E. T. Richmond Papers
Introduction
Ernest Tatham Richmond
Contents
Arrangement
Related material (elsewhere)

Catalogue
1. Family Correspondence
A. Ernest Tatham Richmond correspondence
(i) Egypt, 1895-1911
(ii) Private Practice in England, 1911-1912
(iii) World War I, 1914-1918
(iv) Architectural practice in London, 1920
(v) Palestine, 1920-1924, 1927-1937
Letters from Ernest Richmond to his brother Herbert
(vi) Retirement, 1937-1955
(vii) ETR's death
B. Margaret Muriel Richmond (née Lubbock)
C. Other Family Members
2. WRITINGS BY ETR and MMR (including diaries)
A. ETR's diaries
B. MMR's diaries
C. ETR's articles and essays
(i) Egypt
(ii) Ministry of Munitions
(iii) Palestine
(iv) Italy
(v) Religion and other subjects
(vi) Hilaire Belloc
3. WRITINGS BY OTHER AUTHORS
4. FAMILY RECORDS, INCLUDING PHOTOGRAPHS
5. PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIAL OTHER THAN FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHS
6. Ephemera
7. BOOKS, INCLUDING DEVOTIONAL LITERATURE
Reference code: GB-0033-RIC
Title: E. T. Richmond Papers
Dates of creation: ca. 1878-1955
Extent: 2 metres
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Created by: Ernest Tatham Richmond, architect and colonial official
Language: English, some Arabic

Ernest Tatham Richmond

Ernest Tatham Richmond was born in 1874, the son of Sir William Blake Richmond, the painter.

He first travelled to Egypt in 1895 to help Somers Clarke prepare illustrations for his book on the Temple of Amenhotep III and the following year was appointed Assistant Architect to the Comité pour la Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe in Cairo under Herz Bey. From 1902 to 1903 he was attached to the Royal Engineers and worked for the Army of Occupation under General Talbot, building barracks and houses for the troops. The following year he was appointed to a position as architect to the Ministry of Public Works in Cairo and from 1900 to 1911 was Director of the Department of Towns and State Buildings at the Ministry. During this period he married Margaret Muriel Lubbock and set up home in a newly contructed house at Zenein. He became increasingly disenchanted with life in Egypt and in particular unhappy with the separations from his wife and three young children, and in 1911 gave up his position to return to private architectural practice in England.

In 1914 with the outbreak of war, Richmond joined the ambulance service, serving for a short time in Belgium. The following year he was appointed to a position in the Ministry of Works, with responsibility for the supply of grenades. In late 1915 an accident with a grenade damaged his left hand and affected his health in general. His next appointment was to a temporary commission as Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, probably in naval intelligence, when he saw service in Gibraltar for 7 months in 1917. Dissatisfied with the work, he requested a return to England in September of that year. After a short period as architect to the War Graves Commission in France, he spent the remaining months of the war as consulting architect to the Haram al-Sharif in Jerusalem.

In 1919 Richmond returned to London and worked in partnership with Herbert Baker. The following year he received an invitation from the High Commissioner in Palestine to join the administration as a link between it and the Arab population. He served as Assistant Civil Secretary (Political) with special responsibility for Arab affairs from 1921 to 1924. Increasingly out of step with the administration, he resigned his post in 1924 and spent the next three years in England. In 1927 he returned to Palestine as Director of Antiquities, retiring ten years later.

In 1926 Richmond was accepted into the Roman Catholic Church, and thereafter his strong religious faith played a major part in his life and features prominently in his writings. Plans to settle in Italy after retirement were abandoned with the outbreak of war and Richmond settled in Gloucestershire where he continued to write and to take an interest in affairs in Palestine. He died in 1955.

Richmond's publications include “Building methods in Egypt”, in the Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 3rd series, v 18 no 15 (1911); “The significance of Cairo”, in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Jan 1913); “British policy in Palestine and the Mandate” in The Near East, 26 Mar 1925, 329-331; 2 Apr 1925, 351-2; and 9 Apr 1925, 381-2; “'England' in Palestine” in The Nineteenth Century, Jul 1925, 46-51; The sites of the crucifixion and the resurrection, London, Catholic Truth Society (1935); “Basilica of the Nativity” and “The Church of the Nativity” in Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, 5 no 3 & 6 no 2 (1936); “Dictatorship in the Holy Land”, in The Nineteenth Century and After, 123 (Feb 1938), 186-192.


Contents

The collection comprises personal and family correspondence, much of it from Richmond to his wife during periods of separation while on service in Egypt (1895-1911), during war service in Belgium, Gibraltar and France (1914-1918) and while working for the administration in Palestine (1920-1924, 1927-1937), as well as during his travels in Britain and in Italy. In addition Richmond wrote extensively to his brother Sir Herbert Richmond and those letters which relate chiefly to affairs in Palestine were preserved by Sir Herbert and returned to Richmond after his death. The collection also includes diaries of Richmond and his wife and articles and essays by Richmond on a variety of subjects related to his service in Egypt and Palestine. There is a strong religious bias to much of Richmond's writings, particularly after his conversion to Catholicism in 1926. After his retirement in 1937 Richmond spent a short time living in Italy and kept notebooks and diaries on the history and architecture of the country. Other family records include photographs of Mrs. Richmond's family.


Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically within the following sections.
1. Family Correspondence
A. E.T. Richmond correspondence
(i) Egypt, 1895-1911
(ii) Private practice, 1911-1912
(iii) World War I, 1914-1918
(iv) Private practice in London, 1920
(v) Palestine, 1920-1924, 1927-1937
(vi) Retirement, 1937-1955
(vii) E.T. Richmond's death
B. Margaret Muriel Richmond correspondence
C. Other family members
2. Writings by E.T. Richmond and M.M.Richmond (including diaries)
A. E.T. Richmond's diaries
B. M.M. Richmond's diaries
C. E.T. Richmond's articles and essays
(i) Egypt
(ii) Munitions
(iii) Palestine
(iv) Italy
(v) Religion and other subjects
(vi) Hilaire Belloc
3. Writings by other authors
4. Family records, including photographs
5. Photographic material other than family photographs
6. Ephemera
7. Books, including devotional literature

Related Material

Material by E.T. Richmond about his father, Sir William Blake Richmond, is held at the Royal Academy, including letters to Ernest from his mother, 1867-1915 and from his sister, 1890-1939. Personal diaires of E.T. Richmond's brother, Sir Herbert Richmond, are held at the National Maritime Museum along with other material.


Provenance

Deposited by Mrs. Sally Morphet on behalf of Richmond's grandchildren (Sally Morphet, Sophie Richmond, Emma Shackle and Sam Richmond), 2002.

Catalogue
1. Family Correspondence
A. Ernest Tatham Richmond correspondence
(i) Egypt, 1895-1911
RIC 1/1/2-10
1902-1903
Letters home from Ernest Richmond [ETR] in Cairo to his mother while he was working for the army of occupation under General Talbot, building barracks and houses for the troops, and later after he took up an appointment with the Public Works Department [PWD]:
1/1/2-4
Re progress with the cholera epidemic; difficulties of answering to two masters whose views frequently differed; his new post with the Public Works Department
1/1/5-6
His affection for his chief, General Talbot; personality clashes at work
1/1/7-8
Failure of the government to pay him; his desire to avoid friendships
1/1/9-10
His health; the daily routine
RIC 1/2/1-94
[n.d.]
Typescript extracts from letters between ETR and his wife Muriel [MMR], written 1906 to 1948 (for originals see below), with commentary by their son John [JCBR], and earlier part draft covering ETR's letters to MMR from 1906 to 1917 and from MMR to ETR in 1938. The notes explain family relationships, provide full names of friends and colleagues and set the letters in their historical context
RIC 1/3/1-15
[n.d.]
Summary by JCBR of the content of original letters from ETR to MMR (see below), with quotations. This was probably written before the commentary in RIC 1/2/1-94 above was compiled.
1/3/3-6
1908 Feb 26-Aug 26
1/3/7-14
1908 May 28-Nov 10
RIC 1/4/1-75
1906 May 5-Jun 14 & Aug 9
Letters from ETR to his fiancée Margaret Muriel Lubbock whom he married in July of that year (thereafter referred to as MMR). All are written from Cairo with the exception of the last letter which was written in London. The content is highly personal, being written during a period of separation, between their engagement and marriage. All contain declarations of love, interspersed with snippets of information about ETR's personal and working life in Cairo, including news of:
1/4/1-4
Britain's ultimatum to Turkey over the frontier question
1/4/11-13
Arrangements for his return to England, plans for furnishing the flat they are to occupy after marriage and views on the capitulation of Turkey (incomplete)
1/4/18-21
Visit to Quibell at Saqqara
1/4/25-27
Travel arrangements for his return to England and a sailing trip on the Nile
1/4/37-41
Trip by boat and donkey to Saqqara, first visit to a cinematograph entertainment, plans for work on the new Cairo opera house and his views on the education of Egyptians
1/4/42-44
Work on the design of the opera house, discussions with Lady Cromer on her dispensaries and education provision
1/4/51-53
Visit to Alexandria including the Customs Museum
1/4/54-57
Criticism of those westerners who claim to understand the “Oriental mind” and Muriel Lubbock's meeting with Gertrude Bell
1/4/58-62
Work on the new bridge at Roda
1/4/66-69
Inspection of the old opera house
1/4/70-73
Prospects for promotion
RIC 1/5/1-46
1908 Feb 26-Apr 7
Letters from ETR to MMR. Up to 28 Mar ETR writes from Cairo, the remainder from Athens en route to the UK. Each letter contains a certain amount of personal and family news as well as accounts of ETR's work as Director General for Towns and State Buildings, and social engagements, as follows:
1/5/1-5
Work on the final draft of the standard form of contract for government building works; a dispute between an Italian contractor and the Irrigation Department; major reorganisation of the PWD
1/5/6-8
Release of the prisoners from Dinshaway; progress with the construction of their house
1/5/9-13
Hopes for starting a good building office and a school of design; concert at the Opera House. Enclosing a letter to ETR from Somers Clarke offering curtain material for their new home
1/5/14-16
Sir William Garstin's failure to deal with structural problems at the Egyptian Museum
1/5/17-20
Birth of their daughter Anne; progress with reorganisation in the department; visit to Lady Anne Blunt and guests Lady Lovelace and Helen Lascelles
1/5/21-22
Arrangements for leave
1/5/23-26
Gorst's relations with the Khedive and the difference between his regime and that of Cromer; delight at the departure of Garstin (Adviser to the Ministry from 1904); progress with the house
1/5/27-29
Imminent departure of his parents from Egypt; progress of the Commission on Organisation
1/5/30-34
Arrangements for his return home; views of ETR and his father on the British occupation of Egypt; drawing up a syllabus for the education of Egyptian architects; failure to teach Egyptians the art of administration; visit to Petrie's excavations at Mitrahene and discussions with him on the Egyptian Museum and on corruption in the administration
1/5/35-39
From Athens re the return journey from Alexandria with his father and sightseeing in Athens
1/5/40-44
From Athens re a visit to the museum and the Acropolis and sightseeing in the surrounding area
1/5/45-46
From Athens: final day before returning home
RIC 1/6/1-48
1908 May 28-Jun 28
Continuation of letters home from ETR to MMR, mostly written from the new house at Zenein:
1/6/1-6
From Paris (28 May) and Marseilles (29 May) re the journey back to Egypt
1/6/7-10
Anomalies in the Egyptian service and the resulting injustices; opinion of Gorst; moving furniture to the new house
1/6/11-13
Changes in his duties and responsibilities; moving into the new house; problems of obtaining a water supply
1/6/14-16
Progress with the house
1/6/17-19
Progress with the house; Machell's departure and his disillusionment with Egypt; petition from the villagers of Boulac Dacrour to the government for a water supply
1/6/20-22
His wish to leave Egypt; progress in the house
1/6/23-26
Criticism of his technical abilities, instigated, he believes, by Gorst
1/6/27-29
Defence of his work in a letter to Webb, explaining the chaos in the PWD under Garstin's leadership; sketch of P.R. [Pieter Rodeck], his colleague
1/6/30-33
Smoothing over of the dispute in the PWD; ETR's criticism of Harvey's handling of the situation; progress at the house
1/6/34-41
Refusal of Webb and Harvey to show ETR's letter defending his actions to Gorst. Enclosure in letter of 23 Jun: designs for table and floor lamps
1/6/42-44
ETR's decision to put the difficulties at work behind him; purchase of a donkey
1/6/45-48
Hopes for future employment in England
RIC 1/7/1-59
1908 Jul 5-Aug 26
Continuation of letters home from ETR to MMR, mostly written from the new house in Zenein:
1/7/1-4
Change in the system of signing cheques in the office; sketch plan of their new house; arrangements to build stables at the house
1/7/5-8
Mistrust of Webb and Harvey; his desire for revenge
1/7/9-12
Sketch plan of the garden with suggestions on how it should be divided up; further reorganisation in the office
1/7/13-15
Improved situation at work
1/7/16-19
Inspection trip to sites in Upper Egypt; progress at the house
1/7/20-23
Frank exchange of views with Webb over conditions in the department
1/7/24-27
Further reorganisation in the department
1/7/28-29
Purchase of a donkey by ETR's neighbour
1/7/34-36
Plans for the garden; trip to Upper Egypt; danger of mental breakdowns by British staff in Egypt
1/7/37-39
Settling of the accounts with the contractor who built the house at Zenein
1/7/40-45
Progress in the garden, including a plan showing projected work
1/7/43-54
Trouble with the servants
1/7/55-57
Irrigating the garden prior to planting
1/7/58-59
Problems with mosquitoes and sandflies in the house
RIC 1/8/1-76
1909 Jun 2-Jul 28
Continuation of letters home from ETR to MMR, chiefly from the house at Zenein and the office in Cairo, and containing news of social engagements and playing golf, and progresss of building work at the house and alterations to the garden. Other subjects include:
1/8/1-4
Webb's resignation
1/8/8-11
Description of their various animals; admiration for the work of the CMS; lack of public spirit among the British officials in Egypt; Gorst's plans to abolish the English advisers to the Egyptian Ministers
1/8/16-18
Tendency of Englishmen in Egypt to become “sham Egyptians”
1/8/23-28
From Alexandria re his stay there
1/8/29-31
Disagreements in the department; further discussions on the water supply for Cairo
1/8/39-42
Arrangements for his home leave
1/8/43-46
Dispute in the department over the allocation of contracts; dismissal of the former Commandant of the Cairo Police for taking bribes; criticism of Englishmen in the administration
1/8/47-49
Discussions with Cecil on British policy in Egypt; his temptation to publish an article critical of Gorst's regime
1/8/53-55
Arrival of Webb's replacement, Dupuis as head of the PWD
1/8/63-65
Plans to revise his paper on Egypt during the journey home
1/8/66-70
Opposition in the administration to Gorst; sketch of the garden showing proposed planting scheme
1/8/71-73
Increased powers of the mudirs
RIC 1/9/1-69
1909 Aug 2-Nov 10
Continuation of letters home from ETR in Cairo to MMR and also those written during the journey from Cairo to England and back, and while on leave in England. In Cairo ETR writes of progress at the house, disputes with the servants, difficulties at the office and the pain caused by separation. His leave in England coincides with the birth of his first son, John. Other subjects covered include:
1/9/1-3
Rumours of Gorst's departure; criticism of the new Transportation Law
1/9/4-7
From Paris re the journey home; description of Reggio, scene of a recent earthquake, viewed from the ship
1/9/10-11
From Wells re a visit to the cathedral and the caves at Cheddar
1/9/12-15
From Glastonbury, continuation of his holiday
1/9/16-17
Copy extracts from The Times containing the notice of birth of ETR's son, John
1/9/18-24
From Beavor Lodge, Hammersmith, where he stayed during MMR's confinement
1/9/25-28
Arrangements for lodgings for MMR and the children at Hindhead
1/9/31-32
From Paris re his trip back
1/9/33-35
From Turin concerning his wish to talk frankly with MMR on spiritual matters
1/9/36-38
From the SS Brindisi with news of life on board
1/9/39-43
Discussions on the ship with Gorst
1/9/44-52
Return to Cairo; improvements in the garden. Enclosing a letter from his mother reflecting on his leave in England
1/9/55-57
News of the servants; repercussions of a new law giving extra powers to the provincial councils
1/9/64-66
Unpopularity of Gorst; discussions on arrangements for building the proposed new ministries
1/9/67-69
Review of the year's work programme in the Buildings Department
RIC 2/1/1-35
1910 Sep 23; 1911 May 6-Jul 19
Letters from ETR to MMR, chiefly from Cairo, in the period before his final departure from Egypt when he was becoming increasingly unhappy with life there and the separations from his family.
2/1/1-2
From Surrey re MMR's ill-health and his work for the Pinneys
2/1/4-9
From Boulac Dacrour re work on the house in preparation for a possible departure from Egypt
2/1/10-11
Criticism of Gorst's report
2/1/12-14
Relating a tale of an Armenian girl in Baghdad which he believes illustrates the backward nature of Mesopotamia
2/1/15-23
His determination to find work at home and efforts to get the house ready for letting
2/1/24-25
Plans for his departure from “a loathsome place inhabited by a loathsome people”
2/1/30-31
From Avignon re travel plans
2/1/34-35
From Hindhead re his return to the family home
(ii) Private Practice in England, 1911-1912
RIC 2/2/1-66
1912 Apr 13-Nov 16
Letters from ETR to MMR, written during various travels in connection with his work in private practice. The main recurring theme is concern for MMR's health; other subjects covered include:
2/2/2-3
From London re his preparations for a lecture
2/2/4-5
To John, from London, with birthday wishes
2/2/8-9
From Warminster re his work for the Pinneys at Greenhill
2/2/10-11
From Appleby re MMR's ill-health
2/2/13-14
Making arrangements for a move to Hammersmith
2/2/17-20
Re family finances, and enclosing a letter from Petley & Co of London concerning the sale of MMR's land in Canada
2/2/21-23
Continued ill-health of MMR
2/2/28-30
Removal of splints from Elizabeth's broken leg
2/2/31-36
News of the children in MMR's absence
2/2/47-48
Plans to vist Holland
2/2/51-54
From Holland and London concerning his visit to Amsterdam and the Hague with his sister-in-law Thea (wife of Arthur Richmond)
2/2/55-56
Worries about the future
2/2/57-59
Culmination of his work at Crakenthorpe Hall; hopes for MMR's return to health
2/2/60-66
Thoughts on relationships between men and women
(iii) World War I, 1914-1918
RIC 2/3/1-22
1914 Jan 28-1916 Aug 16
Letters from ETR to MMR covering the period of the outbreak of war, and his work in Belgium with the ambulance service and at the Ministry of Munitions. Unless otherwise stated, the letters were written from the house in Hammersmith.
2/3/2-3
Hopes for MMR's return to health
2/3/4-8
From Greenhythe where he had sailed from Hammersmith, re the pollution of the town from the factory chimneys
2/3/9-13
Long detailed letter describing a visit to the Guildhall to hear speeches by the Lord Mayor and members of the cabinet
2/3/14-15
Decision to join the ambulance service in Belgium under Dr. Hector Munro
2/3/16-18
From Dover en route to Belgium with stores for the wounded
2/3/19-20
Re munitions work for trench warfare
2/3/21-22
On a visit to Crakenthorpe Hall
RIC 2/4/1-64
1917 Feb 26-Apr 28
Letters from ETR to MMR covering the period of his service in Gibraltar, holding a commission in the RNVR. One of the main reasons for taking this post, which was probably in naval intelligence, was to convalesce, after an accident with a grenade in late 1915 had damaged his left hand and affected his health in general. Due to censorship, there is little information about the nature of the work.
2/4/2-5
From Beavor re his decision to accept a commission and service in Gibraltar
2/4/6-7
Requesting that MMR join him in London before his departure for Gibraltar
2/4/8-9
Letter of farewell written from the SS Khiva at Tilbury docks
2/4/10-16
On board ship, re the journey
2/4/17-18
From Gibraltar, re his surroundings
2/4/19-21
Concerning the possibility of MMR joining him; attending service at the English church
2/4/22-24
Decision to learn Spanish
2/4/25-28
Work colleagues; exploring the surroundings; first Holy Communion for 20 years
2/4/34-37
Decision not to join the club; prospects for the end of the war; invasion of Palestine
2/4/38-41
Contentment with his lot
2/4/42-46
Worries about MMR's health
2/4/47-53
His colleagues in the office; visit to Linea in Spain and to a Spanish cemetery
2/4/54-56
His hopes for a job at sea
2/4/57-59
Dinner with the Governor, Lt Col Sir Herbert Miles and Lady Miles
2/4/60-64
Visit to the Hayters, the family of the Dean of Gibraltar
RIC 2/5/1-67
1917 May 2-Jun 26
Letters home from ETR in Gibraltar to MMR, chiefly concerning his social life and his desire to return to his family in England.
2/5/1-3
Picnic in the Cork woods near Algeciras; progress with Spanish; prospects for alternative work
2/5/4-8
Visit to Algeciras with the Dean's family; increased social life
2/5/14-18
Tea at Government House
2/5/19-23
Books read; state of affairs at the Ministry of Munitions; dangers of press censorship
2/5/24-25
Exploring the hills around Algeciras; enjoyment in his work
2/5/29-33
Prospects for alternative work; busy social life
2/5/34-38
His history of the Ministry of Munitions; need for greater press freedom; labour unrest in England; belief in anarchy
2/5/41-46
Trip to the Cork woods near Algeciras
2/5/47-50
Decision to try for work at home
2/5/54-58
Reaction of Sir Alexander Roger (Director General of the Trench Warfare Supply Division in the Ministry of Munitions) to ETR's memorandum on the Ministry of Munitions; feelings about the usefulness of his work
2/5/60-62
Applying for work in England; change of living quarters
2/5/63-67
His unpopularity at the Ministry of Munitions
RIC 2/6/1-76
1917 Jul 1-Aug 30
Letters home from ETR in Gibraltar to MMR. By August his thoughts were occupied with obtaining employment back in England so that he might be engaged in more worthwhile work and be of greater support to his family.
2/6/1-5
Dining with the Armitages who live within the walls of the old Moorish castle; discourse on the function of the imaginative mind
2/6/6-15
Move to new living quarters
2/6/22-26
Advising the Dean on alterations to the cathedral
2/6/27-29
Ronald Storrs' proposal that ETR should go to Baghdad; expedition to the Riff coast to take presents to a Riff chief
2/6/30-34
Details of domestic arrangements; view from his quarters
2/6/35-37
Hospitality of the Governor and his wife
2/6/38-46
Prospects for the job in Baghdad; his views on a possible Arab Empire under British protection; description of the Governor
2/6/47-48
Thoughts of resigning
2/6/52-54
Views on the war
2/6/55-67
Choice of school for John; efforts to find alternative work
2/6/68-71
Ronald Storrs' efforts to get employment for him in Baghdad
2/6/75-76
Churchill's plan for the reorganisation of the Ministry of Munitions
RIC 2/7/4-5
1917 Aug 8
Copy letter (in MMR's hand) from ETR in Gibraltar to Sir Julian Corbett (barrister, university lecturer and naval historian), enlisting his help in obtaining more rewarding work in England. The original of this letter was enclosed in a letter to MMR of the same date, with a request that she send it on
RIC 2/8/1-60
1917 Sep 1-1918 Feb 20
Letters home from ETR in Gibraltar, and from December 1917, from France, to MMR. In September 1917 ETR was recalled to England and took up employment as an architect to the War Graves Commission in France.
2/8/1-3
From Gibraltar re his attendance at a wedding; news of the Italian offensive
2/8/4-7
From Gibraltar re the arrival of a telegram recalling him to England
2/8/8-10
From France re the start of his work with the War Graves Commission
2/8/15-17
Death of Lady Anne Blunt
2/8/18-20
Advice to MMR on actions to take during air raids
2/8/21-23
Appreciation of his father
2/8/24-26
Progress with his work despite the adverse weather
2/8/30-32
Plans to write a fairy story entitled “ “Journey of a blind man”
2/8/33-37
Departure of the children for school; lack of congenial company
2/8/38-41
Enclosing a letter from Lady Valda Machell thanking him for his words of appreciation for her husband Percy Machell who died at the Somme
2/8/42-46
Negotiations by MMR to secure a house
2/8/47-54
Travels in N. France in search of materials; enclosing letters from his daughter Anne
2/8/55-57
Enjoyment in his work
2/8/58-60
Account of his travels; views on French cemeteries
(iv) Architectural practice in London, 1920
RIC 2/8/61-68
1920 Jul-Sep
Letters to MMR from ETR while working with Herbert Baker in London, concerning his general state of unhappiness and his decision to end his partnership with Baker and seek work in Palestine
(v) Palestine, 1920-1924, 1927-1937
Letters from Ernest Richmond to his brother Herbert
These letters from ETR to his brother Admiral Sir Herbert W. Richmond [HWR], which date from 1920 to 1946, were found after HWR's death and sent to ETR by his sister-in-law Elsa. They represent only a portion of the letters written to HWR during that period and are perhaps those which he thought worthy of preservation. Their chief interest lies in references to affairs in Palestine. Other letters to HWR, two from Gertrude Bell, two from Lord Sydenham and one from George Antonius, are interfiled in the sequence as they relate to matters raised by ETR. The letters were arranged by ETR in 5 sections and numbered 1-175. Now arranged chronologically, the original numbers appear in [ ] at the end of each description. A note written by ETR on 3 Jan 1949 (RIC 3/1/2) and subsequent note by JCBR on 17 Mar 1966 (RIC 3/1/3-5) provide an introduction to the letters.
RIC 3/1/1-112
1920 Nov 11-1923 Oct 3
Section A: letters from ETR to HWR, written while Political Agent in the Palestine administration. Most contain a certain amount of private and family information, but they are chiefly concerned with developments in Palestine and criticism of Zionism. Extracts from some of these letters were typed out by HWR and sent to Lord Sydenham and other influential friends in the hope of getting the Balfour Declaration policy modified (See RIC 3/2/1-55). Unless otherwise stated, the letters were written from Jerusalem.
3/1/6
Early days in the new job [1]
3/1/7-9
First experience of listening to a gramaphone; discussions with Weizmann, head of the Zionist Organisation, on Jewish plans to acquire land in Palestine; aspirations for an “immense Arab state” [3]
3/1/10-14
Summary of British involvement in Palestine and Transjordan, with an invitation to HWR to share these views with those who take an interest in Palestine [2]
3/1/15-16
Resentment in Jaffa and Haifa to Jewish immigration; his increasing involvement in Muslim affairs [8]
3/1/17-20
Criticism of The Times [4]
3/1/22
Gertrude Bell to HWR, written after she had seen ETR's observations in the letter of 8 Jun 1921 above: thoughts about King Abdullah of Transjordan; British policy in Mesopotamia; the need to drive the French out of Syria and the Zionists out of Palestine
3/1/23-31
English opposition to French policy, particularly in Silesia and Syria; unpopularity of King Abdullah in Transjordan and the British government's support for Haddad Pasha, Faysal's ex-Director of Public Security in Damascus as a possible replacement for Abdullah; dangers of British support for the causes of Sharifianism and Zionism; prospect of Weizmann persuading Churchill to take a strong line against opposition to Zionism in Palestine; progress with establishing an organisation for dealing with Muslim religious affairs [5]
3/1/32-34
Reflections on Gertrude Bell's letter above; treatment of the Arab delegation to London [6]
3/1/35-37
Plans for HWR's visit the following summer [7]
3/1/38-39
Need for a revision of the draft Mandate [9]
3/1/40-43
Change in the bias of reporting in The Times on Palestine affairs; assessment of the deteriorating situation in Palestine [10]
3/1/44-45
British policy in Transjordan; shift in support in England away from Zionism; Arab efforts to set up administrative machinery and to begin repairs to the Dome of the Rock [11]
3/1/46-54
Recent meeting with Gertrude Bell; negotiations on the Mandate in Geneva; increasing unity among the Palestinian Arabs; assessment of the situation in Syria; the future of European involvement in the Middle East and N. Africa [12]
3/1/55-58
Terms of the Mandate, particularly as it affects the political status and boundaries of Transjordan [13]
3/1/59-60
His ill-health; results of the passing of the Mandate [14]
3/1/61-62
From Brumana near Beirut on discussions with a prominent local lawyer on European support for moderates in the Middle East and the inevitable failure of this policy [16]
3/1/63-64
Thoughts on the future of Syria and Transjordan; elections in Palestine [15]
3/1/65-66
Renewed optimism among Palestinian Arabs, inspired by recent Turkish victories; his lack of confidence in the Sharifian rulers [17]
3/1/67-70
His proposed scheme for the future government of the Middle East [18]
3/1/71
Covering letter for notes on an interview with `Abd al-Qadir al-Muzaffar on the Arab-Palestinian case. Notes are not present but a copy exists in the file of typed extracts sent to Lord Sydenham. See RIC 3/2/1-55 [19]
3/1/72-77
HWR's discussions with Lord Milner on the anti-Zion movement (ts copy with ms annotations) [20]
3/1/78-81
The cost to the British taxpayer of involvement in Palestine, Iraq and Transjordan [21]
3/1/82-83
Lord Sydenham to HWR in response to ETR's letter of 22 Nov 1922 above setting out the case against Zionism and re his inability to direct public opinion
3/1/84-87
White Paper on Palestine and inconsistencies between it and the Mandate [22]
3/1/88-91
Reaction to his report on the work of the Political Office; his pleasure at the departure of Deedes; distrust of idealists [23]
3/1/92-95
Growing Jewish influence in Britain and America [24]
3/1/96
From Gertrude Bell to HWR criticising the scheme of defence for Mesopotamia; affairs in Turkey
3/1/97-98
From Boulac en route from Cyprus to Palestine re his convalescence there; lament against housemaids [25]
3/1/99-100
From Lord Sydenham to HWR re Jewish arguments for a strong Jewish army and hopes for Palestine as a distributing centre of Middle East trade
3/1/101-103
The use of aircraft to keep order [26]
3/1/104
British support for foreign rulers in Iraq, Transjordan and Palestine [27]
3/1/105
Impossibility of establishing good relations between Arabs and Jews under the terms of the Mandate [28]
3/1/106-108
Possibility of his employment coming to an end due to a change in his terms of service under the Colonial Office [29]
3/1/109-110
From Ditchling re his health [30]
3/1/111-112
Decline in public security and in the economy in Palestine [31]
RIC 3/2/1-55
1922 Mar 5-Nov 22
Typescript extracts made by HWR from letters written to him by ETR on the subject of Palestine, which he then sent to Lord Sydenham “in the hope of spreading some knowledge of the scandalous state of things in Palestine”. Included are notes on an interview with `Abd al-Qadir al-Muzaffar on the Arab-Palestinian case, which took place on 29 Oct 1922 (RIC 3/2/35-41). For the covering letter for these notes and original letters from which the extracts were made see file RIC 3/1/1-112 above.
RIC 3/3/1-3
1926 Feb 6-Jun 13
Section B: letters from ETR in Sussex to HWR, written in the period between his resignation from the post of Political Secretary in 1924 and appointment as Director of the Department of Antiquities, Palestine in 1927.
3/3/2
Concerning his decision to destroy all his Palestine political notes. The letter was annotated by ETR in 1948 to the effect that his notebooks had been spared from the bonfire [32]
3/3/3
Quoting a passage from The history of civilization against socialism and communism [33]
RIC 3/4/1-118
1927 Sep 7-1937 May 18
Section C: letters from ETR to HWR, written during his directorship of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, with one letter from George Antonius. Unless otherwise stated, the letters are written from Jerusalem.
3/4/2
Written shortly after arrival re the changes since he left in 1924; arrangements for accommodation [34]
3/4/3-5
Description of his lodgings; dispute over the discovery of the wall purported to have been built by Agrippa [35]
3/4/6-9
Attacking the popular thesis that Palestine is of strategic importance to Britain; the dangers inherent in creating a new Anglo-Judaic block in the former provinces of the Turkish Empire in the eastern Mediterranean [36]
3/4/10-13
Influence of politics on the study of archaeology in Palestine; the high cost of Jewish immigration [37]
3/4/14-15
Their different ways of looking at the world; visit to Roman remains in Jordan [38]
3/4/16-17
Thoughts on empire; discussions with the new Chief Justice [39]
3/4/18
His opinions of Haycroft, the former Chief Justice; Jewish failures in Palestine; his plans for the new museum; and a new law for antiquities [40]
3/4/19-24
Discussions with Lord Lloyd in Egypt; recent treaty negotiations in Egypt; description of a typical day at work; Lord Plumer's intention to resign if the Colonial Office insist on Palestine paying for the Transjordan Defence Force; visit from the Crown Prince of Italy [41]
3/4/25-29
His regret at Lord Plumer's departure; problems facing his successor, Chancellor; ETR's wish not to be dragged into politics; progress on the Aqsa mosque [42]
3/4/30-33
Account of his family's trip to Mount Carmel; dispute at the Wailing Wall on the Day of Atonement [43]
3/4/34-37
Thoughts on problems facing Chancellor; drawbacks of accepting money from Rockefeller for a new museum [44]
3/4/38-40
From Fragbarrow, summarising the failures of British policy in Palestine [45]
3/4/41-42
From Fragbarrow re the death of Clayton and the danger of becoming obsessed by the Palestine question [46]
3/4/43-44
Journey back to Palestine and arrival at Jaffa during a general strike of Muslims and Christians, united in opposition to the Jews [47]
3/4/45-47
To Elsa (HWR's wife) re scepticism about the outcome of the Shaw Commission of Inquiry and his belief that the final solution in Palestine will come through war [48]
3/4/48-51
Progress with the new museum; outcome of fighting between Arabs and Jews [49]
3/4/52-54
Progress of the Inquiry; outcomes of British policy in Palestine [50]
3/4/55-56
Smuggling of arms into Syria by the Jews; the spread of propaganda linking the Arabs with the Communists [51]
3/4/57-58
Air Force activities during the recent disturbances [52]
3/4/59-60
The journey back via Italy [54]
3/4/61-63
Disturbances involving attacks against the English and a general strike; Arab boycott of the opening of Haifa harbour [53]
3/4/64-65
Arab antagonism towards the English and the growth of sympathy for the Palestinian Arabs in neighbouring Muslim countries [55]
3/4/66-67
End of the drought; planned demonstrations to coincide with the `Id; outcome of the inquiry into the disturbances of Oct 1933 [56]
3/4/68-69
Outcome of peaceful demonstrations against British policy [57]
3/4/70-71
His dispute with the archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie; the move into the new museum; growth of anti-Semitism in Europe [58]
3/4/72
Background to his dispute with Petrie [59]
3/4/73-74
Growth of youth movements allied to socialism [60]
3/4/75
Spread of anti-English demonstrations to Transjordan [61]
3/4/76-77
Reflections on HWR's visit; progress of a strike by Arabs [62]
3/4/78
Continued strike [63]
3/4/79-80
Increased Jewish immigration; loss of faith in the Commission of Inquiry [64]
3/4/81-87
The increasing use of force against the Arabs [65,66,67]
3/4/88-89
Attempts by the authorities to compel striking shopowners to open their businesses [68]
3/4/90-93
His views on the Negus of Abyssinia and the conflict with Italy; the use of force to restore law and order in Palestine [69]
3/4/94-97
Criticism of Soviet Russia and the League of Nations; defence of Italy and the war in Abyssinia [70]
3/4/98-99
Reception given to Ormsby Gore's latest statement on Palestine; growing anti-Semitism in Europe [71]
3/4/100-103
Trip to Transjordan to examine 8th century Arab castles east of Amman; further thoughts on Italy and international “Big Business”; prospects for a mass resignation by the judges; account of a futile combing-out operation by British troops [72]
3/4/104-105
Growing realisation in Britain and among British troops of the seriousness of the situation in Palestine; his belief in the inevitability of war [73]
3/4/106
Growing Jewish influence over the British press [74]
3/4/107-109
Growing enmity of Islam as a factor in the decline in the British Empire; criticism of The Times [75]
3/4/110-112
George Antonius re his disillusionment with the British press treatment of the Palestine question; the collapse of negotiations to end the Arab strike
3/4/113-114
Increasing numbers of troops, now no longer under the control of the Air Force [76]
3/4/115
Hopes for an end to the strike; the Palestine question as a microcosm of troubles spreading throughout Europe [77]
3/4/116-117
Russia as the source of Europe's ills [78]
3/4/118
Preparations for return to Britain; local reaction to the coronation
RIC 3/5/1-21
1922-1943
Assorted papers, chiefly relating to Palestine, found interfiled with the ETR/HWR correspondence:
3/5/1-12
1922 Jan 10
Notes by HWR for a discussion on Zionism at the British Institute of International Affairs
3/5/13
[c.1923]
Press cuttings on “Jews and Palestine mandate: Sir A. Mond on British pledge” (from The Times of 27 Feb) and “British policy in Palestine: Lord Milner's optimism”, with annotations by ETR
3/5/14-16
1924 Mar 13
Letter from ETR in Jerusalem to Sir Herbert Samuel, the High Commissioner (photocopy) re his decision to resign from the administration
3/5/17-20
1940 Dec 19
Note on “Arab co-operation and Palestine”, annotated “Newcombe's proposals”
3/5/21
1943 Aug 5
Article by H. Belloc from The Weekly Review on “Mrs Markham on foreigners”, sent by ETR to HWR in August 1943
(vi) Retirement, 1937-1955
RIC 3/6/1-47
1937 Aug 28-1939 May 4
Section D: letters from ETR to HWR, written mostly from Italy where he had gone to recuperate his health after retirement from Palestine. The two brothers continue to debate world events, particularly those in the Middle East, and clearly do not always see eye-to-eye, culminating in ETR's letter of 31 Mar 1939 attacking HWR's views.
3/6/2
News of family; visit to Milan [79]
3/6/3
Summarising British actions in Palestine [80]
3/6/4
From Salzburg where he was visiting Anne [81]
3/6/5-9
Urging HWR to visit them in Asolo; lack of confidence in the proposed partition scheme for Palestine [82]
3/6/10-13
Re the terms of the Mandate; steps taken by the Jews to turn the Arabs against the English; reduction in the area handed over to the Jews; the threat of Bolshevism to European civilisation [83]
3/6/14
Defence of his claim of Jewish influence on the British Government [84]
3/6/15-16
Discussion of Sir Ernest Barker's The citizen's choice (CUP, 1937) and its plea for liberal democracy [85]
3/6/17-26
Paper by ETR entitled “Dictatorship in Palestine”, later published in the Nineteenth Century, with covering letter [86]
3/6/27-29
Arguing in favour of the rights of God rather than the rights of man [87]
3/6/30-32
Reiteration of views expressed in earlier letters and in his paper above, including the English habit of dictating to other nations, his admiration for Mussolini, views on the Jews etc. [88]
3/6/33
Latest news from Palestine [89]
3/6/34-35
In defence of Italy [90]
3/6/36
Publication of his paper on Palestine; increasing anti-British feeling in Egypt [91]
3/6/37
Apology from the editor of the Nineteenth Century for an addition made to the text of his article without his permission [92]
3/6/38
Hopes for the future of Europe; reaction in the Zionist Review to his article [93]
3/6/39-40
From London re growing anti-British feeling in the Arab world; reports of the behaviour of British troops in Palestine [94]
3/6/41
From Sussex re the imminent publication of George Antonius' book [ The Arab awakening: the story of the Arab national movement ] [95]
3/6/42
Back in Italy, re lectures by Ronald Storrs in the USA urging the suppression of Arab opposition; British press and the BBC as tools of propaganda [96]
3/6/43-45
Anti-Arab propaganda in the press and on radio; increasing military rule in Palestine; events in Spain and Portugal [97]
3/6/46
Criticising HWR for three pages of “unfounded suggestion, shallow preachifying and ..most impressive personal abuse” [98]
3/6/47
Family news [99]
RIC 3/7/1-128
1940 Jan 6-1946 Apr 11
Section E: letters from ETR to HWR written in retirement, mostly from Scar Hill, Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. As ETR is no longer directly involved in Palestinian affairs, there is less discussion between the brothers on affairs in Palestine and the Middle East in general, although these topics are covered. Letters are chiefly concerned with ETR's work on a book on the work of their father, to include some of his lectures, family news, arrangements to meet, progress of the war, recommendations of books and pamphlets and lengthy discussion on their content. Other subjects covered include:
3/7/11-12
ETR's scepticism at the accuracy of press reporting of the war [107]
3/7/13
Disagreement over past policy towards Italy [108]
3/7/14
Death of their sister Helen; work on sorting his papers [109]
3/7/28-29
Events in the Middle East [118]
3/7/30
Birthday wishes to HWR and expressions of gratitude for all he has done for ETR [119]
3/7/35
Accommodation of Italian prisoners in Egypt [122]
3/7/37
Their differences of opinion over Italy (ETR was opposed to the bombing of Italy) [124]
3/7/41-42
Neglect of the Christian periods of Palestine's history; Arab scepticism about the recent White Paper on Palestine; ETR's opinion of the Labour Government [127]
3/7/56-57
Rising influence of communist ideology [137]
3/7/58-63
Their differing views on General Franco [138-139]
3/7/69-71
Discussion of the history of Cyprus, enclosing a press cutting on religious persecution in Russia [144]
3/7/75-77
Defence of ETR's former support for Mussolini and Franco [149]
3/7/78-87
Completion of a paper entitled “Unity”, on Spanish history; the role of communism in Spain [147, 148, 150]
3/7/88
ETR's lack of sympathy for the League of Nations [151]
3/7/100
Fall of Mussolini [161]
3/7/126-128
Lengthy discussion on Palestine [175]
RIC 3/8/1-18
1940-1941
Letters from ETR to his son John and daughter-in-law Diana, written shortly after John had taken up a new post in Egypt. The letters chiefly contain family news and accounts of garden and household chores undertaken at the house at Scar Hill. Other subjects covered include:
3/8/2-3
ETR's work on a book about his father
3/8/4-5
Lamenting the lack of religion in society; viewing of Disney's Pinocchio
3/8/6-9
John's illness with fever; damage to Elizabeth's house in London during an air-raid; hopes for publication of ETR's father's lectures; details of books read; recommendations of sites worth visiting in Cairo
3/8/10-11
Thoughts on education
3/8/17-18
Visit to Ronald Storrs
RIC 2/7/7
1940 May 27
Postcard to ETR from his daughter-in-law Diana in Somerset concerning their plans for packing-up in anticipation of John's posting abroad
RIC 2/7/8-13
1945 Jan 18-Nov 23
Letters from ETR at Scar Hill to “Marie” [neé Little?], a childhood friend with whom he had lost touch, with news of family members, recalling with affection her visit to them in Egypt and giving his views on the situation in Palestine
RIC 3/8/19-22
1950 Mar 15
Letter from T. Macaulay in Painswick, Gloucestershire to ETR concerning the work of Horace
RIC 3/8/23-24
1951 Jan 2-Apr 26
Letters from ETR to “E” [his daughter Elizabeth], urging her to keep her letters for posterity and thanking her for sending a painting
RIC 3/9/1-17
1952-1953
Copies of letters from ETR to Sir Ronald Storrs, with replies, written after the death of King Abdullah of Transjordan in response to Storrs' address at the memorial service. A copy of this address in enclosed (RIC 3/9/2). ETR wrote to Storrs querying a reference in his address to “the great days of Arab history, when Arabs walked and worked hand in hand with that Western civilisation whose continuity the Arab genius had so wonderfully helped to preserve”. This opened up an exchange of views and conflict of opinions about Dante and religion. At the end of the series are three letters exchanged after Storrs suffered a heart attack in late 1953 (RIC 3/9/15-17)
(vii) ETR's death
RIC 3/10/1
1955
Obituary for ETR from an Arabic language newspaper
RIC 3/10/2
1955 Mar 10
Letter of sympathy to MMR on the death of ETR from J.H. Joliffe, a former colleague in the Palestine Antiquities Department
RIC 3/10/3-6
1955 Apr 30-May 5
Letter from Diana to her mother-in-law, after ETR's death, with draft reply, concerning the sale of the house at Scar Hill, the disposal of household effects and news of the grandchildren
B. Margaret Muriel Richmond (née Lubbock)
RIC 2/7/1-2
[1895] Nov 2
Letter from Muriel Lubbock (later MMR) in Dresden to her mother. In 1895 Muriel travelled to Dresden to study the piano, returning to England 6 months later in April 1896. This, the only surviving letter from that period, describes visits to a concert and the theatre, as well as other social activities [Incorrectly dated Sunday Nov 2nd]
RIC 3/11/1-25
1938-1939
Letters from MMR to ETR, written from a variety of addresses in London, Aberdeenshire, Sussex and Hertfordshire. Those written in September 1938, shortly after ETR's departure for Florence, concern MMR's plans to join him there, efforts to rent a villa for the duration of their stay and uncertainty over their plans due to the threat of war. The small number of letters from 1939 concern arrangements for accommodation and news of family and friends.
RIC 3/12/1-75
1940-1948
Letters from MMR to ETR, written during various travels around the country visiting friends and family, and from their home at Scar Hill when ETR was on holiday. The letters give news of their children and grandchildren, and their friends, progress of the war, church services attended, visits to the theatre, books read and the weather. During May and June 1940 she wrote from the home of their daughter Elizabeth in Aberdeenshire.
RIC 2/7/6
1940 May 21
Postcard from MMR to ETR concerning her visit to London
C. Other Family Members
RIC 1/1/1
1899 Jul 7
Letter from W.B. Richmond (ETR's father) to the mother of a friend of his son, offering to make a drawing of the mother as a sign of gratitude for past kindnesses
RIC 2/7/3
1917 Jun 28
Letter to ETR from his Aunt Alice (Perceval-Clark) at Ditchling, in praise of his wife and children
2. WRITINGS BY ETR and MMR (including diaries)
A. ETR's diaries
RIC 4/1/1-71
1922 Feb 8-Mar 22; Oct 18-Nov 3
“Palestine notes”, a series of notes by ETR in diary form specifically relating to events in Palestine during his service as Assistant Civil Secretary (Political). The gap from Mar to Oct resulted from his need to concentrate efforts on learning Arabic. An introduction and some annotations were written by ETR in 1946 and there are some additional annotations by JCBR in 1966
4/1/1-4
Introduction, including an assessment of Lord Northcliffe's visit to Palestine in 1922 and of the current situation in Palestine in Feb 1946
4/1/3v
1946 Apr 27
Cutting from the Daily Telegraph entitled “Tel Aviv gang shot sleeping soldiers”, with comment by ETR
4/1/5-8
Account by a Haifa merchant of discussions between the Civil Secretary and a deputation of the Muslim Christian Association on Jewish arms, immigration and unemployment and the proposed Jewish loan to the government
4/1/8-11
Discussions with the merchant Boutajy following this account on local objections to the government ban on the export of cereals, and the attitude of the British people towards the Palestinian question
4/1/11
Visit from Hajj Amin al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem and others to discuss their interview with Lord Northcliffe
4/1/12-17
Interview with Ismail Bey al-Husayni on the worsening political and economic situation in Palestine; his lack of confidence in the Civil Secretary
4/1/17v
Rumour that ETR was “an active anti-Zionist propagandist” while on leave in England
4/1/18
Zionist nature of the British administration
4/1/18v-20v
Zionist loan for road-making to link Jewish colonies
4/1/21-22v
Expulsion of Costaki Saba, ex-public prosecutor in Jerusalem, comparing this with the treatment of Rosenberg who was tried for receiving arms
4/1/22v-23v
Account of an interview between Hajj Amin al-Husayni at the Waqfs Department and Bentwich (Advocate General) on the new law giving over sharia affairs to the Supreme Muslim Council
4/1/23v-24
Visit to the new offices of the Muslim Council and the new Muslim orphanage
4/1/24
Publication of a criticism of the newly published draft constitution for Palestine by the Muslim and Christian delegation to England
4/1/24v-25
Discussions with Shaykh Yusuf, Hajj Amin and others about propaganda spread by the Wahhabi subjects of Ibn Saud in Najd
4/1/25v-27
Account by Deedes (Civil Secretary) of the influence on Samuel (High Commissioner) of Lord Northcliffe's articles on Palestine and his wish to slow down Jewish immigration
4/1/27
Reports of arms importation by the Zionist Commission
4/1/28-29
Discussions with Hyamson (Controller of Labour) on the influence of Eastern Jews
4/1/29-31
Talk with Lucie-Smith on arms trafficking; ETR's view that the Haganah should be disarmed
4/1/31v-32
ETR's interview with Graves of The Times
4/1/32
Sittings of the New Jewish National Council
4/1/32v-33
Meeting with Ali Riza Pasha Rikali, former military governor of Damascus, about his wish to become Governor General of Transjordania
4/1/33v-34
Quotations from a letter, supposedly from King Husayn to R. Storrs, re work for the union of the Arab peoples
4/1/35v-38
1922 Mar 11
Copy
memorandum by ETR to the Civil Secretary regarding “Respective responsibilities of Supreme Sharia Council and Department of Justice”
4/1/39-44
1922 Mar 7
Note by ETR for the High Commissioner and Civil Secretary on the dangers arising from the immigration of Eastern Jews, backed up by an extract from F.O. despatch no. 271
4/1/45
Complaint from C. Weizmann to Churchill about Bishop McInnes' attitude to Zionism
4/1/46
Letter from ETR to Deedes re the Pan Arab movement
4/1/47
Meeting with Dr. Eder who was opposed to the curtailment of Jewish immigration
4/1/48-49
Re a report from Quigley (Head of Jerusalem Police) on the deteriorating situation due to the increased arming of the Jews
4/1/49v-50
Discussions between Hajj Amin and Deedes on the causes of Arab riots
4/1/51
Note explaining the gap in the diary and the reasons for resuming it
4/1/51v-53
Account of the new constitution and machinery needed to make it work, particularly the census
4/1/54-55
Discussions with Shibly Jamal on the census
4/1/55-57
Meeting between the High Commissioner and the Muslim Council to discuss revenue of Waqfs and scope of authority of the Sharia courts in Waqf affairs
4/1/58-60
Meeting between the Executive Committee of the Muslim Council and Deedes on the census
4/1/60-69
Crisis caused by a dispute with the Executive Committee over the census
4/1/70-71
Seizure of proclamations of the Egyptian Palestine Committee urging a general protest
RIC 4/2/1-70
1938 Sep 2-Nov 19
Diary and notebook of ETR written in Tangier and Italy. The entries initially take the form of a diary and document a trip to Florence where he expected to be joined by his wife for the winter. In the event, war intervened and ETR left Florence late in September for England. After his arrival in Florence the diary becomes more of a notebook in which he wrote on the history and buildings of Florence.
4/2/1
List of rulers of Florence 1737-1860
4/2/3-4
Journey by sea from Tilbury docks to Tangier
4/2/4-9
In Tangier, staying with the Goslings
4/2/9-10
Indecision over the trip to Italy because of the possibility of war
4/2/11v-13
Journey to Florence via Naples and Genoa
4/2/14-22
Potted history of Florence
4/2/23-24
List of principal monuments of Florence
4/2/24v-34
Sightseeing to take his mind off worries about the safety of Italy in the event of war, including descriptions of buildings visited and plans of the Santo Spirito and Santa Trinita
4/2/34v
Developments in German/Czech relations
4/2/38-39
More notes on Florentine history
4/2/40v
Sketch of boundaries of Roman Florence
4/2/41-42
Journey home via Paris and Boulogne
4/2/42v-43
Thoughts on Italy
4/2/47-67
Further notes on the history of Italy and prominent citizens
4/2/68-69
List of rulers of Florence 1574-1737
RIC 4/3/1-218
1939
Diary and notebook kept by ETR while living in Italy with MMR and their daughter Anne, until the end of June, and from 2 Jul, in England, with enclosures of photographs, press cuttings and other ephemera. Entries consist of typical diary acounts of their daily activities with longer notes on progress with his study of the history of the church in Florence, reviews of books read including Dante, progress of the civil war in Spain, descriptions of buildings visited (many with sketches) and paintings viewed, the worsening political situation in Europe and prospects for war, and his thoughts on communism and religion. Some entries are written partly in Italian. After their return to England early in July, the entries are chiefly concerned with house hunting and work on the newly purchased house at Scar Hill. Enclosures include numerous press cuttings on the Spanish civil war and prayer cards. Photographs and lengthier entries are listed below:
4/3/1
Photograph of Pope Pius XI, died 10 Feb 1939
4/3/3-4
Article by Gregory Macdonald from the Catholic Times on the desire of the internationalists for war
4/3/5
Photograph, probably ETR, MMR and Anne, taken at Prato, late 1938
4/3/6
Photograph of Prato Cathedral
4/3/7
Photograph of unidentified man and woman
4/3/8
Photograph from publication of the Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Vecchio, Florence
4/3/9
Note of the British attitude to foreign affairs, influenced by a “deplorable press”
4/3/10
Photograph from a publication of the cathedral in Florence
4/3/13v
Comment on a statement by the War Office in The Times denying accusations of brutality by British troops in Palestine
4/3/17
Photograph showing the view of Florence from ETR's terrace
4/3/33v,35
Note of the cost of heating their house and of living expenses
4/3/39v-40
News of Palestine; thoughts on the League of Nations
4/3/56v
Newspaper photograph of Mussolini
4/3/61
Photograph, possibly of Anne
4/3/65
Note of falling investments
4/3/65v-66
Note on Roosevelt's message to Italy and Germany, singling them out as aggressor states, with cuttings from La Nazione (20 Apr) on Hungarian and Spanish views on Roosevelt's message
4/3/72
Personal and household accounts for Sep 1938-Apr 1939
4/3/77-78v
Lengthy note on financial affairs which influenced their decision on whether to stay in Italy or return to England
4/3/91v-94v
Visit to Assisi and Siena
4/3/98
Press report on rape and murder of Arabs by British troops in Palestine, with comment by ETR
4/3/98v
Press article on Ibn Saud
4/3/103-104
Personal accounts
4/3/105
Pen and ink sketch by Alitschi Vetsera of the view from the lane outside ETR's house in Florence
4/3/106
Colour sketch of Santa Margarita near Florence
4/3/106
Journey home to England
4/3/109v-118
Visit to HWR
4/3/120
First visit to Scar Hill, the house at Minchinhampton which they eventually bought
4/3/139
Declaration of war
4/3/142v
Account of brutalities by British police in Palestine
4/3/152-153
Personal expenses
4/3/158
Pencil sketch-“the haunted house”
4/3/160v
List of houses occupied since their marriage
4/3/202-212
Personal finances; statements of income and expenses
4/3/202v-228
Cuttings from Italian newspapers
RIC 4/4/1-135
1940-1954
Notebook containing diary entries by ETR for 1 Jan 1940-20 Jan 1942 and assorted notes and household accounts written at various times up to 1954, with enclosures of photographs and press cuttings. The diary entries were written at Scar Hill and describe the daily routine of the household-continued work on editing WBR's lectures in preparation for publication, note of books read and letters written, visits to and from family and friends (although the diary was not kept on a daily basis while away from home), church services attended, work in the garden and improvements to the house, and the progress of the war. At the start of each year is a note of household expenses. A number of entries have been scribbled over by ETR and these relate mostly to his difficult relationship with his daughter Anne. Pasted into the notebook are numerous press cuttings on war-time gardening and cooking. Longer diary entries and notes, and enclosures include the following:
4/4/10-11
ETR's views on feminism
4/4/30-31
Black and white photographs of the apple tree in blossom at Scar Hill and the view from the garden at Scar Hill, both taken by Diana at Whitsun
4/4/44
Press cutting on good humour and courage in the face of air raids
4/4/46v-47
Newspaper diary for the past week, during a critical phase of the war
4/4/65v
Cutting from The Times on the spread of communist influence in Britain
4/4/69v-72
Notes on Reformation, Quietism and Pantheism
4/4/85-88
4 black and white photographs: Michael and Muriel McDonnell; ETR, the McDonnells and Anne; MMR and the McDonnells; the house at Scar Hill
4/4/89v-94
Notes on the resolution of the 1941 Committee
4/4/97-98
Note on St Francis
4/4/106
Black and white photograph of Diana and John's twin daughters (born 8 Jul 1940)
4/4/114-116
Notes on the Jerusalem Bishopric
4/4/116v-117
Biographical notes on Francis Hiorne, architect of Tetbury Church, from the Dictionary of Architecture
4/4/119-124
Household accounts for 1941 and notes on consumption of coal and anthracite, paraffin and electricity, and the storage and consumption of water
4/4/126
Note on the position of fuses
4/4/132
Recipe for salting beans (loose)
B. MMR's diaries
RIC 4/5/1-89
1900 Jan 1-1901 Jun 14
Diary of M.M. Lubbock before her marriage to ETR, when she was living at her parents' house at 46 Grosvenor Gardens. Short daily entries describe the full range of social activities: visits to and from family and friends; attending church, dances, weddings and concerts; playing the cello, piano and bridge; shopping; and sporting activities such as walking, riding, tennis, croquet, bathing, hunting, fishing and cricket matches. There are also references to the weather, the progress of the Boer war, a visit to the House of Commons (RIC 4/5/10), a first aid exam (RIC 4/5/11), a visit to Paris (RIC 4/5/40-42), a trip to St Moritz (RIC 4/5/55-61) and the death of the Queen (RIC 4/5/56v)
C. ETR's articles and essays
(i) Egypt
RIC 4/6/1-37
1903-1913
Articles by ETR, bound in one volume:
4/6/1-16
A.R. Guest and E.T. Richmond, “Misr in the fifteenth century”, from the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Oct 1903)
4/6/17-27
Ernest Richmond, “The significance of Cairo”, from the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (Jan 1913)
4/6/28-37
Ernest Richmond, “Building methods in Egypt”, from the Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 3rd series, v 18 no 15 (1911)
RIC 4/7/1-12
1911
“Turuq al-bina` fi Misr” [ “Building methods in Egypt” ] by ETR, a paper read before the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1911 and later published in the Journal of the Institute of British Architects, 3rd series, v 18, no 15, here translated into Arabic by Wadi` al-Bustani. For the English text and the discussion which followed, see “Misr in the fifteenth century” in RIC 4/6/1-16 above
RIC 4/8/30-95
1912
“Foreign dominion”, an imaginary dialogue between `Abd Allah al-Khandaqi and Richard Dimsdale
(ii) Ministry of Munitions
RIC 4/9/1-24
1916 Jul 25
Memorandum by ETR on “The supply of munitions of war”, written while he was employed at the Ministry of Munitions, with responsibility for the supply of grenades. Attached is a letter of appreciation from Robert Morant to MMR, 3 Jun 1917, seeking permission to show the memorandum to the Minister of Munitions
(iii) Palestine
RIC 5/1/1-318
[ca. 1920-1940]
“Mammon in the Holy Land. A description of how we build up Zion with blood and Jerusalem with iniquity”, an account by ETR of his work and experiences in Palestine 1918-1919, 1920-1924 and 1927-1937, and of what he did during the intervening periods. For the most part the account is told through extracts from contemporary letters, chiefly to his wife, MMR and brother, HWR and from diaries. For those periods for which his own original letters did not survive and for the period after his retirement from Palestine, he has relied on letters from friends, particularly Robert Hamilton and Rev. Père Vincent and extracts from J.N.M. Jeffries' Palestine: the reality (1939), interspersed with press cuttings and photographs. The extracts chiefly concern ETR's views on Zionism, the general situation in Palestine, Syria and Transjordan and British policy in Palestine, with comments on fellow colleagues in the administration and prominent Arabs and Jews, as itemised below:
5/1/1
Inscription: “Praise therefore be to Him who hath made the Histories of the Past an Admonition unto the Present”
5/1/1v-2v
Cartoons copied by ETR from Falastin, an Arab daily paper, under the title “After 10 years of British Mandate”, in connection with the Arab revolt in Palestine on 19 Apr 1936
5/1/4-5
Introduction. Account of his activities in Egypt 1895-1911
5/1/6-7
War service
5/1/7v-11
Views on British policy in Palestine
5/1/11-27
Early days in Palestine; description of the Haram al-Sharif and his work there
5/1/13-14
Colour postcards of the Haram al-Sharif: Northern end of the sanctuary with the Qubbat al-Arwan in the foreground; the Haram looking northwards towards the Dome of the Rock
5/1/15-16
Colour postcards: North-west corner of the Haram; Southern end of the Haram showing the Aqsa mosque
5/1/17-18
Colour postcards: the Dome of the Chain and the eastern side of the Dome of the Rock; the Sebil of Kait Bey
5/1/19
Colour postcard: celebrations for the Arab feast of Nabi Musa
5/1/20-21
Text of appeal by the Mufti Muhammad Kamil al-Husayni for funds to restore the Aqsa mosque
5/1/22-23
Letter of thanks, with translation, from the Mufti to ETR
5/1/24-30
Black and white photographs of guards and other attendants in the noble sanctuary, Jerusalem 1919. Those identified are Abu Ayub, carpenter (RIC 5/1/26), Shaykh Khalil al-Danuf, head guard (RIC 5/1/27), ETR (RIC 5/1/29), and Shaykh Musa (RIC 5/1/30)
5/1/32
To Haifa with Ronald Storrs
5/1/32v-33
Working for Herbert Baker in London and Cambridge from Apr 1919
5/1/33v-34
Meetings with T.E. Lawrence in London
5/1/35
Colour postcard: Jaffa gate, Jerusalem, exterior
5/1/36-37
Colour postcards: Haifa Bay and the Carmel range; Valley of Hinnom, looking east towards Moab
5/1/38
Colour postcard: Haifa from the Persian garden of the Bahai sect
5/1/39
Colour postcard: the church in the garden of Gethsemane
5/1/39
Appointed Assistant Civil Secretary (Political) Palestine with special responsibility for Arab affairs, 1920
5/1/39v-42
Churchill's visit to Jerusalem, Mar 1921 and the resulting Arab delegation to London and Geneva
5/1/43
Black and white photograph of the Arab delegation. Front, l to r: Tawfiq al-Hamad and Musa Kazim Pasha. Back row l to r: Muin al-Madi, Amin Jamimi, Shibley Jamal and Ibrahim Shammas
RIC 5/1/44-157
[ca. 1920s]
Extracts from letters, diary and other documents relating to ETR's second period of service in Palestine
5/1/44-46
ETR's views on Zionism and HMG's policy in Palestine
5/1/47v-51,61v
Arab delegation to London
5/1/48v-49
Anglo-French relations
5/1/49v-50
Work with the Organisation for Muslim Religious Affairs
5/1/52v
Riots in Jerusalem
5/1/53v-54
ETR's relations with Deedes, the Chief Secretary
5/1/55-59
Discussion with local Arabs on the situation in Palestine
5/1/59-60
Zionist loan for road-building
5/1/64v-67
Import of arms by the Jews
5/1/68
Elections for new Jewish National Council
5/1/70-72
Text of ETR's memorandum to the Chief Secretary on “Respective responsibilities of Supreme Sharia Council and Department of Justice”
5/1/73-75
Text of note sent by ETR to Deedes and Samuel, the High Commissioner, on the changes arising from the immigration of eastern Jews, 7 Mar 1922
5/1/79v-80
Letter from ETR to Deedes on the 'Pan-Arab' movement, 13 Apr 1922
5/1/83-87
Concerning the passing of the Mandate, 15 Aug 1922 and its aftermath
5/1/87v-93
Census regulations
5/1/88-89
Discussions with the Muslim Council and the High Commissioner on the jurisdiction of sharia courts
5/1/94-96
Account of an interview with `Abd al-Qadir al-Muzaffar
5/1/98-106
Comment on Lord Milner's views on the anti-Zionist movement
5/1/106-107
Copy letter from Lord Sydenham on Zionism, 17 Jan 1923
5/1/108v-114
Report on the work of the Political Office during 1922
5/1/116-126
ETR's thoughts on his future in Palestine and his decision to resign
5/1/126v-127
Account of an official visit to Amman for discussions with the Amir Abdullah and King Husayn
5/1/129-130
Article entitled “The open sore in Palestine” from The Patriot, 14 Feb 1924, including reference to ETR's resignation
5/1/131
Article from The Near East concerning the resignations of H. St J. Philby and ETR
5/1/132-157
Press cuttings and translations of articles from local newspapers on the resignation of ETR and other officials sympathetic to the Arab cause
5/1/141-146
Farewell dinner for departing officials
5/1/148
Translation of an article in The Jordan on a meeting of the Muslim-Christian Association to bid farewell to ETR
5/1/158-159
Account of the intervening period between resignation on 1 Apr 1924 and ETR's return as Director of the Department of Antiquities in 1927
5/1/159-164
Appointment as Director of the Department of Antiquities and relations with succeeding High Commissioners
5/1/164-169
Work on the churches of the Holy Sepulchre and of the Nativity
5/1/169
Work on the Muslim holy places
RIC 5/1/170-250
1927-1937
Extracts from letters and diaries re service in Palestine from 1927 to 1937
5/1/170v-171
Newspaper articles concerning ETR's appointment
5/1/179v-180
Assessment of the position in Egypt
5/1/185
3 week exploration of Mount Carmel
5/1/190v-201
Outbreak of violence against the Jews in Aug 1929 and the report of the Shaw Commission of Enquiry, including articles from Le Matin of 15 Sep
5/1/191v
Death of Sir Gilbert Clayton [No letters survive from 1 Jan 1930 to 26 Oct 1933]
5/1/202v-207
Unrest in Palestine directed against the government and the British, Oct 1933
5/1/208
Anti-British demonstrations, Jan 1934
5/1/215-221
General strike of 1936
5/1/221v-223
Memoranda signed by Arab officials in the Civil Service handed to the HC and loss of confidence in the administration
5/1/223v-226
Criticism of the actions of the British police
5/1/227v-229
Views on recent events in Abyssinia
5/1/230v-233
Destruction of buildings in one of the ancient quarters of Jaffa by military engineers
5/1/240v-242
Text of letter from George Antonius to HWR re an attempt by Nuri Pasha of Iraq to mediate in Palestine in the interests of peace
5/1/245v-248
The Peel Commission, 1937
5/1/250v
Departure from Palestine [After his departure ETR continued to hear from friends and former colleagues and to write to his brother on the subject]
5/1/252-255
Discussion of certain articles of the Mandate
5/1/255-256
Defence of his use of the phrase, “the Anglo-Jew government”
5/1/258-260
ETR's article for the Nineteenth Century entitled “Dictatorship in the Holy Land” and reaction to it
5/1/265-267
Discussion of political Zionism as the springboard of Bolshevism in the Near East
5/1/270v-271
Robert Harrington re plans for the future of the Palestine Archaeological Museum and his thoughts on the end of the Mandate
5/1/275-282
Original letters from Père Vincent of the Dominican École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem re the partition of Palestine
5/1/283-289
Press cuttings from The Times and the Daily Telegraph concerning events in Palestine in 1946. The Anglo-American committee of enquiry reported in Apr of that year
5/1/290
Press cuttings from the Daily Telegraph and The Universe concerning the new state of Israel, 1954
5/1/291
Appendix I: copy of Balfour's letter to Lord Rothschild concerning the Balfour Declaration, 2 Nov 1917, with a copy review of J.M.N. Jeffries' Palestine: the reality (1939)
5/1/292-293
Appendix II: text of the Mandate for Palestine from unidentified newspaper
5/1/294-307
Appendix III: memorandum by ETR, “A note on the issues involved in deciding upon a constitution for Palestine”, sent to the HC 21 Sep 1921
5/1/307v-308
Appendix IV: article from The Times entitled “Palestine's future. New constitution outlined” [Mar 1922?]
5/1/308v
Photograph of steel girders in front of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, from The Universe, 15 Apr 1954 with copy extracts from the accompanying article by Christopher Hollis
5/1/309
Appendix V: press cuttings from unknown newspaper entitled “'Red' fury in Palestine. A significant pamphlet” incorporating the text of a Bolshevik pamphlet circulated prior to the Jaffa riots in 1921
5/1/309v
Press cuttings from the Daily Telegraph and Catholic Herald concerning elections in Nazareth, Apr 1954
5/1/310
Appendix VI: extract from a letter from George Antonius to MMR on the riots of 1929
5/1/311-313
Press cuttings 1954, from the Daily Telegraph, The Times and Candour on rising tension in Israel
5/1/314
Letter from the Under S/S for the Colonies to ETR informing him of the award of the General Service Medal with clasp “Palestine”, 27 Apr 1943
5/1/315-316
Certificate of the Médaille d'Honneur du Mérite Libanais (2nd class) awarded to ETR 11 Mar 1931
5/1/317
Covering letter for medal sent to ETR to be worn in commemoration of the King's silver jubilee, 6 May 1935
5/1/317v
Letter of apointment of ETR as a fellow of the Imperial German Archaeological Institute, Apr 1931
5/1/318
Letter from the Director of Navy Accounts concerning the award of the British war medal to ETR, 20 May 1943
RIC 5/2/1-52
1935
Ernest Tatham Richmond, The sites of the crucifixion and the resurrection, London, Catholic Truth Society (1935), a pamphlet bound at the Franciscan Convent, Jerusalem with later annotations and additions including a black and white postcard view of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre; letter from J.W. Crowfoot on the date of the tombs lying west of the the Holy Sepulchre, 17 Aug 1952; press cuttings, many on the subject of excavations at the Basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem which claimed to have discovered the real site of the birth of Christ, 1934-1935; articles by Arnold Lunn from The Tablet on “The empty tomb”, 1945; and topographical plan showing the walls of Jerusalem (29.5 x 20.5 cms)
RIC 5/3/1-38
1936-1944
Articles by ETR from Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, 5 no 3 & 6 no 2 (1936) entitled the “Basilica of the Nativity” and “The Church of the Nativity”, with plates and plans, bound in one volume 9 Feb 1937, with an article by William Harvey and John H. Harvey from The journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects (1937) on “The Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem”, black and white photograph of the steps leading down into the grotto of the Nativity and an article from The Daily Telegraph on further discoveries at the Church of the Nativity, 23 Dec 1944
RIC 5/4/1-5
1938
E.T. Richmond, “Dictatorship in the Holy Land”, from The Nineteenth Century and After, 123 (Feb 1938), 186-192
RIC 5/5/1-131
1946 [with annotations 1951-1952]
“Gerione in the Holy Land”, a number of writings by ETR about British policy in Palestine, interfiled with related press cuttings, postcards, photographs and letters. The volume has been damaged by water with the result that certain items at the back are partly illegible.
5/5/1
Press cutting concerning a visit by Sir Stuart Samuel, (brother of the High Commissioner, Sir Herbert Samuel) to Palestine, during which he was at pains to deny claims of the high cost to the British tax payer of maintaining a Jewish National Home, with comment by ETR
5/5/2-6
Introduction, summarising British involvement in Palestine since the Balfour Declaration and the spread of atheistic communism to Palestine with the influx of Jewish immigrants from Russia. A short description is given of each of the articles enclosed in this volume, placing them in their historical context. Writings in Part I were written 1924-1927 during the interval between periods of service in Palestine and those in Part II were written 1937-1939
5/5/6v
Contents page
5/5/7-88
Part I
5/5/7-37
“British policy in Palestine and the Mandate” by ETR, written in 1925 and, with the exception of the first 9 pages, published in The Near East (see below). Original unabridged article (ts) with ms annotations by ETR and JCBR, and hand-drawn sketch maps of Palestine on RIC 5/5/10 & 13
5/5/38
Black and white photograph of women carrying water from the well of the Blessed Virgin (n.d., 135 x 85 mm)
5/5/39-42
“British policy in Palestine and the Mandate” by ETR, in The Near East, 26 Mar, 329-331; 2 Apr, 351-2; and 9 Apr, 381-2, an abridged version of the article above, with editor's comment and annotation by ETR in 1946
5/5/43
Colour postcard of Jacob's well near Nablus with note by JCBR that, in 1976, this had been the site of an Arab refugee camp for 30 years
5/5/44-47
“'England' in Palestine” by ETR, in The Nineteenth Century, Jul 1925, 46-51
5/5/48-51
“Palestine to-day. The old order and the new”, an article written by ETR for The Guardian at the request of the editor, Mr Ironmonger, in the hope that it would excite controversy
5/5/52
Note by ETR of his acceptance into the Catholic Church on 24 May 1926
5/5/52v
Note by ETR, Jan 1951, of the moral decline of England, marked firstly by the Boer War and later the Balfour Declaration
5/5/53-69
“England in Palestine”, a paper read by ETR before the Near and Middle East Association, 1926, with Lord Gleichen in the chair, with short account of the meeting
5/5/55
Black and white postcard showing Jews at the wailing wall in Jerusalem
5/5/57
Black and white postcard of the temple area in Jerusalem
5/5/59
Colour postcard of the interior of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
5/5/68v
“Dangerous tensions on the Palestine border”, article from the Daily Telegraph by Colin Reid, 4 Jan 1951
5/5/69v
Article from the Catholic Herald of 5 Jan 1951 entitled “Pilgrims shadowed by Israeli guards”
5/5/70-71
Letter from George Antonius to MMR, 5 Sep 1929 concerning recent anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem, instigated, it was rumoured, by ETR
5/5/73-88
V. Jabotinsky, Evidence submitted to the Palestine Royal Commission, New Zionist Organisation, Palestine (1937). This was included because of references on pp13-14 & 26 which illustrate the effect on the author and other Zionists of ETR's article on “England in Palestine”
5/5/89-131
Part II
5/5/89-93
Articles by ETR, mostly published under the pseudonym Nemo, in G.K.'s Weekly : “Fair play”, concerning the British Government's betrayal of the Arabs in Palestine, 18 Nov 1937; “Saint George of Lydda”, 18 Nov 1937; “Aggression”, concerning the recommendations of the Royal Commission, 23 Nov 1937; “As others see us” concerning the creation of a Jewish government in Palestine, 16 Dec 1937; “The man who knew everything”, a tale to illustrate the folly of rejecting the traditional methods of farming in the Holy Land
5/5/94-101
“Dictatorship in the Holy Land” by ETR, reprinted from The Nineteenth Century and After, 123 (Feb 1938), 186-192, with Arabic translation by George Antonius as published in al-Muqqattam, 31 Mar 1938
5/5/102-117
Second draft of the article above, intended as a substitution, but which arrived too late for publication, with covering letter from Arnold Wilson
5/5/118
Colour postcard of a group of Beduin Arabs
5/5/119,122-3
Letters from ETR published in the Weekly Review, 27 Jan-29 Dec 1938 and 19 Jan - 28 May 1939 concerning British policy in Palestine
5/5/120
“The conflict of right with right”, draft article by ETR, 16 Feb 1939 published anonymously in the Weekly Review
5/5/121
Letter from ETR to the editor of the Weekly Review, published among the “Notes” of 23 Feb 1939, entitled “The Palestine lie”
5/5/124-126
Circular letter from Captain Arthur Rogers, Founder and Honorary Secretary of the Liberty Restoration League, concerning the future control of mineral deposits in Palestine, 23 Jan 1946
5/5/127-128
“Memorandum concerning the Dead Sea”, relating to the award of Dead Sea mineral concessions, published in Jan 1946 by the Liberty Restoration League with foreword and summary
5/5/129
Article from the Daily Telegraph of 22 Mar 1952 entitled “The two Jerusalems and 'No Man's land' between”, by Owen Tweedy
5/5/129v-130
Letter from E.L. Spears published in the Daily Telegraph of 26 Sep 1952 concerning the problem of Arab refugees in Palestine
(iv) Italy
RIC 6/1/1-47
1937
Notebook containing notes by ETR, chiefly on Dante, but also:
6/1/1-2
Buildings visited in and around Asolo, 8-9 Oct 1937
6/1/2-4
English policy in Palestine
6/1/14-15
The Anglican shrine at Walsingham
6/1/46-47
Modern thought and modern England
RIC 6/2/1-76
1938
Notebook, begun in early Nov 1938, containing notes by ETR on the history of Florence, with sketch plan of the city
RIC 6/3/1-80
1938-1939
Notebook, compiled in Dec 1938 and Jan 1939, containing notes by ETR on the history of Florence
RIC 6/4/1-51
1938-1939
Notebook kept by ETR in Florence containing notes on Dante, the Brownings in Italy, England and the Spanish war. For plan of the inferno and itinerary of Dante, see RIC 6/4/30-31
RIC 6/5/1-77
1939
Notebook kept by ETR in Florence in 1939 containing notes on Florentine history and architecture (with some sketches), railway routes from London to Florence, “The human caravan by Comte du Plessis”, Dante and St Francis, and fascism
(v) Religion and other subjects
RIC 6/6/202-251
1942
“An answer to a question”, an essay by ETR written in response to a question posed in a letter from A.C. Richmond of 29 Jan 1939 (the letter was subsequently destroyed but is extensively quoted in the introduction to the essay). Having re-read the letter in Dec 1942, ETR decided to attempt a reply and this answer was sent to ACR, thus sparking off further correspondence (also destroyed). ACR wrote about their different approaches to religion: he attached more importance to emotion than to reason as the force which directs mankind and felt no need for an intermediary to define for him the teachings of Christ. ETR's essay in reply is divided into ten chapters covering the subjects of religion in general, sensism, man, the faculties of man, grace, reason, knowledge, revelation, faith and the Church
RIC 6/7/1-33
[c. 1954]
Essay by ETR on “Sir Walter Scott's Latin quotations in the Waverley novels and their sources”, with letter from ETR to “Bobby” of 1 Aug 1954 in praise of the Waverley novels. The title page of the essay is illustrated with a colour postcard of a portrait of Sir Walter Scott from the Scottish National Portrait Gallery
RIC 6/8/1-164
[c. 1951]
Notebook containing copies of essays originally written by ETR 1903-1950. Some of the original contents of the volume were removed by ETR to form a second volume with other essays of 1951.
6/8/2-43
“Giotto's frescoes in the Arena Chapel, Padua”, an essay on the theme, purpose and arrangement of the frescoes, written Aug 1942 with a copy of a paper by ETR's father, “A technical appreciation by WBR, from lectures given at the Royal Academy on 17th and 20th January, 1898” [ts with ms annotations]. The original of this paper, with 55 photographs of the frescoes, was given by ETR to his daughter-in-law Diana
6/8/44-77
“Waverley's wanderings in Scotland”, written Oct 1941, comprising introductory note (RIC 6/8/46-48), map of Waverley's itinerary (RIC 6/8/49), the wanderings summarised, dated and related to contemporary historical events (RIC 6/8/50-70) and comment and conclusion (RIC 6/8/71-77) [ts with ms annotations]
6/8/78-129
“The Moslem menace to christendom recalled by Pinturrichio's paintings in the Piccolomini Library at Siena”, written Aug 1942 with an addendum of Dec 1950 and illustrated by 10 colour postcards of the paintings. Further illustrations comprise a black and white postcard view of Florence, a watercolour by ETR of the cathedral at Siena, painted 11 Jun 1939 and a black and white postcard of a painting in the Ducal Palace Venice. The watercolour and colour postcard IX have been removed and replaced by facsimiles. [ms]
6/8/130-141
“Unity”, an essay on Spanish unity written Nov 1941, with cuttings from The Catholic Herald and The Weekly Review [ts with ms annotations]
6/8/143-160
“An accident” and “As others see us”, two stories written by ETR in Egypt in 1903 [ts with ms annotations]
6/8/161-164
A chronological note on Captain Marryat's novel, Peter Simple, written Dec 1950 [ms]
RIC 7/1/1-16
[n.d.]
Notebook containing notes by ETR on The heathen are wrong by Eugene Bagger, his thoughts on the writings of Adler, Freud and Nietzsche and other notes on religious and philosophical matters
(vi) Hilaire Belloc
RIC 7/2/1-81
1934-1954
Ring-binder containing a series of articles by Hilaire Belloc from The Universe entitled “How it is done” exposing the errors and methods of anti-Catholic publicists, with other articles, chiefly on religious topics, by G.K. Chesterton, Dr. Downey (Archbishop of Liverpool), Fr Drinkwater, Stanley B. James, Cardinal Bourne and Rev Sidney Berry, and a contents list by ETR
RIC 7/3/1-102
1953
“In memory of Hilaire Belloc”, a scrapbook of press cuttings compiled by ETR after Belloc's death in Jul 1953. Enclosed at a later date is Belloc 70, a conference to celebrate the centenary of the birth of Hilaire Belloc at Spode House Rugeley Staffordshire Friday 17th to Sunday 19th July 1970 (RIC 7/3/54-74)
7/3/1-10
Articles from The Tablet, 24 Jul 1953
7/3/11-15
Articles from The Catholic Herald, 25 Jul 1953
7/3/15-23
Articles from The Universe, 25 Jul 1953
7/3/23-25
“The goodness of things”, an article from the Catholic Gazette, Aug 1953
7/3/25-26
Letter from K.M. Smogorzewski “Hilaire Belloc and Poland”, from The Tablet, Aug 1953
7/3/26-28
Mgr. Ronald Knox's panegyric at the requiem mass
7/3/29-30
Articles by Arthur Bryant from The Illustrated London News, 8 Aug 1953
7/3/30
Drawing of Belloc from Punch, 22 Jul 1953
7/3/31
“Hilaire Belloc. In thanksgiving” by Hugh Dinwiddy
7/3/32-35
Articles from The Catholic Gazette, Sep 1953
7/3/36-42
“Bona mors”, a pamphlet by Belloc printed 1953 and given to ETR by Belloc's daughter Eleanor Jebb
7/3/44-50
“Hilaire Belloc” by J.B. Morton and J.P. Borland and “After fifty years” by Francis Cowper, from a pamphlet published by the Catholic Truth Society, 1953
7/3/75-102
Patrick Cahill, The English first editions of Hilaire Belloc (1953)
RIC 7/4/1-133
[1951 Dec]
“Endurance on the path to Rome”, an essay by ETR on Hilaire Belloc's The path to Rome (1902) (typescript volume with ms copy inserted), illustrated with drawings by Belloc from a later undated edition and by a sketch map showing the route of Belloc's pilgrimage. Enclosures are as follows:
7/4/55-56
Letters to ETR from Reginald Jebb, Belloc's son-in-law to whom ETR sent a copy of this essay, 31 May-8 Jun 1952
7/4/57
Article from Duckett's Register on Belloc, Feb 1953
7/4/58
Cuttings from The Daily Telegraph on the death of Belloc, Jul 1953
7/4/59,61
Letters from Reginald Jebb and Eleanor Jebb, Belloc's daughter, to ETR accompanying some mementos of Belloc as a thank you for his commentary on the Path to Rome, 18 Feb 1954
7/4/101
Postcard from Belloc at Siena to his mother during his pilgrimage to Rome, 1901
7/4/114
Copy of a drawing of Belloc by James Gunn, 1948
7/4/115-131
Renée Haynes, Hilaire Belloc, British Council (1953)
7/4/132-133
Obituaries for Belloc from The Times and The Daily Telegraph, Jul 1953
3. WRITINGS BY OTHER AUTHORS
RIC 6/6/1-201
1918 Mar
“Character: its definition, importance, ideal, derivation, classification, formation” a moral essay by J. Guibert, S.S., Ancien Supérieur du Séminaire de l'Institut Catholique de Paris written 1914 and translated by ETR from the French in Mar 1918
RIC 7/5/1-142
[1920s]
A devotional compendium: articles on religious subjects translated, transcribed and collected by ETR, with postcard illustrations
7/5/1
Sir Thomas Browne on men's credulity
7/5/2-3
The faculties of man
7/5/5-75
Translation of Francis Jammes' Brindilles pour rallumer la foi
7/5/76-82
Some prayers
7/5/83-86
“The rule of life”
7/5/87
“Then farewell world” by Sir Philip Sidney
7/5/87-89
The Angelus
7/5/89-90
“In dulce iubelo”
7/5/90-96
“How the Elizabethan church broke with the past” by Cardinal Bourne
7/5/96-142
“How the Reformation happened” by Hilaire Belloc; a series of articles published in The Universe, 1927
RIC 4/8/17-29
1946 Oct 2
“Christian humanism”, a paper read by Algernon Cecil before the Bristol Newman Society [ts copy]
RIC 7/6/1-29
1948
C.N. Johns, “Discoveries in Palestine since 1939”, from Palestine exploration quarterly (1948), 81-101, a bound autographed copy dated 1949. Johns was formerly of the Department of Antiquities, Jerusalem
RIC 8/1/1-17
1950 Oct-1951 Dec
Notebook containing press cuttings on the subject of “The definition of the Assumption” with pamphlet by Very Rev John C. Heenan on The dogma of the Assumption, London, Catholic Truth Society (1950)
RIC 8/2/1-38
[n.d.]
“The history of Cyprus during the Christian era as gathered from certain pages and paragraphs of The handbook of Cyprus (published by Christophers, London)”, compiled by ETR (ts volume with ms annotations)
RIC 4/8/1-16
[n.d.]
Draft translation by ETR of the introduction to Maqrizi's book on the monuments of Egypt
4. FAMILY RECORDS, INCLUDING PHOTOGRAPHS
RIC 8/3/1-28
1931 - 1932
MMR's French dictation notebook
RIC 8/4/1-85
1879-1954
Photographs and other records of Margaret Muriel Lubbock (later MMR) and her father and mother, assembled, with explanatory notes by ETR:
8/4/1
Large mounted portrait photograph by Elliott & Fry of MMR's father, Henry James Lubbock (1838-1910)
8/4/2-3
Letter of condolence to MMR from Mildred Perceval-Clark, ETR's cousin, on the death of her father, 28 Jan 1910
8/4/4
Photograph of Newberries, Radlett in Hertfordshire, the Lubbock home from 1888 to 1900
8/4/5
Large mounted portrait photograph by Fellows & Hillson of MMR's mother, Mrs Henry James Lubbock née Frances Mary Turton (1845-1922)
8/4/6-7
Half portrait photographs of Mrs. Lubbock in later life
8/4/8
Photograph of Mrs. Lubbock with her grandson John Verity, 1908, with press notice of her death in 1922
8/4/9-10
Photographs by W.& D. Downey of MMR aged one year and with her mother, Dec 1879
8/4/11-14
Portrait photographs of MMR in childhood, aged four, six and thirteen. The last one shows her in riding dress
8/4/15
Photograph of MMR's uncles Sir Neville Lubbock and Beaumont Lubbock in the 1890s
8/4/16
Sketches from The Daily Graphic of the hackney and pony show at Hurlingham, including MMR on horseback, 29 Jun 1891
8/4/16v
Cutting from the Horse and Hound describing a day's hunting at Newberries, 30 Jan 1892
8/4/17
Record of MMR's baptism, confirmation and first communion, painted in watercolours by her first governess Miss Hazel, 1893
8/4/18-21
“Diary of three unprotected females”, diary of MMR's trip to Paris with her mother and sister, 22-27 Apr 1895
8/4/22
MMR's passport, 20 Aug 1895
8/4/23-33
Letters from MMR to her mother, written during a tour of the continent from Brussels, Trier and Munich describing the sight-seeing trips, visits to museums and concerts and people met, 29 Aug-11 Sep 1895
8/4/34-44
Diary of MMR's tour of the continent during which she wrote the letters above, 27 Aug-28 Sep 1895, comprising daily entries in pencil written in Brussels, Trier, Koblenz, Rüdesheim, Wiesbaden, Nuremberg, Munich, Salzburg, Ischgl and Prague. Content similar to letters
8/4/45
Mounted photograph by Alice Hughes of London of MMR in her dress for presentation at court, 1896
8/4/46
Mounted photograph by Gunn & Stuart of London of MMR and Mrs. Verity in their court dresses at 26 Cadogan Gardens, 1898
8/4/47
Photograph of MMR on her horse “Offchance”, 1898
8/4/48-49
Photographs of MMR with Una Birch (later Mrs. Pope-Hennessy) at Newberries and at Robert Yarborough's house in Kirkcudbright, 1899
8/4/51
First aid certificate issued to MMR by the St John Ambulance Association in 1900
8/4/52
Silhouettes of MMR and Mrs. Seymour Hughes at the Vieux Paris Exposition, 1900
8/4/53-54
Photographs of MMR in outdoor dress at St Moritz, wearing mourning band for Queen Victoria and at the Bryant's house at Stoke Poges, 1900
8/4/55-56
Photographs of MMR riding in the park (taken by Prince Henry of Orleans) and with Lilah de Lisle (née Bryant), 1900
8/4/57-62
Summary by MMR of a lecture by Rev Edgar Stogdon at Elstree School on pictures at the National Gallery, 26 Nov 1902, with letter from Stogdon to MMR commenting on her notes, 3 Dec 1902
8/4/63-66
Letter from Rev Edgar Stogdon, a Harrow Master, to MMR recommending places to visit and pictures to view in Rome, 25 Jan 1903
8/4/67-68
Photographs of MMR playing shovel-board on board ship en route to Canada to visit her brother Rupert, and with her mother at a naval picnic at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1904
8/4/69
Mounted portrait photograph of MMR in 1904
8/4/70
Photograph of MMR at the Hornby's house at Essendon with “Peter” the dog, c. 1904
8/4/71
Mounted portrait photograph by J. Weston & Son of MMR
8/4/72
Mounted half-portrait photograph by J. Weston & Son of MMR wearing large picture hat, 1905
8/4/73-75
Letter from Sir Hubert Parry published in The Times of 21 Sep 1905 complaining about victimisation of drivers in Arundel district, with follow-up letter of 26 Sep to MMR whose car had been stopped by the police
8/4/76-77
Letter to MMR from her father, with family news, 9 Feb 1907
8/4/78-79
Enclosed in the letter above is a copy extract from a book on the Royal Naval Patrol Service recording the death of Geoffry Grenfell who is referred to in the 1907 letter, 8 Jun 1940
8/4/80-81
Account by MMR of her early education in music, written 27 Jul 1953
8/4/82-85
Letter to ETR from his nephew Tom enclosing a copy extract from The Victoria County History describing ETR's grandfather's house at Potterne in Wiltshire, 12 Dec 1954
RIC 8/5/1-51
1906-1953
Photographs and other records of Margaret Muriel Lubbock [later MMR], assembled, with explanatory notes, by ETR:
8/5/1-3
Order of service for the marriage of ETR and MMR at the Church of St Peter, Eaton Square, 17 Jul 1906
8/5/4
Press notices of the wedding, 18 Jul 1906
8/5/5
Large mounted photograph by Lanfier of London of MMR in her wedding dress, 17 Jul 1906
8/5/6-9
Photographs taken during a trip to the pyramids, Feb-Mar 1907: MMR in their tent; camp at the pyramids; MMR's maid Susan and Berberine servants standing outside the tents; Muhammad the cook and Said the house-boy
8/5/10
Photograph of MMR and ETR, holding a baby donkey, on a visit to Somers Clarke at El Kab, Upper Egypt in 1907
8/5/11
Photographic copy of the birth anouncement for Anne Richmond from The Times 11 Mar 1908
8/5/12-13
Large mounted photographs by J. Weston & Son of MMR and her first child Anne, aged 3 months, at 74 Eaton Place, London, Jun 1908
8/5/14
Large mounted photograph by J. Weston & Son of Anne Richmond, aged about 10 months
8/5/15
Large mounted photograph by J. Weston & Son of a new-born baby, probably Anne or John
8/5/16-17
Exterior and interior views of the “house of the dome” built by ETR at Zenein, Boulac Dacrour near Cairo and where they lived 1908-1911. The first shows the house before the external plastering was completed and the second shows the the end of the dining hall with the stairs behind
8/5/18
Photograph of Mubarak Salih al-Jabri whom ETR first met when he was a donkey boy at the pyramids in the 1890s
8/5/19
Photograph of Salar al-Dowlah Gadjar in dress uniform and with ceremonial sword. On the back MMR has written “Given to me by Prince Salar who was the uncle of the deposed Shah of Persia. He was Governor of important provinces of Persia, but after his nephew's fall, fled to Europe and was allowed a tiny pension on which he lived in Palestine [Haifa]. I had tea with his Swiss wife and three charming young daughters, Persian houris most beautiful”.
8/5/20
Letter to MMR from R. Blair, the Education Officer at London County Council on her resignation from the Children's Care Committee of the Marlborough School, Chelsea, 8 Nov 1913
8/5/21
Photograph of MMR with her three children at 42 Upper Mall, Hammersmith
8/5/23
Photograph of MMR at Amman to say goodbye to King Husayn, Mar 1924
8/5/24
Photograph of King Husayn preceded by Ghalib Pasha, about to board a train from Amman for Mecca. Before leaving the King made ETR a Pasha and gave him the honorary rank of Qaid in the Arab Army
8/5/25
Photograph of MMR and ETR at the American Colony, Jerusalem before leaving Palestine in 1924
8/5/26
Photograph of MMR playing donkey polo near Jerusalem, 1923
8/5/27
Note by ETR of MMR's main activities during the period 1925-1926, spent at Fragbarrow on Ditchling Common, Sussex
8/5/28-29
Letter to MMR from Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett, GBE, former leader of the National Union for Equal Citizenship, recalling her visit to the Richmonds in Palestine, 3 Nov 1926
8/5/30
Photograph of ETR, MMR and their three children at Fragbarrow, Aug 1927
8/5/32
Certificate of enrolment of MMR in the Pious Association of Salesian Co-operators, 14 Aug 1936
8/5/33
Pen and wash drawing of Jaffa by A.R. Henschel, presented to MMR by Henschel and his wife who was a member of the Antiquities Department, Feb 1937
8/5/34
Press announcements of the engagement (1938) and marriage (1939) of John Richmond and Diana Galbraith
8/5/35
Cutting from an Italian newspaper reproducing a letter from Lady Constance Anne Lubbock, MMR's aunt, to the Daily Telegraph and Morning Post, 1939
8/5/36
Photograph of the Richmond's home at Scar Hill near Minchinhampton which they bought in Oct 1939
8/5/37-41
Extracts from a letter from JCBR in Syria to his mother, Jan 1944, concerning the political situation in Syria and the need to to provide a “competent and courageous administration” in countries in the Near East, with covering letter to MMR from H.D.C. Pepler of The Weekly Review commenting on its contents, 27 Feb 1945
8/5/42-43
Extract from a letter from Elizabeth to her mother, 8 Jun 1944, describing her role in the airborne invasion on D-Day
8/5/44
Extract from a letter from JCBR, 31 May 1945, criticising British policy in Syria
8/5/45
Letter to MMR from Freya Stark in Asolo, Italy, 5 Mar 1946 concerning conditions in Italy after the war
8/5/46-47
Letter to MMR from Richard Uniacke of the Beda Association, writing in London, concerning the deteriorating situation in the Holy Land, 11 Sep 1946
8/5/48
Letter from Mrs. Bullough in Cambridge, widow of the professor of Italian at Cambridge, with family and personal news, 18 Dec 1946
8/5/49
Certificate of enthronement of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in the Home, 28 Mar 1948
8/5/51
Letter to MMR from Ernest Graf of St Mary's Abbey, Devon re his planned visit to Rome, 16 Apr 1953
RIC 8/6/1-27
1928-1944
Photographs and other records of Margaret Muriel Lubbock [later MMR], assembled, with explanatory notes, by ETR:
8/6/1
Note of MMR's acceptance into the Catholic Church, 29 Mar 1928
8/6/2-4
Letter from Fr Cyril D. Fay to ETR and MMR concerning the establishment of a branch of the Catholic Truth Society in Jerusalem with MMR as Treasurer. On the back is the Patriarch's letter granting permission for the new branch, Nov 1929
8/6/5
Letter to MMR from Clare C. Reid, Hon Secretary of the Catholic Truth Society concerning MMR's work for the society in Jerusalem, 27 Apr 1930
8/6/6
Photograph of MMR at Jericho with Miss Nixon, 1930
8/6/7
Photograph of MMR and Elizabeth at Abu Ghosh in Palestine, 1933
8/6/8
Copy letter of thanks to MMR from the Arab Women's Club in Jerusalem on her departure from Palestine, 31 May 1937
8/6/9
Postcard to MMR from the Benedictine Convent on the Mount of Olives requesting that she donate her used clothing on her departure from Palestine
8/6/10
Photograph of MMR with the staff of the Department of Antiquities at a picnic given by her prior to her departure from Palestine, 1937
8/6/11
Autographed photograph of Antonio Toscanini, conductor, given to MMR as a member of the Palestine Musical Society, 9 Jan 1937
8/6/12-13
Postcard of the altar in the Cavalry Chapel of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, with letter of thanks to MMR for her contribution to the jewelled figure of Our Lady, 20 Mar 1937
8/6/14-16
Photographic copy of the certificate of authenticity signed by the Patriarch of Jerusalem of the particle of the True Cross given by him to MMR in 1937, with letter of thanks from Fr Malachy Lynch of Aylesford for her gift of the relic, 28 Mar 1954
8/6/17
Copy of a letter accompanying a gift from MMR to Hajj Amin Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem, May 1937
8/6/18-21
Letters of farewell and regret on MMR's departure from Jerusalem from Harry Luke at Government House, the Latin Patriarch and Sister Marie de l'Enfant Jésus of the Carmelite Convent, 1937
8/6/22
Receipt for blood donated by MMR to the Fighting Forces, at Nailsworth National School, 28 Sep 1940
8/6/23
Cutting from the Daily Mail on the appointment of Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfred Freeman in control of the Ministry of Aircraft Production, 4 Nov 1942
8/6/24
Mounted portrait photograph of MMR, c. 1943
8/6/25
Certificate of MMR as a “Zelator of the Crusade of Prayer for the Souls in Purgatory”, Oct 1943
8/6/26
Letter from St Mary's Priory, London concerning MMR's enrolment as a life member of the League of Our Lady, 11 Apr 1944
RIC 9/1/1-31
[c. 1878-1943]
Photographs and others records of MMR's siblings:
9/1/1
Hand tinted photo-lithograph (?) by Hennah & Kent of Harry Lubbock, MMR's eldest brother (b. 27 Jun 1868), c. 1878. He was later 2nd Lieutenant, 4th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment
9/1/2-3
Photographs of MMR's brother Geoffry Lubbock with Bobbie Whitbread at North Berwick, and playing croquet, 1899
9/1/4
Portrait photograph of Geoffry Lubbock, c. 1900
9/1/5
Photograph of crowds in Hertford awaiting the return of the Hertfordshire Yeomanry after the Boer War. Geoffry Lubbock led his company
9/1/6
Portrait photograph by Claude Harris of Major Geoffry Lubbock in uniform, c. 1914
9/1/7
Letter to MMR from Geoffry Lubbock at the front in Merville, France, concerning the progress of the war, 3 Dec 1914
9/1/8
Portrait photograph of Geoffry Lubbock in uniform, c. 1918
9/1/9-12
Press obituary for Geoffry Lubbock, d. 31 Dec 1932 with order of service for his funeral service on 4 Jan 1933
9/1/13
Obituary for MMR's sister-in-law Mrs. Geoffry Lubbock (née Marguerite Agaranthe), d. 26 May 1943
9/1/14-16
Photographs of MMR's brother Rupert Lubbock as a midshipman (1902-1905) and in China on the HMS Alacrity, with copy obituary from The Times on the back
9/1/17
Portrait photograph by M. Mumeya of Hongkong of MMR's brother Captain Rupert Egerton Lubbock (1886-1943) in naval uniform, c. 1920
9/1/18
Obituary from The Times for MMR's brother Captain Rupert Egerton Lubbock, d. 8 May 1943
9/1/19-20
Photographs of MMR's sister Evelyn Mary (Evie) at St Moritz with her husband John Verity, 1900
9/1/21
Photograph by H. Walter Barnett of MMR's sister Evelyn Mary, wife of John Verity, with her twin sons Cecil and Ronald, 1903
9/1/22
Photo-lithograph of a pencil drawing of MMR's sister Evelyn, c. 1940
9/1/23
Photograph of MMR's sister Evelyn and her grandson Christopher Verity, aged 11 months, c. 1940
9/1/24
Letter to MMR from her sister Evelyn concerning air raids in Hertfordshire, 10 Oct 1940
9/1/25
Portrait photograph by F. Thurston of MMR's sister Cecil Blanche Grenfell (1869-1931), wife of Riversdale Francis John Grenfell, c. 1900
9/1/26
Photograph of MMR's sister Cecil Blanche Grenfell, 1928
9/1/27-31
Order of service for the funeral service for MMR's sister Cecil Blanche Grenfell, 10 Oct 1931, with small photograph of her aged c. 25 on the front and inserted a photograph of her by J. Thomson in 1885, aged 16
RIC 9/2/1-62
[c. 1948]
Scrapbook on the life of Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond (1871-1946) [HWR], compiled after his death by ETR, containing letters, photographs and press cuttings:
9/2/2
Colour postcard of a fresco in the church of St Francis at Assisi
9/2/3
Obituary for HWR from The Times, 18 Dec 1946
9/2/4-7
Order of service for a memorial service for HWR at Downing College, Cambridge, 18 Jan 1947 (HWR was Master of the college)
9/2/7v-8
Obituary from The Cambridge Review, 25 Jan 1947
9/2/9
Letter to ETR from William L. Cuttle of Downing College concerning his obituary for HWR (above) and steps taken to comemorate HWR at the college
9/2/10
Photograph of HWR with his daughter Mary on her wedding day, 26 Nov 1946
9/2/11-12
HWR's last letter to ETR, written the day before he died, 14 Dec 1946 concerning a meeting of the college governing body
9/2/13-15
Review from The Times Literary Supplement of 25 Jan 1947 of HWR's last book, Statesmen and sea power
9/2/16
Article by Lieut Gen H.G. Martin from the Daily Telegraph
9/2/17-18
Printed copy of the address by Dr. George M. Trevelyan at the memorial service for HWR in the church of St Mary's the Great, 18 Jan 1947
9/2/18v-19
Prayer cards
9/2/19v
Newspaper photograph of HWR in naval uniform
9/2/20
Press report of HWR's death from a Cambridge newspaper
9/2/21-40
Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond, The naval role in modern warfare, Oxford Pamphlets on World Affairs no 26 (1940), with covering letter to ETR, discussing the progress of the naval war in the North Sea, 2 Feb 1940
9/2/41
Colour drawing of the Richmond coat of arms by HWR
9/2/42
Pencil sketch of ETR by HWR, c. 1894
9/2/43
Photograph of HWR's wedding at Rownton, 1907. L to R: Sir William Blake Richmond, Lady Bell, C.J. Richmond, Sir Hugh Bell
9/2/44
Photograph of HWR's wedding, 1907. L to R (standing): A.C. Richmond, ETR, Fred Meyrick, Sir William Richmond, HWR, F.G. Richmond. L to R (seated): MMR, Elsa (bride of HWR) in her wedding dress, C.J. Richmond (ETR's mother) and Helen Meyrick
9/2/45
Photograph of HWR and his wife Elsa, 1907
9/2/46
Photograph of HWR and Elsa driving away after their wedding, 1907
9/2/47-49
Letter to ETR from HWR on board HMS Chatham in Columbo when Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies station (to which he was appointed in 1923) concerning his travel for the next 14 months and British involvement in India, 27 Sep 1924
9/2/50-52
Letter from HWR on HMS Crescent to MMR, written before they had a chance to meet, concerning Britain's failure to impose the English language on its empire and his plans for leave in Basutoland
9/2/53
Letter from HWR in London to ETR concerning a request for a picture by their father for an exhibition in Kensington, 20 Nov 1926
9/2/54-62
[G.M. Trevelyan], “Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond”, from The proceedings of the British Academy, 32
RIC 3/12/76-77
[c. 1950s]
Account by MMR of her musical education, probably written for ETR in the 1950s, with ts. transcript by JWBR, 14 Sep 1983
5. PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIAL OTHER THAN FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHS
RIC 10/1/1-11
[c. 1880]
Large (22 x 28 cms) albumen photographs of Egypt taken by Félix Bonfils. Bonfils (1831-1885) was a French commercial photographer who established a studio in Beirut in 1867, later expanding to Alexandria, Cairo and Alais. In 1871 he reported to the Société Française de Photographie that he had produced 15,000 prints and 9,000 stereoscopic views. He mainly used wet-collodion glass-plate negatives and albumen printing paper. His wife, Lydie, and son Adrien were both photographers and it is difficult to attribute images to any single member of the family, although there are strong indications that only Félix travelled to Egypt and photographed there. (Taken from the photographer index in Africa then: photographs 1840-1918, ed. N. Monti, London, 1987)
10/1/1
View of Cairo with the Citadel and the Muhammad `Ali mosque in the centre. No 44
10/1/2
Mosque of Touloun, Cairo. No 73
10/1/3
Village on the banks of the Nile, close to Cairo. No 118
10/1/4
View of Luxor with boat moored at the edge of the river. No 126
10/1/5
Temple at Thebes. No 129
10/1/6
Antiquities at Karnak. No 138
10/1/7
Temple at Karnak, south view. No 150
10/1/8
Temple of Isis at Philae. No 181
10/1/9
General view of village surrounded by palm trees on the banks of the Nile. No 1139
10/1/10
Tombs of the Khalifs, Cairo. No 1362
10/1/11
Gezira road during the Nile flood. No 1419
RIC 10/1/12-22
[n.d. c. 1910]
Large (22 x 27.5 cms) commercial photographs of sites of antiquities in Egypt. Unless otherwise stated, the photographer is unknown:
10/1/12
View of the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut (1504 BC) at Deir al-Bahari, (Luxor)
10/1/13-14
Details of carvings of birds and of cattle at the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Deir al-Bahari (RIC 10/1/14 by Gaddis of Luxor)
10/1/15-16
Columns in the Hypostyle Hall of the Temple of Amun at Karnak
10/1/17
The two obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut and her father, Thutmose I (ca. 1524 BC) at Karnak
10/1/18
Relief carvings at Karnak (photo by Gaddis of Luxor)
10/1/19
Carvings depicting hunting scenes (Rameses III), Thebes (photo by Gaddis of Luxor)
10/1/20-21
Detail of carvings at the Tomb of Rameses, Thebes (RIC 10/1/21 by Gaddis of Luxor)
10/1/22
Paintings from the tomb of Queen Nefertari, Thebes (photo by Gaddis of Luxor)
RIC 9/3/1-7
[c. 1900]
Photographs of buildings taken by ETR during the early period in Upper Egypt while working with Somers Clarke. Apart from two of the waqqala at El Mahalla el Kobra, all are unidentified
RIC 10/2/1-6
[n.d. c. 1880 - 1900]
Large commercially taken photographs of Islamic architecture in India, Turkey and Algeria:
10/2/1
Minaret and central arch of Sayyid Alam's mosque in Ahmedabad, Gujarat (No. 769. Taken by Henry Cousens (1854-1933), of the Archaeological Survey of India, 1875-1910. He toured Northern Gujarat in 1886-87 and 1889-90, surveying and photographing.)
10/2/2
Minaret on the north side of the Queen's mosque at Mirzapur, Ahmedabad (Photographer unknown. Record 1816; serial no. 481)
10/2/3
Kulb minaret, Delhi with the great arch, viewed from the west (No. 1370. Taken by Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) whose name is synonymous with British Indian photography. In 1864 he opened a photographic studio at Simla in partnership with Charles Shepherd who took responsibility for the commercialisation of the photographs while Bourne was exploring and photographing the Indian sub-continent. He produced more than 3000 plates)
10/2/4
Kulb minaret, Delhi showing the carving on the first gallery (By Samuel Bourne, no. 1371)
10/2/5
Fountain of Sultan Ahmed, Istanbul (Photographer unknown; albumen print)
10/2/6
Algeria: the Castle of Hydra showing the interior of the Moorish gallery (No. 2056. Photographer unknown; albumen print)
RIC 10/3/1-3
1906
Autographed portrait photographs of the Prince and Princess of Wales (later King George V and Queen Mary), given to ETR in Cairo on the occasion of their visit to Egypt
RIC 10/3/8
[c. 1923]
Signed photograph of Amin Effendi al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock
RIC 10/4/1-17
1924
Album of photographs presented to ETR in 1924 by the Chief Architect and staff of the Technical Office of the Muslim Supreme Council in Jerusalem, illustrating their work. ETR had been responsible for the establishment of the office.
Sheep skin binding with pen and ink illustration of a minaret and inscription in Arabic; some evidence of water damage
10/4/1
Architectural staff in their office, with signatures inscribed beneath
10/4/2
Dome of the Rock, north-west face of the Octagon with the Qubbat al-Mi`raj on the left
10/4/3
Dome of the Rock, west face of the Octagon
10/4/4
Dome of the Rock, east face of the Octagon
10/4/5
Dome of the Rock, the south and south-east faces of the Octagon
10/4/6
The pulpit in the Dome of the Rock, with the circle of columns supporting the cylindrical wall which carries the Dome
10/4/7
South side of the pulpit, Dome of the Rock
10/4/8
Interior view of one of the rooms in the disused Mugharta mosque displaying tiles and other objects from the Haram al-Sharif. The tiles formerly formed the great inscription around the Octagon
10/4/9
Mosque of al-Aqsa at the southern end of the Haram
10/4/10
The mihrab (prayer niche) of the al-Aqsa mosque
10/4/11
Pulpit of the al-Aqsa mosque showing repairs to the beams
10/4/12/13
Mosque of al-Aqsa showing repairs to the supporting piers and columns of the Dome
10/4/14-15
Capitals of the columns in the mosque of al-Aqsa
10/4/16
Mosque of al-Aqsa showing the condition of the tie-beam
10/4/17
Capitals in the mosque of al-Aqsa
RIC 10/3/6
[n.d. c. 1925]
Portrait photograph by J. Russell & Sons of Henry Lyons (1864-1944), former Head of the Survey Department of the Ministry of Works in Egypt and a former colleague of ETR during work on a report on the effects of the Aswan Dam. ETR has written an account of his friendship with Lyons on the back of the photograph, 29 Nov 1947
RIC 9/4/1-12
[1920s or 1930s]
Black and white (2) and colour (9) postcards of Palestine:
9/4/1-7
Jerusalem
9/4/7
Wadi el Kelt
9/4/8-9
Acre
9/4/10-12
Palestinian Arabs
RIC 10/3/4-5
1934
Portrait photograph of HRH the Crown Prince of Sweden presented to ETR after showing the Prince the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and other shrines and buildings in Jerusalem, with covering letter from the royal secretary
RIC 10/3/9
[n.d. pre 1935]
Signed portrait photograph by Bassano Ltd of Cardinal Francis Bourne, Archbishop of Westminster whom ETR first met in Palestine
RIC 9/3/8
1936 Dec 4
Postcard of the sphinx with the pyramids in the background, sent by ETR to his son John
RIC 10/3/7
[n.d. pre 1937]
Signed portrait photograph of the Amir Abdullah, later King of Transjordan, presented to ETR. King Abdullah was later assassinated in Jerusalem in 1951
RIC 9/4/13-99
[c. 1937 - 1939]
Black and white postcards of places visited in Italy. Six were sent by Anne to her father, but the remainder were presumably bought as souvenirs by ETR or MMR in Italy where they lived for a short period after leaving Palestine:
9/4/13-17
Asolo
9/4/18-19
Assisi
9/4/20-21
Castel Franco
9/4/22-23
Castel Gandolfo
9/4/24-52
Florence
9/4/53
Lucca
9/4/54-55
Milan
9/4/56
Pisa
9/4/57-62
Rome
9/4/63
San Gimignano
9/4/64
Siena
9/4/65-67
Sopia Bolzano
9/4/68-70
Treviso
9/4/71-75
Verona
9/4/76-97
Vicenza
9/4/98-99
Catholic Popes
RIC 10/5/1
[n.d. pre 1948]
Large photograph of the interior of the Chapel of Ste Marie Réparatrice in Jerusalem (destroyed during the Arab-Jewish war of 1948) showing two nuns kneeling at the altar
Size: 37 x 23 cm
6. Ephemera
RIC 10/6/1
1906
“The weighing of souls”, an illustration by ETR with Greek and Latin inscriptions contributed by Ronald Storrs, Sharia Sharif, Cairo
RIC 9/5/1-3
[c. 1938-1939]
Sketch pad containing pencil sketches by ETR?, probably drawn in Italy
RIC 10/7/1-15
1950
Photocopy in sections of 1:5000 maps of Cairo (1 original sheet copied on 10 A4 sheets with 4 sections from a second map) Survey of Egypt, 1950
7. BOOKS, INCLUDING DEVOTIONAL LITERATURE
RIC 11/1/1-2
1903
J.-M. A., Le livre de ceux qui souffrent, Paris (1903) [Enclosure of prayer card for the repose of the soul of ETR]
RIC 11/2
1662; 1737
Battista Guarini, Il pastor fido, Rome (1737) Bound with Tasso, Aminta, Rome (1662)
RIC 11/3
1933
A cathechism of christian doctrine, Leeds (1933)
RIC 11/4
1937
J.B. Chautard, L'Ame de tout Apostolat, 15th ed (1937) [Heavily annotated copy with Richmond library bookplate]
RIC 10/8-11
1885-1889
Comitée de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe, Exercice 1884 [to] 1886, 1887-1888, Cairo (1885-1889)
RIC 11/5
1924
Rt Rev Bishop Cox, The Catholic prayer book, London (1924)
RIC 11/6
1935
The day hours of the Church, London (1935) [Given by Mrs Cyril Gurney after her visit to Jerusalem in May 1934]
RIC 11/7
1922
Della imitazione du Gesu Christo, Milan (1922) [Annotated by ETR]
RIC 11/8
192-
The garden of the soul: a manual of devotion containing the public and private devotions of most frequent use, London (192-)
RIC 11/9
1908
Rev. F.E. Lasance, My prayer book, New York (1908) [Richmond library bookplate]
RIC 11/10-13
1938
The Roman breviary, Part 1: Winter; ..Part 2: Spring; ..Part 3: Summer; ..Part 4: Autumn, London (1938) 4 v. Compiled by the Benedictine Nuns of the Abbey of Our Lady of Consolation, Stanbrook. Revised and edited by Charles Francis Brown
RIC 11/14
1932
R.P. Hugues Vincent, L'Authenticité des lieux saints, Paris (1932) [Autographed copy presented to ETR by the author in 1937]
RIC 11/15
1901
William Penn, Some fruits of solitude, London (1901)
RIC 11/16
1918
Simple prayer book, London, Catholic Truth Society (1918) [Inserted is a photograph of H.D.C. Pepler who presented the book to ETR on 12 Aug 1925. Richmond library bookplate]
RIC 11/17
1931
The treasury of the sacred heart, Leeds (1931) [Inscribed Margaret Mary Richmond 17th July 1933]
RIC 11/18
1868
Virgil, Opera omnia, London (1868) [Inscription: “John Richmond, Charterhouse (Rebound) July 26th 1870. Bought for 6d at a sale of his effects in 1952”. Richmond library bookplate]
RIC 11/19/1-2
[n.d. early 20th century]
Part copy of the Qu`ran, probably lithograph, given to ETR in Dec 1951 by Robert Sencourt