Heworth of Acley and by Adam of Neusom.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a boar's head on a raised quatrefoil, three shields, each charged with three molets between the words of the legend.
Inscription: FIAT:FIAT:AMEN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.13, 22
Seals (Impressions)
1328   1386
Heworth, John
Styled burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
He was bailiff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1382 (R.W., I, 198).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a merchant's mark on a shield.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS ✶ HEWORTH

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.3, 8
Seals (Impressions)
1328(i)
Heworth, Richard

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.4, 7, 16
Seals (Impressions)
1329   1348
Heworth, Roger of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.45
Seals (Impressions)
1330   1348
Heworth, Roger of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: IEO SVY SE.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.24; 4.3.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
1331   1445
Heyworth, John
Styled John Heyworth, armiger, son and heir of John Willy, citizen of London
See S.D., II, 74.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, an eagle standing with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.63   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1332    n.d.
Hexham, Serlo of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM SERLONIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1528
Seals (Impressions)
1333   1369
Hexham, William of
Styled of the street of St Giles, Durham. His wife was Cecily.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pot in which is a long stalked flower of three heads, on each side is a head facing the flower. All in a pointed sexfoil in the spandrils of which are the letters SVYLEL.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1681
Seals (Impressions)
1334   1323
Hexham, William of
See N.C.H., III, 138n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing, to whom William prays, behind her R:
Inscription: AVE:GRA · PLENA · DNS · TEC .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4596
Seals (Impressions)
1335   1336
Hexham, William of
Styled 'Willelmus de Hexttildesham tutor heredum Hugonis de Quessington'. Eider ducks in older days known in the north as the birds of St Cuthbert. When he went to live on Farne Island he is said to have tamed these birds and to have worked miracles on their behalf (see Raine's St Cuthbert , pp.22 and 194). In the roll of bursar of Durham abbey for 1380-81, 12d. is paid to a painter of Newcastle for painting one of St Cuthbert's birds (unius volucris Sci Cuthberti) to serve as a pattern for the reredos (le Rerdos); this is known as the Neville screen (See Durham Account Rolls , 103 Surtees Soc. publ., p.591; and Rites of Durham , 107 Surtees Soc. publ., p.5 & p.198).
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St Cuthbert standing, holding St Oswald's head on his breast with right hand and his crosier in his left hand; a figure kneels to him; in the field three ducks among trefoiled plants.
Inscription: ✶ DA ROGO CVTHBTE .. ILI HVIVS REAER TE

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1336   1466
Highfield, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, round, an acorn.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.50, 51
Seals (Impressions)
1337   1374
Hill, Roger of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: SVM LEO F...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6698
Seals (Impressions)
1338   1417
Hill, Thomas of
Styled 'Thomas de Hill de Cawe deputatus et ordinatus per Robertum de Hilton vicecomitem Ebor'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag, above its back a dog(?)
Inscription: Legend effaced.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4222
Seals (Impressions)
1339   1380
Hill, William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, red, armorial, a chevron between three bucks' heads.
Inscription: ✶ s' wilelmi . de . hille

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.9
Seals (Impressions)
1340    n.d.
Hilton, Alexander of
For Hilton pedigree see S.D., II, 26; this charter is printed, ibid., 25. See also A.A., 3rd ser., I, 121.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a demi lion passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ALLEXSANDER DE HELTO.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1341   1338
Hilton, Alexander of
Lord of Hilton, served in the Scottish wars of Edward III with Ralph, Lord Nevill; summoned to parliament 1332-35, died 1361. The shield, silver two bars azure, is blasoned for him as 'Le Baron de Hylton' in Jenyn's roll of Edward III. (See also A.A., 3rd ser., I, passim).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL ALEXANDRIE:DE:HILT

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1342   1366
Hilton, John of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady, crowned, seated holding Christ. Beneath a half figure praying.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 58
Seals (Impressions)
1343   1403
Hilton, John of
Used by John of Hilton of Durham and Emma his wife.
Size: 1.19 mm.Size: 2.19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a hawk killing a bird.2. Round, a hare riding on a dog and blowing a horn.
Inscription: 1. ✶ ALAS IE SVS . PRIS2. ✶ SOHOV ROBIN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2402, 2403, 2427
Seals (Impressions)
1344   1321
Hilton, Robert of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars and a label of three points.
Inscription: ... ROBERTI DE · H...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1345   1367
Hilton, Robert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, the shield and crest effaced, above the shield on dexter two wheels one above the other, on sinister a wheel and beneath it a star.
Inscription: ... ROB .. TI · DE: HILTO..

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
1346    n.d.
Hilton, Robert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars.
Inscription: ✠ S' .. OBERTI:DE:HILTON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.55   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1347   1439
Hilton, Robert of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, but shield gone, crest the head of Moses horned, field powdered with flowers.
Inscription: sigill * de hilton

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1348    n.d.
Hilton, William of
Used by William of Hilton
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant within a geometrical device.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE DA ...IGTON .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1548
Seals (Impressions)
1349   1450
Hilton, William Baron of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, head of Moses with six horns, in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1350   1503
Hilton, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, the head of Moses horned.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.4.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
1351   1414-1433
Hilton, William of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars, the shield a bouche, hangs from a tree, on each side is a coney back to back, their heads turned back.
Inscription: sigillum willelmi hiltoun

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Spec.18, 20   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1352   1389
Hilton, William of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars, shield is in front of a tree.
Inscription: ... ille ... .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4513
Seals (Impressions)
1353   1393
Hilton, William Lord of
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, three letters (?) surrounded by a corded circle upon which five voided cinquefoils are placed.

Seal attached to document reference: [G]
Seals (Impressions)
1354    n.d.
Hindeley, Sybil of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S':SIBILE DE HINDEL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6928
Seals (Impressions)
1354(i)    n.d.
Hinderwell, John
Son and heir of Ralph of Whitby

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5139
Seals (Impressions)
1355   1324
Hirlaw, John of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, antique gem, Jupiter(?) seated, a figure standing before him.
Inscription: ✶ · SIGILL VER · TEGENS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3915   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1356   1311
Hirlaw, John of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, a male head.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3492, 4114c
Seals (Impressions)
1357   1332
Hirlaw, John of
Styled vicar of St Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Date 1332-40
Size: 22 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady, with Christ, standing among plants.
Inscription: ✶ S' · IOHIS · DE · HIRLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3493, 4092, 4199, 4227, 4315, 4631, 4767, 4808
Seals (Impressions)
1358   1272
Hirlaw, Nicholas of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent with a star above it.
Inscription: S' NICOLAI DE HIRLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2101
Seals (Impressions)
1358(i)   1318
Ho, Thomas de, vicar of Bishopton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4712
Seals (Impressions)
1359   1428
Holden, Thomas
Styled 'armiger'
See S.D., II, p.74.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, an escallop within a loop of ribbon.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.10, 11, 12; Misc.Ch. 1739   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1360   1445
Holden, Elizabeth
Styled late wife of Thomas Holden, armiger.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a stork with wings raised and spread.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Spec.47, 48
Seals (Impressions)
1361    n.d.
Holinside, Richard of
See S.D., II, 250.
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICARDI HOLINESIDE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.7
Seals (Impressions)
1362    n.d.
Holinside, Richard of
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, two oxen.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI DE HOLNISIDE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.3, 4; 4.1.Finc.50
Seals (Impressions)
1363    n.d.
Holinside, Thomas
Styled Thomas, son of Richard of 'Holynesyde'
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: The same seal as No. 1362, but with gem reset and a different legend.
Inscription: ... E HOLLINSIDE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.11
Seals (Impressions)
1364   1354
Holland, Robert of
See S.D., I, 26. This and the next seal appear to be those of Robert, second Lord Holland, who was summoned to parliament, 1342-72, and died in 1373. The shield is blasoned for Sir Robert in the roll of Edward II de azure, flurette de argent a un lupard rampaund de argent.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, powdered with fleur-de-lys, a leopard rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S ....M ROBERTI DE HOLAND

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5768, 5774   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1365   1341
Holland, Robert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, powdered with fleur-le-lys, a leopard rampant, shield couchée surmounted by helmet and mantling, with crest of a (?) (destroyed).
Inscription: .... . DE .... D ✶

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6265
Seals (Impressions)
1366   1340-1343
Holland, Thomas of
He was the second son of Robert, first Lord Holland, and married Joan, 'the fair maid of Kent', who, after his death, married Edward the Black Prince. He was a founder of the Garter (1348), was summoned to parliament, 1353-57. In 1360 he was summoned to parliament as Earl of Kent, and died in that year (O.B., 276: Historic Peerage, 254). His arms are blasoned in the Calais roll.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, powdered with fleur-de-lys, a leopard rampant, shield couchée surmounted by helmet with crest, a bush of feathers.
Inscription: SIGILL:THOME DE:HOLLAND

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6263, 6266   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1367   1367
Holland, Robert of
This imperfect deed is probably one of Thomas's brother Robert. This seal, though used by Thomas of Holland, appears to the the seal of his father Robert; unfortunately the legend is destroyed. The blason is Holland impaling de la Zouche, gules besanty. Robert, first Lord of Holland, married Maud, daughter and coheir of Alan Lord Zouche of Ashby, whose arms are blasoned in the Falkirk roll de gulez, besante d'or, at Caerlaverock the poet says, he 'tresor signesioit ke fust brisans, sa rouge baniere o besans'.
Size: 32 (?) mm.
Seal design: Round, very imperfect, armorial, powdered with fleur-de-lys, a leopard rampant, impaling ten roundels (4, 3, 2, 1), surrounding shield are four roundels each charged with the Holland arms.
Inscription: .... DIS ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5768*   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

1368: Holland, Thomas Earl of Kent: see Kent
1368A   1345
Holme, Richard of
Styled son of Thomas of Holme, executor of the will of Richard of Holme.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, on shield, in dexter chief a cinquefoil, in sinister h, in base a molet, and a device forming the monogram R.H.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3955   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1369   1332-1341
Holme, Thomas of the
Styled a merchant of Beverley
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a shield a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✶ PRIVE SVE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4465, 4479, 4511, 5080
Seals (Impressions)
1370   1421
Hoperton, William
Used by William Hoperton and others.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a naked male figure standing in front of a horse.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2077, 2078
Seals (Impressions)
1371   1334
Holum, Agnes
Holum (now Hulam) near Castle Eden, Durham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a falcon on a gloved hand, on dexter a fleur-de-lys, on sinister a quatrefoil.
Inscription: ✠ S' AGNETIS · DE · HOLM

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.11   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1372   1307
Holum, Elena
Styled widow of John of Hynton, knight, son of John of Hynton (in Cambridgeshire)
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✶ S' ELENA ✶ DE · HOLVM ✠

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6232, 6233, 6234
Seals (Impressions)
1373    n.d.
Holum, John of
See S.D., I, 57. This charter is printed FPD, 22n.
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, slightly dished, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · IOHANNIS · DE HOLVM

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1374    n.d.
Holum, Thomas of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL TOME DE HOLVM

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)

Horden: see Geoffrey.
1375   1335
Hornby, Cecilia of
On 4936 this is labelled as the seal of John Goldsmith (1088 above) and Cecilia uses another similar seal with foliage above the lion.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep.
Inscription: ✶ ICI DORT LE LIOVN FORT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4058, 4936
Seals (Impressions)
1376    n.d.
Hornby, John of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a male head with long curling hair.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS D' HORNEB

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5462
Seals (Impressions)
1377   1420
Horneby, Robert
Size: 16 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, antique gem, a lamb within a border of leaves.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6718
Seals (Impressions)
1378   1343
Horneby, William of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird within a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.62
Seals (Impressions)
1379   1307
Hornc.., William of
Used by Paul of Darlington, chaplain.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, Victory.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLELMI DE HORNC

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3897
Seals (Impressions)
1380    n.d.
Horner, Ralph
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a stringed horn.
Inscription: ✠ S' RADVLFI HORNER

Seal attached to document reference: 3.18.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1381    n.d.
Horton, Walran of
Styled Waleran, son of Robert, son of John, son of Odard the sheriff
He died on St Bartholomew's day, 41 Henry III (24 August 1257). When the Normans were deprived of their lands in Normandy, he gave his land there to his eldest son Walran and 'as an Englishman should, kept himself to his land in Northumberland where he lived peaceably till his death' (Cal. I.P.M., I Henry III, no.392). Seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser. VI, pl. IX, No. 2. See also N.C.H., IX, 245.
Size: 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, armorial, barry, a bend (?charged or more likely ermine).
Inscription: S' GVALERANNI VICECOMITIS

Seal attached to document reference: [G] ...
Seals (Impressions)

1382: now see 497
1383   1225
Hotun, Alan of
See P.F., 97 et seq.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALLANI DE HOTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.10
Seals (Impressions)
1384    n.d.
Hotun, Alan of
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALANI FILII WILLI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.65; Misc.Ch. 6285
Seals (Impressions)
1385    n.d.
Hotun, Eva of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIG ... EVE · DE H....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6283
Seals (Impressions)
1386    n.d.
Hotun, Henry of
Printed FPD, 136, note 3.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HENRICI FILIII RICARDI DE HOTV

Seal attached to document reference: 3.7.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1387   1304
Hotun, John of
Used by Richard of Hoton, clerk.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three pierced molets.
Inscription: IOH DE HOTONNE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3566   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1388   1305
Hotun, Richard of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a monkey cracking a nut.
Inscription: IMIA CV SANIS NOSTRAT SERT ..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4088f   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1389   1305-1310
Hoton, Richard of
Styled 'clerk'.
See Misc.Ch. 4460 for a different seal of 1311 and Misc.Ch. 3713 and 4612 for another of 1308.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend, between two martlets, three escallops.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI DE HOTVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4430, 4850, 5118 (no longer there), 4970e   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1390   1311-1353
Hotun, Richard of
Used by William of Hilton in 1353
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess impaling a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM RICARDI DE HOTVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4840; 4.9.Spec.75
Seals (Impressions)
1390(i)
Hoton, Robert of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4130
Seals (Impressions)
1391    n.d.
Hoton, Stephan of
Used by Stephen, son of Walter of Hoton.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S .... ROBERTI:POND · MATILDI · VXOR ....

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Elemos.1
Seals (Impressions)
1392   1437
Hoton, William, of Hardwick
Prior Wessington, appoints William, seneschal of the manors of the convent.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, an eagle with raised wings, in front of it the letters 'fl'.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2363
Seals (Impressions)
1393   1322
Hoton, William of
Used by John de Holyf, miller of Prudhoe.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure apparently chopping up a pig.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMI DE HOTONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3954
Seals (Impressions)
1394    n.d.
Hoton, Guy of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIG .... WIDONIS DE HOTONA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5731
Seals (Impressions)
1394(i)    n.d.
Housynghoure, Thomas de

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4826
Seals (Impressions)
1395   1380
Hoveden, Thomas of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure holding a ...(?) and subduing the dragon.
Inscription: s' thome de hoveden

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.22, 23, 25
Seals (Impressions)
1396    n.d.
Hoveden, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure holding a ...(?) and subduing the dragon.
Inscription: ✠ ... WILL FILII WILL...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Elemos.7
Seals (Impressions)
1397    Before 1210
Hoveton, Stephan of
Styled Stephan, clerk, son of Thomas of Hoveton
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, a floriated fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL STPHI CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Finc.2
Seals (Impressions)
1398    n.d.
Howburn, Alice of
Styled Alice, daughter of Roger 'piteman' of Howburn
Printed R.N.D., app., 116, no. 668.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:ALICIE:FILIE:ROGER ✠

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
1399    n.d.
Howburn, David of
Printed R.N.D., app., 115, no. 662.
Size: 38 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM DAVIT DE HOVBVRNA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
1400    n.d.
Howburn, Jacob of
Printed R.N.D., app., 115, no 663.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a horse shoe enclosing a dot.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · IACOBI DE HOVBVR'

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.26; 2.1.Spec.23a, 24
Seals (Impressions)
1401    n.d.
Howburn, Jacob of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a horse shoe.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IACOBI DE HOVBVRN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.22, 23, 30   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1402    n.d.
Howburn, Jacob of
Styled Jacob, the third of Howburn, Lord of that town
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle.
Inscription: S' IACOBI DE HOVBVRNE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
1403    n.d.
Howburn, Walter of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent with a star above it.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WATERI:FILII:GALFRIDI:

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Spec.35p; Misc.Ch. 5982   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1404(i)    n.d.
Howden, John [son of] Peter of
Rector of a moiety of Hutton Bushel

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5014
Seals (Impressions)
1404    n.d.
Howden, Adam son of William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, arm and hand with bird upon it.
Inscription: ✠ AMII SAVE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Ebor.24
Seals (Impressions)
1405   1393
Howden, Robert of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a female bust with hands raised in prayer beneath a bird; branching quatrefoils in background.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
1406   1236
Howden, Robert son of Gilbert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, a bird standing with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ VERBVM CARO FACTVM EST

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.8
Seals (Impressions)
1407   1380
Howden, Thomas of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, red, a figure (? St Michael) standing, holding cross in left hand and subduing a dragon.
Inscription: s' thome de hoveden

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.22, 23, 25
Seals (Impressions)
1408    n.d.
Howden, William of
He was parson of the church of Broxholme and in 1311 was appointed to hold the court of the bishop of Durham in the county of Lincoln (R.P.D., I, 43, 203).
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, imperfect, a seated figure.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLEL...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.9
Seals (Impressions)
1409   1357-1362
Howden, William of
The device is St Margaret overcoming the dragon.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crowned figure standing on a dragon, holding a book(?) (St Margaret) in right hand and a cross in left.
Inscription: s willelmi de : hoveden

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4442*; 4.1.Ebor.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1410    n.d.
Howden, William of
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a male and female head, one radiated, the other with a crescent (Apollo and Diana).
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILLEMI D HOVED

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.13; 1.3.Elemos.1   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1411   1476
Hudspeth, Andrew of
To the same deed two signets are attached: 1. Round, 13, three horse-shoes in trefoil form.
2. Round, 13, a crescent enclosing a star.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the letter floriated and within a beaded circle.
Inscription: :: be.war.ye.world::

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2093
Seals (Impressions)
1412    n.d.
Hugh....
Styled Hugh, called the carter, an executor of the will of Robert, the cook of Elvet
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' HVGONIS DEW ....RD

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2438
Seals (Impressions)
1413    n.d.
Hugo, Guido
Styled a merchant of Florence
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a wyvern.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3418   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1414   1230-1240
Hugh,
Styled Hugh the merchant and Matilda of 'Scyneclif' his wife
Nos. 3 and 4 are the seals of their two daughters.
Size: 1. 35 mm.Size: 2. 38 x 22 mm.Size: 3. 38 x 22 mm.Size: 4. 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, a crescent with a star above it. 2. Oval, a star-like device.3. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.4. Oval, an eagle with wings raised.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILL HVGONIS MERCER2. ✠ S MATILDE:DE SINCLIF3. ✠ S' EMME FILIE MATILDE4. ✠ S' GILLANE FILIE MATILDE

Seal attached to document reference: 5.2.Elemos.18
Seals (Impressions)
1415   1349
Hugh
Used by Hugh, called the carpenter of 'Pypewellgate'.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady and Christ standing.
Inscription: ✠ AVE MARIA ORA PLENA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1416   1254
Humez, Thomas of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SI ... HVMAVS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
1417    n.d.
Humez, Robert of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a grotesque winged monster.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI HVMMACE ·

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.47
Seals (Impressions)
1418   1219
Humphrey, Gilbert son of
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross patonce.
Inscription: ✠ .. GILL ....VS FILIVS HVM..IDI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1419    n.d.
Hundgate, Roger of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a geometrical device.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI FIL RICARDI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1617
Seals (Impressions)
1419A    n.d.
Huntercomb, Walter of
Size: -
Seal design: Round, imperfect, a stag's head cabossed, a cross between the horns.
Inscription: ....ILLV VAL' ON...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 14
Seals (Impressions)
1420    n.d.
Huntingdon, David, Earl of
He was brother of Alexander I, King of Scotland, he was created Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton before 1111. He succeeded to the throne of Scotland as David I in 1124 and died 1153 (O.B., II, 220). Charters printed R.N.D., App., p.23.
Size: 70 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in mail hauberk with lance, pennon and shield, the inside only seen.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM DAVIT COMITIS ANGLORV REGINE FRIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 759, 762   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1421   1577
Huntingdon, Henry, Earl of
Henry Hastings son of Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, he succeeded to the earldom in 1560, married Catherine, daughter of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, in 1553, died 1595 (O.B., II, 235, Historic Peerage , 263). Lord President of the North in 1572.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly of four grand quarters.
I :Quarterly
1. [Silver] a maunch [sable] (Hastings).
2. Party [gold and sable] a saltire engrailed and countercoloured (Pole).
3. [Silver] a fess indented of three fusils [gold] (Montagu).
4. [Gold] an eagle displayed [vert] (Monthermer).
II : Quarterly
1. France and England quarterly a label of three points (Clarence).
2. [Gules] a saltire [silver] a label of three points (Neville).
3. [Azure] powdered with fleur-de-lys a leopard rampant [silver] (Holland).
4. England a border [silver] (Edmund of Woodstock).
III : Quarterly
1. [Gules] a fess between six crosses crosslet [gold] (Beauchamp).
2. Checky [gold and azure] a chevron [ermine] (Newburgh).
3. [Sable] two bars and in chief three roundels [silver] (Hungerford).
4. [Silver] a griffin [gules] (Botreaux).
IV : Quarterly
1. Quarterly [silver and gules] a fret [gold] in the gules over all a baston [sable] (Despencer).
2. [Gold] three chevrons [gules] (Clare).
3. Paly wavy [gold and gules] (Moleyns).
4. [Silver] two bars and in chief three roundels [gules] (Moels).
The shield is surmounted by an earl's coronet and is surrounded by the garter with motto.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Pont.21   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1421(i)    n.d.
Hunwick, Richad of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5093
Seals (Impressions)
1422   1324
Hurthworth, John of, or Nesbit, John of
Now Hurworth on the Tees near Darlington. Printed FPD, 160n; S.D., III, 413.
Size: 19 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Shield shaped, a lion rampant.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.20
Seals (Impressions)
1423   1313
Hurthworth, Thomas
Styled notary public and official of the archdeacon of Northumberland
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St Catherine, standing holding her wheel, a figure prays to her.
Inscription: ✶ ONATER . QAFAVE THOME REPR ... OIS AVE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.40   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1424    n.d.
Hurthworth, Walter of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with raised wings and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI D' HWRHWRTH.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
1425    n.d.
Hurthworth, Walter of
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with raised wings and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S' :WALTERI ...RHT.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2136
Seals (Impressions)
1426    n.d.
Hutting, Simon son of
Size: 41 x ? mm.
Seal design: Oval, imperfect, an eagle with raised wings and head turned back.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS ...G

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.10
Seals (Impressions)
I
1427   1506
Ilderton, Thomas
The seal is of early fifteenth century date. For account of the family see A.A., 3rd ser., VII, p.102. The blason is silver three water bougets sable (Jenyn's roll temp. Ed. III).
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three water bougets, the shield is couchée and is surmounted by helmet with crest of a beast's head.
Inscription: s . thome = d' ilderton

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B60   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1428    n.d.
Ilderton, Thomas
The arms are derived from those of Ros of Wark under whom the Ildertons held (A.A. 3rd ser. III, 226).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a water bouget.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D122
Seals (Impressions)
1429   1356
Ilkeston, William of
Styled parson of Stowe
In Derbyshire. Mitres, except in the arms of bishoprics, are a very unusual charge. Papworth gives them only as the canting arms of Miterton. The blason of this shield is unknown.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three mitres.
Inscription: . IGILLVM ∴ WILLELMI ∴ DE ∴ ILKYSTONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4871   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1430   1295
Ingeram, Adam son of.
Styled son of Ingeram the baker
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated cross.
Inscription: S' ADE FL HINGERAM

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1431   1369
Ingelby, John
Styled vicar of Bywell St Peter
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial a fess between three rings.
Inscription: Legend undecipherable.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.3.Sacr.32
Seals (Impressions)
1432   1525
Ingilby, William
Styled 'armiger de Ripley'
See Pedigree V.Y., 282.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Square signet, a boar's head, with illegible inscription.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.61, 62
Seals (Impressions)
1433   1348
Ingleby, Thomas of
I am unable to trace or blason this shield, it does not appear in any of the rolls or ordinaries of arms.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross engrailed within a border charged with eleven escallops. The shield is in a geometrical device in the four corners of which are the evangelistic symbols.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3483, 3526, 3577, 3662, 3677, 3848, 3881, 3913, 3920, 3930, 3972, 4051, 4076, 4438, 4592, 4757, 5051e (fragment), 5997, 4846, 4930   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1434   1360-1373
Ingleby, Thomas of
The blason is sable a star silver, the shield is blasoned in Glover's and Jenyn's rolls but without the border which is here a mark of cadency. His I.P.M. was taken at Sadberge, 2 January 1380-81. For pedigree see V.Y., 282, and also S.D., III, 253.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a star of six points within a border.
Inscription: sigillv : thome : de : ingleby

Seal attached to document reference: Misc. 3386, 3587, 3872, 5068l, 3669, 4413, 4535, 4536, 4848, 5019d, 5068, 5110l, 5112   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1435    n.d.
Ingeniator, Richard
Styled Richard 'ingeniator' of the bishop of Durham
He was bishop Puiset's architect and it was under his superintendence that many of the bishop's chief buildings, including the Galilee at Durham, were erected (see address on Durham Cathedral church, by Wm. Greenwell). This charter is printed FPD, 140n.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RICARD ENGINVR

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
1436    n.d.
Ingeniator, Richard
This charter is printed FPD, 141n; it is also printed S.D., III, 149. The wolf device probably refers to the manor of Wolviston.
Size: 38 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a wolf walking with tail turned over back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RICARDI INNVR . VREI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.12
Seals (Impressions)
1437   1348
Insula, William de
Styled master of Farne (See No. 1615)
See R.N.D., 243.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a human head.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4097
Seals (Impressions)
1438   1390
Ion, Bartholomew
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a naked male figure seated.
Inscription: S' BARTHOLOMEI D' ION

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 353
Seals (Impressions)
1439   1372
Ireland, Thomas
Styled perpetual vicar of the church of Ellingham
cf 2164. Used by him but not his own seal. I have been unable to find out to whom this shield belongs or how it should be blasoned. He does not appear in the list of vicars of Edlingham given in N.C.H., II, 284. A Richard of Ireland was vicar of Embleton, 1371-1394 (N.C.H., II, 64, printed N.C.H. VII, 214, n.2).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three lions rampant within a border charged with roundels. Above shield a lion passant, on each side a long tailed bird with head turned back.
Inscription: SIGILLVM ...VS ...ONIS : ✶ :

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Spec.24   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1440    n.d.
Ivestan, Robert of
Styled son of Richard of Ivestan
See S.D., II, 351.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, green wax, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ROBERTI D' IVESTAN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.8
Seals (Impressions)
1441    n.d.
Ivestan, Robert of
Near Lanchester, Durham. See S.D., II, 352.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ROBERTI FILII RICARDI DE I ·

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1442   1285
Ivor, Robert of
Styled procurator of the church of Driffield
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three pales.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI DE ....

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.30d
Seals (Impressions)
J
1443   1315
Jacob, Walter son of.
Styled Walter, son of Jacob the smith of the street of St. Giles, Durham
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI FIL IACOBI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1444    n.d.
Jacob, Walter son of
cf 941. Same man as no. 1443.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI FILI IACOBI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
1445   1291
Jafford, W.... of
Yafforth, near Northallerton, Yorkshire. He was vicar in the church of York and dean of the Christianity of York, 1289.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.Size: Secretum: 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, imperfect, a figure praying.Secretum: armorial, an eagle displayed, three rings above it.
Inscription: S' W....E... IAFFORD

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3699   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1446   1343
Jerusalem, Hospital of St John of
Size: -
Seal design: Seal very imperfect, armorial, two bends and in chief .... Secretum,[ ] , a bearded head.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C29
Seals (Impressions)
1447    n.d.
Jeterel, Helena
Styled late wife of John the mason of Gateshead
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ELENE IETEREL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
1448    n.d.
Jeterel, Emma
Styled daughter of John the mason of Gateshead
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a flower-like device.
Inscription: ✠ S' EMME · IETEREL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
1449   1255
Jovanelli, Renaldus
Styled a merchant of Siena
Size: 1. 32 x 19 mm.Size: 2. 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, an eagle, with nimbus.2. Secretum, round, armorial, charges obliterated.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' RE.... IOVANELLI2. Legend indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3699
Seals (Impressions)
1450    n.d.
John, Walter son of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: SIGILL · WALTERI FILII IOHIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.3; Misc.Ch. 5257
Seals (Impressions)
1451   1375
Jolby, Richard of
For another seal see 2.13.Spec.62.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a horseman and dog hunting deer.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6785
Seals (Impressions)
1452    n.d.
Jordan, Richard son of.
Styled Richard, son of Jordan, formerly constable of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a hawk upon a rabbit.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI FIL IORDANI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6608
Seals (Impressions)
1453   1292
Juvenis, Thomas
Styled Thomas, called 'le Juvene', burgess of Berwick
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a saddle with stirrup.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM THOM IVVENIS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.25, 27   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1454   1282
Juvenis, Thomas
Gilbert Britling, citizen of York, to Thomas, his brother, called 'Juvenis'.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, two birds seated on a tree and pecking at the fruit.
Inscription: ✶ S' THOME LE IOVENE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.4
Seals (Impressions)
1455   1328
Junetui (?), John
Styled a merchant of Florence
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monster, within tracery.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM IOHANNIS ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3562   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
K
1456    n.d.
Karlawe, Simon of
cf 1190
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, a female head.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS:DE:KARLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Elemos.3a
Seals (Impressions)
1457   1243
Karleberi, Walter of
A manor belonging to the bishop of Durham, situated on the Tees a few miles west of Darlington. In 1313 Richard fitzMarmaduke held it in chief of the bishop (FPD, II, 246. See also S.D., III, 384).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of four large and four small points.
Inscription: ✠ S':WALTERI D':KARLEBERI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.19, 32
Seals (Impressions)
1458   1403
Kay, Thomas
Styled 'chaplain'
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a female head in a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✠ HOC EST SIGILL SI IS SALVA IVSILLVM

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Sacr.5(7); 2.8.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
1459   1280
Kayville, Isolda
Styled formerly wife of Robert Thorney, knight
Caville near Howden, Yorkshire.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crowned figure seated, holding orb in right hand and palm branch in left, below is a figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM ISEYDEY DE CAIVILA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Ebor.28
Seals (Impressions)
1460   1344
Kele, Robert of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion's head in a geometrical device.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4148
Seals (Impressions)
1461    n.d.
Kelgrimsher, Beatrice of
Styled Beatrice, daughter of Adam of Kelgrimshur
Now Kellamergh in Amounderness, Lancashire. It was part of the grant made by John, when earl of Mortain, to Richard fitz Roger, lord of Woodplumpton (VCH: Lancaster, VII, 159-161 and notes).
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eighteen round ended rays.
Inscription: ✠ S':BEITRICIE FILIE ADE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.20, 21
Seals (Impressions)
1462   1325
Kelgrimesurgh, Adam of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion's head in a geometrical device.
Inscription: The seal of William his son has been appended but has gone to decay.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.25
Seals (Impressions)
1463    n.d.
Kelgrimesharg, William of
Used by William, son of Alexander of Kelfgrimesharg.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a cross-like device.
Inscription: ✠ S'. ROB'TI D' SVARTB..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.23
Seals (Impressions)
1464    n.d.
Kelgrimisarth, Robert of
Used by Robert, son of Richard of Kelgrimisarthe.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a plant in flower (very rude).
Inscription: ✠ S' ROB DE KELGRIM...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.14, 19
Seals (Impressions)
1465    n.d.
Kelgrimisarth, Richard of
Size: 29 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star-like device.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI DE K....

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.16
Seals (Impressions)
1466   1330
Kellawe, Cecilia
Styled Cecilia, who was the wife of Patrick of Kellawe
See A.A., 2nd ser., III, 84, also S.D., I, ii, 64.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a stag at speed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5785
Seals (Impressions)
1467   1336
Kellawe, Cecilia of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, a lion rampant, above the shield a female head.
Inscription: S' ... (remainder of legend illegible).

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D49   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1467(i)
Kellawe, Christiana of

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.23, 41
Seals (Impressions)
1468   1303
Kellawe, Emeric of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, indeterminate charges.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D14
Seals (Impressions)
1469   1284
Kellawe, Henry
Styled Henry, son of Alexander of Kellawe
See S.D., IV, ii, 162, note.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ S':HENRICI · FILI · ALSAND'

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.1; 1.2.Finc.5
Seals (Impressions)
1470   1366-1370
Kellawe, Isabella of
Styled Isabella of Kellawe formerly wife of William son of William of Kellawe, clerk. She was daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Darreyns, knight, of Whittonstall.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant (very rude).
Inscription: ✶ IOV :CO · OV ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6939, 6940; 2.16.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
1471    n.d.
Kellawe, Isabel
Styled Ysabel of Kellawe, who was the wife of John, son of Peter of Hartlepool
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hexfoil.
Inscription: ✠ S' IABE D KELL..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
1471A    n.d.
Kellawe, Isolda of
Styled Ysolda of Aplingdene
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird about to fly.
Inscription: ✠ S' · YSEWDE · DE · KELLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Sacr.37; Misc.Ch. 2157
Seals (Impressions)
1471(i)    n.d.
Kellawe, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3640 (very indistinct)
Seals (Impressions)
1472    n.d.
Kellawe, John son of Lawrence of
Called also Laurence of Seton.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant(?)
Inscription: ...NNIS FIL LAVR DE ✶ KELL..

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D54
Seals (Impressions)
1473    n.d.
Kellawe, Matilda
Styled Matilda of Kellawe, widow of Thomas, clerk of Kellawe
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Pointed oval, a crescent with a wavy star above and beneath a (?).
Inscription: ✠ S' MATILDIS D' KELLAW

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D9
Seals (Impressions)
1474    n.d.
Kellawe, Mermedonia of
Styled widow of Alexander of Kellawe
See S.D., IV, ii 162 note.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ...ERMDON ...E KELL...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.2
Seals (Impressions)
1475    n.d.
Kellawe, Nicholas of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Pointed oval, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: S' NICOLAI KELLA...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D16
Seals (Impressions)
1476   1350
Kellawe, Nicholas of
Styled son of William of Kellawe
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, undecipherable, very poor impression.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6247*
Seals (Impressions)
1477   1313
Kellawe, Patrick of
He was bishop Richard of Kellawe's brother, a soldier and a man of note in the palatinate (R.P.D., passim, and, S.D., I, 64). The blason of the arms is unknown.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' PATRICII DE KELLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D38, 39   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1478   1292-1295
Kellawe, Peter of
He was rector of Sedgefield in 1311 (R.P.D., I, 98).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, an ape, with an owl seated on its right paw, riding on an ass.
Inscription: Outer Legend: ✶ S' PETRI · DE · KELLAWE · CLICI
Inner Legend: MOR NO LESSE BOT APE OVLE ASSE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3549, 3658, 3947, 4847, 4924, 5110o   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1478A   1295-1301
Kellawe, Peter of
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a helmeted figure, holding a spear in right hand, crowned by a winged Victory.
Inscription: SIGILLVM · PETRI · DE · KELLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4044m, 4121h, 4556, 4557   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1479   1320
Kellawe, Richard of
I.P.M. taken 7 June 1344 (C.R., 45).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ S' RICARDI D' KELLAV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5782, 5783 (seal now missing)
Seals (Impressions)
1480   1316
Kellawe, Richard of
Styled Richard, son of Alan of Kellawe, burgess of Durham
See charter from bishop Kellawe in 1312, granting him land in Durham and Plawsworth (R.P.D., II, 1151).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep.
Inscription: ✶ WARE ME HO MAN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.36
Seals (Impressions)
1481   1386
Kellawe, Robert of
Styled Robert of Kellawe of Great Lumley
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an escucheon within an orle of five ...(?)
Inscription: S' ROB.... KELLAV.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D62, 63, 64, 65   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1482   1256
Kellawe, Thomas of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Pointed oval, a crescent with a star above.
Inscription: ✠ S' TOME DE CELLAV

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D6, 12
Seals (Impressions)
1483   1315
Kellawe, William of
Used by William of Kellawe.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, Jupiter seated holding eagle.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · IAC ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4168x
Seals (Impressions)
1484    n.d.
Kellawe, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, green, a lion asleep on leaves, in a border of foliage.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2114*
Seals (Impressions)
1485   1315
Kellawe, William of
Used by William of Kellawe of 'Thornelaw'.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion standing on a dragon.
Inscription: CVM ....

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4956
Seals (Impressions)
1486   1310
Kellawe, William of
See action against him for trespass in 1318 (R.P.D., IV, 159).
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, St Catherine standing, a figure kneels to her.
Inscription: ... VIN ... MORE ESTO...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4088g
Seals (Impressions)
1487   1331-1341
Kellawe, William of
He was sequestrator general for the diocese of Durham in 1311, constable of Durham castle in 1312, official of the bishop and had custody of the priory of Durham during vacancy in 1313 (R.P.D., passim). For another seal see Misc.Ch. 3423 and 4734.
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lord in glory.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMI DE KELLAV ·:·

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3434, 3582, 3583, 3630, 3639, 3924, 3990, 4001, 4437, 4076l, 4077d, 4115k, 4288, 4437, 4476, 4489, 4525, 4539, 4588, 4637, 4710, 4801, 4843, 4959f, 5068k, 4970f, 5081b
Seals (Impressions)
1488   1285
Kendal, Hugh of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, brown, a male head.
Inscription: SECRETV HVGON DE KENDAL CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3560, 4062e   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1489   1386
Kent, Thomas of Holand Earl of
The blason is gules three leopards gold and a border silver. He was the eldest son of Thomas the first Holland, earl of Kent, and of his wife, Joan, the daughter and eventual heiress of Edmund of Woodstock, earl of Kent, a younger son of Edward I, and his wife Margaret, the daughter and heiress of John, first lord Wake. Joan afterwards became the wife of the Black Prince and mother of Richard II. Thomas Holland was, therefore, half brother to King Richard. He gave up his paternal arms, depicted on seal no. 1366 and assumed those here shown in right of his wife. The White Hind supporter is said to have been the badge of his mother and is similar to the favourite White Hart badge of King Richard. He was earl marshal of England, married Alice fitz Alan, and died in 1397. He is styled 'conte de Kent and seignueur de Warke'.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hind with crown round neck lying in front of a tree, and round its neck hanging by a guige a shield bearing England within a border.
Inscription: sigillvm thome de holand comitis kancie

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Ebor.2; 3.5.Ebor.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1489(i)    n.d.
Ker, Robert

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4824
Seals (Impressions)
1490    n.d.
Kernet, Roger
Styled Roger, son of William Kernette
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI · KERNET

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII.65
Seals (Impressions)
1491    n.d.
Kerrok, Alice
Styled Alice, widow of Roger Kerrock, burgess of Gateshead
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ ...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
1492    n.d.
Kerrok, Richard
Styled Richard, son and heir of Roger Kerrock burgess of Gateshead
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight branching rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI KEROC

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1493   1217
Ketton, Amabile of
See S.D., III, 330; the charter is printed FPD, 158n.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a standing lion, with a griffin's head.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL AMABILIS DE KETTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.14   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1494    n.d.
Ketton, John of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a branching device.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS FL IOHIS · DE KECT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.16; 1.1.Elemos.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1495    n.d.
Ketton, John of
The seal is attached to a document of the 13th century granting land to the almoner of Durham by John, son of John of Ketton. The seal is of later date than the charter. See FPD, 61, note 1, and ibid., p.59 and note.
Size: 38 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, Our Lady and Christ each seated in a niche, beneath each in a niche a man wearing cap and carrying in his hand ..., and a female figure.
Inscription: VIRGO:MARIA:VALE:MICHI:DA:COR:SPIRIT VALE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Elemos.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1496    n.d.
Ketton, John of
For nature of charter see S.D., III, 274.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a branching floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM . IOHAN . DE . KETTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.12.Spec.8; 4.15.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1497    n.d.
Ketton, William of
The seal is not his and is much later than the date of the deed, which is c.1200, granting land to the monks of Finchale.
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, St John Baptist standing holding, in his left hand, the Holy Lamb within a circle.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI DE ...TONE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Finc.11
Seals (Impressions)
1498    n.d.
Ketton, William of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · WILL · D' KETVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.12.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
1499   1336
Keverthorp, Stephen of
No. 1 used by Stephen of Keverthorpe, an executor of the will of Robert of Ripplyngham, late chancellor of the church of St Peter, York.
No. 2 - each petal of the rose forms the face of a man.
Size: 1.19 mm.Size: 2.22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, red, armorial, a fess between three crosses crosslet.2. Imperfect, a rose on the reverse of it is another impression of no. 1.
Inscription: 2. 'sigillvm commvne pro execvtione testamenti predicti'.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3586   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1500    n.d.
Kibblesworth, John
Styled John, son of Geoffrey of Kyblisworth
He was heir male of Roger of Kibblesworth (no. 1502). See S.D., III, 205, and II, 216.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S' IOHANIS DE KEBLIS..

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Finc.74
Seals (Impressions)
1501    n.d.
Kibblesworth, Richard of
This seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. IX, no. 5.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, four batons in pale.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RICARDI ...AI.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.17
Seals (Impressions)
1502   1180
Kibblesworth, Roger of
He is a frequent witness to the charters of bishop Hugh Pudsey, and ranks as a baron of the palatinate. This charter is printed FPD, 142n. The land is given 'per baculum in manu prioris'; do the batons on the shield of Richard (no. 1501) refer to this method of giving seisin?
Size: 57 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in mail, helmet with nasal, and shield with border and escarbuncle, his spear carried behind.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILVM ROGERI DE KIBLESWRDE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.16, 18   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1503    n.d.
Kilkenny, William of
For charter no. 9 see S.D., II, 229, where there is a pedigree of the family. His I.P.M. was taken 17 April 1340 (C.R., 45).
Size: 44 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, half figures of Our Lady and Christ, beneath them a boat in which are two nimbed figures, one at each end, facing each other.
Inscription: ✠ S' . FERT PVER MR . PETRVS HIC EST MVTAQFR

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.31; 1.6.Elemos.8, 9; 6.3.Elemos.16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1504   1308
Fader, William son of Ralph, of Urpeth
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star of eight points, two large and six small.
Inscription: S' WIL . FIL .. ADULPPHI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7014
Seals (Impressions)
1505   1317
Kilkenny, William
Styled William of Kyrkenny, 'miles'
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross voided.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WIL....I DE KILKENI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5987   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1506   1331
Killerby, William
Styled proctor for William of Denum
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a chevron, between three stalked quatrefoils, two dolphins.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLV · WILLI · KILLERBY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4446   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1507   1379
Killerby, John of
Killerby near Darlington. John was son and heir of Roger of Killerby whose I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 18 November 1359 (C.R., 45, p. 224). See also H.S., 23 and 148.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, Our Lord in majesty, on each side a kneeling figure. Beneath a half figure praying. Background powdered with roses and fleurs-de-lys.
Inscription: ✶ RESPICE TECTA:EC PERFIO ELECTA TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Sacr.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1508   1419
Killinghall, John of
He died 21 February 1442. I.P.M. taken March 1442 (C.R., 44); for account of the family see A.A., 2nd ser., II, 69, also S.D., III, 222.
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a boar's head couped between three sets of ∴, two above and one below.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2043   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1509   1376
Killinghall, John of
I.P.M. taken at Durham October 1416 (C.R., 44).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, (?) a fess.
Inscription: SIGILLVM IOHANNIS ....

Seal attached to document reference: 3.16.Spec.28
Seals (Impressions)
1509(i)   1373
Killinghall, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4890
Seals (Impressions)
1510   1501
Killinghall, Robert
Styled Robert Kelyngall of Mydylton George, son and executor of John Kelyngall, his father
He was presented by his father to the portionary rectory of Middleton St. George.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a heart from which issue three quatrefoils, on dexter side 'r' on sinister 'R'.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.12a
Seals (Impressions)
1511   1556
Killingworth, John
Used by John Kyllyngworth of Kyllyngworth in 1556, but it is a fourteenth century seal. For account of this family see A.A., 3rd ser., II, 10, and VI, 118. The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., vol VI, plate x, no. 12; the charges appear to connect this shield with the Grey series illustrated in the same volume, plate facing p.114.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars and in chief three voided cinquefoils.
Inscription: ....ngworth

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B61
Seals (Impressions)
1511(i)    n.d.
Killinghall, William of

Seal attached to document reference: 2.9.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1512   1291
Kilvington, Robert
Styled Robert of Kilvington 'custos' of the house of Farne
The inset is not upright, the upper part should be the straight edge on the right side. Printed R.N.D., app. 128.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Oblong, name in traceried panel.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4655   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1513   1312
Kingston, Roger of
Styled burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
See R.W., I, 29.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, an ape holding an owl, rides upon an ass, all in a geometrical device.
Inscription: S' ROGER' D' KINGESTON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.60
Seals (Impressions)
1514    n.d.
Kirkby, Gilbert of
Styled Gilbert, son of Iuonis of Kyrkeby
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bow and arrow.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILTI:FIL:WILLI:FIL:YWONIS:

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B15
Seals (Impressions)
1514(i)    n.d.
Kirkby, Adam of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5030
Seals (Impressions)
1515   1306
Kirkby, John of
He was rector of 'Quitingham' in 1313 (R.P.D., II, 1217). This is an interesting example of a canting device.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a church with spire, on the top of it is an eagle, below it an animal(?)
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS:DE KIRKEBY:CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4078
Seals (Impressions)
1516    n.d.
Kirkby, Margaret of
Styled formerly wife of Richard 'Westmonastir'
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird standing, head reverted, holding a branch in beak.
Inscription: ✶ S' MARGARETE D' KYRKEBY Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.29   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1517   1310
Kirkby, Thomas of
Styled Thomas, son of Cecilia of Penreth, merchant
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, an ancient ship, a beast's head at prow and stern.
Inscription: ✠ S' THOME DE KIRKEBI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4773   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1518   1387
Kirkby, William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a tree with a lion asleep at foot, a squirrel above, a grotesque beast on either side.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM WILELMI DE KIRKEBI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.7.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
1518(i)   1371
Kirkby, William of
Vicar of Branxton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3993
Seals (Impressions)
1519   1304
Kirkham, Richard of
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ SVM LEO FORTIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3533, 4088d, 4580
Seals (Impressions)
1520   1300
Kirkham, Richard of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant in a quatrefoiled panel.
Inscription: S' RIC' D' K

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.33, 36; Misc.Ch. 2580   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1521   1276
Kirkham, Robert of
Styled commissary of the bishop of Durham
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, two keys saltire ways, with a fleur-de-lys in each quarter.
Inscription: ✶ S' ROBERTI DE KIRKEHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Spec.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1521(i)
Kirkham, Hugh of
Proctor in the court of York

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3428, 4028i
Seals (Impressions)
1522   1269
Kirkhaugh, William of
Styled William, son of John of Kirkehalg
Northumberland, on the South Tyne near Alston.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, five knobs in circle (rude work).
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI FIL IOHIS DE TINDAL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5258
Seals (Impressions)
1523   1315
Kirkton, Henry of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monster with human head, two feet and a tail like a squirrel's.
Inscription: ✶ CREDE FERE KENTI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4225   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1524   1417
Knapton, Richard
Used by Richard Knapton, vicar of Dalton in le Dale, one of the executors of John Sheffeld, citizen and pelterer of York.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a maunch.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.39
Seals (Impressions)
1525   1336
Kneton, Alexander of
Styled Alexander, son of William of Kneton
In the parish of Middleton Tyas, near Catterick, Yorkshire.
See FPD, 60, 61.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a grotesque beast.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
1526   1288
Kneton, Alexander of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALEXANDRI:DE:KNETON:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5110h
Seals (Impressions)
1527   1311
Knycheby, William
Styled William, son of Hugh of Knycheleye
See S.D., II, 296 and 387.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, two busts facing each other, below them two clasped hands.
Inscription: ✶ FRVS ...E SEIT HO . IE FRVS SAMIE SEIT HONIE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.63
Seals (Impressions)
1528   1239
Kokerbel, Agnes
Styled Agnes, wife of Nicholas of Hingernan
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:AGNET KOK

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Sacr.5
Seals (Impressions)
1529   1384
Krygildykes, Alan of
Used by him.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, armorial, a heart.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.12, 13
Seals (Impressions)
L
1530    n.d.
Lackenby, Hugh of
Robert de Witchester, then sheriff of Northumberland, is one of the witnesses.
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL HVGON ...NEB

Seal attached to document reference: 1.3.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
1531    n.d.
Lafford, Reginald of
Styled Reginald of Lafford
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points.
Inscription: ✠ S' REGINALDI FIL RADVL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.16, 19
Seals (Impressions)
1532   1308
Lamb, Andrew
Styled 'Andreas Lamb de Whiteby'
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lamb, above it a knife.
Inscription: ✠ S' ANDREE LAMBE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5242   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1533   1421
Lambton, William
Styled William Lambton of Lambton
He was lord of Lambton and 18 years of age in 1369/70 when the I.P.M. was taken on his brother whose heir he was (C.R., 45). He was commissioner of array for Easington and Chester wards and died in 1430. I.P.M. taken at Durham, 8 January 1430-31 (C.R., 45). See also S.D., II, 174 and V.D., 205-207.
Size: 16 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a ram's head.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
1534   1452
Lambton, Thomas
Styled 'armiger'
Lord of Lambton to which he succeeded as heir to his brother in 1442. He was commissioner of array for Chester and Easington wards and died in 1473. I.P.M. taken at Chester-le-Street, 20 October, 1473 (C.R., 45).
Size: 14 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Signet, a ram's head, above it a pierced cinquefoil.
Seals (Impressions)
1535   1392
Lamley, Emma of
Used by Emma of Lamley, daughter and heiress of Elizabeth, who was the wife of John of Lamley of the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a shield in chief the letters W.O.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLEM D' OSB

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6624
Seals (Impressions)
1536   1284
Lancaster, Philippa of
She was one of the four daughters and coheirs of Hugh Bolbec, married Roger of Lancaster and died c.1294 (N.C.H., VI, 224). She bears in her right hand her husband's shield, silver two bars gules on a quarter gules a golden leopard, he was the bastard brother of William of Lancaster, the third baron by tenure, and died 1290 ( Historic Peerage , 277). In her left hand she bears her father's shield vert a lion rampant ermine (or silver).
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, imperfect, a female figure standing, holding a shield in each hand, the dexter barry on a canton a lion passant, the sinister a lion rampant.
Inscription: S' PHI...PE .... LONGOA..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4582   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1537   1298
Lancaster, Thomas Earl of
Succeeded his father, Edmund 'Crouchback', the second son of Henry III, in 1296. He led the rebel lords at Boroughbridge where he was taken prisoner and beheaded beneath the walls of his castle at Pontefract ( Historic Peerage , 277; O.B., II, 310). See also 3070
Size: -
Seal design: Seal, imperfect, armorial, three leopards and a label of three points of France.
Inscription: Legend destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D48
Seals (Impressions)
1538   1354
Lanchester, Walter of
Date 1354-57
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Catherine standing, to whom a kneeling figure holds a flower.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILL WALTERI:DE:LANGCESTRE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3420, 3603, 4109b, 4699, 4716, 4023
Seals (Impressions)
1539   1380
Greystanes, William of, chaplain
This is not his own seal (see no. 1581). Possibly a Vipont, Lowther or Musgrave seal, but there is no legend to further identify it.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, six rings. The shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet from which issue two horns with two interlaced rings on their tips.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6057; 4.16.Spec.135   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1539(i)
Lanchester, William of
Styled William of Laugchestre, vicar of St Oswald's, Durham
For another seal used by him see Misc.Ch. 6057

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.59, 133
Seals (Impressions)
1540   1431
Langforth, Margery of
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval signet, 'L' between two flowers.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.74
Seals (Impressions)
1541   1390
Langhe, Ludolf of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: S' LVDOLF DE LANGHE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 353
Seals (Impressions)
1542   1385
Langley, William of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lord on the cross, with the Virgin and St John.
Inscription: GOD HELP YE POPE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.15.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1543   1292-1308
Langton, Alan of
He was a burgess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and became Lord of Wynyard in the palatinate in right of his wife Katherine, daughter of Sir John Lisle, in 1305 (R.W., I, 10). For pedigree see S.D., III, 79.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, Pallas.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALANI DE LANGTVNE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6614, 6873
Seals (Impressions)
1544   1308
Langton, Catherine of
Used by Catherine, wife of Alan of Langton (1543).
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated holding Christ. Beneath a figure prays to them.
Inscription: AVE MARIA GRACIA · PLENA .

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6614
Seals (Impressions)
1545   1421-1436
Langton, Thomas
Styled 'of Wynyard'
I.P.M. taken at Durham 29 July 1437 (C.R., 45), when Sibyl, then aged 7, is his next heir.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, signet, a molet of six points within two branches.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.21; Misc.Ch. 6001
Seals (Impressions)
1546   1362
Langton, Geoffrey of
For another seal, see Misc.Ch. 4100h
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a female figure seated.
Inscription: S' GALFRIDI D...ON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3415
Seals (Impressions)
1547   1328
Langton, John of
Styled John of Langton, executor of the will of Walter of Langeton, late bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a tonsured head, a star in front and behind it.
Inscription: IOHANNIS · DE · LAN..ON:CLI..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5998
Seals (Impressions)
1548   1439
Langton, Sibilla
Used by John Drawley, vicar of Grindon, an executor of Thomas Langton. She was the wife of Thomas Langton (no. 1545). Her I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 7 December 1439, when Sibyl, her niece, then aged 10, was her next heir (see also S.D., III, 79).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a woman's head with head dress.
Inscription: s de langton

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6005*
Seals (Impressions)
1549   1412
Langton, Thomas of
The same man as no. 1545.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, armorial, very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6446
Seals (Impressions)
1550   1435
Langton, Thomas of
The same man as no. 1545, for blason of shield see A.A., 3rd ser., vol VI, p.119 and note.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant, the shield hangs from a tree.
Inscription: s thome de langton

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.23
Seals (Impressions)
1551   1361
Langton, William of
Styled 'curiae Ebor, advocatus'
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, head and bust.
Inscription: SECRETVM WILLI DE LANGTO CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3488, 4028k, 3515, 3689, 3695, 3749, 3837, 3933, 3966, 3969, 3991, 4039k, 4121a, 4675, 4747, 4930f, 4970n, 4771c, 4851, 4733, 4741, 4997, 5068a, 4136a, 4136b, 4370, 4614   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1551(i)
Lanom, John of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4067
Seals (Impressions)
1552   1232
Lard, William
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend cotised.
Inscription: S' GVI... LA...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4123   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1553    n.d.
Lascelles, Emma of
She calls Bernard the miller (no. 220) 'my late husband'.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lis.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL EME DE L...IS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Elemos.10
Seals (Impressions)
1554    n.d.
Lascelles, William
Styled William of Lascelles of Sadberi
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a falcon on a hand.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI DE LASSELES

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.73
Seals (Impressions)
1555   1431
Lascy, John
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a heart from which issues a plant with two flowers in a corded border.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.78
Seals (Impressions)
1556   1310
Lathum, John of
Styled a merchant of Beverley
For another seal used by him, see Misc.Ch. 4737, and another, Misc.Ch. 3887, 4034, 4073, 4897
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a merchant's mark.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHANNIS DE LAVVM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4817, 4827
Seals (Impressions)
1557   1260
Latimer, William
He was summoned to parliament as 'Willielmo le Latimer seniori' from 1299 to 1395; he was called 'the Rich'. His arms are blasoned in the Caerlaverock Poem and the 'Falkirk' roll gules a cross paty gold they are probably derived from the cross of Vesci. He was a great soldier and one of the great men of his day. Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1253, governor of York and Pickering castles in 1254. He accompanied prince Edward to the Holy Land and died at a great age in 1305 ( Historic Peerage , 280, Whitaker's Richmondshire , II, 79). The seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. IX, no. 11.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, imperfect, armorial, a cross patonce, shield in a foliage border.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.5
Seals (Impressions)
1558   1369
Latimer, William
Styled William Latymer, son of John Latymer of Tyverington
Now Terrington a few miles west of Malton, Yorkshire.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady holding Christ, and St John the Baptist holding Holy Lamb, standing facing each other, a rose between them.
Inscription: ✶ M .. BAPTISTA VOCAT SANCTA MARIA VOCAT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 349
Seals (Impressions)
1559    n.d.
Laton, Gilbert of
See S.D., III, 37, and for pedigree, ibid., I, 215.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mill-rind cross
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI DE LATVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Finc.7
Seals (Impressions)
1560    n.d.
Laton, Gilbert of
Blasoned for William Laton in the roll of Richard II, gold a mill rind cross gules.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a mill-rind cross.
Inscription: ✠ S' GILBERTI DE LATON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5570
Seals (Impressions)
1561   1357
Laton, Richard of
Date 1357-58
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✶ SVM LEO FORTIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5459, 7006
Seals (Impressions)
1562   1358
Laton, Richard of
1. Used by Richard of Laton. 2. Used by Margaret, daughter of Simon of Esh, late wife of John of Yeland. He was the son of Cecilia and her first husband Thomas of Laton, she afterwards married Peter of Brackenbury, and is spoken of in this charter as his widow.
Size: 1. 16 mm.Size: 2.19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, very indistinct.2. Round, a cross.
Inscription: 2. Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5506
Seals (Impressions)
1563   1477
Laton, Robert
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a stalked trefoil.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
1564    n.d.
Laton, Robert
Styled sheriff of Durham
He was sheriff and escheator, 1 bishop Fordham (1381). His shield blasoned in the roll of Richard II was silver a fess between six crosses crosslet fitchy sable a silver cinquefoil on the fess.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mitre, R beneath it.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D75
Seals (Impressions)
1565    n.d.
Laton, Simon of
In 1261 Walter Heyrun calls 'Simon de Laton filius Dni. Ranulph de Layton cognatus meus' (note by W.G.).
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with raised wings.
Inscription: ✠ S' SIMONIS D' LATVN

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.4
Seals (Impressions)
1566   1220
Laton, William of
His arms are blasoned in the roll of Richard II, see note 259. For nature of charter see S.D., I, 213.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross moline voided.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILELMI:DE LATONA:

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Finc.41; 3.7.Spec.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1567   1268
Laton, William of
Styled William, son of Gilbert of Laton, knight
Printed FPD, 188n.
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, Mercury.
Inscription: ✠ AMIE AMEZ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.62
Seals (Impressions)
1568   1303
Lawrence, Imania daughter of
Styled daughter of Lawrence del Orchard
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, three plants.
Inscription: S' IMAN · FILE LAVREN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.35, 40
Seals (Impressions)
1569   1370
Lawrence, John son of
See A.A., 2nd ser., vol. I, p.64.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three martlets
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS FIL LAVRENCII

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 469   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1569(i)
Layker, Robert
Chaplain of the altar of St Mary in Darlington church

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3494, 4852 (two different seals)
Seals (Impressions)
1570   1364
Laysingby, Thomas
Styled proctor of the prior and convent of 'Giseburn' (Guisborough)
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, the martyrdom of St Thomas a Beckett.
Inscription: ✶ EXORNAT THOME SIGILV · P · RSIOT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3608, 4051k   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1571   1375
Laysynby, William
Styled William Laysingby of Gisburn, rector of the church of Holteby
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a trefoiled plant.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.(2)5
Seals (Impressions)

Le Counte, see Counte
1572    n.d.
Leicester, Robert Earl of
He was the second son of Robert de Beaumont, first earl of Leicester, and succeeded as second earl 1118, he died 1168 (O.B., II, 336).
Size: 70 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, very imperfect, equestrian, knight with kite-shaped shield.
Inscription: ....OM ....ES ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Ebor.13
Seals (Impressions)
1573   1333
Leicester, Richard
Styled a merchant of York
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, letters R, I.
Inscription: S' RIC DE LEYCES...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4777
Seals (Impressions)
1573A   1375
Leleman, Robert
Used by Robert Leleman of Tynemouth.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron and chief. Shield in panel, in the corners of which are the letters C, A, V, P.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Sacr.7*
Seals (Impressions)
1574   1456
Leeke, Alice
Styled Alice, wife of Rowland Leeke of Ferlington in Yorkshire
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a lion.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.17.Spec.40, 41
Seals (Impressions)
1575    n.d.
Leke, Roger of
Styled Roger, son of Theobald of Leke
Size: 41 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, white, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROGERI FIL TEBAVDI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.14
Seals (Impressions)
1576    n.d.
Leke, Theobald of
Styled Theobald of Leke
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' TEBOVT FILII EVSTASI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Ebor.12
Seals (Impressions)
1577    n.d.
Leker, William
Styled William, called 'Leker' of Howden
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a heron.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILELMI · LEKER

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.10, 14
Seals (Impressions)
1578    n.d.
Lesewyse, Thomas
Used by Thomas Lesewyse, apothecary of Oxford.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross paty.
Inscription: FRANGE LEGE TEGE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.27
Seals (Impressions)
1579    n.d.
Lesewis, Alice
Styled Alice, who was the wife of Thomas Lesewis of Oxford
Size: 29 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady seated, holding Christ.
Inscription: ✶ S' ALICIE DE ORLIENS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.50
Seals (Impressions)
1580    n.d.
Lethum, Quenilda
Styled Quenilda, daughter of Richard fitz Roger
See nos. 146, 499, 1070 and 2110 and note. She was the fourth daughter of Richard fitz Roger, lord of Woodplumpton and his wife Margery Banastre, and married for her second husband Roger Gernet, the chief forester of Lancashire. He is styled Roger the butler of Warton in Charter 2.2.4.Ebor.33. For pedigree see Victoria History of Lancaster , I, 368.
Size: 41 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL QVENILDE FILIE RICARDI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.6
Seals (Impressions)
1581   1375
Lethom, John of
Used by John of Lethom, chaplain, not his own seal (see no. 1539).
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, six rings, shield couchée and surmounted by helmet with two horns on the tips of which are two interlaced rings.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.19; 1.4.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)

1582: See 2111
1583   1316
Levesham, Geoffrey of
He was parson of Hilton in 1313 (R.P.D., II, 912).
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a bird seated on a tree at the bottom of which is a lion sleeping, in the dexter background is a mill-rind cross, in the sinister a male head.
Inscription: L E V I .... A.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Archiep.23
Seals (Impressions)
1584   1316-1324
Levesham, Thomas of
Misc.Ch. 4044 has the same gem reset and legend reads: ✠ S' THOME DE LEVESHAM CLKI: He was executor of Thomas (no. 1586) in 1315 (R.P.D., II, 750).
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a warrior (?Mars) wearing a helmet, holding spear in right hand and shield on left arm.
Inscription: ✶ S' :THOME:DE:LEVESHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3874, 3958, 4016, 4045, 4044n, 4242, 4638‡, 4857, 4930, 4939, 5015d   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1585    n.d.
Levesham, Thomas of
Used by Thomas, son and heir of Thomas of 'Levysham'.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant and a border engrailed.
Inscription: ✶ S' ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6138
Seals (Impressions)
1586   1309
Levesham, Thomas of
He was rector of Stanhope (1310) and master of Greatham Hospital; in 1311 he was keeper of the spiritualities of Alvertonshire (R.P.D., passim).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, antique gem, laureated male head.
Inscription: ✠ S' TOME D' LEFVESHAM

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3502   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1587   1294
Levington, John of
Styled a burgess of Elvet
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight points.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANIS D' :LEVINTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 1.17.Spec.21; 2.17.Spec.30
Seals (Impressions)
1588   1256
Levingthorpe, William of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, device obliterated.
Inscription: S' WIL ... EVI · GT .

Seal attached to document reference: 3.11.Spec.19
Seals (Impressions)
1589   1331
Levre, Nicholas le
Used by John Alman of Darlington.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three leverets.
Inscription: ✠ S' NICHOLAI LE LEVRE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1549
Seals (Impressions)
1590   1282
Lewin, Thomas son of
By this charter Thomas, son of Lewin, burgess of Durham, Emmas his wife, and William their son founded the chapel of St James on the new bridge at Durham (Elvet) (S.D., IV, 56; R.P.D., II, 833, 871, 1173).
Size: 1. 38 x 25 mm.Size: 2. 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, the Holy Lamb.2. Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' THOME:FIL LEVVINI LETANVR2. ✠ S' EME · VXORIS · TOME · LEVVIN

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.27; 2.18.Spec.11   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1591    n.d.
Lewin, Walton son of.
Styled son of Lefwine of Durham
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lis.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM VALTERI FILII LEVINI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.35   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1591A   1351
Leye, Alice de
Date 1351-66
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a triple towered castle between six martlets.
Inscription: : S' ALICIE DE LA LEY'

Seal attached to document reference: 1.13.Spec.1, 4; 2.13.Spec.5; 4.9.Spec.14, 16; 4.13.Spec.51; 4.11.Spec.2; 4.2.Sacr.13   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1592    n.d.
Leye, Gilbert de
The ancient lords of Witton, they also held Stanley, Beamish and Tanfield in the time of bishop Pudsey (S.D., II, 352, 368-70; FPD 186 note 1). Printed FPD, 188n.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion passant, head turned back and tail floriated.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · GILEBERTI DE LEIA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.54, 61, 68; 5.3.Elemos.1; 4.6.Elemos.8   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1593    n.d.
Leye, Philip de of
He was the son of Gilbert and lived in the early 13th century. Printed FPD, 188n.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess embattled between six birds, and a border.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:PHILIPPI:DE LEYA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Spec.55, 55x; 5.3.Elemos.5, 8a, 8b; 4.6.Elemos 3; Misc.Ch. 5275   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1594    n.d.
Leyburne, Idene of
The shield, blasoned in the Caerlaverock poem and other rolls, is azure six lions rampant silver. She was one of the two daughters of Robert de Vipont, her sister Isabel married Roger son and heir of Roger de Clifford; Idonea married Roger de Leyburne whose I.P.M. was taken 13 March 1283-84 (I.P.M., 12 Ed. I, No. 17). She was alive on 6 April 1301, when she paid a fine to marry whom she would. (Rot. Finium 29 Ed. I, No. 12).
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, brown, armorial, six lions rampant, the shield hangs from a tree, on the branches of which at each side sits a bird. Below shield is an animal running.
Inscription: ✶ LA ...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B12
Seals (Impressions)
1595    n.d.
Lexham, Thomas of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a horse tied up by the reins to a ring.
Inscription: ✠ LOIATI RODSINI

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D106
Seals (Impressions)
1596   1483
Lilburn, Richard
Used by Richard Lylborne (1) and Isabelle his wife (2). H.D., III, 342 and V.D., 215.
Size: 1. 13 mm.Size: 2. 13 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round signet, an eagle standing, wings raised, 'l' in front of it.2. Round signet, a cock and letters G, N, T, E.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.115, 116, 117, 118
Seals (Impressions)
1597    n.d.
Lindsey, Bartholomew of
Styled Bartholomew of 'Lindesei', attorney of Jollan, citizen of London
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, two birds, back to back, a bush between them to which they turn their heads to peck.
Inscription: ✠ S' BARTHOLOMEI D' LIDESEI

Seal attached to document reference: 6.1.Elemos.11
Seals (Impressions)
1598    n.d.
Linton, John of
Styled John, son of William 'qui loco cognominis dicitur' Wilkes of Linton
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a crescent and star.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS FIL WILLI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.15
Seals (Impressions)
1599    n.d.
Linton, William
Styled William of Linton 'qui loco cognominis dicitur Wilkes'
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILKES D' LINTON

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.5
Seals (Impressions)
1600    n.d.
Linton, William of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion.
Inscription: ..LLI · DE LINTVN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.1
Seals (Impressions)
1601   1303
Lisle, Adam de
Used by Adam de Insula, one of the parochial chaplains of St Mary's, Wearmouth.
Size: -
Seal design: Very imperfect, antique gem (?), a head.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3864
Seals (Impressions)
1602   1492
Lisle, Humphrey
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval signet, antique gem, a head with diadem on.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.5.Spec.7
Seals (Impressions)
1603   1291
Lisle, John de
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a naked figure seated, an object (?) in front.
Inscription: ✶ IE · SV · SEL · D' · AM · LEL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3559, 4624, 4662
Seals (Impressions)
1604   1311-1319
Lisle, John de
Styled master John 'de Insula', clerk
He is named from Holy Island. In 1315, certain persons are excommunicated for robbing John's houses there. He was rector of Boldon and Bolam, prebendary in the churches of Auckland and Darlington, professor of civil law and bishop Kellawe's official in the city and diocese of Durham (R.P.D., I and II, passim).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, demi figure of bishop (St Cuthbert) holding head of St Oswald in right and crosier in left hand.
Inscription: ✠ POSCO CVTHB'TE XPO VIVENTE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Pont.5*; Misc.Ch. 3546
Seals (Impressions)
1605   1326
Lisle, John de
Styled John, son of John 'de Insula'
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS D' INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1981
Seals (Impressions)
1606   1332
Lisle, John de
Styled John 'de Insula', one of the heirs of Margaret of Howden (same man as no. 1605)
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with wings raised.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1988; Loc.XXXVII.67   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1607    n.d.
Lisle, John de
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing on a branch with wings raised.
Inscription: ✶ LA GRACE IESV EST VIESV

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2114*
Seals (Impressions)
1608    n.d.
Lisle, Reginald de
FPD, 3n.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a raised circular device within a running foliage border.
Inscription: S' REGINALDI DE INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Spec.24
Seals (Impressions)
1609   1303
Lisle, Thomas de
Styled vicar of Grendon
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, Our Lady seated, holding Christ in her arms.
Inscription: ✶ S' · TH' DE INSVLA PRESBITERI:A

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3411   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1610   1460
Lisle, Robert de
Styled Robert de Insula of Woodburn
For account of this family see H.N., I, II, 174; N.C.H., VII, 256 and S.D., III, 43. For arms see A.A., 3rd ser., III, 262.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ... DE INS...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1460
Seals (Impressions)
1611    n.d.
Lisle, Robert de
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ S' · ROBERTI · DE · INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Spec.11   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1612   1325
Lisle, Walter de
Styled Walter 'de Insula', knight
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three ivy leaves slipped.
Inscription: ✠ S' WALTERI DE INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Spec.2, 14, 15
Seals (Impressions)
1613    n.d.
Lisle, Walter de
Printed FPD, 3n.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WALTERI DE INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
1614    n.d.
Lisle, Thomas de
Printed FPD, 3n.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL TOME DE LIL

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Spec.40
Seals (Impressions)
1615   1348
Lisle, William de
Styled master of the house of Farne (see no. 1437)
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, St Michael slaying the dragon, below a half figure praying.
Inscription: ✶ S'-WILLELMI-DE-INSVLA

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4811
Seals (Impressions)
1616   1246
Lithum, Adam
Styled Adam, son of Roger, presbyter of Lithum
Now Lytham in the hundred of Amounderness and county of Lancaster. For an account of the manor see Victoria History of Lancaster VII, 214, and of the priory, ibid., II, 107.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, white, an eight-rayed star.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · ADE· DE:LITHVM

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.7
Seals (Impressions)
1617   1359
Lithum, John of
Used by John of Lithum, chaplain.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend three lions passant.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6334
Seals (Impressions)
1618   1361
Littester, Robert
Styled Robert Littester of Elvet
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, on shield a fess between three R's, a merchant's mark above shield
Inscription: S' ROBERTI LITSTER

Seal attached to document reference: 1.17.Spec.32
Seals (Impressions)
1618(i)
Littlebury, Robert de

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4647
Seals (Impressions)
1619   1310
Littylred, Walter
Size: 32 x ? mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, imperfect, a star of eight points.
Inscription: ....I . LITT..RED

Seal attached to document reference: 5.4.Elemos.4
Seals (Impressions)
1620   1331-1334
Lobarsana, John
Styled John Lobarsana, procurator of Peter Vaurell
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS:LOBARSANA:CLERICI:

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Archiep.9; Misc.Ch. 5384*   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1621   1360
Loc(?)..., Stephen
Used by William, son of Ralph of Hesswell.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three leopards' heads (?)
Inscription: ✶ S' ST..NI LOC...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7008
Seals (Impressions)
1622    n.d.
Lomb, Nicholas
Styled by Nicholas Lomb and Agnes, daughter of William, son of Patrick, his wife.
Size: 1. 35 x 25 mm.Size: 2. 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a star of eight rays.2. Oval, half figure of Our Lady with Christ. Below a half figure praying.
Inscription: 1. ✶ S' ANGNETIS FIL WILL2. MATER DEI MISERERE MEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5370
Seals (Impressions)
1623    n.d.
Londe, John
Styled rector of the church of All Saints Pavement in York
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monogram in a geometrical device.
Inscription: Legend almost destroyed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3793
Seals (Impressions)
1624    n.d.
London, Alan of
Styled Alan of London and Emma his wife. Emma's seal only: as widow of Robert de Mauley, 2.10.Spec.34
Size: 1. 29 mm.Size: 2. 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, an eagle displayed.2. Oval, a falcon seated on hand, a branching device above and below it.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILL ALANI DE LVNDRE'2. ✠ SIGILL EME FILIE ALANI DE LV

Seal attached to document reference: 2.10.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
1625    n.d.
London, Helias son of Torald of.
Styled Helias, son of Torald of 'Novo Castello'
S.D., II, 393 and also ibid., p.82, and FPD, 112n et seq.
Size: 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM HELIE · CLERICI:

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1626    n.d.
London, Helias son of Torald of.
Styled Helias son of Torald of 'Novo Castello'; in 4* he is styled son of Torald of London
Size: 51 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: SIGILLVM:ELILII · TOROLDI · NOVIORID .

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.4, 4*, 5a, 5b
Seals (Impressions)
1627    n.d.
London, Helias of
Size: 22 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLV ...LDI ...VNDONIS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
1628   1271
London, John of
Styled canon of Howden
Size: 35 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Last Supper, our Lord with St John leaning on his breast, and two other disciples. Below a half figure praying.
Inscription: ... CHRISTI · CENA · CHRISTI KARISSIM ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4094   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1629    n.d.
London, Nicholas son of Torald of.
Styled Nicholas son of Torald, and in no. 11 son of Torald of London
FPD, 113n.
Size: 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · NICHOLAI D · FOLETBI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.7, 11
Seals (Impressions)
1630    n.d.
London, Torald of
Printed FPD, 112n, see also 106n.
Size: 41 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion passant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL · TORALDI · DE LVNDRES

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Spec.2   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1631    n.d.
London, William son of Roger of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star like device in a triangle.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WILL:FILII:ROGERI:DE:LVNd'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2310   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1632    n.d.
Long, Richard of
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI LONGA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
1633   1328
Loterell, John
Styled bursar of Durham
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ standing, on their right side St Oswald stands, on their left St Cuthbert, all in canopied niches. Below them a figure is praying.
Inscription: Legend almost obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4014
Seals (Impressions)
1634   1309
Lowther, Adam
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a figure with two goats.
Inscription: ✶ S' ADE DE LOV... NOTARII

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3939
Seals (Impressions)
1634A   1327
Lowther, John of
Styled rector of the church of Symondburn
The blason is gold six rings sable derived feudally from the arms of Vipont, lords of Westmorland.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, six rings and a label of three points; on dexter St Michael, bearing shield charged with a cross, slaying the dragon.
Inscription: ✶ SIGNVM:SIGILLI:IOHIS DE:LOVTHRE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3688, 4500, 4739, 4963   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1635   1383
Lucas, Robert
Styled Robert Lucas, senior, chaplain
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, bishop standing holding crosier, and blessing a figure who kneels to him.
Inscription: PASTOR .. AS DELE CVLPAS

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.57   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1636   1383
Lucas, Robert
Used by Robert Lucas, junior, chaplain.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a fess ...(?) tow martlets in chief.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM SECRETI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.57
Seals (Impressions)
1637   1339
Lucas, Robert
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk killing a bird.
Inscription: ✶ ALAS IE SV PRIS Ψ

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4667
Seals (Impressions)
1638   1337
Lucas, Robert
Styled Robert Lucas of Norton
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend indented(?), the shield is in a border of foliage.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4109d
Seals (Impressions)
1639   1268
Lucasius (?),
Styled 'mercator Lucanensis'
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a winged bull standing on a scroll inscribed LVCAS.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL LVCHES ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4033
Seals (Impressions)
1640   1322
Luceby, Diota
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a squirrel sitting on a tree, at the foot of which is a lion asleep.
Inscription: ✶ I NOTIS CRAK . ON LYOVN BAK

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.38   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1641   1317
Luceby, Thomas or Diota
One of the seals attached to a deed of Thomas of Luceby and Diota his wife, probably his; the other has a pelican in her piety.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, two hands crossed at the wrists in front of a flowering plant.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.37
Seals (Impressions)
1642   1309-1312
Luceby, Henry of
He was rector of Wooler in 1311 and in 1313 was appointed rector of Bliburgh (R.P.D., I, 77 and 255).
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a figure standing, in front of a tree, with right hand raised holding a cross, a female figure kneels to him (The Annunciation). Below a half figure is praying with a flower on each side of him.
Inscription: ✶ S' HENRICI · DE LVCEBI:CLERICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3747, 4085   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1643    n.d.
Ludworth, Walter
Styled Walter of 'Ludewrchia', knight
See S.D., I, ii, 123. Charter is printed FPD, 130n.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in mail hauberk and helmet with nasal, shield with spiked boss.
Inscription: ✠:SIGILL WALTERI DE LVDEWRDE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
1644   1250
Ludworth, Walter of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a floriated device.
Inscription: ....ALTERI D' LVDE...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.18
Seals (Impressions)
1645   1209
Ludworth, William of
Printed FPD, 131n.
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight in mail hauberk and helmet with nasal and shield charged with a cross flory.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WILELMI FILII WALTERI DE LVDWRD

Seal attached to document reference: 2.8.Spec.6, 7   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1646    n.d.
Ludworth, Thomas of
Used by Isabella, wife of Thomas of Riggesby.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess indented, on a canton a mill-rind cross.
Inscription: ✶ S' THOME X DE X LVDEWORTH

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6168
Seals (Impressions)
1647   1310
Ludworth, William of
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Shield-shaped, a crow(?)
Inscription: ✶ S' WILELMI D' LVDI..

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3884
Seals (Impressions)
1648   1360
Ludworth, William of
He was son and heir of Walter of Ludworth, whose I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 14 May 1347.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess indented on a canton a cross patonce.
Inscription: SIG ... DE LVDEWORTH

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A36   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1649   1360
Ludworth, William of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess indented, on a canton a cross.
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLELMI DE LVDEWORTH

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5320
Seals (Impressions)
1650    n.d.
Lumbart, Thomas
Styled of Durham
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a branch with flower at top, a bird on each side pecks at it.
Inscription: ✠ S' TOME LVMBERT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2018
Seals (Impressions)
1650(i)   1320
Lumbard, William, of Beverley

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4041
Seals (Impressions)
1651    n.d.
Lumley, Alan
Styled Alan of Lumley, the cook
Printed P.F., 115.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALANI COCHI DE LVMLEI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.2
Seals (Impressions)
1652   1389
Lumley, Alianor
Styled Alianor, wife of Ralph Lumley, knight
She was the daughter of John, Lord Neville of Raby, and sister of Ralph, first Earl of Westmorland.
Size: 10 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Quadrangular signet, St Christopher bearing the child Christ.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.8, 15, 16
Seals (Impressions)
1653    n.d.
Lumley, Emery of
He witnesses charter 3.2.Finc.14, printed P.F., 113, as Emericus, son of Henry of Lumley.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Lozenge-shaped, a bird, above its head and behind it a branch.
Inscription: ✠ S' HEMERI D ... LEI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.18
Seals (Impressions)
1654   1418
Lumley, George
Styled George Lumley, brother of John Lumley, knight
S.D., II, 162.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a pierced cinquefoil, above it a label with legend 'envie'.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.29
Seals (Impressions)
1655   1477
Lumley, George
Styled knight
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a popinjay, behind it an oak leaf, a scroll bears an illegible legend.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 534; 2.1.Finc.72   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1656   1256
Lumley, Giliana of
Styled Giliana of Lumley, formerly wife of Gilbert 'dispencer'
Size: 38 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ...ILLIANE E' LV...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.45
Seals (Impressions)
1657   1353
Lumley, John of
The blason is silver a fess gules between three popinjays. For note on the arms of Lumley see A.A., 3rd ser. III, 246, and vol. VI, 91.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays.
Inscription: SIGILLVM IOH...S DE LVM...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.24   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1658   1415
Lumley, John of
Size: 70 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays. The shield is couchée and is surmounted by a helmet upon which stands a popinjay as crest.
Inscription: . sigillvm:johis...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C36, C37, C38, C39
Seals (Impressions)
1659   1418
Lumley, John of
See FPD, 117n.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, shield is couchée surmounted by helmet upon which is a popinjay as crest.
Inscription: . sigillvm : johis : de : lumley : militis

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.27   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1660   1527
Lumley, John Lord
Summoned to parliament 1514, died 1544, when George, his son and heir having been attainted in 1537 the barony became extinct ( Historic Peerage , 304).
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, shield surmounted by helmet with two crests, a popinjay facing a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: SIGILLVM IOHIS DNI LOMLEY

Seal attached to document reference: 3.6.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
1661   1343
Lumley, Marmaduke of
This is the earliest and so far as I know the only appearance of these arms, sometimes called the 'ancient' arms of Lumley. In 1365 (no. 1662) he seals with a fess between three popinjays the arms of Thweng of Kilton, derived from his mother, Lucy, eldest daughter and coheir of Marmaduke Thweng of Kilton.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, armorial, six popinjays.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6267   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1662   1363
Lumley, Marmaduke of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, shield surmounted by a helmet with cap of maintenance and two horns with a popinjay between them for crest.
Inscription: a marmaduci de lumley

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.22, 23; Misc.Ch. 6270   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1663   1418
Lumley, Marmaduke of
See FPD, 117n. He was bishop of Carlisle 1430, translated to Lincoln 1450, was high treasurer of England, 1446 and died 18 December 1451.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, letter M in foliage.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
1664    n.d.
Lumley, Matthew of
Printed P.F., III, see also ibid., p.77.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, Matthew on horseback in civil dress, carrying a popinjay on his right hand to which he looks back.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MATTHEI DE · LVMELEHE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5301; 3.2.Finc.3; 4.3.Finc.1   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1665   1351
Lumley, Matillis of
Used by Matillis, who was the wife of William of Lumley.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHANNIS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.42; 1.15.Spec.6
Seals (Impressions)
1666   1388
Lumley, Ralph of
He was the builder of Lumley Castle, see A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 91.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a popinjay between the letters R and L.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.9, 15, 16; 2.5.Ebor.11b
Seals (Impressions)
1667   1388
Lumley, Ralph of
He was the builder of Lumley Castle, see A.A., 3rd ser. VI, 91.
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, the shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet with cap of maintenance, from which issue two horns upon the tips of which is a popinjay.
Inscription: s radulphi : de : lumleye :

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.9, 15, 16   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1668   1389
Lumley, Ralph of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Pentagonal signet, a heart from which issue two stalked quatrefoils.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
1669   1393
Lumley, Ralph of
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, the shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet with cap of maintenance, from which issue two horns, on the tips of which is a popinjay.
Inscription: s radulphi de lumley

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C19
Seals (Impressions)
1670    n.d.
Lumley, Robert of
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, popinjay standing with branch in front, on a scroll behind it 'offrance'.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] C45, C47, C48
Seals (Impressions)
1671   1355
Lumley, Thomas of
Styled chaplain
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure seated, in front a stag and above a dog.
Inscription: S ... DE LOMLEYE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.15.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
1672   1381
Lumley, Thomas of
Styled chaplain
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, on a shield
Inscription: s thome · de · lumley

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.20, 25
Seals (Impressions)
1673   1368
Lumley, Thomas of
This differenced Lumley shield does not appear in the rolls of arms. The usual difference was to place molets on the fess. In the roll of Edward II Sir Robert Lumley charges the fess with iii moles de sable, in the roll of Richard II, Marmaduke charges it with three pierced molets gules.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays, in an engrailed border.
Inscription: .... M THOME · DE · LVMLE ·

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.25
Seals (Impressions)
1674   1437
Lumley, Thomas of
Styled Thomas Lumley, knight, Lord of Lumley, chief forester of the forests of the Lord Bishop of Durham in Weardale
Summoned to parliament in 1461.
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a popinjay.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.3
Seals (Impressions)
1675   1334
Lumley, Waleran of
Styled a merchant of Newcastle
He was bailiff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1330-33 and mayor in 1339.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, an inescutcheon over all in a bend, three voided cinquefoils.
Inscription: S' WALERANI DE LV · IE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.44, 47; Misc.Ch. 537, 4109a, 5610; 2.1.Finc.39, 40
Seals (Impressions)
1676   c. 1235x1245
Lumley, William of
The chalice on this shield is interesting and seems to be adopted from that of Audre. William Lumley married the daughter and co- heir of Walter of Audre (S.D., II, 162). The date of these charters is c.1235-45. John of Rumsey 'then steward' is among the witnesses, he was steward under bishops Poore and Farnham. See also Ber. Nat. Club. Trans. , 1876-1878, p.481.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chalice.
Inscription: ✠ S' ... WILL ....MELEY

Seal attached to document reference: 1.8.Spec.30; Misc.Ch. 933
Seals (Impressions)
1677   1418
Lumley, William of
Styled William of Lumley, brother of John Lumley, knight
FPD, 117n.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a stalked cinquefoil in a looped circle.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Spec.28   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1678   1379
Lumley, William of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron and in chief two roundels.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.15.Spec.20, 21
Seals (Impressions)
1679   1330
Lundy, Alexander of
Used by Eustace, son of Robert of Brandon.
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, St Peter standing holding keys in his right hand and a ...(?) in his left. On his right is an armorial shield, three lozenges on his left one bearing paly a bend. Beneath is a figure praying.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALEXANDRI:DE:LVNDY.:

Seal attached to document reference: 4.5.Elemos.5, 6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1680   1348
Luscebery, Richard
Used by brother John of Wirksall, canon and cellarer of the house of Guisborough.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady and Christ standing, a figure prays to them, holding up a stem with two flowers on it.
Inscription: S' RICARDI · LVSCEBERY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3761   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1681   1320
Luteryngton, Henry
Styled Sir Henry of Luteryngton, vicar of Middleham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a lion asleep, within a traceried panel.
Inscription: ✶ S' HENRICI:DE LVT'INTONE

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4118
Seals (Impressions)
1682    n.d.
Lutmay, Alice
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an elongated star.
Inscription: ✠ S' ALICIE LVTMAI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.14.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
1683    n.d.
Lunevile, Matildis of
Size: 38 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MATIL... ELWILE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.59
Seals (Impressions)
1684   1432
Lyes, Thomas
See Visits. Linc., App. II, p.209. Also no. 3186B below.
Size: 10 x 6 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a naked figure.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6444
Seals (Impressions)
1685    n.d.
Lythepole, William of
Used by William, son of William of Lythepole.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a lion rampant over all on a bend three (?)
Inscription: IES .. DE LAMI...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D109
Seals (Impressions)
M
1686    n.d.
Main, Ralph fitz
Lord of the barony of Ditchburn, Northumberland, and living about the middle of the twelfth century (N.C.H., II, 292, this charter is printed ibid., note 3).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a boar.
Inscription: ....AIN

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
1687    n.d.
Mainsforth, Peter
Styled Peter son of Robert of 'Meinesforde'
He was the son of Robert of Mainsford who, in 'Boldon Buke', holds part of that town by free service (S.D., III, 17: 25 Surtees Society publ., p.12).
Size: 44 x 32 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a beast, like a wolf.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · PETRI · DE MEINEFORDE

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Elemos.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1688    n.d.
Mainsford, Peter
Styled Peter, son of Peter, son of Robert of 'Meinesford'
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a heron-like bird.
Inscription: ✠ ... L PETRI · DE ...NES ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.6.Elemos.4
Seals (Impressions)
1689   1324-1333
Mainsford, Peter of
He was sequestrator general of the bishop of Durham (R.P.D., III, 85, 497).
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, Our Lady and Christ standing, a figure prays to them. The background is flowered and there is a tree by the side of the praying figure.
Inscription: MATER DEI MEMENTO MEI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3780, 4278   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1690    n.d.
Mainsforth, Richard of
cf 1318
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an animal (? lion or boar).
Inscription: S' RICARD...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.13.Spec.46
Seals (Impressions)
1691    n.d.
Mainsford, Walter of
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:WALTERI:DE MAINEF'D

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.17   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1692    n.d.
Mainsford, Walter of
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SI...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Elemos.15
Seals (Impressions)
1693   1323
Makepais, John
Styled John Makpays, son and heir of William Makpays of Claxton
S.D., III, 142.
Size: 29 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a griffin passant.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHANNIS · MAKEPAIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 449   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1694    n.d.
Malbisse, Richard
See Guisborough Chartulary , p.60, note 3 (89 Surtees Society publ.).
Size: 63 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian knight in circular helmet, with nasal, and trellised mail bearing a small shield with border and cross and sword in hand.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL RICARDI MALEBISE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.4   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1695   1291
Malefat, Richard
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI · MALEFET

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 1966
Seals (Impressions)
1696    n.d.
Malteby, Agnes of
Pedigree V.Y., 551.
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a long star of eight rays.
Inscription: ✠ S' · AGNETIS D' MALTEBI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.31
Seals (Impressions)
1697   1399
Man, John
Used by John Man, a burgess of Hartlepool; probably a sham shield.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three birds in bend.
Inscription: ✶ S' IAN · F · IANS

Seal attached to document reference: 4.8.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
1698   1331-1347
Manners, Robert de
Styled Robert de Maners, sheriff of Norham. In no. 41 he is called knight, Lord of Berryndon (Berrington)
Pedigree R.N.D., 211. His I.P.M. was taken at Norham 10 March 1355. The blason is gold two bars azure and a chief gules, probably derived feudally from the bars of the Muscamps, lords of Wooler. (A.A., 3rd series, III, 27; ibid., VI, 32).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, two bars and a chief.
Inscription: S' ROBERTI · DE · MANERS

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.9; 3.1.Spec.41, 42   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1699   1328
Mantolio, Peter de
Used by Thomas of Boynton, proctor of the church of Durham.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross with circle at intersection, in quarters: I. and IV. a fleur-de-lys; II. and III. a leopard's face(?)
Inscription: ✶ S' PETRI DE MAN · TOLIO

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4764   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1700   1490
Mappas, John
Styled John Mappas, son and heir of John Mappas merchant of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, five ivy leaves.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.10.Spec.60, 61, 62, 63   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1701   1416
Mapperley, Thomas
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a crowned heart.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4806
Seals (Impressions)
1702    n.d.
Mara, John de la
Size: 51 mm.
Seal design: Round, a large ornate fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL IOHANNIS DE LA MARA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.3.Finc.5   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1703   1336
Marini, Nicholas
He is styled merchant of the Society of the Bardi, a citizen and merchant of Florence (R.P.D., III, 491).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a bend indented.
Inscription: ... NIC · OLAI LEP...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3771   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1704    n.d.
of the Marsh, Richard
Lords of the manor of Rilley, near Durham.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of eight points.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI DE MARISCO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.11
Seals (Impressions)
1705    n.d.
of the Marsh, Simon
He was rector of Long Newton.
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a floriated device.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:SIMONIS:DE:MARISSCO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.10   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1706    n.d.
of the Marsh, Thomas
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL TOME DE MARISCO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.9   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1707    n.d.
of the Marsh, William
Styled son and heir of Richard of the Marsh
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a lion
Inscription: ✠ S' WILL DE MARISCHO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.14.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
1708   1227
Marmaduke, (of Thweng)
S.D.I., 24. This seal is engraved A.A., 3rd ser., VI, pl. IX, no. 7; for blason and note on arms see ibid., vol. III, 246. See also nos. 1064 and 1065 in this catalogue and Guisborough Chartulary 98n (89 Surtees Society publ.).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL MARMEDVC DE ... EN · RE

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B37
Seals (Impressions)
1709    n.d.
Marmaduke, John fitz
Styled John, son of Marmaduke, knight
He sealed the baron's letter to the pope (1301) with the same seal. It is engraved The Ancestor , vol. 7, plate facing p. 108, no. 95. He was at the seige of Caerlaverock castle, where he was considered 'prince e duc', with his banner of 'la fesse e li trois papegai'. He died in 1312 at St John's Town (Perth), of which place he was governor. See letter from the bishop of Tusculum the pope's penancer regarding the treatment of his body by his executors (R.P.D., II, 1149).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fess between three popinjays.
Inscription: ✠ ∽ CREDE ∽ MICHI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6377   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1710   1318
Marmaduke, Richard
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a double headed eagle displayed in a border of running foliage.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4086, 4399, 4912   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1711   1316
Marmaduke, Richard
Styled Richard, son of John, son of Marmaduke
He was seneschal of bishop Beaumont (H.D.; I, 345) and was killed (1318) on the old bridge at Durham by his kinsman Robert Neville.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a fess between three popinjays.
Inscription: ✶:SIGILL:RICARDI MARMADVC

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3736
Seals (Impressions)
1712    n.d.
Marshall, Hugh
Styled Hugh Marescal of Wolveston
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S' HVGONIS MARSCAL

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.68
Seals (Impressions)
1713   1361
Marshall, John
He was rector of Rothbury (note by W.G.), the seal is engraved S.S., pl. XI, no. 27.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross. Above the shield a pelican in her piety, the nest placed in a tree.
Inscription: S' IOHANNIS · MARESCHAL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3952, 4509, 4957   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1714   1321
Marshall, John
Styled John, son of Henry of Marshall of Elvet
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird sitting on a sprig of oak.
Inscription: ✶ ....LEL .

Seal attached to document reference: 1.19.Spec.13
Seals (Impressions)
1715   1323
Marshall, John
Same man as no. 1714.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: Legend very indistinct.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.19.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
1716   1351
Marshall, Richard
Styled Richard Marshall of Het
Probably a son of Richard 'Marescallus' of Kellawe to whom Prior Hugh (of Derlington) gave land in Het. Prior Richard (of Claxton) grants to the same Richard 'Marescallus' land in Het. Richard's seal is imperfect; a star of eight large and eight smaller rays - S' RIC...
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three horseshoes.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.18.Spec.53
Seals (Impressions)
1717    n.d.
Marshall, William
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent enclosing a star.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILEL .. MARSCALDI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.40
Seals (Impressions)
1718    n.d.
Marshall, William
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILELMI · MARISCALI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.9.Spec.39
Seals (Impressions)
1719   1300
Martel, Philip
Styled Philip called 'Martel', professor of civil law
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal, two heads facing each other, the sinister one has an arm which holds out to the other a ...(?) Above is a squirrel, below, a dog.
Inscription: AM ...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5019c
Seals (Impressions)
1720   1336
Martin
Used by Elena, daughter and heiress of Alan of Wilmington and late wife of Gilbert the Bower of Pipewellgate. The legend of St Martin of Tours; cf no. 696 in this catalogue.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a figure riding turns in the saddle and holds cloak in left hand, having a sword in right, to a smaller naked figure who follows.
Inscription: S' MARTINI APOTECARTI

Seal attached to document reference: 3.3.Spec.1, 6, 7   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1721    n.d.
Masa
Styled Massa, formerly wife of Thomas of Galilea
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star of four thick and four thin rays.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM MASE

Seal attached to document reference: 5.3.Elemos.3c
Seals (Impressions)
1722    n.d.
Masculus, William
R.N.D., 78. See ibid., app. 120, no. 687 for charter.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a falcon with jesses.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WILLELMI ...SCVLI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Spec.54   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1723   1396
Massam, William of
Styled William of Massam, clerk of the sacrist of Durham
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady seated holding Christ, a figure prays to them.
Inscription: ....ITI . SILL RAM SER...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.13, 28   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1724   1359-1397
Masham, Robert of
Styled Robert of Masham of Durham
See C.R., 45, pp. 236, 239.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three 'mashers'.
Inscription: ✶ SIGILLVM ROBERTI MASSAM

Seal attached to document reference: 4.9.Spec.12*; 4.18.Spec.30; 3.2.Sacr.26, 9g; 4.2.Sacr.6; Misc.Ch. 1963, 1964, 1991, 6334
Seals (Impressions)
1725   1473
Massy, Henry
Styled Henry Massy, keeper of the park of Frankleyn, with Midelwood and Ryton
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a stag kneeling.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.3
Seals (Impressions)
1726   1501
Mathewson, George
Styled George Mathewson, bailiff of Tweedmouth
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Signet, antique gem, three cupids joined in one head, a heart below.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXVIII.9g
Seals (Impressions)
1727   1292
Matilda, William
Styled William son of Matilda 'de Ecclesia'
Size: 25 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a star.
Inscription: S' WILELMI FIL · MATD'

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.143, 147
Seals (Impressions)
1728    n.d.
Mauduit, Alienor
Styled Alienor, wife of Roger Mauduit and widow of the Earl of Angus
For note on this seal see Proc. Soc. Antiq., 3rd ser., IV, p. 89.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, four shields arranged in cross. 1. A cinquefoil within an orle of eight crosses. 2. A fess between three popinjays. 3. Three chevrons and a label of three points. 4. Ermine, two bars.
Inscription: S' ALIENORE COMITISSE

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B53   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1729    n.d.
Mauduit, Roger
The blason is ermine two bars gules. For pedigree see N.C.H., VII, 338, this seal is engraved ibid., 336.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, ermine two bars, the shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet with a bush of feathers for crest.
Inscription: S' ROGERI MAVDVYT · CII

Seal attached to document reference: [G] B53   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1730    n.d.
Mauf, Hugh
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' · HVGONIS ·:· MAVFE:

Seal attached to document reference: 3.10.Spec.15
Seals (Impressions)
1731    n.d.
Mauley, Peter de
Styled Lord of Mulgrave.
The seal is affixed to the face of the deed and is surrounded by a twisted straw. See Historic Peerage (Ed. Courthope) 318.
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a voided cinquefoil on each leaf a letter forming 'mauli'.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXV.140   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1732   1279
Maunsel, Hugh
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, a flying bird.
Inscription: ✠ S' HVGONIS MAVNSEL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(8)
Seals (Impressions)
1733   1272
Maunsel, Hugh
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, imperfect, a crescent between two stars.
Inscription: ✠ S' HVG... AVNSEL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(7)
Seals (Impressions)
1734   1279
Maunsel, John
Styled rector of the church of Holteby
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, a bird with branch in mouth.
Inscription: ✠ S' IOHIS MAV... D' HOLTBI

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(8)
Seals (Impressions)
1735   1291
Maunsel, John
Same man as no. 1732.
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, St Michael slaying the dragon.
Inscription: S' IOHIS MAVSEL DE HOLTEBY

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(9)
Seals (Impressions)
1736   1279
Maunsel, Robert
Used by Robert Justise.
Size: 25 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval, green, a bird walking with branch in its mouth.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI MAVNSEL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.1.Sacr.2(8)
Seals (Impressions)
1736(i)
Maunslot, Henry de

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4864
Seals (Impressions)
1737   1292
Maydiston, John of
Size: 29 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, half figure of St John the Baptist holding the Holy Lamb. Beneath a half figure praying. cf 109.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4563
Seals (Impressions)
1738   1421
Mayhu, William
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, W a trefoil on each side of it and above it 'mayhu'.

Seal attached to document reference: 3.8.Spec.21
Seals (Impressions)
1739   1442
Maynsford, William
Used by him.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a griffin.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.26
Seals (Impressions)
1740   1341
Meburne, Richard of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a crowned figure (St Michael) standing on a dragon into whose mouth he thrusts a spear with cross at top. A kneeling figure prays.
Inscription: S' RICARDI · DE · ME · VRNE:CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7009
Seals (Impressions)
1740(i)
Meburne, William of

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5030
Seals (Impressions)
1741    n.d.
Medmesley, William of
Styled William son of William, the hunter
See N.C.H., VI, 181.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hunting horn with strap.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM · WILLMI · DE MEDMESLEIE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Elemos.3   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1741(i)    n.d.
Medmisley, Nicholas of, miller

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4909
Seals (Impressions)
1742    n.d.
Meldred, Robert fitz
See S.D., IV, 157 and The Ancestor , VI, 197. He was grandson of Dolfin son of Uchtred who was given Staindrop by prior Algar in 1131 (FPD, XIX). He married Isabel de Neville, the daughter and heiress of Geoffrey de Neville and his wife, the heiress of Bertram de Bulmer. Their son took the name of Neville but retained the saltire of his father, Robert fitz Meldred. The blason is gules a saltire silver. For note on this shield see A.A., 3rd ser., vol. III, 235. For Neville seals see nos 1872-77 in this catalogue.
Size: 60 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a saltire.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:ROBERTI FILII MELREDI

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.47; 2.11.Spec.1, 2, 3, 15, 17; 1.16.Spec.42, 43   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1742(i)    n.d.
Meldred, Gilbert fitz
See A.A. 3rd series XX, p. 181 and Antiquaries Journal , II, pp.213-5.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.11.Spec.15, 16, 18, 19; 2.11.Spec.9
Seals (Impressions)
1742(ii)    n.d.
Meldred, Robert fitz
See A.A. 3rd series XX, p. 181 and Antiquaries Journal , II, pp.213-5.

Seal attached to document reference: 2.11.Spec.47
Seals (Impressions)
1743    n.d.
Menetorp, Jordan of
Styled knight
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with wings raised and head turned back.
Inscription: ... IORD...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Ebor.24
Seals (Impressions)
1744   1298-1307
Menil, Henry de
Styled clerk
For note on Menil pedigree see Guisborough Chartulary 78n (Surtees Society 89).
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, gem (medieval?), a griffin, right foot raised and left resting on a human head.
Inscription: ✶ DANGENRIENCIS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.20; Misc.Ch. 3394, 3470, 3392, 3614, 5051h, 4076l, 4088m, 4959d, 5019l   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1744(i)   1310
Menil, Simon de, executor of Henry

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3397
Seals (Impressions)
1745    n.d.
Menille, Nicholas de of
Used by Nicholas, son of John de Menille of Hilton.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross like device, letters 'ihc' below.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A55
Seals (Impressions)
1746   1559
Mennell, Robert
Size: 16 x 13 mm.
Seal design: Oval signet, antique gem, a woman's head draped.

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXIX.57   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)

Menville, Agnes de: see 1750
1747   1339
Menville, John de
His seal as sheriff of Durham.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a mitre rising from a coronet, below it the letters '· I · M'

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 7079   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1748   1334-1366
Menville, John de
Styled John, son of Adam de Menville, and Agnes his wife.
S.D.; I, 28; N.C.H., VI, 192.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross engrailed.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.2.Finc.19; 1.2.Finc.20; Hess.71; Misc.Ch. 6180, 6181, 6942, 6943
Seals (Impressions)
1749   1354
Menville, John de
Used by John de Menville, but not his seal.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three leopards' heads(?)
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6179
Seals (Impressions)
1750    n.d.
Menville, Agnes de
She was the wife of John de Menville (no. 1748). Her I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 19 April 1361 (C.R., 45). Seal used by John de Menville, Misc.Ch. 3945
Size: 19 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a woman's head in a cusped panel.
Inscription: Legend illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6179
Seals (Impressions)
1751   1355
Menvil, John de
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, armorial, a cross patonce.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4970g
Seals (Impressions)
1752   1333-1355
Menvil, John de
Size: 19 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, the head of Our Lord.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4387; Hess.72
Seals (Impressions)
1753   1399
Menvill, Ralph of
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Hexagonal, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM RADVLFI MENVILL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6054   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1754   1384-1404
Menvill, Thomas of
He was the second son of John de Menville and his wife Agnes.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross engrailed within a border engrailed.
Inscription: Sigill thome menevill

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5154, 5157; 3.18.Spec.15, 18   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1755   1357
Menville, William de of
He was the eldest son of John de Menville and his wife Agnes, and was 21 years of age at her death in 1361. His I.P.M. was taken at Durham, 9 August 1372 (C.R., 45). This seal is engraved, A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, pl. X, no. 3.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a cross engrailed. Shield within a cusped panel.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] A48, B46, C1
Seals (Impressions)
1756   1313
Menyll, Simon
Styled executor of his brother Henry Menyll
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a hawk on a bird.
Inscription: ✶ ALLAS IE SV PRIS

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 3875
Seals (Impressions)
1757   1320
Merle, Hugh
Styled Hugh Merle, proctor of the Lord Bertram, cardinal deacon of St Mary in Aquinas, rector of the church of Brantingham
Cardinal Bertrand de Montfavence, 1316-43 ( Trésor , p.2258).
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, on a bend, between six merles, three rings.
Inscription: S' HVGONIS MERLE CLICI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4108   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1758    n.d.
Merley, Roger de
Styled Roger de 'Merlai', son of Ranulf de Merlai
H.N., II, ii, 375. For note on the arms of Merley see A.A., 3rd ser., vol. VI, pp. 33 and 86.
Size: 44 mm.
Seal design: Round, a conventional tree upon which brids (? merles) are sitting.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM:ROGERI DE MERLEI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.34
Seals (Impressions)
1759    n.d.
Merley, Roger de
Styled 'Roger de Merlay, tercius'
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three birds (? merles) paleways.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL:ROGERI:DE:MERLAI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Spec.38   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1760    n.d.
Merle, Richard of
Used by William of Burdon.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star with a bird on each side of it.
Inscription: S' RICARDI DE MERL..

Seal attached to document reference: Hess.44
Seals (Impressions)
1761   1371
Merley, William de
S.D., II, 256.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three birds (? merles).
Inscription: ✶ S' WILLI DE · M...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5303
Seals (Impressions)
1762    n.d.
Merrington, Alan of
S.D., III, 279. For charters relating to Merrington see FPD, 68n to 70n.
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a griffin walking.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ALANI FILII RADVLFI D' MERIT

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1763    n.d.
Merrington, Henry of
Used by Henry of Wolveston who is probably the same person.
Size: 51 x 35 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an ornate fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL ..NRICI DE MERIGTONA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Pont.8
Seals (Impressions)
1764    n.d.
Heighington, Robert of
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ... IDMBRIT...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.8
Seals (Impressions)
1765    n.d.
Merrington, Walter son of John of
Size: 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL WALTERI FILII IOH'IS

Seal attached to document reference: 1.4.Spec.33   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1766    n.d.
Merrington, Robert of
Styled Robert son of Michael of Merrington
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a crescent reversed, a star above and a wavy star below.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI FIL:MICAEL

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.22
Seals (Impressions)
1766(i)    n.d.
Merrington, Thomas of, cook

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5104
Seals (Impressions)
1767   1381
Merrington, Walter of
Used by Walter, brother and heir of John of Merrington, chaplain. For other seals, see 2.13.Spec.32, 70, 3.13.Spec.46
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three eagles' heads(?)

Seal attached to document reference: 4.11.Spec.14
Seals (Impressions)
1768   1376
Merrington, William of
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three eagles' heads rased.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2126, 2127
Seals (Impressions)
1769    n.d.
Merrington, William of
Size: 35 x 29 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' WIL'LMI DE MERITONA

Seal attached to document reference: 2.13.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1770    n.d.
Merton, Richard of
Styled Richard Lord of Great Merton, son and heir of Sir William, son of Adam of the same place
Richard was son of William (no. 1771). The place is now Great Marton near Blackpool, Lancashire.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a star.
Inscription: ✠ S' RICARDI:FIL'WILL'

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.23; 2.2.4.Ebor.35
Seals (Impressions)
1771    n.d.
Merton, William
Styled William son of Adam, son of Matthew Lord of Great Merton
Size: -
Seal design: Oval, a fragment only remains, a figure standing holding a book (?)
Inscription: ... AR ...

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.22
Seals (Impressions)
1772    n.d.
Merton, William of
Same man as no. 1771.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ... DE MERTON

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.32
Seals (Impressions)
1773   1276
Merwc, William of
He was one of the three commissioners of the bishop of Durham appointed to enquire into a dispute between the prior and convent of Durham and the master and brethren of Bolton (note by W.G.).
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, Our Lady and Christ, below them St Michael slaying the dragon and a figure praying.
Inscription: ME SOCIATE BONIS VIRGO VICT... DRAGON'

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Spec.15   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1774    n.d.
Messenger, Geoffrey
Styled of Billingham
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eight rayed star.
Inscription: S' GALFRIDI MESENGER

Seal attached to document reference: 1.9.Spec.3
Seals (Impressions)
1775    n.d.
Metham, Thomas of
Size: 25 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, antique gem, a bird.
Inscription: THOME DE METH..

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.4
Seals (Impressions)
1776   1362
Metham, Thomas of
Styled knight
For pedigree see V.Y., 252, and for note on arms A.A., 3rd ser., III, 270. The crest given in the heralds' visitations is a bull's head, barry silver and azure.
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bull's head on helmet.
Inscription: METHAM

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.6   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1777   1265
Methelton, John of
Styled master John of Methelton, canon of Howdon
Size: 44 x 25 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle with nimbus, standing with wings raised and head turned back, holding a scroll on which are the letters I · PE · V:
Inscription: ADIVVET ... V IOHES DE...

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.34
Seals (Impressions)
1778   1293
Mickley, Richard of
Size: 16 mm.
Seal design: Round, a rabbit.
Inscription: ✶ S' RIC' D' MICLEY

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6930
Seals (Impressions)
1779   1464
Middelham, John
Styled Prior of Holy Island
R.N.D., 182. For arms see A.A., 3rd ser., VI, 121.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle standing with raised wings, in front of it a branch, on a scroll over the eagle 'midelhm'.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5185
Seals (Impressions)
1780   1339
Middleham, John of
Used by John of Midelham, tailor. For another seal used by him, see 2279.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, a male head.
Inscription: ✶ CAPVD SERVI DEI ✠:

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2478
Seals (Impressions)
1781   1333
Middelham, Robert of
Styled bursar of Durham
Size: 25 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, a male bust.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4117
Seals (Impressions)
1782   1317
Middleton, Gilbert of
The stag's head in the quarter is probably derived from the arms of Haughton (N.C.H., X, p. 327). S.D., I, XXXIX, and N.C.H., IX, 103. He was the famous freebooter, this deed is a receipt for two marks received by him at the hands of William de Denum of the commonalty of the bishopric of Durham to ensure it against damage by him, or his men, or any other. Dated at Mitford. It appears to be blackmail. (Note W.G.).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, a stag's head in the first quarter.
Inscription: ✶ S' GILBERTI DE MEDELTV.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5053
Seals (Impressions)
1783   1317
Middleton, Gilbert of
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, quarterly, in the first quarter a stag's head.
Inscription: S' GILBERTI DE MIDILTON

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4049   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1784    n.d.
Middleton, Hugh of
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a horse shoe (?)
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Elemos.3
Seals (Impressions)
1785   1479
Middleton, John of
There is a cross patonce in the 1st and 4th quarters of the quarterly shields. This charge is probably derived from the similar cross of Vesci, the overlords of Bruton and Preston, purchased by Richard Middleton and his son before 1275 (N.C.H. X, p. 327). For note on arms of Middleton see A.A., 3rd ser. I, 125, 126. The seal of Sir John Strivelyn is no. 2333 in this catalogue.
Size: 1. 44 mm.Size: Secretum: 16 mm.
Seal design: 1. Round, armorial, quarterly, 1 and 4 quarterly, 2 and 3 crusilly three covered cups. The mantled helmet is surmounted by a savage man holding a cup. Legend is on a scroll surrounding seal.Secretum: a double headed eagle displayed.
Inscription: 1. le . Seel . de . Sir . John . Middelton . chlr . p . de ...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.43   Digitised version   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1786   1446
Middleton, John
Size: 13 x 10 mm.
Seal design: Octagonal signet, a vase out of which a flower grows, around it 'middelton'.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.36
Seals (Impressions)
1787   1446
Middleton, John
The charges are, I think, crusilly, three covered cups and the crest a covered cup between two horns, not a fleur de lys.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, charges very indistinct, shield couchée surmounted by a full-faced helmet, on which is crest of a fleur-de-lys between two horns.
Inscription: IOH IE...

Seal attached to document reference: 1.6.Spec.36   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1788   1265
Middleton, Richard
Styled Sir Richard of Myldenton, canon of Howden
See the History of Hemingbrough , edited by Jas. Raine, p.47.
Size: 13 mm.
Seal design: Round, antique gem, a male head.
Inscription: ✠ SECRETVM RICARDI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.1.Ebor.34
Seals (Impressions)
1789   1334
Middelton, Roger of
Used by Roger of Middelton, an executor of Robert of Pykeringe, dean of York.
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, the coronation of the Virgin, beneath demi-figure of Roger, praying.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4113   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1790    n.d.
Millum, Avice of
Wife of William of Millum (1792)
She was one of the daughters and coheiresses of Richard fitz Roger, Lord of Woodplumpton. See nos. 146, 499, 2110, 2077, 2078, in this catalogue, and Victoria History of Lancaster , I, 368.
Size: 29 x 16 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ MVNIO SECRETA

Seal attached to document reference: 3.4.Ebor.4; 3.2.4.Ebor.3
Seals (Impressions)
1791    n.d.
Millum, Avice of
Styled daughter of Richard fitz Roger, same lady as no. 1790
For a seal of Avice, daughter of Roger son of Richard, widow, see 4.2.4.Ebor.6
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, white, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM AVICE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.4.Ebor.3
Seals (Impressions)
1792    n.d.
Millum, William of
Husband of Avice one of the daughters and co-heiresses of Richard fitz Roger (see no. 1790).
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a bird.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL : WILLELMI : DE MILLVM

Seal attached to document reference: 2.4.Ebor.32; 3.4.Ebor.4; 3.2.4.Ebor.3; 4.2.4.Ebor.20
Seals (Impressions)
1793   1341
Milneburne, Hugh of
Styled chaplain
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, Our Lady standing holding Christ, a lily behind her and in front a figure praying over whose head is a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ ROG... MATER TVA

Seal attached to document reference: 1.16.Spec.33
Seals (Impressions)
1794    n.d.
Milneburn, Robert of
Styled burgess of the city of Durham
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: S' RO... BVR

Seal attached to document reference: Loc.XXXVII.53
Seals (Impressions)
1795    n.d.
Milneburn, William of
Styled William, son of Alan of Milneburn
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cross paty.
Inscription: ... ALA...

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 5273
Seals (Impressions)
1796    n.d.
Milnum, William of
This is the same man as no. 1792.
Size: 38 mm.
Seal design: Round, a cinquefoil.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM WILLI DE MILNV

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.4.Ebor.59
Seals (Impressions)
1797   1294
Milo, Henry son of
Size: 32 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a bird standing.
Inscription: ✠ S' HENRICI FIL'MILON

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.33
Seals (Impressions)
1798   1294
Milo, Richard son of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a flower.
Inscription: S' RIC FIL ROGERI MILE

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.33
Seals (Impressions)
1799    n.d.
Milo, Roger son of
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: Legend obliterated.

Seal attached to document reference: 1.5.Ebor.32
Seals (Impressions)
1800    n.d.
Minsterton, Robert of
Printed P.F., 141.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' ROBERTI · D' MINSTERT

Seal attached to document reference: 4.16.Spec.118; 1.5.Finc.2
Seals (Impressions)
1801   1367
Mitford, John of
Used by John of Mitford, vicar of 'Heghynton'.
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a male and female head on each side of a heart from which issues a flower.
Inscription: LEL SVY

Seal attached to document reference: 3.1.Sacr.13
Seals (Impressions)
1802    n.d.
Mody, Henry
Styled Henry called 'Mody' of Durham
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' HENRICI · MODI

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 2457
Seals (Impressions)
1803   1394
Monboucher, Bertram de
See A.A., 3rd ser. I, pp. 80, 122.
Size: 25 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, three pots in a border bezanty.
Inscription: ✶ s bertram : de : mountburocher

Seal attached to document reference: 2.16.Spec.32, 33   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1804   1287
Monte Cuco, Obertini de
Styled proctor of master Peter de Monte Cuco once rector of the church of Middleham in the diocese of Durham
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' OBERTINI DE MONTE CVCO

Seal attached to document reference: 3.12.Spec.6; 3.2.Finc.31a, 31b   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1805   1282
Monte Cuco, Peter de
Styled late parson of the church of 'Midhelm' (Middleham)
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, an eagle standing with raised wings.
Inscription: ... PETRI:DE:MONTE CVC...

Seal attached to document reference: 3.2.Finc.28a
Seals (Impressions)
1806   1304
Monte Martini, Matilda de
Used by Matilda de Monte Martini 'nomini Odardi filii mei'. She was the wife of Matthew de Monte Martini, knight (Cal. Pap., II, 34).
Size: 19 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, barry of twelve, the shield is borne upon the breast of an eagle displayed.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4046a, 4865   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1807   1307
Monte Martini, Odard de
He was a canon of Besancon of London, and of Chichester, and clerk to queen Margaret, the second wife of Edward I (Cal. Pap., II, 23 and 34; L.N., II, 439).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, barry of ten, the shield is borne upon the breast of an eagle displayed.
Inscription: ✠ S' ODON · CANONICI · BISVNT

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4740   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1808    n.d.
Moorsley, Adam son of Ilbert of.
Styled Adam, Lord of Morslawe and in charter no. 9, Adam son of Ilbert the mason
S.D., I, 211, 306. Charter no. 9 is printed FPD, 126n, the date is about the middle of twelfth century. S.D., I, 306, and FPD, 126, note 1.
Size: 54 mm.
Seal design: Round, equestrian, knight wearing a quilted (?) hauberk with fixed hood and conical pointed helmet, bearing a sword and a kite shaped shield with spike.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM : ADE : FILII : ILBERTI

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.7, 9, 15, 20   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1809    n.d.
Moorsley, Helias of
Printed S.D., I, 211 and FPD, 127n. Date before 1188. A very similar seal to no. 2185 in this catalogue.
Size: 41 mm.
Seal design: Round, a monster with two horns, wings and a floriated tail.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILLVM HELIE D MORESLAWE

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.1
Seals (Impressions)
1810    n.d.
Moorsley, Ralph of
Styled Ralph of 'Pytyngton'
Size: 32 x 22 mm.
Seal design: Oval, the Holy Lamb.
Inscription: ✶ S' RADVLFI DE MORRISLAV

Seal attached to document reference: 4.7.Spec.18
Seals (Impressions)
1811    n.d.
Mora, Simon de
Size: 35 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ SIGILL SIMON ...RT

Seal attached to document reference: 1.1.Finc.4
Seals (Impressions)
1811(i)    n.d.
Mora, Thomas de

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4826 (very indistinct)
Seals (Impressions)
1812    n.d.
More, Gamel de la
Used by 'Gamel de Mora' and Margaret his wife.
Size: 1. 32 x 29 mm.Size: 2. 32 x 25 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.2. Oval, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: 1. ✠ SIGILLVM ... IL DE LE MORE2. ✠ SIGILL MARGARET ✠ FE · GAMIL

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 411
Seals (Impressions)
1813   1438
Moore, Thomas
Styled 'Thomas de la Moore, armiger'
Size: 10 mm.
Seal design: Round signet, a sheaf (?) upon a helmet.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6058   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1814    n.d.
Mordon, William of
Styled William of Mordon and Matildis his wife
S.D., III, 44. Printed FPD, 76n.
Size: 1. 32 x 22 mm.Size: 2. 35 x 22 mm.
Seal design: 1. Oval, an eagle with wings raised and head turned back.2. Oval, a distaff and spindle.
Inscription: 1. ✠ S' WILLELMI DE MORDV2. ✠ S' MATILDIS DAVDRE

Seal attached to document reference: 3.15.Spec.4
Seals (Impressions)
1815   1315
Mordon, William of
Used by Peter son of John of Holome.
Size: 29 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Oval, a pelican in her piety.
Inscription: ✠ S' WILLI DE MORDVN

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 6236
Seals (Impressions)
1816    n.d.
Morley, Robert de of
Robert, second Lord Morley, he was summoned to Parliament from 1317 to 1357, he married Hawise, sister and heiress of John, Lord Marshall, and died 1360. The blason is silver a lion rampant sable crowned gold. (See roll of the battle of Boroughbridge, 1322, and roll of knights at the siege of Calais, 1345-48).
Size: -
Seal design: Fragment only, armorial, a lion rampant.
Inscription: ... E ...

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D104
Seals (Impressions)
1817   1363
Morley, William de
Styled 'William de Morlee, marshal of Ireland'
Son of Robert (no. 1816), he was summoned to Parliament from 1364 to 1378 and died in the latter year. His shield is blasoned for him as 'Le sieur de Morley' in the roll of Richard II, Silver a lion rampant sable crowned gold.
Size: 29 mm.
Seal design: Round, imperfect, armorial, a lion rampant, crowned, the shield is couchée and surmounted by a helmet upon which for crest is a hound's(?) head.

Seal attached to document reference: [G] D103
Seals (Impressions)
1818    n.d.
Morlaw, Hugh of
Styled Hugh of Wytton late son of Robert Morlau
Size: 32 mm.
Seal design: Round, a fleur-de-lys.
Inscription: ✠ S' HVGONIS FIL ROB'TI . MORLA .

Seal attached to document reference: 4.2.Sacr.34
Seals (Impressions)
1819   1312
Morpeth, Adam of
Styled Adam of Morpeth, clerk
Official of the archdeacon of Durham (R.P.D., I, 137). The device consists of the evangelistic symbols.
Size: 22 x 19 mm.
Seal design: Rounded oval, an eagle displayed on breast a human head, on dexter wing a bull's head, on sinister a lion's head(?).
Inscription: Legend imperfect and illegible.

Seal attached to document reference: Misc.Ch. 4091   Digitised version
Seals (Impressions)
1820   1344
Morpeth, John of
Used by Thomas of Furness (?).
Size: 22 mm.
Seal design: Round, armorial, a chevron between three roundels.
Inscription: ✶ S' IOHIS DE MORPETH

Seal attached to document reference: 2.2.Sacr.3b
Seals (Impressions)
1821   1405