Elliott MS 1Fragment of breviary
Held by: Durham University Library: Elliott Manuscripts

Four separate leaves from a French breviary


Physical description of manuscript
Support

Parchment

Extent: 4 leaves all edges cropped, top and bottom quite heavily
Size: 183 mm x 128 mm
Layout

No pricking or ruling visible. Written space 137 x 84 mm. 2 columns. [30] lines or 15 + staves. Staves 4-line, in red.

Script

Written in textura, expertly, in two sizes, the smaller for texts with music.

Decoration

Text capitals to minor forms lined with red, also to first word of second halves of each responsory and versus which is lined through horizontally in red. Initials: (i) to major forms, 1-line, red or blue; (ii) to lections and two responsories on f. 1, 2-line, red with infilling and flourishing in blue and a little red, or, alternately, blue with infilling and flourishing in red and a little blue, the flourishing generally the full height of the written space or more, and most with a feston in blue and red sections.


Manuscript history
Creation

Written in France, end of 13th century, with only three lections to each nocturn and so for secular use.

Provenance

Inscription “Il faut seai (?)”, 17th century (?), f. 3v lower margin.

£135 + VAT in pencil, on each mount. Maggs' invoice of November 1983 to Dr Elliott for 2 leaves: £250.

Deposited with Durham University Library in 1984 by Dr. George Ball Elliott (1918-1994).


Manuscript contents
(a)     f.1
Incipit: militaris habitus
Explicit: Benedicti qui in om
Language: Latin

Sebastian (20 January) Matins, responsory ii - versus v

Edited: CAO, nos 7633 with vers. B, 6663, 1245, 1827, 4844, 6279 with vers. B, and 7922
(b)     f.2
Incipit: Posuit signum
Explicit: Simile est
Language: Latin

Agnes (21 January) Matins, nocturn 2 antiphon i - gospel cue

Edited: CAO, nos 4346, 3328, 3734, 6955 with vers. B, 6084 with vers. B, 7141 with vers. B, 3407, 1968, and 3406
(c)     f.3
Incipit: strabitur. Rsum. Isti sunt duo uiri
Explicit: appellati sunt. evovae. Coll. Quesumus omnipotens deus
Language: Latin

John & Paul (26 June), Matins lection vii - Lauds collect

Edited: CAO, nos 7015, 6804 with vers. B, 6748 with vers. “Tamquam aurum in fornace probauit eos dominus. Calicem” , 4251, 4250, 3499, 5000, 3500, and 1505
(d)     f.4
Incipit: tibus iudeis et gentes
Explicit: iona tu uocabe
Language: Latin

Peter ad vincula (1 August), Matins lection vi - Lauds antiphon iv; added in the margins, later 14th century, alternative forms, either in full or, with cross-references in red, cues, replacing original texts lined through in red

Edited: CAO, nos 6630 with vers. B (marg.: 7787 with vers. B), 2312 ending “filius dei uiui” (marg.: “CCC” 1932 cue), 2859 (marg.: “CCC” 1445 cue), “Dominus autem ihesus ut uidit ... penitentie illum incitauit” (marg.: “CCC” 1274 cue), cross-reference to Cathedra S. Petri (marg.: “CCiiijxxxix”) with cues to 7382 (marg.: “CCiiijxxxix” 7467 cue) and 7261 (marg.: 6630 with vers. A), “Cum esset petrus in cruce ... parare uobis locum. V. Gratias tibi ago ... spiritui sancto. Nolite” (marg.: “iijcxliiij” 6340 cue), 4454 (marg.: “iiijciiijxxxix” 42687 cue), “Vos autem quem me esse ... filius dei uiui. evovae”, 1774, and “Tu es symon filius iona ...”

Bibliography

Corpus antiphonalium officii   OCLC citation, ed. R-J. Hesbert, (Rome: Herder, 1963-79).