DCL MS. A.I.7Stephen Langton, Biblical Commentaries
Held by: Durham Cathedral Library: Durham Cathedral Manuscripts

Biblical Commentaries (Old Testament) by Stephen Langton, written in England in the early 13th century


Physical description of manuscript
Support

Parchment

Extent: ii+219+i f
Size: 365 mm x 285 mm

Foliation

Modern pencil foliation.


Secundo folio: auctoritatis aliquid

Condition of manuscriptFire and liquid damage to the lower margins and lower corners of all leaves, with mould spotting from f.130 onwards and some loss of text from f.164 onwards; the most severely affected areas have been sliced off each leaf. Additional liquid damage to the top of f.93-134.
Script

Written in textualis libraria, possibly by five scribes.

Decoration

Running heading in large red capitals, widely spaced, the letters often linked by red lines.

Binding

Standard Tuckett binding, mid 19th century full brown calf over thick wooden boards (Charles Tuckett, binder to the British Museum, rebound most of the Cosin Manuscripts in the 19th century)


Manuscript history
Creation

A collection of eight broadly matching, coeval sections: (A) f.3-31; (B) f.32-96; (C) f.97-106; (D) f.107-134; (E) f.135-154; (F) f.155-180; (G) f. 181-205; (H) f.206-221, and a medieval flyleaf (f.2). While differences in the written area and line count of the individual sections, the irregularity of their final quires and the blank pages at their ends show that they were made independently, the appearance of one hand (or type of hand) in every part except (C) establishes that they are contemporary products of the same centre; and some early signatures and the common style of running headings demonstrate that they were brought together almost immediately.

Written in England, early 13th century.

Provenance

Inscriptions: “Liber: Sancti: Cuthberti: Ex: Dono: R. Prioris. de: fincale:”, mid 13th century, f.3r, top
Pressmarks: “.B.”, later 14th century, f.3r, top right, written over an erasure. “1a.2i Q”, 15th century, f.3r, top right.
Recorded in cloister catalogue.
“1a 2i.Q” and full list of contents in the hand of Thomas Swalwell,


SECTION: (A)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

I10, II14, III5

Layout

Two columns 80 lines


Manuscript contents
(a)     f.3r-31r
Modern title: Commentary on Genesis
Original title: In Genesim
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (B)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

IV8, V-VII10, VIII8, IX10, X9

Layout

Two columns 74 lines


Manuscript contents
(b)     f.32r-55r
Modern title: Commentary on Exodus
Original title: In Exodum
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(c)     f.55v-69v
Modern title: Commentary on Leviticus
Original title: In Leviticum
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(d)     f.69v
Modern title: Prologue to Numbers
Author: Peter, of Poitiers, approximately 1130-1205
Language: Latin
(e)     f.69v-84v
Modern title: Commentary on Numbers
Original title: In Numeros
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(f)     f.84v-96v
Modern title: Commentary on Deuteronomy
Original title: In Deuteronomium
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (C)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XI10

Layout

Two columns 78 lines


Manuscript contents
(g)     f.97r-103v
Modern title: Commentary on Joshua
Original title: In Joshuam
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(h)     f.97r-103v
Modern title: Commentary on Judges
Original title: In Judices
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

Breaks off incomplete.


SECTION: (D)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XII12, XIII10, XIV6 (=8 leaves 7-8 cancelled)

Catchwords: Catchword on XIII
Signatures: Signatures XII and XIII in red, final verso, lower margin, centre.
Layout

Two columns 92 lines


Manuscript contents
(i)     f.107v
Modern title: Preface to Kings
Language: Latin
(j)     f.108r-134v
Modern title: Commentary on Kings
Original title: In I-IV Regum
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (E)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XV-XVI10

Layout

Two columns 73 lines


Manuscript contents
(k)     f.135r-154v
Modern title: Commentary on Isaiah
Original title: In Isaiam
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (F)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XVII-XVIII10, XIX6

Layout

Two columns 73 lines


Manuscript contents
(l)     f.155r-163v
Modern title: Commentary on Jeramiah
Original title: In Jeremiam
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(m)     f.170r
Modern title: Commentary on Lamentations
Original title: In Lamentationes
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(n)     f.163v-170r
Modern title: Interpretation of Hebrew alphabet
Language: Latin
(o)     f.170r-180r
Modern title: Commentary on Ezekiel
Original title: In Ezekielem
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (G)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XX-XXI10, XXII5 (=6 final leaf cancelled)

Layout

Two columns 73 lines


Manuscript contents
(p)     f.181r-205v
Modern title: Commentary on the minor prophets
Original title: In Prophetas minores
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

SECTION: (H)
Physical description of section of manuscript
Collation

XXIII10, XXIV6 (=8 final two leaves cancelled)

Layout

Two columns 73 lines


Manuscript contents
(q)     f.206r-214r
Modern title: Commentary on Proverbs
Original title: In Proverbia
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(r)     f.214r-220r
Modern title: Commentary on Ecclesiastes
Original title: In Ecclesiasten
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin
(s)     f.220r-221v
Modern title: Commentary on Wisdom
Original title: In Sapientiam
Author: Langton, Stephen, -1228
Language: Latin

Breaks off incomplete.


Microfilm
Microfilmed in 1985/86 by the Hill Monastic Manuscript Library, St John's Abbey and University, Collegeville, Minnesota. Copies held by them and Durham University Library.

Bibliography

Catalogi veteres librorum Ecclesiae cathedralis dunelm. Catalogues of the library of Durham cathedral, at various periods, from the conquest to the dissolution, including catalogues of the library of the abbey of Hulne, and of the mss.   OCLC citation, Surtees Society 7, (London: J.B. Nichols and Son, [1838]).